The Texas Caver

The Texas Caver

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The Texas Caver
Series Title:
The Texas Caver
Texas Speleological Association
Texas Speleological Association
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Subjects / Keywords:
Regional Speleology ( local )
Technical Speleology ( local )
serial ( sobekcm )
United States


General Note:
Contents: Speleohints / Barry Beck and Louise Power -- Big Bexar Cave / Roger Bartholomew, Richard and Karen Clement -- Photos of Big Bexar Cave / Roger Bartholomew -- Map of Big Bexar Cave / Bartholomew, et al -- Report from the Matterhorn / Old Man Wisdom -- Garbage (Trash for your mind) -- Caver of the Month: William R. Elliott -- New faces (Get a load of these weirdos!) -- TSA Project 70 report / Ronnie Fieseler and Carl Kunath -- Project registration -- Review (William lets fly at the Fatherland.) -- Editorial (Kunath's 1 1/2 cents worth.) -- Good words (Can you dig it?) -- Things to join and buy (Do it now!) -- Trips (Where they went, what they did.) -- Cartoon / Carlie Loving -- Poetry / Gary D. Clawson and Gill Ediger -- News notes -- Speleo-mart, Speleo-calendar, Rescue information.
Open Access - Permission by Publisher
Original Version:
Vol. 15, no. 9 (1970)
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

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University of South Florida Library
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University of South Florida
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K26-04540 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.4540 ( USFLDC Handle )
10699 ( karstportal - original NodeID )
0040-4233 ( ISSN )

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TEXA.S CA.-vEIEt SEPTEMBER 1970 ......... -. "" I ... :--..


COVER: Scenes from11Hobbit's Holiday" at McKittrick Hill, N. M. Top: The camping area when only about 1/3 the people had arrived. Middle: The BOG meeting Sunday morning. Bottom (L): Project Chairman R. Fieseler does neat stuff while others look on. Bottom (R): The great "Deal-Mobile". Photos by Ed, The TEXAS CAVER is a monthly publication of the Texas Speleological Association and is published in San Angelo, Texas. Material for publication should be typed double-spaced and sent to the Editor at 2302 W. Avenue J, San Angelo, Texas 76901 no later than the first of the month of publication. Grotto and club news and trip reports should be sent to the News editor at 306 Park Drive Apt. 107-C, Eueless, Texas 76039. Subscriptions are $4.00 per year for 12 issues. All requests for subscriptions should be sent to James Jasek at 1218 Melrose, Waco, Texas 76710. Persons subscribing after the first of the year will receive all back issues for that year. Single copies are avaliable at 40 each postage paid anywhere in the U.S. (c) 1970 by the TEXAS CAVER STAFF: Editor----------------Carl E. Kunath News Editor----------MikeMoody Assistant Typist------Jon Vinson Assistant Assistant----Glenda Kunath Printer---------------Jon R. Everage Proof Reader---------Frodo Baggins Assembly-------------Rice Grotto Distribution-----------James Jasek THE TEXAS CAVER VOLUME XV, NUMBER 9 * * * * * CONTENTS SPELEOHINTS by Barry Beck and Louise Power PAGE 163 164 BIG BEXAR CAVE by Roger Bartholomew, Richard and Karen Clement PHOTOS OF BIG BEXAR CAVE by Roger Bartholomew 165 166 168 169 170 172 173 174 175 176 178 179 180 MAP OF BIG BEXAR CAVE by Bartholomew, et al REPORT FROM THE MATTERHORN by Old Man Wisdom GARBAGE (trash for your mind) CAVER OF THE MONTH---William R. Elliott NEW FACES (Get a load of these weirdos!) TSA PROJECT 70 REPORT by Ronnie Fieseler and Carl Kunath PROJECT REGISTRATION REVIEW (William lets fly at the Fatherland.) EDITORIAL (Kunath's 1 1/2 worth. ) GOOD WORDS (Can you dig it?) THINGS TO JOIN AND BUY (Do it now!) TRIPS (Where they went, what they did.) CARTOON by Charlie Loving POETRY by Cary D. Clawson and Gill Ediger NEWS NOTES SPELEO-MART, SPELEO -CALENDAR, RESCUE INFORMATION OFFICERS OF THE TEXAS SPELEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION FOR 1970 ARE: * Chairman---------------Gill Ediger, Box 2213 A&I, Texas 78363 Vice Chairman----------Ronnie Fies.eler, 305 Bayless Drive, Eueless, Texas 76039 Secretary-Treasurer ----Suzanne Wiley, Box 4563 TT, Lubbock, Texas 79409


