Message from Andy Eavis, UIS President
Pilgrimage to Postojna
15th International Congress of Speleology: News from
14th International Congress of Speleology: Minutes by
The UIS Prizes Athens 2005 (ICS 14)
Reports from Commissions
International News: German Cavers, Italian Cavers,
French Cavers, Latin-American and Caribbean Cavers
International Journal of Speleology
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 12008, volume 51, number 3 Edited in December 2008 Contents Union Internationale de Splologie ht t p: / / www. ui s s pe l e o. org 2005 Volume 51 Number 1 Editor-in-Chief: Pavel Bosk EDIT ED IN JUL Y 2005 EDIT EN JUIL L ET 2005 A U SGEGEBEN IM JUL I 2005 The 14th International Congress of Speleology Kalamos, Greece, August 21-28, 2005 Karst and caves as evidence of the development of natural, social and cultural phenomena in the era of mu ltidisciplinary international cooperation http://w eb.otenet.gr/ellspe email@example.com GENERAL PROGRAM August 13-21 Pre-congress excursions (all w ill finish in Athens) August 21 Registration; Opening reception August 22 Opening of Congress and UIS General Asse mbly ; Sy mposia and sessions, General m eetings and Assemblie s; Opening of the Photography Exhibition and Speleo Museum August 23 Sy mposia and sessions, general meetings and assemblies; Opening of F ilm and Media F e stival; Poster session August 24 Day Excursions August 25 Sy mposia and sessions, general meetings and assemblie s. Caving T e chniques Exhibition; Poster session August 26 Sy mposia and sessions, general meetings and a ssemblies; Gala night (Greek F e stival) August 27 UIS General Assembly and Closing Ceremony August 28 September 6 Post-congress excursions (all w ill begin in Athens) Message from Andy Eavis UIS PresidentMessage from Andy Eavis, UIS President Pilgrimage to Postojna 15th International Congress of Speleol ogy: News from George Veni 14th International Congress of Speleol ogy: Minutes by Pavel Bosak The UIS Prizes Athens 2005 (ICS 14) In Memoriam Reports from Commissions International News German Cavers Italian Cavers French Cavers Latin-America and Caribbean Cavers Special Features International journal of speleology UIS-bureau 1 3 5 7 17 19 24 43 61 63 64 Editor in Chief: Fadi Nader (UIS, Secretary General). Collaborators: Bernard Lips (France), Carlos Benedetto (Argentina), Michael Laumanns (Germany), Patrick Deriaz (Switzerland), Ric cardo DallAcqua (Italy). Impressumhttp://www.uis-speleo.org/ During the summer I had the great pleasure of attending two excellent caving meetings. leology in The Vercors, France August 23rd to 30th. This Congress was held in grand style with more than 2000 delegates. The village of Lans en Vercors turned out to be an excellent venue. The congress started with a world record Tyrolean of 1.2 km. Many cavers took part in this crossing of a side valley to the Bourne Gorge which was certainly pretty impressive. There were many simultaneous lectures presented during the week, over 300 in total. There were also picture competitions, multi-media presentations etc. Much on the lines of a normal UIS Congress.
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 2 Many caves in the Vercors were made avail able to delegates and it is reported that more than 500 people got down the Gouffre Berger. My overall impression of this Congress was that it was very well received, very enjoyable and es. This format would seem to make sense for the future with a much smaller Euro Speleo Forum possibly on a one or two year basis as well. The second meeting I attended was also very enjoyable and considerably different being based on the volcanic island of Jeju, off the South coast of South Korea. This was the venue for the two yearly meeting of the Vulcanospeleological Commission of the UIS. It was also used by our Bureau for its annual meeting. The Sunshine Hotel proved an excellent venue and agenda items included reports on FEALC Congress in Argentina, the Baltic Speleological Congress and General Assembly of the European Union of Speleology, a meeting in Paris of the Bureau of the European Union attending by the General Secretary and President of UIS and the European Congress in the Vercors that I have already mentioned. Obviously a major agenda item was the 15th International Congress of Speleology in Kerrville, Texas, next year and it would seem that things are generally going well to plan. Cooperation between UIS and UNESCO was discussed at some length as were other cave and karst-environmental related items. The meeting was pleased to welcome David Summers of the International Show Caves Association and continues the coopera tion between ISCA and the UIS. It is hoped that there will be a good turn out of ISCA members at the International Congress. The very important Code of Ethics was discussed at length and further chang es were proposed. The agreement for the Karst Information Portal was signed and the UIS Bureau internet forum mentioned. There was discussion on the commissions and there must be moves to strengthen these into the future. ing place in Slovenia this December. The UIS with relation to regions such as Europe, Latin and Central America, MidDue time was spent talking about World Heritage sites which is clearly a major item of UIS Business. In all, two excellent events, thoroughly enjoyed by everybody involved not to mention some wonderful caving limestone France and lava Jeju. Andy Eavis, 20th November 08The 15th ICS booth at the Vercors 2008 Congress with George Veni, Sue and Urs Wildmer (facing the camera). Michel Siffre is also seen in this photograph
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 3 Pilgrimage to Postojna ( SLOVENIA ) 3 6 December 2008 Andy Eavis, Pavel Bosak, Fadi Nader, and Andrej Mihevc Following the decision of the UIS Bureau during the Jeju meeting (Republic of Korea; 6 7 September 2008), a sub committee (consisting of And y Eavis President, Pavel Bosak Vice President, Fadi Nader Secretary, and Andrej Mihevc Adjunct Secretary) was formed to visit the UIS headquarter in Postojna (Slovenia) and take care of the financial issues of the UIS. Fadi Nader, Andrej Mihevc, Andy Eavis, and Pavel Bosak (from left to right) in the Congress Hall inside the Postojna Cave (Slovenia). This was termed by Andy Eavis as the Pilgrimage to Postojna as for him and Fadi Nader it was the first visit and will not be the last Overwhel ming feelings that cannot be expressed in words filled our hearts as we stood in the Congress Hall in Postojna Cave and took a memorable photograph some forty three years after the opening ceremony of the 4 th International Congress of Speleology on the 12 t h of September 1965, which concluded with the foundation of the UIS an international organizati on that is conceived and achieved by and for cavers from all over the world. Another important place to visit was the UIS permanent headquarter established i n the Karst Research Institute of Slovenia since June 22, 2002. There, we also had the meetings of the sub committee (mentioned above) and we discussed the financial status of UIS. Our bank accounts situation was reviewed (Total of 38,345.54 US Dollars and 2,850.21 Euros; on the 30th November 2008) and decisions to support the International Journal of Speleology (IJS) with 5,000 US Dollars and the Bibliography Commission with 1,500 Euros were executed. Measures were taken in order to optimize the interests we get from our deposited money. The sub committee highlights previous decisions and recommendations which are related to member countries fees:
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 4 The importance for all member countries to settle their payments (old and actual) in the upcoming ICS in Kerrv ille (July, 2009) mode of payment: cash. The request for member countries of category C (fees= 50 US Dollars per year) to settle their payments only by cash during congresses and not through bank transfer. The Karst Researc h Institute of Slovenia which hosts the permanent headquarter of the UIS. Plate on the front door of the Karst Research Institute with the UIS logo. Pavel Bosak working on archives in the UIS office (Postojna, Slovenia). Of course, such a visit to Postojna did not spare local caves, cavers and karst from the UIS delegation. On Wednesday (December 3, 2008) evening, the Karst Cadastral office (held by cavers of the Speleological Association of Slovenia, JZS) which is established in anti nuclear war shelter (very safe place) in Ljubljana, was visited and dr. Miha Cekada (head of Cave Register and UIS deputy country delegate) explained how the caves information are recorded. Interesting discussions followed concerning the application of the UIS Code of Ethics. On Thursday (December 4, 2008), the breathtaking (wild underground canyon) kocjanske Jame was visited. This was followed by lunch with Dr. Tadej Slabe (head of the Karst Research Institute in Postojna). Then, we met dr. Mladen Garasic (UIS cou ntry deputy of Croatia) and Boris Watz (Croatia) who came from Zagreb.
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 5 UIS Bureau meeting on Jeju island (Republic of Korea) September 6 and 7, 2008. On Friday (December 5, 2008), the beautiful Postojna Cave was visited followed by a courteous lunch with Mr. Peter tefin (Head of Marketing Department and Vice President of ISCA). The n, UIS Financial status was discussed in the afternoon. In the evening, we attended the 50 th anniversary of the Jamarsko Dru tvo Se ana and visited the show cave managed by this club (Vilenica cave) which is reported as the first show cave in the world. Th is evening was an excellent occasion to meet Slovenian base cavers and young speleologists. Andy Eavis addressed the cavers by sharing his feelings about their wonderful caves and karst, and inviting them to the next ICS in Kerrville (Texas USA) in July 2009. The next and final day (Saturday December 6, 2008), Andrej Mihevc took us on a trip throughout the Slovenian Karst, which made it clear that we need to come back to this beautiful country and that the term Pilgrimage to Slovenia is definitely appr opriate for all cave and karst lovers. Hence, the enchanting Predjama castle, the furious Planinska Jama with its flooded spring, the Malni karstic springs with clear waters, the collapse dolinas (and bunkers) of Un ka Koli evka, the natural bridges of Rak ov kocjan, the wide Cerknica Polje, collapse dolinas of Drnulca, and the springs of Ljubljanica river, were all visited and commented by Andrej Mihevc. It was another wonderful day in Slovenia. Finally, we would like to thank the Karst Research Institute of Slovenia and all cavers of Slovenia for their warm welcoming. Fadi Nader UIS, Secretary General
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 6 15th International Congress of Speleology: Important DeadlinesBy George Veni The International Congress of Speleology (ICS) is the worlds premier speleological event. An event of the International Union of Speleology, it is held once every four years in a location selected by the delegates of the UIS member nations. The next ICS will be held in Kerrville, Texas, USA on 19-26 July 2009, in combination with the U.S. National Speleological Society Convention. An estimated 2,000 people from nearly 60 countries are expected to attend to share the results of their latest exploration, research, and techniques. We hope you are planning to attend the ICS and remind you of the following deadlines to help you plan and participate as easily as possible: 1 December 2008: Abstracts are due for all papers abstracts 31 January 2009: Last day to register at $250 1 February 2009: Full papers due; registra tion must be paid to submit papers 1 March 2009: All entries due for the Spe leMedia Salon 31 March 2009: Last day to reserve camping site at Kerrville-Schreiner Park before re maining camp spaces are open to the public (this does not affect the main camping at Schreiner University) 1 April 2009: Last day to reserve rooms for meetings 7 April 2009: Final version of papers due fol lowing review and possible revision 16 April 2009: Registration for pre-ICS, closes; only remains open for any remaining spaces on the trips 25 April 2009: All entries due for the Cover Art Salon 1 May 2009: All entries due for the Photo Salon and Print Salon 1 June 2009: Last day to register at $275 1 June 2009: All entries due for the Ballad and Song Salon, Multimedia Salon, and Spe leoArts Salon 11 July 2009: All mail-in entries due for the Symbolic Devices Salon and T-Shirt Salon The ICS 2nd Circular is posted on the website. Use it as a guide and then look at the website for complete details: www.ics2009. us. Dont forget to watch the 15-minute video on the website to see Kerrville and more of what the 15th ICS has to offer. If you still have questions, please contact us at: 15th ICS, P.O. Box 691965, San Antonio, Texas 78269 USA, 001-413-383-2276 (fax), firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com.
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 7 Minutes of the UIS Assembly General 14th International Congress of Speleology (Kalamos Greece)First session, August 22, 2005 Kalamos (Attika), Greece, Dolphin Hotel The Assembly General was opened by the UIS Secretary General, Mr. Pavel Bosk by the statement of the number of present national delegates of member countries. In the moment of the opening, totally 33 member-countries (out of 56) were registered (Argentine, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Spain, USA, France, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Lebanon, Luxembourg, Mexico, Norway, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Czech Republic, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Venezuela). During the session, other delegates of two member countries appeared (Korea, New Zealand, no voting). There were present also delegates of member countries with delay in payment more than three years, which could not vote (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Romania). The opening was followed by the presenta tion of the UIS President, Mr. Jos Ayrton Labegalini, concerning the 40th anniversary of the foundation of the UIS and presentation achievements and failures of the UIS Bureau in time between the 13th and 14th International Congresses of Speleology, i.e. for the period of July 2001 to August 2005. He declared the Assembly General as opened. After opening, all participants took a while of silence for all cavers and scientists who left the international community between congresses (e.g., Linhua Song, China, George Huppert, USA, Vladimr Pano, Czech Republic, Stanislaw Dnulynski, Poland, Lszl Jakucs and Attila Ksa, Hungary, Jacques Choppy, France, Guy-Christian Collet, France and Brazil, Takanori Ogawa, Japan). The Assembly General approved the minutes of the last Assemblies General from Brasilia, DF, Brazil 2001 by 31 votes for with no votes against or abstained. The Secretary General of the UIS presented his report. After the Departments, Commission, Working Group and Committee representa tives presented reports and information on the activity: Department of Protection (Jean-Pierre Bartholeyns), Commission on Physico-Chem istry and Hydrogeology of Karst (Yavor Shopov), Commission on Glacial Caves and Karst of Polar Regions (Giovanni Badino), Commission on Volcanic Caves (Jan Paul van der Pas), Commission on Archaeology and Palaeontol ogy of Caves (David Hubbard), Permanent Commission on Speleotherapy (Hubert Trimmel), Commission on Hydrogeology of Karst and Speleogenesis (Pavel Bosk), Commission on Pseudokarst (Jan Paul van der Pas), Commission on Bibliography (Patrick Deriaz), Commission on Karst Atlas (Hubert Trimmel), Informatics Commission (Peter Matthews), Commission on History of Speleology (Pavel Bosk), Rescue Commission (Andr Slagmo len), Commission on Cave Diving (Holandan), Commission on Statute (Claude Mouret). The Assembly General appreciated the activity of Mr. Andr Slagmolen as the founder and the The Assembly General elected two auditors: Mr. Andrew Eavis (Great Britain) and Mrs. Grace Matts (Australia). They were elected, both, by 32 votes for, with no vote against and no abstention. The Assembly General elected the Commission for the elections of the new UIS Bureau composed of Mr. Arrigo A. Cigna (Italy), Mrs. Linda Gentry el Dash (Brazil), and Mr. William White (USA) by 30 votes, no against, and 2 abstentions. Mr. George Veni (USA) presented the candidature for the 15th Congress of Speleology in Texas, USA 2009. Two new member countries were admitted to the UIS on the basis of the UIS Bureau recommendation: Pakistan, presented by Mr. Fadi Nader (20 votes for, no vote against
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 8 and no abstention) and Serbia and Monte Negro, presented by Mr. Uro Aksamovis (30 votes for, no vote against, 1 abstention). Several materials were presented to the Assembly General. Mr. Pavel Bosk presented the UIS Bureau proposal to grammar corrections of the UIS Statutes in French language and translations of the UIS Statutes to English, German, Italian, Spanish, Russian and Arabic. Mrs. Julia James presented the UIS Prizes the best discovery, the best book and the best poster. of information were added. The Director of the Public Relations Department of the Samcheok City Hall presented the message of the Samcheok city Mayor, Mr. Kim Il Dong. Mr. Andrej Mihevc presented the establish ment of the stable address of the UIS in Postojna, Slovenia on September 19, 2002. New Editor-in-Chief of the prestigious UIS journal International Journal of Speleol ogy Mr. Jo de Wale presented new editorial policy and new face of the journal. The session was closed at 15:15 local time. Second session, August 27, 2005Kalamos (Attika), Greece, Dolphin Hotel The second session of the Assembly General of the UIS was opened and chaired by P. Bosk on 14:45. At the moment of the opening, totally 38 member states were registered (Germany, Argentine, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Spain, USA, France, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Lebanon, Luxembourg, Mexico, Norway, New Zealand, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Korea, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Venezuela), one country (Serbia) appeared a little bit later, so totally 39 member countries had the right to vote. The agenda of the Assembly General was approved by voting (38 voices for, 0 against, 0 abstention) owing to substantial changes in compari son with the proposal from August 21, 2005. Mr. Arrigo A. Cigna on behalf of Advisory Committee presented the Committee statement to proposed grammar corrections of the French text of the UIS Statutes and Memorandum of understanding between the ISCA and the UIS. The new version of the UIS Statute in French language was approved by voting: 39 votes for, 0 against and 0 abstention. The Memorandum was approved by voting: 35 votes for, 0 against, 4 abstentions. Two budget auditors (Mr. Andrew James Eavis, Great Britain and Mrs. Grace Matts, Australia) reported on the result of the audit report (Appendix). Mr. Pavel Bosak is to be commended for his meticulous record keeping and his dedication. Approving voting resulted as follows: 39 votes for acceptance, 0 against and 0 abstention, so the audit report was accepted as it obtained absolute majority of votes approving Information concerning speleological events between the International Congresses of Speleology dealt with possible organiza tion of the European Regional Conference on Speleology (European Congress on Speleology), as the only candidate for the 2009 International Congress of Speleology is the USA. The Speleological Federation of the European Union promised to take care on selection of the proper place. The election of country organizing the 15th International Congress of Speleology in 2009 started by a short presentation of Mr. George Veni of the only candidate the USA. The organizing country was then elected: 39 votes for, 0 against and 0 abstention. The elections of the New UIS Bureau was introduced by Mr. Arrigo A. Cigna by the statement of the Advisory Committee to the possibility of elections of non-present candidates. The Committee supported the possibility to elect physically non-present candidates owing to problems with Congress organization. The Secretary General, Mr. Pavel Bosk explained the voting procedure following the UIS Constitution (20 votes Election Commission than organized the voting. Mr. Arrigo A. Cigna introduced candidate for the UIS President (Mr. Andrew James Eavis, Great Britain). Mr. Eavis was elected cards: 39 votes for, 0 against and 0 abstention. After Mr. Arrigo A. Cigna presented candi
