The Texas Caver

The Texas Caver

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The Texas Caver
Series Title:
The Texas Caver
Texas Speleological Association
Texas Speleological Association
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Regional Speleology ( local )
Technical Speleology ( local )
serial ( sobekcm )
United States


General Note:
Contents: Texas State Parks: Why Bother? / Butch Fralia -- Long Deep Caves of Texas / William Elliott -- Powell's Cave Project: Summer '91 / George Veni -- Powell's Cave Project: Autumn Digs / George Veni -- Texas Cavers' Reunion / 0. Timer -- Biggest Caving Event of the World 2,226+ ($11, dogs included) / Carol McGee -- Texas Old Timers' Reunion / Butch Fralia -- Chuck Steuhm Awards / Carol McGee -- 1991 Texas Vertical Competition / Susie Lasko -- TSA Constitution, Rev: 12/91 -- TSA Business Meeting Minutes / Mary Standifer --TSA Winter Meeting, Surveying
Open Access - Permission by Publisher
Original Version:
Vol. 36, no. 06 (1991)
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University of South Florida Library
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K26-04696 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.4696 ( USFLDC Handle )
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0040-4233 ( ISSN )

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119 122 124 125 128 129 130 130 131 132 134 135 THE TEXAS CAVER Volume 36, No. 6 December 1991 Texas State Parks: Why Bother? by Butch Fralia Long & Deep Caves of Texas by William Elliott Powell's Cave Project: Summer '91 by George Veni Powell's Cave Project: Autumn Digs by George Veni Texas Cavers' Reunion by 0. Timer Biggest Caving Event of the World 2,226+ ($11, dogs included) by Carol McGee Texas Old Timers' Reunion by Butch Fralia Chuck Steuhm Awards by Carol McGee 1991 Texas Vertical Competition by Susie Lasko TSA Constitution, Rev: 12/91 TSA Business Meeting Minutes by Mmy Standifer TSA Winter Meeting, Surveying Alternating Editors: This Issue Keith Heuss Next Issue Oren Tranbarger 3407 Hopechest San Antonio, Tx 78230 (512) 522-2710 Day (512) Night 1004-A Milford Way Austin, Tx 78745 (512) 385-7131 -Day (512) 462-9574-Night Proof Reading .... . . .................... Carolyn Siegert Printed by .......... ....... ... ................... Terry Raines Texas Caver labels .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. Rod Goke Cave Rescue Call Collect 1r (512) 686-0234 The Texas Caver is a bi monthly publication of the Texas Speleolo r cal Association (TSA) an internal organization of the National Speleolo f cal Society (NSS) Issues are published in February, April, June Au; J S t October and December. Subscription rates are $15/year for six issues of The Texas Caver h i s includes membership in the TSA. Out of state subscribers, libraries n d other institutions can receive The Texas Caver for the same J t e ($15 / year). Send all correspondence (other than material for The T Caver). subscriptions and exchanges to: The Texas Caver, P O Box 8 26, Austin, Texas 78713 Back issues are available at $3 00 per issue. Articles and other Material for The Texas Caver should be sent to n e of the alternating editors listed above. The Texas Caver openly invit all cavers to submit articles, trip reports, photographs (35mm slides o r n y size black & white or color print on glossy paper), cave maps, r v s events cartoons and/or any other caving related material for public a m Exchanges should be mailed to The Texas Caver at the subscri 1 o n address above The Texas Caver will exchange newsletters with c 1 e r grottos Copyright 1991 by the Texas Speleological Associat i on lnt < 1al organizations of the NSS may reprint any item first appear i ng in The 7 < a s Caver as long as proper credit is given and a copy of the news : t e r containing the reprinted material is mailed to the co-editors C 1 e r organizations should contact the co-editors about reprinted materi a Front Cover Peter Sprouse rapelling down a drop in Blm n g Sink located in Austin, Texas. Photo by Susie La

TXAS STAT PARl{S: WHY BOTHR? 6y 13utcli !frafia In working with Texas Parks and Wildlife projects, I've b een asked, "Why Bother?" I've heard people speak on h G w Texas cavers are mistreated and used by Parks and W ildlife and how we're fixing to get thrown off/out of ParL:;, etc. With all these negatives, why bother? f'i rst, I believe it's worth the bother, and the main rea i1 for being involved in park projects is, IT'S FUN!!! Letf; keep it that way. For my part, when it's no longer fun, : isn't worth the effort. As an organization (TSA or Gro we are not professionals, regardless of what our ego < lls us. Many cavers have professional, expertise tha : rovides a valuable contribution to the effort. We are ) t and will not be paid for what we do, so we are not pro ; sionals! any people enjoy the park projects. I've just tallied up and hours of people who've been involved in l orado Bend this year (not including Earth Day) and dis' ered 1, 769 volunteer hours from people who apr e ntly enjoy project activities. The list follows this art ) To downplay that I'm showing the largest nu e r of hours, I must point out that I have included m y > tal hours on and off park. Keith Heuss, for m s : ce, has more time involved than I because he does fin formatting of reports, and he's entering all the Su Survey data on his computer through SMAPS. Ad, : onally, Keith is now the liaison between TSA and Pa; Terry Holsinger enters survey data on Keith's cm .tter and puts in more than the hours shown. Rafal anl ojceich Kedzierski have spent a lot of time off park wi( 10tes, research, maps, etc. I don't have any way of gei g-off park hours for these people, but their time on an< ff the park is appreciable. number of people who frequent Colorado Bend w e present at Hill Country State Natural Area on M E .Jrial Day weekend to finish some work left hanging fro a ,past project or two. In three days, a lot was ace < lplished, and there is still work to be done at some fut e time. The main accomplishment was fun enjoyed by vers and park staff alike. To help assure the "fun" of i s event, the Park staff roasted a wild pig for us. number of cavers worked at Colorado Bend during the ;arth Day festivities. This wasn't an official work pre ct, though it was held in conjunction with Cavers an< > P arks. Cavers provided video tapes, made speeches on ave ecology, hydrology and the History of Gorman Fal ''' and sponsored tours for the public in Gorman Cave, the first and only time it's been officially open to the Public in about 9 years. At this event an award was presented to Texas Cavers for their volunteer efforts on behalf of the park. A lot of people enjoy making a contribution to a worth while project. They enjoy expanding their egos with the thrill of finding a new cave. They also enjoy expanding their egos by being the first to explore a cave and possibly name it. Many people enjoy studying the geology, hydrology, or biology of caves, and Colorado Bend offers a large number of caves for any of these purposes. There are as many reasons as there are caving activities to explain peoples' involvement. My personal involvement with Park activity came somewhat by accident in '87 when the early Gorman Falls trips were on. At that time, a different Grotto had the park every month. The Maverick Grotto didn't have a month, and when I tried to get one set up, I was informed it wasn't possible. There was a remote possibility of getting a "few" people in with another Grotto. I was specifically told that the people responsible for reporting the trips hadn't fulfilled their responsibility, and Austin was taking a dim view of those folks. This was a rough period for Texas Cavers. This was the year of the Spring Convention at Cave-Without-a Name. There seemed to be little organization to anything. The notification of time and place for the convention came about three days before time, and needless to say, the turnout was small. The only "sure" thing in Texas Caving at that time was Old Timers'. The Maverick Grotto had just been formed, an

