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The Texas Caver

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Title:
The Texas Caver
Series Title:
The Texas Caver
Creator:
Texas Speleological Association
Publisher:
Texas Speleological Association
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Language:
English

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Subjects / Keywords:
Regional Speleology ( local )
Technical Speleology ( local )
Genre:
Newsletter
serial ( sobekcm )
Location:
United States

Notes

General Note:
Contents: TSA Convention 74 / Glenn Darilek -- The Grotto of Jeita / Gary Soule -- A cave / A. Richard Smith -- Teknikal report / Mike Connolly -- Getting there / Ken A. Griffin -- News not-so news -- Election notice -- Candela: conquered / Bob Lloyd -- Pioneer caver remembered: Tom Meador -- Flak (and other letters) -- Betty Crocked / Barbra Vinson -- A caver: Alicia Wisener / Finfrock, et al -- Inflated caving / Assoc. Press -- Getting out / Gary Parsons -- Caving goes to the heart of matter / Cliff Lewis -- Trip reports -- Guano bucket -- Editorial.
Restriction:
Open Access - Permission by Publisher
Original Version:
Vol. 19, no. 06 and 07 (1974)
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

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University of South Florida Library
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University of South Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
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K26-04585 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.4585 ( USFLDC Handle )
11319 ( karstportal - original NodeID )
0040-4233 ( ISSN )

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the T exascaveR June/ July 1974 Volume 19, Nos 6 & 7

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The TEXAS CAVER is a monthly publication of the Texas Speleological Association (TSA), an internal organization of the National Speleological Society (NSS) and is published by Ken A. Griffin in Houston, T exas. Subscriptions are $4 50 per year (U.S.) and $5.50 e lsewhere Persons subscribing after the first of the year will receive all back issues for that year. Single copies are available at 45q: each postpaid (U. S ) or 55q: each elsewhere The TEXAS CAVER openly invites contributors to submit: articles, reports news, etc (preferably typed); cartoons, diagrams illustrations (camera-ready); and photographs (5x7 or 8x10 black & white glossy prints) to the Editor A ddress all correspondence (other than subscription) t o t he Editor : Ken A. Griffin-701 N. Post Oak Rd./Suite 4 Houston Texas 77024 Address all subscription orders to : James Jasek4190 Lakeshore Dr./Waco, Tex. 76710 Advertising Sales Office : G riffin & Holt Advertising Graphics-701 N Post Oak Rd. Suite 4/ Houston, Texas 77024/ (713) 688-7633 Th e Responsible Parties Editor: Ken A Griffin & Bill Sherborne Staff: Greater Houston Grotto Art Direction: Griffin & Holt Advertising Graphics Printing & Distribution: James Jasek 1 Ronnie Fieseler Assembly: Huaco Cavers Griffin & Holt Advertising Graphics,. (713) 688-7633 701 N. Post Oak Road, Suite 4 Houston, Texas 77024, THE TEXAS CAVER the TexascaveR Contents Volume 19, Nos. 6 & 7 TSA officers for 1974 Chairman Glenn Darilek Vice ChairmanMike Walsh Secretary / Treasurer Barbra Vinson P. 0. Box 8415, UT Station, Austin 78705 TSA Convention 7 4 Glenn Darilek 94 The Grotto of Jeita Gary Soule 95 A Cave A. Richard Smith . 96 Teknikal Report Mike Connolly 97 Getting There-Ken A Griffin. 98 News & Not-So News . . 99 Election Notice . . . . 101 Candela: Conquered-Bob Lloyd. 103 Pioneer Caver Remembered-Tom Meador 104 Flak (and other letters) . . . 105 Betty Crocked Barbra Vinson 109 A Caver/Alicia Wisener-Finfrock, et al 111 Inflated CavingAssoc. Press . . 112 Getting OutGary Parsons . . . 112 Caving goes to heart of matterCliff Lewis . 113 Trip Reports 114 Guano Bucket . 119 Editorial . . 120 Cover: Mike Moody in Midnight Cave Photo by Jim McLane Inside Cover (Front & Back) : Misc. shots of TSA Convention at New Braunfels NOTE: This is a special double issue packed with goodies and neat stuff. We are combining the June & July issues to get back on schedule and also to save some bucks. Editor June/ July 1974

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TSA Convention Huge Success by Glenn Darilek TSA CONVENTION MCMLXXIV Preparations for this convention started many months in advance by many people, and the con vention s taff, headed by Mike Walsh were gratified to s ee th e convention turn into one of the best the TSA has ever had Friday, cavers started arriving shortly after noon at the Cypres s Bend Park, New Braunfels. The e arly afternoon was spent kayaking, relaxing by the riv e r, pra c ticing some vertical work, and meeting the n e w comers. Later in the afternoon, enough had ar riv e d to fie ld two s oftball teams and have a spirited if not untalented game. Later that afternoon the n e w TSA signs were put into place along the streets. Afte r dark the usual campfire conversations continu e d well into the night. Brian Peterson and Dick Montgom e ry provided guitar music by firelight, and at least one pot of chili and one batch of home-made i c e cream was consumed. The re was much talk of the caving conv e nLiun which was to take place the n ext day. Saturday morning, most people woke up to find the registration table in full swing under the park pavillion. TSA Secretary-Treasurer, Barbara Vinson, aid e d by Chuck Stuehm, collected the n e ces s ary fees and made sure everyone had a nam e tag. A last minute trip was made into town to get c hange and pins for the name tags. The publications room at the VFW hall opened shortly thereafter and Fred Paschal had hundreds o f dollars of books for sale for Doug and Linda Rhodes of Speleobooks. D e D e Pas c hal offe red a special edition of OZTOTL for sal e which was written entirely by femal e s ( ex c ept an e ditorial by T. 0. Farmer). Ernst Kastning h a d Mammoth-Flint Ridge publica tion s for sa le by C ave R e sear c h Foundation. TSA p atc h es, Fre n c h novels and the eve r present AMCS p ubli c ati o n s a nd TEXA S CAVER were also for sale. Th e program started a littl e late, and many fine talk s w e r e give n (See the pro g ram which is reprinted in thi s issu e ) A la s t minute s urprise talk was given b y J e rry Lind se y on a v e ry r ecent M e xican caving n ear-Lra g e dy. The winn e r s of the TSA Photo Salon prin t ca t egory w e r e announced and there was an excellent d e m o n s t ration of stere o cave photog r aphy a fte rw a rds. 94 The VFW hall was put back in order in r ecorc1 time and everyone migrate d bac k to the campgr o u n d where the preparation for the f east was w ell und e r way There was time for a couple of b eers b e for e L h e BOG meeting got started. The BOG m eeting f e atur ed only minor hassles and no major crisis or c o n frontations. The TSA constitution was am e nd ed only slightly, and nominations w e r e made for 1 975 officers Fred Paschal was nominated for Chair m a n Wayne Russell for Vic e -Chairman, and Barbar a V i n son was re-nominated for Secretary-Tre asurer. [Looks like another close ra c e. Ed.] A s the f o o d was already being served, some last minute isstH'S were dispensed with rather quickly, and the m c cl ing was adjourned. Details of the m eeting, in c lud ing minutes, constitutional changes, s ite of the fall BOG meeting, Res c ue Proj ect, and othe r import a n t information will hopefully be printed in the TEXAS CAVER. The long awaited feast featured G erman sau sage with charcoal b a ked potatoes and campfire beans. It was a w elcome change and ev eryone h a d all they could eat for a low p1ic e. Most people w e re well into the thre e keg s or beer and si xty liters of coke when the surprise entertainers of the evening Th e Hill Country Bacon. These four talented mus i c ian s featured Blue Gras s and e asy country mus i c thro tlgh out half the night. The music had a loos e ning effect upon every one present, and many starte d dancing, yelling with the music and clapping. T h e n amid cheers of encouragement, rotund Bob Oaklf'y and rebounding Jon Everag e decided to display t h e i r unabashed dancing best, and the y really put on a show. Nothing can compare to this wild confro n tation, with foot stomping, feet flying and elbo\\ S coupling If anything will be remembered about this convention this will be it, the picture of Jon and Bob dancing and comparing beards will be hard to erase from the memory of those who w e re there. You just had to be there to beli e ve. Later Bob Oakley confessed that he was not able to really g el with it because he had twisted his ankl e and it was swollen like a grapefruit. Considering this disadv an tage, it wll be hard to judge just who is the bes t hoopla hootenanny dance r in the TSA, so a rematch is definitely in order. When things had quieted down to a loud roar, we came to the stark reality that the thre e kegs were indeed floating, so the hat was passed and a special delegation was sent out to purchase more beer. After checking a few places, we determined that there was no keg beer to be found in New Braunfels, so we purc hased six cas e s of can beer THE TEXAS CAVER