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 9 dates for the UIS Vice-Presidents (Mr. Pavel Bosk, Czech Republic and Mr. Aleksand er Klimchouk, Ukraine). Totally 39 voting cards were collected: 2 voting cards were invalid. Mr. Aleksander Klimchouk obtained 35 votes and Mr. Pavel Bosk obtained 32 After Mr. Arrigo A. Cigna presented the only nomination to the UIS Secretary General (Mr. Fadi Nader, Lebanon). On 39 voting cards Mr. Nader obtained 34 votes for, with 5 invalid cards. After Mr. Arrigo A. Cigna presented 15 nominations for 8 positions of the UIS Secretaries Adjunct: Mr. Giovanni BADINO (Italy), Mr. Jean-Pierre BARTHOLEYNS (Belgium), Mr. Carlos BENEDETTO (Argentina), Mr. Petar K. BERON (Bulgaria), Mrs. Katalin BOLNER(Croatia), Mr. Roman HAPKA (Switzerland), Mr. Stein-Erik LAURITZEN (Norway), Mr. Efraim MERCADO (Puerto Rico), Mr. Andrej (Mexico), Mr. Claude MOURET (France), Mr. George VENI (USA), Mr. Paul WILLIAMS (New Zealand), and Mr. Kyung Sik WOO (Korea). From 39 collected voting cards, 2 were were elected: Mr. George VENI (28 votes), Mr. Andrej MIHEVC (27 votes), Mr. Carlos BENEDETTO (24 votes), Mr. Kyung Sik WOO (23 votes) and Mr. Paul WILLIAMS (21 votes). Between the 1st and 2nd round of elections of Secretaries Adjunct, new UIS President, Mr. Andrew James EAVIS, presented his short statement. The representatives of The Hellenic Speleological Society and Hellenic Speleological Federation presented acknowl edgements and gifts to UIS Bureau members and all national delegates. Mr. Andrew James Eavis was elected Honorary Member of the Hellenic Speleological Society. In the 2nd round of elections of Secretaries Adjunct, 39 voting card were collected, all were valid, and following candi dates were elected: Mr. Efraim MERCADO (15 votes), Mr. Roman HAPKA (13 votes), and Mr. Stein-Erik LAURITZEN (12 votes). Mr. Pavel Bosk proposed to elect Mr. Jos Ayrton Labegalini, the UIS Past-President as the UIS Honorary Member, which motion was accepted unanimously by all 39 votes. In the following part of the program Interventions and supplementary information there were presented several points. Cuban voting delegate, Mrs. Anna M. Abraham A. proposed the separation of position of the UIS Treasurer from the position of the Secretary General (which point was accepted by Venezuelan voting delegate, Mr. Efraim Mercado (Puerto Rico), presented memorandum of the Sociedad Venezolana de Espeleologa concerning unethical behaviour of Slovak and Czech cavers in Venezuela. Secretary General, Pavel Bosk, promised to deal with the problem again on the next UIS Bureau Annual Meeting 2006. National delegate of Australia, The lottery of voting cards of national delegates or voting representatives organized by the representative of the 15th International Congress of Speleology 2009 Mr. (Poland national delegate); he obtained free participation on the Congress in the USA. The UIS President Elect Mr. Andrew James Eavis in a short conclusive speech summagram, sites and other topics. He declared the Assembly General as closed on 18:45 local time. Prof. Petros Themelis, President of the Organization Committee of the 14th International Conclosed the Congress at 19:00 hours local time. Mrs. Julia M. James presented results of the decision of the UIS Prize Committee concern ing the UIS Book, Exploration, and Poster Prizes and results of Speleomedia. The program continued with the information of the UIS Commissions and Working Groups and by the approval of reports, plans and chair persons by voting. The results of voting were as follows:
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 10 Departement/ Commission/ Working Group President Votes for Votes against Abst. Department of Protection and Management Jean Pierre Bartholeyns 36 0 1 Commission of Physico Chemistry and Hydrogeology of Karst Yavor Shopov 39 0 0 Commission on Caves in Gl aciers and Karst of Polar Regions Adolfo Eraso Romero Presented by G. Badino 36 0 1 Commission on Volcanic Caves Jan Paul van der Pas 39 0 0 Commission on Archaeology and Pala e ontology of Caves David Hubbard Roman Hapka 39 0 0 Permanent Commission on Sp eleotherapy Svetozr Dluholuck Presented by P. Bosk 39 0 0 Commission on Artificial Caves Presented by P. Bosk 0 16 23 Working Group on Hydrothernal Karst Presented by P. Bosk 0 30 9 Commission on Karst Hydrogeology and Speleogenesis Aleksander Klim chouk Presented by P. Bosk and A. Osborne 38 0 1 Commission on Cave Mineralogy Carol Hill Presented by Charles Self 39 0 0 Commission on Pseudokarst Istvn Esterhsz Presented by Jan Paul van der Pas 38 1 0 Commission on Bibliography Patrick Deriaz Pre sented by Phillipe Huselmann 39 0 0 Commission on Paleokarst and Speleochronology Stein Erik Lauritzen 39 0 0 Commission on Largest Caves Presented by P. Bosk 32 0 7 Commission on Karst Atlas Karl Heinz Pfeffer Presented by P. Bosk 39 0 0 Informatic s Commission Peter Matthews 39 0 0 Commission on History of Speleology Karl Mais Presented by P. Bosk 39 0 0 Rescue Commission Mr. Dodelin Presented by A. Slagmolen and Mr. Dodet 39 0 0 Commission on Material and Techniques Presented by P. Bosk 20 2 1 6 Commission on Cave Diving Phillipe Brunet 39 0 0 Department of Education Marcel Meyssonier 39 0 0
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 11 Mr. Arrigo A. Cigna on behalf of Advisory Committee presented the Committee statement to proposed grammar corrections of the French text of the UIS Statutes and Memorandum of understanding between the ISCA and the UIS. The new version of the UIS Statute in French language was approved by voting: 39 votes for, 0 against and 0 abstention. The Memorandum was approved by voting: 35 votes for, 0 against, 4 abstentions. Two budget auditors (Mr. Andrew James Eavis, Great Britain and Mrs. Grace Matts, Australia) reported on the result of the audit report (Appendix). Mr. Pavel Bosak is to be commended for his meticulous record keeping and his dedication. Approving voting resulted as follows: 39 votes for acceptance, 0 against and 0 abstention, so the audit report was accepted as it obtained absolute majority of votes approv Information concerning speleological events between the International Congresses of Speleology dealt with possible organiza tion of the European Regional Conference on Speleology (European Congress on Speleology), as the only candidate for the 2009 International Congress of Speleology is the USA. The Speleological Federation of the European Union promised to take care on selection of the proper place. The election of country organizing the 15th International Congress of Speleology in 2009 started by a short presentation of Mr. George Veni of the only candidate the USA. The organizing country was then elected: 39 votes for, 0 against and 0 abstention. The elections of the New UIS Bureau was introduced by Mr. Arrigo A. Cigna by the statement of the Advisory Committee to the possibility of elections of non-present candidates. The Committee supported the possibility to elect physically non-present candidates owing to problems with Congress organization. The Secretary General, Mr. Pavel Bosk explained the voting procedure following the UIS Constitution (20 votes Election Commission than organized the voting. Mr. Arrigo A. Cigna introduced candidate for the UIS President (Mr. Andrew James Eavis, Great Britain). Mr. Eavis was elected cards: 39 votes for, 0 against and 0 abstention. After Mr. Arrigo A. Cigna presented candi dates for the UIS Vice-Presidents (Mr. Pavel Bosk, Czech Republic and Mr. Aleksand er Klimchouk, Ukraine). Totally 39 voting cards were collected: 2 voting cards were invalid. Mr. Aleksander Klimchouk obtained 35 votes and Mr. Pavel Bosk obtained 32 After Mr. Arrigo A. Cigna presented the only nomination to the UIS Secretary General (Mr. Fadi Nader, Lebanon). On 39 voting cards Mr. Nader obtained 34 votes for, with 5 invalid cards. After Mr. Arrigo A. Cigna presented 15 nominations for 8 positions of the UIS Secretaries Adjunct: Mr. Giovanni BADINO (Italy), Mr. Jean-Pierre BARTHOLEYNS (Belgium), Mr. Carlos BENEDETTO (Argentina), Mr. Petar K. BERON (Bulgaria), Mrs. Katalin BOLNER(Croatia), Mr. Roman HAPKA (Switzerland), Mr. Stein-Erik LAURITZEN (Norway), Mr. Efraim MERCADO (Puerto Rico), Mr. Andrej (Mexico), Mr. Claude MOURET (France), Mr. George VENI (USA), Mr. Paul WILLIAMS (New Zealand), and Mr. Kyung Sik WOO (Korea). From 39 collected voting cards, 2 were were elected: Mr. George VENI (28 votes), Mr. Andrej MIHEVC (27 votes), Mr. Carlos BENEDETTO (24 votes), Mr. Kyung Sik WOO (23 votes) and Mr. Paul WILLIAMS (21 votes). Between the 1st and 2nd round of elections of Secretaries Adjunct, new UIS President, Mr. Andrew James EAVIS, presented his short statement. The representatives of The Hellenic Speleological Society and Hellenic Speleological Federation presented acknowl edgements and gifts to UIS Bureau members and all national delegates. Mr. Andrew James Eavis was elected Honorary Member of the Hellenic Speleological Society.
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 12 In the 2nd round of elections of Secretaries Adjunct, 39 voting card were collected, all were valid, and following candi dates were elected: Mr. Efraim MERCADO (15 votes), Mr. Roman HAPKA (13 votes), and Mr. Stein-Erik LAURITZEN (12 votes). Mr. Pavel Bosk proposed to elect Mr. Jos Ayrton Labegalini, the UIS Past-President as the UIS Honorary Member, which motion was accepted unanimously by all 39 votes. In the following part of the program Interventions and supplementary information there were presented several points. Cuban voting delegate, Mrs. Anna M. Abraham A. proposed the separation of position of the UIS Treasurer from the position of the Secretary General (which point was accepted by Venezuelan voting delegate, Mr. Efraim Mercado (Puerto Rico), presented memorandum of the Sociedad Venezolana de Espeleologa concerning unethical behaviour of Slovak and Czech cavers in Venezuela. Secretary General, Pavel Bosk, promised to deal with the problem again on the next UIS Bureau Annual Meeting 2006. National delegate of Australia, The lottery of voting cards of national delegates or voting representatives organized by the representative of the 15th International Congress of Speleology 2009 Mr. (Poland national delegate); he obtained free participation on the Congress in the USA. The UIS President Elect Mr. Andrew James Eavis in a short conclusive speech summagram, sites and other topics. He declared the Assembly General as closed on 18:45 local time. Prof. Petros Themelis, President of the Organization Committee of the 14th International Conclosed the Congress at 19:00 hours local time.
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 13 Appendix l AuditorsReport 23 rd August, 2005. Financial Statement of the funds held in the name of the International Union of Speleology. For 2004 30/06/2005 Statement of Transactions from 2001 to 2005 Income US $ Euro SIT CZK Annual Fees 19,128.1 0 649.01 58,000.00 Interest 526.84 379.59 628.92 Koper Bank (opening 5,000.00 balance deposit) IUS logo use 1,350.00 Total Income 19,654,94 1,046.60 63,628.92 1,350.00 Expendiure IUS Prizes 750.00 Website 239.00 IUS Bulletin 1,376. 06 Int. J. Speleol. 5,000.00 IUS Commissions 500.00 IUS Bureau exp 1,276.00 Bank Charges 296.72 Kopel Bank 7,491.22 (Refund Opening Balance) Kopel Bank A/c set up fee 5,000.00 Refund Registration Fee 5,600.00 Secretarial Expenses 569.30 To tal Expenditure 9,437.78 Nil 23,720.14 569.30 Excess 10,217.16 1,046.60 39,908.78 780.70 Assets Cash held in bank accounts as follows; Account Bal@ SET $ CZK US $ Euro Koper Bank (Slovenia) opened 18/2/04 8/8/05 144,782.38 Ceska Sporitelna (Czech) 11/8/05 35,038.51 Petty Cash (Pavel Bosak) 13/7/05 21,661.51 *ERSTE Bank (Vienna) 18/7/05 6,400.00 *Cash held in Vienna ? 300.00 513.26 TOTAL 144,782.38 21,661.51 35,338.51 6,913.26 Values in US $ 723.91 917.86 35,338.51 8,421.98 See N ote 1. Total Asse t s US $ 45,402.26 Auditors Statement
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 14 H aving examined the documentation for the financial accounts of the International Union of Speleology we believe that, with the exception of the money held in Vienna, they present a true and fair record of the transactions of the International Union of Speleology for the period from 2004 to 30 th June, 2005. No list of assets was presented. We are of the opinion that this organization is solvent and able to meet its financial obligations. Signature signature Signed . (Mrs Grace Matts) (Mr A Eavis) Honorary Auditor Honorary Auditor Notes to the audited report 1. The ERSTE Bank account held in Vienna was not presented with sufficient informa tion to audit it. Therefore amounts related to this account are an estimate gleaned from the documentation. 2. Some of the money is held in Vienna in the form of cash. Recommendations 1. All accounts must be held by the Secretary General while he also has the c apacity of Treasurer. 2. No cash should be held outside the General Secretary/Treasurer. 3. The cash in Vienna needs to be transformed to the control of the Secretary General immediately. 4. The IUS should look at formalizing the financial procedures within their s tatutes so that their money is protected at all times. To comply with the legal requirements of Slovenia the IUS must: 1. As soon as possible all accounts (except the Petty Cash) be transferred to the Kopel Bank in Slovenia as the IUS is now registered in th at country. 2. When the ERSTE Bank A/c in Vienna matures on 18/7/2006 it be closed and both principal in interest transferred to the Kopel Bank account in Slovenia. 3. As IUS is now registered in Slovenia and financial reports are required to the presented to th e government, it is essential that these accounts be audited annually by a qualified accountant in Slovenia. 4. When audited they will need to be approved by the Bureau each year prior to presentation to the government. 5. At each Congress of the IUS (four yearl y) a set of audited reports for the four previous years will need to be provided to each financial member of the IUS for approval at that meeting. Rewritten from original by Pavel Bosk (including all misprints)
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 15 1st Session, August 21, 2005, start at 15:10 local timePresent: UIS Bureau members: Jos Ayrton Labega lini, Andrew James Eavis, Pavel Bosk, Ro man Hapka, Andrej Mihevc, Claude Mouret, Fadi Nader, R. Armstrong L. Osborne, Abel Vale Past-Presidents: Arrigo A.Cigna, Derek C. Ford, Hubert Trimmel Guests: George Veni, Jean Pierre Bar tholeyns Appologized: Aleksander Klimchouk, Adolfo Eraso Rome ro, Julia Mary James (1/1) Approval of Agenda 2005 Agenda approved (1/2) Preparation of Agenda of Assembly General 2005 Information of the UIS Senior Vice-President (A. Eavis) about the proposed program by Greek organizers in individual steps and time schedule. Information on accounting by UIS Secretary General-Treasurer (P. Bosk) with short discussion (A. Eavis, A.A. Cigna). Presentation of countries candidating for 2009. Discussion was concentrated to immigration US policy, costs of visas. Full presentation will be 15-20 min. during the 1st Assembly General. George Veni presented the bid and he explained the reason for change of cities (Kerrvile instead of San Antonio). Preparation of documents to be approved by General Assembly. It was stressed the role of Committe Consultatif in that process. Rigth to vote will have only memPresentation of UIS Commissions and Working Groups presented by C. Mouret and P. Bosk. The activity was reviewed in Hanoi. Some commission have overlapping content. It was stressed the importance of commissions Congresses of Speleology. It was acknowl edged the role of Andr Slagmolen (B) President of the UIS Rescue Commission for his contribution to the UIS. His role will be publicly acknowledged during the Assembly General. Acceptation of new member countries presented by UIS Secretary General (P. Bosk) application from Serbia and Monte Negro. Discussion concerned item if the proposal really covers the whole federation or only Serbia. Voting for acceptance: 8+/0-/1 abstention. Item approved to be included to Assembly General for approval. Elections of the new UIS Bureau discussion was focused on number of Secretaries Adjunct. It was proposed to elect not changing number (8). Voting: 9+/0-/0 abst. Eight Secretaries Adjunct will be proposed to be elected by the Assembly General. F. Nader (UIS Secretary Adjunct) informed on results of Tanzania UIS expedition and about publication of book with expedition report. More, information concerning Tunesia was obtained as well as information about General A. Anavi (what is available will be delivered to archive in Postojna). It was asked to support the book print about Tanzania UIS expedition by 2,000,USD. Voting: 9+/0-/0 abst. Support of 2,000 USD approved.2nd Session, August 27, 2005, start at 15:10 local timePresent: UIS Bureau members: Jos Ayrton Labega lini, Andrew James Eavis, Pavel Bosk, Ro man Hapka, Andrej Mihevc, Claude Mouret, Fadi Nader, R. Armstrong L. Osborne, Abel Vale Past-Presidents: Arrigo A.Cigna, Derek C. Ford Guests: George Veni, Jean Pierre Bar tholeyns Appologized: Aleksander Klimchouk, Adolfo Eraso Rome Minutes from the UIS Bureau session Kalamos, Greece
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 16 ro, Julia Mary James, Hubert Trimmel (2/1) Bibliographical Centre in Spain tion centre of the UIS is in Switzerland (La Chaux-de.Fonds). It is not known who accredited them to settle up such centre. (2/2) UISIC (P. Matthews). Commission President informed in detail about the UIS web site. It moved from Australia to Switzerland; the server is in Germany. He explained conditions (2/3) Preparation of documents for approval by 2nd Assembly General. R.A.L. Osborne opened the Slovene version of the UIS Statute with Preamble, which was connected with discussion about materials prepared by the UIS President (J.A. Labega lini). There were presented new versions of the Internal Regulations (Regelement Interieur), UIS Standards for Organizers of UIS Events, UIS Support to Events, Internet Regulations and Standards for Extraordinary Assembly General (Electronic Voting). The rich discussion was concentrates especially on problems of pre-circulation before approval and connected comments, and from this resulting problems of approval (resp. if yes or not). The only document approved was Electronic voting by Bureau (9+/0-/0 abst.). UIS Secretary General explained, that the UIS Statutes knows only one document (Internal Regulations), that all documents should be merged together (in sense of the original proposal of the UIS President) and this allows to include Preamble from Slovenian version to Internal Regulations (which represent amendment to the Statutes). (2/4) European Conference of Speleol ogy in case when the Int. Congress of Speleology is overseas. The SFEU will be asked for collaboration on the issue. (2/5) The procedure of elections of the new UIS Bureau were explained by detail by the Secretary General. There will be 8 Secretaries Adjunct. If not elected representatives of Slovenia and the USA, they will be invited to collaborate with the UIS Bureau in period of 2005-2009. (2/6) The UIS Permanent Commission on Speleotherapy delivered its report. The Secretary General informed on report and plans for future. (2/7) The organization problems of Greeks during the preparation and holding of the Int. Congress of Speleology were deeply discussed. (2/8) Congress Proceedings. There was expressed general demand of paper version of Proceedings. Discussions on possibil ity of the PDF format with pagination and indexes were also carried out. The Proceed ings were included in congress fees. The UIS Senior-Vice President (A. Eavis) owing to its good relations with Congress organ izers was asked to negotiate the problem. (2/9) BBS. Information concerning the stateof-the-art was obtained. The paper edition should continue. The UIS Bureau obtained that the problem will solve the new UIS Bureau. (2/10) Agreement with the IUCN proposal was presented. It was decided, that the problem will solve the new UIS Bureau. The UIS Bureau during its sessions in Greece 2005 approved by voting: Recommendation of Serbia and Monte Negro to be proposed for approval as new member country by the UIS Assembly General. Recommendation of unchanged number of Secretaries Adjunct to be elected by the UIS Assembly General (8). Support of 2,000 USD for the print of the book on the UIS Tanzanian Expedition. Electronic Voting by UIS Bureau. The UIS Bureau during its sessions in Greece 2005 decided: That the new UIS Bureau will deal with: Support of the BBS and editorial policy. Agreement of the UIS with the IUCN
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 17 THE UIS PRIZES ATHENS 2005Publication Prizes Special prizesThe International Union of Speleology during its 14th International Congress of Speleol ogy, Athens, Greece, August 2005 awarded two special UIS prizes in the category on a cave or karst topics published in 2001-2005. The Encyclopedia of Caves Edited by David C. Culver and William B.White Published by Elsevier, 2005. Encyclopedia of Caves and Karst Science Edited by: John Gunn Published by: Fitzroy Dearborn, 2003. Standard prizeThe Report of the committee for the UIS best publication award in the above category. 5 entries were submitted. First prize awarded to Splo-karstologie et environnement en Chine. Publisher : Fdration Franaise Splolo gie & Association Franaise de Karstologie, 2004 Editors : Richard Maire, Jean-Pierre Barbary, Zhang Shouyue, Nathalie Vanara, Jean Bottazzi Available from Richard Maire, ADES-Dymset, Maison des Suds, CNRS, 12, esplanade des Antilles, Domaine Universitaire de Bordeaux, 33607 PESSAC cedex France) Franco-Chinese exploring expeditions 19972001. 560 pp very well produced on glossy paper. Many illustrations (photos and cave maps) of good to excellent quality. Abstract in French, English, Mandarin. Part 1 System atic accounts of explorations in three prov inces, on a county by county basis. Part 2 Reports on geomorphology, speleogenesis, water chemistry, major environmental prob lems, and growth of ethno-tourism. Part 3 Brief history of Chinese caving and tourism. An honorable mention (equal 2nd and 3rd prize) Die St. Beatus-Hhlen Publisher Speleo Projects, 2004 Editor Philipp Huselmann Very good account of one complex, mul tiphase cave in the great North of Lake Thun complex of caves beautifully explored and explained in recent years. German and French with good English summaries 233 pages plus comprehensive map supplement. Many black and white illustrations (photos, maps, technical diagrams) plus colour inserts Part 1 History, geology, morphology, hyPart 2 Detailed descriptions Also an honorable mention (equal 2nd and 3rd prize) Beneath the Cloud Forests A History of Cave Exploration in Papua New Guinea Publisher Speleo Projects, 2003 Author Howard M. Beck. 352 pp. Hardback. Black and white many colour inserts. English only Exciting accounts by one of the participants of the many cave explorations in PNG be tween 1964 and 2002. A book for cavers and other adventurers rather than a scien Many exciting moments recalled. Cavers and expeditions from many European nations, Australia, Japan, USA, and international. Congratulations to a true historian who has from many different sources. It is in the spirit of Pierre Chevalir. Very good.Other Entries:Speleorient 4 2004. 140 p. Black and white photos, maps, plus colour inserts. In French A good effort by the Assoc. Libanaise detudes espeleologiques: i.e., a club publi cation. Short accounts of Lebanese caves by region; brief accounts of meetings, etc. OK
