The Texas Caver

The Texas Caver

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The Texas Caver
Series Title:
The Texas Caver
Texas Speleological Association
Texas Speleological Association
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Regional Speleology ( local )
Technical Speleology ( local )
serial ( sobekcm )
United States


General Note:
Contents: Letters to the Editor -- Notice -- A new natural landmark in Texas / Jan Knox -- More recipes for cavers / Gill Ediger -- TCA -- Extending flashlight effectiveness / Ralph D. Gerhardt -- Cartoon / Ken Griffin -- Dearly Beloved... / Carol Russell -- The epic 1969 Carta Valley Cave rescue / Ken Griffin -- Down with nylon tubular webbing / Chuck Stuehm -- First aid notes / Chuck Stuehm -- Cave rescue training / Chuck Stuehm -- Editorial / Glenn Darilek -- Garbage -- HArrell's Cave / Ronnie Fieseler -- Harrell's Cave map -- Cartoon / Ken Griffin -- Review / Ken Griffin -- A desire for education / Larry Schmidt -- Back issues of NSS News available / Bill Torode -- Trips.
Open Access - Permission by Publisher
Original Version:
Vol. 18, no. 07 (1973)
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

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University of South Florida Library
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University of South Florida
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K26-04574 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.4574 ( USFLDC Handle )
11308 ( karstportal - original NodeID )
0040-4233 ( ISSN )

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COVER: Photo by Steve Fleming of the Totem Pole in the Big Room of La Gruta del Precipicio, Bustamante, N. L. Taken with a Voigtlander on Ektachrome-X at f-4. The TEXAS CAVER is a monthly publication of the Texas Speleological Association, an interal organization of the National Speleological Society and is published in San Antonio, Texas. Material should be typed double spaced and sent to the editor, Glenn Darilek, at ll929 Grapevine, San Antonio Texas 78228, no later than the first of the month of publication. Subscriptions are $4. 00 per year for 12 issues and all subscriptions should be sent to James Jasek at 1218 Melrose, Waco, Texas 76710. Persons subscribing after the first of the year will receive all back issues for that year. Single copies are available at 40 each postpaid anywhere in the U.S. STAFF: Maggie Allison Karen Clement Ruth Darilek, Asst. Ed. Steve Fleming Mary Kay Krauska Paul Darilek, Copyboy Glenn Darilek, Editor John Graves PRINTING AND DISTRIBUTION: James Jasek ASSEMBLY: Huaco Cavers, assisted by Temple Grotto The TEXAS CAVER VOLUME XVIII, NUMBER 7 ... ... ... ... ... ... .. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. .. .. EXCHANGERS: Address copies to 11929 Grapevine, San Antonio, Texas 78228 ADVERTISERS: Address inquiries to Ken Griffin, 3311 Montrose, 107, Houston, Tx 7700 6 PAGE 195 196 197 198 199 200 203 205 206 208 209 210 CONTENTS LETTERS TO THE EDITOR NOTICE A NEW NATURAL LANDMARK IN TEXAS by Jan Knox MORE RECIPES FOR CA VERS by Gill Ediger TCA EXT ENDING FLASHLIGHT EFFECTIVENESS by Ralph D. Gerhardt CARTOON by Ken Griffin DEARLY BELOVED ... by Carol Russell THE EPIC 1969 CARTA VALLEY CAVE RESCUE by Ken Griffin DOWN WITH NYLON TUBULAR WEBBING by Chuck Stuehm FIRST AID NOTES by Chuck Stuehm CAVE RESCUE TRAINING by Chuck Stuehm EDITORIAL by Glenn Darilek GARBAGE HARRELL'S CAVE by Ronnie Fieseler insert Harrell's Cave map 211 CARTOON by Ken Griffin 212 REVIEW by Ken Griffin A DESIRE FOR EDUCATION by Larry Schmidt 213 BACK ISSUES OF NSS NEWS AVAILABLE by Bill Torode 215 TRIPS


* The TEXAS CAVER., Jwy 1973 Page 195 Letters To 1-e Litor Hey Glenn: The convention in my opinion was a fantastic convention, The last one I attended in 1970 in San Marcoe and I was impressed then, but the project in Burnett at the Longhorn Caverns was most depressing for me. It seemed that all the people had formed into little cliques. However, in this last one everybody seemed to be interested in all the new faces and introducing themselves and making all seem a part of the TSA. I think that it is vital to the various caving groups and to the TSA too, to be as friendly as possible to anyone who desires to do some honest caving and further the caving conservation causes. I was certainly amazed at how things had changed since the Longhorn project. Maybe it was because certain people were not in attendance, but I don't think so. All in all, the convention was a fantastic success and I hope that more people signed up to get a subscription of the Caver. I think a push should be initiated in each of the various grottoes to sell the Caver to all new members and try and get the old time members who haven't done the subscription thing to get their armchairs in gear and get with it. I think that you have done an excellent job with the Caver and with the stories and material you get. I hope to become a regular contributor as soon as possible. Well, keep on truckin and printing. -John W. Kreidler * :n 0 t 1 c e It has been learned that DICK CLARDY, 215 North Broadway, McAllen, Texas 7 8501, theowner of Clardy's Rooms and Apart :ments, who sometimes drives a Chevrolet van, white on top and orange on the bottom, has been selling speleothems at public sales such as flea markets, etc. He has continued to sell the cave formations after being asked not J;o by a conservation-minded Texas caver. Perhaps if a few letters about the problem were sent to Clardy and the people listed below, we could stop this dastardly practice. Dr. Carlos Lura Navarro Subdirector Estatal y Federal de Turismo Condominio Acero Monterrey 40 Piso 408 Monterrey, N. L., Mexico Phone: 42-34-88 or 40-10-80 J efe de Aduana Solis Bolanos Administrado de Aduanal Reynosa, Tamps, Mexico Consulate of Mexico Esteban Morales 119 South Broadway McAllen, Texas 7 850 l 512-686-6631 Home address: l 021 Redwood, McAllen


Page 196 The TEXAS CAVER, July 1973 by Jan Knox In ceremonies on Sunday, April 8, 1973, Natural Bridge Caverns was designated a Registered U.S. Natural LaDiilllark. Mr. Frank Hildebrand, Executive Director of the Texas Tourist Development Agency, was master of ceremonies for the presentation. Also participating in the presentation ceremonies were Representative Benny Bock II, and Mr. llobert E. Ha.nss, chairman of the St. Mary's University Geology Department. Mr. Hanss gave a brief geologic history of the Natural Bridge Caverns region. Mr. Michael J. Becker, Landmark Specialist of the U.S. Department of Interior presented a certificate naming the cave as one of ten such landmarks in the state. Mrs. Clara Heidemann, one of the owners of the caverns, accepted the certificate. Mr. Becker then unveiled the plaque, which explains the significance of the designation. Following the acceptance of the plaque and certificate, Mrs. Heidemann introduced two of the original discoverers--Orion Knot Jr. and Preston Knodell Jr. --to the audience. Despite a cold, rainy day approximately 100 people attended the presentation ceremonies. Also represented were San Antonio television stations, plus both New Braunfels and San Antonio newspapers. Following the official ceremonies was a luncheon and tour of the Caverns for all those present. * * * * * MORE RECIPES FOR CAVERS ------developed and tested by Gill Ediger The Krautengoober Sandwich 2 slices of bread sufficient peanut butter enough Bavarian Sauerkraut Drain Sauerkraut wellao bread won't get soggy. Spread generous amount of peanut butter on one slice of bread, evenly distribute enough sauerkraut to cover entire slice, add second piece of bread. Sit back and enjoy with 2 or 3 bottles of Jax or Shiner. The Special 2 slices of bread sufficient peanut butter enough Bavarian Sauerkraut l large green Mexican Jalepe'no Proceed as in recipe above, but second piece of bread, slice Jalepeno and spread evenly. Sit back and enjoy with a bottle of two of your favorite Mexican wine.


