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The Texas Caver

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Title:
The Texas Caver
Series Title:
The Texas Caver
Creator:
Texas Speleological Association
Publisher:
Texas Speleological Association
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Language:
English

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Subjects / Keywords:
Regional Speleology ( local )
Technical Speleology ( local )
Genre:
Newsletter
serial ( sobekcm )
Location:
United States

Notes

General Note:
Contents: To protect the caves of Texas / G. Veni -- Ezell's Cave committee honored -- Rush for Honey Creek / K. McGee -- Long and Deep Caves / D. Pate -- Relapsing fever / J. Reddell -- Kamikaze Bob -- Studying in Mexico / D. Locklear -- TSA financial report / J. Reece -- Trip reports -- Grotto news -- Old timer's cartoons / C. Loving.
Restriction:
Open Access - Permission by Publisher
Original Version:
Vol. 33, no. 06 (1988)
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

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Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
K26-04678 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.4678 ( USFLDC Handle )
11412 ( karstportal - original NodeID )
0040-4233 ( ISSN )

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THE TEXAS CAVER VOLUME 33, NO. 6 DECEMBER 1988 CONTENTS To Protect the Caves of Texas (G. Veni) ................. 119 Ezell's Cave Committee Honored ... 121 Rush for Honey Creek (K. McGee) 122 Long and Deep Caves (D. Pate) .... 124 Relapsing Fever (J. Reddell) ...... 125 Kamikaze Bob ................. 126 Studying in Mexico (D. Locklear) .. 127 TSA Financial Report (J. Reece) . 128 Trip Reports ................... 129 Grotto News ................... 131 OldTimer's Cartoons (C. Loving) .. 134 118 ALTERNATING EDITORS This issue Dale Pate P.O. 1251 Austin, Texas 78767 ph. 512-452-5184 Next issue Jay Jorden 1518 Devon Circle Dallas, Texas 75217 ph. 214-398-9272 ph. 214-220-2022 AUSTIN STAFF COMPUTER ASSISTANCE Erika Heinen TEXAS CAVER LABELS Rod Goke TEXAS CAVER BINDING Doug Allen Printed by: PRIORITY COPY Austin, Texas CAVE RESCUECALL COLLECT 512-686-0234 The Texas Caver December 1988 The Texas Caver Gets A New Printe Once again The Texas Caver has ch< ged printers. The Texas Caver staff wishes to sin e ely thank Ron Fieseler, Deborah Tolar, and K trel Printing for the excellent job they have done forth Jast two years. Kestrel Printing was there when went ied them and we will always be grateful for 1 e1r comrnittment. Priority Copy of Austin will be o u 1 e w printers as we look forward to a new year. The Texas Caver is a bi-monthly publication of the ; xas Speleological Association (TSA), an internal organizatio n fthe National Speleological Society (NSS). I tis published in Fe t :ary, April, June, August, October, and December. Subscription rates are $10/year for 6 issues of The Texas c :ver. This includes a $4 fee for membership in the TSA. Out o >tate subscribers, libraries, and other institutions can receive The Caver for $8/year. Send all correspondence (other then m forT he Texas Caver), subscriptions, and exchanges to: The e xas Caver, P.O. Box 8026, Austin, Texas 78713. The Texas Caver openly invites all cavers to submit articl e;, trip reports, photographs (35 mm slides or any size black & white or color print on glossy paper), cave maps, news events, carwons, and/or any other caving related material for publication. Copyright 1988 Texas Speleological Association Front Cover.--Steve Fleming negotiates the lip of Texas' most famous pit, The Devil's Sinkhole, which is located in Edwards County. Photo by Dale Pate. Back Cover.--Mimi Jasek looks out of the man-made gate that serves as the lower entrance to Midnight Cave, also located in Edwards County.

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TO PROTECT THE CAVES OF TEXAS by George Veni lNTRODUCfiON In 1987 a bill was introduced to the Texas State Legisla ture to amend the existing cave protection law. For a variety of factors, some being our lack of experience and others being p olitical moods beyond our control, the bill did not pass Know ing that bills seldom pass the first time around anyway, we regrouped with gained experience and added determination to try a gain i n 1989 Since the early part of 1988, the Texas Cave Law Coalition, a group of cavers from the San Antonio-San Marcos A ustin area (including all officers of the TSA) began meeting to r eintroduce the cave protection ame ndments. The group was kept s mall bec ause the work was limited, but to also act as the core steering committee that will go out and recruit help when the time arose. And that time has come. The 1987 bill has been trimmed down, based on comments made by legislators during the last session, but mostly by d e leting all parts dealing with pollution and groundwater. Thes e are polit i cally sensitive issues and will be introduced as a sep arate bill. One advantage to this separation is to decrease opposi tion to the cave bill and increase its chances of being passed keep the whole bill from being rejected when onlyonepartmay be opposed. The other advantage to the separation is that by making the pollution of caves a groundwater issue, it shifts the e mphasis from an owner's right to use his cave as a trash dump, to h i s right to pollute his community's water supply. Cavers will directly benefit from these bills in two ways. T h e first and major caver benefit will be that landowners will be fully released from liability to the people they give permission to exp l ore their caves. We all know at least a dozen owners who won'tlet us cave their caves for fear of being sued. The cave law a m e n d ment would eliminate that fear The other benefit to caver s especially those in urban areas who are alarmed at how fast local caves are being bulldozed over, is the decreased destruction of caves. Not all caves can be saved, but the cave groundwater bill would require developers to study a cave and thu s give informed reasons why they should fill or how they will p rotect the cave. Rejection or approval of those reasons would res t with the State groundwater districts. Presently, the cave e ntrance is often the only thing studied to determine how much c o ncrete is needed. Following are two briefs describing what each bill would do and why it is needed, which are followed by information on what you can do to help pass the bills. CAVE PROTECTION BILL SITUATION: The current Texas cave protection law (Natural Resources Code section 201) covers only three topics: 1. prohibits vandalizing or altering caves on State land (except with a permit which demonstrates necessity and benefit); 2. prohibits vandalizing caves, or tampering with cave gates located on private land (except with permission of the owner); 3. prohibits the sale of speleothems (except with the owner's permission). NEED: Many states throughout the nation, as well as the federal government, are recognizing the value of our cave resourc es and the need to protect them by passing strong comprehen si ve cave protection laws This need is increased as major urban centers, like Austin and San Antonio, expand onto our cavelands. Caves are very special resources which maintain unique ecosystems and preserve valuable scientific data. Fact Caves are often the homes of the much maligned bat, without which life in a large portion ofTexas would be unbearabl e due to the insect populations (mosquitoes etc ) that th ey c ontrol. Caves are formed by water flowing underground. To protect caves is to protect the underground water suppl i es of the State of Texas Many of the world's greatest archaeologic disco v eri es have been made in caves The expansion of the City of San Antonio a lone h as destroyed more than 50 known caves. Fact Caves are tremendous storehouses of cultural and scientific data which can enrich the lives of all Tex ans. Without exploration these resources cannot be tapped W ithout landowner permission, exploration is not po s sible. Curr e nt Texa s law provides no liability protection to cave owners SOLUTION: A bill will be submitted to the 1 989 Texas legislative session to amend the State's current cave prot ec tion law The pas s age of this bill into law would: 1. Protect owner s of non-comm e rcial caves C ave owners who would give permission for the r ec reational or scientific use of their caves, and do not charge a fee, would not b e held liable for injuries (unless the injur i es are du e t o owne r negligence in providing and maintaining s tairs, trail s, wiring and The Texas Caver December 1 9 88 119

