The Texas Caver

Citation
The Texas Caver

Material Information

Title:
The Texas Caver
Series Title:
The Texas Caver
Creator:
Texas Speleological Association
Publisher:
Texas Speleological Association
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Regional Speleology ( local )
Technical Speleology ( local )
Genre:
Newsletter
serial ( sobekcm )
Location:
United States

Notes

General Note:
Contents: Feature articles: Looking back / James Jasek -- Station "C" Cave map -- Honey Creek: longest in Texas! / compiled by Jay Jorden -- Texas Caver wins award / Jay Jorden -- Speleo news: NSS convention / Jay Jorden -- Texas Cave Management Association / Mike Walsh and Mike Wharton -- Caves and land development / Jay Jorden -- Conservation news notes -- Mexican earthquake / Bob Obele -- Correspondence -- TSA news: Old timers' reunion / Jay Jorden -- Illumination: On cave secrecy / George Veni -- Cavers across America / Jay Jorden -- Equipment tips: equipment bargains / Bob Glennon -- Humor -- Dispatches -- Trip reports.
Restriction:
Open Access - Permission by Publisher
Original Version:
Vol. 31, no. 03 (1986)
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

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Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
K26-04663 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.4663 ( USFLDC Handle )
11397 ( karstportal - original NodeID )
0040-4233 ( ISSN )

USFLDC Membership

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Added automatically
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serial

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the Texas Caver Vol. 31, No.3; June, 1986 CONTENTS Feature Articles ... ........ ... ... ................. ... ........ . .. ... . .. ... .... . ..... ..... ... 51 Speleo News ............................................ .... ...... .... ....... .... ...... ....... ........ 54 Correspondence ... ..... ...... ...... ... ........ .... .... ...... ..... ... ... .......... .... ....... 58 TSA News .. .... ..... ............................... ..... ................ .... .... .. .... ...... ...... .... 59 Illumination ...................... . ..... .......... ... ... ... ....... ...... ........... .. ............. 63 Equipment Tips ..... ..... ... ...... ........ ..... ............... ............ .... . . ................ 64 Humor ... ... ........ .... ...... ... ........................ ....... .... ..... .. ...... ..... .... .... ......... 65 Dispatches ............ ... ... ... ... ........ ....... ... .... ...... ..... ........ .... ...... ..... . ..... 67 Trip Reports ............ .... ........ ......... ..... ................................ .................. 68 FRONT COVER PHOTOGRAPH : Susan Raines appraises blast results as she stands on the floor of a dug shaft (-103 feet) in Honey Creek Cave Honey Creek is now the longest cave in Texas (see related article) Photo by Terry Raines BACK COVER PHOTOGRAPH : Amy Jasek straggles a fissure In Inner Space Cave March 23, 1986 Photo by James Jasek Co-Editors Jay Jorden John Spence 1518 Devon Circle Box 8026 D a llas, TX 75217 Au s tin TX 78713-8026 214 -398-9272 512-251-5788 D allas Staff Managing Editor Rob Kolstad Art Ted Tutor Austin Staff Word Processing Bill Elliott Rodney Leist Patsy Leist CAVE RESCUE Call Collect 512-686-0234 The Texas Caver is a bi-monthly publication of the Texas Speleologi ca l Association (TSA) an internal organization of the National Speleo logi ca l Society (NSS). It is published in February, April, June, August, O c t o ber, and D ecembe r. The Texas Caver openly invites all cavers to submit a rticl es, new s events, cartoo n s, cav e maps, photographs (35 mm s lide or any size b l a c k & white o r c olor print), cav ing techniques and any other material for pu bli cation. Subscription rate is $6 per year for TSA members and out of state sub scribers. TSA dues are $4/year. Purchase single and back iss u es for 82 00 each by mail, post paid; $1.00 each at conventions. Send sub scription and back issue requests to the Texas Caver U. T Station, Box 8026. Austin, T exas 78713-8026 Please include old address in add r ess change correspondence. POSTII.lASTER: Send address changes to the T e xas Caver U. T Sta ti o n Box 8026 Austin T exas 78713-8026. DEADLINES: Articles, announcements, and material for pu[,lication must be subrnitted to the editor by the 12th of the month preceding publication. EXCHANGES: The Texas Caver will exchange n e w s letters with other grottos at the Editors' discretion. Contact one of the co-editors. COPYRIGHT 198 6 Texas Speleological Association Inter n alorganizati o n s of the National Speleological So c iety may reprint any item first appearing in the Texas Caver as l o ng as proper credit is given and a copy o f the newsletter containing the material is mailed to the co edit o r s Other organizations s hould contact the co-editors. Printed in the Republic o f Texas (...,) by The Speleo Press, Austin, America. Typeset at CONVEX Computer Corporation, Richardson, T exas. 30 Years Ago Devil's Sinkhole from Joe C Pearce Texas cavers' attention in Devil's Sinkhole turned to the underwater depths with the February 1956 issue. A total of 23 cavers and skin-divers from The Univ ersity of Texas Speleological Society, following five monLhs of preparation, arrived at the sinkhole equipped with gen erators and power transformers, a monorail system for lowering heavy equipment into the cave, field telephones and materials for a wooden diving platform. The 78-hour operation, 66 of them underground produced 300 feet of underwater passage 100 feet back under the l e dge The Texas caver reported "no sizabl e air pockets or dry land were found. Bill Helmer, who illustrated the cover with car toon of divers in Devil 's being I ured by fishing lir fror cavers above, also drew a cross-section of the sink ; I e Also in the issue was a report on spiders a ll scor pions by R. T Scott, a description and sketch of nba Cave, and a study of the half-hitch and its p cipl variations. Other contributors to the issue were Bob Dart and Bob Crisman, William Thomas and 1 Scott. Also on the editorial staff was Barbara Piets c "It is the policy of this paper not to dis c exact location of caves," the publication g u stated. "Please keep this in mind. All material i s to editing by the staff. Deadline is two weeks I pu blication. llder 'har' t h Jine bjec r t 1

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the Texas Caver Page 51 FEATURE ARTICLES Looking Back by James Jasek Spelunking in the early 1960s was quite a bit dincn'IlL than it is today, and thinking back on the tech we u se d to ente r caves makes me shiver. The cave r today has the advantage of years of tried ;1110 ;' I'oven s ingl e rope techniques, advanced equipment ('x p e ri e n ce d cavers as teachers. vVhe n I was starting Ill\' ";ll'cer in caving, I was pretty muc h on my own as I \Ia." IIIlaw a r e of any of the establis h e d caving groups alollll
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Page 5::? the Texas Caver ,. Fr:wk J:.sek ExamIning a Fonmtlon In St3.tlon C cave, 196-\, Photo by J:vres Jasek, along, and she sat on his lap. After a brief visit with the landowner, we were on our way to the cave. The pasture road took us within a few feet of the entrance. Station C Cave is a true sinkhole with the ground s loping like a giant funnel, dropping 71 feet into a large room. Bear in mind that none of us had ever been in a can. and only Brother 1\'larvin had any previous caving e xp erie nce. The ract that we were about to tackle a cave with a iO-foot ent ,rance drop didn't t ,rouble us in the lea:;l. Young fools at work! The idea was to use the 250 feet or rope to lower e:lcli p e r s on into the cave Brother Marvin was a large, lilll man in his mid30s, and he felt his 250 pounds or mu s cle could easily lower us into the cave. At the entrance, there is a 10-foot climb down to a s m:lll ledge. From here, the cave slopes almost straight down 40 reet to a 20root free drop into a large room. We got. our caving equipment ready, tied a loop around our chest, and one by one we were lowered into the cave W e able to use our hands and feet to climb down to I h e rr e e drop while on belay. It was pretty scary swing ing over the l e dge as Brother Marvin lowered each one of us sarely to the floor. Everyone knows going down is the e asiest part. Cavers have entered caves on knotted clot.hesline garden hose and chicken wire with little trouhle. The problem comes when it is time to climb out. No can do it! Station C is one of Texas' finer caves that i s no longer visited. The owners have long since passed away, and the heirs do not live on the property. Permission is difficult ir not impossible ot obtain, but I am sure some cavers in the near future will rediscover this finc cave. Station C was named for an oil pumping station ep erat ing in the 50s that has been discontinued. There a r c ow fifty known caves in a lO-mile radius around Station C Cave, These caves suffer the same problem as Stat.ion C The owners don't live on the property and are n e t wil ling to allow caving, but some persistent caving group may someday break this trend. I am more than willing to lead a trip to this cave. Now it was Brother Marvin's turn to enter t h r ca\'e, He tied a loop around his chest, passed the rope nround a large tree and sent the loose end down into th e ca\'c. As Brother Marvin climbed down, we belayed him from the bottom, and with the last man in the cave it was like burning the bridge behind us We round ourselves standing in a large room filled with formations in every direction and we set off explor ing the cave like eager beavers. There are numeroUS crevices in the floor that provided us with hours of fun. Some were blind pits, but many of them had leading to other parts of the cave. As every novic e cayer knows, a cave passage -no matter what size -nlways leads to virgin cave, and we poked our noses int.o every

