The Texas Caver

The Texas Caver

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The Texas Caver
Series Title:
The Texas Caver
Texas Speleological Association
Texas Speleological Association
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Regional Speleology ( local )
Technical Speleology ( local )
serial ( sobekcm )
United States


General Note:
Contents: Upcoming news events -- Gunnel's / Tom Warden -- Gunnel's Cave map -- Chairman's column / George Veni -- Speleolaw / Jay Jorden -- TSA mini-project -- Sorcerer's Cave: Osteology / Logan McNatt -- Sorcerer's Cave: the camp / George Veni -- Sorcerer's Cave map (updated) -- Alto letter / Tom Warden -- A bit of history -- Letters to the Editor -- Back issues for sale -- Trip reports -- Another bit of feedback: or a last word / Mimi Jasek -- Calvin the caver cartoon strip.
Open Access - Permission by Publisher
Original Version:
Vol. 25, no. 03 (1980)
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

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University of South Florida Library
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University of South Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
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K26-04629 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.4629 ( USFLDC Handle )
11363 ( karstportal - original NodeID )
0040-4233 ( ISSN )

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the Texas Caver JUNE 1980


the Texas Caver Vol. 25, No.3, 1980 CONTENTS UPCOMING NEWS & EVENTS ................. 46 GUNNEL'S -Tom Warden ................... 47 GUNNEL'S CAVE MAP ....................... 47 CHAIRMAN'S COLUMN George Veni ........ 48 SPELEOLAW -Jay Jorden ............... 49 TSA MINI-PROJECT ....................... 51 SORCERER'S CAVE: OSTEOLOGY Logan McNatt ................................ 52 SORCERER'S CAVE: THE CAMP George Veni.53 SORCERER'S CAVE MAP (UPDATED) .......... 54 ALTO LETTER -Tom Warden ............... 56 A BIT OF HISTORy ....................... 57 LETTERS TO THE EDITOR ................... 58 BACK ISSUES FOR SALE .................... 60 TRIP REPORTS ............................ 61 ANOTHER BIT OF FEEDBACK: OR A LAST WORDMimi Jasek ............................ 63 CALVIN THE CAVER CARTOON STRIP .......... 64 COVER -A very fine pen & ink drawing by .. .... ? Can not read the signature on the drawing. Will the artist please speak up! The TEXAS CAVER is a bimonthly publication of the Texas Speleological Association (TSA), an intepnal organization of the National Speleolo:J7>al Society (NSS) and is published by James Jasek in Waco, Texas. SUBSCRIPTIONS are $5.00 per year. Persons subscribing after the first of the year will receive all back issues for that year. Single copies are available at 90 each, postpaid. The TEXAS CAVER openly 1nvites contributors to submit: articles, reports, news, cartoons, cave maps, caving and photographs (any size print b?ack & white or color print) for publication in the TEXAS CAVER. Address all SUBSCRIPTIONS and EDITORIAL material to the editor: James Jasek, lOl9 Melrose Dr., Waco, Texas 767l0. When sending in a change of address, please include your old address. Persons interested in EXCHANGES or FOREIGN subscriptions should direct to the editor. UPCOMING News & Events 4-6 July 1980: TSA Mini-Project at creek Water Cave. Contact Scott Hardenor Gary Poole at (512) 474-241 23-31 August, 1980 (Tentative date): Sorcerer's Cave. Pushing leads in the upper parts of the cave, bolt traverses, efforts to connect with nearby Apprentice Cave. Contact George Veni, 4254 Goshen Pass, S a n Antonio, TX 78230, (512) 699-115 3 20-21 September 1980: Third annual OldtimE Reunion to be held in the Uvalde area. Many of the great caves in the area will be open for trips. The r e will be a BOG meeting at this time. Newly discovered Toad Cave has pushe:1 the count for the ongoing Bexar Co. Survey to 132. About 45 caves mentioned in old reports, await accurate locations before being on. 28 June -29 August marks the l17th anniversary of Prof. Otto Lidenbroc k & Company's historic Journey to the Center of the Earth! Any Sunday: Looking for some good caving. Contact James Jasek, 1019 Melrose, Waco, TX 76710, (817) 776-1727. I am currently resurveying Inner Space ani have thousands of feet yet to go. A super cave for mapping, photography, and exploration. I need a lot of hel


GUNNErS THE EAST TEXAS CAVE THAT CQULJ)N' T BE PHOTOGRAPHED Tom Warden Gunnel's Cave, below Center, Texas, is at the time and was determined to get a good ,ortrayed by the Texas Speleological picture of the big room. He made three :urvey as being a sandstone cave through additional trips to the cave, but as far as Thic h a stream runs. The stream is correct I know, has never gotten a revealing view IUt the cave is formed in a dark, heavy of the room. :ed clay. It has two very impressive I do not know why flashes will not the size of which cause the reflect from these walls. It may be because lpproaching explorer to disbelieve that the of the darkness of the walls, or perhaps :ota l length of all passages to be just there is some ingredient in the clay that lOa feet. The cave is shaped like a printed soaks up light. It may also be because no :igure 4, so that the main passage makes a number of electronic flashes will show the iog to the left then one to the right, while interior of this room, but a large bulb, :he crawlway forms the upper part of the such as a Press 25 may be necessary to get Jackbone of the 4. Half way along the crawl-a good picture. there is a connection back to the main Whatever the reason, someday a knowledg-Jassage. able photographer is going to get a good T he two main passages are shaped picture of the big room of Gunnels Cave, lertically like a tall capital A, probably and I should be very happy to see it in the :h e shape that nature would form all caves TEXAS CAVER. Lf not hindered by other forces. Man digs nine s with flat ceilings and must shore them up, but the shape of these passages permits the least danger to the explorer. Entering the cave from the west, the =xplorer can walk upright but his hardhat shoulders sometimes scrape against the n a rrow walls. A hundred feet in, the passage turns to the left into the big room, which trends N-S and is 30 feet long by 20 feet w id e From the other end of the big room, th e east passage leads 60 feet to the east entrance, in a southeasterly direction. The crawlway, a continuation of the west p assage, is shaped like a smooth borehole, but becomes progressively smaller as it continues to the east entrance. During our initial exploration of the cave I got some very nice shots of the entrances and a silhouette of a person in the west passage. Then I set my camera up t o take a photograph of the big room. I assumed that 5 flashes would be enough for a room only 30 feet long. I took another flash into the crawlway, which is formed in a yellow-white clay, unlike the dark red col o r of the big room. When the slide was developed, the crawlway showed up very nicely but the rest of the photo was blank? A n other spelunker along on the trip, also t ook a photo of the big room but it too came out blank. This person, whom I shall n o t name, was taking a photography course 47 50 Feet GUNNELS CAVE Surveyed and Drafted by: T.B. Warden June 1971 L -11-


