The Texas Caver

The Texas Caver

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The Texas Caver
Series Title:
The Texas Caver
Texas Speleological Association
Texas Speleological Association
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Regional Speleology ( local )
Technical Speleology ( local )
serial ( sobekcm )
United States


General Note:
Contents: Grotto news: first and second-hand reports from the minds of Texas cavers / Grotto Reporters -- A pilgrimage to Oztotl's Cave: a report by one of the faithful / Craig Bittinger -- TSS cave map salon: announcing a new addition to the TSA convention activities / Ronnie Fieseler -- New caves in Cottle County: 20,000 leagues beneath the gypsum plain / David Roberts -- Beyond the 7th tooth: a technical look at the wear and failure of the Gibbs ascender / Don Davison -- Trip reports: adventures from the past brought to you in glorious black and white -- Cave management section: a word about the newly created NSS section / John Bridges -- How to sketch a cave location map: putting the fruit on your cave map tree / Ronnie Fieseler -- First aid: suggested contents of a caver first aid kit from the NSS ST chairman / Don Davison -- TSS cave report form: how not to lose a cave now that you've found it / Ronnie Fieseler -- 1977 TSA photo salon: official rules and entry blank for this year's salon / Dale Pate -- 1977 TSA convention: how-tos and where-fors for the annual TSA get together / Dale Pat -- Personnel and address changes: trailing the transient caver / NSS monthly mailing.
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Original Version:
Vol. 22, no. 01 (1977)
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See Extended description for more information.

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University of South Florida Library
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University of South Florida
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k26.4734 ( USFLDC Handle )
11587 ( karstportal - original NodeID )
0040-4233 ( ISSN )

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danuarv 1977 Featuring: .I Pilgrimage to OZTOTL'S Cave


TEXftS CftUER lliUII.a Uol22 Nr 11 danuarv 1977 COVER: The OZ TOTL, sym':>ol of a cave for many of the pre-Columbian cultures o f Mexico, in a f e w of i t s m o r e modern guises. T o the ancients, as well as todays c aver s it repre sents the Supre m e Die t y the m eldi n g t ogethe r of Earth and W a t e r and the Powerful U nknown. In this issue __ 3 GROTTO NEWS Firs t and seco nd-hand r eports from the minds of Texas c avers .... GROTTO REPORTERS 4 A PILGRIMAGE TO OZTOTL'S CAVE A r eport b y o n e of the F aithful. ............... CRAIG BITTINGER 5 TSS CAVE MAP SALON Announcin g a new additio n t o the TSA C o nvention activitie s .... RONNIE F IESELER 6 NEW CAVES IN COTTLE COUN T Y 20,000 L eague s B e n eath the G ypsum Plain .......... DAVID ROBERTS 7 BEYOND THE 7TH TOOTH A technica l look a t the wear and failure of the Gib b s ascender ..... DON DAVISON 8 TRIP REPORTS Adventure s from the past brought to you in glorious black and white ........... .. 9 CAVE MANAGEMENT SECTION A word about the newl y create d NSS Section ......... JOHN BRIDGES 9 HOW TO SKETCH A CAVE LOCATION MAP Putting the fruit on your cave map tree .. RONNIE FIESELER 9 FIRST .AID Suggested contents of a caver First A i d Kit fro m the NSS S&T Chairman ...... DON DAVISON ll TSS CAVE REPORT FORM How not to lose a cav e now that you'v e found it ........... RONNIE FIESELER 13 1977 TSA PHOTO SALON Official rules and entry blank for this year's Salon ..... . DALE PATE 14 1977 TSA CONVENTION How-tos and Where-fors for the 'lnnual TSA get together .. DALE PATE 16 PERSONNEL AND ADDRESS CHANGES Trailing the tran-sient caver ..... ,NSS MONTHLY MAILING TSA MEM!IEB OBCANIZATIONS Staff EDITOR: Gill Ediger TYPING: Terri Treacy OTHERS: Carmen Soileau, Grubbs, Sheila Balsdon, Ma:ry Kay Krauska, Ronnie Fieseler, Thomas Moore, Preston Forsythe, Sherri Larason, Rufus. SUBSCRIPTIONS: James Jasek 5315 Laurel Lake Waco, TX 76710 Charlie Yates 5104 Cloverdale Austin, TX 78723 VICE CHAIRMAN Dale Pate Box 1341 Austin, TX 78710 Alicia Wisener 1826 S 39th St Temple, TX 76501 The TEXAS CAVER is published monthly in Austin, Texas by the T exas Speleological Association. Subscriptions are $5 per year and should be sent to James Jasek at the abov e address. Material for publication should be sent to the Editor, Box 8424, Austin, TX 78712. Please send all address changes promptly to James Jasek. The Post Office no longer sends us change notices, and you risk missing issues if you fail to notify us. ABILENE GUANO GROTTO Jonathan Justice CARTA VALLEYS, U C. K. S. C. Edwin Kunath 3507 Lindenwood GREATER HOUSTON GROTTO Theresa Connolly MiMi Jase k 841 1/Z EN 13th Abile n e TX 79601 AOGI;E SPELEOLOGICAL SOCIETY Sheri Sutton Box 1Z1 Colle g e Station, TX 77b-<0 ALAMO AREA CHAPTER John Allison Z9l'Globe San Antonio, TX 78ZZ8 BALCONES GROTTO Ronnie F ieaeler Box 567Z /matin, TX 78763 S a n Angelo, TX 7 6901 CORPUS CHRISTI CAVING CLUB Jim C leme nts Box 7438 Corpus Christi, TX 78 4 15 DALLAS/FT WORTH GROTTO J;lcquetin e W illiam. s llOI Heath e r Court F t Wort h TX 7 6 1Z6 GALVESTON SPELEOLOCdCAL SOCIETY B arb Stre n t h Box 5 Z96 G a l veo ton, TX 77550 714 3 Triola Houston TX 77036 LAREDO SPELEOLOGICAL SOCIETY Box 6 0 3 Laredo, T X 780 4 0 S A N ANTONIO GROTTO Chuc k Stuelun 3 5 4 E Hutchins PI San Antonio, TX 78ZZI SO UTHWEST TEXAS STUDENT GROTTO Student UnioQ Bldg San Marcos, TX 78666 5315 Laurel Lake W aco, TX 76710 TEXAS Alrl GROTTO Box Z Z13 Texas Alrl Kingsville, TX 78363 UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS GROTTO Box 7671. UT Statioll Anatin, TX 78'11Z


