The Texas Caver

The Texas Caver

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The Texas Caver
Series Title:
The Texas Caver
Texas Speleological Association
Texas Speleological Association
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Subjects / Keywords:
Regional Speleology ( local )
Technical Speleology ( local )
serial ( sobekcm )
United States


General Note:
Contents: TSA BOG minutes: a sideways glance at the minutes of the Spring 77 TSA BOG / Alicia Wisener -- The superack: bring a naitonal awareness to the lives of the isolated / Lor Windle, et al -- Book: Down to a sunless sea: Mike boon's famous manuscript is now in print / Canadian Caver -- NSS BOG: a look at the high and low points of the Spring 77 NSS BOG in Washington, DC / Editor -- The year of the bullet: cavers on the firing line get a bit gunshy / Dale Pate -- Garbage: public service announcements and other bits of interest / Staff.
Open Access - Permission by Publisher
Original Version:
Vol. 22, no. 05 (1977)
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

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University of South Florida Library
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University of South Florida
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K26-04738 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.4738 ( USFLDC Handle )
11591 ( karstportal - original NodeID )
0040-4233 ( ISSN )

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C _ftUER A . Vol22 rtr 5 Mav 1977 COVER: Greg Passmore accepting this year's Stately BizDasch Award for expending the most energy in the field of speleology while accomplishing the absolute least. Good humor dominated the event. In this issue __ 57 58 60 61 ,61 62 TSA BOG MINUTES A sideways glance at the minutes of the Spring 77 TSA BOG ... ALICIA WISENER THE SUPERACK Bringing a national awareness to the livee of the isolated ..... LOR WINDLE, ET AL BOOK: DOWN TO A SUNLESS SEA Mike boon's famous manuscript is now in print .. CANADIAN CAVER NSS BOG A look at the high and low points of the Spring 77 NSS BOG in Washington, DC EDITOR THE YEAR OF THE BULLET Cavers on the firing line get a bit gunshy . ,,., .. DALE PATE GARBAGE Public Service announcements and other bits of Charlie Yates 5104 Cloverdale Austin, TX 787Z3 VICE CHAIRMAN Dale Pat!" Box 1341 Austin, TX 78710 interest . .. STAFF ABILENE GUANO GROTTO Jonatha n Justice 8 4 1 1/2 EN 13th Abilene, TX 79601 AGGIE SPELEOLOGICAL SOCIETY Sheri Sutton Box 121 College Station, TX 77840 ALAMO AREA CHAPTER J ohn Allison 291 Globe S a n Antonio, TX 78228 BALCONES GROTTO Ronnie Fieseler Box 5 6 72 Austin, TX 78763 T M CARTA VALLEYS, U. C. K, S. C. Edwin Kunath 3507 Lindenwood San Angelo, TX 76901 CORPUS CHRISTI CAVING CLUB Jim Clements Box 7438 Corpus Christi, TX 78415 DALLAS/FT WORTH GROTTO Karen Lindsley 5507 Boca Raton D allas, TX 75230 GALVESTON SPELEOLOGICAL SOCIETY Barb Strenth Box 5296 Galveston, TX 77550 The TEXAS CAVER is published monthly in Austin, Texas by the Texas Speleological Association. Subscri.ptions are $5 per year and should be sent to James Jasek at the above address. Material for. publication should be sent to the Editor, Box 8424, Austin, TX 78712. Please send all address changes promptly to James Jasek. The Post Office no longer sends us change notices, and-you risk missing issues if you fail to notify us. z GREATER HOUSTON GROTTO The resa Connolly 7143 Triola Houston, TX 77036 LAREDO SPELEOLOGICAL SOCIETY Box 603 Laredo, TX 78040 SAN ANTONIO GROTTO Chuck Stuehm 354 E Hutchins PI San Antonio, TX 78221 SOUTHWEST TEXAS STUDENT GROTTO Student Union Bldg Sao Marcos, TX 78666 TEMPLE AREA CAVERS MiMi Jasek 5315 Laurel Lake Waco,-TX 76710 TEXAS A&I GROTTO Box 2213 Texas A&I Kingsville, TX 78363 UNIVERS1 TY OF TEXAS GROTTO Box 7672 UT Station Austin, TX 78712 Grotto Secretaries please try to keep your address current with us so new caver s to your area will be able to contact you.