it was open to everyone. So, we decided to open the project to everyone each month, establish a set time for the trip and see what happened. The first trip under the "new plan" was in November '87 and was attended by seven people, six from North Texas and one from Austin. It wasn't a booming start, but it did set the stage and get the ball rolling. The second weekend of each month was chosen as the fixed date for the trip because it didn't interfere with any major holidays Several months passed where it was unclear what was the second weekend, and there were two trips the same month. I found it humorous when someone had to define the second weekend of each month. The official second weekend became the weekend with the second Saturday. An area of constant discussion involves what work should be done by cavers and whether that work should constitute what Parks wants done or what cavers want done. This usually ends up to be about 50/50, of doing what Parks wants done, which is location and inventory of caves. Cavers usually get plenty of what they like to do most-.. explore virgin caves. Work for a caver is hard to define when work activity on state parks is about the same as "fun" on other weekends. I guess it's an activity in which your involved that is organized in some manner. I have difficulty with the concept of fun becoming work because it's done on a state park. At every Cave Task Force meeting between Parks and Cavers, there's a discussion about whether people are having fun. Some caver always takes the responsibility for assuring Park representatives no one is having fun because everyone is "working." I've always taken this as my cue for a resounding "bullshit." We have a great deal of fun and provide useful services by informing Parks of their (our) assets, both environmental and recreational. What's been accomplished? or an even better question may be, what harm's been done? A great deal of public education has resulted from this activity. One of the most significant may be the "DOWN UNDER TEXAS" video produced by Parks and Wildlife, which has been widely acclaimed. This video aired on Dallas/Fort Worth PBS Thursday, July 11, 1991. Jay Jordan informs us the video won first place in one of the NSS Photo Salon categories. The tape is significant in that it clearly gets the point that caves are more than just our personal play grounds, and it was a joint project between Cavers and Parks. Another area of public education has been the opportun!ty to take scouting groups, high school groups, and a college biology class on controlled caving trips. They are allowed to participate in our project by Parks as long as the required paperwork is completed. SOme of these people have gone on to other caves or joined caving organizations. In all cases, they have participated in some manner in the project. It might have been cave cleanup, ridgewalking or exploration, but they had to work for the privilege. It's unfortunate, but there are few private land owners in Texas who will permit scouting groups to explore caves on their land. In three years at Colorado Bend, we've discovered at least sixty caves and rediscovered a goodly number ol known caves with forgotten locations. There were 171 caves known in San Saba County and we recently logged number 235. All of those past 177 are on Colorado Bend.! Most of the locations have been surveyed in for an overland map which hopefully will be completed this summer. One accomplishment of this project is that many cavers have learned to read instruments and survey. Surveying is a much easier job on the surface than in a cave. You can learn the correct (and accurate) way to read instruments and stand erect like a biped while doing so. Many people (other than the youth groups) have now experienced Colorado Bend as their very first caving trip. This continues a tradition from years past, since many people can say their first caving trip was to Gorman Cave when Charles McLarrin operated Gorman Falls as a fishing camp. They've had the opportunity to associate and learn from experienced cavers. They've been shown the right way and, in some cases, the wrong way to attempt something. The results from the wrong way were significant enough for neophytes to realize they, indeed, shouldn't do whatever was being demonstrated in the manner shown. Since the demonstrations were held by experienced cavers, they had more meaning. It also demonstrated the tag "Old Timer" comes from a per son'1 ability to get old quick rather than the time they'vt spend in pursuit of caving. We can definitely say many people have been educated. A large number of friendships have developed d vring the course of the project. I'd never met Keith Eeuss until Kickapoo, which was about the time he came Jack into caving after a five year retirement. He becamf one of the project leaders of Colorado Bend and one oft wse on my list of best friends. The Kedzierski's he r 1me regular participants in the project and have met r :my people who would welcome them on any caving .rip, anywhere. Through events like the National Cave & cue Seminar, formal land owner contacts have been n tde. The owner of Harrell's Cave is willing to host cave r on his property. People have learned of and been invit r I to caving trips they would never have heard of otherw ;e. There was a time when Parks and Wildlife saw c ves as a liability risk. There was serious discussion giVE t to bringing in cement trucks to fill the caves. Now 1ey accept the environmental significance of caves and are willing to discuss the possibility of recreational cavin on State Parks. The fact they are no longer interest in filling up caves has made all the effort to date wor t it. Nothing has come of recreational caving yet other tan the one opening of Gorman, but at least it's in discus on. Tht=l old negative image of cavers as irresponsible is sl wly being overcome, and each year the working relation hip becomes better. As long as activity like the Long! )rn 120 December 1991 The Texas C, uer


Cavern cleanup and Colorado Bend can be considered a success story by Parks, the future can only look better. Ther e is legislation in the works for Parks and Wildlife to assume $100,000 in liability protection for volunteers, and they are more open to assisting with equipment for proj;,cts. Who knows what the future will bring. There are no guc a ntees. At any time, a private landowner could bec r 'lle disenchanted with cavers and a cave could be ch d. Just as one rotten potato can ruin the whole bag, one caver can do in the whole community. In the m e 1time, I'll continue to enjoy the projects and have fu1 I'll continue to feel there is reason to bother and th< tecomplishments are being made. If, at sometime in th< lture, you go to a State Park and fill out a release to go v ing recreationally (just as rock climbers do now), re: mber to ask me then, WHY BOTHER? l S 91 COLORADO BEND ATTENDEES In D e B 1 o M C ; c D M B p c C : L P I v D E M : D J f idual Allen e Anderson a Anderson Anderson e y Berkeley l.yn Siegert 3roussard Brown 1 Burton Calloway Chambers / Chauvin y Chu .1a Chu lip Collins :1ica Davila Dennis Oenton evine hall Elliot Ellison ifer Falk D l ie Flanagan N Fosgren Bt h Fralia P ; Geery hia Grant Sl _la Hartman Ar :ne Heintz B E J amin Heuss Lstopher Heuss K Heuss To. Kaler Te i' Y Holsinger Al i.s Hill Ar 2ne Hinojos a No. trips 1 3 3 3 6 1 1 1 2 2 3 1 1 9 6 1 1 9 2 8 2 1 total hours 10.5 23.5 0.5 24.0 8.0 62.0 6.0 8.0 7.0 8.0 8.0 20.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 16.0 32.0 11 0 8.0 8.0 8.0 7.0 8.0 137.5 61.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 14.0 8.0 109.5 23.0 73.5 16.0 8.0 Meta Huzarezich Joe Ivy Jay Jordan Rafal Kedzierski Wojciech Kedzierski Jennifer Kerslund Travis Kinchen Sheila Knight Alicia Little Dave McClung Marla McNutt Amy Mercer Gene Might Geneva Might Kelly Might Sharah Mitchell Dave Milhollin Luis X. Morera Allen Moore Gary Moss Gary Neeley Bob Obele Kim Obele Will Obele Kenneth Olliff Libby Overholt Marco Padillo Linda Pallit Scott Pannell Douglas Parrish Dale Pate Mark Porter Pam Porter Ron Ralph Danny Sherrod Mary Speece Rex Steele Javier Trevino Tracy Van Eps Tanya Villaveva Joe Williams Vicki Williams Jim Wolff 3 1 1 8 8 4 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 5 5 1 6 1 2 2 1 3 2 1 4 2 1 3 2 2 6 Ed Young 9 Jeanne Young 1 --Total Hrs: 24.0 8.0 8.0 88.5 88.5 8.0 34.0 8.0 8.0 12.0 8.0 17.0 16.0 16.0 8.0 8.0 11 0 8.0 8.0 8 0 51.0 40.0 12.0 59.0 8.0 14.0 8.0 8.0 16.0 8.0 8.0 25.5 16.0 8.0 8.0 44.0 23.0 8.0 28.0 8.0 20.0 20.0 63.0 105.5 7.0 1769.0 --Regular trips to Colorado Bend State Park are held the second weekend of each month from October through June each year. In addition, during 1992, a trip to Hill Country State Natural Area and a trip to Kickapoo Caverns State Natural Area are scheduled. Project work includes, finding new caves, locating them on maps, mapping caves, doing biological collections and other cave related tasks. For more information contact Butch Fralia (817) 346-2039 or Keith Heuss (512) 462-9574 Th:? Texas Caver December 1991 121


