The Texas Caver

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The Texas Caver
Series Title:
The Texas Caver
Texas Speleological Association
Texas Speleological Association
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Regional Speleology ( local )
Technical Speleology ( local )
serial ( sobekcm )
United States


General Note:
Contents: The new Texas Caver / Editor -- A cave / A. Richard Smith -- A review / Mike Hands -- Digest / Editor -- BOG at San Marcos / Mike Walsh -- Wha's cookin' baby? / Betty Crocked -- Teknikal report / Bill Sherborne -- Guano bucket -- Trip reports -- From the Chair / Glenn Darilek -- StateMents -- News not-so-news -- A caver: Ernst Kastning / Bill Sherborne -- Saving the fare / John Bridges -- Authors -- Editorial.
Open Access - Permission by Publisher
Original Version:
Vol. 19, no. 01 (1974)
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

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University of South Florida Library
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University of South Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
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K26-04580 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.4580 ( USFLDC Handle )
11314 ( karstportal - original NodeID )
0040-4233 ( ISSN )

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the TeiVaS January1974 l W Volume 19 No.1


The TEXAS CAVER is a monthly publ i cation of the Tex as Speleological Associ at i on (TSA), an internal organizati on of the National Spel e ological Society (NSS) and is published by Ken A. Griffin in Houston, Texas Subscriptions are $4. 50 per year ( U S. ) and $ 5 50 elsewhere. Persons subscribing after the first of the year will receive all back issues for that year. Single copies are available at 45Q; each postpaid (U.S. ) or 55Q; each elsewhere. The TEXAS CAVER openly invites contributors to submit: articles, reports news, etc. ( preferably typed ) ; cartoons diag rams, illustrations (cameraready ) ; and photographs (5 x7 or 8x1 0 black & white glossy print s ) to the Edito r Address all correspondence (other than s ubscripti o n ) to the Editor : Ken A Griffin-701 N Post Oak Rd / Suite 4 Houston, Texas 77024 Address all subscription orders to : James Jasek-1218 Melrose/ Waco Te x as 76710 Advertising Sales Office : Griffin & Holt Advertising Graphics-701 N Post Oak Rd Suite4/Houston, Texas 77024/ (713) 688-7633 The Responsible Parties Editor: Ken A Griffin Staff: Greater Houston Grotto Art Direction: Griffin & Holt Advertising Graphics Printing & Distribution: James Jasek Advisors: Publications Committee-TSA Assembly: Huaco Cavers Griffin & Holt Advertising Graphics (713) 688-7633 701 N Po s t Oak Road Suite 4 Houston Tex as 77024 THE TEXAS CAVER the Texascavea Contents TSA office r s f o r 1 974 C h ai rm a n G l enn D a r i l e k Vice C hairman M i k e Wals h S ec r e t a r y /Treasure r Barb ra Vin so n P. 0. B o x 84 1 5 U T Stati o n Aus tin 78705 The N ew T E XAS C AVER E d ito r .. .. .. .................... 2 A Cave A Ric hard Smith .. .. ........................ ...... .. .. 3 A R ev i ew-Mik e H anks ......................... ................. 4 Di gest-Ed i t or . .................... ............ ...... .......... ....... 5 BO G at S a n Marcos Mike Wa l s h ..... ................ .... 6 Wha's Cookin' B a b y?-Bett y Croc k e d ............... ...... 7 Thknik a l R e p ortB i ll S herb orne ....... ............ ......... 8 Guano Bucket ....... ..................... .... ......................... 9 Tri p Reports . . . .... .......... . . .... . .... . ... .... . ... . ... ... 1 2 Fro m The C h airGl enn Daril e k ................. .. ........ .. 14 S tateMents .......... . ..... . . .... ..... . . . ...... .............. . ... 1 5 Ne ws & nots o Ne ws .... ........ ...... ............ .... .............. 16 A Caver/Ernst KastningBill Sherborne ........ ...... 1 7 S aving the Fare-John Bridges .. ..... ...... ............. ..... 1 8 Authors . . .... .......... . ....... . . .... ..... ........ .... .... .... .... 19 Editorial ...... ... ....... . . ..... . ..... . ........ ....... .... ........ .... 2 0


Feature the new Texas Caver Ken A. Griffin What has happened to the good ol' TEXAS CAVER? We've changed hell out of it (I'm sure you've noticed). We're taking some bold and drastic publishing steps in order to produce a high-quality type regional magazine. This is by no means to say that past volumes are less than this. Quite the opposite. In looking back over the files, I have to take my hard-hat off to the previous editors. Some truly fine efforts and journalistic miracles have preceeded this volume. My job, as was theirs, is to do the best job I can, considering I'm not getting paid for it. By profession I am a designer and have training and access to facilities that they did not have. But the CAVER was not redesigned for art's sake: it was changed to harmonize with the new structure and direction as a total magazine package. The Greater Houston Grotto (staff) and I have determined that it was time for a change. So you got it. The 1974 TEXAS CAVER will continue the old standards and favorites of past issues, like: reviews, news, letters, cartoons, trip reports, and other BS. The garbage column has been renamed "Guano Bucket" and will appear as filled. Each month we will present a profile of"A Caver" and a nifty cave description from the TSS files or from submitted write ups. We hope to have monthly reports from the various state organizations and committees (TSS, TSA, Conservation, Publications, etc.) New Features-The new CAVER will feature a rip-off section called "Digest" which will be lifted New TEXAS CAVER Headquarters, Houston 2 from other sources, condensed and edited to fit. "Betty Crocked" will offer menus and recipes (real and ridiculous) for caver gourmets. We plan to feature a section called "Tours" which will cover interesting trips (not limited to caving) you can take-with points of interests, things tosee and do. where to camp and eat, etc. "Adventure" will be a series ofhigh-adventure stories. Of course we will have special features each month, along with photo-tips, bitting editorials, photos, graphics and an occasional safety /first-aide article. Bill Sherborne is the new technical editor and will offer articles, evaluations and reports on tech niques, equipment, and the like. We ask that you contribute your material accompanied by a paragraph or so on who you are, what your experience is, etc. so the readers may get to know you. (This is not required on Trip Reports and News). We invite you to send your reports, articles, photos, cartoons, and noble writings (which qualify for the aforementioned categories) to the editor. We need them. What is required to publish the TEXAS CAVER? Time, material and money. We've stuck out our necks to make the major changes. Things like typesetting, enamel paper, 11 x 17 format, film negatives, metal plates, and half-tones are by no means cheap. These expenses and the postage increase (still in Congress but coming) have necessitated an increase in the subscription price. It is hoped that the quality and reader-benefits of the new caver will overcome this and even increase our subscriptions. To help cover the expenses, we have embarked on an agressive advertising program to get daring advertisers into the CAVER. So get the hell over there and buy something. What can you do? Subscribe and get your friends and relatives to subscribe. Contribute articles, trip reports, photos, etc. on a regular basis. The Greater Houston Grotto and I are working our natural butts offto give you the best regional publi cation in the "hole" U.S. of A. But we can't do it without youse guys. The content of the new TEXAS CAVER should be for and by Texas cavers. Anyway, that's what's happening. We may have a few typo's and upside-down pages until we get all the bats out of our system. Stay with us. We're working for you. KAG THE TEXAS CAVER


