The Texas Caver

The Texas Caver

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The Texas Caver
Series Title:
The Texas Caver
Texas Speleological Association
Texas Speleological Association
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Regional Speleology ( local )
Technical Speleology ( local )
serial ( sobekcm )
United States


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Contents: Convention '68 - at Kerrville -- Caving equipment: the vehicle / Bobby L. Crisman -- Speleo image -- A hundred caves / Jim Estes -- Editorial / George Gray -- Kaver Krisscross -- News of grottoes clubs -- Membership list information blank -- An opportunity (publications at the convention in Kerrville).
Open Access - Permission by Publisher
Original Version:
Vol. 13, no. 03 (1968)
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See Extended description for more information.

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University of South Florida Library
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University of South Florida
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K26-04742 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.4742 ( USFLDC Handle )
11595 ( karstportal - original NodeID )
0040-4233 ( ISSN )

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T H E T E X A S C A V E R March, 1968 VJLUt-'JE XIII, NUM!ER .3 cover A very interesting photograph considering the way in which it was taken. Caver Pat Wertheim of Boerne makes this statement about his shot taken in Cascade Caverns: 11I used a carbide light for the light source, and my camera was an old Brownie With a broken shutter . took about 22 seconds for exposure." THE TEXAS CAVER is a monthly publication of the Texas Speleological Association and is published in Abilene, Texas, Material for publication should be typed, double-spaced, and sent to the Editor no later than the 6th of each month of issue. Subscription price is $).00 per year for twelve issues. staff GEORGE W. GRAY JA!-!ES H. ESTES BRYANT LILLY . EDITOR PUBLISHER PHOTOLITHOGRAPHER BART CRISMAN .. ADVlliTISING l'iANAGER PETE LINDLSEY .PHOTO TIPS EDITOR ABILENE GI!JTTO .. ASSE!,,BLY THE TEXAS SPELEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION is an organization of caving and speleological organizations in the State of Texas. Its aims and purposes are similar to t hose of the National Speleological Society (NSS). Present officers of the Texas Speleological Association are: JAMES R. REDDELL .. CHAIRMAN JOHN FISH VICE-CHAIRMAN OLLENE BUNDRANT SECRETARY-TREASURER 107 Tomahawk Trail San Antonio, Texas 78232 contents Page CONVENTION '68 -AT KERRVILLE 29 Caving Equipment--THE VEHICLE by Bobby L. Crisman 30 SPELEO IMAGE . 30 A HUNDRED CAVES by Jim Estes 31 Editorial by George Gray 32 Kaver Knisscross 3 3 N E W S of Grottoes & Clubs 33 Membership List Information Blank (Insert) An Opportunity (Publications at the Convention in Kerrville) 35 TAKE NOTHING BUT PICTURES, LEAVE NOTHING BUT FOOTPRINTS SEE YOU AT KERRVILLE!


TiiE TEXAS CAVER March, 1968 Page 29 convention -'68 -at kerr vi lie The annual convention of the Texas Speleological Association (NSS) will be held the 27th of Aprii in Kerrville, Texas. This is always on. e of the highlights of the speleological year here in TSA, so plan to attend if at all possible. Our able Vice-Chairman of TSA, John Fish, is in charge of convention arrangements, and John tells us that this years convention will be of interest to all persons regardless of their particular phase of caving. In this connection, Fish urges all persons desiring to present papers to send him the titles and approximate presentation time immediately. Send to him in care of P.O. Box 7672, UT Station Austin, Texas 78712. Registration will begin promptly at 8:00 AM at the LCRA (Lower Colorado River Authority) Building which is located on the east side of State Highway 27 north to Mt.Home and Junction. Ollene Bundrant will be in charge of Registration. Fee will be only $1.00 per person. Camping will be in Kerrville State Park, across the river from town, at $1.00 per carload per night. For those desiring a screened cabin, these rent for $2.50 per night. Banquet-Photo Salon will be in the form of a buffet dinner ( all you can eat for $2.00 per person). It will be held at the Blue Bonnet Hotel in town beginning 6:30.PM . Slide entries in the annual TSA. Salon of Photog1aphic Art will be shown, and winning entries announced. Dallas-Fort Worth Grotto is in charge of the Salon, and as always. we expect a grand showing. Tf\AVE L -fiELD "TRIPS Door Prizes will be awarded after the meeting Saturday, and all persons registering will be eligible. Field Trips, that all-important part o f any convention will be scheduled for Sunday, UT Grotto having charge. These trips will be announced sometime during the day Saturday. The important thing is for each caver to make plans now tb attend. For the past several years we have had anywhere from 80-100 i n attendance. This year will be no exception, and will afford'you an opportunity to visit and talk caving with cavers all over the state, and in addition you will learn many fascinating things about caves through slide lectures and presentations. See you in cave-country--Kerrville--April 27 (or the evening before)--Annual Texas Speleological Association Convention!


