The Texas Caver

The Texas Caver

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The Texas Caver
Series Title:
The Texas Caver
Texas Speleological Association
Texas Speleological Association
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Regional Speleology ( local )
Technical Speleology ( local )
serial ( sobekcm )
United States


General Note:
Contents: Cave hunting near Galeana, N.L. / P. Sprouse -- Editorial / D. Pate -- Book review / B. Mixon -- Cave scorpion sting / J. Reddell -- Trip reports -- TOTR schedule of events -- TOTR contest guideliens / G. Ediger -- Map to TOTR.
Open Access - Permission by Publisher
Original Version:
Vol. 33, no. 04 (1988)
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

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University of South Florida Library
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University of South Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
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K26-04676 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.4676 ( USFLDC Handle )
11410 ( karstportal - original NodeID )
0040-4233 ( ISSN )

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THE TEXAS CAVER VOLUME 33, NO. 4 AUGUST 1988 CONTENTS Cave Hunting near Galeana, N.L. (P. Sprouse) ........................... 79 Editorial (D. Pate) ........................... 84 Book Review (B. Mixon) ................ 85 Cave Scorpion Sting (J. Reddell) .... 86 Trip Reports .................................... 87 TOTR Schedule of Events .............. 89 TOTR Contest Guidelines (G. Ediger) ............................ 90 Map to TOTR .................................. 91 ALTERNATING EDITORS This issue Next issue Dale Pate Jay Jorden P.O. Box 1251 Austin, Texas 78767 ph. 512-452-5184 1518 Devon Circle Dallas, Texas 75217 ph. 214-398-9272 wk. 214-220-2022 AUSTIN STAFF Computer assistance and proofreading Erika Heinen Texas Caver labels RodGoke Texas Caver distribution Johanna Reece Printed by Kestrel Printing Austin, Texas CAVERESCUE-CALLCOLLECT 512-686-0234 78 The Texas Caver August 1988 The Texas Caver is a bi-monthly publication of the T as Speleological Association (TSA), an internal organization o f t h e National Speleological Society (NSS) It is publish e d i n February April, June August, October, and December. Subscription rates are $10/year for 6 issues of The Texas C a r e r This includes a $4 fee for membership in the TSA. Out of s t ate subscribers, libraries, and other institutions can receive The T e xas Caver for $8/year Back issues can be purchased through the m ail for $2.00 per issue postpaid. Send all correspondence (oth e r tl!en material for The Texas Caver), subscriptions and exchang e s m : The Texas Caver, P O. Box 8026, Austin, Texas 78713. The Texas Caver openly invites all cavers to submit articles t r i p reports, photographs (35 rnrn slides or any size black & whi t e or color print on glossy paper), cave maps, news events, cart o o n s and/or any other caving related material for publication Copyright 1988 Texas Speleological Association Front Cover.-This beautiful pen and ink drawing i s b y Terry Gregston, a newcomer to the Austin ca v i n g scene. Back Cover.-This gypsum flower was photographed in Montgomery Gypsum Cave in Terrell County by Alan Cobb.


CAVE HUNTING NEAR GALEANA, NUEVO LEON by Peter Sprouse The large entrance to Cueva de los Cuervos. (P. Sprouse) In mid-July, 1987, Susie Lasko and I spent several days hunting for caves in a number of areas around Galeana, Nuevo Leon, Mexico. We started out on 10 July in some gypsum hills west of La Poza, where the rock varied from fme solid gypsum to crumbly crap. No caves were found but we did get a fme view down into the valley of La Poza, a gypsum karst area south of Driving down to La Poza, we looked at a large collapse smk east of the village. Next to this was a 3 by 4 meter rectangular dug well, and then another sink. This second sink descended steeply to a pit of about 8 meters, at the bottom of which a large Passage could be seen heading back toward the first sink. We did not explore this, being more interested in the higher hills to the east, so we collected a crew of young guides and headed off to their leads. Driving through the center of La Poza, we circled the large gypsum sink for which it is named. This may have been mapped by Blake Harrison, Robert Hemperly, and others of the SWTG in the early 1970's. About 200 meters east of La Poza on the road to Encinal, we pulled over and were shown a walk-in entrance on the south side of the road. This immediately led to walking-sized passage, so we collected the survey gear and started mapping, with the help of 4 or Slocal kids. The walls were The Texas Caver August 1988 79