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other modifications to the cave). 2. Protect owners of commercial caves. Owners of caves where a fee is paid for viewing would not be held liable for injuries (unless the injuries are due to owner negligence in providing and maintaining stairs, trails, wiring, and other modifications to the cave). 3. Protect owners of caves in campgrounds, parks, or preserves. Unless a cave-fee is charged, the owners would not be liable for injuries sustained in a cave on their property. 4 Protect all cave owners from trespassers No owner would be held liable for injuries to a person trespassing in a cave. 5. Clarify permitting process for State-owned caves. Safe human passage, within a cave on State lan
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which caves and caves areas are important and which Caves are often considered as just "holes in the ground", nd of little importance. Anything washed or tossed into them has 1nerally been considered as "out of sight, out of mind". Now we that our actions in and around caves, can both pollute and llminish our water supplies. This issue is beyond that of indi j idua l preferences and involves preserving the common good. WHAT YOU CAN DO TO HELP! I Contact your state representative and senator. Tell them ) a t this bill is very important to you and the State of Texas . 1) ctiti ons are the least effective means of contact and generally a raste of time. Individual contact is best. Post cards are OK, ;mers are much better (do not send "form" letters-a standard 'mer that everyone duplicates), telephone calls are great (do not by talking to the legislative aide, if you convince \eaide that these bills are needed than the aide will convince the .nngressman), and personal visits are best (most congressmen local offices so make appointments with them and/or their ildes). 1 Follow-up your letter or telephone call every 2-3 weeks < ith another letter or call. Let them know you are staying on top ft hings and won't let them off the hook. Volunteer to get letters and calls out from your grotto. Spread the word amoung other local organizations you may : e a p art of and get their support (Rotary Clubs, local chapters of \udo bon, and Sierra Club, church organizations, political/ ; o t e r s caucuses, biology groups, education groups, etc.). Many are already geared to letter writing and telephone :ampaigns, and can be a lot of help Distribute pamphlets to interested organizations. Give a slide presentation on the value of caves and the cave A slide show has been prepared with the option of either a uarra tive script or narration on cassette Donate money to help pay for the pamphletes, slides, long calls, and travels which are currently being paid by only afew individuals. Remember, these legislative bills are for us and the caves we to love. ITS UP TO US TO WORK HARD AND GET IHESE BILLS PASSED!!! The legislative session begins on J anuary 1st, so start now and keep up the pressure until the bills tre passed. For more information, slide shows, pamphletes, and Jonations (make checks out to our treasurer Joann De Luna) call l r write The Texas Cave Law Coalition, c/o George Veni and linda Palit, 4019 Rarnsgate, San Antonio, Texas 78230, 512TEXASCAVERS RECEIVE TOP HONORS FROM THE NATURE CONSERVANCY November 16, 1988 Arlington, Virginia Jon and Lisa Cradit, Fred Edmiston, Jim Robertson, and George and Kay Love (all members of the Ezell's Cave Committee in Texas) received The Nature Conservancy's President's Stewardship Award at recent ceremonies in Smuggler's Notch, Vermont. During the Conservancy's 38th annual conference, Frank D. Boren, President of The Nature Conservancy, presented the top national award for outstanding volunteer stewardship service. Boren stated, "Members of the Ezell's Cave Committee have been dedicated to the protection of natural areas in Texas. Their interests in conservation have been translated into tangible accomplishments." The committee's involvement with the cave's protection dates back to the intial fund-raising efforts in 1967. Since then the committee has been active in managing the cave to ensure its rare and significant invertebrates, especially the Texas Blind Salamander, continued pretection from trespassers and overuse Jeff Weigel, Director of Stewardship for the Conservancy's Texas office said, "Members of the committee have exceptional, long-term commitment to the protection of the cave. Their enthusiasm, knowledge, and dedication is truly unmatched." The Nature Conservancy presents two stewardship awards annually. These honors are presented in recognition of consistent, superior service to the science of stewardship. The Nature Conservancy is an international land conservation organization dedicated to the identification, protection, and stewardship of threatened ecosystems and habitat for rare and endangered species. To date, the Conservancy and its 440,407 members have been involved in the protection of over three million acres of ecologically significant land in all fifty states, Canada, Latin America, and the Caribbean It maintains more than 1,000 preserves, the largest privately owned nature sanctuary system in the world The Texas Caver December 1988 121

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122 The Texas Caver December 1988 2 \/) 0 >-=::;\ 0 1::( UJ :r:: ..J aJ 'Y:. !}) \ if ::; uJ, \ \ u.. o<(:r:., ..
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The Texas Caver December 1988 123