Page 30 March, 1968 THE TEXM CAVER caving equipment the vehicle Bobby L. Crisman One of the most important pieces of caving equipment is the vehicle-the car, truck or jeep-used to make the caving trip. In some situations this vehicle may be an extremely vital link in the safety chain, and the ability to keep it going might well be the difference between a moment of inconvenience and a nightmare of tragedy. Those who have been into the more remote sections of the Guadalupes, the Solitario or of Mexico can appreciate what we mean. Picture yourself in one of these areas with an injured man in need of immediate medical attention and with a vehicle that won't start once you get him back to camp. In most situations even the non-mechanics would be able to get it moving again someway, or somehow-but in many caving areas it might take some real ingenuity. For instance you could easily find yourself facing this problem: car (or truck) is stalled!! Battery dead!! No way to push by hand-up hill both ways and no chance of another vehicle coming along to assist. Too far to walk for help!! What in tarnation am I going to do now?" Believe it or not, there is a way to do it. This little trick came to me via John Cook, (once a park ranger at Navajo National Monument and now Superintendent of Canyon de Chelly National Monument in Arizona.) John learned it from the Navajo Indians. If you find yourself in the situation, pictured above -in the middle of nowhere with a stalled vehicle, here's a way out: (and we quote from John)-- Step 1. Block the front wheels and jack up the rear end. It is much safer if both rear wheels clear the road. step 2. (Optional) Place in high gear, pull hand throttle out or place rock on foot throttle. Or, go directly to steps 3 and 4. step 3. Wrap rope around one rear tire, pulling from the bottom, and give it a good pull much like starting an outboard motor. If you have followed step 2, it should start after several trys. If you have not followed step 2, go on to Step 4. step 4 After pulling rope go to cab and immediately place in second or high gear and release clutch as quickly as possible. Vehicle should start, providing you work fast enough to complete this step while wheel is still in good motion. Step 5. Final -Rrrrrrrrr -Drive home!" Note: this works very fine if two people are present, as there would be caving trips. Remember, Always play and block the front wheels, properly jack, and take your time. P.S. Whoever heard of a caving without rope? or more on most it 2!!. secure vehicle