00 0 .., "\0 Oo Oo CUEVA DE LOS LATEROS GALEANA, NUEVO LEON, MEXICO Surveyed 12 July 1987 by Susie Lasko and Peter Sprouse LOCATION MAP Plan Profile <0 0 0 ,o "' Q 0 i ... 0 "'" Q i. e Q t> -1 Q 0 i II o -1. 0 Q .,._.,.... .,.....,.....,.... ............. -.-,.. 'V 0 5 10 METERS I I () 1


0 10 111 19m CUEVA DE LA ENCINAL La Poza, Nuevo Leon, Mexico Suunto and tape survey 10 July 1987 by Suale Lasko and Peter Sprouse AMCS Drafted by Peter Sprouse I ength: 70 meters -elevation 1760 m PROFILE: 387 DEGREE VIEW METERS The Caver August 1988 81




ud-c overed from flooding, and soon the passage got smaller as descended. We went down a 2-meter free climb, and about 70 eters from the entrance we were stopped by a clean vertical shaft a t dro pped 6 meters to a lake It remains unexplored. We could ot see if this sumped, or if there was a passage continuing. We ailed this cave Cueva de La Encinal. Across the road on the north ide was another entrance, but it appeared to end in ftll at the ottom of a steep entrance slope. Undoubtably there are umerous caves and sinks in this gypsum plain, and some could e of s ignificant size. Next we drove south to the town of Cieneguillas, where we located the road that goes up onto the high (erra Cieneguillas. Here we camped in a beautiful pine forest oored with knee-deep lupines at 3100 meters, but unfortunately e could find no sinks or caves. The next day we cruised back north to Galeana, and y i sited the impressive Pozo de Gavilan. The bottom of the drop appeared to be wall to-wall water We then continued west across h e valley floor to La Cuesta and up onto the ridge south of Cerro dge of unexplored drop in Cueva de la Encinal. (S. Lasko) Potosf. Here we got out of the gypsum and into limestone, with numerous sinks on top of the ridge We could fmd no entrances, except for some possible ones visible on the hills to the south. We decided to head to Cerro Potosi the highest point in the Sierra Madre Oriental at 3700 meters. It is possible to drive all the way to the top where various communications towers have been installed. Despite being in the middle of summer, it got down to a chilly 4.5 Celsius that night. Cerro Potosi is a wonderful place. The dome-like summit floats like a Shangri-La above the clouds, covered in multi-colored wildflowers and stunted ground pines. Looking at the map, it looked like the cirque-valley on the north s i de would be a good place to look for caves We hiked down through a stand of huge fir trees and found a number of sinks, but none went. Driving back down off the mountain we got a good view of the ridge where we had been the day before. We could clearly see from 10 kilometers away the entrances that we had seen but not hiked to. This got us flred up to return, and a few hours later we were hiking through the brush towards our goal. The first feature was not an entrance but a nice sink with a headwall. But from there we spotted a huge entrance that had been hidden on the backside of a hill. It is actually shown on the topographic map, if you look close enough It was an overhung drop on the low side, but it was possible to walk down a slope from the high side. Under the low side dripline was a sloping breakdown-floored passage to a fairly large flows tone chamber, the end at -48 meters. We named this cave Cueva de los Cuervos for the two ravens that scolded us constantly. The second "entrance" we had seen was also a dud, but hiking back from it we found another cave. This turned out to be little more than a shelter but we mapped it anyway, naming it Cueva de los Lateros. In general this ridge which runs south of Cerro Potosi is qu i te interesting. It seems to be composed of interbedded gypsum and limestone (both of the caves we found were in limestone). Many more sinks remain to be checked farther south along the ridge ATTENTION CAVE CARTOON ARTIST Occassion of the 50th anniversary of its creation, the Swiss Society of Speleology is sponsoring an International Competition of Strip Cartoons. With a minimum of 30 and a maximum of 60 black & white panels the entry date is 31 March 1989. Contact this editor or write to: Jean-Claude LALOU 97, route de Suisse CH-1290 VERSOIX SWI1ZERLAND The Texas Caver August 1988 83