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 18 Caves and Karst of Wombeyan. Sydney Speleological Society 2004. Editor Ross Ellis 211 pages. Black and white with a colour insert. A superior club effort well-sequenced chapters on history, geology, morphology, Australian specialists give a comprehensive overview of this striking small area.Discovery Prizes 2001 2005. There were only two entries for the discovery award. First prize was awarded to Exploration of Krubera Cave m explored this depth The Call of the Abyss group of the Ukranian Speleological Society (The prize was received by the UIS delegate of the Ukra nian Speleological Society Josef Zimels). depth of 2 km was supported by substantial amounts of excellent published material. Honorable mention Lardeche souterraine (Philippe Brunet) The systematic expeditions to connect 60 km sented as a compilation of slides. The prize was received by Phillippe Brunet of FFS. Poster PrizesThe poster can be on any cave or karst topic presented at the UIS Congress. Entries in the cave photographic and surveying compe titions are ineligible for this prize. The members of the congress lodged votes for the poster prize. titled: Origin and diagenesis of cave corals in the lava tubes of Jeju Island, Korea. Presented to K.C. Lee, D.W. Choi and K.S. Woo Close and equal 2nd prizes were awarded to posters: Conservation of Ballet cave, Brazil Presented by H. David And The Svarthammar project, North Norway Presented by S. E. Lauritzen, L. Baastad and J. BjorlierSpeleoMedia FilmsFirst place International Cave exploration Rossii (accepted by Denis Provalov, Russia) Speleology: a journey to the centre of Earth. The exploration of the 2080 m deep VoroniaKrubera Cave in summer 2003. Second place N. Chalkiopoulous and K. Adomopoulos for Anogeia 2002 Caving expedition in Crete Accepted by Kostas Adomopoulos Greece) Third place Ian Ellis Chandler for In Sight of Light (accepted by Ian Chandler, Spain)Slides or printsFirst place : Robbie Shone (UK) for Titan taken from roof dome 145 meters above where the surface shaft connects Second place : George Avagianos (Greece) for Cave of Lakes (photo 3) Third place : George Avagianos (Greece) for Portfolio First place George Avagianos for portfolio on the Caves of Greece Second place Guadalupian images by Karst Features (Karst Features is a group of Guadalupian cavers: Michael Queen, Stuart Kogod & Jack Soman) The prize was received by: Michael Queen
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 19 Professor Kazimierz Kowalski passed away on May 29th, 2007 at his house in Cracow after long illness. He was an outstanding scientist and the most prominent caver of the last century in Poland. Kazimierz Kowalski (nicknames among cavers Kazik and Kowal) was born in Cracow on MD and Tadeusz Kowalski, PhD prominent orientalist, professor of the Jagiellonian University. Kaziks early interest in caves and bones accumulated in them was inspired by an excursion with parents to Magurska Cave (Tatra Mts.) famous of cave bear bones in 1934 when he was only 9 years old. Boys desire to reach the unknown pushed Kazik to start caving before the Second World War and begin a systematic survey of caves in the Cracow Upland just after the War. He extended this work to encompass all of Polands territory (Les caverns de la Pologne, three volumes in Polish, with French resumes, 1951, 1953, 1954). This monumental monograph contains all that was known on karst and caves in this country, with an unrivalled anno tated bibliography. However, the value of this monograph lies mostly in the original descrip tions and maps of 658 caves. Many of them discovered by the author. During this work he showed broad interdisciplinary knowledge and caving ability. This monograph forms the starting point of modern speleology in Poland. Kazimierz Kowalski attended high school before the War and completed it in secret in 1943 during the War, than began attending classes in biology at secret Jagiellonian cupiers. He joined the Polish Underground Army as well. He was graduated in 1947 and obtained his PhD in 1949. From 1948 to 1954 he worked as a research assistant at the Jagiellonian University and than continued his research in Zoology Institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), where he became professor in 1962, full professor in 1969, corresponding member of PAS in 1971 and full member in 1986. Between 1978-83 Kazik worked as a zoology professor at Oran University (Algeria). Since 1989 he was very active in restoration of the Polish Academy of Arts and Sciences in Cracow (founded 1872, closed in 1952), where he was elected two times as the President (1994-2000). The solitary caving was possible in broad but short, horizontal fossil caves of the Cracow Upland. However, the survey of active and vertical caves in the Tatra Mts. needed teamwork and special equipment, so Kazik became coin several copies in the same years. This club united students of all the Cracow university level schools. They invented caving and diving equipment and presented in the bulletin new ideas as well as achievements in caving. Kazik differenciated there aims of caving and speleology (1950) and presented idea of abroad caving expeditions (1955), when the political isolation became a little softer. He caves (1955, 1956), then to Bulgarian (1962), Hungarian (1965) and Mexican (1969) caves. Kazik gained several caving Polish national records in vertical caving: 160 m in 1951 and -213 m in 1952 (both in Mietusia Cave, Tatra Mts.), then in cave diving the Zwolinskis Sifon in Zimna Cave (Tatra Mts., 1953). He mapped the longest caves of Poland at that time (in in 1955 Zimna 3 km, both in the Tatra Mts.). All these achievements he reported in bulletins and journals in Poland as well as abroad. In result he was invited by French friends to take part in the International Expedition to Gouffre Berger (1956) and was one of 7 persons which reached the depth 1222 m, what was explored beneath 1 km of depth. He was a cofounder of Speleological Section of the Polish Copernicus Society of Naturalists, where he KAZIMIERZ KOWALSKI (1925-2007) THE MOST PROMINENT POLISH SPELEO LOGIST AND CAVER OF XX CENTURY
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 20 ganizer of annual Speleological Symposia. During caving as a zoology student, Kazik studied bats and ecology of caves (1951, 1953). He discovered also important Pliocene micromammal fauna (mainly bats) in vertical cave at Podlesice (1951, 1956). Later tebrate paleontologist organizing excavations and elaborations of many other locali ties of Cenozoic fossil fauna in caves and karst crevasses and published over 660 papers and books all over the world from China to USA. Among them Cave fauna of Polish Tatra Mts. (1956), Life in caves (1956), Catalogue of Pleistocene mammals of Poland (in Polish with English summary,1959), Mammals. An outline of Theriology (Polish edition 1971, English translation 1976 and Spanish 1981), Die Tierwelt des Eiszeitalters (1986) and together with his wife professor Barbara Rzebik-Kowalska Mammals of Algeria (1991). sciences for centuries by over twenty taxa of fossils discovered and named by him and by over a dozen of taxa names honor ing him. With his death, speleology and zoology lost one of their most prominent representatives who considerably shifted our knowledge on caves and fossil mammals. Jerzy Glazek
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 21 It is with great regret that we report the passing of the doyen of Polish speleology and karstology Professor Marian Pulina. Follow ing a brief bout of cancer, he died in Katowice, on the sunny afternoon of October 22nd 2005, surrounded by his family and closest friends. Marian Pulina was born in Bydgoszcz, on August 3rd 1936, part of a teachers family. Beginning in 1954 he studied geography at the University of Wroclaw, where in 1955 he became a caver and founder-member of the his passing there was a meeting dedicated to the 50th anniversary of this club. He obtained his MSc. degree in 1959, presenting a thesis on Karst in the vicinity of Wojcieszw, Kaczawa Mountains, prepared under the direction of the famous geomorphologist Professor Alfred Jahn. M. Pulina carried out his early speleological investigations in the Sudetes and Tatra mountains, and published appeared in 1957 and was a description of a profusely decorated cave revealed and destroyed by quarrying in Wojcieszow (Sudetes). Immediately after his university studies Marian Pulina moved to Wojcieszow, taking a job as a technician in a quarry and as a researcher in the Field Station of the Institute of Geography of the Polish Academy of Sciences. He obtained a postgraduate scholarship in 1962 and completed a doctoral dissertation entitled Karst phenomena in the Sudetes under the direction of Alfred Jahn, receiving his PhD degree in 1964. Through their mutual interest in geomor phology Marian met Maria Mokrzycka, whom he married in 1961. They have a son, Mateusz, and a grandson, Jakub Martime just a few days before his passing. In 1963 Marian Pulina met Professor Jean Corbel at the University of Lyon. It was a very Contact with French karstology and culture, as well as with modern methods of karst study inriage with French universities began. With J. Corbel he visited the most important karst regions of France and participated in his studies in the Vercors. From that important period Marian became interested in studies of chemical denudation in the karst. Later, in 1968, he was invited by the French C.N.R.S. to lecture at the universities of Grenoble and Lyon. Building upon his interesting style of lecturing, the spectacular examples he used for presen tation and his good language skills, he spent some weeks almost every year lecturing in one of the French universities (Lyon, Grenoble, Bordeaux, Strasbourg, etc.), as well as at the universities in Montreal, Padova and Madrid. Western and Eastern Europe (as well as with those in Siberia) were equally important. He was an ambassador to both regions, in their own speleological and polar research communities. During 1964 and 1965 he spent several months in the Lomonosov University in Moscow (studying ice physics) and in the Institute of Earths Crust of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Irkutsk (studying karst hydroge ology and hydrochemistry during construction of the Bratsk reservoir). Later he participated many times in conferences and expeditions organized in the former Soviet Union (Cauca sus, Ural, Eastern Siberia and Kola Peninsula). In 1965 Marian Pulina started his university career, teaching geomorphology in the Wroclaw University under the direction of A. Jahn. There, in 1972, he obtained the highest scia dissertation on Chemical denudation on the carbonate karst areas. In 1975 he started to tre in the University of Silesia in Sosnowiec. He moved there with his family in 1976 and worked as Associate Professor, Professor In Memoriam Marian Pulina (1936-2005)
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 22 and Full Professor until his death. There, in the University of Silesia, Professor Marian tre unique in Poland, devoted to karst studies. Marian Pulinas cave and karst studies evolved from climatic geomorphology and cave microclimate, through chemical denu dation, periglacial processes in caves (Tatra Mountains), to human activity in karst and cryokarst. His work resulted in more than 150 papers and several books. He created the Polish school of karstology, graduated over 150 students (not only in Poland), conferred more than a dozen doctoral degrees and pub(Karst. Forms and Processes, 1999). He was bulletin, Speleologia, in 1959 and later he was a founder of Kras i speleologia in 1977. For many years Marian Pulina was a member of the editorial boards of Karstologia, the International Journal of Speleology and the Geographical Journal of the Polish Geographi cal Society and of Polish Polar Research. In 1966 Marian participated in the discovery of a big, profusely decorated and bone-bearing cave in an active marble quarry the Niedzw iedzia (Bear) Cave in Sudetes and he organized a multidisciplinary research team to carry out studies of the cave. This resulted in preservation of the cave by cessation of quarrying, the publication of several collective books, and the establishment of a show cave. On the basis of the work in Niedzwiedzia Cave, in 1975 Marian Pulina instituted annual winter meetings Speleological Schools (SS). These were the beginning of PolishCzech meetings organized by the University of Wroclaw, dedicated mostly to karst studies in Sudetes. Later these Schools developed into international events with participation by outstanding foreign researchers. Some important UIS meetings were also held during the Speleological Schools. The 3rd Symposium of the Commission of Karst Physicochemistry and Hydrogeology was held in 1979 (5th SS) and the 2nd Symposium of Glacier Caves and Karst in Polar Regions was held in 1991 (9th SS). During the 13th SS in 1994 the doctor honoris causa of the Silesian University was conferred to the outstanding French karstolopeal of the Schools lies in the informal character of the discussions, the interdisciplinary group of participants (including chemists and glaciologists), and in the exchange of knowl edge between eastern and western scientists. They also provided opportunities for young researchers and cavers from Central Europe to meet and converse with experienced scientists from all over the world. These schools were like a window in the Iron Curtain, and ternational Karstological School Classical Karst organized each June by the Karst Research Institute in Postojna (Slovenia). Marian Pulina participated in the 13th Classical Karst meeting in a foreign speleological society. He presented an impressive contribution on cryokarst phenomena in Svalbard and Iceland. Based on his experiences with the Speleologi cal School and the protection problems of the Niedzwiedzia Cave in the Sudety Mountains, in 1991 he initiated annual meetings of scientists and professionals working on nature protection in karst regions the International School of Nature Protection in Karst Regions, organized by the University of Silesia and the authorities of landscape parks in Poland and the Moravian Karst in the Czech Republic. Marian Pulina also began his polar research while based at the Wroclaw University. His earlier contacts with Jean Corbel, as well as his studies of ice physics in Moscow had instudies in the Arctic. In 1972 and 1973 he ditions to Spitsbergen. After that he worked to build connections between speleology and glaciology. The idea of combining speleology and glaciology was very innovative and was possibly Marian Pulinas the most outstandhe participated in, or organized his own expedition to Spitsbergen. He participated in the development of the Polish Polar Station in Hornsund, and was the head of the second whole year expedition to this station (1979/1980). These expeditions were mostly
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 23 organized on the basis of international cooperation (e.g. with Jacques Schroeder from Canada or Josef Rehak from the Czech Republic). For many years Marian Pulina was the President of the Arctic Research Committee of the Polish Academy of Sciences and he research and caving expeditions to Spitsbergen. Building on an initiative of Adolfo Eraso, the Working Group and then the Commission of Glacier Caves and Cryokarst in Polar and High Mountain Regions were established at the 10th International Congress of Speleol ogy in Budapest. The long-term friendship and cooperation of Marian Pulina and Adolfo Eraso resulted in the publication of the fundamental source book for glacier cave and cryokarst studies Cuevas en hielo y rios bajo los glaciares (two editions, published in 1994 and 2001). As well as participating in almost every symposium of the Commission from the very beginning, Marian Pulina organized the 2nd Symposium in Poland and in the Czech Republic in 1992, whereas the 7th symposium, in the Caucasus, was held when he was already very ill, during September 2005. While he was in hospital his book, written in cooperation with Jean-Nol Salomon, Les karst des rgions climatiques extrmes (Karstologia Mmoires 14, 2005), was published in Bordeaux. He was the author of the part dedicated to the karst and cryokarst of polar and sub-polar regions. It was the last book that he held, some days before his passing. Marian Pulina was a very active member of the UIS. Apart from his work on glacier karst and caves he created the International Programme of Genesis and Evolution of Karst (PIGEK) in the framework of the Commission of Karst Physicochemistry and Hydrogeology. The main idea of this programme was to examine hydrochemical processes in different karst regions, and it was a part of his ongoing work on chemical denuda tion. It was thanks to the initiative of Marian Pulina that experimental research began in a variety of small karstic catchments in Poland (Sudetes), Cuba (Sierra del Rosario), Spitsbergen (Hornsund area) and Bulgar ia (Rodope Mountains and Stara Planina). Marian Pulina contributed to many International Congresses of Speleology, presenting at the 4th Congress in Ljubljana in 1965. He was also an active full member of the Karst Commission (previous Study Group) of the International Geographical Union. Marian Pulina devoted himself totally to science and society. He followed his chosen path incessantly, and never faltered or lost when Poland was behind the Iron Curtain. He had the great talent of knowing how to utilize any opportunity to develop new ideas and contacts with people. He always found ways to obtain the necessary means to realize even the most seemingly unrealistic ideas. Very ofture of Marian Pulina. For these reasons so many of his friends, not only from Poland, colleagues and students, attended the services held for him at the University Church of Saint Thomas and at the cemetery in Sosnowiec. Thank you Marian. We will never forget you. Andrzej Tyc with the collaboration of Giovanni Badino, Arrigo Cigna, Paolo Forti and Jerzy Glazek
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 24 Commission of Karst Hydrogeology and Speleogenesis of the International Union of Speleology 2002-2005 Activity Report Background and Goals The UIS Commission on Karst Hydrogeology and Speleogenesis (KHS Commission) started in 1994 as a Working Group with the same name. In 1997 it had been upgraded to the Commission by the UIS General Assembly (ISC-12, Switzerland). The Commission had been re-approved for the period of 2002-2005 by the UIS General Assembly at the ISC-13 held in Brazil (2001). The principal goal of the Commission is to promote scientific co-operation and research in the field of karst hydrogeology, with special emphasis to speleogenesis as the core problem of the permeability development in soluble rocks and of the evolution of karst aquifers. The Commission promotes researches in the field in two principal ways: 1) By sponsoring and organising a framework for communication and information exchange between interested workers via different mean s, including electronic and printed circulars, newsletter and web site. 2) By setting up specific priority topics (specific objectives) and running respective timedefined projects aimed to result in fundamental publications on these topics. The Commission does not organise its own regular meetings except sessions held during the UIS Congresses, although it may have occasional working meetings or sponsor some thematic sections at major international karst/cave symposia. Affiliation The membership to the KHS Commission is open for any researcher interested in its activity and sharing its goals. To the end of the previous period (by May of 2001), some 90 scientists from 25 nations had registered as Commission members. With the establishment of the "Speleogenesis" website in 2003, a less formal and more simple way of how interested people could affiliate with the Commission has been implemented, i.e. online registration on the site. Registrants regularly receive the electronic that provides the site and Commission news. Presently there are 504 members of more than 30 nations registered on the "Speleogenesis" website.The Commission Bureau Based on a survey performed in 2001, the Bureau of the KHS Commission had been formed in the early 2002 to advise on the current Commission activity: Audra, Philippe, Universite Nice-Sophia-Antipolis, France Bakalowicz, Michel, CNRS, France Cigna, Arrigo, Italy Gabrovsek, Franci, Karst Research Institute, Slovenia Groves, Chris, Western Kentucky University, USA Hauselmann, Philippe, University of Neuchatel, Switzerland Dreybrodt, Wolfgang, University of Bremen, Germany Ford, Derek, McMaster University, Canada Jeannin, Pierre-Yves, Centre of Hydrogeology, Neuchatel, Switzerland Klimchouk, Alexander, Inst. Geol. Sci, Ukraine Kranjc, Andrej, Karst Research Institute, Slovenia Lowe, David, British Geological Survey, UK Mylroie, John, Mississippi State University, USA
