UIS Bulletin

UIS Bulletin

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UIS Bulletin
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UIS Bulletin
Union Internationale de Spéléologie
Union Internationale de Spéléologie
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Applied Speleology ( local )
Resource Management ( local )
Technical Speleology ( local )
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Message from the President of the UIS Minutes of the 2012 Annual UIS Bureau Meeting UIS Code of Ethics: proposed revision Internal Regulations of the UIS: proposed modifications UIS Department of Karst and Caves Protection The France Habe Prize 2013: proposed regulations UIS Commission on Artificial Caves: Torino 2012 Workshop UIS Commission on "Pseudokarst": Tui 2012 Assembly UIS Commission on "Pseudokarst": Tui 2012 Report UIS Permanent Commission on Speleotherapy: XIVth Int. Symposium Tribute to Viktor DUBLYANSKY (1930 - 2012) UIS Bureau 2009 - 2013 National Delegates and Substitutes UIS Departments, Commissions, and Working Groups Contributions and Bank Account
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Vol. 55, no. 1/2 (2012)
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Message from the President of the UIS
Minutes of the 2012 Annual UIS Bureau
UIS Code of Ethics: proposed revision
Internal Regulations of the UIS: proposed
UIS Department of Karst and Caves
The France Habe Prize 2013: proposed
UIS Commission on Artificial Caves: Torino
2012 Workshop
UIS Commission on "Pseudokarst": Tui 2012
UIS Commission on "Pseudokarst": Tui 2012
UIS Permanent Commission on Speleotherapy:
XIVth Int. Symposium
Tribute to Viktor DUBLYANSKY (1930 -
UIS Bureau 2009 2013
National Delegates and Substitutes
UIS Departments, Commissions, and Working
Contributions and Bank Account


1 UIS Bulletin vol. 55 Nr 1 & 2 (201 2 ) BULLETIN Union Internationale de Sp l ologie 201 2 volume 5 5 number s 1 & 2 Edited in January 201 3 CONTENTS Message from the President of the UIS ................................ ............................... 2 Minutes of the 201 2 Annual UIS Bureau Meeting ................................ ................ 3 UIS Code of Ethics: p roposed revision ................................ .............................. 12 In ternal Regulations of the UIS: proposed modifications ................................ ... 16 UIS Department of Karst and Caves Protection ................................ .................. 31 The France Habe Prize 2013: proposed regulations ................................ ........... 32 UIS Commission on Artificial Caves: Torino 2012 Workshop ............................... 35 : Tui 2012 Assembly ................................ .... 36 ................................ ......... 39 UIS Permanent Commission on Speleotherapy: XIVth Int. Symposium ................ 42 Tribute to Viktor DUBLYANSKY (19 30 201 2 ) ................................ ................... 4 5 UIS Bureau 2009 2013 ................................ ................................ ................... 4 6 National Delegates and Substitu tes ................................ ................................ ... 4 6 UIS Departments, Comm issions, and Working Groups ................................ ..... 4 7 Con tributions and Bank Account ................................ ................................ ....... 4 9 Editor in Chief: Fadi Nade r (UIS, Secretary General )


UIS Bulletin v ol 55, Nr 1 & 2 (2012 ) 2 MESSAGE from the President of the UIS: BRNO 2013 Andy EAVIS The next (16th) International Cong ress of Speleology is now less than a year away. Indeed scientific papers have to be in by the 17th of December (this is a delay from the previous deadline of the 1st November). The basic registration for the whole confe rence if paid before the end of January 2013 is only a little over 140 Euros, very good value for a weeklong conference. In add ition pre booked accommodation starts u nder 5 Euros per night in a camping, next to the Australian pub! The wonderful pre and post congress excursions are sell ing out fast so the sooner they are booked the better. The prices of these starts at 100 Euros for a 4 day camp in Budapest. The quality and variety of excursions is wonderful, again look on the website.Booking cheap flights to Brno needs reviewing, but certainly Ryanair from London Stansted will open their boo king for July early in 2013 and will probably cost something in the region of 30 Euros return for the first people to book. The venue is excellent being an old conference centre built before the sec ond world war and as such makes it very suitable for a Caving Conference, plenty of room and not too many frills. The Hotels and dormitories around the Co nference Centre are of all standards, some being very comfortable indeed. I am sure there will be s ome magnificent parties, both official and unofficial. During the week long congress there will be a day of excursions, either to some pretty impressive local caves or visits to cultural and natural world sites ; they all look very enjoyable to me. Finall mpetitions. Like any caving conference there will be competitions for cartography, caving art, multi media presentations and during the conference there will be caving Olympics with rope climbing etc. In addition the Inte rnational Union of Speleology also gives prizes for the best discovery that they co nsider has been made since the previous conference and there will be mention of the best books published over that period.There will also be a UIS poster prize presente d to the best poster in Brno. There are some substantial prizes so please get working on your presentations. There should be in the region of 2,000 likeminded cavers at this conference and I am certain it is going to be extraordinarily interesting and en joyable. I look forward to seeing you all there in July 2013. www.speleo2013.com


3 UIS Bulletin vol. 55 Nr 1 & 2 (201 2 ) 1) Opening speech of the UIS President / Appro val of Agenda Andy Eavis thanked all participants for coming to Quint ana Roo (Playa del Carmen and Cancun), Me xico. He asked for one minute of silence for Urs Wi dmer, eminent Swiss caver and past UIS Bureau member, who passed away recently which was o bserved by the meeting attendees. Andy Eavis i nformed the Bureau that Giov anni Bad i no, Jean Pierre Bartholeyns, Alexander Klimchouk, and Stein Erik Lauritzen have apologized for not being able to come to this Bureau m eeting. Andy Eavis thanked Monica Ponce and the organizers of the "Congresso Intern ational de Espeleologia S obre Cuevas y Cenotes M aya" for hosting the Bureau meeting. The Agenda of the meeting was then approved by the present Bureau members. 2) Approval of Minutes from Regular Sessions in 2011 (Jedovnice Brno, CZECH REPUBLIC) Efrain Mercado mo ved to accept the minutes of the previous meeting that was held in Hotel Terasa (Jedovnice, Czech Republic) on April 15 and 16, 2011. Paul Williams seconded this motion and it was passed by the Bureau. Together with the minutes, the list of dec isions/actions that had been previously published on the UIS Bureau F o rum and sent by emails to Bureau members. This list was reviewed and updated by the Bureau members. Remaining Actions from 2011: ACTION 2011 1: Provide space on UIS website for EXPEDITION ADVISORY SERVICE (link wi th E uropean Federation Project for international exp edition c/o Manuel Freire. ACTION 2011 2: Bureau accepts to add Article 25 to the Internal R egulations. The Regulations will need to be updated and published. ACTION 2011 3: Andy Eavis will send a Lette r of Support by UIS to AFS (Asia Federation of Spel eologists). 3) Previous meetings and events (attended by UIS officers) a. 50th Anniversary of Cave Rescue Organization, Budapest, Hungary, (29 30 April 2011) Christian Dodelin attended this ev ent and verbally reported the main outcomes to the UIS Bureau. b. 12th Cave Rescue Conference in Bulgaria (8 to 15 May 2011) Christian Dodelin attended this event and verbally reported the main outcomes to the UIS Bureau. c. 3rd International Conference on Karst Hydr ogeology and Ecosystems (Kentucky, 8 10 June 2011) George Veni and Alexander Klimchouk attended this event, and George verbally reported the main ou tcomes to the UIS Bureau noting that the Conference was very well attended. d. 19th Karst Scho ol (Slovenia) /Karst Unde rground Protection (20 25 June 2011) Nadja Zupan Hajna and Jean Pierre Bartholeyns attended this event. Nadja was one of its organizers and verbally reported that this s ession of the Karst School was dedicated to Cave Protection th emes and attracted some 200 participants. e. Climate Change: the Karst Record 6 (Birmin gham UK, 27 29 June 2011) Paul Williams, Kyung Sik Woo and Andy Eavis a ttended this event. The attendees verbally reported the main ou t come of this scientific meetin g to the Bureau members noting concerns about ove rsampling and conservation issues (some 250 partic ipants from many countries attended this meeting). f. 31st Brazilian Congress of Speleology (Unive rsity of Ponte Grossa; July 2011) Jean Pierre Bartholeyns Efrain Mercado, Arrigo Cigna, and Jose Ayrton Labegalini attended this event. A written message from Jean Pierre Barth oleyns and verbal report by Efrain Mercado presented the outcomes of this meeting that attracted 130 pa rticipants. g. 2011 U.S. NSS Co nvention (Glenwood Springs, Colorado, USA; July 2011) George Veni attended this event and verbally repor ted the main outcomes to the UIS Bureau, especially the good promotion for the 16 th Internati o nal Co ngress of Speleology. Minutes of UIS Bureau Annual Meeting May 28 29, 2012 Oasis Smart Sense Hotel Cancun (MEXICO)


UIS Bulletin v ol 55, Nr 1 & 2 (2012 ) 4 h. 1st Central American Kar st Congress, Coban, Guatemala (10 14 August 2011) Efrain Mercado attended this event (described to be very productive with some 70 participants) and ve rbally repor t ed the main outcomes to the UIS Bureau. i. Northern Karst Systems in Our Changing Env ironme nt (Pinega region of the Arkhangelsk area, Russia; 5 10 September, 2011) Andy Eavis, Julia James and Derek Ford attended this event and verbally reported the main outcomes to the UIS Bureau. j. 3 rd Middle East Speleology Symposium MESS 3 (Kaslik Lebanon ; 23 25 September 2011) Fadi Nader attended this event and verbally reported the main outcomes to the UIS Bureau. k. Hidden Earth (UK; 23 25 September, 2011) Andy Eavis attended this event and verbally reported the main outcomes to the UIS Bureau. l. VMR Belgium (30 September, 2011) Jean Pierre Bartholeyns attended this event and Fadi Nader verbally reported the main outcomes to the UIS B u reau. m. National Cave and Karst Management Symp osium, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA (3 7 October 2011) George Veni atte nded this event and verbally repor ted the main outcomes to the UIS Bureau. n. 1 st Asian Transkarst Conference, Indonesia (7 January, 2011) This meeting was attended by Kyung Sik Woo and witnessed the foundation of the Asian Federation of Speleology. o. Symposium of the Volcanic Caves Commission (Amman Jordan; 15 22 March, 2012) Julia James attended this event and verbally reported the main outcomes to the UIS Bureau. p. Iran Salt Domes and Caves, Expedition and Meeting (Qeshm to Shiraz; 14 23 April, 2012) Fadi Nader, Paul Williams, Jean Pierre Bartholeyns and Efrain Mercado attended this event and verbally reported the main outcomes to the UIS Bureau. q. Artificial Caves Commission (Torino Italy; May, 2012) This meeting is organized by Mario Pari se and other members of the newly reorganized Artificial Cavities Commi s sion, and it was very successful. 4) Organization updates concerning the 16th ICS Brno 2013 a. News from the Organizing Committee conference informed the UIS Bureau about the u pdates concerning the organization of the upcoming 16 th ICS in Brno (Czech Republic) in 2013. His verbal report included seven important steps that summ arize the work t hat has been done since the previous UIS Bureau meeting in Jedovnice (April, 2011) and projects future perspectives. A discussion took place concerning the newly fi nished 2 nd Circular. Some amendments were reques ted by Bureau members and taken into accoun t by the ICS Organizing Committee. For papers that are submitted in UIS official la nguages other than English a second abstract in En glish has been requested. Then for presentations in languages other than English, a recommendation was put forward to hav e the slides of the present ations in English. b. UIS Prizes (J. James) The Bureau accepted the recommendations of Julia James to apply some changes on the UIS Prizes. She will coordinate with the 16 th ICS Organizers to promote the UIS Prizes. Here below i s her report: Background The UIS prizes were introduced at the 12th ICS in La Chaux de Fonds, Switzerland, held in August 1997. The i n augural UIS prizes were advertised with the following guidelines from the 12 th ICS: 1. UIS prize for the most significan t discovery May 1993 May 1997 US$ 250.00 Nominations for this prize are to be sent to the chair of the UIS prizes committee prior to May 31 st 1997. Late submissions can be made at the 12th Intern ational Congress of Speleology, La Chaux de Fonds, Switz erland. The UIS Bureau reserves the right to nominate additional discoveries for this prize. 2. The UIS prize for the most significant publication on a cave or karst topic published in 1993 1997 (inclusive) US$ 250.00 Nominations for this prize shou ld be sent to, either the chair of the UIS prizes committee or to the secr etary ge n eral. From the nominations, a short list will be prepared. Copies of the short listed publications may be required for final judgment and display at the 12th International Congress of Speleology, Chaux de Fonds, Switzerland. 3. UIS poster prize US$ 250.00 This prize is for the best poster display at 12th Inte rnational Congress of Speleology, la Chaux de Fonds, Switze r land. The poster can be on any cave or karst topic. Entries in the cave photographic and surveying competitions are ineligible for this prize. The prizes together with a certificate were awarded during the conference dinner at the 12th International Congress of Speleology. Proposed Changes With time, it w as necessary to change some of the ways of judging the prizes. This resulted from nom i-


