The Texas Caver

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The Texas Caver
Series Title:
The Texas Caver
Texas Speleological Association
Texas Speleological Association
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Subjects / Keywords:
Regional Speleology ( local )
Technical Speleology ( local )
serial ( sobekcm )
United States


General Note:
Contents: El Enigma Plata / Tom Warden, Texarkana -- The 10 commandments of cavings -- Cave survey calculations by desk-top computer / Elbert Bassham, El Paso -- B.O.G meeting, January 24, 1970 -- Minutes of B.O.G. meeting, April 19, 1969 -- Your help, please! -- Minutes of B.O.G. meeting, August 31, 1969 -- Femlin's lament / Cricket Havgood -- Tribute to Apollo 11 / Dan Watson, San Marcos -- Cartoon by Bink -- From the Editor / George Gray -- Murph's law in caving -- News of Grottoes and Clubs in TSA.
Open Access - Permission by Publisher
Original Version:
Vol. 14, no. 6 (1969)
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

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University of South Florida Library
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University of South Florida
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K26-04525 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.4525 ( USFLDC Handle )
10684 ( karstportal - original NodeID )
0040-4233 ( ISSN )

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TEXAS CAVER VOLUl iE XIV, NUi1BER 6 June, 1969 The Texas Caver is a mont hly publication and is printed in Abilene, Texas. It was adopted in 1961 as the Official Publication of The Texas Spe leological Association, a regional Internal Organ ization of the National Speleological Society. The Caver endeavors to present Texas caving and Texas cavers; Texas caves and Texas cave life; history, folklore, cartoons, and events of Texas speleology; and proceedings and reports of the Texas Speleological Association (TSA). Contributors are solicited on a volunteer basis, and anyone desiring to contribute articles to this publication may do so. Haterial to be printed should be typed and d ouble-spaced, and mailed to the Editor, PO B ox 143, Abilene, Texas., no later than the 6th of each month of issue. Photos should be black and white glossy prints, and become the property of the Caver unless so specified for return by the sender. Subscription Price (12 issues) -----$3.00 Complimentary Subscriptions for Organizations to caveowners ------fji1 50 Single copies -----------------------$ .25 EDITOR . . . . . George Gray PUBLISHER . . James Estes PHOTOLITHOGHAl-'HER .. Bryant Lilly ADVE i tTISING Dlri.ECTOR . Bart Crisman PHOTO TI P S EDITOR .... Pete Lindsley TYPIN G A i i D Ll\YOUT .......... 'James Estes f

Th.' TEXAS CAVEn June, 1969 Page 59 Tom Warden The situation was becoming desperate. stantly fingering the short fighting sword eyes were always busy, darting this way and stoking the furnaces of the silver smelters, alert, rifles at the ready The Spanish officer stamped about nervously, conthat hung constantly at-his side. His little beady that, as he kept steady watch on the Indian slaves and on their guards, the Spanish soldiers standing At the beginning he had been successful with his country's mining venture, but latelythe "indios" were getting restless. Not only was he having more trouble replacing those slaves that die d from the excessive work, but the last ones captured seemed more belligerent; more intent on revolt, even though he had shot some as a lesson to the others. Just a month ago, the wild "indios" had ambushed one of his pack trains bringing ore to the smelters, killing all but two that escaped to carry the bloody tale. Only a week past a savage army had dared to come right down to the smelters to attack the main garrison. Although his men had driven them off with heavy losses, the garrison had been sorely hurt. Finally, at the insistence of the mission fathers, who wished to quit this unhealthy place, he had reluctantly given the order to pack and return to Mexico. But because so much silver had been mined and smelted into ingots, they would be foolhardy to attempt to carry it back with them through hostile territoty, so must leave it until the Indians were 1 e s s hostile and they c ould return to carry it away. They had hidden the greater amount in a very safe place, and w ould only carry with them that which the slaves were just now smelting. After they had killed the remaining slaves to keep them from aiding the revolt, he and his men would join the mission fathers who were already with the pack train, impatient to be gin the long journey back to Mexico. Suddenly the sweltering hot air was shattered by a multitude o f cries o f hatred while a hoard of wild savages burst ou t of the enclosing forest and fell upon his soldier guards. The.officer1s hand went instinctively to his sword handle. He turned and opened his mouth to rally his men, but the call was never uttered. The blackened point of a fire hardened spear thrust through his neck and burst out of his. throat to come to rest just below the point of his chin His limp, released form, collapsing f orward lika a thrown rope, crashed heavily to bury his face in a pile of wood gathered for the smelters, while the still attached spear waved back and forth like the handle of some discarded toy. This imaginary dramatization of one scene, could have been part o f what happened during the Spanish conque s t of the legendary silver lode of the southwe st. (If we are to believe the legend.) In his book: Coronado's Children", J. Frank Dobie tells the complete story. This treasure story, much like Dobie tells it, you will if you talk to the people of the area near Menard, Texas. Not only there, but faraway, around "Cerrogordo Silver Mine Cave" near Cerrogordo, (Ark.-Okla.), you will hear almost the same story. Not to be outdone, those who live close to Mine Creek which passes throug h Nashville, Arkansas, tell a very similar story. In each locality the story is the same. Of the Spaniards, (never Mexicans), who came, captured local Indians, and put them to work building smelters as slaves; mining the ore, then firing it to a quantity of metal ingots. The Spaniards were cruel to their captives who died by the score. After an excess of cruel the slaves rebelled, md aided by their free brothers, overcame the garrison, killing all but a few of the Spaniards, who were just able to escape with their lives to return to Mexico with tales of horror and deprivation. The legend is not clear why the Spaniards did not r eturn to claim their booty, or if .they did. However, according to the Dobie story, the Indians very cleverly covered and hid the mines, while the Spaniards had buried the ingots f o r their return. Thus, we can suppose that there is still silver ore or silver ingots hidden somewhere beneath the surface. The Dobie story_ has its focal point at Silver Creek ab out eight miles west of Menard, Texas. Jim Bowie was supposed to have discovered the silver hidi ng place and intended to return after the Battle of the Alamo to reap his fortune. Of c ourse, he did not live to