CHAIRMAN'S COLUMN The April 1980 TSA Convention was a success, judging from the positive feedback I'm receiving. It makes me feel the time and effort put into the convention is well spent. Thanks to everyone who attended and contributed. Your presence and efforts made this TSA function successful. During the convention, a survey was done on cavers opinions of TSA and the TEXAS CAVER. Of the 92 people registering who received questionaires, there were 25 responses. Below is a brief summary of the results. The complete statistics are available from me upon request. Respondents feel that the purpose of the TSA is to facilitate and coordinate social and spe1ean caving activities. The present number of social events is adequate for most cavers, but more TSA projects and caving trips are overwhelmingly requested. The lack of actual statewide caving is viewed as one of the main problems with the TSA. There was almost a 50/50 split on the question if TSA should be a dues paying organization. When later discussed at the BOG it was felt that dues were needed for TSA expenses and to help support the TEXAS CAVER. However, because of the 100seknit structure of the TSA and present qualifications for membership, major organizational changes would have to be made in order to collect dues. Alternate methods of fund raising have been suggested for the near future. The TEXAS CAVER was rated as a "good" publication. Drawbacks are the lack of subscriptions caused by the lack of contributed materials. (This is not the reason. The editor!) From the 16 cavers that suggested sending in material to the TC, 11 haven't sent in anything within the past year. This problem with the TC is indicative of the state of the TSA. You are the TSA! Your participation, efforts, and interests can make it a success or destroy it. The TEXAS CAVER is a reflection of TSA. Both TSA and the TC have been on the downswing for the last few years. No, I'm not trying to sell some guilt trip to make everyone more active. That technique has been uS2d too often in the past and achieved short term benefits at its best. But 48 interesting activities will serve as conel incentive to spur further and future participation with the TSA. As chairman of the TSA, I'm trying to provide direction, guidance, facilities and means to reach these ends. You asked for it, you got it . Cave, the TSA Proj ect for the fourth of Ju. weekend. Contact Scott Harden or Gary Poole for current information. The Old Timer's Reunion in September promises to focus its activities on the many fine caves in the Uvalde area. Other caving? Announce trips in the CAVER! I'm making the following requestst all grottos: 1. As most grottos have somebody to organize club trips, that person migh set up three of the grotto trips each year 2-3 months in advance so that thl TC can be notified. This minimal extn effort will get you caving with peopll and in places you might normally neve get to see. 2. Make it a grotto project to send in a l least one article for each issue of d TC. A trip report takes ten minutes tl write and a good feature article takel maybe an hour or two. Done once every two months with the work divided grotto members, the writing involves almost no real effort. Grotto news used to be a regular feature of the TC Let's see some effort to bring it back If you are an Independent caver, don't that you can not contribute to the TC. You can send in material without grotto affili ation. (It will be published. The editor!) Everyone's help is needed and appreciated. Besides it feels good to see your name in print. These are steps towards fulfilling the purpose of the TSA. Within the past couple o f years, the TSA came close to dissolving. Please help to prevent that from ever happening. I'll be using this "Chairman's Column" to keep you informed on the latest events concerning the TSA. I welcome suggestions and constructive criticism from all sources. George Veni


Jay Jorden COPYRIGHT 1980 The intent of the series of articles is to e xplore selected legal controversies which have involved speleology since the turn of the century. As a current Texas bar c a n didate, my legal writing is governed by the American Bar Association rules, which st ate that the public should recognize l egal problems. These articles are intended to be historical in nature and impart a broad perspective on the law. From the passage ahead, a low rumble echoed. It began as 'a visceral sensation which vibrated through the soles of the four cavers' Army boots; the feeling in their stomachs was of impending doom. The sound came from the entrance of the cave. The sound grew louder as tons of rock began a slide across the entrance of the cave, blocking it with fifty horizontal feet of stone. Sound far-fetched? In recent years, cave explorers in Mexico weathered an earthquake inside a sotano. A caver said he heard a rumble of shifting rock and felt the ground shake under his feet. The formations and walls appeared to be swaying. The story sounded convincing enough. A law school professor used the scenario (of cave explorers trapped in a cavein) to illustrate a grim point. Lon L. Fuller, writing in the Harvard Law Review, set the story in an imaginary country of the future, Newgarth. Amazingly, the reader can find parallels in his tale with present-day cave exploration and rescue operation. His concern is what desperate men and women would do in a survival situation. And murder. As the story unfolds, the Supreme Court of Newgarth was in a turmoil over the death of Roger Whetmore, leader of a caving expedition to the Commonwealth's central plateau. He had been eaten by his companions nine days before a rescue effort, which cost the lives of ten workman, saved the expedition members. The cavers had been 49 convicted of murder and had appealed. To recount the facts, ... While they (cavers) were in a position remote from the entrance to the cave, a landslide occurred. Heavy boulders fell in such a manner as to block completely the only known opening to the cave. When the men discovered their predicament, they settled themselves near the obstructed entrance to wait until a rescue party should remove the debritus that prevented them from leaving the underground prison. On the failure of Whetmore and the defendants to return to their homes, the Secretary of the Speluncan Society was notified by their families. It appears that the explorers had left indications at the headquarters of the Society concerning the location of the cave they proposed to visit .. II Fuller's account has evidently been wellresearched, as it appears he knows at least the rudiments of modern-day cave exploration. He went on. liThe rescue, during which some 500 feet of debris was removed, exhausted the Speluncan Society's treasury and required a legislative grant. During interim before the effort was successful a large temporary camp was established at the cavesite, apparently manned with myriads of professionals--engineers, physicians, ministers, government workers. On the twentieth day, the workers discovered that the cavers had a transceiver in their possession, and radio contact was made with them, at which time they requested an estimate of the rescue date, and were told ten days hence. Then a committee of doctors was formed to ascertain if the five could live that much longer, as their food had long since been eaten. The answer was negative, but when Whetmore, the appointed spokesman, asked eight hours later if the killing and consumption of one of his companions would brighten the outlook, the answer was a 'reluctant' yes. However, the captives could get no advice from doctors, government officials or ministers whether they should cast lots to make the decision which of them within the cave (should be