5 UIS Bulletin vol. 55 Nr 1 & 2 (201 2 ) nations not being received prior to Congresses as they were not advertised as part of the Congress information and only a d vertised in the UIS Bulletin. UIS book prize US$250.00 When nominations for the book prize are not received prior to a Congress, the only books judged had to be those available at the Congress. A committee of e xperts attending the Congress had to be assembled as judges. At the ICS meetings in 1997 & 2001, a nu mber of these experts spent considerable time both reading and assessing p o tential books. Such a load cannot be justified Special Books Awards A number of significant publications were being pr epared by professional publishers and the Bureau ac cepted that there was a need for the introduction of Special Book Awards that would recognize these contributions to speleol o gy. As they were produced by publishing houses the award consisted of a presentation plaque but no money. In 2005 at the 14 th ICS t he Encyclopedia of Caves and Karst Science and the Encyclopedia of Caves were reco g nized. The Special Book Awards were continued for the 15 th ICS and the UIS Bureau consulted as to suitable public ations. For the 15 th ICS I proposed that the UIS book prize s should be discontinued. However, it was too late and nomin a tions came in. Hence, again I make the same proposal to the UIS Bureau. The special books award should conti n ue but requires input from members of the UIS Bureau so that they are not limited to those in the English language. UIS poster prizes US$ 125.00 Two UIS prizes were awarded for posters displayed at 14th International Congress of Speleology, The posters were on any cave or karst topic. Entries in the photographic and surveying competitio ns are ineligible for these prizes. One of the UIS prizes was awarded by a panel of international experts chaired by, Dr Julia M. James a past president of UIS. At the 14 th was a success. It was the poster voted f or by the visitors to the poster display. Each poster should not exceed 2 m (width) x 1 m (height). Each poster should contain a concise title, as well as the name, institutional affiliation and a ddress of the author(s). It should include information abo ut the materials and methods used, the results obtained (even if preliminary), and the conclusions reached. The poster may contain photos, figures, tables and maps. Authors must be available to di scuss their work with the other participants. For the above arrangement, the posters have to be easily judged by the committee and the cavers. In 1997, 2001 and 2005 they were displayed in a room close to the lecture rooms for almost the entire Co ngress. For the 15 ICS according to the program 99 posters should ha ve been displayed but less than half were and those for a short time. The poster hall was in a building that was remote from the majority of conference activities and the designated area was small necessitating the short exposure time and rapid removal of posters. Dr. Hazel Barton, co chair of the Microbiology Special Symposium should be co ngrat u lated on solving this problem by having the posters displayed at the end of the Microbiology Symposium and arranging for food and drinks at the poster display area In 2009, I discussed the poster display with the 16 th ICS organizers and they were of the opinion that the space available in Brno was sufficiently large and close to the main Congress activities. However, as more posters require to be displayed as the fashions change and more papers are presented as posters, the poster display may need to be changed at least once during the Congress. The two poster prizes should continue and judging take place as above. Discovery Prize US$ 250.00 The significant dis covery prize is probably the easiest prize to judge and I have had no difficulties in a ssembling a committee of international speleologists familiar with exploration throughout the World. The committee has been able in all years to come to a consensus as t o which discovery should be awarded the prize. The discovery prize should continue and judged in the above manner, Presentation of awards and prizes Where the cost of the Congress dinner has been included in the Congress registration as in Switze rland a nd USA it provides the ideal venue for the awards and prizes to be presented by the ou tgoing president In Greece, the awards were pr esented by the incoming president at the closing se ssion of the Congress. The closing session was not suitable. Pho to taken during the UIS Meeting


UIS Bulletin v ol 55, Nr 1 & 2 (2012 ) 6 5) UIS/UNESCO (Report of Andy Eavis) ICSU had a v ery interesting meeting and UIS should be involved. It is a very serious mee t ing (for instance, the conference was opened by the President of Italy) and so UIS needs repre sentation by cave scientists of high international standing. Next meeting in Au stralia/Asia (P. Williams could attend it on the behalf of UIS). Some recommendations: Inform commissions and link/lobby with ICSU members UIS President and Secretary General visit IC S U officers in Paris Projects of very high level (for example p aleoclimate of continents etc. ) Action 1: Fadi Nader will send an email to ICSU to ask about paying dues for the year 2012 then make a payment order for Nadja Zupan Hajna 6) UI S Code of Ethics (P. Williams) Paul Williams informed the Bureau about the status of the new version of the Code of Ethics to be pr oposed to the General Assembly at the upcoming ICS in Brno (Czech Republic). It was decided that Paul Williams and Julia Ja mes would review the text one more time in the evening of the first day of this meeting (Monday 28 th of May) and report to the Bureau their final suggested amen dments, the next day. This was done and the meeting approved the draft Code of Ethics. The Bure au members will have until the end of June 2012 to make their last changes on the text before sending it to the National Delegates for consultations and review before December 15, 2012. ACTION 2: Bureau members will have until the end of June 2012 to rev iew the working document of the Code of Ethics; then Fadi Nader will send it to delegates and give them until 15 December to reply with recommendations for amendments. By the 15th of March 2013, the revised document should be published as a proposal on the UIS website and circulated to National Delegates for their consideration and co m ment. 7) Commissions Report (G. Veni) Summary of activity 2011 2012 Active Partially active and/or poorly communicating Not active and/or not commun i cating Arts a nd Letters Biology Archaeology and Paleontology Artificial Cav ities Atlas of Karst Regions Bibliography Department of Education Longest and Deepest Caves Cave Diving History of Speleo logy Speleotherapy Cave Mineral ogy Microbiology an d Geomicrobiology Cave Rescue Paleokarst and Speleochronology Department of Protection and Ma n agement Physical Chemistry and Hydrogeol o gy Glacier, Firn, and Ice Caves Informatics ISCA Karst Hydrog eology and Sp eleoge n esis Pseudokarst Te chniques and Materials D evelo p ment Volcanic Caves a. Archaeology and Paleontology No reports or communications. b. Arts and Letters They coordinated the contest for the UIS Anthem and presented three entries for the Bureau to review and select from at this meeting year. c. Artificial Cavities The committee organized the highly successful Inte rnational Workshop on Speleology in Artificial Cavities for May 2012 in Torino, Italy. d. Atlas of Karst Regions No reports or communications. e. Bibliograph y Speleological Abstracts 46 was recently produced and the commission plans to publish #47 and 48 by September 2012, #49 and 50 by January 2013, and #51 (which will cover papers published through 2012) by April 2013. f. Biology No reports or communication s. g. Cave Diving This commission published a report in a recent UIS Bulletin. h. Cave Mineralogy The commission published a special issue on cave


7 UIS Bulletin vol. 55 Nr 1 & 2 (201 2 ) minerals for the International Journal of Speleology. i. Cave Rescue Christian Dodelin has organized succe ssful cave rescue workshops in Bulgaria, Croatia, and Iran in 2011. No reports or communications since Farsi was added in late 2009. k. Department of Education The commission submitted a report in 2011 for the UIS Bulletin. l. Dep artment of Protection and Management The Department continues to provide regular news and information, proposes to change its name to ISCA from the Department to a different section of the UIS. m. Glacie r, Firn, and Ice Caves The 5 th International Workshop on Ice in Caves is planned for September 2012 in northern Italy. A pproximately 40 abstracts have been submitted. George Veni is working with Andreas Pflitsch of Germany and several cavers in the USA to propose hosting the 6 th workshop in Idaho Falls, Idaho, USA, in 2014. n. History of Speleology Commission President Karl Mais has died. Hubert Trimmell is serving as the contact for the commission and is looking to find someone willing to serve as the new president of the commission. o. Hydrothermal Karst This working group was dissolved and included within a Hypogenic Karst Working Group under the Karst Hydrog e ology and Speleogenesis Commission. p. Informatics No reports or communications. q. ISCA No reports or communications. r. Karst Hydrogeology and Speleogenesis The commission is co sponsoring the International Conference on Karst Hydrogeology and Ecosystems in Ke n tucky in June 2011 and held its meeting there, where the decision was made to dissol ve the Hydr othermal Karst Working Group. s. Longest and Deepest Caves No activity. The President (Aitana Tamayo) does not respond to e mails and the Vice President (Pat Kambesis) does not feel comfortable directing the nowledge or approval. t. Microbiology and Geomicrobiology No activity has been reported since the commission created microbiological decontamination protocols for the UIS in 2010. u. Paleokarst and Speleochronology No reports or communication. v. Physic al Chemistry and Hydrogeology No reports or communications. w. Pseudokarst The commission is organizing a conference in Se ptember 2012 in Galicia, Spain. x. Speleotherapy No reports or communications. y. Techniques and Materials Development George Veni asked Aaron Bird of the USA to reo rga n ize the commission. Aaron is willing and asked Bernard Tourte of France to work with him, based on a recommendation by Christian Dodelin. Bernard was involved in other projects and was not able to partic ipate, so Aaron is now corresponding closely with Christian Berghold Markom of Austria and Christ opher Binding from the UK, as well as other cavers in Austria, the UK, and Belgium. z. Volcanic Caves The commission held a successful conference in 2010 in Australia and ha d another good conference in March 2012 in Amman, Jordan. ACTION 3: The UIS Bureau would like to motivate the Commissions and s upport financially their efforts. A procedure for requesting financial su pport will be described through a letter to the Pre sid ents of Commi s sions written by George Veni and Paul Williams the prepared text for the new version of Code of Ethics will be attached to this Letter. 8) UIS Website and Forum (C. Dodelin, F. Nader) a. Proposal by Peter Matthews to find sponsors for t he public part of the forum and to start use of public part of the forum. The Bureau decided to keep the Public part of the Forum for one year (testing period). The same was decided for the UIS Bureau internal Forum which has not been used lately by Bure au members. Final dec ision to be made at the meetings during the upcoming ICS in 2013. ACTION 4: Peter Matthews and Jasmina Rijavec will be asked by Fadi Nader to announce that the Public Part of the UIS Forum will be kept fun ctional for one more year, b efore a decision is made about keep it or not (after the 16 th ICS in Brno in July 2013).


UIS Bulletin v ol 55, Nr 1 & 2 (2012 ) 8 b. New website by Jasmina Rijavec (supervised by Peter Matthews). This new website was presented by Fadi Nader to Bureau members, who appreciated it a lot, and the following recommendations were outlined: Send a letter of thanks to the Informatics Commission Post an announcement for cavers to check the new website c. FaceBook Page for UIS? Bureau agrees to publish the Page for a test period of a year and will re view the decision at the next Bureau mee t ing. ACTION 5: Andy Eavis will send a Letter of Acknowledgement, on the behalf of the UIS B ureau, to the members of the Informatics Commi ssion attesting to their excellent work for the UIS. 9) Delegates and Natio nal Bodies Reports Christian Dodelin, VP Operation s reported on the news from delegates and national bodies. Fadi Nader informed the Bureau that considerable efforts were made to update the details and co ntact information for the new delegates on the U IS website. The following recommendations were made: Communicate with the d elegates about the proposed changed to the Internal Regulations; provide the digital copies of the Statutes and proposed revised Internal Regulations and printed c op ies when the y regist er for the ope ning of the General Assembly at the upcoming ICS in Brno in 2013. Send copies of Code of Ethics (see above) 10) Regulatory Questions and Issues (F. Nader) a. Proposal by Jean Pierre Bartholeyms to change the name of the Protection Department to "Karst and Cave Protection Department" The Bureau finds no problem with changing the name of the Department, but it needs to be formally pr oposed and voted on by the General Assembly at the upcoming ICS in 2013. b. Proposed item by Giovanni Badino (n ation/country in Internal Regulations) This suggestion led to a comprehensive review of several a rticles in the Internal Regulations of the UIS. Some new amendments will be proposed for the upcoming General Assembly at the Brno ICS (2013). In pa rticular, a subcommittee was formed (G. Veni, F. Nader, and E. Mercado) and brought some reco mmend a tions related to: Who can use the UIS Logo Who should financially contribute to UIS for the use of the Logo. George will consolidate ideas and review the who le Internal Regulations document and send it to Andy Eavis before sharing it with Bureau Members for comments before end of June 2012. c. Should UIS apply for NGO status within UN After reviewing the necessary requirements related to UN's NGO, ( http://www.un.org/wcm/content/site/dpingorelations/h ome/join/Criteria ), the Bureau decided at this moment not to apply for NGO status within the UN. d. Should UIS collect dues f rom countr ies with few cavers (e.g. Denmark) The Bureau agrees that all countries should pay dues, although in special circumstances fees can be waived by the Bureau. e. Creation of an organizational chart for UIS (P. Williams) The Bureau found that such organizational chart e xists in the UIS Book being prepared by Jose Ayrton Labegalini. ACTION 6: Kyung Sik Woo will send a letter to several Chinese Associations to ask them to b ecome affil i ated UIS members and to a sk them to nominate a Chinese Delegate and re join the UIS. ACTION 7: George Veni will re edit the Internal Regulations of the UIS and send them to Andy Eavis, then to all Bureau members before end of June for comments. ACTION 8: George Veni will inform the UIS Co mmissions that they may apply for up to a co mbined total of 2,000 Euros per year in funding from the UIS. 11) Finance Update Nadja Zupan Hajna reported the Financial Update of the UIS as follows: 1. Incomes in 2011 Income from received fees and debts Financia l incomes from business claims (don ation) 409,50 USD Financial income from interests in EUR Financial income from interests in USD 73,78 USD TOTAL 5327,88 USD


9 UIS Bulletin vol. 55 Nr 1 & 2 (201 2 ) 2. Expense s in 2011 Costs of accounting se rvices Costs of payment transa ctions Donations to other legal entities 10000 USD Material costs SUM USD INCOME SURPLUS : 8635,67 USD The UIS in 2011 shows a surplus of i ncomes and minus of 863 5,67 USD incomes and transfers them to unallocated surplus of total incomes of 10764,40 and 25533,35 USD. On the day of 31/12/2011 UIS had the following assets: Cash in EUR: 0 Cash in U.S. dollars: 0 Short term foreign currency deposit in U.S. dol lars: 25000,00 USD TOTAL: 10764,40 On the day of 31/12/2010 UIS had no liabilities Postojna, May 15, 2012 ----------------------------The Bureau decided to update the list of Member Countries and to propose a new List to the upcoming General Assembly at Brno (2013). Three categories for the Member Countries defined for the upcoming ICS (Brno, 2013): i) to lose membership of the UIS, [long hi story of lack of payment of fees], ii) prospective loss of membership [frequent lack of payment of fe es], iii) requested settlement of unpaid fees [temporary lapse in payment of fees] A request was received from Lithuania to waive its previous debt. This was justified by the establishment of a new national organization. The UIS Bureau agreed to waive the debt and encourage the new organization. 12) Current Projects a. UIS Book (J. A. Labegalini) J. A. Labegalini sent no new report. His previously proposed timeline is still viable and the book may be ready for publishing and distribution at the upcoming 16 t h ICS in Brno (2013), although some additional effort by the Bureau members is required. The estimated schedule as of 2012: 2012: Editing, Review and Design 2013: Printing (before the upcoming 16 th ICS, Brno Czech Republic) ACTION 9: Nadia Zupan Hajna and Andy Eavis will follow up on the UIS Book Project and will work out publishing and printing the book in Sl ovenia before the 16 th ICS. b. Selection of UIS Anthem (G. Veni) Following a competition for selecting the best Anthem to play during the raising of the UIS Flag before the first se s sion of the General Assembly at the ICS, THREE anthems remained (A1, A2, A3). The Bureau listened to all three of them and voted as follows: A1: voted by Jean Pierre BArtholeyns (by letter) A2: voted by Christ ian Dodelin A3: voted by Andy Eavis, Fadi Nader, Paul Williams, Efrain Mercado, Kyung Sik Woo) Nadia Zupan Hajna and George Veni abstained from voting. In conclusion, Anthem #3 was selected by the UIS Bureau and it will be played during the raising of the UIS Flag in Brno in 2013 at which time the compo s. 13) New Member countries (existing and/or pr ospective): Iran (F. Nader) As the UIS Secretary General has received two off icial requests (one from the Federation of Mountai ne ering, and the other from Speleology Association in Iran), it has been agreed that Fadi Nader will draft a letter to both parties describing to them the criteria for UIS Member countries and National Delegates and informing them that the UIS Bureau will su pport Iran becoming a new Member Country at the upcoming General Assembly (GA) at the ICS in Brno (2013) the GA will vote on this proposal. The letter will also inform the Iranian cavers that they must appoint their delegate according to the UIS Statutes The letter will be reviewed and signed by Andy Eavis; and sent to both parties in Iran. ACTION 10: Fadi Nader will prepare a letter to the Iranian cavers that will be signed by Andy Eavis, and sent to both parties requesting Iran to b ecome a UIS member country. 14) Proposed projects/ideas: a. New UIS Expedition (F. Nader) Searching for a new destination for a UIS Expedition ; possibly the Philippines or Guatemala. b. Australia Bid for ICS 2017 (J. James) The UIS Bureau Members noted that they were e xtremely pleased to receive the official letter by the President of ASF, Mr. Stanley Flavel (dated June 3, 2012) and the verbal notification (by Julia James) of the intention to bid for the 2017 ICS.