The TEXAS CAVER, July 1973 Page 197 This is to inform the members of the TSA of a new grotto which has been formed in the Blacklands of Central Texas. The name of the organization is the Temple Caving Association. Our club became effective on February 1, 1973. We attended our first BOG meeting in January 1972. After that meeting we tried to organize a club in Temple, but our attempts failed. Jerry Lindsey had tried to help us with our organization efforts. We attended the BOG meeting in January this year, and when we told Mr. Lindsey that we couldn't get anything going, he nearly hit us and told us to give it another try. When we got back to Temple, we immediately began calling some people that used to go caving with us and persuaded them into forming a club. We followed Mr. Lindsey's advice and his instructions, and promptly sent a copy of our constitution and a list of our members. Feeling all was in order we attended the convention with the hopes that our humble little club would soon become part of the TSA. After some meaningful discussion and delay, our club _was voted into the TSA . Corpus Christi cavers beware when it is you. r turn! Our constitution defines our purposes, government, and membership. Our By-Laws specify membership, dues, board of officers, committees, properties and expulsions. A noteworthy part of our By-Laws is the listing of requirements for qualified members of our grotto. A list of equipment required, knot tying requirements, rope techniques and experience needed to become a qualified member insure that trip leaders have the required knowledge and experience. We are a new club. We are open for advice from more experienced cavers at anytime. Hopefully, by midsummer our club will be just as good as any club in the state of Texas. Watch out for the Temple Terrors!'.'!! OFFICERS OF THE TEMPLE CAVING ASSOCIATION Gary Parsons ..................... Chairman Frank Sodek ...................... Vice-Chairman Curtis Sitz ....................... Secretary-Treasurer If anyone would like to correspond with the TCA or include us in any trips, feel free to write to us. Temple Caving Association 3006 Cardova Dr. Temple, Tx. 76 501 (Editor's Note: The Temple cavers are already contributing their time to the Texas Caver by helping the Huaco Cavers assemble the issues. A special "thanks 11 goes to those who have helped.)


Page 198 The TEXAS CAVER, July 1973 EXTEND/liB FLASHLIBHT EFFECTIVENESS By Ralph D. Gerhardt (information courtesy Dr. P. G. Knodell) Do you like to use a flashlight in a cave to see the formations better, but hate to carry extra sets of heavy batteries? There is a better way that allows you to prolong the effectiveness of a set of batteries. Simply step down to lower voltage bulbs. For obvious reasons, this is a better idea when used on 5 and 6 cell flashlights, but 2 and 3 cell flashlights can also benefit. This also adds a safety factor to your flashlight in the event you lose your other light sources. Be sure to carry the bulbs in a case that will keep them from being crushed and also afford some shock protection. There are two kinds of bulbs, regular and heavy duty. (I am only considering the flange type bulbs because most flashlights use them), The heavy duty, long life bulbs (see bulbs on chart rated at 30 hours) operate at a lower filament temperature, thus giving a warmer quality illumination. This is not good for quality viewing in a cave since it (like carbide lamps) renders a yellowish appearance to objects. It also emits less light per watt-hour of electrical energy. The advantage of heavy duty bulbs is ruggedness and reliability. They are good as emergency lighting. Also they just about double battery life over the regular bulbs. Replace the bulbs as follows: 2 cell flashlight -start with PR4 then switch to PR4 3 cell flashlight PR 7 seems to give survival light 11foreve r". Use PR3 until batteries become weak and switch to PR7 4 cell and over -As batteries gain internal resistance, step down to lower voltage bulbs. Good quality light is thus obtained for easily twice as long. EXAMPLE: 4 cell PR13 to PR3 to PR2 5 cell PR12 to PR13 to PR3 to PR2 6 cell PR18 to PR12 to PR13 to PR3 to PR2 GOOD CAVING!


TYPE 2cell 3cell 4cell 5cell 6cell The TEXAS CAVER, July 1973 Page 199 BULB CHART {Flange Type) NUMBER VOLTS AMPS CANDLE POWER LIFE EXPENTANC Y (HRS) PR2 PR4 PR5 PR6 PR9 PR3 PR7 PR13 PR15 PR17 PR12 PR18 2.38 2.33 2.35 2.47 2.7 3.57 3. 7 4.75 4.82 4.9 5.95 7.2 5 27 35 3 15 5 3 5 5 3 5 55 8 .4 .45 .45 .251.5 9 2.2 1.9 1.2 3. 1 5. 5 15 10 35 30 45 15 30 15 30 30 15 15 (revised by Glenn Darilek from General Electric Miniature Lamp Catalog 3-6253) * MY GOD! YOU t-1\EAN. 1}.) ""('\-\\ S CA\IE: WILL 1'\-\t \AJA..'( ().)\? 0\-\ WE1LL 'OlE. Clr I KNGW l AA\Jt Cbt-A'E. W\ LL t GEl 00\'? 1-tEL.P! HELP! We'RE


Page 200 The TEXAS CAVER, July 1973 by Carol Russell Everyone agreed it had been a well-kept secret. All of us in the auditorium at Southwest Texas University that afternoon were waiting for the lights to come back on after the showing of the NSS (Not So Super) film on Cave of the Winding Stair. When the room stayed dark, I remembered that before the film, Gill Ediger had asked all Carta Valley cavers to report to Neal Morris in the publications room after the film was over, and I recalled Neal's having a large number of shiny new Justrite lamps, and I wondered just what shenanigans Carta Valley was up to. Suddenly a line of (Carta Valley) cavers filed down the aisles at either side of the darkened auditorium and began firing up lamps. The lamps shone like spotlights on center stage--the front of the auditorium--where Gill Ediger appeared, minus his Carta Valley T-shirt, and resplendent in dress shirt, slacks, and --a tie--all in varying shades of green. He addressed the puzzled audience: "We've got a sort of special program this afternoon. 11 The audience began to titter and chuckle, thinking something risque was in the offing. "Contrary to popular belief," he continued, "Carta Valley can do serious things once in awhile. This time it's for real. At this time Ronnie Fieseler and Susan Hardcastle appeared in the "spotlight, likewise transformed from their casual dress of earlier in the day, and stood in front of Gill, backs to the audience, and at last I grasped what was going on ... The bride wore a graceful princess-style floor-length dress of beige linen-like material, delicately patterned in a paisley design, with long sleeves and a scoop neckline. Her long dark brown hair complemented the flowing lines of the dress. The groom wore a crisp pastel lavender dress shirt with open collar and grey slacks. The ceremony was simple and moving, with text from Kahlil Gibran' s The Prophet, intoned by Gill in a solemn and commanding voice. Gill has provided us with the text in full: From The Prophet, by Kahlil Gibran, we read: On Love--Love gives nought but itself and takes nought but from itself. Love possesses not nor would it be possessed; For love is sufficient unto love.


The TEXAS CAVER, July 1973 On Marriage--You were born together, and together you shall be forever more. You shall be together when the white wings of death scatter your days. Ay, you shall be together even in the memory of God. But let there be spaces in your togetherness, And let the winds of heaven dance between you. Love one another, but make not a bond of love: Let it rather be a moving sea between the shores of your souls. Fill each other's cup but drink not from one cup. Give one another of your bread, but eat not from the same loaf. Sing and dance together and be joyous, but let each one of you be alone, E ven as the strings of a lute are alone though they quiver with the same music. Give your hearts, but not into each other's keeping, For only the hand of Life can contain your hearts. And stand together yet not too near together: For the pillars of the temple stand apart, And the oak tree and the cypress grow not in each other's shadow. Ronnie and Susan, do you wish to be married? Then, I now confirm your marriage to each other as man and woman. (Ring Ceremony ) Page 201 At the close of the reading, and following the g1vmg of the ring, Gill declared, 11Now go in peace, be friends, and love one another so long as you both shall find happiness, 11 and with a twinkle in his eye, rounded out the solemn ceremony with, 11Susan, you may kiss the groom. 11 Which she did, with gusto. Then the lights went on, and with cheers and applause and cameras clicking the audience surged forward to congratulate the newlyweds. The wonderful glow that pervades all weddings, of goodwill and rejoicing, persisted for the remainder of the afternoon--through the very mundane affairs of a TSA BOG meeting (perhaps the shortest on record)--and continued into the campground activities out at the San Marcos River, where the bride's mother magically produced a white wedding cake and a chocolate groom's cake, cut on the picnic table under the light of Coleman lanterns.