Page 60 June, 1969 THE TEXAS CAVER realize his great wealth. I have walked beside the dry bed of Silver Creek, (not far from Powell's Cave; longest cave in Texas), and counted the pits dug in the chalk-like soil by determined treasure hunters who were sure they could reopen the Jim Bowie mines. All of these pits are at least ten feet across and descend to various depths, from 20 feet to 60 feet to the bottom. I counted 40 pits and then lost interest, but there may be more than twice that many. At Cerrogordo there is less to see or even visualize. Just a short cave that the Texarkana Cavers d:ilbbed, "Cerrogordo Silver Mine Cave", and a large mass of limestone that appears to have moved away from the main limestone cliff. The four-foot wide crevice between, locals say, was the smelter. They also insist that dirt gathered from the base of the smelter was analyzed to show silver traces. Mine Creek shows the least evidence of workings; not even a crevice in a that imagination could suppose a smelter. Near Nashville there is a short cave in the creek bank called locally, "Indian Cave", but the only decent cavern is five miles to the east of !tine Creek. Nevertheless, no matter how much the locals insist that this watercourse has treasure, Nashville, Arkansas pours raw sewage into Mine Creek, making it an unpleasant place to be near; much less check for caves. Although we tend to discount all of these tales as wild ramblings of imagination, we cannot shake off a few pertinent questions that keep gnawing away at our thoughts: "Why does this same tale, so alike in so many details, persist in such widely separated localities?" "Who named Mine Creek, and why?" "Who coined the name Cer:cogordo and for what reason?" It is not an Indian word, but rather Spanish. It may be roughly translated to mean "wealth". "What in this area could have value to the Spaniards?" There are great stands of precious metals. for little else. "Then what?" no missions in this area; no timber; no known deposits of The early Spanish searched "Why is the metal mentioned in each story, always silver?" "Why not gold if the storied are untrue?" Gold is much more valuable and certainly more romantic. In each of these three localities NO silver or gold, (or any precious metal for that matter), has ever been found. The nearest possible mining of metals to the Texas site is in the area around Llano, Texas, 75 miles to the east, where granite has protruded above the surface and gold traces are found in many streams. For both Arkansas sites, the nearest mining attempts have been made up in the Ouachita National Forest areas, at least 50 miles to the north. There lead and barite may be found. Each of these areas is different to the others in terrain, types of trees, rainfall and altitude. In only one particular are all similar. Each is in or near a great quantity of chalky limestone. Whether or not this has any bearing on the legend we cannot say. Not too far from each Arkansas site are large cement plants. In neither locality has any precious metal, or any item of value other than limestone, been dug out of the quarries near these plants. Of all the cavers who have stooped through the endless mazes of Powell's Cave, none has seen any object that would bring more than the smallest monetary gain in the outside world. Was there really a silver mine? Does a large cache of silver still lie in darkness and seclusion waiting for the. first so able that he is able to decl.pher its secret? The silver puzzle remains unsolvedl The 10 Commandments of Caving 1. Never enter a cave alone. 2. Never enter a cave with an infirmity that might make you a burden to your companions. 3. Never enter a cave after drinking. 4. 5. Always wear a hard hat with chin strap. Always carry three sources of liht, and keep your matches in a waterproof case. 6. Always leave word at the surface stating when you are entering expect to return. 7. Choose a leader tions. a cave and when you and follow his instruc-8. If all lights fail, sit down at once and wait for the help that will come if you've followed Commandment 6. 9. Walk, crawl, wade or climb as conditions require but beware of jumping. 10. Never kick or throw loose rocks where they might fall on another caver. Reprinted from Georgia Underground, Vol 6, No.2 August, 1 969 HAVE YOU SUPPORTED THE TEXAS CAVER LATELY WITH YOUR ARTICLES AND LATEST NEWS? IT TAKES ALL OF us ALL OF THE TIME TO MAKE YOUR NEHSLETTER WHAT IT IS OR WHAT YOU WANT IT TO BE.


THE TEXAS CAVER June, 1969 Page 61 CAVE SURVEY CALCULATIONS BY DESK-TOP COMPUTER E I bert Bassham Cave surveying may be roughly broken into three parts, (l) gathering data, (2) computation, and (3) drafting. Of these three, computation is. probably the least enjoyable for of us. Computation, on a long survey, can get very involved. If latitude-departure calculations are used with erroraf closure corrections (cave warp) a great deal of time is involved. Han in an inconcsistent creature. After long hours of multiplication, division, and looking up values in tables; errors tend to build up due to fatigue. A considerable saving in time and effort can be made by using a slide rule, but ac.curacy suffers and there are still many chances of error. This error can be cut way down by cutting down the amount of manipulations done by man. About the best method for this is to use man only to punch the data into a series of IBM cards and turn this over to a computer. However, not everyone has the inclination, training, or money to do this. It r equires a working computer program (there are several around) but most prohibitive to most of us is the high cost of computer time. The desk-top computer provides a cheaper way to do this. The prog rammer needs less training and the operator often has a less complicated method of data e ntry than IBM cards. There are a wide range o f machines that may be used. To mention a few we might start with the sliderule, adding machines, calcula -tors programmable c a l culators (desk-top computer), and a wide range of large computers. The slide-rule, adding machine, and calculator all help, but still involve many manhours of operation w hich produces errors. The l arge computers involve the least time but the cost is prohibitive. I shall restrict the major' part of this article t o the desk-top computor. In fact, to the Olivetti Und erw o od Pro gramma 101 with which I have h ad e x perience. This self-contained desk-top machine is c apable of operating eithe r as a high speed electronic printing palculator or as a completely automatic c omputer with the ability to follow stored instructions (a program) and to make logical decisions, that is, to choose betwee n alternative courses o f action. Pro gramma 101 will add, subtract, multiply, divide, take square roots transfer data internally, branch both conditionally and unc onditionally, as well as identify and print all entries and desired intermediate and final results. The machine is completely programmed from the keyboard. No other equipment is required. The program instructions, and associated data, such as constants, may be transferred to or from the machine by a small magnetic card, which allows indefinite off-machine storage. Consequently, the machine is immediately programmed with the entry of the card. Each magnetic card will hold two complete 120-step programs, which may, of course, be composed of several separate and complete routines. Instructions allow arithmetic operations, transfers between storage registers, branching, sign changing, number generation, and number manipulation. Still other instructions give the machine logic and decision-making capability--based o n the ability to dis criminate between positive, negative, or zero values, and then to branch automatically into appropriate computational routines. All transfers,decisions,and calculations take place in milli-seconds and follow correct algebraic procedure. All entries or intermediate and final answers may be freely moved throughout the machine in either automatic or manual mode, or combination thereof. The instructions are coded in an easy-tounderstand code based on the machine itself. Understanding Programma 1 0 1 computer language is an easy first step toward understanding other computer languages such as FORTRAN. The Programma 1 0 1 is inches hig9,19 inches wide, 24 inches long, an d weigh s 6 5 pounds. The machine uses a serial printing device which prints a field of characters at 3 0 ch aracters per second, more than twice the speed o f an electric typewriter, on inches adding machine tape. It uses normal electric current of 117 volts at 60 cycles drawing 40 0 watts. N o special environment' is required. A sample program will illustrate the ease of o peration. The program is the sequence of instructions in the c o lumn so marked. Tot he side of each instruction is a short explanation of what happens. For simplicity, let departure by repressnted by X and latitude by Y and assume there are no vertical differences. Then on a closed traverse the departure and latitude of the beginning point are (X, Y, ) and of the point of closure (X, Y2 ) If X, -F x. or Y, io Y there is an error of closure. This involves a distance c o mputed by the formula: The program is set up to enter X , Y, X, Y, in order, then print the distance between