UIS Bulletin v ol 55, Nr 1 & 2 (2012 ) 10 15) Future meetings and events (names in bold are Bureau members who plan to attend) : a. Karst School Postojna (18 June 2012): Nadja Zupan Hajna b. NSS Convention West Virginia (25 29 June 2012): George Veni c. Speleo Austria Bad Mitterndorf (12 15 August 2012): d. IAS Karst Session Austria Schladming (10 13 Septembe r 2012): e. 12th Pseudokarst Conference, Galicia, Spain (10 15 September 2012): f. International Congress on Scientific R esearch in Show Caves Slovenia (10 13 September 2012): Nadja Zupan Hajna g. 5th International Workshop on Ice in Caves, Italy (16 23 September 2012): Stein Erik Lauritzen h. Protected Karst Territories Bulgaria (16 20 September 2012) i. International Association of Hydrogeology Congress Niagara Falls / Canada (16 21 September 2012): j. 18th International Cave Bear Symposium Romania (20 23 Septembe r 2012) k. Hidden Earth (22 23 September 2012): Andy Eavis l. 13th Swiss National Congress of Speleology Muotathal (29 September to October 1) FSE Meeting: Andy Eavis, Christian Dode lin m. Ghost Rock Karst Symposium Han Sur Lesse /Belgium (7 to 11 October, 20 12) n. ISCA Greece and Turkey (4 to 10 N ovember 2012) o. Australian Speleological Federation Confe rence Galong, New South Wales (5 to 11 January 2013): Julia James p. Carbon and B oundaries in Karst Carlsbad NM /USA (7 to 11 January 2013): George Veni q. 11th Nat ional Congress of Mexico Merida (1 4 February 2013): Efrain Mercado r. Mine Water Solutions in Extreme Enviro nments Lima /Peru (April/May 2013) s. 13th Sinkhole Conference Carlsbad NM /USA (6 to 10 May 2013): George Veni t. ACKMA New Zealand (12 to 18 May 201 3): Paul Williams, Julia James, Kyung Sik Woo, Nadja Zupan Hajna u. 50th Anniversary of the French Federation of Speleologies FFS Millau (18 to 20 May 2013): Christian Dodelin v. 16th ICS Brno (21 28 July 2013): ALL 16) UIS Bureau 2013 Meeting: a. Locati on Brno, Czech Republic (Venue of the 16 th ICS; 21 28 July, 2013) a. Date Fadi Nader and Nadja Zupan Hajna will arrive on the 18 th of July and will spend the day of the 19 th prepa ring the Bureau meeting and material for the General Assembly (on the 21 st of July). Bureau members will convene on the 20 th for the 2013 Bureau Meeting. They are expected to arrive in Brno on the 19 th of July. 17) Conservation Issues a. Speleothems Sales The UIS Bureau (with the help of Paul Williams and Kyung Sik Woo) is rea dy to send a letter to the a uthorities in China and Philippines to ask their support in stopping the current sales of speleothems. The Bureau asked Fadi Nader to see for the possibil ities to send such letter through our ICSU and UNESCO Ne t works in Paris. b. Hydrofracturing Tight Reservoirs Based on an inquiry proposed by Andy Eavis, the Bureau members discussed about the techniques of hydrofra c turing reservoirs and their impact on karst features and water. The Bureau members were asked to follow up and monitor this an d related issues in their areas. 18) ISCA The UIS Bureau found that the fact that ISCA occ upies the place of a Commission in the Department of Protection is problematic, as ISCA remains an ind ependent organization. So, a proposal that ISCA could become Associated Organization to UIS, rather than function as a Commission, was discussed and will be further investigated. ACTION 11: Andy Eavis will talk about the ISCA UIS situation with David Summer s and will subsequently report to UIS Bureau Fadi NADER UIS, Secretary General


11 UIS Bulletin vol. 55 Nr 1 & 2 (201 2 ) NEW UIS WEBSITE: www.uis speleo.org ALSO ON FACEBOOK


UIS Bulletin v ol 55, Nr 1 & 2 (2012 ) 12 Introduction The purpose of this document is to serve as a first step in the dev elopment of a new international code of ethics for caving and cave conservation. UIS ca nnot enforce rules on its members, nor can it be r esponsible for illegal expeditions. This code is inten ded as a forceful recommendation that describes an ideal scenario for individual member countries to implement with if absolutely necessary appropriate adjustments that take account of partic ular ci r cumstances in their countries. The aim of the code is to ensure respectful practices when visiting caves and in relating to other people who deal with them. It is the consensus of the Bureau of the UIS (2008) that Caves and karst features, as well as many other underground cavities, are extremely valuable, vulnerable and i rreplaceable. These sites are reposit ories for ae sthetics and a vast range of scientific information that is not avail able elsewhere. pristine and timeless atmosphere is immediately o bvious to any visitor. Caves are a limited resource with close to zero ca rrying capacity. Recent developments in cave microbiol o gy and trace element geochemistry have established and emphasized the uniqueness and vulnerability of the cave environment. The inte rnational community of cavers, scientists and the ge neral public all have a duty to pass on this unspoilt cave legacy to future generations. We want future generations to be able to experience the same u ntouched and aesthetic atmosphere as we do in our caves today. The owners of our caves are those who are not yet born, as well as the present generation. The caving community is international and consists of individuals with a wide range of backgrounds. Whether a layman, caver, or scientist, all share a keen interest in their caves and have often invested immense personal r e sources into their exploration and cave stewardship. Such efforts deserve great respect when dealing with speleo l ogists from different regions and nations. Therefore, the UIS Code of Ethics covers a) general caving in your own country; b) caving expeditions to foreign countries; c) future development of show caves; d) adventure and geo and eco tourism; e) scientific sampling. The code is organized in paragraphs of short expla natory text with examples. A: General caving in your own country Every country sh ould develop its own code of ethics, but something along the following lines is reco mmended: § 1. When dealing with caves, keep the main f ocus strictly on the cave and its contents This is the most basic and simplest rule for maintai ning the state of a cave. If, on the contrary, the focus is on something other than the cave, such as financial gain, personal objectives, rescue, etc., then the cave will suffer. Visiting a cave is like borrowing a book at the library; it must be returned in the same state a s you received it comments, or leave stains on it. § should be the underlying principle. One should try to avoid leaving footprints, even on sediment floors, and must avoid smearing and spreading sed i ments over rocks and speleothems. As the caving community grows faster than the number acknowledge that microbial cross contamination wi t hin and of caves may become the most serious (and invisible) threat to the cave environment in the future. The only permanent marks that may be acceptable are modest survey stations and other reference points for mapping and scientific investigations. Li kewise, during a cave rescue, the focus is natura lly and should be on the victim and the transport logistics. This is the only situation where excessive trampling and wear may have to be accepted. Ho wever, similar damage is sometimes unavoidable du ring res cue practice (training). Therefore, rescue pra ctice should be restricted to only a few already da maged caves and never performed in newly discovered or otherwise pristine caves. Every caving trip makes an impact and contributes to the eventual cumulative destruction of the cave. Id eally, all caving trips should aim to have some kind of return apart from personal excitement to make up for the damage inflicted, in the form of documentation (such as survey, photographs, scientific observ ations). Knowledge is the most important legacy we can provide for others. Likewise, every caver must carry out their trash, etc. UIS Code of Ethics Proposed revision by the UIS Bureau to the 2013 General Assembly 29 May 2012


13 UIS Bulletin vol. 55 Nr 1 & 2 (201 2 ) B: Caving expeditions to foreign countries Here we distinguish between visiting known caves (adventure caving) and exploring areas for new cave s (exped i tion caving). The remarks that follow refer particularly to expeditions. The principle is to realize that one is a guest in a foreign country and to behave appropriately, paying respect to the hosts and local people. This responsibility is mutual, both guests and hosts are expected to respectfully acknowledge (and cite in publications) previous work. § 1. UIS supports the international activities of speleological societies, caving groups and karst scientists. International cave exploration is im portant for: discovering new caves and extending the exploration of previously known caves; investigating their contents, for example, minerals, biota and archaeological and a nthropological remains; distributing information on karst and caves throughout th e world; enabling the exchange of safe caving pra ctices; assisting in the protection and preservation of caves and karst. However, visiting cavers must be aware that explor ation for new caves by foreigners may not be welcome when local cavers are already exploring the same area or may want to preserve them for future gener ations. § 2. Diplomacy and common sense must be pra ctised To avoid misunderstandings by local people, go vernment, and local and national caving organisations in the cou n try where the proposed cave exploration or scientific investigation is to take place, the UIS has prepared the follo w ing recommendations: § 2.1 Search for local collaboration before lea ving your country. In many cases it will be necessary to obtain prior official pe rmission in the country to be visited. In add ition, as a matter of courtesy it is necessary to inform one or more of the following: the national speleolo gical organisation ; the UIS national delegate ; local caving club(s) ; and relevant individuals from whom cooperation is sought. If adequate contact has not been made, then only a small reconnaissance visit is justified. Results of the expedition should be given to the host acknowledge any results of t he expedition used in their future publications. If possible, organisers should arrange joint exped itions with cavers from the country to be visited. The national speleological organisation will be familiar with the official requirements for visiting e xpeditions. They will be well versed in the requirements for the lodging of expedition reports and published material, and in the regulations pe r taining to the removal to other countries of any samples collected by the e xpedition from the caves. § 2.2 D uring the expedition follow local laws and customs. The expedition members must respect the laws of the country and local traditions, and understand that some caves may be sacred sites and have a religious and/or cultural significance; exploration and res earch studies in these caves may be restricted. The expedition members should not damage either the karst or its caves. They should, where possible, educate and advise local communities in the prote ction and preservation of their karst, caves, and cave b iota. § 2.3 After the expedition. Samples from the caves and karst should only be collected during the expedition, if prior permission has been o b tained, and should only be exported if that is expressly permitted. As a courtesy, copies of all printed m aterial produced by the expedition, together with the location and maps of the caves, should be sent to the participating caving clubs and the national speleological organis ation and/or the UIS national delegate. Assistance received from organisations wit hin the country visited should be acknowledged in all exped ition public a tions. § 2.4 Respect for the work of other groups and individuals Before undertaking an expedition to a foreign cou ntry, the visitor group should research previous work and/or cu r re nt exploration by local or foreign cavers, in order not to interfere with current projects. Credit for previous exploration should be given in expedition reports. If several groups happen to be working in the same area, then the opportunity should be tak en to learn from each other and to coordinate further work. § 2.5 Addenda to the UIS Code of Ethics (accepted in Brasilia, Brazil, 2001) § 2.5a The UIS urges all their Bureau members and national delegates, who know of any expedition being


UIS Bulletin v ol 55, Nr 1 & 2 (2012 ) 14 orga n ised to a foreign country, to immediately contact and inform the national delegate of the target country. § 2.5b If a member of the UIS Bureau discovers a violation to its Code of Ethics regarding a foreign expedition, the Bureau member will contact the n ational d and suggest that the exped i tion findings and reports should not be accepted in their official publications, and also state that the reports will not be accepted in any UIS sponsored publication or event. § 2.5 c For expeditions organised by countries of high speleological development to countries of lower sp eleological development, the expedition group should do its best to facilitate the transfer of knowledge and to promote local speleological activity. C: Fu ture development of show caves (See also the Memorandum of Understanding b etween the International Show Caves Association and UIS) Development of a show cave implies a total change of the local cave environment, as it will be literally transformed into a transport belt for many tourists and leave unavoidable on going impact. Despite that, show cave develo p ment may be an effective way of and can result in effective conservation of undeve loped sections of the cave off the tourist route. Show caves also relieve stress on other vulne r able caves in the vicinity. In addition, show caves have an i mportant role in conveying ideas concerning the cave environment and natural sciences, and may assist in the recruitment of new speleologists. Scientific sa mpling should be performed in show caves if possible, as it deflects impact from equivalent wild caves and the resulting information can be conveyed effectively to the general public. § 1. Sustainable show cave develop ment. The prescriptions and guidelines of the International Show Caves Association, as endorsed by the UIS, should be used to guide development of show caves. The principle should be to utilise removable install ations, such as su s pended plastic or stainle ss steel walkways, in preference to more permanent materials such as concrete. High efficiency lighting should be employed, and every effort must be made to conceal cables without damaging the cave. It is essential that the development and subsequent use have absolut ely minimum impact on the natural environment of the cave. The principles of sustainable development should be followed. § 2. Show cave interpretation should focus on education rather than entertainment. Show caves have great potential for c onveying knowledge and stimulating interest in the natural sciences and in the relationship between caves and human activity. Development of show caves should involve collaboration with speleologists in order to ensure minimum impact and maximum utilizatio n of § 3. Cavers and cave scientists should help to maintain the quality of show caves. The results of research and exploration in the cave and its vicinity should be popularized and made available to show cave managemen t, perhaps on a consulting basis. D: Adventure, geo and eco tourism § 1. Adventure travel and ecotourism must be traceless and sustainable. Damage caused by adventure tourism and comme rcial recreation reduces the legacy bequeathed to future gener a ti ons. To minimise impact, party size must be restricted, especially in low energy and small caves less so in river caves and groups must be controlled by guides who are aware of cave conse rvation values. Conservation of the cave environment must take prece dence over all economic consider ations. § 2. Competitions should not be held in caves. Although caving is a sport and has elements of pe rformance, and training is necessary for safety, co mpetitions of any sort are inappropriate in caves, b ecause heavy ph ysical use damages their natural va lues. Damaging caves in the name of sport is totally unjustified. E: Scientific sampling The UIS is aware that excessive scientific sampling is occurring within caves and that it is accelerating globally. Likewise, t rading in specimens from caves, such as speleothems and fossils, is also occurring. § 1. Sampling should only be undertaken by well qualified experts (or their trained assistants) for their own research. Sampling of rare specimens should be minimized and preferably done in quarries and show caves. § 2. Samples and specimens should be neither purchased nor sold. Trading and private ownership of material from caves should be disapproved of. Such material should be kept in the cave or in a museum. Fossils or spec imens in private custody cannot be scientifically stu died and published, as this requires that the specimen is available as reference material.


