The Texas Caver

Citation
The Texas Caver

Material Information

Title:
The Texas Caver
Series Title:
The Texas Caver
Creator:
Texas Speleological Association
Publisher:
Texas Speleological Association
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Regional Speleology ( local )
Technical Speleology ( local )
Genre:
Newsletter
serial ( sobekcm )
Location:
United States

Notes

General Note:
Contents: Another Wheat Lamp charger -- Fifth annual Texas oldtimer's reunion -- Texas speleological survey news -- TSA photo salon -- TSS publications (publications available map) -- Caver of the Month -- Historic names in Ft. Stanton Cave -- Map: Ft. Stanton Cave -- Bits pieces -- Kick back -- The Chairman speaks -- Grotto news -- Trip reports -- Closing out the year.
Restriction:
Open Access - Permission by Publisher
Original Version:
Vol. 27, no. 06 (1982)
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

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Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
K26-04644 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.4644 ( USFLDC Handle )
11378 ( karstportal - original NodeID )
0040-4233 ( ISSN )

USFLDC Membership

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Added automatically
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Full Text

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the Texas Caver Vol. 27, No.6,1982 CONTENTS ANOTHER WHEAT LAMP CHARGER ............ 101 FIFTH ANNUAL TEXAS OLDTIMER"S REUNION.108 TEXAS SPELEOLOGICAL SURVEY NEWS ....... 110 TSA PHOTO SALON ....................... 1l0 TSS PUBLICATIONS (Publications Available Map) ....................... lll ; ; i I J YAIA"! Ihlonfire! I ; CAVER OF THE MONTH .................... 112 : j : HISTORIC NAMES IN FT. STANTON CAVE .... 113 MAP -Ft. Stanton Cave ................ 114 BITS & PIECES ................... .1l8 KICK BACK ............................. 118 THE CHAIRMAN SqUEAKS .................. 121 GROTTO NEHS ........................... 121 TRIP REPORTS .......................... 123 CLOSING OUT THE yEAR .................. 123 COVER PHOTO: The TSS 'T-Cave' expedition, conducted on Dec. 4, was a great success. In this photo, Susie Raines, explores the Chockstone entrance-fissure. On past the second entrance skylight (visible in the photo) several hundred feet of guanofloored fissure were explored and mapped. See TSS details on page 110. Photo by Terry Raines. Film developed and picture printed by James Jasek. CENTER FOLD: Yes, this is a first for the CAVER thanks to our friends out at Tick Acres, Terry and Susan Raines. This cartoon is in full color and suitable for framing. The TEXAS CAVER is a bi-monthly publication of the Texas Speleological Association (TSA), an internal organization of the National Speleological Society (NSS), and is published in February April, June, August, October and December. Deadline for submission of material is one month before publication date. SUBSCRIPTIONS are $5 year Persons subscribing after the first of the year will receive all back issues for that year Single and back issues are available for one dollar each postpaid. The TEXAS CAVER openly invites all cavers to submit articles, news events, cartuons, cave maps, photographs (any size black & white or color print), caving techniques, and any other cave related material for publication in the TEXAS CAVER Address all SUBSCRIPTIONS and EDITORIAL material to the Editor : James Jasek, 1019 Melrose, Waco, Texas 76710 Evening phone is (817) 776-1727. When sending in a change of address, please irrc1ude you old address. Persons interested in EXCHANGES and FOREIGN subscription should direct correspondence to the editor Printed by The Speleo Press I J Arright, car ide cavers let's see howx;alikema. i new Wheat:ie Nelectric C l p lamp?It's a real reHna-hu: .ta;

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Another Wheat Lamp Charger Jay Jorden Notwithstanding the fully complete description of a "Mine Lamp Charger", by Ray Cole (Caver, August 1981), I have undertaken to describe another charger in the interest of diverse viewpoints and to 3 how there's more than one way to skin a cat. The circuit was made available by Jim McCloud of Fredericksburg, Virginia, who supplied it free of charge with the purchase of a reconditioned Koehler Wheat cap lamp. The circuit required a fair amount of breadboarding to come up with an effective way to mount and connect the components in a chassis box, short of etching a printed circuit board -a tedious process beyond my present hobbyist capabilities. But all but a few parts were available at a well-stocked Radio Shack -the remainder being located at a commercial el ectronics supplier -and parts cost from $12 to $15, excluding the amp meter. That compares to $64.50 for a commercially made charger. If you're willing to put up with the slight inconvenience it takes to build a charger, you can save a tidy sum that could cover any botchups you committed a l o ng the line in assembling the parts. This charger utilizes both 110 volts AC and 12 volts DC, as from an automotive electrical system, and can be easily fused inline for safety. Also, the charger can be used in conjunctio n with a charging clip that is available from McCloud for $2.20 which provides a convenient way to hook the charger up to the Wheat battery via the lamp. The most expensive components for the charger are the transformer and bridge rectifier. It is not uncommon, however, that either or both could be scrounged or s c avenged from junk parts. After procuring a chassis box (Radio Shack Cat. no. 270-253 or equivalent), -' -----.. I f I ---... .. ....... -.-. -t='" --.. cICrA2TiE fZ V l>C L' &HTift. ra.ulr-e 7 107 drill two holes in the bottom for the transformer (Radio Shack 273-1511) and two more for the lug or soldering strip, allowing enough room for the other components. Three evenly-spaced holes should be drilled in the back of the case for the voltage supplies from house current or car and the line to the charging clip. A hole should be drilled in the case's for the SPDTswitch (RS 275-654), along with a chassis hole for an amp meter. I did not initially install one, preferring instead to simply charge the Wheat for the balance of the day not spent caving, but the meter would be an asset and can be added in1ine later. Additional parts that can be installed with the charger include a plug for a car cigarette lighter, and as previously mentioned, the charging clip made for the Koehler lamp. The clip slips into the bracket on the underside of the lamp assembly. A cord can be connected from it to the charger, or, alternatively, the clip could be mounted directly on the charging box with the appropriate ground wire directly. Inside the chassis case, the remainder of the components can be assembled. With the output on Tl taken from the outer tap, and bridge polarity followed, care must also be taken to observe input and output on the IC's. It was found that 2-watt, 47 ohm resisters as called for in the schematic were difficult to locate in hobby shops, therefore, the 5 watt variety were substituted. The IC's are prone to develop heat in significant amounts, despite built-in heat sinks. Reserve enough for them to dissipate the heat. And as in all electronic projects, don't get too discouraged if it doesn't work the first time. Put a volt-ohm meter to the circuit and trace out the problem. IG ----+