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STATION"c"BANDERACO,TEXASCAVE11'(.HELICTITE\STREAMPASSAGE'dPETRIFIEDFOREST
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the Texas Caver c r ack, crevice and hole that we could find The more we explored, the more we found. There were side passages fille d with helictites, smaller crawls that opened to large s ized chambers and tunnels leading to dead ends. After h ours of looking, we located a climbable pit taking us to a m ud -fill e d passage that went on and one for hours. We finally gave up and turned back without reaching the e n d We gathere d at the entrance and made our plans to exi t t h e cave. The rope hanging in the entrance went up and aroun d a large tree on the surface, then back into the cave. The idea was to tie a person to the rope and pull him t.o the surface. Don' t ev e r try this. It doesn't work \'en' well a t all. I was elected to go first I tied a loop aro'und m y ch est, and the others started pulling the rope. Slowly, I was r a ised off the fioor. I can still remember the i nt e ns e pain in my armpits as I hung helplessly on th r o pe. It took a lot of effort just to get me to the ceiling, a n d get t ing up over the lip was an experience I never want t o have again. The friction kept them from pulling me up more tha n an inch at a time, and all I could think abolit w as the pain. I finally made it over the lip and [rom t h e r e I was able to use my own power to climb the rest o f t h e way out of the cave. I really do not know how we ,ver pulle d this off but after hours of work, we finall y h a d e v eryone out, exc ept brother Marvin. By this tillll'. we were a ll exhauste d and Brothe r Marvin was l i red to t h e p oint whe re he could pull no more. We had t o get him out, and we were not about to go (.0 t h e ranc h e r for help Before we entered the cave, earlier in the day, the owners told us about having to rescue some Boy Scouts last year, and told us they would close down the cave if it ev e r happened again. With this i n 1 h e b ac k of our minds, we were determined to get Broth e r Marvin out of the cave by ourselves. He tied a loop "round hi s c he s t and we beg a n the ordeal again. Lit.tl e by little, we raise d him to the c e iling Then, with o n e large pull, there was silence from inside the can. W e c all e d down to Brother Marvin, but there was no answer W e had no idea of what had happened. Later, we learn e d the last pull had dashed Marvin's head against. t h e c eiling and knocked him cold He just hung on the r op e like a sack of potatoes. It took us another three 1 0 four hours of pulling to g e t Brothe r Marvin up OHr the lip and finally to the surface. You can imagine how t ired our we were at this point. W e all lay on the ground lik e d ead dogs. I t w as w e ll afte r dark when w e arrive d at the ranch house to let the owners know we were all safely out of t h e C:lve. We told them we had a really good time, and We w o uld lik e to come bac k for another trip. Can you imagine wanting to come back after an experienc e like this? Foo l s never learn! L oo king back on this cave trip, I can laugh about it today. but at the time it was no laughing matter, and it i s a wond er w e all got out of the cave alive. This was not t h e last of our foolish adventures. We made a trip to Dead Man s Hol e near Marble Falls that scares me even today. This is a 160-foot blind pit that turned into a Page 53 hair-raising adventure at the time we were at the cave. When the memory of this trip enters my mind, I immediately think of something else Honey Creek: Longest in Texas! compiled by Jay Jorden Honey Creek Cave in the San Antonio area is now the longest cave in Texas, beating out Powell's. Brian Burton, TSA vice-chair, reports that the cave in Comal County was recently surveyed to a length of about 23 km, pushing it over Powell's-Neal's in Menard County. Burton and Chuck Cluck of the DFW Grotto went on a mapping trip the weekend of July 12-13. On earlier trips, cavers from Austin, San Antonio, San Marcos, Dal las, and even international points including England have participated in mapping. In 1985, drilling and blasting crews comprised mainly of cavers worked to create a new 14O-foot entrance shaft in the cave. The shaft, which provided access well inside the cave to facilitate further exploration and mapping, also provides the ranch owner with a water source for livestock and crops. The new entrance is about 2 5 km overland from the natural spring entrances. The cave has provided one of the longest-running Texas caver projects and also increased knowledge of biology and paleontology. As was written in the special Honey Creek issue (see Texas Caver Vol. 30, No.6, December 1985), we thank cave owner Johnny Gass for his support. Texas Caver Wins Award by Jay Jorden The Texas Caver came away from this year's NSS Convention with three awards. The TC won the awards at the Graphic Arts Salon, a display of cover art from various publications of regions and grottos of the NSS. The Best-of-Show Medal was received for the February 1985 issue entitled, "Southerr. Oklahoma Caving." The cover photo by John P Brooks was of Brian Burton inside the new entrance of Wild Woman Cave in Murray County. The Caver also received a Merit Award ribbon for the issu e entitled, "Women in Caving," of April 1985 An Honorable Mention went to the Caver for a special issue on Honey Creek Cave in South Central Texas. The covers, along with those of other publications, were displayed all week at the convention in Tularosa, N M The salon is conducted by John Baz-Dresch. The medal winner for nonphotographic cover was the Central Indiana Grotto newsletter.

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Page 54 NSS Convention by Jay Jorden It will be remembered as the NSS Convention that greeted cavers with a veritable flood of hospitality. Thunderheads that rolled across Southeast New Mexico also flooded the campground, sending the more than 800 conventioneers to alternate camping at the meeting site Tularosa High School. Despite the inclement weather that stranded more than 400 tourists overnight at nearby Carlsbad Caverns National Park, closed roads and caves and prompted authorities to declare Eddy County, N.M., a disaster area, the 1986 convention was one of the best in years. Perhaps it was because the convention site, about Lhree hours away from Carlsbad and 100 miles or so north of El Paso, was the closest it had been to Texas since Lhe Lone Star State hosted the convention in 1978. And it was the first New Mexico convention Sillce the Carlsbad area h osted it in the 1960s The Southwest Region of the NSS did an admirable job both pulling the con vention off and keeping it together through the flooding, which old-timers called some of the biggest of a decade Conventioneers even joked that the NSS should hire itself out as a rain-maker to break droughts in other arid regions! Because the convention was so close, the Texans showed up in force And Groad Hollow hung on at the campground until the bitter end, clinging to high ground on the other side of a rain-swollen Tularosa Creek. The only problem was rescuing tents and belongings from Groad Hollow by wading through the floodwaters As of Wednesday, the campground was officially abandoned and all security, first aid, communications and othe r services were moved to the high school. The National Weather Service continued to post flash flood watches and warnings through mid-week But it wasn't a flood that will soon fade into his tory. An Indiana caver, commissioned by the convention staff, v id eotaped the flooding that washed several cars and tents away and othtr notable convention events. the Texas Caver One convention co-chair, NSS News editor Doug Rhodes of Albuquerque, made copies of the videotape available, for sale. Proceeds went to the NSS New8 Photographic' Endowment Fund. There were other firsts at the convention this year. For the first time in the vertical section's history a rope-climbing record was tied. A Puerto Rican climber tied the record set by Bill Stone in the men's 3D-meter climb and set a new record in the 400-foot climb. Rossano Boscarino came tied the world's record in the 30-meter category with a time of 28 1 seconds. Ear. lier, he was within 3 seconds of breaking the 12D-meter world's record with a time of 4.53 Then he gave it another try. He broke the record for 100 meters by shav ing nearly 10 seconds off the old record of 450.5 with a time of 440 8. A total of nine age group record s were broken and one was tied. Fanette Begley of Nocona placed in hc-r age category in the vertical contest, as did Aspen Raines and other Texans. The Lone Star State representatives also placed in the Speleolympics h e ld in a muddy camp ground area on Tuesday. Texans were active in the many convention s em inars and sessions Joe D. Giddens of Arlington was re elected treasurer of the Communications and Electronics Section. Frank Reid of Bloomington, Ind., ran the ses sion Monday morning, at which no formal paper s were presente d. However, Reid said informal presentatIOnS were very interesting, including those on cave radios, a sophisticated recording flourimeter, ultraviolet lIght sources, electronic navigation and acoustic holography Ron Ralph of Austin presented a paper on nole Sink: Excavation of a Vertical Shaft Tomb in \' Verde County" at the Anthropology Session on Friday

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the Texas Caver a fternoon Ron detailed discovery of at least 22 skeletal r ema ins from beneath the vertical shaft leading to the subterranean solution cavity in Seminole Canyon State His torical Park in Val Verde County. He also discussed the general logistics of the excavation, including the funding agency, contracting agency and the volunteer cooperation of the Texas Speleological Association. April McDowell presented "A Preliminary Com parison of Murrah Caves with other Val Verde Co. Cave Sites" at the session. Bill Elliott of Austin conducted the Biology Session on Tuesday, which included a paper by James Reddell of t h e Texas Memorial Museum on "The Gypsum Cave Fauna of the Southwestern United States" and "Demo graphics of Mortality in a Free-Tailed Bat (Tadarida brasi liensis) Maternity Colony" by Rex Wahl of the Texas Natural Heritage Program in Austin. Peter Sprouse of Austin conducted the International Exp lorat ion Session on Tuesday, which included a talk on "Sistema Purificacion: Camp Challenger" by Terri Treacy Sprouse and Peter Sprouse's "Purificacion II: Cueva del T ecolote. Terri reported that a trinational team of 12 cavers set a remote camp 5 km from the Cueva del Brinco e n tra nce, and added more than 5700 meters of n e w passage to the system, bringing its total l ength to ov e r 60 8 km Peter said 20 cavers at Cueva del Tocolote mapped 4 km of new passage in November 1985 The system's total length is currently 7015 m Dale Pate of Austin presented a paper on Purificacion III : Cueva de la Llorna," a multiple-drop cave that was extended to a depth of 398 meters during an e xpedition in Octobe r 1985 Marg a ret Hart of Austin discussed major caving projects and history of exploration in the Sierra de El Abra in Mexico. Terry Raines reviewed the origins of caving by the Association for Mexican Cave Studies. At the Conservation and Management Session Ron Ralp h a l so presented a paper on "Cave Management of Texas State Parks," detailing the acquisition of the D evil's S inkhole Gorman Cave and other caves by the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department and the m emorandum o f understanding between the agency and the T exas Speleol ogica l Association. Jay Jorden of Dallas provided informat ion on TSA's role in the cave management project. Jay Jorden was re-elected vice-chair of the Conservat ion a nd Management Section and edits the Newsletter o j Conservation and Management. In the g e ology sess ion, Albert Ogden, formerly of San Marcos, presented a paper on origin of solution cavities i n Hell's Canyon, Idaho. Roy Jameson, form e rly of Austin, gave talks on struct ural segment and segment analysis and seg m ent a n a lysi s in the North Canyon of Snedegar Cave, West Virginia. Page 55 In the Paleontology Session, Arthur H. Harris of the University of Texas at El Paso Laboratory for Environmental Biology discussed the contribution of New Mexican caves to Pleistocene paleontology. Evelyn Bradshaw, NSS internal organizations chair, and Jay Jorden ran a grotto publication workshop for newsletter editors. Jorden also held a public relations workshop and handled PR for the convention. Bill Greenlee of the Permian Basin Grotto organized trips to caves in Lincoln National Forest. Other convention co-chairs were Joli Eaton of Tularosa and Dave Belski Texans were also represented from San Marcos, Lubbock and other grottos. Next year's convention will be in Michigan. The 1988 convention will be held at Hot Springs, South Dakota. It is rumored, though unconfirmed, that the NSS will hold a convention in the San Marcos area in the early 1990s Look out, America; the Texas cave revolution is coming! super Fun at Ihe Omvenl\oo PholO by Jay R Jorden.

