The Texas Caver

The Texas Caver

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The Texas Caver
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The Texas Caver
Texas Speleological Association
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Contents: 6th Annual Sonora Restoration Project / Jessica Snider - Great work, great cavers, and great grub make for an oawesome volunteer effort. At left, Trish Wilson loads buckets of rocks to be hauled up the Devils Pit. Cavers helped remove 27 tons of debris! Good work! -- Mexico: Mexican Land Use Caving / Bill Russell - Bill Russell offers some thoughts and insight on political changes in Mexico. Some of these changes may alter long-standing conditions regarding the "openness" of Mexican caves. -- Internet: Disease, Pestilence, Illness: Oh My! / Tom Engel - Thom Engel details a nasty critter, "Baylisacraris procynois - Raccoon roundworm. Just when you thought is was safe to scurry through a dry cave. -- From the files of the TSS: Warriour Cave, et al. -- Trip Report: Honey Creek -- Grotto Reports: DFW Greater Houston -- Book Review: Karst Hydrology Atlas of West Virginia -- Chairman's Thoughts.
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Vol. 43, no. 01 (1998)
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THE TEXAS CAVER ..... ....


CONTENTS January/February 1998 Volume43 No 1 6th Annual Sonora Restoration Project By Jessica Snider Page3 Great work, g reat cavers a nd g r e at g rub m a k e for a n a wesom e vo lunt eer e ffort. At l eft, Tris h Wilson load s buc k e t s of ro c k s to b e h a ul e d up th e Devils Pit. C a ver s h e lp e d r e m ove 2 7 t o n s of d e b r is! G oo d w o rk! MEXICO: Mexican Land Use & Caving By Bill Russell Page 6 Bill Rus s ell offe r s som e th o u g ht s a n d in s i g ht o n political cha ng e s in Mexico Som e of these changes m a y alte r l o n g-s t a ndin g conditio n s regardin g th e o p enness" of Mexic a n caves. INTERNET: Disease, Pestilence, Illness: Oh My! By Thorn Engel Page7 Th o m E ngel d e t ails a nast y critte r Ba y li sas c aris p r o cy on i s -R accoo n r oundwo rm Jus t w h e n yo u th o u g ht i s was safe t o scurry thr o u g h a dry cave FROM THE FILES OF THE TSS: Warrior Cave, et al. Page 10 TRIP REPORT: Honey Creek Page 12 GROTTO REPORTS: DFW & Greater Houston Page 12 BOOK REVIEW: Karst Hydrology Atlas of West Virgina Page 13 CHAIRMAN'S THOUGHTS Page 14 O N THE COYE R : A n admire r in the S o d a Str a w M a z e S o uth Cavern, N a tur a l Bridge Caverns Pho t o by Bri a n Y a uter. ON THE BACK : Hig h wa t er in Inn er S pace Caverns near Lake o f the M oo n Pho t o b y Jim Jasek. .......... _.-.. r THE TEXAS CAVER The TExAs CAVER is a bimonthly publication of the Texas Speleological Association (TSA), an internal organization of the National Speleological Society (NSS) Subscription rates are $25/year for six issues of The TExAs CAvER. This includes membership in the TSA Out of state subscribers libraries and other institutions may receive The TEx A s CAvER tor the same rate ($25 / year) Back issues are available at the cost of $3 00 per issue. Send all correspondence (other than material for The TEx A s CAvER), subscriptions and exchanges to : The Texas Cave r PO Box 8026 Austin TX 78713 Articles and other material for The TEx A s CAvER Should be sent to the following address : Brian Vauter 26495 Natural Bridge Caverns Road Natural Bridge Caverns TX 78266 The TExAs CAVER openly invites all cavers to submit articles trip reports photographs (35mm slides or any size black & white or color print on glossy paper), cave maps news events cartoons and / or any other cav ing related material for publication Exchanges should be mailed to The TExAs CAVER at the subscript ion address above The TEx A s CAV E R will exchange n ewsletters with other grottos Copyright 1998 by the Texas Speleological Association Internal organizations of the NSS may reprint any item first appearing in The TExAs CAVER as long as proper credit is given and a copy of the newslette r containing the reprinted material is mailed to the TSA Other organizations should contact the TSA about rep r inted materials Texas Caving Web Sites Texas Speleological Association http: // www t/ tsa Texas Speleological Survey http: //www. utexas. ed u / depts /tn he/ www / tss South-Central Region, NCRC http :// members aol com / tazcaver / ncrc_scr.html