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Water bubbled from the ground cool ?nd clear and then ran down the travertine and waterfalls and fern green rocks beneath the tall moss hanging trees of cypress growing near the pristine pools where fishes swam and birds flit-fluttered through rising cascade mists, and rainbows stuttered in the rays of sun that pierced the canopy above while butterflies and squirrels made their way around their world and lizards lazed in watchful wait a million years or maybe more. Then Indians came and built their homes above the springs and mossy stones and left their middens full of bones and chips and other things and then went on their merry ways or died or did what people do. And traveling Indians passed there too, I'm sure, to drink and swim and watch the flora and the fauna and to see those things all happening and to think the thought that 'things are as they ought to be', then turn and leave with smiling faces while other travelers took their places till through the ages it became the time that cavers did the same and then to Krause Springs they came (some were different, some the same). They came from all across the state their places justly here to take in the yearly social rite of cavers -old and new alike -in cars and busses, trucks and bikes, with dogs and kids and honky chairs and tents and beer and caving gear. They bought and sold T-shirts and books, and knots were tied and pictures t06k and stories told and things recalled that never did take place at all. And girls met boys and boys met girls, and smoke above the hot tub whirled and over all the cookers, too, where goats and pigs were bar-b-qued and turkeys smoked and beans were boiled and swe .at from off the foreheads rolled off old time cavers cooking meat and craving beer to beat the heat as younger cavers sallied forth into the mud pit caving course or climbed the rope in record round or chug108 ged a duck of cold beer down and then lay puking on the ground, or surveyed caves in make believe from sticks to tires and stumps of trees. Then old and young and drunk and sober formed a line and ambled over to the tables set beneath a shady, spreading pecan tree and piled their plates and filled theh cups and puffed their hungry stomaches up until the darkness did appear when everyone then gave a cheer as winners names were called aloud and prizes given to the crowd and thank yous : made. The band then sang their songs and played. The hot tub boiled and sauna steamed while bodies in the firelight gleamed and somewhere on the other side clothed people sat and watched the slides go 'round and 'round the Carousel, then more and more went 'round as well. Another keg was brought from town and those still up helped drink it down. Though rain had not been seen to shed, a few had fungus in their head; the rest had drifted off to bed while hoots and hollers lasted on until hours of the dawn which with the morning sun gave rise to shrieks of kids and parrot cries and motor bikes and barking dogs, but not too many sawing logs as morning came and those arose and cooked and packed and found their clothes and cleaned up last night's devestation to the well-worn thoughts of conservation: Nothing left upon the ground. It's always cleaner than you found it. Then to hold the BOG, elect some officen and see if next year they can make the same mistakes or devise some new ones of their own. They then adjourned and headed home while on the bluff above the place a smile came on the ancient face -a traveller's ghost stood by a tree and thought 'it's as it ought to be!' Gil Ediger WHAT OLD TIMER'S IS: The Texas Oldtimer's Reunion is a mUltipurpose gathering of TSA members and their friends. Its primary purpose is to have a good time. Secondary purposes include training, competition, BSing, and extreme good fellowship. It is scheduled on the 2nd weekend after Labor Day so that College Grottos can encourage their new recruits to attend and take part in the various activities, see first hand the use of vertical equipment, have a chance to buy equipment from suppliers, and to meet cavers from around the state to increase everyone's sphere of friends, which is what the TSA is all about anyway! This year's Reunion was held at Krause Springs near Spicewood, Texas. There were over 250 persons in attendance and many valuable contest and door prizes awarded.