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Page 56 Texas Cave Management Association by Mike Walsh and Mike Warton Over the past few years, the population of Texas has increased rapidly. This new growth has created a threat to many Texas caves. Dozens have already been destroyed. In the past, as the caves were destroyed, little was said or done. It is time for this to change. A growing number of cavers have started to take action to protect our interests, caves and cave life. In order to deal with land developers, government agencies, corporations, other conservation organizations, etc., we have formed a nonprofit corporation, the Texas Cave Management Association. Why did we choose not to work through the Texas Speleological Association? Effective cave management involves a great deal of time and effort. Seventy-five percent of the TCMA activities will be meetings: internal meetings, meetings with land developers, governmental agencies, other recreational groups and cave owners Since the TSA is mainly a recreational organization and is not fond of business meetings, it would be unfair to attempt to change it. As a corporation, the TCMA will be able to deal with large sums of money and own land. It is now incorporated by the State of Texas and we have filed with the IRS for nonprofit status. The following is from the Articles of Incorporation: The purpose or purposes for which the corporation is organized are as follows: the preservation for posterity of the caves and caverns of Texas and their mineral, bio logical, archeological and aesthetic contents; to promote the conservation and study of caves within the State of Texas; to promote and support any scientific and educa tional programs on caves in Texas, the Board of Direc tors shall from time to time authorize; to acquire and dispose of real and personal property by lease, ownership or other means; and to do any and all things necessary including exercising all powers available under the laws of the State of Texas. All of the activities are to be car ried out solely for conservation, scientific and educa tional purposes and not for profit. We will work closely with the TSA to save caves. Membership is open to all persons or organizations interested in Texas caves Since we will need large amounts of money to develop the projects listed on the next page, the dues for Regular Membership will be $100 for a limited, lifetime membership. This may be paid out in three years, $50 the first year and $25 a year for two years Each Regular Member shall have a vote in the election of the Board of Directors. Like the National Speleological Society, all TCMA business will be con ducted by the Board of Directors. Any Regular Member may run for the Board of Directors. Associate Membership is available for $10 per year. No vote is involved with this membership. Copies of our Articles of Incorporation and the By-the Texas Caver Laws are available for inspection. Since most of our manpower will come from the TSA, we will coordinate our activities whenever possible. Each year, during the TSA convention and at the Texas Oldtimer's Reunion we will outline our activities. Some of the projects fo; the near future include the following: Assist the City of Austin with their Cave Management and Karst Development Symposium which will be held July 19-20, 1986 in the South Austin Community Center. Assist the TSA with their work to develop a cave management program for the 150-175 caves under the control of the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. Work with the Texas Parks and Wildlife Depart ment to develop the Gorman Falls Park as a speleological and geological education park. Develop a procedure for the evaluation of Tex8.'i caves under consideration for increased cave management. Work with Texas cavers to maintain a high appreciation level of the value of caves, cave formations and cave life Develop a guideline paper for land developers work ing in karst areas. This will be needed by July 19, 1986 cave symposium. At that meeting, we will be able to present information to Austin developers. We feel that Dozens of caves have been destroyed; it is time for this to change. we will be able to work closely with several developers to save caves following that meeting. Work with the City of Austin to preserve significant caves as outlined under the new Comprehensive Watershed Ordinance. One danger of the ordinance is that developers will attempt to destroy caves rather than obey the new rules Make lists and monitor the significant caves threatened by development in the next few years in the Georgetown, Round Rock, Austin, San Marcos, New Braunfels, and San Antonio areas. Establish a hotline number to receive and act upon any reports of caves being threatened in Texas. Develop an environmental karst protection ordi nance and work with city governments to put it into effect. Provide testimony to city, state, or federal agencies concerning the protection of caves, cave life, cave forma tions, or recharge and the protection of aquifers. Work with other conservation groups to improve the State of Texas Caverns Protection Act of 1977. Assist the TSA and other conservation groupS in needed cave cleanup or restoration projects. One project which should be investigated is the cleanup of the Longhorn Caverns sinkhole area which is full of trash. The Gorman Falls Cave will need cleanup and restoration before it is open to the public Prepare a list of significant bat caves of Texas and

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the Texas Caver work with bat conservation groups to protect this valuable resource. In addition, we need to develop a guideline paper for bat cave owners. We will act before Texas bats are endangered. Prepare a list of significant Texas caves which have been destroyed and the circumstances; through documen t a tion, we may be able to prevent future destruction. Prepare a general brochure on the TCMA and give the m to interested parties. In addition, we will make a pplication for grants and corporate contributions. In order to monitor the status of significant caves in d a nger or otherwise important, individual members will keep track of the caves' status and make report to the B oar d of Directors Some of the caves we are watching include the following : Ezell's Cave; San Marcos; Mike Walsh Donaldson and Boggus caves; San Marcos; Joe Sum berra and Blake Harrison Goat and Maple Run Caves; Austin; Mike Warton Tooth Cave; Austin; Bill Elliott When recreational caving does not interfere with cave management policies, we feel it is a valuable educatio n a l tool in learning about caves and cave conserva t i on. We will work to keep caves open for this purpose w henever possible The time has come for cavers to act in o ur own self-interest. We must act to save our caves; n o o n e else will If you can offer assistance, get involved If not, then give us your financial assistance so we can sav e ca ves. Join the Texas Cave Revolution; join the Texas Cave Management Association! The address is : P O Box 4403 No 127 ; Austin, TX 7 8 765. Caves and Land Development by Jay Jorden A good cave manager is a man outstanding in his field ... or, rather, out standing in his field He's trying to figure out where the rain water goes Tom Aley, a registered hydrogeologist and director of t h e Ozark Underground Laboratory in Missouri, made t h e assessment during the first annual Regional Confer e nce on Caves and Land Development on July 19 at the Joe C. Thompson Conference Center, University of T e xas c ampus in Austin. More than 80 developers, consulting engineers, city offic i a l s and cavers spent the day in four sessions devoted t o cave values liability issues, management of protected caves a nd land development. Aley was one of 13 speakers at the seven-hour confe r e nce sponsored by the City of Austin Parks and Rec reation Department heritage and conservation progra ms, the city Office of Environmental Resource M a n a g e ment, Texas Cave Management Association and T exas Speleological Association. Cave experts said the confe rence was a milestone in the efforts by Central T exas c avers to preserve caves threatened by land Page 57 development Corporate sponsors for the conference were EspeyHuston and Associates's five Texas offices; the Austin law firm of Mauro, Wendler and Sheets; Riata Associates and Martinez Office Supply. Peter Engbretson, deputy director of the parks and recreation department served as moderator of the morn ing sessions, which featured talks by Ron Ralph, archeol ogist for the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, on cave values vs. recreation; and Dr. William R. Elliott, biologist, on opportunities for science and education Ann Kovich of the city Office of Land Development Services reviewed Austin's ordinance requirements for developers, which include the Comprehensive Watersheds Ordinance It prohibits construction within 150 feet of a critical environmental feature, such as a cave or sink hole She also detailed the city's greenbelt ordinance that requires developers to devote a certain amount of space -about 5 acres -per 1,000 residential units for parkland. Landowner liability is important for developers to consider, said Joel Stevenson of Asheville, S.C., the counsel for the National Speleological Society And Jon Cradit of the Texas Nature Conservancy in San Marcos discussed the recent gating of Ezell's Cave within the city limits. In the afternoon sessions, which were moderated by Austin Interim Chief Environmental Officer Adrian Freund, Dr. Merlin Tuttle of Bat Conservation Interna tional outlined the importance of the fiying mammals to the subsurface and surface ecosystem, including in his talk beautiful photos of threatened bats from around the world. Mike Warton, president of the Texas Speleological Association, presented a proposed management model for Goat Cave in South Austin, which is owned by the city and is being considered for a nature preserve and interpretative center. In the final session, Bill Russell of Austin brought the conference up to date on an oil spill that dumped more than 2,000 barrels of petroleum near a creek in the city and contaminated groundwater. He was apparently overcome by fumes while checking out a nearby cave for pollution. Chuck Sexton of the office of Environmental Resource Management, who authored the watershed ordinance, discussed karstic features management. Stuart Strong of the parks and recreation department outlined parkland dedication guidelines and Lee Sherrod, of Espey-Huston, presented case studies of karstic features management. Espey-Huston graciously donated a sumptious lunch at the Villa Capri on Interstate 35 for conference attendees. On Sunday, July 20, conference members went on field trips to local caves for informational tours, led by Bill Russell and others. City officials said profits from the conference will go to TCMA. Future Caver issues will present separate papers from the conference.

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Page 58 Conservation News & Notes by Jay Jorden Editors' Note: This column the first for the Texas Caver, is to serve as a clearinghouse for information relating to cave conservation and management in Texas. Answering a challenge by board member Rane Curl, who edits for the Michigan Interlake Grotto' s Spelean Spotlight, we intend to try to fill a perceived gap about Texas cave conservation information. We solicit your articles abstracts, letters and tips concerning areas relating to cave gating, real estate transactions involving caves, groundwater and cave pollution, laws and legisla tion relating to speleology and associated topics. The Most Famous Bat in the World. Dr. Merlin Tuttle is extensively quoted in this new brochure issued by Bacardi Imports in Florida. The cover depicts a color photograph of a fruit bat, and on the frontispiece is a drawing of the bat, which serves as Bacardi's logo. The well-edited brochure is an ardent plea for the conservation of bats worldwide, arguing that bats are the Texas Caver among the world's most misunderstood creatures. Tuttle's carefully researched information concludes that bats are responsible for pollinating many genera of plants in rain forests and are a vital link in their ecosystems. Bacardi Imports is also a major fund-raiser for Tuttles's Bat Conservation International. Bats and Rabies. A group of children in the Gulf Coast city of Corpus Christi last year were allegedly attacked by bats under the Harbor Bridge. Mexican Earthquake by Bob Obele The warm, congenial people of Mexico in the past have been good to Texas cavers, opening their hospitality, their hearts and even their homes to explorers from north of the border. In Mexico's time of need, donations are desperately needed for relief efforts and the rebuilding program in earthquake-torn Mexico City and elsewhere. Please send your donations to: The Texas Response Citizens for Mexican Relief, P O Box 2961, Austin, TX 78769. Dear Editor: You were wondering about what dyes we use for stream tracing. Here are the two we use (at the Edwards Aquifer Research Center): caves. I have a feeling that some Texas cavers may not appreciate what a good newsletter they have available. There's none comparable. small stretch that Jim Bowden dove through later to make the connec tion. I just want to be sure credit is given where it is properly due Fluorescein : from Keystone Aniline and Chemical Co.; Chicago, IL 60612 This is all I could find on the composition from our post office. Rhodamine: From: Crompton & Knowles; Dyes and Chemical Divi sion; P.O. Box 341; Reading, PA 19603; (215) 582-8765. Both are safe, non-toxic, and degrade in sunlight. They can be seen down to approxi mately 1 ppm. Dear Editor: Good caving, Jon Keep up the good work on the Texas Caver I read it cover-to-cover, though I've been in only two Texas Dear Editor: Jack White Urbana, Illinois Something for the TC for you First a correction In the Bexar Grotto News on page 17 -of the February '86 TC, it says that Eric Short, Randy Waters and I dove 70 m from near Yo Mama to the Grand Finale. There was a mix-up in communication. It should have read that we had planned the trip, but Eric and I went to the TC Passage instead. We opted for the option of having Jason Eng and crew try to open the sump by deepening the notch at Sweet Sue Falls (discussed subsequently in that article.) Most of the sump was opened except for a The second item is the attached rebuttal to Jim Jasek's "Illumination" article in that same issue of the TC. That is the item I mentioned that I had for you when I saw you in Austin. About the end of the year, I'll send you a report on the caving I did in Belize, Yucatan, and Guatemala this summer. I'm not delaying out of laziness, but rather to give Tom Miller, the expedition leader, the first hand at publishing the trip in the caving literature. George Veni 26 July 1986 Thanks for the correction and the edi, torial. We appreciate you pointing thl first out and providing balancing com' ment on the second. We '/I look for' ward, also, to the trip report.