eaten)." The radio went silent until the rescue, at which time all survivors were arrested, charged with murder, and brought to trial. As it turned out, the victim Whetmore first proposed the idea of cannibalism to his and produced a pair of dice to lessen the burden of deciding who should die. Shortly before the throws were to begin, Whetmore got cold feet. He announced he was backing out. The others naturally protested, charging him with a breach of faith and throwing the dice away. Whetmore was asked when it came his turn to throw whether a proxy could cast for him; he did not protest and the dice rolled. He lost the toss and was immediately killed and eaten. Justice Handy, one of two maintaining innocence for the defendants, stated, "Almost every newspaper and magazine carried articles about it; columnists have shared with their readers confidential information as to the next governmental move; hundreds of letters-to-the-editor have been printed. One of the great newspaper chains made a poll uf public opinion on the question, "What do you think the Supreme Court should do with the Speluncan Explorers?". About ninty percent expressed a belief that the defendants should be pardoned or let off with a kind of token punishment. It is perfectly clear, then, how the public feels about this case." Another justice, who said he had not slept a wink since the case was argued before him, reached a stalemate "unprecedented" in the court's history and withdrew despite the fact that his colleagues berated him for his reasoning. After two of his brethren had written their oplnlons, he again refused to be a part of the deliberations. Justice Handy, who emphasized the case before him was only one of "human frailties," and nothing else, stated that men are ruled by other men and not by words on paper. Therefore, the court should take account of public opinion. His radical approach was in response to the sometimes-labored articulations of his colleagues. Justice Foster declared the men innocent of any crime, not by the commonwealth whose laws he was sworn to uphold, but by a law of nature. "Had the tragic events of this case taken place a mile beyond the territorial limits of our Commonwealth, no one would pretend that our law was applicable to them. We recognize that jurisdiction rests on a so territorial basis. I take it that this principle is supported by an sssumption that it is feasible to impose a single leg order upon a group of men only if they live together within the confines of a given area of the earth's surface. The premise that men shall coexist in a group then, the territorial principle, as it doe! all of law. Now I contend that a case may be removed morally from the force of a legal order, as well as geographically. If we look to the purposes of the law and government, and to the premises underlying our positive law, these men when they made their fateful decision were as remote fran our legal order as if they had been a thousand miles beyond our boundaries. Even in a physical sense, their underground prison was separated from our courts and writ-servers by a solid curtain' of rock that could be removed only after the most extraordinary expenditures of time and effort. "I conclude, therefore, that at the time Roger Whetmore's life was ended by thes e defendants, they were, to use the quaint language of 19th century writers, not ina 'state of civil society' but in a 'stateof nature' ." Justice Tatting disagreed. "I am not clear why this is so, whether it is because of the thickness of the rock that imprisono them, or because they were hungry, or because they had set up a 'new charter of government' by which the usual rules o f were to be supplanted by a throw of dice." Since ten lives were lost in the effort for the four cavers, he said, it is no sounder logic to say that this gesture appealed to a higher legal order than it to say that the average loss in human life of a concrete expressway or the of a large dam for hydroelectric power at the expense of many workers' lives are justified. If at some future date "any group of men ever find themselves in the tragic predicament of these defendants, we may be sure that their dicision whether to live or die will be controlled by the contents of our criminal code," he said. They may try to bind themselves, he said, by a contract--to cast lots in deciding which of them should be killed to benefit the rest. But here, the subject matter of the contract was illegal. Justice Foster, however, argued that the killing was not illegal, but instead self-defense. Tatting criticized him, saying that the law of nature is "a code in which the law of


contr acts is more fundamental than the law of murder. It is a code under which a man make a valid agreement empowering his fellows to eat his own body." He charged the cavers acted with willful deliberation and could be guilty of first-degree murder. Under Newgarth law, whoever shall willfully take the life of another shall be guilty of murder and punished by death. The court's chief justice, Truepenny, d eclared the four were guilty of murder under the statute. Justice Keen took Truepenny's reasoning one step further by accusing his brothers of trying to moralize the issue rather than interpreting the law as it is written. "To put it bluntly, my brothers do not like the fact that the written law requires the conviction of thes e defendants," he said. "Neither do I, but u::1like by brothers, I respect the obligations of an office that requires me t o put my personal predilections out of my mind I,hen I come to interpret and apply the la\ol of this Commonwealth." With one justice abstaining, the five judge;: panel handed down its verdict. Judgment affirmed. TEXAS CAVE ( 512)-686-0234 KREIDLER ANSWERING SERVo McALLEN. TEXAS RtSCUE CALL COLLECT REQUEST "i.. CAVE RESCUE In the event of a cave emergency where s pelunking techniques and equipment are needed for search and/or rescue, CALL 512/ 6136-0234. You will be requested to leave your name and phone number and stand by. Cave Rescue in your area will return your call. Sl TSA MiniProject A TSA Mini-Project is being planned for the weekend of July 4, 1980, at Honeycreek Cave. The purposes will be to survey and explore this water cave. Approximatelv the first thousand feet of Honeycreek been mapped but the cave has been explored past the pseudo siphon to 3500 feet without a sign of termination. Various factors considered we expect that the cave may go for "miles". A wet suit is mandatory for work in the cave. Due to landowner relationships, participation is limited to fifteen cavers. First consideration will be given to those who indicate a firm determination to attend. For more information, please contact: Gary Poole 3407 \.]erner Austin, Texas 78722 (512) 474-2484