MARSHALL BAT CAVE by A. Richard Smith Of many Texas caves mined for guano, Marshall Bat Cave in Val Verde County is probably the least known. It has been famous locally for many years because of the large bat flight, and in 1945 the owner Gilbert Marshall excavated a shaft into the back of the cave and removed 250 tons of guano. Not until 1957 did spelunkers learn of the cave, and only a few have visited the cave since. Entrance to the cave lies 90' above the floor of Evert Canyon (tributary to the Pecos River) at the top of a difficult boulder slope. The entrance itself and the first 150' of passage are 40' wide and only a few feet high. At the Wind Tunnel the passage narrows abruptly to 6', forming the Wind Tunnel through which a strong breeze blows. From the Wind Tunnel the passage ascends the steep breakdown slope of the Gulph, where old wooden ladders aid the climber From the top of The Gulph the cave extends horizontally beneath the 135' deep, 6' square artificial shaft from the surface and into the Bat Room, which is about 50' wide, 20' high, and 150' long. Guano and breakdown form the floor. A steep breakdown slope at the end of the Bac Room leads down to a wide, low, WIND TUNNEL 0 100 FT. THE TEXAS CAVER aGave horizontal passage lying at the same level as the entrance passage. The floor of this final section is covered with a gypsum crust which when broken reveals gypsum flowers, needles, and gypsum hair beneath it. The cave finally ends about 1,100' from the entrance. The entrance and final sections of the cave indicate strong stratigraphic control by the horizontal limestone and dolomite beds of the Edwards Group. Subsequent breakdown has formed the higher levels. N-S jointing in the area probably guided initial solution of the cave passages. Although the cave served as a major ground-water conduit, it has been left high and dry by downcutting of the Pecos River and its tributaries. Most of the very large bat population of the 1940's apparently left the cave when air circulation was changed by the new shaft and subsequent guano mining. The usual invertebrates were found by James Reddell in 1963. Access to the cave is controled by the owner, and the location of the relatively hidden entrance can be obtained from him. ARS. A'RnFIC\Al.. SHAFT GYI>:SUt--\ C.Rv5T -... l-=-=-MA.R.SHALL EY-.T Cr'.VE Vo.\ lkr.le. C,., T<>xa.., ,._ 1 b ISS 3


For anyone interested in cave photography, -Hollywood In A Hole an article in the July 1973 is s ue of AMERICAN CINEMATOGRAPHER, i s highly recommended The article describes how cave lighting problems were ingeniously solved using lightweight, inexp ens ive, and easy to find equipment. The article was written b y a professional cinematographer, Victor Goss III, from Los Angeles who joined a group of his caver friends to make a movie called "THE WILDERNESS BELOW." Jay Arnold directed the films and Frank Binney was one of the stars (both of INSIDE EARTH fame). Cinematographer Goss provides a narrative of their adventures as he overcomes his lack of experience in rappelling and de s igns a unique, but effective, cave lighting syste m Several caves across the southern states were locations for the film, including Russell Cave National Monument, Falling Cave, Tally Ditch (near Falling Cave) and Cumberland Caverns. His first shooting location was Falling Cave in Alabama. Falling Cave is entered via a 160' pit complete with waterfall. The cave is pretty wet and that with the light-gulping darkness made proper photography exeedingly difficult. The circumstances demanded small portable lights with lightweight power sources be used in the caves. Unfortunately, just the opposite is usually available to the movie-maker. Typically, motion picture lighting is bulky and expensive. The power sources are usually excessively large ranging from truck-sized generators to heavy automobile-type batteries. So Goss had a problem. He solved it by assembling a system consisting of surplus aircraft landing lights, an off-the-shelf receptacle to hold the lamp and a motorcycle battery. 4 by Mike Hanks The PAR-36 sized lamps are the same type used on some tractors and require only 100 watts of power from the 12 volt battery. The lamps are available from several sources GE's aircraft light No 4509 and the Westinghouse No. 4415 are two that are fairly easy to find These lights pull no more wattage than a standard household bulb but put out an inten se l y brilliant spot beam. The lamps are mounted in a standard Mole Richardson one-light FAY type head. The only modification required i s to replace the studio plug with alligator clips in order to connect t he power ca ble directly to the battery. The batteries chosen by Goss were made in Japan by Yuasa. They were designed for the Honda 750 four The batteries weigh about 7 pounds, have excellent seals and are rugged and reliable. One battery will operate two lamps continuously for about two hours which is about as much actual filming time possible in a single day. The article provides more detailed information about the camera equipment and other individuals in the project. It also has some groovy pictures of the caves that were visited. The magazine is usually available in public libraries for those who desire more information. WMH ,. WELL, 1\-\t. CAl<. IS PAC.KC.\) ... BuT IT l..ClC:KS LIKE WE WILL K.AVE TO TAICE L1-\t. THE TEXAS CAVER