PROJECT REPORT BY JESSICA SNIDER PHOTOS BY GEORGE VENI JANUARY/FEBRUARY 1998 6th Annual Sonora Restoration Project A lmo s t out. Jim and P a tt y K e nn e d y pa ss in g buck e t s up th e entrance s t airs Th e sky h a d been lig ht e nin g f r o m it s orig in a l black ink co l o r fo r a t least a n h o ur b ut it s till did n o t h e lp M y b o d y wan te d t o go back to s l ee p a nd 1 was t a kin g risks ever y tim e I c l ose d m y eyes fo r a m o m e nt o n th e l o n g s tr a i g hta ways. I was g l a d t o see t h e s un f in ally peek over th e h orizo n t o the eas t as I sat o ut s id e of a Jun ctio n t r uck s t o p eatin g breakfast. M ay b e th e ex tr a lig ht would h e lp keep m e awak e T h e r es t of th e gro up 1 was t ravelin g w ith wer e s till in th e car as leep as th ey h a d been s ince we left. Whe n we m e t t o l eave a t fo ur th a t m o rnin g of November I 1997 th e three peopl e w h o I co nn e d int o co min g as k e d i f thi s t rip was really worth a f o ur h o ur car rid e d urin g th e wee h o ur s. Fo r th e m th e tri p was a m yste r y However I was o n m y way t o m y se c o nd Cavern s of Son o r a R es t o r atio n Pro j ect. As 1 passe d a s i g n So no r a 5 4 mil es, I th o u g ht a b o ut th e yea r b e f o r e l could r e m e mb e r t h e h a rd wo r k th e h eavy bu c ke t s we h a d t o carr y up fli g h ts of s t a ir s, th e so r e n ess, a nd th e h ot, humid cave we s p e nt the d ay in. B ut I co uld a l so r e m e mb e r th e reaso n s I was headin g fo r S o no r a fo r th e sec o nd tim e: th e frie nd s 1 h ad m a d e w hil e we joked over co mm o n p a in s ; th e d ay I h ad s p e nt in o n e of the m os t b ea uti ful cave rn s in T exas; the knowing tha t 1 h a d h e lp e d ; th e g reat r e l axe d fee l i n g 1 h a d after co mpleting o ur task: a n d the r e ward s we all h a d r ece i ve d in c lu d in g a g reat dinn e r Lik e all goo d cave r s we slid int o th e 6t h A nnu a l Caverns o f So n o r a R e s to r atio n Pr o j ect a b o ut 1 5 minut es l a t e but s till in time t o b e part of th e pr e cave ph oto. B y thi s tim e m os t of m y gro up was awa k e and r ea d y t o wo r k lik e all of t h e o th e r e n e r getic frie n d l y a nd h a p py o n -coffee cave r s w h o h a d s hown up W e qui ck l y r eg i s t e r e d w ith th e C av e rns' s taff, go t p acke t s of proj ec t in form atio n a nd th a nk yo u goodies so m e break fas t r olls a nd d anis h es a nd t h e n lik e littl e a nt s we m a r c h ed int o t h e cave. Thi s r es t o r atio n pr o j ec t was t o r e move r oc k a nd dirt l eft o n t h e floor of th e D ev il' s Pit. Becau se of th e s i ze of th e roo m a nd th e low l ig htin g m os t to ur i s t s never n otice th e l a r ge pil es of dirt a nd rubbl e o n th e floor. But th e own e r s k now th at f o r th e cave t o b e r es t o r e d as c l ose l y as p oss ibl e t o i ts pri s tin e co nditio n th e l a rge pil e c reat e d b y blas tin g t re n c h es t o build th e part s of t o ur t rails mu s t b e r e moved A lth o u g h th e wor k t o r es t o r e th e D ev il's Pit was s t a rt e d d ur i n g th e 1994 r es t o r atio n pr o j ec t only a s m all p o rti o n o f th e d e bri s h a d been re moved. And th e caver s of th e 1 997 r esto r atio n p rojec t we r e h e r e t o co ntinu e th e j ob On ce in th e cave. th e f ir s t c h o r e was fo r G eo r ge Yeni, o ur direct o r a nd comma nd e r-inchief, t o di s t r ibut e th e caver s al o n g th e wo r k r o ut e whic h i s a h a rd e r c h o r e th a n o n e wo uld think. T o ge t th e rubbl e fr o m th e D ev i l's Pit t o th e dump tru c k a t th e cave' s e ntr a n ce. 73 s tr o n g cave r s were s p ace d in o rd e r t o tr a n s p o rt th e bu c k e t s s m oo thl y o ut of th e cave; o n e s t a ir case w ith too few p eo pl e co uld cau se a pr oble m On top of th a t. i f caver s moved a r ound too mu c h o r rearr a n ge d th e s p ac in g a r eas wo uld co m e up s h ort so mewh e r e down th e lin e T o so l ve th is p roble m G eo rge h a d a carefull y con s tru c t e d pl a n of w h e r e eac h caver s h o uld go. Sta rtin g in th e pit th e r e wer e t wo team s w ith 4 a nd 5 cavers each a nd they dug a t rubbl e pil es a t o p pos it e e nd s o f th e pit. E ac h di g team s tr a p pe d th e ir f ill e d 5gallo n bu c k e t s o nt o a s m all pla t form, whic h t wo mul es pull e d t o th e t o p of the pit w ith th e h e lp of a co upl e of pul l ey sys t e m s U p o n th e tr ail, caver s took th e bu cke t s off th e pl a t fo rm s a nd put th e m int o th e bu c k e t lin es w h e r e th e bu ckets wer e moved b y h a nd up th e thr ee s m all se t s of s t a ir s a nd t h e o n e l o n g flig ht of s t a ir s t o th e e ntr a nce. Since


dollies could be u se d to move the dirt in the flat areas between the stairs mos t of the haul e r s were located on the s tair cases. Although thi s was back-breaking work, swi n g in g buckets up two or three steps to the next person all 64 of the h a uler s maintained a cheerful, friendly and dedicated demeanor. Mos t of the cavers l a ter mentioned that they h a d ac tually enjoyed the tim e moving buckets because of the people around them. There was even a full cave sing-a-long of"99 Bucket s of Dirt in the Cave." And once th e buckets reached the entrance, they were loaded into the dump truck by two people In o rder to keep this sys t e m work in g smoothly, and to keep cavers' mu sc les from getting tired, the line moved o nce after every 20 bucket s were added t o the dump truck. Thi s me a nt that a p e r so n was in one po s ition in the h aul line for only about five minutes b efore they h a d to move. This allowed everyon e to work in all the areas of the cave, except the pit (o nly 18 caver s got to work th e re ), over the course of the day. Along with continual s upervi s ion by George as h e ran pa s t with hi s buck ets of what we called "speci a l dirt ," this syste m of m ov in g caver s was also regu lat e d b y the staff of the Caverns of Sonora. From the dig s ites and along the haul lin e were 18 staff members They did everything th e cavers did, plus h e lped s up erv i se when the lin e h a d to JANUARY/FEBRUARY 1 998 "Waiter Justin Shaw earns big tips by bringing cool drinks to Joann Deluna and other cavers in the bucket brigade seemed thin go t water for thirsty cavers supplied gloves to forgetful cavers, a nd passed out cold rags when the cave seemed really hot and humid. Beyond jus t needing hands to move the buckets of dirt out of the cave, much equipment was also necessary Just to get the rubble out the pit, the Caverns' staff built the two pulley systems just for thi s project to lift the rubble to the walkway above the pit. The drop at the north end of the pit was around 8 meters deep. The shorter pulley drop near the e ntrance of the Devil's Pit had move ran messages when the line a tripod build over a 4 meter deep hole Graphing the tonnage directly year to year would be misleading due to the circumstances given below and different distances from the entrance. However the big years of 20 and 27 tons were from the Devil's Pit area The two 18-ton years were from above the Devil's Pit in the Sponge Rooms 1991: 18 tons (work done in Sponge Rooms) 1992: 8 tons (part rock hauling and part fine detailed cleaning) 1993 : 0 tons (fine detailed cleaning, no rock hauling) 1994: 20 tons 1995: NCA Convention hosted by Sonora, no restoration project 1996 : 18 tons (Work done in Sponge Rooms) 1997:27tons Frank Herzig and Sara Dierk on the bridge hauling buckets up the Devil's Pit for off loading by Cindy Perez. The tarp was draped around the haul line to shield diggers below from rocks that might slip out of the buckets. into the pit's so uthern end, and a plat form at the top for unloading the buckets. Along with the se pulley sys tem s flood light s were in s tall e d to light the u s u a lly dark pit floor. Six upright dol lies were u sed to move 3-4 buckets at a time where th e tr ail was flat and wide enough. Many of the dollies and a bout h alf of the buckets were brought b y helpful cavers. Finally, a dump truck was used to move the dirt from the mouth of Sonora, a nd was the root of the only visible mi s hap of thi s restora tion project. At lunch time the truck sparked so me wires and beg a n to burn as it drove off to dump it s 10-ton load Lu ck ily the fire did not hurt anyone or a nything (except the truck itself) and two pickup trucks l a ter save d th e d ay and were able to help remove the rubble from the site. By five o'clock in the evenin g the D evil' s Pit had undergone it s mak e -ov er. The floor, which had only I 0 hours ago been nearly completely covered in dirt and rock s was now much more natural looking. The equipment had been moved out of the pit and cave through "fin : T EX A S C 1 vu1