Editorial I would like to begin my editorial by commenting on A. Richard Smith's letter published in the June 1988 issue of The Texas Caver I for one, certainly appreciate this type of correspondence for several reasons. First, it lets the editors (in this case, Jay and myself) know a little about what our readers want to see in The Texas Caver It shows us that there are cavers who actually read and care about The Texas Caver I'm sure there are quite a few cavers out there that look forward to receiving The Texas Caver, even though we continue to publish a month or more behind schedule The fact is that A. Richard took the time to jot down some ideas and send them i n Also he took the time to send in a trip report This is far more than many I know have done. Mos t cavers just tend to never write about their experiences underground. I would like to see a great many cavers take the time to sit down and write out a trip report immediately following a trip, and then follow up by sending it to me. Please include a few photographs or a map along with the trip report. In fact, go one step further and send in an article Caves are very special places to me and I like to read and see photos and maps from the many and varied caves that many of my friends in Texas visit. I'm sure many others feel the same way I do. You will notice that in this issue I have gone to a smaller type size. This is something I had been considering and then reading A. Richard s letter convinced me that I don t need the larger type size. This means that my issues of The Texas Caver will probably be shorter now, unless you, the reader decide to support them by sending in more trip reports, articles, photos, maps, etc If you decide to not send in anything, then the TSA will save money because we will be printing fewer pages at least in most of my issues From time to time I will put in my own articles, photos, tiip reports, editorials, etc but I REFUSE to write enough to fill in 113 to 112 of each issue. It is YOU the subscriber, who will have to fill in the void It's either that or shorter issues of The Texas Caver. I'll do my best to solicit these various things for each of my issues, but the bottom line is you. Ask not what The Texas Caver can do for you but what you can do for The Texas Caver This brings up another point I would like to make Numerous cavers, when I approached them about writing anything for The Texas Caver, pointed out to me that they do very little caving in Texas so they haven't felt that they should send me anything The title of our publication is not TIIE TEXAS CAVE, but TIIE TEXAS CAVER. Texas cavers are at best, a nomadic group, and I would think that over the years there have been Texas cavers caving in many parts of the world. I for one, enjoy seeing articles or trip reports on Texas caves, but I equally enjoy articles or trip reports from other parts of the world, especially when they are submitted by a Texas caver, or perhaps a former Texas caver. Texas cavers are part of an international caving community, in large part because many Texas cavers are international cavers. Undoubtably Mexico has played a major role in Texas cavers entering the international caving scene. It was Texas cavers who 84 The Texas Caver August 1988 by Dale Pate first recognized the cave potential of Mexico's vast kar s t fields, and they continue to play a key role in many areas. The Texa s Caver is one of the better published newsletters in the US and it would be a shame and a waste to limit it to only the Texas caving scene. This is not to say, however, that I wouldn'tlike to se e m ore Texas caving reported in The Texas Caver. Now for those of you who have been waiting pati ently to fmd out just how much extra money was spent on the four -color cover on the April 1988 issue. First, everyone should know that the TSA has allotted the editors $300 per issue to publish The Texas Caver. The April issue did not overrun this budget. It's cover cost about the same to publish as a normal black and white photo There are several reasons for this The main reason was the printer, Ron Fieseler. A four-color separation which normally costs over $100 was not necessary. One half-tone was shot, four separate aluminum plates were made, and four separate press runs were made also. Its low cost was directly due to the time and effort Ron was willing to put into it. After seeing the original poster a t aUT Grotto meeting, both Ronnie and I were very interested in putting it on a cover. It was very different and represented an aspect of caving that is very seldom seen-a view point from a non-cavers perspective. In this situation cavers William Russell and Craig Bittinger had performed a public service by rescu i n g five very young kids from a cave. The parents and the public, in general, recognized these cavers as heroes The poster that was made by William' s fellow workers at the IRS is a graphic representation of this hero image I personally think it came out well and my hat is off to Ronnie for his printing efforts. Man y thanks are also due to Rod Goke and Johanna Reece for maintaining the mailing list and for being responsible for The Texas Caver being mailed Also appreciated are Susie Lasko who has put a lot of time in at Kestrel Printing on The Texas Caver and the many different cavers who have helped with collating and stapling. These include Doug Allen, Mac Pitchford Erik a Heinen, Katherine McOure, Mary Standifer, Aspen Adams, Joe Ivy, Rod Goke, and Cynthia Grant I'm sure that there are others that I have forgotten to mention and for that I apoligize Let m e know who you are and I ll include your name next time So it is time for me to quit my many ramblings. So get out there, go caving and then, write your trip up Do your part SUPFORT TIIE TEXAS CAVER. FOR YOUR INFORMATION Kenny McGee of Houston, Texas writes to tell us that. he has just named a new gas discovery well located in Limestone County, Texas OZTOTL #1. Does this mean that the profits will be pouring into the TSA treasury before long?