abt Osteology Logan McNatt Sorcerer's Cave is not only the deepest known cave in Texas; it also has the distinction of yielding the deepest bones ever found in the state. During the trip of March 8-16, 1980, a random sample of bones was collected from gravel bars along the downstream river passage, at a depth of about 145 meters. These were carefully packed in baby bottles and a padded ammo box and brought out for analysis. George Veni noticed one large bone under breakdown in the large room known as the Sanctum Sanctorum, approximately 100 meters below the entrance. This bone was also collected. All of the bones were heavily mineralized. Dr. Ernest Lundelius, a vertebrate paleontologist at Balcones Research Center in Austin, made preliminary identifications. These were later verified by Dr. Gentry Steele, physical anthropologist at Texas A&M University, and Steve Usrey, an anthropology graduate student at Texas A&M. The bones were identified as follows: Bat: phalange Rabbit: metatarsal Deer: antler tyne Small cat ( possibly bobcat): right femur, left femur Mountain lion: right innominate fragment, left femur (from Sanctum Sanctorum) Human: right mandible, left tibia, right humerus Unidentified: ulna, possible human? All of the bones have been cleaned and preserved and are currently stored at the Laboratory of Physical Anthropology, Dept. of Anthropology, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX. 77843, phone (713) 845-5242. Only one entrance to the cave is known. \olere the bones washed in this entrance, or did they corne from some unknown source via the upstream river passage? No bones have been found upriver, but the water is 52 deep and could conceal bones lying on the bottom. If the bones were washed throug h the known entrance, when did this happ e n ? The entrance is located about five met e rs above the present bottom of Eight-Mile Draw, so only major floods could have possibly reached it, at least in recent times. Judging from the amount of dry bat guano in the upper levels, the cave has not flooded in a long time. The presence of human remains so deep in the cave is of course surprising. It i s remotely possible that some misguided Indian somehow climbed or fell down the entrance drop and decided to set a depth record for Texas. Much more probable is that the human bones are the remains of a shaft burial which was tossed down the 1 4 meter Witch's Well, and was eventually washed to the lower levels. Sorcerer's represents an e xcellent opportunity to study the deposition and transportation of bones through a cave. Dr. Steele is quite enthusiastic about overseeing such a study. Bones would hav e to be collected in a systematic, controlled manner, with their location carefully recorded. Such an effort is tentatively planned during the nex t trip to the cave. SUGGESTED READING Frank, Ruben M. 1964 The Vertebrate Paleontology of Texas Caves. Texas Survey 2 (3) Lundelius, Ernest L., Jr., and Bob H. Slaughter 1971 Vertebrate Remains in Texas Caves. In Natural Texas Caves, edited by Lundelius and Slaughter, pp. 15-27. Gulf Natural Press, Dallas.


The Camp George Veni Announced as a "TSA Project", I was curious about the type of response I'd get for this trip. The response was good but the dates were bad, so it was just Logan McNatt, Randy Waters and I at the cave on Saturday, 8 March 1980. An eight hour trip saw us rig the cave to -87 m, hauling down 60% of the gear. Since 3 of the 4 major drops were behind us and having to get wet to go any further, we felt this was a good place to stop. An hour was spent on bug collecting before exiting. On Sunday, Logan and I entered the cave with the remainder of the gear. Randy, who wasn't feeling well, was to join us on Mon day With the cave rigged, we quickly reached our other gear, in spite of the 80-90 1bs packs we carried. Soon enough we reached the bottom of the River Pit and all the vertical work was behind us. Now the real work started, having to backpack the 4 duffe11 bags, plus other miscellaneous packs and gear, over 1 km to the camp. With uneven terrain, ankle to chest deep water and occasional stretches of stoop and duckwa1king, for back pains to r emember the cave by, our hike was "quite sporting". It took two trips to get all the gear to camp from the pit. Now I'd like to publicly thank Logan for not deserting me as any normal, intelligent person would. The camp wasn't quite the way he had imagined it from my vivid descriptions. I told him it was a dry, upper level from the River, (dry, meaning not in the River). Imagine a narrow, sticky, mud-covered passage, \vith large breakdown slabs angling their jagged edges upwards and isolated pools and puddles occupying the smooth sections of the floor. This was home! Our dry camp clothes were wet and much of our gear was soaked. There was only one place to hang a hammock and the best place Logan found for his sleeping bag was a 2 m l o ng natural bridge. Its drawback was that it sloped down at both ends, leaving him in suspense as to which way he'll slide down while trying to sleep: one way he breaks his leg, the other way, his head. Fortunately his bed stayed stationary. Unfortunately, another natural bridge to which my hammock was tied, carne crashing down on Honday morning. A painful awakening! Needless to say, morale was low that morn-53 ing. After a 12 hour rest, we climbed out of our sleeping bags, at 2:30 am, intermittant1y growling, sighing, and moaning about our surroundings. Breakfast helped, but it wasn't until we began surveying that we started feeling better about things. We surveyed through the area known as the Abilene Bypass, (it bypasses Sump 1), which the camp was located in and then taken to Sump 2. The survey ended because the book became too muddy and it was 9 pm, our agreed time to see if Randy had made it to camp yet. Not finding him there, we figured he didn't feel well enough to come down. Due to safety reasons in case he had, we were obligated to exit. It was a cold desert night that greeted our wet, tired bodies at 1:30 am. It was impossible to wake-up Randy. Changing into dry clothes, Logan retired to his tent and I to the cab of my pick-up. With our sleeping bags 1\1 Y \ \ \ { O l .I \,...-:.:! -


b7S\\1IIIIIIIII',I'.IIIII'II\I.II1,11.\\I\\\m:erreII(01Compass and16Sept.1978-S.DamonT.KerD.DrysdaleL.MelD.GuerreroB.OsbS.HardenG.PacJ.Justice1.\lllr\550feetbelowuswetriedvariousmethodstostaywarm: IshiveredalotandLoganlitacigarettetotryandwarmhishandsover.Eventuallyitdawnedonmetostarttheengineandwarmthecab.Soonwewerebothrestlesslyasleepanduncomfortable,butatleastwarm.Therewasnoway wewereuptogoingcavingonTuesday,sowedidotheroddsandendslikecavehunting,searchingforburnedrockmiddensandassociatedIndianpointsforstudy.ThatnightwesleptfairlywellforwelearnedRandyhadsleptwith3blanketsunderhissleepingbagforpadding,thepreviousnightLoganandIfroze.Wednesdaywasagreatday.WewereallfeelinggoodandblitzedondowntotheS4SirionRiver.Ourobjectivewastosurveyupstreamandwedidjustthat,434 mtotheSump.Herewestayedforabituntilwedetermineditcouldnotbeeasilyfree-dived.Noupperleadsforbypasseseithersowecalleditaday.RandysurfacedandLoganandIwenttocamp.Thursdaystartedoffwell,asweextendedthedownstreamsurveytoSump3,thenproblemsarose.Permitmetodigressalittle.Imentionedearlierthatourcampclotheshadgottenwetintransit,butasitturnedout,wedidn'tneedthem.Surprisinglytheairandwatertemperatureweremeasuredat75degreesF.Thewaterhadalwaysfeltabitwarm,butnotsowiththeairwhenwearingwetclothes.We"streaked"thecavedur-