the haul lin e. Finally, as th e caver s m o ved out th e c av e th e tr ail w a s s w ept c lean B y th e e nd o f th e 6'" Annua l C av e rn s of S onora R es t o r atio n Pro ject th e c r e w h a d m o ve d I ,35 0 bu c k e t s o ut of the pit a nd 200 m e t e r s t o th e e ntr a nce o f th e cavern. Gi ve n th a t eac h bu c k e t we i g hed a n average of 4 0 p o und s, th e a m ount of rubbl e r e moved was es ti m a t e d t o b e aro und 2 7 t o n s A f t e r th e s h o rtest but best h o t s hower most of u s cav e r s h a d ever h ad in o ur liv es, every o n e head e d over t o the pi cnic area for dinn er. Since lun c h ha d been a wo nd e rful meal of faj it as a nd so m e o f t h e w o rld 's grea t es t t a m a l es, we a nti c ip a t e d th a t dinn e r would b e jus t as good. Dinne r co n s i s t e d of f r ie d cat f i s h hu s hpuppi es, bean s, corn o n th e cob co l e s l a w t o rtill as, a nd brownies a nd i ce c ream fo r d esse rt. E very th i n g f r o m th e hu shpuppies t o th e brownies a nd ice c ream wer e h o m e m a d e The only compla in t of th e e ntir e d ay was th at dinner was so good th a t ever yo n e, in c ludin g the fo ur dogs w h o accompanie d th e ir caver fri e nd s, h a d over-eat en. Thi s meal a l o n g w ith th e f un was worth th e wo rk bu t i f yo u pla n t o com e t o th e 7 th A n nual S o n o r a Restor atio n Pro ject r e m e mber t o brin g yo u own pl a t es a nd h e lp keep t h e tr as h t o a minimum. A littl e after du s k every o n e gath e r e d a t th e Vis itor C e nt e r t o b eg in th e eve nin g activ iti es Ei g hteen caver s w ith ca m eras headed int o th e cave fo r a pri va t e lig ht s o ut ph o t o s h ot. F o r ty e i g ht cave r s orig in ally s i g n e d up f o r th e ph o t o trip s, but 3 0 decid e d t hey wer e too poop e d a nd bloat e d. They j o in e d t h e o th e r h a pp y a nd f ull caver s in th e Vis i t o r C e n te r t o wat c h s lides o f th e caves in Fra nce, presente d b y M e l a nie A l s p a u g h a nd s lid es of th e 1 99 7 1 2 Int e rn atio n a l C o n g r ess of Spe leol ogy in Sw it zerla nd present e d b y G eo rge V e ni. As th e even i n g wound down caver s s l o wl y dri f ted off t o th e ir t e nt s for a nig ht's r est. T o c lose off t hi s rest o r a ti o n p ro j ec t all awak e caver s m e t at 9 a.m TNL" TEX.I S C II 'E R JANUARY/FEBRUARY 1 998 Sunday a t th e e ntr a nce of th e cave, thi s time w i th o ut bucket s or d o lli es The caver s h a d com e t o see a n d t o ur th e c lean e r Cavern s of So n o ra. J ack Burc h a caver a nd o n e of th e orig in a l d eve l o p e r s o f th e Cavern s of So n o r a l e d th e g r o up of a pp rox im a t e l y 20 caver s o n a tw o a nd a h a l f ho ur l o n g trip H e s h owe d u s all of th e d eve l o p e d p assages. It was a r a r e a nd s p ec i a l treat t o r ece i ve a t o ur f r o m J ac k a nd hear his f ir s th a nd knowle d ge of th e cave a nd it s co mm e r c i a l d e ve l opme nt. Acco rdin g t o J ac k th e C av e rn s of S o n o r a o p e n e d t o t h e publi c o n M a r c h 10 1 96 0. After a nn o un c in g th e pla nn e d o p e nin g d ay, J ac k an d a frie nd h a d only fo ur s h o rt m o nth s t o p re p are th e cave fo r it s f i rst t o ur Th e t wo m e n wer e a bl e t o o p e n th e m a in p assages w h e r e w e wor k e d p lu s th e V alley of Ice P a lace of A ngel s, a nd th e Wa r C lub Room. The m e n h a d t o n o t only dig or d y n am.ite a r eas f o r th e t rail, but a l so h a d t o in s t all lig h ts, r a ilin g s t a ir s a nd c lean up e n o u g h of th e m ess t o h ave th e cav e rn l oo k present a bl e. A lth o u g h th e m e n h ad so m e h e lp fro m co mmunit y m e m b e r s a nd B oy Scout s, th e r e was a l o t of c leanin g up th ey couldn t d o. For t hirt y yea r s, th e own e r s of th e Cavern h ave want e d th e rubbl e r e moved but littl e co uld b e d o n e becau se th e t ask seem e d t oo imp oss ibl e. However, 7 yea r s ago th e own e r s aske d i f th e Texas S p e l eo l og ical Assoc i atio n would h e lp clean o ut th e cave, a nd w ith th a t th e C ave rn s of S o n ora R estoratio n P ro j ec t s t a rt e d Since 1990 (with a year off in 1 995) cavers m ee t o nce a year for th e r es t o r atio n p ro j ec t t o h e lp c lean up th e cavern a nd see o ld cav in g fri e nd s So fa r over 9 1 t o n s o f rubbl e h ave been r e m oved fr o m t h e cave. As J ac k t o ld m e a t dinner, a l t h o u g h it see m ed imp ossible in th e b eg innin g w ith 70 s t ro n g cave r s t o h e l p th e th o u g ht (of movin g all t h a t rubbl e) see m s p ractical." J ac k a nd th e e nt ire Cavern s of Sonora s taff again ex t e nd e d th e ir th a nk s t o all th e caver s w h o h ave h e lp e d over th e yea r s, a nd t o th ose w h o w ill co m e n ex t November t o h e lp w i t h th e 7' A nnu a l S o n o r a R es t o r atio n P ro j ect. GOOD WORK ALL YOU CAVERS. THIS WAS A GREAT YEAR! Chuck Accord Melanie Rae Alspaugh Terry Anderson JerryAtkinson Barbe Barker, Tom Bone John Brooks Don Broussard, Arion Ca r roll Melissa Cicherski Michael Cicherski Allan Cobb Gralin Coffin Pat Copeland Kathy Davis David Deluna Joann Deluna Sara Die r k Walter Feaster Bruce Freeby Jacob Freeby Mark Freeby, Chris Gilbert, Mike Gray Annette Hadaway Andrew Herzig Frank Herzig Marie Herzig Ben Heuss Chris Heuss, Keith Heuss, Terry Holsinger, Rex Housour, Rafal Kedzierski Wojciech Kedzierski Jim Kennedy Patty Kennedy Ed Knetsch Fred Koch T i m Kohtz Kevin Lillie Bonnie Longley Sheree Mahan Pam Massey Jill McArthur Martha McArthur Dave McClung Logan McNatt Ben Milford, LuJean Milford Dan Misiaszek Bill Mixon Donna Mosesmann Chris Murray Libby Overholt Linda Palit Cindy Perez, Bob Richards, Paul Rodriguez Brandi Rose Don Ross Jus tin Shaw David Smith Jessica Snider Tracey VanEps Chr i stina Vail George Veni Karen Veni Trudi Weatherford David Williams Joel Williams Trish Wilson Robin Worell. Thanks Caverns' staff (and for the extra gloves I borrowed): Cheryl Chevalier Lulu Escamilla Tracy Escamilla Stacy Fox Eddie Geske Juventino Granados Zac Kerbow Eddie Maskill, Megan McMeans, Louise Moore Jean Paredes Erin Payton Cindy Ramirez Diana Ramirez Bill Sawyer Zane Smart Christie Talley Robert Trevino Great meal again cooks: Paul Chevalier Jessie Paredes Tim Talley Chris Vyvlecka.