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 25 2 Gunn, John, Huddersfield University, UK Osborne, Armstrong, University of Sydney, Australia Palmer, Arthur, Oneonta University, USA Sustersic France, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia White, William, Penn State University, USA Worthington, Steven, Worthington Groundwater Inc., Canada Inheritance from the past KHS Commission projects During 1994-2000 the Commission was chiefly engaged into preparation of the fundamental international book "Speleogenesis: Evolution of Karst Aquifers". The book had been published by NSS in 2000. Well received by the professional community (eight positive reviews in major hydrology and geoscience journals), the book had b een awarded by the UIS Inaugural Prize for the most important scientific publication in speleology at the ISC-13 in Brazil (2001). The Speleogenesis book concept got its further development during 2002-2005 through publishing the online scientific journal "Speleogenesis and Evolution of Karst Aquifers", established by the KHS Commission in 2003 (see below). Two other projects, initiated by the KHS Commission in the previous period, received some further development during the report period: the Project "Epikarst: its Nature, Hydraulic Functioning and the Role in Karst Morphogenesis" has not been completed in its initial form but it has transformed eventually into the KWI initiative for the international Interdisciplinary Workshop on Epikarst, held in October 1-4, 2003 in Shepherdstown, West Virginia. The KWI published a proceedings volume in its special publication series. the Project "Practical Implications of Speleogenetic Studies" has resulted in the publication of a book "Implication of Speleological Studies for Karst Subsidence Hazard Assessment" published in 2002 as a theme issue of the International Journal of Speleology (n.31/1-4). Since 2003 the Commission work has been focused on the development of the Speleogenesis website and its services. KHS Commission website: Speleogenesis and Evolution of Karst Aquifers Journal In order to more effectively meet its main goal (fostering communication and information exchange, and promoting researches in the field), the KHS Commission has established in 2003, in cooperation with the IGU Karst Commission, a web-based scientific Journal "Speleogenesis and Evolution of Karst Aquifers". The Journal provides peer reviewed publication of original research papers as well as re-published papers from various sources in order to concentrate in a single and easily accessible resource much essential knowledge about speleogenesis, hydrogeology and evolution of karst. With its various services, either already developed or being under construction, the site seeks to perform the following main functions: 1) To effectively disseminate research results, 2) To create a structured reference library for important works on the subject, 3) To be an update source of information on events and publications 4) To provide a forum for various thematic/organizational discussions. During 2003-2004 six journal issues have been published, containing 45 scientific papers. Besides the journal itself, the site has a variety of important services: searchable journal archive, searchable current bibliography, searchable terminology glossary, interactive meeting calendar, interactive publication alert service, thesis abstract section and a forum. In 2004 the Journal passed registration as a scientific periodical and got a ISSN number (1814-294X). In 2004 a cooperation agreement has been set up between the KHS Commission and the International Journal of Speleology (the official UIS journal) to combine and coordinate efforts
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 26 3 in disseminating important research results and to jointly publish papers that fit the scope of both journals. Other publications During the report period, the KHS Commission has fi nished preparation of the book "Implication of Speleological Studies for Karst Subsidence Hazard Assessment", published in 2002 as a theme issue of the International Journal of Speleology (n.31/1-4). The book comprises 11 papers contributed by 12 authors of seven nations. The KHS Commission members were instrumental in the preparation of the most outstanding compendium on karst and cave science, the "Encyclopedia of Caves and Karst Science" edited by Prof. John Gunn and published by Fitzroy Dear born/Taylor and Francis in 2004, and also contributed significantly into another major cave science encyclopedia published in 2005 by Academic Press. During 2002-2005 the KHS Commission members published more than 400 scientific papers relevant to the Commission subject, including more than 100 papers in mainstream geoscience journals. Meetings Although the KHS Commission did not organize its own scientific gatherings, it has cosponsored several important meetings organized by other institutions: International Symposium "Evolution of Karst: From Prekarst to Cessation" held in September 2002 in Slovenia; International Conference on Karst Hydrology and Ecosystems, held in 2003 in Bowling Green, Kentucky (a joint meeting of the four primary international karst groups with the main purpose of fostering cooperation and communication between them). Session NH8.03 "Natural and anthropogenic hazards in karst areas" at the 1st General Assembly of the European Geosciences Union, held between April 25 30, 2004 in Nice, France. Cooperation with other international karst organizations During the report period the KHS Commission closely cooperated in various aspects with the Karst Commission of the International Geogra phic Union (chair Prof. J.Gunn). A special cooperation agreement has been set up with the International Journal of Speleology. Recently, the Commission actively supported the new IGCP 513 project led by Prof.C.Groves: "Global Study of Karst Aquifers and Water Resources" (submitted to UNESCO in October of 2004, and passed by vote at the IGCP Board meeting in Paris in February 2005). Overall conclusion Overall, the UIS KHS Commission has successfully performed its role in advancing studies in the field of karst hydrogeology and speleogenesis and in fostering scientific cooperation in the field. Intense publication and organizational activity of the principal Commission members has considerably promoted the roles of speleogenetic studies in karst hydrogeology and geological engineering Such roles are getting increasingly recognized by the wide geoscience community. The Commission should continue its work for the next period. Points to address on a possible Commission meeting during ISC14 and future plans I have not been successful to pre-organize a business meeting of the KHS Commission during the upcoming ISC-14 in Kalamos, Greece, due to the total luck of communication from the side of the Congress organizers. Moreover, I am not able to attend the Congress due to their failure to supply me with an official invitation to manage visa problem in time.
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 27 4 I suggest that the Commission members, which will attend the Congress, meet on Friday, August 26th from 13:00-14:30 in Hall C of the Dolphin Hotel, the place announced for the IGCP 513 meeting, with a two-fold aim: 1) To support, and get actively involved into, IGCP 513 project. 2) To use a chance to discuss, at least briefly, the KHS Commission current and future affairs. Any new ideas and suggestions concerning formats and methods of the future Commission work would be very welcome! My feeling is that, on the Commission level, we should focus on further development and improvement of the Speleogenesis site to make full use of its potential in fostering cooperation between individual scientists and research/coordinating institutions and in promotion of researches in the field. We have now all necessary pre-requisites to make the Speleogenesis site the central clearing-house for geospeleology/karstology related information, references and forum, as discussed on the Bowling Green mee ting (2003). In particular, we should give new impulses to the site forum and to expand the bibliography service (probably merging it with the IGU Karst Commission bibliography efforts A.Kranjc ). We should make every effort to restore strict regularity in releasing Journal issues. Another important task for the nearest future is to implement the DOI system for the Journal. I suggest that in the next period the KHS Commission would strongly support IGCP 513 initiative and encourage individual scientists to actively participate to the project, as its theme ("Global Study of Karst Aquifers and Water Resour ces") is highly relevant to the scope of our Commission. The KHS Commission could provide a speleogenetic outlook to the IGCP 513 theme and offer the Speleogenesis website to serve the project needs. Another ongoing programme to which the Commission could contribute is "Climate Changes and Karst Records", promoted through many years by KWI and some other organizations. Cave minerals, sediments and morphology are all the invaluable archives of information about paleoenvironments, often paragenetically related. Speleogenesis is, by definition, the problem of paleoenvironmental reconstructions. It is therefore fully justified to combine efforts with other groups to advance various aspects of "Karst Record" studies in their conjunction. Last but not least point to address during the meeting in Kalamos is the election of the Commission President. Although I am prepared to chair the Commission in the next period, I feel it desirable to be replaced on the position of the Commission President if someone is willing and determined to bring a new impetus and perspective to the KHS Commission work in the next period. If this would be the case, I would certainly remain an active worker for the Commission, and I'd continue to run the Speleogenesis website/Journal to provide an effective support to a possible new President. AcknowledgementsThe KHS Commission activity, particularly the development of the "Speleogenesis" website/Journal, was partially supported by financial donations from the IGU Karst Commission (J.Gunn), the Hoffman Research Institute of the Western Kentucky University (C.Groves), the editors of the Speleogenesis book (W.Dreybrodt, D.Ford, A.Palmer and A.Klimchouk) and by the UIS. Thanks are due to all these organizations and individuals. As a Commission President, I am deeply indebted to all those colleagues, especially to the Commission Bureau members, for their strong enthusiasm, encouragement and help in maintaining the Commission activity. Special thanks are due to Alexei Koptchinsky of Vienna for his wonderful efforts on technical development of the Speleogenesis website. Alexander Klimchouk, President, the Karst Hydrogeology and Speleogenesis Commission of UIS
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 28 1 U.I.S. COMMISSION "GLACIER CAVES AND K ARST IN POLAR REGION S" 1. Activities summary Between the 1 3 nd International Congress of Speleology in Brasilia ( Brazil 2001 ), and the 1 4 nd International Congress of Speleology in Athens ( Greece 2005 ),, the followi ng activities have been developed: 1.1. G laciological expeditions: Year 2001: July August: Svalbard (Ny Alesund) ; Austrelovenbreen glacier Year 200 2 : January February: Antarctic; Collins glacier February: Chilean Patagonia; Tyndall glacier July: Svalbard (Ny Alesund); Austrelovenbreen glacier August: Svalbard (Barentsburg); Aldegonda glacier December: Antarctic; Collins glacier Year 200 3 : January: Antarctic; Collins glacier February: Chilean Patagonia; Tyndall glacier April May: Svalbard (Ny Alesund); Au strelovenbreen glacier July August September: Svalbard (Ny Alesund); Austrelovenbreen glacier September October: Icel an d; Kviarjkull glacier November December: Antarctic; Collins glacier Year 200 4 : January: Antarctic; Collins glacier February: Chilean Pa tagonia; Tyndall glacier July August: Svalbard (Ny Alesund); Austrelovenbreen glacier November December: Antarctic; Collins glacier Year 200 5 : January: Antarctic; Collins glacier February: Chilean Patagonia; Tyndall glacier June July: Iceland; Kviarjkull glacier July: Svalbard (Ny Alesund); Austrelovenbreen glacier 1.2. International Meetings and Projects : Year 2001: Preparation and beginning of the GLACE Project GLAciers, Cryokarst and Environment (Proyecto GLACKMA, in Spanish) for three years devel oping At the moment we have implemented 4 experimental pilot catchement areas: Iceland at 64N and Patagonia at 51S in temperated glaciers and Svalbard at 79N and Insular Antarctica at 62S in subpolar glaciers. In all them the discharge glacier is re gistering continuously for stud y ing also the effect of latitude in front of global warming. Year 200 2 : Publication of the Proceedings of the V Symposium of Commission Glacier Caves and Karst in Polar Regions c elebrated in Courmayeur ( Italy ) under the
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 29 2 aus pices of "Societ Meteorologica Subalpina" Nimbus n. 23 24, 160 pp, Torino (Italy), 2002, ISSN 1122 4339. Pu blication of the 2 nd Edition of book: Cuevas en hielo y ros bajo los glaciares, Adolfo Eraso and Marian Pulina, Ed: Mc GrawHill, 279 pp, Madri d (Espaa) 2001 Year 200 3 : Celebration of the VI Symposium of Commission Glacier Caves and Karst in Polar Regions, in Ny Alesund ( Svalbard ) 3 8 September 2003. Organizated by: RANS (Russian Academy of Natural Sciences) GLACKIPR (International Commissi on Glacier Caves and Karst in Polar Regions) and SEDECK (Sociedad Espaola de Espeleologa y Ciencias del Karst) Supported by: Junta de Castilla y Len Ministerio de Medio Ambiente and Gobierno de Navarra Collaborators: Svalbard Science Forum Kings Ba y AS and Norwegian Polar Institute During this Symposium, Jacques Schroeder renouncing to his charge of secretary of Commission, due to he has not time for that. Taking into account the long period performed as secretary by Schroeder (from the fundation o f Glackipr in Bud a pest in August of 1989, until September 2003), it was decided to accept it and grateful for his service developed during more than 14 years. Also, the assembly unanimously decides to nominate as new general secretary to Giovanni Badino (U niversity of Torino, Italy). Year 200 4 : Preparation and beginning of the Second Phase of GLACE Project GLAciers, Cryokarst and Environment (Proyecto GLACKMA, in Spanish) for another three years developing Publication (polychromatic) of the Proceedi ngs of the V I Symposium of Commission Glacier Caves and Karst in Polar Regions c elebrated in Ny Alesund (Svalbard): 6 th International Symposium Glacier Caves and Karst in Polar Regions. Monografico SEDECK. Editors: Adolfo Eraso and Carmen Dominguez; 193 p p, Madrid (Espaa), ISSN 1 696 1897 This journal (450 numbers) were sent to different Polar Institutions. Year 200 5 : Preparation a proposal for the IPY (International Polar Year 2007 08): SUGLANET: SUbpolar GLAciers NETwork After the acceptation of t he proposal for the General Committee, and due to its character bipolar (arctic and antarctic), this proposal was clustered with two projects: one for Arctic, EOI 30 GLACIODYN (The dynamic response of Arctic glaciers to global warming) into the IASC WAG, a nd another for Antarctic: EOI 193 CLICOPEN (Impact to climate induced glacial melting on marine and terrestric coastal communities on a gradient along the Western Antarctic Peninsula) into the Alfred Wegener Institute VII Symposium of Commission Glacier Ca ves and Karst in Polar Regions will take place on Kabardino Balkarija (Caucasuus), Russia, in September 2005.
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 30 3 2 Actual and Future International Research Program SUGLANET: SUbpolar GLAciers NETwork Subpolar glaciers network as natural sensors of glob al warming evolution It is nevertheless true that discharges of temperate glaciers (1 1.2 m 3 /seg km 2 ) are bigger than those one coming from subpolar glaciers (0.2 0.3 m 3 /seg km 2 ), but also it is true that extension of subpolar glaciers (+/ 750000 km 2 ) is much more bigger than extension of temperate glaciers (+/ 70000 km 2 ). Our working hypothesis is based on considering that the role played by the discharge of subpolar glaciers due to the global warming could be as important as those coming out of temperat ed glaciers. For that our proposal is to implement experimental pilot catchment areas able to register glacier discharge continuosly, recordering time series with hourly cycletime of different hydraulic parameters (water level, conductivity, water temperat ure, redox, pH, solid contents). Later using correlative and spectral analysis between input time series (meteorological parameters as air temperature, relative humidity, atmospheric pressure, solar radiation) and output time series (hidrological paramete rs) we establish their characteristics in the time and frequency domains. The use of cross correlogram for temperature and discharge, for example, will define the influence of air temperature in glacier discharge, as well as its law of time distribution, w hich means the glacier answer to weather changes and global warming. In former research we began at 2001 to develop the GLACE Project: GLAciers, Cryokarst and Environment (Proyecto GLACKMA, in Spanish). At the moment we have implemented 4 experimental pilot catchement areas: Iceland at 64N and Patagonia at 51S in temperated glaciers and Svalbard at 79N and Insular Antarctica at 62S in subpolar glaciers. In all them the discharge glacier is registering continuously for studing also the effect of lati tude in front of global warming. The proposal presented here means maintain operating continuously those 4 experimental catchment areas, generating time series with c y cle time hourly for studying the evolution on time of global warming. Also to implement n ew more pilot stations (at less one in the Antarctic Peninsula at S 63 24 near ECARE, another in the Eastern Antarctica at 71S near Novolazarevskaya and another one in Severnaja Zemlja and study the possibility in more places to different latitudes in both hemisphere ) for studying the distribution on latitude of the global warming Topics of project: Es tablishment of a network of pilot stations measuring glacier discharge in different latitudes in both hemispheres. This network will be enlarged successively Define on time the exponential function that described the increase of specific g lacier discharge in every station Find the correlation between glacier discharge with solar radiation, air temperature and another meteorological parameters us ing correlative and spectral analysis
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 31 4 Compare specific discharge glacier (m3/sec km2) for several latitudes in both hemispheres and its time evolution applied to prediction models of sea rise level Estimation of physico chemical characteristics of subpol ar waters (Eh, pH) and its influence in the hydrolisis processes on bed rocks Comparative studies between discharge glacier versus calving of tide water glaciers in King George. Compar ison between glacier discharge and modelled/measured mass balance. Quantification at the present time the dinamic conditions of solid transport generated by glacier discharge in Marian cove (near King Sejong Sation) and its relation with paleoclimatic registration and for biological research. Collaboration with: F or the Antarctic: Albert Lluberas; Uruguayan Antarctic Institute (Uruguay) Irina Solovyanova; Moscow Geographical Institute (Russia) Maxim Moskalevsky; Russian Academy of Natural Sciences (Russia) Magdale na Giglio; Water Division, XII Region of Chile (Chile) Alain Mangin; Laboratoire Souterraine Moulis CNRS (France) Ho II Yoon; Korea Antarctic Research Program Matthias Braun; Center for Remote Sensing of Land Surface; University of Bonn (Germany) Norbert Blindow; Institute for Geophysics, University of Muenster (Germany) For the A rctic : Jon Ove Hagen; Dept. Geosciences, University of Oslo (Norway) Geir Vatne; Dept. Geography, University of Science and Technolog y (Norway) Madeleine Griselin; ThMA CNRS (France) Sigurdur Jonsson; Icland Geosurvey (Iceland) Alain Mangin; Laboratoire Souterraine Moulis CNRS (France) Irina Solovyanova; Moscow Geographical Institute (Russia) Coor dination: Adolfo Eraso Academician of: Russian Academy of Natural Sciences New York Academy of Sciences Politechnical University of Madrid ( Spain ) Carmen Domnguez Dpt. Applied Mathematics University of Salamanca ( Spain ) E mail: Karmenka@usal. es
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 32 Note: This declaration is made by delegates from 24 countries. Delegates of UIS member countries are asked kindly to be informed about this declaration and to propose their suggestions (to Christian Dodelin) before the upcoming UIS General Assembly in July 2009 (ICS15, Texas USA), when its final version will be proposed for voting AGGTELEK AGREEMENT DECLARATION DAGGTELEK DECLARACION DE AGGTELEK French is the reference language for this document Le franais est la langue de rfrence pour ce document El frances es el idioma de referencia para este docuymento The representatives of the 24 countries attending the 11 th Conference of the Cave Rescue Commission of the UIS declare the following to be the basis principles of their cave rescue opera tions: Les representants des 24 pays rassembles lors de la 11 Conference de la Commission Speleo Secours de l'UIS affirment quelques principes fondamentaux pour leurs actions de secours: Los representantes de 24 paises venidos a la 11 Conferencia de la C omision de Espeleorescate de l'UIS afirman algunos principios basicos de los actos de rescate: 1. Only experienced cavers are trained to become members of rescue teams. The nature of caves and potholes requires rescue personnel to be primarily cavers themse lves. Seuls l es splologues expriment s se forment et s'entrainent pour composer les qui p es de secours. La particularit des grottes et gouffres oblige tous sauveteurs tre en premier lieu : sp l ologues. Solamente l os espeleologos con experiencia d eben formar se para definir los equipos de rescate. El ambiente especifico de las cuevas requiere que todos los rescatadores bajo tierra sean espeleologo s 2. Cave rescue is a public service. The safety of its citizens is the fundamental concern of a state. Underground rescue involves both cavers and non cavers.