rs(abemtp.Tape Survey.13Mar.1980n11011,urn)IelertsG.Veni,draftM.WartonR.WatersB.Wharton8.Woods6851)CONTOURtiNESGIVENIN..nus".S.l.2)BURNED ROCK..IDDENS,sin41TE282\/ingourtimeincamp,becauseoururiedoutclothesweretoohotandhumidtowear.NowLoganhadbroughtsomeeggsandsausagetoeat,expectingacooler,morepreservingenvironment.ItseemsthattheywereslightlyspoiledwhenheatethemforbreakfastThursdaymorningandatSump 3hebegantofeeltheeffects.Consideringthesituation,Ideemeditunwisetctryandfree-divethesump,soitremainsagoodleadforthefuture.Thesurveyendedandwecheckedtheupperleadsfindingthemtobeahighextensionalongthesamejointoftheriverpassagebelow.Inessence,alongnaturalbridge.Returningtocamp,Logannursedhimselfasbesthecould,butrestandtimeweretoss/-------.-.---/bethecure.Fridaymorningallwaswell.Randyjoinedusfromthesurfaceandwebrokecamp,leavingbehinddepotsoffood,carbideandgearforthefuture.All4packsweremuchlighterandwetooktwooutofthecaveandtheothertwoasfarastheRiverPit.ThatSaturdaywewerejoinedatthecavebyScottHardenandGaryPoolefromAustin,MichaelHughes,CharlesHudson,DaveMcAdooandJimPattonfromGalveston,andBarbaraandNedStrenthfromSanAngelo.ThedaystartedwithabangasScottandGarytriedtoblasttheirwayintoTheCrack,asmallholeonthesurfacethatblowsair.Afterwards,theywenttosomeneighboringranchesinsearchofahopefulupstreamentranceto


Sorcerer's Cave. Nothing major was discovered, but land owner relations were established for future trips. The Galveston cavers went down to the Sirion River, pushed as far as the Pirate's Passage, then on exiting, derigged the cave to within 50 m of the surface. An 18 hour trip! Ned and Barbara collected bugs from the entrance pit and Logan, Randy and I search for more middens points, and arranged the gear we had already brought out of the cave. Sunday, the derigging was completed and Scott pushed nearby Apprentice Cave back about 30 m to an 8 m pit. This produced some excitement and some good leads, but those are for the next trip to work on. It was time for everyone to go home. In retrospect, the trip and the camp were a success. 744.2 meters (2,441 feet) were added to the Survey, plus 5 inches of depth. The most valuable work done was learning what it takes to set up a camp. The surveying we did this trip could have been done from a camp on the surface, but if we hadn't had to retreat to the surface on Monday and had been able to push a good distance beyond Sump 3, then camp would have been an absolute necessity. Closing, I'd like to thank everyone who joined this trip, Dr. R. Crawford of the University of Washington in Seattle, who has taken an active interest in the cave's biology and to Debbie Bowman, Don Bowman, John Cross, Don Keith, Dottie Kern, Linda Palit, Tom Reinbold, Tom Shook, Marjorie Waters, and in memorium, Chuck Stuehm. There donations of their gear and of themselves helped to make this trip possible. S6 TEX OKLA SURVEY OF THE NATIONAL SPELEOLOGICAL SOCIETY Dear Jim; I need help, and hope you can supply it. I need a picture of the pipe or rope of bats leaving a bat cave on their evening flight. About 20 years ago, I did a research project counting bats by photographic method. The paper lay in my storage for all these years. I wanted to publish it but did not until urged on by my condition. If I am to do something with my ideas, I may not have endless years of time. So I sent my project to the Bulletin half expecting them to say NO! to it. With a lot of editing and rewriting with my approval, it was accepted for publicatjon in the Bulletin. The problem is that I don't have a bat flight picture to go along with the article. I hope you can find me such a photograph. It wouldn't be just a bat photo but a picture of the bats as they stream away from the cave on their evening flight. They assume a definite formation as they go: A monstrous rope of bats, continuous and not in separate bunches. This is for the Freetail bats in Frio, Bracken, Ney, Blowout, Bever Creek and James River caves. If you to have such a picture would you send it to me at Rt 1 Box 182, Weslaco, T X 78596. I will reimburse the person sending me a copy slide, black & white picture, or a color print plus postage. Dear Tom; Thank you, Tom Warden Sorry but I do not have such a picture in my but I am sure that some caver,will be more than happy to send you the p&cture you need. How about it? Cavers like Carl Kunath Dale Pate are sure to have a slide of th&s sort. Most of us old timer' s remember Tom.Warden even though he has been out of cav&ng for some time now. Let's give him the slide he needs. The Editor


1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 a bit of History TEXAS REGION OF THE NATIONAL SPELEOLOGICAL SOCIETY Chairman Roy Pietsch Arthur Carroll Harvey Jackson Don Widener Mi 11 s Tandy Vice-Chairman Secretary (Treasurer) Region Director Arthur Carroll Harvey Cartwright Richard Scott (Nancy Austin & Dave Kyser James Manning George Gray Ken Baker) Bart Crisman (Ken Baker) Mi 11 s Tandy (Dave Kyser) Mi 11 s Tandy (Dave Kyser) Royce Ballinger (Dudley Roberts) Richard Scott Richard Scott Marvin Koepke Bart Crisman In 1961 the Texas Region of the National Speleological Society was reorganized and the name to the Texas Speleological Association. The offices of Secretary and Treasurer were combined and the Region Director was dropped. TEXAS SPELEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 Chairman Arthur Carroll Dudley Roberts Chuck Larsen Orion Knox Pete Lindsley Carl Kunath Jack Burch James Reddell A. Richard Smith Gill Ediger Barry Beck Bill Elliott Ronnie Fieseler Glenn Darilek Fred Pascha 1 Wayne Russell Charlie Yates Jimmy Clements Fred Paschal George Veni Vice-Chairman Secretary-Treasurer Dudley Roberts James Estes Bud Frank James Estes Orion Knox Katherine Goodbar Pete Lindsley Katherine Goodbar Carl Kunath Katherine Goodbar Jim Estes (resigned) Ollene Bundrant Bill Russell Dewayne Dickey John Fish David Meredith Russell Harmon Jon Vinson Jon Vinson Neal Morris Mike Walsh Wayne Russell Jimmy Clements Dale Pate Chuck Stuehm Keith Heuss Jonathan Justice 57 Ollene Bundrant Ollene Bundrant Suzanne Wiley Suzanne Wiley Suzanne Wi 1 ey Ollene Bundrant Jerry Lindsey Barbra Vinson Barbra Vinson Ruth Darilek Ali cia Wisener Alicia Wisener Blake Harrison Blake Harrison Gale