TEXAS SPELEOLOICAL SURVEY REpORT ON Tf.tE 60 LONGEST & DEEpEST CAVES. SJ.towN iN fEET. ExTRACTEd fROM Tf.tE TSSTEX dATAbASE, 12/04/91 LONG DEEP CAVE NAME COUNTY LENGTH DEPTH CAVE NAME COUNTY LENGTH DEPTH I Honey Creek Cave Coma!, Ken. 101,312 98 I Sorcerer's Cave Terrell 2 Powell's Cave Menard 74,970 75 2 Wizard's Well Cavern Terrell 6585 388 3 Amazing Maze Pecos 21,897 70 3 Langtry Lead Cave Val Verde 3455 348 4 Caverns of Sonora Sutton 20,000 150 4 Devil's Sinkhole Edwards 360 342 5 Indian Creek Cave Uvalde 18,005 130 5 Plateau Cave Culberson 60 340 6 Inner Space Cavern Williamson 14,859 80 6 H.T. Miers Cave Val Verde 3681 338 7 Cave-Without A-Name Kendall 14 ,151 89 7 0-9Well Crockett 4500 332 8 Airman's Cave Travis 11,950 30 8 Blowhole Cave Edwards 600 331 9 Longhorn Caverns Burnet 9850 ? 9 Emerald Sink Val Verde 1650 330 10 Spring Creek Cave Kendall 9209 16 10 Troll Cave Terrell ? 320 11 Sorcerer s Cave Terrell 9177 558 11 Helms West Well El Paso 90 315 12 Natural Bridge Cavern Coma! 8600 250 12 400 Foot Cave Brewster 2000 309 13 Prassell Ranch Cave Kendall 8589 39 13 Deep Cave Edwards 3900 299 14 River Styx Cave King 8389 so 14 Mesa de Anguila Sinkhole Brewster 500 280 15 Stowers Cave Kerr 7845 125 15 Langtry Quarry Cave Val Verde 1275 267 16 Diablo Cave Val Verde 6780 ? 16 Genesis Cave Bexar 614. 256 17 Felton Cave Sutton 6721 ? 17 Crystal Cave Culberson 1678 253 18 Wizard's Well Cavern Terrell 6585 388 18 Natura I Bridge Caverns Co mal 8600 250 19 West Clutch Cave Childress 5865 ? 19 Turkey Pen Cave Real 3150 250 20 McRea Cave Llano 5280 ? 20 Fisher's Fissure Val Verde 650 250 21 Silver Mine Sink Menard 4970 so 21 Blowing Sink Travis 1400 249 22 Pothooks Cave Childress 4953 ? 22 Frio Queen Cave Uvalde ? 236 23 0-9 Well Crockett 4500 332 23 Abominable Sinkhole Val Verde 230 233 24 Robber Baron Cave Bexar 4383 75 24 Hunter's Well Culberson 75 225 25 Buffalo Cave Blanco 4000 30 25 Montgomery Gypsum Cave Terrell 350 225 26 Deep Cave Edwards 3900 299 26 Harrison Cave Sutton 3100 217 27 Neel's Cave Menard 3760 ? 27 Mt. Emory Cave Brewster tOO 200 28 H.T. Miers Cave Val Verde 3681 338 28 Sullivan Knob Cave Lampasas 500 200 29 Bradford Cave (Pape) R ea l 3500 ? 29 Whitef.!ce Cave San Saba 600 200 30 Perry Water Cave Real 3500 ? 30 MFP Edwards 500 194 31 Langtry Lead Cave Val Verde 3455 348 31 Chivo Cave Edwards 1000 190 32 Fern Cave Val Verde 3400 118 32 Quigg Sinkhole Val Verde 320 190 33 Big Mutha Caverns Edwards 3328 ? 33 Resurrection Well Burnet 800 189 34 Walkup Cave Hardeman 3200 ? 34 Elm Springs Cave Bexar 597 187 35 Turkey Pen Cave Real 3150 250 35 Callison Ranch Cave No. 1 Real so 175 36 Harrison Cave Sutton 3100 217 36 Roundtree Cave San Saba 600 175 37 Cascade Sink Kendall 3000 130 37 Dead Man's Hole Burnet so 155 38 Webb Cave Kinney 3000 110 38 Corkscrew Cave Bexar 1040 154 39 Gorman Cave San Saba 3000 10 39 Flint Ridge Cave Travis 928 152 40 Rambie's Cave Uvalde 3000 88 40 Swallow Sinkhole Brewster 75 150 41 Unnamed Cave Bexar 2953 ? 41 Klar's Cave Co mal 450 150 42 Fawc ett Cave Val Verde 2700 110 42 Sulphur Cave Culberson ? 150 43 Lost Cave Childress 2500 ? 43 Punkin Cave Edwards 250 150 44 Bartels Cave Co mal 2500 10 44 Forlorn Hole Kendall 20 150 45 Cobb Caverns Williamson 2500 39 45 Valdina Farms Sinkhole Medina 2000 150 46 Pfeiffer's Water Cave Kendall 2402 141 46 Caverns of Sonora Sutton 20,000 150 47 B ec k Ranch Cave W illia mson 2201 30 47 Ladder Cave Val Verde 600 150 48 Fair Hole Bexar 2133 79 48 Pfeiffer's Water Cave Kendall 2402 141 49 Alzafar Water Cave Kendall 2133 20 49 Kickapoo Cave Kinney 1400 140 50 Root Cellar Cave Childress 2095 ? so Wooly Cave Lampasas 300 140 51 Steam Cave Williamson 2001 30 51 Unnamed pit Pecos 20 140 52 400 Foot Cave Brewster 2000 309 52 Comstock Crack Val Verde 75 140 53 Needle-Eye Cavern Childress 2000 ? 53 Mystery Cave Culberson 226 133 54 Valdina Farms Sinkhole Medina 2000 150 54 Cascade Caverns Kendall 1700 132 55 Bowie Springs Cave Menard 2000 ? 55 Pyramid Cave Edwards 1 000 130 56 Dan Auld Ranch Cave Real 2000 ? 56 Cascade Sink Kendall 3000 130 57 CaveY Schleicher 2000 105 57 Marguerite Cave Medina 140 130 58 Frio Bat Cave Uvalde 2000 100 58 Indian Creek Cave Uvalde 18 ,005 130 59 Four -Mile Cave Val Verde 2000 75 59 Gorman Creek Crevice San Saba 1500 130 60 Dead Deer Cave Bexar 1969 121 60 Plummet Cave Culberson 563 128 Please send corrections to William R Elliott, Ph.D., 12102 Grimsley Drive, Austin, TX 78759, (512) 835-221: 122 December 1991 The Texas Cat r