15 UIS Bulletin vol. 55 Nr 1 & 2 (201 2 ) § 3. Local practice should be followed for permi ssion. Individual countries may have different rules fo r sc ientific sampling and, as with caving, local laws must be respec t ed. § 4. Results of research should be passed to i nternational data repositories In order to minimize duplicate and unnecessary sa mpling, research results should be freely available. A nalysed samples and specimens must be deposited in a museum or other place where it is curated and made available for other researchers. § 5 Specific comments Living organisms Cave environments are extreme and subterranean organisms may be corresponding ly fragile, vulner able, and often only present in very low numbers. Thus sampling must be well considered and should gene rally only be undertaken by well qualified experts for their own research. Speleothems an an ancient, still growing in situ speleothem? The irr eplaceability of growing and fossil speleothems must be appreciated. The removal of a growing spele ovalue for future appreciation. Speleothems sh ould not be bought (we must not create a market), and without scientific value is much reduced. Sediments Sediments in a cave form the habitat of many orga nisms and contain records of past environmental hist ory. Like any other cave deposit, they should be trea ted with respect and not be trampled or sampled i ndiscriminately. Archaeological, fossil, and sub fossil deposits These deposits are irreplaceable and of great value to science, and so should only b e excavated by qual ified pr o fessionals after having first obtained official permission. Excavations should remove only a fra ction of the deposit of interest to ensure that a major portion is left untouched for future work.


UIS Bulletin v ol 55, Nr 1 & 2 (2012 ) 16 Article 1: Preamb le According to the Union Internationale de Splol oRepublic of Slovenia No. 60/5) created during the 4 th International Congress of Speleology in Ljubljana, Yugoslavia, on Se p tember 16, 1965, and ame nded during the session of the General Assembly held on July 23, 2001 in Brasilia DF, Brazil during the 13 th General Assembly decided to set the U n address in Slovenia and adopted the following: a) The name of the Society is: Union Internationale de Splologie (UIS). b) The UIS is a legal subject of Slovene law. The UIS headquarters is Postojna, Titov trg 2, Slov enia. c) The UIS has a logo. It graphically represents the above the le tarectangular in shape, 4.7 x 1.3 cm in size, and ta d) The UIS can be associated with caving and other organizations in Slovenia and abroad. e) The UIS works on a volunteer basis and is open to public. The UIS publicizes its activities directly by publishing printed reports and/or through pu blic med ia. f) The UIS can have real or other property, which must be listed as property of the UIS in the UIS inventory. Property of the UIS can be bought or sold only through the decision of the UIS Bureau. g) The UIS can be dissolved by a majority vote of its General Assembly where more than 2/3 of del egates of member countries are present. In the case of UIS dissolution, the General Assembly of the UIS will decide to whom the assets, property, and authority of the UIS will belong. Article 2: Objectives of Internal Regulations The purpose of these Internal Regulations is to co mplement the UIS Statutes by establishing the detailed proc e dures, standards, and obligations of the UIS Bureau and those the Bureau assigns to perform duties for the UIS. Their intent is to pro mote fello wship among speleologists and cavers around the world, develop all aspects of sp e leology (scientific, technical, cultural, sporting, social, and economic), and to promote the protection and manag e ment of speleological and karst herita ge in ways conducive to sustainable development in all locations where caves or speleological activities occur. Article 3: Official documents of the UIS The official documents of the UIS include: Statutes of the UIS Internal Regulations of the UIS UIS Code of Ethics for cave exploration and science in foreign countries Instructions and General Recommendations for Organizers of International Congresses of Speleology Agreements signed with other organizations Article 4: Extraordinary Gene ral Assembly The guide for the accomplishment of Extraordinary General Assemblies with votes by electronic corr espondence is a proposed alternative secured by the current statutes of the UIS. Item (g) of Article 3 of the UIS Statutes foresees voting by cor respondence, through letter or telegram, since the original version of the Statutes was written in a time before electronic communication. Considering the current widespread use of electronic means of correspondence, the UIS recommends institution of the p resent norm to reg ulate voting through electronic means as another a ltern a tive voting method. The use of votes by E mail correspondence E mail voting can be used to facilitate legitimate dec ision making by an Extraordinary General Assembly on matters impo rtant to the UIS, or on matters which the UIS Bureau either does not have the power to address or would rather consult the General Asse mbly on before taking a decision. Convocation and Vote An Extraordinary General Assembly can be called by the Bureau or by request to the Bureau of at least 10 % of the Member Countries of the UIS, as foreseen in the item (d) of Article 4 of the UIS Statutes. The agenda of the Extraordinary General Assembly is established by Bureau. The President is the person responsible for writing a Circular Letter to all of the Delegates justifying the need to convoke the Extraordinary General Assembly of the UIS. The Secretary General Secretary sends the Pres ident's Circular Letter, together with the agenda for the analysis and vote to all the Regular and Subst itute Delegates of any Member Country of the UIS in good standing with the treasury of the UIS as a first convocation of the Assembly. This should be acco mpanied with a request to confirm receipt. Internal Regulations of the UIS Adopted by the General Assembly to the 5th International Congress of Spel eology (Stuttgart, Germany, 1969); modified at the 15 th International Congress of Speleology (Kerrville, USA, 2009); with additional modifications proposed by the UIS Bureau tracked for review by the General Assembly of the 16 th International Congress of S peleology (Brno, Czech Republic)


17 UIS Bulletin vol. 55 Nr 1 & 2 (201 2 ) The period for voting of th e Delegates is 15 (fifteen) days from the first summons and 7 (seven) days from the se c ond one. The deadline for voting will be stated for clarity in the Secretary General Secretary mail, including the date and the time by Greenwich Mean Time. If in th e period of 15 (fifteen) days the majority of the Delegates with the right to vote, do not present their votes, the Secretary General Secretary sends the same President's Circular Letter again, together with the agenda to be voted, as a second summons of t he Assembly. Each Delegate's vote should be sent to the UIS Se cretary General Secretary within the established per iod. Del e gates who do not vote or vote outside the established period will be registered as abstentions. A Delegate that has voted in the fir st summons is released from voting in the second summons, unless l tered. If a Delegate votes in response to both summonses, the second vote. Scrutiny of the voting The scru tiny of the voting is responsibility of the UIS Secretary General Secretary To be considered valid, the votes of the Delegates must be clearly stated (YES, NO or ABSTENTION) with no comments or conditions. Each UIS Member Country has a right to only one vote on each issue brought forward for a vote. If both the Reg u lar and Substitute Delegate for a Member Country vote on the same issue, the Substitute Del egate's vote will only be counted if the Regular Del eThe results will be determined by a simple majority of received valid votes. General dispositions The Secretary General Secretary has the obligation to file all of the documents of the summons process, voting, and scrutiny of the voting, for considerati on during the next Ordinary General Assembly of the Union. The Secretary General Secretary has the obligation to implement the results of the Extraordinary General Assembly and to inform the international speleolog ical community. Within 15 (fifteen) days after the deadline for the vote, the results of the vote should be sent to the UIS Bureau and all UIS Delegates. The results should be published in the next edition of the UIS Bulletin and presented in the next updating of the UIS Website. Within 30 (thirt y) days after the dea dline for the vote, the results should be formally sent to all the national federations and associations of all the UIS Member Countries, as well as for their respective publications in the form of a publishable article. All resolutio ns approved by an Extraordinary General Assembly with voting by electronic correspondence should be confirmed by the next Ordinary General Assembly of the UIS. In the case of a tie vote, the power of decision rests with the President of the UIS, at least until the next Ordinary General Assembly of the Union. Article 5: Bureau Responsibilities and Powers The UIS Bureau is responsible for: Analyzing, and approving or disapproving, new organizations as Associated and Affiliated Orga nizations. These analyses must be made at B ureau meetings. Defining the policies for publicizing the UIS. Defining the policies governing UIS Internet facil ities. Proposing new UIS Honorary Bureau Members, but it is necessary for those people to be a pproved by the General Assembl y. official letters to a national federation and/or s ociety of a Me m ber Country. Requesting three detailed reports each year from the Organizing Committee of each International Congress of Speleology for the archives of the UIS and for evaluating the Organizing Commi treports if it believes more information is nece ssary. Collaborating constructively with the Organizing Committee of every International Congress of Spel eology to establish the Congress program. The Bureau will supply a copy of the Instructions and General Recommend a tions for Organizers of International Congresses of Speleology to each Organizing Committee. If the elected country is unable or potentially unable to successfully host the Congress, the Bureau has the right and duty to convene an Extraordinary General Assembly to review the situation and possibly change the country respons i ble for the Congress. Conduct of UIS Bureau meetings: Quorum: A Bure au meeting requires the partic ipation of at least five members, otherwise B ureau members present may discuss UIS bus iness but cannot make any decisions. All Bureau decisions can be approved by a si mple majority of the Bureau members present at a meeting. T he President will cast the deciding vote in the case of a tie. The Bureau may hold discussions, conduct bus iness, and make decisions by e mail between B ureau meetings. For such business to be valid, all Bureau members must be copied on the me ssages. Any Bu reau member may make a motion for a vote by e mailing, sending the motion to all Bureau members and providing a reasonable date and time (set to Greenwich Mean Time) by which the Bureau members must respond for their votes to be counted. The motion is cons i de-


UIS Bulletin v ol 55, Nr 1 & 2 (2012 ) 18 second to the motion. A decision is valid once the Secretary General Secretary has tallied the votes after the deadline and those results are co nfirmed by the Presi dent and reported to the B ureau. As with regular Bureau meetings, a simple majority is needed for a motion to pass and at least five members of the Bureau must partic ipate. The Bureau may hold open and closed meetings, including discussions by e mail. As m uch as po ssible, meetings should be open. Open meetings can be attended by any member of the UIS or any person interested in UIS affairs. Closed meetings will include only the currently elected members of the Bureau and can be called by any Bureau member. A simple majority vote of the Bureau can refer a topic to an open meeting. Du r ing meetings where Bureau members are physically present, all topics for the closed po rtion of the meeting should be scheduled for one closed session. Conclusion of Bureau memb ership: all UIS documents, finances, and property in the Secretary General of the new Bureau. Article 6: wers The President: is, with the Secretary General, responsible for the function of the UIS Bureau between sessions of the General Assembly; presides at all meetings of the Bureau and the General Assembly; represents the UIS in all situations where it a ppears as an internat ional organization; raises the profile of the UIS among speleologists, publicizes the work of the UIS, and generally ca rries out the Publicity Policy which has been d etermined by the Bureau; advises the members of the Bureau and ensures that the work of th e Bureau, Secretary General Secretary and Commissions are in agreement with the directives of the General Assembly; designates UIS representatives for any event at which he will not be present; oversees the utilization of UIS funds after the approval by t he Bureau; presents a report of the activities of the UIS at every General Assembly; coordinates the selection of two commissioners by the General Assembly to verify the financial report of the Treasurer these commissioners must be Delegates of countries other than that which the Treasurer repr e sents; sends copies of all formal UIS correspondence signed by him to the Secretary General. Article 7: Vice Powers The Vice Presidents: replace the UIS President on his written de mand or in the case that the President is not able to carry out his duties. They must report on all their activities in detail to the UIS President; assist the President when requested and collab orate with the Secretary General Secretary whe never nece s sary ; represent the UIS at all UIS supported events whenever the President cannot be present; should encourage and regulate the commissions and sub commissions of the UIS and receive regular reports of their activities; regularly exchange information with the President and the Secretary General Secretary keeping them informed of their actions; send copies of all formal correspondence signed by them to the President and Secretary General. Appointment of Vice Presidents: Upon the creation of a new Bureau, the B ureau will appoint one Vice President as Vice President of Admi n istration. The additional responsibilities and powers of the Vice President of Administr ation are to: a) coordinate and communicate with the Organizing Committee of each International Congress of Speleo logy and other international mee tings supported by the UIS in the establishment of their programs; b) coordinate and communicate with the UIS Commissions, Commi ttees, Working Groups, and other internal UIS organizations to e nsure that all groups are ac tive, pr oductive, reporting their results to the Bureau on a regular basis, and publishing their results as avail able; c) assist and rehabilitate International Congress Organizing Committees and UIS internal organizations as needed; d) recommend to the Bureau th at O rganizing Committees and UIS i nternal organizations continue to be supported by the UIS or be di sbanded if they are inactive or not functioning in a way that supports the goals and standards of the UIS; e) assign, if the position is vacant, a Librarian fo r the Documentation Center of the UIS and commun icate with that person on a regular basis to insure the Center is active, functioning properly, and that it meets the needs and purposes of the UIS.