Ken A. Griffin Condensed from FAMOUS MYSTERIES OF THE SEA; Patricia Lauber American Education Publications; Middletown, Conn., 1962 Rummaging thru my personal library for some light reading material, I d ec id e d to read FAMOUS MYSTERIES OF THE SEA by Patricia Lauber. The very first story was titled "Secrets of the Cavern." What a surprise' It's an easy-reader about the mysterious demise of the sturdy sailing ship General Grant in 1866 The ship was bound for Lond on from Melbourne, via New Zealand. l oa d ed with wool, hides and (of course) gold. It seems that the General Grant was following the currents because there was no wind in the sails when the lookout spied the Aukland Islands dead ahead in the night. The officer of the deck ordered the course changed but the helmsman could not turn the ship! She was caught in a strong running current sweeping the craft straight toward the rocks. They frantically tried to bring the ship under control but could not. The jagged rock s in the shallow turbulent waters ripped off the rudder. The horrified crew watched as before them appear e d in the dark cliffs a giant, black hole of a great cavern. Suddenly the General Grant was sucked into the abyss. Wood shrieked against stone. The fore-t opmast broke with the crack of a gun. Wood and rigging crashed to the deck. And then the General Grant lay still. Passengers and crew heard only a hollow muffied rumbling-the sou nd of the sea de e p within the cavern. Dawn came a few hou rs later. The first g r ay light of morning showed that the ship lay in a g iant cave hollowed out of the island's rocky heart by t h e sea. Over hundre d s of years, waves and spray a nd tides had eaten away the rock, wearing it smooth Nowhere was there a ledge or f oot h o ld. The shattere d masts of the General Grant were jammed against the cavern's roof. The captain had decided to send off the passengers in the ship's boats a nd l a nd them on the island. So h e first launched three sailors in a small boat that carried gear for haulin g the other boats out o f the cavern. A secon d boat also l eft. carrying the c hief officer, three sailors, and a passenger. They were to land on the i s land a nd start exploring it. As the second boat l eft, the changing tide THE TEXAS CAVER CJJigest ground the masts of the Grant against the rocky r oof. The main-topmast tore loose a nd fell in a tangle of rigging and sails. The mainmast was rammed against t h e roof of the cavern with s uch force that its bottom tore apart the planking in the hull. The sea rushed in, and the ship began to settle in the water. Some of the passengers a nd crew jumped overboard and swam for the cavern's mouth. But May 14 was no calm and quiet day. Wind churned the sea a nd waves crashed against the ro cks. Only four of those in the water escaped to t h e small boats that were waiting outside. On board the General Grant, some forty passengers and sailors had climbed into the ship's longboat. There was no need to launch the boat. The General Grant was sinking so fast that her deck was awash and the longboat afloat. The sailors pulled for the mouth of the cavern. Waves. breaking on the rocks outside, swamped a nd sank the boat. One passenger, David Ashworth, and two crew members managed to swim out to the boats. The oth e r s were lost. In s ide the cavern, the Grant went down, carrying with her the captain a nd most of the passengers and crew. The survivors in the two small boats waited. listenin g to the boom of waves inside the cave and wa t ching for s ign s of life. At last they could wait n o longer. The choppy sea threatened to swamp their boats. They turned away, l ook in g for a place to land. The towering cliffs above them offe r ed n o shelter for small boats. Considering winds and tides. they decided t o make for Disappointment I s land, some ten miles distant. The short voyage took two and a half days because their tiny boats were buffeted b y stormwinds and waves. Finally, around noon on May 16 they reached a bay on Disappointment I sland and safely beached t h eir boats. The chief officer. Bartholomew Brown, bega n to take stock H e h a d with him nine seam e n and five passengers, one a woman. The time was mid-May, which is late autumn south ofthl! equator. This meant that an antarctic winter would soo n b e upon them. It meant, too that chances of an early rescue were slim. Hunters of (continued on page 11) 5


BOG at San Marcos,2/2 This firs t Board of Gove rn ors meetin N wi ll b e held on Saturday, February 2 in th e BAM auditorium, Saut h wes t T exas Uni vers it y San Marcos Texas. th e same building in whi c h yea r s con ven ti o n was h eld. The Southwes t T exas Grotto will b e th e h os t yea r your TSA o ffi ce r s h ope t o expand th e activities and servic e s available t o the m embership. The TSA is a lr eady one of the best and m os t active regions in th e NSS. W e h ope, in th e upcoming year. t o expand TSA activi ti es in seve ral fields; rescue photography mapping publications geology, con servation, biology e tc. With this in mind, we offer a full wee k end o f activi ties F ebruary I 2. and 3. W e have reserved th e SWT University Camp at Wimbe rly f or camping Friday and Sat u rday. To reach the camp, go t o Wimber ly, turn right at the Exxon station and then take th e fir st public road to th e right. Lo ok f o r th e TSA signs Saturday m orn in g from 9 to I 2 we w ill h old a cave biology semina r in th e BAM a udit orium for all interested cave rs. Several of th e top T exas cave biologists wi ll present a program a imed at th e non biologist t ype caver There wi ll b e a cave publicat i ons room o pen all day Saturday-60 bring m o n ey! After a lun c h br eak t h e BOG meeting will start at I :30 in th e BAM auditorium F o ll owing the BOG meeting we will break f or s upp er. Info o n San Mar cos restaurants will b e available at the meeting. We have indoor facilities f o r a Saturday night party at the University ca mp. Local cav ing wi ll be se t up (or Sunday. Good Caving! Mike Walsh TSA Vice Chairman Th e l ong-awa it e d index for t h e 1 972 Texas Caver ha s been compiled by Susan F iesel er The details of publishing are bein g worked out. so look fo r yo ur copy soon Th anks aga in to Maggi e Allison a nd Kar en C lement for doin g th e vo l umous 197 3 index 6 Sa...n Mo.rco5 : z 0 "' z :z; ti z & 2 -un;v. c.o.-r'' --..l .. .. t ----,I This year, the officers of the TSA plan up a series of cave seminars in order tc train new cavers and inform old ones seminars will be held at several sites throu the sta te and will include such things a n photography, mapping, publications, gei conservation, biology, etc. The first o series will be Cave Biology. It will be February 2, 9:00A.M., in the BAM audiH Southwest Texas University, San Marcos three hour session we p l a n to presen t a biology session for th e non-biologist type Keep it simple but inte resting will be the of the day. Following the biology sessi 1 will break fo r lun ch a n d the n return for thl m eeti n g We a r e n o t n ecessarly interes drawing l a rge numbers of cavers. 01 making it ava il able t o th e m Sandi Luke Conse rvation C h airma n will be h eadi 1 project. See you there THETEXA5


0 en E en ]! ... co Q. en ... c Cl) ... 'WhaS cookin' BabyP ALPINE EQUIPMENT SPECIALIST Hi! food fans This is the first of a series of articles designed and calculated to present sound nutritional advice and dynamite re c ipes for backpacking and caving expeditions This issue features a recipe for an old standby since the days of the early pioneer s -beef jerky. This food is particularly suited to trail u se. It is delicious with a ri c h beefy taste. It's light and compact because most of the water is remo ved in the coo king relatively inexpensive when you make it yourself, and because it is high in protein, a small amount will go a long way. To begin go ye to the grocery store and bu y about two pounds of beef brisket and a fifth of gin. Freeze the brisket (this will make it easier to slice). Then cut the brisket into strips about two centimeters wide. Be sure to cut across th e grain. Cutting across the grain will make the strips tender and easy to eat. Then trim all the fat off the lean meat. If you're lucky, the brisket you bought will only have fat on the underside, but if it has fat running through the meat be sure to trim that off too. OK, once the meat is ready you should prepare the mixture you are going to season it with. That consists of: One teaspoon of seasalt (or the less esosteri c table salt), one teaspoon of garlic salt, and 1 / 2 teaspoon of freshly-ground blac k peppercorns. Mix all that together and sprinkle it on both sides of the brisket strips. The functional component is the salt, it helps remove the moisture. The rest is flavoring. You might want to add marjoram or other spices and herbs to suit your taste. Whatever turns you on. After seasoning the strips, place them on a wire rack so the air can circulate under them. Place the entire assembly into the oven and bake it at 1 75 degrees for about eight hours or until the n:eat is reasonably dry. Now kill the fifth of gin! When it cools place it in a sealed container, a zip-lock bag is ideal and you' II have plenty of meat for a long weekend. It will keep a long time without spoiling and can be eaten with no preparation. Well, that's it for this issue caving culinary affectionados, but tune in again next issue when yours truly, Betty Crocked, will reveal yet another dynamite recipe from the mysterious realm of CAVE COOK IN'. And remember, you are what yo u eat. Merc y sakes! BSC Mike Hanks THE TEXAS CAVER 7


