The Texas Caver

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The Texas Caver
Series Title:
The Texas Caver
Texas Speleological Association
Texas Speleological Association
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Subjects / Keywords:
Regional Speleology ( local )
Technical Speleology ( local )
serial ( sobekcm )
United States


General Note:
Contents: How long will they last? / Roger V. Bartholomew -- Cartoon / Ken Griffin -- The mystery of Ballard Cave / Tom Warden -- Letters -- Cartoon / Gloria Burch -- Review / Carl Kunath -- Sanchez Sez / Sanchez -- Exchange material -- Garbage -- Notice to TSA members -- Editorial -- Cartoon / Ken Griffin -- Trip reports -- Speleo-calendar -- Speleo-mart.
Open Access - Permission by Publisher
Original Version:
Vol. 17, no. 04 (1972)
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See Extended description for more information.

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University of South Florida Library
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University of South Florida
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K26-04559 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.4559 ( USFLDC Handle )
11293 ( karstportal - original NodeID )
0040-4233 ( ISSN )

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THE TEXA.& April 1972


COVER: Helectites in Caverns of Sonora. Photo by Carl Kunath. No tech. data given but probably Nikon F on Pan X. The TEXAS CAVER is a monthly publication of the Texas Speleological Association, an internal organization of the National Speleological Society, and is published in Dallas, Texas. Material sh0uld be typed double-spaced and sent to the Editor at P.O. Box 533, Euless, Texas 76039, no later than .the first of the month of publication. Subscriptions are $4.00 per year for 12 issues and all subscriptions begin with the January issue. All requests for subscriptions should be sent to James Jasek at Melrose, Waco, Texas 76710. Persons s ubscribing after the first of the year will receive all back issues for that year. Single copies are available at 40 each postage paid anywhere in the 1J.S (c) 1972 by the TEXAS CAVER. STAFF Editor-------------------------------Mike Moody Assistant typist---------------------Lucrezia Moody Proof Reader-------------------------Pete and Karen LindsJey Printer------------------------------Speleo Press Distribution-------------------------James Jasek Guiding Light------------------------Bilb:J Baggins The TEXAS CAVER, VOLUME XVII, NUMBER 4 * * * * * * * EXCHANGERS: Address copies to P.O BOX 533 Euless, Texas 76039 CONTENTS PAGE 63 HOW LONG WILL THEY LAST? by Roger V. Bartholomew CARTOON by Ken Griffin 66 69 THE MYSTERY O F BALLARD CAVE by Tom Warden LETTER S 7 0 71 72 CARTOON by Gloria Burch REVIEW by Carl Kunath SANCHEZ SEZ by Sanchez EXCHANGE MATERIAL GARBAGE NOTICE T O TSA MEMBERS EDITORAL CARTOON by Ken Griffin 73 TRIP REPORTS 77 SPELEO-CALENDER SPELEO-MART * * * * * * OFFICERS OF THE TEXAS SPELEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION FOR 1972 ARE: * Chairman-------------------Bill E lliott, Dept. of Biol')gy, Texas Tech 'ni v Lubbock, Texas 79409 Vice-Chairman--------------Jon Vinson, J222 S. Abe, San Angelo, Texas 76901 Secretary-Treasurer--------Ollene Bundrant, 107 Tomahawk Trail, San Antonio, Texas, 79232