19 UIS Bulletin vol. 55 Nr 1 & 2 (201 2 ) Upon the creation of a new Bureau, the Bureau will appoin t one Vice President as Vice President of Oper a tions. The additional responsibilities and powers of the Vice President of Operations are to: a) assign, if the position is vacant, a person as Website Manager to coo rdinate and maintain the UIS website, and comm unicate with that person on a regular basis to ensure the website is active, pr o ductive, up to date, easy to use, informative, and reflects the goals and standards of the UIS; b) assign, if the position is vacant, a person as Technical Manager to a ttend to th e technical aspects of the UIS Internet facilities, and commun icate with that person on a regular basis to ensure the facilities are properly operational and secure; c) assign, if the position is vacant, a person as Chief Editor of the UIS Bulletin who will b e responsible for its publication and distribution, and communicate with that person on a regular basis to ensure the Bulletin is produced and distributed on time, within its budget, and is professional in appearance, informative, and r eflects the goals an d standards of the UIS; d) assign, if the position is vacant, a person as Chief Editor of the Intern ational Journal of Speleology who will be responsible for its publication and distribution, and communicate with that person on a regular basis to i nsure the J ournal is produced and di stributed on time and within its bud get, maintains a high professional i nternational standard in appearance, content, and scientific recognition, and reflects the goals and standards of the UIS; e) regularly review the content of all UIS printed and electronic public ations, including the website, and c oordinate as needed with the Pres ident and Secretary General Secr etary on their policy and content; f) replace any person in an assigned publication or Internet position, fo llowing consultat ion and approval by the President and Secretary General Secretary if the person is not able or willing to pe r form their assignment or in a manner consistent with UIS goals and standards. Article 8: Secretary General Secretary s Respo nsibilities and P owers The Secretary General Secretary : is responsible for the functioning of the Bureau in relation to all technical and financial affairs, as well as the execution of actions determined by the Bureau; as Treasurer of the UIS, he is authorized to r eceive, manage and delegate the finances of the UIS; may appoint someone to serve as UIS Treasurer, with the approval of the Bureau, but will retain r esponsibility for UIS financial affairs and the pe rformance of the appointed Treasurer (all tasks and responsibil ities assigned in this document to the Treasurer will apply to the Secretary General Secretary and any appointed UIS Trea s urer); represents the UIS at all events with official su pport of the UIS whenever both the President and the Vice Presidents cannot be present, without the need for a special request by the President; reports the minutes of the meetings of the B ureau and of the General Assemblies. Within a maximum of 30 (thirty) days after a Bureau mee ting, he will send the minutes of each meeting of the Bureau to all Bureau members. Within a ma ximum of 90 (ninety) days after a General Asse mbly, the minutes of the General A s sembly will be made public so that necessary actions can be taken and information about the UIS is made available. These same time li mits apply for sen ding the minutes or other documents to the We bsite Manager for inclusion on the UIS website; preserves the essential documents of the UIS and must pass these documents on to his su ccessor. These documents include principally pr otocols and agreements, minutes, reports, files, and accounts; sends a copy of all new documentation at the end of each term of office of the 4 year mandate period to the archives of the UIS at the UIS headquarters at the Karst Research Institute in Slovenia; maintai ns contact with all representatives of the Member Countries of the UIS through the we bsite, and by e mail when rapid notification is ne cessary and/or the website is not operating, and with national or regional groups, scientific soci eties, institutes and r esearch centers, as well as isolated researchers and international organiz ations; coordinates the distribution of information of ge neral interest which he receives or that he solicits from corr e spondents; submits a report, at the beginning of each Inte rnat ional Congress, summarizing his activities to the General Assembly, as well as the financial balance and an analysis of the existing problems and solutions proposed by the Bureau; sends copies of all formal correspondence, which is of general interest to t he UIS, to the President.


UIS Bulletin v ol 55, Nr 1 & 2 (2012 ) 20 Article 9: and Powers The Adjunct Secretaries: should be eight; serve as voting members of the UIS Bureau and are the primary people consulted by the Pres ident, Vice Presidents, and Secretar y General Secretary on UIS issues and decisions; represent the UIS at all events with the official support of the UIS, either in their country or in any country of their region, whenever the Pres ident, one of the Vice Presidents, or the Secretary General S ecretary cannot be present, even wit hout any special request by the President; should assist the President and Secretary Ge neral Secretary as requested in all activities of i nterest to the UIS; should regularly exchange information with the President and S ecretary General Secretary keeping them i n formed of their actions and must provide a detailed report to the Bureau on the ir activities since the last Inte r national Congress of Speleology to a short time before the beginning of the next International C ong ress of Sp e leology Article 10: ibilities and Powers The Bureau, by simple majority vote, may appoint people from member countries not represented on the Bureau to serve as Invited Adjunct Secretaries. These members ha ve all of the rights, duties, and privileges of Adjunct Secr e taries, except they cannot vote. The Bureau will elect Invited Adjunct Secretaries for the following reasons: to fill an elected Bureau position that is vacant due to illness, death, resignation or removal of the Bureau member elected by the General A ssembly; to create a representative from the Bureau in the country which maintains the UIS bank account, in the event the General Assembly does not elect a Bureau member from that country; to create a representative from the Bureau in the country which will host the upcoming Internatio nal Congress of Speleology, in the event the Ge neral Assembly does not elect a Bureau member from that country; to fulfill other needs of the UIS, as deemed ne cessary, which are not met by other elected and non elected offices of the UIS. Article 11: Powers Past Presidents are normally included as Honorary Members of the Bureau. Article 12: and Powers Honorary Presidents are appointed by the General Assembly. The Honorary Presidents have the right to be heard at meetings and thus serve as advisors to the Bureau, but they do not have the right to vote. Article 13: spons ibilities and Powers Honorary Members of the Bureau (excluding past Presidents) are recommended by the Bureau, based on their contributions to the development of speleol ogy, and are appointed by the General Assembly. The Honorary Members have the righ t to be heard at meetings and thus serve as advisors to the Bureau, but they do not have the right to vote. Article 14: Awards Honorary List of the UIS This UIS gives awards to recognize excellent and/or longstanding service to the UIS and/or speleology in general. The General Assembly gives the UIS B ureau the authority to select the people receiving the awards in order to protect the privacy, dignity, and integrity of the selection process and the nominees The re are three award categorie s : Fellowship, H o no r ary List, and Prizes. Fellowships are the highest award given by the UIS in recognition of outstanding contributions to speleo logy and/or the UIS. The Honorary List is to acknow ledge s people who have significantly contributed to the development of spe leology and/ or the UIS. Nominees for Fellowships or the Honorary List ma ymust be submitted to recommended by the UIS B ureau or from within the UIS Bureau for approval by the General Assembly Each nomination must include a statement information with of the ations and justification s for nomination. During a closed session of the UIS Bureau mee t ing, t he UIS Bureau will select which people will receive a Fello wship or be added to the Honorary List The sele c tion will occur at the UIS Bureau mee ting one year before an International Congress of Speleology to allow time to create certificate s for those selected and for notif ication of the selectees so they have adequate time to plan and attend the congress where they will be fo rmally recognized at the first session of the General Assembly The names of the selectees will be kept confidential until announced at the congress. Before submitting a name for inclusion in the Hono rary List, the UIS Bureau needs to check the activities of the candidate fo r justifying his/her submission to the General Assembly. Prizes ar e given at the International Congress of Speleology for specific accomplishments at the c o ngress or during the period since the previous co ngress. Prizes may be given for outstanding books, scientific posters presented at the congress, and other contributions to speleology as determined a p-


21 UIS Bulletin vol. 55 Nr 1 & 2 (201 2 ) propriate by a Prize C ommittee appoint ed by the UIS Bureau. The Prize Committee will also decide the number of prizes, who will receive them, the nature of the p rize (e.g. certificate, medal, funds, etc.), and other conditions as ne cessary per the unique mater ials and a c complishments present at a congress or since the previous congress. The prizes are not co mpetitive and not related to the cartographic, phot ographic, athletic, and other compe ti tions at the co ngresses. More than one prize may be given for a category, and prizes will not be given if the Prize Committee does find accomplishments worthy of the recognition. Article15: Advisory Committee The Advi sory Committee consists of 5 (five) members invited by the Bureau, although they do not actually belong to the elected Bureau. The members of the Advisory Committee will be asked to give their opinions about important dec isions of the B u reau of the UIS wh en asked to do so by the Bureau. The members of the Advisory Committee can partic ipate in the meetings of the Bureau and have the right to be heard. All members of the Advisory Committee are automa tically relieved of their duties upon termination of the term of the Bureau which appointed them. The members of the Advisory Committee can be invited to serve as members of Advisory Committee for subs e quent Bureaus. Article 16: Member Countries A country is a region legally identified as a distinct political geograph ic entity as reported by the U nited Nations list of countries. In order to take into account different situations inherited from the past or for any other exceptional case, the B ureau may accept e xceptions from this rule which must be endorsed by the General Assembly. A new country can be admitted into the UIS by ma king a formal request. This request should be printed on letterhead paper and sent to the Secretary Ge neral of the UIS. It must contain the name of the o rga n ization submitting the reque st, as well as info rmation about it and data and publications showing that it is representative of speleology in the country ; letters of support from delegates of UIS member countries in good standing may also be submitted The request must indicate the na mes of the del egates and include the funds for the payment of the first annual fee (or a promise of payment at the u pcoming ICS), as well as making it clear that the o rganization will respect the Statutes and standards of the UIS. The Bureau will review al l membership a pplications and if they are found acceptable the B ureau will recommend the m to the General Assembly for approval. Any country where speleology is practiced, whatever its level of development, can apply to join the UIS. The a c ceptance of a ne w Member Country is ratified by a the General Assembly. Any Member Country which has more than a single speleological group should create an organization on a national level to represent the concerns of speleo logy in the country. Each Member Country must appoint two Delegates (Regular and Substitute) to represent that country in the UIS and to participate in the General Assemblies. Each Member Country must agree to pay the annual affiliation fees to the UIS. A country that has not paid all of its fees wil l not be allowed to participate in the General Assembly as a voting member. The UIS encourages the sustainable use of the initiatives of its Delegates and their A a ffiliated E e nt ities in projects designe d for such purposes in their home countries, while simu l taneously respecting the legislation of each Member Country. Once a new Member Country is formally accepted, the Secretary General Secretary of the UIS must communicate this fact in the UIS Bulletin and on the web site, and send the new Delegate a copy of all of the official documents of the UIS. The delegate of the Member Country will be sent the UIS logo for use by th to show affiliation with the UIS, but the logo may not be used for the rmission as described in Article 30 below. A Member Country that fails to communicate with the UIS or pay its fees for more than 3 (three) years may be r e moved from the UIS by a vote of the General Assembly following a recommendation by the B ureau. At such a time, the Member Country may i mmediately apply for reinstatement by a different n ational organization from that country along with pa yment for all unpaid fees. If the unpaid fees c annot be paid at that time, the national organization must wait until the next International Congress to reapply, at which time past unpaid fees will not be owed unless reinstatement is requested by the national organiz ation that developed the debt. Arti cle 17: Associated Speleological Organiz ations Associated Speleological Organizations are intern ational speleological organizations composed of n ational organ i zations within a geographic region that represent individual speleologists or speleological organ izations. These international organizations may request association with the UIS on their stationary in letters containing the name of the organization, data


UIS Bulletin v ol 55, Nr 1 & 2 (2012 ) 22 and activities, and a statement that the organi zation supports the goals and Code of Ethics of the UIS. An official representative must be indicated, the letter must be sent to the President or the Secretary Ge neral of the UIS. Acceptance follows a majority vote by the UIS Bureau and is in effect at th at time, but r equires ratification by the next General Assembly. The official representatives of Associated Speleolog ical Organizations have the right to participate in the General Assemblies of the UIS and open UIS Bureau meetings with the right to be he ard, but without the right to vote. Members of the UIS Bureau have the right to participate in the assemblies and open mee tings of the Associated Speleological Organizations with the right to be heard, but without the right to vote. The establishment of n ew Associated Speleological Organizations will be communicated by the Secretary General of the UIS in the UIS Bulletin and on the UIS website. The Associated Speleological Organizations will commun i cate their association with the UIS to their members throu gh their publications and we bsites. Copies of all official documents of the UIS and the Associated Speleological Organization will be exchanged between the organizations. Article 1 7 8 : Affiliated Organizations Affiliated Organizations include institutes and other bodies supporting the goals of the UIS. These are not national speleological organizations but may include private companies as well as non profit organiz ations. Affiliated Organizations should appoint a represent ative to the UIS. The official representatives of Affiliated Organizations have the right to participate in the General Asse mblies of the UIS, with the right to be heard, but without the right to vote. Each Affiliated Organization will pay the annual affiliation fee to the UIS. The fe e will be negotia ted between the UIS Bureau and the candidate Affiliated Organization, and at a minimum the fee must equal the fee for Category A member n ations of the UIS. A t the discretion of the UIS B ureau, a n Affiliated O rganization that provides the U IS with its offices or other major service does not need to pay the annual fee. Each Affiliated Organization will publish info rmation about the UIS in their respective public ations. For the affiliation of a new organization, a formal statement of the des ire for admission into the UIS is required. This request must be printed on letterhead paper, containing the name of the organization, and must be sent to the President or the Secretary Ge neral Secretary of the UIS. Provisional acceptance follows a majorit y vote by the UIS Bureau and all rights and obligations of the organization go into e ffect at that time ; full acceptance requires ratific a tion by the next General Assembly which has the right to The request must co ntain data about the organization and a brief account showing how it is representative of speleol ogy of the cou n try. An official representative must be indicated, and the organization must agree to respect the Statutes and standards of the UIS, as well as to pay the annual fees once affiliation is approved. Non payment of the annual fees for more than two co nsecutive years will result in the loss of affiliation; the organization may reapply for affili a tion. The affiliation of new organizations will be comm un icated by the Secretary General Secretary of the UIS in the UIS Bulletin, and on the website, and copies of all official documents of the UIS will be sent to the official representative of the organization. Each Affiliated Organization has the right to non commercial use of the logotype of the UIS on their documents p a pers to show ing their affiliation to the UIS. Article 1 8 9 : Delegates National Delegates: represent speleology in their respective countries at the General Assembly of the UIS. are respo nsible for the exchange of information between the UIS (Bureau, Commissions, Co mmittees, and Working Groups) and the organized speleological groups of their respective countries. are directly responsible for ensuring the payment of the annual fees of the r espective countries to the Treasurer of the UIS. are responsible for the circulation of documents and circulars sent by the President and/or Secr etary General Secretary to the speleological co mmunity in their respective countries. are directly responsible for the presence and official representation of the UIS at speleological events in their countries, respecting the orient ation and decisions of the UIS as reported by the President. have the obligation to collaborate in updating of the Karst Information Po rtal and Speleological Bibliographical Bulletin by sending a list of publ ications in their respective countries to the Pres ident of the Bibliographic Co m mission of the UIS. have the right to participate in the meetings of the Bureau, although they do not have the right to vote. Article 20 19 : Department Presidents The election of presidents for the various depar tments is outlined in the UIS Statutes. It is the respo nsibility of the President of each Department to: present an oral report of the activities of his D epartment at each General Assembly of the UIS;