t9k'n1kal re.port': Bill Sherborne: Technical Editor This article marks the beginning of a regular monthly feature on equipment and techniques. Almost every caving publication has articles on equipment from time to time, but most cavers do not have access to the myriad of grotto and local publications, and therefore have difficulty in keeping up. Another problem the individual caver faces is evaluating the true worth of a piece of equipment-He may invest a considerable amount of time or money in making or buying an item only to discover that it is no better than the equipment he is presently using. In future issues, we will present articles on equipment for all types of caving activity (well almost all) that are new and up to date, and will let the caver take advantage of recent equipment im provements. In addition, there will be equipment reviews and basic information for designing and making your own equipment. Above all I hope that this column will enable you to select or make the best equipment available. Toward this end, this month's article was pinched from the Sept.-Oct. 71 GEORGIA UNDERGROUND. Kinda old, but I haven' t seen the equipment described elsewhere, and if you wait for the 1971 SPELEODIGEST, you'll be too old to use it. The article describes a new way to rig Gibbs ascenders using a third ascender. This method is not only rapid (it was used by the winning contestants in the vertical contest at the 1971 NSS Convention.), but it is also safer and easier to use than the method described in theGibbs brochure. RIGGING THE FLOATING CAM SYSTEM To begin with, we ll get the loWer right-foot Gibbs out of the way. There is no super way to attach this cam yet, so until someone comes up with something better, I suggest the following method-at least it works. Take a long piece of l-inch tubular webbing and thread it through the cam. (Refer to Figure 1.) 8 FIGURE 1. RIGHT FOOT CAM The left foot gets a little more complicated, since this is where we begin to float. Using more one-inch tubular webbing, tie a slip knot in one end forming a loop big enough to get your boot into. Then stitch the free end of the knot to the standing area of the webbing. Be sure to leave some sliding space so that the loop can be adjusted. Now, place the loop over your boot, the knee cam through the free end, and locate the cam so that the eye is 3 to 4 inches above your kneecap. Loop the free end of the webbing over the standing part, then stitch. The completed sling is shown i'n Figure 2. OVERHAND SLIPKNOT I FIGURE2. \ SLIDING SPACE STITCH KNEE CAM & FOOT SLING Since the upper Gibbs will not be attached to your knee, a "Floater Sling" must be made torestrain it. Start by fabricating the small plate shown in Figure 3. This plate will be used as a connector betweenthe floating cam and a length of 14-in. diameter shock cord. THE TEXAS CAVER


51 16 in. dia. 1 I 4 in. (typ.) 3132 ini--l 1 1 01 r -2112in.--FIGURE3. CONNECTOR PLATE Pass the shock cord through one hole in the plate and stitch with lightweight nylon cord (an inner strand of parachute cord will do) as shown in Figure 4. Stitching the shock cord in this way will allow the stitched area to stretch naturally with the rest of the cord This is important, and will become apparent during use. Now clip the plate on the float cam, put the loop in the left foot and lift that foot as high as possible, simulating a giant Gibbs step, and without stretching the shock cord, pull the whole mess in a straight line to the collar bone on your left shoulder and mark the shock cord at that point. (Simon says, "jump up!" Congratulations, you are now qualified to ascend pits in a single bound.) That mark now becomes the center of a loop on the other end of the shock cord. Stitch it as you did the first one. The shock cord with the plate should look similar to Figure 4. SHOCK CORD PLATE CARABINER F.IGURE4. SHOCK CORD SLING (continued on page 10) THE TEXAS CAVER o Gill Ediger sends an original, home-made quote he thought up"Conventions are great places for the meeting of minds . and other body parts." And as if that wasn t enough, he s hared his favorite bumper s ticker with us . "Sav e our Forests-Eat more Beaver. o If you have e ver had difficulty in a restaurant in Mexico perhaps these handy phrases will give you something to fight back with next time Warning: The Caver General has d etermined that these phrases may be dangerous to your health. Saque el dedo gordo de Ia sopa' (Get your dirty thumb out of the soup!) Ti e n e n un hospital para los que comen aqui7 (Do you run a hospital for people who eat her e 7 Es una lastima que todos los camareros se hayan muerto' (I am so sorry to h ear that all your w a iters have died)' Esta mosca esta muy bi e n guisada' (That fly looks e xtrem e ly well-cooked') o Society is now one pol1shed horde, formed of two mighty tribes, the Bores and the Bored -By ron o It was obs erved at Southlake that Sherbome s Datsun has the world' s only Rip-Stop nylon tail light COMPLAINT FORM Please write your complaint in space below: Write legibly. D 9


(from page 9) Now, put everything aside for awhile and concentrate on making the upper rigging. Begin by constructing a seat harness as shown in Figure 5. This harness is made from a single piece of two inch wide webbing with at least four stitched joints. Alternate harness designs are possible, but the one shown is recommended because of its non-shifting properties. This is important for accurately locating the back strap. STITCH iiU 10 TAPER FIGURE 5 SEAT HARNESS STITCH 1 I 3 TAPER ""' I FIGURE6. WEBBING TAPER Begin construction of the shoulder harness by tapering one end of a piece of2-inch webbing as shown in Figure 6, and insert it into the eye of the third cam. Then sew the end of the webbing to the standing part, forming a loop through the eye of th e cam. Now put on your seat harness and run the fre e end of the shoulder harness through the carabiner. Position the cam on the fleshy upper-part of your shoulder and pull up on the seat harness to simulate sitting in it. Stand erect and mark the point where the shoulder harness crosses the carabiner. (Now that you've discovered you have three hands we'll fe8ture a three-Jumar method of ascending soon l This mark becomes the center of a sewn loop for th e carabiner. Your work to date should look similar to Figure 7. FIGURE 7. FRONT SHOULDER STRAP Now, stitch another taper and sew it on the shoulder cam exactly as you did the front strap, onl y this one will drape acroro:s your back. Stitch a cinch buckle to the end of the strap at a point easily mani pulated, but as high on your back as you can reach with both hands. The last thing to stitch goes on the harness. Sew a piece of webbing just behind the left-rear crossover on the seat harness, and angle it up toward the cinch buckle. Thread it through the buc kle and cut it off, leaving enough extra webbing for adjustment. Your harness from the rear should appear as in Figure 8. THE TEXAS CAVER