'LETTERS to the EDITOR Dear James; We always enjoy the CAVER. We were especially pleased with the Memorial Issue for Chuck Stuehm! His spirit will be with so many forever. The Petersons Dear Jim; Thank you very much for the lovely Texas Caver issue commemorating Chuck. Dear Mr. Jasek; Sincerely, Doris Stuehm I was very pleased with the memorial issue of the TEXAS CAVER. It was nicely done and a fitting tribute to a fine man. Janice Everage James; Excellent idea for April 80 issue. A beautiful tribute for a great man. I hope other grotto newsletters & the NSS recognize this issue and its meaning. The TEXAS CAVER has been in existence for so long and the issues are so well written that it would be a shame for it to go out-of-print. I hope you get the subscriptions you need. Thamas Lera Hi James; Hope you are getting some subscriptions. George Veni did a real good job on the Jan. issue. The only errors I found were: stalactite was misspelled stalagtite ( as in the last article on Sorcerer's), and Adams' Cave was written Adam's Cave, although George knew the former owner was Adams. I found the section on page 19 amusing at best. I am thinking about renaming Sorcerer's Cave (Adams' Cave) Pooh-Bear Cave, for the warm, comfortable feeling the cave has imparted to me. Scott Harden Editor, TEXAS CAVER: Enclosed is a small donatio.n to the "Save The CAVER" fund. If money alone will save the CAVER, it may squeak by another time. The TEXAS CAVER is frequently in crisis conditions; nearly going down for the third 58 time. Le me toss one final life preserver to the incipient victim: The TEXAS CAVER should be the "Official Publication" of the Texas Speleological Association. The TSA should be a group of dues-paying, card-carrying cavers. Bill Russell will be screaming and shouting at this point, insisting that TSA must remain loose, flexible, open to all, mellow, etc. I don't disagree with any of that, but first the TSA must exist and right now, that appears uncertain. Accept the fact that if the TEXAS CAVER dies, TSA dies along with it. I belong to many organizations. I pay dues to all of them --except one. Why should we expect an organization as informal as TSA to be a success and to adequately support a monthly newsletter? It's asking a lot. Sometimes it works, sometimes it doesn't, and it's always a close decision. What's the answer? I think it's simple: 1. Reorganize the TSA to be a dues-payiu organization. I suggest $10 annually to begin with. 2. Use the dues money to support the TEXAS CAVER. Every member helps support the CAVER---every member gets a subscription. 3. Charge members a break-even registration fee at Conventions. Charge non-member! 50% extra. Make an incentive to be a member. 4. If there is money left over from the dues, use it to defray accidental deficits from Conventions and Projects. If there is still money left, donate it to the Texas Speleological Survey. Do all this before you give money to any other cause. Charity is wonderful---begin it at home. Texas caving has been sliding downhill for many year,s. It is crucial that the BOG take affirmative action now. SAVE THE TSA !!! Carl Kunath Dear James; As for the Texas Caver, those of us \"ho subscribe have noticed improvement in the magazine lately. It has become more useful to cavers outside the San Antonio Austin areas (which are prime caving areas, but a long way from Wichita Falls), since the articles are describing caves, features and techniques, with interesting information of use to cavers everywhere, rather than just to local clubs. Not that you should drop the personal touch, of course. Just keep things You might also ask a random sampling of subscribers why they read the Texas Caver, and what they want more of. (Examples might


be articles on safety, owner relations, cave conservation, cartoons, maps, photography, or whatever the readers want). I like the TC and I will encourage my friends to check it out. I'm sending a little cartoon for you to consider. It's a little undersized, but maybe it will work out. Also, had you considered using fiction in the Magazine? If so, let me know, I might have something to offer. Say a page or so. Incidentally, I was responsible for "Trip to Joey's Cave", and I appreciate your printing it as a straight piece. This preserves the satirical intent, letting the joke sneak up on the reader. You're a good editor. William Payne The editor: I like to get letters like this. It lets me know what the readers want to see in the pages of the TEXAS CAVER. The main problem is tha t unless I sit down and write each one of these articles I wiU not have them to publish. I can think of nothing better than to have good articles rolling in every month dealing with any cave re lated subject be it fiction or non-fiction. Readers sit out there reading the TEXAS CAVER and complain bitterly about the poor quality of the but I guess everyone forgets that your editor can only publish what material he has. From month to I have very little material. Texas has some of the best cavers that can be found anywhere. Texans started the AMCS and all the foundation work in Mexico. We have cavers doing fine work in Arkansas and New and right now a deep Texas cave has been found to rival some of the Mexican caves. Does the Texas caver get any material from the cavers who are doing aU this fine caving? Some of the m like George Veni and Peter Sprouse have contributed artic les but what about aU the others? The TEXAS CA VER is supposed to be the official voice of the but not many cavers speak to the TEXAS CA VER these days. As the editor I get the blame faY' a poor TEXAS but in reality it is the fault of the cavers in Texas that do not contribute. At this I want to openly thank cavers in aU the other States who support the TEXAS CA VER with a subscription. Wi thout your monetary the TC would not be able to make it. Cavers allover the country [lead the TC. It always suprises me and please s me at the same time that cavers in and a number of other States would subscribe 59 to the TC year after year. There are even a smaU handful of cavers in Europe that subscribe to the TC. thank you. Your support is appreciated much more than you may realize. I have been criticized by some notable cavers that they don't approve of the editing job I do. I learned a long time that authors want their articles published just like they are sent to me. For me to rewrite what they took time to write themselves is presumptuous on my part. To do might destroy an idea they are trying to put across to the reader. Some things I receive are very badly but because of the lack of any material at I will print anything! In many cases a letter comes with an article for the TEXAS CAVER stating that they have edited the article themselves and want me to publish it just like it is .... so what am I to do? I do like I am asked. James Jasek To the Editor, James Jasek; I have only been caving for the past two years, but through your hard and excellent work on the TEXAS CAVER I feel that I am an old timer. I really have enjoyed each and every issue as they have been very informative and enjoyable. Being a member of the Glaveston Grotto we don't do a lot of caving, but we are fully behind the Caver. We have tried to get all of our members to subscribe and save the Caver. We are going to do a lot of cave exploring this summer and hopefully we will send you quite a bit of material and really support caving in Texas and the TEXAS CAVER. Thanks for all of your efforts. Charles Hudson Dear James; The last TC I received from my mother gave news of two tragic losses one of Chuck Stuehm and the other of subscriptions to the TC. Though I was in New Mexico for a few years and now in Bowling Green, KY. in school I have always gotten the low down of the goings under in Texas from the TC. It's good to know what is going on at home. I have had a chance to see other Regional caving publications and the TC is definitely one of the higher quality publications I have seen and it always has been. It seems that it's always just a few of the dedicated hard-cores that take up the old carbide land and keep it going. Just letting you know that it is appreciated even by those who are guilty of not contributing material. Enclosed is my check. Jim Goodbar