23 UIS Bulletin vol. 55 Nr 1 & 2 (201 2 ) submit a written report of the activities of his D epartment at each General Assembly of the UIS for document a tion in the UIS archives; submit a written report of the activities of his D epartment whenev er requested by the Bureau, especially for inclusion in the official report of the activities of the UIS to UNESCO, or other activ ities assumed by the Bureau. The President of each Department, or someone de legated by him/her, has the right to use space on the UIS we b site for Department web pages. Article 2 1 0 : Presidents of Commissions, Commi ttees and Working Groups Presidents of the Commissions, Committees, and Working Groups will be elected by their respective members. It is the responsibility of the Pr esident of each Commission, Committee or Working Group to: present an oral report of the activities of the group at each General Assembly of the UIS; submit a written report of the activities of the group at each General Assembly for document ation in the U IS archives; submit a written report of the activities of the group whenever requested by the UIS Bureau or the President of the Department; send scientific reports or papers produced by the group to the UIS Secretary General Secretary Documentation Cente r, and website and the Karst Information Portal ; reply in a timely fashion to communications sent by the members of the UIS Bureau or other pe ople interested in the Commission ; communicate and promote cooperat ion intern ationally with people who are interested in the to pic s of the Commission, Committee or Working Group ; submit information about the group directly to the UIS Website Manager to update the UIS website. Presidents are encouraged to delegate these an d other responsibilit ies to their members for greater effectiveness. The UIS Bureau may require a Co mmission, Committee or Working Group to deactivate, reorganize, or select new officer s if the above r esponsibilitie s are not met. The President of each Com mission, Committee, or Working Group, or someone delegated by them, has the right to use space on the UIS website for their group's web pages. The term Working Group above refers to formal Working Groups of the UIS instituted at a General Assembly of the UIS, not to the internal Working Groups which may be formed from time to time by and within Commissions, Committees, or Working Groups of the UIS. Article 2 2 1 : UIS Bulletin The UIS Bulletin is the official publication for publici zing the activities o f the UIS and the state of the art of intern a tional speleology. The UIS Bulletin will be published twice a year, but this frequency can be increased if deemed nece ssary. The publishing, printing and distribution of the UIS Bulletin are conducted under th e direction of the UIS Vice President of Operations. The UIS Bulletin will be primarily distributed in ele ctronic form but with archival paper copies sent to the UIS Doc u mentation Center in La Chaux de Fonds, the UIS permanent headquarters in Postojna, a nd to any of the people, organizations, or facilities listed below that cannot receive the UIS Bulletin in electro nic form and requests a paper copy. An electronic copy of each edition will be sent to: 1. The Documentation Center of the UIS in La Chaux de Fon ds; 2. The permanent headquarters of the UIS in Postojna; 3. Each member of the UIS Bureau; 4. Each Delegate of the Member Countries; 5. Each President of a UIS Department, Co mmission, Committee, or Working Group; 6. Each of the Associated and Affiliated Organ izations; a nd 7. All libraries in the Member Countries regi stered with the UIS. 8. The UIS Website Manager for inclusion on the UIS website. 9. The Karst Information Portal. The following material must be published in the UIS Bulletin: The proceedings of all Regular or Extr aordinary General Assemblies of the UIS, as well as all o fficial meetings of the Bureau (in the first issue published after the event). The reports of the activities of the Bureau, the Departments, and the Commissions, Committees and Working Groups present ed at the asse mblies of the UIS. All official documents of the UIS whenever these are modified and/or updated. These documents include the Statutes, the Internal Regulations, the Code of Ethics, and Norms, as well as agre ements and contracts. Calendar of s peleological events scheduled in the Member Countries of which the UIS has off icially been i n formed. Up to date list of Member Countries and Assoc iated and Affiliated Organizations of the UIS i mmediately after each General Assembly of the UIS, and after ea ch change. Up to date list of the Delegates of the UIS, with their addresses, immediately after each UIS General Asse m bly and after each change. List of UIS publications. List of UIS membership fees. The following material is recommended for public a-


UIS Bulletin v ol 55, Nr 1 & 2 (2012 ) 24 tion in the UIS Bulletin: List of speleological records, e.g. longest and deepest. List of new publications. Updates to the list of Member Countries and Associated and Affiliated Organizations of the UIS. Updates to the list of UIS delegates. Schedule of meetin gs of commissions, commi ttees and working groups. List of publications in speleology and related areas. Advertisements can be published in the UIS Bulletin as long as: There is no conflict of interest with the UIS or any of its regulations, goals, or stan dards. The advertiser pays for the space utilized. The space utilized by the advertisement is not out of proportion in relation to the other info rmation being pu b lished. Article 2 2 3 : International Journal of Speleology The International Journal of Spele ology is a peer reviewed multidisciplinary scientific publication of the highest international standard The publication, printing and distribution of the Inte rnational Journal of Speleology is delegated to a soc iety or national federation of one of the m ember cou ntries of the UIS by means of a specific agreement approved by the UIS Bureau. The organization responsible for the publication, prin t ing, and distribution of the International Journal of Speleology will appoint someone as a Chief Editor responsi ble for maintaining contact with the UIS B ureau through the UIS Vice President of Operations and will select an Editorial Staff and advise the UIS Bureau of its members. Special editions can be organized by a Guest Editor. One volume consisting of two i ssues of the Intern ational Journal of Speleology must be published ann ually. The occurrence of international speleological events officially supported by the UIS may justify the organ ization of additional special issues of the International Journal of Spe leology. The International Journal of Speleology supplements the scientific reports or papers produced by the Commissions, Committees, and Working Groups, but it cannot take their place. Special editions can be organized with the agreement of the respon sible organization, the Chief Editor, and the Presidents of Departments, Commissions, Co mmittees, or Working Groups to present the result of work and/or studies developed by these organiz ations of the UIS. For each published issue of the International Jou rnal of Speleology, at least one copy must be sent to the UIS Do c umentation Center in La Chaux de Fonds, the UIS permanent headquarters in Postojna, and to each of the Ass o ciated and Affiliated Organizations. An electronic copy should be available from the Jou rnal's website. The UIS Treasurer is required to provide financing for the publication, printing and distribution of the Inte rnational Journal of Speleology. After distribution to all who are entitled to receive a copy, the responsible organization c an sell all r emai n ing copies at whatever price it deems appropr iate to cover the costs of the publication, printing, distribution, and to generate revenue for the UIS. Article 2 3 4 : Bulletin Bibliographique Splol ogique/Speleological Abstracts Speleologi cal Abstracts, the Bulletin Bibliographique Splologique, is a publication that annually lists and a b stracts all publications related to speleology within a given year. It is produced to facilitate research and the study of speleology and is available bot h in ele ctronic form from its website and in printed form. Speleological Abstracts is the responsibility of the President of the Bibliography Commission of the UIS, who coordinates with the UIS Vice President of A dministration. Speleological Abstracts is regularly updated electro nically. Special collaborators are invited from each Member Country, as well as the assistance provided by the UIS Delegates. The UIS Treasurer is required to provide financing for the publication, printing and distribution of th e Sp ele o logical Abstracts. Article 25: Karst Information Portal The Karst Information Portal (KIP) is a project that the UIS conducts with the National Cave and Karst Research Institute (NCKRI) of the USA, University of New Mexico (UNM), and the Universi ty of South Flo rida (USF) as part of the signed agreement of the Karst Information Portal Consortium (KIP C). Based manage, and generally make available data on caves, karst, and related phenomena, and prov ide a collab or a tive forum for the exchange of ideas and information on such topics, all in an international virtual enviro nment known as the Karst Information Portal (KIP). These services are provided for charitable, educational, and scientific purposes th at support effective and su stainable research, utilization, and management of caves, karst, and related resources. The KIP C r eserves the right not to distribute certain information if it could result in the exploitation or degradation of


25 UIS Bulletin vol. 55 Nr 1 & 2 (201 2 ) cave, karst or re The role of the UIS is to develop communication, collaborations, and data lin kages and exchanges between the KIP C and the inte rnational community of cave and karst researchers, managers, and explo r ers. The UIS will link its website and cave and karst databases to the KIP C, and will actively promote similar action by its members, as well as international non member individuals and organiz ations. The UIS will inform the KIP C of any relevant international act ivities and will inform the international cave and karst community of the KIP UIS will assist in providing language translations when needed by the KIP The UIS will appoint a member of the Bureau to serve as the representative to t he KIP C and to work with UIS Officers, Bureau Members, Delegates, D epartments, Committees, Working Groups, Associated and Affiliated Organ i zations, and other individuals, projects, and programs of UIS to support the KIP as stated in the KIP C agreement. Article 2 4 6 : Documentation Center of the UIS The Documentation Center of the UIS is a library composed of speleological and related publications from around the world. The Documentation Center of the UIS must maintain complete collections of all official publications of the UIS: Proceedings of the ICS, UIS Bulletin Intern ational Journal of Speleology Speleological Abstracts scientific reports or papers produced by the Commi ssions, Committees and Working groups, etc. The organization and maintenance of the Docume ntation Center of the UIS is delegated to one of the national societies or federations of one of the me mber countries of the UIS, by means of a special agreement approved by the UIS Bureau until such time as the UIS will be able to maintain this center at the permanent headquarters. The organization responsible for the Documentation Center of the UIS can nominate a Librarian, who will be r e sponsible for the maintenance of contacts with the UIS Bureau through the UIS Vice President of Administrat ion. The Librarian is responsible for the presentation of an oral report about the present situation of the Doc umentation Center of the UIS, as well as a written report containing an index of the publications avail able at the center, at each UIS General A ssembly for inclusion in the UIS archives. The Librarian is responsible for sending an up to date list of the publications available at the Center to the UIS B u reau, as well as to the UIS website, whenever any significant change occurs. Article 2 7 5 : Arc hive of the UIS The UIS Archive is located in the Institute of Karst Research, ZRS SAZU, Postojna, Slovenia. The UIS Archive collects all paper and electronic documents dealing with UIS activities, i.e. activities of the UIS Bureau, its members, commissio ns and wor k ing groups, and Advisory Committee. The UIS Archive collects all materials obtained by library exchange with other bodies. The UIS Archive collects all publications (procee dings, books, journals, leaflets, etc.) produced with the logo of the U IS without respect to the address of the publisher. The responsible editor of such publications must deliver two copies to the UIS Archive in Pos tojna. All regular members of the UIS Bureau (President, Vice Presidents, Secretary General Secretary Treasur er, A d junct Secretaries) will deliver all paper and electronic materials involving their activity with the UIS Bureau to the UIS Archive: (a) every 2 3 years, and/or (b) when their term of office is co mplete, if the materials are not delivered to their su ccessors. Honorary members of the UIS Bureau will deliver all paper and electronic materials involving their activity with the UIS Bureau to the UIS Archive every 2 3 years. Presidents of UIS Commissions and Working Groups will deliver all paper and elec tronic materials dealing with the activities of their respective UIS bodies to the UIS Archive: (a) every 2 3 years, and/or (b) after they finished their term as President, if not delivered to their successors. The UIS Archive is managed by a member of th e UIS Bureau charged by the UIS Bureau. The charged member is responsible for the organization and ma nagement of the UIS Archive. The UIS Bureau can establish regional archives of the UIS. This act does not relieve respective UIS persons and bodies from a lso delivering identical materials to the UIS Archive in Postojna. Article 2 8 6 : UIS Internet facilities The policies governing the UIS Internet Facilities are the responsibility of the Bureau. The UIS Internet facilities consist principally of UIS' dom ain name "uis speleo.org", websites, emailing lists (listservers), generic email address redirections, web based databases, and the supporting Domain Name Service (DNS). Responsibilities The policies governing the UIS Internet Facilities are the responsi bility of the Bureau.


UIS Bulletin v ol 55, Nr 1 & 2 (2012 ) 26 For the proper operation and updating of the Internet Facilities, and to share the workload, volunteers may be invi t ed to take responsibilities in the management of specific tasks. For example, Website Manager, Technical Manager, Cal endar Editor, Addresses Manager, Listserver Managers, Database Managers, and any others that may be needed. All the positions should be invited by the UIS Officer to whom they are responsible. Website The UIS Website is the official electronic medium for the presentation of information of the activities of the Union and the state of international speleology. The policy and content of the UIS website are direct responsibilities of the UIS President together with the UIS Se c retary General Secretary through the Vice President of Operations. The day to day management of the website is carried out by the Website Manager. The basic design policy for the website is: To provide the user with UIS information which is easily found, up to date, fast and navigable using any web browser. To be avoided are special effects or heavy graphics which slow down the user's browser, limit browser type, or require special add ons. Large graphics such as photos should be used only where the user can choose whether to view t hem or not. The directory structure for the website should allow for the separation of login access rights between the various people responsible for u pdating various aspects of the website, for exa mple, addresses, calendar, a commission's own pages, etc. Website contents The following are to be included on the UIS website: The UIS Bulletin; UIS Official Documents (if possible, in all of the official languages of the UIS, as well as any ot hers to which they are translated); At least one page for each Commi ssion, Commi ttee, or Working Group, if they do not have their own website; List of publications of the UIS specifying the ed ition, year of publication, and those responsible for them, including the UIS Bulletin, the Intern ational Journal of Speleology, the Speleological Abstracts, scientific reports or papers prepared by the Commissions, Committees and Working Groups, etc.; List of the publications available in the UIS Do cumentation Center; Names of members of the UIS Bureau, the D epartments, the Commission s, Committees and Working Groups; Up to date list of the Delegates, Member Cou ntries, and Associated and Affiliated Organiz ations; Minutes of the Assemblies and of all meetings of the Bureau; History of the UIS (List of all Congresses, all past UIS Bureau, past and present versions of doc uments, etc.); List of addresses; Links to speleological sites; Schedule of speleological events supported by the UIS; List of projects under development; Other items of speleological interest. Commission Websites The UIS website can provide space for the websites of Bureau Officers and all UIS Departments, Co mmissions, and Working Groups who request it, pr ovided they obey the following rules: They request the space for the website and the setup access directly from the We bsite Manager. They define who is responsible for the website. They prepare the web pages before sending them to the Website Manager, or alternatively they directly update their own material on the website whenever possible. They follow the Bureau and U IS website policies when preparing their web pages. All the content of the website must be relevant to the Bureau function, Department, Commission or Work Group who has requested the space. The website should not contain advertisements, personal promotion or material outside the inte rest of UIS. The website must not be used for any comme rcial purpose without explicit written permission from the Bureau. Listservers Emailing listservers can be set up to facilitate discu ssion and information dissemination on various sp ele o logical and administrative topics. Each is generally configured and maintained by its own Listserver Manager. The list server and topics must be directly related to the purpose of the UIS group responsible for it. Email redirections Generi c email address redirections allow generic addresses such as "president@uis speleo.org" to be automatica l ly redirected to the current President's address. These redirections are maintained by the Technical Manager. Databases Web based databases can be use d to facilitate sp eleological and administrative purposes, for example, the Caver's Multi lingual Dictionary and UIS addres ses. Each is generally configured and maintained by its own Database Manager.