FIGURES. BACK SHOULDER STRAP Your rig is now ready for use. Get into the seat/ shoulder harness and put on the right foot cam. Put your foot in the float-cam loop and clip a small (pear-shaped) carabiner into the top loop of the shock cord and then into the tapered loop of the front shoulder strap and you are ready to go. Happy ascending! FLOATING CAM SYSTEM SHOCK CORD FLOAT GIBBS FOOT GIBBS Bruce Smith Atlanta, Ga. WDS THE TEXAS CAVER (from page 5 ) whales and seals were not likely to come near the island before spring, if that soon. The fifteen survivors, then, were likely to spend a number of months on the island. Brown organized the men to collect driftwood for a fire The fire warmed them, but that was not its chief purpose. The fire was also their signal, their only hope of attracting the attention of a passing ship. By night its flames would be a beacon. By day wet or green wood thrown on the fire would send up a column of black smoke. At no time could they afford to let the fire go out. Fortunately, seals turned out to be plentiful. Their meat was the castaways' main food. Their skins served as warm clothing and roofing for a hut. Spring brought both warmth and hope. The men made rough carvings in the shape of a ship. On each they scratched the name ofthe General Grant and the position of the survivors. They gave each a piece oftin for a sail, hoping that sunlight glinting on the metal would catch some sailor's eye. They scratched the same information on pieces of wood, which they attached to seal bladders. Then they blew up the bladders and set them adrift. The currents carried away the messages, but no help came. By summer Brown had decided on a desperate measure. He would take one of the boats and try to reach the New Zealand coast, about 200 miles away. He had neither charts nor navigating instruments, but the weather was fair and he felt his chances of making land were good. The men decked over a boat with sealskins and made a sail out of some old canvas. They provisioned the boat with water, smoked seal meat, the eggs of sea birds, and tins of soup that had come with them from the General Grant. On January 22, 1867 Brown and three sailors launched their small boat and set out for New Zealand. They were never heard from again. On November 21, a ship appeared on the horizon. This time the castaways did not bother with the fire. They launched their boat and rowed toward that distant sail with all the strengtt they possessed The ship, the whaler Amherst, saw them, stopped, and took them aboard. (continued on page 14) 11


DATES: October 20, 21, & November 10, 11, 1973 PERSONNEL: Ernst Kastning, Charles Fromen, Mike Hanks, Theresa Morris, Claude Penny, Mike Connolly, Ransom Myers. DESTINATION: Gruta del Palmito and vicinity Bustamante, N.L., Mexico REPORTED BY: Mike Connolly The first trip was intended as a Greater Houston Grotto outing to Gruta del Palmito since several of the members had never visited this cave. The trip started normally with an enjoyable walk up the switchback trail in the coolness of the morn ing There were several Mexicans talking with the regular guide when we arrived at the entrance, and after a few photographs, conversation turned to the possibility of other caves in the vicinity. In halting Spanish it was learned that the old man talking to the guide made his living by gathering palmetto fronds from the mountainside. He claimed to know of several caves in the vicinity, including one which was deep and 'dark'. He could not at the moment guide us to the spot since it would take him from his work, but he finally agreed to go part of the way and give directions. Since no one knew of how re liable this fellow might be it was decided that two cavers would go to check this lead while the others visited the Gd P. Charles and Mike Hanks set out with the old man who had introduced himself as Senor Rodriguez. The remainder of the group entered the cave where they spent about eight hours taking photographs. On their way out they encountered Charles and Mike near the top of the breakdown slope, returning from an unsuccessful 12 cave hunt. It was decided to camp in Bustamante canyon and to look up Sr. Rodriguez the next day in town. Sunday morning, after considerable difficulty, Sr. Rodriguez' house was finally located. His description of the terrain near the cave had closely coincided with that encountered by Charles and Mike on their climb and after considerable discussion it was concluded that they had misinterpreted his directions regarding the final 100 meters or so to the cave. Further interrogation elicited glowing descriptions of the cave, in cluding that the mouth was six meters across there was a drop of uncertain distance (maybe 60 meters) and that clouds issued from the mouth in cold weather. Some of those present wondered how much of this glowing description might be due to leading questions posed by a certain caver the previous day, but kept these questions to themselves. The trip back to Houston was made amidst excited speculation by a cer-tain caver, and planning of a return trip for several weeks later. The second trip was well planned. The arrival of cavers was heralded by a letter sent from Charles Fromen to Sr. Rodriguez a week in advance of the second coming. The cavers arrived in front of Sr. Rodriguez house early that cold drizzly Saturday morning and the mountain man was waiting. The cavers spirits sank, however, when he insisted that conditions were too dangerous to readh the intended ob jective (rain and low visibility) and that he would show them several caves containing Indian pictographs and 'gold coins' instead. After hasty consultation, the group set out for the parking lot hoping to change their guides mind on the way. Considerable discussion took place at the parking lot with the cavers trying to persuade their guide to lead them to the original objective. He remained adamant, however, and finally explained that he had climbed up to the cave several days before and that it was not actually as good as he had remembered. He would be very happy to lead them to some caves in another location that he was sure were much better since they were known to contain gold and money. As this discussion continued a mood of doom and despair gripped most of the group, but a certain caver insisted on climbing the mountain to find the cave. Insisting that the cave must be a good one and that our guide was only de grading it because he didn't want to hike up there, he headed up the trail. The others held back, how ever, listening to Sr. Rodriguez and beginning to believe that the course of action he recom-mended might have merit. That certain caver, THE TEXAS CAVER