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the Texas Caver Old Timers' Reunion by Jay Jorden Yes, Virginia, there will be an Old Timers' Reunion this year. And, amazingly enough, it will be at the same s ite that it was last year. That's Texas Canoe Trails, according to Mike Walsh, former board member for OTR. The date for OTR, he says, is tentatively the third weekend of September, the 20th and 21st. Mark that datc in your appointment books, folks, and await any c h a nges. T e xas Canoe Trails is in beautiful New Braunfels, t h c s ite of the 1978 NSS Convention. The camp number i s ( 512) 625-3375 The camping rules according to the not ice we got last year, are: "No firearms, no loose dogs, no l o ud music or noise, no mini bikes, no cutting trees, a n d n o glass containers. Please use trash cans." Q uiet hours are listed from 11 p.m. to 7 a.m. The speed limit in camp is 5 mph. (Last year, we noticed a few folks e xceeding both of these Just kidding!) Other than that, you're on your own. Be there or be somewh e re else. Catch the wave. Aloha. Contributions! by Jay Jorden H e re at the Texas Caver, our motto isn't exactly, "Publis h or perish," but articles, drawings and photos do h elp us immensely in putting out issues For that reason here s a handy guide for you to read, clip out, save o r othe rwise commit to memory when you're working on t h at masterpiece of a trip report or article. Honest, folks, we really aren't that picky how the orig i nal copy looks, though it does help to type articles and r e ports on one side of the page, preferably double spaced It just helps your humble, ink-stained wretches w h e n they are peering at it at 2 a m If you can't type, d o n 't s weat it. Just send us your handwritten trip notes W e a l s o accept book (and movie) reviews and (dare I say It) som e times a restaurant review or two. We especially love longer feature articles on caves or caving personalities, grotto news (current officers, meeting places, wate ring holes, favorite caves, etc ), poetry, fiction, narratives, jokes ... in short, if it's fit to print and concerns caving, we want it. Again, it helps to type the material double-spaced on one side of the paper, but we won't reject it if it's not. It just avoids eyestrain -ours and Page 59 yours. On photos: we prefer black and white prints, 4by 5-inch or larger to make layout and printing easier But we also have the capability to copy color slides and will return them. Return postage helps. We would like to correspond with cavers who are interested in writing columns or regular equipment and other reviews for us. For the closet darkroom fans among you, it shouldn't be hard to churn out a print or two every month. We are interested in cover, back cover and inside cover photographs, as well as photos accompanying articles and photo essays. We would like someone to contribute photo essays or other material. On drawings: we prefer inked cartoons on goodquality white paper. For further guidelines, consult blueprint and graphic supply stores, where quantities of K&E, Koh-I-Noor and other good-quality professional and technical pens and 100 percent cotton fiber paper are sold. Folks at most of these stores are knowledgeable and helpful. These stores also stock other graphic sup plies such as border tape, Zipatone, protractors, etc. Check them out. This information is provided for cavers who perhaps wondered about the format of what they will submit to the Gaver This publication is for the Texas caving community. To better serve it, we need everyone's help. Many of you have already submitted material, and for that we are grateful. Others are waiting in the wings. The news that is vital to Texas caving won't see the light of day unless contributors send it in An editor(s) alone do not a publication make. It takes contributions. So, go ahead. Make our day. Barrage us with stories and photos! Photo Salon! by Brian Burton Will there be a TSA photo salon at the Old Timers' Reunion? Yes, Virginia. But only if those who want to let the world know what great photographers they are will contribute prints and slides. TSA Vice-Chair Brian Burton reminds those who missed out at the TSA Con vention at Friday Mountain Ranch to come prepared. He swears on a stack of Gave Garson comics that it will happen. (Editor'S Note: Since Brian declined to say how to submit these photos, please send them to me, and I'll try again: Rob Kolstad, 701 Plano Road, Richardson TX

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Page 60 75081. Be 8ure to label them carefully 80 they can be returned!) AMOS Book by Terry Raines Attention, Mexican cave photographers! The Association for Mexican Cave Studies is beginning a new publication series. It will be titled, "1985 Photographic Essay of Mexican Caving," and will endeavor to document photographically the caving activities of a given year, in this case 1985. I have long felt that many wonderful photographs are not given the exposure they deserve. Often, a good photo is seen only a time or two during a grotto meet ing, or if it is published; it's a color to black and white conversion that's a real injustice to the original. We hope to turn this around with page after page of full color. \Vhat we need from you now are photos taken on any 1985 caving trip to Mexico. We would like to print at least one photo from every trip, even if you were cav ing for only a weekend. Longer trips will deserve more coverage. Maybe, for every week you were caving, we would like to see 20 photos and choose perhaps five to 10 for publication. The photos you send should illustrate the caves that were visited and the activities of your group, including a group photo. If you are in doubt, send the photo and we will decide. Better too many than too few. Your photos will be handled with the greatest care. We will decide immediately which photos will be used and return the rest. Color separations will be made and then those photos will be promptly returned. As an added bonus, we can print extra sheets of your photos, without captions, that you could use in your own club newsletter, all free of charge. You'd just have to let me know in advance. Send your photos now. I would like to have this book printed by Christmas 1986, so we'll have to get moving. If you have any questions, please call me at (512) 847-2709. TSA Minutes by Johanna Reece Minutes of the TSA board of governors' meeting; Friday Mountain Ranch, Texas. Officers present: Mike Warton, president Johanna Reece, secretary-treasurer A. Winter Board of Governors Johanna read the minutes of the Texas Speleological Association BOG meeting at Bandera. A motion was made and seconded to approve the minutes as read. the Texas Caver Financial Statement Johanna reported that the TSA bank balance as of Jan. 31 was $3,160.63. Membership renewals totaled $1,057.00. The breakdown included $47.00 from patches $43.00 from the BOG; $375.00 for purchase of M; Mommy Was a Gaver by Bob & Bob and Speleo books; $687.00 for printing two Texas Gaver issues $66.57 for the Postmaster; $50.00 for bulk mailing: and $700.00 to Friday Mountain Ranch for a total of $2582 11 The convention served 86 people at dinner Saturday, May 17, with a total bill of $1,102.00, including $100 to $150 for beer and soft drinks. C. Correspondence Johanna read a letter from the Guadalupe Moun tains ranger district on cave permits. (Editor'8 Note: Please see earlier issue of Habla la Abuela Del Oztot/ for details.) Linda Palit of San Antonio moved that the letter be answered on an individual basis; Wil liam Russell of Austin seconds. D. Committee Reports 1. Safety and Rescue Bob Cowell reports that the new call-down list is updated to May 13. As more people are caving without proper equipment -such as not placing a plastic bag in a helmet for a sleeping bag if trapped -it was recommended that the Texas Gaver reprint some Chuck Stuehm articles on caving. A grotto competition using aSked stretcher in the Speleolympics at OTR was discussed. Robert Green suggested setting up mock rescues at cave sites. After discussion, Joe Ivy and Jay Jorden volunteered to work with Bob Cowell on the purchase of a Sked stretcher. Linda Palit's motion that the committee examine options and purchase a stretcher costin under $400 was approved. (Editor'8 Note: a stretcher has now been purchased.) Cowell says no rescues have occurred in the state of recent note, other than problems involv ing failed light sources, etc. Co-Chair Jay Jorden reports that the NSS cave rescue seminar will be June 29-July 5, the week after the NSS Convention, which is June 23-28. He urges participation by Texas cavers He also mentions that rescue caches must be esta blished statewide, and that the TSA's nonprofit status will facilitate donations of equipment. A suggestion that the committee undertake handson training for Texas cavers is made. Johanna Reece reported that the new print ing of cave rescue stickers has been donated by Terry and Susan Raines. This frees $50 that TSA allotted for the stickers. The Raines were given a 12-month TSA family membrship in return. A discussion of rescue equipment, including litters, ensues. Peter Strickland suggests that a Sked stretcher should be purchased since it is one

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I e T e xas Caver of the most up-to-date pieces of equipment. Palit moves that the committee be given authority to purchase a Sked stretcher at the most reasonable price for the TSA. The motion is seconded and passes. 2 Publications The publications chair is vacant. Joe Muston, formerly of Abilene has moved to Oklahoma. The NSS is attempting to secure the NSS books for the publications chair. Jorden reports that Jeanne Pridmore of the office contacted him and that steps are being taken to get the books back Several potential volunteers to take over the position step forward. 3 Texas Caver Jorden reports that the February issue was mailed late because of studying. He said that the issue was mailed several days after the site was secured for the TSA Convention, so that the site information could be included, along with a map. Several aspects of the Caver -including theme issues reviews of various sorts and contributions are discussed. Jorden and co-editor John Spence urge more contributions. William Russell volunteers to write a column. Linda Palit suggested we request informa tion on a specific topic from individuals. Alan Cobb will do a safety column Other suggestions from John Spence included sending prints and halftone negatives as preferable to slides. A future issue (Editor'8 note: this issue) will include information on how to submit material for the Caver publication. Spence says he may seek a replacement for the Austin contingent after the Old Timers Reun ion because of demands on his time. 4 Conservation Conservation Chair Andy Grubbs says the City of Austin is sponsoring a Cave Management and Karst Development Symposium on July 19-20 at the South Austin Community Center. He said Tom Aley of the Ozark Underground Research Center and Joel Stevenson NSS Committee chair will attend. Contact Andy Grubbs to report any suspected bad water. We want to document any drop in water quality. Andy will research who to contact about dye tracing. Grubbs expressed appreciation for the pres ence of Tom Fox, executive director of the Edwards Underground Water District, and Alice Wightman, staff assistant for the Texas Water Development Board, at the convention Grubbs said the city of Austin recently passed a comprehensive watershed ordinance. He said more information on it would become avail able later. 5. Logo Committee Jay Jorden reported the committee has about Page 61 $375 in the bank. He said that one-color decals have been printed and that three-color decals would be available by OTR. The supply of patches is dwindling, but those at the BOG expressed interest in waiting for a reorder so that demand can be generated Orders must be placed in amounts of several hundred to get a price break, Jorden said. 6. Parks and Wildlife Liaison Committee TSA-TPWD Liai80n Committee: Mike Walsh has available topo maps and 45-day permits to 10 parks for mapping. M Walsh reports that Longhorn Caverns has extensive trash. The group accepted George Love's motion, amended by L. Palit, that M. Walsh take detailed photos, present the problem to the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, await their response and publicize as needed. M. Walsh requested a show of support for his continuing work with TPW, and states that he will work for the interests of TSA. George Love commented that it is neces sary to protect and enjoy caves, and that the recent Devil's Sinkhole trip was productive L. Palit noted that it is the inaccessible caves that are being sought by TPWD. L Palit asked that the fICaver print future TSA/TPWD committee meeting times and locations. Bill Russell stated that Austin is the model for other Texas cities in addressing the issue of cave management. Russell will investigate the availability of meeting tapes from the Regional Conference on Cave8 and Land Development on July 19 at Joe C. Thompson Conference Center, University of Texas at Austin. (Editor's Note: see related article this issue ) Mike Walsh reported that negotiations are ongoing with the Parks and Wildlife Department. He said that progress has been made and that the TSA will be involved this year with several cooperative projects He said that several grottos have tentatively scheduled trips to Gorman Falls where the state is developing a master plan for a park. E Old Business 1. Parks and Wildlife Under old business, Walsh gets consensus on the work of the liaison committee and TSA's posi tion. The consensus is that the committee is mak ing progress and that work continue He solicits more input into the planning process from members F. New Business 1. Nonprofit Status Johanna Reece said that a constitutional amendment is necessary to insert appropriate language for nonprofit status. Upon the dissolution of TSA, assets will be distributed to nonprofit organizations and such wording will meet ffiS guidelines as specified. William Russell reads