TSA BOD TEXAS SPELEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION Board of Governors Meeting April 22, 1977 San Marcos, Texas The meeting was brought to order and the following list of delegates was read and approved: Aggie Speleological Society Alamo Area Chapter Corpus Christi Ga ving Club Balcones Gl'eater Houston Grotto Southwest Texas Student Grotto Abilene Guano Grotto Texas A&I Grotto University of Texas Grotto Galveston Speleological Society Independent Conservation Publications Chairman Safety and Rescue Chairman Doug Syrnank John Gale Wayne Walker Wayne Russell Jr. Jim Clements Glenda Dawson William Russell Jim McLane Charles Frornen Phillip Arturburn Paul Self Johathan Justice David Roberts Dorothy Tucker Paul Mladinka Gerald Atkinson Randy Fan M. McAdoo D. McAdoo Greg Passmore Glenn Darilek G. D. Hunt Chuck Stuehrn A total of 25 delegates were present, Charlie Yates presiding. The minutes of the previous meeting were read and approved, REPORTS: Safety and Rescue -Chuck Stuehrn. The committee plans t o put out a safety brochure for neophyte-type cavers, It will not cost the TSA anything, There will be a safety seminar on October 1st at Cascade Caverns. The stokes litters will be lent to any expedition type trips who wish to borrow them. The committee will train a class of EMS people about caving. The status quo remains about the same. Conservation -Glenn Darilek. There w ill be a hearing of the Texas Water Rights Commission in late April or early M a y concerning the darn at Valdina Farms Sinkhole. Mr. Mathews replied to a questionaire subinitted on the subject, The committee would welcome suggestions on what to do about this issue. Awards and Nominations -Ronald F ieseler, Not present. A, M.G. S, -Gill Ediger, sJtano del San Agust!'n has been pushed and an accident at -1200 ft took a 30 hour reacue, There is a publication in the works, Publicationa -G. D. Hunt, Texas Speleological Survey volume 4, number 2, is hot off the press, Mike Walsh plans to have T. G. R. S, volume 2 out in August. Texas Gaver -Gill Ediger. needs more material. The February issue will be inthe mail by Tuesday, He Texas Speleological Survey -Dale Pate. "Caves of Far West Texas" is out, Hays, Coke, Schlieker, Orion and Torn Green counties should be out this summer. Ernst Kastning is the new geological supervisor, Treasurer's Report -Alicia Wisener. The TSA has $127.41 dt this time and will probably gain approximately $100 from the convention, OLD BUSINESS: There was no old business. NEW BUSINESS: Wayne Russell moved that the TSA Gonser. vation Chairman be instructed to a. letter to each of the directors of the Edward's Underground Water District ing the concern of the TSA over the construction of the darn and channel on Seco creek, as expressed by him in his talk, Seconded by Wayne Walker. Vote: 23 in favor, none opposed and no abstention&. Chuck Stuehrn mentioned that nominations are in order now. There w a s discussion on the Fall BOG site. The 1978 NSS Convention was discussed by Charlie Yates, MEETING ADJOURNED -(L. ,;l\ .. ...... -.o -J -J 1.11 -J