JANUARY 1977 I Grotto News AAC The Alamo Area Chapter ad-dress is now: John Allison Z91 Globe San Antonio, TX 78ZZ8 GHG The new officers of the Greater Houston Grotto, elected in January for 1977, are: Jim McLane -Chairman Mark Conover -Vice Chairman Theresa Connolly-Sec. /Treas. Stanley Brister -Equip. Chmn. The club's latest caving activities include trips to Cottenwood Cave in New Mexico; MP.x:ico over the Thanksgiving holidays; Devil' s Sinkhole in January and a trip to La Ventana in SAG Lately, the SAG has been successfully working in many and varied dire.ctions. We have gained this ability by the many new members we have, who shocked that there are many caves within 40-SO miles of S. A. (they always thought Mexico, West Texas and New Mexico were the places to go). A mjor research project has begun at Robber Baron Cave Work done already involves geology, biology, surveying, history work and the discovery of 100 feet of new passage, in this well travelled cave. Cascade Caverns has been the s .. te of Z .training sessions for the new members, with up to Z6 people at one in active attendence. Poison Ivy Cave has been sprayed and used for vertical training and mapping. This ranch has also provided us with a couple interesting sinkholes, which after Z weekends of digging and swinging the sledge-we were rewarded with a nice steady breeze whose source hcisn't yet been foUnd. New leads are being pushed at ''Cave Without A Name", The Fox Hole has been doubled in 1ize, Crickett Cave has been re-mapped, sinkholes have been dug at and the water crawls and siphons have been pushed in the Main Cave, A small hole in New Braunfels has developed into a small air blowing cave. A new cave has been found in the Hill and Dales Backwoods and a room can be seen through a 4 ft long crack in Dawn's Delight. Anybody have a jackhammer? The old faithfuls are still being visited, such as little Gem, Bustamante, various caves in Helotes and the many ranches north of S. A, The new year looks very promising with the very probable extension of many old caves, and the discovery of many more new caves. This blood being unleashed will definately leave its mark on S. A. caving. UTG The 76 Xmas caving season started early this year when several groups left Thanksgiving and didn't return until after Xmas. The first trip to leave this season consisted ,of Alexia Cockrane, Jill Dorman, Preston Forsythe, Blake Harrison, jeff Roy Jameson, John Mall, Bill Stone and Mike Whittig. They left Austin at 9:4Z P.M. on Nov. 19th. Their planned objective was to iook for caves in a promising area north of San Juan. The area hari first been seen from the air by "Socavon" Stone. Earlier on the 19th a lottery to guess the time of departure had been instigated, at that point the Bozo Bus still needed a spring and the brakes needed work. Leaving t.ime guesses varied from 10:00 P.M. to 6 P.M. on the.-ZOth. The crew drove down the coast road through Valles and on to La Purisima, the jumping off point for tripll onto the San Juan plateau. They camped near there at the Rio Jalpan, The next they met Tracey John1on and Henry Schnecker (AZ:) in town, then they drove 3 I through bad weather to La Tinaja. There they saw closed valleys and were shown some pits by local people, Two were checked, twas a 47m deep pit, the other 9. They camped in the everpresent mud, near a stockpond. The next day the cavers heard about leads near Huilotla, Z hours hike to the west; they opted to drive instead of hike and went to Lagunias over 40 kin of very muddy roads. They tried to hike from there onto the top of the mesa but didn't succeed. On the Z3rd the cavers drove to El Rayon and then on to Rio Verde, then they proceeded back to the Puente Conca, completing a large circle. They drove off in a new direction on a new road and reached Tienas Pritas, where they.camped. The next day despite rain, fog and mud the cavers hiked onto the mesa. After some of the muddiest trails ever encountered by UT cayers they reat:hed.Agua Fria where they camped. That day they were shown some nearby pits and caves by locals. The pits were checked the next day. one was Z87 feet with 5 ropes needed, the other was 50 m deep.. Sounds of hanunering in the deep cave could be heard: in a nearby cave. With their last day on the mesa the group locatl'ld Cueva de la Pena, a going arro}'o {cave) that takes thedrainage'.of' a 1 x 1/Z km doline, expioration was stopped at the first rope drop encountered. Others tried digging in a dirt filled sink but .stopped a near miss caused by a massive dirt collapse On the Z7th the crew hiked out of the mountains and went to Valles where they worked on the spii'ngs. They camped at Los Sabinos where they saw Ediger and crew heading south. They encountered ice in South Texas on their 'way back, The second group to head south from Austin consisted of Gill Ediger, D ino Lowerey, continued on page ZO


4 A Pilgrimage to OZTOTL'S Cave Craig Bittinger Long ago and far aw<}y a group of Indians lhred high in the mountains west of Mexico City. They were a simple people living close to the earth and aware of the basic elements of life. Their food and water carne from the ground and when they died, they returned to the earth. These people watched the world and felt its mysteries and wondered about their existence. Like all people, their thoughts turned to certain philosophical such as why am I here? What is the purpose of life? How does our world work? Tl:le old and wise men of the tribe gathered to discuss these issues and slowly carne into agreement as to where this knowledge must lie. The answer to these questions seemed to lie within, within each per son's mind and within the eanh. Introspection and sincere thoughts could open the doors to inner knowl-edge of oneself. When one wanted to understand and influence the happenings of the world, one should look within the earth. These occurrences were seen as the workings of a deity. The natural place for a god to live was within an opening in the earth or a cave. Water, the holy fluid of life, ran out of a cave as if it were the gift of a happy god and back into the ground into yet another cave. These people called their god Oztotl and characterized him as a quiet and benevolent deity who could help with the problems of an uncertain life. Oztotl was the kind of god that should be approached with gladness in one's heart and flowers in one's hair. They believed that Oztotl lived within the earth and that any opening in the earth ran dose to his presence. Those caves which had water issuing from them were expecially blessed. If a person bathed in these waters, sicknesses could be healed and ailments aleviated. In the valley where the Indians farmed, there existed a cave which had formed on the contact zone between a basalt flow and an underlying bed of limestone. Water issued forth from the earth and the Indians came thereto worship. A small grotto existed in the basalt above the spring and here they carved an image of Oztotl. The glyph consisted of a cave symbol with issuing forth. The people grew and flourished under the guidance of their god and all was happy and peaceful for many years. Then the Spaniards arrived and the people welcomed them with open arms and took them to their shrine to bathe in the godgiven waters and to reunite with the earth through worship of their choice. The. holyrnen of the Spaniards reacted with shock to these people worshipping an idol. To them all idols were associated with the devil. The Spaniards left and later retur.ned with a group of folowers to proscelytize the Indians. The Indians tried to point out that the god of the Spaniards was compatible with theirs and that there was no reason they could not peacefully coexist. However, the Spaniards' minds were closed and no amount of arguing would change their beliefs. Because the Spaniards were The TEXAS CAVER more powerful, the Indians were forced to move the main worship center to other caves. It made little differenc:e. because thei.I: god was found wherever tlrere was an opening in the earth. In an effort to discouragE> the Indians from worshipping the cave god, the Spanish priest!> late one night sneaked into Oztotl's shrine and smashed the image of Oztotl into a thousand pieces. They substituted their own religious image and when the Indians discovered the switch the next morning, they were told that it was a great miracle. The ne"' image was called Nuestro Senor del Chalrna after the saint of the day, September 29. The priests gave Chalrna the same attributes as that of the previous god (Oztotl) and the sacred waters now healed people in the name of Chalrna. Over the years a church was built upon the site of the sacred waters and a town grew up around the church. Centuries passed and the reputation of the healing waters spread and every year thousands of people carne to bathe and to see the sacred sights. One day a group of true believers set out to visit Oztotl. They had learned of him through the study of ancient volumes and hoped to refresh thernsel ves in his healing presence. These pilgrims had devoted themselves to the study of the inner mysteries of the earth and had often felt Oztotl' s guiding influence. As they approached the sacred spot,