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By all accounts it was the best yet, and for the first time has produced the resources necessary to insure that next year's will be even better. We hope very much to see you there. If you want to know how it was, ask someone who went. They are our best salesmen. A few Statistics from past Reunions: 1st TOTR 1978 Luckenbach 80 people 2nd TOTR 1979 Cypress Bend 185 people 3rd TOTR 1980 Reimers Ranch 208 people 4th TOTR 1981 Reimers Ranch 248 people 5th TOTR 1982 Krause Springs 250 people 1982 CONTEST RESULTS Rope Climb 30m Open Category (Knots or Mechanical Ascendors). J ud ges: Jocie Hooper & Peter Sprouse HINNERS Men: 1st Place & Overall T.oJinner Mike Warton 39.3 sec. 2nd Place Stan Moerbe 41.6 sec. Women: Age 20-29 1st Place -Patti Mothes 50.4 sec. 2nd Place -Margaret Hart 55.2 sec. W omen: Age 30-39 Only entrant Sandy Moerbe 1:33.8 Special Oldtimers Award: Harry Walker 2:57.9 Dave Doolin climbed 30m in 4:29.0 using knots. The winner received 68m of climbing rope donated by PMI. All winners were awarded prizes. OBSTACLE COURSE: Judged by Logan McNatt Men: 13t Peter Monahans 57.6 2 nd Tom Byrd 1:02.4 3rd Eric Short 1:02.6 4th Dave Doolin 1:07.2 5th Mike Warton 1:07.8 Women: 1st Molly Bittinger 1:17.6 2 nd Patti Mothes 1:19.7 3rd Sandy Moerbe 1:56.3 4th Connie Jackson 1:57.3 Special Oldtimer's Award Charlie Loving 5:23.0 The Oldest Oldtimer Award went to Harry Ihlker from HoustO:1 who started caving in 19U. 109 SURVEYING: Judged by Duwain Whitis Team Event 1st Place San Antonio Grotto George Veni Randy Waters Eric Short 2nd Place UT Grotto Jerry Atkinson Jocie Hooper Terri Sprouse BEER CHUGGING: Judged by Robert Green Men: 1st Russell Dobson 10.9 sec 2nd Richard Bade 15.2 sec 3rd Tom Whithurst 18.4 sec 4th Robert Gre e n 18.5 sec 5th Stick Whipple 19.0 sec Women: 1st Lynn Thompson 1:30.0 2nd Linda Cody 2:22.0 3rd Sara Mayguis 6:34.0 NEW MIRACLE ELIXER ottlecl especial!yforcavers Affested" y tbe w()nt/i t'2Yj d VW"" HISTIP]'ASM8SIS,RABIES, SlIec, SOCLlt DISEASES AHDFOOll0T. HAN() in Ute. French ancC Filtered t.br011th. Miles of Natural Limes-lone. ftFRENCHMANS COMPORT." 5:even cIofln a.frffoh ytG.1rom Nice I france. JtJ

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TEXAS SPELEOLOGICAL SURVEY NEWS William R. Elliott The TSS is currently undergoing a revival after a publishing lull of several years. Publications sales at the Old Timers' Reunion in September reaped enough profits to pull TSS out of the red, barely. Since 1961 TSS has published twenty-six authoritative works on Texas caves. These publications are an invaluable source of cave leads (many still unchecked), maps, descriptions, and accounts of geology, biology, archaeology, palaeontology, etc. We even published an information-crammed book on the caves of McKittrick Hill, near Carlsbad, New Mexico--caves explored and mapped mostly by Texas cavers. The list and map (below) show which publications are still available. Many of the popular caving counties are out-of-print, but on the other hand, many of the better counties have never been published either. We hope to remedy this situation soon by publishing surveys of: Hays County (San Marcos area) Carta Valley, Edwards County Burnet County Llano/Blanco/Gillespie Counties ... and many others To do this we need two things: money and help. First, there isn't enough money to publish even one issue right now. We need your support. Send money now for those TSS publications not in your library, even if you are not greatly interested in some of them, because the money will finance those future issues you do want. Our prices are still relatively cheap. Second, we need your help in collecting maps, descriptions, locations, and photos of caves. Joe Sumbera and I are working on Hays County now, so send that stuff in. In turn, we will try to publish some TSS news in each Texas Caver. Send most information and inquiries to the Editor: James R. Reddell Texas Memorial Museum University of Texas at Austin 2400 Trinity Street Austin, Texas 78705 Send Hays County information,. book orders and money to the Assistant Editor: William R. Elliott, Ph.D. 12102 Grimsley Drive Austin, Texas 78759 110 TSS PUBLICATIONS AVAILABLE (add 10% for postage, make checks to Texas Speleological Survey) Volume III: No. 2 Stockton Plateau No. 3 Bibliographic Guide to Texas Speleology No. 4 Key to Bats of Texas No. 6 Kimble County No. 7-8 San Saba County Volume IV: No. 1 Brewster/Pecos Counties No. 2 Far West Texas Special Publication: McKittrick Hill, Eddy Co., New Mexico TSA PHOTO SALON $2.00 2.00 1.00 2.00 3.00 2.00 3.00 5.00 Believe it or not, it's been four years since the last cave photography contest was held in Texas. Lo, an Old Timer comes to the fore . Bill Elliott has moved to Austin and has volunteered to revi ve the photo salon at the spring 1983 TSA Convention. This notice is published in the fond hope that all you Texas cave photographers, novice and expert alike, will do your best to prepare for next spring. Dig out your best slides of tJ:!e last few years, and go take some new ones too. Entries will not be accepted until a few weeks before the convention. We need some sugar daddies out there to donate money or gear for prizes. At this time I visualize a color slide contest only, no prints. If there is a desire out there for a print contest too, let me know. I will pick the judges (I will be one) and publish an entry blank and rules. If you have suggestions or any spare change, write to: William R. Elliott, Ph.D. 12102 Grimsley Drive Austin, Texas 78759 (512) 835-2213

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TSS PUBLICATIONS .l.o _ . ___ !_. ___ __ : ____ i l i PUBLICATION AVAILABLE OUT-OF-PRINT PROPOSED PUBLICATION

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CAVER of the MONTH . ,...,. A g ood p h o t o of John S p e nce in action on a surve y trip with J a mes Jasek. John w a s a t t h e e nd of Agon y Alley when he posed f o r this picture. 112 John Spence is a newcomer to caving with of enthusiasm. His first venture (aside from commercial caves he had visited as a child) was at Gorman Cave in October. Ther e he met Te xas cavers from San Marcos and Austin who encouraged him to become active with "organized" cavers. Since joining the U.T. Grotto he has visited Airman's, Whirlpool, Brodie Sink, Bullet, Bustamante, Langtry Lead, Quarry Cave, Litter Barrel, Terlingua, Inner Space and all the commercial caves surrounding Austin. A fine artist by degree and graphic artist by trade (graduate of U.T. 1976) John has used his talents to contribute to caving publications. Currently he is the NSS publications chairman for Texas. He has don e the layout work for Texas Cave Humor the First Twent y-five Years, and some c artoons for the TEXAS CAVER. In addition to artwork, John has written articles for the TEXAS CAVER. EPISOtl't.;. hOT LD,..a .... CDU'NTRY t\\ &W.t FJ\ST,U.CQ. I SIDE THe .../0 Sea.reh ME, Dr. Doline--I get to Cueva .....