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Page 62 section of IRS regulations that will be inserted, stating that the TSA's purpose is scientific and educational in nature. The amendment is made by the necessary vote. J Reece reported that our nonprofit status is current, but that we will request a change in our subsection status to Section 501(c)3 with our amended constitution. Katie Arens volunteered to check old TSA minutes and Texas Caver back issues to ensure constitutional accuracy. 2 2 Texas Cave Management Association Mike Warton and Mike Walsh read informational handout on newly formed Texas Cave Management Association and discuss the organization's purpose. (Editor's Note: please see related article.) My Mommy Was a Caver Report: Bob & Bob, 200 issues Speleobooks, 100 issues Paper for Printing Printing Deposits Paid Out Binding, Collating, Cover Xerox Mailing 800 Issues 250.00 125 00 375.00 107.72 230.85 329.79 8.74 25 92 703.02 TSA has invested $328.02 in 500 issues. We need to sell 82-110 issues at $4 each, or $3 (to members) to clear our costs. Then the remaining 400 or so issues when all are sold will bring a minimum of $100 to Charlie Loving and $1,100 to TSA. Note: TSA sells in Texas; Bob & Bob and Speleo books sell outside Texas boundaries. Mary Standifer will be in charge of sales. Order from: Mary Standifer, c/o TSA, Box 8026, UT Station, Austin, TX 78713 Add $1.50 for mailing costs TSA Spring Convention Financial Report May 18, 1986 Deposits Registration Fees (86) Dog Fees (Cave Rescue Fund) Memberships (N :U, R:IO) Paid Out Friday Mountain Ranch: 906.00 12 00 210 00 April 9 May 1 May 18 Total Facility Use FMR 86 Dinners @4.1O R. Goke: beer, drinks, ice ($14.66/person) Short on Expenses: -$354.65 TSA Financial Report May 18, 1986 Bank balance, Feb. 2, 1986 Deposits Memberships (N:9 R:103) Publication Sales Patches BOG Fees Bob & Bob Payment Speleobooks Payment Interest on Account Paid Out Speleo Press, December 1985 TC Speleo Press, February 1986 TC Bulk Mail Postmaster Xerox Telephone MMWAC Receipts (see above report) Friday Mountain Ranch (see above report) Bank balance on books May 18, 1986 Net Decrease in Capital: the Texas Caver 100.00 600.00 50.00 750.00 352.60 158.75 1,261.35 3160.63 1057.00 47.00 8.00 44.00 250.00 125.00 46.86 1564.62 338.00 349.00 50.00 66.57 9.82 5.97 595.30 700.00 2114.66 2582.11 -578.52 BUY ERIC'S TRUCK by Rob and Jay and Eric For Sale: 1977 two-tone blue International Scout truck, with 4-wheel drive, V8 engine, power steering and power brakes, cruise control, 20 gallon gas tank, no A/C. $1495. Contact Eric Spears, 817-325-2340.

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the Texas Caver On Cave Secrecy by George Veni Secrecy and Cave Protection FACT: Caves are being visited, explored, and devastated at an unprecedented rate. GOAL: Stem the rate of destruction. SOLUTION(?): In the February 1986 Texa8 Caver, James Jasek wrote an article entitled, "Keeping Secrets which argued that cavers must maintain total secrecy about caves from the general public. He felt that increased public awareness of caves in popular literature, books, scientific papers, television and contacts with governm ent agencies has contributed to the significant inc rease in cave traffic over the past couple of decades. H e concludes "Maybe we (all cavers) can turn the tide b y ta king a secretive attitude, and with luck, the public will f o rg e t about caving As sinc e re and honorable as James' intentions are, they a r e completely implausible and unrealistic. Expansion o f cities like San Antonio and Austin onto the cavernous Edwards Plateau results in thousands of people k n o wing the locations of and exploring caves many of w hich are virtually in their backyards. In large areas o f the e astern U.S., it is impossible to ignore the pres e nce o f cav e s Millions of people live next to and over them, often walk and drive past them, have their homes built in large sinkhole entrances and have grown up using t h e m as their local playgrounds. How do you keep secrets about caves when they are a daily fact of life for so m any people? Jas e k suggests that publicizing caving has drawn peopl e to caving from sports like backpacking and rockclimbing While I do not deny this, it is at least equally true that all outdoor sports have become increas ingl y popular over the past two decades The recent i nterest in the environment will naturally include at least a mild interest in caves independent of any caversponsor e d publicity As a result many caves will be discover e d and explored by noncavers F ACT: It is impossible to keep caves and caving secret from the general public. In accepting the above fact it becomes necessary to d iscu s s caves with the general public if we are to have any i mpact on wilderness preservation. Many caves have been des troyed and sealed by urban development yet some ca ves have been saved when developers and govern ment authorities were informed of their value as hydro l ogic, biologic archaeologic and educational resources M any people have gone caving with no training and Page 63 many have subsequently injured themselves the caves, and landowner relations. I do not advocate recruiting cavers, but if someone does have an interest in caves, I believe they should be aware of the existence of our cav ing community. Although most of these people will only go on one or two trips to satisfy their curiosity about the subsurface, it is far better they do it with us and our safety measures rather than without us, and with clothesline, rockhammers and spray-paint. Caves are very delicate and fragile resources If they were located only in remote and inaccessible areas, then secrecy might be a viable method of protecting them. The reality is that caves are readily accessible and threatened by large sections of the public Ignoring the problem will not make it go away. Educating and raising the public awareness is our only real hope of successfully dealing with this difficult issue Cavers Across Anlerica by Jay Jorden While millions of Americans reached out their hands at 2 p m. CDT on May 24 for "Hands Across America," more than a few cavers joined forces as well. Around a dozen cavers got in line around the Dallas-Fort Worth area. In Dallas, five joined the line at Fair Park. Two were Waco cavers James and Mimi Jasek. From Dallas, Clif and Andie Posey and Jay Jor den attended. Other Dallas-Fort Worth Grotto cavers said they joined the line as it snaked across the Metroplex on its way through Wichita Falls and up to Amarillo to meet up with New Mexicans in the chain. Jasek took photos of the assembled cavers as hel icopters flew over from television stations, filming the event. Down the line on Exposition Boulevard were in addition to thousands of people stretching as far as the eye could see some unusual attractions, including a 25-foot-tall beaver with words stenciled to its side that read, "Give a dam!" These cavers did. Sure, it was symbolic and, surely, the street people were out in force, too. But the act of unity was heard around the nation and the world We, who are so accustomed to being urged to take care of the rest of the world's problems, needed to glance around our own cities to see the need there. End of st.ory. Or is it? Maybe we need a "Hands Across Carlsbad" or something equally zany to show that cavers are in need too! (Of what, we're not exactly sure, but more time to go caving would be a start.)

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Page 64 Equipment Bargains by Bob Glennon This speleological sport can get terribly expensive Trying to outfit two teenagers and oneself can be a chal lenge. With only a smitten of wrecklessness, you can spend all of your caving money on gear and leave none for the sport. At our house we've tried to reach the delicate bal ance between safe equipment and being able to afford the caving trip. Here's how we do it. We went through lots of blue jeans before we found a better alternative -the Jumpsuit. Oh yeah, we knew about them, we just couldn't afford them. It's easy to spend $30 50 for the slip-over and still snag it on the first trip out We've found a nice cotton, any color jumpsuits for $16 at the Canton Flea Market. See David West at Space 345/346 on the First Monday of the month in Canton, TX. We actually got him going and bought 4 for $12 each At the McKinney Flea Market, I got an official Pilot's jumpsuit and more for $2 each; these were in a box and were some worn, but great for spelunking. Terry Holsinger says that OMAHA in Fort Worth also has good deals. For packs, boots, and rugged items we're always on the lookout Army surplus stores mostly carry the best that the Chinese could produce, but not genuine U.S. Military surplus. You have to try the out-of-the-way stores that will have the real thing. Near the entrance to a military base is a good lead, but not always. These places do have better prices though, as the Gl's can get it cheaper on the base if the merchant isn't competitive Small towns have also proven to be good spots. These stores don't see city slickers much and the stock doesn't turn-over as often At Bergheim (TX) not long ago, we found some things that were evidently stocked in the store in the 40's. The prices were good too. Canteens are everywhere. Your Uncle's garage is also a good place to look. Garage sales are productive spots if you hit it lucky, but you can spend a lot of good caving time fooling around at these things if you don't narrow the likely spots. Families that have sportsmen occasionally lose equipment to Mom's Spring cleaning urge. I really hit bingo once in a while by getting to an Outdoorman's house on Friday before the husband gets home to find that his wife has gotten into his tackle box, tools, and camping gear Carbide lights by Justrite made in the USA are still around. Alan (Glennon) bought one for $5 at a Flea the Texas Caver Market last month. I paid $12 for the large model with a 10" reflector. The lights that are the real steals look awful. The brass will be severely tarnished and maybe even some minor part (like the flint) missing Look for the made in USA on the top. We take parts off of our new Justrites that were made in Hong Kong and repair the old, but more rugged USA models. Back-up and electric/battery operated lights are a little easier to come by. The large chain food and dry goods stores frequently have batteries and small flashlights on sale. Ashley (Glennon) uses the small 5" long, I" square, throw-away lights that sell for $1.39 and come with 2 small squares of Velcro. Just remember to be on the lookout all week -not just before the trip We got 20 (ea) 8" candles after Christmas for 25 cents That supplied the whole family for pack/back-ups. And when you're at the Grocery, don't forget that those new 3 liter plastic Coke bottles make super water bottles for those remote "no water" campsites. You don't have to bring them home. Kneepads are the hardest ... After 2 trips through Whirlpool I had to accelerate my search efforts Bob & Bob and our other faithful friend in the supply trade provide a line of good products but I'm too cheap to pay the price. Target (discount stores) have them for $7.50 (it was $6.50 until a couple of weeks ago). I wouldn't pay that. On a recent trip to Wal-Mart I found them ... for only $4.53. Hard-hats are a more serious item and I don't recommend compromise in headgear as it's fundamental to cave safety. For the typical Texas horizontal cave however, Payless-Cashways has construction type har dhats for $6. At Flea Markets I have managed to accumulate 19 hardhats for a total investment of $8, plus the 3 expensive Payless models. Gloves are an essential part of my trimmings even though I see too many cavers not using them -particularly with rope. While you're at the Flea Market, you can pick up the blue ticking type gloves for $6 down to $2.50. I find the cheap ones work just as well. At that price, I carry an extra pair along. For rope, racks, carabiners, and harnesses don't price shop without also quality shopping. Get first class equipment you can bet your life on! I know of harnesses that are available at surplus stores and ropes that sup posedly have specifications and name-brands that I don' t know. I don't trust them and I've gotten too old to fall and mend. The good-footwear-at-a-good-price problem I haven't solved yet. If you have, there are several of us who would like to know the secret.