JANUARY 1 977 they passed a procession of local people travelling toward the same spot and wearing flowers in their hair and carrying banners. These people were about to enjoy the blessing of Oztotl yet they 5 that upon this site the image of Oztotl had been destroyed. A terrible feeling of indignHy rose within the breasts of the true believers. Wa s Oztotl truly alive and powerful? If so, how could he allow this sacrilege? In a state of ut-ter depression they sat down to ponder these events. They lifted their eyes to the lush limestone mountains surrounding the town. The natural beauty of the earth reasserted itself and the follies of man's desecrations paled to insignificance. The spirit of Oztotl moved over them and wisdom entered their minds. They realized that their deity was not limited to one spot on the earth's surface. He existed wherever people thought about the inner nature of the world and pondered the basic mature of life. Yet, Oztotl was tolerant and wise and not bothered by the insignificant alterations that had been made in his holy site. He existed only knew nothing of him and attributed his deeds to another. The true believers wondered at this injustice. sides were the images of the Spaniards. Vendors sold souvenirs and of the hundred of people present, none knew or spoke of Oztotl. The natives sat about telling jokes and littering and profaning the site. The true believers came very close to flee-ing in utte r disgust. With grim determination they forced themselves onward to find Oztotl' s true cave. 1o help his people realize the true things in life and to aid those that journeyed through the inrer pathway s of the earth. With new wisdom, the true believers left the sacred site, stopping only to fill a flask with holy water so that they could spread the blessing of Oztotl At last they arrived at the sacred spot where the waters issued forth only to find that the Spaniards had blocked the opening and forced the water to run tP,rough pipes into a small pool. On all At last they found it, on a hill, above all the gawking masses. A gate across its entrance kept out all visitors and a plaque proclaimed TSS Cave to the other true believers not able to accompany them on their pilgrimage. Map Salon The Texas Speleological Survey will sponsor a new event at the 1977 TSA Convention the First Annual TSS Cave Map Salon! We hope all you cave surveyors and map drafters will flood us with your best work. Since this is a new thing, we are not quite sure what form it will take, but suspect there will be at least a couple of categories with awards of some sort. We feel that such a Salon will encourage more drafting of maps, allow an exchange of methods, ideas, and technique between draftsmen, and result in an overall improvement of cave maps. We are also considering a similar Salon for the forthcoming 1978 NSS Convention in New Braunfels, Texas, so this is sort of a trial run. Please help us by entering! Entries should be a printed copy, blueline, or xerox copy as all entries become the property of the TSS. If you want to send an original ink tracing the TSS will be glad to keep it in a permanent file. Method of reproduction will not be a factor in judging. There are currently no rules as to size, layout, methods, etc. Just get them in the mail to: Texas Speleological Survey P. 0. Box 5672 Austin, TX 7876 3


6 New Caves in COTTLE COUNTY David Roberts Recently we cavers 1n At>llene have been doing quite a bit of work in the gypsum area of NW Texas. We feel this is one of the more overlooked areas of the state as this report will show. On October 6, Tom Wynn, Dave Comstock, and Dave Roberts all from Dyess AFB drove to Cottle County to check out a couple caves mentioned in the TSS Vol. 1. After getting permission from owner we drove to the cave area. We bad the USGS topo sheet of the area so we started checking sinkholes. The very first one bad a cave off it. It extended as a 4-5' high passage for about 100' to a wide low roo:m with two crawls leading off. We took the drier one to the left which extended as a 1-Z' high crawl for abo 500'. AI: lhi.s point another crawl ill b:u:m the right we -..peeled :might be the adler crawl oft the first room. Atb:r aJIIJther zoo -crawling in 1-Z'Iai&h. 10' wide passage it fiaaD.y op eued iDI:o waDriDg pas&aJ:e 15' hiJ:h and ZO' wide. Tlais cnnti.......d for a couple hnndred fed to ..,_ breakdown. We anelled iUDJDOaia .., -pieSSed hats were near. We found a SDJall passace to one side of the breaiidowll aad followed it to a romn about 50' across aod ZO' high. It was inhabited by about 5, 000 bats. This rooDl opened into a gully draining into Shores Creek. We thought this cave might be Buckle L Bat Cave. However that was reported as only about 500' long while we found it to be over 1000'. We then checked out several From High Times, No. 19, Marc h '77 other sinkholes. In the first two we found several small caves. These are Low Bridge Cave -30', I Don't Care Cave -30', and Worse Yet Cave-15'. The third sinkhole we checked was a large one about 500' across. In one p .art of it were located a number of pits about 301 deep. We checked most of them but didn't really push any of them. There were a number of crawlways we left untouched. Seven pits were checked and three were named: Right Angle Cave -250 Powdered Gypsum Cave -250 and Shelobs Lair -70 Probably most of the pits are connected, but it will take a lot of crawling. The next sinkhole netted us the most impressive cave entrance any of us have seen yet in Texas. Dave C. commented that "you could drive a train into there. 11 Hence the name Train Tunnel Cave. The entrance passage or room is about 20' high, 10-15' wide, and 100' long. After that it becomes a typical l-2'. high 10' wide crawl. Again we didn't really push it. We checked several other sinks that have slight pouibilities. Our lut find of the day wa a cave that opened in the ide of a cliff over Sbore Creek. It wa tbe DlO&t interetillg cave we foUDd. The first 70' was fairly large walking then the cave became a narrow 15' high canyon. It was very much joint controlled making frequent 90 degree turns. It too narrowed to a crawlway which we did not push. We named it Alabaster Canyon Cave because of the beautiful gypsum walls that formed the canyon. We went to the entrance to Deadmans Cave Jackie Bat-I sha of Bristol, England, has successfully fought her own case of sex discrimination in employment,. winning 3 pounds for a wasted journey, 15 pounds for a loss of opportunity and 20 pounds for injury to feelings, She was denied a job of cave guide by Cheddar Caves, owned by Longleat Enterprises, having been told by her prospective employer that "women look good in gift shops; men look good in the caves. 11 But you can't look a gift shop in the mouth. The TEXAS CAVER but did not enter. Three later we returned to the area. The party thi s time consisted of Johathan Justice, Sandra Guajardo, Tim Rhoads, Phil Hudson, Karen Kelly Bruce Wharton, and Dave Roberts. W e first entered Deadmans Cave. A mistake. The first 125' is interesting. The next 125' is filled with the worst mud that we've ever crawled in. It clung in huge globs. After a period of cleaning up we went t o some new sinkholes. One sinkhol'e has two caves leading off it. Sandra and Tim started in one while Dave and Phil checked the other. The one Dave and Phil checked ended in breakdown after 70'. Everyone else except Dave followed Sandra and Tim into the other cave as they had not yet returned. Dave booked it across country to another sink and arrived there just as Sandra came crawling out. The cave continued on after the sink so after everyone arrived all except Dave and Phll continued on along the cave. Phil and Dave went to yet another where after 30 nrinutes Sandra came crawling out followed by the others. This sinkhole has an impressive natrual bridge over one end. There is yet another small cave in this series which finally opens onto Shores Creek. We estimate the long cave which we named Steamroller Cave to be about 1000' lollg and the small cave at the end to be about 120' long. The small cave at the beginnning and the cave at the end were named Frontdoor and Backdoor Cave. After checking several other sinks with no luck we went to Alabaster Canyon Cave. Sandra and Dave pushed the crawl at the end and came out into a sink, putting the total length of the cave at a bout 400'. So in two weekends Abilene cavers have found 16 new caves and over 3, 000 feet of new passage or unreported pas sage. And there is much yet to do. This whole area of Texas has so much yet to offer. The final tally for this area should be well over 1000 caves and when those of the Culberson County gypsum plain are added in, the gypsum caves of Texas should total at least a third of all caves in the state.