The TEXAS CAVER, September, 1970 Page 163 Ed. Note: One fine day the postman put this bomb in the mailbox. Dear Revered Editor: From the humble, but fertile minds of the Rice Speleological Society Student Grotto of tre National Speleological Society comes . By Pat Beck, Barry Beck & Louise Power Just a few things_ that Pat,Barry and I thought of around a couple of bottles of brew . or two or three. If you should decide to use them in your honorable publication (unworthy though they may be), feel free to use them as fillers, not fillers, all at once, one at time (there are twelve, one for each week of the year--or is that month?). Should you, however, decide to send us a dreaded rejection slip (after your pleas for material) we shall commit honorable hari kari by doing a helicopter rappel into Golondrinas (or something apropro). Seriously, we thought that if you decide to use them, it might encourage other cavers to send in their short-cuts and might start a whole new column or sumthin. l. When Nature's call comes in the back of a long cave (as it did to one caver in Mexico recently) and no toilet paper is available, whip out your handy knife (you do carry one, of course), cut off your sock tops and voila! Instant t. p. 2. Troubled by ticks? Fold the cuffs of your jeans legs over and secure them with large rubber bands either inside or outside your boot tops. The little critters generally can't crawl past the rubber band. Also spraying around your boots and pants legs (or wherever you're bothered by ticks) with. insect repellant generally helps. 3. If you only want to carry one extra pair of jeans and you don't want to raise the suspicion of. border guards by looking too scruffy, press your jeans by putting them under your sleeping bag at night. This also keeps them dry during heavy dews or light rains,-. and warm in cold weather. 4. Girls! If you are going where there is a shortage of water, be sure to take along a jar of cold cream. It breaks up the caked mud on your face, hands, etc. and keeps you from fee ling like parchment paper the next day. It's also good for soothing a sunburn (the one you get going to and from the cave). (Also good for hangnail, athlete's foot, leprosy, the plague and beri-beri, says Barry-Barry F. Beck.) 5. Mine Safety Appliances carries some leather chin straps for hard hats that snap down over the liners. Think about that the next time you lose your hat down a deep hole. (more Speleohints to come in future issues)


Page 164 The TEXAS CJ\ VER, September, 1970 Big Bexar Cave by Roger Bartholomew and Karen Clement In the spring of 1969, Mr. Sam Young found a hole on his property and later mentioned it to Richard Clement, knowing that Richard was a member of the local caving group. Richard called John Allison and they did a quick check of the cave on June 2. The hole led down 10 feet into a large room which had massive formations scattered about. Several holes in the breakdown indicated the possibility of more passage. On this brief checkout trip, two other caves near the main cave were also checked out. The next trip was also a short one. On this trip, Rick and Karen, John and Maggie Allison, and Mr. and Mrs. Ken Holland gave the owner and his family a tour of the main room of the cave. Complete exploration of the cave was finished on a trip which included Rick, Charlie Burns, Bruce Allison, Buster Huntsman, and Dave Litsinger. A crawlway was found which led down through some breakdown in the west corner of the main chamber to an 18 foot drop which required rope and which brought the group to the lowest room in the cave. Here, the cave ended in the marly upper Glenrose formation as a small chamber with a mud and marly deposit on the floor. This room contrasts sharply with the main chamber which is formed in the Edwards and Comanche Peak limestones which cap the hills in this area of Bexar County. The next step was to map the cave, but no one in the Alamo Grotto did any mapping. Wayne Russell of the San Antonio Grotto happened to be at one of the Alamo Grotto's meetings and heard about Rick's problem, so Wayne rustled up Roger Bartholomew (also of SAG) and together with. Rick and Karen, went out one evening to map the cave. The main room was mapped on this first trip and two days later, Wayne, Roger, and James Myers finished the lower crawlway and terminal room. When the map was finished, Rick brought a blue-line copy to Mr. Young who subsequently treated Rick to dinner and later framed the map. The cave was named Big Bexar Cave, not because it is a long cave ( its horizontal extent is about 100 feet), but because it has the largest room. in Bexar Co., and, according to Wayne, the most massive formations in the county as well. It is also significant to the cavers in San Antonio because it was one of the first joint ventures of the two NSS Grottos here which eventually led to the merger of the two groups in the spring of 1970. The main room (B /W from color slides by Bartholomew) The best formation


The TEXAS CAVER, September 1970 BIG BEXAR CAVE Bexar County, Tta N.,.aonett c LEGEND dropoff \'\::-. tlopo ,.-"' .apper laval low a r level 0 0 ... .... "' drop In cti I lnt cotunu1 ..... ..,.....,... flowotono otolag10ll0 ;::::::. paaaaoe proJected oto crott aectlo ,.one 0 lorgo-broak4own block mud l1if:J Iaroe atalactltt atalactlttt ,.a aurvty atotlon 211 4o pth ceiltno haiotat . :;;. .: VERTICAL CROSS SECTION 8 SURVEY OCTOBER 1969 Wayne RYtttll Rlc;"ard a Kortft Cltffttnt Rooar Bortr.olontaw James Mytn INSTRUMENT I( 8 E Pockt t Trontit on Tripod Stttl Tope PLOT Wayne RYtaall R. BarttloloMtW D"AFT R Bart,.olomaw COIIIPUT!R DATA ANALYSIS Roger Sorrolll Page 165 -10 -20 -40 4opt" ,.,, -!!0 -To -o _eo


Page 166 The TEXAS September, 1970 I 'N'ffi Al'\>5 wi+lt hO\IING M-.10 [d IN ..f!.te sene.s ot A-d.vtMtl)ves. MATTERHORN ov ..t. lei-.U.t.. k111ow wl.tAt IS C.l. ;1 ./t. .AJte. o-r. .-1\tej,..--n Ml(lc." oN Au6. 1_, )q'1o ; SWISS 1>4>1J 1hc CLihlJ, / \'w J