58 I'm mad as Hell, and lm not going to take it anymore! by Lor Windle Editors Note: Texas is fairly isolated from other parts of the caving world, And unleso you happen to be nationally active, a lot of the things that transpire on the l arger scale miss you completely. One set of events that most Texans are unaware of surround a device called the "SupeRack". The SupeRack was developed a few years ago as an improvement on the 1standard1 rack now in common usage. Several members of the Vertical Section of the NSS, one of whom was Kyle Isenhart, were quick to endorse the SupeRack, Some people are wont. to think that the rapid endorsement was because the endorsers had some developmental or economic interest in the SupeRack, not necessarily because they thought it was a good product, although there is no evidence to suggest that they doubted in the least its usefulness or safety. At any rate, Don Davison, who is the NSS S afety and Techniques Committee Chairman, ran some'teats using the SupeRack, as he has run tests on many other pieces of caving equipment. When his testa showed not only no superiority of the SupeRac k over the s t a;:;dard rack, but also turned up several detrimental and unsafe features, he prepared an article for the NSS News to alert cavers to the SupeRack's potential hazards, By this time the SupeRack had been put into production and a national distributor (Ian Ellis of Speleoshoppe) engaged, It seems likely that several people stand to lose sub.stantial money if the SupeRack is removed from the market. It seems likely that several people stand to lose substantial life. if it is not. The controversy has been raging for about a year now, with the following article, which is reprinted from Troglodyte (VPI Grotto, Blacksburg, VA), being the latest and best summation I've seen, Thanks to R. E, and Anne Whittemore for sending it our way, It is time for a rather poignant editor's column concerning the recent development with the Don Davison STC/Don Martin NSS NEWS/Ian Ellis SupeRack events. I do not know how much anyone out there knows about it, but I have heard enough items to upset me, and I have not been able to find anything to refute my feelings. As I see it, the major problem lies not in who is right or wrong about the value of a chunk of steel and aluminum called the SupeRack, but about the moral attitude taken by some high-standing and important members of the NSS. I feel that Don Davison is being screwed by The TEXAS CAV:R Reprinted from the Spring 1977 Troglodyte several people in the NSS. Whether Don is right or wrong is irrelevant. What matters is that he is not getting a fair chance and it could happen to anyone of us at any time. The whole matter started when Davison did an evaluation of the SupeRack (I have reprinted the original article here). Kyle Isenhart brought the article before Don Martin (NSS NEWS editor) in the Feb. 14 letter where he states that the Vertical Section should get to edit the article because of a motion they passed for themselves. Kyle was allowed to edit the article and Davison tried to add more confirming data to the report (this data was included but toned down in the May NSS NEWS). Well, the;re were still problems. First Larson, then Martin complained about the SupeRack article by Davison. Finally, both Ian Ellis and Kyle Isenhart were allowed t-c;-rebut the Davison article. And there you have the May NEWS. Davison got the poor end vf the stick because he never did get to show his real opinions. Don Martin claims in his April 29 letter (reprinted in part here) that he believes in presenting a fair and concise account. But Davison's article was edited twice before publishing while 'EiiiS and Isenhart were included intact. As an editor myself, I do not consider this to be good editorial practice. I will admit


MAY 1977 I may be biased, but I will publish any cogent matter that I am sent that can point out the other side of the story, Even more important than the Davison case in specific is the general concepts of policy that Davison's case has brought out, First, the Vertical Section claims a right to edit all material dealing with vertical techniques, etc, This is an outrageous attitude leading towards total bureaucratic control, Larson makes the statement that ads placed in the NEWS in good faith cannot be criticised in his March 31 letter (reprinted here). Martin, on April 11 makes a similar remark that only proof (underlined in such a matter that it would have to be very convincing) of falsehood will enable an advertisement to be criticised, This means an an item that claims you can stake your life on it cannot be criticised until a life is lost on it, This :fS""a" sad state when people are censored for trying to help others. And there are so many other, comparatively simpler, problems. Martin will accept Davison's instances of injury with facts and names, when Davison, from the very outset of the STC's research program, has stated that anonymity will be maintained to protect people. Martin also, after receiving a letter of protest, wrote that he would edit out part of that protesting letter to the editor in order to save the writers embarrassment, A letter to the editor is judged such because it is to the editor, and not the editor! One final point; Don Martin is not only NSS NEWS Editor, but also on the Board of Governors. This is a classic case of conflict of interest. It would not be allowed in American government. It goes against the system of checks and balances that keeps American democracy as functional as it is, It should not be tolerated, I admit that I am Vice-president as well as editor for my grotto, but I will gladly step down from either position if my fellow members want me to, Personally, I think Martin should relinquish one of his positions for the reason that he carries too much power and could be caught in a conflict of interests 'Yhich could not result in the best interest of the NSS. I am sorry that such a situation as this one has had to develop. As long as it has, though, I think we ought to be able to see all sides of the real issue and to decide on our own what should be done. I hope that we can all make the decision that is best for each of us, By my above article you can tell I have made my decision, Editor's Note: Below is Davison's original article as submitted t0 the NEWS, GE. WARNING--SupeRack by Don Davison Over the years, vertical cavers have developed mechanical rappel devices which enable more of the friction, necessary to control the sliding rope, to be produced in the rappel device, and require less of the friction to be produced against the body. The standard rappel rack currently allows almost all of the control friction to be. produced in the rack itself, with control being maintained by sliding the bars and varying the number of brake bars in contact with the rope. The SupeRack, as currently supplied by the Speleoshoppe, is not an improvement on the standard rack. This new product does not provide variable control on fast ropes; in these situations the SupeRack becomes a constant friction device, requiring significant and continuous body friction to maintain control, An example of the lack of friction and control follows. January, 1977 "We rigged the pit with slightly used mountain-lay Goldline and I started slowly down the 160-foot drop using the SupeRack. About 150 feet off the floor, I attempted to stop using the braking force of the rack alone (a typical anq easily accomplished task when a standard rappel rack is used), Only sliding the bars on the SupeR SupeRack upwards with ALL the strength in my left arm achieved this result. About 100 feet off the 59 floor, stopping the slow using the SupeRack alone required the strength of both arms to jam the bars upward. The bars moved easily and jammed completely, but only great force produced suffici.ent friction. About 50 feet. from the floor, control was lost when my braking hand couldn't be moved rapidly enough to assist the left hand in jamming the SupeRack brake bars, The safety rappel cam wall' activated," The male narrator, a strong and experienced vertical caver, weighs 185 pounds. Less frictional control would have emerged from the SupeRack if Blue Water m had been used; how might this affect a 250 pound caver carrying extra gear? Cavers weighing over 300 pounds use the standard rack effectively, With these heavy weights, jamming the bars is especially important. Yet, when a strong 185 pound caver jammed the bars on the SupeRack in order to stop a slow rappel, sufficient friction was produced only with an extraordinary amount of force -that supplied by fwo arms -even with 1 00 feet of rope hanging below him. It is strongly recommended that cavers NOT abandon the standard rack for the more expensive, and less controllable RupeRack. The claims and comparisons of the advertisements and introductory article are incomplete and misleading. The SupeRack does run cooler than the standard rack, but at a tre.mendous sacrifice in friction and control, two important safety factors in rappelling. Editor's Note: And here are excerpts from various letters. GE. Kyle Isenhart to Charlie Larson, February 14, 1977: " in 1976 the Vertical Section at its meeting passed by wide majorities several motions, One of them stated that "all articles pertaining to vertical techniques or equipment to be published in the NSS NEWS or BULLETIN should first be reviewed by the board of the Vertical Section of the NSS for accuracy. continued