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Compiled by Dale L. Pate LONG CAVES OF TEXAS meter:-: feet county 1. Honey Creek Cave (1988) 28,163 92,398 Carnal-Kendall 2. Powell's Cave System (1982) 22,851 74,970 Menard 3. Caverns of Sonora 6,096 20,000 Sutton 4. Indian Creek Cave (1962) 5,488 18,005 Uvalde 5. InnerSpace Caverns (1981) 4,529 14,859 Williamson 6. Cave-Without-A-Name (1977) 4,313 14,151 Kendall 7. Airmen's Cave (1984) 3,642 11,950 Travis 8. Longhorn Caverns (1971) 3,002 9,850 Burnet 9. Spring Creek Cave (1983) 2,807 9,209 Kendall 10. Sorcerer's Cave (1981) 2,702 8,865 Terrell 11. Natural Bridge Caverns (1979) 2,621 8,600 Co mal 12. Prassell Ranch Cave (1970) 2,615 8,580 Kendall 13. River Styx Cave (1975) 2,557 8,389 King 14. Stower's Cave (1970) 2,391 7,845 Kerr 15. Diablo Cave 2,067 6,780 Val Verde 16. Felton Cave 2,049 6,721 Sutton 17. Wizard's Well (1983) 2,007 6,585 Terrell 18. Silver Mine (1982) 1,515 4,970 Menard 19. Robber Baron Cave (1977) 1,334 4,377 Bexar 20. H.T. Mier's Cave (1984) 1,122 3,681 Val Verde 21. Pothooks Cave (1963) 1,067 3,501 Childress DEEP CA YES OF TEXAS 1. Sorcerer's Cave (1981) 170 558 Terrell 2. Wizard's Well (1983) 118 388 Terrell 3. Big Tree Cave (1983) 106 348 Val Verde 4. Devil's Sinkhole (1983) 104 342 Edwards 5. Plateau Cave (1963) 104 340 Culberson 6. H.T. Mier's Cave (1986) 103 338 Val Verde 7. 0-9 Water Well (1965)(1980) 101 332 Crockett 8. Blowhole (1975) 101 331 Edwards 9. Emerald Sink (1986) 101 330 Val Verde 10. Helm's West Well (1976) 96.0 315 El Paso 11. 400 Foot Cave (1965) 94.2 309 Brewster 12. Troll Cave (1982) 91.7 301 Terrell 13. Deep Cave (1965) 91.1 299 Edwards 14. Mesa de Anguila Sinkhole (1980) 85.3 280 Brewster 15. Langtry Quarry Cave (1983) 81.3 267 Val Verde 16. Genesis Cave 78.0 256 Bexar 17. Fisher's Fissure (1961) 76.2 250 Val Verde 18. Natural Bridge Caverns 76.2 250 Co mal 19. Frio Queen Cave 71.9 236 Uvalde 20. Crystal Cave (1988) 71.6 235 Culberson 21. Abominable Sinkhole 71.0 233 Val Verde 124 The Texas Caver December 1988

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r-----------------, : RELAPSING FEVER : : IN TEXAS CAVES : I by James R. Reddell 1 Relapsing fever is a debilitating disease caused by a mic roorganism called a spirochaete, Spirochaeta obermeieri. Thi s spirochaete is transmitted to man through the bite of several s p e cies of soft-bodied tick of the genus Ornithodoros. In Texas two species of this tick have been proven to transmit relapsing fever, Q. tal.l!k (Guerin Meneville) and Q (Duges). Ornithodoros is comparatively rare in the state and is pro bably of no concern to Texas cavers. Qmithodoros turicata however, is one of the more serious health hazards to cavers in C e ntral Texas. This tick is normally a parasite of various wild a n i mals, such as raccoons, foxes, and skunks, but may also feed on goats, sheep, and man Unlike many of the hard ticks, such as the Lone Star tick and the American dog tick, Q. turicata does not r e main attached to the body for very long after feeding, therefore, it may not even be realized that a tick bite has occurred. The symptoms of relapsing fever usually begin 6 or 7 d a y s after infection by the tick bite. Symptoms include headache, body aches, persistent chills, nausea, and temperatures which m a y reach 103-106 F. In some cases a generalized rash may occur. After four or five days temperature returns to normal, u s ually following a drenching sweat. Usually after four to seven day s the symptoms recur. This whole process may be repeated several times until treatment is administered or the body resists the infection. The first case of relapsing fever recorded from Texas c a v es was diagnosed in four boys who had explored "Blue Bug C a ve" in Llano County. This cave is now known as Fall Creek Cave No 1 and was actually located just inside San Saba County and is now inundated by the waters of Lake Buchanan. It was a small dry chamber frequented by goats. During the health inv estigation which followed the report of the cases, one of the health workers was also bitten by ticks and contracted the disease ( Weller and Graham, 1930). The second case of cave-associated relapsing fever also occurred in 1930. Bruce (1934) reports that seven men and boys e x plored Dead Man's Cave, 5 miles east of Roanoke, Denton County. This sandstone cave consists of three small rooms or c hambers with a total length of about 50 feet The cave is formed in s andstone and floored with dry sand. This cave is now known a s S am Bass Cave and the entrance has partially collapsed and the cave may no longer be enterable. Once again, a health investigator contracted the disease Bruce (1934) also mentions that a member of the Bureau of Entomology visiting "another cave" contracted relapsing fever, but does not give the location of the cave. Later visits to Sam Bass Cave to collect ticks found none to be infected until 1944 when Wisseman (1945) obtained naturally infected ticks in the cave. This indicates that naturally occurring infections may be cyclic and that a cave may be dangerous at some times and safe at others. Francis (1938) reported the collection of numerous theE.E. Swindle Cave in Mills County and in a cave 12 miles west of Junction in Kimble County. Both were dry and floored with sand The ticks recovered from the caves were found to be infected with the relapsing fever spirochaete. Kemp, Moursund, and Wright (1934) however found no infection in ticks collected from a small cave in Menard County In 1956 Dr. R. K. Selander of the University of Texas Zoology Department visited several caves (including Adam Wilson's Cave) in Kerr County to study cave swallows (Anonymous, 1957). Following this visit he contracted relapsing fever. In 1961 David McKenzie and James Reddell visited Adam Wilson's Cave. A week following their visit they became ill with what was later diagnosed as relapsing fever. Neither were aware of tick bites in the cave. This indicates that this is probably the cave in which Selander was infected. Talks with the owner of the cave some years later revealed that several local people who had visited the cave had become ill and at that time the owner said that the cave was closed to exploration for this reason. The last case of relapsing fever to my knowledge occurred following a trip to Dumas Cave, Lampasas County. The cave was visited in 1962 by David Mckenzie and Jame s R e ddell. Following this trip McKenzie once again contracted relapsing fever. Dumas Cave was frequented by goats and the shelt e r-like entrance area contained a thick accumulation of dusty goat droppings. A collection from the cave included specimens of Q. turicata. Mckenzie did not recall being bitten by tick s In addition to the above caves, Q. turicata has be e n collected from the following Texas caves: Double Door Cave Llano County; Bandit Cave and Bee Creek Cave Travis County; Burnett Ranch Cave, Hays County ; and a cav e between Hext and London, Menard County. It is apparent that this species is widely distributed in caves throughout Centr a l Texas. It doubtless occurs in many more caves than these few records indicate. They are most frequently found in emranc e areas where collections are infrequent. (RELAPSING FEVER--Continued o n p age 133) The Texas Caver December 1988 125

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126 The Texas Caver December 1988