Page 202 The TEXAS CAVER, July 1973 It was only later, when Ronnie and Susan were explaining how it all came about, that it became clear to me that Gill Ediger's "chance" appearance at the convention (he flew in from Virginia) had been planned ahead. Gill's own marriage took place in NBC a few years ago, with a bit more splash. Ronnie explained that long ago, Gill, a minister in the Universal Life Church, had promised to perform the ceremony for Ronnie and his bride if and when he might require it. Ronnie and Susan had wanted an informal wedding, but with a touch of tradition, and had wanted all their friends to attend, but without going through the formality of invitations and such. Also, they wanted to surprise everyone. So they hatched the idea of slipping it into a TSA convention. Their families were among the few people who knew in advance, and were seated in the front row of the auditorium, unnoticed in such a crowd of caver s. The couple's only regret that security precautions were so well kept that a few good caving friends didn't come--thinking they were missing only another TSA convention instead of the speleological wedding of the year. Best wishes, Ronnie and Susan. photo by Glenn Darilek


The TEXAS CAVER, July 1973 203 The Epic 1969 Carta Valley Care Rescue The amazing but true account of the legendary and heroic 1969 rescue of two Houston cavers from the threatening bowels of Midnight Cave; as told by Ken A. Griffin, one of the actual rescuers and eyewitness to the historical event. Published here for the first time. It was mid -afternoon when we pulled up to the turn-off road. The October air was cooling as clouds rolled in to overcast the rugged hills of the Carta Valley area. Mike Connolly, Charles Fromen, and I had driven from Houston the night before (Friday) and bagged roadside about five miles south of Carta Valley with only a few uncomfortable hours sleep. This was our first trip to the area. We had spent most of Saturday bouncing around in the back of Big Boy Newman's pickup while he showed Carl Kunath and us some new cave leads. At last we were about to go into a cave. Cavers (about 40-50) had come from all over the state to see the beautiful Midnight Cave, and plans called for a SWlday exploration en masse. We had decided to go in a day early, so we parked the car on the gravel road and hiked down the primitive dirt road to a rock-pile marker, then cut through the brush onto the hillside where the cave was reported to be. "You can't miss it, 11 Kunath had said when giving instructions to the entrance. After searching around all over the side of the hill for about 52 minutes, I finally !!!potted the rabbi t-hole entrance. We must have walked by it 30 times without seeing it. We entered. Charles and Mike took pictures and then they took some pictures. While they were taking pictures, I was climbing in and out of holes and leads. My canteen cap came loose and all my precious water exited without my knowing. Meanwhile, Mike and Charles took pictures. After about an hour, we came upon Mike and Susan Murphy of the U. T Grotto (they too had decided to see Midnight early) on their way out. They had a small map of the cave that KWlath had entrusted to them but would not let us keep for fear of incurring the wrath of C. Edwin. We looked briefly at the map, bade them farewell, and continued exploring and photographing. I began to tire from the frustration of the snail's pace. And no water. Suddenly my light went I checked my battery pack and terminals. The light would flicker, but I could not find the cause. So I began to rely on my new hand lantern until I watched the glass and screw rim disappear into a deep crevasse in a breakdown pile. Damit2 What else could go wrong? Now I was really getting strung out. Finally, Mike, Charles and I took a rest in the totem room at the "cork screw". By now my emotions and temper, coupled with physical fatigue (from being out of shape) were showing through. I wanted to hurry and get out so we could go to 'Cuna with the other cavers at camp. Somehow I got my light going and decided to push the infamous cork-screw. Twist, turn, bump, bash, struggle. Then my light went out again! I was pushing my hardhat ahead of me because of the tight squeeze, and my head was taking a beating. On following trips I have pushed the cork-screw many times, but on this particular endeavor I had no way of knowing I was almost through it. Because of my state and no light, I


Page 204 The TEXAS CAVER, July 1973 discovered I was fighting the rock -struggling and frustrated in total blackness. Then from a never opened closet way in the back of my mind came that dreaded, screaming demon claustrophobia. In a controlled panic, I backed the hell outa there, cutting and bruising my body with mindless direction. My comrades were startled to see me come out feet first at 60 mph. "I just can't do it. I aint going,'' I hated to admit. "I've had it. I'll wait for you here." They did not understand, but agreed to go on. I slept for an hour, then sang and sat in the dark. Soon I lighted a candle and worked on my cranky headlarnp. Now after a while I began to get very hungry. I waited awhile longer and finally wrote them a note saying I would be at the car. With my light flickering, I eventually left the cave aboo.t 9:30 pm. It was sprinkling slightly and the night was as black as the cave. None of the surrounding hills and landmarks could be seen for directions. Still with my light going on and off, I luckily made it back to the automobile and feasted on a fine meal prepared on my handy sterno stove. I waited and smoked and sang and waited. While listening to the radio, I caught the bad news weather report. Heavy rains. Occasionally I flipped on the headlights and honked the horn to guide them to the car. "Surely they must be out by now," I said to myself. "I'll have to go back and see if I can find them." I walked down the dirt road again with my light acting up and stood ct the rockpile yelling. No reply. Then my light died. How could I go back to find them without a light? I stumbled back to the car in the misty rain and darkness. It had been over four hours since they entered the cork-screw. What could have happened to them? Maybe an accident! Maybe lost in the cave! I began to get excited. "Must go for help or at least a decent light. My sleek new LeMans was zipping over the road toward Carta Valley when I was flagged down and stopped at a Border Patrol roadblock. I told them of my need for haste as they looked inside my vehicle. "Very interesting. In a cave? You wanna open that trunk?" asked the polite officer. I again explained my urgency as he examined the spelunk junk in my trunk. "Very interesting. You wanna open that hood?" he requested. I continued to insist as they checked every part of my car and self. At last I was cleared to go. My sleek LeMans was once again zipping over the road and I reached Carta Valley. When I arrived in camp it was almost midnight. Almost everyone was gone or asleep. A fellow was sitting on the porch of the "field house" next to a bottle of cheap wine quarter-full. "Where 1 s Kunath?" I barked. They guy ( I still don't know who he was) turned slowly and extended a drunken hand filled with a live tarantula. "Smulshmemia fruphmorms!" he declared. I realized as I jumped back that I must be in a very bad dream. I searched through the camp and found Bill Sherborne fast asleep. I waked him and told my story. He got his gear and a Coleman lantern and said he'd help. Just then Kunath and most of the cavers drove up, returning from I excitedly explained the situation to Carl. He was about to have a famous slide show and didn't seem to believe me. Then he thought it over and said he'd organize a rescue team if we did not return by 1.:30. Sherborne and I hauled out for the cave. We were stopped again by the Border Patrol, but this time they wished us well and loaned me a super flashlight. The sprinkling had stopped earlier, but I had not noticed when. We sped on to the cave.


The TEXAS CAVER, July 1973 Page 205 At the turn-off we stopped and honked the horn and hollered. No res pons e. We hoofed it down the dirt road and through the brush onto the side of the hill. Luckily, I found the entrance with no difficulty, to the amazement of Sherborne. I wondered if I could make the cork-screw this time. But at the entrance we found a leather glove. "Ah, this means they are out of the cave,'' Bill said. He put the very bright Coleman atop a nearby deer -stand on the hill to serve as a beacon. It began to sprinkle. Then we saw two distant lights in the scrub brush winding their way to the Coleman. We shouted and they yelled back. They had become hopelessly lost after exiting the cave and had been wandering around in the bush for hours. They had come out of the cave about 10 :30. As it happened, the glov e was not theirs. It had been accidently dropped by Susan Murphy earlier. It was a happy reunion as we piled in the car and roared back to camp. As we came to the intersection of the highway at 1:20am, we met a full convoy of would-be cave rescuers followed by the confused Border Patrol. Kunath had rounded up practically the entire camp. I returned the flashlight to the officer and told thanks to the disappointed cavers as they booed and hissed. It could have been a monumental rescue, worthy of an NSS Newsletter write up. We all headed back to camp as it began to really rain. It rained the biggest rain in the history of Edwards county. Back in town, I sat curled up in the back-s eat of my car ( after having been flooded out o f the campsite) wondering what else could go wrong. * * * * Down With Nylon Tubular Webbing by Chuck Stuehm ''Another Death at Devil's Sinkhole", well almost!! And almost is very bad. During May, I was at Devil' s Sinkhole with 5 other cavers. I was lying down with my head over the edge of the pit watching two cavers ascending on two different ropes. One fellow was rather new, as his longest ascent before this was only 90 feet, and I was watching him closely. The second caver was a n old -timer and I was carrying on a conversation with him all the way up the rope about his "new" rig he bad put together. When he was only 6 feet from the lip his support strap (from Jumar to seat sling) snapped. Fortunately, he had loosely tied a safety strap because he didn't trust the stitching on his new rig. He had no chest harness, no third point of contact with the rope, nothing except a foot jumar and a loosely tied strap between him and the bottom, 40 meters below. The broken strap and his safety strap were the yellow nylon tubular webbing that is available at most surplus stores. This is the second near accident with cavers in our grotto with this type of webbing in the last two months, and is two too many. As a member of Jim Jasek's committee on Safety and Rescue for the TSA, I will recommend to all cavers to get rid of your yellow tube webbing and replace it with something better. Do some testing to find something that you have confidence in, but discard the yellow stuff. Use it instead for pack straps, foot ties, luggage racks, or other non-critical uses. This shook me up as I have been using this stuff for over five years with no problems and I weigh llO kg. Maybe it is getting old or something, maybe it's weld abrasion, Quien Sabe?


