The Texas Caver

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The Texas Caver

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Title:
The Texas Caver
Series Title:
The Texas Caver
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Texas Speleological Association
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Texas Speleological Association
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Language:
English

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Regional Speleology ( local )
Technical Speleology ( local )
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Newsletter
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United States

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General Note:
Contents: Call out to Lechuguilla / Wilson, Minton Broussard -- Whirlpool Cave Update / Jubal Grubb -- Guadalupe Mountain Caving (At Its Best) / Summar Tranbarger -- Gunsight Bigdoor / Bill Bentley -- Sentinal Cave / Bill Bentley -- Midnight Caves/ Gill Ediger -- Adventures and Experiences Another River Styx Trip! / Butch Fralia -- Caverns of Sonora Restoration / George Veni -- Major Caves of the World / Claude Chabert -- Minutes of TSA Meeting 4/27/91 / Mary Standifer -- Odds and Ends.
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Open Access - Permission by Publisher
Original Version:
Vol. 36, no. 04 (1991)
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See Extended description for more information.

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University of South Florida Library
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University of South Florida
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K26-04694 ( USFLDC DOI )
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11428 ( karstportal - original NodeID )
0040-4233 ( ISSN )

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THE TEXAS CAVER Volume 36, No. 4 August 1991 71 Call out to Lechuguilla by Wilson, Minton & Broussard 74 Whirlpool Cave Update by Jubal Grubb 75 Guadalupe Mountain Caving (At Its Best) by Summar & Tranbarger 78 Gunsight & Bigdoor by Bill Bentley 78 Sentinal Cave by Bill Bentley 79 Midnight Caves by Gill Ediger 80 Adventures and Experiences Another River Styx Trip! by Butch Fralia 83 Caverns of Sonora Restoration by G eorge Veni 84 Major Caves of the World by Claude Chabert 85 Minutes of TSA Meeting 4/27/91 by Standifer 86 Odds and Ends Alternating Editors: This Issue Keith Heuss Next Issue Oren Tranbarger 3407 Hopechest San Antonio Tx. 78230 (512) 522-271 o-Day (512) 349-0208Night 1 004-A Milford Way Austin, Tx. 78745 (512) 385-7131 Day (512) 462-9574-Night Proof Reading ............ Katie Arens & Robin Wilson Printed by ................... ......... ................. Terry Raines Texas Caver labels .................. .......... ...... Rod Goke Cave Rescue Call Collect '!f (512) 686-0234 (oCARTA VALLEY I The Texas Caver is a bi-monthly publication of the Texas Speleolog :al Association (TSA), an internal organization of the National Speleolog :al Society (NSS) Issues are published in February, April June, Aug s t October and December. Subscription rates are $15/year for six issues of The Texas Caver 11is includes membership in the TSA. Out of state subscribers, libraries, E 1 d other institutions can receive The Texas Caver for the same rate ($15/ye r). Send all correspondence (other than material for The Texas Cav '), subscriptions, and exchanges to : The Texas Caver, P O Box 8026 Aus n, Texas 78713. Back issues are available at $3.00 per issue Articles and other Material for The Texas Caver should be sent to c 1e of the alternating editors listed above The Texas Caver openly invite s 111 cavers to submit articles trip reports, photographs (35mm slides or E 1y size black & white or color print on glossy paper), cave maps, n e t s events, cartoons and/or any other caving related material for publicat i 1. Exchanges should be mailed to The Texas Caver at the subscript i n address above. The Texas Caver will exchange newsletters with otl H grottos Copyright 1991 by the Texas Speleological Association lnterr Jl organizations of the NSS may reprint any item first appearing in The Tex s Caver as long as proper credit is given and a copy of the newslet J r containing the reprinted material is mailed to the co-editors 011 1r organizations should contact the co-editors about reprinted materials Front Cover Guadalupe Caving is nothing new to Texas Cavet >. Here, Ed Young rappells into Hidden Cave in the Lincoln Natior II Forrest, one of the many caves in the Guads. Photo by Anc y Lauer. Inside Cover SWTG cavers pose at the Carta Valley city lim s sign in February 1972. Can you identify all four of these onr a active cavers? Photo by Keith Heus i

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Call ol-ft to lecl11-fgl-filla, or mil11 's Spri115 Drealt j o s : b v h s p b k 1: p p ( t S' 1' n c E r \ \ t i fr )n Saturday, March 30, 1991, Emily Davis Mobley (of obooks) was ready to continue her adventures in g She member of several teams prepared Jsh the hnuts of Lechuguilla (Carlsbad Caverns n al Park, New Mexico), currently one of the deepest ;;ystems in the United States (and still going). y the early hours of Sunday, the team Emily had 1 had passed out of the Great White Way into a new ge. Breakdown strewed the path they were t b!ing over and through. While negotiating the down, Emily's prospects for several days' surveying c ut short. ?aching out and grasping at a previously tested 10ld, Emily's felt the rock give, too late. 80 lbs. of came away, and they both tumbled, the weight .1g her for a time in a pit in the breakdown. The ,r had glanced down Emily's arm and landed on her g She knew immediately it was broken. She would state in an interview that her first thought at this of how her injury was going to foul up the 'i tnp. She never imagined just how big the fuss actually become. ; luck would have it, one of the several doctors who ipate in the Lechuguilla Project, Dr. Steve Mossberg .), was on the team with Emily. Within minutes of n, he and others had her out of the pit, splinted and hing for pain in her system. Meantime, word was d to the surface by Dave Jones (CA), a member of r survey temn. hat followed became the single largest cave rescue e xecuted in the U.S., both in terms of manpower stance traversed. The operation would require a coordination effort. The Department of Interior t shed an Incident Command System (ICS) at ad National Park, drawing on personnel from 1 of Land Management, National Parks Service orest Service and volunteers (Cave Rescue and Isolation Pilot Project (WIPP) mine rescue team) to m the rescue. With the ICS in place, every nable resource was brought in to furnish the rescuers 11pport personnel. mily surfaced on Thursday, April 4th, at 1:05 AM, a.nd proud of the massive effort of so many S 111 cavmg. She stated during a network interview ber hospital room, that "the people who worked on ill scue), all of the cave rescue people, all of the rescue pc on the surface, really showed some wonderful rful 'stick-to-itiveness', That deserves \\'( 1 ion than the fact that I broke my leg in a cave she seemed to be saying, could have happen to any Ca'. In line with her views on the rescue, what follows are two accounts of Emily's extrication from Lechuguilla, by two of the 11 Texas cavers who heard the call and answered with their best. Mark Minton: First word of an accident at Lechuguilla Cave came to Austin from Bill Steele early Monday morning, April 1, 1991. By late Tuesday afternoon ten Texas cavers (Don Br?ussard, Brian Burton, Stan Irwin, Peter Keys, Bill and Bnan Steele, Pete Strickland, Alejandro Villagomez, Mike Warton, and myself) were talking to reporters before being flown on two small chartered planes to Carlsbad, NM. (Jerry Atkinson also drove out to join us from Midland.) We had a lot of gear: vertical hardware, cave camping duffles, rope, backboard, etc. In fact, the smaller of the planes was too heavy to take on a full load of fuel and had to make a pit stop at San Angelo. Park Service personnel drove us from the airport to park. where a full blown rescue operation by the ICS (Incident Command System) was m place. "Could we go in immediately?" they asked. Four of our group (Alex, Brian B., Mike, and Peter K.) headed in with supplies and made an inventory of gear from the Rift Junction back to the entrance. They returned to base early Wednesday morning. Bill, Brian S., Dave Jones of CA and I made up our next team. We had a crack of dawn start (at the entrance by 7 AM) .with the idea of passing Emily, and cleaning up from behmd (telephone wire, rigging, camp gear, trash, etc.), a plan that would be altered several times before we were through. .we Emily in the Rift in an hour, just in time to hsten m on her in-cave media interview via radio and underground telephone link. She had already been moved about halfway toward the entrance, and had a large entourage of haulers, riggers, and a doctor in attendance. (She was climbing through breakdown and landed on her leg, breaking the top of her tibia.) Brian and Dave continued with the original mission, while Bill and I were sent back to the start of the Rift to help reduce the size of some rocks creating one of the few obstructions the litter would encounter. Park rules forbade the use of Bang, so hammers, chisels, pry bars, and a Bosch hammer drill were used instead. That we moved up to Glacier Bay to join Jerry and Denms Curry of TN in rigging hauling and lines up the slopes and through the gypsum pmnacles there. A total of three rigs were installed, each with one redirection Th T exas Caver August 1991 71