The TEXAS CAVER, September, 1970 Page 167 /


Page 168 The TEXAS CAVER, September, 1970 Carta Valley members have done it again! At their annual foundation meeting last July, they crossed the Mexican border with twenty-one (21) cavers inside Mike Moody's Toyota. Russell Parker will confirm the figure since he was on the bottom. The CV members now claim the the World Toyota Stuffing Championship and eagerly challenge all corners. Send all challenges to Box 1, Carta Valley, Texas. The Ediger wedding was out of sight! The beautiful setting of Natural Bridge Caverns, the most original and appropriate ceremony performed by a man of God who was also a man of the people, Gill freaking out the uninitatedwhen he opened his tux to reveal a C V tee shirt, the beer and German food reception, the preacher doning his flowered crash helmet and roaring off on a gleaming Honda 750. This wedding will not soon be forgotten. From out of the wilds---the never, never land of the Dakotas---comes the great PHUD! Yes, Texans beware! The great C. Thumb and Woola with their trusty side-kicks Dr. Dwight and Sandiee have returned! First seen on the wilds of the Azotea Mesa, it was a weird sight indeed. Picture: A green Carryall with a large plywood box on top. On top of the box, 4 old tires, and on top of the tires, a 14 foot canoe. That's not all---behind, a large trailer containing a dune buggy. Rolling into the campsite, foghorn blaring and P. A. screaming for Kominsky. Stop. Stunned silence. Doors open. Woola, Thumb, Sandy, Dwight emerge. Tearful reunion with Skinner, etc. Retch! End of tale. Look out Alpine, welcome to CV! A. Richard Smith (Texas Speleological Survey) has moved again! Now it's 2412-C Branard, Houston, 77006. 11What ever happened to James Reddell," I asked? 11James who?" carne the reply. 11You know,'' I said, 11That fellow who used to go caving all the time and collected bugs and wrote survey reports, and did all manner of neat things like that. 11 11Gee, I duno. 11 Guess what grotto had it's own "anti-TSA11 project over the Labor Day weekend? Seems it was just too long a drive forthern to make it, so they gathered in some nearby County and did their own thing. Shame! What Dallas caver was seen in Endless cave wearing a pair of jungle-camouflage srort shorts, a peace medal and a Bullmoose for President button. Bet you'll never guess! While you are reading these words four people will have died from starvation. Most of them children. Dr. Paul Ehrlich, The


The TEXAS CAVER, September, 1970. !Miff William Rawleigh Elliott, or just "Bill" to all his friends, got his start in caving through an old friend, Brian Peterson. A Junior at Southwestern University, he toured such notable caves as: Steam, Coffin, 4 Mile, Dean Man's, and Inner Space. It was at Inner Space that he became thoroughly "hooked" and he worked as a guide there during the summer of 1968. Entering the University of Texas for his Senior year, he was soon recruited as a "bug catcher" and, as he put it, "It wasn't long before I was really turned on to cave biology by the groovey critters that may be found. Bill made such progress that after graduating with a B.S. in Zoology, he was employed (along with two others) by Dr. Robert Mitchell in the summer of 1969 to search for, explore, and map as many blind fish caves as possible in the El Abra range of Mexico (see TC, April, 1970, Page 63 for an account of Soyate, one of the new finds). Page 169 After the summer in Mexico, Bill returned to school, this time as a graduate student and T. A. at Texas Tech. Bill Elliott somewhat off guard at the recent TSA project. Bill is a good zoologist, but he is also an exceptionally fine draftsman and he also excells as a cartoonist. These things aside, Bill is also just about the nicest fellow you'll ever have the pleasure to meet (that's what Vernell thought---she and Bill were married May 23, 1970). So, next time cavers gather, look for a medium sized blond fellow who tends a bit toward beards and such and who drives a Chevy 1/2 ton 4x4 camper with a giant day-glo orange rear bumper and a super-giant, jungle-crashing front bumper. That'll be Bill. Congratulations and the COM award! * * * * * * NEW FACES Have a look at Mike Moody ( L), your new NEWS & TRIPS Editor, and Jon Everage ( R ) your new Printer. Both, we feel, are valuable additions to the CAVER staff, and we invite you to blame them for all future errors, mistakes, and small disasters. Ed.