THE TEXAS CAVER March'l968 Paee 31 a hundred caves By Jim Estes Shortly the second issue or Part II of the Caves of San Saba County will be published by the Texas Speleological Survey. The number of caves in both parts of this survey is significant. More significant however,are the numb er of caves absolutely unexplored or explored and not reported. San Saba County abounds in caves. Most of them are small. In the northeastern area of the country a new cave entrance is a subject that is talked about in caving circles for days, sometimes months. In San Saba County, however, new cave entrances can be located only by seeking permission from ranchowner--walk in a line across his property. To be sure the caves behind these entrances are small, but some investigation must be made of all these entrances in order to find out for certain of their size. Several years ago Tom Meador of Eldorado and Jim Estes of Abilene used to spend days at a time hiking over a goodly portion of one of the ranches and listing eight or ten cave entrances. Both these men checked o u t a f ew, but most of these crevice-type caves were only that--crevices. It is reported that some of their finds were n e v erthe less interesting, and a few were nice little caves in excess of 250 or 300 feet in length. (Joe's Cave and Four-Bat Cave). Interest in San Saba County caves never got intense enough (or even off the ground) until the Texas Speleological Associatio n held a project there in the summer of 1961. At that time about 60 people located 25-30 new cav es. As e xpected most were small (that were e xplored) but two or three larger ones were found. One was a drie d up spring about 500 ft. long with walking passage and lots of mud. Another was a cav e over 1 ,500 feet long with some water passage. Still another was a pit some 100 feet deep. You never know what you will run into when checking a San Saba County cave. Then there is the story of Roundtree Cave. Too involve d to tell in this article, I will m erely state that the cave has been well-known for quite some time among the ranchers. Some p eople were drowned in it during a storm many years ago. It was not until 1960 that members o f the D-FW Grotto and Abilene Grotto discovere d that Roundtree Cave was more than a sinkhole and a short water passage. On a subsequent visit members of the San Angelo College C aving Club and Meador visited and mapped the rest of the cave and got the depth of the cave includ-ing the second pit. It is San Saba County's deepest cave--about 200-plus feet from the entrance level. Most Texas cavers have at least heard of Gorman Cave. It is the most well known and has walking passage, running water, bats, crawlway s and bad air (at times). It is over 2,500 feet in length and was.mapped by the Dallas-Ft.Worth Grotto several years ago. Now, what are the chances in finding a big cave like Gorman? Very little as far as knowledge of the other caves in the county go. The county--though two issues of the Texas Speological Survey lists well over 100 cave s ,is so full of holes that any one of them ma y develop into a cavern with some brave souls looking into them and finding out. The'limestone is sev eral.hundred feet thick--around 500-800, and its an old fractured rock that has had lots of g e o logical history. Harrell's Cavern is the largest cave not in the Ellenberger formation (is is in Marble Falls limestone). With this in mind, the t opography, the numb e r of entrances not even entered tha t are known, and the fact that at least some of the cave s a r e medium s ized should whet the appetite of the mor e adventuresome cavers to take on San S aba County. The caves, a lot of them, are trash dumps used by many ranchers for years. These caves of course are to be avoided. Others of the caves are very dirty, and some are sub j ect t o contain bad air, a lack of oxygen o r a n abundance of co2 These distr a ctions are m inute, though, and prope r caution will e nable the cavers a wide margin of safety Some ranch owners to be contacted are: Joe Ellis, Wade Ellis, Ward Ellis, Mr s J. N o red, and those ranchers living alorig the W a l nut Cr. Road southwest of San Saba. Also contact J ames Lusty of Deep Creek Ranch, the foreman. Other areas needing exploration are the eastern end of McCulloch County. One wor d : of caution: Only e x p erienced cavers should tackel the depths of Whi teface Cave on Deep Creek Ranch. The breakdo wn is highly unstable! A stream passage, is r e ported by cavers from U.T. who visite d this cave recently, but did not it out. Other unexplored caves exist on the Sloan Sisters Ranch (see Joe for permission and location of the caves). In one of these a rock rolls a long distance and climbing gea r i s need ed as in most of the caves of the county


Page 32 March, 1968 THE TEXAS CAVER (San Saba County, continued) It may sound as though cavers have been slack about checking out entrances in this interesting cave county. This is not the case. After checking six or eight or more in one day, or on one trip and finding rotting old chairs, barbed wire rolls, or a stack of old magazines cloggin up the bottom of these holes, it becomes a weary task. Patience is a needful thing in checking the county. There are many areas that have never been walked across and that might contain an entrance or crevice that "goes". Bulletin Ten of the N.S.S. lists an old commercial cave in San Saba County. This was called Treasure Cave or Richland Springs Cavern. This cave is closed to all, but its mention reminds the writer of the rumors of another larger and more decorated cavern supposed to be nearby. Charles Schneider, who used to or still does work at the local Post Office,told of visiting with old timers in that small community and they told him this story: Now deceased Mr. Billy Shaw was a lone cave explorer and was one of the early explorer's of Richland Springs Cavern. He caved almost completely by himself, and always had in mind finding a larger and more beautiful cave. He did. In the brush country somewhere between Roundtree Cave and the Brady Creek Shaw found a notable cavern,but would not tell its whereabouts until after Richland Springs Cavern closed down for lack of visitors. But by that time Shaw had no money, and was too old to commercialize the cave. He told few about it. Seems it is supposed to be located near what is now known as Knat Cave. The description of it does not however fit that of this Shaw's Cave. Shaw's Cave was a typical crevice=type entrance that a person could climb in without the aid of rope or other equipment. It blossoms quickly into beautiful walking passage. No one who has been in the cave is now living, or if they are they have no knowledge of its location. This author and one or two others have checked the area where the cave is supposed to be but with no luck except for a few shallow crevices--all vertical drops. Perhaps we only passed within a few feet from Shaw's Cave, or perhaps we were separated from it only by a clump of mesquite or liveoaks. Wouldn't it be a well deserved reward if someone took the trouble to climb into ten or fifteen crevices and came upon Shaw's Beautiful Cave? Who knows? Maybe someone will! For additional information and-directions, write the Texas Caver or the Texas Speleological Survey. ADVERTISE 1n the TEXAS CAVER From the Editor 27th of caue-w. a-U. will cz..t K a,n,t"'a,L 'J$,1 !) hope. tha--t