however, was not to be restrained and after 45 minutes of haggling the rest of the group (less the guide) followed him up the trail, with thoughts of previous ordeals racing through their heads. After several hours of climbing and hiking over slippery limestone the dauntless explorers reached the area where the cave was supposed to be located. With visibility at 20 feet Mike Hanks set out to build a fire while the others searched for the cave and for firewood. Mike extracted some type of magical substance from his pack and was miraculously able to kindle a fire from the wet firewood. This provided an opportunity for the cavers to dry their clothes and warm their bodies before exposure became a problem. In the meantime Charles had located the cave; an insignificant hole, precisely as descri bed by the would-be guide several hours before. When clothing had been dried substantially, the group had a few morsels of nourishment pro vided by Mike Hanks. It was then necessary to begin the descent immediately in order to find the trail before dark. They arrived at the park ing lot without mishap despite the treacherous conditions and the fact that night had fallen while they were still on the mountain. So ended one more of the great searches. DATE: October 19-21, 1973 DESTINATION: Culberson County Gypsum Plain PERSONNEL: Bill Elliott, James Reddell, and A. Richard Smith REPORTED BY: A. Richard Smith To add information and to take pictures for A. Richard's {;Ontinuing dissertation on the karst morphology of the Gypsum Plain, we explored and mapped several gypsum caves in the area. Outstanding discoveries included the 55-degree F. water in River Cave, an intermittent resurgence for pre viously known Hollebeke Stream Cave, a major new karst area with several new and only partly explored caves including Mystery Cave, which contained some 4' calcite sta lactites. During the 2:.6 days about 15 pre viously known caves were located on air photos and described, 4 caves were mapped (River, Spare Tires, Elliot's Crumbling, and Dry Grass), 16 new caves were explored and described, and Elliott took more than a hundred photos. Most notable sight was James Reddell in muddy cave clothes running across the surface swinging his butterfly net! THE TEXAS CAVER DATE: November 16, 1973 DESTINATION: Enchanted Rock PERSONNEL: Karen Clement, Kathy Allison, John and Mikki Ottea, Glenn, Ruth, and Paul Darilek REPORTED BY: Glenn Darilek This was a one-day caving trip to explore the unusual talus cave on Enchanted Rock. We got 3-year old Paul through the cave, and he liked it immensely. I kept my driving speed down to 80-90 kilometers per hour, and to everyone's sur prise, we got a gas kilometerage of 80 km./ liter (as opposed to the usual 60 for my Ford van). In order to conserve energy, cave trips will have to be planned so that plenty of time is allowed for slower driving speeds, and so that as many people as possible drive in one car. DATE: October 28, 1973 DESTINATION: Cascade Cavern's and Pfeif fer's Cave PERSONNEL: most of the Alamo Area Chap ter and many special guests REPORTED BY: Karen Clement The day began with a cave mapping trip for early arrivers, Ruth and Glenn Darilek, Greg Passmore, Dan Long, Stan Shaw, and my self. The cave owner, Mr. Chester Pfeiffer, of Boerne, stayed topside with AI Brandt during the long hours we were in the cave. As soon as the map is completed we hope to send a copy to Mr. Pfeiffer in appreciation for the hospitality shown. Meanwhile, dozens of other people were gathering in the pavillion at Cascade Caverns, where we were the guests of John and Gladys Bridges. Mr. Bridges 1ed a tour of Cascade for those wishing to see the caverns again, some of the brave at heart went swimming, and all gathered at the pavillion again for supper. The feast was provided by Mr. and Mrs. Bridges and was the best BBO supper we've ever had. Total people fed was between 40 and 50 (they were moving around too much for an accurate count). Mr. Bridges spoke a few words, introduced his guests, and then played a very moving recording of 'Corridors of Time' by Ed Swartz (a copy of which has been submitted to the Texas Caver editor). Thanks to Mr. and Mrs. Bridges and Mr. Pfeiffer for a great day. 13


From the chair Glenn Darilek/ ChairmanTSA Special thanks and r ecognitio n should be given to last year's TSA officers. Ronnie Fieseler Neal Morris and j erry Lindsey held th eir offi ces well, and with their direction, e ncourage m e nt and h ard work, a w h o l e l o t of inte r est in the TSA ha s been ge n e rat ed. A s i g n of this interest was m anifested by the competitio n and close r ace for the offices of the TSA and voluntee r s for the editorship of the TEXAS CAVER.Nev e r ha s th e r e been this type of concern f or th e well-being of caving in T exas. With th e help of eve r y m embe r and g r otto, we can use this enthusias m for th e betterment of spe leology. Let u s all work t ogethe r for this goa l ElsPwhere in this issue i s the notice for the TSA Board of Governor's meeting. This meeting i s open t o eve r yo ne interested, and other activities have bee n planned, so m ake plans to attend. I n order for your group t o h ave its votes and in order for th e office r s to better serve the m embe rship an up t o date listing of th e membe r s and m ember o rganization i s n eeded. The TSA By-laws defines m embe r o r ganizations a those who have submitted a n offi c i a l lis t of members to the officer s of the TSA within the preceding or current calendar year, yo ur group mus t send this lis t to: Barbara Vinson Secretary Treasurer P.O. Box 8415 U. T.St ation A u stin, Texas 7 8712 Only a few grottos ha ve complied, so make sure your o r ganizatio n has its votes and send this lis t in before the BOG m ee ting. Surv eys and publishing organizations mus t complete the same r equirements as well as cavin g o rganizatio ns. We hope to have these new g r o ups j o in and work with u s I f yo u eve r have a n y s u ggestions as to how th e TSA s hould be operated, and a r e willing t o work o n th ese ideas, do n o t he sitate t o discuss this with th e TSA o f ficers. We a r e h e r e to help you and work with yo u and your o rganization. 14 See you a t the BOG m eeting G l enn Darilek Chairma n TSA (from page 11) With the rescue of the survivors, the story of th e General Grant and her sunken gold spread through New Zealand. Since everyone knew where the ship had gone down expeditions were organized to hunt for the wreckage and treasure. One of them was led by David Ashworth, former passenger on the General Grant. He set sail aboard the schooner Daphne on March 26, 1870 The ship reached the Aucklands without difficulty. There, on a fair calm d ay, Ashworth, the captain, and four of the crew set off in one of the Daphne's boats. They never came back. Weeks later the three remaining crew members brought the Daphne back to hP.r h ome port on South Island. They had waited and waited for the boat until all hop e was gone. Then they had set sail and left the Aucklands. What happened to the men from the Daphne? Was their boat wrecked on rocks? Was it drawn into some deep crevice of the cavern from which there was no escape? Was Ashworth, who had once escaped the cavern, claimed by it the second time? No one has ever known. Nor did anyone ever find the General Grant. Though the searchers knew exactly where to hunt, they found no trace of the ship or gold. The dark cavern in the heart of the rocky island guards its secrets to this day. THE TEXAS CAVER