JANUARY/FEBRUARY 1998 MEXICO BY BILL RUSSELL Mexican Land Use and Caving Th e s u ccess of cav in g in Mexico i s due to m o re than the existe nc e of a well-developed karst a nd d ed icat e d cavers. A major factor th a t h as e n ab l ed caver s to mak e their discoveri es i s the esse nti a lly unr es trict e d access t o th e karst. Few a reas in the m o d e rn world are as "open" as the M exica n karst. One can drive to wherever o n e wants camp, a nd explore caves. Yet thi s pri vilege i s not a ut o m at i c a nd s o, over th e years caver s h ave s pent mu c h time a nd e ner gy to pre serve thi s access a nd m a int ai n good r e l ations with th e local s However, with o ut a uniqu e set o f politic a l conditions, thi s o p e nn ess co uld not hav e arise n or be m a int aine d Now, sad ly for caver s the c ultur a l a nd legal sys t e m that pro v id e d the basis for thi s openness i s n o longer s upp o rt ed by th e M ex ican gov e rnm e nt, a nd is incre as in g l y viewe d as backward a nd unpro g r ess iv e Aft e r the M exica n Revoluti o n th e governm e nt of M ex ico pledged t o r e turn the l a nd to the peopl e. The m ajo r syste m to do this was th e ej id o program. Ejidos a r e esse nti ally collective farms f o r whic h the gove rnm e nt pur c h ases th e l a nd from a private l a ndowner a nd then opera t es the l a nd for th e b e nefit of those who wer e livin g o n it. The people living o n the l a nd do no t act u a lly own the l a nd it belongs to th e governm e nt but they ca n pass on th e ir part of th e ej id o t o th e ir c hildr e n In th e past, the governm e nt exer c i sed co n s id e r able in flu e nce ove r the e j id o d ete rminin g what crops th ey could g row a nd providing credits through spec i a l Ejido Banks. The establis hm e nt of the e jido was ofte n a cont e nti o u s pr ocess The local inh ab it a nt s wo uld p et iti o n th e s t ate gov e rnm e nt to form a n e jido a nd the s t ate 6 would begin sending th e petition throu g h th e bureau c r acy a pro cess th a t could take seve r a l year s. In th e mean time if the own e r of th e l a nd opposed the ejido, h e would f o rc e all th e local s to leave hi s l a nd in hope of breakin g up the g roup so ther e would be no residents to benefit from it. The establishment of a n ejido near Rancho de Cielo lead t o th e death of Frank Harrison owner of R a n c h de Cielo. In an a tt empt to preserve the Cloud Forest he had t es tified th a t the pr o p ose d ej id o was eco lo g ic ally un s uit a bl e fo r g rowin g corn ... if cavers pay attention, they can preserve access to some of the world's greatest karst areas." a nd th e local s testified that th ey just want e d a s mall piece of land so the y could have a b e tt e r life. The local s went over to talk t o Frank, th e di sc u ss ion turn ed violent, a nd Frank was killed. Lik e a ny governm e nt though th e Mexic a n governm e nt lik es good s tati s tic s Each pr es id e nti a l administration in M ex i co was rated o n how much l a nd it returned to th e peopl e T o look good o n a limit e d budget, the s p a r se l y popu l a t e d m o unt a in s wer e prime targets for ejidos-land that was n t va lu able for owners, with l o t s of acreage. Thus, early on mu c h of th e M exica n karst was turn e d int o ej id os in which th e l a nd was co lle c tiv e ly owned and in which n o person o r fa mily was responsible for the a r ea. Therefore, when the first caver s first camped near the caves, they of fe nd e d no particular p e r so n Over much of th e world, l a nd own ed in common ha s been neglect ed a nd mi s u se d but thi s ownership p a tt e rn allowed th e cavers t o becom e establis h ed R ece ntl y however th e political c lim a t e in M ex ico began t o c h a nge, w ith ejidos incre as in g l y b e in g v iewed as part of a faile d at t e mpt a t socialis m rather than a n a tt empt t o fulfill th e p ro mi se of th e revolution. Even th o u g h th ey h ad no a uthority to do so, e jidos l ocate d near resort s so ld som e of their l a nd for multis tory h o t e l s c r eat in g co n s id e r a bl e legal probl e m s. M a n y ejidos remained in povert y du e to the con ser vative l an d practices enfo rced by the Ejido B a nk s a nd lack of a n y means fo r improvem e nt. Now, however th e Mexican gov e rnm e nt h as esse ntiall y r e leased ej id os from governm e nt control, a nd no o n e knows what the future h o lds. The r e i s pressure for m o r e local s t o sell their l a nd ( now that th ey can legally) es p ec i ally the m ore va lu a bl e l a nd a nd live off the pr oceeds. Still, ex ten s i ve l a nd sa l es a r e unlik e l y in m a n y a r eas becau se th e eco n o mi c liv e lihood d e p e nd s o n th e farming o r lumb e ring of lar ge areas. A lik e l y threat t o unrestricted caving in many a r eas es p ec i a lly a ft e r improvem e nt s to th e road n e tw o rk is th e spread of r esid e nti a l m o unt a in c h a l ets s imil a r t o those tha t s urr o und M o nt e rr ey The ef fect of s u c h shif t s in own e r s hip o n caving is unlik e l y to b e b e nefi c i a l though cavers might be able t o purc h ase cave e ntr a nces a nd field h o u ses. See "MEXI C O on page IS