JANUARY 1977 \ 2. \ 3 5-6-7/ 8// 't Tooth designations of the Gibbs Ascender Cam Jaw. Originally drafted at full scale. The cam jaws referred to in this rticle are those with the most recent involute pattern (tooth arrangeent). This type has been sold xclusively since about 1972, and s shown in the illustration. The amount of wear which a Gibbs Ascender cam jaw** can sustain and still hold multiple body weights is a critical factor in the ascent of long drops and the assembly of rescue hauling systems. It is important that all vertical caver s be familiar with this wear-point since Gibbs Ascenders are becoming increasingly popular. In developing and testing the Davison System, individua l components are taken to destruction under actual caving situations. In this manner, the effects upon safety and mobility can be fully analyzed. The average caver should never experience component failure with the System because its approach is very obvious, and the component will have been replaced long before the actual failure point is achieved. The following incidents will serve to illustrate the critical importance of the cam jaw wearpoint on 7/16' rope. were working with the rescue-life method 'of the Davison System and I (180 .lbs. ) started up the rope with no problems. Approximately 6 feet from the ground a second man (175 lbs.) clipped into one of the slings hanging from my leg loops and I caromed up (total 355 lbs.) and additional 6 feet with no problemfl, At this point, a third man (160 lbs.) clipped into the second sling and I attempted to cam (tot;;tl 515 lbs. ) *Don Davison is the Chairman of the Safety & Techniques Committee of the NSS, 7 BeJlond the 7_th Tooth INTO THE TWILIGHT ZONE WITH GIBBS ASCENDERS by Don Davison, Jr.,.,. up the rope. M y foot cam held well, but the knee cam slipped continuously. I could only raise the three of us four feet before the load tired m y right leg excessively At this point, the third man broke away and I was able to continue easily up the final 20 feet of rope with the 355 pound load causing NO cam slippage. All this took place on marine lay Goldline in free fall conditions. Since the knee cam held under 1 and 2 body weights, it was pushed further. About 80 feet after the initial slippage (515 lb. s), during a hig h speed climb under 1 body weight, the knee cam slipped continuously on mountain lay Goldline. Note tha t if either one of these cams had been used as a stop cam in a rescue hauling capacity, or a s a belay cam, the results cOJld have been e xtreme l y undesirable, even though they held under 1 body wei ght. OBSERVATIO:-.JS After failure a t 1 body w eight, the knee cam showed a sharp channel in the 7th tooth (see illustration) from wear. The 8th and 9th cam jaw teeth showed many faint lineations, with the mold line ridge barely in evidence on the crest of either tooth. The foot cam, after failure at one body weight, showed a charp channel into the 5th tooth and a broad channel into the 6th tooth with obvious loss in tooth height and many parallel scratches. On the 7th tooth, the mold line ridge was almost completely suppressed; tooth height was somewhat reduced with many parallel scratches in evidence. The 8th tooth was polished with some wear of the mold line ridge being obvious and the 9th tooth was slightly polished on the mold line ridge only, CONCLUSIONS Gibbs Ascender earn jaws are readily inspected--an excellent safety feature. It is advisable that all earn jaws be retired from use on 7 /16' rope when polishing of the 7th tooth mold line ridge occurs. Wear beyond this point will result in obvious wear of the mold line ridge of the 7th tooth, followed by the development of a sheen on the top of the tooth, and finally, the occurrence of very fine, faint, parallel scratches on the tooth with suppression of the mold line ridge. On Gi.bbs Ascender earn jaws with no mold line ridge on the crest of the teeth, development of a sheen on the 7th tooth will be the first indication of the need to retire the jaw, followed by scratch development. Cam jaws should be inspected before use in a hauling system to make sure that the mold line ridge of the 7th tooth is not polished and be inspected closely during cleanup after each trip, expecially after polishing of the 6th tooth is noticed. The fact that a cam holds your body weight does not automatically mean that it can hold a much greater load. A 54 page booklet ot Bexar County cave maps is available for $2.00 plus postage froma Spelean Studies P.o. Box 1032 San Marcos, Texas 78666. ..


8 WHERE: Gorman Falls, Texas WHEN: U-12 September 1976 WHO: Chris Arnold, Julie Ballenger, Connie Cartwright, Sandra Guajardo, Jonathan Justice, Vin Maddox, Norman Porter, Tim Rhoads, Larry Ross, Ruben Santiago, Donna Shnell, Peggy Shnell, Ellen Taylor, Jim Trombley, Virgil Vines, Where else to break in new cavers but a good old muddy cave like Gorman? We headed for the cave the first thin'g, passing a just arriving group from UT Grotto. The air in the cave was rather poor in places, as e videnced by trouble with carbide lights and severe headaches for a few. The spirits of others were not dampened, however, judging from the mud fights on the way out! After the usual river and waterfall dunkings, we proceeded with rappelling and climbing practice on a short cliff, moving across the river the nex day to the high cliffs, where everybody got some good practice. After drifting back across to the waterfall for some colling off, everyone was ready to leave. The camp manager said that there were at least 92 davers registered the whole weekend, so we had lots of company! WHERE: River Styx Cave WHEN: 17-18 September 1976 WHO: Terry Brown, Susan Cox, Sandra Guajardo, Jonathan Justice, Allen Julie Smith, Dale Wineinger. Five of us left Abilene about 8 PM Friday, signed the release at the ranch house, and set camp up over the cave. The other three joined us Satuary morning, and we got underway to the farthest dry entrance. Complaints of bruised knees and elbows were heard from our new cavers, but these were duly ignored. After a separation of 2 people from the _TRIP REPORTS rest of the group, we proceeded dow n the parallel passage through the two large bat rooms and out a squeeze that I had pushed on my last visit, into the main passage a few hundred feet from the river entrance, effectively by-pas sing about 700' of water passage Few bats were observed in the part of the cav e we saw, and the water was still fairly tolerable, though cold enough for us! From the cave we drove about 12 miles south on the 6666 Ranch to do some rappelling and climbing on the o verhanging cliffs till dark fell, then headed for home. Emerald Sink, Devil' s Sinkhole ., > Bucolic bane l"hese impo&ing structures are nettles from plants that inhabit rural America. Dr Laurence Thurston of Texas AlM University at College Station used., tMctroni c KaMin& microscope to make the picture. The nettle bulb _. lilicon to produce th ... brittle glass syringe s that can make m loery ,_ human who brush against them (AP W l repboco) The TEXAS CAVER WHEN: 23-24 October 1976 WHO: Gary Brite, Terry Brown, Dave Boettger, Susan Cox, David Carter, Ben Green, Paul Green, Sandra Guajardo, Vicky Hees, Phil Hudson, Jonathan Justice, Karen Kelley, Billy Parker, Norman Porter, Tim Rhoads, Larry Ross, Mike Ross, Ruben Santiago, Virgil Vines, Robin Vines, Bruce Wharton, Tom Wynn, and a few others. We left Abilene about 6:30 Friday and arrived at Lake Amistad after midnight. After much driving around looking for a previously arrived group, and not finding them we camped. Arriving in Langtry the next morning, we drove out to the cave and rigged up. Having people in all various stages of experience, some of us did the 141' pit, while others crawled all over the cave; while the rest were in the cave a few wandered around and found the entrance to Langtry Lead. Coming out the entrance sink of the cave was a little slippery, as it had been raining lightly and the moss was wet. Since it was dark and we were tired, a few of us went back to Amistad to camp, while the others split up and went on to Rocksprings or back to Abilene. By the time we got to the Devil' s Sinkhole it was after noon, and we met some caver s from UT just finishing coming out. About 12 of us went down and wandered around, four of us spent some time in the lake room while the rest rigged up for the climb out. The trip out was rather slow as individual climbing gear was in various stages of development and adjustment, There were three of us left when the bats started stirring around, and as Ben climbed out they came out in full force. He didn't stow down any. It was fully dark before I got out, and we left aoon thereafter, making it back about 2:00 AM, tired but happy. Note for the TEXAS CAVER: The parent -Sporting Specialties Ltd. -of The Speleoshoppe has now been appointed a direct factory importer and U.S. distributor for Suunto. This is the result of a personal meeting between myself and the marketing director from Finland, The Speleoshoppe can now give better service to cave surveyors both in supply and in feedback to the company. Cavers may be interested to know that the company is actively seeking permission to drop restrictions on the Betalight illumination on Suunto compasses. I am cooperating on this and keeping informed on further Suunto developmtlnts now on the drawing board. In the meantime, cavers might experiment with cutting open a chemical light and smearing the glowing chemicals on the window of the Suunto compass-I haven't tried it, but it sounds feasible. --Ian Ellis