60 Don Martin to Don Davison, March 15, 1977: "After due consideration of all sides concerned regarding the SupeRack material--both yours and Kyle's--and after deliberations by the NSS Executive Corrunittee, President Charlie Larson is seriously considering appointing an ad-hoc corrunittee to look into the whole situation before going into print, I have concurred with this decision, Charlie Larson to James Dawson (NSS Executive Vite President), March 31, 1977: "Criticisms of advertisements placed in good faith and considered acceptable for one of the Society's publications (in this case the NEWS), by any other NSS committee would, if published, constitute an intolerable conflict between t w o NSS committees, not to 1nention a complete betrayal 01 the advertiser and the policy under which the advertisement was accepted, The S&T article submitted for the March NEWS (and the only one I've seen) included an evaluation of the advertisements for the Super Rack. Don Martin to James Dawson, April 7, 1977: "After due consideration and following a lengthy phone conver s ation with President Charlie Larson, I have decided to exercise my prerogative as editor and make the changes indicated on the xeroxed portions of the STC report concerning the SupeRack which will appear in the May issue. 11 Don Martin to Don Davison, April 11, 1977: "Incidentally, I will not print any articles detrimental to any paid advertising unless the writer proves that the ad is totally or partially misleading in its claims --and that there is a definite chance of danger by persons using the technique( s) or products advertised. In the case of the SupeRack, I now consider the issue closed except for any "letters" which might come in. I in-The TEXAS CAVER Books DowN To 4 SuNLEss SEA Mike Boon's "caving book" has become something of a legend, Written some ten years ago, it has circulated amongst cavers in manuscript form for much of this time,. rather like the typescripts of the Russian underground writers, Boon's underground writing may also be slightly subversive; at any rate a well-known London publisher wanted to publish Boon's book, if the author were willing to pretty up his style a little, The a'lthor was not, The Stalactite Press is publishing Boon'.s book warts and all. In DOWN TO A SUNLESS SEA you will find Boon's caving as he wrote it, his slang and humour untouched, The first two chapters are concerned with Swildons Hole in Somerset and cave diving operations in the sumps of the main streamway. In one of them our hero becomes through his own fecklessness firmly wedged between floor and roof, These trips take place during a crucial period in British cave diving, the change from oxygen closed circuit gear to open circuit air gear and the change is well documented here; No more oxygen, with its endless testing for leaks and soda lime cocktails. The next two chapters are concerned with explorations in an eerie but charming cave in Ireland named Polyfilla, which is much encrusted with chert, and the major system in Yorkshire known as Mossdale. By the author's account whenever a Yorkshire potholer heard the name 'Mossdale' he would shudder and order another pint. The legendary Robert Leaky was partly responsible for this, having explored the cave twenty years before with nothing but old woolens and flashlamp. Other chapters describe Boon's explorations in other caves in Yorkshire and Ireland, where literally miles of new passage are explored, Just as exciting are the author's discoveries in Yugoslavia, where he dives sumps in the Great Predjama system to find great sections of the Lokva and Grapa rivers. But perhaps Boon's description's of 'the elliptical caverns beyond caverns' of Quashies River Cave in Jamaica is his best writing. We feel this account bears comparison with the classics of cave literature, Priced at $12. 50 Canadian dollars plus $1. 50 postage & packing, Available only from THE STALACTITE PRESS DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY THE UNIVERSITY OF ALBERTA EDMONTON, ALBERTA T6G 2H4 CANADA tend to route the letters to either yourself or to Kyle as the case may be for answering. But, if you have just one instance of a caver injured because of the improper functioning of the SupeRack, please document it with facts and names, and it will be printed as a service to the membership. 11 Don Martin to Don Anderson, April 29, 1977: ".,,I am a firm beliver that an editor's main job is to present a fair and concise accounting of any controversial material to be printed for the entire membership I do.resent the remarks stating that Ian Ellis used his economic influence to sway my decision In any case, if your letter is printed, that section will be deleted--more to save your signers from possible embarrassment than to indicate my guilt or lack of it concerning the issue at hand, "