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After lunch, Bill and I turned around and passed Emily as she emerged from the Rift amidst a video crew recording the incident for posterity. It was the only time we were actually involved in hauling the stretcher. We headed back into the cave as far as the descent to the Great White Way to bring rigging gear and personal packs forward for the haulers. Others joined us and the Rift was largely cleaned up. Brian S. and Dave Jones had also arrived from below and derigged some of the complex Tyroleans used to get the stretcher across pits in the floor. A couple of hours later Emily was at the top of Glacier Bay with a huge entourage (> 25 cavers). Dennis,Jerry, and I then moved ahead to rig a redirection and safety lines at the base of Boulder Falls, the largest vertical obstacle of the trip (150-foot drop plus 100-foot angle-of-repose sand and cobble slope.) The stretcher was to be hauled from the top of the drop all the way up, with walkie-talkie contact with Don Coons (hanging) at the stretcher to guide them. The system worked very well and a cheer went up as the crowd below witnessed the Ascension of the Lady of Lechuguilla. With our part of the job done, we now faced hours of waiting as the rescue moved through the upper part of the cave and over 20 people ascended Boulder Falls The cave is warm and dry, so most of us tried to catch a little sleep. Finally our turn came to climb (based on length of time underground -some had been in for three days!) and we worked our way forward. Just then a group of cavers that had been camped in another section of the cave arrived at the base of Boulder Falls. It was the first they knew of the accident! Emily was finally hauled up the 70-foot entrance pit at about 1:30AM Thursday, roughly 92 hours after the accident. A group of about 20 reporters wa..s on hand even at that hour. Don and I emerged at 3 AM, Steele's at 7. A large cleanup was still needed, so later Thursday morning Don, Mike, and I joined a team to haul the remaining gear, trash, phone line, etc. out of the cave. A real treat was the helicopter ride to the entrance, where we relieved Brian B. and Peter K. It was a bigger job than advertised, taking us 12 hours (on only four hours sleep for some), but we finally got everything out. Back at base a massive sorting of gear ensued. At the final debriefing on Friday we learned that this was the largest (173 people, not all cavers), longest duration, and deepest (accident at about -850 feet) cave rescue in US history. It was also one of the more remote (accident 1.5 -2 miles from the entrance, which is in a wilderness area accessible only on foot or by helicopter). Happily it all went very well, with cavers from all across the country working together with several bureaucracies to get the job done. It was actually kind of fun. Many thanks to PowerFood, Inc. which donated two boxes of PowerBars to the effort. They kept us going strong. Don Broussard: I've been home two days as I begin this journal. I had finished mailing the last of the paperwork to Rick Bridges in order to become a member of the Lechuguilla Project only a few days before Emily pulled the rock onto her leg To date, I do not know if I was officially accepted to survey in Lechuguilla. The Lechuguilla paperwork out of Bridges may get sluggish for a few weeks while he works on the Davis-Mobley paperwork. Part of me beamed at being able to provide assistance in another's problem. I have been in enough problem s where others helped me; time to return the favor Providing assistance that other cavers would have had a hell of a time giving. They (the initial rescue crews) had had too strenuous and stressful a previous several days. I'm really glad none of the rescuers had any bigtime troubles. The assistance I gave rerigging the WIPP haul sy<..tem at the top of Boulder Falls helped me feel particularly useful doing work I have studied without having the opportunity to apply it in an actual rescue. When Jim Goodbar got to the top of Boulder Falls, he told Buddy Lane how he (Goodbar) wanted the haul-line set up. Lane, of course, had already looked over the hauling system I'd already adjusted. Lane had replaced one of the WIPP Gibbs with a fancy black rescue Gibbs he preferred. I didn't notice any other change Lane made to my changes of the WIPP setup. Lane quietly listened to Goodbar, gently approved Goodbars' requests, and left the haul system as it W\S. Lane knew Goodbar as a friend and could accurat ,Jy estimate the stresses Goodbar had shouldered. Goodb. c r an experienced caver for many years, wanted an excellf nt rig set up. I was excessively pleased that two of the bet cavers in the US approved (non verbally, of course) of l 18 haul system I had just "approved". A paramedic, can't remember his name, came up af r Goodbar to be at the top. The Doctor was still waiting 1t the bottom. Just before Emily and Don Coons put th ir asses into the haul system, the paramedic suggested c 1 8 last change I was unfamiliar with. He mentioned th t, with the haul system as it was, if the Gibbs safety on t 8 haul line became locked at a time when the stretd r became "stuck" (jammed below the ledge, four met1 s below the top, for example), there would be a significc t problem lowering the stretcher. The pull team could r t pull to release tension on the Gibbs if the stretcher w s jammed. Pulling out a pocket knife to release the Gibl ; attachment point would work, yet that would be such J crude technique that I knew someone would object. I f certain that folks would prefer the riggers handle portions of the haul in a smooth manner. "Good point," I told the paramedic, "How can I improve the setup?" The paramedic showed me how to 1 : a Bachman knot to put between the Gibbs and its anch point The knot is a straight-forward 'carabineer-wra kind of knot. If slack was needed, the knot would allc the Gibbs to slowly slide further from its attachme c point, lowering the Emily-Don -stretcher asseml smoothly. A very good idea. The extra knot was also 1 touch excessive. It interjected yet another link in t : haul-system capable of failure. Still, this last link was 1 reasonable one. So long as the knot was never used, c had a very low probability of failure. It was original intended to release a weight of one person, not two peor : 72 August 1991 The Texas Cavt

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and a stretcher. Yet the peace of mind it gave the p a r a medic offset disadvantage of its another possible fmlure pomt. After all, the paramedtc had also been under a bit of stress the previous 4 days. I cheerfully it to the haul system. I A t one point in the Boulder Falls litter pull, a boulder in Lhe floor of the passage was used to hold the back end of the 4-to-1 pulley system at the top of a sloping passage flou. Peter Strickland was on the end where the haulers W(: ; positioned, providing the reset for each pull cycle '1\ft : r a completed pull, the forward Gibbs and block was 'dr< -:g e d forward to position the block and tackle for an : her pull I would clamp the Gibbs on the haul line at t h i ) hase to hold the stretcher in place Strickland pulled t h ront block forward, pulling 3/4 of the rope which had j u :Jeen pulled back through the blocks. s the first pull to lift Emily off the floor was well u : r way, one of the redirection pulleys along the haul li o ulled its mooring off the floor The 300 lbs of si pulled free of its position on t t : md-covered floor. It rolled 4 meters down the floor, a a 30 degree slope at that place, and lodged against t l all. The haulers immediately freed the pulley from t l e d 1 tubular webbing tied to the block. Ann S ; ht, waiting at the upper edge of Boulder Falls, t r w ned to the people at the bottom that there would be a r t delay No details The folks on bottom were d : ught that those fools on top were not sufficiently p r e d to eliminate such an uncomfortable wait. I later f c : out Emily and Don Coons were suspended 3 meters f r th e floor for those 3 or 4-minutes while the r r (J S l ; u-, 4 (t I a m ll i 0\1 co af, t o ; th. I 1 co; b o Ill hir.; unt :ction pulley was remov e d be n ext extrication trip was scheduled to be a 4 or 5 leanup. A (obviously spaced-out) caver had claimed d r e moved 90% of the stuff remaining and there was t bout two loads of gear at the bottom of Boulder There were no large groups of cavers lined up ready t inue with the dirty work. I rapidly volunteered to the next cleanup trip. The adrenalin in my veins real high. werheard another Texas caver mention to the IC m t Command) that he had gotten 4 hours sleep lle was last in the cave. He was selected to go on cond cleanup trip. I, of course, also said I had had s of rest. All is relative; I had had one hour of bath R F fie ldhouse had wonderful warm water! ) two of d o wn and one hour of eating and talking and giving wrning insulin injection I spent 19 hours g Tound the first extrication trip. Since I had started ;sh, having arrived the previous night, I was able to t ue. The adrenaline was still pulsing in my blood the previous extrication/cleanup trip. 1 NPS (National Park Service) coordinator told me a pair of boots 8 inches high, pronto. A helicopter J ta k e us to the entrance. WOW! I hurried back to i eld house I had appropriated for the Texas < gent when we first arrived. I found a pair of 8" b y a sleeping San Antonio caver. He had also been extrication and now wanted to sleep. I woke t p, offered him my extra pair of Mexican sandals c o uld return his boots to him, and walked rapidly to the IC center with his 8" boots. I put my own caving boots in my pack; his were a size too big for me to realistically walk in. The helicopter ride to the entrance was a trip I never expected to experience. The sensation was similar to the TV show China Beach: noisy, chopchopchop faster than you can say it, the tiny seat vibrating in a disconcerting way, the ground changing below in a non-linear fashion only the pilot can predict He set us down at the top of the mesa, way away from the 4 meter tall communications antenna at the edge of the tiny escarpment. Took us 5 minutes to get to the entrance from Carlsbad Caverns parking lot instead ofthe 20 minute truck ride and 40 minute walk previously used. The three of us in the back of the helicopter (Mark Minton and someone else; Mike Warton in the copilot's seat up front) decided THIS was the way to go caving!! We rappelled into the entrance about 11:30 with wind, rain, thunder and lightening splitting our heavens. The first thing I was to do after rappelling in the entrance was to cut the telephone lines at the bottom of the entrance pitch The lines which had served Emily so well, so faithfully It was OK to cut them. They were left in place until the very last, in case one of the cleanup crew pulled a 'Mobley'. IC was also informed of the fact (line cutting) just before I rappelled in. The lines had served so trustworthily; I felt sorta like an executioner. Heh. We did not relish tasting lightning making its way along the lines, perhaps as one of us was climbing down the metal culvert pipe the lines lay over! There was as much "stuff" at the bottom of Boulder Falls as we had carried out earlier that morning. Less weight, since there was only 600 feet of rope instead of 4000 from the first haul. There were six leaf sacks full of ripped apart MREs and freeze -dried food remnants. The pile of pulleys slings, 1" tubular webbing and chocks all clipped together with carabineers was heavier than I could lift In a pile, it stood about 18 inches tall. Groan. There was a large yellow day-pack which smelled strongly of incorrectly closed burrito bags Yuck. Sleeping pads, day packs, collapsible water jugs strewn about. Some remnants were piled in an area three minutes walk from the dangerous base where the boulders landed when they fell. Still, I felt that I was contributing to the overall success of the Lechuguilla Project. If we did not get the job done you know good and well the Project cavers would do it. Then, not as much Project work would get done Besides, several of us had done this identical kind of thing after major expedition camps in San Augustin or Nita Nanta or Cheve. Just part of the job. After thirteen hours, we had all of it out the entrance, once again using the lines in the entrance used to haul Emily out. There was no waiting for me to do once I got out; I was the last to exit The typical 40 minute walk greeted us next, then the 30 minute van ride back to IC I was in bed by 2 : 30 (AM), too tired this time to bother taking a bath. I've been home for two nights now I can't seem to get to sleep at the usual bedtime. I've been up till midnight or I am reading or watching TV. 6:30 AM and I'm awake with the feeling I've got something to do. j T h l'exas Caver August 1991 73