JANUARY/FEBRUARY 1998 INTERNET BY THOM ENGEL Excerpted from Cavers Digest 5512 Disease, Pestilence, Illness: Oh My! Baylisascaris procyonis I work for the New York State Deptartment of Environmental Conservation. I asked our staff wildlife pathologist about Don Bittle's inquiry in CD 5507. He gave me a pile of papers and articles which I will list at the end of this posting. As Bruce Bowman pointed out, the critter is the Raccoon roundworm, Ba y lisascaris procyonis. B. proc y onis is commonly found in raccoon small intestines. They are 12 (male) to 23 (fe male) em long. Infection rates in raccoons seem to vary as a function of lo cation. Of 70 raccoons from western Kentucky, 30% were infected. Twenty six percent of 72 raccoons from Virginia were infected. 7.5 % of 253 raccoons from Tennessee were infected and one of II 0 from northern Georgia. Past st udies have found none from North and South Carolina, Alabama, Florida and Texas. A more recent Texas study found a 23 % infection rate in east Texas so perhaps the roundworm is spreading. It seems to be most common from south and west New York to Illinois and south to Virginia and Kentucky Newer data from the northeast and the midwest suggest infection rates generally between 60 and 85 % Our wi ldli fe pathologist Ward Stone, hypothesizes that the roundworm is r esponsible for the extir pation of the easte rn woodrat (the pack rat) from New York. As for human infection the trans mis s ion route is as follows: the roundworm eggs are in the coon feces. The eggs can apparently remain viable for years. One paper says the eggs are not capable of causing infection until 30 days after defecation. Therefore newer feces may not be as dangerous to humans, but who would want to test that ? The eggs are then inge s ted or inhaled (only in dusty situations). In interme diate hosts (not raccoons), the roundworm larvae can get through the intes tinal wall and into the liver. From there the l arvae enter the lungs and then move into the rest of the body including the central nervou s system (CNS). From this point, the larvae can get into the eyes and cause blindnes s. (In studies on mice the roundworm has been found in the lung s 12 to 48 hours after infec tion and in the eyes within 3 days. In monkeys it took 12 days to get to the eyes. This critter is fast moving.) Typically on l y 5 % of the larvae end up in the brain In moist or humid conditions. the eggs will remain viable for years. In dry conditions the eggs will des iccate and die. The eggs are resistant to mo s t disinfectants. A 50/50 mixture of xy lene and ethanol will kill them. Bleach removes the outer protein coat and thi s makes the eggs nonadherent but it does not kill them. Large areas of soil can be treated with fire from a propane torch or with gasoline a nd a match raking and repeating (As an environmentalist. I recommend aga in st this option as gaso lin e can seriously contaminate ground water.) WEAR GLOVES AND WASH YOUR HANDS WELL BEFORE EATING. If working in contaminated areas. yo u should wear disposable clothes and disposable gloves. If the area i s dusty, a disposable dust mask s hould probably be worn as well. Small children seem to be most vulnerable. Most human cases I read about see m to be kids. The first fatality attributable to B. procyon is l arva migrans was a 2-year old boy in Penn sy lvania in 1983 Should we wear masks? Probably only in dry caves where you think rac coons have lived Deep in the cave it i s probably not a problem. Small cave inventory work at Mammoth may be another matter. Are we safe as long as we do not di s turb the area? Hard not to di s turb a n area if you crawl in it but if undi s turbed. my reading s ugge s ts it s hould not be a problem Is it airborne? Only i f dusty areas are stiiTed up I think we are safe from the hantavirus, but what about this? We are probably as safe from thi s as we are from the hantavirus. See "DISEASE" on page 15 . / '' 7


This photo spread is a preview of pictures to appear Carl Kunath s 1961 photo of The Butterfly in Caverns of Sonora-note water drop in center of formation. Blair Pittman 's 1964 photo of cave pearls in Natural Bridge Caverns-the year the cave was opened to the public


Pittman's Caves of Texas due out in spring of 1999 Blair Pittman s 1995 photo of The Butterfly in Caverns of Sonoranote that the water drop ha s so lidified in 34 yea rs. Blair Pittman 's 1966 photo of s mall protub e r ances on the Di a mond Ceiling in Cascade Caverns


JANUARY/FEBRUARY 1998 FROM THE FILES OF THE TSS BY MIKE WARTON Originally appeared in The Texas Caver, 18:65-66 without maps Warrior Cave and Mystery Tunnel Cave There is a new area of consider able speleological interest in Bandera County, Texas. This karst area of two by five miles has many caves and sinks. It is directly related with the drainage course of the Medina River. Caves recently discovered in this area about seven miles south of Ban dera are potentially extensive and abun dant in cavern life. They have also been virtually untouched by Texas cavers. Very little work has been done in Bandera County, and a great many caves are sure to be found there. Bandera County, Texas hammering away at the hole. It was sur prising to see the thin covering shatter ing like glass being broken out of a win dow. The sound was even similar. In a short while we had an accessible en trance. The covering had hidden a pit about 30 feet deep and opening two to three feet in diameter. Once inside the cave, we found that the larger sinkhole had once been the original entrance. Viewing natural PIv'ARRIO< CAVERNS B A'!DERA COUNTY, TEXAS Sk.Et c h M;;:::; December 1910 ty \AI:::J-... or:. iVSS .1261: Kedr c ="Ted t: v J rr "'.e nnedv Februcry !S3'8 Before the cave s discovery, the entrance was covered with a thin limestone layer no thicker than a piece of cardboard. If one were to have stepped on what appeared to be solid rock, it would have given way under pressure. There was only the slightest indication of a cave a small, curious hole about the size of a half dollar. Pebble dropping made the hole even more interesting. l had not expected to find a cave in this particular spot be cause it was on a long gently sloping side of a large sink filled within a couple of feet from the surface level with a thick covering of prairie grass. I began 10 fill and massive breakdown at the bot tom presented us with a better picture of what had happened. The entrance through which we had come was only a domepit in the ceiling. At the bottom we found a low but very wide room. I was again surprised to find recent guano piles. Our entrance was the only way in and was the only hole large enough for bats to enter the cave. No other en trances have been found Bats were ab sent from the cave at that time. Equally as surprising was finding a large rac coon face-to-face in a crawlway. Our next discovery was Mystery Tunnel Cave only a few hundred feet from Warrior Cave. Mystery Tunnel Cave consists of two separate rooms connected by a long subway-like tun nel about 400 feet long and filled with formations. The cave is approximately 50 feet in depth at the lowest point and about 2 ,000 feet in length. However, here again many leads were left un checked because of the time factor. In the west entrance room is a fair sized c "", C colony of Mexican Freetailed and Brown bats. Much guano was found in the west entrance rooms and throughout the connecting tunnel but absent in the east entrance and passages. Heavy rains have washed much guano from the west entrance and left a hardpacked floor ing connecting tunnel. The tunnel maintains a height of four feet to the cast entrance. Guano in the tunnel is sev eral feet thick, but one could easily walk its length if it were not there. The immediate area of both new caves is riddled with approximately thirty sinkholes large and small. So far we have checked only one-third of these and found many smaller caves with many leads. This is a prime area for future caving projects and much is left to be found. Our great est concerns are that the best efforts be made to protect salamanders and other cavern life by following proper conservation practices. Also, follow the rancher's wishes and you will be wel come. Make limited trips with a limited crew and read Bill Russell s Rancher Relations" (Texas Caver, January 1973) the night before