Page 206 The TEXAS CAVER, July 1973 by Chuck Stuehm For the next three issues of the Caver, I will have a three part article on "Important Diagnostic signs" which should be observed in the case of a caver having an accident. Keep track of these and keep them together. IMPORTANT DIAGNOSTIC SIGNS Part I A rapid but accurate examination of an injured person is essential for adequate emergency medical care. Exact knowledge of the nature of the injury is not necessary since the bodie's vital signs will indicate what action must be taken. The basic diagnostic signs are: Respiration Pulse Blood pressure Skin temperature Skin color Pupils of the eyes State of consciousness Ability to move Reaction to pain When you come upon an accident victem you should TALK -FEEL-OBSERVE, as these simple steps will enable you to go through all the diagnostic signs. In a cave accident where there has been a fall, the person will be injured severely and have a number of different things wrong all at the same time. Any fall victim should be treated as if they have both a broken neck and broken back, so you can immediately see why it is important to TALK-FEEL OBSERVE before the person is moved. Let's go through the diagnostic signs one at a time and point out the important features of each one. RESPIRATION. The normal breathing rate is about twelve to fifteen breaths per minute in the average adult. The important sign to look for in breathing is the rate and depth, and can be determined by looking for movement of the chest, and Hstening for air exchange at the mouth and nose. _, DIAGNOSTIC SIGN Respiration OBSERVATION None Deep, gasping, labored Bright red, frothy blood with each exhalation INDICATION Respiratory arrest Airway obstruction heart failure Lung damage PULSE. The normal pulse rate is sixty to eighty beats per minute in adults, and is an indication of heart action. In an erne rgency the pulse is best taken at the carotid artery or femoral artery for the greatest accuracy. These two arteries lie close to the surface and are easy to


The TEXAS CAVER, July 1973 Page 207 find and feel. To determine the pulse rate place your fingers over the carotid artery in the neck or the femoral artery in the groin. Then count the number of beats in six seconds and multiply by ten to find the beats per minute. DIAGNOSTIC SIGN Pulse OBSERVATION Absent Rapid, bounding Rapid, weak INDICATION Cardiac arrest, death Fright, hypertension Shock BLOOD PRESSURE. Blood pressure is the pressure that circulating blood exerts against the walls of the arteries. It can fall markedly in state s of shock for example, after severe bleeding. An instrument known as a sphygmomanometer is needed to measure the high point and low point of blood pressure. In the field without this instrument, you will be unable to take the blood pressure. In this case, you will have to rely on the pulse rate to give you and indication of what is wrong with the injured person. SKIN TEMPERATURE. Because the skin is responsible for regulation of body t emperature, changes in skin temperature are indicators o f change s occurring within the body. You can determine the skin t emp erature by feeling the skin surfaces at several locations with your hands. Use the back of your hand as it is more sensitive to tempera ture changes. DIAGNOSTIC SIGN OBSERVATION INDICATION Hot, dry Excessive b o d y heat Cool, clammy Shock Skin temperature Cold, moist Body is losing heat Cool, dry Exposure t o cold


Page 208 The TEXAS CAVER, July 1973 CAVE RSQI TRMMING The second Cave Rescue Training Session has been schedu.led for September 29th and 30th at Midnight Cave, near Carta Valley, starting at 10:00 AM sharp on the 29th. Our TSA Safety and Rescue Chairman, Jim Jasek, wishea to inform all Texas grottos that they should have at least two of their best people at this ses aion. Because of the enthusiastic response of our first session in New Braunfels, we will allow a few more people to attend this time. This session will consist of two separate divisions: l. Basics of first aid and patient handling in a cave accident. 2. More advanced rigging, and deep pit rescues. Those who attended the first session will take part in the second division this time. Everyone is urged to bring all of their caving equipment (jumars, carabine rs, pulleys and rope). I will not be using my own equipment this time, because at the last session I lost a pair of brand new jumars, no one has returned them, and TSA has not offered to replace them. I cannot afford this kind of treatment from cavers, so it's best that I do not bring my hardware. If you plan to attend, please send me a penny postcard (which now costs six cents) with the names of the two people from your grotto who will attend the first division, and the names of those who attended the first session and plan to attend the second division. Do not send a letter, send a postcard only to: * * Chuck Stuehm 354 E. Hutchins Place San Antonio, Texas 78221 * * * So far this year we have always had a small backlog of articles left over each month. However, with this issue, we have used up most of this backlog. What we need now are more articles from people other than the old reliable contriwtors such as Griffin, Fieseler, and Stuehm. Of course many of you are away from school, but this should give you more time for writing. At the very least, we should get two trip reports and a brief article for "News and History" from each grotto every month. We are also in desperate need of good black and white prints for the covers. Let's keep this publication going.


The TEXAS Cl\ VER, July 1973 Paga 209 The government of Mexico has put into effect a four per cent tourist service tax throughout Mexico. Visitors to Mexico are now being charged the tax on restaurant foods, drinks, hotel accommodations and other services provided to visitors. Souvenirs and other items which are purchased are not taxed. In Brofjorden, Sweden, large storage caverns are being carved out of rock at the site for a new oil refinery. In four large caverns, some 2. Smillion cubic meters of oil will be stored. The cost of constructing such a cavern can be as little as $3. 50 per cubic meter. Back in the summer of 1971, the cave director of Meramec Caverns ruled out geology students as guides for the commercial tour. "They are too technical when they conduct tours,'' says cave director Lester B. Dill. "Tourists would prefer to hear about how Jesse James used the cave to elude the law. I'll hire geology students for other duties here but not as guides. 11 The mystery caver in the photo on page 186 of last month's Texas Caver is the former TSA president Bill Elliott, and the cave is Wonder Cave. Yes, the cave does have formations in some of the upper levels. Alabama's December Giant: With a thunderous roar. hundreds of tons of dirt and rock dropped from sight and formed a 130 by 45 meter deep sinkhole in Shelby County, Alabama. This fantastic spectacle occurred last December. The December Giant, as it is referred to by locals, is only one of more than 1000 such collapses which have occurred during the last 15 years in Central and Northern A labama. Fischer's Pit has been gated by the Southwest Texas Grotto and the Alamo Area Chapter at the request of the owner. Future access to the pit will have to be arranged by one of these groups after the year of non-use which the owner has specified. Contacts with either grotto before the time limit has expired will produce no results because neither one knows the con-.bination of the lock.