Page 170 The TEXAS CAVER, September, 1970 TSA Project 70 Report While the information that follows is not official, due to the fact that all data has not been accumulated, it is as accurate and reliable as I can make it. I felt that TSA members were entitled to some sort of of what went on at the Project. Before starting, I would like to thank everyone who came to the Project. All plans are to no avail if nobody is interested enough to show up. Helping to organize a Project can really be a hassle, but when it is over, you realize that it was really a lot of fun and well worth it. A total of 148 people signed the register. Of these, 92 were TSA members (including the Harmon's who are temporarily in Pennsylvania), 48 were SWR members (including the El Paso group), and 8 others were from Colorado, Arizona, and ? ? ? If we count only the TSA members, then it ranks among the larger projects, and certainly the largest held out of the state. At the TSA/ SWR Bi-regional Project in 1966, the TSA only had 25 members present and SWR also had 25. Quite a difference! This large crowd also presented a problem. We actually hoped to get as many as 75 out to the Project. It was a little confusing and embarrassing to have so many show up. When work was started Saturday morning about 120 people had registered. We sent out ten surveying teams with four or five cavers on each team. We were out of mapping equipment and still had 70-75 people left with more coming all the time. What to do? Some were sent to dig, others to check leads, and others just went to see what the caves were like. In fact,a lot of the cavers had never been to New Mexico at all, and probably welcomed the chance to do some fun type caving and avoid the dull work. However, it was a Project and some cavers did accomplish a respectable amount of work. Let it be known that it was appreciated. Following Saturday's caving, people emerged to join in various types of fellowship that night. Highlight of the evening was an impromptu slide salon with proceeds going to the "Save the Guadalupes'' fund. Kunath, Lindsley and Osborne were judges. TSA came through again with Ronnie Fieseler taking two firsts and a second, Jon Vinson took a first and a second, with a lone Colorado caver taking a second. Bob Lloyd's Light Show was an instant attraction also. Beautiful! Of course the night was filled with lots of BS. Sunday morning was the TSA Board of Governors meeting. I will let someone else report on that in the form of the minutes. A large majority of the grottos and clubs were represented and much was done. SWR members were active Sunday with a transit survey on the surface. Later the TSA cavers went back underground to map (after the BOG). It was almost too 4ot to stay on the surface and many trips were made to the ice chests. Sunday night saw a decline in the number of people left on the Hill, as some had started the long trek home. Those that were left gathered for another party. The Carta Valley SUCKS group had the largest party and much fun was had by all. Lloyd's Lights were going wild again and everyone was digging on them. Speaking of Lloyd, an interesting extra attraction of the night was the discovery and subsequent "rescue" of Bob who was found sleeping and/or passed out on the desert amidst the cactus. Observers said it was hard to tell who was rescuing who! Monday morning a few intrepid ca.rers went back into the caves, but most were occupied with cleaning up and packing to leave. Most of us had many miles to travel. Goodbys were said, vows were taken, curses were cast and we left the Hill, except for some SWR cavers who lived within a short drive. The field work of the Project was over. Now comes the collection of data, plotting and finishing of the rna ps, etc. continued, next page


The TEXAS CAVER, September, 1970 Page 171 CAVE BY CAVE SUMMARY OF THE PROJECT: Boyd's Cave-As far as I know, no one visited this cave during the Project. Sand Cave-This cave received a few casual visitors, but more important, Barry Beck's survey team. This team surveyed in this cave both Saturday and Sunday. They mapped a total of about 1118 feet of passage. There is still a lot of cave left to map, but a good start has been made. Little Sand Cave-A few cavers went in and looked around, but no scientific work was done. McKittrick Cave-Several people visited McKittrick Cave and enjoyed themselves greatly. Tom Meador, with TSA's Tracy Johnson and Mike and Liz Bales went to map in it Sunday. They spent most of the day in the cave and managed to map a good bit. No estimate on footage mapped is presently available. They too did not finish, but Tom Meador says he will work more in it on later trips. Dry Pot-This did not see as much activity as it should have, but still a good amount of work was done. A total of nine survey teams entered the cave during the Project. A biological and meteorological team which went into Dry Pot also did some mapping. -All the survey notes for this cave are being processed by John Corcoran and Jim Hardy on a computer and recorder setup. No information as yet on how much footage was mapped, closure error, etc. The scientific team should have some interesting data also. One thing is certain, there is a hell of a lot more cave to map. Believe it or not, NO mapping was done in the new section of Dry Pot! This area is still like we left it. Of course, SWR and the Dallas-Ft. Worth cavers will.continue to map in the cave from time to time. If you would like to help, let us know. I wish there was more to say, but I will just have to wait until the info is passed on to me, and then I will get it into the Caver for your edification. Surface Survey-A long hot day was spent by the SWR surveyors on the surface. An impressive total of 9000 feet were reportedly surveyed by the teams. They managed to tie in many important points, but still did not get through. It was still a fine effort, and they say they will finish at another time, probably when it is cooler! Ronnie Fieseler, Project Chairman Endless Cave -Two short but comprehensive mapping trips were made into the cave. The two trips required about 9 hours, and a total of 57 5 feet was taped with several hundred additional feet sketched. Most of the mapped passage was I-3' high maze on the upper level of the cave. It is hoped that this completed the mapping of Endless Cave, and it now appears that all the blank areas on the map have been filled with cave passages. A further report will appear as soon as time permits final drafting. Many groups entered Endless though only mine were mapping. Lee Skinner and associates pushed a breakdown lead at the north end of the Little Expressway while Ediger, Lindsley, Morris, and crew dug in a breakdown filled dome near the same area. Neither group advanced more than a few feet. Many people inquire as to the length of Endless Cave. It is difficult to define ''length" for a maze cave, but I can quote three figures: 1) Something on the order of IS, 000 feet of passage has actually been taped. 2) The Lower Maze has a floor area of approximately 80,000 square feet. 3) All of the major cave passages may be seen on one rapid 10 hour trip, but I have just now seen all the known passages after spending almost 100 hours mapping and exploring. Carl Kunath, Chief Idiot