The TEXAS CAVER, April 1972 How Long Will They Last? by Roger V. Bartholomew This is the question which bugs cavers the most when they decide to try electric lights in the place of carbide lamps, Often the Page 63 answer comes after three or four hours underground when their electric lights get so dim they cannot see by them ana a battery change is needed or they have to tag.along behind someone who has a wor king light. Being curious about the problem myself, I decided to get a better picture of the situation by setting up electric lamp and battery combinations, turning them on and then continuously monitoring with a photoresistor the visible light coming from the bulb until the light reached a level which was one percent (1%) of the original level. The results of these experiments were very fruitful because it became known to me not only how long it took for the light to reach the one percent level but also what is more important, how it reached the one percent level. Four different types of batteries were used: (1) Alkaline Dry Cells (size D), (2) Ni-Cad Wet Cells (4-6 ampere hour capacity), (3) Six Volt Lantern Battery and (4) Carbon-Zinc Dry Cells (Size D). Three different types of bulbs were used: #425, #27 and #502. These bulbs all have screw bases The #425 is similar to the PR13 flanged-base lamp and the #27 is similar to the PR17 flanged-base lamp for for those who have head lamps which use the flanged-base bulbs. The basic difference between the bulbs used in the tests is not their rated voltage but in the current they draw from the battery. The #27 and the #502 take less current from the battery than does the #425 lamp. Consequently they GIVE OFF LESS LIGHT THEN DOES THE #425. Burning at their rated voltage and current the #27 gives off 72% of the light that the #425 emits and the #502 lamp gives off 27% of the light that the #425 emits. This disadvantage is outweighed by the fact that they burn longer on a given type of cell. The results of the tests are shown in three graphs. Each graph is for a particular bulb and has four curves on it for the four different types of electric cells. It is important to remember that the one hundred percent level (100% level) for the #27 and the #502 bulbs are not the same amount of light on an absolute scale, compared with each other and also with the #425 bulb. Also I might point out that the dry cell batteries used were purchased off the shelf at a supermarket without regard to their age and since the testing was very expensive and time consuming that only one run was made for each bulbbattery combo. Therefore these curves should be used as GUIDELINES not as gospel truth.


page 64 The TEXAS CAVER, April 1972 Two important conclusions jump out from just a cursory glance at the curves: 1. The #425 lamp is not too intelligent a choicP for lamp. 2. The Alkaline Dry Cells are really fantastic performers. From practical experience and common sense applied to the infor on the graphs several other observations are evident: 1. The Alkaline and Ni-Cad cells put out a more constant level of light until they reach the end of their lifetime. 2. Since the Ni-Cads are rechargeable they are the cheapest to run. However they require the most care and maintenance. 3. The most convenient battery pack is four Alkaline D cells connected in series and taped to a belt around the waist. One final practical note is that whenever batteries are made from cells, the individual cells should be connected together electrically by heavy wires which are SOLDERED,well onto the cell terminals. Even when using the Justrite battery box which holds fuur D eell, the cells s hould be e o lclered together except for t h e top two terminals which make contact with the brass springs on the can lid. * -r. i I I I I * * * * ,, p



P-?.ge 66 The TEXAS CAVER, April 1972 The Mystery of Ballard Cave AN ARKANSAS ALTO CAVE by Tom Warden Ballard Cave has had a long and impressive history. Some fifty years ago, the White Cliffs Portland Cement Co. studied its possible use for cement m aking, but went elsewhere, and saved the cavern. But that was not the first use of the cave by man. Excav ations in 1947 opened up a room that contained India n hiero glyphics on the ceiling. That, and the presence of a series of s teps leading downward into the room showE;d that Indians may have 1J sed the cave for some sort of mystic r i.te s. Th e cave first gained national prominence in September 1947. when two persons from Oklahoma brought a bulldozer to the cave with the intention o f leasing the land to dig for treasure. For this purpose, they hired a number of local boys and began exc::tv ations. First, they used the bulldozer to enlarge the entrance for easy access The original entrance was a narrow funnel leading downward to a two f oot in a diameter hole, from which the cave branched in two directions as tight crawlays. The treasure hunters had no interest in the east passage, but directed their i nterest to the west. It was while removing the debris and breakdown from this room that the steps and the Indian writings came to light. While the two found no their efforts opened up a veritable Pandora's Box of disease. First, one of two of the diggers came down with some sort of lung involvement f ollowed in short order by the rest of the crew. Dr. Elmer Davis, local attending physician, first suspected pneumonia or tuberculosis, but with so many persons involved so suddenly and from one locality, he asked for assistance from the Arkansas State Board of Health. In response, Dr. A. M. Washburn, Director, Division of Communicable Disease Control and Dr. John H. Tuohy, Epidemologist with the U S. Public Health Service, o n assignment with the Ark ansas Board of Health, came to Foreman to investigate the ill persons and the cave. As a result of thei. r examinations, Major William A. McQuary, acting Director of the Division of Industrial Hygene, Robert D. Murrill, Entomologist with the Division of Malaria Control and David Jerram, Bacteriologist, arrived in Foreman with a mobile laboratory Although the symptoms of the illness resembled histoplasmosis, chest pain, headache, vomiting, nervous irritability, fever and a shaking chill, their findings could not prove the prediction. I n a letter to Dr. Willia m R. Halliday, Dr. Tuohy said that ':,r e reports on other caves by Cain and a art1cle about i n t h e D. C Speleograph showed histopasmosis envolv :' :<::r;-:, t:-:e case s differed in that:" ... their hilar nodes ':i'=re :-.o t e r:vol:ed." H e continued, stating that although Dr. Michael of the ;Jniversity of Kansas wa s sure that histopJ.asmosis