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T.S.A./T.C.M.A. Longhorn Project for the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department Dates: April 1-2, 1989 at Longhorn Cavern State Park near Burnet, Texas Project: In the 1930's, the Civilian Conservation Corp built the Longhorn Cavern State Park. They and subsequent persons used the sinkhole area north of the cave entrance as a dump site. There now exists decades worth of refuse in this area directly overlying the cave itself! Neither the concessionaire nor T.P.W. have the manpower to clean this mess up though they would like to very much. Additionally, there are hundreds of Civil Defense containers in the cave itself left from the early 1960's when the cave was chosen as a C.D. shelter and whatever "visitor's tidbits" are hidden in shadowed crannies throughout the cave. All of this junk needs to be removed! This is a chance for us to do some sorely needed and worthwhile conservation work as well as an opportunity to camp in the heart of some of Texas' most beautiful hill and lake country and do some off-trail caving in Longhorn Caverns (ARE there really blind catfish in there?!?) ***Trucks, containers and refreshments will be provided. ***There will not be a registration fee. (Though there will be a registration) ***Camping is primitive so bring your own food and water. ***We will be allowed ONE social campfire. ***NO PETS ALLOWED ***Shower facilities MAY be available. (more info at the project on this) LOIGIORI CAVERn ON PARK ROAD 4, JUST SIX MILES OFF U .S. 281 NESTLED IN THE SCENIC Highland Lakes For more information contact: Doug Allen 2944 Eckert Street Austin, TX 78722 (H) 512-476-9031 (W) 512-8 35-5998

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n,;q 1PIP Conwantlon SCHEDULE AND INFORMATION When: April 28-30 Where: Fredericksburg, Texas *******************************FRIDAY*************************** 5:00pm-1:00am Registration and camping at Luckenbach ******************************SATURDAY************************** 9:00am4:00 Programs and shows begin at Das Fest Restaurant's meeting hall. Publications and T-shirts on sale. Map salon entries on 4:30-6:00 6:30-8:30 8:30-??? display. TSA meeting Banquet dinner at Das Fest. Dinner will be a salad, chicken-fried steak, potato, a veggie and coffee or tea. Beer and wine are available separately. Photo salon entries will be viewed toward the end of dinner. Return to Luckenbach for carousing and swimming. *******************************SUNDAY*************************** Possible activities at Enchanted Rock. More info.on this later. **** If you have any questions about the convention or want to volunteer your much-needed help to the convention, don't hesitate to call: TSA (H) (W) DOUG ALLEN VICE-CHAIRMAN 512-476-9031 512-835-5998 SPECIAL NOTES *****NO DOGS ALLOWED AT LUCKENBACH******* (this is not subject to negotiation) *****BRING YOUR SWIMMING TRUNKS****** ****BRING LOTS OF FIREWOOD**** ****EL PASO CAVERS RECEIVE A 50% DISCOUNT ON REGISTRATION FEES** .. DIRECTIONS From the intersection of Crockett Street and Main Street (HWY 290l in Fredericksburg, head SOUTHEAST on Hwy 290 for ------6 miles-----to Ranch ****** ********Look for the Boerne and Ca1n C1ty turnoff s1gn Turn on Ranch Road 1376 heading Cain :ity and go for ------4.75 miles----to the Luckenbach dr1ve-way ********Look for the Lone Star custom Building sign, the TSA sign and a low water crossing****************************** MILEAGES AUSTIN-SO CORPUS CHRISTI-225 DALLAS-280 HOUSTON-229 LARED0-222 LUBBOCK-327 SAN ANGEL0-14 6 SAN ANTONI0-75 MIDLAND-278 '"' EL PAS0-505 n<'T "'wr.n-11 RT.OODY LONG WA'i! and

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TSA CONVENTION PRE-REGISTRATION Hey! Register EARLY and SAVE $$$$$! Please include the names of ALL those pre-registering in the spaces provided. Costs at the convention will be $2 more for adults and $1 more for kids. Children are 6-12 years old. Kids under 6 are free. ADULTS Pre-registration fees: adult members-$10.00 X = child members-$ 5.00 X =----------adult non-members-$12.00 X = child non-members-$ 6.00 X =----------TOTAL= *Make checks payable to TSA and send this form to_: ________ __ TSA SPRING CONVENTION P.O.Box 8026-U.T. Station Austin, TX 78713 -------------cut here----------------------------cut here------MAP AND PHOTO SALON Map Salon-Entries will be judged on clarity, composition and aesthetic appeal. Photo Salon-Slides of caves, cave entrances and the cave environment in general. Entries will be judged on composition, photographic quality and uniqueness. Please include the name of the cave on the slide. There is no limit to the number of entries in either salon. Please DO NOT send originals! Send only good quality copies. We will try to return the entries at the convention but please include your address and telephone number with your entries in case we are unable to do so. The entry deadline for both salons is APRIL 14. Send all entries to : DOUG ALLEN 2944 ECKERT AUSTIN, TX 78722