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This laste d only a short time, and since no one was sobe r e nough to talk intelligently, much less drive for more be e r, we figured that enough is enough, and mos t w e re content to suck on a couple of beers fro m t h e ir private ice chests. The band was really excellent, and they work e d for practically nothing, and really made the party. They offered to come to our next convention, a nd w e hope we can offer them more rewarding c ir c umstances Just as the band was wrapping it up for the nig ht, t he long awaited streakers struck. Cavers can now claim to be some of the first...and last of those to h a v e this brand of bald courage. Most of the exhauste d partiers made it back to their sleeping bags, humming a familiar Blue-Grass tune, but a h andful chose to bunk down right on the dance floor, amidst the beer cups and picnic tables. S unday, the most dedicated awoke early to straight e n the pavillion before the park rangers arrived. Some began their migration home, while some r e laxed at the park. At least one cave trip was o rganized and a large tree was rigged with a rope a nd pulley, and various climbing techniques wer<:! demonstrated. Many were amazed at the speed and ease of using ascender knots for climbing and a n eat s ystem using 21/z em webbing and a small1ing for a n ascender that was demonstrated seemed to be the t hing for economy minded cavers. After lunch a large group assembled at Natural Bridge Caverns for a leisurly photo tour. We really t hank the management of NBC for this opportunity . Afte r the tour, some were still reluctant to start the trek home, but after talking for a while, the last r emna nts of the 1974 TSA convention said their good-byes and departed. GD THE GROTTO OF JEITA by Gary K. Soule Lebanon's Most Famous Cave Most people view the Middle East as a hot arid land, with little water, much less any notable caves. But just to the North of the city of Bikfaya, Laban on, a most unusual cave lies in wait for the tourist. Like many Texas caves, the "Grotto of Jeita" is large, and recently speleologists have traveled along the banks of its large underground stream to a point where they came to a series of galleries made up of old river beds. From here they walked some dis-tance to the end of the cave which is 6,200 meters from the entrance. THE TEXAS CAVER Inte restingly enough, it was an American who discover e d this cav e His nam e was Thompson, and one day he was hunting when he decided to take a rest on the side of a mountain. Soon he realized that some unus ual sound was coming out of an opening in the rock n ear him. He followed the sound and explored deep into the mountain, com ing upon an underground river. Walking along its banks he soon came to an imme nse underground lake where he decided to fire his gun off. The echo needless to say, was tremendous, and he decided to wait until anothe r day to explore it. The cave was explored over the years and in 1955 the Government decided to open the cave to the public Today, tourists board boats and are carried some 800 meter s up the underground river passing massive formations on the way. At this very moment I am told, a new section of the cave is being readied for vis itors. For those few who are lucky enough to go to Lebanon, I read where the cave is 18 kilometers from Beirut, in the Nahr el-Kalb vall e y of Lebanon. The Dog River goes through this valley. GKS CAIAlOG! Come by our shop in Tulsa and get a free copy of o ur new backpacking catalog Or fill out the coupon and mail it to us along with 25', and we 'll send you one. It's loaded with light weight camping gear for the hiker, camper. hunter. packer climber and anybody who GEi"'Ofii. f\r N rush me your cata log' ; n ame --------; street--------; city--------c,o;'ra.u:x:. / ...,oW ...... : state zip -l___ ____ __JJ/ ---------------------------------------------, the 11'M1derness n.Civenrurer THE FARM SHOPPI NG CENTER/918/628-1161 6508EAST51stSTREET/ TULS A OKLA. 74145 95

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aGave HILL'S CAVE Not far west of the historic Salado in Bell County lies the entrance to Hill's Cave, well-known and often visited by the local populace. The cave, also known as North Salado Cave, Dirt Cave, and Phantom Cave, was first reported to cavers by Patrick White in NSS Bulletin 10 (1948). At that time only the entrance area was explored, but be tween 1948 and 1963 more intensive exploration revealed substantial passage, so much that a 12-hour Bill Russell trip did not reach the end! James Reddell and David McKenzie mapped the first part of the cave in 1963. En trance to Hill's is through a 15 '-diameter sink lying in the bed of a wide draw. Heavy rains apparently flood the cave completely (Caution to explorers!). From the bottom of the 10' -deep sink a small hole leads into a low room from which two breakdown crawls pass into a larger unnamed room about 40' long and 8' high, divided by a break down. Out of the south end a 4' high, 10' wide passage extends 60', lowers to 2' over breakdown for 100' before opening into the Face Room, named for a wall carving. The Face Room is 50' long, 20' wide, and up to 7' high above a breakdown floor. Beyond the Face Room (and unmapped) a CAVE IE..XAs 0 zo I'T. 9fl by A. Richard Smith crawl goes 50' into another large room; from h e r e a lower crawl drops into a small stream with an upper crawl above connected by occac;ional pit s Although these crawls have been explored for a n estimated 500' each, the end was not reached i n either; despite many attempts. Total length o f Hill's is at least 900' with a depth probably n o t much over 30'. Hill's Cave is in the Edwards Formation and lies just west of the Balcones fault zone. East-West orientation of the cave suggests that it lies alo n g joints perpendicular to the faulting and probab:y serves as a conduit for groundwater moving from the Edwards Plateau into the fault-zone cave sys terns. James Reddell and David McKenzie colle cted a wide variety of invertebrates from Hill's with the abundance probably related to the large amount of food brought in by flooding. Dr Bassett Magui r e reportedly collected amphipods from the cave. No little fame and fortune, in fact, none a t all, will attend the explorers who finally reach the end of Hill's Cave. If Bill Russell can't, can anyone? ARS THE TEXAS CAVER

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by Mike Connolly t8k'nTkBI re.port': Anothe r Cave Light I suppose it was that year or two of frequent caving in Kimble Count y that converted me to the ide a of electric h e adlights. The most readily availabl e system was a headlight d e signed to operate on a s i x -volt lantern battery; both of which I purchas e d a t a local dis count store. This rig served me well for several years, but I always wondered if the same th ing couldn't b e accomplished with less w eight and exp e ns e My first attempt a t improving the situation was to switch to alkaline D-cells instead of the l a ntern battery. This offe red a slight weight advantage but 4 alkaline D-cells are still pretty heavy and actually about twice as e xpensive as the 6-volt lantern battery. The extra initial expense, however, is offset by the increased lifetime of the batteries. In fact it has been shown that under continuous operation, alkaline D-cells will last as much as four t imes longer than the corresponding carbon-zinc D c ells (the ordinary kind). Next my attention switched to the subject of what bulb to use in order to optimize the light outp ut, battery life and bulb life of my headlamp. S ince my rig used the standard flange type flashlight bulbs the choices were somewhat limited but s till allowed room for improvement. The standard b ulb that comes with headlights, lanterns, etc. is a lmost always operated in an overrated condition. T his means simply that most 6-volt lights use a 4.5-volt bulb. This gives increased brightness but a lso increases battery drain and decreases bulb life. I decided to replace the standard PR 13 ( 4.5V) bulb w hich reduced battery drain by about 30% and t heoretically more than doubled the expected lifetime of the bulb. It finally occured to me to question the reason for using a six-volt system at all. Why not use a 3-volt system with two alkaline D-cells? Such a light uses half as many batteries and is consequently lighter and more economical. There is a catch, however. When operating at 3-volts there is only half as much power applied to the bulb for a given current (battery drain) as when operating at 6-volts. Consequently, even when using a bulb de s igned for the lower voltage, the light out-put is less than that of a six-volt system. THE TEXAS CAVER Fortunately the situation is not as bad as it sounds. Those six-volt lanterns are pretty bright to begin with so it turns out that a 3-volt (2 cell) operation is adequate for cave headlamps. You can pick how bright a light you really want by choice of bulb, but remember that the brighter bulbs drain the batteries faster. The standard bulb used for two-cell flashlights is PR2. This bulb, when used in my old headlight with 2 D-cells was only sligh t ly dimmer than the light from the six-volt system. However I prefer the PR6, which is noticibly dimmer than the PR2, but still adequate for caving. T he PR6 has the ad vantage of using only 60% as muc h current as the PR2 and this just about doubles battery life In addition the e xpected life of the PR6 is 30 hours? twice that of the PR2. Another suitable alternative is the PR25 (if you can find them) with an expected life of 45 hours. While very similar to the others, the PR4 is not an acceptable alternativ e sin ce its expected lifetime is only 10 hours. Before leaving the subject I might mention that finding a suitable battery holder for two D-cells presented me with a few problems. I finally ended up using an old 2-cell flashlight with suitable mod ifications ; including bypassing the built-in light and adding terminals for the wires from my headlamp. The built-in bulb position of the flashlight is a handy place to keep a spare bulb. I also recommend bypassing the switch on the flashlight as it has a knack for turning itself off in tight craw! ways. Tests indicate that useful battery life of up to 30 hours under continuous operation can be obtained using alkaline D-cells with the PR6 bulb.* I changed my batteries after 22 hours of intermittent operation and noticed no difference in brightness. It is a characteristic of alkaline batte1ies that the light will stay bright until a short time before they become useless. Since actual battery life will depend on condition at time of purchase, carrying spare s is advisable. MC *Test report: REI 1973-74 Winter Catalog, P 23. 97

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GETTING THERE The world was nothing more than a narrow patch of asphalt with dusty, pale green weeds on the edges ... and the inside of a very cold Datsun sedan The night was so lightless and black, to the four chilled riders of that vehicle, it seemed that beyond the reach of the headlights there was abso lutely nothing. The unfamiliar patch of asphalt road would twist and pitch giving them the feeling they were in motion on a strange mountain road. No one spoke. But no one slept. It was all too strange, too dark, too eerie. Suddenly the air inside the car exploded with the severe aroma of coffee. Someone had opened a thermos and was warming his hands on a plastic cup and his insides with slow, silent, cautious sips The driver decreased his rate of speed. The road was climbing and twisting more and more. How's about a cup of that for me?" said the driver The sudden sound of his voice startled the others. The one with the thermos said nothing as he made noises opening a paper sack. He poured the steaming coffee into a second plastic cup and handed it up front nudging the shoulder of the driver with his wrist. Without taking his eyes from the road the driver received the warm liquid in its warming con tainer. "Thanks" said he. "I was getting rather drowsy and it's cold as hell." The headlights pierced the blackness revealing yet another tum. "I wish this stupid Jap heater would work." The tum was sharper than seemed and a tire hit the narrow gravel edge and a clump of weeds. The driver reacted quickly putting the small automobile back on the pavement with a swerve and didn't spill any coffee The passengers didn't say anything. "How the hell much farther is the goddam tum off to the goddam cave?" asked the man behind the wheel. He took a drink of coffee and burned his tongue. This required considerable swearing "It should be soon", said the young woman next to him. "Soon." She tightened the blanket around her legs and thrust her hands deep into the pockets of her goosedown jacket and lowered her chin into the high collar. The man in the back could be heard screwing the cup-lid onto the thermos as it made a squeaking sound. The dark could not hide sounds 98 by Ken A. Griffin "This must be it!" said the weary driver. Everyone stirred and a wave of excitement wa sh e d the chill away. "Yes" exclaimed the woman in a soft voi c e "This is the tum-off." She sat up. As the small car turned onto the bumpy washed-out road, a burst of light engulfed the f our travellers. The other young woman in the back seat closed her Zippo lighter with a clack and ble w invisible smoke into the darkness. Everyone w a s now looking forward to a few hours of sleep before going into the cave. A cave that would be as bl a c k as this night. The Datsun bounced down the patch of erroded dirt illuminated only by the headlights The driver wondered if when he turned off thos e lights there would be any world at all. KAG THE TEXAS CAVER