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the T e xas Caver Laws of Caving 1986 by Jay Jorden M e rcy sakes, ah'm up early in the morning, inspired by old George Dickel to rise to the occasion. Could be I had a little too much of him the night before Whoo whee! I have been puttin' the hair on the dog lately; my body is still recovering from that last Guads trip. I feel like I v e been rode hard and hung up wet. I t was during that long lone some ride in the back of a truck to t h e m o t her mountains that the t hough t first came to me: there ought. to be a law somewhere that woul d prevent the Metroplex from being t hi s far away from caves W h atever Then, the idea hit me like a Muddy Oklahoma crawlway : that's i t There ARE laws laws of Nature, l a ws of Oztotl, which govern cavers and caves. Since I believe I'm the first one to have discovere d this truism, and being rig h t h umble and modest mahself I decide d to name them. Everything' s got a name, right? I even have a few c hoice names for that last m uddy Okl ahoma crawlway and for this nearly empty bottle of Su a ve Bolla in front of me Oh well as m y dea r old daddy, Ray Bob, was ---.,., / fond o f s aying "I'd rather have a bottle in front of me than a frontal lobotomy. Mayas well kill the last swig o f thi s bugjuice Gawd, it goes down like sandpaper. Any way as I was saying before ah s o rudely inter rupted myself ah think ah found the pulse of the universe as far as caving is conc e rned. Ah suppose that, for lack of a better title, I'll jes' call what I found Jay Bob's Official Rules of Caving. The process of quantifying t hese rules has been long, and is ongoing Every new trip b rings new rules The well hasn't run dry yet -onl y my Suave Bolla. Ah'll jus t have to concentrate on t h e s ubj ect at hand, and stop mah hands from quivering The First Law of Vertical Caving: Sharp lips are always the kiss of death. What's the biggest worry a caver has when rigging into a rope at the top of a pit? Face it, cavers worry a lot. Th e y worry about how deep it is, whether the knot will h old and whether they can make the climb back out Page 65 or lose all their energy But one of the main concerns is whether they will make it over that sharp lip The Second Law of Vertical Caving: Jumars always jam, Gibbs barely grab, and prusiks are the pits. Weare victims of our own technology. Jumars look efficient, but this is an illusion Sure, they work most of the time, after struggling and musclepower But try getting one over that sharp lip. Gibbs, on the other hand, don't even look efficient No pretense here. Enough said Prusiks aren't worth talking about. Only use them if the natives with the poison blowdarts are after you, a long rope is the only way out, and all you have for the climb is shoelaces The Third Law of Verti cal Caving: Any rope, no matter how carefully coiled, will spontaneously tangle and become unusable when uncoiled. I wish I had a dollar for every minute I have spent untangling ropes. I'd have a nice little CD by now. The Law of Jorden's Sojourn: A hike to any given cave will always take three times as long as predicted. It's the old rule of three coming at you. Brooks' First Law of Bum Leads: Generally, the bigger the entrance, the bigger the burn. Named after famous Guads ridgewalker and sometimes-underground adventurer, John Brooks, this law has infinite application which reaches beyond New Mexico It has been evidenced in Mexico where two peo ple took two days to hike to a big hole seen across a mountain range. They confronted a huge shelter cave at the end of their journey and were grossed out. Brooks' Second Law of Bum Leads: Bum leads are always mother hikes. It doesn't matter which bum lead it is ; they way is always long and hot and the end is always the same. Jorden's Law of Cave Slides: During any cave slide presentation, at least one slide will be upside down or backwards, or both. Jay Bob's Laws of Caving: (1) The weight of a cave pack increases in direct

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Page 66 proportion to the amount of food consumed from it. If you run out of food, the pack weight goes on increasing anyway. (2) The difficulty of finding any given passage is directly proportional to the importance of the consequences of failing to find it. (3) The net weight of the camera box and Army boots is proportional to the cube of the hours you have been in the cave. (4) Any rock in an Army boot always migrates against the pressure gradient to exactly the point of most pressure. (5) The size of each rock in an Army boot is directly proportional to the number of hours inside the cave. (6) Going out of the cave is always an uphill climb. (7) The remaining distance up any given rope remains constant as the entrance approaches. (8) The hike back to camp is always at night and lights are always dim. (9) If you take your caving boots off, you'll never get them back on again. (10) Spent carbide always smells bad. (11) Batteries are always heavy, bulky and costly. (12) Flowstone is always slippery. Law of Cave Trips: The most dangerous part of a cave trip is on the highway. -Anonymous. There will be more to follow, including the Laws of Cave Cuisine, in which Mike Cagle's steak-on-a-stick will figure prominently. Jay Bob says check it out. Be there Aloha Cave Cuisine by Jay Bob Jorden I was sittin' in Mae's Cafe the other day, drinkin' coffee and eating lemon pie; just killin' time, watchin' the Budweiser clock spin around for about two hours. I had been drinkin' Dickel Brothers sour mash earlier, buddy, and all of a sudden my mind became sullied with images of vampires! So I decided to go get in my truck and wheel around the county courthouse a few times to clear mah mind As I wheeled around the straza, I thought I caught an eyeload of a cave A cave? In North Texas? In barren, flat (well, not entirely, but almost), treeless (except for the Christmas trees near oil derricks and live oaks and cedars that sometimes grace the quasi-hills in some local ities), dusty Dallas? But, yes. At least, it looked like a cave. Or so it seemed It had a large, black entrance on the side of a quasi-hill, set squarely into the low-grade limestone that predominates in the furthest northern extremity of the Balcones Escarpment (also known as the White Rock Escarpment). There were a couple of scrawny near-trees close to the hole. So, like any caver ah immediately screeched to a the Texas Caver halt in the middle of the street. I rolled down the win dows of mah old Ford and peered intently at the entrance, lifting my sunglasses slightly to get a clearer view No, there was no mistake. It looked like a cave. But, hadn't hopes been crushed before? All the tales with which Dallas and Fort Worth cavers have been regaled, including bandits and pirates buried treasure and gold dubloons, returned to memory: But yet, here was a hole in the side of a quasi-hill I pulled over to the side of the road and started grabbing helmet, lamp and gear. Breathless with antici. pation, I leaped from the truck and started climbing tc the top of the quasi-hill Could it be true? Was thE smoggy haze playing tricks with the light? Climbing through the brambles and underbrush, thE entrance loomed closer. Tangled vines draped alongsidE the cliff walls, thorns tore at my jeans and flies buzzed in the still forest air alongside the road. A waft of cold air rose up to meet me It was a wei come sensation; the climb had become hot, the canteen was below in the truck and lunch was being missed. ThE entrance was very close now; brushing aside the denSE undergrowth, it was almost possible to peer inside. II was ... I paused and turned. From the corner of my eye, saw a grass snake dart from one side of the entrance and then it dawned on me. The smell in the air made i l all too clear. As the city grew and population expanded, worker. bored tunnels like these for storm and sanitary sewe: drainage. The climb had been for naught; it was jus another man-made crevice in the earth made to entic, unwary cavers I turned to leave. Descending the hill, I wearily returned to the vehid and drove on Oh, well; it never hurts to look Some miles later, the truck rounded a curve in th road. There it was. Halfway up a small hill, a black voil beckoned .... Friends and neighbors, didn't that little tale star makin' ya kind of tired and thirsty? Maybe jest a little I thought so. Here I've been taking an occasional hiM from my Soave Bolla to quench mah thirst, but you'v been workin' hard. Well it's tough caving, and some times it's even tougher to go armchair cavin', especial!: if you need to replenish those vital minerals. Pardner, why doncha go out and buy some of tha new drink that the Arizona cavers -out there on th desert -are raving about. It's called Caver-aid. The makers of Caver-aid realize what a caver need and craves They put all the right minerals in there you There's a dash of spent carbide to give it that liar consistency of the water that's been sitting around I I your pack for too long. And they added a little hydra carbons to recreate the taste of the popular plastic can teens. Grit? Just a little to give it that "guess. they've been doing here" essence It's just like dnnkm: Honey Creek water after 18 people have gone before yOU So, go ahead. Try some Caver-aid You'll be glill you did. It's good to the last bat dropping.