Page 62 June, 1969 THE TEXAS CAVER the two points. INSTRUCTION EXPLANATION AV Beginning of loop. S Enter X, Transfer to arithmetic register. S Enter Y, B t Store in storage register B S Enter X2 Subtract x. from X, to obtain AX Square (X2 -X,) to obtain (X2-X1)2 B f Ent.erchange with contents of B register, therefore storing )2 and transferring Y, to the arithmetic register. S Enter Yz. Subtract from Y, to obtain (Y,-Y2 ) AX Square to obtain (Y, -Y1 )2 B+ Add (X1-X1)2 to obtain A vTake the square root to obtain the ans -wer. A<> Print the answer. V Loop back to beginning (ready to calcu -late a new set of data) thus you see that the instructions are almost self-explanatory needing only a fundamental understanding of the mach;i..he. This program may be stored indefinitely on a magnetic card and used over and over. The computer can hold. a maximum of 120 instructions allowing much more sophisticatedprograms. 120 steps allows programs such as calculations of vertical distance, departure, and latitude given vertical angle, bearing angle, and distance. Also programs involving the above and calculation of error of closure and "cave--;arp" can be written. Series approximations to the sine of an angle are most often included. On programs of this sort, some severe limitations begin to crop up. First, 120 instructions is not enough to do everything at once. Second, when a long program is used, much of the storage is used for instructions and not much left for number storage. The big computers do not have these disadvantages. Long programs may be used and there is lots of storage available so that ev erything may be done at once, im a few seconds at that. However, two programs may be written for the Programma 101 will do the necessary calculations. The first is a program to convert deflection or azimuth angles to bearing angles. The second is applied four times as follows: (1) Enter vertical angle, distance for each point in a closed traverse to obtain the error of closure and distance surveyed (vertical) (2) Re-enter vertical angles, distances for each point to obtain corrected vertical distance, accumulated corrected vertical distance, and horizontal distance. (3) Enter bearing angle and horizontal distance for each point to obtain the error of closure and distance surveyed (horizontal). (4) Re-enter bearing angles, horizontal distances to obtain corrected departures, corrected latitudes and accumulations so that all that remains is to plot the data. This has the distinct disadvantage that the data must be entered essentially five times to obtain all the needed information. But it has the distinct advantage over everything but the big computers that computation is all done mechanically in a short period of time and that human error is kept to correct entry of data. One other advantage that a big computer has is that it can print out the results in an easy-to-read array with the name of the point, vertical distance, latitude, and departure side by side. The Programma 101 print out is on adding machine tape in a vertical column and thus not quite as easy to fpllow. Now we come to the question you have probably been asking. "Just how cheap is this wonderful computer that has many of the capabilities of the big computers?" The answer is that you may purchase one from Olivetti Under wood for a little under $4000. So anyone who has a spare $4000 or who wants to trade in their Jeep Wagoneer, now is your chance! BOG MEETING-24 January 1970 A meeting of the Board of Governors of The Texas Speleological will be held in San Angelo, Texas, on January 24, 1970. All Grottoes and caving clubs are requested to be represented by two duly appointed delegates. New Chairman and workhorse Gill Ediger is already planning great things for TSA for the coming year. Please be present and represent your organization. The meeting will take place at ;t /a -1/;U' !/"JJ -h


THE TEXAS CAVER June, 1969 Page 63 1. S. A. MINUTES OF B.O.G. MEETING ON APRIL 19, 1969 The Texas Speleological Association Board of Governors meeting was held at Southwest Texas State College at Georgetown, Texas, April 19, 1969. The meeting was called to order at by the Chairman, A. Richard Smith. Delegates were: (25 voting degelates) Abilene James Estes Alamo Sandy !rout, Buster Huntsman Balcones Eugene Hayden, Wes Loder Dallas-Ft. Worth Pete Lindsley, Carl Johnson. Houston Tommy Knox, Charles Fromen Louise Power, Barry Beck Rio Grande Valley -Merydith Turner San Antonio -Roger Bartholomew, Jim NCilr. mand. San Marcos -Blake Harrison, Donald Spear Southwest Texas Brian Peterson, Logan McNatt. Texas A & I -Gill Ediger, Steve Bittinger Texas Tech James Reddell U. T. -Bill Elliott, Russ Harmon Independents Carl Kunath, Blair Pittman The minutes of the 4 January 1969 B,O,G, meeting were read. The section on the Preston McMichael Award was corrected to read: A.Richard Smith suggested that the award should be supported by voluntary contributions and that a certificate would be sufficient rather than a cash award. Carl Kunath suggested that the funds should come from the TSA treasury and that the amount should exceed $10. The minutes were approved as corrected. Bill Elliott pointed out that the Conser vation Report in the 1 September 1969 minutes of the B.O.G. meeting was misleading. He reported that the guides at Inner Space Caverns did not threaten to resign due to the sale of formations and that this practice was stopped. Bill Elliott moved that a retraction and clarification of this matter be published in the next issue of the Caver. The motion was seconded by Russ In favor-24, Opposed 1. Motion passed. Bill Elliott and Bill Russell were appointed to attend to the matter. Treasurer's Report: Balance brought forward $94.24; Income from book and brochure sales-$3.49, for Ezell's Cave Fund$10.00; Expenditures -none; Balance-$107.73. Speleological Survey: The latest issue, "A Bib 1 iographic Guide to Texas Caves" is out. The next issues will be "The Caves of Lubbock County" and "The Bats of Texas". This will be followed by an issue on Kimble or San Saba County. The Survey is solvent. To subscribe, see A. Richard Smith.($3 for 8 issues). (Given by James Reddell) A,M,C.S,: A number of notable have been made in the last few months. Several large caves have been located in.the Valles area after spending. a number of hours flying over the El Abra. Contact has been made with the Grupo Espeleologico Mexicana and relations have been much improved. Terry Raines and the staff are presently working on a new issue; the publication is being brought up to date by con on a specific area. The next issue will include caves which have been recently explored. The most recent record has been set in San Augustin with a depth of 2,006 feet. (Bill Russell) R,C.R,D,: There have been no recent res cues. Luther asked that if should occur, please report the incident to him. Any ideas on rescue teams are also welcome. Gill Ediger suggested that Luther Bundrant's phone number be published in the Texas Caver. Leilson Wilson should be omitted from the rescue list on "Your Cave And You." (Luther Bundrant) Conservation: A small child was caught in Dead Dog Cave. Upon approval of the lawyer of the owner, U.T. Grotto will provide the money for the Conservation Committee to build a gate over the cave. Bill also stressed the importance of raising funds for Ezell's Cave. (Bill Russell) Texas Caver: The December issue is at the printer's. are solvent and the staff is trying to catch up on the belated issues. As always more articles are needed. If some one wants to take over the job as editor, the position is open. Carl Kunath asked what it cost to have a slick cover. James will check into the matter. (James Estes) N.s.s. B,O,G.: The March 1st meeting in Austin was well supported by Texas cavers and was considered a roaring success. (Suzanne Wiley and others) Announcements: A. Richard Smith encour-