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 33 Le Secours Sp l o est d'utilit publique L a s curit des citoyens est la premi re mission des Etats. Les secours souterrains concernent des sp l os et des non sp l os. El espeleorescate esta de ut ilidad publica La seguridad de los cuidadanos es la primera mision de los Estados. El espelorescate concernan las victimas ambas espeleologos y non espeleologos. 3. States deploy the means of rescue. With the caving and speleological organisations, the st ates possess the relevant skills. Inseparable from maintaining these skills is a formal agreement and financial support. Les Etats organisent les moyens de secours. Avec les organisations de secours des speleologues, les Etats disposent des competences ap propriees. Un agrement et une aide financiere sont des moyens de reconnaissance indispensables. Los Estados organisan los medios de rescate. Con las organisaciones de rescate de los espeleologos, los Estados disponen de las competen cias apropriadas. Un ac uerdo y una ayuda economica son un reconocimiento indispendsable. 4. To ensure that citizens receive equal rescue treatment, it is free. In consequence, the cost of rescue operations must be borne by the state. Pour conserver l'egalite des citoyens face a u secours, le secours est gratuit. Les frais des operations de secours speleo doivent etre egalement pris en charge par les Etats Para observar la egalidad de los cuidadanos para el rescate, el rescate esta gratuito. Debe seguir estando gratuito en caso d e los accidentes en cuevas . 5. In common with all citizens, cave rescuers participate in the organisation and financing of rescue work through taxation. They also participate through training and the purchase of their equipment. Having already contributed in two senses, they have no wish to face a further indirect demand that of insurance. Les speleologues sauveteurs, comme tous les citoyens, participent a l'organisation et aux financement des secours par l'impot ; ils participent egalement par leurs en trainements et l'achat de leur materiel. Ils paient deja 2 fois et ne veulent pas payer une troisieme fois, meme par le biais des assurances. Los rescatistas, como todos los ciudadanos, participan en la organisacion y en los gastos del rescate con los imp uestos; participan igualmente con su entrenamiento y la compra de su material. Como ya pagaron 2 veces, no quieren pagar una tercera vez, aun que sea por medio de un segur o 6. The cost of cave rescue is low because cavers are unpaid volunteers. In every co untry the instances of cave rescue are rare and the training of professional rescuers is not cost effective. Les frais de secours speleo sont peu onereux grace au volontari a t des speleologues. Dans chaque pays les secours speleos sont rares et la formatio n de professionnels ne serait pas rentable. Los gastos del espeleorescate no estan muy altos gracias a la actividad voluntaria de los espeleologos. En cada pais los actos de rescate no estan muy frecuentes y la formacion de los profesionales no seria econ omicamente justificada.
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 34 7. Cave rescuers often carry out the training of professional rescue workers and their techniques are used in many situations. Les speleologues assurent souvent la formation des professionnels et leurs techniques sont reprises dans de nombreuses situations. Los espeleologos se encargan muy seguido de la formacion de los profesionales y sus tecnicas se utilisan en varias situaciones. 8. The rescue techniques and the use of ropes have been the subjects of long and detailed study by cav ers in order to ensure their efficiency. The use of other methods and standards in the professional framework are not always compatible with caving practice, and their use must not be forced upon cave rescuers. Les techniques de secours et de cordes ont f ait l'objet d'etudes importantes par les speleologues et ont demontre leur efficacite. Les differentes normes sur le materiel imposees dans le cadre professionnel ne sont pas toujours compatibles avec la pratique speleo et ne doivent pas nous etre imposees Las tecnicas de rescate y de cuerdas han sido objeto de estudios importantes por los espeleologos y han mostrado su eficacidad. Las diversas normas que estan obligatorias para el equipo usado profesionalmente no siempre estan compatibles con la practica espeleo y no deben estar imposadas a los espeleologos. 9. We respectfully request states to take into consideration the various activities of cavers : research, discovery, tourism, education and rescue. Nous remercions les Etats de prendre en consideratio n les activites des speleologues sous toutes leurs formes: recherches, decouvertes, tourisme, thrapie, education, secours. Agradecemos a los Estados de apoyar las actividades espeleologicas en todas sus formas: estudios scientificos, descubrimientos, tur ismo, terapia, educacion, rescate. Aggtelek, 18 th May 2007 Aggtelek, le 18 Mai 2007 Aggtelek, 18 de mayo 2007
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 35 Bibliography Commission of the UIS c/o Deriaz Patrick Ch. des Invuettes 1 CH 1614 Granges Fax (41) 21 947 53 78 Tel. (41) 21 947 40 68 (evening) E Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Granges, September 13 th 2008 Meeting of the Bibliography Commission i n Vercors 2008 Meeting Agenda: 1. Tricks and shortcuts for data input in version 5.13 (download at www.ssslib.ch/bbs) 2. Price of the paper version of the BBS/SA: ly 2,500 ) for the BBS/SA 44. To guarantee the printing of the BBS/SA 45 (and 46), it is necessary to reduce this deficit to zero. Solutions suggested: I. Invoice at cost the paper version of the BBS/SA II. Print at a lesser cost (who will take care of th is?) III. Photocopy a minimal number of issues. IV. ... 3. The BBS/SA on the Internet: demo. Potential problems. 4. Other. The meeting will be followed at 16:00 by a round table discussion, moderated by M. Michelli (It) & A. Darnoux (Fr): Round table discu ssion "Towards a European speleological library?" Meeting Minutes 1. Data Input version 5.13 (to be downloaded from Internet) : Several remarks and corrections are proposed: a button to copy the contents of a field from the preceding entry a butto n that makes it possible to send an e mail with the contents of the current entry publication names in italic s in the list of publications when entering abstracts for Internet pages how to deal with the year of publication when it i sn't visible? It is imperative that this new version be used. The country codes are updated on a regular basis 2. Cost of the paper version. The cost of printing on paper must be covered by the contributions of the federations, by subscribers and by the UIS. The Commis sion of S peleology of the Swiss Academy of Natural S cience s does not fund the printing of the BBS /SA any more It continues to support the production of the BBS /SA and its publication on Internet (in the form of a database).
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 36 With this in mind various po ssibilities will be explored and submitted to the co editor federations: Printing the BBS /SA 45 in Bulgaria ( as proposed by the Bulgarian collaborator of the BBS /SA ) Delivering a PDF to the federations Printing only the number of issues ordere d an d invoic ing them at cost. NB: The UIS Office decided at its meeting in Korea to fund the BBS /SA in 2008 for 1500 3. BBS /SA on the Internet D ue to a lack of Internet connection a demonstration could not be made. Some r emarks were however made : ublication of the updates on a regular basis s s witho ut activity must be stopped. No possibility of remaining connected permanently. tion should not be immediate. limited a ccess demonstration must be available to enable a search. available. Several people volunteered to carry out tests. Follow the evolution of this project on the Internet (www.ssslib.ch). 4. Oth er ( apart from meeting) Deadlines for the next BBS /SAs : as soon as possible but at the latest October 15 for the year 2006, December 15 for the year 2007 and April 15 for the year 2008. Towards a European speleological library ? Michele Sivelli propose d the creation of a European spele ological library. In fact this would be a virtual library that can be queried on the availability of a publication (of speleology), and which would consult the national libraries automatically. The idea of each federation export ing data u nder the format unimarc Z395 0 was rejected. The use of me s retained. It wa s decided that: e Sivelli will inquire in Italy about the possibility of using software made in Italy E ach federation will put a link to Example s of virtual libraries: www.chvk.ch http://www.ubka.uni karlsruhe.de/kvk/kvk/kvk_fr.html Sinc e Vercors 2008, the D ocumentation of the FFS made available some Internet pages on the spele ol ogical libraries Navigate to: http://www.ssslib.ch/bbs/public/francais/index.htm, click on documentation center. Participant s:
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 37 Commission de Bibliographie de L'UIS c/o Deriaz Patrick Ch. des Invuettes 1 CH 1614 Granges Fax (41) 21 947 53 78 tl. (41) 21 947 40 68 (soir) E Mail : email@example.com Granges, le 13 septembre 2008 Runion de la commission de bibliographie Vercors 2008 Rappel de lordre du jour : 1. Trucs et astuces de la saisie version 5.13 (tlcharger sous www.ssslib.ch/bbs ) 2. Prix du BBS papier : ) est apparu pour le BBS zro. Solutions proposes : otant les BBS papiers 3. Le BBS sur internet : dmonstration. Problmes poss. 4. Divers I) & A. Darnoux (F) :Table Compte rendu de la runion 1. Saisie version 5.13 ( tlcharger sur internet) Plusieurs remarques et corrections sont proposes : noms des revues en italique dans la liste des revues visib le 2. Cot de limpression papier abonns commission d de donnes). Fort : Impression du BBS 45 en Bulgarie (selon proposition du collaborateur bulgare du BBS)
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 38 Remise dun pdf aux fdrations Imprimer uniquement le nombre dexemplaires command et les facturer au prix de revien t. NB : Le bureau de lUIS a dcid lors de sa runion en Core de soutenir le BBS en 2008 pour 1500 3. BBS sur internet Faute de liaison informatique, une dmonstration na pas pu tre faite. Des remarques sont pourtant faites : Publications rguli res des mises jour. Informations sur les mise jours. Connexion sans activit doit tre arrte. Pas de possibilit de rester connect en permanence Abonnement propos pour 1 mois ou 1 an. La disponibilit de labonnement ne doit pas tre immdiate. Un e dmo avec un accs limit doit tre disponible pour une recherche. Des bannires doivent tre disponible s. Plusieurs personnes se sont proposes pour effectuer des tests. Informations sur lvolution de ce projet par internet (www.ss slib.ch) 4. Divers (hors runion) Dlais pour les prochains BBS : le plus tt possible mais au plus tard le 15 octobre pour ce qui concerne lanne 2006, le 15 dcembre pour lanne 2007 et le 15 avril pour lanne 2008. Vers une bibliothque europe nne de splologie ? Michele Sivelli a propos la cration dune bibliothque splologique europenne. En fait il sagit dune bibliothque virtuelle qui serait interroge sur la disponibilit dun ouvrage (de splologie), et qui consulterait automatiqu ement les bibliothques nationales. Lide que chaque fdration exporte ses donnes sous le format unimarc Z3950 est cart. Lutilisation dun mta OPAC est retenue. Il est dcid que : Michel e Sivelli sinforme en Italie des possibilits dutil isation dun logiciel made in Italia Chaque fdration mette sur son OPAC un lien sur les OPAC des autres fdrations. Exemple de bibliothques virtuelles : www.chvk.ch http://www.ubka.uni karlsruhe.de/kvk/kvk/kvk_fr.html Depuis Vercors 2008, La commission documentation de la FFS a mis disposition quelques pages internet sur les bibliothques de splologie. Accs par http://www.ssslib.ch/bbs/public/francais/index.htm voir sous centre de documentation Participants Patrick Patrick ( pr sident de la commission) firstname.lastname@example.org Donald Accorsi (France) email@example.com Christophe Bes (France) firstname.lastname@example.org Ioana Ciumasu ( Roumanie) email@example.com Michael Laumanns (Allemagne) firstname.lastname@example.org Isabelle Obstancias (France) email@example.com Agns Darnoux (France) firstname.lastname@example.org Alexy Zhalov alex@speleo bg.com email@example.com Michele Sivelli firstname.lastname@example.org Franoise Prudhomme email@example.com
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 39 Rapport pour la sance de clture de lAssemble gnrale de lUIS AthnesKalamos du 27 aot 2005 La Commission sest runie le 25 aot 2005. Vingt-cinq personnes y ont particip et douze pays ont t reprsents: Belgique, Cana da, France, Grce, Liban, Japon, Norvge, Pays Bas, Portugal, Royaume Uni, Sude et Suisse. Les futures tches et mthodes de travail de la Commission ont t discutes et les dcisions correspondantes prises. La Commission essaiera de protger les intrts de chaque plongeur splologue motiv pratiquer ses activits la faon qui lui cera de mettre en place une relle reprsen tation de tous les plongeurs motivs dans le monde entier. Nous essaierons de renforcer notre organisation internationale, et sa capacit dappuyer tous les plongeurs, leur demande, ou leurs organisations si leurs intrts sont engags. Nous tablirons un ensemble de principes et recommandations concernant la scurit, la protection des cavits, les relations avec les propritaires, etc. Ceux-ci seront appliqus en tenant en compte de la situation locale en matire technique, juridi que et culturelle. La Commission nessaiera pas dimposer mais de convaincre, et du fait de la diversit des techniques de plonge splologique utilises dans le monde, elle ntablit pas de rgles. Nous inviterons, encouragerons et soutiendrons les plongeurs locaux, ou de prfrence leurs organisations, dans lapplication des principes et recommandations. Quel que soit lensemble de recommandations propos par la Commission, les particularits locales seront respectes. La Commission collectera et dissminera les informations concernant la plonge splolo gique, y compris (mais pas limit ) les dveloppements techniques, les recommandations de scurit, en matire de formation et pour minimiser limpact sur lenvironnement, ainsi que sur les aspects juridiques, culturels et lis aux assurances. Les groupes locaux seront invits Report to the closing session of the UIS Gen eral Assembly at Athens-Kalamos, August 27, 2005 The Commission met on august 25. Twentwelve countries were represented: Belgium, Canada, France, Greece, Japan, Lebanon, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom. The future tasks and methods of the Commission were discussed and decided upon. The Commission will attempt to protect the interest of every committed cave diver to practice his activities as he or she sees it appro priate. To this end, the Commission will try to establish a true representation of all committed cave divers around the world. We will seek to re-enforce our international organization, and its capability to support, on request, any cave divers or their organizations if that interest is compromised. We will establish a framework of principles and guidelines regarding safety, cave protection, landowner relations, etcetera. This framework is to be implemented according to the local technical, legal and cultural situation. The Commission will not seek to impose, but will try to convince, and because of the diversity of cave diving techniques used worldwide, the Commission will not set up rules. We will invite, encourage and support local committed cave divers, or, preferably, their organizations, in the implementation of principles and recommendations. Whatever the framework or guidelines the Commission might The Commission will collect and dissemi nate information about cave diving, including (but not limited to) technical developments, guidelines for safety, training and minimizing environmental impact, and about legal, cultural and insurance aspects. Local groups will be invited to supply such information. The Commission will consist of a Board and Delegates. The Board will comprise a President and two vice-Presidents. Delegates, President and vice-Presidents must be exUIS Cave Diving Commission Commission Plonge de lUIS
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 40 fournir les informations correspondantes. La Commission sera constitue dun Bureau et des dlgus. Le Bureau comprendra un Prsident et deux vice-Prsidents. Les dlgus, le Prsident et les vice-Prsidents doivent tre des plongeurs expriments, de prfrence impliqus dans la plonge splologique de leur pays. Ils est souhaitable quils possdent aussi des comptences administratives. Les dlgus doivent sefforcer de reprsenter tous les plongeurs splologi ques de leur pays. Lorsque des organisations reprsentatives non commerciales de plon ge splologique existent dans leur pays, celles-ci nommeront le dlgu. Le dlgu devra, en deuxime priorit, recevoir aussi lappui des organisations splologiques. Il est attendu des dlgus quils jouent le rle de courroie de transmission entre la Commission et les organisations locales. Les dlgus contribueront au dveloppement de la Commission en tant quentit reprsenta tive solide et la collecte et la diffusion des informations. Les dlgus dcideront des questions politiques, proposeront un Prsident lAssemble gnrale de lUIS, nommeront les autres membres du Bureau, et dlimiteront ltendue des comptences du Bureau, comme il le leur parait adquat. Ils pourront remplacer par vote tout membre du Bureau totalement inactif. Les dlgus discuteront et voteront normalement par courrier lectronique, mais sont libres de choisir tout autre moyen de communication si ncessaire. Le Bureau dcidera des tches courantes, grera une page publique du site web de lUIS pour la diffusion des informations et une page accs restreint, accessible aux dlgus, o formations entrantes et sortantes. Le Bureau grera galement un forum par courrier lectronique limit aux dlgus, pour les discussions et les votes. Les membres du Bureau partageront entre eux toutes les informations. Le Bureau prendra ses dcisions selon la rgle de la majorit. Il grera et diffusera la liste des noms et adresses des dlgus et des membres du Bureau. Les noms et adresses perienced cave divers, preferably involved in their countrys cave diving activities. They should preferably also have administration skills. Delegates must attempt to represent all cave divers in their country. Whenever representative, non-commercial cave diving organizations exist in their country, these will appoint the Delegate. The Delegate should, as a second priority, also be supDelegates are expected to provide an information channel between the Commission and local organizations. Delegates will contribute to the development of the Commission as a solid representative body and help to collect and disseminate information. Delegates will decide on policy matters, propose a President to the UIS General Assembly, appoint other Board members, and set the limits of competence of the Board, as they see it appropriate. They may replace by a vote any completely inactive member of the Board. Delegates will normally discuss and vote by e-mail, but can chose any other means of communication whenever need arises. The Board will decide on daily matters, maintain a public page on the UIS web site for the dissemination of information and a private webpage, accessible for the Delegates, where all decisions, polls, incoming and outgoing information will be reported. The Board will also maintain an e-mail forum restricted to Delegates, for internal discussions and voting. Board members will share all information between themselves. The Board will decide by the majority rule. It will maintain and publicise a list of names and address es of Delegates and Board members. The names and addresses of all Board memThe Board will, as a priority, attempt to establish a sound representation. It will contact tries and invite them to elect a Delegate to the Commission. We will focus our efforts The new Board was elected:
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 41 Proposed President: hilippe Brunet, France (9 votes out of 12) firstname.lastname@example.org VicePresidents: Antoine Comaty, Lebanon (unanimous voting) email@example.com Arjan van Waardenburg, The Netherlands (unanimous voting) firstname.lastname@example.org Interpretation and translation of minutes of meeting: Bruno Delprat, France September 5 2005 de tous les membres du Bureau appara Le Bureau aura pour priorit de sefforcer mettre en place une forte reprsentation. Il contactera les organisations splologiques lire un dlgu la Commission. Nous centrerons nos efforts tout dabord sur les organisations splologiques europennes. Le nouveau Bureau a t lu : Prsident propos : Philippe Brunet, France (9 votes de 12) email@example.com VicePrsidents : Antoine Comaty, Lebanon ( lunanimit), firstname.lastname@example.org Arjan van Waardenburg, The Netherlands ( lunanimit) email@example.com Interprte et traducteur du compte-rendu de la runion : Bruno Delprat, France
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 42 The 13th Symposium on Vulcanospeleolgy Jeju / Korea 1 5 September 2008 (Jan Paul v an der Pas, chairman) This was a very, very well organized symposium. More than 50 foreign participants from over 20 different countries attended this event (only conti nent missing was Africa). Due to some circumstances, the founder of the Commissiom Bill Halliday, and the web site organizer John Pint, were also missing. John was supposed to talk about the longest (lava) cave in Saudi Arabia. Jan Paul van der Pas Prof. Kyung Sik Woo The m ain organizers ( Profs. Son and Woo ) attracted a large staff, organized a very nice program and have chosen fantastic location s. Lectures were (as always) very diverse. Arni Stefanson had several lectures about Iceland future plans, discoveries by canoe and lack of protection of fragile caves. New caves reported by Paolo Forti ( Rapa Nui, Chile ) Stephan Kempe ( Jordan ) Tim Francis ( Payunia, Argentina ) and Fadi Nader ( Syria ) Of course, local caves were not forgotten. Many lav a tubes were visited, but every one was just waiting for Yongchendonggul the 'fresh' lava cave with the unique limestone decorations, and also archaeological finds. Visiting this cave is really a privilege. The daily programs alternated from lectures to field trips. So not only news from all over the world were exchanged, but also highly interesting geological features were visited. Important was the introduction of a list called 'WoMOVoc' world's most outstanding volcanic caves. A commission of fiv e persons was established to judge this list; and all about this issue you can find on: www.worldvolcaniccaves.org As mentioned before, John Pint is doing a great job to maintain the web site of this comm ission. Please check: http://www.vulcanospeleology.org Very important item: where will be the 2010 symposium? This i s settled now by Greg Middleton: it will be Australia (p robably in August, and will inc lude Undara and Victoria caves ) And do not forget the 2009 symposium on Lava Caves, co chaired by Drs. Stephan Kempe and William R. Halliday, which will be held at the 15 th International Congress of Speleology (Kerrville, Texas USA) next year (19 26 Jul y, 2009).