TSA in the Shade For the last couple of years, everyone has enjoyed the luxury of registration and TSA meetings being held under the Big Tent EGG Corporation, a plastic processing com pany in Houston, kindly donated the tent to the TSA. Don Formanek, an eng : n eer with EGG for twelve years and a GWi member, is responsible for bringing the :mt into the hands of TSA. Many thanks go [ o EGG Corporation and to Don For : anek for one, cool shade. Carol McGee T S Convention h e TSA convention will be held the Weekend of May 992 A site has not been selected yet. Kickapoo C a ns State Park was suggested at one time and even p u ; hed in some newsletters. The convention will not b e l d at the park. The facilities are not adequate for prr : 1tations, and our non-fee admittance to state parks 1s ited to our work projects. Having a project and a c o ntion at the same time is not possible. Look for a w e p roject at Kickapoo this year. There are still some a n to ridgewalk and explore for more caves. The p r t will most likely be held in the fall. An a n mcement will be in a future issue of The Caver. H i Country State Natural Area project is scheduled for March 27-29, 1992 to finish w e started at Hill Country State Natural Area. Two p r have been held here in the past, and the project c a 2 finished in one more trip. Ridgewalking areas not y e vered will be the main agenda for the weekend. If y o v ould like to attend, call Keith Reuss, (512) 4629 5 The number of people will be limited, so call and r e ; e r for this event. S c thwest T exos State Grotto 2 5 fear Reunion at TOTR 1992 he Southwest Texas State Grotto will have its 25 ye< reunion at the Texas Cavers Reunion to be held at L o ; Man II ranch near Wimberley, October 16-18, 1992. Th Grotto had its first meeting the fall semester at So\1' hwest Texas State University, then a College, in 196.i. Most of the founding members are still around today. Like any other student grotto, its members come and go. The major effort in the organization of this reunion will be to contact all the past members of the club I will be starting a data base of names and addresses shortly; and, if you can contribute to my efforts, it would be appreciated. Send information on past members to Keith Reuss, address elsewhere. More Material Needed for the Cover With this issue, most. of my material to put together an issue of The Texas Caver is gone. If you have any material for The Caver, send it to me, Keith Reuss. See address on inside front cover. If possible, material submitted on PC format floppy disk is preferred. I can use WordPerfect 5.1 or 5.0 format files. ASCII text files are also acceptable. All material is appreciated, and I would like to thank all my contributors thus far. They are what makes a "good issue." Pictures are also needed! Send them in now; it's not long until I start putting my next issue together. Army Shovel lost at TOTR Ifyou found an army shovel at Old Timers' this year, I lost mine. It was last seen leaving the main campground with some kids. If you have seen it, please contact Keith Reuss. Join tfie 'J{p.tionaf Spefeofogicaf Society. 1(egufar menWership in tfie 11SS is $25 per year; su!Jscriptions to tfie 'J{SS 'l{ews are $18 per year. You wi[{ receive tlieir monthfy newsfetter, tfie 'J{SS 'J{ews,{ you wi[{ 6ecome affi! with our national caVing or;ganization---tfie 'J{SS. Join now! Senti your menWership fee to: 'J{p.tionaf Spefeofogicaf Society, 'Inc. Cave Jive., '}{untsvilfe, /'U 35810. Phone no: {205} 852-1300. The Texas Caver December 1991 123


POWELL'S CAVE PROJECT: THE SUMMER OF '91 6y george o/eni Those of you who were at Powell's Cave the weekend of 22-23 June 1991 may be saying: "Wait a minute. George wasn't on this trip, so why the heck is he writing the trip report?!" Fate. I've tried here to put together all the information I've gathered about the cave. If I left anyone out, misinterpreted events, or misspelled a name, please accept my apologies. Thirty-three cavers worked as 8 highly interactive teams. The groups often bumped into each other with some people splintering off to join other groups. On hearing this, the term "team-member swapping" had crossed my mind, but I soon purged myself of such scandalous thoughts. For the first time since the beginning of the resurvey of Powell's Cave, no one got lost in the Entrance Maze while trying to find The Crevice. All credit goes to Bill Elliott for making photocopies of his preliminary draft of EM survey and distributing them to everyone. Bill also was the primary and often sole member of Team 1 as he wandered the EM adding final details, cross sections, and profiles to the map. The most survey of the day was racked up by Team 2's Carolyn Biegert, Pat Geery, Benjamin Reuss, and Keith Reuss by mapping 292.3 min the G survey. On the way out of the cave, Keith and Benjamin stopped to shoot some photos. Butch Fralia led Team 3 on what may be the last survey trip into the EB. Travis Kinchen, Mark Porter, and Wayne Wood helped Butch survey 54.3 m of loose ends plus double-check some areas and survey shots. Just before moving away from Austin to work as the new cave specialist at Carlsbad Caverns National Park, Dale Pate squeezed in a trip to Powell's to continue his work in the Night Gallery. He led Team 4, which also included Doug Allen, Dale Henry, and Rex Steele, and they surveyed 336.3 m. Team 5 donned wetsuits to continue the upstream push toward Silvermine Cave; however, Michael Cicherski, Robert Hemperly, Mark Minton, Bill Steele, and Cory Zeigler found that recent rains raised the water level 1.3 m and sumped the stream passage within a short distance of where it is intersected by the Crevice. They exited the cave, removed their wetsuits, then pushed to the end of The Crevice and began excavation on some leads that may connect to the stream's upper reaches. Scott Caffee described his venture with Team 6 as giving him "more bruises than ever" and being "the best trip yet!" Scott, Kent Kelln, Bill Kirchner, and Blaine Parrish began work in the L Survey. The L is the northward extension of the complex 7J area and is the "L"ower area below the Witch's Cauldron. Enroute to start their survey, Team 6 rechecked some previous survey and then added 388.9 new meters to the map. As usual, Terry Holsinger organized all the other trips into the cave and then coordinated whoever was left over into a final work team. Joining Terry on Team 7 were Matt Golan, Dan Hogenauer, Tom Kaler, Amy Mercer, and Robin Wilson. They went to the opposite end of the L Survey from Team 6 and mapped the connection of the L to The Crevice, via the old X survey, and then up The Well to the Witch's Cauldron area. The last team arrived too late to join the surveys, but Robert "Pinto" KoHen, John "Campeche" Lovi ng, Katherine "Ia Jera" McClure, and Alex "Tenochtitla n Villagomez toured the cave and took some photos. Nearly everyone headed home early on Sunday. On l y Kent Kelln and Blaine Parish went back into the ca e and did some touristing. In summary, 971.8 m were surveyed this weeke n l raising the resurveyed length of the Powell's Cave Syste n to 17,371.2 m. Organization of future survey trips w l begin to change as the main known areas of the cave a beginning to wrap-up. Within the next couple triJ Terry will develop a lead list and start sending teams o t to check/survey those areas we know little or nothi1 i about. For you cavers who are not interested 1 surveying, but like to dig, there are many excellent d i leads noted in the areas that have been "wrapped-up". S 1 maximize effectiveness, digs will generally be direct l into these areas where digging is the only option finding more passage. The Powell's project also nee more people willing to come get wet and sloppy, and he 1 resurvey the stream passage. There is still lots of surveying, pushing, and new passage to be found in Powell's Cave. Come out and be a part of the project at Texas' second longest cave on the 4th weekends of February, june, and October. All skill levels welcome Contact Terry Holsinger for more information (1007-A Milford Way, Austin, Texas 78745. 124 December 1991 The Texas Cav r