Page 172 The TEXAS CAVER, September, 1970 TSA Ronnie Fieseler Debbie Cawthon Mike Mooney Barry Beck Pat Beck Erik Beck Kenneth Rhodes Michael Moody Mike Doughty Mitchell Burchfield Clark Lillie Craig Bittinger Termite Bob Dunn J. Neal Morris Bob Lloyd Mary Jane Lloyd Michael P. Bales Elizabeth G. Bales Horace Whitt Jon Vinson Wallace Hughes Bruce Webster G. Jon Kunath Albert Kerper Russel Parker Phil Taylor Gill Ediger Ginny Tipton Suzanne Wiley Winston Whitt Jimmy Schroeder Barry Hawkins Tom Tucker Judy Tucker Kelly King Tracy Johnson Bernie Fallon Roger Bartholomew Jim Jasek Carl Kunath Louise Power Roger McMillan Michael Geos Nancy Gentry Karen Lindsley Pete Lindsley King Moody Karen Raff Loretta Moody Dick Moore Mary Moore Bill Pierce C.A. Vermonger Lonneth Pierce Tommy Masterson Jill Ediger Bob Burney Dave Jackson Bob Henry Don Eckerty Bill Sherborne Jon Everage Larry Schmidt Edward Seidensleiker Preston Knodell Mike Felty Robert L. Johnson Michael Rengel Dan Murphy Frances Murphy R. Scott Harmon K. Allison Harmon Jerry Johnson Kathy Johnson William Elliott Vernelle Elliott Jean Claude Horiot Herta Merwin Ken A. Griffin Luther B undrant Ollene Bundrant Eddie Vogt Pat Placek Steve Kwan Rod Wicklander Autrey Cox June Crenshaw Calvin W. Hurst Chris Hesse Nelda Bayer SWR Tom Meador Andy Kom,.,nsky Lee H. Skinner Suzy B. Skinner John J. Corcoran Ill Sigurd Szerlip Billy W. Ray Tommy Campbell Tony Guck Ells Rolfs Tony Morse Elbert Bassham Jim Hardy John McLean Rex Novak Rex Allen Novak Peggy Novak Susan McLean Dorthy Boyer Robert Sanchez James Kidwiler Ann Hale Scott Moshim Michell Watts John Shook Mark Edwards Audrey Edwards Mary Starling Michael C. Torimel Dennis Engel Sylvia Engel Mike Gross Sharon Zeab le Nick Corona Tom Kerr Randy Campbell Richard Murphy Jerry Campbell Naomi Medina Mike Clark John Lawrence Sunny Barrenche Clark Barrenche Tom Kindel Dee Hutson Jason Richards Carol Welsh Others Marti Casali (Colo.) Albert Krouse (Colo.) Pete Jones (Colo.) Paul Osborne (Colo.) Dorothy Moulton (Colo.) Dwight Deal (in transit) Sandy Deal (in transit) David B. Isaac (Ariz.)


The TEXAS CAVER, September, 1970 Page 173 REVIEW British Caving, second edition, C. H. D. Cullingford, Ed. 468 pages. The first two chapters of the book, "Caves and Rocks" and "Caves and Landscape", give a brief introduction to geology (joints, faults, antic lines, sync lines, fossils, geologic time scale, etc) and then explain how these factors combine with water movement and solution to produce caves. The third chapter deals in detail with the numerous theories of cave origin and development. No general synthesis of the various theories is attempted, and the conclusion is that more study is needed as there is evidence to support many of the theories advanced. The fourth chapter is a detailed summary of British caves and caving regions which is good if you are interested in British caves and can untangle the detailed geography. One can master the principal cave areas such as the Mendips, but sentences like "Other caves occur at Ballynamintra, Kilgreany, Carrigmu.rish, Ballynahemery, and Whitechurch. "(pg. 59) convey little information to US cavers. The sixth chapter details caves encountered in mines. The seventh chapter outlines "cave physics" and for a chapter on physics it seems needlessly inexact. For example, the section on cave temperatures opens with: "The air temperature usually differs only slightly from the rock temperature and is somewhat less than the mean annual surface temperature for the region in which the cave lies." (pg. 230) No explanation follows of why or how much the cave temperature differs from the rock temperature. The chart of the variations of gravity over a cave has no dimensions and the text gives no idea of what size cave can be located or how to interpret the results of a gravity survey. The article on water tracing contains only a brief note on the use of activated charcoal to absorb fluorescin dye; no mention at all is made of the use of spores. The archaeology and paleontology section that follows deals with the results of paleontological and archological excavations in British caves. The British seem to do more of this than their American counterparts, perhaps due to their relative lack of caves to explore. Most of this section is a detailed cave by cave summary of the results. The next chapter concerns cave fauna and flora. The chapter opens with a discussion of cave life, its origin, environment, and collection. Following this is a long list of animals recorded from British caves, and contrary to the apparent belief in England (pg. 348), blind rats do not exist either in Southern Europe or in America. The second part of the book, "The Practice of Caving", though interesting reading, is generally obsolete or not applicable to American conditions. Typical comments are: "Most clubs make their own ladders." (pg. 346) And on photography: "The method in general use for normal subjects is the burning of flash powder, a process not without and element of risk. "(pg. 378) In short, British Caving cannot be enthusiastically recommended as a textbook for American speleology principally because almost (232 out of 468)of the pages are used for computations and listings of British caves and their contents. These are worthwhile, generally well done, and often interesting, but detract from the value of the book as a general text on speleology for Americans. Unfortunately, there is that can be enthusiastically recomended. What is especially needed is a book or pamphlet that gives not only a brief history of the various theories of cavern development, but also a summary of current thought. It is now possible to show in general how the various factors such as rainfall, temperature, continued, next page