JANUARY 1977 CMS NEW SECTION FORMED by John Bridges At the Cave Management Symposium a Cave l'v1i1nagement Section in the NSS was formed. A very broad definition was used in defining Cave Management. Management of the resource in any sense is our concern, only incidently as a comznercial operation. The purpose of the section is to establish communication between the various NSS Committees. The National Cave Association, Federal and State Agencies all involved NSS members and cave owners. A newsletter will be published. The section will serve as a storage facility and clearing house for information relative to cave management. I am a charter member of this cave management section. The only one in the entire South. If you have any interest in this section, either as input or output, contact me. John P. Bridges NSS 9826 Cascade Caverns Park Route l, Box 57A Boerne, Texas 78006 512-755-9285 9 How lo Sketch a Cave Location Map or There and Back Again The files of the Texas Speleological Survey are filled with assorted sketches of how to get to various caves. Many of these are abominations! I'm sure they were perfectly understandable to the person when he drew them, but it is a different matter when he looks at them years later or when another caver tries to use it to go to the cave. Consider Sketch #1. One similar to this was found in the Hays County file. A more useless map would be hard to imagine as it conveys basically no information. Sketch # 1 First Aid by Ronald G. Fieseler A slight improvement can be seen in Sketch #2. More data is included, but the sketcher obviously became lazy or discouraged and gave up his efforts long before reaching the cave. The sketch is disorganized and jumbled, which presents a confused, and uninspiring appearance to the user. Some of the symbols are unlabled an-d are of such un-means this relocated. Sketch # 2 continued on next page by Don Davison Many cavers do not carry a first aid kit. Reasons cited for this behavior range "First aid kits are too bulky" reasonable first aid kit doesn't contain anything that is very useful." Perhaps we can present a positive solution to this problem. The first aid items listed below may be packed into the container of a Johnson & Johnson brand Pocket Kit first aid kit. A rubber band seal is placed inside the groove in the container body, and the lid-body junction is taped waterproof with 1-1/2 inch masking tape. Total volume of the first aid kit is 16.5 cubic inches, total weight is 5. 5 ounces. \. 1 Very large paper clip 2 Large paper clips 1 4"x4" sterile gauze pad 2 1-1/2"x2" sterile gauze pads 20 Feet of 3/4 inch roll gauze 1 Bar of soap (preferaby Dial brand), hotel size 3 Cottom swabs 3 Antiseptic pre-moistened towelettes 1 Needle 2 Salt tablets 2 Packages of salt, individual serving size Tube of Faille ointment, 11 ounce 8 Acetaminophen tablets, 5 grains 2 Allerest tablets 4 Large butterfly closures 4 Medium ':>utterfly closures 4 Junior plastic strips 4 3/ 4" plastic strips 4 1 plastic strips 3 2"x2'' -3/8" adhesive bandages 2 Tincture of merthiolate swabs 2 Stingfoe swabs 6 Feet of 1 /2" waterproof adhesive tape 1 Tweezers (pointed) 1 Plastic teaspoon 2 Large chuncks CaC2 in cloth or toilet paper


10 Sketch #3 is much simpler yet it conveys more information than the other two. We know the highway number and the ranch name. Presumably the cave is located on the trail shown. If not, then we may have some trouble finding it. Problems may arise if there are any intersections in the trail. A major problem is lack of landmarks or distances. After hiking for two kilometers without finding the cave, do we go through this gate we have just come to? D o we cross that creek? It would also be impossible to mark the location on a USGS topo map using the sketch as a reference . .;! .... '' I I .-"o II -=fuj Sketch # 3 The solution to this sticky wicket is relatively simple. It does require a little desire, pride, time, practice, technique, a cave location, paper, and writing instrument. If you want to slop out a crude, worthless, grade school type of map, go ahead . someone will will just have to redo it someday. This is where the pride and desire come in. You must want to produce a clear, concise map that will be a credit to your expertise as a caver. It will take a little time to draw one though. It usually takes me from l-10 minutes depending on the complexity of the location. If you S by observing other maps and adopting various symbols and methods that appeal to you or which are more practical than the ones you presently use. Practice is self explanatory. Just keep drawing those sketches; even if someone else draws one, go ahead and draw your own. Sketch #4 illustrates some of the better m ethods, symbols. and organization that can be used on location sketch maps. least suspicion tliat the cave is unkt:10wn to the TSS. Never ass ume that someone else has ah-: ready reported it. There is also a tendency to wait to send a 'report "until we finish exploring" 011-"until the tnap is finished. Such a wait can often turn into one of several months or years d1,1ration, or may never be completed. Send the ,initial report in immediately, and mail the map and follow-up report later on. Let's all cooper:'Lte to hele keep the TSS files up to dateJ ThanRe in advance; One of the simplest things to do is to make the roads a single line. The double lines that most people use just clutter the map and provide no function (see Sketches 2, 3), On this sample map all the symbols are tabled for clarity, but the more common one (fences, Sketch# 4 The TEXAS CAVER streams, gulLies, windmills, etc.) could have been used without tables. Any new or unorthodox symbol m:.1st be clearly tabled, One time I tabled a mP.tal gate with the initials "mg." Several y ears later I spent many minutes pondering that enigmatic code before I realized what it meant. Directions and orientation are important. I have indicated highway numbers, nearby towns, and a distance from an intersection to the ranch turnoff. This is frequently an important consideration, The approximate north arrow will eliminate much confusion. The cave location can be quite accurately located by taking and recording two or more compass bearings on prominent landmarks, expecially those likely to be marked on a USGS topographic map such as windmills, hill tops, water towers, houses, churches, microwave towers, etc. It can also be located by pacing or measuring the distance to fence corners, road inter sections, windmills, streams, etc. You will need at least two different measurements, Sketch #4 shows both of these methods. Finally, the map is relatively tidy and well organized. This clarity and quality will impart a feeling of confidence to the user. Confidence in a map is half the battle when using it to locate something or to go somewhere. If you send the TSS a sketch map of this quality, there is a very good chance that we can accurately locate the cave on a topo map and be almost as accurate as if it had been done at the cave. Give it a try at your next opportunity speleology will benefit from it. /\"''


TSS # Texas Speleological Survey P. 0. Box 5672 Austin, Texas 7876 3 Date ------------------------Cave Name(s) County USGS Quadrangle -------------------Owner (Include address) zip phone Reported by date Explored by-----------------------------------------date--------------Mapped by date ------------Location of map if not included with report Biological observations I collections by --------------------------date location of specimens ---------------------fauna present -----------------------------------------Description: Length Depth Number of entrances ---------Type & size of entrances --------------------------------Equipment needed __ Written description (as detailed as possible): -----------------Historical data (include sources): ---------------------------------over-


Other observations or data (bad air, archeological or paleontological site, etc.) Location: Include topo coordinates if known, nearest town, and draw a detailed sketch map showing roads, trails, buildings, streams, hills, gullies, any fences, windmills, stock tanks, cliffs, or any other landmarks. Show an approximate north arrow and distances if possible.