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IMPORT ANT NOTICE TO ALL CA VERS JOIN THE T. S. A Many people reside and cave in Texas who are n ot a ffiliated with a club or grotto. If you fit this description you can still belong to the Texas Spele ological Association. It is called being an Independ e nt and you qualify if; (1) You are an NSS mem b e r (2) You have attended a TSA Board of Gov: ernors meeting, convention or a project in the l a s t two years, (3) Subscribe to the TEXAS C A V ER;* or ( 4) If you simply send me your name, address, phone no., and if you have one, your NSS number. I know there are a lot of these indiv iduals caving throughout the state, so let's hear from you. Welcome to the TSA! Barbara Vinson *Thi s is highly recommended by the editor. TSS NEWS The TSS has a new editor for Volume 4. R o n nie Fieseler has taken over this task from the long suffering James Reddell and A. Richard Smith. The y have put out many a good issue in the past and Ronnie plans to continue to do the same. A. R ichard will probably continue to handle sub scription and back issue department. We'll let you know something in the next month or two, concern i n g this, as well as the cost of subscription. Please d o not send in subscriptions until we tell you how m uc h and where to send them. C a v e reports, maps, clippings, rumors, etc. can be sent to: Ronnie Fieseler P. 0. Box 5672 Austin, Tex. 78763 The TSS is currently retrieving all the surveys tha t have been loaned out to members. If you are in possession of one (or more) of the TSS county surveys, or know someone that does, please send i t t o the above address, COD if necessary. We are implementing a new policy concerning survey in formation dispersal. The county file will stay p ermanently in the TSS Files. No originals will be loa ned out. Anyone interested in obtaining infor-THE TEXAS CAVER mation on a particular cave or county will be able to get xerox copies of the available data. They will be expected to reimburse the TSS for xeroxing and postage. We fe e l that such a policy will best serve the TSS and its members in the future. The Caves of Brewster County will be the first issue of Volume 4 It is presently being typed and should be ready to print around the end of May or the first part of June. More news will be forth coming on this issue. Other tentative issues that are nearing completion a r e Hays County, Carta Valley Area, and Llano County. However, other counties may be published first so send in whatever info you may have, regardless of county. TSS Terry Raines of SpeleoPress has verbally ex pressed the opinion that my comments in the TSS news in the February TEXAS CAVER (vol.19, no. 2, p. 32) misrepresented him personally and the SpeleoPress to the extent that he and his company suffered substantial loss of busines s I did not in any way intend for anyone to infer from my pub lished statements that the quality of prin t ing or delivery schedules to commercial users of Speleo Press were inadequate, and I sincerely regret an y such misinterpretation. I was also unaware of the efforts being ex erted by Terry in behalf of the Texas Speleological Survey in the printing and completion of the San Saba issue (TSS vol.3, nos. 7-8). The TSS and its subscribers have always appreciated Terry' s prev ious efforts to hold down printing costs for the Survey. A Richard Smith TSA WANTED!!!! Someone to replace me as the TSA Correspondant to the NSS NEWS. I have currently been neglecting this important job due to having too many irons in the fire. Not that this is one of the less important irons. I have done it for a long time and am ready to venture into other things and let some up and coming caver have a go at it. Only the serious need apply as this can really be work at times. You are expected to send in articles on the TSA fairly regularly (about every 2-3 months). On the other hand, you get occasional letters from out landish places, meet interesting people and get your name on the staff of the NSS NEWS Send your resumes to: Ronnie Fieseler P.O. Box 5672 Austin, Tex. 78763 99

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UTG NEWS As usual the spring semester has seen some by UT Cavers. On the 21st of Mar c h, The Huntsville, Alabama NSS B9ard of Governors meeting was atte nded by Susan Fieseler, Ronnie Fieseler, Tom Byrd, and Peter Sprouse. Ronnie sat on the board a s a proxie for Ron Bridgeman. Natural Well was also visited. Then Spring break came around and several trips left Austin for Mexico. Graig Bittinger Pat A s n e s Molly Asnes Jay Jorden, Terry Sayther, R e becca Lougheed and Don Coons travelled to Dos Bocas between Mexico City and Acapulco. They surveyed several large caves: the Cueva del Rio Chontalcuatlan, Grutas de Carlos Pacheco, and the Grutas de Cacahuamilpa. These three caves were tied into the San Geronimo Cave Survey which was mapped exactly one year e arlier. The Grutas de Estrella were also visited. Some theives were foiled in Acapulco and the map plac e in Mexico City was closed. David McKenzie, Bill Calvert, Nancy Folbre and Mike Wharton went to the area north of Victoria Tamp. to the headwaters of the Rio Purifi c ation. There they explored caves. On another trip Peter Strickland, Neal Morris, Barbara Vinson, Willie Vinson, Peter Sprouse, Andy Grubbs Dave Hutc..:hins, and Thomas Moore drove in the Speleo Power Wagon to the mountains be tween San Luis Potosi and Valles, SLP. The main obj e ctive, Sotano del San Francisco, was bottomed at about -700 feet among dead chickens and pigs. Llano de San Francisco near Pinal de Amolis, Qro. was well checked with poor results. Then dave and Barb pushed a water crawl in Sotano de la Tinaja while the group shivered and waited Then they w e r e trashed. Also during the Spring Break, Susan Fieseler, Ronnie Fieseler, Charlotte Rogers, William Russell, and Bill Elliot grovelled through Cave X to aid one of Elliotts Bio-studies. Later Susan Fieseler, Ronnie Fieseler, Bill Russell and some Balcones Grotto cavers made a trip to the Llano area where they surveyed one of their recent discoveries. After Spring Break, things slacked off a bit. At the April 17 meeting, Dr. Lundelius, the club s ponsor, talked on the contributions to Paleon tology from caves. Slides and movies from the M ex i c o trips were also shown. April 19 found William Russell, Neal Morris, Barb a ra Vinson and T.C. Ferret checking crawls in Whirlpool cave. On April 24 William Russell, Craig Bittinger, a nd Pat Asnes went to Inner Space Caverns and c orr ec ted an erron e ous previous survey. 100 Then came the 1974 Texas Speleological Association Convention -the best ever, or at least in recent years according to some UT cav ers. Man y thanks to Craig Bittinger and Victor Benalcaz ar for the good food and to the Hill Country Bacon for the good music! On Mayl, the last grotto meeting of the semester was held. William Russell and Don Broussard gave a breif discussion on cave sur veying methods, and Orion Knox gave a slid e pre sentation on Natural Bridge Caverns. Then Frank Binney, who had just returned from Canada talked on the movie he helped to make in Castleguard Cave. No regular summer meetings are held by the UT Grotto, but the members do gather infor m ally. Trips are being planned to Airmans Cave and t o Mexico after finals. Several people plan to attend the annual NSS Convention in Decorah, Iow a this summer. As it ends another semester, the UTG w ould like to leave you with an old admonishment GO DOWN! SAN MARCOS T C. Ferret Box 7672 U.T. Sta tion Austin, Texas 7871 2 Members of the Grotto have been cavin g in Texas and Northern Mexico this semester. Several trips were made to the Monterrey Area wher e sev eral new caves were found. Also, quite a few trips were made to the Langtry and Rocksprings areas. Caves visited were Midnight, Dunbar, Langtry Quarry, Litter Barrel, and Wyatt caves, as well as others. Elections were held in February and the re sults were as follows: President-Dale Pate Vice-President-Brian Clark Secretary-Mary Kay Krauska Treasurer-Jane! Nye Research Chairman-Keith Heuss Equipment Chairman-Mike Hill The TSA convention was attended by several members of the Grotto and everyone had a gre at time. The photo-salon was a major event for sev eral members. They took 9 out of 15 ribbons presented in the color transparencies. We'll b e entering again next year and we challenge eve ry one to enter and gy to beat us. During the normal school year meetings ar e held every 2nd and 4th Thursdays of each month in Science Room 2 at 7:30pm. This summer, in-THE TEXAS CAVER

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formal meetings will be held as frequent as necessary. We'll be working on our Newsletter the first couple of meetings. The first meeting will be held on June 6 at Brian and Kandy Peterson's house. Anyone and e v eryone is invited to attend. The club address is: South Texas Student Grotto, Student Union Building, San Marcos, Texas 78666 TEXAS A&I A&I Grotto continues to have regular and call e d meetings in the B.E.S. Building, Room 210 on Campus. Meetings and subsequent fellowships con tinue to be enjoyable. Unofficially OZTOTL con tinues to be published occasionally Mexican caving conti nues to be the main activity, with new caves conti nuing to be discovered in northwestern Nuevo Leon and possibly northeastern Coahuila. [To be continued next issue.] BUT WHAT if RAfUN5EL.. LET DoWN HrR c.o'-DE"' ELECTION NOTICE The following persons were nominated for 1975 Office at the TSA Convention BOG : Chairman Fred Paschal Vice Chairman -Wayne Russel Secretary /Treas. Barbara Vinson Elections will be held at the Fall BOG meeting by written ballot. At that time delegates may vote for these or write in candidates. If you wish to nominate someone else for any of these offices . simply send a written statement of nomination, giving the name of the person you wish to nominate and place your signature arid printed name on the statement along with the written approval and signature of the person you have nominated. Send this to the TEXAS CAVER before August 10 to assure compliance with the new election laws of the TSA. The CAVER also requests a brief paragraph on the quali fications of nominees and a photo if possible There will be a place on the ballot for late write-ins but they stand fat chance. Open Letter to the TSA: I am writing this letter in New Braunfels Sunday morning of the convention. Looking back on the convention, I realize that I hav e a great number of people to thank for their help. First thanks should go to Craig Bittinger who gave up his convention for your hot potato. Karen Clement and John Allison did a fantastic job on the TSA photo salon. We have Bob Finger to thank for the arrangements for the band. I can' t leave out Chuck Stuehm, Greg Passmore and Dick Montgomery for the cave an-angements Of course, Barbara and Glenn are high on my list. I hope that the TSA membership enjoyed the convention as much as I have enjoyed doing it for you. We have a great organization, and the co operation I have received prov es this. Be sure to plan on attending the upcoming TSA events since we have just started on this year. Once again, thinks to everyone who helped with everyting. Good Caving Mike Walsh Vice-Chairman TSA THETEXASCAVER 101