Page 64 June, 1969 aged all N.S.S. grottoes to send delegates or letters of proxy to the Congress of Grottoes at National Convention in Wyoming. Many of the upcoming resolutions are important to Texas cavers and we should take a strong stand. OLD BUSINESSEzell's Cave: 50 of each person's registration fee attending the TSA Convention will go toward the E zell's Cave Fund. Two talks were presented on this cave. Letters will be sent to biologists in the state encouraging them to donate. (James Reddell) Slide Series: A committee consisting of Russ Lindsley, and Orion Knox has been appointed. Some ideas on the subject matter of the series include such things as indi vidual caves (Powell's Cave, Sonora Cav erns, etc.),areas (Langtry,Edwards plateau, Panhandle Caves), types of caves (Gyp sum, water,vertical), and specialized subjects (Sp eleothems, vadose vs phreatic caves, cave fauna, cave photography). Pete is presently working on a Powell's Cave slide series for the N.S.S. A list of topics will be publishe d in the T exas Caver, preferences, suggestions, and help will be appreciated. If Carl does the work, it will cost $4.00 to $5.00 for 30 sl-ides. Russ Harmon reported that U.T. is making a movie on vertical caving techniques. (Carl Kunath) Patches and Decals: Three companies have be e n contacted in order to find a suitable price. Gill agreed to act as patch co-ordinator and to set up a continuous fund. Prices wer e set at $.75 for each patch and $.25 for each decal. All orders should be s ent immediately to Gill Ediger. (Gill Ediger) Preston McMichael Award: James Reddell moved that the Preston McMicha e l Award shall be awarded annually by the Texas Speleological Association in r ecognition of m ertorious contribution to Texas caving. The award shall consist of $20.00 as well as r ecognition at a TSA convention and in the Texas Caver. The award may be retroactive. Choic e of awardees shall be made by the Executive Committee or a committee appointed b y the TSA Chairman. The motion was seconded b y Jim Normand. Vote: Unanimous. This is now a part of the By-laws of the TSA. NEW BUSINESS Project: Orion Knox reported that the prospects of having a project at Longhorn Caverns look bleak. This would require written permission f rom the State and the Concessioneer. P ete Lindsley r eported that the Silver Mine was out for this year. Cascade Caverns has extended an invitation for us to make use o f their campin g and meeting facilities. A final decision was not reached Louise Power .moved that we adjourn. All seconded. Vote: Unanimous. Respectfully ffbSuzann Secretary THE TEXAS CAVER YOUR HELP!!! -PLEASE-This word of advice will probably go unnoticed as it has gone unn oticed for the past nine years since the Texas Cave r has been published in Abilen e and Dallas! But--in case you have rea d this far, here are some ways in which you may help y our news -letter survive: (1) Send in your news (regardless whethe r you think it will never be printed, or whether you believe it will be timely. When timely sent in, it helps all the way around. (2) Send us articles about caves. It is a caving magazine yo u want, and it is a caving magazine we would like t o send you so send in articles about caves' explorations--not necessarily deep scientific discussions. (3) Help the finances by purchasing b ound volumes, extra issues, survey books, or the r e port on Dee ? Cave, Texas. You see, the Caver has never been able t o operate o n a strict bud get.--rherefore you can help by assisting inthe financing as it i s published, whether it ispub lished in Austin, Abilene, Dallas, o r ? 1968 BOUND VOLU}ffiS ------------$4.00 Wire bound in g rey covers! DEEP CAVE, TEXAS -------------ea. 50 1 965 Preliminary Report. HANDY SURVEY BOOKS -----------ea. 1 0 With cave mapping instructions! (4) Cove r photos have always been a p r o blem Only one o r two people have been sokind in frequently sending us cover photos. There are more cavers taking photos though and we'd also like to put yours on the cover, t oo (5) Understand-7withou t ceasing. TSA has not subsidized the Caver--ever! The Cave r existed before TSA! The TSA adopted the Caver as its official publication, and therefore does not, as a Boa r d or an organization have anything to do with Cave r policy o r traditions. By knowing this a nd realizing wha t it means as to the bett e rment of TSA and the Caver, you can help. --(6) Use and purchase "Your Cave And You". It was w ritten, researched and p rinted by the Cave r and its pe rsonnel for your convenience in spreading the word about conservation and land owner relationships. When you g o caving, take a c opy along, sign the names of those in your party with their addresses, and hand to the cave owner. (Any comments or suggestions a bout "Your Cave And You", of c ourse, will be appreciated. (7) Not i f y the Cave r of any change in your address--fo r when you do not, it sure eosts money, and you do not receive your Caver. THANKS!!!!


THE TEXAS CAVER June, 1969 Page 65 1. S. A. MINUTES OF B.O.G. MEETING ON AUGUST 31, '69 The Texas Speleological Association Board of Boerne, Texas. The meeting was called to order All Officers were present. mand. Delegates (27 voting delegates) Alamo David Litsinger, Luther Bundrant Balcones Eugene Haydon, Gary Moore Boerne -Carry Schmidt, Jerry Behr Carta Valley -Carl Kunath, Russ Harmon Dallas-Ft. Worth Mike Moody, Carl Johnson Huaco James Jasek, Jimmy Schroeder Rice -Barry Beck, Louise Power San Antonio Roger Bartholomew, Jim NorSan Marcos -John Gulley, Clifton Gulley Spelaean Group -Ken Griffith Texas A & I -Gill Ediger, Steve Hulsebus Texas Tech James Reddell, Bill Elliott U.T. -Don Broussard, Jan Knox Independents -Jack Burch, Jon Vinson The minutes of the 19 April 1969 meeting were read and approved as read. Treasurer's Report: Balance 19 April 1969 $ 107.74; Income from Convention registration and Bar-B-Q ticket sales -$ 389.30; Expendi -tures for Convention and Bar-B-Q, stamps and Ezell's Cave Fund ( $ 10.00 outstanding) -$211.24; Balance as of 31 August 1969-$ 285.80. $ 61.50 will be put into the Ezell's Cave Fund ( 123 convention registrations at $ .50 each). A.M.C.S. No report R.C.R.D. There have been no recent res-cues. (Luther Bundrant) Texas Caver: No report. Conservation: No report. TSA Librarr: The library has issues of 48 different publications. These have all been indexed and put in a usable order. (Dewayne Dickey) Announcements: Buffalo River National Park -The wild and Scenic Rivers Act will take in 43,000 acres of the Buffalo River area of Arkansas Persons intereoted in opposing this action may obtain material and addresses from Carl Johnson. However, the TSA will not take an official stand. (Carl Johnson) Membership List: A plea was made to all clubs and grottoes who have not yet done so to send their 1969 membership lists to the TSA Secretary. (Suzanne Wiley) Rancher Relations: Ollene Bundrant reported that people will be shot going into Dead Dear Cave. James Brummett pointed out the need for improved rancher relations. Appearance is very important when approaching a landowner about his caves. If permission is granted, it is always a good idea to send maps, Governors met 31 August 1969 at Cascade Caverns, at 9:30 a.m. by the Chairman, A. Richard Smith. pictures and a letter of appreciation. Texas of Science: This group will sponsor a symposium on the caves of Texas in April. The annual meeting will be held at San Angelo State College in San Angelo, Texas. All interested cavers are welcome to attend. The exact dates will be published later. Project Reports: Dick Smith asked that all maps and reports on the caves of the Boerne project be sent to him at Box 7672 or Box 7455, Austin, 7 8 712; or they may be sent to his Houston address at 3811 Link Valley #45, Houston, Texas 77025. (A. Richard Smith) OLD BUS INESS: Flowers for Fred Mason: James Reddell moved that the TSA pay Ollene Bundrant for the flowers sent to Fred Mason in the name of the TSA. Gill Ediger seconded the motion. The motion passed unanimously. TSA Slide Series: Pete Lindsley is still the Powell's Cave series. Carl has presently prepared an eighty slide series on Natural Bridge Caverns. Any suggestions or slides are welcome. Kunath) Patches and Decals: The January issue of the Caver carried an ad for the TSA patches ($1.00) and decals ( $.35) Grottoes and clubs were asked to send in orders now so that a large order can be placed with the Company NEW BUSINESS: A motion was made by Barry Beck for a $100,00 loan from the TSA to Gill Ediger. This money will be used to establish an operating fund for the TSA patches and decals. Jim Normand seconded. The motion passed unanimously, James Reddell moved that the Editor of The Texas Caver is urged to consider publication of a single issue covering the months from the last published issue to the present time in order to make the Texas Caver a vital, up-to-date publication of the Texas Speleological Association. The motion was seconded by Gill Ediger. It passed unanimously. The prospect of raising the subscription fee in order to pay the full cost of printing was discussed. General consensus indicated that subscribers were willing to pay an increased fee in order to receive issues on time, Barry Beck moved that the TSA suggest that the Editor make a study of the printing cost necessary to have the Caver printed at an ontime basis and that the Editor make a report at the next B.O.G. meeting or sooner in the Texas