:-:-: -..; "' Q ;1 e nds i n 3 0 feet -COON ROOM --........_ ENTRANCE s urface PROFILE TUNNEL-PLAN ENTR ANCE MYSTERY TUNNEL CAVE BANDERA COUNTY, TEXAS Sketch Map December 7970 by Mike Warton, NSS 72677 Redrafted b y Jim Kennedy, February l998 ENTRANCE 0 ends in 30 feet --25 scale in feet ENTRANCE I > z c > ;o :::: .., m "" ;o c > ;o -< '-0 oc


JANUARY/FEBRUARY 1998 TRIP REPORT--HONEY CREEK BY MARK MINTON The trip was well attended with over 53 people. Most of those in atten dance made the through trip which was a little more exciting than usual due to higher water. Those doing the through trip had to do a short free dive under formations at Whistler's Mother, about I 00 m from the exit. A group of divers (without gear) made a recce to the sump at the back of the Boneyard and back out in only 8 hours. They decided the trip would be too difficult to do a dive on the same day however, and would want to camp back there if they did it with dive gear. That probably won t happen. A group of biologists spent 7 hours going to sample roots in the TB survey. That trip involved several seri ous low airspaces which they had never done before, but they did great and even said they enjoyed it. A gung-h o survey group from Houston also started to the back of the TB, but bailed out in the Mile-Long Crawl. They did a side trip to the Grand Finale on their way out. We had one successful survey in the CC, a small side passage on the way to the Boneyard. A few other groups did smaller excursions both from the shaft and the natural entrance. Everyone had a good time and it looks like we timed it just right between the rains. Last weekend the cave was sumped, and it had been recently before the trip as well! GROTTO REPORTS Submitted by Jay Jorden The Dallas-Fort Worth Grotto's first meeting of 1998 was well attended with more than two dozen in the audi e nce which included several visitor s For the program, in honor of the 700 or so days before the new millenium, a time capsule was opened. The capsule included slides from Mexico, Southwest Texas bat flights a Vanish ing River hike in the Guadalupe Moun tains and Slaughter Canyon caving in the 1980 s The program by Jay Jorden included numerous shots of Lake Cave in New Mexico plus a 1986 grotto Halloween party with Terry Hol singer wearing fangs! The grotto s newly elected slate of officer s took over on Jan. 28. It includes: Dave "Cave" McClung chairman and incumbent; Jerri Pearson vice chair; Mike Pearson secretary; Mark A lm an e ditor of Th e O::.totl Ca ve r ; a n d Barbe Barker treasurer quartermas ter and li brarian ( three offices in one! ) S e veral senior grotto membe r s were a l s o in attendance including Pete Lind s l e y of Cave Research Foundation fame Woodrow Thomas, who dir e cts the Mystic Cave Project returned to 1 2 DFW Grotto the club after a lengthy hiatus. He now works for the city of Dallas and plans a February program on caving history and folklore. Kudos to Mark Alman for the color cover of cave graffiti from Robber Baron Cave in the January O z totl Trip report s were received from Mark's journey to Bexar County with Mike Pearson; Dave Milhollin' s diving in Cozumel including several lengthy solo treks in which submerged survey was extended ; and Troy Shel ton s return to the Yucatan in November including Dos Ojos and glimpses of pottery and hu man bones. Jay recounted a week-long trip to San Luis Poto s f and elsewhere including Puente de Dios and other Mexican "cascadas" before joining up with Texas type s at Real de Catorce for fin de ano and a rappel into Pozo de Gavilan. The grotto was a l so repre sented at thi s month s Colorado Bend State Park project. Vertical training is on the agenda thi s year, along with several regional projects. Dave Milhollin reported on a training session this month at a railroad bridge in Fort Worth along with sewer Junking under the city -but cavers didn t find the big lake of HusbandPleasin Beans (another urban legend). Jay and Sheila also offered their place for al l-weather vertical and rebelay practice in their barn each month. Upcoming events include a pos s ible Oklahoma trip toward the end of February ; a March return to Colorado Bend; March 22 vertical practice at Jay' s ; the grotto's Adopt-a-Highway work project in Collin County on April 4 ; and the grotto s Rites of Spring party Apri l 18. The grotto meets on the fourth Wedne s day of every month at Recre ational Equipment Inc. 4515 LBJ Free way Farmers Branch (north Dalla s s ub urb). The phone number is (972) 4905989 Vis itors and out-of-town cavers are welcome. Also we try to keep track of our old-timers. For what' s really going on in the club, call D a ve "Cave" and Barbe Barker at (972) 594-1183 If you get their answering machine e -m ail at or call Jay at (972) 382-2458, . Send trip reports and correspondence for the newsletter to Mark at Mike Pear s on maint a ins the grotto web page at: http:/ / -pearsons/ ml