THE TEXAS CAVER Marach, 1968 Page 33 KAVER KRISCROSS r-r--1--p E co s 1-1--r--1-1--1--I 1-1--J -.....___ --'---1--1---r--1--L f--.....__ Fill in these words in the blank spaces beginning with the word PECOS. Most of these words are the counties in Texas that contain caves. Good luck! 3 letters: 6 letters (cont.): Hye Menard Eye gallon end wet 7 letters: owl Kendall car Bandera 4 letters: Terrell trip San Saba deep Edwards drop seek 8 letters: wood Brewster road Crockett sand Lampasas Hays ValVerde Bell Real 9 letters: cave Gillespie 5 letters: rocks 10 letters: rural Schleicher Bexar Williamson Comal Llano Mason Pecos 6 letters: Sutton .... p-Reeves Travis Kinney Medina NEII\IS abilene A trip was made March 23 to Wheat Cave to complete a map of the cave. Those making the trip were: Bryant Lilly, Larry Lemoine, and Jim Estes, along with Dennis Ingalls a n d wife Sylvia, formerly of the Madison, Wisconsin, Grotto. One part of the cave which had not been visited on a trip in January was entered and mapped. A meeting was held at the home of George & Jacque Gray Tuesday evening, March 12. Several leads were discussed, and a special weekend trip to check leads only was planned for a future date. The Grotto usually meets on the first Tuesday of each month at 7:30 PM, 1458 Marsalis. Grotto address: 2818 S. 39th St., Abilene, Texas 79605. boerne We are happy to report that the Boerne Cavers, after dwindling to about eight old faithfuls, have gone through a period of rejuvination. Our membership is now back up to about fifteen. The new officers are:President, Doug Vogt, Equipment Chairman, Jerry Behr; Sec-Historian, Betty Schmidt; Treasurer, Tim Johnson;Reporter, Jolyn Dierks. We're looking forward to a really active year under these new officers. On Sat., 23 March, we had a real profitable trip south of Bergheim. Besides a short trip through Salamander, we got into two more caves that were birgin until just lately. One of the new ones, "Crinoid Cave" was first opened about a month ago by Larry Wertheim and a couple of other St. Mary's boys. It's a small cave, but a layer of fossiliferous limestone