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Historic Names in Ft. Stanton Cave Michael Bilbo Some friends and I were stationed at Ft. Bliss, Texas and were all interested in the frontier history of our unit and other things that were related. When Fred Starling told me about some military names in Ft. Stanton Cave, I decided to go check them out thinking they may have been done by members of the 1st u.s. Regiment of Mounted Rifles, the ancestral unit to the 3rd Armored Cavalry Regiment of which I was then a m ember. Following is what we found. I n 1855, soldiers from the 1st Dragoons at For t Stanton, New Mexico, found and explored a large limestone cave. Picture, if you will, a small group of men dressed in Civil War-era fatigues or civilian clothes, d escending into a dark, damp, unknown cavern for the first time. Down into the gloom they tread, carrying bulky kerosene lanterns, ropes and haversacks. The passage takes them south and east over massive piles of white, powdery rubble. The lantern light -the only reminder of the outside daylight -flickers dimly on the walls, casting grotesque shadows all about. After some thousand feet of slow progress they are suddenly faced with a choice: the main passage bears a\vay north and east, while in front of them it pinches into some crawlways. Being the adventurous troopers they are, they c hoose to push forward. After a vigorous ro und of crawling and duck-walking, and lugging their gear behind them, our dauntl ess party is able to once again stand up. O h boy! Stretch those legs ... let's take five for a bit." The soldiers have just come out of Crystal Crawl and are relaxing at the beginning of Decoration Passage. One hundred twenty years later, three troopers of the 3rd Cav and a woman friend again pushed into the gloom. For three, Dan Peterson' (Curator of the Regimental Museum), Ron Howie and Lisa Meyer, it was their first caving experience. For myself, an aspiring caving hobbyist, it was my first true research trip into a cave. We had again come the same way and came to that same rest spot. After resting a few minutes we started down the passage, looking carefully per instructions. Protruding from the wall a short distance \ahead was a flows tone formation. Upon this rockmass at chest level were etched some names in the flowing 113 'Palace Style' script common in the 1800's. Indeed, these were the names of the soldiers who had gone 120 years since. There were two groups of names with the date 1855 repeated twice. One group of six names was associated with the etched phrase "5 for a bit," (or possibly "lit") while the other group of three German names (possibly immigrant-soldiers) stood apart. The whole group of names was covered by a transparent mineral layer which had probably helped preserve it through the years. The layer also helped fix authenticity of the names. The first group transcripted appears thus: John Lepsey, Washington, Kansas/K, Cherry, John/L. Loerhe, K Company, 1st Dragoons, United States Army/ Victor H. Brown, Tracy City, Tennessee/ Horace Belknap, Company B/ William Richards, Capitan, New Mexico. (Figure 2) The German group appears: E. Fritz/ Joseph Meyers, Wiessemberg/Caxes Texeher uns Anshalt Deffuer (or De/fuer). [L.LOfAHf (?J]

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VICTDIt H. T(.CY CI'Y, Tf"",fSlff Big Bend Main Sewer Pipe Crawl Decoration 114 Fort Stanton Cave, New Mexico. Copied from original Sketch Map with permission of Lee Skinner. Sca:le: 1=8000 1 inch=667 feet

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Items itl brackets were no!, copied in the original style due to a lack of time. The Names are located about 35 meters ,north' and east of ,:the 'Lunchroom.' Style drawings not to scale. The dates 1855 appear with this group (Figure 3). In light of our findings it is likely these are not birthdates but the y ear these men either came West or visited the cave. Note that in each case the individual either listed his unit or his h o metown. Follow-up research on these names ha s so far been limited, but with some interesting findings. We wanted to find out m ore about these men and their relationship, if of any significance, to regional, and even possibly national history. Dan Peterso n contacted Mrs. Marion C. Grinstead, a noted regional military historian whose special interests is the pre-Ci'vi1 War frontier unit histories in West Texas and southern New Mexico. The first thing Marion did was to obtain c opies of the official Post Returns from the National Archives pertaining to the period and location of the First Dragoons. Returning to the first group of names, specifically: L. Loerhe,K CO/Dr, USA., and knowing how to read the period style of writing and understanding typical Army 115 ...,,.S,, III G TON I JDftPH I1fYfRS WlfVfM8VIl' ft. FRITZ.] abbreViations, we found that L. Loerhe and his friends b y association were members of the 1st Dragoons. Marion then referred to books on local and regional history to find additional supportive data. While she was not able to follow up the personal ries of each man" Marion feels quite confident she has identified four of the individuals. One, E(mi1) Fritz, may turn out to be quite a personality in later Southern New Mexico history (Appendix A). The following section are Marion's notes on the Post Returns. Analysis of the Military names in Ft. Stanton Cave prepared for Mike Bilbo, April 1978. Enlistments during this period were for five years; therefore, first muster dates may possibly be determined by subtracting from the discharge date. The Captain of Company K, 1st Dragoons was James H. Carleton, one of the truly (to my notion) outstanding military men in New Mexico during the Civil War. The l/Lt. was D.H. Hastings, at this time not present; and the 2/Lt. was A.B. Chapman, also not present. Carleton was in command of Company K, i.e.,