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CAVER'S GUIDE TO STUDYING IN MEXICO by David Locklear I spent part of the summer of 1987 and 1988 in an intensive Spanish program in Mexico. I am writing this article to let other cavers know about my experiences so that they can decide if they want to do it also. First of all, I began at the International Programs Office at Texas A&M. They gave me an application for admission to the "Institute of Technology" (1EC) in Monterrey, Nuevo Leon. T E C is a system of schools all across Mexico. I think there are o v er 20 campuses. There is probably one in your favorite caving area. They don't have all the courses that are offered at the Monterrey campus, as it is supposedly the biggest and the best. There are three levels of intensive Spanish at TEC: b e g inners, intermediate, and advanced. Each class last 6 weeks. Y o u are in class 6 hours for 5 days a week. The teachers never s p e ak English, so if you get lost in class, you will stay lost for awhile. There is a lot of homework and it gets really boring I was taking the beginner level the 1st summer (1987) B e fore the class started, I knew very little Spanish I found the c lass very challenging. I learned a lot of Spanish, but I could have learned more. The textbook was poor and cost $50.00. Most of the Spanish I learned was on the street. It is a good idea to stay a w ay from the American students because most of them did not come to learn Spanish, but to take a summer vacation. About a week before school started, I mailed a box full of school supplies (rope, carabiners, etc.) to the International Programs Office at TEC. That way I would not have to carry it all on the bus. I took the bus from College Station to Monterrey. !then took a city bus in Monterrey to TEC. After I got settled in at school, I waited for my box. It didn't show up until after the middle of the semester The next summer I mailed the box 4 weeks before I left, and it arrived just in time. To get into TEC, you must submit an application and a S40 00 non-refundable fee (bribe). The application could be filled out by a 1st grader. They will accept anybody with A m e rican dollars, and will notify you 2 weeks after you send in y o ur application. Tuition cost $500.00 for the 6 week class and 6 c redit hours will probably transfer to your university Your food bill is going to be about the same as it is in the states. I don't r e co mmend eating in the school cafeteria, but if you do, you will s ave a little money. The dorms cost $100.00. The first summer, I s tayed in the dorms The dorms are not air -conditioned, but are fairly clean Girls are not allowed in the guys' dorms at all. Girls have very strict curfew and bedchecks in their dorms. Th e re i s a giant barbed wire fence around the dorms and living there gives you a creepy feeling I recommend trying to get an apartm e nt. It is not easy, though, especially if you only need it6 we eks. I liv ed in an apartment the 2nd summer. They are hard to find, expensive, dirty, and far from campus. Also, most are not air-condition ed. Speaking of air-conditioning, the classrooms do not even h ave fans and it gets pretty hot in Monterrey during the summ er. What made it worse was that the desks in the classrooms wer e very uncomfortable. I was sick for about a week both summers, but I was drinking the tap water and eating all kinds of Mexican foods. For those of you who don't like Mexican food, ther e i s McDonald's, Pizza Hut, and a Kentucky Fried Chick e n n ear campus. The second summer I took the intermediat e cla ss. I learned a lot of Spanish, but again llearned most of it on the street. If you stay in your room and study hard, you aren't going to learn much conversational Spanish You have to get out and ta lk to the locals. Don't be shy. Most Mexicans in Mexico lov e to talk to you. If you are going to stay in your room and study you mig ht as well take Spanish in the United States. If you can afford to take a car to Monterrey, then do so, because it will make going caving a whole lot easier. The bus system in Mexico will take you nearly anywhere inexp e n sive ly; however, it is sometimes very crowded and it is difficult to carry caving gear I did a pretty good amount of hitchhikin g, but I would not recommend it unless you are in the mountains. Ta x i s are inexpensive, but if you are on a tight budget lik e I was, the n you won't be able to afford them very often Hotel s in Monterrey are only located in downtown and they are expensive ($40 00) for a basic room. There are several ways to get from Texas to Mont errey if you don't have a car. The second summer I experimented with one of them. I rode in a van from Dallas to Monterre y with 15 Mexicans (mostly illegals). It was only $50.00 but it was hot and crowded. You can find out about vans like thi s in the ne wspa p er "El Sol" which can be found in most Mexican nei g hborh oo d s in most Texas cities I don't recommend traveling this way beca u se our van rolled over and I was thrown out. TEC offers other courses besides Spanish and I ha ve been told that many transfer to Southwest Conferenc e sc h oo ls. If (CAVER'S GUIDE--Continued on page 1 33) The Texas Caver December 1988 127

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T.S.A. Financial Report From: 4-28-88 To: 10-5-88 1,135.06 Bank: Balance Petty Cash Logo Fund Bulk Mail 2,441.40 20.00 250.00 .iQ,_QQ 20.00 + OTR Petty Cash 300.00 Memberships 5/5 6/2 7/11 8/10 9/14 10/5 Publications CREDITS 74.00 44.00 40.00 40.00 25.00 35.QQ 6/2 Back issues 5.00 8/21 (NSS) 110.00 10/5 2.00 2,761.40 260.00 9/26 Tx Cave Humor 72.00 (Net 37 12) 10/5 MMWAC _--"""'O.""'QQ"-----Logo Funds 5/5 T -shirt sales Convention Fees 5/5 5/5 5/5 Interest on Account 5/10 6/10 7/9 8/5 8/11 9/11 Donations 289.00 --0.00-407.00 23.00 26,3Q 11.14 11.35 9.42 7.41 1.46 7.46 --0.00-70.50 465 30 47.95 1,123 75 250.00 5Q.QQ 1,755.06 DEBITS Texas Caver 5/10 Feb. print 250.00 6/2 Feb. mail 38 74 5/24 Apr. expenses 62.10 6/22 Apr. print 230.00 6/21 Apr. mail 38.24 8/24 June print 285.00 9/6 June mail 38.41 9/14 Aug. mail 40.08 9/15 Aug. print 195 .00 9/14 Aug expenses 59.36 9/15 T.S.A. insert Texas Caver Postage 5/24 3.38 8/22 Returns 4.55 12.40 6.95 9/15 Tx Cave Humor 5,88 8/21 NSS room charge Convention Expenses 5/1 Bev. Barn 62.89 5/1 67.73 5/1 Food 406.45 5/1 Joe Ivy telephone 73 33 916 Oakley lumber 24. 00 5/23 Photo Salon 15Q.QQ Secretary Treasurer Stamp, postage 15.61 8/22 OTR returns 1,2.0Q Net Decrease in Account $1,006.34 --J. Reece 128 The Texas Caver December 1988 1,236.93 40.00 33.16 5.00 784.40 30.61 2,130.10

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REP I I / ....., ---=..., \ / 'jJ 1 -1 Destination: Nuevo Leon, Mexico D ate: 25-28 August 1988 Personnel: Suskie Lasko, Peter Sprouse Reported by: Peter Sprouse Just two hours before leaving Austin Thursday night for the Monterrey area, Allan Cobb called to say that he had injured his foot while packing for the trip. Undeterred, Susie and I headed south without him. The next morning we entered Potrero Chico, a c anyon just south of the town of Hidalgo, northwest of M o nterrey. The entrance to this canyon is spectacular, with vertically-bedded limestone shooting straight up to the sky. Inside the potrero, we asked about caves, and were directed to an area in the middle of the elliptical valley. Here we discovered a small mesa of gypsum karst, apparently underlain by a salt d eposit. We found a dense cluster of sinks which all seemed to funnel down to narrow vertical shafts, at least a dozen of them in aiL They were all so similar and so close to each other that you would have to survey them all just to know which one you had done. This was a bit beyond our scope at the time, so we headed Ito our next lead, a nacimiento marked on the map. The Nacimiento de Potrero Chico turned out to be two small springs which had been roofed over and were being piped out to the town of Hidalgo. In each one it was only possible to go in a short way, where the water came out of small holes. However, w e did collect some interesting biota, including blind harvestmen and planaria, and saw the tantalizing shed skin of a pale scorpion. Heading out ot the potrero, we stopped at the park in the canyon I (.-:>' mouth which has a swimming pool fed by the spring waters. We had a great time zipping down the steep water slide. Then we drove on around the south side of the mountains to Villa de Garcia, and camped at the entrance to Potrero el Fraile. That evening we made an attempt to located Gruta la Nevada across from Grutas de Garcia, but couldn't due to poor directions. La Nevada had been explored by Mike Walsh and others of the Southwest Texas Grotto in the early 1970's. That night we saw the partial lunar eclipse in the canyon. Saturday morning we bought tickets for the first tour in Grutas de Garcia, and the exciting tramway ride was worth the price of the tour, which is quite nice. Afterwardswe arranged for the tour guide's son to take us up to Gruta la Nevada. The route up to it is a steep hike up a talus slope for about an hour. Stepping into the cool entrance chamber was a welcome relief from the August sun. The entrance room is quite large, mostly breakdown floored with a few stalagmites. At the far end we located a route down to a smaller lower level, a series of rooms connected by squeezes. One of these squeezes held the remains of an old gate, a steel framework embedded in mortar Who put this in and why, is a mystery to me. There appeared to be only 25 meters or so of passage, not well-decorated, so it seems unlikely that the gate was put in for conservation purposes. Perhaps, as our guide Carlos suggested, treasure had been stored there during the revolution We shot a number of photos in La Nevada then headed down the mountain as the sun got low. We spent that evening in Monterrey, then returned to Texas the next day. The Texas Caver December 1988 129