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 43 International NewsIraq (Kurdistan) 2007, Michael Laumanns (Germany) Not too many cavers will seriously think about going to Iraq at the moment. Consequent ly, the only comprehensive source on the caves of Iraq is a speleological bibliography pubferent part of Iraq existing where terrorists and kidnapping are unknown and where people are very hospitable to foreigners: the autonomous region of Kurdistan in the northeast of Iraq. The famous Shanidar Cave from where Neanderthal burials are known is located here. Due to favourable circumstances a Kurdish-German cave surveying project became reality in October/November 2007. This was carried out on invitation of the Kurdish Minister of Tourism and had brilliant logistical support by the Museum of Antiquities in Suleymaniyah. ly establishing Kuna Kamtiar as the longest cave of Iraq currently 5,060 m in length (Figure 1). The cave is a complicated network of fossil rift passages created by sulphuric acid water (similar to Lechuguilla Cave, New Mexico, USA). Several continuations of the cave were left in open passage. Consequently, the length of Kuna Kamtiar will increase in the future. Another highlight was Tirshawaka, a limestone cave with a sulphuric spring inside (Figure 2). The sulphuric acid has dissolved the carbonate rock and has produced a rind of replacive gypsum that covers the caves roof and walls. The source of the sulphur is supposed to be an underground hydrocarbon deposit. Exploration of Tirshawaka was stopped in wide open river passage due to lack of time. The resurgence of the cave river is supposed to be about 1 km further towards the northeast. There are only a few active caves with sulphuric water known on a world-wide scale e.g. Kane Caves in Wyoming, Cueva de Villa Luz in Mexico and Movile Cave in Romania, all of which having a unique biospeleology. The cave potential in NE Iraq remains very high and the local authorities are keen to conduct further investigations. In the meantime, a Kurdish speleological society has been formed by the leading 2007 participants from the autonomous Kurdish ministry of tourism. Contact: Zana Qasim Haider (firstname.lastname@example.org). The results of the 2007 expedition is available in English language as volume 26 in the publica tion series Berliner Hhlenkundliche Berichte. email@example.com List of the longest caves known in Iraq (as at November 2007): No. Cave Location Length (in metres) 1. Kuna Kamtiar Kirkuk governorate 5,060 m* 2. Sahra Sulaimani governorate 1,080 m* 3. Fasaya Haditha city (Euphrat valley) approx. 1,000 m (no survey) 4. Kuna Baa Sulaimani governorate 767 m* 5. Pigeon Cave Haditha city (Euphrat valley) approx. 732 m (no survey) 6. Kouna Kowter/Malan Dohuk gov. (?), Tahkt-e-Solehman approx. 650 m (sketch) 7. Useiba Publication to be traced 570 m 8. Gejkar Sulaimani governorate 438 m* Surveyed by the 2007 Kurdish-German cave project.
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 44 Figure 1. Map of Kuna Kamtiar cave (Kirkuk governorate, Iraq) with 5,060 m of surveyed galleries. Figure 2. Entrance of Tirshawaka (Iraq).
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 45 New longest Cave of Gabon In July/August 2008, in southern Gabon, a US American/German expedition to the Lbam ba-Ndend area resulted in the exploration of 13 more caves with a total passage length of about 5.2 km, including the new longest cave of Gabon (Mbenaltembe Cave System at 2,241 m of length). The cave was extended from 700 m length to the currently known extension. The cave consists of a complicated pattern of rift-controlled passages with several independ ent underground streams. All of the caves are exclusively developed in Precambrian limestones, dolomites and marls of the Schisto-Calcaire-System (West Congo System) of an age exceeding 2 billion years. Many caves in southern Gabon still await exploration and the potential for further discoveries is excellent. The local authorities proved to be very cooperative. The results of the expedition will be made available in English language in the publication series Berliner Hhlenkundliche Berichte in early 2009. firstname.lastname@example.org Cambodia 2008 Between 18th of June and 1st of July, 2008, a small team of two German speleolo gists (Thomas Bernecker and Michael Laumanns) as well as one British speleolo gist (Liz Price) investigated the caves in the surroundings of Battambang (northwestern Cambodia). The studies were conducted in co-operation with the Ministry of Culture and Fine Arts in Phnom Penh as well as the Museum of Antiquities in Battambang. In the Battambang area dolomitic limestone of Upper Permian age occurs as relict hills up to 300 metres in height. Some of these hills form ridges or small interconnected massifs of Recently, the Battambang region has been subject of academic cave studies with regard to speleothem sampling for paleoclimatic research. Investigations of the Sydney University were carried out in April 2006 with participation of a British speleologist (Andrew Herries). This team described 17 caves in an unpublished report, which partly provides sketch maps of the caves visited. according to international standards. A total of 4,239 metres of cave passages were surveyed. This represents the most comprehensive study of the karst and the caves of the Battambang area so far. Several of the caves are traditionally used by the local population during the Buddhist New Year festivities. Offering places and Buddhist alters are abundant in many caves. Other caves like on the Phnom Sampeu and the Phnom Banan already have importance for the local foreign tourism. This suggests that the tourist potential of some caves visited during the 2008 investigations could be successfully developed. The results of the expedition will be made available in English language in the publication series Berliner Hhlenkundliche Berichte in early 2009. email@example.com Northern Laos Before the publication of Dreybrodt & Laumanns (Berliner Hhlenkundliche Berichte, vol. 16) which summarises the exploration done between 2000 and 2005, northern Laos was virtually unknown to speleology. Only a few reconnaissance projects were conducted prior to 2000 in the province of Luang Phrabang. The afore-men tioned publication provided information on 24.3 km of cave passages from 68 caves. In the framework of the Northern Lao-European Cave Project (www.laoscaveproject.de) the investigations were continued in 2006 (Louang Nam Tha province, Vieng Phouka), 2007 and 2008 (mainly Houaphan province, Vieng Xai). In the Houaphan province (Vieng Xai) the communist Pathet Lao had its headquarters for 9 years during the Vietnam War. Extensive military and logistical use of caves was made in this heavily bombed region, including underground cave bunkers for the communist party leaders and subterranean hospitals. These historical cave sites are maintained as national monuments and symbolize the birthplace and rise of the communist party of Laos. The caves attract a growing number of foreign visitors. Underground river courses with huge and beautifully decorated cave
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 46 passages are abundant and many of them are through caves including the 4.5 km long Tham Nam Long as well as the 3 km long Tham Nam. Nine other caves were explored in 2007 yielding a total of well over 10 km of mapped passages. During the 2008 speleological project 6.7 km of passage from 22 caves were added in the same area, including Tham Ma Liong at 1,565 m of region belongs to the Nam Et Phou Louey National Park from where several caves were described by environmental projects with emphasis on eco-tourism. Three days yielded over 2 km passage needs to be added to the already surveyed 1.2 km. Many more caves await exploration. The remaining three of the 15 cave kilometres mapped during the 2007 project came from other regions, mainly from the Phou Khoun area (Luang Phrabang/Vientiane province) where the 2 km long Tham Deu-Tham Dout system consists of two unconnected river caves. Overall, 51.3 km of cave passage from 136 caves has been surveyed to date in northern Laos. The firstname.lastname@example.org Cavers associated to the ArGe Bad Cannstatt have surpassed the ,000 mein the Riesending (Untersberg, Bavarian Alps). The cave has only been discovered six years ago. It is one of the major discoveries in Germany during the recent years. The IUCN, UIS, FSE as well as the German and Austrian speleological federations have signed a joint resolution on the protection of the Alpine karst during the Untertage Conference in Ramsau (Germany) in November 2007, which has been hosted by the German Speleological Federation. The resolu tion addresses the human impact on the Alpine karst as well as commercial trade of property. It also ny Just visit www.bioreskarstsuedharz.de A major cave protection initiative has recently been started by all European speleological federations, the FSE as well as the UIS via the European Parliament in order to urge the EU Commission the Blessberghhle in Eastern Germany during the construction of high-speed railway tunnels caves due to their own merits. All European federations are now working to convince their national EU parlamentarians to sign a resolution that calls for protective measures for caves to be created on Commission level. An information stand will be organised in the European Parliament in Brussels on 11th and 12th of November 2007 as well as a press conference. Visit www.cavedeclaration.eu
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 47 Societ Speleologica Italiana Italian International Activities 2003 2008Riccardo DallAcqua (*) This is the summary of Italian speleological activities in foreign countries for the years 2003 and 2004. This list is limited to projects and expeditions with the patronage of Italian Speleo logical Society (SSI); we estimate this is about 30% of the whole Italian international activities. Year 2003 phy of the Cuban caves of Bellamar and Santo Tomas. Italian and Cuban participants: Gruppo Speleologico San Marco, Centro Ricerche Ipogee Genova, Gruppo Speleologico CAI L'Aquila, Grupo Espeleologico Feliz de la Fuente, Grupo Carlos de la Torres, Comit Espeleologico Ciudad Habana, Grupo Guaniguanico, Grupo Sierra del Rosario, Escuela Nacional de Espeleologia. Expedition Matanzas 2003 in Cuba. Cave diving in some sotanos in Matanzas and Cienaga de Zapata). Italian and cuban participants: Gruppo Speleologi co Piemontese CAI UGET, Gruppo Speleologico Alpi Marittime, Gruppo Speleologi co CAI Verona, Commissione Speleosub SEC, Comit Espeleologico de Matanzas. Expedition Bosnia 2003 exploration in Bosniac Romanija mountains. Italian and Bosniac participants: Gruppo Speleologico Carnico Michele Gortani, Gruppo Grotte Novara CAI, Speleo Dodo Sarajevo. Expedition San Vicente 2003 in Cuban, Sierra San Vicente (Vinales) a two-step campain of esploration and surevey. Italian and Cuban participants: Gruppo Grotte Milano CAI SEM, Forum Julii Speleo CAI, Gruppo Speleologico Alpi Marittime CAI Cuneo, Gruppo Speleologico Biellese, Comit Espeleologico de Pinar del Rio, Grupo Espeleologico Guaniguanico, Grupo Jeda, Escuela Nacional de Espeleologia Hystoplasmosis project: a healt survey campain for Italian cavers staying in Cuba. Care of Societ Speleologica Italiana, Milan University mycology. Istitute, Sociedad Espeleologica de Cuba Expedition Santiago 2003: preliminar survey in Santiago de Cuba karst zone. Participants: indipendent Italian cavers and Comit Espeleologico de Santiago de Cuba. Expedition Projecto Santo Tomas: topography and survey in Cuban cave of Santo Tomas (Vinales). Italian and Cuban participants: Gruppo Puglia Grotte, Federazione Speleologica Pugliese, Speleo Club Cryptae Aliae, Gruppo Speleologico CAI Napoli, Gruppo Speleologico Natura Esplora, Gruppo Speleologico Ruvense, Comit Espeleologico de Pinar del Rio, Grupo Espeleologico Guaniguan ico, Grupo Jeda, Grupo Yab, Grupo Marcel Loubens, Grupo Tabio, Grupo Sierra del Rosario. Expedition Cina 2003: topography and survey in Fengshan, China. Organizer: Centro Ibleo di Ricerche Speleo-Idrogeologiche. Year 2004 Expedition Siria 2004: cave survey in Syria. Participants: Centro Ibleo di Ricerche Speleo-Idrogeologiche, Petrol and Natural Resources Ministry of Damasco. Expedition Immagini di Speleologia Cubana 2004: three-dimensional photog raphy and video of the Cuban caves of Bellamar and Zapata peninsula. Italian and Cuban participants: Gruppo Speleologico San Marco, Grupo Espeleologi co Feliz de la Fuente, Grupo Carlos de la Torres, Escuela Nacional de Espeleologia Expedition Holguin 2004: exploration of Cuban Sierra de Candelaria (Holgiun). Italian and Cuban participants: Gruppo Spelelogico Belpasso, Comit Espeleologico Provincial de Holguin Riccardo DallAcqua. Member of International Relationship Commitee of Italian Speleological Society. The committe is foundend in 2003, from the positive experience of cultural and caving exchanges between Italian and Cuban Speleological Societies.
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 48 Expedition Xinjiang: cave topography and survey in Xinjiang, China. Participants: Centro Ibleo di Ricerche Speleo-Idrogeologiche, Karst Geology Institute of Guilin. Expedition Pindos: cave topography and survey in Pindos mount, Greece. Participants: Gruppo Speleologico Natura Esplora, Gruppo Speleologico San Giusto, Spileologikos Ellinikos Athlitikos Sullogos. po Speleologico Carnico Michele Gortani, Gruppo Grotte Novara CAI, Speleo Dodo Sarajevo Expedition Pinalito 2004: cave topography and survey in the Cuban Sierra de Cubitas. Italian and Cuban participants: Gruppo Speleologico Paletno logico Gaetano Chierici Reggio Emilia, Comit Espeleologico de Holguin. Expedition Sapo del Bellamar: cave topography and survey in Bellamar Cave, Cuba. Italian and Cuban participants: Gruppo Speleolo gi CAI Malo, CAI Dolo, speleo Club Forl., Grupo Espeleologico Feliz de la Fuente. Year 2005 Project Where Fire and Ice Becomes Dreams: video documenta ry on Iceland ice caves of Vatnajokull, Mirdalljokull and Surthshellier countries. Participants: Centro Ricerche Ipogee Genova, Islandic Speleological Society. Expedition Mitre 2005 exploration of Mitre peninsula, ArgentiExpedition Hondutierra 2005 cave topography and survey in Sierra de Agalta, Olancho state, Honduras. Participants: independent Italian cavers and Honduras Institute of History and Antropology. Expedition Madruga cave topography and survey in Matanzas, Cuba. Participants: Gruppo Speleologico Guidonia Montecelio, Sociedad Espeleologica de Cuba. Expedition Etiopia 2005 cave topography and survey in Mechara and Micheta districts, Ethiopia. Participants: Centro Ibleo di Ricerche Speleo-Idrogeologiche, Addis Abeba University Geology department. Expedition Progetto Myanmar cave survey and anthropology research in Pinlaung and Taunggyi, Myanmar. Participants: La Venta, Yangon University. Congress Sociedad Espeleologica Cubana El Moncada (Vinales), Cuba. Delegation of Societ Speleologica Italiana. Meeting Incontro CNSAS EDC cave rescue meeting and tecnique interchange in Matanzas, Cuba. Participants: Corpo Nazionale Soccorso Alpino e Speleologico, Espeleosoccoro de Cuba. Expedition Plan Bonito 2005, cave survey, biospeleology research, linguistic research in Sierra de Agalta (Olancho state), Honduras. Participants: Gruppo Speleologico Sacile, Circolo Speleologico Romano, Associazione Speleologica Italia Centrale, Associazione Ricerche e Studi Demo-Etno-Antropologici, Federazione Umbra Gruppi Speleologici, Speleo Club Roma, Speleo Clube de la Seine, Federcion Espeleologica de Honduras, Parque Eco Arqueologico de las Cuevas de Talgua, Honduras Institute of History and Antropology. Expedition Tsingy De Bemaraha 2005, cave topography and survey in Tsingy De Bemaraha park, Madagascar. Participant: Speleo Club Sperone. Year 2006 Expedition Immagini di Speleologia Cubana 2006 three-dimension al photography of cuban canyon and Cueva del Diablo. Participants: Gruppo Speleologico San Marco, Grupo Espeleologico Feliz de la Fuente Expedition Tsingy De Bemaraha 2006, cave topography and survey in Tsingy De Bemaraha park, Madagascar. Participants: Speleo Club Sperone. Expedition Mongolia 2006 cave topography and survey in the Gobi, Gobi-Altai and Uvsogol zone, Mongolia. Participants: Centro Ibleo di Ricerche Speleo-Idrogeologiche. Documentary Grotte e Rivoluzione (Cave and Revolution) about the life of Sociedad Espeleologica Cubana founder. Participant: Societ Speleologica Italiana, Sociedad Espeleologica Cubana, Fundacion Antonio Nunez Jimenez de la Naturaleza y el Hombre
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 49 Project Projecto Bellamar Cuba cave protecion Participants: Federazione Speleologica Veneta, Societ Speleologica Italiana, Sociedad Espeleologica de Cuba Year 2007 Expedition Marmo Platano cave topography and survey in Marmo Platano zone, Italy. Participants: Speleo Club Cryptae Aliae, Gruppo Speleologico di Statte, Sociedad Espeleologica de Cuba cia, Turkey. Participants: Centro Studi Sotterranei di Genova Ankara University. Expedition Tanzania 2007 cave topography and survey in Mbeya region, Tanzania. Participants: Speleo Club Forl CAI, Speleologi Romani. Expedition Immagini di speleologia cubana 2007 three-dimensional photography in Cuban caves of Matanzas, Escambray, Holgun and Baracoa. Participants: Gruppo Speleologico San Marco, Gruppo Grotte Schio CAI, Comit Espeleologico de Matanzas. Expedition Amazzonia Il mondo perduto cave topography and survey in Serra do Arac (Amazonas state), Brasil. Participants: Akakor Geographical Exploring, Gruppo Speleologi co Montecchia, Sociedade Brasileira de Espeleologia, Grupo Espeleologico de Monte Siao. Expedition India geomorphological, hydrogeological and biospeleological research in Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Rajastan regions of India. Participants: Centro Ibleo di Ricerche SpeleoIdrogeologiche, Meghalaya Adventurers Association, Raipur University School of Life Sciences. Year 2008 Expedition Bardas Blancas cave topography and survey in Malargue zone, Argentina Participant: Terre Incognite, Federacion Argentina de Espeleologia. Expedition Tlloc 2008, cave topography and survey in Malargue in Puebla e Chiapas States, Mexico. Participants: Speleo Club Ibleo, Gruppo Speleologico Belpasso, Gruppo Speleologico Bergamasco Le Nottole, Gruppo Grotte Milano CAI-SEM, Gruppo Grotte i Tassi, Gruppo Speleologico Varesino CAI SSI, Speleo Club Orobico CAI, Unin de Rescate e Investigacin en Oquedades Naturales. Expedition Libia speleological geophysics, geostructural, geomorphological and hydrogeological research in Cirenaica region, Libya. Participant: Centro Ibleo di Ricerche Speleo-Idrogeologiche, Bengasi University Geological Science Department. Expedition Petar 2008 cave topography and survey in Petar park, So Paulo state, Brasil. Participant: Akakor Geographical Exploring, Gruppo Speleologico Montecchia, Sociedade Brasileira de Espeleologia, Grupo Espeleologico Babilonicos. cia, Turkey. Participant: Centro Studi Sotterranei di Genova University di Ankara.