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by Bob Lloyd PICO DE CANDELA What was originally conceived and began as a rock climb of Pico de Candela ended in a fascinat i n g exploration of some abandoned mines and mining villages. Jack Burch, Calvin Hurst, and I had been waiting for some time to climb Candela and Carrizal. The only semi-organized effort was Jack and I trying l ast summer. We had camped at the spring by La Gruta de Carrizal. Temperature was up and s itting there in the shade on the Saint Augustine gras s and looking up at the mountain under a north c entral Mexico sun! A quick glance to a cooler full o f c old Tres XXX ended all discussion of a climb t h e n It was resolved to attempt the climb in the win ter Winter came and so did procrastination. C alvin and I made it to Mexico Christmas and New Years and climbed Popo, Nevada Taluca, and Pico d e O rizaba. Ah! Our appetites were whetted. We got with Jack and decided we had to be on top of O m dela. I decided not to take my gas guzzling Blazer a n d would ride with Linda Owens from Fort Worth. L i n da has just bought a new Toyota Land Cruiser and was itching to try it out. We were to take off T h u rsday evening after work. Jack Burch got his t rusty Toyota Land Cruiser out of Dallas early with C a l vin Hurst, and Bill Irwin. Later in the evening I f o u nd that Linda was ill and could not make the trip. Arghhhhhh! I quickly Loaded up my company c a r threw in my backpack full of biners, pitons, climbing nuts, and 150ft. of rope and made haste to L a redo in hopes of catching Jack. Another group, Bill Hinson, Wally Hughes, and Jim Goodbar would b e l e aving Friday evening and I reasoned if nothing e lse I could hook up with them. Got to Laredo OK. Tried to catch a train to Candela where I knew Jack would have to come t hrough. No luck! I would have to wait 4 hours. I got a bus to Sabinas Hidalso and hiked to the Ojo d e Agua to crash. While hiking along the highway w ith my trusty carbide lamp, I was searched by the local Policia. They said that up ahead, by the Ojo, 3 p e ople had been killed several hours earlier by b a ndidos with pistolas! As I was going to camp THE TEXAS CAVER Candela: Conquered? there this news caused me no small concern. Just as I was about to crash at the Ojo, three men came crashing out of the bush. One with an old M-1 carbine, another with a shotgun. Since I had already resignd myself to not living through the night, I said in my best Spanish, "Buenos Noches." Expecting a rally of gunfire with me as target, I was certainly relieved to find they were "deputized" by the Policia to search out the bandidos. They ripped me off for a dollar for "coffee" and left me alone to try to sleep. Spent the entire night listening to "vigalantees" crashing around looking for bandidos. Morning came, thank Oztotl, and I was in no mood for climbing but I did manage to hitch a ride into Villadama. Was standing in the square rapping with the locals when around the comer comes a blue Blazer. Wow! I was saved. It was Bill Hinson and his trusty band of desperados. They had made a .. dead hat" run from Dallas and had truly rescued me. Underway once more and refreshed with some cool beer from the magic box in Bill's truck, I once again felt like climbing. On to Carrizal where we found Jack and the group just finishing breakfast. Sun was well up and heat rising rapidamente. De cided to drive over to the Golondrinas mines to start up the mountain. I then had my first experience in the rear of Bill's Blazer as he and Jack raced over hills and through gullies to the main road. Got a near concussion and was attacked by a can of man darin oranges. Can't say too much as I am the first to always remind passengers they were to look out for themselves. Got to the Golondrinas mines OK where we found they were closed down. A watchman there showed us a road leading up to some higher camps. Should be noted the locals were very friendly and anxious to help. There has been some problems here in the past so a work is due here. We drove as far as was prudent then started hiking. Heat was really up there by now and look ing ahead at Pico de Candela we started feeling a little silly carrying all that rope and hardware. How ever, it still seemed possible we could reach the start of the verticle portion and get in a little climb ing. It was not to be! We were soon caught up in the glamour of the area. To say fascinating is to understate the area. Along the tracks we were hik103

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ing were many small mining villages. All were nearly intact. We spent the entire day picture taking, explor ing old mining towns, and several old mines. The mines are quite complex so caution is definitely the word. The mines intersect many caves and indeed w e found formations outside. Found one small chapel full of larg e formations." Being very careful to observe the creed take nothing but picture, etc. we continued upward. Everywhere there were remnants of the past. One book of pay vouchers had 1932 dates in it. Acti vity was certianly earlier. Possibly 1900 as rails had 1908 stamped on them. After spending as much time as was prudent we d e scended and made ready to return to Dallas. Now we have three trips to make to the area. One just for photos. Another just for explroing villages and mines. And looking back at Pico de Candela next trip, we are going to be on top. RBL Pioneer Caver Remembered by Tom Meador A. T JACKSON A. T. Jackson (NSS 502), pioneer Texas Archeologist and caver, died at Austin, Texas January 27th, at the age of 76. In the early 1930's he was hired as a field foreman for the Department of Anthropology at the University of Texas. He quickly rose to a key position in th e state's archeological program. Mr. Jackson participated in the explora tion, archeological survey and excavation of many shelter caves and caves across the state. Through the years he published a number of papers on Texas archeology and other subjects Among cavers Mr. Jackson was probably best known for his multiple contributions to the NSS Bulletin 10 THE CAVES OF TEXAS which "could not have been prepared without his extensive knowledge of Texas Caves and his untiring efforts." A number of his papers are sprinkled with notes about the state's spelean history. Perhaps least known of these was Mr Jackson's important article, in the November 1950 issue of Hunter's Frontier Times, which contains notes (from sources no longer available to us) on the Civil War mining of saltpeter in Texas Caves That "caveman" from A us tin will be missed JTM 104 Attention Texas Cav e rs: A major form of cav e vandalism is the all-t o o often-seen names, jokes, pi ctures, profanity, e tc. which is scratched, painted, sooted, e tc. on cav e walls or formations. A possible solution to thi s type of vandalism is the cave regist er. A cave register is usually nothing more than an e rosion resistant surface, such as a mylar plastic shee t, which is stored with a p e ncil in a plastic tube and placed in an obvious and ac ce ssible part of the cave. This provides a surface, other than the c a v e itself, on which p e ople can take out their anxieti e:; or hopefully just sign their name s [Reminds m e of the old CV S.U.C.K.S. grafiti boards Editor] The NSS is still plunging forward in the e v er increasingly difficult problem of cave conse rvati on. The NSS is now organizing a cave regi ster program throughout the country in order to hopefully c u t down on the abov e mentioned type of vandali sm. At the Spring BOG a Cave Register Committe e f or Texas was organized at the request of the NSS. The committee as appointed now consists of Don Broussard, Ray Romike, and myself. In ord e r to get things rolling in Texas we need YOUR HE L P1 Please forward all information concerning pre s e n t l y existing cave regist e rs, caves n e eding registers an d any opinions conce rning cave registers and the handling of the Cave R e gist e r Program in Texas t o : Noel Sloan 510 Wood Waco, Texas 76706 Remember, the condition of Texas cave s an d caving is of major concern to ev eryone and the responsibility of maintaining our caves is a r e spon sibility shared by all. So HELP STOP V ANDALISJ\l! The longer you wait before sending in information regarding cave registers the more damage to our caves is liabl e to result. Keep on caving, Noel E. Sloan ASSOCIATION FOR MEXICAN CAVE STUDIES NEWSLETTER We are finishing vol. IV with two 40 page issu e s crammed with photos, cave maps, trip re ports, and articles. That's four big issues in the last six months! Vol. V, no. 1 will be out soon, so it's time to resubscribe! $5.00/vol., 6 nos. / vol.: Association for Mexican Cav e Studies, P.O. Box 7037, University Station, Austin, Texas 78712. THE TEXAS CAVER

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(and other letters) D e ar Ken: I am getting the TEXAS CAVER now, and like your publication, but wish more factual cave stories were in it. When I saw that you were having problems getting material, and even starting a contes t of sorts, I decided to submit the following two items of general caving interest. One is really a filler, and the other is a condensed version of a feature article. Being a former editor myself, I realize the problems you are having .... you get blamed if the issues are not good and on time, yet no one wants to help you out when the going gets rough. I always figure that if you don't hear some people compla ining, they must like your issue, as people are sure quick to jump on you if they can tear some thing apart. Keep up the good work Ken, and I look forward to seeing these in print in the TEXAS CAVER. Mr. Gary K. Soule NSS 11198 St urgeon Bay, Wisconsin D e ar Ken: You need to correct the TSA mailing address in the Caver. The TSA mailing address is: P.O. Box 8415 U.T Station, Austin, Texas 78712. Because of a xerox problem on the membership form I sent all grottoes, many think the TSA box number is 3415. Please pass the word around about the correct box number, via TC and word of mouth. M y personal address is: 704 West 281/z Street, A ustin, Texas 78705. I will not be able to send you the BOG minutes and treasury report till June. I'm going caving in Mexico till the 3rd of June. I should also be able to send you the TSA membership list in June. Barbra (Barbara) Vinson-Austin Secretary-TSA Ken: The last CAVER looked very good1 [March i s sue] Content was better than the first two. Hope you can solve your problems with printing schedule. I (being a past editor) can readily understand your THE TEXAS CAVER editorial in the back! My only complaint is that I have consistently received a copy which has sev eral "double-imaged" pages in it. Tek-ni-kal-e, this is known to be caused by either one of two things, (a) farting on the film during developing, or (b) poor printing. My paranoia has me almost believing that the copies are searched through after printing in order to find the most wretched example, which is sent to me just to annoy me (as it is well known that I abhor poor printing). Please assure me that this is not the case, so that I may sleep at night. At any rate, we do still have a CAVER being published. For that we must give our hearty thanks! You will find that most peoples bitches are about minor things. Ronnie Fieseler-Austin Dear Ken: Enclosed are several trip reports, I'm sure they will come in handy somewhere. Though the CAVER hasn't been coming out as fast as last year's, it is still on time and the new format has greatly impro ved Congratulations on helping to bring the stand ards of The TEXAS CAVER up. Now if you could only improve on some of the cavers that inhabit Texas. Dale Pate-San Marcos Dear Editor, While enjoying the Party at the recent TSA Convention, I was witness to a "streak" by mem bers of the ASS. I presume that this is yet another strategem in their attempt to outgross Carta Valley SUCKS (see March CAVER). Perhaps this is a step in the right direction. However, be that as it may, I would like to list several observations that to me indicate that the ASS is rushing headlong into certain failure. 1. They waited until very late to make their streak. There were only a few of the hardcore partiers left to be "grossed out". Someone of true CV ilk would have made his run at the height of the festivities. 2. Streaking is a crude and unrefined method of "being gross" that is employed by rank novices. It is a far-cry from the sophisticated techniques developed and used by CV members. 3. What with all their shouting, gesticulating, and running in a tangled mass, it was impossible to identify any of the streakers, especially since they waited until our brains were fogged with beer. Once again, a lack of true sincerity in their plot to out-gross CV. Such anonymity is abhorred by CV 105