Page 66 June, 1969 THE TEXAS CAVER Caver. Louise Power seconded. The Motion passed unanimously. ELECTIONS: Chairman -Bill Elliott and Gill Ediger were nominated. The latter was elected. Vice-Chairman -Roger Bartholomew and Russ Harmon were nominated. The latter was elected. Secretary-Treasurer Suzanne Wiley was nominated and elected by acclamation. The next B.O.G. meeting was tentatively set for January 10 in San Angelo. Definite details will be published in advance. (See this issue of the Caver for final date.) Carl Johnson moved that the meeting be adjourned. All seconded. The vote was unanimous. Suzanne Wiley, Secretary YOU WONDER .. ? "You begin to wonder When ... ... The trip leader asks if you can swim. .. Two hundred feet of rope when the cave was described zontal cave." ... The people who told you trip would be don't show up is put in the car as "an easy hori.l how much fun the ... Everyone else arrives with a wet suit .. You are told that the group will go in one entrance and out another; and then you learn the connection has never been made. Reprinted from the Huntsville Grotto Newsletter, __ lO_. __________________ ___ FEHLfN'S My carbide lamp was polished bright I knew t'would serve me well. My biners were all chained together Jangling like a bell. My canvas packs were free of mud My raisins bore no grime No one on this trip would tell me "You ain't never on time!" My old boots reeked of neats-foot oil Laces already untied My hardest hat was washed to the blue Even on the inside! My socks it) did not stink My underwear was clean Mybaby bottles full of fuel And chocolate in between. I wore my lucky caving shirt The one from five years back I stowed my gear and started off One hand upon my rack. My gloves were matched, My rack was right The swiss seat safely tied But all the guys just looked at me And then I wished I died. I got the gear complete this trip But fate--unhappy chance Just one detail that I forgot Just one thing--my pants ... Reprinted from Speleotype, Vol. IV, No. 3. LAHEN1 by Cricket Haygood


THE TEXAS CAVER June, 1';169 L .att..,_ .... Dear Mr. Gray, Enclosed is a short article that should be of interest to all cavers. I believe that the failure to pay tribute to Apollo 11 would be a great mistake. Everyone should be interested and enthuastic over this great moment, especially cavers, as we too are explorers. Sincerely, ss/Dan ldatson, San Marcos Texas TRI BLJTE TO APOLLO 11 At 9:5b p.m. (Texas Time) on Sunday, July 20, 1969 A.D. Neil Armstrong stepped onto the moon. lve, as fellow explorers, can not fail to pay tribute to the three men, who made that historic trip: Nei l Armstrong, E dwin Aldrin, and Hichael Collins. We must also praise the men that made the feat possible, the men of NASA and those who worked with them. The voyage of Christopher Columbus was but a kick in the fetus inside the mother's womb. The first voyage into space was the infant's birth. Now the baby can roll over. Soon he will learn to crawl and later to walk and to run. The child is mankin d Rolling over, crawling, walking and running are travelling to the moon, planets, systems, and galaxies. Han is leaving Mother Earth . Shining moon, golden orb, How you lure me along, Shining moon, golden orb, Now sing you this song. Cratered rock, satellite, With you shining above, Cratered rock, satellite, How you amplify love. Golden orb, shining moon, Oh, fanciful girth, Golden orb, shining moon Just k eeps circling Earth. Apollo, Apollo Is reaching you now! Eleventh Apollo Has touched you somehow! L. E. N., The Eagle, Carried men, L. E M., the Eagle, Armstrong and Aldrin. Columbia command ship, Third man of the crew, Collin's command ship Had plenty to do. Tranquility Base, The first landing site, Tranquility Base, Is a symbol of might. (Continued above, right) Shining moon, golden orb, Floating 'long in the sky, Cratered r ock, satellite, Soon I'll pass you right by. By D an Watson (j) Page 67