Page 34 March, 1968 THE TEXAS CAVER about 25 feet below the surface yielded some crinoid specimens. This is in the Glen Rose, and from what I understand, Cretaceous crinoids are rare as hen's teeth. We're hoping to get a better idea of just where we are in the Glen Rose if we can identify the crinoids. Has anyone else come across these fossils in the Glen Rose? If so, please let us know. The ranch's c edar chopper came along as we were leaving and showed us three new and very promising leads. He says that when it rains, these holes suck in unlimited water, and it sure looks like it. It may take some digging, but that's only normal. Anyway, we plan to open up a couple more there as soon as we can all get together again. That'll be Easter. Club address: Route 2, Beorne, Tex. 78006. san antonio On March 3, Jim Normand led a trip to Edwards County to try and locate Fountain Cave. The owner showed us the approximate area and left us to find it. After spending an hour climbing all over the hill we found a small opening that resembled the description of the cave in the survey, we put on our gear and went in. It was not Fountain Cave. It was too small, too crooked. We named it Zig=Zag Cave because it did just that. It was about 100-ft. long, had a small upper level and a lot of old dead formations. From all indications we were the first ones in it. Others on the trip were Marion and Andy Wood and Bob Burney. On the way out we could hear overhead some bulldozer clearing brush. It was real weird, but we got out okay. The entrance was almost hurried by the dozer. After lunch some of the party went to Carta Valley for supplies. After they returned we visited Punkin Cave and practiced ropework in both entrances. The last ones out had to come out with the bats. Sunday morning after another cold windy night, we went into Deep Cave, spent 8 -1/2 hours there. Then out and headed for home. Those on the trip were Judy Hart, Jim Weldon, Roger Bartholomew, Jim Normand, Bob Burney, Ronnie Poynter and Floyd Harris. Grotto address: Mike Dorum, 135 Denton Dr, San Antonio, Texas (No zip given). univ. texas On January 27, Orion and Jan Knox left on their honeymoo n in Mexico After going t o Monterrey, they drove to Cueva de la Boca, then to Linares. From there they went west t o Galeana and the Gypsum Sinkhole, Poza de Gavatlan, and south to San Luis Potosi. From San Luis Potosi they took the highroad to Valles, and after traveling through Valle de los Fantamos they came to Sotano de San Francisco. After returning to Valles, Orion and Jan headed northward to Quintero, El Salto Waterfalls and Grinto de Quintero then home to Austin. A Richard Smith returned from east-central Guatemala early in February There a group led by Rus8 Gurnee explored and mapped one large cave and reported finding Mayan artifacts in all of the caves visited. The main purpose of the trip was to make an hour long TV Special, "Ceremonial Caves of Guatemala", the date of which will be announced later. Thursday February 15, Bill and Carol Russell, Bill Elliot, Miles Abernathy and Bria n Peterso n from Swt made the trip up t o InnerSpace to see if they c ould dig out a place from On the lOth, Mike D orum took a bunch back t to Kerr County to visit Stowers Cave. The foreman's wife told us that the foreman and the owners had killed two r attlesnakes at the entrance of the cave the day before. After getting lost on the way to the cave, we finally found the cave, collected our gear and started in. On the ledge above the entrance we disposed of a two-foot rattlesnake. We explored for a while, found two new passages and started to map the big room. We found more than 10 leads off the Big Room, mapped the shortest one and started out. When we reached the entrance we found and killed a five-foot snake on the same ledge. We also found the other two snakes and each were about 5-feet long. Some of our people skinned the three largest ones and one of the boys cleaned the freshest one and took towhich air was blowing Unfortunately there was too much water in the passages, and it was still the meat home for supper. Others on the trip Shepperra, Robert Henery, Burney and Ronnie Poynter. were Jim Norman! Jay Richard Eller, Bob On the 22nd March, Jim Normand led a trip to De e p and Blow Hole Caves. After the cold and windy night we w ent into Blow Hole, had no trouble getting in but the entrance room was very wet. The elbow between the second room and the pit was sort of tight for one of our fatter people We went all the way to the bottom, saw the 40-ft. ribbon, i t was real pretty. rising On 17 February, John Fish went to to get information about the r egional c onvention. The following Saturday he and Meri Thomas went to Fisher's Pit. Terry Raines and Bill and Carol Ru s s ell attended a Mid-February meeting of the S.W.T.S. Society where Terry showed slides and s old Bulletins o n the Association for Mexican C ave Studies. On the l ast weekend of February, A.Richard Smith and James Reddell fro m Lubbock got stuck in heavy snow while continuing a study of landslide caves in Palo Duro Canyon. They also visited some gypsum caves near Shamrock and A. Richard conunented, "It's a very promising gypsum area, but we did not have time to examine it carefully." This club's annual tri p to the D evil's Sinkhole took place on the weekend of 9 March -.3b)