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members. There is no satisfaction in doing some thing that you are ashamed to take the credit for. 4. Worst of all, one of the female participants was wearing her underwear! Now this can be con sidered from several viewpoints. a. It would seem to indicate a strong lack of sincerity on her part. Such an attitude will not help the cohesiveness needed by a group out to best cv. b. Her fellow streakers showed poor judge ment in allowing her to join them. It should have been immediately obvious that such a half-hearted streaker would only serve to cast doubt on the rest of the participants sincerity and bring shame on the entire organization. c. From a strictly purist viewpoint, the wear ing of underwear by this demure younglady would negate the entire streak! In closing, I would like to suggest that the true reason behind all these absurdities is that this dismal attempt at "grossness" was undertaken by Aggies who acted in typical Aggie fashion. It would seem that CV has little to worry about. C A Vemonger Carta Valley Dear Ken: I just got the April issue of the TEXAS CAVER and the content was excellent. I did notice quite a few mistakes though, but I decided to over look these. That is, until I came to one particular mistake. There is no one presently in the South west Texas Student Grotto by the name of Date Pate as listed under the delegates for the BOG meeting. I just wanted to bring this to your atten tion. We'll be in touch with you quite a bit this summer hopefully. If you need any help in any way concerning theCA VER don't hesitate to con tact me or someone here in San Marcos. We'll do what we can to help. Have a good summer of caving. Dale Pate-San Marcos Dear Mr. Griffin: It is on this occasion, I feel a long standing precedent should be broken by writting a letter. As a rule I leave this to those who seem to have a knack for it, however, I was super impressed by the recent TSA convention; and would like to state that it was a GREAT convention. It has been a long time since Texas Cavers have had such a fine party and entertainment, as well as a good convention program. 106 It is in all sincerity that I say "thanks" to people like Craig Bittinger and others for the food & beer and to the San Marcos Cavers for the band. Also a special note of thanks to Mike Walsh for his choice of the campground and his efforts in setting up this convention. J. Russell P.S. Let's have many more like this one. Dear Editor: As rightly pointed out in the February issu e of the TEXAS CAVER, some gross exaggeration s as to the fuel ecomomy of my Ford van were made. These statements were made in a trip report in th e January issue. Actually my van averaged 8.0 kilo meters per liter instead of the 80 reported. Our average speed was 80 kilometers per hour. Also i t is definitely not true that my van gets such good gas mileage that every 100 kilometers I have to empty gas out of the tank. This is only true when I go downhill if I leave the transmission in gear Also, please inform Bill Elliott that my van's differential must remain an unkissed virgin, and to please direct his affection towards more erogeni c areas of my van's anatomy. Glenn Darilek-San Antonio Dear Editor: In your March issue of the TEXAS CAVER you had an article on ASS and how they hav e sai d they are going to out-do CVS ["The Aggie Sp e leo logical Society (ASS) has blatantly boasted of am bitions to out-gross Carta Valley ... "] This is a vic ious, harmful, slanderous lie, and besides that, it is not true. Why weren't we informed of the ch arg es so equal time could have been given us? ASS has never even thought of becoming another CVS although some of our members may have the sam e perverted tendencies. We are a clean-cut, clean shaven group whose only aspiration is to infiltrat e the ranks of TSA and take over When this is ac complished we may try to do the same with NSS and rule as a national ASS, and from there .... There are quite a few new cavers in ASS, but the y have all heard of the degenerates who make up CVS and their lack of redeeming social value. We wer e informed that these mental midgets are societies misfits who were given the choice of going to Huntsville (the Big House) or Carta Valley. He also told us that the strange rituals and other per verted acts that this group performs are simply coverups for the entire group's sexual inadequacy. Bob Bliss Aggie Speleological Society (ASS) College Station THE TEXAS CAVER

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Ken, Re: Dunbar Cave article by A. Richard Smith i n March TC -there seems to b e several different variations of the windmill story. I, too, have heard that somewhere the passage had intersected a well pipe, as we've heard of in so many other caves, and act u a lly seen in a few. But, according to Bill H e lmer one of the original 'caver' explorers, the st o r y is not that the pipe actually w ent through the passage, but that to cav e rs sitting in the last room (or possibly the "Echo Room" -GE), the sound of a p umping windmill could be h e ard. I and several ot h e r CV members, sp ent a good deal of time in t h e r e taking a series of pictures, but I don't recall hearing the proverbial windmill, which Helmer says i s s o m e great distance from the cave itself. Included is the miginal1955 map of Dunbar Cave by Bill Helmer and Don Goodson, which w hile being correct in distance and direction, is qu i te disproportionate with the Evans, McKenzie, Rai n s (1964 ) map as regards actual passage and roo m shapes. Attention to d e tail in the '64 version i s a l s o much more obvious. Attention is invited to an a rticle in March 73 TC by Ronnie Fieseler en tit le d "Spray the Cave." Gill Ediger Many sinks, crawl'IIBYS, formations, and fossils. THE TEXAS CAVER room Floyd Vice Why yes-_, th:s ;s MY Hts+ ca.ve trip. How did. you. k"'o"" ? 1 N Entrance (20' Sink) 100 Feet Large University of Texaa Speleological Society Goodson & Helmer, Dec. 1955 107

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Dear Friends, We are sending these copies of material from our fil e s in the hopes you will join us in our fight to have the NSS discontinue sale of THE CAVES OF COLORADO We are opposing the NSS sale of this book because it represents a negative trend for cave con sevation. With NSS selling lists of this nature, it is effectively saying these lists are OK and is encourag ing other cavers to prepare similar lists. The Board of Governors (BOG) do not agree with this view and apparently feel the NSS has no responsibility for what they sell. Still, we cannot visualize any responsible conservation organization selling a book which will cause damage to nonrenewable resources the organization is dedicated to protecting. It appears the NSS president, and the BOG, feel this fight is a private one by a few people with sour grapes to chew on. This is not so, the Arizona Region, the Southwestern Region, and the San Diego Grotto have officially censored the NSS for selling this book. If cave conservationists oppose the sale of this book by the NSS, they must make themse lves in every way possible We would appreciate it if you would send us of any items you generate, pro or con, on this subject. By now the NSS has sold at least 50 copies of THE CAVES OF COLORADO, either 1.6 or 3.2 percent of the total press run (we have been unable to ascertain whether it was 1500 or 3000 copies). Most purchases are probably being made by collec tors who are either unwittingly encouraging a re printing of the book or else who care more about collecting than about cave conservation. When you add NSS sales to sales to the general public, you can easily see that the book is a success and will be reprinted and/or revised The success of this book will be further impetus for preparation of similar works in other states. Think what massive distribution of cave locations could do in your state ... The views we are expressing are our own and thus, the views of our store, Speleobooks. We want to make it clear, however, that this fight is not be ing waged for commercial gain. If money were our concern, we would be selling THE CAVES OF COLORADO and to Hell with cave conservation. It is unfortunate that we own a store which competes with the NSS Bookstore, this has been a handicap. However, we will not allow it to stop us from fight ing for something we believe in. 108 Please write if you have any comments or suggestions. If you can afford it and want to tal k with us, you can call us at 505-873-2703. SAVE OUR CAVES, THEY'RE ALL WE'V E GOT! Sincerely, Linda and Doug Rhodes 1307 Bonita Circle S W Albuquerque, NM 87105 The previous letter and subject matter wa s t h e cause of a lengthy debate at the TSA Convention BOG. The discussion was terminated upon reali zation that only one delegate had ever seen the book in question The TEXAS CAVER publishe s this letter as an opinion of a reader and respected caver. It does not reflect, necessarily, the view s o f theCA VER staff. We welcome rebuttal and opposing commentary. Editor Dear TSA, I need someone from your state to voluntee r (snicker-snicker) to be my state cave register coordinator (head honcho). The unfortunate victim er-candidate will be responsible for keeping an inventory of registers in its state and the person (s) responsible for their maintainence. If there is fla grant apathy for such enterprizes he will also be e x pected to brandish a club in the sacred name of ca v e conservation. For such unselfish dedication she will receive as a reward a spasmodic newsletter con taining the moanings, groanings and catcalls from others in the US with similar experience. Cave registers will also be furnished at cost to honchodesignates. Be the first in your state to enlist! In all seriousness, this is an important job where a dedicated person has the chance to work their asses off for the cause of cave conservation. Caver proliferation has become a serious problem that deserves our immediate attention. Cave reg isters seem to be the best way of determining who is doing the caving as well as providing a way of reaching them. Write that letter now! Nick Noe, Chairman NSS Cave Register Subcommittee c/o C.I.G. P.O Box 153 Indianapolis, Ind. 46206 THE TEXAS CAVER