TSS The Caves of San Saba, Revi s ed (Vol III, Nos 7-8) is complete, but the Volume III Index to be bound into the issue is still at Speleo Press to be printed As soon as the Index is printed the issue can be assembled and distributed to all subscribers An earlier issue of Volume III, "THECA VES OF THE STOCKTON PLA TEA V", will be reprinted in the near future If you want the TSS to continue into Volume IV please send cave reports and maps to the editor James Reddell, Dept. of Biology Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Tx 79409 Please send your $4.00 for Volume IV subscriptions to A Richard Smith, 1135 Bournewood, Sugar Land, Tx 77478 Thanks. ARS TSA The BOG is planned for Feb. 2 in San Marcos and promises to be an interesting and enjoyable gathering of the membership The new TSA officers for 1974 are: Chainnan Glenn Darilek Vice Chairman Mike Walsh Secretary / Treasurer Barbra Vinson P 0. Box 8415, UT Station, Austin 78705 See you at the BOG. (_ 1 -------... .....-----...-_ THE TEXAS CAVER True bravery is shown by performing without witness what one might be capable of doing before all the world. ) 15


cfNew('s Newc AAC Newly elected officers for AAC are: Chairman-John Allison Vice Chairman-Bob Oakley Secretary-Karen Clement Treasurer-Ruth Darilek After a brief rest from editing the 1973 CAVER, the AAC has many plans for 1974, including work on the Bexar County Survey, cave trips, and publishing the monthly grotto newsletter-The Bexar Caver. The Bexar Caver invites subscriptions ($2.00/yr. ) and exchanges with similar publications. Contact Ruth Darilek, 11929 Grapevine, San Antonio Tx 78228 AAC meets the fourth Tuesday of each month at 115 Auditorium Circle, San Antonio, Tx. 78205. 0 \ V ( \ tl) 1$-1 ''WHAI)I)A'(A MEAN YOD !_WAS ALL t)OWI--1? KCOR.S WrtAD\::A'(I\fv\EAN ?." 16 GHG Once again the Greater Houston Grotto has shifted the focus of its caving activities to Mexico after encountering difficulty in getting into Texas caves. Two recent club trips were made to Bustamante. On Thanksgiving weekend Charles Fromen, Mike Connolly, and Theresa Morris made a trip to the La Trinidad area south of Monterey to wind up some mapping. Charles and Mike are also planning a Christmas-week trip to the Rio Purificacion region north ofCiudad Victoria. ASS The people at A&M have formed a grotto this year with a membership of just over 40. Alicia Wisener was the one who pulled everybody together by organizing the first meeting late in September. The turnout at that first meeting was gratifying; over 50 people attended. One week later, after a lot of running around and tedious paper work, the organizing members had given birth to a constitution which was consistent with NSS and TSA ethics and had scoped out a trip for the novices to Gorman Falls. The first trip was literally washed out by the heavy rains that continued all that week and flooded the only road leading to Gorman's. But, the Aggie Speleological Society, (A.S S.) as it has been officially named, got together the next week and planned another beginner trip which ended up in Austin at Airman's Cave and in San Marcos at Boyett's Cave and McCarty' s Cave. As things stand, the Aggie grotto has a lot of interested and experienced members that are hot on caving and a lot of not-so-experienced members that are eager to learn. The officers of the A.S.S are: Bob Bliss (chairman) Jim Goodbar (vice-chairman), Alicia Wisener (secretary) and Kathy Walker (treasurer). The grotto meets in room 510 of the Memorial Student Center of A&M on the second and fourth Wednesdays of every month. John D McFarlin THE TEXAS CAVER


Ernst Kastning by Bill Sherborne The name Ernst Kastning probably does not ring a bell with most Texas cavers, unless you happen to be active in the CRF. Although Ernst has only recently moved to Houston, he has been very active in caving in the northeast and on the national level. He is a caver well worth knowing. Ernst became interested in caving in 1965 while a student at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. He did extensive caving in New York and in 1967 organized the Mohawk-Hudson Grotto with several other NSS members in the area. In 1968 he was elected Vice Chairman of the Northeastern Regional Organization; and in 1969 thru 1971 he was chairman of that region. Mean while Ernst had moved to Connecticut (in 1966) to take a job as an electrical engineer with Pratt and Whitney. Needless to say, he expanded his caving activities to that state, and in 1971 founded the Connecticut Valley Grotto. During this time, he also made many trips to the caves of Virginia and West Virginia. His caving in this part of the country was prompted by the publication of THE CAVES OF VIRGINIA, and the first few trips were made with the book as his only guide until he met other cavers from the area. All of this caving activity resulted in an ever increasing interest in geology for Ernst, so he quit his job as an engineer in 1971 and went back to school at the University of Connecticut for a masters degree in geology-with a cave-related thesis of course. In July 1973, Ernst moved to Houston to go to work for Texaco as a geophysicist. He is nearly finished with his thesis, CAVERN DEVELOPMENT IN THE HELDERBERG PLATEAU, EAST-CENTRAL NEW YORK. While caving in New York, Ernst became interested in mapping and cartography and literally was the entire New York Cave Survey. His mapping projects in the capacity include some 80 caves including McFails Cave and Skull Cave, the two longest caves in New York. On Thanksgiving 1970 his interest in mapping led him into association with the Cave Research Foundations (CRF) and an intense interest in the Central Kentucky Karst. After many mapping and exploration trips, Ernst recently participated in a trip which discovered a mile of virgin-river passage in the lower level of Mammoth Cave. He was also elected a member of the CRF and appointed as editor for publications THE TEXAS CAVER a Caver by the CRF Board of Governors. On the national level, Ernst was elected a Fellow of the NSS in 1969. He is presently history editor for the NSS Bulletin and a Director of the American Spelaen History Association. He has caved in 21 states and 8 foreign countries. When Ernst isn't caving, he is usually doing something related to caves. His other interests include photography, cave geomorphology and hydrology, anomalous caves and collecting cave literature. His library on speleology takes up a large bedroom in his apartment, and the nearly 200 shelf-feet contain many rare works (including THE AMAZING UNDERGROUND ADVENTURES OF SPELEO T. AGNEW). As said at the beginning, many Texas cavers probably don't know Ernst, but he is eager to go caving in Texas when he isn't in Kentucky, and he would like to get to know more Texas cavers. So if you do happen to encounter Ernst while caving, ask him about some of his experiences-We guarantee that you'lllearn something from it. WDS / ARS 17