THE TEXAS CAVER March, 1968 Page 35 texarkana On Sunday, March 24, lur club went up into Arkansas to map Foreman Cave and Cerro Gordo Silver Mine Cave. Silver Mine had a good sized freshet running through it, but we chimneyed, horizontally, and finished the job. Seems lately that all caves that we find are impossible. That is, they should not be there. Both of these are in pockets of limestone with the nearest other caves at De Queen, Arkansas, about 20 miles away. On this trip were Bob and Barbara Hay, Nancy Campbell, Bob Getches, and Tom Warden. About two months ago, Tom Warden, Bob and Barbara Hay went to Morris County, Texas, near town of Lone Star, to visit two more impossible caves. These are in a limonite clay-sand strata, (Queen City), and should not exist, but hav e been known for almost a hundred years. Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow are thought to have hid in one, for a time. Each has been checked out for about 50 feet but are of unknown length and very wet. We call them Sand Crawl Cave and Sand Spring Cave. They are both natural, showing no signs of ever having been dug. Address correspondence to: Tom Warden, Jr. Route 9, Box 2, Texarkana, Texas 75501 r. g. v. The Texas Caver heard that a new NSS Grotto has been chartered as the Rio Grande Valley Grotto. This is very encouraging and good news. As yet we do not have officer's names,nor do we know the members who chartered. Perhaps we will hear from RGV and include this information in the Next Caver. Best wishes and good luck to Rio Valley Grotto, N.S .S. Grande (NEWS continued next page ... ) next month ---ELECTRIC HEADLAMPS & BATTERIES by Roger V. LOOK When you attend the Convention In Kerrville April 27 you will have a grand opportunity to spend some money. Meaning simply that: we have things to sell ...... TEXAS CAVER Subscriptions ------$3.00 Yr. Extra issues of CAVER ------------25ea. Bound Volumes--1966-1967--------$4.00 ea. P L U S A GUIDE TO THE CAVES OF TEXAS-------by James R. Reddell (N.S.S. Members only) THERE WE WAS by Bill Helmer---------Cartoon story YE OLDE HISTORY by C. Kunath-------TSA through 1966 DEEP CAVE, TEXAS by J. Estes--------A TSA Project Report "Your Cave ... And You"---------------Landowners Relations brochure 50 50 50 50 3 P R 0 B A B L Y AVA I L A BE: A.M.C.S. Material and subscriptions Shelta Cave Memorial Donations ea. ea. ea. ea. ea. DON"T FORGET TO DROP BY THE PUBLICATIONS BOOTH AT THE . T.S.A. C ONVENTION AT KERRVILLE Bring Money I I I W E N E E D I T I I / / Bartholomew, San Antonio Grotto. ---THE SOLOTARIO, REMOTE CAVING FRONTIER? by (( Jim Estes, Abilene Grotto. (Send articles and news items to the Texas Caver, P.O.Box 143, Abilene, Texas 79604.) see it in the Caver


Page 36 March, 1968 Most c avers arrived Friday night and entered the sinkhole Saturday morning; others waited until 5:00 P.M. to descend. There were 61 persons present, two from Houston, a number from Texas A&I and about 35 from UTG. Due to heavy January rains, the water level in the caves was up about two feet. At the 1 March meeting the following were elected as the club's new officers: Bill Russell--------------Chairman Jonathan Davis-------Vice-Chairman Karen Mitchell----------Secretary Jerry Broadus------------Treasurer John Fish,------Expedition Chairmn. James Strickland--Equipmt.Chairman Carol Russell-----Research Chairman On 6 March, the Grotto formally changed its name to the University Speleological Society. The grotto meets 1st and 3rd Wednesdays of each month, 7:30 P.M.-Geology Building, Rm. 100 University Campus, Austin. Grotto address: P.O. Box 7672, UT Station, Austin, Texas 78712. THE TEXAS CAVER ADs for sale The TEXAS CAVER still needs your advertising and you should check into the possibilities of putting your ad in the TSA pub lication. Check back issues for rates and send in your ad order today. Your ad reaches about 300 or more people who are interested in the same things that you are, or that you desire to sell. Advertising Manager Bart Crisman 658 North Willis St. Abilene, Texas 7 960 3 Those persons desiring t o present a paper to the 1968 TSA Convention please send title and time length to John F ish PO Box 7672, UT Sta., Austin, Texas 787l2. SELL CAVE-CONSERVATION TO YOUR FRIFlmS ,_, : Official Publicatio n of the Texas S peleological Association PRINTED MATTER Return Postage Guaranteed

Contents: Convention
'68 at Kerrville --
Caving equipment: the vehicle / Bobby L. Crisman --
Speleo image --
A hundred caves / Jim Estes --
Editorial / George Gray --
Kaver Krisscross --
News of grottoes & clubs --
Membership list information blank --
An opportunity (publications at the convention in


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