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the Texas Caver Editor's Note: The following is from an article by The Associated Press that ran on August 2, 1985. Page 67 waste disposal sites." The survey findings also are useful to those interested in caves for recreational purposes because they KANSAS CITY, Mo. -Fertile farmlands and teeminclude the types of formations that can be found in each ing cities stretch across Missouri but underneath the cave. surface the state more closely resembles a piece of Swiss "Because of the number of caves and opportunity cheese, with caves and interlocking caverns in subter-for variety, there is better caving here," said Steve ranean abundance. Kenser, a long-time member of the Kansas City Area "It's like a giant sponge," Art Hebrank, geologist Grotto, a caving club. and Missouri Division of Geology and Land Survey "Quality-wise, we don't have the extreme beauty of spo kesman, said of Missouri's 4,617 known caves -the some other areas, although there are some very pretty mos t by far of any state in the nation. Tennessee is things here -but, as a spelunker, if I had to settle in any second with slightly more than 3,500 caves. one place, it would be Missouri." (T S S files listed just over 2,000 caves in Although the state does not keep T exas as of 1978). attendance figures for its 23 commercial The labyrinths of Missouri are called caves, they account for nearly half of s olution caves, created by circulating the 52 commercialized caves in the groundwater that dissolved the acidic lime-country. The state's two best--known stone and dolomite rock underlying those commercial caves are Mark Twain Cave areas over millions of years said Jim Van-near Hannibal and Meramec Caverns dike a division geologist. near Sullivan. Both enterprises average They range from car-size dens to about 100,000 visitors a year, company c averns the size of small cities, with the officials say. two largest caves -both located in Perry Mark Twain cave is famous for its C ounty in eastern Missouri containing links with the tales of Tom Sawyer, abo u t 25 miles of passageways he said. while Meramec Caverns boasts of its By comparison, Mammoth Cave III ties in the Missouri outlaw Jesse James, K e ntucky contains about 300 miles of OOM\ssourl sUkeag!anlspo!l3l'-OO who sometimes made the cave his passageways. "We do not have the largest or longest caves," said ass i s t ant state geologist Jerry Vineyard. "But, at the mome nt, we have the most recorded -that is, not to say w e will always be No.1. A lot of states are not as a dvanced in charting caves Vineyard, who helped establish the Missouri Speleo logical Survey in 1956 estimated that about 1,800 of M issouri's known caves have been charted. But, he said, new caves are found on a regular basis along with undis covered passageways in existing caves. Most of the mapping of Missouri caves results from work done by spelunkers and the speleological survey. Their efforts recently earned the group a presidential citation, said Vineyard. For Vineyard and other state geologists, knowing whe r e caves exist is vital to above-ground construction but the most important aspect of locating caves is their r e l at ionship to groundwater movement and using that kno wledge to protect delicate aquifers from pollut i on. "A great deal of people in Missouri get their drinking water directly from groundwater," said Hebrank. "It i s v ery critical to properly locate sewage lagoons and hideout Meramec, which contains 19 miles of charted pas sageways, also offers two world-famous formations. One, called the Wine Table, is a 7 1/2 foot--high formation of argentite, a type of silver ore, that resembles a three-legged table. The only other known formation in the world of that type is in Italy, said Less Turrilli, the cave's general manager and president of the Missouri Cave Association Meramec also contains the Stage Curtain, a drapery-like formation that stands 70 feet high, 120 feet wide and 35 feet thick. It is the largest such formation in the world, Turrilli said. Among Missouri's other commercial caves is Bridal Cave at Camdenton, which as its name suggests has been the site of more than 970 marriages since it opened in 1949, and Fantastic Cave near Springfield, which offers excursions by wagon and is the only drive-through cave tour in the nation. Missouri's caves have been put to other uses, pri marily storage and shelter, although a small number of people have converted caves into living areas or places of business, said Vineyard.

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Pa.ge 68 Accident Report by Jay Jorden Editor's note: the following was compiled from information in the Fort Worth StarTelegram and from phone conversations. Eric Pierce, an Arlington firefighter, was injured in a cave accident at Lincoln National Forest in New Mex ico on May 27 1986. Pierce suffered a fractured right heel, broken left foot and twisted left knee in a 60-foot fall in Hell Below Cave in New Mexico The accident occurred about 5 p.m. ; he returned to the entrance about six hours later. Eric will take about three months to recover from his injuries and return to work, officials said. Pierce said he landed feet first in a sitting position into a fiat spot of mud and water. The impact was lessened by an equipment-filled knapsack. Pierce left on the caving trip on May 26 with Mike Guadagnolo and Charlie Collier, both 27-year-old Arlington firefighters. Also on the trip was Robert Kirk, 24, a service manager with Hercules Concrete Co. in Fort Worth. Collier and Kirk each have about 10 years of caving experience Pierce and Guadagnolo were on their second cave trip. The newspaper said Pierce and his companions were unsure what caused the fall. They planned to re-examine the equipment and discuss the matter with the forest ser vice Collier and Guadagnolo, who h:td rappelled in before Pierce raced to his side after the fall. Kirk, to be the last one to negotiate the 90-foot drop, waited at the top In the remote area, Pierce's companions began a rescue operation themselves The newspaper said Kirk ran the uphill half-mile trip back to their campsite to get an extra 300-foot rope. Collier climbed to the top of the fissure with Kirk. They threw down the second rope and rigged a pulley system to to pull Pierce out. Collier and Kirk pulled Pierce from the bottom of the cave and Guadagnolo followed on the second rope, keeping Pierce steady and away from the wall. The pair took about one hour to hoist Pierce the 60 feet that he fell. Pierce then crawled down a small pas sageway and they hoisted him the remaining 30 feet to the top of the cave. Collier said that Pierce crawled 75 feet at the top and his companions carried him the remaining 175 feet the Texas Caver to the entrance of the cave A friend, using a formula based on the distance he fell, calculated that Pierce must have fallen at the rate of 45 mph. Pierce is now on crutches. Collier and Pierce could not be reached by tele phone by the grotto for comment. New Wave Cave: Fabulous! Der Fledermaus Destination: La Gruta del Precipicio; Bustamante N.L ., Mexico Personnel: Charles Fromen, Dick Cruse, George Sanders, Carol Carlson Dates: April 25, 1986 and onward Editor' s Note: Alternate title of this report is, "Veni, Vici, Vici : I came, I saw, I conquered, or it con quered me" The fabulous four set forth on one of their typical weekend fabulous trips to the infamous Gruta del Precipicio. An all time early Friday, April 25 departure at 1 p m. in the Cruse luxury GMC van with Cruse control all the way. Music provided by Dick's close friend and Houston's fest famous Jean-Micel Jarre's "Rendez-vous Fabulous George drives awhile. Wendy's pepper-upper consumed in Laredo at 6 p m Needing no interpreter, fabulous Cruse effortlessly crossed fabulous four through border. Only $4.00 mor dtda. Spanish hymn music provided by fabulous DavE Persha. First fabulous campground chosen by fabulom Dick at Bustamante Spring at 10:30 p.m. Fabulous anc fearless caveman Charles scanned fabulous precipicE intently,. to be sure of best route for morning expedi tion He is an old timer of this cave, not have been there for H years. Being extremely homesick for Precipicio, he i: extremely eager to visit her once again Fabulous threl sees Precipicio for the first time. They are so excited thai Charlie has to hold them back from moonlight climb Dick packs pack. Monster kitty frightens poor Caro out of her wits in middle of night as she tries to sleel under stars. Same monster cat disturbs fabulous Crus1 all through night. So, fortified with no sleep, fabulous cavers Crus1 and Carol are summoned from nighttime by fabulou : butler call at 5 : 55 a.m., but still eagerly ready to tacH the Sierra de Gomas range. {Charles and George sleel

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the Texas Ca.ver like fabulous babies ) Strengthened by gourmet breakfast of oatmeal cookies, sardines, bananas, bread, apples and oranges, fabulous four leave camp at 7 a.m. with fabulous Charlie blazing the trail. Only the three fabulous macho men carry the ropes to the fabulous cave. This l eave s Cinderella to prance the mountain sans rope. For the next five hours, the fabulous four are alive with pleasure as they effortlessly trek the 2 300 vertical feet So beautiful and refreshing. Makes them yearn to do this every weekend. Packs prove to be packed per fectly, each weighing 40-60 pounds, each carrying at least one gallon of Houston' s finest, sparkling, bubbling a n d s loshing Buffalo Bayou spring H 20 Cool morn, s hady clouds refreshing breezes keep fabulous four in top s hape every step of the way. Fabulous Charles and Cruse fearlessly climb sheer face, leaving fabulous George and Carol to fend for t hemselves. After fabulous George negotiates half the pitch he changes routes and calls to Cinderella to find h e r own route and not to attempt this way First, she diligently surveys the perilous face, locating her mark. After much coaching from the voices of the mountain, s h e ascends the perilous route, almost unaided Her first free climb. Stopping on the fabulous "Easy Street" section o f the fabulous climb they pose for group photo. Crossing over top of mountain, they beg i n their descent down the infamous perilous loose-rock slide area which leads to the perilous ledgewalk entranceway Gloves come in handy to grab cacti to slow slide and prevent s kydiving over the 500-foot cliff below La Gruta del Pre Ctp 1CtO. N ose count held at cave entrance, certifying that all fabul ous four arrive. No skydivers this trip. Refreshed and rejuvenated by cave air and fabulous v iew, the f a bulous four have lunch and a two-hour s nooze t o make up for no sleep previous night (that is for som e ) But fabulous four do not sleep due to sugar p lums dancing in their heads in anticipation of going down t he nylon highway to view the wonders of Precipicio. Taking cave packs loaded with cases of CD lite tubes to i lluminate the wonders that await and four cameras, three t ripods 20 rolls film, 4 electronic flash units and four B C units they head to the depths. W ith fabulous Cruse leading and his fabulous radar s h i n ing brightly, fabulous Fromen wonders how he know s the exact way (1) Sweating profusely Cinderella make s her first cave descent exceeding well over 100 feet. Second drop, 85 feet, crystal tieoff point is found intact and available for another descent into big room. Flash!! Flash!! Three inches erode off crystal tie pillar at each descent The crystal pillar is not expected to last a noth e r caving season New means must be found to mak e drop into big room Lunch. C olossal breakdown mountain climb begins to magnificent formation area. With fabulous lightman present Cruse puts on another photo two-hour light s how which surpasses last month's Houston festival (refer to A pril is s ue of Greater Houston Grott o newsletter page 1.) Many rolls are shot. During light show, Page6Q speleotragedy occurs as falsh floor gives way, causing fabulous Cruse to plummet through false floor to lower level (about four feet). Light show temporarily halts as light show equipment is destroyed Cinderella is pro moted as speleo scale model for each photo light show Numerous silver oxide celluloids are exposed. Special timed light show is r i gged by fabulous Sanders as super liteman, Cruse, emits photons, descending the huge breakdown mountain, exposing the silver oxide cellu loids. Lower level minilite show begins as half of expo party begins ascent. Crystal avalanche occurs as ascent is made Now, Cinderella has made her first official cave ascent Instruc tions on using proper techniques of climbing gear is given to her at crucial points on rope. Charles quickly follows and derigs ropes for preparation for final ascent .As Cinderella prepares for final 140-foot climb, several blastoff problems arise after she is rigged into rope All problems are eventually solved by Charles shaking Carol as she falls asleep on rope. Fortunately, Carol's adrenalin and fear coaches her to the top of the nylon highway in one-half hour record time (including naps. ) Arriving at the top, she is assisted by fabulous Cruse and George who have been patiently/impatiently awaiting for three hours .As Charles starts up the rope, Carol and George head for the upper camp to a much needed sleep. At 4:10 a.m., thirteen hours after going down rope into lower section, Charles is greeted at the top of the rope by fabulous Cruse and together, they derig the remaining vertical gear. Upon arrival back at camp, a discussion is held as to how a rest period should be had. A majority agree to not set an alarm but to sleep 'til a majority awake. Upon preparing final meal it is discovered that speleorodents have raided the goodies. Their dinner is reduced to a can of Spam and the parts of the bread the rats didn't eat. Bats leaving cave .As a testimonial to the fabulous foursome's phenomenal fortitude, all four awake simultaneously after three hours' sleep. After pol icing the campground and cave entrance of litter, cans and other cavers' abandoned equipment, the fearless foursome smile for group photo and exit cave follow i ng 19 hours of darkness. Although energy levels are somewhat lower than the previous day, the fearless and fabulous four literally bound up the 300-foot loose rock slide Ac t ually, fabu lous George bounds with such vigor that he expels his wallet*, which is later recovered by fabulous Carol who carries it to the crest of the slide in her teeth. At top of the cliff extended session is held for photos, eating rock collecting, constitutionals, etc. New trail is blazed by fabulous Charles to bri ng fabulous four to base of pre cipice Glorious-breezy-cool day. Pink cacti all in full bloom. Emergency surgery is performed by Dr. Fromen on patient Cruse using scalpel and antiseptic supplied by fabulous George Fabulous four all experience a similar ailment .As the descent continues, more photos are taken but the