27 UIS Bulletin vol. 55 Nr 1 & 2 (201 2 ) Technical Manager The Technical Manager is responsible to the Bureau nsibilities are: Technical design and management of the Inte rnet facilities. Liaison with the provider of the Internet facilities. Administration of the Domain Name registration entry. Ensu ring effective backup arrangements for the facilities. Ensuring effective security arrangements for the facilities. Ensuring as much as practicable the ease of transferring the facilities to another site if that becomes nece s sary. For example, by the use o f open source and commonly used software. Technical advice to the Bureau and other UIS officers as requested. Initial creation of basic emailing lists (listservers) as requested. Updating of generic email redirections when advised by the Addresses Manage r. Initial creation of basic Internet databases as required, and setup of software authorization for their manag e ment. Setup of website access for Commission Pres idents and others who will be uploading their own material on to the website, upon request fr om the Website Manager. Website Manager The Website Manager is responsible to the President together with the Secretary General The Website Preparation and loading of website content in accordance with Bureau policy and u pon request by the Pres i dent and/or Secretary General; Uploading the pages received from the UIS Ca lendar Editor and the Addresses Manager, al though these u p loads could be delegated directly to the Calendar and Address Managers if pr eferred by the Website Manager; Managing (but not loading) the loading of web pages by Commission Presidents, Publicity O fficer, and the like; Other day to day operation of the web site. Calendar Editor The Calendar Editor is responsible to the Secretary General Secretary Th lities are: Soliciting and receiving information about new speleological events; Publicizing UIS' calendar facility; Operation of the calendar database; Design of the Calendar web pages; Loading or supplying updated calend ar pages to the website. Addresses Manager The Addresses Manager is responsible to the Secr etary General Secretary responsibil i ties are: Publicizing the procedures for address updates for UIS and relevant Country Officers. Recei ving updates for people, organizations and positions. Operating the address database. Loading or supplying updated address and rela ted web pages to the website. Supplying address list facilities to other UIS offi cers, for example, files to the UIS Secre tary Ge neral for printing postage labels. Updating email addresses in any closed listser vers (emailing lists) which are being used by the Bureau. Listserver Managers The appointment of a Listserver Manager is the responsibility of the group who will be u sing the listserver. The responsibilities of a Listserver Manager are the configuration and management of the emai ling listserver for which they have volunteered. The initial creation of the basic listserver and the software authorization for its Manager will be pe rformed by the Technical Manager. Database Managers The appointment of a Database Manager is the responsibility of the UIS Officer or group who will be using the database. The responsibilities of a Database Manager are to arrange for the analysi s, design, construction, configuration and day to day management of the database for which they have volunteered. They have the option of doing the work themselves or arranging for other people to help them. They may or may not be responsible for routine d ata entry or updating. The initial creation of the basic database and the software authorization for its Manager will be pe rformed by the Technical Manager. Article 2 9 7 : International Speleological Co ngresses The ICSs are conducted once every four years and organized by a Member Country whose proposal is analyzed and chosen by vote during the General Assembly of the UIS. They are regulated by the I nstructions and General Recommendations for Organizers of International Congresses of Spel eology Article 30 2 8 : Formal support for speleological events All events which contribute to the technical, scientific or cultural development of speleology, whether of a general, international, national or even regional n ature, are of interest to the UIS. The official s upport of the UIS is thus d e sirable for all such events, as this should increase their status. This document defines


UIS Bulletin v ol 55, Nr 1 & 2 (2012 ) 28 the types of events suppor t ed by UIS, the means of applying for UIS support, and the obligations of events that receive UIS support. Class ification of Events For the application of these regulations of the UIS, events are classified according to their objectives and may involve various subjects in relation to geograp hical areas. These are categorized as follows: Congresses Congresses invol ve technical, scientific and/or cultu ral presentations on various topics. These events must have an organizing committee, maintain a regi ster of participants, and publish the proceedings of the event. They may i n clude practical activities in the field, tec hnical visits, and/or pre and/or post congress excursions, although these are not esse ntial. Congresses may be further subdivided into two sub categories: a. National Congresses: National events involve a single country and are c oordinated through an internal national organization. Participation is principally by residents of that country although visitors from other countries can be i nvolved. In larger countries, regional events limited to participants from a certain part of the country may also be or ganized. b. International Congresses: International Congress of Speleology ICS: These congresses are regulated in part by their own standards while following the UIS guidelines in Instructions and General Recommendations for Organizers of International Congresses of Speleology Other International Congresses: International events, excluding the International Congress of Speleology, go beyond the boundaries of a single country either in relation to the organization and/or the participation. Although the organiz ation can involve individuals from only one cou ntry, the participants must come from more than one. The scope can range from including partic ipants from only two countries up to the whole world. Although any combination of individual countries can o rganize their own international event, those involving larger regions tend to unite participants from countries with special affinities, whether topical, geographic, linguistic, or cultural. Symposia Symposia involve technical, scientific and/or cultura l presentations on a single theme. These events must have an organizing committee, maintain a register of participants, and publish the proceedings of the event. They may i n clude practical activities in the field, technical visits, and/or pre and/or post symposium excursions, although these are not e ssential. Meetings Meetings involve scientific (e.g. geomorphology, h ydrogeology, speleogenesis), technical (e.g. explor ation, training, surveying) and/or cultural presentations on various topics. These event s must have an orga nizing committee and maintain a register of partic ipants. They may include practical activities in the field, technical visits, and/or pre and/or post meeting excursions, although these are not essential. International Expeditions Exp editions involve the organization of technical, cultural, or scientific investigations to collect info rmation and/or samples produce new data (e.g. maps, photographs). These events must have pract ical activities in the field and should involve the study and organization of the data collected. Expeditions must have an organizing committee, maintain a regi ster of participants, publish their results, and be org anized according the UIS Code of Ethics. They may involve technical visits, although this is not es sential. Other events Any other kind of scientific, technical, or cultural event of potentially significant interest may qualify for UIS support if it has an organizing committee that can speleology and th e goals of the UIS. Conditions for formal support For the UIS to provide formal support for an event, the proposal must be of international significance and be within the scope of the regulations of the UIS, while also respecting the regulations and stan dards of the countries i n volved. Formal request for support Requests for support must be formally submitted on letterhead paper of the event or the organizing entity. It should contain a short description of the event, including the scope, and must be si gned by the pre sident of the organizing committee of the event and the relevant delegate(s) of the UIS. For events organized by a country which is member of the UIS, the proposal should bear the signature of the delegate of that country. For events organiz ed by more than one country, the proposal should bear the signature of the delegate of at least one of the countries involved. For international expeditions organized by UIS member countries, the proposal must bear the signature of all of the delegates of the countries involved, including that of the delegate of the destination if it is a member cou n try.


29 UIS Bulletin vol. 55 Nr 1 & 2 (201 2 ) In principle, the UIS does not support events org anized by countries which are not members Legalization The request for support should explicitly show t hat the proposed event obeys the regulations and stan dards of the countries involved. Agreement with the Regulations of the UIS The request for support should explicitly show that the proposed event is in agreement with the statutes, regul a tions, and eth ics of the UIS. Recipients of requests for support Requests for support should be addressed directly to the President or Secretary General Secretary of the UIS, although they can be sent indirectly through any member of the Bureau. Obligations All even ts which have the formal support of the UIS will automatically assume the following obligations: Ideally, five percent of the total income from registr ation fees, but not less than USD 5.00 per person for registr a tion, should be paid to the UIS (ICS shoul d always pay this amount). This does not include the fees paid for cour s es, housing, meals, or excursions. The official logo symbol of the UIS should be printed on all material advertising the event, including pos ters, folders, banners, films, and any othe r printed matter in a manner appropriate to the level of spo nsorship The logo may be printed in black and white if printing in the original blue color is not possible. Promoting the name of the UIS In news reports or any other kind of publicity of the event, it should be pointed out that the UIS is provi ding formal support for the event. Official opening of the event At the opening session of the event, the UIS should be given an opportunity to speak. This position should be reserved for the UIS Presi dent or his off icial representative. The delegate of the UIS of the country where the opening ceremony is being held should also be given the opportunity to speak. Publications of the event In any publications resulting from the event (procee dings, minut es, reports, results, etc.), the formal su pport of the UIS should be mentioned. In the case of expeditions, there should be space for the comments from the UIS, which would be a text written by a one of the member s of the UIS Bureau. These comments would ex plain the relevance and importance of the expedition. Registration costs An official representative of the UIS and the delegate of th at e UIS country hosting the event, to the UIS should be invited to participate in any event suppor ted by the UIS and be ex empt from registration fees. Exhibition stands At international events formally supported by the UIS, when stands are installed for exhibits and/or sales, it is the obligation of the event organizers should pr ovide to concede and prepare exhibit space fo r the use by of the UIS. Mounting of a stand for the UIS should be discussed by the organizers of the event with the UIS President and Secretary General Secr etary and the delegate of the country promoting the event, with the latter in charge of maintaining som eone at the stand of the UIS during the event. This stand can be shared with the national society of the promoting country if desired. Financial support For international events formally supported by the UIS, depending on the importance of the event, it is recommended that the organizers of the event facil itate the presence of the official representative of the UIS, furnishing, if possible, transportation, room, and board. Consideration If the event has a surplus of funds at its conclusion, the even t organizers are asked to consider making a donation to the UIS to support its goals and activities. The donation, if any, and the amount is voluntary; any donation would be appreciated by the UIS and recognized in UIS publicity. Letter of support Once a request for UIS support is received, the UIS Bureau will analyze it and respond by either sending a letter of support or furnishing reasons for denying support. Prior to responding to a request for support, the UIS Bureau Member responsible for answerin g will co nsult with the UIS Delegate(s) of the country or cou ntries involved if they did not sign the request for su pport. A request for support for a national event will be analyzed and answered directly by the Bureau Member who received it. The Bureau m ember will forward a copy of the request and response to the UIS President and Secretary General Secretary for review before sending the response to the person making the request. If there is disagreement about the response, all Bureau members will receive a copy of all relevant correspondence and a vote will be taken. The Bureau Member who received the request will then respond as directed by the Bureau. If an event is supported, the President of the UIS


UIS Bulletin v ol 55, Nr 1 & 2 (2012 ) 30 Informatics Committee will be notified by the Bureau member about the dates of the event so that it can be included on the UIS International Speleo Calendar. Requests for support for international events should be forwarded directly to the UIS President or Secr etary Ge n eral Secretary who will analyze the request and send an answer. Before writing the answer, they should consult with each other and delegates of the countries involved. If a letter of support is sent, info rmation about the event should be forwarded to the President of the UIS Informatics Com mission to be included on the UIS International Speleo Calendar. Article 3 1 29 : Modification of Internal Regulations All modifications to the Internal Regulations will be made by the Bureau, and must be presented at the next Ge n eral Assembly for the infor mation of the Delegates and their Member Countries.