'J'h e 'l'EX A S .rAVEH, AprLI 1972 \>las involved, "We have studiously qttempted to prove thjs but unsucessfully." There were no fatalities and all of the patients had recovered within two weeks, except for a general listlessness. At present, the cave can be entered to the east for some bO feet. Pas t a small entrance room, a tight crawlway about 10" high, l >::5" wide and 31 leads to the first room, a bout P:) 1 1 ''-1'"(' b ( long, 5' high and b wide near the very flat roof. The passage silhouette i s V shaped, with hardly enough room to walk at the bottom, but with the greatest width at the top. There are three rooms to the known par t of the cave, separated b y shor t squeezeways about Llfeet Jong. The cave rises gradu.8.ll y from the entrance t o the end of the second room. where it descends again to a mud p Ju.g a t the end of the third room. In h i s letter to Bill Halliday, D r 'J'uohy stated that he p rogressed fu.rthe r into the cave. H e said in letter: "These rooms varjed in siz e from 5'X>j1X201 to 20 1 XlO 1 XLW' We explored eight j_n s equence and r1ad not follov1e d the cave to its end, but I am both an inexperienc e d spelunker and a mild clausthrophdbe so I felt compelled .. (to return). Dr Tuohy cHd not say whether he was exploring east o r west from the entrance. Mr. Ballard says th,qt about a mile to t h e east ther is a sink that at one time led to a cave trending i n the direction of this one. If we can find a connection, the cav e may prove to b e a mile long, but if Dr. Tuohy was traveling w estward through the pulmonosis roam, the cave could be yet longer. If he did go to the east, that way is blocked by a plug of unknown o rigir1. The p lug, of c lay, is not from s urfac e infil but well knnwn, sticky, heavy, shoe holding, red, i .nsoluble clay has collected from a C". c : ution of ti1e limesto.1e cave walls. Because there is no P'l )nary danger i n this direction. our first excavations should b e here. The pulmonosis room is now also b locked. The limestone here js rather chalky, excellent for cement manufacture, (there is 1 Jarge mill about two miles to the west), but r lakes )fl' readily. Because the pulmonosj s r oom is be law the entrance, of the limestone the year s has again filled the of the room. I r we can rlevise some sort of respirator y we hope to again open it. D r F rank Schambach, A rcheologist Southern State College at Magnolia, Arkansas, i s very tnterested tn any possible findings and will evaluate any :-:: 1 t ifact s that He The cave is natural. Various experts and supposedly cavers seem determined that we can have no natural caves anywhere in the ALTO l ands. But the smoothness of the walls and along with the presence water fluting, proves the origin. The absence of any pick-marks or signs of blasting aecry the possibility 6f man-made origin. Also, it i s inconceiv 3.ble that any miner would dig a tunnel with a 1 0 by 1>::5" "-' t! ;-_ r s n c e addition t h e workers at the cement mill tells us that their open-pit Jimestone mine, the sometimes across long "cracks", usually clay filled, some rather large. 111 of which are soon destroyed during mining operations.