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Whirlpool Cave Update by Jubal Grubb Destination: Whirlpool Cave, S.W. Austin, Texas Personnel: Date: Jubal Grubb, Jim Wolff, Pat Gerry, and two other caver acquaintances. April 6, 1991 Saturday morning, the morning after two days of light-moderate rains, I was having my daily dose of caffeine, and going over my mental checklist of gear before embarking on my first cave trip of the year. My first and only other trip to Whirlpool was September 8, 1990 with the U T. Grotto. I can still recall many of the funny things and occurrences within the cave: the "Rasta Crawl", my friend's head getting stuck somewhere in the "Rasta Crawl", the three cave dogs, and the forty cave people caving, many of whom were first timers. Going home that evening after my first "real cave" trip, I was keenly aware of how sore and bruised my body was, muscles and bones that I had never known about ached for days. As it turned out I loved it and couldn't wait for next round of abuse. I figured that this trip would be a lot more enjoyable because there wouldn't be as many people and I could go slow and look at all of the pretty little hidden formations. I was also hoping to actually contribute some labor and help clear out the passage that leads to the "Surprise Room", as I had yet to see it and was eager to do so. Pat and I and the two others went through until we encountered what was supposed to be a puddle of water, as described by Jim (who was up above at the time). The passage leading to the "Travis County Room" (I believe) was completely and effectively flooded. Sump closed. The ceiling dipped into the water, but I saw a tiny space of air along the ceiling that appeared to get bigger. I volunteered to check it out. Why? Part of me was saying, "now Jubal, dead people don't finish college," and the other part was saying "Golly Jube, maybe you can write about your bold and daring feat in The Texas Caver!" Well, I tried the watery passage but it eventually dead-ended. The part I thought was bigger was smaller than my helmet, and the chin deep, icy water nearly sealed me into four inches of air space. When I returned to our small group I described what I was (in between cold, wet shivering fits) and wanned my hands by the flame of my little carbide lamp (this is when they really come in handy) Mter abandoning that passage Jim and Pat went to clear out a bypass that was blowing pretty well, but I didn't stay much longer They wound up leaving soon afterwards also. On the way back my spare light bulb burned out in my Mini-Mag flashlight, and the flame from my carbide was getting so low that I was having a devil of a time finding the correct passages. Soon I was forced to stop and replace the carbide in my lamp in total darkness. I carefully arranged all of the things that I would need right in front of me; the water, the carbide, and a waste canister. Mter a couple of minutes I had actually done all of the dumping, reloading, and putting together of my lamp and was ready for the crucial test of relighting it. Being very anxious for light I turned the water drip knob about one half way from full bore, and in seconds I heard this curious little gurgling noise inside the lamp but I was only concerned with the gas that was supposed to come out. The gas was blowing strong and I when sparked t h e flint there was a very loud BANG!, coupled with a hu g e flame about eight inches long where the gasket was supposed to seal the canister, and there I was frantically trying to blow out this crazy fire! Mter cleaning off t h e gasket and turning down the water flow I attained a tane flame and was ready to find the exit which turned out t o be less than fifty feet away. I feel fortunate to have gone on this trip becaust I learned what I believe to be three of many importa: 1 t fundamentals of caving: 1) Watery crawl caves can '>e scary and potentially dangerous if one is not carefd Maybe there was air in the passage just five more f e t through the water, maybe not. I can certainly wait un il it drains a little more. 2) I learned to change my carbi 1 : e in the heaviest of darkness, thus overcoming one maj J r fear among novices, and 3) last but not least, I learn d the hard way that carrying a third light source is n ) t being over-cautious or extreme. Other related news: Although no one was able to sign the register locat d in the Travis County Room, Lee Jay Graves (key kee : r that day) informed me that a total of sixteen peor e entered the cave, including three neighbors, and othr s from U T., and that there were twenty-one people on si i ). For the summer there are plans to completely rem : p the cave and to dig out the bypass, possibly incorporati J g small explosive charges into the process. For tho e interested this should happen in the mid-summer. [Ec! s note: The bypass was completed in early August.] 74 August 1991 The Texas Cam r

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;/ :H 18-.23, I (.)f 1athan Summar ..-en Tran.harger Ogle Cave ; duction T his trip was one of the best ever to the Guads, JUgh it was hot. During the trip, eight caves were d : (1) Corkscrew; (2) Christmas Tree; (3) Ogle; (4) Cave; (5) Lower Cave in Carlsbad Caverns; (6) ) nwood (front portion); (7) McCollaum's Pit; and (8) .C!n. Not everyone on the trip entered all eight caves '" from the Bexar Grotto were: Nathan Summar, : a Currie, Joel King, Cheryl Mullen, Christi Bennett, s Loftin Linda Streckfus and Oren Tranbarger. Two s were from Houston: Susan Herpin and Mark "llS. ,t. Carlsbad Caverns on Friday, we joined with : Pat ( Brownwood), Bart Rapp (Searcy, Arkansas), Jim Whit e (Norman, Oklahoma). Pat and Bart 1 u e d with us to Three Mile Hill Friday night where e t Andy Komensky (Carlsbad) at the campsite at 69 r 0A. On Saturday, we met Chuck Bassett (Ruidoso) t ranger station. Chuck spent all day Saturday c ; with us. With the exception of Corkscrew, this trip ; 0 was prepared by Nathan ( including estimates of c : lees and sizes). Nathan enjoyed the trip immensely ; b tained a number of "great-shot photos." ' e all left from Oren's house after looking at maps a p hotos of Ogle Cave. The trip to the Guads was t e ntful (107 F in Ft. Stockton), and we arrived at the c l s ite near Slaughter Canyon around 7:00 p m 1 Jay. The campsite is southeast of the canyon on F l a nd. The area is characterized by a flat desert L ca p e with a line of mountains to the west The local r c ( from ground to tops) of the mountains is perhaps L i to 1,400 feet The limestone in the area is Permian a ; 2 30 million years old) with no fossils, which indicates f a ; deep ocean water. Plants are sparse and sharp. l :., I I "' ..... Photo by Nathan Summar. Cactus, ocotillo, and lechuguilla are the predominate plants. After setting up camp, we cooked dinner and sat around discussing the next day's activities and other trips from the past. We got up early (6:00) Wednesday morning and prepared to go to Christmas Tree Cave and Corkscrew Cave. Oren, Linda, James, and Christi went to Corkscrew Cave prior to going to Christmas Tree Cave. Joel Nathan, Cheryl, Linnea, Mark, and Susan went directly to Christmas Tree Cave Corkscrew Cave (OT) On two previous trips, I tried but was unable to get into Corkscrew Cave I was anticipating this trip to see the cave and to add it to my growing trip log of caves Corkscrew is near the mouth of Slaughter Canyon on the north slope close to Elephant Rock that guards the canyon The ascent up the header was strenuous. As we climbed, we could see the rest of the group trudging up the canyon like ants to look for Christmas Tree. Although the map I gave them for Christmas Tree was clear enough to me, I was concerned that they might have trouble finding the cave. We rested at the base of Elephant Rock while James went ahead on the Cairn Trail to locate the cave. H e had no trouble finding it and showed us a shortcut. The regular trail runs along the base of Elephant Rock and follows the vegetation. The trail curves around a bowl. You can't miss it. Corkscrew is not a big cave by Guad standards, but it is nice. The depth from the entrance to the deepest point is 85 feet Portions of the cave are very delicate and beautiful. There are areas of loose talus, and the main room has a steepl y Tl: Texas Cav e r August 1991 75 !'11-. I : ; ..

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sloping floor and ceiling. The entrance is a chimney of about 35 feet. Although most cavers do not use a rope for a handline, it is possible to rig from a chock stone wedged just inside the entrance. A handline is recommended at the bottom of the chimney in going farther down into the lower portion of the cave. At the entrance, James went down first to check out the chimney. He noticed a little stench, which was due to a dead rodent (big mouse or small rat) about 10 feet down. After finding the source, he picked it up and tossed it out of the way. Going down the chimney was fairly straightforward, but I figured that a handline would be necessary in going out safely. When we got to the bottom of the chimney, we reviewed the names on the register. Someone had written that the cave was not worth the trip. After our tour, I would disagree. The cave is a good experience. In checking the lower part, a handline was necessary to do it safely, and James returned to the surface and brought the rope down. We explored the lower part of the cave looking for two shields identified on the map. However, we did not bring the map, and the shields were not found. A return trip will be necessary to find the shields. Overall, a number of good photographs were obtained on the visit. In going up the chimney, James climbed first and provided an anchor for the rope. Linda, Christi, and I followed using the rope as a handline. On the surface, it was still shady. The sun had not quite peeped over the ridge above us. The view of new cave (and trail) on the opposite slope was nice. We ate some and reminisced prior to hiking down the slopes toward Christmas Tree. James led the way, which was off trail and the shortest way to the stream bed. On the way down, Christi picked up a big thorn in the behind, which required special attention (by Linda). Later, while hiking in the stream bed, Christi had an unfortunate fall that caused her to return to camp. By the time we got to the header going up to Christmas Tree Cave, it was hot and I was in the rear. I was stopping frequently because of the intense heat and moving slowly. As we arrived, the others were coming out of the cave and getting ready for the return hike to camp. Christmas Tree Cave (NS) The hike to all the Slaughter Canyon caves is reached from the parking lot for New Cave. To get to Christmas Tree Cave, we had to hike about 1.5 hours up Slaughter Canyon to a certain mountain on the left. From here, there is a steep trail that is marked by cairns that goes to the entrance of the cave. Climbing time was about an hour, and the vertical distance is about 1,000 feet. The entrance to Christmas Tree Cave is about 10 feet by 10 feet, and there is about a 15-foot drop to the first room of the cave. The first room has a sloping floor. The width of the room at this point is about 80 feet with a ceiling height of about 20 feet. This leads to an even larger main room, which is about 100 feet wide and about 250 feet long. It is highly decorated with helectites, stalagmites, stalactites, columns, and flowstone. Some of the formations are 40-50 feet high. The cave is light colon:d with mixtures of tan to brown and is inactive throughout most of the ca.ve. The temperature in this and most Gu8.d caves is around 55F. In the center of the main room, there is a climbable slope that leads down about 20 feet to a second portion or lower portion of the main room. Th1s lower portion is about 125 feet across. The ceiling height is perhaps 75-80 feet. Some of the formations in this area of the cave are 60 feet tall. The thing that gives the illusion of two rooms is an enormous piece of breakdov. n that has caused one large room to appear to be two room;, We went along the walls of the lower room and found other leads. Some of the formations in this part of tl cave are active. Colors are whites, tans, and browr After exploring the cave, Joel, Susan, and I beg; l photographing the cave and then left the cave to return 1 camp for the day. After getting out of the cave, Oren a; his group arrived from Corkscrew (about 2:30). Aft chatting for a while, our group left for camp. We wE told to look for Christi because she got stuck lechuguilla on the way up to the cave. We found her t the parking lot and drove back to camp to relax, eat, m : have a nice night of camaraderie because the nc morning was going to be the big trip to Ogle Cave. Ogle Cave (N Seven of us explored this cave (Nathan, Joel, Cher James, Linda, Oren, and Susan). Ogle Cave was t hardest cave to do on the entire trip. We awakened 6:30AM Thursday, but we did not leave camp until 8:1 By 9:00, we were at the parking lot of New Cave and we heading up Slaughter Canyon for a 45-minute hike tot base of the mountain where Ogle Cave is located. Ogle about a 700-foot vertical climb above the canyon floor. took us about 1.5 hours to climb to the cave. Two ror (300 and 350 feet) were taken to double rig the entran pit. Many thanks are given to Joel and James f carrying the ropes. We also took photo gear, video ligh and full vertical gear, so everyone had a heavy load carry. The entrance to Ogle is impressive. It is an ov; shaped pit, 40 feet by 60 feet, and 180 feet deep. At t: 110-foot level is a 20-foot by 30-foot sloping shelf. Fro here, the pit drops another 70 feet to the floor of the em At the bottom of the pit, the cave opens up to about ; feet across. Here, a steep talus slope drops another 1 feet vertically to the true floor of the cave. At this poi; large 100-foot columns are encountered and the passa widens to 125-150 feet. From here, there is essentia one large room 1,200-1,500 feet long averaging 125-1; feet wide. Throughout the cave, there are columns 150 200 feet in height. The cave is not active in most area The color of the formations is white to tan. About halfway through the cave, a large room off the right side of the passage is encountered. It is abot 76 August 1991 The Texas Cave