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CWhaS cookin' BabyfJ r!imrkl Oh sweeties, you don't realize how happy yours truly is to get some groovy cave recipes from a sis-ter caver. Mercy sakes, sweet little Barbra Vinson crammed a bunch of her favorite culinary secrets in a cheap envelope and sent them to ol' Betty. Soon as I take a big blast of gin I'm gonna lay one of 'em on your eyeballs. Woooeehah! JERKY 10 pounds of quality beef or meat 1 cup of soy sauce 2 cups of worcestershire sauce 1 cup red wine (option, but highly rec ommended!) "Cut up the meat into either small squares less than an inch square or cut into narrow strips Mix liquids in a large bowl and add meat. Cover and let THE TEXAS CAVER by Barbra Vinson marinate 12 hours or may be placed in the refrigerator for several days. Tum oven on to the lowest possible heat. Place meat on cookie sheet, covering the sheet with pieces that are not quite touching. If the meat is in strips, it may be hung on the oven racks for the drying period. Dry for 8 to 12 hours. The jerky should be thoroughly dry. Expect to wonder where all that meat went to when you look at your total results. I have kept this jerky for 11/z years without loss of flavor or spoilage. You may want to suck on the bottle of vino while waiting." Well that's it ... jerky again for all you jerks. Mercy! Thanks again to lovely little Barb. Euell said to tell you he'll eat anything. That dirty old S.O.B.! BSC c:::::lC) ::; Q cs:> 0 Jt"-7't KliSIOF"Ff:RSON 109

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a Caver ALICIA WISENER by David Finfrock & A.S.S. In the beginning God created man, then later H e c r ea t e d Alicia. Some people never learn from the i r mistakes. It all started on June twelfth, 1954 whe n Mary Alicia-Kay Wisener climbed out of her f i rst ca ve. When the doctor held her up and spanked h e r i nstead of crying, she yelled "It goes! It goes!" Well, for a few years after that everything went f i n e sh e forgot all about caving. Then in 1971, whe n she was seventeen and entering puberty, she Loo k up the sport again; this time in a cave officially k now n as Gormans, although I've heard it called m any other things. Gormans was larger than her first c ave and impre ssed her s o greatly that she be c ame hooked perma n ently. She joined Temple Caving ASS. in '7 3 and with a bit of fooling around managed to attain the position of Vice Pr esident. After a while she got tir ed of th e easy life and decided to become a stu dent a t A & M Ali c ia soon gave up on the idea of learning anything although she was still in school. Aft e r a month or so of boredom she decided to form a caving club and go caving on week-ends in stea d o f studying. For her first attempt she put up s i gns and aquired a room for twenty odd people. F ift y "odd" people showed up, freaking Alicia out comple t e ly. For the rest of the night all you could geL out of her was "Ooh Wow! can you believe this? With the help of a few others within the next few weeks she had something resembling a club formed a n d a ft e r five months was Se c and still had somethi n g resembling a club formed. A.S.S. is this elite org a nizations name. Alicia does a lot of caving and has been to such c aves as Sinkhole, Palmito, Airmans (thats a cav e ?), Gormans and the Gormans area 14-15 times. S h e 'll go for just about any hole you flash at her, h utt pre fers verticle work. She very modest goals and most of them are within her limit reach ( s h e's only 5 3 ). First, she wants to get her parents less opposed to her activities: Second, to do Sotano del Gol e ndrinas; Third to b eome well known in ASS, TSA and NSS; Fourth to get released from A&M and go to med school; and finally, to r eturn to Air m a n s and go to the very back. Mary Alicia-Kay Wise n e r, a name to remember. : \ name d estined to go down in the Anals of ASS and TSA, a p e rson who is so humble and modest THE TEXAS CAVER that she asked me to ask how much money she gets for the use of her name in TC because she was too shy and embarrassed. WARNING!!! If you should see this person do not try to apprehend her yourself. She is extremely danger ous and if she sees you try to back away slowly without any jerky motion until you are out of sight, then call either your local zoo, dog catcher or National Guard!! TSA Patches-U.S. manufactured courtesy of Glenn Darilek Specifications-circular, 4" diameter, 4-color, washable, bearing the words TEXAS SPELEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION with the letters TSA across the outline of Texas. $1.00 Each (orders of ten or more $.80 each, postpaid) Philippino TSA Patches Native crafted courtesy of Ed Fomby Specifications -same as above except slightly smaller diameter, rougher stitch, and Texas appears to have annexed parts of Oklahoma and Louisiana. $.75 Each (a good deal) Please add $.10 postage to each order. Ordering: Order from and make checks payable to Neal Morris I TSA Patches, Box 8415, UT Station, Austin, Texas 78712 111

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Inflation forces Mexicans to Caving Mexico City (AP)Ignacio Diaz lives 10 blocks from a n eighborhood of palatial estates with big swim ming pools and uniformed servants. But he's a long way behind that kind of life style : he lives in a cave. Diaz, his wife and eight children are among an estimated 1,000 squatters who are living in a series of ca ves on federal property on the outskirts of Mexico City. Th e economic surge that has changed Mexico into perhaps the most developed nation in Latin America has bypassed Diaz and his neighbors. All have been severely hit by an inflation rate estimated last year as 20 per cent and a critical hous ing shortage of an estimated 2.3 million homes in a country of 56 million people. "The situation is bad, but at least I don't have to pay any r ent," Diaz told a visitor Diaz, wh o earns the peso equivalent of about $3 0 a month as a shoemaker, moved into his cave 11 year s ago. He painted the walls green several year s ago b ec ause he says, he wanted to get rid of so m e of the gloominess. Now the paint is chipp ing. Th e government installed lighting along the dirt pathways connecting the caves, so Diaz now has three electric light bulbs hanging from the ceil ing of his home. The light is nice, he says, but it co sts $4 a month and has added "an extra burden on the budget." The caves are only a few feet apart. The en trance and small, slit windows cut into the adobe and timbers give them the appearance of Indian-type ca v e dw e llings. Inside, the Diaz cave has only three b e d s, a small stove and a chamberpot. Diaz and hi s family wear tattered clothes. Be ca u se of his trade, the children ranging from 1 to 14 years all hav e shoes. His two boys attend school, but his only school-age daughter stays home to help with the c hores Some of her duties include carry ing water from a community tap and cutting wood from a n ea rby hillside for cooking. There are few visitors to the cave dwellings, and Diaz an d his n e i ghbors do muc h of their shopping at a community store. "Senor, we don't eat meat, nor bread, nor eggs THE TEXAS CAVER and we don't drink milk and we don't use cooking oil," said Mrs. Diaz. "We only eat tortillas and beans." But the price of tortillas and beans is also going up and Diaz said he is finding it increasingly hard to balance the budget. Tortillas went up about three cents to 81/z cents a pound last year while beans mor e than doubled from about 10 cents to 22 cents a pound. THE HOUSTON POST Thursday, April18, 1974 GETTING OUT AN ORIGINAL CAVER Original Story by Gary Parsons Well hell! How could I have gotten myself into this mess? It puzzles me to no end how I could be stuck in here without a light. It seems as though I have been in here all my life, but I guess it seems that way because I don't have a Another dude was stranded in here with me, but ne went off groping through the darkness to find a way out. I told him before he left that he probably wouldn't make it. I thought surely they'd send a search party in to find us It's been almost two hours since that other dude left. It wasn't so bad in this damp, dark ro o m while I had company, but now the darkness and sil ence is more than I can bare. I have to get out o f here. I can't take it any more. It is imperative t h a t I find a way out! I must also go scurrying off intJ the darkness to find a passage. Ah, I've found a passage. I wonder if it is the same one that other dude took? God, this has to be the tightest and messiest squeeze I've ever been in in my entire life. Hey! Is that light up ahead? It is, it is!! Ah I only have a short distance to go until I reach the fresh air and sunshine, the sparkling running streams with trout leaping out of the beautiful water, an d all those gorgeous chicks that await me at the en d of this slimy passage Great I've got my head and shoulders out. h Now for my arms. Oh no, I seem to be somew a,, stuck. Crap, it's no use I'm really stuck. Oh no no! What is it!?! Some huge creature is grabbing for me. Someone help me! It has me. There is n o escape. Oh no! Don't, don't!! It's going to hit me! Isn't there anyone that can help me?! "Mr. Funkthunker?", said the doctor, as he approached the man in the chair. "You're the fa ther of healthy twin boys." GP 112

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From THE BATI ALION, Texas A&M University Cave exploring goes to the heart of the matter By CLIFF LEWIS Staff Writer The earth is a solid sphere to man, who lives on the outer sur of the sphere. It is not so solid to the spelunker, who lives inside of that sphere as well. I went west to see some of mother earth's insides with the Aggie Speleological Society. They are the ones who run around on campus with ASS on their T shirts. . ... We arrived in San Saba County after a three-hour night journey. "Well, ready to go caving?" asked someone. "Now?" "Sure. Got your carbide lamp? Knee pads? Gloves ... What lunatic wants to crawl into a hole on such a beautiful night, I wondered while seeing the last of the sky for three hours. The first rooms of the Gorman Cave were large and well-sculptured, and perhaps the of fantasy was due to the of colored lights. After though, came the challenge of water. to wade through, mud to slide through, and crevices to crawl through, and "don't get scared until your light goes out." The caver in his natural domain has a mind only to go on to fol low any passage as long as the heavy, humid air is still crammed between bare rock. One pays to enter a commer cialized cave, yet there are things he will miss. Bats, for instance. "Don't shine your light on the bats, they may try to bite you. Don't let them bite you, they're rabid." I didn't get a very good look at the bats. The next day a few spelunkers THE TEXAS CAVER decided to stay out in the sunshine, but even then they practiced Attac hed "safely" to a rope by pull eylik e carabine rs, they leaped over fifty-foot cliffs, p e rforming an art known as repell ing. The y sometimes do that in caves. Spelunkers are always looking for new c ave s and they will stick their bodies in any hole big enough for them to fit into. Thi s article is not intended to portray the members of A.S.S. as abnormal. None of them could explains why he likes caving. I know that they regard this sphere we so solidly plant our feet on to be a honeycombed labyrinth more worthy to be explored than lived on Yet they are altogether normal Aggies, and when they go into the underworld again, I hope I get to go with them, although I don't know why. Exploring the caves and inner realms of this planet re quires certain skills. Kathy Walker and Bob Bliss practice one of these skills, repelling, above ground after a caving expedition. 113