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present, when they arrived at what would become Ft. Stanton, and remained in command till they left. *March 1855 "Co. 'K' left Albuquerque March 19th and encamped in the Gallinas Mountains, N. Mex. o March 31/55." April 1855 -Departed Camp in Gallinas Mountains 1 April and arrived at Camp Garland April 6/55. "K", in the section where the location of the company and the Captain's name is given is said to have been at Camp Garland, Rio Bonito, N.M. May, June 1855 -Ft. Stanton. July 1855 "K" Co. left Fort Stanton N.M. July 16/55, and arrived at Albuquerque, N.M. July 21/55. The above is all carried on the face of the Regimental Return. There is no other information regarding the men, i.e., they were not on Extra Duty or on Daily Duty during this period, nor were they on Detached Service .. One interesting reference is to a Corporal Brown, who ,,,as on Extra Duty, but there were several BrOlollls, though no Victor H. The Returns do not indicate that a Corporal by this name was discharged in the five years examined. However, I do not suppose this to be really important, there were one or two names omitted (and noted by the Washington Office to which these Returns were sent) and were apparently never picked up. *January 1856 -Discharged: Emil Fritz, Sgt. K, 1 Jan 1856. Enlisted in Regiment: Do, same date. Last muster, 1861. Company K was then at Albuquerque. February 1856 -Discharged: John Cherry, Pvt. K 15 Feb 1856. No re-enlistment. Company K at Albuquerque. February 1858 -Discharged: Joseph Myer, Bugler K. 12 Feb 1858 at Ft. Buchanan, New Mexico (Arizona). Re-enlisted: Do, same date and place. (After looking at Mike's photos of this particular name, I am convinced that this is his Meyers. February 1858 -Discharged: Louis Loeslie, Pvt., K at Ft Buchanan. N.M., on 26 Feb. No re-enlistment. (Again after careful examination of Mike's photos, I am sure this is his Loerhe. There are no other names which fit, and in this instance -bless that old trooper -he added his company and regiment!) *FROM Returns from Regular Army Cavalry Regiments, 1833-1916. Microcopy 744. Rolls 4 and 5. First Cavalry, 1851-1859 and 18601866. MeG note: So Fritz was 23 years old when he scratched his name on the Cave wall; and the time he did it can be pinned down to a 116 few months. The Dragoons were closely related to the Regiment of Mounted Rifleman (RMR) for, in 1855 the u.S. Army's mounted frontier regulars consisted of the 1st and 2nd United States Dragoons and the 1st U.S.R.M.R. All three units were veterans of recent combat, having seen hard action throughout the Mexican War, 1846-1848. In 1862 these units were redesignated the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Cavalry Regiments respectively. In 1857 the RMR was sent to garrison at Stanton so it is probable that members of the unit also visited the cave. It is highly suspected--that other names exist in the various passages AND crawls and that hopefully these will be found and recorded/researched. The location of the names raises some questions as to what these men were doing in'the cave. Ft. Stanton itself was established in the late Spring-early Summer of 1855 and Company K left in July for garrison at Albuquerque, staying there until after 1856, and then moving on to Ft. Buchanan, Arizona. Action against the Apache was hot at that time, so unless with a patrol, it would have been risky to go out on a 'Sunday picnic'. While there were two separate name groups, the capital 'c' in 'Capitan, New Mexico' is identical to the 'c' in the German name 'Caxes' and we suspect that the '5' were friends together in a party with their three buddies of Deutsch nationality. Armament between that many men would most likely have been sufficient to hold off a sizeable attack until help arrived (unless help was already there). It is possible that the man William Richards was a local guide showing the soldiers the 'fun' part of the cave during off-duty hours, depending on the seriousness of hostilities. By the time of the establishment of Capitan the cave location and basic layout of the Main Passage could very well have been known. On the other hand, the soldiers might have been part of a patrol/survey party checking the whole cave out for its 'possibilities or function' as far as hostiles (and whiskey men) were concerned. In any event, these guys pushed the cave relatively deep. As can be seen, limited research of these military names has yielded some colorful regional history. Is there a possibility of illiciting National history from these soldiers' legacy left in stone? Referring to Appendix A, Emil Fritz was lured West by the promise of 'striking it rich' in the goldfields. Not only he, but thousands of his countrymen, Irish, Scots and other