Page b'-5 The TEXAS CAVER, April 1972 fullard Cave was the first cave that the ALTO Survey checked out; it may be the most well known. For a munber of rea sons. j t should be very valuable for rese&rch. However, for the protectjon of the cave as well as the public, we are hoping to come to an agreement with the owner and place a gate at the entrance. While there are no formations in the known part, the dangers of lung involvment along with trouble in the tight crawlways may be the nemesis of some inexperienced cave explorer. Geology: The rocks of the local area consist chiefly of argill aceous to chalky, marine sediments, previously named the Ozan Marl, Annona Chalk and Marlbrook Matl of Upper Cretaceous age, minor patches of unconformably superimposed clayey, sandy silt, ca1J.ed here the Foreman Silt, of probably Pleistocene age, and a weathered, residual surface soil mantle and water course fill of recent age. Our gratitude to Bill Hall:Lday and Dough Barnett for information given us on the cave. refilled \ PLAN entrance -, !"._steps r PRofiLE B4Ll ARD CAVE SURVEYS -&Y D. & T. WARDEN mud pluJ sink 1 rni ---. SCN- II I I I I I 1 0 10


The TEXAS CAVER, April 1972 Page 69 The TEXAS CAVER, Dear Editor, To The Bill Elliott has a valuable idea in the "Mini-Project" which he talked about in the February 72 TEX A S CAVER. This type of project will attract the more accurate and cave maps and no doubt in many new discoveries in known Texas c a ves. A small cave would be a good starti ng point for the first project, where the survey can be completed on the we8kend and a map drawn up and published quickly so that the participants can see the results of their efforts. Advanced commitments by mapping t eams from each grotto would enable the project head to m a ke mappjng assignments so that each team would have a small amount o f surveying to fio which the can do accurately. The small size of the Mini would m ake for easier organization and standardization of instrument reading a nd da t a taking amoung the teams. The project head can devot e more time to the caving aspects of this type of project rather than spending much time on the social aspects. Caver-Owner relations might be aided if the cave owner sees that work is being done and his land is not simply being used as a pinic-recreation area. the inter-grotto caving will reveal the quality of mapping, .exploration, safety, conservation and owner relations practices of their fellow TSA groups. The Mini-Project would be an all-round benefit to Texas speleology and caving and should be supported. Roger V. Bartholomew * * * * * * *


.. : : The TEXAS April 1972 .REVIEWS Mike Walsh, Editor. Paper Bound. l46pp, Illustrated. 1/2 X lJ Not since Caves 01' The Inter-American i1ighway ( AMCS Bullet in 1:_, 1967) has there been much literature of value to the Mexican sport caver. In this volume dozens of cave Jescriptions, 34 photographs ancl 25 maps fairly boggle the mind---and it aJl comes nicely bound and s .. : i table for back-packing through your favorite jungle. In this :oL; m e the acti vi ties of the San Marcos Ca vers in Mexico are sum and compiled for the years 196 6 -1971. jnly slightJy less sophisticated than AMCS Bulletin 1, it follows the same basic format (i.e. road-log, map, specific descriptions ar4 maps) but includes considerable new information and has some goo:J carnping tips and a selection of tr.i p reports as weJ 1. AJ l of the road logs are current and many are new. Of special interest is a "trail" log for the hike from to de AhuacatJan. Are there no faults what so ever witl1 trtir; magnJ1'iclent volume yo 1 ask? Well, there are a couple of things The photographic reproductior is rather poor---probably bad half-to rte:-::, and in some cases the map scales lack units ( Pu.ente de Dios, Sot::J no De 1 lvlac h o Re y, SotanrJ de La Selva). These are minor points. You tniJsi:. have this volume! Send your $3.50 to : So uthwest Texas Grotto. i )ttJc1en t 'nion, San Marcos . Texas, 7 3 666. Make checks to SWTG Mexjc. 'H 1 Cave Pur_1l:ications. Do it now Carl K unath * * * * * * -"Sanchez Sez. BUMP GATES ARE REAL SWINGERS * * * * * * * ODDS AND ENDS FROM EXCHANGERS Item s taken from latest (val. 57) British Caver: ca'.'es have recently heen foundin the Tasmania area of cave is now over 1000 ft. '1:1 e lc.gest gyps1 m cav e in the world is in the TJkraine--reportedly over 3C long. Spa ir.' s longest ca 'Je ( Oj o Guarena) has been surveyed to 30 miles. A Polish mo;ntaineering club recently spent two months exploring caves Mexico Sotano de San Augustin, deepest cave in the at 2009 ft., they didn't make it to the bottom. .