JANUARY/FEBRUARY 1998 GROTTO REPORTS Greater Houston Grotto Submitted by Emily McGowan From the December 16'11 meeting David Locklear asked if anyone had been caving. Don and Sid Formanek went to a vertical wind tunnel in Pigeon Forge Tennessee. Greyson Knapp took so me Boy Scouts to Whirlpool Cave, Shady Grove Cave and Lost Oasis Cave, however, he was unable to get into any of them. David Locklear MC'd an auction. The auction started with a gift passaround -everyone passed around gifts until a stopwatch timer went off, then they opened the gift in their hands. After one passaround the auction be gan. All kinds of things were auctioned off: T-shirts, National Geographies BOOK REVIEW BY BILL MIXON (those that included cave articles), bat and cave calendars flashlights, books slide trays a bat oil l a mp keychains a s lid e projector screen and some beau tiful wood carvings by Charles Haskett. There was a l so a mystery gift that Tony Lucci purchased but would not reveal the contents within! Gue ss we'll ha ve to wait till the next auction to find out. During the January 20'11 meeting Kevin McGowan became the new Chairperson for the GHG. Congrats! Other new officers include: Sheryl Rieck Vice Pre s ident ; Da vid Locklear Equipment Chairman; Emily McGowan, Sec r etary/Treasurer; Den ver Hopkins Librarian. Wayne Bockelman Mary Thie sse and Bob Richards went to Hawaii to do some tube caving. They went to a new cave at Volcano National Parkthe cave i s only two years old! There was a three foot so da straw and so me la va stalac tites. Mary found a cave on the slopes of Mauna Loa and Bob s ugge s ted that there might be another mega sys tem on Mauna Loa. Wayne brought survey notes ( but no map ) to the meeting. Shari Lydy went to a little cave in Nassau while in the Bahamas over Christmas It was a l arge s helter cave, around 40 feet across with cut lim e s tone steps. Donna Moses mann did a restoration trip in Carl s bad Caverns David Locklear went to Mexico to do so me cave s norkeling. Karst Hydrology Atlas of West Virginia Karst H y drolog y Atlas of West Virgillia. William K. Jones Karst Waters Institute Charles Town West Virgini a; 1997 II by 14 inche s, Ill pp wire-comb bound. ISBN 0-9640258-3-3. Special Publica tion 4 Available for $35 postpaid from KWI Pub lication S a l es, E. L. White, Rt I Box 527 Petersburg Pennsylvania 16669. This book is both more and less than a karst hydrology atlas of West Virginia. More than half the book is re ally a fairly nice introductory disc ussion of karst and karst hydrology with a large page of text for each topic s uch as pol lution or sinkholes, followed by one or more pages of illustration s, u sing West Virginia features as exampl es. The 95 figures in thi s part of the book include many nice black-and-white photographs, as well as numerous graphs and tables. Some maps of eastern West Vir-7il TEXA S CAVER ginia counties indicate the distributions of caves or other karst features, partly justifying the "atlas title The second part of the book is a compi l ation of the karst dye-trac ing re s ults in the state with sections of topo m a p s s howing the points connected by traces. This part really is a preliminary karst hydrology atlas but most of the tracing has been insufficie nt to really delineate any ground water ba s ins in any detail. An awful lot more wo rk will be required before a karst hydrolog y at l as that i s anywhere near complete can be pub lished The book is wel l produced, al though it could have u se d a good re a d by an editor who might h ave ca u ght the unlikely-looking statement that the travel time of dye sometimes increases exponentially with increasing disc harge and the frequent s pelling of that wh-ic -h Jones also seem s to be a sucker for the s tati s tic s that a computer will s pit out in multi-digit glory even when they're non se n se. It i s not very enlightening to know that the mean mapped l engt h of the 1 350 known West Virginia caves longer than I 0 m e ters is 2117.338 feet with a s tandard deviation of 11550 .201. An s .d. five times (or 5.45506 time s as Jones would have it ) the mean of a di s tribution limited to positive numbers just shows that we have a distribution nowhere near nor mal. i.e., that the s.d is not a meaning ful number anyway. The book ends with a bibliogra phy a g l ossary. a nd a tabl e giving dat a on the dye traces so rted both by s ink and by ris ing. 1 3


CHAIRMAN'S CORNER BY GILL EDIGER Th e opport uniti es to go caving in Texas have never been better. Several Projects are ongoing and predictable, and there are two or three others that are on the verge of being born. Planning a caving trip has never been easier. With such easy access, there i s no reason that the Grottos can t get back to their original purpose-recruit ment and training. Most caving c lub s were formed in order to bring cavers together. The pur pose of doing that was to provide each other with a supply of other cavers to go caving with and to share caving knowledge-and for fe llowship, of course. Some Grottos have regressed to the nothing but fellowship" stage. That start-up energy coul d u sually be mainwith their help Then you get permiss ion and put up poster s ("WANT TO GO CAVING? ") on a local college cam pu s announcing your meeting time and place. Then wit h the h elp of other mem bers you give t h em the basic instruc tion s on clothes and equipment, you take them caving, you take them rappelling and prusiking and you take them caving again Some will remain JANUARY/FEBRUARY 1998 cavers, some will vanish forever. We keep what we get. What you hope to accomplish are seve ral things: You h ave brought young new blood into the Grotto. You h ave bro u ght new blood into the TSA You h ave increased the dynamic s of the Grotto and the members You have learned so methin g in the te ac h ing proces s You have m ade new caving friends. You h ave brought extreme happiness to norm a l peop l e by making them into cavers. You h ave incr eased the pool from which we draw enth u siastic cavers and mover s and shakers. You h ave thwarted s tagnation within the Grotto. You have done something useful. Al l of tho se things will benefit Texa s caving and your Grotto and you as well as those formerly lo s t souls who will now find sa lvation in the depths of the earth, thanks to yo ur small effort. The more cavers we have to choose from the better our caving will be. Al though there are a few se lfi s h cavers w h o h ave a personal bias against caver proliferation I can see no negative ef fects if we do our jobs right. So why not do it ? If we don t propagate we will be doomed to extinction. One of the purpo ses of the TSA is to get cavers cavi n g The Grotto s, as a p art of the A ssoc iation, are (or should be) the recruitment and training centers of the TSA, and the Projects are the training grounds. The TSA offers the Newsletter The TEXAS CAVER a nd the TSA Spring Convention as the edu cational part of that proce ss Workin g together we can make caving a whole l ot better in Texas. Separately we II just grove l a long in the mud. If you are a Grotto officer I chal l enge you to get yo ur Grotto in gear star t a recruitment a n d training program. If yo u a r e a Grotto member put so me pressure on your officers to get it to get her, and help them o ut. As a trainer for many years I can assure yo u that the reward s are worth it. And as Chair man I wi ll offer all the help I can. JOIN THE TEXAS SPELEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION NOW SO YOU DON'T MISS ANOTHER ISSUE OF THE TEXAS CAVER! Hey! You're right. I don't want to miss another issue. Sign me up for the item indicated: D D D D $25-THE WORKS (The TExAs CAVER, TSA Activities Newsletter & Texas Cave r Reunion notices) $30 Family Membersh i p (Two votes but only one set of publications) $20TSA & TExAs CAVER only $7 -Activities Newsletter only MAIL TO : TSA BOX 8026 AUSTIN TX 78713 NAME: --------------------------------------STREET/BOX: CITY, ST, ZIP: PHONES HOME FAX: ____________________ MOBILE: e-mail 1 4 TilE TEXAS C \I'I: R