POWELL'S CAVE PROJECT: AUTUMN DIGS 6y (jeorge 'lleni The weekend of 26-27 October 1991 was pleasantly 11arm while 43 people converged in Menard County to Jartici pate in the Powell's Cave Project. This eclectic i ncluded cavers from Austin, Ft. Worth, Houston, lfidlmid, San Antonio, Texas A&M, Wichita Falls, and : s far away as La Paz, Bolivia. T l e problem of insufficient sketchers to lead survey ;earns 1 as always been an element of Powell's trips. This ;rip p ticularly felt that imbalance due to the absence of ;wo our regular sketchers, in attendance at the al Cave Management Symposium in Kentucky. rhis .uation was partly resolved by assigning cavers to lig v ious leads, an activity that became common to 1lmo. all of the teams this weekend. 1 un 1 consisted of Mark Couvillion, Sharon Darnell, Kevi Phuesen, and George Veni. Since the start of the Powc s resurvey project, George has led five groups to ;he md AC surveys, a complex area centrally located n H : nain maze. This trip added 283.5 m of survey to :om] c e theAC and tie-up loo;:;e ends where the 7J joins ; urvey area; passages not on the old map had been l :oun ;ere on a previous trip. It was discovered that \om< 'the passages shown on that map in the AC had Jeer etched without being surveyed or even entered! I \1os : J table was a tight crawl that had to be dug open 1 nd y Kevin managed to squeeze through to complete he vey loop through the Cyparis Chamber. !so > table was the fun of watching Kevin read the uur as Sharon moved her face around the compass to ete : ne if metals in her dental-work would deviate the ead s J k Minton led Team 2's Gerald Atkinson, Wayne nan, Mike Cicherski, Scott Semmens, Helen Tam >emJ ns, and Mary Thiesse to the end of The Crevice to vork il excavating the Mud Puppy. This tight muddy raw J.Y may connect to the upper Stream Passage, but lvm persuasion was needed to continue !xpk t ion. In the past, this lead had excellent air flow; ut c '.side changes in barometric pressure kept the air cill i ng in the passage, and the smoke never cleared in rde1 o check the results. Consequently, an excavation as f trted at the very back of The Crevice and extended 1 a i ghteous dig" for 3 m at 1 m high by 1.5 m wide. rhe ( ended at what appears to be a fork in the filled tSS< < and plans were made to return and continue the ork Team 2 also checked the old EA survey and found at ; needs to be remapped. h e Horror Continues." wrote Brian Burton in his rv e y book as he returned to the SM (Sink Maze), alias peleo Masochism, survey. Jo Ann Fry and Randy inan s rounded out Team 3 which surveyed 170.7 m. his area is located southeast of the entrance and is one of the few places in the cave that is not accessed via The Crevice. At least two more trips will be needed to finish the SM survey, to which JoAnn responds, "Ouch!" In their return appearance at Powell's Cave, the North Texas team of Tom Bone, Randy Harden, Bill Koerschner, and Bill Stephens again set the daily record for amount of survey (389.2 m) and length of time in the cave (19.25 hours, although the change from daylight savings to standard time occurred during this period and there was some discussion if one hour should be subtracted from their time). Working as Team 4, they crawled the long crawl to the end of the Metro, added considerable survey, and excavated the seven easiest digs in that area Good dig potential remains but will require considerably more effort. They reported hearing cars driving on the county road overhead and believe the Metro's remaining known passages can be surveyed in one more trip. The breakdown at the far end of Columbia A venue was pushed by Team 5's Mike Achenbach, Stuart Halliday, Greg Peters, Karen Plaxton, and Dan Riedel. After four hours of effort, no further progress was made on the left side of the blockage, but digging extended the right side 6 m to where a hammer and chisel is needed to proceed further. A bat flew into this passage and never reappeared --hopefully this is a sign that significant cave exists beyond the rockfall. Team 6, consisting ofSudhir Nunes, Matt Zuefle, and Chris(?), was led by Travis Kinchen returning to a dig in the LM survey, located below the 3rd Crevice. They spent close to 4 hours digging open 1.3 m of passage so they could crawl freely ahead, but within 5 m the passage pinched to another dig. A slight but definite airflow still entices them back to dig some more. Travis noted that the ant trails that are so prevalent throughout this area were lacking ants; perhaps recent rains have provided enough moisture for them to remain on the surface. After leaving the dig, Teams 5 and 6 joined up and did some sight-seeing through the cave. The Crevice is generally known as the easy to travel passage that runs through most of the maze. However, the far upper end of The Crevice lowers to a long, long crawl, as Team 7 discovered in heading out to check a passage within a couple hundred meters of its end. Scott Caffee, Scott Trent, Ben Walker, and Eddie Yonemoto surveyed 28.0 m through the Gas Chamber and down small Gas Passage (both named after the team's severe gastric distress). The passage continues with the same meager dimensions, and in order to survey it, Eddie had to crawl the whole way backward otherwise the stations could not be sighted past his body. The survey was designated GRin honor of Gene Roddenberry, the creator the Texas Caver December 1991 125


Decembe1000feetb-------d300meters800b-------d200I600b-------d400b-------d100I200b-------daIaI126oftheStarTrekmoviesandTV series, who diedthedaybeforetheprojectweekend.Team8,theHardRock Radio Crew,wascomprisedofLeonGalindo,Cindy(Flash-With-Torn-Pants)Hamner,TammieLennert,WayneMacNaughton,JeanMight,andJordanWhiteandwasledbyTerryHolsinger.Theyspentabout5.5hoursinthecavetransmittingtheradiolocationsofstationsatthestartoftheHellHolePassageandNightGallery,andatTheWellneartheWitch'sCauldron.Whentheyfinished,theymetwithTeams5&6andtouristedtheirwayoutofthecave.About10-15 m aboveTeam8,Team9'sDougAllen,KeithHeuss,andCarlPonebsheklocatedtheHardRockCrew'sthreeradiobeaconsonthesurface.Earlierintheday,theydida long-neededsurfacesurveyfromthecaveentrancetoandalongthecountyroadinordertopreciselymarktheentranceonatopomap.OnSunday,theyextendedthesurveylinestotheradio locations;plottingoftheselocations willrevealifthereareanysignificantdiscrepanciesinthecavesurveythatmightnototherwisebeapparent.Alltotaled,Team9set80stationsandsurveyed969.2 m.Notcountingthesurfacesurvey,thetotalcavesurveywasdisappointingatonly 871.4 m.Thisisbyfartheleastamountofsurveyforaprojectweekendsincetheresurveybegan.However,whenviewedintheperspectiveofeverythingthatwasaccomplishedduringtheweekend(manydigs,leadchecking,radiolocations,surfacesurveys),thesurveytally isquiterespectable.ThenewresurveylengthofthePowell'sCaveSystemis 18,242.6 m.Theoldsurvey'stotallengthforthecave is lessthan4,600 m away;mostofthatdifferencecanberesurveyedintheStreamPassagealone.Extensivemazesstillremaintobesurveyedintheupperlevels,anduntoldleadsremaintobechecked.Powell'sCaveiscertaintoprovidemuchmoretosurveyandexplore forsometimetocome.


The idea of a Texas Cavers' Reunion started with an idea that happened shortly after Gill Ediger returned from the service It all began early in the year of 1977 when several cavers were sitting around in a room discussing affairs, so the story goes. Gill, Chuck Steuhm, and Mike Walsh were wanting to come up with something to revive the TSA. The days of TSA projects, a major element that held it together, were in the past. They wanted to come up with something to help patch the crumbling society together. The idea of having a get together every year, based on the Old Timers Reunion held each year in West Virginia came out of their discussions. Chuck arranged for the facilities, Gill took care of publicity, Mike assisted with the event, and the rest is history. The first Texas Old Timers' Reunion (TOTR), as they have come to be called, was held in Lukenbach, Texas on Labor Day Weekend in 1978. The Texas Cavers' Reunion is organized solely to benefit and encourage caving. Contests in events such as climbing rope, changing carbide with a blindfold on, and Speleo-Olympics exhibit some of our caving activities Other events include hot tub and sauna, sleeping bag changing contests, BBQ dinner, slide shows, music, prizes, and awards Caving equipment vendors also set up shop. So, what does the future bring? In recent weeks, Gill, Blake Harrison, and George Love have been working on the Lone Man II campground. They have leveled some areas of thE main campground, and 50 more camping places are no\ol available. Next year will be the 15th Cavers' Reunion tha i Texans have held. This year, 335 cavers registered. In this an< every previous year, record numbers of cavers showed up fO! the annual event. In 1992, the Texas Cavers' Reunion will b t held at Lone Man II, October 16-18, the weekend afte Columbus Day. Plan to attend this yearly event and let's mak t next year's Texas Cavers' Reunion the largest ever, again. -0. Timer; artwork by Kenny McGee 128 December 1991 The Texas Cave r