. / Th e TEXA S J 1972 C'ong r 'l.LtlJat.ions to Undsl e y : Two consecui i v e yeqrs without any contribution t,o the c:f\v"'En. 1 think I'll get a second kayak so m y c h l c kie friends will be able to go kayaking with me. Kunath: Y o u mean you'd trust a complete novice f e male a treasured and expensiv e l

'l'he TEXJI.S CA'v'EF.. AprU 1972 NOTICE Due to the failure to nominate TSA Offjcers for the upcoming year, Bill :Slli'Jt t appointed Brian Peterson to head up a nominations committee. Anyone r1om ina ted for a TSA 0ffj ce (Chairman, Vice-Chairman and Sec retary -Tre3 surer) be a member of the 'TSA and must give the t r 3pproval before their name can be g,ccepted. Send .YO'Ar nominations for the 'TSA Offices to: Bri g,n Peterson 93LJ. Sy c'lmore San Mar cos, Texas 79666 All nornjnat:Lons must be receivec'l before 29 ,July 1972. * X -)< -)(-EDITORIAL W hen yotl subscribers receive this i ssue yot : will pro1J3bly notice that it is sever8l months late. When I started this job I said I would try to stay C 'Hrent. I also said that I knew and was prepare: j for all eventualities that might occur and cause the TC to be late. Well the one thing I hadn 1 t counted on happened. This 1t1as the loss of our fine printer, Jon Everage. Because you are reading this it obvious that I have found another printer. I 3m pleased to g,nnounce that Terry Raines and his Speleo Press is going to a gain print the CAV ER. We are going to once again try to get back on April a n d lvlay are combine d as vT] ll be June and ,July. Putting out fo J r iss; Jes in r3pid sequence has depleted my stockpile of material, so onc e again I 3Sk you to send in material. Articles. trip reports, pictures, cg,rtoons, p oems and anything that is cave related are needed. The TEXAS CAVER needs your support if it is to ve. .:+ * * 1--)(* * * --.. \' 1''' ,,,. I ,,., I I .. ,.,. I '.'I I I --! -----_J...., ___ ___ *


The TEXAS CAVEH, Apr:i l l9r(:? ? 8.g:.: 73 DATE: Jll-16 J::J.nuary 1972 DESTINATI ON: H T Miers Cave. langtr y Quarry Cave. PERSON S : Mike Wa 1 sh, Stan Moe Robert H empe rl y, Ste v e Alcorn, Sandi Luker (all mernhers of SWTSG) REPORTED BY: Mike Walsh Friday afternoon, on our W::J..V to I I. T. Miers C::J. ve, we talked to ranchers concerning on their land. Our camp that night on the II. T Miers Ranc h proved a little chilly. The next morning, the f r ozen water i n our canteens gav e us an indicat.ion of the nigh t s temperature. W e spent about five hours in the cave, going back to the Pig Room, which was as far as the water and mud would let us. We next drove to Langtry Q llarry Cave, where a large jrate skunk bro1.1gh t an end to our tho'lghts o f a warmer night's sleep. The black and white creature refused to vacate his stone shed, where we had hoped to sleep. langtr y Quarry C a v e and its series of chimneys proved tnteresting .1\.fter completing the cave, we drove down the P andale Road, forde d the Pecos River, and headed back to San Marcos. . DATE: 4-6 1972 DESTINATION: Ocampo, Tam., Mexic o Judi Mangham, Scott Lillie, Mike Pierce, Pierce, Wayne Wallent, Dan Trube, and some other c hicK. whose name I forget at thts time. REPORTED BY: John Mikels as related by Wayne Walle n t These people (mostly neophytes) wanted to go caving, s o I told them hov-1 to get to Cuev a del Puente near O:ampo Its a medium sized, larg e roamed, w::J.lking cave I had bee n to last May. They got there and did the cave, then went to checl<: out :1 lead I'd given them a s hort rlistanc e away. They found a new, even larger s i milar cave with a natural bridge over the ent r a nc e Explored it and named it Cuev a del Puente Natura]. A J s o t a J ked i .u some locals and got some leads on caves further up in the m ountai.ns (SMO) and on some Indian ruins; Then came home. A return trip to the area ts planned soon.