BOOK REVIEW aves and Caving Donald Jacobson and Lee Phillip Stral. arbor House, 221 Water Street, Boyne City, Michigan 49712; 986. 143 pp softbound. $17.95 (If ordered from the publisher y mail, add $1.95 for shipping.) Don Jacobson and Lee Stral are a couple of cavers who ppear to be largely self-taught If they have read any of the tandard books on caving, they are pretty slow learners. They ave produced an amazing book. It is amazing that anyone who thinks Blue Water II is a ynamic rope because it has a core and sheath has even heard of lue Water II. It is amazing that anyone who thinks you have to anipulate the safety gate on a Jumar to move it up the rope has ven heard of a Jumar. It is amazing that anyone who thinks a urnee can may be purchased from any caving supplier has even eard of a Gurnee can. It is amazing that anyone who thinks the ouffre Berger is still the deepest cave in the world knows the epth of El Sotano del Barra. It is amazing that people whose ain source of information appears to have been the REI catalog ave had the nerve to write a book about caving. It is also amazing that a book that contains something in ractically every paragraph that a reasonable knowledgable or xperienced caver will think is ridiculous actually turns out to be uite good about conservation and the basic rules of safety, except or a conspicuous lack of mention of the need for backup lights. guess we can be thankful for that. And it is one of the very few aving books that has all the commas in the right places and has all of rappel, prusik, and helictite spelled correctly-though not lue Water, which was also spelled wrongly in the REI catalog. nd it does speak highly of the NSS and urges cavers to join, and t gives a list of grottos. When I wrote in a review of Traister's Cave Exploring (1983) that its appearance had made the job of picking the world's worst caving book a lot easier, I did not mean it as a challenge. Jacobson and Stral have made a good attempt to beat Traister's record, but they haven't even come close. --Bill Mixon THECAVESOFBEXARCOUNTY FOR SALE SEND ONLY $25.80 (TAX INCLUDED) PLUS $2 FOR SHIPPING TO: JAMES REDDELL TEXAS MEMORIAL MUSEUM UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS AUSTIN, TEXAS 78205 The Texas Caver August 1988 85


CAVE SCORPION STING The only species of scorpion frequently found and known to reproduce in Texas caves is Vaejovis reddelli Gertsch and Sole glad This species ranges from Williamson County south to Bexar County along the Balcones Fault Zone and then west to V a l Verde County. Although not yet known from several counties it certainly occurs in caves throughout most of Central T exas. Cavers can help outline the distribution of this specie s by collecting specimens wherever they occur. The only only species of scorpion likely to be found in C e ntral Texas caves is Centruroides vittatus Say. This is a small y e llowish species occasionally found in the entrance area, e s pecially below vertical drops. It is almost certainly an accid e ntal or at most a threshold trogloxene. Additional sp ec i e s probably occur from Val Verde County west and any specimens from western Texas would be of considerable interest. Vaejovis reddelli is a troglophile only rarely found on the s urface and then apparently only in moist ravines along the Balcones Escarpment. In caves it may be found unders rocks or on walls and ceilings. It is at times incredibly abundant and in Deep Cave, Edwards County, more than 40 individuals, some with young on their backs, were found in a single short passage. Younger individuals are pale brown, but the large adults are coal black w ith no prominent markings I have been asked several t i mes about the effect of the sting of this species, but have never been stung nor heard of anyone else having been stung by it. The following account is apparently the first report of the effects of the sting and certainly should warn people to take care. Typically, vaejovid scorpions are not as venemous as many species of Centruroides in the southwestern United States and western Mexico, where many fatalities occur Nevertheless, the effect of the sting of V reddelli i s s ufficiently unpleasant to warrant caution in handling the 86 The Texas Caver August 1988 by James Reddell species or in exploring caves where it may occur. The followi n g account is based on a detailed list of symptoms by Bill Larsen. On 21 March 1987, while exploring Berry Creek Cave, Williamson County, a 29 year-old male, 160 lbs., and i n good health was stung on the inner side of his upper left arm near the elbow. The scorpion was in total darkness about 40ft. f rom and 20 ft. below the entrance in a 3-4 ft. high area of smal l rocks mixed with loose dirt. The initial response to the sting was a sharp, burning pain beginning like a fire ant bite but then becoming like red-hot pins sticking into the area Within 30 minutes a 2-inch diameter reddened area became swollen and the shoulder, elbow, and wrist joints began to ache. This continued for one day, with the elbow joint aching more severely and continuing for a second day About 7 hours after the sting the site of the sting developed a bruise-like appearance with striations of wrinkled skin alternating with what appeared to be "stre t c h marks." About 10 hours later, the biceps muscle ached and was sensitive to touch as in a bruise. On the second day itchin g set in and lasted for 1 1(2 days The bruised appearance and skin striations disappeared but the area became red On the thir d day, a rash developed on the sting site and lasted for 1(2 day. Aft e r a week, the swelling was gone but the redness continued In the second week, the coloration changed to pale purple and there was a small amount of exfoliation that lasted a few days. The vic tum had been stung before by C. vittatus with n o reaction, indicating that this was not an allergic reaction P eopl e allergic to insect venom should be especially careful. I w ould appreciate receiving any scorpions from Texas caves, as well as any accounts of the sting of this species. Specimens and accounts can be sent to: James Reddell, Texas Memorial Museum 2400 Trinity, Austin, Texas 78705.