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DATE: March 22-24, 1974 DESTINATION: Langtry Quarry Cave and Litter Barrel Cave PERSONNEL: Bryan Clarke, Katie Monahan, Wendy Montiss, Dale Pate and Bill Thomas REPORTED BY: Dale Pate We camped out at the Pecos Highwater Bridge Friday night, and Saturday found us in Langtry. After a quick stop at the Judge Roy Bean Visitors Center to study the different type cactus, we drove out to Langtry Quarry Cave and spent about one hour in the cave. From there we head ed to Litter Barrel Cave where several went part way through the crawlways. Saturday night was spent at Garner State Park. DATE: April12, 1974 DESTINATION: Rockslide Cave and Back Door Cave, Travis County PERSONNEL: Tom Foster, Phil Hollier and Mike Warton REPORTED BY: Mike Warton Three hours were spent at Rockslide Cave excavating for bones and artifacts. One Bison tooth and two arrow heads were found 14' below the entrance. The first evi dence of prehistoric Bison remains were discovered in 1972, with a similar tooth having a carbon dated age of 450 B.C. The projectile points found were both unclassified tupes a nd both date B C Three hours were spent in Back Door Cave pushing the entrance tunnel. Another digging trip may connect us with the water course of a spring which exits the cave via two small holes to the right of the cave entrance. DATE: April17-19, 1974 DESTINATION: CaveY and Cave Z PERSONNEL: Tom Foster and Mike Warton REPORTED BY : Mike Warton CaveY is a newly discovered Travis County cave hav ing approximately 450' of passage. Only initial exploration has b ee n done s o far. This trip was spent pushing a (sure 114 to go) lead in one of the lower stream passages. CaveY has extreme potential for being connected to a large and deep cave system. DATE: April 21, 1974 DESTINATION: lnnerspace, Steam Cave, Pond Tower C ave, Quarry Cave and Chinaberry Cave. PERSONNEL: Mike and Sally Warton, Chris Williams Tom Burks, and five others from the Dallas, Fort Worth Grotto REPORTED BY: Mike Warton We met the Ft. Worth group at Steam cave. The fin a l preparations were made on the Steam Cave gating project. The project is close to completion. An inspection of the Quarry Cave cave gate was made. Pond Tower Cave and Chinaberry Cave were visited by all. A short trip through I nnerspace topped off the day. A new I nnerspace guide claims the cave is over 7 miles long! Hobb Gobble! DATE: May 4-6 DESTINATION: Carta Valley PERSONNEL: Dave Hutchings, Pam Schmidt, Mike Schulte, Peter Sprouse REPORTED BY: Peter Sprouse Friday morning Mike and Pam pulled in on their w a y back to Arizona after a month of caving in West Virginia. After showing them around Austin, we decided to take a trip to West Texas so they could see a few Texas caves We reached our first stop, Devils Sinkhole, Saturday afternoon. Soon on the bottom, Pam got involved in som e photography and Dave collected a fallen swallows egg. Th e swallows roost in the wall at the level of the top of the break down the mountain, as dusk fell we watched their flight in, and shortly afterward, the bat flight out. We camped by the pit that night and set off the nex t morning for H. T. Miers' Cave. It should be noted that Mr. Miers should no longer be contacted about permission, but talk to the leasee, Cliff Lowry. After wasting an hour searching fruitlessly for the cave, Mr. Lowry's ranch hands took us to the cave entrance. Fortunately Logan McNatt had warned us of the proliferation of snakes near the ent ranee, and sure enought, a sleeping rattler lay coiled at the mouth of the cave. We edged around him and set off down the drops to the lower portion of the cave. All started exploring different passages at the bottom. I took a left-hand passage which eventually started going upstream, but was blocked by a flowstone constriction too small to squeeze through. This could be enlarged with a small amount of explosive and virgin passage can be seen beyond. On the way out of the cave Pam discovered that her Bachmann Knots didn't like my 9mm Bluewater rope, so she 3 wrap Prusiked all the way out. It being Sunday night of the fifth of May, we decided to drive down to Ciudad Acuna for the Cinco de Mayo festi val. We had an enjoyable time drinking at the square and listening to the roving musicians. We pulled in late at the THE TEXAS CAVER

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Carta Valley tr i a ngle, a nd the next day we l e i s ur ely made our way back to Austin by way of a nic e cool low water crossin g D A T E : February 15-17, 1974 D E STINATION: La Gruta Del Precipio PERSONNEL: Preston Forsythe, John Graves, Blake Harrison, Logan McNatt, Neal Morris, Dale Pate, Barbara Vinson and others. R E PORTED BY: Dale Pate Leaving San Antoni o r ather lat e we arrived at Busta mante Canyon a few hours before daylight. Car loads f rom A&l, UT and SWT were there. Approximately 10 peo ple were at the cave entrance by 1 o'clock. John, Prest on and Neal checked the lead and finished the leads in th e cave. The rest of the group stayed in the ma i n part of t h e cave. Blake and several others went down the mou ntain that n ight while the rest of us came down the next day DATE: February 23, 1974 DESTINATION: McCarty Cave PERSONNEL: Mike Hill, Mary Harris, Katie Monahan, Janel Nye, Dale Pate, Talty Robinson, Bill Thomas, and two others. REPORTED BY: Dale Pate At the entrance we removed a very dead raccoon and voc e eded through the rest of the cave We spent about two hours crawling through the mud and over the different hard rocks (all rocks usually are hard). We found that the fenc e had been fixed and new trespassing signs put up. Re cent l y we have found that the land has been leased, and at t h e present time the cave is closed D A TE: March 2 and 3, 1974 DESTINATION: Gorman Falls area, San Saba and Lampasas Counties P E RSONNEL: Ralph Batsche, Jeff Ethridge, Mike Connolly, Bill Boogie and Katie Sherborne, Mike Mitchell, Floyd Vice, Ernst Kastning R E PORTED BY: Ernst Kastning After years of procrastination, the Greater Houston Grotto made its first club trip to Gorman Falls. Our purpose was to visit the caves near the Falls and to check leads i n Lampasas County which Jeff had been aware of. Prior to arriving at Gormans, Jeff went to call on the Lampasas landowners but was unable to contact them. Consequently, we remained at Gorman Falls for the weekend. We met a caving group from Wichita Falls as we visited Gormans Cave. Those who had never seen the cave were p leasantly surprised at its size and relatively untrashed appearance. After a brief wallowing in the Colorado River we had lunch and walked to the waterfall where we visited a s mall cave (near the new Chevrolet formation) which had s t e ps cut up to it and Gormlette Waterfall Cave which we THE TEXAS CAVER f i n a lly found after climbing around the cliff for awhile I n the ev e ning R a lph Jeff and I waded and swam ac ross the river t o check out some dark holes in the opposite cliff (Lampasas County). We looked into a rather nice dry cave about 210 feet long and decided to map i t the ne x t morning. We headed back to camp, dinner and sleep. The following morning Ralph, Jeff and I crossed the river again while Mike Mitchell and Floyd Vice v i sited Gormlette Waterfall Cave and the rest returned to Houston. We spent some time maneuvering a large dead tree to a 3-foot high hole 15 feet up the cliff wall almost across the river from the Gorman waterfall. It proved to be about 25 feet long ending in a small dome with a name and 1954 d ata scratched in the rock. We decided to name this small cave "Hole in the Wall." We proceeded to the larger cave downstream visited the day before and surveyed it. We named this one "Soot Cave" as black carbon deposits cover the ceiling along the first ten feet. These deposits are from campfires in the entrance, perhaps dating back to Indian occupation of the area. We walked downstream along the cliff and checked a few other caves which were either very short or required climbing gear to enter. After wading back to the camp we headed back to Houston. DATE: March 29 through 31, 1974 DESTINATION: Gruta del Percipicio, Rio Sabinas (Bustamante) Canyon, N L., Mexico PERSONNEL: Charles Fromen, Ralph Batsche, Fred Messic, Shelia Balsdon, Tom lliffe, Ernst Kastning REPORTED BY: Ernst Kastning This was just about the last favorable weekend to have out long-awaited trip to Gruta del Prec i picio before the hot weather would make the long climb up the Rio Sabinas Canyon's south wall unbearable. We planned to make it a photographic trip. The climb to the cave is certainly an uphill fight. The long scree slope, the kn i fe-edged, nearly vert i cally-bedded linestone ridge, and numerous man-eating plants created a challenging obstacle course during our four hour ascent. We reached the short plateau over the cave about noon, having successfully avoided the sun by staying in the shade of the mountain. Our 30 to 40 pound packs contained food, water and sleeping and climbing gear for our stay in the cave. Once around the corner of the precipice and inside the coolness of the cave, we slept for an hour and a half and then proceeded to 1000 or so feet to the first drop. Charles Shelia, Fred, and Tom descended. Tom had a close call when h i s jacket became ensnared in his brakebars about one third of the way down the 150 foot drop. I advised him to cut the tangled piece of clothing away with his pocket knife Having done this, he then proceeded uneventfully down the remainder of the pitch i n his newly ventilated cave garb. 115