back Issues FOR SALE 63' 64' 65' 66' 67' 68' 69' 70' 71 72' 73' 74' 75' 76' 77' 78' 7 9' of oP oF' 3 oP x: ttlt 57 >< 7 13<1 YD 5/ ? -JAN 01' op oP 3 33 tt7 29 .... / 7') 38 ? 70 9 5 14 >< x FEB ... MAR x /3 DP 5Lf oP 15 '0 gS 22 30 1..11 Ljg 1lf5 155 ? --5;l. 13 DP ID r .' "!o 137 17 13 i ? 'i5 3LJ -3} X :,,: :;; '" I ; / "., .. APR MAY x x of )..7 ;1.1]x 3;: I r OP /50 136 2.3 99 7 ---23 13 I i:S 3b 19 ) I I 1/ f5 7 1 7 1 DP op T : 70 133 -JUN JUL 6P oP oP 3Lf 7 13 79 i-J-b I Lfo /33 / '" J ''1' 5& --. 6f DP of' 51f tJP ;<1 <;, ::.3 55 LJl -)95 AUG SEP oP I 3\ 40 32 oP S5 1;<3 :;1 op OP 4t:t '-1' 9t t -t9 55 ).. 25;2. 60 177 / 7 7 : OCT DP of' )5 3:2-If )0 bb 55 IJ<[) 'B';l. Ii oP -'-. -, NOV op DP J;( 13 31 1d. ,If 55 );.5 <6.;( yg i I 7 -)75 J 4 7 DEC Back issues of the TEXAS CAVER are now available for sale. The quanit ies of each issue are indicated in each square. The letters OP indicated issues that are now out-of-print. A dash -indicates that no issue was published for this month. An X indicates that there is only one issue l eft of this month. Where there is only one issue left, only a Xerox copy o f the issue will be sold so that it will not go OP for everyone. All back issues wlll be sold for one dollar each including postage Selling back issues is the only way the TEXAS CAVER has to make a few extra dollars, so help us and buy all you can. Anyone that has out-of-print issues that you would donate to the TEXAS CAVER it would be greatly appreciated. This way, cavers around the State would be able to complete their collections. These single copies would be kept and Xerox copies made. 60


HONEY CREEK CAVE County, Texas Cavers: Craig Bittinger, Scott Harden, Teeni Kern, Mary Kay Krauska, Gary Poole, Bill Russell Date : April 20, 1980 Repol:ted by: Scott Harden After an overdose of armchair caving on Saturday at the convention we were ready for the real thing. For many years Honey Creek Cave had been explored only to a mass breakdown about 1000 feet back. This breakdown raises the water level upstream by about three feet, c ausing a low airspace. Several years ago some Galveston cavers pus h e d past this low airspace section. A ccording to the caver I spoke to, they had t o go through 50 to 100 feet of passage With about an inch of air. As it turned out, the low ceiling passage is much longer but the airspace fortunately higher. Anyway, we proceeded merrily into the cave. When we were nearly to the breakdown Kay, Teeni, and Craig decided they'd Seen e nough and headed out. (Next time they'll surely bring wetsuits!) The three of us carried on to the breakd own. Our plan was this: to determine 61 exactly where and how the stream was being held back so we could re-arrange the rocks and lower the water level. Also if there was enough air we would investigate upstream. We first determined that the water moved easily through the breakdown and was held up only by the fairly level flowstone floor. Gary and I went just past the breakdown and were pleased to see a passage with about 6 inches of airspace for as far as we could see. I began swimming up this passage while Gary waited on shore. For several hundred feet the passage had an airspace of generally 6 to 8 inches, with numerous higher domes and ceiling channels where the going was easier. I finally reached a place where the passage took a 90 degree turn to the right and the ceiling increased dramatically to perhaps 6 feet above the water. This went on for about 100 feet to a 90 degree turn to the left where the ceiling became lower but still with plenty of space. Since I was tired of swimmin g (I'd left my fins at the breakdown) I decided to leave the water and check the clay bank ahead. It lead to a large domed room with some nice formations and a hole that may lead back to the stream. Arriving back at the breakdown, I found that Bill and Gary had placed the charge of two sticks of Nipak and were ready to blast. We went around the corner and detonated the charge, and after the smoke cleared somewhat, returned and found that the stuff had done well. A high place in the stream bed had been romoved and the water will be lowered an inch or two. We started out of the cave seeking sunshine. The only downer of the trip occurred at a partial formation block where I dropped Gary's pack in the deep water. The caver who described their explorations t o me said that they explored thousands of feet of large passage and went past a waterfall. They finally just ran out o f time and never found an indication of an end. No doubt the cave is very lengthy. A wet suit is essential for any trip into the cave longer than a quick look-see. Perhaps not essential but highly desirable are fins and some kind of flotation. Inner tubes are difficult to get throug h some sections so vests are preferred. We are now planning a survey o f this very interesting and going cave. Anyone interested in going that has the proper equipment should contact: Gary Poole, 3407 Werner Ave, Austin, TX 78722, (512) 474-2484.