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300 feet in diameter and is very impressive. There is bre akdown throughout the cave, and a large guano deposit at the rear of the cave, which was mined in the early 1900s. After exploring the cave, Susan, Joel, and myself pho tographed the cave On one shot, Cheryl helped, popping off some press 25 flashbulbs In some places, video lights were used instead of flashbulbs Ektachrome tungsten film (ASA 160) had to be used to get the true color of the cave After finishing this task, we all left the cave I had a little fear at the 110-foot ledge hauling up m y g ear, but Joel stayed behind and helped me to finish the climb In so doing, he left his gear on the shelf by a ccident. We both climbed out, and James offered to r r i cieve the gear. Thanks, James and Joel, for helping mr>. After resting, we hiked down the mountain slope and h e -,d e d for camp. We arrived at 10:30 p.m., cleaned up, headed for Carlsbad for Mexican food at Taco Bell L vas wonderful. We went back to camp, and Oren and ; a n stopped at Carlsbad Caverns to talk to Pat ( :-e land about a permit for New Cave for Friday n ing All arrived at camp by 2:00 a.m. and slept l dly. v Cave (NS) W e woke up by 7:00 a m. Friday and made a rations to go to New Cave Seven of us went (Oren, 1an, Joel, Lennea, Susan, Mark, and Christi) to the . We hiked up to New Cave in less than 20 minutes [' w aited for the rangers. The cost of the tour is $6 per 011. The v e rtical climb is about 700 feet and requires t 0.5 miles of walking It was simple in comparison Ogle New Cave is quite large The first room is 100 b y 300 feet and leads into a series of rooms and 1 1 g es that are quite large and impressive. The average 1 g height is 60 to 80 feet. The largest formation in ave is 90 feet high The height of most formations r 1 g e about 50 feet Most of the cave is inactive, but c a rea was entered that had quite a few active a tions Since we (cavers) were along, the rangers l. 1 d ed the tour to include several rooms not usually : d and even showed us some Indian pictographs I t the video light to help illuminate the cave for p J graphs (Oren and Susan) Other tourists took a n tage of the light The guides were very good, and t l ::>ur required 2 hours and 45 minutes. After the tour, w e turned to camp, broke camp, and headed for C ; b ad Caverns to meet Pat Copeland from Brownwood. C : sbad Caverns Lower Cave (NS) .Ve arrived at the cave shortly before the 3:00 p.m. r;: e zvous time. Our group plus Pat, Bart Rapp, and Jim W and others went into Carlsbad via the elevator. S u n and Mark were delayed in taking care of some b u 1 ess in Carlsbad (city), but joined us later in the Big R c n of the cave as we were going into Lower Cave Lo, ? r Cave is below the Big Room in Carlsbad There are se':-;-al ways to enter this section. The way we used was via iron ladders. After we got into this section, we went through 2,500 feet of passage with a wide variety of formations. Many of them were white or light colored. The first area was characterized by lakes and a wide variety of active formations including some pea-sized cave pearls After this area, we went through some larger rooms with red dusty clay and dark brown formations After this, we went through an area that contained popcorn and cave velvet. We ended in a room with two white columns with cracks in them that formed as a result of the floor settling. At this point, it was time to leave and head for Three Mile Hill and the last day of our trip. Three Mile Hill (NS) After leaving for Three Mile Hill Friday evening, we got separated from Oren, Lennea, Cheryl, James, Linda, and Christi. We all ate (various places) in Carlsbad and met at Three Mile Hill (69 & 69A) at dusk. At camp, we also met Andy Komensky, whom I had met in 1966. Pat had made arrangements with him to camp with us. He was going to check out a blow hole Saturday. We all sat around and talked until after midnight, and then crashed for the night. We woke up about 7:00a. m. and prepared to go caving. Due to unfortunate circumstances, the permits for Black, Pink Dragon, and Pink Panther Caves were not delivered as expected Saturday morning. We met Chuck Bassett from Ruidoso at the ranger station who was waiting for a permit and a ranger to tour Cottonwood. Only a permit for the front portion of Cottonwood was delivered. The tour to the lower section of Cottonwood had to be canceled because other cavers that were going on the tour had canceled. This left Chuck by himself; therefore, some of us used his permit to see the front portion of Cottonwood Chuck is a good caver, and we will probably do some future Guad caving with him Cottonwood Cave (NS) Cottonwood Cave is 3 6 miles from the base camp and on top of Three Mile Hill. After packing our gear, we left to explore and photograph the cave. Cottonwood has a large walk-in entrance 15 feet high and 90 to 100 feet wide. A large breakdown slope drops about 60 feet vertical to one large room 1,100 feet long that is about 100 125 feet wide and 70 to 100 feet high The cave has columns, and stalagmites but not many stalactites or other types of formations The walls are bare layered rock with no flowstone except on the floor near the base of some of the large stalagmites. After exploring the cave, Oren, myself, and Chuck stayed behind to photograph the cave Susan and Lennea helped on the first couple of shots and then we were left to photograph the remainder of the cave We left the cave about 4 hours after entering. From here, Oren went to Sitting Bull Falls to join most of the group that had departed earlier. Joel, Susan, Mark, and Lennea went to a 60-foot dead-end pit called McCollaum's Pit to practice vertical techniques Chuck The Texas Caver August 1991 77

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and I went to check out McCollaum's Pit, but the road was too rough for his Volkswagen Bus to make it. While waiting around, Ransom Turner (NPS Ranger) came up and issued a permit for Hidden Cave. We were really happy. Chuck also got a permit for Black Cave for Sunday. We started hiking toward McCollaum's Pit and ran into Joel and his small group. Joel took Lennea back to camp because she was tired. Susan, myself, Mark, Joel, and Chuck did Hidden Cave. Hidden Cave (NS) The five of us hiked to Hidden Cave and arrived about 7:30p. m. The cave is a dual-level cave that is reached by a 3-4 foot wide 30-foot long solution crack. The first drop is 50 feet; the second drop is 20 feet We dropped down to the 50-foot level with our gear. A talus slope leads down 10-12 feet. This part of the cave is not active and consists of 7-8 rooms all are highly decorated with a wide variety of formations. Average ceiling height is about 10 feet Average passage width is perhaps 35-40 feet. The fom1ations are light to tan colored We explored and photographed this portion of the cave and returned to go down the opposite direction to explore and photograph the lower section of the cave. The lower section of the cave is mostly active. It has a perfectly flat black mud floor The first room is 200 feet long and 100 feet wide and 50 feet high There are a large variety of light-colored formations including some travertine dams 6-8 inches deep. From this large room, we explored about 300 feet of highly decorated passage that averaged 20 feet wide before encountering a 20-foot deep pit. At this point, we stopped and called it a day. We left the cave and headed for camp after bidding Chuck farewell. We arrived at camp tired and happy at 1 :00 a m Sunday morning. We crashed and woke up at 7:00a.m. We ate and then packed for the return trip home. Postscript: This was an outstanding trip, and I wish to thank Oren for putting together a fantastic Guad trip. Several of us have been discussing the possibility of participating in the Carlsbad Restoration Project next June as a result of the visit to Carlsbad Caverns. We started the hike out to the cave about 9:30A.M. on Saturday from the parking area. The weather was cool and only a slight wind blew with overcast skies. The step log proved to be very helpful only I still don't know if they were short steps or long steps. Having Gralin along and hit being a surveyor by trade helped to read the various compass headings. So about 10:40 A.M or so we reached the large Big Door entrance to Gunsight Cave without too many wrong turns and places where you simply can't get there from here. The cave entrance is huge even by Texas standards and once inside the archway of the opening it gave us one beautiful view of Gunsight Canyon. Mter dropping jackets and straightening our gear and packs we entere d the cave. I always wondered through the years if Gunsight and Bigdoor were one in the same, now I found out that they were. We went into the 1st chamber and I will not try to guess the ceiling height, but I will just report it is very high. There was even a few trees and green things growing in this room and on the rubble slope. Mter searching all of the nooks and cracks and climbin g up every place possible, we finally left the cave around 1:30 PM (T S T Texas Standard Time) and noticed the wind had blown the clouds away and the sun was shining. We made it back to the vehicles about 2:45PM and ba c k to the campsite by 3 :30PM, the others were still at D e(!p Cave and would return later that evening. Awakening Sunday, feeling the stiffness and sorem 3 from the previous day's activities, a roll back over in f e sleeping bag trying to sleep amidst the howli unrelenting Guadalupe winds. Consciousness creeping 1 as one becomes aware of the sounds of cavers talki r around the stove drinking coffee Where are my glass f ) What's a meddor pincher? Can I crawl from Shield c ; : to Mud City? Another plate of Bob & Bob biners ple a : The suddenly fully awake. What a dream. Mter fighti the wind and Coleman stove for some sausage and e burritos, a quick repacking of gear, supplies, and check t lights We were off to the cave. We decide to try our lu at remembering the way on the top of Gunsight Ridge a we only got lost a couple of times. Ken spotted t entrance (since he had been there before); he made it l o easy. I can't begin to describe the wind on this day it bl< from the mountains all the way home to Midland and to Dallas. I was glad to get in the cave (no wind) \ rigged the cave from the lowest point of the entrance p This made the rope free for about 20 to 25 feet a getting off the rope was hard because of the rubl breakdown slope of loose rocks, sloped at such an an) that it was less than ideal for a place to get off a raJ= We all rappelled in, except for Tom who declined becau he wanted to chase packs down the ravine from t: entrance. Anyway, no real trouble going in the cave i way of rope except Walter's super duper high impact, h e treated, lead reinforced, thermoplastic, rockmaster blast < knee pad from Wal-Mart became independent of its own E the cave wall and the rope and whizzed through the a 78 August 1991 The Texas Cav (