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Ralph and I remained topside to photograph the upper level. The passing of vertical gear in the pits would drastic a lly lengthen the remainder of the group's stay in the lower passages and lessen their sleep for the next morning's tre k down the mountain and 400mile return drive. Ralph and 1 sat in the entrance during the remaining daylight hours and enjoyed the incredible view of the canyon. Vultures soared silently past our commanding perch. Then we systematically photographed our way back to the pit and checked the numerous leads enroute. About 10:00 p.m. we bedded down for the night in the quiet solitude of the cave Various unidentified arthropods crawled over us as we slept. About 4 :00a.m. the others arrived in camp and sacked out after a successful photographic venture to the Big Room. The next morning we descended to the Ojo de Agua campground in the canyon floor and treated ourselves to a l e isurely swim in the spring fed stream. The pickup ride back to Houston was pleasant as we were able to rotate driving sleeping in the comfortable cots in the back. Speaking as a born-and-raised Northeastern caver, M exico is something else! DATE: April 26 through 28, 1974 DESTINATION: TSA Convention, New Braunfels and Honey Creek Cave, Kendall County PERSONNEL: Charles Fromen, Ralph Batsche, Shelia Balsdon, Tom lliffe, Ernst Kastning REPORTED BY: Ernst Kastning After arriving as the TSA Convention campground Friday night, we participated in the conviviality of the occasion well into the early morning hours. The following day was devoted to listening to papers, BOG meeting, supper, photo salon, and live bluegrass music and hyper dancing in the pavilion. We could not return to Houston without going caving Afterall, we are cavers. So we de cided to see Honey Creek Cave in Kendall County on Sunday. Chuck Stuehm provided accurate directions to the owne r s ranch. After a br ief wait for the owners, directions to the cav e w ere obtained and we d r ove overland to a point not far from the cave entrance. We ate a quick lunch and scrounged for fossils in a nearby wash, finding several fine deformed Cretaceous gastropods. We hiked to the c a v e a nd ente red the spring entrance in two groups. Ralph a nd I photographed the entrance area while the others took an inner tube and swam upstream in water ov e r their h e ads The y turned back after several hundred fee t and m ee ting us on the way back, gave us the inner tube a nd proceeded out. Ralph and I tubed upstream and b ack pulling ours elves along by grabbing low-hanging sta l actites. We stopped to photograph a few deep-water sce n es a nd c a m e out the dry walk-in entrance. The cave pr ovide d an ex citing and enjoyable trip and we hope to r eturn to visit the back s ection with more appropriate gear. 116 DATE: April 6-7, 1974 DESTINATION: Airman's Cave PERSONNEL: David Finfrock, John Gale, Marilyn Goodwin, Brian McCall, Jack Morgan, Gary Owens, Doug Symank, Jim Weatherford, Alicia Wisener REPORTED BY: David Finfrock Nine of us ASS'es lived up to our name by inex p lic ably returning to Airman's Cave after an earlier trip th er e last November. The first trip was easily explained because we literally didn't know what we were getting into. But this time there were no excuses. I guess all cavers are s light ly masochistic. We entered the squeeze around noon Saturday and in a few hours found ourselves past the One-Legged-Man passage and into the sculpture room. We spent over an hour there molding our fantasies in clay before crawling on. When we reached a spot where we could actually stand up right we celebrated by eating dinner, where one of the grou p spilled some Sugar Crisp onto the floor. Then, we wer e startled to see a mouse dart out from a corner, grab so m e of the cereal, and quickly disappear. We were surprised t o say the least, but waited quietly and it returned again and again ; every 15 seconds as timed by Gary. I readied my cam er a and got off one shot. If my settings were right I should have a good portrait of the cave mouse. But according to Joh n I'll more likely have a nice shot of "the darkness in Air man's Cave We pressed on through the maze and finally broke J u t into the walking passage after a seemingly endless crawl After a few hours exploring we returned to where we had eaten, and since it was then midnight we decided to spen d the night there. Some had brought blankets with them a n d weren't affected much by the cold. Doug and I, howeve r had planned to use his space blanket. It seemed appropri ately named because all it did was take up space, providing no insulation at all. After an hour or two of misery, the two of us decided that if we couldn't sleep then the others shouldn't either. We let go a barrage of complaints and kept it up for an hour or so until the others gave in and followed us out. We finally crept out into the marning's first light at 7 AM Sunday, tired and sore, but satisfied. DATE: February 3, 1974 DESTINATION: Boyett's and McCarty's Caves PERSONNEL: Ralph Batsche, Mik6 Connolly, Theresa Morris, John Lucey, Jim M -clane, Ernst Kastning, and others. REPORTED BY: Ernst Kastning The Sunday after the BOG meeting we headed for some local caves First we stopped at Boyett's Cave, a small but nice pit cave We were lead to this one by Chuck Stuehm, Jerry Lindsey, and the Darileks Ralph and I went in to take some pictures. THE TEXAS CAVER

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Once out of Boyett's we piled into Jim's modest cav ing vehicle (you know, the one that weighs 18,000 pounds, a fo ur wheel-drive ice cream truck A TV with three feet of road clea rance) We ruined s everal miles of pavement on our way to McCarty's Cave. Ralph, Mike, and I crawled t hrough this cave after another group of cavers We photo gra phed the pretties in the back. Upon exiting, we dis cove red that we had become guano encrusted. What causes caver s to crawl around in this vile stuff is something that defies explanation. I have not had such a demeaning ex perienc e since I waded knee-deep i n cattle guano in a West Virginia cave stream a number of years ago. The tri p back to Houston inside the vibrating white roo m on Jim's truck would certai nly have been tedious had it not been for the great repetoire of music available to us o n t he tape player inside ,, ROCKER.\ THE TEXAS CAVER ... Vi"o la.be.\ 'S ft-o"" PN-s5 I I II : i : I I 1 i l I 1 Ein hochst beruhmt Wein bei Fieselerhaus Sangre del S6tano u '-' Hecho en Tejas por La Case de Fieseler OCTUBRE 1972 117

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KEEP ABREAST Subscribe now!

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Fisch e r's Pit i s still clo se d and will rema in so until furth e r notice. McCa rty's Cave i s clos e d. The land has been le ased a nd t h e new leasor does not want people on the property. Several cavers were charged with trespass ing. SWTG is working on getting it straightened out. But until then, it would be wise to plan on caving elsewhere. Pumpkin and Blowhole -You must now receive prior permission to enter these caves. A writte n l etter a t least a week in advance. T h ere i s now a n admission charge of 2 pesos a per s on to enter Bustamante Canyon. So be pre par ed for it. The TEXAS CAVER needs about 40 more subscription s. Do what you c an to see that we get the m NSS el ections reseated Curl, Veslage, Deal, and Mrocskowski. Power and Fieseler ran a good race, but found it too hard to replace incumbants. Apparently Watergate had no affect on NSS. Jon and Debbie Vinson are the proud parents of a fin e boy. Congratulations! The TSA is growing. THE TEXAS CAVER At the last Texas A & I Body Roast, a freaky stranger walked up, demanded food, and generally started to cause trouble. After this far-out guy started damaging park property, he had to be reported to the park ranger. Can you picture the scene where Jon Everage walks up to the park ranger and says "Hey man, you gotta do something about this guy, he is weird!" It was later learned that this unwelcome guest was an escaped mental patient with a black belt in karate! Farrr Out! Gary Soule of Wisconsin sends word that "experts have figured out that total darkness in a cave is 40% darker than the darkest, moon-less night!" Beware you delinquent members of the TSA who have not subscribed to the 1974 TEXAS CAVER! There is a rumor circulating that the names of note-worthy and notorious non-sub scribers will be printed in a guano list in this column for the public ridicule by your peers. Actually this is a last resort move so you still have almost one month to send your $4.50 to James Jasek, 4190 Lakeshore, Waco, Texas 76710. This is an unpaid political advertisement by CREEP, the Committee to Re-install Economic rrosperity,Glen Darlek, Chairman. Remember YCDCSOY A : You can do caving a service, Offer your assistance. The following scriptures were taken from a recent sermon of the wandering Carta Valley missionary Brer K. Allen G. and submitted by his press agent C A. Vemonger. "Walk while ye have the light, lest darkness come upon you." St. John, XII:35 "And the Lord said unto Satan, Whence earnest thou? Then Satan answered ... From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it." Job, I : 7 119

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120 a11 GEditotia l This seems to be a good time to write an editorial. .. sitting in a plastic waiting room in the IRS offices of the local Federal building. Waiting here may provide me with enough wasted time to write several in fact. Maybe even a whole chapter of my great American novel! And speaking of great Americans, there is a 16x 20 black and white gloss y photograph of himself the President, peeking down from the wall in his che a p certificate frame-casting what may be interpreted as a sympathetic glare a t me. But here's the good part: the picture is hanging crooked! Looking around, I see the decorator here selected Early Dentist furnishing s for myself and a sad mixture of not-so-great Americans to sit upon ... amid plastic pot-plants and some very tired conservative magazines. The entire setting-the furnishings, the haggard guests, the government automatons, the mundane building, the President, and my tax file under imp a J tial scrutiny makes me realize why I go caving. And why I even enjoy it and the not-so-great Americans who cave. Now if I can just restrain myself from telling these bureaucrats to stuff my schedule C up their plastic whatchamacallits ... THE TEXAS CAVE R

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The TEXAS CAVER BULK RATE U.S. Postag e PAID Permit No. l4 2 3 Waco, Tx. 76 710 4190 Lakeshore Dr./Waco, Texas 76710 RETURN REO UESTEI FORWARDING P O STAG GUA R A NTEE ck 'erup. The finest in lightweight camping gear: Backpacks, Boots, Tents, Down Clothing & Sleeping Bags, Racing Bikes, Ski Gear, Canoes, Kayaks (sales & rental). Pack up. Equip111ent 638 Westbury Square / Houston Texas 77035 / (713) 721-1530 591 Town & Country Village / Houston 77024 /461-3550


Description
Contents: TSA
Convention 74 / Glenn Darilek --
The Grotto of Jeita / Gary Soule --
A cave / A. Richard Smith --
Teknikal report / Mike Connolly --
Getting there / Ken A. Griffin --
News & not-so news --
Election notice --
Candela: conquered / Bob Lloyd --
Pioneer caver remembered: Tom Meador --
Flak (and other letters) --
Betty Crocked / Barbra Vinson --
A caver: Alicia Wisener / Finfrock, et al --
Inflated caving / Assoc. Press --
Getting out / Gary Parsons --
Caving goes to the heart of matter / Cliff Lewis --
Trip reports --
Guano bucket --
Editorial.