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Destination: Colorado Bend State Park, Texas Date: 17 September 1988 Personnel: Fanette Begley, Jeff Duvall, Butch Fralia, Keith Heuss, Alvis Hill, Terry Holsinger, Jay Jorden, Sheila Knight, Bill Larsen, Leigh Beth Looney, Debra Morris, Mark Porter, Pam Porter, Jody Robertson, Judy Thompson, Quinta Wilkerson Synopsis 1. The smell of isopropyl alcohol in Blue Ribbon 2 Three caves are tagged. 3 We found two new caves 4. We explored SAB 211 to a 30-foot deep bad air pit. 5 Overland survey of 2315 feet locates 2 caves. 6. We explored a 30 foot long cave. 7. We took oxygen readings in 4 caves. 8. Jim Schroeder showed us Dynamite Cave I s tarted the weekend trip with a visit with Rune Burnett in Austin. He gave me a couple of 100% oxygen tanks to be left with J es se at the park. He also informed me the Gorman Falls area is clos e d to everyone One suggested plan is to have one volunteer appr ec iation weekend a year for visiting the falls and cave. I arrived at the Blue Ribbon campground at about 6:00 friday afternoon. AI vis, J ody, Debra, and Bill had arrived shortly after noon They had entered Blue Ribbon Fissure earlier in the afternoon They told me of the strange smell of isopropyl alcohol in the cave They encountered the smell about six feet into the first chimney The source of the smell of alcohol was never determined; however, it is believed to be a natural occurrance They observed a mouse in the cave. The remainder of the cavers arrived at various times throughout the night. Saturday morning began about 10:00 in the morning. We all participated in a ridgewalk east of the fence line bordering the Cicurina pasture on the east. We parked along the road where it leav e s the pasture to the south We refound a small fissure cave. A vertical entrance fissure leads down about eight feet to a c rawlway. The cave was tagged SAB 209. The cave is yet unexplored beyond the entrance drop. The cave had been flagged on a previous trip. We next hiked north and refound the pit with fern gr owing in the entrance The fern was brown and dead looking from the lack of water. This estimated 30-foot deep pit is fairly l arge f o r the ar e a Danny Sherrod and his crew h a d f ound the cave o n a n e arli e r trip. We install e d tag SAB 210. From h e r e some of u s dropped into Gorman Creek and hik e d ups tr e am a long the creek bed We made our return trip near the fence line. We refound a c a ve near the area where Danny's Car l s b a d Connection Cave is supposed to be located We tagged the c a ve SAB 211. On our way back to the vehicles, we found a multi -e ntran c e cave which is flagged with green flagging tape Non e of u s could remember when this cave was found Aft e r a lunch break, Butch, Quinta, Leigh Beth, Terry, and I returned to SAB 211 and entered it. We had great e xpectations in the cave. We encountered a 30 footdeeppitabout 40 feet into the cave We rigged the pit and Butch prepared to d es c end. With the oxygen meter over his shoulder he soon encount e r e d bad air. He was at the top of the pit with the meter's 130 The Texas Caver December 1988 hanging about six feet below him The meter was reading 16.5% at that point. We contemplated the situation for what seemed hours. We then decided to leave the pit for exploration whe n the cooler weather cleans the bad air out of the cave. Back at the surface, we selected a place for the cave benchmark We spent the journey back to the vehicles doing an overland survey. The 27 stations survey was 2315 feet long and located two caves, SAB 209 and SAB 211. The survey tie s into an earlier survey at the benchmark south of the road near where we parked the vehicles. Elsewhere during the day, Jeff and Jody found and flagged a horizontal cave on the southern bank of Gorman Creek. Bill, Alvis, Pam, Mike and Terry checked a cave found earli er. The cave is located near the road which is west of the Blue Ribbon road. The cave is a sink entrance hidden under a tree. A sink n car the road is an easily located nearby landmark They entered the cave and explored the cave for about 30 feet. At this poi n t the cave passage narrows to a point too small to enter With some work, the cave passage may be enlarged enough to pass W e then noticed some graffiti in the cave Markings read "Mike197 4 : Jay found a crack in a nearby creek bed They r e moved some rocks and found a 30-foot deep pit. They did not enter t h e cave The pit bells out at the bottom and rope will be required to explore the pit. After a lunch break, they took several air quality readings in nearby caves. Mark got a headache from the bad air in Lemons Ranch Cave. The readings are listed below Blue Ribbon Fissure, 1st drop ....... .. . 19.5% oxygen Blue Ribbon Fissure, 2nd drop ... ....... 17.5% oxygen Blue Ribbon Fissure, topofbadaircanyon ...... l6.2% oxygen Lemons Ranch Cave, main passage .... .. . l6.6% oxyg e n Lemons Ranch Cave, at top of pit... . ... 15.2% oxygen Turtle Shell II all of passage ... .... 21. 0% oxygen Sunday morning, Jay, Butch, Quinta, Leigh B eth, and I parked at the trail head in the Cicurina pasture We took the nir quality meter and hiked out to the Lively pasture. We looked i n t o Gorman Creek Cave and Horseshoe Chimney. We hike d u p stream and refound two small holes in the creek bed. Both are l l l O small to enter, but both take water when Gorman Creek We hiked up from the second hole to the windmill. W e met Terry at the tank. After r e sting for a while, we headed back by way of Parsley Pit, SAB 181. Jay and I chimney e d int o t h e pit to take air-quality readings. At the bottom of the c ave w e mea s ured oxygen content at 16.4 % This is quite foul con s i d ering the pit is only 20 or so feet deep and quite open to circul ation. Next stop on our agenda was the ranger s tati o n at tile river front. While waiting around, we by chance m e t Jim Schroeder. Jim is an old-time caver of the Lemon s ranch. W e exchanged information for a while Jim and Terry h eade d for Dynamite Cave and the remainder of us went to Spic e wood Creek for a clean-up, cool down, dunk in the water. Later we talked to Terry They were successful in finding Dynamite Cave. Jim had given us a lead on a quit e l a r g e cave in the area of Dynamite Cave We told Jim about the n ext meeting date for the project and he said he would show up f o rt he (COLORADO BEND-Continued on page 133)