REP I estination: Montgomery Gypsum Cave (Terrell Co.), Airport ave and Litter Barrel Cave (Val Verde Co.) ate: 29-30 May 1988 ersonnel: Doug Allen, Carolyn Biegert, Debra Brown, Allan obb, Joe Ivy, Karen Markette Linda Palit, George Veni e ported by: Allan Cobb We got away from San Antonio by 8:00 PM with nimal hassles. By the time we reached the West Texas ranch it as after 1 : 00 AM. We proceeded to take the scenic tour of the esolate c ountryside which involved taking almost every road on e ranc h When we finally arrived at the proper windmill, we ailed to f ind the road that continued to the cave (as we also did oth other times I was there!) Getting up early the next morning, e promptly found the cave. After breakfast, we started rigging e cave and checking for rattlesnakes. Luck was with us and we a w n o snakes; maybe the snakes knew what would happen and ey went somewhere else! The cave has three drops of 25' 55' d 90'. The drops are right in a row with very little walking in e tween Starting at the third drop, gypsum formations are ncountered. The main passage at the bottom is covered with y p s u m flowers. After reaching the bottom of the cave, George ectured on the speleogenesis over the snoring sounds of his udie nce. After a short nap, everyone did his or her own things. o u g and Joe wandered the crawlways. Linda, Carolyn and e bra explored the well decorated main passage. Allan took h otos of formations and extinct, inflatable reptiles, while George nd Karen practised first aid for drowning victims. Everybody as happy to reach the surface. That night, after a hill supper, eer wine, and whiskey were consumed without moderation by RTS ,r-1 Linda Palit and Guano prepare to descend the entrance drop to Montgomery Gypsum Cave in Terrell County Texas. (A. Cobb) The Texas Caver August 1988 87