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 50 Crystals in Cueva de Bellamar, Cuba (ph. Antonio Societ Speleologica Italiana T he So c i e t Sp e l e olo g i c a I t a lia na is t he o nly n a t i ona l o rg a ni za t i on wh os e r ole is e s s e nt ia lly d e vo t e d t o s p e l e olo g y in I t a l y. T he fir s t So c i e t Sp e l e olo g i c a I t a lia na was founded i n 1903 at Bol ogna by M. Gortani G. Trebbi and C. A l zona, and was re-founded after WWII at Pavi a i n 1951. Currentl y there are more than 3, 500 individual members and ab out 180 affilia ted groups. The Society represents Ital i a n cavers and spel eol ogi sts: i n thi s capaci ty i t organi zes Nati onal Congresses a nd wit hin t he I nt e rna t io na l Un io n o f Sp e l e olo g y nomin a t e s t he I t a lia n del e gates to Internati onal Congresses. The S oci et S p el eol ogi ca Ital i a na co-ordi nates both the acti vi ty of Ital i a n cavers abroad (establ i s hi ng contacts wi th correspondi ng soci eti e s) and the acti vi ty of the forei g n cavers i n Ital y. Forei g n cavers are therefore ki ndl y requested to contact the S S I when pl anni ng thei r vi si t to our country. T he he a d offic e of t he SSI is in t he De p a rt me nt fo r G e ol og ic a l Sc ie nc e s o f t he Bo lo g na Un ive rs i t y : S oci et S p el eol ogi ca Ital i a na, V i a Zamboni 67 I-40126 BOLOGNA T he offic e a l s o hos t s t he Ce nt ro d i Do c ume nt a z io ne Sp e l e olo g i c a F An e lli ( C I D S) wh ic h is t he only t he m a t ic lib ra ry o n s p e l e olo g y t ha t is o p e n t o t he p ub lic in I t a l y. I t is o ne o f t he la rg e s t s p e l e olo g i c a l lib ra ri e s in the worl d, and the l a rgest for anci ent books on thi s subject. Every i t em i s recorded on a personal computer and the l i b rary database wi th a retri e val program (author, ti tl e or keywords) i s avai l a bl e to everyone. The S oci et S p el eol ogi ca Ital i a na i s responsi bl e for the mai ntenance of the Ital i a n Cave Regi ster, updated at a regi onal l e vel by teams of l ocal cavers, mostl y coordi nated by the regi onal spel eol ogi cal federati ons (where they exi s t). It i s one of the most dynami c of the worl d, wi th over 36, 000 catal ogued caves representi ng a total devel opment of over 2, 500 km. Great i m portance i s gi ven by the SSI to the teachi ng of spel eol ogy, at both popul a r and sci enti fi c le ve ls T he re la t e d c ours e s a re d e live re d b ot h a t lo c a l a nd n a t i ona l le ve l, u s in g t e xt s a nd vis ua l a i d s produced by the S S I The S oci et S p el eol ogi ca Ital i a na promotes and co-ordi nates the drafti ng of statutes concerni ng the protecti on of caves and karst areas and the devel opment of spel eol ogy. Presentl y, as a consequence of thi s acti vi ty, nearl y al l Ital i a n Regi ons have approved statutes concerni ng spel eol ogy. Publications The Soci ety publ i s hes several peri odi c al s and occasi onal books, among whi c h are: SPELEOLOGIA Publ i s hed twi c e a year wi th popul a r papers on expl orati ons and sci enti fi c research. GROTTE DITALIA Publ i s hed occasi onal l y presentl y used for the proceedi ngs of the Nati onal congresses. MEMORIE DELLISTITUTO ITALIANO DI SPELEOLOGIA P ub lis he d o c c a s i ona lly.1
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 51 Societ Speleologica Italiana T he So c i e t Sp e l e olo g i c a I t a lia na is t he o nly n a t i ona l o rg a ni za t i on wh os e r ole is e s s e nt ia lly d e vo t e d t o s p e l e olo g y in I t a l y. T he fir s t So c i e t Sp e l e olo g i c a I t a lia na was founded i n 1903 at Bol ogna by M. Gortani G. Trebbi and C. A l zona, and was re-founded after WWII at Pavi a i n 1951. Currentl y there are more than 3, 500 individual members and ab out 180 affilia ted groups. The Society represents Ital i a n cavers and spel eol ogi sts: i n thi s capaci ty i t organi zes Nati onal Congresses a nd wit hin t he I nt e rna t io na l Un io n o f Sp e l e olo g y nomin a t e s t he I t a lia n del e gates to Internati onal Congresses. The S oci et S p el eol ogi ca Ital i a na co-ordi nates both the acti vi ty of Ital i a n cavers abroad (establ i s hi ng contacts wi th correspondi ng soci eti e s) and the acti vi ty of the forei g n cavers i n Ital y. Forei g n cavers are therefore ki ndl y requested to contact the S S I when pl anni ng thei r vi si t to our country. T he he a d offic e of t he SSI is in t he De p a rt me nt fo r G e ol og ic a l Sc ie nc e s o f t he Bo lo g na Un ive rs i t y : S oci et S p el eol ogi ca Ital i a na, V i a Zamboni 67 I-40126 BOLOGNA T he offic e a l s o hos t s t he Ce nt ro d i Do c ume nt a z io ne Sp e l e olo g i c a F An e lli ( C I D S) wh ic h is t he only t he m a t ic lib ra ry o n s p e l e olo g y t ha t is o p e n t o t he p ub lic in I t a l y. I t is o ne o f t he la rg e s t s p e l e olo g i c a l lib ra ri e s in the worl d, and the l a rgest for anci ent books on thi s subject. Every i t em i s recorded on a personal computer and the l i b rary database wi th a retri e val program (author, ti tl e or keywords) i s avai l a bl e to everyone. The S oci et S p el eol ogi ca Ital i a na i s responsi bl e for the mai ntenance of the Ital i a n Cave Regi ster, updated at a regi onal l e vel by teams of l ocal cavers, mostl y coordi nated by the regi onal spel eol ogi cal federati ons (where they exi s t). It i s one of the most dynami c of the worl d, wi th over 36, 000 catal ogued caves representi ng a total devel opment of over 2, 500 km. Great i m portance i s gi ven by the SSI to the teachi ng of spel eol ogy, at both popul a r and sci enti fi c le ve ls T he re la t e d c ours e s a re d e live re d b ot h a t lo c a l a nd n a t i ona l le ve l, u s in g t e xt s a nd vis ua l a i d s produced by the S S I The S oci et S p el eol ogi ca Ital i a na promotes and co-ordi nates the drafti ng of statutes concerni ng the protecti on of caves and karst areas and the devel opment of spel eol ogy. Presentl y, as a consequence of thi s acti vi ty, nearl y al l Ital i a n Regi ons have approved statutes concerni ng spel eol ogy. Publications The Soci ety publ i s hes several peri odi c al s and occasi onal books, among whi c h are: SPELEOLOGIA Publ i s hed twi c e a year wi th popul a r papers on expl orati ons and sci enti fi c research. GROTTE DITALIA Publ i s hed occasi onal l y presentl y used for the proceedi ngs of the Nati onal congresses. MEMORIE DELLISTITUTO ITALIANO DI SPELEOLOGIA P ub lis he d o c c a s i ona lly.1 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF S P ELEOLOGY Offi ci al journal of the Internati onal Uni on of S p el eol ogy, publ i s hed on an i rregul a r basi s unti l 2004, at the moment publ i s hed si x-monthl y. UIS CAVE DIVING MAGAZINE Official Journal of the Co mmission for Cave Diving-UIS, publ i s hed once a year. OPERA IPOGEA Publ i s hed twi c e a year, regardi ng spel eol ogy i n urban areas and i n arti fi ci al caves. For more i nformati on: S oci et S p el eol ogi ca Ital i a na V i a Zamboni 67 40126 Bol ogna tel fax +39-051-250049 http://www.ssi.speleo.it e ma il in fo @s s i .s p e le o. it2
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 52 Election dun nouveau bureau la Fdration Franaise de SplologieBernard Lips LAssemble Gnrale 2008, qui sest tenu Lyon le samedi 17 mai tait une AG lective, conLe nouveau bureau lu est constitu par : Prsidente : Laurence Tanguille Secrtaire gnral : Jean-Pierre Holvoet Trsorier : Laurent Galmiche Vice-prsidente : Annick Menier Vice-prsident : Olivier Vidal Vice-prsident : Gille Turgn Secrtaire gnral adjoint : trsorier-adjoint : Jos Prvot En tant que prsident sortant et restant membre du comit directeur, je souhaite un excellent mandat cette nouvelle quipe.
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 53 Les expditions franaises ltranger en 2007Olivier Vidal Trente-cinq expditions (soit prs du record de 2005 : 37) ont t parraines en 2007. Trois autres expditions nous ont envoy un rsum sans demander de parrainage (en italique dans le tableau 1). La CREI les en remercie. tivement ralises. Nous sommes dans le haut de la fourchette des dix dernires annes. Ces expditions se sont rparties dans 22 pays : dix-sept expditions dans neuf pays europens, sept expditions dans cinq pays asiatiques, quatre expditions dans trois pays des Amriques, six expditions dans trois pays dAfrique et trois expditions dans deux pays dOcanie. Cinq expditions avaient pour but la plonge de siphons (n-2007, 10-2007, 25-2007, 26-2007 et 29-2007), ce qui reprsente une augmentation par rapport aux annes prcdentes. Et deux expditions avaient pour but la descente de canyons (n-2007, 13-2007). Au niveau des destinations, on constate que laugmentation sest faite en faveur des pays europens et notamment de la rgion des Balkans (neuf expditions). Deux autres destinations ont la cte de part et dautre du dtroit de Gibraltar : Espagne et Maroc (neuf expditions galement pour ces deux pays). La tendance forte en faveur des rgions karstiques plus lointaines reste dactualit. En particulier vers le continent asiatique qui se maintient un niveau lev, cette proportion dexpditions a plus que doubl par rapport aux statistiques des annes 80-90. Le continent africain revient en force avec le Maroc et Madagascar. Le continent amricain est en baisse, des situations de refus dautorisations dexplorer dans ces pays sont peut-tre en partie respon sables de cette volution. Il y a toujours aussi peu dexpditions au Moyen-Orient avec seulement deux expditions en Turquie, le contexte international tendu dans ces rgions y est srement pour beaucoup. Une niche certainement explorer pour lavenir, dans ces rgions pourtant si proches Le nombre dexpditions est revenu dans une moyenne haute et les rsultats sont la haunouvelles cavits de plus de 500 m de profondeur ou des dcouvertes importantes sur le plan archologique, neuf expditions (soit prs de 20% des expditions) se retrouvent dans la liste des rsultats exceptionnels (n, 5, 11, 12, 14, 16, 21, 26, 29-2007). Au total, les expditions de lanne 2007 ramnent prs de 154 km de topographie ce qui peu loign du record prcdemment tenu par lanne 2006 avec 168 km de topographie raliss. 2007 est donc une trs bonne anne en terme de rsultats, puisquelle se situe prs de deux fois au dessus de la moyenne qui tourne, bon an, mal an, autour de 80 km. Que 2008 soit riche en exploration Le rsum de lensemble de ces expditions est accessible dans le compte rendu dactivits de la CREI (Commission des Relations et Expditions Internationales). A signaler quun bon nombre de ces expditions se sont drouls avec des splologues locaux ou/et avec des splologues dautres nationalits.
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 54 Les expditions franaises 2007 N Expdition Pays Rgion Dates Club 1 Siphons sous la jungle Papouasie NG Nouvelle-Bretagne 12/06-01/07 EuroSpeleo Project 2007-01 2 Atlas 2007 Maroc Moyen et Haut Atlas Annule GS Minos 3 Macdoine-Krapa 2007 Macdoine Makedonski Brod 06/08/0730/08/07 ASBTP section splologie 4 Expdition canyon au Npal Npal Tour des Annapurnas 18/01/07 05/03/07 GS Caussenard / 5 Vietnam 2007 Vietnam Cao Bang 20/01/0710/02/07 EXPLOS/SSPAO 6 Las Olas 2007 Espagne Aragon 04.08.0726.08.07 SC du Comminges 7 Bamba 2007 Prou Cajamarca 06/08/200706/09/2007 SCLN 8 Philippines 2007 Philippines Western Samar 08/03/0716/04/07 Aven Club Valettois 9 Habeckovo Brezno Slovnie Secteur didrija 28/07/0719/08/07 SC de Metz 10 Muna 2007 Indonsie Sulawesi-Pulau Muna 01/09/07 01/10/07 GS du Couserans 11 Descoberto 2007 Brsil Commune Descoberto, province Bahia 01/06 01/07/2007 GS Bagnols Marcoule 12 Guizhou exp 007 Chine Guizhou 10/03/200716/04/2007 PSCJA 13 France Vietnam canyon Vietnam Hauts plateaux centre 18/03/07 01/04/07 USAN 14 Borneo 2007 Indonsie Kalimantan 22/07/200728/08/2007 GS Vulcain 15 Baticiellas 2007 Espagne Aragon 28/07/200715/08/2007 GS du Languedoc 16 Mexp 2007 Mexique Puebla 28/03/200729/04/2007 Jacques Orsola 17 Gabon 2007 Gabon Nyanga 04/08/0702/09/07 EEGC 18 Lost Valleys 2007 Npal Manang 24/09/200710/11/2007 A R S I P 19 Crna Gora 2007 Montngro 01/08/200730/08/2007 GS Ollioulais 20 Tara Pesterilor Roumanie Mt Aposeni 28/04/200709/05/2007 SC dAnnecy 21 Namoroka 2007 Madagascar Parc national de Namoroka 22/04/200703/06/2007 SC Bollenois 22 Gs Bidon Maroc 2007 Maroc Gorges du Ziz 02/04/200715/04/2007 GS Bidon 23 Levka-Ori 2007 Grce Crte 23/07/200725/08/2007 CATAMARAN P25-004 24 Slovnie 2007 Slovnie Massif du Kanin, du Frioul et du Sneznik 14/06/200729/06/2007 CAF de St Laurent du Var 25 Plonge souterraine Roumanie 2007 Roumanie Carpates 15/08/200702/09/2007 GEOKARST 26 Centre Atlas 2007 Maroc Azilal (Atlas) 04/09/200704/10/2007 CDS 81 27 Haut Atlas 2007 Maroc Haut Atlas 19/06/200703/07/2007 GS Oloron et SSPPO Pau 28 Planalto 2007 Portugal Extremadura 15/08/200725/08/2007 SSA Caussade 29 Porracolina 2007 Espagne Cantabria 05/07-30/08 &28/10-07/11 CAF Albertville 30 Taurus 2007 Turquie Taurus-Areseki 10/08/200710/09/2007 CSR LanguedocRoussillon 31 Santiago 2007 Prou Pce Condorcanqui Dpt Amazonas 30/08/0725/09/07 GS Bagnols Marcoule 32 Picos Padiorna 2007 Espagne Asturies 04/08/0714/08/07 AS Charentaise 33 Picos 2007 Espagne Picos de Europa 09/07/200716/07/2007 Les Taupes Palmes 34 Vega Huerta 2007 Espagne Cantabriques 27/07/200712/08/2007 SCSM 35 Tsingy 2007 Madagascar Nord et ouest 09/11/0713/12/07 ADEKS 100 Crte 1998-2007 Grce 1998-2007 (4 exps) St Amateurs de Cavernes 101 Plonge Bosnie 2007 Bosnie GS Vulcain 102 Serbie 2007 Serbie GS Vulcain
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 55 Bilan du IVme congrs europen Vercors 2008 Lans en Vercors.Olivier Vidal Le Congrs Europen de Splologie, qui sest droul Lans en Vercors du 23 au 30 aot 2008, a t un succs. Trente deux pays ont particip cette grandiose manifestation au cur de ce haut lieu de la splologie quest le Vercors. Cest ici que le gouffre Berger est devenu le premier gouffre franchir la barrire symbolique des moins 1000 m (-1122m) grce aux Splos Grenoblois du CAF. Et, concidence heureuse, juste avant le congrs, 55 ans plus tard, le SGCAF encore, trouve le passage qui fait du Rseau du Clos dAspres le deuxime moins 1000 du Vercors. Quel beau cadeau de la part de splos locaux, pour les 2000 explorateurs du monde souter rain qui ont particip au congrs. Que restera-t-il de ce congrs europen organis par la Fdration Franaise de Splologie ? Tout dabord pour ceux qui y ont particip un grand moment de confraternit splo dans une chaleu reuse ambiance, largement favorise par une mto estivale exceptionnelle, durant toute la semaine. Pour les organisateurs, limpression dune explo de longue haleine qui se termine par une belle premire. Pour le reste que sest il pass ? Des moments trs formels de runion comme lassemble gnrale de la Fdraet devenir la Fdration Splologique Europenne ou la signature du protocole franco-allemand, des runions de commissions, mais aussi des moments de partage des dcouvertes dans les diffrentes sessions et des grands moments de convivialits plus de 200 confrences et tables rondes en traduction simultane grce un groupe de jeunes tudiants qui ont fait leurs premires armes dinterprtes la grande satisfaction de tous. Les actes, disponibles ds louverture du congrs, sont le tmoin de la qualit du contenu des communications. Un des grands vnements fut sans aucun doute le record du monde de tyrolienne sur corde, de 1096 m, sur le site du Pas des Rages la Balme de Rencurel. La plus grande tyrolienne du monde a t dnomme la Tyrolienne Pierrot Rias en hommage au fondateur du Splo Secours Franais. Une centaine de personnes a pu tester la rsistance de la corcharge du projet. Indpendamment du record du monde, attest par le Peloton de Gendarmerie de Haute Montagne(cf encadr), la fdration dmontre au grand jour la performance technique de ses membres et tout particulirement du Splo Secours Franais. Un congrs splo ne peut se concevoir sans que ses participants aillent sous terre, ce sont donc plus de 1700 sorties qui ont t recenses dans les trous quips pour loccasion par le CDS 38 et le CDS 26 et tout particulirement dans le Gouffre Berger. Ceux que le noir rebutaient ont pu tester leurs capacits reptiliennes dans le, dsormais internationalement connu, parcours palette du CDS 07, ou dans la Splo-Box de nos amis belAutre temps fort de ce rassemblement,, le festival EuroSplo ImageIn a permis au pudredi soir, une grande fte a cltur ce 4me congrs avec une remise des prix. Le prix spcial du jury est all Florence TRAN (France) pour Hors du temps qui retrace avec
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 56 motion et sensibilit les expriences de Michel Siffre sur lhorloge biologique humaine. Le Grand Prix a rcompens Tepuy du Slovaque Pavol BARABAS, qui Le public a donn son prix lItalien Tullio BERNABEI qui la fait frissonner avec The vortice Blue dans des plonges sous glaciaires au Chili. Les projections en 3D ont bahi les spectateurs. Le jury a eu lembarras du choix devant une production de qualit : Csaba EGRI avec grottes hongroi ses et David DE ROEST (Belgique) avec Explosition se sont partags le prix. Une centaine de photos, slectionnes avant le congrs, ainsi que dautres hors concours, ont charm tous les visiteurs. Le prix motion est all Tim WABBER (GB) et le prix mouvement Marcin GALA (Pol). La soire a continu avec la remise du prix Martel de Joly Marc FAVERJONet PhilippeBRUNET pour le livre la grotte de Saint Marcel dArdche Vercors 2008 ce fut aussi, le 2me festival international des Arts Splo qui avait comme thme peintures et crations dart ou bien lexposition du muse de la splologie ou encore la participation de plus dune centaine de personnes la 12me nuit europenne de la chauve-souris dans la grotte de la Luire. Le canyon tait aussi prsent au congrs avec leRassemblement International de Canyon qui a permis des changes, de belles balades dans une douzaine de canyons quips, et le nettoyage du canyon du Ce qui restera aussi dans les annales comme le cur du congrs fut ce grand navire de toile rig tout prs du village, du parcours palettes et de la Splo-Box : Le Splo-Bar. Lieu de rencontre, de restauration, de dtente ou de perdition selon les heures de la journe ou de la nuit, il fut sans conteste lendroit o palpitait le coeur du congrs Vercors 2008 fut organis avec le souci dappliquer certains principes lis au dveloppement durable : le choix de ne pas utiliser de vaisselle jetable a permis de rdui re la masse des dchets et les participants ont bien adopt le geste du tri slectif. Toutefois des progrs restent faire mais pour une premire initiative, le rsultat est satisfaisant. Le congrs tant ouvert toutes les classes dges, les enfants nont pas t oublis puisquils avaient le choix daller au club junior se contorsionner dans la Splo-Box ou entre les palettes, couter des contes ou du thtre, peindre comme les hommes prhistoriques et faire de la voltige dans les arbres. Les Enfants de la lune ont aussi particip Vercors 2008, en vivant leurs jours de libert totale, sans protection solaire, Gournier, avec le GS Valentinois. Prs de 150 bnvoles ont contribu lorganisation, trois ans de travail pour certains, et une semaine que beaucoup ne sont pas prs doublier. Que tous soient remercis de leur investissement. Rendons galement hommage Monsieur le Maire de Lans en Vercors et aux services de la mairie qui nous ont grandement facilit la tche.