Page 68 June, 1969 THE TEXAS CAVER FROhl THE .... '})':!:. 9he. 'J{X t1S C.1U{R, .W. 6-7 r.'on-thA. be.h.i.nd 01.1e..t. Ute. p-.t { ('.nd pcu.tA-cu.-LCIA)_q .the. pM-J:. mon-t.Jw.) r.tC'JUf Ca.l.le..t.4. w 'Je."M. ha1.1e. cuk. e.d :the. 4-:t.c.H 1111}hat.1<:. Ute. 11/Jow can. 9 he.Lp? II 11<:.-{oYt-c.4 9 .the. C'fi4WIU .W. lwA-be..ut. '", (".L=k of 11 {01<-.the. f-iAA.;t. q-ue.<:.tJ...on. "$e.n.d W 11 0t01r-:the. a.n.d we. .Look oftd w r vi.t.. :the -iA. :tlvc.e.e.0to.Ld bu,;t :two o f be. :the. 'o:tll.e-lr-we..t.e. (>/ bu,;t -U; 9:t d oe.d.J1.1:t :tak.e. an. doe.<:. <, of 'Je.:CC'A-cal.ll!-4. 'J!te.t f C<'..rt. be o f aY'-'f de.c.lwt; w.U...h and chou.-Ld wc.L.d.e. no:te. abou;t :the whe.-u., w he.n, who, e.:tc. 'J.U.e 9:t dov.. :take. 4-0r.:e t-i.n1.4-t be. cola-ted, 4:taple.d and .the. V:.wi!p4 on.. ,1n.d :then. :the.t f be !to.u.Le.d :to the PO. !Jtt c>/...e. :to be. ed, d4d n.We. ha4 :the balo..rz.ce. bee.n. 4-> .tho_:t we. cov...Ld c!..WUe U bq :twe.l1.1e o.n.d pu;t :the rz.e.><:;t. on. .that. 'Jhat.'-4a ,Cal :that. we.>elt.4. cr.nd 4-0r.Ue.4.1 bov..wl. l.lolw. v.., ;;.. :c. fld. la-t. a4. 9,, hnd. el.le.t-one. pe.n.l"-'f {-t-om. :the. C i W{R {-u.n.d.d.. ( odd..Ue. o { p.t.W:te..t., e.:tc.) !!u.t on. hC'..rz.d, :tho-4-e. con.n.e.c:ted :the. C11f!{R M.ta.U e u,;t :th.w. .w. a condU.i.on. .that. 4-eer.-:to e.>< wU!t r..o4:t l at.e.n.l!-44, :to o c cr,l.l e. p u.b.L.i-c.a:t.i-o 11.4.. ilnJ. Orz.e., 9 no:te., c.LW-:.4 :to b e 11 9:t .i.4. n t$,(,.aorz..t:.h..tlt at. 12 {0-t. 6 ( 13% :th-an :the CflU[.'Z) and :the we. -t.I!..CUI.Ied Wl'/.1. :t.'te. 1969 We Jt.ece.We.d .i-:t. on 7 No1.1. 9:t a {.t.on.:t co I.IU o.n.d no b=k co1.1u. 9:t vl...o.o 16 pcu;.e.-4-, 8 d.hee.u, I o ,{ 11 .W. bLank o.n.d 0-IW :tfte..t-dwo :ted :to Ute. We><:. Bf .the. II/ 2 de.1.1o:ted :to e.le.c:te.d btJ u,e. people. who don' :t 1.10:te. and :th.e.


THE TEXAS CAVER June, 1969 Page 69 4-ar.te. a.pp.L-U4. bJ et pu.bUc.a.U.on cw. t. C/1/)(R whA.c..h on U4. We. fl-u. W(.in.g. and. W-iLt.. bJ Wf bJ 1e..t th.e. C iU[R. ou.t 'P on the. back da..te4.. GW. qou. 4-e.e., we. do need qou.-t. help. When Md .if we. CtJr.e caw;ht u.p, then and odq then w.u.L .t!Le..u be. a. fi!OtJe. bJ tiUn the. f.Ue.4. ove-t. bJ an ind.w.U.U.aJ.. a-t. an.o-tlte..t. g..t.ou.p bJ ke.e.p .it ' 'J!tMk qou. {o.t. tfO.U and {a.Uh ove..t. the. peA-t nto>1.th4.. MURPH'S LAW IN CAVING (Editor's Note: Reprinted without permission from the 11ET GROTTO NEWS, Vol. 19, Number 9, November 1969) Murphy's Law, most often stated "If anything can go wrong, it will," is well-inown in the fields of science and engineering. However, despite its obvious universal applicability, it is rarely applied in many fields, including caving. This article will perhaps alert its readers to the many instances of Murph s Law which can be seen in action on the typical caving trip. The list below could of course be extended indefinitely. Dr. Murph first stated his famous law in 1 885. Its obvious importance should have guaranteed him a permanent place in the roles of fillnous men. Something, however, went wrong, and he instead fell into such obscurity that even his first name, Edsel, has only recently been rediscovered. He is reported to have said that the first law occurred to him in its full force and generality when, on the day before he was to wed the beautiful daughter of a wealthy industrialist, his chambermaid informed him of the impending birth of an heir to the fillfiily fortunes. Here then are a number of examples of l1urphy 1 s Law which relate to caving: The road that goes closest to the cave is always reached by. the most roundabout route, then always proves to have disappeared since the topo map was made. The most beautiful formations are always where they are impossible to photograph. The lighter on your carbide lamp always works, except during demonstrations to novices. The best caves have no entrances. The de.cision tovisit a cave known always brings on threatening clouds. therefor e visit another cave instead, actually rains. to flood If you it never Waterproof matches aren't. Heels come off of boots within a mile of the entrance. The more picture, the fail to fire. people you have posing for your more likely is the flashbulb to Your car will ahmys start, except when you've just come out of a wet cave in wintertime The new troglobitic isopod the biologists were going to name after you turns out t o have been described in the "Proceedings of the Poughkeepsie Academy of Arts and Letters" in 1885. An overhang never looks bad on the way down. The shortest est pothole in the The tightest worst bathtubs. caver always finds the deep floor of the stream. crawlways always bypass the Accidentally dropping your carbide lamp down a deep pit always causes your flashlight to fail. The new type of cave formation you discovered is shown to be a fungus-covered shoelace. The more inaccessible a pit is, the less likely it is to "go" when finally descended. After mapping a horrible 200-footcrawlway, you always find someone else's survey marker at the far end. The higher the cave entr;mce is on the side of the mountain, the more likely is the published location to be found incorrect. It always rains when it's time for the campfire. --Reprinted from The Windy City Speleonews