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European immigrants and their families were likewise enticed by the possibility of overnight wealth. To go West the young immigrant needed substantive capital for the necessary equipment. And, as always, military service provided an income as well as an alternate means of 'getting there' and getting frontier experience. "For only five years of service" a man could gain "enough in savings" to see him through to that dream. People who chose the Army became in a period of years institutionalized in a system that offered steady financial security, plenty of adventure and a life that was hard to break away from. So, we find our three Germans a part of that movement serving on the Borderlands Frontier. Indeed, the immigrant-military-settlement pattern had far-reaching and significance in American history. Three years stationed in Germany, however, helped me gain an insight as to the possible origins of the three immigrant soldiers, as they are thought to be. From Appendix A, we know that Fritz carne from Ludwigsburg, West Germany. According to a comprehensive world atlas, Ludwigsburg is now a northern segment of the Stuttgart metropolitan area of southern Germany. Joseph Myer hailed from 'Wiessemburg'. In those days it was common to drop the "E" in 'Wie' if the town (burg indicates a town \.,rith an elevated castle) was on the FrenchGerman border. If the town lay well within German the spelling 'Wie' would be retained. The same held true for names: Meyer-German; Myer -French. Two names were found: Wiesenburg, East Germany, 62 kilometers southwest of Berlin; and Wissembourg, France, 25 kilometers westnorthwest of the FrenchGerman border and 30 kilometers west of Karlsruhe in southern Germany. The dialect in the vicinity of Wissembourg can be either language or a mixture. Finally there is 'Caxes Texeher' and the phrase funs (7) an (s?) halt (more likely 'anhalt' or 'stop') Deffuer. "De" is French and there is no such word as 'Deffuer' or 'fuer' in the German language. But there is feuer which means 'fire'. In Berlin, German, and vicinity, the word 'anhalt' is found in front of many man-made place names on both old and new maps. A Prussian word, it designates a stopping place. There is, for instance, Der Anhalter Bahnhof in Berlin. The place name translates to 'the final train station'. That fits nicely with Myer's Wiesenburg minus an's', 'm' and pronunciation. But we are drawn back to southern Germany because that is where other 117 'Wissembourg' (closer spelling, name structure rules and pronunciation) and Stuttgart is. 'Caxes Texeher' left no horne address but contemporary northern and southern German friends do not recognize the spelling and pronunciation as Deutsch. A French soldier from \ Normandy and a French teacher from Paris both felt the spelling and pronunciation were probably relic border dialect! fUns Anhalt Deffuer.' Deffuer, according to a friend in southern Germany, looks like yet another linguistic mixture. The literal translation of the phrase is 'We Stop for Fire' (if Deffuer is actually Feuer). More specifically "We have stopped for fire" is a plausible reading. While many Europeans were fairly literate in the 19th Century, it was a practice to phonetically spell words, given the requirement to learn 'American' english. Again, the linguistic mix may place the spelling of the name and phrase in the same region of Germany the other two men carne from (the one for sure). The German phrase may, in fact, mean the same thing as '5 for a bit (or lit).' An old German slang expression, 'stopping for fire', means 'stopping to smoke' or 'light up', or maybe they just stopped to make a fire (not likely). The idea that these men may have all been from the same part of Germany, and not far from each other, suggests that contact with living relatives is possible. But that's another story. I hope this research\ may be of benefit to someone and, if nothing more, serve to illustrate yet another facet of the speleological endeavor. I ask this of the caving community: has anyone noted any other potential historic names in Ft. Stanton Cave? In your geographic areas of interest, are there any early military/cave associations, i.e., a fort located near a cave, historical references, etc.? Lastly, in Appendix B, the survey report, the Names were listed as petroglyphs (rock engravings) and, as such, cultural resources. When you cave, keep your eyes open for both prehistoric and historic resources, properly record them without undue tampering or disturbance and then get the 'word' out to responsible individuals and agencies.

PAGE 14

MINUTES OF BOG DURING THE 1982 OTR --Approximately 20 people were present at the September 19th meeting of the TSA. George Veni presided. Patricia Herrera took notes. A report was received from John Spence, regarding TSA publications sales which are going fairly well. Bill Elliott',: was elected Chairman of the TSS which will be trying to get on its feet again. Jerry Atkinson was elected Chairman of the Safety and Rescue Committee. We will hopefully be having a training session sometime this year, along with an update of the Texas Cave Rescue call down list. Election of officers was held with the following results for 1983: Jerry Atkinson, President; Jon Cradit, Vice-President; and Jocie Hooper, Secretary. The meeting was adjourned after everyone agreed that Krause Springs had been a very nice site for the Old Timers this year. Jocie Hooper of THOMAS B. WARDEN WHO DEPARTED THIS LIFE September 26, 1982 Weslaco, Texas BORN October 13, 1916 Texarkana, Arkansas MEMORIAL SERVICES Saturday, October 2, 1982 Graveside 10:00 A. M. OFFICIATING Rev. Sammy Shrum INTERMENT Redwater Cemetery Redwater, Texas 118 TSA Members who paid your dues at Old Timers (Sept 18-19, 1982) -Are you wondering why you did not immediately begin receiving your TEXAS CAVER? Here is the reason. At some time, by someone or one's it was decided that memberships taken at Old Timers would be for the following calendar year. Henceforth (we hope), you will be given a choice: 1. Either to pay for the current calendar year and receive back issues of the TEXAS CAVER for that year, or 2. Pay for the next calendar year, or 3. Pay for both. In the meantime, new members paid up for 1983 will receive some FREE' issues of the TEXAS CAVER, compliments of the TSA. We are sorry for any inconvenience. Jocie Hooper -Sec./Treas. KICK BACK It seems that my comments in the last TC issue have caused quite a stir. I in no way intended my comments to be a blanket coverage of all Mexican cavers. This was not my point. For the most part all AMCS cavers are some of the very best cavers in the world, practice the highest standards of safety, work to promote good and sound relations with the Mexican people, and do a fantastic job of mapping, exploring, photographing and publishing their findings. My comments were only directed towards the ones that the shoe fits. The editor. Dear James: The following letter is a comment on statements made about Mexico in the last Texas Caver. It uses the same words to describe Waco that Jasek used to describe Mexico. It is not meant as a serious comment on the people of Waco or James Jasek. William Russell YOUR Subscription to the Texas Caver EXPIRES WITH THIS ISSUE

PAGE 15

D eAt:. Caller. ditQ_': j .Larn. tid 'f4..L -f'I'I'lI/y -iuv.",J. 0(. "" e 1;1 '-"'1. '1d.J __ L .. tlM--.... aha. thai-'y()J -f" ... .",J. "tU"#.. ._ wu",Jerf..A1 p a'lA . /1-I.qt . .... 1".$Io.. _ weei. '1 W iJ 'I Wlj bllf:. 1::. .M..4.r>'f-__ pe..JI'Je VIS,t W A-t", .hof"-( I, J-tlt.---f-Or f"t.. p .'?.)p1e. r b.;JJ I-th',"'utv< anJ! _ uu;" ... "-fj-a.w.d t{M('.-.. .C.'UL. h ,tkr u..,Jtr {1>e. 1'".Jj7!e ..d"L On-. -fh.iJ. i ,,, fJr,..,a f/tJl'\... fr.l"" o-: .. _ cLu.t .. ,ret.-J. J/ /Y). tA/h..,u.. 11M h"y--''-":.t -"" TJ., AI' r W .......... (. '-'l l.. (2 G" aIr "". '1 f}IvIo ""Cw1b.:. .. u .."",i/(r. sr...J sh'Ot-J p.s. r-t{,.., ." L.<)IJd