Rappelling in the entrance to Montgomery Gypsum Cave. (A. Cobb) some. Due to the lack of firewood which is due to the lack of trees, the campfire was replaced by a lightning show. On Sunday morning, with cloudy skies and cloudy eyes, the group broke camp and headed for its next adventure. Airport Cave is located about 1 mile from Comstock. No one in the group h a d ever v isited the cave, but directions had been obtained. We followed the directions and the unusual occurred. We found the ca v e where it was supposed to be!!!!!! The cave is about 100m of nice walking passage, though is not decorated except for some spray paint on the wall The cave takes quite a bit of water and has a very grim looking sump. The sump has been open in the past, but is not fully explored The cave ends in a good sized room with a flat floor. The next stop was Litter Barrel Cave just down the road. Doug and Debra took a quick run through the cave. The pair was a little hesitant after seeing a small rattler in the entrance. F inally we got home and everyone agreed that a good time was had by all. Destination: N acirniento del Rio Mante Media Luna near Rio Verde, San Luis Potosi, Mexico Date: Personnel: Jim Bowden, Stefani Eichhorn, Karen Hohle, Ann Kristovich Peter Oliver Reported by: Stefani Eichhorn Learning about the underwater world of caving was the primary motivation of this seven day trip, with of course the all time exception of having fun. Ann and I were students taking a cavern diving course taught by Jim Bowden, a certifledNACD cave diving instructor Cavern diving is essentially an introduction to cave divingexcellent for those who are curious. The necessary techiques for survivial in an underwater cavern are taught and depth and penetration limitations are enforced (no 88 The Texas Caver August 1988 more than 70 deep and 130' penetration). Our prime diving S(Xll was at theN acirniento del Rio Mante. Those who have been t here before know the beauty of the water and area. The cav e ij certatinly equally impressive, if not more so, considerin g the uncompromising environment one enters. Being in a cavern underwater is a thrilling experience in itself, but this nacimiento has the added interest of being the location o f the world depth record Sheck Exley recently set for cave diving. After visiting the Nacimiento del Rio Mante, the tri' plan included visiting the Rio Choy, but to our surprise ana dismay, the road was sealed off in a rather permanent man ner. After searching for another way in with no luck, we decided 1o head elsewhere. Our next destination was theN acimiento d e l Rfu Huichihuayan. The crossing below the spring was a bit of 1 challenge due to high water. Once we arrived, we decided notlo stay due to the possibility of rain. The next day, on the way to tht fourth dive site, we side tracked and visited the Rio TamasoJXI. Here we played a bit and swung on a rope into the water by "las cascadas ". The locals seemed to enjoy watching u s abow as much as we enjoyed the water We finally arrived at o u r laJ dive site destinationMedia Luna located near Rio Verde Luis Potosi. This is a high altitude, thermal spring in the mountains where the camping was wonderful, but sorry, therei no personal dive report here because Montezuma took hl revenge on this writer (the others did enjoy the dive, though). Before returning to the states, another night was spen t r the Mante. This evening was particularly enjoyable for me. I discovered my tent erecting skills were not quite up to par Whtr a very powerful storm presented itself, I ended up sleeping i n car after becoming enveloped in wet nylon The next mornin g was time to go, despite the anticipated road conditions. We, course got stuck. One of the flnest attractions to Mexico has be the people. We are all very thankful to a farmer who pulle d a two vehicles free. To sum it up, we all had a fantastic time a n d inability to drive someplace only leaves me to say Y regresare!" SUBSCRIBE TO THE TEXAS CAVER Send $10 to: The Texas Caver P.O. BDX 8026 Austin, Texas 78713


ELEVENTH ANNUAL TEXAS OLD TIMER'S REUNION 16-18 September 1988 SCHEDULE OF EVENTS F RIDAY 16 SEPTEMBER 6 PM until ? --Arrival and registration. Evening --Free beer, hot tub, slides, general socialinzing, campfires, movies, video tapes, or whatever else. SATURDAY 17 SEPTEMBER 9 AM-11 AM --REGTSTRA TION CONTINUES. Publication and equipment sales (several major vendors will be present so you can inspect and purchase caving gear and gee-gaws). Swap meet (bring surplus caving gear. No rope or slings). Caver cook-off (B-B-Qing in the pits). 1 1 AM -4 PM --CONTESTS & EVENTS. Prizes will be awarded. Simultaneous events will be held all afternoon. Register will the judges of each individual event. Swim ming in the river. 6 PM--FREE FEED. Exotic BBQ and fixins'. Beer and drink 7 PM---AWARDS. Contest winners. Door prizes. 8 PM morning --Various boogies. Music and dancing, slides, hot tub etc. S UNDAY 18 SEPTEMBER 9 AM --Publication and vendor sales continue. 1 0 AM -TSA BOG meeting AFTERNOON --Caving trips, return home. Tension mounts during the reassembly in the Carbide Lamp Contest. l The Texas Caver August 1988 89