Page 74 The TEXAS C !\VER. f \pr:il 1972 DATE: 11-13 February 1972 DESTINATitJN: Carta Valley, Midnight Cave, Punkin Cave._. Blowhole Cave, Ceniza Hill Cave, Hilltop Cave PERSONS: CV SUCKS Members REPORTED BY: Ronnie Fieseler Some of us went to visit the Frenchmen at Midnight. We met Michel Siffre, who showed us around the camp. He later took Carl K unath, Jon Vinson, and myself on tour throu.ght the cave to show us his camp. It was very interesting. Carl and I rode the hoist to the top of the hil-1-.-It was really a l<;:een ride! Carl got to be o n French Vinson and crew went to Hilltop Cave to photograph qnd collect trash. Bob Lloyd, Jon Everage and others went to Ceniza Hill Cave to investigate the possibility of blasting a lead. No blasting was but they met the owner. From there they went to Blowhole Cave where Bob found some new passage a nd George Sevra dropped and destroyed a Nikkormat. Groups were c oming and going to and from Acuna but all finally met back near Bl o w hole to camp. Sunday morning some cavers left to go enter a motor cycle race while others rigged and dropped Punkin. Ronnie F:ieseler and Don Tebbet began to map while others practJced ropework and explored. The map was not finished, but a return trip is planned. DATE: l S-20 February 1972 DESTINATI1)N: Bustamante PERSONS: John Mikels, Tom Washington, and Scott Lillie REPORTED BY: John Mikels This vra s originally to be a club trip for new members and those who had never done Bustamante. But ou;' numbers slowly dwindled down to us three Bustamante veterans. We decided to go anyv.ray. Really felt lazy, so we took our time in doing the cave. Got as far as the Snow Room after which we decided to leave. Ran into Raines, Russell, and associates on way out. Sunday we went to Bustamante Canyon for a while. Then to Ojo de Agua for beer, swimming, and relaxing. Finally home. DATE: 12 Febr:J.ary 1972 DESTINATION: Fischer Pit PERSONS: Graves, Scott Harden REPC2TED 3Y: Scott Harden W e made a complete and accurate map of the cave. We found the first drop to be feet immediately followed by a 37 font drop with total depth about 125 feet. The cave was very wet and the forntatior:.s q J.i te active making them very beautiful. So rapidly is calcite being deposited that green leaves were observed beneath layers of flowstone. Cave pearls and travertine dames are plentiful. A from SWT GJ.'otto also entered the cave while we were there. T!-1e req'J.ests that cavers enter the property through a nearby of going through the fence.