Biggest Caving Event of the World Z,ZZ6+ (SII, dogs included) by Carol McGee N o time was wasted in planning to attend the 42nd OLD TIMERS' REUNION in Daily, West Virginia. At 5 PM o n Thursday, August 29, 1991, Kenny decided the Illinois Geological Survey could get along without him thro : ghout the Labor Day weekend. By 7 PM we were flyir ; east on the Beamer. you have ever wondered how it all began, it was in a r o nat Warden's Hotel in Davis, West Virginia, in the surr ter of 1950. The founders of OTR were lamenting the ct that there were a number of cavers they had not see1 or a while, and the suggestion was made to try to get !em all together that Labor Day weekend. Mary Rot tson sent out some postcards, and the Reunion was bor Such a good time was had by all who attended that it" then decided to make it an annual affair. : 10ugh the OTR has steadily grown in attendance frm the first dozen, its principles have remained bas Jly the same---to be a gathering of cavers with em1 1.Sis on social activities and fellowship. But as times ha\ : hanged, so has the Reunion. In the early days, the rna: i ty stayed at hotels or motels; now the campers are m vast majority. The activities have varied from squ dances and cake walks in the town square to haL ) m dancing and rock & roll. Over the years, they hav included fire engine rides, a treasure hunt in Sci house Cave, picnics, swim parties, hayrides, ba; ets, ... kins is the largest town near OTR. As we entered it ther bike pulled up beside us. A fellow in full lea r s asked if we were headed to OTR. He had ridden in i n Utah. We met him later during the weekend. \ e Robertson Association was organized a few years age an obstacle to unwanted company. If one is not a me e r, someone who is may permit two nonmembers intr ,TR. The rule is to arrive by 7 PM on Friday so a pas a n be given to hunt out a caveman who will vouch for u. After 597 miles on the bike, we arrived at 6 PM. Bili u ssey was head caveman of registration. He let us m c his name. h e field of tents amazed us. They were sprouting where. We cruised through the well-planned maze lool 1 g for some Texans. Bob & Bob said, "Nope, you're the nly." Then Jeannie London couldn't believe it was us. She was wearing Kenny's best piece of Batzod jewe : ry she had gotten at Sewanee in '89. We were invit e d to camp with her & Mike in "Garbage Grotto", the lowe r side of R.A.S.S. (Richmond, VA). Everynight was one a ll-night party after another. The pavilion was rocki ng with the good ole songs, and the fluorescent colors & lights (their first year) made one imagine a downtown disco. Parties were everywhere. Of course, many never wandered, far from their own campsight, except maybe to the Tygart Valley River. Saturday morning bagin with the Doo-Dah Parade. "What?" I said, "March in a parade, what parade?" Being outrulled, we were #10 in line, the tail end of the exhibitionists. The brainstorm idea was for both of us to be in that one-man-down-bag w/ helmets on & visors down ... it was plain to see that we were "Anti-Radon Cavers." The laughs we brought were not too surprising, but it was when so many cameras recorded us. "Float #8" ahead of us was a canoe on top of a jeep and named "Canudist." The canoe was full of clothed people. The parade must have been a good one. Cheers never stopped. Of course, when Bob saw us he muttered, "Competition gets greater every year ... We marched to the end of our endurance. The remainder of the day was filled with games, seminars, and contests like speleo-olympics, vertical, cave quiz, survey, lamp assembley, sleeping bag, vertical training, cave pack, and fun run. The best and craziest deals were found at the speleo auction, which took hours, lots of looking, and spending. Katzenjammer was the band which usually appears at OTR. Of course, they were only a small part of the entertainment that night. There are dozens of caves in the area. Since we came on the Beamer, there was no room to bring cave gear. This was our first time to be in beautiful and historically rich West Virginia. The Potomac Highland is part of the Blue Ridge Mountains and claims to be the largest natural scenic and recreational area in the eastern half of the U. S. It was disappointing not to see its underneath side, too. Wet caving gear was drying in the sun everywhere. So, there were many who enjoyed that unforgettably cool, dark beauty. Kenny saw friends from Pittsburgh that he had not seen in years. Nancy, Lynne, and Doug Taylor are second generation cavers COOTS -Certified Original Old Timers. Lynne brought the youngest, and only, third generation caver we saw. Their 3 month old daughter was conceived during 1990 OTR. Their tent was the heart of "Scum Ridge" this time. CouH you other Texans join us? (With caving gear!) We heard the biggest night is Sunday. But, to get me to the plane on time, we buzzed out at 1:15 PM. People were still registering. We made it to Chicago's O'Hare airport one hour before my flight, after putting 1,360 miles on the bike. The Texas Caver December 1991 129



Nominations are submitted to the Texas Old Timers' committee, and the award is given at the annual TOTR held in September or October each year. No contest is held, everyone selected for the award receives it. It is up to the individual grotto to select a caver who they want to honor for their eagerness as a new caver. 199 0 Susan Herpin Susan and her sons, Jacob and David, attended their firs! Greater Houston Grotto meeting in May 1990. The Car.:s bad Park Service referred them to the grotto after the) had obtained permits for Spider Cave and Black CaY for their June vacation. After that trip, Susan bee ,_ne the most active Houston caver. David Locklear too them to Palmito. They volunteered for the first W b i pool Cave Work Project. After having been to M e ::o once, Susan and the boys were ready to strike out alo to Minas during Thanksgiving. I was relieved when Jin md Ivy McLane decided to drive down, too. 19 Jacob Herpin iuring the spring, Susan took a trip to the Guads wil che Bexar Grotto to see Cottonwood and McCollun's Pi! ,ater, on some Friday night, the Herpin's and David Lo. ear left toward some Mexico cave. When Susan a w they were in the panhandle of Florida and David w a e ady to go caving. They saw several caves, had a grr time, and came back with some wild alligator and SIH stories. They've been to Langtry and done parts of L a ry Lead and Emerald Sink. On their second trip to Mi : Susan, Jacob (age 16), and David (age 9) all rar lied Cuchillo's 90 foot pit. They've been to Mexico's G a :1 Caverns and La Boca. In San Antonio, James Lo1 t has shown them Robber Barron, Hills and Dales, am ig Bear. He's also taken them to Frio King, Frio Q u 1 and Dripstone. < It the most exciting trip of all for them was going to rlsbad with Andy Kominski to see New Mexico Ror and Lake of the Clouds. Somewhere in there, S m t did some virgin passage exploration and can hardly wa; ; o return. What a lovely little family. Co for Information, Gorman Falls he Colorado Bend State Park has begun working on the lOO+ acres of the park formerly known as the Go; mn Falls Fishing Camp. Many caves have been fom there in the past. Not all of them have been sub l itted to TSS. We are in need of this material. If you t 1 ave any information on the caves of this area, please coni a ct Butch Fralia or Keith Heuss. Information on cav(';:; and their locations is needed so we don't duplicate the m any hours of effort already spent in the area. 1991 TEXAS VEmCAL COMPHITIN WINNEII 30 Meter Rope Climb 4 Sie .L44b The vertical competition has been a part of TOTR since its beginning in 1g.78. World records have been set at this Texas event in times past. If you plan to enter, here are some times to try for. Women's Open Division: 1. Susie Lasko 2. Vicki Ralph 3. Cathy Chauvin Men's Open Division: 1. Brent Bartlett 2 Dan Love 3. Bill Stephens 0:51.3 0:59.5 1:10.9 0:34.4 0:34.6 0:36 2 Old Timer's Division (over 40) Men's: 1. Don Broussard 0:53.2 Women's: 1. Maggie Nadler 1:45 3 Sit-stand (Frog) Freestyle Division: 1. Jubal Grubb 1:08.9 Children's (13 or under) 15 Meter Division: 1. Carl Fromen 0:32.0 Bad Air Studies Begun The caves at Colorado Bend State Park offer an excellent field for bad air studies. Ed Young has been taking regular air quality readings in several selected caves during our monthly trips to the park. These readings will be correlated with weather observations in the future. More material is needed for this study. Ed needs information on air quality in ot! area caves and caves throughout the state. Information is also needed on any bibliographical references to air studies. Suggestions for operation of the study are also needed. Send material to Ed Young, 3030 Oak Ridge Place, Grand Prairie, TX. 75051, phone (214) 262-8188. The Texas Caver will be a vehicle for communication for our studies. More information will appear in future issues. The Texas Caver December 1991 131