Page 110 The TEXAS CAVER, July 1973 I Harrell s Cave by Ronnie Fieseler Harrell's Cave, located in San Saba County, not far from Gorman Cave, has long been a favorite of Texas cavers. Trips are recorded in the Texas Caver as early as 1957. It was also visited during the 1963 TSA Project in San Saba County. However, recently, there has not been too many visits and it seems to have slipped into the category of ''forgotten caves". This may be due to interest in other areas or perhaps because the "old timers" who used to go there have dropped out of active caving and none of the newcomers have been taken there. I made a trip to Harrell's not long after I started caving. In fact, it was my fourth cave. I couldn't have chosen a better one. Why? Because I had gone to the other three caves, all of them horizontal, and felt that I was ready to t r y some vertical caving. Harrell's Cave has a 12.7 meter drop down the entrance which is mostly against the wall except for the last 4-5 meters being free. To my way of thinking it would be hard to find a better cave to begin vertical caving in. Besides having a nice medium size drop (for Texas), it also allows the caver to rappel and prussik against the wall, over a ledge, and hanging free. Lots of experience to be had in such a short drop. Once inside you find yourself beside one wall of a large, almost circular-shaped room measuring about 64m x 55. 4m. The ceiling height averages 3-5 meters over the majority of the room (excluding the two crawls). Large breakdown blocks cover the entire floor except for a couple of semibare spots and the pools of water. A slippery mixture of clay, mud, and guano form a layer over the majority of the breakdown. Walking can be hazardous if a person is not careful. In fact, several cavers have slipped, fell, and suffered minor scrapes and bruises from time to time. There are also large cracks between many of the breakdown blocks which can be pitfalls for the unwary. Hours can be spent rooting around and under the breakdown via the cracks. Unfortunately, no passages of significance have been discovered. Directly across from the entrance is the most interesting and pretty part of the cave. For about 30 meters the entire wall is of flowstone. At the base of this, several pools of water are located. Occasionally, all but one of these pools are found dry. The one permanent pool is of some biological importance as a species of amphipod has been collected from it. Near the flowstone is a small hole about. 5m in diameter. This leads down about l meter to a small room with another small hole to one side.


HARRELL'S CAVE San Saba Co., Texas Brunton & Tape Survey 1 -21-73 Frank Binney, Susan Hardcastle, Ronnie Fieseler, Darrell Smith Rodney Roundtree Drafted 1-23-73 Ronnie Fieseler M et ers 0 5 1 0 20 JO o ro m E ntrance -127 ., _<)_ D ,// 0 Y>@ .. "' a < (>"--aN o t e : Cei l i n g Height s ore in Meters


The TEXAi CAVER, July 1973 Page 2ll The hole opens into the side of a small diamete.r, climbable (but barely) chimney about 3m deep. A stoopway leads off which pinches out within 5-6m, but a 1 meter drop to the left leads to a small room below. This is the lowest point in the cave at -28. 7m. Above the amphipod pool at the top of the flowstone, a walking-crawling passage leads off for a total of about 30m before finally becoming too small to negotiate. Of geological interest is the ceiling joint. This is very prominent and is up to Scm wide and filled with a material different from the adjoining limestone. At the other end of the flowstone, near a large flat area, another similar walking-crawling passage takes off. This is a continuation of the other passage, and whose combined length from end to end is about 100 meters. About 20m down the passage is a. 6m step-down off a small ledge. At this point during our last trip we heard the sounds of moving water. Gravel and small rocks fill a very small opening leading downward, and it looks unlikely that digging would be fruitful. Continuing 12m down the passage, a Y is encountered. The left hand branch becomes a muddy stoopway which soon changes to a belly crawl over several pools of water. To the right, the passage goes up to and through an extremely tight diagonal squeeze measuring about 2. Sm x 7m. From this, a crawl continues to the end of the cave, which is a short narrow room. In the floor is a chimney leading down 3m and connecting with the left hand water passage. This is about 15m past the Y. Retreating back to the entrance, most cavers are amazed to discover that they have spent from 3-6 hours prowling around in the cave. A quick climb out and you have had a very satisfying day of caving. This cave makes for an easy one day trip from most parts of Texas, During the _mapping trip, the five of us (from Austin and Brownwood) spent 8 hours surveying, all in just a Sunday afternoon. If you get a chance to go on a trip to Harrell's Cave, don't pass it up. It's well worth the visit. _ o (FLUS\-\} 1-lDw \\-\.\S ?IECC. OF tv\US\ \-\AVE TA..KE.t--l A tN.TE-RED IN SA.Lot-4. A .joKE.. I T'.s Dt= A. MDTOGRA?\-1... IT' S B'< THE. WA...Y, \-\0\..1..) NoT MAI\JY .N \E RE-t> "TIH::. $A. L.o "-J Tl-\ vs '{ tA. R_ ( ? _, -.-) \ :;_-. &-EGO -) s fv\AS \-\ --/\ t\ /


Page 212. The TEXAS CAVER, July 1973 Review by Ken A. Griffin ''The Treasure of Caverna del Oro'', COLORADO, May/June 1973 Another consumer magazine article where gold is the prime subject and the is strictly the object of the preposition "in''. The story was written by Bill Kaiser in a very interesting and entertaining style--with color photos {not Salon quality), NSS maps, and a mountainside cutaway. The possibility of Spanish gold and one man's years of searching for same is the base-line theme of the 9 page essay. The cave, which is located in the Sangre de Cristo range of Southern Colorado, is presented as a container and mysterious obstacle in the quest for rumored treasure and untold wealth. There is a stark warning for the reader, however, that the cave is dangerous and should be negotiated only by experienced rock climbers with 400 ft. of rope. Also, the cave temperature is 34 degrees at 95o/o humidity. But a road map with roads and trails marked to the cave is bandily provided. The denouement proves to be an anti-climax. Gold has not been found. But the protagonist {the seeker of elusive wealth) reveals that ... if I found that gold, it would kind of take all the fun out of it. 11 Thereby, leaving this reader with the feeling that the quest and exploration is the real treasure of Caverna del Oro. * * * A DESIRE FOR EDUCATION by Larry Schmidt NSS 10578 Recently, in the month of April a turn for better non-caver education became evident at Kruger Junior High School in Northeast San Antonio. The seventh and eighth grade classes were presented a slide show and lecture on caves as requested by Ms. Mary Cudd, the seventh grade teacher and sponsor of the project. The show and lecture were presented to approximately 180 students. The students were broken up into six smaller groups and each was then given the same lecture and slide shew. Bob Bliss, a Boerne Caver and member of the Fifth Army Band stationed at Ft. Sam Houston, presented these lectures and slide shows. The students were familiarized with caves of the area, types of caves, formations, rock formations, animal life present, and were made aware of the considerable hazard of a caving trip that is not properly organized with someone who knows proper techniques and has knowledge and access to proper equipment that should be used. A display of some equipment, basically the essentials, and a demonstration of some of its uses was also made. A special hats off should be in order to Mary Cudd of Kruger Junior High and to Bob Bliss for their efforts of promoting and establishing better cave education.


BACK IS SUES Of NSS NEWS AVA I LA BLE Page 213 by Bill Torode NSS NEWSLETTER INVENTORY I MAY 1973 v ILUME 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 II ll 13 14 15 IG 17 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 JAN 18 25 61 12 179 44 114 85 20 106 T3 6 251 414 53 101 FEB 16 28 16 24 62 34 73 62 10 99 OIP 35 234 349 134 85 MAR NIP NIP 15 31 29 17 21 108 II 152 53 122 307 108 209 147 APR Nl p 25 38 29 73 177 27 23 53 73 OIP 237 285 126 183 61 MAY 28 34 29 26 20 209 20 89 25 183 OIP 214 293 180 123 II JUN NIP NIP 32 17 43 87 279 68 27 99 OIP 213 400 172 117 75 JUL NIP 2.3 27 24 31 41 126 25 13 22 0 / P 317 291 123 120 47 AUG 41 33 16 12 20 122 129 20 20 37 59 73 306 193 107 180 SEP NIP 25 25 30 260 114 144 20 43 120 ,O/ P 246 329 220 103 132 OCT 31 20 26 34 47 213 98 20 155 95 63 237 561 100 117 95 NOV 41 NIP 22 15 19 15 101 19 79 129 183 253 254 224 144 34 DEC 19 3 4 20 22. 119 91 75 20 39 24 112 386 362 92 12 34 INDEX 48 43 39 9 3 76 150 156 200 102 01 P = OUT OF PRINT NIP =NONE PRINTED VOL 1-5 1943 TO 1947 COMPLETE SETS REPRINT 19 COPI SINGLE COPY .15 INDEX 1943 TO 1947 23 COPIES VOL 6-26 1948 TO 1968 COMPLETE SET t2.00 ; SINGLE COPY .25 VOL 26PRESENT 1968 T O PRESENT COMPLETE SETS 15.00; SINGLE COPY .50 ANY 12 ISSUES= A COMPLETE SET VOLUME 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1960 1961 !962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 JAN 14 40 2 55 54 105 114 OIP 70 FEB 24 OIP 15 OIP 0 / P 155 91 37 25 MAR O I P 0/P OIP OIP 156 148 39 1 2 20 APR 117 104 46 58 115 45 101 9 4 MAY 121 107 OIP OIP 173 17 196 OIP 49 JUN 93 I 149 OIP 174 OIP 120 17 0/P JUL 42 42 40 69 OIP 47 139 O I P 29 AUG 171 OIP P'NT [ 4ho 12 8 !54 190 0 / P 0 / P ""lll"fl[ .. I SEP 72 35 J/P 3 4 51 97 53 30 OCT 192 124 165 3 0/P 106 57 65 20 NOV 59 40 OIP 75 337 74 89 40 96 DEC 43 4 14 2 311 25 OIP 109 51 INDEX OIP OUT OF PRINT 1956 COMPLETE SETS 64 1957 COMPLETE SETS 36 1958 COMPLETE 5 E TS 27 FOR BACK ISSUES: WRITE TO NATIONAL SPELEOLOGICAL SOCIETY CAVE AVENUE HUNsVILLE; ALABAMA35805 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 33 13 52 249 408 57 237 24 153 155 68 99 113 149 lEA 128 150 125 38 !87 63 53 108 285 136 53 105 137 91 118 167 267 153 168 14 194 99 143 76 182 128 37 22 606 103 74 65 455 290 55 60 511 48 43 150 193 1974 1975