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I GROTTO NEWS I San Antonio Grotto by Randy Waters Its been over 1 1!2 years since the news about SAG was w t to The Texas Caver. We have not had true monthly meetings i n c e our founder, ChuckS tuehm passed away in 1980, but we are ; till alive and well with an average of 15 to 20 members. Mainly he phone has replaced meetings and most of us attend the Bexar 3rotto meetings to keep in touch. Listed below are trips from \pril to October involving 29 caves on 18 different trips. Seven of us went to Uvalde County on the 2nd of April o c heck out 2 cave openings discovered the previous weekend by Doug Drysdale and myself as we were hiking the hills around Frio Bat Cave. James Loftin and Duane Canny (yes, Duane is alive and well and still caving) rigged and explored the 1st lead. A 3ft. in Jiameter pit corkscrewed nearly 200 feet, separated by a few i m allledges down to nothing-a blind pit! All of us went into the lnd lead called Indigo Cave. A body sized pit dropped 6 feet into the top of a sloping room 150 feet long by 100 feet wide ending i n breakdown 70 feet down. Several large black scorpions were observed inside the entrance area. In mid-May we started the survey in Logan's Cave located in N.W. Bexar County. While Jenni Waters, James, and m y self surveyed the first 3 rooms, Duane, Tim Loftin, and Bill Steele explored some nasty pits in one wall of the entrance room So far the cave has been explored to 5 rooms, 4 pits, and a 500ft. long fissure passage averageing 5 ft wide by 40 ft high On the last weekend of May, eight of us went to B ender's Cave in Comal County near Spring Bran ch. Jim Jas ek took Tim and two others into the water cave for photographs w hile the rest of us hiked the land above the cave We found and explored several pits no more than 40 ft. deep Bender' s Cave has been surveyed over a kilometer and explored to a dome with recent trash at its base, probably from a trash pit on the surface. M innows, perch, and foot-long catfish have been observed in the w a ter passage. On the 18 of June, Bob Cowell and Rick Corbell r e moved a large boulder out of the fissure entrance pit to Genesis Cave, Bexar County's deepest at-256ft. Then on the following 2 da ys, James, Tim, and myself gated the opening. Holes were drilled and I" diameter rebar was inserted and welded into place. This opening was gated at the request of George Veni and the Edwards Underground Water District. Then on the 9th of July, Don Arbum, Scott Rote, and myself visited Frio King Cave in Uvalde County for a photo trip. Afterwards we enjoyed a very nice swim in the warm Frio River on Dripstone Ranch The next day James and Duane surveyed a new cave in the Carta Valley area. A 3ft. diameter entrance drops 18ft. to a Mimi Jasek admires some of the many formations found in Midnight Cave in Edwards County, Texas (J. Ja sek) 10 ft. long crawlway leading to a room 20ft. in diam e ter. Once a year the SAG sets up a caving trip for the Coll ege of the Mainland Outdoor Club. This year, on the 23rd ofJ u I y they were treated to Honey Creek Cave. Nearly 30 students we r e lowered down the 144ft. shaft entrance and visited all the way up to the Boneyard section A safe and fun trip was e njo yed b y all. Robber Baron Cave, in Bexar Count y, ha s been having so much visitation recently that the gate lock mechani s m was becoming clogged with mud. So on the 7th of August, James and myself disassembled and cleaned the lock. Th e 1 /2 thic k steel plate gate has weathered well the countless attempts to break it down. Groups of cavers from all over Texas are welcome to contact us and visit this interesting maze cave. Later on the 16th ofJuly, a s urvey was don e atJavalina Hole on the Annadale Ranch in Uvalde County. Rick Corbell, Carl Ponebshek and myself mapped the cave to a l e n gth of 270 ft. and a depth of 22 ft. A trip to Midnight Cave in Edwards County was set up by Jim Jasek on the 13th of August. Eighteen cave r s from all over the state explored and photographed this b ea utiful cave. Bats observed 25 peopl e during their flig ht o n the 20t h of August at Bracken Bat Cave. Th e flight wa s dis turbed quite a bit as snakes in the e ntrance s inkhol e f eas ted on the fat flying bats. Checking out a cave lead in the Smith so n Valley a rea (south of Canyon Lake) on August the 28th, Bob Jam es, and The Texas Caver December 1988 131