Article 1: The name of this organization is TEXAS SPELEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION, hereinafter called TSA. Article II: The purposes of the TSA are to promote interest in and to advance in any and all ways the study and science of speleology; the protection of caves and their natural contents; to promote fellowship among those interested therein; and to promote and coordinate speleological activities in the State of Texas TSA supports the aims and goals of the National Speleological Society. Article III: Membership in TSA is open to members of the National Speleological Society in the State of Texas, and to any person whose purpose and aims are consistent with those of TSA and who meet the membership conditions set forth in the By-Laws. Article IV: The governing body of the TSA is the membership present at the TSA meetings. Article V: At least two TSA meetings shall be held each calendar year. The time and place of all TSA meetings shall be announced through a regular publication of the TSA, or by mail to all members of record. TSA meetings shall be called by the officers or by written petition of 20% of all TSA members. Article VI: The life of TSA shall be perpetual or until terminated by a simple majority vote of the membership. Article VII: Amendments to this constitution shall be proposed by a simple majority at a TSA meeting and within at least ninety days of its proposal must be published in a regular publication of TSA or mailed to all members of record. A proposed amendment shall become effective upon its ratification by a three-fourths vote of all TSA members present at the TSA meeting next following its proposal and publication. Article VIII: The TSA is organized exclusively for educational and scientific purposes, including, for such purposes, the making of distributions to organizations that qualify as exempt organizations under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, or corresponding section of any future federal tax code. Article IX: No part of the net earnings of TSA shall inure to the benefit of, or be distributable to its members, trustees, officers, or other private persons, except that the TSA shall be authorized and empowered to pay reasonable compensation for services rendered and to make payments and distributions in furtherance of the purposes set forth in Article VIII hereof. No substantial part of the activities of the TSA shall be the carrying on of propaganda, or otherwise attempting to influence legislation, and TSA shall not participate in, or intervene in (including the publishing of distribution of or statements) any political campaign on behalf of any candidate for public office. Notwithstanding any other provision of these articles, the TSA shall not, except to an insubstantial degree engage in any activities or exercise any powers that are not in furtherance of the purposes of the TSA. Article X: Upon dissolution of TSA, assets shall be distributed for one or more exempt purposes within the meaning of section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, or corresponding section of any future federal tax code or s hall be distributed to the federal government, or to a state or l ocal government, for a public purpose. Any such assets not so disposed of shall be disposed of by the Court of Common of the county in which the principle office of TSA is t],en located, exclusively for such purposes or to such organiza t o n or organizations, as said Court shall determine, which ;re organized and operated exclusively for such purposes. By-Laws Article I: MEMBERSHIP/DUES & ASSESSMENT A. Membership in TSA consists of Regular and Far. l y Members. 1. A Regular Member has paid $15.00 dues e r current calendar year, and will receive a subscription to The Texas Caver. 2. A Family Membership includes person(s) resic' 1 g in the home of a Regular Member, for s : J O additional dues for the current calendar year 3. Dues can be regulated by the Executive Cou :il with the approval of the voting membership. 4. Nonpayment of dues will result in the loss of 1e rights and privileges of membership. 5. The Executive Council may make additi 1al assessments as they deem necessary. B. A member of TSA may be expelled from member: ip by vote of three-fourths of the members at a ) A meeting ; reinstatement shall be in the like mann 132 December 1991 The Texas Ca e r


Article II: AFRLIATED ORGANIZATIONS An Affiliated organization is any organized group that has been approved by a majority of the TSA officers. Article III: OFRCERS A. The officers of the TSA constitute the Executive Council and are: Chairman, Vice-Chairman, Secretary, and Treasurer. 1. The Chairman, when present, shall preside over all TSA meetings. 2. The Vice-Chairman is responsible for meeting and program arrangements and shall preside at TSA meetings in the absence of the Chairman. 3. The Secretary records the minutes of TSA meetings and maintains a current list of members. 4. The Treasurer keeps track of TSA assets by maintaining adequate financial records, including those for The Texas Caver. B. Officers are members elected annually at a TSA meeting. The announcement of the TSA meeting shall specify it will include the election. In the event that no candidate for an office receives a simple majority of the votes cast, a runoff election shall be held immediately between the two candidates for an office receiving the greatest number of votes. C. Officers may be removed from their position by a favorable vote of three-fourths of the members at a TSA meeting. Vacancies, for whatever cause, shall be filled for the remainder of the term by a nomination from the floor and election as soon as possible. D. Approval of any two members ofthe Executive Council is required for disbursement of TSA funds. A :le IV: COMMITTEES A. Committees of TSA are of two kinds; standing and temporary. B. Standing committees are the following: Publications, Conservation, and Safety & Rescue Chairmen of standing committees are appointed by the TSA chairman, and terms shall be concurrent with those of TSA officers. Committee chairmen may be removed at any TSA meeting by a favorable vote of three-fourths of the members. 1. The Publications Committee shall include at least the editors ofTSA-sponsored caving publications. This committee shall study the needs of TSA members forTSA sponsored publications and shall recommend publication policies of TSA. 2. The Conservation Committee shall promote conservation of the caves of Texas and other areas, recommend public relations policies to TSA, assist members in local cave conservation activities, and act as liaison between TSA and other groups interested in conservation 3. The Safety & Rescue Committee shall promote safety and awareness of caving potential dangers and shall also sponsor workshops in vertical and rescue techniques. This committee shall also be responsible for compiling and updating a list of volunteers for cave rescue. C. Temporary committees are appointed and dissolved by the TSA chairman for study and recommendations on particular subjects and issues. Article V: TSA MEETINGS A. All members present may vote at TSA meetings. B. A quorum consists of seven members, including the Executive Council. C. In the absence of specific rules of order in the Constitution and By-Laws of TSA, the current edition of Robert's Rules of Order shall prevail. D. All dues-paying members are to be notified of TSA meetings at least two weeks in advance. Article VI: AMENDMENTS A. The By-Laws may be amended by a favorable vote of two-thirds of the members at a TSA meeting or by a majority vote if announced in advance. B. The Texas Caver is the official publication of the TSA, and responsibility for this publication rests with the TSA membership. The membership shall elect the editor(s) at the fall TSA business meeting annually, and the editor(s) shall assume editorship in January of the following year. Recently, someone asked to see a copy of the TSA constitution. On searching, it was found in the April 1986 issue of The Texas Caver. There have been several changes since this printing so it is included above with these changes. All of the changes relate to the By-Laws and are detailed below. Article I, A, 1: sets the dues of a regular member of the TSA. These were changed from $10 per year to $15 per year at TOTR 1990. See The Texas Caver, December 1990, p. 131. Article I, A, 2: sets the dues of a family member. Motions have been brought up to delete this form of membership. All motions have been tabled and no change has been made. Article III, A, 3: The Secretary and Treasurer once were one office. They were split into two offices while Johanna Reece was secretary, but the minutes of the meeting were not published. See also Minutes, this issue, page 134. Article III, A, 4: The Treasurer is now a separate office. See above (Secretary). Article IV, B, 3: The Safety and Rescue Committee is mentioned in the old constitution, but no description for the duties of the committee were written They have been added in this revision. The Texas Caver December 1991 133