Page 174 The TEXAS CAVER, September, 1970 run-off, rock composition and fracturing' soil cover' permeability' porosity' local relief, position of the water table, etc. interact through time to produce caves. There is one part of 11The Practice of Caving11 section that is applicable to all cavers: 11A potholer in the Dales or a caver in other areas should be as unobtrusive in dress as any other inhabitant. His behaviour should be modeled on that of the people whose hospitality he is enjoying.11 If offences occur, 11It is the duty of all potholers to deal drastically with such misbehaviour, and to correct the impression which is prevalent in some of the villages in the north that potholers are uncouth, unwashed, and unshaven undesirables. 11 William H. Russell * * * * * * EDITORIAL September---for many groups, the beginning of the fiscal year of caving. Caver meetings on college campuses will be packed. From these new faces will come the speleological leaders of 1973---IF we do our part. An organization without leadership is a headless monster. Dont let it happen to TSA! If you doubt the usefulness of TSA, imagine for a moment what Texas caving would be like without TSA or. some similar organization--CHAOS! This is the s uituation elsewhere--11speleological paralysis11 Support TSA ... it supports you. For your facts and figures: the TC now has 220 subscribers, excluding complimentaries, exchanges, and NSS Board members. The total monthly mailing is in the area of 260 copies. Are. we complacent? NO! We need more subscribers. If we can reach 300, we can probably qualify for a postal permit that will save more than $100.00 yearly in mailing expenses. Think what an extra hundred bucks might mean in terms of a better TEXAS CAVER. Twist a few arms! * * * * * * Good .... it is probably in vain that so many look to science and technology to solve our present ecological crisis. Much more basic changes are needed, perhaps of the type exemplified by the much-despised 11hippie11 movement---a movement that adopts most of its religious ideas from the non-Christian East. It is a movement wrapped up in Zen Buddhism, physical love, and a distain for materia,l wealth. It is small wonder that our society is horrified at hippies 1 behavior---it goes against our most cherished religious and ethical ideas. I think it would be well if those of us who are totally ensnared in the non-hip part of our culture paid a great deal of attention to the movement, rather than condemn it out of hand. They may not have THE answer, but they may have AN answer. At the very least they are asking the proper questions . Dr. Paul Ehrlich, The Population Bomb, 1968


The TEXAS CAVER, September, 1970 IPhings TEXAS SPELEOLOGICAL SURVEY: $3.00 per 6 issue volume. 2414-C Branard, Houston, Texas 77006, Page 175 Now in Volume III, almost all the early issues are out of print. Though published spasmodically, this is THE word on Texas caves. Accurate maps, detailed descriptions and fine printing (often in several colors) are all characteristics. ASSOCIATION FOR MEXICAN CAVE STUDIES: $5. 00 per volume Box 7672 U. T. Station, Austin, Texas 78712. Now in Volume III, all back publications are avaliable with the exception of Bulletin I. Published erraticly, the Newsletter contains trip reports, and feature articles about Mexican speleology. This is a high quality publication for the $$$. TEXAS CAVER: $4. 00 per 12 issue volume. 1218 Melrose, Waco, Texas 76710 Now in volume XV, complete back issues are avaliable through 1967 and some assorted copies for prior years. Publishing has been irregular at intervals, but has been near monthly in 1970. This is a "full service 11 publication containing photographs, feature articles, trip reports, reviews, news, etc, If you cave in Texas or the surrounding area, you should subscribe. NATIONAL SPELEOLOGICAL SOCIETY: Regular membership is $10.00 per year. 2318 N. Kenmore Street, Arlington, Virginia 22201 For your $10,00 you get a very good monthly newsletter, and a spasmodic (quarterly) Bulletin which is generally quite dry. You also get membership in the most active national speleological organization in the U.S. and have the privilege of voting onSociety affairs. If you are more than just casually interested in caving, you should join, YE OLDE HISTORY: pp. 60 pages. Order from Suzanne Wiley, Box 4563 TT, Lubbock, Texas 79409 Published in 1964, this mimeographed booklet contains a year by year summary of speleology in Texas up to that time. Though now ''dated'' somewhat, it still is good reading and contains quite a few statistics and facts of interest. MY DADDY WAS A CAVER: $1.25 pp. 64 pages. Order from Box 7037 U. T. Austin, Texas 7 8712 Published by Charlie Loving in 1970, this book of caving cartoons will elicit many a chuckle from any caver. This should be in your library. DEEP CAVE: 7 pp. 25 pages. This is the preliminary (and only, so far) report on the 1965 TSA Deep Cave Project. Jim Estes has compiled the facts into a neat booklet which makes very interesting reading. Order from TEXAS CAVER. TSA PATCHES AND DECALS: Patches--$1. 10 ea., Decals--40 ea. (pp.) Order from : Gill Ediger Box 7 31-A, Sinton, Texas 7 8387. Colorful TSA emblems to stick or sew on most anything. The patch supply is almost exhausted, so order soon, THERE WE WAS & 1964 NSS GUIDE BOOK ARE OUT OF PRINT ---sorry!