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The TEXAS CAVER, July 1973 DATE: Aprill3-22, 1973 DESTINATION: Northern Mexico, along Inter-American Highway PERSONNEL: Jim Me Lane, Charles Fromen, Mike Connolly REPORTED BY: Mike Connolly Page 215 The purpose of our trip was to log the mountain roads and survey new caves in the region from Monterrey to Ciudad Victoria. We began in the area near Horsetail Falls since this was the area most familiar to us. Several days were spent here surveying previously discovered caves, and logging the road to Potrero Redondo and La Trinidad. After four days on motorcycles, we returned to the car at Horsetail Falls and continued south inquiring about roads into the mountains and caves a t every opportunity. After half a day of discouraging inquiry we encountered a road which was reported to lead from Villa Mainero for 60 kilometers into the mountains. The road proved to be newly improved and high speeds were possible on the bikes. Unfortunately, all inquires about caves drew negative results. We were now becoming discouraged about the possibility of locating caves, but continued with our original plan as we headed south. After another day o f searching in vain, we were in the area around El Barretal. By this time we carried only a minimum of gear whenever we headed out on the bikes. Charles and Jim despaired of the large amount of camera gear they had been carrying mumbling something about finding giant sotanos when they didn't carry any. So off we went with virtually no equipment to make a quick check of the road. After 15 or 1 6 kilometers or so of flat country we reached the foothills and inquired at a settlement about caves in the area. We soon learned that the road continued for about 80 kilometers, and that many sotanos were to be found "mas arriba". We continued on our way, hearing similar reports and eventually turning down offers of guided tours of local caves due to the inevitable explanation that there were much larger ones further up the road. About dark we encountered a group of cavers from Pan American Speleological Society! They explained that they had made several trips into the are a in an attempt to locate a large pit sighted from the air, but had never gotten much further than their present location. We gratefully accepted offers of food and lodging from a friendly old Mexican, and planned to meet with the PASS cavers the next day The


Page 216 The TEXAS CAVER, July 1973 following morning we set out with directions from our host concerning the road and caves. As it turned out, the old man had not directed us along the route taken by the PASS cavers, but by a much longer, roundabout road. We followed his instructions, however, stopping at one village to check on s orne caves. We were rewarded by being shown three large caves within 300 meters of where we had parked our bikes, One of these caves contained very complex and extensive passages. After killing about four hours running around in these caves (literally!), we decided to continue up the road. By this time we generally ignored the many sinks along the road unless they looked unusually promising, since we had no rope! Late in the day we ran across the other cavers1 who were still muttering about how much faster our bikes travelled than their truck. They treated us to a good meal that evening and provided us with s orne much needed gas. The mechanical burros do have their limitations. The following morning we obtained a guide for the large cave we had heard of the day before. Both groups of cavers were impressed with the size, but especially by the decoration of Cueva de California. As time was running short for us, the remainder of the day was spent helping the PASS group locate the general vicinity of their pit. We were forced to start down the mountain to return to Houston, so we don't know if the search proved successful. We all agreed, however, that it would not be our last trip to this amazing part of Mexico. DATE: April 20-21, 1973 DESTINATION: Fischer's Fissure, Vance Cave, Fountain Cave PERSONNEL: Larry Doreck, Robert Hemperly, Keith Reuss, Mary Kay Krauska REPORTED BY: Keith Reuss Friday we drove to the Pecos River Bridge where we spent the night. Saturday morning we spent about five hours in Fischers Fissure. We headed back to San Marcos with the possibility of stopping at some caves near Rocksprings. Looking through the Edwards County survey we saw two caves, Vance Cave and Fountain Cave, which looked worthwhile. We located Vance Cave in the roadcut along highway 335 but we decided to go to Fountain Cave first. The owner showed us the hill the cave was on and we headed out. It became too dark before we located.the cave so we decided to make a return trip later. We arrived in San Marcos at 1:00AM Sunday morning. DATE: April 21-24, 1973 DESTINATION: Little Gem, Brehmmer's, Enchanted Rock PERSONNEL: Mike Mitchell, Floyd Vice, Sammy Bishop, Kirk Brew, Todd Clark, Dana Hoffman REPORTED BY: Mike Mitchell Floyd, the P. E. teacher at our school, Sam Houston Elementary, and


The TEXAS CAVER, July .1973 Page 217 I decided to brave the elements and take four 10-year old boys on an Easter caving trip. I had already taken Todd on a trip, and the other boys had been begging to go. Without any difficulities, but with many doubts, we departed early Saturday morning for New Braunfels. We arrived at Little Gem that afternoon and entered after lunch. This was the boys' first wild cave. We pointed out the various speleothems, turned off the lights and listened to the sounds in the cave, and mainly explored the muddy passageways. After we returned to the van, we were greeted by the cave owner's daughter (? ) who said she thought the cave was closed. She explained that the owner would prefer that he be contacted in person b efore entering, as a safety precaution: Mr. Fred Mitt mann, Landa Apts. New Braunfels, Phone 625-3122 . (Ed. Usually a signed release is also required). She was nice as I talked to her, but upset at the thought of anyone entering the cave and possibly hurting themselves or the cave. I reassurred her of our intentions, but in the future, advise contacting the owner. We campe d at the roadside park that night. The boys completely took over preparing the meals and setting up camp. Floyd and I were exhausted, but the boys had just gotten started. We crashed early, but the boys stayed up three-fourths the night. After the boys cooked breakfast, we drove to Stahl's Easter morning. After securing permission, we walked to Brehmmer #2 and did the cave. This gave the b oys a taste of things to come in Brehmmer # 1. We ate lunch outside of #1, and entered the cave an hour later. We made sure the boys received proper instructions as to the bats, guano and mud slides. The boys saw a black scorpion, billions of bats, Dana panicked at a slink, and Sammy spotted a white-haired bat. Down a chimney in a two meter by one meter room, we pointed out all of the common speleothems for our "class"; the flowstone and rimstone were especially beautiful. After climbing and s sliding over mud and guano, being eaten by all the flies in the world, and ripping over popcorn, we left. An interesting note about the bats: the boys' reactions varied from fear and panic, and immediate des ire to leave, to utter fascination, with Sammy wanting to pet all the bats. We drove to L. B. J. State Park where we cleaned up and changed clothes (Thank God!). After supper at Fredericksburg's D.Q., we crashe d at Enchanted Rock. The boys were exhausted, (finally!) and after some hassle with their tent, and after the Easter egg fight, and after Dana's sudden bath in the creek, we went to bed. We did the Rock monday morning. After the first cave, the boys were ready to go back, but we did not realize it at the time. We pushe d through several more fault caves with ice water soaking us; where I got stuck; Floyd did a terrific slide down the rock; many bruises and cactus spines in our bodies; and finally hunger. We had pushed ourselves and the boys beyond the limit, and we were all glad to get back to the van for lunch and rest. We left that afternoon, did Balanced Rock, and camped at the rest area outside Johnson City. Tuesday morning we left for home via Austin's Texas Memorial Museum.