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 57 LA UIS EN AMERICA LATINA UIS IN LATIN AMERICACARLOS BENEDETTO SECRETARIO ADJUNTO UIS ARGENTINA Abstract There is an increasing presence of the UIS in the countries that comprise the FEALC (Speleological Federation of Latin American and Caribbean) organizations working with common objectives and forward integration. The speleological projects of Latin America increasingly tend to be joint-ven the efforts to rehabilitate the Speleology and especially the Bioespeleology in Argentina, the results of the expedition to the caves of Tri-national Vallem (Paraguay), the agreements for the formation of cave rescuers and problems in legislation, topics on which stood out acts of mutual cooperation En el nmero anterior (51Nro. 2) hicimos referencia al Congreso Argentino realizado en Malarge en febrero, que fue ms lati noamericano que meramente argentino, lo cual se aprecia en la variedad de trabajos y resmenes publicados (http://www.inae.org. ar/congresos.html). Dijimos tambin que en esa ocasin se llev la que se decidi reclamar al gobierno de la provincia argentina de Neuqun la reha bilitacin de los espelelogos, hasta el mo mento imposibilitados de explorar las cuevas de esa importante provincia. As fue que luego de largas gestiones, el 22 de agosto el gobierno neuquino convoc a las agrupa ciones espeleolgicas locales para iniciar un proceso de dilogo y de reivindicacin. Paralelamente, las asociaciones no locales, las ms vinculadas a los equipos tcnicos de la FEALC y la UIS, retomaban gestiones cavernas protegidas (que tambin estaban imposibilitadas), sobre todo en el terreno de la Bioespeleologa y con intervencin de bilogos de otras provincias. El proceso es lento, pero parece ser que ya no se detiene. En lo que respecta al desarrollo de la Bioespeleologa, el principal hecho destac able fue que en la reunin FEALC de Ma large (febrero) se aprob un proyecto del espelelogo mexicano Juan Montao Hirose (UMAE) para que la FEALC apoye una campaa internacional de proteccin de los murcilagos y control de la rabia. El proyecto aguay (junio) y se puso en marcha, con el compromiso de varios pases miembros de esa Federacin. 2007 se vena conformando un grupo de bilogos interesados en la proteccin de los murcilagos, que entraron en contacto con este proyecto de la FEALC relacionndose con los espelelogos. Su nombre es Pro grama de Conservacin de los Murcilagos de la Argentina PCMA (similar al de su par mexicano Programa de Conservacin de los Murcilagos Mexicanos y al del boliviano Programa de Conservacin de los Murcila gos de Bolivia y a otros similares en otros pases) y en principio estaba conformado por unos 45 bilogos de todo el pas interesa dos en los murcilagos urbanos. Pero poco a poco creci el inters en los murcilagos de cavernas, y en noviembre de este ao se organiz una expedicin conjunta a los tubos lvicos de Malarge donde miembros del PCMA tomaron contacto con la Espe leologa de campo. Ms informacin sobre esto puede verse en http://www.pidba.com. ar/pcma.html, http://www.barbastella.org/ y sus respectivos links, que son muchos. El acercamiento al PCMA forma parte del Plan de Desarrollo Estratgico de la Feder acin argentina; pero no solamente, ya que en otros pases de la regin se estn dando procesos muy parecidos y en estrecho con tacto unos con otros.
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 58 aguay En nuestro anterior boletn dimos algunos detalles de cmo se gest y se realiz la pri mera Expedicin Espeleolgica Trinacional (en la que en realidad participaron 5 pases de Latinoamrica, no 3). tcnico de argentinos y brasileos elabor un informe tcnico (http://www.inae.org.ar/ contenidos.html Informe Vallem), que los espelelogos de Paraguay estn ahora utili zando como herramienta para proteger a las cavernas de esa regin del norte paraguayo contra actividades econmicas fuera de todo control. il Dijimos que los reclamos de la FEALC y la UIS conjuntamente haban empezado a dar resultados en una provincia argentina, pero en Brasil el problema fue sigue siendode diferente magnitud y gravedad. Ya en 2007 los espelelogos de Brasil y de toda Amrica Latina estuvieron preocupados por los anuncios de que la legislacin bra silea de proteccin a las cavernas sufrira al presidente Luis Ignacio Lula Da Silva para manifestar esa preocupacin, pero sin resultados. Un ao despus, en octubre de 2008, supi mos que el gobierno brasileo haba concre en alerta a toda la comunidad espeleolgica brasilea y latinoamericana, porque ahora corren peligro casi 5.000 cavernas de ese pas. Se produjeron muestras de solidaridad de la FEALC en general, y de cada pas miembro de la FEALC en particular. Hasta tal punto, que la Federacin Argentina decidi llevar la solidaridad al plano poltico pidiendo la inter vencin de las autoridades del MERCOSUR y del Parlamento argentino. Las cartas dirigi das a los poderes pblicos pueden verse en www.inae.org.ar NOTICIAS (13-11-2008) Aunque espelelogos brasileos estaban tomando contacto entre s -a pesar de sus diferencias polticas internasy con legis ladores de su pas, este grave problema est an sin resolverse y es muy severa la preo cupacin sobre el futuro de las cavernas del Brasil, ello a pesar de que los espelelogos y ambientalistas coinciden en que las reformas legales son tcnicamente inaplicables.. La FEALC tiene una comisin de Espeleoso corro a cargo de Efran Mercado, vicepresi dente de la FEALC y secretario adjunto de la UIS. Desde hace aos esta comisin viene desarrollando cursos para la formacin de socorristas en diversos pases de la regin: Cuba, Argentina, recientemente Centro Amrica, donde se destaca el caso de Hon duras, pas que ha conformado una Unin de Espeleologa muy activa no slo en su pro pios pas, sino tambin en toda la regin. La Comisin coordinada por Efran Mercado asesora permanentemente a los nuevos socorristas latinoamericanos, y distribuye la informacin generada por la Comisin re spectiva de la UIS. Complementariamente con esto, la Feder acin Espaola de Espeleologa, a travs convenios para el dictado de cursos de dis tintos niveles con Brasil, Bolivia, Argentina. federaciones, y el primer curso fue dictado en Malarge en octubre. En cuanto a Brasil, se realizaron ya varios cursos y se espera para diciembre uno espe Se estaba tambin estudiando la posibilidad de participacin de espelelogos de otros 2008 mostr que la espeleologa latinoameri cana puede crecer en el marco de planes unidad y la mutua cooperacin. La perma
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 59 nente interrelacin entre las federaciones, uniones y sociedades nacionales hace que, a pesar de las disparidades, el crec imiento de la Espeleologa latinoamericana siga caminos parecidos en todos los pases miembros de la FEALC. La UIS y la comu nidad espeleolgica extra-latinoamericana estuvieron presentes en este proceso, y debera estarlo an ms, con apoyo tcnico pero tambin poltico. Curso de Espeleosocorro Argentina, octu bre
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UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 61 Expdition Internationale de Splologie en Iran 2008 ISET 2008 International Speleological Expedition to Iran 2008Summary : The international speleological expedition to Iran (ISET 2008) took place from September 23 to October 6, 2008 in the region north of Tehran (up to the Caspian Sea) and Hamadan (SE of Tehran). This expedition, which is under the patronage of the UIS, resulted in basic training of up to 39 Iranian cavers on the following subjects: 1) explora tion (surface and subsurface), 2) technical review and stress on caving SRT methods, 3) team consisted of nine Croatian, three Lebanese, one Belgian and one Swiss cavers. Two new caves were discovered and more than 1000m of new galleries have been mapped. Lexpdition internationale ISET 2008 sest droule entre le 23 septembre et le 6 octobre 2008 dans les rgions des Provinces de Thran et et du Hamadan, en Iran. Cette expdition est sous le patronage de lUIS (Union Internationale de Splologie) et se situe dans le cadre dun mouvement international visant aider et soutenir les splos dans les pays o la splologie est encore en dveloppement. par les organisateurs iraniens et internationaux de lexpdition) sont sous formes de sances dentranement dans les domaines suivants : 1) exploration/prospection en surface et sous terre ; 2) rvision technique et notions de de bases de secours, 3) topographie souterraine, Linternet a t loutil primordial pour lorganisation pre-expedition. Erik VdBroeck (Belgique) nous a maintenu le site qui a t conu spcialement pour les prparations et lorganisation dune expdition qui a regroupe plus de 20 splos internationaux ainsi que les organisateurs iraniens. Cette dmarche un site de communication entre participants nous a toujours bien servie depuis notre premire expdition internationale (Tanzanie, 2004). Quelques runions ont t aussi ncessaires Finalement lquipe internationale de lISET 2008 comptait neuf Croates, trois Libanais, un Belge et un Suisse (avec un anglais qui est arrive en Iran plus tard), donc 14 15 participants, qui ont form environ 38 splos iraniens, divis en deux groupes de 19 personnes pour 5 jours. Donc, Onze jours de travail effectif (entre le 24 septembre et le 6 octobre 2008) au cours dun camp volant qui a commenc a Thran le 24 septembre avec le kick-off de lexpdition dans lancien club de Damavand. De suite, le cap au nord, notre premier abri sera une maison dans le village de Harandeh tout prs (seulement une heure et demi de marche!) de la grotte de Bournic. Deux jours sont passe avant notre dpart vers Polur ou on a log dans les locaux des pompiers. La grotte de Gole Zard, exemple parfait de la destruction de grotte, tait a deux heures de marche. Le lundi 29 septembre, on a quitt les lieux et on sest dirrig au nord, vers la mer Caspienne. Le lendemain, une rapide exploration de la grotte Danial a ct de Chalous. On a repris la route pour retourner vers le sud en direction de la province de Hamadan. En route on sest arrt pour deux jours dans le haut village de Kohnedeh o se trouve la fameuse grotte de Yakhmorad avec ses cascades de glaces. Finalement, on a trouv abri dans la mosque du village de GhaleKord dans la province de Hamadan o on a explor et cartographi la fameuse grotte du village et en bonus
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 62 on a trouv une autre grotte archologique. Le 6 octobre on est retourne sur Teheran o une grande crmonie nous attendait (y compris les ambassadeurs de la Croatie et de la Suisse ainsi que des hauts-placs du gouvernement iranien) pour nous fliciter. Notre bilan est donc trs positif. Nous avons entran 38 splos iraniens (qui ne dissociaient pas les techniques descalades des techniques de splologie) venus de plus de 12 clubs diffrents de plusieurs villes un peu partout de lIran. Notre entranement a couvert nos objectifs, a savoir lexploration, technique de base, topographie, photogra Kord ont t topographies ; celles-ci avec deux autres nouvelles grottes (dcouvertes durant l'exp) font plus de 1000m de galer ies souterraines topographies. Durant les soires, plusieurs prsentations de formaDeux manuels dentranement (technique de base et topographie souterraine), prpars en anglais par lquipe Croate avant lexpdition, ont t distribus et utiliss durant la fordexpdition illustr (en anglais et farsi) et le montage dun documentaire sont en cours. Notre dernier message aux splos iraniens ( nos amis) tait de sparer compltement les techniques de lescalade alpine des techniques de progression sous terre (la SRT). A leurs suprieurs, nous avons prcise quune tutelle indpendante de la fdration de montagne et descalade reste a former pour prendre charge des splos et de la ciers du gouvernements, nous les avons implorer de soutenir le nouvelle gnration de splos et de les utiliser en outils pour sauvegarder la richesse souterraine en Iran. Fadi Nader Coordinateur de la ISET 2008 Secrtaire Gnral de lUIS Lentre de la grotte de GhaleKord (ou le chteau des Kurdes) vu de lintrieur. Le trer aux jeunes splos iraniens que la communaut internationale tient a eux et a leur amiti et que le futur cest a eux de le btir Photo prise par Johnny Tawk ISET2008 The entrance of GhaleKord Cave (or the Castle of the Kurds). The ultimate goal of the ISET 2008 was to show the young Iranian cavers that the international community believes in their friendship and that their future is up to them to build Photo taken by Johnny Tawk ISET2008 For International Speleo Calender please check: http://www.uis-speleo.org/calendar/events.html
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 63 International Journal of SpeleologyI just received the printed issue 37(3) Oktober 2008, guest-edited by Domin ique Genty, totally dedicated to Palaeoclimate. It contains 6 articles for over 90 pages of Science. This year the IJS has printed 234 pages (over 3 issues). I remember this is an extra issue (the third this year) totally sponsored by volontary donators, and I wish to thank all these speleologist and institutions for their efforts in helping the IJS. cial issue on Cave Microbiology, guest-edited by Cesareo Saiz (Sevilla Univ.). This issue promises to be rich (9 articles have already been accepted) and 4 of these articles are available online since this morning (see homepage of the www.ijs.speleo.it website). We expect to close this issue by mid December, in order to have it sent worldwide during January 2009. Since we are now listed in ISI we have to try and keep timeliness in pub lication of our issues! We also have already 5 articles in for the IJS 38(2) issue to be printed in July (before ICS Kerrville). I hope more will come in soon because it would be good to have a rich issue at July. Please see if you or some of your colleagues and friends have something interesting to propose for that issue! I am now in close contact with Wiley Blackwell to see if IJS can be taken over (for the burocratical is important for us to see if this change is viable and, if it is, to make a good contract. I will be meeting the WB people at the EGU 2009 at Vienna in April. Anyone of you is invited to be there also (four or six ears and eyes are better than two!). We probably will discuss the matter with UIS also at the ICS This would mean, if everything goes smoothly, that IJS could be printed by WB beginning with 2010. Finally, I have to inform you of an Editorial Staff change: Prof. Meilang Zhang, who was member of the Editorial staff since January 2006, has informed me he wished to leave the staff because he could not dedicate enough time to the IJS. I very much appreciate his sincerity and asked him to suggest an alternative Chinese karst scientist. His choice fell on a colleague of his, Dr. Zaihua Liu, editor-in-chief of Carsologica Sinica, working on karst hydrochemistry, tufa deposits, global carbon cycle and karst and palaeoclimate hydrology. Dr. Zaihua Liu accepted to be part of our Editorial Staff beginning with issue 38(1) 2009. I hope we all will welcome Zaihua in our IJS world and I wish him very much success with this new editorial task! Ans many thanks to Prof. Meilang Zhang for his three years of work at IJS. Prof. Jo De Waele Istituto Italiano di Speleologia Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra e Geologico-Ambientali Universit di Bologna Alma Mater Studiorum Via Zamboni 67 40126 Bologna E-mail: email@example.com Tel.: 00 39 051 2094543 Fax. +39 051 2094522 Cell: 329 2723956 Visit the International Journal of Speleology www.ijs.speleo.it
UIS-bulletin vol. 51, Nr 3 (2008) 64Honorary Presidents Paolo FORTI, Italy Hubert TRIMMEL, AustriaPresident Andrew James EAVIS, United KingdomVice PresidentsPavel BOSK, Czech Republic Alexander KLIMCHOUK, UkraineSecretary General Fadi NADER, LebanonAdjunct Secretaries Carlos BENEDETTO, Argentina Roman HAPKA, Switzerland Stein-Erik LAURITZEN, Norway Efran MERCADO, Puerto Rico Andrej MIHEVC Slovenia George VENI, USA Paul W. WILLIAMS, New Zealand WOO Kyung Sik, Republic of Korea Past Presidents Arrigo A. CIGNA, Italy Adolfo ERASO ROMERO, Spain Derek C. FORD, Canada Paolo FORTI, Italy Julia JAMES, Australia Jos Ayrton LABEGALINI, Brazil Hubert TRIMMEL, Austria Honorary Bureau Members Maurice AUDTAT, Switzerland Reno BERNASCONI, Switzerland Arrigo CIGNA, Italy Adolfo ERASO ROMERO, Spain Paolo FORTI, Italy Julia Mary JAMES, Australia Jos Ayrton LABEGALINI, Brazil Hubert TRIMMEL, Austria UIS BUREAU (2005-2009)http://www.uis-speleo.org/