LITTLE WATER CAVE Kendall County, Texas Cavers: Randy Waters, Scott Harden Date: AprilS, 1980 Reported by: Scott Harden Randy and I went to survey the cave. We saw a great variety of wildlife on this trip. The first really impressive creatures we saw were a group of three Great Blue Herons nesting in a large tree near the cave. Then when we were mapping near the entrance, we came upon a five foot long diamondback rattlesnake sunning itself. Inside the cave the most abundant animals were crayfish, salamanders, and frogs. All were numerous. An especially large and formidable individual inspired us to name one area the "Killer Crayfish Room". Also present were numerous invertebrates. We mapped all reasonably accessible portions of the cave for a total of 142 m. (465 ft.) and a depth of 8 m. (26 ft.). The cave "ends" in an apparent sump, with a little slot of airspace continuing to one side. A small sink was found nearby which has been partially filled with rocks and trash. There may be a passage at the bottom but we did not investigate. PFEIFFER'S CAVE Kendall County, Texas Cavers: Teeni Kern, Gary Poole, Scott Harden Date: February 23, 1980 Reported by: Scott Harden We descended the series of entrance drops on cable ladders to the main cave level at about -70 feet. After admiring a few troglobitic salamanders we began surveying. A few feet later we were faced with the dreaded "Separator", a belly crawl through water with plenty of mud and about three inches of airspace. This soon opens up to a duckwalk and crawl passage. We unfortunately left the clinometer on the dry side of the "Separator" so we were unable to map the ensuing, partly sloping passage. Instead we went a few hundred feet downstream to the cave's only significant side passage. This goes for an estimated 500 feet to a sump. Although water emerges from this passage to join the main stream, at one point we found the flow heading toward the sump. The sump itself is merely a partial flowstone block, and we could feel and hear 62 airspace with our feet. This is quite exciting for the following reason: In a nearby cave (Tentatively named Hog Pen Cave, and about 1000 feet from the Pfeiffer's Cave entrance) cavers recently broke through a flows tone block to find a fairly long crawl which led to a pit dropping into stream passage. There is a good possibility of a connection. After surveying about 90 meters, two of the party (who did not have wet suits) became chilled so we headed out. Pfeiffer's Cave is one of the longest and most interesting caves in the Cibolo Creek basin. As of now, an estimated 1700 feet pf has been explored. A connection to "Hog Pen Cave", with its unexplored stream passage, would add at least several hundred feet. A complete report on this cave can be expected in a future issue. ROBBER BARON'S CAVE Bexar County, Texas Caver s : Jay Jorden, Pat Jorden, Noel Sloan Mark Williams Date: 19 April 1980 Reported by: Jay Jorden In the midst of the '80 TSA Convention il Helotes, a couple of us decided to sneak away from the chaise lounges and beer and do some real underground exploration. He, Sloan and I, shanghaied two semi-willing victims and spirited them off to suburban San Antonio with the promise of walking passage. We left the Villarreal Ice House about 9 pm. Once we found the sinkhole off Loop 410, preparations were made to enter when it was discovered that two of the party (who shall remain nameless to protect the did not have gaskets on their carbide lamps. Necessity, though, was the mother of invention. Sloan improvised gaskets frO! a piece of webbing he found in the tons of urban junk choking the bottom of the sinkhole and we were off again. Well, nearly. Before we could slip the entrance squeeze, a kid with a rolledup map in hand and ill-fitting helmet staggered up. With unrestrained excitement heightened by what must have been at least a six-pack of brew under his belt, he offered to guide us through the cave with his plastic-laminated map. "Do you have a map?" he drawled, "Well, I have one if you don't." I'm telling you folks, this guy was commode-huggin' drunk.


But he was not to be dissuaded from his folly. He followed us in, stumbled around and talked Mark out of his lamp. Muttering, he began to wander away. We stopped him, saying we still needed the light. He then remembered all the beer he'd had to drink. '''Xcuze me," he offered lamely, "while I take a leak." We lunged for him, but it was too late. He had already done his dirty work, allover the side of one wall. As he returned and we were shaking our heads in dismay, one foot went over his head as he slipped in the mud. He landed flat on his back with a crunch. As old Jim Hightower, who tried his best to win the Railroad Connnission race against Jim Nugent, would say, enough is enough. Though we had tried before to turn him back from the cave, we insisted this time, to the extent of leading him in his drunk stupor toward the entrance. And to think that this kid may be a future Texas caver? It makes us shudder. Perhaps he IVill mercifully take up bar-hopping instead. After he left, for the first time, we began to enjoy the cave. Even at 1 am, its maze passages, which take off at right angles from one another, were a delight. A good photography session ensued and all left the cave an hour or two later, satisfied. Then following the early-morning trip back to Helotes and a hot plunge in Pete Strickland's tub. "Twas a good convention. ANOTHER BIT OF FEEDBACK: OR A LAST WORD The Editor's Flunky To all of you who contributed to this issue of the CAVER, congratulations on a great issue. As far as I'm concerned, it's one of the fullest and most interesting issues I've read in a long time. Of course profesSionally speaking as the proofreader of this great work, I hated every long minute of it! Do you know how long it takes to carefully read and correct all that small type? About that word proofreader -perhaps it's time some explanation was made to perhaps ease the sometimes very unjustified aimed at the Editor, my Connnander ln Chief. It just could be that some of the Comments made really should be directed at me. I watch each issue -sometimes resent-63 fully -being painfully typed hour after hour, assembled, worried over and finally mailed. It is a long labor of love and pure dedication to the sport and science of caving. I can remember a year or two when we didn't do it, and then trying to rebuild and save what we took back. I can really objectively say that the present Editor couldn't really do much more than he does. But it's what I do that perhaps gets all those muddy noses out there out of shape. When I get that order to proofread the CAVER or else, out comes the clean white paper, the blue pencil and dictionary and to work I go. Can anyone understand how I really am one of the biggest CAVER criticizers around? All this usually takes place late at night after our child -and the Editor -is tucked in bed. Sometimes I flat make mistakes, miss things, or get too tired to do a good job. But mostly my love for the English language takes over and my blue pencil rages. So all ye critics, point that barb where it belongs. The Flunky can usually take it more objectively than the Editor or the author! On the subject of saving the Caver, bless everyone of you who answered the plea. Since then -and especially since the Convention -subscriptions and donations have really come in strong. We may just make it one more time. I wish we never had to issue such pleas. I thank you, and the Editor's thanks goes without saying. Caving is truly his love of life, and the CAVER is an extension of this. By the way, for any who doubt the offer of fine caving and mapping in Inner Space every Sunday, take my word for it: It's true. Give the man a hand and enjoy a fine cave too. For all of you who like to pick on the CAVER, know that it's 3am and I'm through. See what goofs you can find in this one! Mimi Jasek


The Texas Caver 1019 Melrose Dr Waco, Texas 76710 IN A SrfvAT1DtJ I-'I'\c TJ11>, If'S A/.:wM5 E3EST 'T'b 51],9 c...ALM, fr l....xrn .E GuM \ 5 -,.,.....,.-"JVS'f BULK R A T E US. Postage PAID Permit No.1423 Waco, Tx. 76710 ThE of ntIS STbRY II) f'levER cA'//& A L.OfJe s) LEAVe' ONLY FoOTPRlt-lTS c:.) J)ofl/ r uSE C.AR611:1"' 0) N0l-le of ntE' /tf3ovE. c.ALV/N 5t'touI....D: A) ST'PIRr vSING.. cAR..e.1t. fS) 5Th'! DVT or: eAveS, c.) St.>e>SCRJI3E '10 /I reJ

Contents: Upcoming news & events --
Gunnel's / Tom Warden --
Gunnel's Cave map --
Chairman's column / George Veni --
Speleolaw / Jay Jorden --
TSA mini-project --
Sorcerer's Cave: Osteology / Logan McNatt --
Sorcerer's Cave: the camp / George Veni --
Sorcerer's Cave map (updated) --
Alto letter / Tom Warden --
A bit of history --
Letters to the Editor --
Back issues for sale --
Trip reports --
Another bit of feedback: or a last word / Mimi Jasek --
Calvin the caver cartoon strip.


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