JANUARY 1977 13 TSA Photo Salon Contary to popular belief, there will be a photo-salon in 1977. Either mail or send your slides by messenger today while there is still time. Follow the easy rules below. 1. DEADLINE: Entries should be postmarked no later than Ap:dl 13, 1977. 2. ELIGIBILITY: Open to all TSA members. Must be related to caves or caving. Photographs previously entered in TSA or NSS photo-salons are not eligible. 3. CLASSIFICATIONS: Black & White prints(open); Color Prints(open); and Transparencies: A. Scientific B. Open C. Activity D. Humorous E. Beginners(Those who have never entered a photo-salon before.) 4. COLOR TRANSPARENCIES: Shall be mounted for projection in x or 2 x 2 inch mounts. Slides must be spotted in the lower left corner as you wish them to appear on the screen. All slides must contain the entry number and name of contributor. 5. BLACK & WHITE or COLOR PRINTS: May be any size from 5 x 7 up to 16 x 20 inches and should be mounted on mounting boards. On the back of each entry should appear the name and address of the contributor, the title, and print number. The title may be placed on the front of the mount directly under the lower left of the print in lettering not to exceed inch high. 6. JUDGES: Will be experienced photographers or cavers. Judges may not enter the Judges reserve the right to drop those entries from a category if insufficient entries are received, and to place them in another category. 7. ENTRY FEE: No entry fee is required. However, a maximum of 6 entries per category in the color transparencies will be accepted. A maximum of 10 entries in the Black & White or Color Prints will be accepted. 8. SHIPMENT: Pack all entries in re-usable material, enclosing return postage if entries are to be returned by mail after the convention. Entries may be picked up at the convention following the Salon presentation. No responsibility for loss or damage will be assumed, however, utmost care will be taken during the time entries are in our hands. 9. ADDRESS ALL ENTRIES TO: Debbie Tolar NAME OF ENTRANT: ADDRESS: NUMBER 1. '2. 3, 4 5. 4504 Speedway #106 Austin, Texas 78751 ENTRY BLANK TITLE Use a separate sheet of paper CATEGORY


14 ThE't. TEXAS CAVER TSA CONVENTION The TSA Convention fo-.:-19 7 7 w ill be held in San Marcos on 2 Z -Z4 April. We have several campsites at the SWTSU College Camp located near Wimberly reserved for camping ( see loca-PIIIIK Hflll! tion map on opposite page for directions to the camp). Alcoholic beverages are allowed and the Blanco River will be nearby for those who like to swim. Registration wi 11 take place Friday night at the campground. Everyone is urged to register then. However, registration will be open Saturday morning for those who aren't able to register Friday. JIIOJC:IITLS Ofll WilY STIIUT SAM 8UJU)IH6 SWT CAMPUS The activities on Saturday will include reghtration, papers, talks, tne photo salon, BOG Meeting, spontaneous partying at night, etc. The daytime activities will be held in the BAM building, Rm 113. We also have reserved Rm 11. 7 for a publication room. See the map on this page for directions to the BAM on the SWTSU campus. Signs will be posted both on campus and along the route to the College Camp. Persons wishing to give talks or present papers should write or call me as soon as possible. As of this time, there is no definite schedule for papers, but registration will begin at 9 AM at the BAM, with talks to follow shortly. Please send title and approximate time required to Dale Pate, Box 1341, Austin, TX 78710, or phone me at 51Z-477-541Z. Keith Heuss has volunteered to arrange for several caves to be open for people to explore on Sunday. If you want to help Keith or have questions, contact him at 1107 N Barbara Dr, San Marcos, TX 78666. I've been informed that no dogs are allowed on the college camp. The SWT cavers have been hassled by the administration because of this before, so lets try to keep the heat off of them by leaving your dogs elsewhere. This year's Convention promises to be a good one. Debbie Tolar is arranging the Photo Salon, Ronnie Fieseler is trying out a new idea--the Cave Map Salon, and, of course, the uaxal gaggle of weird cavers will be there to entertain you. Plan on being there. And bringing old friends and making new ones. See you in San Marcos, J)cvG_ ATTEND THE CONVENTION: Jack Baer once said in a somewhat gurggly voice as he emerged bleary eyed from a vomit covered sleeping bag: "Conventions are great places for meetings of the minds--and other parts of the body!" Be there to find out.


JANUARY 1977 Caretaker's D I f I I I r' Re.:Jt Rooms / J D /I ------------/ Dirt Road _.., Off Limits r ''[2 ---------1 I (/--------::-, I 1 Lodge \ l \ \ I 5 '1 \ ) I I J J CAmp Sites /t I J 5WT Camp 11 t II I I /f '---------....._----...--_,../ ......... iver orr 15


16 The TEXAS CAVER Hold onto your harthats, fo1ks, here come all the changes since July: The TEXAS CAVER and the TSA are proud to welcome these new NSS members into that fine condition: Joseph A. Berkel (NSS17429) 8423 Carvel, Houston, TX 77036 Mark David ConovP.r-(NSS 17338) Box 58771, Hou'ston, TX 77058 George Veni (NSS 17322) CMR 8, Box 9579, Lackland AFB, TX 78236 Balfo Normand (NSS 1 7446) 8622 S Zarzarnora, San Antonio, TX 78224 Bert James Bergarni (NSS 17584) 1215 Sotogrande Blvd. #135, Euless, TX 76039 Sandy Figuers (NSS 17604) 407-B Kelly, UTEP, El Paso, TX 79968 Larry Merrick (NSS1 7585) Box 313, Menard, TX 76859 Steve Harrel (NSS17610) 3437 Ridgeoak Way, Dallas, 75234 Carl Emil Bryson (NSS17695) 1016 N Golder Ave, Odessa, 79761 Jay Dexter i3ush (NSS 17694) Rt 1 Box 49-C, Florence, TX 76527 Ann Duck (NSS 17701) 2809 Salinas TX 79605 Sandra Guajardo (NSS 17706) Box 6907, ACU, Abilene, TX 79601 Russell Bert Hill (NSS 17668) 3416 Hanger Ave, Ft Worth, TX 76105 David Lee Persha (NSS17665) Holiday Homes #129, San Marcos, TX 78666 Karen Kay Kelly (NSS 17724) 2290 Ave D, Abilene, 79601 Norman Porter (NSS 1 7723) Box 7055, ACU, Abilene, TX 79601 Lonnie Dean Voyles (NSS 17737) 8000 Skylbe Dr, Odessa, TX 79762 Howard White (NSS 17731) 7402 Greenstone, Houston, TX 77087 James Willingham {NSS 17728) 6927 S Padre Island Dr, #142, Corpus Christi, TX 78412 Donald Durrett (NSS 17749) Letourneau College, Box 7001, Longview, TX 75602 Charles Bell, Jr. (NSS 17799) 1316 N Golder, Odessa, TX 79761 David Boettger (NSS 17888) 3902 L igustrurn Ave, Abilene, TX 79605 Joe Sam Muston (NSS 17860) 601 EN 15th, Apt A, Abilene, TX 79601 Willard Schwartz (NSS1 7838) 5024 Concord Ridge, San Antonio, TX 78228 SIErri Sutton (NSS1 7823) Box 121, College Station, TX 77840 Doug Syrnank (17812) Box 121, College Station, TX 77840 Bruce Edward Wharton (NSS 17817) Box 7995, ACU, Abilene, 79601 Jim Brian Hill (NSS17804) see Russell Bert Hill'above Linda Sue Muston ( NSS 17861) see Joe Sam Muston ajove Peggy Schwartz (NSS 17839) see Willard Schwartz above George Mutschler (NSS 1 7840) see Willard Schwartz above Mary Mutschler (NSS 17841) see Willard Schwartz above Please note the following address changes: Gary Mitchell Brige (16427) 1417 Westmoreland, Abilene, TX 79603 Gary Napper (14115) 1304 Bob Harrison, Austin, TX 78702 Shiela Balsdon (17208) 1304 Bob Harrison, Austin, TX 78702 Carmen Soileau to 1304 Bob Harrison, Austin, TX 78702. Roger Sperka (8463) to 2.13 Argonaut Dr, Apt 86, El Paso, TX 79912. Paul Streeter (14822) to 718 Estancia Way, San Rafael, CA 94903 James Tench, Jr. (9215) to 10706 School House Lane, Austin, TX 78759 Norbert Welch (9035) to 6455 Oriole St, Dallas, TX 75209 James Brockway (11689) to Box 5682, Dyess AFB, TX '79607 Torn Byrd (15701) to 1503 Waller, Austin, TX 78702 Jill Moody (12058) to 453-94-6769, CoB (WOOC) Stu Btn Tng Bde, Ft McClellan, AL 36205 Mike-Feltz (15012) to 6440 Everhart Rd, Corpus Christi, TX 78413 Frank Ghigo {11199) to 41 Walnut #22, Waltham, MA 02154 Robert Henry (11601) to Coop. Wildlife Research Unit, Univ of Ariz, Tucson, AZ 85721 Norna Hoehn e (16838) to 813 E Johnson, Kingsville, TX 78363 Albe;rt C Hynes (13489) to 3100 Park North Dr F, El Paso, 70014 Dean Jackson (7081) to 4382 Wild Country, Livingston, 77351 Susan Holstrom Loving (9303) 1034 Fountain Rd #2, Ann Arbor MI 48103 Claude Penny (11646) to 5621 Westward #21, Houston, TX 77081 CarolJo Rushin {11372) to Taketee Range r Station, Taketee Route, Box 140, Idleyld Park, OR 97447 Robert Schroeder (7732) to -2006-Mirnosa,' Victoria, TX 77901 Lee Skinner (4807F) to Box 14944, Albuquerque, NM 87111 William G West (8525) to 234 Trailridge Dr, Garland, TX 75043 S.D. Wilson (9393) to 102 Anton, San Antonio, TX 78223 Dave Brison (5255F) 10 Ave Charles de Gaulle, 92100 Boulogne sur Seine, FRANCE Jim Moore (15744) 1926 Walter s t SE, Albuquerque, NM 87102 Ivy Atherton (13560) to 1409 Indiana #2, Housto.n, TX 77006 Jerry Campbell (12027).10605 Murphy, El Paso, TX 79924