Page 70 June, 1 969 THE TEXAS CAVER News ALAMO The month of June was nearly a compl etely dead month for the Alamo Grotto in regards to caving. This was due to many vacations, etc. O n the lOth, a group finally go t out to explore a new (as far as we know) Bexar County cave. Richard and Karen Clement and John Allison located the cave some two weeks before and had explored it to a limited extent. On this Tuesday, Sandy Trout, and Buster Huntsman joined Richard an d Karen on their third trip to the cave, where they spent about five hours checking the crawlways off the main r oom. The main room is full of formations and the cave shows a possibility of being larger. On the 21st Charle s Burns Henry Kuehlem, and San d y Trout went to Indian Creek, but they did not go any farther than the first 30 feet in the entrance. It seems that they spent the hottest part of the day in the sun getting ready and traveling to the cave, and by the time they r eached their objective they were in no c ondition to tackle a cave like Indian Creek. Realizing this they decided that it would be wiser an d safer to return at some future date. O n the 28th, Charles, Sandy, and Butch Summar s went with Carl Kunath, Jon Vinson, Jim Howard, and Peggy? to Cave They spent about five hours in the cave taking pictures and viewing it's beautiful passages that resemble the Cavern's of Sonora. From Midnight the group went to help Carl and Jon explore a .collapsed area nearby The crawl ways were through hu g e mounds of loose breakdown to a c ons i de rable depth only to be stopped at the point where the b r eakdown and the wall met Intereste d in caving? Contact the Alamo Grotto. Grotto address: Route 1, Box 24, Von O rmy, Texas 7 8073. Or: 1642 Highway 8 1 South, S an Antonio, Texas 78073. Telephone MA2-3837. SAN ANTONIO (The follov1ing news, slightly condensed in order to save some space, was overlooked and did not appear in the April, May, and June i s sues of t he Caver) March 26, 1969 saw Hoger Bartholomew, Hon Bridgeman, Bob Burney Ron Hudson H i ke Dol de and i1ick Heyn<;>lds, make a t rip to Hobber Bar ons Cave for m appi ng R o n Bridgeman with t he help of Hon Hudson add ed 4 00 feet more m a pped passage. H o ger Bar tholomew, Bob Burney and Hike Dol de added on a,,other 200 feet. A discovery of two Kerosene l an t erns was m<.>.lie by M i ke Dolde but he also found another way into the entrance passage Thi s was surveyed and the entrance loop comp l eted. Har ch 3 1 1 9 69 was the date of t he r egu l a r G rott o meetinf. Bartholomew reported that the bones found in Stowers Cave were identifie d by Dr. Ernest Lunl.elius as those of a black bear. Hr. and Mrs. Stewart Hoff visited the meeti,, g and saw the slides of the c aves he show ed us on his ranch. Robert Henry reported on the Stow ers trip. Jim Normand reported on the Convention and set up plans for Grotto attendance. Ron Bridgeman showed slides of Sotano d e Navidad, and afterwards Bartholomew r elated results of the Board of Governors meeting The main program was a demonstration by Bridgeman of the proper methods of data r ecording showing various ways o f sighting w ith a Brunton compass A mapping session was planned with teams mapping a planned l oop the winner to be the team with the best closure. At t he close of the meeting, Hon Hudson instructed new Grotto members in proper m ethods of belay. On April 1, 1969, Jvlike Dorum received a telep h one call from Paul Damon, NSS Grotto News Editor, who was passing through San Antonio on business. An interesting visit with Damon was held at Dorum1s home that evening and w a s attende d by Bob Burney Roge r Bartf' o lomew, Jim Normand, Nancy James, Robert Henry, Ron Bridgeman, and Dorum. Another trip t o Hobb e r Baron's Cave was m ad e on April 2 On the 3rd of April Burney t ook Damon for a visit to Natu ral Bridge Caverns and to Cascade Caverns Ron Bridgeman, Paul Damon, Steve Haynes, Kathy Quar1 stron, Roge r Bart holomevl, Bob Burney, Bill Poynter, Nike Dolde all made a trip to the Baron's Cave for additional mapping. 200 feet of complex passage was mapped, trying the pati e nce of all. Burney Poynter, Henr y all went out to the Kerrville area on April 5 They checked a filled cave. S ev e r a l other l eads were checked, and it was learne d that t he Hichita Grotto (?) had mapped S t ation C Cave. On April 16, Bartho l omew and Henry mappe:i 200 fee t of passage in Robber Barron's. Three surface stations were set up and oighted in preparation for the surface survey to locate new cave passage w ith respect to local streets and houses. Many San Ant onio Grotto members attended t he TSA Convention on April 1 8 1 9 and 20. An ind ication of well-doing in the Photo Salon was evidenced by the fact that Bar t ho lom e w won lst Prize in Activity, R on Bridgeman won Second Prize in t he Open Category and Third in Humor. B artholomew won an Honor able Hentio n in Scien tific, Open and Humor categories. O n April 19 Pat Vialker, Nancy Barron took the commercial tour of I n n e r Space And on the 20th Normand, Haynes and Andy iandoval visited Inne r Space Workers p resently are excavating a Hammoth skeleto n in the cave. A trip was made on April 26 to the Pecos Hive r area. The cave visited was not named A number of grotto member s went swimrrung in the rive r after the exploration of the cave. On April 28 the regular meeting was h eld at the home of Ron and Sue Bridgeman \'/inning first priz e in t he survey contest a n d a small trophy was Bob Burney Se c ond p rize was Pat Walker, and Third Priz e went to Robert H enry. A special word of thanks r,oes to Hon Bricigemon for analyzing data and do n ating the prizes.