MEXICO from page 6 And if th e area i s n t developed there are other d a nger s Attractive, sce nic undeveloped areas are becoming increasingly scarce, even in Mexico. Many k ars t areas may be d ec lared part of a nation a l park or like the Sierra de Guatemala p a rt of the Bio s phere caus ing all activities to b e under incr ease d bureaucratic scrutiny. And even in its present s tate much of the Mexic a n k a r s t i s an attractive candidate for Eco-tour ism. Vis it a cave, bird watch hike an uns poiled canyon-all in one local a r ea. And, as in Texa s and the Southeaste rn U.S., many Mexican cave areas are lik ely to be lea sed for huntin g, limitin g access and forcing everyone to pay for u se of the land Frequently the pre s s ur es for increased development a nd eco nomic activity appear to be an irre s i s tible force, but if cavers pay a ttentio n they can preserve access to so me of the world's greatest k ars t areas. At present in l a t e 1997 proce dur es for purc ha s ing land from e jidos h ave not b ee n established so th e re i s little time to consider what s hould be don e. Imagine cavers a rriving a t Cueva de Los S a bino s, Sota no del Tigre or eve n Infemillo or Brin co to find a g roup of French cavers, who h a ppily relate that the purcha se of the cave cost le ss th a n the airfare to get there JANUARY/FEBRUARY 1 998 DISEASE from page 7 Two l ast thoughts: if anyone out ther e ha s a pet raccoon decont a minate those areas where it defecat es and ge t the coo n wormed and the n wonn it re gularly Better yet, ge t rid of the coon al together. Your pet s can ge t it too You hav e see n the critter trick of rollin g in the dirt and them cleaning th e m se l ves Thi s is a perfect route for infection. So try to keep your pet s from a r eas fre quented by raccoons. Additional Reading: E i c he, Carl ( 1 987) Raccoon roundwor m i s ca u s ing human disease Indi ana Pr airie Farmer. 159(1 ):45. Fox Amy S .. Kazacos, K evi n R. et a l ( 1 985) Fatal Eosinophilic Meningo e ncephaliti s and Vis cer a l L a rva Migran s caused by the R accoo n Ascarid. The New Eng l and Journa l of Medicine. 3 12:1 619-1623 Kazacos, Kevin R. ( 1 983) R accoo n Round wor m s ( Ba y li sasca ri s pro cyo n is) A cause of Anima l and Human Disease. Purdu e Univer sity Agr i c ultur a l Experiment Station Bulletin No. 422. 25 pages Kazacos Kevin R. ( 1 995) B c n-!isas ca ris. H ealth H azards in Vete rinar y Practice, 3rd Editio n pp 1 314. K azacos K evin R. ( 1997) Visce r a l Ocula r and Neur a l Larva Mig r a n s Patholog y of I nfectio u s 1998 TSA CONVENTION 24-26 April 1998 Community Center Blanco, Texas This is located on the west side of US-281 on the north side of Blanco (61 I 2 miles south of the US-290/US-281 junction) The gate to the camp ground is just south of the Senior Citizen Center Camping and Sessions will be at the same site so you don t have to drive anywhere. This will be an excellent opportunity to get to know more about caving and meet other cavers from around Texas. CALL FOR PAPERS! If you wish to present a talk at the convention you are urged to do so. SALONS Photo Salon (prints & slides) Cartography (Map) Salon WORKSHOPS Safety& Rescue Cartography Vertical Techniques Check your TSA Activities Newsletter for additional information! Tm; TEXAS CAVER Diseases. Vol II. Daniel H Connor MD e ta! eds. page s 1459-1 473. K azacos. K evin R. eta! ( I 98 I ) Racc oo n Ascarid Larvae as a Cau se of Fat a l Ce ntr a l Nervous Sys tem Disease in Subhum a n Prim a t es. Journa l o f the American Veterin a r y Medica l Assoc i atio n 179(1 1 ) : 1089-1094 K azacos Kevin R. & Boyce. W alter M ( 1 990) Baylisa sca ri s l arva migrans. J o urn a l of the American Veterin a r y Medi ca l Assoc i at i o n 195( 7 )894 903. Sto ne. Ward B ( I 983) Intestina l Ob struct ion in Raccoon s ca u se d by the Ascarid B m-!isasca ri s pro cyo nis. New York Fis h & Gam e Journ al. 30( 1 ): The TExAs CAVER is produced by the TSA Publications Committee Editor Brian Vauter Staff Melanie Alspaugh Katie Arens Aimee Beveridge Don Cooper Gill Ediger Terry Holsinger Jim Kennedy Tim Stitch David Turner Chris Vreeland Bylines of Grottos and Project Correspondents appear with their reports Many thanks to those contributing to this issue: Jessica Snider Bill Russell Thom Engle Mark Minton Jay Jorden Emily McGowan Bill Mixon, Gill Ediger and Jim Jasek EDITOR'S FINAL JAB I would much rather see other caver s pies in The TExAs CAVER over my own. I know we have some darn good cave photographers in this state. Why not send in some of your work? 1 5


THE TEXAS CAVER Post Office Box 8026 Austin, Texas 78713 BULK RATE U. S. Po s tage PAID Au s tin Texas Permit No. 1181

Contents: 6th Annual
Sonora Restoration Project / Jessica Snider Great work, great
cavers, and great grub make for an oawesome volunteer effort.
At left, Trish Wilson loads buckets of rocks to be hauled up
the Devils Pit. Cavers helped remove 27 tons of debris! Good
work! --
Mexico: Mexican Land Use & Caving / Bill Russell -
Bill Russell offers some thoughts and insight on political
changes in Mexico. Some of these changes may alter
long-standing conditions regarding the "openness" of Mexican
caves. --
Internet: Disease, Pestilence, Illness: Oh My! / Tom
Engel Thom Engel details a nasty critter, "Baylisacraris
procynois Raccoon roundworm. Just when you thought is was
safe to scurry through a dry cave. --
From the files of the TSS: Warriour Cave, et al. --
Trip Report: Honey Creek --
Grotto Reports: DFW & Greater Houston --
Book Review: Karst Hydrology Atlas of West Virginia --
Chairman's Thoughts.


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