JANUARY 1977 !)ana C r ull (12899) to 6 950tb. ABSQ, Box 59, APO NY 0 9193 M :uk Grady (906 7) to 6715 Sondra D r D allas, T X 75214 Michael Lorimer (12558 ) t o 5 2.28 Carouse l # 4 E l P a s o TX 79912 Dick Montgomery (13905) to 9400 Fredsbg. Rd, # 3301, San Antonio, TX 78240 Walter C Pusey, III (2353) to Conoco, Wharf Oifice Bldg, The Woodlands, TX 77380 Andy Grubbs (15667) to 1307 1/2 Kirkwood, Austin, TX 78722 David Jagr.o w (8177) to 11306 Whittington Lane, Houston, T X 77099 Bar bare. MacL eod (5230F) to 1307 1/2 Kirk w o od, Austin TX 78722 BiLl Mayne (15404) t o 6!4 1 / 2 Ave F, Kingsv ille, TX 78763 Dick Montgomery (13905) to PO Box 6406; San Antonio, T X 78209 A. Ric hard Smith ( 3708F ) t o P O Box 10680, H ouston, TX 77092 John Strickland (7742) toRt: 3 Box 149S Leander, TX 78644 Gregory A lan Waiker (15500) t o P O Box 8045, Austin TX 78712 Bill Steele (8072) to 1307 1/2 Kirkwood, Austin, TX 78722 Cary J Carr illo (.9753 ) to 26 Circle A v e M.ill Valle y CA 94911 James Ford e (15691 ) t o 1711 Rosewood, Odessa, TX 7 9 7 6 1 Donald Frornane k (7383) to 72.45 F a irbanks # 143, H ouston T X 7704 0 lvl3.r i anne Goodwyn ( 1 1423) to 1131 S First St, Louisville, KY 40203 Gary Ladd (10024) to Lt-1 4 E Kelso, Apt C Tucson, A Z 85711 Danie l Lang (8831) 1 3555 Purple S Rd, Dallas, TX 7 5240 Mike .t-.f.::Kee(16 541) to 4111 Ave A# 106, Austin, TX 78727 Gil Pena (16762) to Box 7081 Austin, T X 78711 Wayn e W a lker (1512 2 ) to 531 S o l a r San Antonio, T X 78227 David Young (6852) to Box 622, Richardson, TX 75080 Tom Iliffe ( 16703) to 720 S Indian R iver Dr, Florida Inst of Tech, Jensen Beach, FL 33457 Michael Bales (7486) to 2 1 9 N 6 1 st Terrace, Hollywood, FL 33024 J o nathan 0 Davis (481 8) to Rt 3 1 2 3 Lillian Ln, Hamlet, NC 28345 Wayne Russell (9873) to 630 W are, San Antonio, TX 78221 Lewis P aul Johnston (15988) L3. Plaza. Apts, # 1 22, 8210 Research Blvd, Austin, T X 78758 D:tniel C 1ai g Rudolph (13359) Dept of Biology, Texas Tech Univ, Lubbock, TX 74904 Noel Sloan ( 14282) c/o Univ o f TexasS o u t hwester n M edical School, 5329 Harry Hines Blvd, Roger Moore to 1010 Allston, Houston, T X 77008 Jim Griffin to 5 308 Overbrook, Austin, TX 78723 L arry Bible to P O Box 104, Bend, T X 76824 Ginia Oehler to Rt 1 Box 93, Fredericksburg, TX 78624 Box 1191, Dallas, TX 75235 SUBSCRmE NOW to the 1977 TEXAS CAVER. Twelve full issues only $5. Send f ive bucks now t o : The TEXAS CA.VER c/o Jamee Jaeek !315 Laurel Lake Waco, TX 76710 W. m ... t have your ZIP code, Our Yankee friend Jack tlae.r passed t .hrougt> t own recently and n>ade the following observation on the citizens o f lvlexico: "Not only do m .ost of them believe in heaven, but they a lso bel ieve that w hen they get there every one will speak Spanish.


rmchai Cavers B.IJOICII NUMBER FOUR. Our latest and probably finest issue Wide international coverage including report of the British New Guinea expedition .. Technical articles on wetsuits and hypo thermia, Roy Davis' History of Cumberland Caverns and features on some of the toughe s t and hottest caving going down today: Indiana's Parkers, Tennessee's Jewett, Mon tana's Lost Creek Siphon, etc. Cave cartoons, drawings poetry. 84 pages 39 photographs. $2 .50 ppd. NUMBER TWO. Very few c opies of this popular issue remain so act fast. Candid interview with Franc e s cave sitting super caver Michel Siffre, push caving in Indiana the Grand Canyon, Kentucky Red Watson on speleo-philosophy, George Jackson o n Speleo-history Award winning photography by Carl Kunath, hilarious satires on vertical caving and Arizona politics Technical articles, fiction, opinion. 64 pages, 28 photographs. $2.50 ppd. NUMBER THREE. Beautiful graphics in this issue have won several national art awards Strong international selection including report of NSS ex pedition to Proventina ( 1326 shaft) Photographic g allery by Charlie and J o Larson Hard core caving in TAG, Kentu c ky, Missouri and the Rockies "Cave Sitting" in a Mayan burial cave poetry, Don Martin photographs cartoons and much more 80 pages 24 photog raphs. $2 .50 ppd. NUMBER ONE Only 250 c opies of this prototype issue were printed and they were sold out soon after they came off the press. We have four pristine copies left and will donate the entire purchase price to the NSS, in the name of the purchaser. (Note current price!) This is a hot collector's item. Articles on Texas and Mexican caving, Mammoth Cave, lava tubes, all-women caving, rabies. 80 pages. $75.00 ppd. Inside Earth is a non-profit journal put out by volunteers from throughout the North American caving community. Our purpose is to provide a high quality format for caving material at a price that cavers can afford. We sell only to cavers and accept no advertizing. Our operating capital comes from personal donations We are constantly in need of articles, stories, drawings, photographs, poetry, free labor, and sugar daddies. If you can help out in any way, even if it's just with advice, please get in tough with us Inside larthBox 8800U.T.St ation Austin Texas 7871 2