Page 176 The TEXAS CAVER' September, 1970 DATE: 29 May-1 June, 1970 DESTINATION: Emerald Sink, MFP, and Midnight Cave PERSONNEL: Three boot Bittinger, Steve Bittinger, John Kreidler, Neal Morris, and Mitchell Burchfield REPORTED BY: Kreidler Fresh out of school, the above mentioned cavers headed out for Del Rio and some vertical caving. The arrival at the ranch-house was marred by a lengthy and quite loud thunderstorm. The cavers decided to wait it out until the morning to enter Emerald Sink. The five cavers chimneyed the entrance drop of 20 or 25 feet without difficulty. After some winding passage, all arrived at the edge of the 150 foot drop and no time was wasted in rigging the pit. On the bottom, a bat filled, dirt coated passage was observed. Fighting off the bats, all five Texas A& I grotto members made their way to the 40 foot pit in the back of the dirtfloored crawlway. Unfortunately, the carbide lights weren't burning with the usual whiteness, but a dull orange color. Also all five were breathing heavily;. none of the cavers wanted to negotiate a pit full of bad air, so all retreated. The ascending climb was uneventful, not to mention the hike back to the car. The drive to Carta Valley was also uneventful, but pleasant. The group arrived at MFP about two in the afternoon. They spent several hours at the bottom putting in expansion bolts, trying to climb up to the lead in the wall. To their chagrin, the lead was a dead end dome pit. The 180 foot climb out was a little more difficult for Kreidler and Burchfield. The spelunkers entered Midnight Cave, minus Kreidler and Morris who had decided to sack out in the VW bus. After the three returned, they all drove to Leakey for rest and relaxation. DATE: 30 July, 1970 DESTINATION: Madla's Cave PERSONNEL: Scott Harden, Phil Brown REPORTED BY: Scott Harden We made the trip to look around and to introduce Phil to caving. After the cave we cleaned up in Helotes Creek. DATE: 2 August, 1970 DESTINATION: Fair Hole PERSONNEL: Roger Bartholomew, Al Brandt, Doug Nunelly, Robert Henry, Phil & Mr. Steinbach, Bob Vocke, and Scott Harden REPORTED BY: Scott Harden The biology of this cave is very interesting. Three live snakes were found at the bottom of the entrance pit. Two were disposed of by Bob but the third escaped in some debris. Bob, Scott, and Doug explored upstream for about 200 feet through a low water crawl, then went downstream to help survey the waterfall.


The TEXAS CAVER, September, 1970 Page 177 DATE: 7-8 August, 1970 DESTINATION: Glass Mountains, Brewster and Pecos Counties PERSONNEL: Roger Bartholomew, Robert Henry, Bill Wright and Pat Walker REPORTED BY: Roger Bartholomew More mapping was done in 400 Foot Cave and another small cave was mapped. Maximum depth obtained so far in 400 Foot Cave is -298 feet. No deeper passage has yet been found. DATE: 9 August, 1970 DESTINATION: Helotes Blowhole Cave PERSONNEL: Phil Brown and Scott Harden REPORTED BY: Scott Harden We visited th,e cave and also checked leads in the area but didn't find anything that went. DATE: 9 August, 1970 DESTINATION: Spillar Ranch, Manchaca, Texas PERSONNEL: Brian Peterson, Dan Watson, John Williams REPORTED BY: Dan Watson After talking with the owner, who was very co-operative, we were driven to the caves by a ranch hand. Two of the caves were small one room sinks extending no further than 20 feet from the entrance. The third cave was entered through a two foot by two foot sinkhole dropping 7 feet. There the floor slopes down over much breakdown for about 70 feet and dropping 20 feet to a second room of about 15 feet by 8 feet. Numerous black widow spiders were noticed on the breakdown. DATE: 9 & 16 August, 1970 DESTINATION: Hill County, north of West Texas PERSONNEL: SBP IV ,Jim Jasek, Jimmy Schroeder REPORTED BY: SBP IV A rather skeptical threesome pursued a cave lead supposedly developed in the Austin Chalk Formation in Hill County. To our surprise 325 feet of nearly straight line walking passage was discovered. Preliminary investigation indicates the cave development to be fault or joint related. Additional information, photographs and a map will be forthcoming. DATE: 18-20 August, 1970 DESTINATION: Gorman Falls and Cave PERSONNEL: Mark Harden, Scott Harden and Mike Gant REPORTED BY: Scott Harden We explored back to the beginning of "C02 Alley" where we turned back due to the rather bad air.