THE TEXAS CAVER June, 1<;69 Page 71 The program was presented by Bridgeman who gave ac c ount of his explorations in Nevada and the integratio n of sev e ral caves in the Baker Creek .3ystem. On Hay l S Hike Dolde, Honald Hudson Pat ;Jalker, Hoger Bartholomew, went to Klars Sala mander Cave to explore the area at the end of the cave and to allow Cris Courtney an oppo r -tunity to photographcav ers in action. H e is to write an article on the caves of Brooks AFB in the future. Ron Hudson locat ed a white salam ander and Bartho lomew b r ough t it home t o pho t o g r aph T he exploration of t his cave was v ery interesting. Ron H udson was the first to get to t he area presently known by the g r otto. This was the area at the point where the cave be comes w a t e r passage. Here the w ater is spr ead wall-towall. Only twofeet o f air spac e exists illld it is n ecessary to wade in water for twenty feet. A s mall room is soon reach ed which is abou t 20 feet in diam eter. A tight muddy cra wl extends to the righ t f o r a s hort distance. To the left, the water falls into an unbelievably small hole into another water filled passage. It is f our eet high and tw o feet wide ope-half filled with the water. After sev e ral right angle turns a l a r ge r r oo m is reached, also with wall-to-wall w ater. On t he f a r side i s a tigh t hor i zontal slot which drops ov e r a flowstone fo rmation into another room. The cave is quite twisting and torturous for about 75 more feet. At its end (or r a t he r as far as the cav e r can go) another toom with water in it may be seen. After t his cave formed it had a period of development when many formations clogged t he passages. Afterwards water conditions ch anged such that vast quantities of water entere d the cave. This wa ter left its mark w he r e e r oded rimstone dams and flowst one show the marks of rapidly flowing w ater t o a large r oom. No f ormations seem ,to exist in this section of the cave which was just de scribed From the last point rea c h ed there is a small passage t o t he l eft heading into breakdown. This decreases into a narrow s q u eezeway, but the n after about forty feet opens up int o a l a r ge r oom. This room has a few nice f orma t i ons in it,and because ofth e difficulty in getting into it, mos t of them are protected from Villidalism. It is est ima t ed that t h i s room is nea r t he entrance a rea, but i s separ a t ed from it by large boulders of b r eakdovm. On the far side of the r oom a hairy climb brine s the c a v e r down into ten foot deep water again in an area eig h t feet in diameter. The c ave ends in the b r eakdown here. Thi s cave is essentiall y one l a r ge roo m divided into smaller passages and r ooms by collapse o f the ceiling A go od map should be made of this c ave Se v eral biolotical samples including a spider, a silverfish trog lobit e a cave cricket, a frog and scorpion were collected . During t he same day a verticle, bu t climb able tube v;as exr. lored on the p r o p erty of N r ftcul. A tight c r awl at the bottom of the pit leads to a smal l room about three feet high with no l ead s leading off it. Some time in M ay Hike Dorum vJent out to locate a cave which a frien d o f his had located on a hunting trip. The entrance was a hole off abou t 30 feet. The cave was not entered. Also that month George Arredondo, Jim Normand and a few novice cavers went out to Madla's Cave near Helotes. Grotto address: H r s Emma Nor m and and/ or Jim Normand, 166 La r k A venu e San Ant onio, T ex as, 7 8228. A& I It seems that you r reporter left off last with the Spring Semester just beginning. It not only began, but kept going. And one of the first t hings we did to make sure it kep t going was to elect new officers for the year. They incl,1!9,ed: Chairman --------------Steve Hulsebus Vice-Chairman ---------Tom Levi Sec retary -------------Gill Edige r Treasurer -------------John Kreidler Equipment -------------Steve Bittinger Safety ----------------P ancho Goodwyn Trips.-----------------Bill Bolen A few new members were added to the club and training trips, mostly private, were arranged. Three more NSS members were added to the list as the two Bittingers--Craig and Steve --got an NSS number with an "R" after it rather than an "FD". Gail Gavenda also joined the National o rganization. February 7-9 found Breining, Edi ger, Gavenda, and Lovett in t he Uval d e and Bracketville area. They f ound and explored a new cave on t he Coates Ran c h--Coates Cave Sometime during the month of February C Bitt:Lneer, T. Rankin, and Pancho and Harianne Goodwyn, and Beowulf m ade a very cold trip to Devil's Sinkhole. All ofthe old timers at A&I were s a ddened to learn of the death of Lee Cantile in the car wreck in Arizona on 2 7 February. Lee started caving with A&I before a club was ever begun and was influencial in getting the Society started. Then along came March w hich was a very eventful month--some good some bad The month started off with a bang at the NSS BOG Heeting in Austin on the first of t he month. Ediger and the B i ttingers wer e along The BOG meeting itself w a s somet h i ng to behold. But it held no wate r against the wonderful fellowship whi c h t ook place Friday night a t Squire LeNis' and Saturday nite at A Richa r d Smith's Bill Bolen Noma Coquat Bobbit Lovett and Kay She rman made a whirlwind trip t o Devils Sinkhole over the 1 3 -14 }farch. On the l o Harch the Grea t Event happened PilliCho f ell! \rJhile practicing prussic king for an u p c oming trip to Golondrinas, Pancho Goodwyn fell ab out 20 feet when the r ope accidently slipped through the restraining setup. Cause? Carelessness! The r ope had been rigg ed wronr, A warning--always check y ou r rigging before han ging your caving life on it. Always! He


P age 72 June, 1969 Th'L TEXAS Ci,VER en d ed up with a b:co : en back and arm plus several other less serious things, a long rest in bed--flat on his bac i<., three months wearing a nonreturnable $8 5 back-brace, and a whopping doctor bill . not to mentio n missing Golondrin-as. B Bolen 0 Arizpe, B Lovett, K. Sherman and A. Soliz went South to Bustamante ru1d Carrizal of the 2 9th March They got lost! More than once. Then came the B i g One. Over the Easter Holidays Denis Breining Craig Bittinger, Gill Ediger, Jette Feduska, ru1d Steve Hulsebus made the grueling trip to Sotano de las Golondrinas in Mexico. Jette is a female-type caver who learned in the East (Virginia) and now goes to University of New Mexico C aves with the San dia Grotto out there. Sandia means watermebn! Craig Bittinger manag ed to mak e the 1,100 foot ascent in less than 5 8 minutes. Tom Levi and John Kreidle r were als o supposed to show up, but as usual, they manag e d to p,et sidetracked to t h e ruins n ear T a n i nul. The n ext big event too k place in Georgetown. The T S A Convention w a s attended by three A&I types: Steve Bittinger, Gill Ediger, and Neal Morris Also Loui e The photo Salon, light show, fello wshi p and other extra s were enjoyed by all 1-1ho m ad e it out to Cobb Caverns Maria nne Goodwyn' s photo entitled: "Disastrous Rappel" won lst place in the Humor category in the Salon. The cavers at A&I were sorry to hear of the death of Mr. Fre d Mason owner of Indian Cree k C ave and others. J.lany o f t h e older cav ers in the state knev1 and respected Hr. Mason as a great frie n d and rancher. And three more N S S m e mber s were added whe n P anch o and Marianne Goodwyn and B i bbie Lovett received their numbe r s Tha t makes 13 N..>S members at A&I n ow. lluring H ay the Tex a s A & I Sp e leological S o cie tY" had its name l e n gthe ned a bit 1-1hen it officially a dded the line Student Grotto of the Nat ional Speleolo!'ica l Society 11 The much P H I NTED H ATTER ADDitES S COJtllliCTION HECiU ESTED delayed charter finally arrive d ar.d we all rested easier. The 2-4 of May f o und N Coque>t, J. Joehne, B Lillie, and 13. L o vett at Bustamante a gain. But that was only the be vinning. The next f our weekends f o und an extre m e l y larr e n umber of /,&:I pe ople at Bustamante. 'tJhy? B ec; u s e r:m the 1 0 Ediger, follo wing a lea d pointed out by S Bittinger, ran into abc1u t 15 0 0 feet of virgin passage. All living, helictite laden, a n d wonderfully beautiful--especiall y to who thought Bustamante had en de d long a g o P h o t o graphy ru1d ex ploring trip s c ontinue d into June June rolled aro und and most of the caving was being done in during the N >S Convention. All three Bittingers a nd N'"al horris were present. Craig Bittinger won a very ex pensive light in a Treasure Hunt in a cave during the Convention. They reported having a very enjoyable time before, during, and after the c onvention. Edige r and l foerbe wer e in the valley making contact w ith RGVG cavers a n d planning a Fourth o f July trip to Hexico. The laisson work was very profitable as a good friendship was w orked up between the Valley Club ru1d A&I. \ve plan lots of trips together in the future. Jim Hoehne, our photographer June for a short vacation to the Overseas Displacement Center exciting job of riding up and River snapping pictures o f at Busta-

Contents: El Enigma
Plata / Tom Warden, Texarkana --
The 10 commandments of cavings --
Cave survey calculations by desk-top computer / Elbert
Bassham, El Paso --
B.O.G meeting, January 24, 1970 --
Minutes of B.O.G. meeting, April 19, 1969 --
Your help, please! --
Minutes of B.O.G. meeting, August 31, 1969 --
Femlin's lament / Cricket Havgood --
Tribute to Apollo 11 / Dan Watson, San Marcos --
Cartoon by Bink --
From the Editor / George Gray --
Murph's law in caving --
News of Grottoes and Clubs in TSA.