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larll: : r g in the area of least resistance a t the bottom of the bn down pile. After the r es t of us made our way down th: i!pe I retrieved the n ow lifeless knee pad fr om its r e .. :': place. It somehow looked littl e r than it did in fli.: At the bottom o f the s lope and to the left (our l e ft W 1) 1 ored a small roo m a ft e r a 3' to 4' drop it had 2 sh o n e about 4' up, another a b out 6' above the fi; Ken climbed up and saw a big room through a c r g; n : !'! fj tr 2 b tl p s h b Later we realized it was a continuation of the main "' W e ll, this didn't go anywhere so we went back main passage and we went past a n old fir e s p ot. was a fir e there b e fore, how lon g ago is anybody's Was thi s Sentine l Chimney? No it was not' The jg chamber had a high ceiling with a d ome; I i t was e lu s i v e chimney. From this room we : 1 hand line down a s h ort drop to a s lanted 'll'. s l ope. This slop e l e d to a small room abou t 20' 1 A crac k n ear the flo w stone slope about just to the left of the rope l e d to a drop that qg t.o the map was McCollons Pit, a n impress ive 1 le of some unknown depth (unknown to m e). W e :op e at the entrance o n purpose so we wouldn't be t o drop this pit. W e all left the cave around 2:30 : I was back at the ve hicl es by 3:3 0 PM T exas d T im e W e ate, then talk e d and I drove n d go t about 9:30. The w ind pushed m e ;L-;ed than an 1 / 8 o f a tank. d Caves, Edwards and Travis Counties C ; t l 1 , 0\. t n a r lor w a : lll C February 9, 1991 Cathy Chauvin Allan Cobb, Gill Ediger Jim Feely, John Fogarty, L J Graves, Blake Harrison, Robert Hemperly, Christa M cleland, Mack Pitchford, and Cathy Winfrey : i g h t Cave is, f o r all intents and purposes a c l osed "ll1l time to time a special situation a rises wh e r e in "l' allows certain cavers, well know n to him, to u w friends in to ex plore, chec k o n the cave's 1, a nd do mainte n ance on the gate. As this is a : lltunity t o see one o f Texas' outstanding cave s, I u it e a f e w of the m a ny peopl e who've been asking a r s to include them the n ex t time a Midnight 's up. For various r easons more than a d oze n ;ne d down the invita tion. None theless, thos e few ds liste d above did make the trip. ,. retrieving the k e y to the cave gate fr o m the l10us e earl y Saturday morning, we made our way ucks, through many bumpgates, to the parking r the c ave. The e lusive low e r entrance was .nd unl oc ked, and soo n the elu s iv e upper entrance >le d a nd rigged for rappel. John Fogarty lead the i owe d by first time caver Christa McLeland a nd :e r s. A f e w opte d to enter by the lower, crawl-in entrance The cave is a series of highce ilinged rooms connected by wid e stooping or crawling passages. The floors of most room s have large breakdown blocks cove r ed with chalkification and, in several pl aces, old gua no There are abundant dripstone fonnations and masses of flowstone, in some places fanning tightspots and crawlways, one of which is the infamo u s "Corkscrew". Extensive helictite developm ent dominates the mid-point of the cave. Toward the end the limestone becomes very white and smooth and chalkified. On one r oc k near the Id", the shall ow scratchings of some large animal having 4 claws about 1 inch apart a nd a dew claw were found. This is de ep in the heart of the hill and a l ong, difficult way from A;'\'Y known entrance. The final r oo m is large with a floo r covered with breakdown blocks which grade into decorated canyons and breakdown mazes nea r the walls. Fi ve years ago, I accidently dropped my best carbide lamp into a small h o l e in the breakdown. This trip, after some protracted rockbashing by the two of us with a chert burin, J ohn Fogarty was able to squeeze himself down into a breakd ow n maze a nd locate the lamp. For that and his minor l oss of skin I remain indebted to him. The striker on the lamp was rusty, but worked after several turns and, upon replac in g the powdered spent carbide with fre s h a nd adding water, t h e lamp fired without needing reaming. I exited the cav e by its light, then lubricated the lock and gate whil e most of the others prussiked the vertical entrance. As the day was early, we d ec ided to have supper in Rocksprings and return to Aus t in Of the many deer playin g upon and near the highway, we only hit o ne, but we hit it very hard. Back in Austin o n Sunday, 11ike Walsh, Christa McL e l a nd, and I w ent to visit the other Midni ght Cave located h e r e in Travis County. I climbed a short way down into the entra nc e sink but, having no vertical gear, didn't com plete the drop to the floo r where several tons of garbage form a talus s l ope and slide entirely out of sight. The waterfall ""':ithin the c a ve was making quite a noise. Two Midnight Caves were seen in o n e weekend. D a l e Pate \\':ill continue t o do the Long and Deep Cav es of Texas List from his new home at Carlsbad Cav erns in New M ex ico. Submit you r information to the Texas Speological Survey, c / o \Villiam Elliott, 12102 Grims l ey Drive Austin, Texas 787 59 D a l e \\':ill be compilin g his information from the TSS files whic h are maintaine d by Willi a m Elliott and James Redd ell. D a l e i s now working for the N a ti onal Park Service as their Cave Specialist a t Carlsbad Caverns. His office hours are 8-5 M -F Carlsbad Caverns, Cave R Bsearch Offi ce, (505) 785-2104. as Cave r Au gust 1991 79

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Abvc11t1-1rcs a11b xpcric11ccs A11otl1cr River St11x Trip! by Butch Fralia Destination: Dates: Bateman Ranch, King County, Tx. October 28-30. Personnel: John Brooks, Fort Worth Country Day School, Butch Fralia Alvis & Dawn Hill and friends, Gregg Mooty, Danny Sherrod, Ed Young, Shane the Wonder Dog You read the title and shudder, thinking "it's another stupid River Styx Trip report." You've read a million of them and you're ready for something different. A grand adventure eating breakfast at Denny's or something involving parties But no, you've got to read another River Styx Trip report! Well, this is a little different. During recent months, the author has been made aware of several leads on the Bateman Ranch. Leads which certainly tweak the curiosity and make a ridge walker's blood boil. It's time to find out whether they're really there. It's going to be a quiet weekend in the River Styx area think Butch, Danny, Ed, and Shane as they arrive at the traditional campsite, pull out lawn chairs and settle down with a brew for an after drive wind-down. The head is barely off the brew when headlights are spotted bearing down on the camp. Wow! Are these folks going to be surprised when they find out they're not alone. A blue Toyota pickup arrives, tons of people climb out and a voice rings through the night; "Is that Butch?" "Is that Alvis?" "Gee, Danny's here too!" Suddenly in remote west central Texas it's a Colorado Bend Reunion. Alvis and Dawn have four boys from church to break in as cavers. Not to be beat, Ed is on his first caving trip! Wound down, everyone locates a camp spot. Danny unfolds a camp cot, places his sleeping bag on it and commences to saw logs under the stars. Butch retires to the big blue van leaving everyone else driving tent stakes Morning comes, breakfast is served and Danny brews a huge pot of deer camp coffee. A cup of Danny's coffee is a definite if not rude awakening (it's good though). You pick the coffee grounds from between your teeth and you've got energy! You smell cave, you want to cave, you're knees ache to feel cave floor under them. Get on 'dem pads, load 'dat pack, stoke 'dos lights, time's a wasting! At least it's wasting if you're going to River Styx The P O.D (Plan of the Day for you pacifists) is for Alvis and Dawn to take the boys on a Grand Tour of Styx Gotta get them tuned up for Colorado Bend. Butch, Danny, Ed, and Shane will deliver releases to Mrs. Mongrain then head out to check new leads. Caves and rumors of caves, who could ask for anything more. While the final preparations are being made, Ed browses the country side with a pair of ten power binoculars. How many times have you seen someone de this? How many times have you done it yourself? Eve!J time, you come up empty handed, it's a shelter, someone else has already cheeked out. Would you believE he spotted an honest to goodness hole? Across the river south of Salt Spring, it's something new, something tc check out later. The big blue van, loaded to the gills, rumbles down thE road but comes to an abrupt halt not 200 feet from when it started. "While we're here let's find Dale's Cave.' Stand by the sinkhole on top of the hill, look across thE valley for a rock outcropping on yon hill. There it is, waH toward that mound and look for blue flagging tape. Dcwn the hill, up the mound and there's a hole. "Wow, really here!" "There's the flagging tape." Offerings a n made to Ralph, and Danny is the human sacrifice. "Doo it go? Does it go?" "Not far, to say the least!" It s a solution pocket which has caved in. It's there sc something else may be there, a massive dig to go at all iJut not today. The van moves again, the grand tour resu n tes, look at the sink on the Rig Pad. They've been filling i in for years and everytime it rains, it collapses some m 're. l How's the old dirt sink doing down by the river. live years ago it looked like an armadillo burrow but now t's about 10 feet across, 6 feet deep and you can see 1 JCk down there. It takes water, that's for sure. Releases ue delivered to the Ranch House and it's off, off and awa to high adventure. There's caves out there, boys; we've sot virgin passage to find. Due to a recent misadventure, Butch has bee< ne acquainted with Bobby Skidmore: County Commissio ar, Restaurant, Liquor Store, and gas pump owner. ou know Bobby, owns that restaurant out on highway 14 where 222 comes up from Knox City Bobby in t rn introduced Butch to Dwain, the maintenance man. o u one of them spelunkers?" "Reckon so, if that's the ay you want to put it." "We was diggin' the Pravel Pit on he Bateman the other day, hit a cave. Thought that loa :er might just go right on down." "Where's this pit, sou .ds good to me!" Directions are given. "Ever been dow 1 to the old dugout, where the old Indian camp was? The J's sink holes out there, likely a cave or two." "Ain't b e n there either." For Danny, Butch, Ed, and Shane, that's what l tis weekend's about, chase legends and find holes; at the v ry 80 August 1991 The Texas Ca; e r