MAY 1977 61 NSS lack of a second. Bill Stevenson, a founder of the Society and NSS #3, was named Honorary NSS President. Confirmed the week of 18-24 June 1978 for the NSS Convention in New Braunfels, Texas. BOG The N SS BOG spring meeting was held at American University in Washington, D. C. on the 26th of April. Actions worthy of note include: Appointment of a new manager for the NSS Bookstore. Charlie Larson & Don Shofstall were reelected President and Secretary-Treasurer of the NSS. A Complaint Committee was established with Bob Liebman appointed Chairman. Expedition to the Astraka Plateau in Greece was designated an official NSS Expedition {for whatever that's worth). A move to get' the NSS into the equipment certification business failed miserably for Authorized the reprinting of PRUSSIKING. A party was held Friday nite at Doug and Hazel Medvilles with all manner of merriment being observed. Saturday evening after the Board Meeting a banquet was held at the Rorna Cafe near the zoo. Later that evening another party ensued, in some rowhouse residential area in D. C. It was a strange affair with the cavers outnumbered by friends of the host's roommates by about 3 to 1. And there were probably over 2 hundred cavers present. The place was a: 4 story walkup with narrow stairs which necessitated meeting practically everybody at the party, many times in some cases, while winding ones way from floor to floor in the 3 dimensional maze. Every level was a new adventure. Various spirits and gifts of the gods added atmosphere to the e venin g s merriment. Sunday morning several planned events were offered the cavers. A sewerlunking trip through a portion of the D. C. storm sewer system was enjoyed by several. And a hike up the old C&O Canal towpath claimed a few. But by far the most popular event was the 1st official tour by the U.s. Park Service of the basement of the Lincoln Memorial. Several hours were spent beneath the monument by many cavers, some taking photographs, gawking around at the many soda straws and other rnonurnentherns, some 2 to 3 meters long. Most then spent the evening returning horne. The Year of the Bullet Ninteen Hundred Seventy Six was a year of celebration throughout the land. The birth of our country was 200 years ago and we have grown and prospered in many ways. It's odd to note, though, that for cavers from SWTG, this was a year to remember for other reasons. Several separate incidents have caused us to name this special bicentennial year The Year of the Bullet. There were at least two and possibly three incidents occurring during vertical sessions our club sponsored at Barton Creek in Austin. Each time cavers would be standing on top of the cliffs when bullets would start to whine overhead. This usually put everyone in the immediate area in a very uncomfortable and vunerable position. It was not pinpointed as to where the shooting was corning from, but appeared to be corning from a housing development near the area. Another situ.ation arose in Laredo one night after a group of SWTG cavers were just getting back from a trip to Northern Mexico. A group of eight or nine cavers were standing behind a pickup truck in a residential section of town when from out of nowhere there carne a whining sound and the thud of a 22 caliber slug hitting the back of the pickup. Several of us found out how lucky w e were that night. The slug had passed between three or more people missing them by mere inches or less before hitting the tailgate of the pickup. Evidently, someone had fired into the first large group of people he had seen that night and must have been amazed when no one was hit. We sure were. In this ceremonious year, we also have to celebrate the fact that we survived at all. It all goes to show that caving in itself is usually very safe. It's the other idiots around us we have to watch out for. These few incidents could have proved disasterous and deadly, but we were all fortunate. Perhaps it is things like this that make us want to escape from the dangers of the outside and enter into the world of the unknown. /l.ny dangers encountered in caving diminish when we come face to face with the fast-paced society in which we live. Though many other things occurred during 1976, members of the Southwest Texas Student Grotto have to conclude that this was The Year of the BULLET. --Dale Pate