Page 218 The TEXAS CAVER, July 1973 Except for a few minor hassles, everyone had a good time. The boys were especially proud of their assorted cuts, bruises, and miscellaneous agony typical of cavers. Everyone should have the experience of taking four 10-year olds on a four day caving trip--at least once! DATE: April 25, 1973 DESTINATION: Airmen's Cave PERSONNEL: Susan Hardcastle, Ronnie Fieseler, William Russell REPORTED BY: Ronnie Fieseler Since Airmen's Cave is soon tope part of a new Austin City Park, William wanted to get the gate in a good state of repair in order to reduce the chance of anyone getting lost or losing his flashlight while inside (lots of local, inexperienced kids visit the cave) and thereby causing possible hassles with the Park Board. First we had to remove the old lock which was inoperative. I had been praising the qualities of a relatively new explosive called Kinepak and William was interested in seeing a demonstration. Mixing up only half a pound, we packed it around the lock and part of the 3/8" case hardened steel chain. BOOM!!! The explosion echoed across the Tra"is County hillside and we quickly crawled in to see what had happened (there are no toxic fumes generated by exploding Kinepak). As we noticed that we were crawling over pieces of chain, William muttered something about "spastic Fieseler ... expensive chain ... mumble, mumble ... Pieces of shattered chain lay everywhere and slivers of brass lock were imbedded in the crawlway walls. Truly an impressive demonstration, especially since the lock was hanging in mid-air with no way to tamp it. Happily though, the two main pieces of chain that were still attached to the cave walls were still long enough to install a new lock. The next trip to the cave will replace the anchor bolt and the destroyed chain and attach the new lock. DATE: April 28-29, 1973 DESTINATION: TSA Convention 73 and Gorman Falls PERSONNEL: Tom Warden, David Foster REPORTED BY: David Foster Arrived at the convention campgrounds friday night. After the usual dose of BS we decided to crash. However, my sleep was short lived as I soon awoke to loud profanities and threats flowing from Tom's mouth. It seems that an anonymous party tried to re-design the front end of Tom's Nova. However, the only loss was one headlight and someone's temper. After all this excitement, the next day seemed quiet. Attended the party that followed the BOG on Saturday and had a great time. Unfortunately I had a hassle getting it all together the morning (moaning) after. Sunday we headed for Gorman Falls and met James Jasek and crew there about noon. As they elected to rappel on nearby cliffs, we entere d the cave.


The TEXAS CAVER, July 1973 Page 219 Got back about 300 meters but lack of time forced us to exit. Oh well, maybe the photos will be good. DATE: April 29, 1973 DESTINATION: Boyett's Cave PERSONNEL: Chuck Stuehm, Steve Fleming, Gary Parsons, Frank Sadek, Jane Laurens, others REPORTED BY: Jane Laurens We arrived at the cave and started to prepare for the descent. There is a vertical drop of approximately 20 feet. A couple chimneyed down, some used the ladder with no belay rope, and the rest used the ladder with a belay rope. B ecause of a sligl}t case of nerves, I used a belay rope. At the end of the 2 0 foot de scent is what could be called the second level There is a leve l about 8 to 10 feet above the second level, and a level about 8 to 10 feet below the second level. Getting to the first level was a fairly easy climb for me, but then I had the dubious pleasure of learning t o chimney dow n to the third level. After landing intact on the third level, we found a nice lake which has extremely frigid water, and no passages leading out of it. There is a passage in front of the lake though which leads to a small room with its own vertical exit. On the first level there are two passages which eventually connect. On one side there are some really beautiful formations, and the other side has good promise f o r further exploration. We finally made the ascent which unfortunately turned out to be more demanding for myself. Complete exhaustion doesn't help when one is trying to ascend a ladder, especially for the first time. Finally everyone was out and we headed back for San Marcos, very dirty, hungry, and tired. An added thrill to the day occurred after we had eaten in a fried chicken place. A young man came out wondering what we were. The general concensus of his group of friends was that we were oil-diggers. We of course explained to him and his friends what we were, and they went away very satisfied that they had met s orne real cavers. DATE: May 6, 1973 DESTINATION: Bandit Cave, Broken Straw Cave PERSONNEL: Ronnie Fieseler, Tom Byrd REPORTED BY: Ronnie Fieseler We met David Read at the cave Sunday morning. Although he couldn't stay and help, he opened the gate for us and visited for a few minutes Tom and I spent about an hour or so surveying the remainder of the cave. After taking a few photographs and collecting some millipeds, bettles, etc. we left the cave. The day before Tom and two friends had been to a cave nearby so we decided to go map it too. Although we didn't know the name of the cave at the time, we later found it to be Broken Straw Cave. It is a


Page 22 0 The TEXAS CAVER, July 1973 pretty cave that used to be a lot prettier. It is now fairly well trashed out except in remote corners. It took a little over an hour to map this one. DATE: May 12, 19 7 3 DESTINATION: Inner Space, Gorman Falls PERSONNEL: Forrest and Pat Smith, Dale and Sue Metz REPORTED BY: Forrest Smith Found Inner Space Caverns in its usual place, sitting beside I 35 at Georgetown, just north of Austin, Texas, waiting to soak up my $2. SO for a look at its innards. In addition to my wife, I had as guests for the weekend Dale and Sue Metz (who originally hail from NY state), so the admission came to a grand total of $10. Whew! Felt like I should absorb their expense, since it was at my bidding and cudjoling that they were to even consider going into a dirty old cave. They are leaving the area this summer and I felt that on behalf of Texas tourism, they should be shown the below as well as the a above of Texas. Coincidentally, they were the instigators of the first Texas caving that I did. That was to NBC in September of 1972. Odd that! We had a nice time in there, mostly talking to ourselves and trying not to disrupt the guides lecture. He wasn't any too kind to a German couple who wanted to take pictures; he told them to please not lag behind the group. All pros and cons considered, I felt this was rudeness that we Americans can ill afford and some consideration should have been granted to this couple. What could I do? We didn't appreciate the light show and music as much on this, our second visit but perhaps that is the wild-roan in me; I like plain raw virgin like caves, no trash whether planned or just happened (the latter refers to papers and the like). While I am complaining: that cable care is a farce. Underground subway indeed! I cannot understand (again) even with all the pros and cons considered, why this should be here to add to the cost of the admission to tre cave. Without the fall-de-rall, they might be able to charge some-what less. This is a much more attractive feature than any subway or recording that they may offer. How about it Georgetown corporation? On to Gorman Falls! Arrived there early evening to find a nice campsite, $2. 00 per car, and pitched a rented tent (rented from CBF at Brooks) and eagerness overtook me, so I pushed the group into acceptance of "Lets go caving" to answers like "Oh, God, doesn't he ever get enough caves?" The cave is on ground level (riverbank level) and is a level cave all the way back to water passage and goes into the side of the cliff there. As predicted by most people the cave is heavily vandalized (writing, broken formations) but after the first 30 meters or so not too trashy. I suspect some good soul has kept it clean by policing up. Hard to believe there are so few beer cans in so popular a cave -so thanks to the unknown picker-uppers are in order. I liked the cave -I like walking passages -and am ready to go back. Its a good cave to initiate novices because it contains a lot of terrian -crawls (short), mud, slopes, breakdown, and water pas sage and it causes no problem getting permission. H e does charge $1. 00 fishing fee even though you