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least, have a great time. Even if there are no holes, it's got j,; be pretty neat, poking around the old Indian camp. So j; ; drive and drive, never find a river, where is it an)"c :tv? "Let's go ask Bobby." From the bowels of the Bat1: i;lll, drive to the restaurant. Bobby don't know, and ain'' ;ot no phone to call Dwain. He seldom goes out thl'l :xeept to check on the road crews. .nny made a small purchase of liquor while Butch mrH' large purchase of gasoline. Bobby allows that his a gallon is cheap, the station at Gutherie is g $1.61 a gallon. "Ain't never been to Gutherie .wir gas wasn't at least a quarter a gallon more'n of the world, those hands on the 6666 must get ga;: ch:1 wh the pm ful good!" :r all this, let's try Shorty (Mrs. Mongrain). On y back to the ranch house, Dwain Daniels is tht Spl thl sa.' an ot! jur Not maintainer Dwain but the Dwain who has :once lease on the Ranch. "I remember you," he ;>W can I help you?" "Where'd you hide the dugout vel Pit'?" Dwain gives directions and explains the wain has spoken of finding arrow heads at the ,,; of two creeks. He doesn't know of an Indian ca; .ut does know the Gravel Pit, where one of the ea ,mty settlers lived. Again it's back to the bowels of :1teman. Out toward the dugout, the landmarks an t.ed, just about the time it starts raining. For th ,t and soggy hours the group ridgewalks in the rai ;w lots of earth mounds, looked like something ha: J up here, in fact it looks kind of strange, but no du: The clay ground is gottin' slick even to walk on, be, .ad in the direction of camp. One of these days, we 'c> eome back with one of the two Dwains and fig rt where this thing is. roads are slicker than greased glass, put the old var ur-wheel drive and plow your way back. Coming to: :wei Pit turn-off; "let's try it!" Down that road a :wa:
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There are fissures forming, but as yet haven't exposed any passage While we're so close and it's getting late, it's only natural to find a good place to sit and wait for the bat flight from the Styx River entrance. The bats fly but there seem to be fewer than earlier this summer. The most entertaining part of this is a large owl trying to feed on the bats. It flies down into the exodus several times, but it' s too dark to tell whether the hunt is successful. It's dark now but Danny liked the liquor he bought earlier and decides a little more just can't hurt anything. Returning to camp by way of the liquor store and we find more vehicles. A large van marked Fort Worth Country Day School and a Mitsubushi Montenaro are now on location. In a second, there's Gregg Mooty and John Brooks who are the official guides for the group. They've already toured River Styx and are recovering from the experience Around the campfire, everyone tells of the day's experiences, develops a warm glow (Danny shared his bottle), then retires for the night Sunday morning finds everyone but Butch and Ed packing and heading home Butch and Ed think they will find the Gravel Pit since the roads have dried out, but since Ed has never been here before he gets the grand tour. Down to the River Entrance, back inside a ways, then over to the big dolines At Vertical Sink more rock has fallen from the high side and a large rock is now wedged inside and may possibly make entrance easier The good old '63 entrance is still there but there'll be a surprise for your next trip: there's now a '90 entrance. Butch and Ed got energetic and removed a lot of loose break down about ten feet from the '63. The hole kept getting bigger and bigger and looking easier and easier. Pulling out rocks is like eating Lay's potato chips, you can t stop with just one. The entrance is somewhat larger and easier than the '63. It goes into a small room where you drop into a small fissure and come into the main passage There's a spot which could be a little larger but most folks will find i t an easier entrance. It's also higher than the 63 so it may not be as prone to collect sticks and debris during rain. The poor old '63 entrance continues to degrade and may completely collapse at some future time At the '64 sink hole, Ed views the old 64 entrance, now closed up due to rocks shifting during heavy rains. Looking around, another hole has opened up on the east side of the sink which may just be another talus or could lead to passage. It's something for another day The day is passing rapidly and the quiet weekend is coming to a close There are always so many things one can do but time goes by so fast when you're having fun The Indian dugout has yet to be located, it was too wet to get to the county Gravel Pit, but Big Dog, Bad Dog, Mad Dog (or whatever you choose to call it) Cave was explored for the first time in years and it's still there. There's a 1990 entrance to River Styx cave and quite a few people showed up for independent reasons It wasn't "just" another River Styx trip after all. They're all fun and you never know what to expect, something else to mark in your diary of adventures and experiences. Notes on River Styx: River Styx is the 13th longest cave in Texas. Some time ago, Corky Corcoran, Donna Anderson and I spent a great deal of time locating passa g e not on the map. A connection has been made from Styx Drain Cave This added passage would bring the cave from 13th longest to lOth or perhaps even 9th if anyone should become interested in a resurvey project. Maverick Cavers always speak of worthy causes but nothing comes of it; can there be a better grotto project? TSA at the 1991 NSS Convention Over 1100 cavers from throughout the USA and 12 foreign countries celebrated the NSS's Golden (50th) Anniversary at the convention in Cobleskill New Y ork. More than 20 Texas cavers attended the convention. Notable TSA honors and participation include: Ron Ralph received an NSS Fellowship The Texas Caver received several awards in the Graphics Arts Salon for its fine cover pages. Blue Ribbons (2nd place awards) were given to the June '89, Oct ober '90 and December 90 issues The April '90 issue rec e i ved a Green Ribbon (3rd place award). The Decembe r 8 9 February '90, June '90, and August '90 issues were accepted for display (4th place awards). The DFW Grotto's The Oxtotl Caver also rec e i ved awards in the Graphics Arts Salon: A Green Ribbo n for the July '90 issue, and the September and Octobe r '90 issues were accepted for display. The Texas Parks and Wildlife Department won h's t Place for Best Professional Video: "Down Under Tex n." Linda Palit and Joe Ivy brought Gonzo Guano Ges : to the vendor's area. Jay Jorden won the first Great Debate ("a new ] s s convention tradition") in support of the statement '-1 a t "publicity about the NSS is in the best interest of c; 1es and cavers George Veni had slides accepted for display in h e Photo Salon This year, there were no TSA entries in eithe r h e Photo Print Salon or the Cartographic Salon Six formal papers were presented by: (1) Dr. l e n Longley, "Threats to the Subterranean Aquatic Ecosy . J m of the Balcones Fault Zone Edwards Aquifer" ; (2) J h n Moses, "Caving in the Caucasus Mountains, U.S.S .R." : ( 3 ) Ron Ralph, "Projecto San Josecito: A Pleistocene Loc.< ity in Mexico"; (4) Jakky Sangster, "Montessori School ( v e and Environmental Education"; (5) George v ni, "Evolution of the Stockton Plateau Karst, West Te x s"; and (6) George Veni, "Geologic Considerations in h e Distribution and Management of Endangered C w e Species." 82 August 1991 The Texas Ca." e r

PAGE 15

caver-n ()f S()n()r-a l?et()r-atl()n Vr-()ject b y Ceorge Veni N ov::; rnber 15-17, 1991 F r i ( : 1 night to Saturday morning: rive and register in '"_:itor center for work area Sa: :la y 8 :30A.M. to noon : ork in cave (self seNe 'reshments will be provided tl1e cave at the work sites). N c i o 1:00 P M : c)ak for lunch 1 : .M. to 5:00P.M. c )rk in cave. 5 : M. to 6:00 P.M. 6 : 7 : S 1 S 1 p r l D l inc in e n h e p e the inv of, s e c of TYI to < m a. S M gen u an-up (hot showers available) . M. to 7:00P.M. 1ner. M to midnight: 1tsout photo trip i n cave . anyone wanting to stay on s urface a slide projector .i screen will be set up in the : tor center --Bring your slides ; 9:00A.M. to 5:00 P .M. e access to regular cave tours 9:30A.M. to noon: : 1ts on cave tour. : Caverns of Sonora are internationally known as i y the most beautiful show cave in the world. the past few years the owners of the cave have C J d their interest in presenting educational tours and H ving the cave s natural condition To meet this :;y asked me if cavers would be interested in them with a restoration project. Over a 4 month l polled about 40 TSA cavers and got 30 yes : ; es. ':H l I conducted the poll I did not try to glamorize ject and I will not do so here. Frankly, what will be c! is heavy manual labor hauling rocks and dirt out ave; and the work will probably not be in the pretty s When caves are commercially developed, a lot is is generated from cutting paths for trails. ; this material is dumped to fill side passages or t e unsightly piles. What is not typical is that the : ment of Caverns of Sonora wants to remove the ven though it is fai rly well camouflaged and d y unnoticed on the tours, so that the cave is restored as much as possible to its natural state (if we're lucky we may open up some long-forgotten unchecked passage!) In return for a hard day's work on Saturday, November 16th, the owners will provide a catered chicken-fried steak dinner with dessert and all the fix ins', and that evening from 7:00P M until midnight guides will take cavers along the trail to photograph the cave's splendors to their heart's content. The tour lights will be left off to avoid interference with the photography The next day I'll lead a slow-paced lights-on tour for cavers to get a few more photos and to discuss the cave's history, explorat i on and geology. Regular tours will also be available at no cost. Sorry but there will be absolutely no off-trail access the cave is much too delicate If you would like to come help out at Sonora, please contact me by November 1Oth. The owners need to know how many people to expect in order to prepare meals (let me know if you're a vegetarian) and prepare equipment and areas for work crews (bring gloves and small army type folding shovels if you have them). You are welcome to come and help unannounced, but unless there are left overs you may not be fed Let me know ASAP if you have to cancel. Above is a schedule of events and campsite map Hope to see you there --George Veni 11304 Candle Park, San Antonio, TX 78249, (512) 558-4403 The x as Caver August 1991 83