62 The TEXAS CAVER TSA PROJECT--A joint project of the TSA, SWR, & ARA will meet at McKittrick Hill near Carlsbad, NM on 5, 6, & 7 August to clean the graffiti from the walls of McKittrick Cave. This is an official TSA project, as well as a good chance to meet cavers from New Mexico and Arizona. Dale Pate, the TSA ViceChairman says that anyone willing to help in this conservation effort should contact Chuck Stuehm for a list of things to bring and a map of how to get there. Chuck's address is 354 E. Hutchins Pl., San Antonio, TX 78221, or call him at 512-923-7348. WANTED--Bill Steele would like to buy an AMCS Bulletin I, "Caves of the Inter American Highway",. from anybody with an extra or one they never use. Contact him at 1307 1/2 Kirkwood, Amtin, TX 78722 after the end of August. A SAFETY SESSION will be held at Cascade Caverns on the 1st & 2nd of October. This will be an exce'tlent oportunity for Grottos from all over the state to bring their new members to an early safety consciousness. There will be.camping sp""ce available with rest rooms and showers. Instructors and others helpers are needed, so if you would like to help, contact Chuck Stuehm, the TSA Safety Chairman, at his address listed above. Plan now to attend this important session and encourage all new cavers to try to be there. The Safety Committee promises that there will be The 3rd NATIONAL CAVE MANAGEMENT SYMPOSIUM will be held 3 through 7 October at Big Sky, MT, 35 miles south of Bozeman. Cooperating organizations are the US Forest Service, Bureau of Land Management, National Park Service, National Speleological Society, and possibly others. The last 2 NCMSs have contributed greatly to cave management philosophy as well as cooperation and understanding between cavers and federal agencies. If you have interest or expertise in this area, you are urged to attend. For more information contact Stephanie Gibert at Lewis & Clark Caverns, PO Box 1024, Three Forks, MT 59752. Fone 406-287-3541. Texas Highways has an eight-page feature article, complete with color pictures, on Cascade Cavern, Boerne, Texas; Inner Space Caverns, Georgetown, Texas; Natural Bridge Caverns, New Braunfels, Texas; and Wonder Cave, at San Marcos, Texas. Each cave is described and facts are given on its history, etc. Order your copy for $0.50 from Texas Highways Circulation, State Department of Highways and Public Transportation, Austin, Texas 78701. --from Windy City Speleonews Due to pressures of time, energy, and what-not, there have been no plans made to hold a Texas Old Timers Reunion this coming Labor Day weekend. It had been hoped that we could get it together for a big hoo-hah to become an annual thing to replace the pretty much now defunct TSA Project which was until recently held on that date each year. Thought is still being given to it, but the hour grows late for proper publicity. If you know of an isolated, enclosed meeting space for 200 or so cavers where domestic Labor Day tourists will not have to be involved, we may still be able to pull something off. Activities usually include climbing and caving contests, a beer chugging contest, blindfolded carbide lamp disassembly and assembly, speleo-olyrnpics, and other such contests for which prizes are awarded, as well as a feed and dance at least one night. Dale Pate is the man to contact if you think you've the spot. His address is inside the front cover. A full month should be alloted to preparation, so hurry. IOLBL. 'u?snv 661 ,Gild "S 'fl )l'lfiii ... "-'Lo ..

Contents: TSA BOG
minutes: a sideways glance at the minutes of the Spring 77 TSA
BOG / Alicia Wisener --
The superack: bring a naitonal awareness to the lives of
the isolated / Lor Windle, et al --
Book: Down to a sunless sea: Mike boon's famous
manuscript is now in print / Canadian Caver --
NSS BOG: a look at the high and low points of the Spring
77 NSS BOG in Washington, DC / Editor --
The year of the bullet: cavers on the firing line get a
bit gunshy / Dale Pate --
Garbage: public service announcements and other bits of
interest / Staff.


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