1. Call to Order: The fall business meeting was called to order at 10:30 A.M. on Saturday, October 19, 1991 at the Texas Old Timers Reunion held near Wimberly. Doug Allen was presiding. Officers Present were: Doug Allen -Chairman Lee Jay Graves-Vice-Chairman Mary Standifer -Secretary Cathy Winfrey -Treasurer 2. Secretary's Report: The minutes from the April 27, 1991 TSA meeting were read and adopted. 3. Treasurer's Report: The TSA has $800.00 in their account prior to TOTR. 4. Book Sales Report: Jon Cradit not present to report, busy selling books. 5. Safety & Rescue Committee Report: Alex Villagomez reported that 25 people have signed up for the new Texas Cave Rescue. Alex has more forms for others to sign up with. He has been having practice sessions at his home but reports low turn-out. Kreidler's Funeral Home/Answering Service has been given a list of eleven names for the new call-down list. 6. TSA -Texas Parks and Wildlife liaison report: Terry Holsinger absent, no report. 7. TSA Patches Report: Jay Jorden reports having received the patches but they had the wrong colors and misspelled words. They were returned, to be corrected. 8. The Texas Caver: Oren Tranbarger reported that the October issue of the Caver was ready and would go to press the following week. Keith Heuss requested material for the December issue. 9. Conservation Committee Report: Carol McGee absent, no report. 10. Old Business: TSA Brochures: Doug Allen had them reprinted. TSA/Texas Parks and Wildlife Dept. Memorandum of Understanding: The new one was delivered to Texas Parks and Wildlife, now it's up to them to sign it. Should they do so it will be good for 3 years. 11. Edwards Aquifer Preservation Trust: Carl Ponebshek has been representing the TSA. The trust has $14 MILLION to spend on karst. 12. Non-profit status: Cathy Winfrey resigned from this project. Jay Jorden volunteered to take it up. Butch Fralia pointed out that with recent legislation there will be a fee placed on such a status. A motion was made to pay the fee, up to $150.00, to apply for non-profit status. The motion carried. 13. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department/Mexican Parks Conference: Carl Ponebshek went, Mexican Parks (INAH) will provide postcards (letters of introduction) to help us gain access to Mexican caves. 14. New Business: TSA/TPWD Liaison: Doug Allen requested that someone make a motion to replace the current liaison. Carolyn Biegert moved to make Keith Heuss the new liaison. Motion was seconded and passed. Keith accepted. 15. TSA family membership: Mary Standifer requested that we formally drc-p family memberships since we've already done l :> informally. Cathy Winfrey made a motion to do s Allan Cobb seconded it. The motion was tabled. 16. TSA Secretary/Treasurer position(s): Doug Allen brought up the idea of recombinir : these positions to ease logistics of record-keepin Bill Mixon pointed out we could just elect one persr 1 to both positions rather than formally recombinir \ them. 17. Election of officers: TSA elections of officers for 1992 were held aJ the following people were elected. Chairman Carl Ponebshek Vice-Chairman -Butch Fralia Secretary -Mary Standifer Treasurer -Mary Standifer 18. Meeting Adjourned. 134 December 1991 The Texas Cat r


TSA Winter Meeting: A Seminar on Surveying Nhen: Nhere: Jur pose: February 1-2, 1992 San Saba, Texas. Camping will be in a park like area along the San Saba River on a working cattle ranch. (Sorry no dogs, leashed or otherwise, no exceptions will be made). .. Seminar on Cave Surveying and Mapping .. Fun, Caving, Campfire, Etc. meals are planned, and water is available at the camp. FR fJAY, january 31: Registration and social gathering at campgrounds. n r e will be a registration fee to help defray costs of pt :ing on this event. S f URDAY, February 1: The Seminar will be held at the school in San Saba. Tl TCMA meeting will begin at 8:00 A.M. The sessions w follow the TCMA annual report with a break at noon. Talks by our top Cartographers will include: 0 Tape and instruments @ The "Book'' and sketching @) Data reduction and computers, line plots 0 Pencil draft 0 Final inked Drawing and Publication Bring your cave maps to put on the wall. After the session, the maps will be discussed in an informal walk around tour. Site selection for our bid to host the NSS Convention in Texas in 1994 will be finalized at a meeting to be held at the campground beginning at 7:00 P.M. SUNDAY, February 2: The TSA business meeting will be held at 9:00 A.M. Sunday morning at the campground. There will be several caves on local ranches to explore and survey. Bring your scientific calculator with sin and cos functions. Bring your suunto (or equivalent) instruments, all your sets if you have several. TO SPRINGS BRADY DENOTES MARKER POINT 0 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 miles SCALE (APPROXIMATE) Th e Texas Caver December 1991 GOLDTHWAITE -N-1 135


The Texas Caver P.O. Box 8026 Austin, Texas 78713 January 10-12 February 1-2 February 7-9 February 21-23 March 13-15 March 27-29 April 10-12 April 24-26 May 1-3 May 8-10 June 12-14 June 26-28 August 3-7 October 16-18 October 23-25 Colorado Bend State Park TSA Winter Meeting, San Saba Colorado Bend State Park Powell's Resurvey Project Colorado Bend State Park Hill Country State Natural Area Colorado Bend State Park CBSP Earth Day Project TSA Convention Colorado Bend State Park Colorado Bend State Park Powell's Resurvey Project NSS Convention, Salem, Indiana Texas Cavers' Reunion, Wimberley Powell's Resurvey Project BULK RATE U.S. Postage PAID Austin, Texas Permit No. 1181 Colorado Bend State Park Butch Fralia (817) 3462039 or Terry Holsinger Honey Creek Project-Austin, Mark Minton (512) 847-3829; San Antonio, Bill Steele (512) 377-0850 or Kurt Menking (512) 824-7230. Misc. TSA eventsCarl Ponebshek (512) 824-8483 or Butch Fralia (817) 346-2039 NSS ConventionScott Fee (317) 291-7807 Powell's Cave-George Veni (512) 558-4403 or Terry Holsinger Texas Cavers' ReunionGill Ediger (512) 441-0050 TPWD Projects-Keith Heuss (512) 462-9574 or (512) 385-7131 TSA Convention Carl Ponebshek (512) 824-8483 or Butch Fralia (817) 346-2039 TSA Winter MeetingCarl Ponebshek (512) 824-8483 or Butch Fralia (817) 346-2039

Contents: Texas State Parks: Why Bother? / Butch Fralia --
Long & Deep Caves of Texas / William Elliott --
Powell's Cave Project: Summer '91 / George Veni --
Powell's Cave Project: Autumn Digs / George Veni --
Texas Cavers' Reunion / 0. Timer --
Biggest Caving Event of the World 2,226+ ($11, dogs
included) / Carol McGee --
Texas Old Timers' Reunion / Butch Fralia --
Chuck Steuhm Awards / Carol McGee --
1991 Texas Vertical Competition / Susie Lasko --
TSA Constitution, Rev: 12/91 --
TSA Business Meeting Minutes / Mary Standifer --TSA
Winter Meeting, Surveying


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