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Major Caves of the World Compiled by Claude Chabert August 1991 Submitted by Peter Sprouse Cave Name (Location) Length in meters Cave Name (Location) Depth in meters 1. Mammoth Cave System (Kentucky, USA) 560,000 1. Reseau Jean-Bernard 1602 2. Optimisti(:eskaja (Ukraine, USSR) 178,000 (Haute-Savoie; France) 3. Holloch (Schwyz, Switzerland) 133,050 2 Vja(:eslav Pantjukhina (Bzybskij, USSR) 1 508 4. Jewel Cave (South Dakota, USA) 123,771 3. Lamprechtsofen (Salzburg, Austria) 1 494 5. SiebehengsteHohganthOhlensystem 110,000 4. Sistema del Trave (Asturias, Spain) 1 441 (Bern, Switzerland) 6. Ozernaja (Ukraine, USSR) 107,300 5. Laminako Ateak (Navarra, Spain) 1 408 7. Wind Cave (South Dakota, USA) 96,883 6. Sistema Cuicateco (Oaxaca, Mexico) 1 386 8. Lechuguilla Cave (New Mexico, USA) 93,664 7. Sneznaja (Abkhazie, USSR) 1 370 9. Systeme de la Coume d'Hyouernede 90,496 8. Boj-Bulok (Central Asia, USSR) (H-Garonne, France) 9. Sistema Huautla (Oaxaca, Mexico) 1;:53 10. Sistema de Ojo Guare:iia (Burgos, Spain) 89,071 10. Reseau de la Pierre St.Martin 1 : '42 11. Fisher Ridge Cave System 85,295 (France/Spain) (Kentucky, USA) 12 Zoluska (Ukraine, USSR) 82,000 11. Reseau Fromagere-Berger (!sere, France) L 7 1 13. Sistema Purificaci6n (Tamaulipas, Mexico) 76,332 12. Platteneck-BergerhOhle-Cosa Nostra Loch 1: 45 14. Gua Air Jernih (Sarawak, Malaysia) 75,000 (Austria) 15. Friars Hole Cave System 68,824 13. V.V.Iljukhina (Arabika, USSR) 1 40 (West Virginia, USA) 14. Abisso Ulifiver (Toscana, Italy) 1. 30 16. Easegill Cave System (Lancashire, Britain) 63,600 15. Schwersystem (Salzburg, Austria) 1 19 17 Organ Cave System (West Virginia, USA) 60,510 16. Complesso Corchia Fighiera (Toscana, Italy) 1 1 5 18. HirlatzhOhle (Oberosterreich, Austria) 57,000 17. Gouffre Mirolda (HauteSavoie, France) 1 l l 19. Mamo Kananda 54,800 (SHP, Papua-New Guinea) 18 Akemati (Puebla, Mexico) 1 J O 20. Systeme de Ia Dent de Crolles 54,094 19. Sistema Ara:iionera (Huesca, Spain) 1 l 5 (Isere, France) 20. Dachstein-MammuthOhle 1 3 0 21. Kap-Kutan/Promezuto(:naja 54,000 (Oberosterreich, Austria) (Uzbekistan, USSR) 21. JubiUiumsschacht (Salzburg, Austria) 1 / 3 22. Red del Silencio (Cantabria, Spain) 53,000 23. Sistema Huautla (Oaxaca, Mexico) 52,653 22. Sima 56 de Andara (Cantabria, Spain) 1 ; g 24. Reseau de Ia Pierre St.Martin 52,077 23. Kijahe Xontjoa (Oaxaca, Mexico) 1 ; o (France/Spain) 24. Anou Ifflis (Djurdjura, Algeria) 1 ; g 25. RaucherkarhOhle (Oberosterreich, Austria) 48,033 25 Gouffre du Bracas de Thurugne no. 6 i 7 26. Reseau de l' Alpe (!sere/Savoie, France) 46,173 (France) 27 Crevice Cave (Missouri, USA) 45,385 26. Vive le Donne (Lombardia, Italy) 1 i 6 28. Complesso Corchia-Fighiera 45,000 27. Sistema Badalona (Huesca, Spain) 1 \ 9 (Toscana, Italy) 29. Dachstein-Mamm u thohle 44,800 28. Sistema del Xitu (Asturias, Spain) l 8 (Oberosterreich, Austria) 29. Schneeloch (Salzburg, Austria) 1 1 1 30. Cumberland Caverns (Tennessee, USA) 44,444 30. Arabikskaja (Arabika, USSR) 1 J O 84 August 1991 The Texas Ca r

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Minutes of TSA Meeting, Spring Convention, April 27-28, 1991 Reported by Mary Standifer, TSA Secretary O fficers present: D oug Allen, TSA Chairman Lee Jay Graves, TSA Vice-Chairman A ary Standifer, TSA Secretary (late) Ar: ) Uncements: \ mg Allen announced his appointment of Carol M e e as Conservation Committee chairperson. N Business: 1 ck Ralph made a motion that the TSA join the E t r ds Aquifer Underground Preservation Trust. M 1 carried. 0 3 usiness: T urer's Report: : A had $1836.00 in the bank prior to convention. T : : ceived $90.00 in donations from proceeds of Earth D : -shirt sales. TSA took in $1010.00 from 105 c o 1tion registrants. Total is $2936.00 before paying c o : tion costs (given by Mary Standifer for Cathy w y ). B Sales Report: Sevcik is leaving the country (going to Japan for 1 : thus we need a new volunteer. None forthcoming. ( S e1ote -after the meeting John Cradit volunteered) S r committee report: x Villagomez is announced as new committee ch: an. Alex reports that there are new sign-up forms f01 Texas Cave Rescue call-down list and requests that all < rs willing to participate in any capacity at a rescue, pic fill one out. Also communications have begun bei .l TSA and the Oak Hill Fire Department which hac n responsible for numerous rescues in the Austin ar t members of the Oak Hill F. D. joined the T S this convention. T S 'PWD liaison report: Ty Holsinger at planning meeting with TPWD re: Hil untry State Natural Area, no report. P a Jorden reportd the same people that made patches the time will now make 150 for $200 Vote taken and pur > e approved. Bro : 1res: Linda Palit reported no progress, promised to do them by August if no one else will take over. No one did. Texas Caver back issue sales: Ed Sevcik not present. Mary Standifer reports sales cover cost of mailing. Texas Caver exchange issues: Mary Standifer reported that we currently send about 40 exchange issues and receive an unknown quantity in return. These go on file with James Reddell at the TSA library. TSA T -shirt sales: Mary Standifer donated $4.00 from TSA logo and shirt sales. Pat Gerry donated $90.00 from Earth-Day project t-shirt sales. Non-Profit Status: Cathy Winfrey was absent, no report. Fund raising: Usual ideas tossed around; t-shirts, patches, garage sale, etc. No new motions The Texas Caver: Numerous complaints made about timeliness (or lack thereoD, Charles Fromen moved to produce 3 issues of the Caver and 12 monthly newsletters similar in format to The Bexar Facts. Jay Jorden made an amendment to the motion to get bids from other printers who would produce the Caver issues in a timely fashion. Motion tabled. NSS: The NSS has sent information to the TSA about participation in the Cave Use Study or their program on Cave Vandalism. No action. Temporary adjournment until Sunday due to arrival of BBQ dinner. Reconvened, same officers present. Old Business continued: Earth-Day Project Report: The TSA Earth-Day Project at Colorado Bend State Park was a success. Trash was removed from Space Heater Cave T-shirt sales made money, coke sales lost money. Leftover t-shirts given to Keith Heuss to sell. The TSA received a plaque from TPWD for our volunteer effort The Colorado Bend State Park project will continue the second weekend of every month until June, then break until October. TSAJTPWD Memorandum of Understanding: Voted to renew it at Winter B.O .G. Mike Walsh made a motion to pass the current memorandum with the addition: The Texas Parks and Wildlife Department will 1The e xas Caver August 1991 85