GENERAL CONTEST GUIDELINES by Gill Ediger Everyone is encouraged to participate. Anyone is eligible to enter. Up to 3 tries are allowed for any timed event (if time permits). You must sign up with the timekeepers at each event Decisions of the judges are final. Rules other than those listed here may apply to specific events-ask. ROPE CLIMB : Timed event-separate men's, women's, and age catagories. Contestant will start with all devices below a mark and I will climb until the 1st device passes a second mark 30 meters further along the rope. Tension may be applied to the rope. Safety of the vertical rig must be approved by the judge prior to climbing. Hard hats required LADDER CLIMB. : Timed event-separate men's & women's catagories-<:ontestant must wear gloves, hard hat, and suitable footgear. A belay is required. Contestant may nottouch the ladder before timing has begun. When the clock starts, the contestant climbs the ladder (belayed) to a marked rung, then climbs back down. Time stops when completely off the ladder. No rungs may be skipped. SLEEPING BAG CONTEST : Timed event-singles and mixed doubles-the contestant must wear a minimum of 5 articles of clothing. (closed at front if it buttons or zips-T-shirts must have an identifiable front), pants with buttons or snaps (no elastic waistbands), underpants, and socks (one per foot with obvious heel). Shoes, watches, earrings, and necklaces should be removed, all clothing must be right side out both before and after the contest. Judge will inspect Hands must be out of bag above head before starting. At no time shall contestants knees or buttocks come out of the bag. Head and shoulders may come out, but shoulders should b e in at start and fmish. All clothes must be placed outside the bag near the head for the judge to inspect When undressed, place hands above head, palms up. Judge will say "GO" and contestant redresses. All clothes must be right side out and properly worn. Time stop s when hands are again above head. CARBIDE LAMP ASSEMBLY : Timed event-<:ontestants must bring their own brass lamps (no plastic justrites). It must contain all manufacturers stock parts and be approved by the judge. Carbide and water will be supplied. Contestant is blindfolded and upon a signal from the judge, will disassemble lamp completely (including tip, flint, spring, and cap), placing the parts in a container. No mechanical aids such as pliars, screwdrivers, matches, etc. are allowed. Non-mechanical aids such as blowing, sucking, or the application of body fluids are allowed as being representative of true caving conditions. Time stops when a steady, usable flame has been produced by use of the flintwheel. OBSTACLE COURSE: Timed event-boots and hardhat required. Contestant manuvers through a series of ridiculous physical impediments designed to simulate some (not all) of the grossest and most difficult caving conditions. Course changes annuall y with conditions and attitudes. Rules are usually made up on the spot and subject to the whims of the judges. SURVEY COURSE: Grotto or team event-survey a ftxedcourse using standard handheld instruments approved by the judge Most accurate survey wins. BEER CHUG: Timed event-<:ontestants must ingest a measured amount of beer. Beer and vessel will be provided Experience has shown that keeping the throat open and pouring the beer straight to the stomach works best Practice with water. Multiple event contestants should do this one last LITTER HAUL : Timed event-grottos and clubs only-team must rig and haul a loaded rescue litter over a ftxed course. BOWLINE TIE: Timed event-blindfolded contestant must tie a correct bowline knot around a tree. Rope and tree provided. OTHER CONTESTS: Certain other contests may be devised at someone's whim. Rules will be explained by the judges. 90 The Texas Caver August 1988


Location Map 1988 TEXAS OLDTIMER"S REUNION LONE MAN II RANCH ROAD LOG RM 12 to CR 173--.6 mile RM 3237 to CR 174--2.5 miles CR 173 to Triangle Junction with CR 213--1.3 miles !riangleJunction to LONE MAN II RANCH--.g mile NOTE: Parts of this road are gravel and moderately rough. A hanky car can make it! But if you've the option, bring your truck. The Texas Caver August 1988 91


The Texas Caver P.O. Box 8026 Austin, Texas 78713 e x pires 12/88 George Veni 4019 Ramsgate San Antonio, TX 78230 BULK RATE U S Postage PA ID Austin, Texas Permit N o 118 1 Address Correction Requ e s ted

Contents: Cave hunting
near Galeana, N.L. / P. Sprouse --
Editorial / D. Pate --
Book review / B. Mixon --
Cave scorpion sting / J. Reddell --
Trip reports --
TOTR schedule of events --
TOTR contest guideliens / G. Ediger --
Map to TOTR.


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Cras ut cursus ante, a fringilla nunc. Mauris lorem nunc, cursus sit amet enim ac, vehicula vestibulum mi. Mauris viverra nisl vel enim faucibus porta. Praesent sit amet ornare diam, non finibus nulla.


Cras efficitur magna et sapien varius, luctus ullamcorper dolor convallis. Orci varius natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Fusce sit amet justo ut erat laoreet congue sed a ante.


Phasellus ornare in augue eu imperdiet. Donec malesuada sapien ante, at vehicula orci tempor molestie. Proin vitae urna elit. Pellentesque vitae nisi et diam euismod malesuada aliquet non erat.


Nunc fringilla dolor ut dictum placerat. Proin ac neque rutrum, consectetur ligula id, laoreet ligula. Nulla lorem massa, consectetur vitae consequat in, lobortis at dolor. Nunc sed leo odio.