The TEXAS CAVER, July 1973 Page 221 don't stay overnight. I crawled into every conceivable crack and hole. Found two areas of specific interest to spelunkers; first was a chimneyable climb to ceiling where a crack goes straight up "outta sight". Could be there are passages lurking up there, and second, I pushed a well travelled mud crawl t o an end, but the mud could be dug outa there, and then what?? Every cave has it's possibilities, right? Same is true for Gorman Falls Cave. The eighth wonder in the annals of cave vandalism! DATE: May 24-27, 1973 DESTINATION: Diablo Cave, Fawcett's Cave, Quigg Sinkhole, Lantry Lead PERSONNEL: Glenn, Ruth and Paul Darilek, Steve Fleming, John Graves K eith Huess, Greg Passmore, M ike and Linda Walsh REPORTED BY: Keith Huess Thursday afternoon at 3 :00PM Steve and I departed from San Antonio to meet up with Mike in Castroville. We followed Mike to Amistad Dam. By 7 :30 we were r eady to set out in search for Diablo Cave. The road along the river has been blocked off since the last time we were there so we were forced to walk. After walking about l kilometer, we saw a small sink area down the road and to the left so we checked it out. We went about twenty meters dow n the passage in the back of the sink and saw it continued so we returned to the road to contemplate matters. After a while Mike decided that Diablo Cave was furthe r down the road so he took out walking. After following Mike about 500 meters Steve and I decided to return to the vans to check our notes more closely. The closer we checked the more we were convinced that we had found Diablo Cave. About this time a guard from the dam drove up. We talked to him and he told us that we had found the cave. He told us he has been working in the area since construction of the dam began and offered to give us more information on the cave. We followed him to the top of the dam where the road cuts off to go below the dam. We got out and looked down on the area and he began explaining the operation as follows: The corps of engineers explored and surveyed the cave to the point where it was too narrow to negotiate. They then returned to the surface and found the point on the surface the cave became too small to explore. They drilled coreholes beginning there and following the cave to the location the dam was to be constructed. At this point the cave had to be sealed to prevent the water from the lake from draining through the cave. Most of the coreholes hit passageway which was not high enough to enter. He pointed ou,t the coreholes on the surface where the cave forked. One passageway runs towards highway 90 and the other is the passage which runs under the dam. The passage which goes under the dam has a large corehole in it about 150 meters from the dam. About a year ago, before the are a was fenced off Steve and I were in the area and made the following observations at the corehole: The 8 meter core is at the lower end of a drain trench which is about 4 meters wide and 4 meters deep at the lower end. The bottom slopes upwards and meets the surface about 10 meters from the far end. Seepage water from the lake collects in the area and small ditches direct


Page 222 T h e TEXAS CAVER, July 1973 it to the trench where it enters the corehole. We lowered a tape into the corehole.and it measured 15 meters to the water level. The water was about 1/2 meter deep and there was an air space of about 1/2 meter high above the water. An iron bar grate covers the corehole to prevent logs from wa.shing in. This water enters the cave at a point far beyond the point where the passageway b e c o m e s too low to explore. On this trip the trench was about half full of water. The guard also gave us the name of the o w n er, and offered to let us use the phone at the office to call him. We talked to the owner and he was quite negative about letting anyone in. He told us that on many occasions airmen from the base hop the fence and go into the cave. The guard told us that the office (International Boundry and Water Commission, Amistad Dam Office) had more information on the cave The resident geologist for the dam is Dick Price. We thanked him for his help and drove back to Mike's van and waited for him. He came walking in at ll:OO PM. We told him what we had found out. Plans were to camp below the dam but mosquitos were everywhere so we drove out 277/377 to the Rough Canyon cut off to camp. We spent most of Friday morning chasing Mike back and forth between Del Rio and the Rough Canyon turn off. We finally arrived at Lorna Alta by 11:00. Mike talked to the attendant at the Exxon station and we got some information on some area cave s He told us that Dee Harrison, the new owner of Quigg Sinkhole was going to be working at the station at 4:00 that afternoon. We proceede d t o RNK ranch and Fawcett's Cave making a road log as we drove. At the ranch we found out the owner, Ron N Kuhlman, lives in Houston. We called him and secured permission to enter the cave and waited for one of the ranch hands to show us the cave. We and our guide David Bailey entered the cave at 2:00 PM. The ten meter chimney entrance was easily negotiated by all. We were very empressed with this very decorated cave. We spent two hours exploring the cave and taking photographs. David told us he takes quite a few ranch visitors to the cave. We returned to the Exxon station to talk to Dee Harrison. He gave us permission to enter Quigg Sinkhole and was quite concerned on the condition of the tank at the bottom of the drop. We didn't have time to enter the cave today but we did have time to locate the cave and make a road log to the cave entrance. We returned the gate key to him and headed out for Amistad Dam where we were to meet Glenn and Forrest. Glenn arrived at ll:30 after a brief trip to Cd. Acurta. Just before midnight the guard came around and told us the bridge was going to be locked at midnight. We waited a little longer but Forrest never arrived so we left. We spent the night at the roadside park north of Lorna Alta. Saturday morning we talked to Dee Harrison again and secured the key and drove to Quigg Sinkhole. Mike, John, Steve, Glenn, Greg and I entered the 37 meter drop while Linda, Ruth and Paul remained on the surface. Our five hours in the cave were spent exploring, taking photographs and making biological observations We pushed most of the crevices arourrl the entrance room. All but one ende d in breakdown fill. We returned the key to the owner and drove to the Pecos River Bridge for the night.


The TEXAS CAVER, July 1973 Page 223 Sunday morning we drove to Lantry Lead. Mike, Steve, Greg, Ruth. John and I entered the cave. Four goats were r escued from the entrance sink and the cave. W e got as far as the low crawlway passageway before we r a n into water. J ohn wasn't stopped so he got completely soaked. He came back whe n no one wanted t o follow him through the water. We returned t o Langtry and discusse d the return trip. We decided to take back country r oads as much as possible rather than highway 90. DATE: June 2, 1973 DESTINATION : Cataract and Corkscrew Caves PERSONNEL: Al Brandt, Steve Fleming, John Graves, Forrest Smith R EPORTED BY: Stev e Fleming Forrest called me Friday afternoon wanting to know if I wanted to go to C ataract Cave in Medina Co. After being informed tl:a t we would survey the c a v e and that there was a serious lack of personnel, I agreed to go along. Rounding up John, we m e t Forrest and Al on the West side of town and continued in tlB. t direction. Things were going fine until we talked to the owner, o r who we thought was the owner. Turned out that our contact was the o .vner 's brother and he smilingly denied us access. Falling back and regrouping, we next tried to think of someplace to go so that the day would not be totally waste d The tedium of decision -making forced us to the nearest refreshment stand where Forrest kept putting forth cave names and I kept trying to discoura g e any more roaming. Being overruled (with John now dissenting) we headed f o r the Kerrville area. Before getting that far we exited on Cascade Caverns Road and turned back toward Corkscrew. Finally getting into a cave, we went thru the whole thing, including the Mud Room, which was slightly hard to neg otiate because the ladder is lying in splinters on the floor. On the way out we stumbled into the dynamited section, and, being thoroughly amazed at where i t went, followed it all the way back down to the water. Because I was the first one to the water passage I was given numerous encouragements as I p ressed forward, knowing full well that John and Forrest were plotting against m e so they could stay dry. After squirming for approximately 15m. thru c onfining pas sage I managed to become stuck by the rapidly closing walls. Fifteen minutes, generous donations of skin, and a large number of sore ribs later, we were able to head back for the surface to change clothes and pic k ticks off our bodies.


THE TEXAS CAVER 1218 MELROSE WACO, TEXAS 76710 FORWARDING POSTAGE GUARANTEED Address Correction Requested NEW ........._ TO BULK RAT E U.S. P ost;HJP PAID P ermit No.1l W aco. Tex.11 7 6710 PHOTO SLIDE RULE. SOLVES OVER TDTiiL PUOTO 35 PROBLEMS Made of a tough plastic Her e i s a shirt pocket photographic slide rule tha t wl I I end your exposure problems in caves and add a new dimension to your cave photography. A few s impl e move m ents of the d i a l s w i I I g ive yo u the correct exposure using extensi o n tubes or reverse adapters with your usual flash equipment. L a rge room s h ots with multiple f lash are solved easily o n the COMPUTER. COMPLETE WITH DETAILED INSTRUCTION MANUAL WITH EASY TO FOLLOW STEP BY STEP EXAMPLES A CTUA L S IZE $7.95ppd order from: TOTAL PHOTO COMPUTER P. 0. Box 7770 Waco, Texas 76710 Texa s Residents Add 5% tax. I I

Contents: Letters to
the Editor --
Notice --
A new natural landmark in Texas / Jan Knox --
More recipes for cavers / Gill Ediger --
TCA --
Extending flashlight effectiveness / Ralph D. Gerhardt --
Cartoon / Ken Griffin --
Dearly Beloved... / Carol Russell --
The epic 1969 Carta Valley Cave rescue / Ken Griffin --
Down with nylon tubular webbing / Chuck Stuehm --
First aid notes / Chuck Stuehm --
Cave rescue training / Chuck Stuehm --
Editorial / Glenn Darilek --
Garbage --
HArrell's Cave / Ronnie Fieseler --
Harrell's Cave map --
Cartoon / Ken Griffin --
Review / Ken Griffin --
A desire for education / Larry Schmidt --
Back issues of NSS News available / Bill Torode --


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