Saving the fare John Bridges We entered this cave in Kendall County thru a 5 ft. diameter vertical pit which looked very much like a dug well. At the bottom of this pit which was 12 ft. deep a 45 degree slant opening slightl y smaller in diameter went 20 ft. and led to another pit 12 ft. deep and 8 ft. in diameter. Rope was not needed in this pit as some previous caver had left an aluminum ladder her e The walls of the entire cave at this point appear to be a deposit of creek gravel and sand pretty well cemented together by an oviously high calcium content. In this last pit we entered a limestone area-water eroded and with horizontal bedding of the layers. There is evidence of co llapse of large lime sto ne sections during the period of deposition of the gravel. A small stream of water enteres the pit at this point. To one side of this pit a very large water eroded pit extends almost straight down with a shelf about 12 ft. below At this point we were about 38 ft. below the surface. Here we begin to hear the sound of water-lots of water! We brought in a 5 cell flashli te with new batteries and looked below into a large pool of water. Rocks dropped into it indicated about 80 ft drop from the shelf to the water, whi c h proved later to be quite accurate. M a king sure we had enough rope to go the full distance we proceeded down into a hugh room which our feeble light barely penetrated. We could see however, a large waterfall co ming out of the cei ling about 100 ft. away and falling into a large obviously deep pool which covered the entire room. We l owered ourselves until we were almost t.o the water when suddenly the whole room exploded into light revealing railings and trails around the entire room. At this moment a group of tourists rounded a corner of the trail with a very surprised guide. We had just lowered into the Cathederal R oom a t Cascade Caverns! JPB (Note: Cascade Caverns is a commercial cave located near Boerne, Texas Ed.) 18 -+ u Q) Qj "' l) (") 0 " c .2 "' ::> 0 I -0 ::> oVl >-... ::> ...c -+-"' 3 co (") -o u .. -+-c Q) E Q. 5 ow "' "' Q) c ... Q) ::::Q Two good reasons to buy Vasque! THE TEXAS CAVER


WILLIAM MICHAEL HANKS Michael Hank-; is a uriter-producer-director of films for A-V Corporation. A-Vis the prime NASA contractor for the production of public affairs and scientific information films. He has worked professionally in all facets of film production including animation, cinematography, and editing. He ha., sened as communications consultant to Westinghouse Learning Corporation, The American Petroleum Institute, and mrious medical, scientific. and industrial organizations. He wa., born in the East Texas town of Nacogdoches and some of his earliest memories are of treks deep into the Big Thicket with his grandfather uho gn'U' up in the area and knew it well He ha.-; always been interested in calling and had an opportunity to exercise thL' inclination while at the Uni!'ersity of Texas at Austin in 1964. Since then cming has been a chief interest along with dirt-biking, rocl<-clim bing, and photography. Mike L' thL' month's ghost-writer for Betty Crocked. BETTY CROCKED BETTY CROCKED was born in the back of a 6x6 2'1:! ton Reo while enroute to a legendary blowing-air pit in northern Mexico. Her parents had to abandon the small child at the border as they had no papers for her and couldn't afford the import duty. lhen she ww; old enough, she made her way to a lhataburger stand where she had her first meal. Her shouted four-letter expletil'e wm; heard as far away as Waco, precipitating multiple strokes among the senior staff of the English department at Baylor University. She was subsequently taken in by a colony of rare tree-frog hats where she learned to hang by her heels from precarious positions on the ceilings of caves and university lecture halls. It was from this unique perspective that she assimilated the vast storehouse of knowledge which today comprises a little-know volume of survival lore entitled CAVE COOKIN'. Installments of this single copy hand-written publication are being reprinted in edited form in the TEXAS CAVER. Betty is presently living with a tribe of nomadic salamanders in central Houston where she is researching her newest book with Evell Gibbons-STRETCH YOUR FOOD BUDGET-EAT RUBBER. THE TEXAS CAVER c:Authors BILL SHERBORNE Sherborne started cal'ing in Tennesse while in Jr. High School. He later moved to California where he took up the noble sport of mountaineering and climbed in the Sierra Nevada. Bill then attended West Point in New York and joined the West Point Mountaineering Club. He soon became an instructor in the club. Being a iree soul and not the military type, Bill transferred to the University of Tennessee and back to cauing country. After graduation in 1966 with a B.S. in engineering, he moved to Houston to work for NASA, where he met Billy Campbell. Campbell introduced him to Texas caving and Bill joined the old Houston Grotto and NSS. The reformation of that Grotto became the Rice (University) Speleological Society. Bill was soon elected Vice Chairman. lhen the RSS was dissolved due to non-participation by students, Bill established the Greater-Houston Grotto and was elected Chairman (a position he still holds). He hw; always been active in the TSA and its functions. Bill's interests and actiuites extend to all aspects of caving: publications, organization, hiking, climbing, motorcycles, photography and especially equipment. He L-; the Technical Editor for the 1974 TEXAS CAVER. If you had to use one word to categorize Sherborne, that word would be "involved." x rn ::I a: ...... 0 u z 0 t; ,...:MIII,.'l .t E Renate Racher sees the light in Midnight Cave, Carta Valley E I!) I!) 1ii E z ...... '0 >-0 :::i .0 0 III >.0 .c a.. 19


aq GEditofial The fuel shortage is a great threat to caving in Texas, mostly because this is such a big state and cave trips usually require a considerable amount of driving to get to the area. It's time to consider more efficient use of gasoline and vehicle utilization. Driving slower and loading the old van brim-full of cavers is one way. Exact and advanced trip planning is another. I don't even pretend to know the solution. I only know the problem is real and severe. Whether it's a conspiracy by the petroleum giants or government ineptness does not lessen the fact. Maybe we could have converters in stalled for burning bat guano to power our autos. My only purpose here is to stress that trips will be at a premium. If you take a trip, be sure to report it to the TEXAS CAVER. You can share it with those of us who didn't or couldn't go. This is also all the more reason to get a subscription to the new good ol' CAVER. You can keep up with activities and adventures and events going on all around the great state. Reading the 1974 TEXAS CAVER is a trip in itself. And we furnish the gas. That's my opinion. 20 iSUBSCRIBE NOW! $4.50 for 12 big fine issues. the TEXAS CAVER 1218 Melrose I W aco. Texas 76710 THE TEXAS CAVER


/ / / / // l / i ,/ ditor in Midnight Cave, Carta Valley hoto by Charles Fro men / Miranda-35 mm lens/ Kodachrome II.


To: rhe TEXAS CAVER 218 Melrose/Waco, Texas 76710 BUL K R A TE U.S. PAID Perm1t N o.1J Waco, T ex.1s 7 6710 FORWARDING POS T 1 GUARANTEED Address Correctio n Requested Backpack to N EquipDlent 597 Town & Country Village (Mall of Fountains) Houston 77024 638 Westbury Square I Houston, Texas 77035 I (713) 721 1530 Inc.

Contents: The new
Texas Caver / Editor --
A cave / A. Richard Smith --
A review / Mike Hands --
Digest / Editor --
BOG at San Marcos / Mike Walsh --
Wha's cookin' baby? / Betty Crocked --
Teknikal report / Bill Sherborne --
Guano bucket --
Trip reports --
From the Chair / Glenn Darilek --
StateMents --
News & not-so-news --
A caver: Ernst Kastning / Bill Sherborne --
Saving the fare / John Bridges --
Authors --