PAGE 18

work with the Texas Speleological Association to identify caves suitable for recreational caving and will work towards making recreational caving available on State of Texas park land. Jay Jorden seconded the motion. Butch Fralia amended the motion by dropping the clause promising cartographic services Bill Dean made an amendment to change the length of time to 1 year, then withdrew his amendment. A vote is taken and the motion passed. TSA/TPWD Liaison Report: Terry Holsinger, present, said the Hill Country State Natural Area Symposium was on trail use. He was able to bring their attention to the idea that trails should be routed around cave entrances to reduce the abuse of caves. Doug Allen announced Mike Warton as coordinator of the Hill Country State Natural Area project. Since the project is only one weekend, and he's leading the Amazing Maze Cave trip that weekend, it is moot. Ron Ralph announced that Texas Parks and Wildlife and Mexican Parks are having a meeting next week in Coahuila and invites us to send a representative. Mike Walsh motioned that on new TPWD!I'SA projects the TPWD put in writing their requests for work to be accomplished. Jay Jorden seconded the motion, which carried More Announcements: The NSS has opened an official Digger's Section. Kickapoo, Devil's Sinkhole, and Devil's River State Parks will be planned soon, at which point projects with the TSA will happen. Meeting Adjourned. Last! Survey Notes for Cave-Without-A-Name by George Veni In the mit-late 1970's Wayne Russell led a survey of Cave-Without-A-Name (CWAN), which included long trips far beyond the sump to make it the 7th longest cave in Texas at 4.3 km. Mter Wayne's unfortunate death in 1984, I had heard rumors that Wayne's parents gave the CWAN survey notes to a caver. Recently I have tried to locate these notes to archive them in the Texas Speleological Survey's Kendall County flles and to examine the sketches for geologic insights that may be of use to my dissertation research of the cave. The notes are no where to be found. So far I have checked with Wayne's parents, the owners of CWAN, and the following cavers: Jimmy Clements, Bill Elliott, Paul Johnston, Mack Pitchford (and I put a notice on his computer caver bulletin board), James Reddell, Mike Walsh, and Duwaine Whitis. If you have the data or have any ideas as to who may, please let me know ASAP (11304 Candle Park, San Antonio, Texas 78249, (512) 558-4403). Luckily the CWAN survey coordinates exist on computer but it would be tremendous shame to lose the sketches and whatever other information the notes may contain. Wayne also had survey data on some Mexican caves, most notably beyond the sumps in Grutas de Carrizal. Again, please contact me if you have any idea on how I can find and archive these surveys so they won t be lost forever. Boney Creek Cave Trips Honey Creek Cave is currently the longest cave in Texas with a surveyed length of 101,312 feet (30,880 meters) as of December 1990. The cave is located near New Braunfels in central Texas. Regularly scheduled trips into the cave for surveying, photography and exploration. The cave is wet and some trips into the cave require wet suits, however shorter trips into the cave can be done without them. Entry into the cave is via a 150 foot drilled shaft. A winch is set up and eavers are lowered into and hauled out of the cave by vehicle power. At least a seat sling is required to enter the cave. If you are interested in helping with the Honey Creek Project, contact one of the project personnel below for information about the schedule of the next trip into the cave. The contact in Austin is Mark Minton h: (512) 847 3829, w: (512) 471-5955 In San Antonio, contact Bill Steele h: (512) 377-0850, w: (512) 341-8611 of K urt Menking h: (512) 824-7230, w: (512) 224-8511. 13()()k. l2eview by Bill Mixon I know that some of the cavers involved in ;he discovery and exploration of Lechuguilla Cave are :10t enthusiastic about the amount of media attention the cave has brought to caving, but I imagine even they are p n ;ud that their spectacular discoveries have so quickly resu l:ed in an article in National Geographic. The March 1:-191 issue contains an article written by Tim Cahill, v ith photographs by Michael Nichols National Geographic is best known for its photography, and the article contains more i w o dozen color photos, including the issue's cover anc' a foldout. I had been wondering why on earth the Natio 1al Geographic Society had wanted to hire its c-v n photographer, when any number of talented amate urs would have been proud to let it use some of the score f of excellent Lechuguilla photos that many of us have seer. at recent NSS conventions. The answer is, apparently, t:Jat the magazine doesn't want excellent photos. While so: n e of the ones in the article picture large areas that W \ ) re obviously a lot of trouble to light well, by and large .:h e photography is pretty mediocre. Certainly few, if any of the photos would win anything at an NSS photo salo n I 86 August 1991 The Texas Cav e r

PAGE 19

guess the editors think carbide snakes and blurred moving cavers are creative photography. I The text seems accurate and contains a good conservation message, but it could hardly be called thought-provoking. Unless you move your lips when you read, you can get through the whole thing in well under ten minutes. If you don't want to wait for the issue to start showing up in used-book stores, you can order a copy for $2.65 from National Geographic Society, 17th and M Streets NW, Washington, D.C. 20036. (All three times I've ordered back issues from them, they've screwed up my order, but once the mistake was to fill it twice. You ,migl;t. get lucky.) It is worth the $2.65, but I'm looking for e Jrd to some real books on Lechuguilla Cave. [ Mi Gr Tr An Gt Sh Gh ,Da lsc, I t Jef i [ 'he Texas Caver would like to welcome these exas cavers to the ranks of the NSS. ael Anderson, 532 Arroyo Dr, Fort Worth, TX )108 (34090RE) Binderim, 2918 Birch Crk, Kingwood, TX 77339 4083RE) tranch, 504 Harvey, San Marcos, TX 78666 3985RE) Van Eps, 276 Michelle Ct, Mansfield, TX 76063 '3063RE) Haynes, RR 2 Box 327H, Leonard, TX 75452 : 3889RE) Haynes, RR 2 Box 327H, Leonard, TX 75452 3890RE) y Holliman, 5206 Tower, Wichita Falls, TX 76310 3957RE) lolzgrafe, 238 A B Flores #202, Agena, Guam 910 (33895RE) -Iuzarevich, 532 Arroyo Dr, Fort Worth, TX 76108 ':091RE) Longley, SW TX St Univ, Edwards Aquifer Rst San Marcos, TX 78666 (34033F A) !l Rees, 218 Poenisch, Corpus Christi, TX 78412 : 951RE) Trent, 3517 N Hills Dr 11202, Austin, TX 78731 021RE) 'alsh, 179 E Edgewater #5, New Braunfels, TX l30 (33818FA) Halters, 1817 Martin Lyndon, Fort Worth, TX 115 (34000RE) >te the following address changes: [Cap Richard Van Arsdel, PSC General Delivery, l oks AFB 78235-5361 (26903RL) [Pixii Clark, 3117 S E 21st, Del City, OK 73115-1531 C >279RE) Charles Cluck, PO Box 1475, Alpine, TX 79830 (29209RE) Lonnie Cowen, 432 N Merrill Ave #243, Duncanville, TX (32945RE) David Doolin, 12128 Gln Lk, Ft Wayne, IN 46804 (18337RE) Thomas Ice, 284 7 Maydelle, Farmers Branch, TX 75234 (24110RE) Roy Jameson, Univ of Minn, 200 D Pillsbury Hall, MN 55455 (14123RE) Stephen Jung, 571 Artemis, San Antonio, TX 78218 (32950RE) Patrick Lynn, 1413 Tanglewood, Abeline, TX 79605 (31694RE) Dale Pate, 30 Permian Dr, Carlsbad, NM 88220 (12704RE) Mike Walsh, 179 E Edgewater #5, New Braunfels, TX 78130 (11077RE) Eric Witcher, 1802 WAve #221, Austin, TX 78701-1003 (23994RE) O-ur Apolos'1 to Terry Raines for any misunderstanding resulting from a reference to the timeliness of the printing of the Texas Caver. The reference is in the Minutes from the TSA winter business meeting printed on page 42 of the April issue. This printing was coincident with the printing of three issues of the Caver, two of which were late. The blame for the lateness of the two issues, February 91 and April 91 were not the fault of Terry Raines. We wish to thank Terry for a rapid printing job on these three issues, as well as his timeliness and support over the years past. Take nothing but photographs. Leave nothing but footprints. Kill nothing but time. Join the NSS. Regular membership is $25 per year. Join now, send your dues to: The National Speleological Society, Cave Avenue, Huntsville, AL 35810. Their phone number is (205) 852-1300. Important Note: The TSA will no longer be providing paper plates, plastic eating utensils, or plastic drinking cups at future TSA functions. Bring your own and help save our environment. Reusable metal utensils and ceramic plates and reusable drinking cups are preferred. This will save the TSA money as well as helping out mother nature by not using disposables. Also put your aluminum cans in the recycling containers provided at future events. Nature has been kind to us by providing many beautiful caves for our enjoyment, so lets show our appreciation to mother nature. [The Texas Caver August 1991 87

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The Texas Caver P.O. Box 8026 Austin, Texas 78713 1991 Caver Calendar of Events August 9-11 August 9 -11 Aug 29Sep 2 Whirlpool Cave Project Amazing Maze Survey Project Original Oldtimers Reunion in WV September 13-15 Whirlpool Cave Project October 11-13 October 18-20 October 25-27 November 8-1 0 November 15-17 Colorado Bend State Park Texas Caver's Reunion # 14 Powells Map-More-Miles project Colorado Bend State Park Sonora Restoration Project December 13-15 Colorado Bend State Park December 16-20 I Congreso Nacional de Espeleologfa Monthly Honey Creek Project BULK RATE U.S. Postage PAID Austin, Texas Permit No. 1181 For More Information Contact J Amazing Maze Survey Project Mike or Cindy Warton (512) 250-8143 Colorado Bend State Park Butch Fralia (817) 346 2039 or Terry Holsinger (512) 445-7340 Honey Creek Project-Austin, Mark Minton (512) 847 3829; San Antonio, Bill Steele (512) 377-0850 c Kurt Menking (512) 824-7230. I Congreso Naclonal de Espeleologia in Merida, Yucatan, Mexico. Jose Montiel, phone 757-767t in Mexico City. Contact your long distance operator for the correct country code. Misc. TSA events-Doug Allen (512) 476-9031 or Lee Jay Graves (512) 326-1297 Original Oldtimers Reunion in Dailey, W. Virginia Evelyn Bradshaw Alexandria VA (703) 765-066S Powell's CaveTerry Holsinger (512) 445-7340 or George Veni (512) 558-4403 Texas Caver's Reunion at Lone Man II Ranch near Wimberly, Gill Ediger (512) 441-0050 Whirlpool Cave Project-Jim Wolff (512) 444-4203, Bill Russell (512) 453-4774 or Lee Jay Graves (512) 326-1297


Description
Contents: Call out to
Lechuguilla / Wilson, Minton & Broussard --
Whirlpool Cave Update / Jubal Grubb --
Guadalupe Mountain Caving (At Its Best) / Summar &
Tranbarger --
Gunsight & Bigdoor / Bill Bentley --
Sentinal Cave / Bill Bentley --
Midnight Caves/ Gill Ediger --
Adventures and Experiences Another River Styx Trip! /
Butch Fralia --
Caverns of Sonora Restoration / George Veni --
Major Caves of the World / Claude Chabert --
Minutes of TSA Meeting 4/27/91 / Mary Standifer --
Odds and Ends.


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