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myself were shown and explored Krezek's Cave, a 40 ft. deep blind pit home to two raccoons. We were then shown Shearer's Cave nearby. Three pit entrances all dropped down 15 ft. into a single flat-floored room 90ft long by 40ft wide by 10ft. high containing a nasty crawl at each end. On the 3rd and 4th of September Bob and I returned to the Carta Valley area to follow up on some more leads. We were first shown Indian Cave. A 40 ft. wide by 20 ft. high entrance sloped down into a room 150 ft. long by 7 5 ft wide by 30 ft. high containing a looted burnt-rock midden and 2 large mortar holes. A 15 ft. wide by 8ft. high passage leads off to the right for another 150ft. and ends at a possible burial site with two pictographs on the c e iling To the left of the main room acrawlway extends 100 ft. to a room 80 ft in diameter 2-4 ft. high ending in fill. The next da y Bob and I hiked over to a rocky sinkhole 150ft. long by 100 ft. wide. After poking into the massive breakdown we located a wa y into what is now called Glynn Cave, a single breakdown c hamb e r 200 ft. long by 20 to 60ft. wide. A very large black sc orpion was spotted just inside the entrance. Checking out another lead on September 5th, Bob, Kurt, and I drove to Summit Resort Properties located below Canyon La k e dam We were first shown a 3 ft. in diameter pit in the base o f a ca nyon taking about 15 gallons per minute from an upstream s prin g Kurt climbed down 10ft. and found a water crawl3 ft. wide w ith 2 inc hes of water and 2 inches of airspace, too small for us. W e were then s hown a small sinkhole halfway up a steep r avine A fissure opening dropped 15 ft and headed off both dir ectio n s We surveyed nearly 100ft of walking passage up to 20ft. hig h, but averaging only 10-12 ft. wide. On the 11th of September, five of us returned to Smith s on Valley area and we were shown Cougar Cave, a 3ft. in diameter pit in a rocky sinkhole James climbed down 12 ft. to a rubble floor. He started passing rocks up out to us and within 10 m i nutes a section of the floor dissappeared beneath his feet. Soonh e hadopened up a 2ft. by4 ft. areadroppingdown35 ft We rigge d a rope and James went first, followed by Jim Jasek. The pit b e lledout30 ft. in diameter. A sloping floor led to a60 ft. crawl ending in clay fill Off the main room a small hole in the wall led into the base of another domepit 25ft high. We surveyed the cave on our way out. We were then shown Corral Cave. It has two entrances, one crawl in and the other a 15ft. wide by 6ft. high walking passage. These led into a single chamber 60 ft. long by 25 ft. wide with an 8 ft. high ceiling. Remains of an old cedar fence were seen extending across the middle of the room as well as a few hundred beer cans An Indian site just inside the walk in e ntrance was badly looted and an old screen box was found nearby. At the owner's request we went back to Krezek's Cave and finding no racoons this time used explosives to e nlarge the tight entrance pit for him. On the 8th of October, looking into another lead in the Smithson Valley area, John Cross and I explored Benedetti's Cave. An 8ft. pit led to over 100ft. of very nasty crawl to a highly d ec o r ated 35 ft. pit. At the bottom a tight mud crawl was pushed 2 0 ft. to a dig. On the 2nd Sunday in October, Joe Bucha, David Pear s on James, Bob, and myself hiked the hills on the Annadale Ranch in central Uvalde County. A sink found took only a hour 132 The Texas Caver December 1988 of digging to reveal Mid-day Cave, a 150ft. long by 40ft. wide room containing a good hammer lead with air flow Later James and David went into nearby Sunday Surprise Cave, previously explored to a depth of 100ft. in a single large cha mber Poking around in the lower breakdown, they found a way through and discovered several more nice room and doubledd the depth o f the cave. Several good leads were left for the next survey Multi-level passages in Robber Baron Cave, Bexar County (J. Jasek)

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( RELAPSING FEVER--Continued from page 125) The only way to avoid contracting relapsing fever is to avoid caves with dry entrance areas. It is probably advisable in caves containing shelter-like entrances frequented by goats to stay in these areas for as short a time as possible. The disease is seldom fatal but is extremely unpleasant and most drugs used in the treatment have undesirable side affects. Fortunately for c avers, Q.ll!r!gUa is usually not found in the dark zone of caves, though it may be carried there by raccoons or other animals e ntering caves in search of water, bats, etc. Certainly it is found in large numbers only in very dry, usually goat-frequented, s helter-like entrances. References Anonymous. 1957. A case of relapsing fever. Texas Caver, 2(1):11. Bruce, W.G. 1934. Observations on relapsing fever following bites by Ornithodoros ll!r!gUa Duges in a Texas cave. J. Kansas Entomol. Soc., 7:87-89. F r ancis, E. 1938. Longevity of the tick Qrnithodoros of Spirochaeta recurrentis within this tick. Public Health Repts., 53:2220-2247. Kemp, H. A., W. H. Moursund, and H E. Wright 1934 Relapsing fever in Texas IV. Ornithodoros 1l.I.!Krua Duges: A vector of the disease. American J. Tropical Medicine, 14:479-487. Weller, B., and G.M. Graham. 1930. Relapsing fever in Central Texas. J American Med. Assoc., 95:1834-1835. Wisseman, C.L., Jr. 1945. Relapsing fever in Denton County, Terri Treacy was awarded an NSS Fellow at the 1988 NSS Convention in South Dakota. A long-time Austin resident, she has recently moved to Illinois. (CAVER'S GUIDE--Continued from page 127) you really want to learn Spanish and don't need the credits, then don't go to school. Take your money and just live in Mexico for 3 months. But if you need the credits for school, then studying in Mexico is the best way to learn Spanish. I don't recommend studying in Monterrey. You would be better off to try a cooler climate such as Toluca. Two good reasons for going to Monterrey is that it is close to the border and close to caves. If you get bored on the weekends then go to "Cueva de la Boca" or "Huasteca Canyon". The hike up the saddle mountain is also worthwhile. There is also a commercial cave (Garcia Caverns) to check out. There is a mid-semester break taken after 3-weeks. You get Thursday, Friday, and Monday off from school. This gives you a 5-day weekend and is a good time to go caving. There won't be any time to go caving while school is in session. I recommend going to Mexico a week early and caving before school starts. I also recommend staying in Mexico a week after school ends and cave some more. The only other tips I can think of is if you are in a restarant and you want eggs sunny-side up,just say: "Huevos Estrellados" and to get a hamburger without lettuce, just say: "sin Iechuga". I believe all cavers who cave in Mexico should be trying to learn the language. Although many Mexicans speak some English, some day you are going to need to use it if you cave much. I even recommend trying to learn some Indian words of the Huastecan language or the Nahautllanguage. If anyone would like further information on studying in Mexico, they can contact me at 214-328-0387. (COLORADO BEND--Continued from page 130) October trip In spite of the hot weather we had a successful trip. One of the best projects during the hot weather is oxygen readings in the caves of the area The summer season is the peak of the "bad" air in the caves. We were lucky in meeting Jim and he was able to locate Dynamite Cave which we had searched for on at leas t 3 earlier trips Diana's Divers Supply Diana Andrews WET SUIT SOX USED WET SUITS NEW & USED DIVING GEAR 429 Fox Drive Ft. Worth, Texas 76179 817-626-7917 The Texas Caver December 1988 133

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134 OLDTIMER'S CARTOONS by Charlie Loving A. 0 'fuPPY DOM B. CJ E.P Boa uno JUIIf' YtJPPYPOfl\ C. 0 Wf'll IN The Texas Caver December 1988

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-:r lOVE COOKING AND NAKD 006S l?ri_ li4C BOB & BOB caurs serving cavers P.O. BOX 441 LEWISBURG, W.VA.24901 phone (304) 772-5049 '/-lA '{OoF ... ARrThe Texas Caver December 1988 135

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The Texas Caver P.O. Box 8026 Austin, Texas 78713 Return Postage Guaranl.eed Address Correction Requ e ste


Description
Contents: To protect
the caves of Texas / G. Veni --
Ezell's Cave committee honored --
Rush for Honey Creek / K. McGee --
Long and Deep Caves / D. Pate --
Relapsing fever / J. Reddell --
Kamikaze Bob --
Studying in Mexico / D. Locklear --
TSA financial report / J. Reece --
Trip reports --
Grotto news --
Old timer's cartoons / C. Loving.