PAGE 16

A-t +lu: ye.C-eMl G ld TiWleYlS ; ItJ4 T In J "' I "'\..14, 5 cAp'P",,-I-ed ttt iLte S1Clte 01 +ke old ,-fI'wteYlJ c:. IJ ./ KlArk who PUY'povt.5 ..Jo be C A. V ('f(. lv e n C t\ 1I 'Yl J e cI + 0 P e Y +0 v 0'YJ I '" -H,-e ;, re1eo 0 YYlp,'C$ he J US+ SC\. t /;ke +he bump 0')\ CA. -fyoqs UJa.vt. rr 0 ld C4\Jevs eJ{ped -to seT (A'Y\ JlOl'YY\r I.e -hiy CGL\JeY5 eVj ov S k+--fu pwd i c CUrtd Lv -tites(" whirperc sl)'}o.y>pem !-tow Its dUYle OII1d --tt1f.vt old C6\M st."ll -teA') of dttrziN9 do OVYld ave {it vC\', d 01 IYYl v d ClMd tv Ct +f' Y(. 41/ tiVYtd !-tis 'lIk do IS [}.Mel wv:ie boyi iveCLt; ses 0'Yl -+kCl,i cS\{ould be -h;v3ot0YI I Lo v -E' 0& rrYUvvt. /jJ t'r-duw, 120

PAGE 17

Since I inherited the chairmanship last S eptember (along with a mysterious case of Krause Springs' Boy Scout Disease), I've been reflecting on the relationship between the TEXAS CAVER and Texas caving in general. For the most part, the quality a nd integrity of the TEXAS CAVER are but reflections of the current caving activity i n the state. When wonderous things being discovered underground, the regional n ewsletter cannot help but glow in the limelight. If nothing's happening the TC is going to pale into a thin pamphlet filled with tired and dated articles. This i s not to say that the Caver will be a great publication on its own if the editor is incompetent or out of touch, but rather a s caving activity' increases, that the membership will demand a newsletter that suitably reflects their accomplishments. Similarly, it apathy prevails, the Caver will fade for lack of input and energy. Clearly, the best way to keep the system h ealthy is to somehow coerce the membership into polishing their reflectors and h eading underground. Fortunately, Texas caving has experienced a renaissance during the last few years, n otably in the area of ,original, exploration a nd mapping. This has largely been due to a continued series of state and local inter-grotto projects, conventions and reunions. From the participation and camaraderie\6fthese has come the energy, interest and leadership for other caving projects, which lin turn feeds the TEXAS CAVER.\Involvement tends to be contagious given the proper ,incentives' In trying to provide these incentives, I'm planning several mini-and micro-projects 121 and inter-grotto Speleobops. Some of the current possibilities are: -Powells Cave and Silver Mine. -Remapping the Langtry area caves. -Ridgewalking and mapping the known caves on Camp Bullis (North of San Antonio). -Relocating many of the 'lost' caves of Hays County and mapping them. -I am open for any other projects that you can think of and want to plan. Write me at 611 W,22nd St, Austin, TX 78712. Phone (512) 474-8460. The January BOG will 'tentatively be held at Cascade Caverns in conjunction with a Safety and Rescue Seminar. Terry Jones, the South Central N.C.R.C. coordinator, will be in charge of the safety and rescue training. Hopefully this will include advanced vertical rescue techniques and a mock rescue from the cave. Further dates and details will be forthcoming in a mailout blurb sheet. Say cheese, 114 D.T. GROTTO REPORT November 12, 1982 Reported by: Dale Weisman The D.T. Grotto welcomes Austin's student and non-student cavers. While officially a "student" grotto, our grotto includes many non-students. We meet the first and third Wednesday of each month at 7 : 30 PM in Painter Hall (Room 2.48), just north of the D.T. Tower Interested cavers should contact Bill Russell (512-453-4774) or Peter Strickland (512-266-2703). October and November were active months for the D.T. Grotto. On the Oct. 15-17 weekend, a horde of Austins cavers (37 to be e xact) rendezvoused in Bustamante with