Tr,e TEXAS CJWER, April 1972 Page 75 DATE: February 1972 DESTINATION: Valdina Farms Sinkhole PERSONS: Glenn Darilek, Matt Farrar, John Graves, Scott Harden REPORTED BY: Scott Harden our party, ladened with many feet of rope, bolt equipment, m ud pitons, flotation gear, and even c&meras, attempted to enter the upstream mudslope area to check ar' unexplored pit. The water was once again high, however, and Glenn's light shorted out. (Life's an electronic engineer). A lower lever crawl was entered and was dry this time. I could see about 10' down the crawl to where rocks plugged it. No salamanders were seen on this trip. DATE: 26-27 February J972 DESTINATION: Cave in Kimble County and Midnight Cave PERSONS: John Graves, Scott Harden REPORTED BY: Scott Harden Went to check a hot lead in Kimble County.I inquired at local ranch: '' .could y o u de scribe the cave to me, sir?" "Ever been in Ca vurns Lif Sonoruh? It's sumthin' like 'at. There's a hole back in 'ere g oes three hunnert foot." "Stra:ight "Yep." Only probl e m was that e veryone around claimed the owner _wouldn't let anyon e o n the property. More later, possibly. A t one point we stopped to view the S. Llano River. T he entire river goes underground, the resurges a shor distance downstream. That night we stopped to visit the French cavers at Mid n i ght. The next day we helped them carry equipment arid repair t he field telephone. DATE: 30 March -3 April 1972 DESTINATION: Caves around Xilttla and Jalpan PERSONS: Bob Henry, Randy Fugate, Stewart Martin (both of Cotulla), John Graves, Scott Harden REPORTED BY: Scott Harden John and I did spectacule r Sotano de Huitzmolotila while Bob collected bugs and the others loafed. The green parrots and large swallows added to the impressiveness of the 350 foot pit. The constant rain of Xilitla dampened our enthusiasm so we drove west to Jalpan and the fantastic Puente de Dios. We did the cave, took in fiesta, and collapsed near Ayutla. Tried to find Ventana Jabali without success, drank pulque, got sunburned, drove, ate, and got back to San Antonio about midnight.


?age 7 6 The TEXAS CAVER April 1972 D A TE: ll 197 2 D 2 T INATION: Endless Cave, Eddy C ounty, New Mex ict.' (Nt h Trip) Ronnie Fie se ler, Bob Lloyd Fomby, George Se vra, Printer Friend of Fieseler's --ask him, Friend of Lloyd's-ask him, Cowboy dude who was at last project aik Lloyd or Fieseler, Carl Kunath, Steve Vallandingham REPORTED BY: Carl Kunath Stev e and I were awakened at 6am Saturday morning as Fieseler's c h iJ.gged u p the hill and disgorged i .t' s loathsome contents into the c ool desert air. After the usual exchange of all crashed 'E1til 9 a m or so. By 10:30 we were all in the cave artd 'going abou t o Jr appoj nted tasks: Lloyd, 3evera, Fomby et. aJ. surveying the last tiny sec+,:i.on of up per level m aze; Fieseler, Kunath, Vallanaingham, et' 3.1, V I S rde r j Lg aboJ.t the Lower Maze with a Coleman lantern rnaki ng the final of t hat mapper's nightmare. We encountered 3 Jr. H::.g h S c:J.o::Jl t oy s f rom C arlsbad who k new all abou t the cave". One of t hem even v 1ore a hard-hat. They mentioned that Perry Denton h a d recently re-named the c a ve ( a s I g athered, in honor of some r ockhound). we exited and had a quick lunch, celebratin g the day (Fieseler's birthday) with a bag of Keno-Pak. Having suitably refreshej ourselves, we the cave with cameras and sketch book. While most took pictures and posed for same, Fieseler addej detail to some of the formation areas. It should n J w be noted that ALL of Eridless Cave has been mapped. This Easter will mark the 7th of the effort---it has not been an e asy task! Even as yo u read, the fina l drafting is progressing a n d perhaps the final map will be ready by T S A Con v e ntior: t i me. Many t hanks to all the weary c avers who helped i n t his effor t ---soon you w ill see the fruits o f yo u r labor. DATE: 6 l'-1arch 1 972 DESTINATI ON: Tracy and Shiela's weddin g a t Cottonwood cav e New M e x ico PERSONNEL: 34 assorted cavers, relatives and other types. REPORTED BY: Nancy Johnson O n e of t he many natural chapels was lighted by candles f o r the event, which w a s conducted with great joy ane some diginity by A lbuquerque preacher-cover David Anderson. Ponchos of many colors were worn by many, including the bride and g room. particular sartorial elegance was the Lindsley's fire engi r:.e red ne v i C O'/eralls and Jon E verage 1 s version o f Hot Pants. anj s tarted immediately after the ll AM ceremony a n d until sometime during the night when no participant w a s left w ho could ten d b ar. I m m ediately after the ceremony, the bridegroom turned from the altar, of:'erir.g the fami lar cry "lets go caving", leaving his father to bride from the cave back to camp. Everybody said they had :: ; : : j but by Sunday morning, nobody really remembered exactly .::::::.:


The TEXAS CAVER, April 1972 Page 77 DATE: Easter DESTINATION: Rio San Jeronimo PERSONNAL: Kim Whitcher, Craig Sajncott, Rich John Creer, Frank Binney, Barbara Vinson, Steven Bittinger and Craig Bittinger REPORTED BY: Craig Bittinger During the Easter Vacation the first AJv1CS crossing of the Rio San Jeronimo took place. The cave is one of the most spectacular in Mexico. The average passage size over the 2 l/2 miles of cave was comparable to Bustamante with the smallest spot measuring twenty feet high and fifty feet wide. A wet suit is highly recommended because of the cold river flowing through the cave and moderate caution should be used due to several waterfalls and spots where the river goes under large rocks. The cave should only be entered during the dry season when the river is at low flow. Our crossing, took four hours of steady caving and was a mind boggling experience. A huge mapping trip is planned for next Easter and all persons interested in mapping caves where the ceiling is seldom visible are i_nvi ted. The September-October J 969 TEXAS CAVER have further infcxuation that is useful if taken with a grain of salt. * 31 14-15 12-20 02-04 22 31 * * * * * SPELEOCALENDAR June-------------Bilbo Baggins Day July-------------Carta ValJey SUCKS 3rd Annual Reunion August-----------NSS White Salmon, Washington September--------TSA Labor Day Project-Somewhere in Texas S!=ptember--------Bilbo and Frodo Baggin's Birthday, mine to. November---------CV SUCKS YCDCSOYA Day * * * * * * SPELEO-MART * For Sale: Experienced cave camera. Nikon Photomic-T. Body only. Cost Sell for $140. Excellent condition---only used for Sunday outings by little old schoolteacher. Contact Carl Kunath, 2302 W. Avenue J, San Angeleo, Texas 76901. Wanted: Articles for small caving magazine in Texas. Should be cave related but will look at anything. Contact editor TEXAS CAVER, address on inside cover. * * * * * * As of this date no one has accepted our .nge of a fifty mile hike. What's wrong are you all pussy foots? Surely not. Let's hear from you super-cavers out there. -){-


IHE TEXAS CAVER 218 MELROSE WACO, TEXAS 76710 Forwarding Postage Guaranteed Address Correction Requested TO CAMPING SHOULD BE TAKEN LIGHTLY We specialize in light-weight camping equipment for the hiker, caver, climber, canoeist, and all outdoor people. For the discriminating enthusiast, we stock the finest in tents, down clothing and sleeping bags, packs, frames, climbing gear, boots, and kayaks, as well as a full line of mountain and trail products. North Face, Sierra Designs, Gerry, OldTown, Kelty, Chouinard, Plymouth, V asque, etc. We are Wilderness Equip me.nt, Inc., and we take camping lightly senously. We also take mail orders seriously. EquipDlent Inc. 643 WESTBURY SQUARE I HOUSTON, TEX. 77035 I (713) 721-1530 BULK RATE U. S. Postage PAID WACO, TEXAS Permt No.1423

Contents: How long
will they last? / Roger V. Bartholomew --
Cartoon / Ken Griffin --
The mystery of Ballard Cave / Tom Warden --
Letters --
Cartoon / Gloria Burch --
Review / Carl Kunath --
Sanchez Sez / Sanchez --
Exchange material --
Garbage --
Notice to TSA members --
Editorial --
Cartoon / Ken Griffin --
Trip reports --
Speleo-calendar --