Page 178 The TEXAS CAVER, September, 1970 DATE: 29, 30 August, 1970 DESTINATION: Midnight Cave PERSONNEL: Ronnie Fieseler, Bob Lloyd, Mike Moody REPORTED BY: Ronnie Fieseler We spent about nine hours in the cave taking pictures. This was the first time that Mike was unable to get through the Corkscrew. He vows to lose weight After cleaning up we went to Ma Crosby's for supper. We got searched when we came back across the border, but when we started taking pictures of the proceedings, the guy who was doing the looking got nervous and quit early! This is a clever trick to remember! Try it the next time you are hassled at the border. The_ only other event of note is that we ran_ out of gas on the notorious strech of highway between Carta Valley and Rocksprings on the way home. * * At McKittrick Hill ? * * One Thing Is Certain, We're Underground. *


The TEXAS CAVER, September, 1970 Page 179 Our Thing It's incredible to me The things we go through, That no one else, But a spelunker would do. We crawl through mud, The worst of it's kind, That sticks like glue To our outer-line. And the water, oh yes, It's misery too; With one degree more You feel you'd be through. The coral in form, Like a barbed-wire fence, Leaves you in shreads For your lack of sense. You twist and turn All out of kilter, In a squeeze that leads Through a tunnel filter. There sometimes exists On various accounts, Strong apprehension Of certain amounts. But we all know That it's worth it all; For the many reasons Only we can call. So nothing is needed, For us to explain, To those who ask, Why we do Our Thing. Cary D. Clawson fu fu Loves frodo Caver Epitaph Encase my bones in a concrete grave Beneath the earth in a great long cave. For from the earth man did ascend and it is right, there he should end. Where people passing by can see A poor old caver such as me, Who lived his life in hopeful search Of social escape with a carbide torch. This beautiful world set up by mEm, Then ruined it all by greed and sin. Why can't all men go down under and see the beauty of nature's wonder? Untouched by hands that spoil the land, Above the ground they've built a sham; But down below where few men go, Where waters drip streams run cold, Stalactites form, and then they hang For eons, outliving any walking thing. Gill Ediger NOW AVALIABLE: 11Accidents in American Caving-196711 Copies may be purchased as follows: Single copy-----------$ 0. 75 10 copies-------------$ 4. 00 20 copies-------------$ 6. 00 50 copies------------$12.50 100 copies-------------$20.00 Order from: Caving Information Series c I o Mrs. Doris Haarr. 50 Clover Drive, Delmont, Penn. 15626 Descent, an English caving publication,reminded it's readers in the most recent issue that "Leek Fell is closed---for grouse breeding---until July" They seem to share some problems common to Texas ca.vers.


Page 180 The TEXAS CAVER, September, 1970 The TEXAS CAVER 1218 Melrose Waco, Texas 76710 Return Postage Guaranteed Address Correction Requested Take nothing but pictures, leave nothing but footprints. The official publication of the Texas Speleological Association Affiliated with the National Speleological Society .. r y .ometh i n g .ew I T h e New llliT ...... PHOTOGRAPHS, CAVE ARTICLES, PHOTO-TIPS, CARTOONS, REVIEWS, TRIP REPORTS, GROTTO NEWS, GARBAGE, MAPS, ETC, FIND OUT WHAT'S HAPPENING IN TEXAS, NEW MEXICO AND MEXICO. SUBSCRIBE TODAY!!! ONLY $4.00 PER YEAR (12 i10ueo). 2302 W, AVENUE J, SAN ANGELO, TEXAS 76901 * * * TO: * * * EXCHANGERS : Address copies to: 2302 W. Avenue J, San Angelo, Texas 76901 * * * * * * SPELEO-MART FOUND: Part of a strobe. CAVER describing unit. know if you lost it. Write You'll FOR SALE: 1970 Yamaha 250cc enduro. Never raced (heh, heh). $500 for openers. Contact Terry Raines, Box 7037 Austin, 78712. * * * WANTED: One Army regulation beard. Contact B. Gilliam Ediger c/o your friendly local U.S. Army. FOR SALE: Late model XKE banana . Driven only by mild-mannered caver on weekend excursions. Contact R. Glenn Fieseler, address inside cover * * * SPELEOCALENDAR 15 November-----Deer season opens . stay home and write CAVER articles. 32 November-----Gandalf' s birthday . Big celebration at McKittrick Hill. * ? ? ? -----Anybody have anything worthwhile to contribute to this stupid calendar? * * * * * * Need to be rescued? Call Rescue Chairman Luther B undrant in San Antonio, Texas ?t 512:694-2883 for assistance.

Contents: Speleohints
/ Barry Beck and Louise Power --
Big Bexar Cave / Roger Bartholomew, Richard and Karen
Clement --
Photos of Big Bexar Cave / Roger Bartholomew --
Map of Big Bexar Cave / Bartholomew, et al --
Report from the Matterhorn / Old Man Wisdom --
Garbage (Trash for your mind) --
Caver of the Month: William R. Elliott --
New faces (Get a load of these weirdos!) --
TSA Project 70 report / Ronnie Fieseler and Carl Kunath
Project registration --
Review (William lets fly at the Fatherland.) --
Editorial (Kunath's 1 1/2 cents worth.) --
Good words (Can you dig it?) --
Things to join and buy (Do it now!) --
Trips (Where they went, what they did.) --
Cartoon / Carlie Loving --
Poetry / Gary D. Clawson and Gill Ediger --
News notes --
Speleo-mart, Speleo-calendar, Rescue information.


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