PAGE 18

a crew of San Marcos cavers. It seemed like a jamboree of sorts--seasoned and fledgling cavers joining together for an easy "bop trip" into Gruta del Palmito. In fact, among the cavers were those who had never been in a non-commercial cave at all, yet managed to climb and squirm their way back to the New Room. Most of the cavers were well within Palmito by noon and spent the next six to seven hours touring the walking passages. Highlights of the trip included a dazzling light show: Mark Minton (of Austin), poised atop a stalagmite in the lower breakdown chamber, used an airplane landing light to illuminate the Hall of Giants, Birthday Passage and ceiling and walls of the room. For an encore, he then ignited a flare from the same vantage point. Later, most everyone trickle d down into the New Room, and on more than one occasion there were some traffic jams of entering and exiting cavers. Later that evening, both Austin and San Marcos cavers gathered in Bustamante Canyon for dinner, R & Rand sleep--all without incident. The following weekend, on October 24, ten V.T. cavers (five experienced, five new) met at the Barton Creek greenbelt to practice vertical techniques. Two ropes were lowered down the 78-foot overhanging cliff, and the next several hours were spent rappelling and rope-climbing. Mark Minton also rigged a rope to an adjacent 50-foot long crawl hole in the side of the cliff--good practice climbing for bigger and better caves. On November 6th and 7th, about 25 cavers from Austin, San Antonio and Houston grottos collaborated on an extensive mapping trip at Honey Creek. (Approximately half -twelve -of the cavers were from the V. T. Grot to.) "We had a wonderful trip ," reports Mark Minton. "We mapped 1. 2 km, which may be the second longest mapping trip for one weekend ... We made a big push near the back of the cave at the water divide. We mapped 96 meters upstream of the divide and 620 meters downstream. We stopped at going passage both ways. The downstrea m passage picked up two in-feeding streams tha t doubled the water flow ... Two mor e teams mapped side passages in the middle of the cave. Finally, a team of San Antonio cavers dove a sump in the first side passage of the cave. After ten meters, it came up and passed through three low air passages, a nd they discovered a large breakdown room filled with walking passage. They mapped about 300 meters from the sump 122 to the breakdown room." Minton also reported that what appears to be a Pleistocene camel vertebra was collected and is now being studied at the V.T. Geology Department. Other Pleistocene skeletal remains were discovered on previous Honey Creek trips. Minton concludes, "An incredible amount of work was accomplished on this trip. And this will be the last Honey Creek trip until January because of the hunting season." Now for some news on the alleged development of the Devil' s Sinkhole area. On Nov. 6, Bill Russell, Jerry Atkinson and Tom Byrd drove down to the sinkhole to meet with a group of prospective buyers and developers who were interested in turning the area into a tourist development, possibly as part of a dude/hunting ranch. Reports Russell, "They brought a construc-tion-type elevator from Houston and went down into the sinkhole carrying these 50pound backpacks with aircraft lights and blinkers. It was .like: gonzo caving -they looked like huge fireflies down there as they walked through the guano looking for secret passages through the breakdown. Also, locals from Rocksprings showed up. The developers thought there was an underground river, because apparently during the '50's, when the water level was lower, there was such a thing. They brought in divers who found that the passage did exist but continued only underwater. About 20 people in all went down into the Sinkhole. Jerry and Tom used ropes for descending, and the local ranchers and Rocksprings Fire Department were much impressed so they could count on Texas cavers in the future if there were any problems. By the end of the day, the developers made no decision as to what they'll do with the sinkhole. No one knows what they'll do. Some corporation may buy the property. It might be owned absentee. They want to find a buyer who thinks the sinkhole is an asset for tourist development.Whatever happens, it's a sure bet cavers will always be able to have accesS to the sinkhole."

PAGE 19

Hl XICO TRIP R
PAGE 20

Texas Caver 1019 Melrose Dr. Waco,TX 76710 ( / / '\ \ -BULK RATE US. Postage PAID Permit No.1423 Waco, Tx. 76710 ------

PAGE 21

TSA Project & Meeting Jan uary 30-31, 1982 The January TSA Project/BOG meeting will be held at the Cascade Caverns campground just outside Boerne, Texas. The theme of this Project will be cave mapping. Today cave surveying has developed into a fine art, and is a far cry from the cave map that simply showed a rough sketch of the walls with a north arrow and footage scale. Because of this high degree of precision in cave mapping, many would be mappers do not know where to begin in mapping even a small cave. During this Project it is our plan to show new cavers how to survey a cave, and how to take the data collected in the cave and put it down on paper. There are a wide variety of caves close to the Project site representing wet, dry, walk-in, and vertical caves. Take your pick and come prepared to enter the cave of your choice. If you plan to enter a wet cave, be sure you have a wet suit. This the chance to learn a valuable caving skill, and chance to meet the cavers that are mapping some of the best caves in Texas and Mexico. Y o u might even get in on one of their trips. For those of you that are the experienced mappers, we are counting on you to be there to show the new mappers just what it takes to do a good job of mapping a cave. Please bring all your survey gear, and be willing to act as an instructor. We are counting on you to be there. The success of this Project depends on you. Remember back a few years when someone showed you how to map your first cave. Now it is your turn to return the favor to a fellow caver. Saturday afternoon and early evening will be the time to gather in the covered building at Cascade Cavers, and reduce the data collected in the cave and turn it into an actual cave map. Later that night, there will be a slide show. Bring your slides of the adventure you had over the holidays. Sunday morning will be the time of the annual TSA meeting, and the BOG even though it is not defined in the new Constitution. This is the time for everyone to express their own ideas and gripes for the overall betterment of the TSA. Since the town of Boerne is so close to Cascade Caverns, no food or drink will be supplied by the TSA. There is a small store and snacks at the cave that is open during the day, but closed at night. There are plenty of picnic tables and Bar-B-Q pits to cook your own meals in. There will be a per person camping fee, but the amount has not been decided on as of yet. This fee does include the use of a heated, enclosed, large building that can be used for our meetings. For additional information contact the following officers of the TSA: Chairman: George Veni; 243 Saratoga; San Antoni0782l3 (512) 341-1872 Vice-Chairman: Jonathan Justice; St; Abilene 79601 (512) 673-0185 Secretary/Treasurer: Patricia Herrera; 1414 Kirkwood;Austin78722 (512) 477-8240

PAGE 22

y Bustamante '82


Description
Contents: Another
Wheat Lamp charger --
Fifth annual Texas oldtimer's reunion --
Texas speleological survey news --
TSA photo salon --
TSS publications (publications available map) --
Caver of the Month --
Historic names in Ft. Stanton Cave --
Map: Ft. Stanton Cave --
Bits & pieces --
Kick back --
The Chairman speaks --
Grotto news --
Trip reports --
Closing out the year.


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