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Page 70 common ailment grows worse. In the fifth hour of descent, an emergency GHG meeting is held and quorum is reached agreeing to renew lease to meet at YWCA for following year. In the sixth hour of descent, three hours longer than it should have taken, another meeting is held at which time it is unanimously decided that the com mon ailment is TB** from the previous day's activities. Visions cold Gator Aid and swimming in spring -propel the group in the final leg of descent. After much liquid refreshment and soaping in spring, the fabulous four eat fabulous Cruse's hot and delicious and fabulous slumgullion, board the luxury Cruser and head for the border. At the border, a new procedure for turning in tourist papers is established. One is now supposed to return papers to the same building where issued. At that point, auto title, serial number is verified with serial number on auto. Fabulous Charles, being only member of party with real job, is allowed to sleep as he has to be at work two hours after arriving home. Fabulous four ranks trip as one of the most fabulous ever! Future trips are planned. And the trip goes on and on ... *Fabulous four notice that fabulous concession in Precipicio is closed. No need for wallet anymore, ever agam. **Tired Body. River Styx! by Michael Twery Destination: River Styx Cave; King County, Texas Personnel: Mike Cagle, Bobby Moore, Bob Glennon, Andy Glennon, Keith Odland, Terry Holsinger, Scott Pannell, Michael Twery, Gerald Saulsberry Dates: February, 1985 A horde of DFW Grotto cavers descended on the Bateman Oil Field one weekend last February. This was the first trip to River Styx for the Glennons, Keit.h and Scott.. Terry, Mike Cagle and Michael Twery had visited prev iously. A liability release form prepared by Bob Glennon was signed by all and left at the ranch house. Michael wryly noted that Bob's liability release statement did not cover his being menaced by the watchdogs. On the way back to the highway from the ranch house, we met Mrs. Bateman who noted that rain was expected. By the time the cave was reached and camp erected, the sky was overcast. With little discussion, it was decided to enter by the 1963 entrance and exit by the 1964 entrance. Around 1:30 p.m. Saturday, Mike Cagle took the honor of being first to dive into the contorted 1963 entrance. No surprises were discovered and most of us quickly followed Terry Holsinger and Bob Glennon the Texas Caver took up the rear. Terry's progress was slowed by ail ammo can heavily weighted with camera gear and Dr Pepper. Much to his chagrin, Terry had found on a previous caving trip that the Dr Pepper can is easily punctured when carried unprotected in a caving pack. Inside the 1964 entrance, the passage was remark ably dry. Approximately 50 feet inside the cave, a dirt choke which reportedly fills the passage in some years was easily passed by most all members of the party. On this trip, the choke was dry and open at least 10 inches. Ripples in the floor suggested quickly flowing water had washed away any evidence of the last cavers to have passed this way. The group proceeded to tour the Junc tion Room, the Dome Room, and the Bat Junction Room. At this last stop, the group divided into two par ties. Cagle, Twery, Saulsberry, Moore and Alan Glen non explored toward the Bat Rooms while Holsinger and Bob Glennon remained behind to rest and photograph the interesting limestone (?) shelves lining the passage On the other hand, the intrepid explorers pushed muddy crawls and wallowed through considerable quan tit.ies of bat guano before reaching the bat rooms. From the last bat room, Bobby Moore reportedly made it all the way through to the river in a tight crawlway. The passage is not shown on the maps of River Styx which have been published. After regrouping in the Bat Junction room and lightening Gerry's burden of Dr Pepper, we all headed for the Gypsum Blister Passage. Bob's "xtra-large" car-I bide lantern and Terry's halogen lamp really lit these passages up brightly. As we approached the 1964 entrance, Cagle and Twery gingerly led the way out through the slightly awkward crawl. Progress was slow since snakes had been observed at several locations in this passage on a previous trip and no one wanted any surprises. On Sunday morning, several cavers forayed into nearby Vertical Sink. This unstable-looking 45 foot (or so) dirt pit reportedly has a considerable passage entend ing from t.he bottom. Bobby Moore and Alan Glennon rappelled in and dug around the passage entrance but decided not to risk entry. Just. about everyone visited the river entrance to River Styx cave at some point Sunday morning. The water level inside was low enough that the cave could be entered for several hundred feet before wading became mandatory. The flattened grass in front of the cave suggested that considerably more water had been flowing from the cave recently. Standing pools of water in the first 30 feet of the cave were frozen over with a thick layer of ice. Further back in the cave, a large number (100s) of dead bat.l were found floating in the water. Terry Holsinger and Mike Twery debated whether flood or severe cold weather could have been responsible. Mike pointed out the brisk cold breeze in the cave passage and the fact that a number of bats were neatly spread out on rocks and shelves 4-6 feet above stream level. It appeared that these bats laid where they died.

PAGE 24

the T e xas Caver and were not deposited there by floodwater. With some members of the group suffering from rav e nous appetites (even all those scrawny dead bats couldn't fill Cagle), we eventually packed up and headed out to Pizza Hut in Jacksboro. It wasn't until late that evclJing that we reached the western headquarters of the DF\1i Grotto Holsinger's Palace -and split up the mes:: of camping gear. Weirdness in J arnaica by Brian Burton Vic 'ms: Brian Burton and Sharon Fleming Sce e : Windsor Cave in Jamaica rhe morning of the 15th (Aug.), Sharon and I pac d our cave packs, arranged for the care of our lug gag with Bob and Ruth of St. Louis who were traveling wit us, and walked to a motorcycle rental shop in Mon leg l 3ay where we rented a Honda 185 trail bike. Asking dirt ions frequently, we made our way into the district o f r c lawney the heart of the Cocpit Country of jail :ca. Stopping to rest our butts (trailbikes are not des I c d to carry two comfortably for 30 miles), we dra a R e d Stripe and chatted with the locals. We con tint I onward, through glen and dale, over the oft poL l e d road (Ouch!). Ve were led through the jungle to the cave. A s tc; wind from the cave blew our hair back, a welcall' relief from the moist heat of the tropics. The cave stal d from the walk-in entrance and sloped downward tlm; h the entrance chamber which was filled with lars formations. Several minutes into the cave, we cnlt' c d into the bat chamber, a large room several hundrecect across and about 80 feet high. 'he room was a foot deep in wet guano, the air thie wit h insect life. It was hazardous to look up at the bat" for there was a steady rain of droppings. There W CJ'( nillions of bats in this room, the big clusters about t h e iling. The air moved with the beat of their wings Artc c rossing this room, we entered into the main pas sage ; f the cave. It was huge 180 feet wide by 80 feet high. I"or some reason there were no bats in this area, t ho\l:.: 1 there were several large guano mounds in the A \Vheat lamp works wonders in passage this big. W e slopped through the mud, through some smaller pass":,';e, and arrived at the flowstone squeeze. The packs canl(' ofT, and we sallied forth into more decorated passage. There were many soda straws there. The native boys e njoyed sucking and chewing on them. Reprimands produced no effect; poverty and ecology seldom appear toget.her Because of a misunderstanding, Sharon did not fill h n canteen. Since she was using a carbide light, we decide d to head out of the cave, taking pictures as we Went. Back at the entrance, we noticed our trailbike's rear Page7I tire was flat. The entirety of the tools in the town was two screwdrivers, a monkey wrench, and one bike pump. Sharon was offered two grocery bags of marijuana for her Swiss Army knife. After three hours of confusion, the bike was fixed (11). We rode a couple of miles out of town and the tire goes flat again. I figured we were only three miles from the coastal town of Falmouth where we could get food and lodging for the night. Instead, we were six miles out of town. I walked and Sharon rode the bike. After three miles, a tour bus picked us up and took us into town, and we got a place to stay. It cost $6 per night and looked it, resplendent with straw mattresses. The next morning, we got up, had the best breakfast since we had been on the island (no kidding), arranged business details with the owner of the bike, picked up our luggage, and headed for our chartered flight to Dallas. One more strange adventure in a strange place. Trip Report by Jay Jorden Destination: Hardrock Cave, Southern Oklahoma Personnel: Dennis Thompson, Joe Ben Pruitt, Arbuckle Mountain Grotto; Jay Jorden, Dallas-Fort Worth Grotto Dates: Wednesday, Aug. 21, 1985 Dennis called up on the spur of the moment and said he wanted to check the second sump at Hardrock Cave to see if the water level had receded enough to continue on. I drove up in the morning and met Joe Ben and he at his residence on the east side of Ardmore. Loading my gear into their truck, we proceeded to the ranch and drove to the cave. In a dry-stream bed, the entrance resembles Bitter Enders Cave. Inside the passage steeply slopes down thick beds of stream gravel and mud to a first, false sump that has dried out over the summer, then to a second sump. The total extent of passage so far is about 500 feet. The sump, on this inspection, had not perceptibly lowered A couple of mud chokes around the sump were checked to no avail. But the cavers did find a caveadapted shrimp in the water and noticed that the sump recharges itself fairly quickly after human travel and silting in it. Then, the cavers retraced their steps to the entrance, pausing to inspect several side leads, including a high climb to two or three domepits that could be bolted with the proper equipment. The cavers then went on a surface ridgewalk to investigate a location on the map of a long line of sink holes. Some of the sinks were located but all were fairly shallow.

PAGE 25

The TEXAS CAVER '\ \ BULK RATI U.S. Postage PAID Austin, Tex, Permit No.11


Description
Contents: Feature articles: Looking back / James Jasek --
Station "C" Cave map --
Honey Creek: longest in Texas! / compiled by Jay Jorden
--
Texas Caver wins award / Jay Jorden --
Speleo news: NSS convention / Jay Jorden --
Texas Cave Management Association / Mike Walsh and Mike
Wharton --
Caves and land development / Jay Jorden --
Conservation news & notes --
Mexican earthquake / Bob Obele --
Correspondence --
TSA news: Old timers' reunion / Jay Jorden --
Illumination: On cave secrecy / George Veni --
Cavers across America / Jay Jorden --
Equipment tips: equipment bargains / Bob Glennon --
Humor --
Dispatches --
Trip reports.


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