JANUARY 1977 Limited Edition Prints ( 125 prints only) Signed and Numbered $2.50 plus $.50 for postage and handlint; Poste r sizP. I H" x 24" B lack Ink on T a n Pape r 19 Send check or r.noney order only to: Wallace Hughes 2 7 2 8 We 1 bo r n Apt 1 3 5 Dallas, TX 75219


2 0 GROTTO NEWS from page 3 Thomas Moore and S ieve Zeman. Thif.l s mall group left in Gill's o n Nov 24th and didn't .">:tUl'll 1mtil Jan. 7th. In between tho a c uates they covered ll, 817 l = in 3 countries, During Nov. they had several runins with Thanksgiving grou ps. I n Cuidad Victoria they were at the r endezvous point for the Brinco later they w ent ca d u gwithJohn Chelf, Mar cia G o s3ey and other U T cavers who they ran into at Los S a b inos near Valles. They loo k e d at d e Roca and visited Sotano tel Arroyo. While a t Los S abinos they also s a w a crew frorn A&I 'l. n d the Bozo Bus cre w InDecember t hey traveled further south passing through Peter Lords h o use near M exico City. They hit v arious ruins between there and Yucatan. In the peninsula they visite d G rutas de Balanc a n che and Loltun Cave as well as mortl ruin s and the Carribean beach. From there they d rove the O cosingo Road t o San C ristobel in the Chiapas Highlands of Southern Mexico. Then they went on to Guatemala where the y saw volcanos and beaches of black sand on the Pacific. Returning from Guatemala they spent eoeveral days a t Arcolete, a natura l bridge near San Cristobal. They also visited commercial G rutas de San Cristobal. They w ent north t o Oaxaca City where they ran into more cavers, Terry Sayther and crew. The y spent a couple of days visiting nearby ruins. Except for throwing tread south of Pue b l a the rest o f their northward treck was uneventful. It was 2T'F when they reached Austin on Jan. 7. The largest groups to leave Austin for Thanksgiving was the Brinco expedition; 19 people in 3 trucks went to Cueva del Brinco in the mountains west of Victoria, Personnell was John Delano, Rosie Jenkins, Carrie Federici, Mark Burns and Andy Grubbs in IOL 9 L X J unsnv 661 ''N nw d Gild :!IDV.LSOd 'S 'fi :!.LV II )!, O H Rosies Powerwagon. David Honea also drove Shelia Balsdon, Jan Honea, William Russell, Peter Sprouse and Terri Treacr The School Bus went with Don B r o ussard, Mary K Krauska, Mike McGee, Andy Muldoon, Robery Rudeloff, Rene Shields, P eter Stricklan d and Lisa Wilke. All 3 groups left Kirkwood between 7 and ll PM Friday the 24th. The next day around noon the group reformed at the square in Victoria where the y ran into t h e Ediger crew. From there t h e y drove to El Barretal 30 mi to the north where the road into the mountains turns off. Finally after much confusion everyone arrived at the turn-off and the drive into the mountains began. First a lO m ile stretch of incredible mud holes across The TEXAS CAVER the 2 left for the northland, on their "ay down they encountered fog rising up the mountain and with every mile further driven the fog became denser and colder. Dawn saw the b_ts pulling into a. icy San Antonio. On Thursday the fog reache d Late crew and tempurature on the mountain went dowP.., a cup of water left out a night was foun d ice the next morning. A nother lead in Brinco was checked and a new passage also interesecting a stream was broke11 into. Eighty stations we;:-e rnapped tha t day. After driving down the mountain the crew split with Peter and Terri heading south to Peter Lords and the rest of the crew coming back to Texas. The secon d largest group to go from Austin :onsi sted of Tom Byrd, Maureen Cavanaugh, the flat coastal plain was crossed., then the lower slopes of the m ountain were climbed. The Stephanie Gilmore, Shari Larason, Gary Napper and Terry Sayther crew camped that night in a pleasant area just before the Paso del Muerte (pass of death). The next day the crew proceeded on crossing the pass and stopping briefly at a sawmill, some abandoned lead mines, and at the dead end of a wrong turn road. Brinco was reached in the late afternoon. E veryone set up camp and a nightime excursion into the cav e was made to look at the leads and to take pictures. Monday, 2 mapping crews went to a new part of the cave and continued mapping and exploring down passage discovered last May. The Honeas. Sprouse, and Treacy mapped a left hand passage beyond the point of previous exploration and discoverec a cave stream with a estimated 2 cubic feet per second flow, Balsdon, Broussard, and Grubbs surveyed down the right hand pas sage stopping at Helectite Juction, where the pauage split and become a smaller. Another group checked out a lead to the end of the helectite pauage, but it didn't go. The next morning 90L9L 1 # saNVliD Olli N VDO 1 in Sayther's truck and Walter Helmick and Charlie White and others in Charlie's tr"-lck. The trucks left Austin Friday eve:iring and drove through Laredo where they saw Rosies truck of the Brinco group. The Z trucks met on the morning of the 2.5th near Linares. Then they drove past Galena to Zaragoza where they ,tanned to check gypsum caves. They camped at 2600 m in pine trees, The next day they explored a gypsum valley and found caves and pits 50-90 feet deep and blind. They camped at El Salto near Zaragoza and went back to the gypsum the next day. They located a large arroyo cave and mapped a couple hundred feet. They left for the north that day going back by way of Saltillo. They found lots of gypsum caves but found camping in the higher limestone areas more pleasant. On the way back, Charlie's International was hit by a rockfall between Saltillo and Monterrey and it also broke down in Austin before reaching home, ZUIL X.L 'llfiSftU tZtl xog aiLL

Contents: Grotto news:
first and second-hand reports from the minds of Texas cavers /
Grotto Reporters --
A pilgrimage to Oztotl's Cave: a report by one of the
faithful / Craig Bittinger --
TSS cave map salon: announcing a new addition to the TSA
convention activities / Ronnie Fieseler --
New caves in Cottle County: 20,000 leagues beneath the
gypsum plain / David Roberts --
Beyond the 7th tooth: a technical look at the wear and
failure of the Gibbs ascender / Don Davison --
Trip reports: adventures from the past brought to you in
glorious black and white --
Cave management section: a word about the newly created
NSS section / John Bridges --
How to sketch a cave location map: putting the fruit on
your cave map tree / Ronnie Fieseler --
First aid: suggested contents of a caver first aid kit
from the NSS S&T chairman / Don Davison --
TSS cave report form: how not to lose a cave now that
you've found it / Ronnie Fieseler --
1977 TSA photo salon: official rules and entry blank for
this year's salon / Dale Pate --
1977 TSA convention: how-tos and where-fors for the
annual TSA get together / Dale Pat --
Personnel and address changes: trailing the transient
caver / NSS monthly mailing.


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