31 UIS Bulletin vol. 55 Nr 1 & 2 (201 2 ) Dpartement P rotection du Karst et des Grottes ( A faire approuver par la prochaine : ANDERSON Jay (Australia), BADINO Giovanni (Italy), CALAF0RRA Jos Maria (Spain), CIGNA Arrigo (Italy), DAV ID Andr (France), EK Camille (Belgium), SPATE Andy (Australia), VENI George (USA). Ce groupe de travail a revu les 1 dj publie s http://www.uis speleo.org/documents/UIS_MANAGEMENT_ GUIDELINES_FOR_SHOW_CAVES.pdf du site web e s par un neuvime chapitre ayant trait la sensibilisation du public. Il a aussi sollicit l PRIX France HABE du Dpartement Protection du Karst et des Grottes de Il a pour objet de promouvoir la protection du karst et des grottes, patrimoine naturel p rserver absolument pour s de plus en plus riche sur le pass de notre plante f utur. de Splologie (U.I.S.) Il fera l rglement du concours sera publi incessamment Jean Pierre B ARTHOLEYNS Prsident Dpartement Protection du Karst et des Grottes Department of Karst and Cave Protection Jean Pierre Bartholeyns (Dept. President) 19 23 Septembre 2011 (Liban)


UIS Bulletin v ol 55, Nr 1 & 2 (2012 ) 32 INTRODUCTION The France HABE Prize is awarded by the Department of Karst and the Cave Protection of the International Union of Speleology (UIS) The prize is named in memory and honor of Dr. France HABE ( 10/12/1999) of Slovenia ( for mer Yugoslavia), who among his other many accomplishments served as President of the UIS Protection Department (1973 1997). Its purpose is to promote the protection of karst and caves for generations to come. Their natural legacy are proven sources of incr easingly rich information about the history of our planet and humanity, enabling people to act more thoughtfully, efficiently, and sustainably for the future of our environment. The Prize will be proposed every four years. It will be awarded, if a worthy candidate if nominated and accepted, at the International Congresses of Speleology (ICS) at the time of the second General Assembly of the UIS. A description of the person or organization who receives the Prize, and the reasons for receiving it, will be p ublished on the UIS website and in the UIS Bulletin. The Jury will be made up of at least three members of the UIS Department of Karst and Cave Protection. Nominations of candidates for the Prize will be sent to the President of the UIS Department of Kar st and Cave Protection three months before the date of the start of the ICS. The Jury will review the nominations and send their decision to the UIS Bureau. The Jury is not required to award the Prize if the nominees are not considered worthy. REGULAT IONS OF THE FRANCE HABE PRIZE OF THE DEPARTMENT OF KARST AND CAVE PROTECTION OF THE INTERNATIONAL UNION OF SPELEOLOGY 1. History On September 30, 2012, the UIS Bureau granted the UIS Department of Karst and Cave Protection a budget of every 4 years at the ICS during the second General Assembly of the UIS. 2. Subject The France HABE Prize of the UIS Department of Karst and the Cave Protection aims to promote the protection of k arst and caves. It will reward the best or most important action, concrete idea, or publication for the protection of a cave, karstic zone, or underground environment in general. 3. Award The France HABE Prize is awarded no more than once every 4 years The amount of the Prize is currently fixed at will be awarded for the first time in 2013. The UIS Bureau will determine the Prize amount for subsequent years. The France HABE Prize is open to any person, club, local federation, commission, or national federation, with preference given to tho se belonging to one of the member nations of the UIS. The Prize will be awarded to only one person or organization for a specific action. Honorary Mentions and congratulations to other deserving works could also be announced when the Prize is awarded. 4. Participation and registration conditions Participation in the contest is free to any person and/or association and implies acceptance, without any reservations, of these regulations, the purpose of this Prize, and the decisions made by the Jury. Nominat ions must reach, by electronic means, the President of the UIS Department of Karst and Cave Protection three months before the date of start of the ICS. For the 2013 Prize, that is Jean Pierre Barth oleyns ( jp. bartholeyns@gmail.com ) by April 20, 2013. The work will be presented in English with a suff iciently explicit summary in English and in one of the other official languages of the UIS (French, German, Italian, Spanish or Russian). Illustrations must be sent in JPEG format and phot ographs with the name of the ph o tographers. The submitted proposals will be posterior the previous award of the France HABE Prize. 5. Submission of works Nominators are solely responsible for delivering their nominations to the P resident of the UIS Department of Karst and Cave Protection by the designated deadline by e mail. Large digital files should be sent The France Habe Prize 2013 Proposed Regulations


33 UIS Bulletin vol. 55 Nr 1 & 2 (201 2 ) via Drop Box ( https://www.dropbox.com/ ) or other mutually agreeable means. The nom i nating materials should include at least the following: Digital version of the work if available (for example, Word documents, photographs, illustrations, video, links to websites with other pertinent information); Registration form completed and signed by the nominator; Photograph of the nominated person or group; and 10 to 15 sentence description of the importance of the work. The Department President will send an acknowledgement of nomination materials received. 6. Composition and functioning of th e Jury The Jury is made up of at least three members: the President of the UIS Department of Karst and Cave Protection, and two members of the Scientific Committee of this Department. Each member of the Jury has a vote. The votes are done by simple majori ty. If necessary, the Jury can be advised by experts who do not have a vote. Each Jury member has to rank all of the nominees. The President then adds all of the ranks and the nominee with the highest score wins. If the absence or the quality of work does not justify it, the Jury will not award the Prize and the amount remains part of the Prize. The deliberations of the Jury are secret and no appeal is possible. The Department of Karst and Cave Protection will ensure there are sufficient jury members and th ey work within their deadlines. It will replace inefficient members or members who are not able to participate. The members of the Jury will base their judgment on the originality, the dynamism, the active aspect or at least on the quality of the effort ex pended for this candidacy. They will be particularly attentive to the goals and objectives, concerned, message to be t ransferred, supports used), involvement of partners and cavers themselves 7. Proclamation When the Jury gives its decision, the President of the Jury will promptly inform the UIS Bureau. The name of the Prize recipient will be proclaimed at the time of the ICS during the second General Assembly; deserving competitors will also be congratulated; the Prize will be presented at that time. The Prize recipient will be informed personally, by email, by the President of the Jury promptly after the sion. The recipient will be asked to keep the decision confidential until it is announced at the ICS, and invited to take part in the presentation of the Prize. The Jury will publish the name of the Prize recipient, other worthy nominees and the congratula tions on the UIS website and Bulletin. The result of this contest will be widely circulated via the caving media. 8. Incompatibility No person or organization will receive the France HABE Prize twice consecutively. The members of the Jury abstain from ta king part in the contest. 9. Exposure The opening of each session of the contest will be extensively announced by the UIS Department of Karst and Cave Protection by any means of communication, including its website, with any organization or any person potentially interested in caves; this text will be available to everyone. Once the Prize is awarded, the recipients commit themselves to clearly showing the logo of the UIS as France HABE Prize from the UIS Department of Karst and Cave Protection of the International Union of Speleology relating to the work for which the Prize was awarded. 10. Final provisions The UIS Department of Karst and Cave Protection assures that it is entirely impartial to the particip ants as to the progress of the contest. The contest orga nizers and their partners cannot be held responsible for any error or omission. Once the call for nomin ations is announced for the Prize, no information rela ting to the Prize will be changed until the recipient is announced; Prize rules may be changed afterward and before the next call for nominations is a nnounced. No information relating this Prize will be e x changed, neither in writing, nor by phone. In the case of disagreement on the interpret a tion o f the regulations, the text in the French language shall be definitive.


UIS Bulletin v ol 55, Nr 1 & 2 (2012 ) 34


35 UIS Bulletin vol. 55 Nr 1 & 2 (201 2 ) On May 17 20, 2012, the Commission on Artificial Cavities of the UIS has held in Torino (Italy) the I nClassification of the typologies of artif icial cavities in the world Tesoriera, at the base of the Associazione Gruppi Speleologici Piemontesi. The Workshop, dedicated to the memory of Luigi Barcellari (Birci), was organized in agreement with the Commis sion on Artificial Cav ities of the Italian Speleological Society, and with the logistic help of the local grotto Mus Muris. Some tens of participants, coming from five different countries attended the workshop, during which a dozen of invited lectures wer e presen t ed, and ten posters displayed, to illustrate the most recent a dvancements about the classification of artificial cav ities, and about the study and documentation of the different categories of man made caves. A round table discussion, aimed at sum marizing the outcomes of the workshop, closed the theoretical part of the meeting. The last day was dedicated to a field visit, and in particular to the sites of the Museum Pietro Micca and the 1706 Torino siege, including the 14 km long military undergr ound gallery. Following ar e details concerning the invited lectures. C ARLA G ALEAZZI illustrated the typological tree of artificial cavities produced by the Italian Co m mission, as a common base and starting point to discuss the classification, and to modif y it with further contrib utions from other countries. Entering then into more details about specific categories of artificial cavities, M ARIO P ARISE described the main project of the Ita lian Commission, dedicated to create a register of the underground aqu educts in Italy. The project, active since 2003, has already been object of publ i cation in a special issue of the journal Opera Ipogea M ARIO M AINETTI presented a database about trogl o dytism in the Mediterranean Basin, as an attempt in putting together, on a bibliographic basis, the many settl ements distributed in the Mediterranean area. L UC S TEVENS dealt with the troglodytic castles of the northern Vosges, in France, illustrating in details the artificial cavities realized in different epochs in some inter esting case studies. L AURENT T RIOLET was dedicated to underground refuges and war tu nnels, by covering many different countries in the world, and showing the importance of military works in the framework of the analysis of artificial caves. R OBERTO B IXIO aimed at contributing to update and complete the aforementioned typological tree, pr oposed a new type of artificial cavity, represented by apiaries, also pointing out to specific distinctions among the different types. M ARTIN D IXON il lustrated different typologies of caves examined by Subterr anea Britannica and also proposed some changes and adjustments to the overall framework of the Ita lian classification. C LAUDIA C HIAPPINO described the recently started project about a census of an cient mines and underground quarries, in the attempt to provide data and information aimed at possibly e xploiting some of these abandoned structures, of great interest for the industrial archaeology. M ARCO M ENEGHINI responsible of the Italian register of artif icial cavities, illustrated the work so far done in co llec t ing information about this cultural heritage in the whole Italian territory, and the modality to extract some information via the recently designed website. M ARIO P ARISE took into consideratio n the danger posed by artificial cavities, and their interaction with built up areas, including the likely occurrence of su bsidence and the formation of sinkholes, with deriving damage to society. Last but not least, G IOVANNI B ADINO compared the two underg round worlds of natural vs artificial caves, accompanying the aud ience into a fascinating voyage through statistics of the underground environment. In search of the new The UIS past president Arrigo Cigna welcomed the participants on behalf of UIS, and attended the whole workshop, significantly contributing to the discu ssions. The proceedings of the Workshop will be published in a special issue of the journal Opera Ipogea by the Italian Speleological Society, that will be available on the occasion of the next International Congress of Speleology, to be held at Brno, Czech R epublic, in July 2013. Mario PARISE Commission on Atificial Cavities President m.parise@ba.irpi.cnr.it UIS C OMMISSION ON ARTIFICIAL CAVITIES International Workshop on Speleology in Artificail Cavities (17 20 May 2012; Torino, ITALY) 19 23 Septembre 2011 (Liban)


UIS Bulletin v ol 55, Nr 1 & 2 (2012 ) 36 Attendance: Jan Paul van der Pas (Netherland s ), Rudolf Pavuza (Austria), Herman de Swart (Netherland s ) Georg Szentes (Germany), Jan Urban (Poland), Marcos Vaqueiro Rodriguez (Spain), Juan Ramn Vidal Romani (Spain). In the assembly the following items were di scussed: 1. The 11 th Symposium on Pseudokarst in Saupsdorf (Germany) recapitulation. 2. Other events and activities between the 11 th and 12 th Symposia 3. Current activities the 12 th International Sympos ium on Pseudokars t 4. Activities and works of the UIS Bureau 5. Expected events and future activeness of the Commission 6. Election of the executive committee of the Co mmission Ad 1. The 11 th International Pseudokarst Symposium in Saupsdorf/Germany, 12 16 May 2010 re capitul ation. The main organizer of the Symposium was Caving Club Hhlen und Karstforschung Dresden. The Chairman of the Organizing Committee was Hartmut Simmert, and he was efficiently supported by his family (daughters) and colleagues, especially Bern t Wutzig. This Symposium gathered 50 scientific pa rti c ipants from 10 countries: Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Sl ovakia, Spain, and Sweden. During the three half day sessions (13 15 May), 21 lectures were held and se veral posters were presented. During the Symp osium, field sessions were organized after the scie ntific sessions. Seven different excursions were pr ovided from easy walks to climbing in deep vertical caves. Many thanks for Organizers for their hard work a nd hospitality! A year after the Symposium the book of the Symp osium Proceedings was published in very attractive form and it was sent to authors and other people interested in such materials. The Proceedings are also accessible on the Pseudokarst Commiss ion website. Many thanks to organizers! The reports on the 10 th Pseudokarst Symposium were published in: UIS Bulletin, Aragonit (a journal of the Slovak Cave Admi nistration), P ournal), Karszt s Barlankutatsi Tjkoztat (Newsletter of the Hungarian Speleological Society), Yearbook of the Hungarian Vulcanspeleological Collective. Ad 2. Other events and activities between the 10 th and 11 th Symposia a) During and after the last Commission Assembly, the list of Commission members was significantly enlarged from about 10 people to more than 20. The membership was updated at the Commi ssion webpage, which is still managed by Hartmut Simmert. The web page is vital, new event s and publications are recorded there. Recently the book of Proceedings of the 11 th International Symposium on Pseudokarst was published on the webpage. The members and co operators of the Commission are requested to publish in the website reports and mess ages on speleological activity of their clubs and other announcements, etc. b) The 2 nd International Conference on Granite Caves, Nynshamn, Sweden (31.05 7.06. 2011), was organised by the committee headed by Rabbe Sjberg and Nils Axel Mrner in cooper at ion with the UIS Pseudokarst Commission. The meeting gathered some 20 persons from 6 cou ntries. Presentations about various aspects of non karst caves in Austria, Finland, Italy, Spain and Sweden were given. During the Symposium and post Symposium excursio ns, diverse and spectacular caves were shown, among which the seismotectonic ones were the most interesting. The report, by R. Pavuza, was published in the 20). c) Not connected directly with the UIS Pseudokarst Commission activity, but related to the interests of its members were also: d28.04.2012. The report, by E. Knust, will be Two meetings of the Russian Geographical S ociety in St. Petersburg: 1. Meeting of the Karst and Speleology Co mmission of RGO. 16.11.2011 2. Scientific practical conference "Leningrad Re gion as an object of study." 16.03.2012. 2010) and no 22 (December 2011). Both were edited traditionally in two languages (English and German) by Rudi Pavuza and Jan U rban, with ssue (no. 21) was distributed mainly in electronic 12 th International Symposium on Pseudokarst Minutes of the Assembly of the UIS Pseudokarst Commi ssion 13 Septembre, 2012 (Tui, Galicia SPAIN)


37 UIS Bulletin vol. 55 Nr 1 & 2 (201 2 ) form by the Internet, but several paper copies in colour were also produced and sent to the a uthors. The second one was published only as an In ternet version, because no funds were avail able for printing it in colour and sending it by post. The Newsletters are also accessible on the Commission website. e) Two reports were sent to UIS Bureau: 1) on the Pseudokarst Commission activity in the peri od May 2011 May 2012, 2) on the 10 th Pseudokarst Symposium (pu blished in UIS Bulletin). f) Continuous contact with the UIS Bureau was kept and the most important messages and a nnouncements from this Bureau were transmitted to the Commission members. The Commission President, Jan Urban also keeps contact with o rganizers of the 16 th International Congress of Speleology which will be held in Brno, Czech Republic, next summer. g) On the 9 th of the Pseudokarst Commission, Mais died. Rudolf Pavuza has given some words of remembrance. Karl was an excellent scientist and brilliant publisher in the field of speleological sciences, also in non death is a great loss for Austrian and inte rnatio nal speleology. Ad 3. Current activities the 12 th International Pseud okarst Symposium The present, 12 th International Pseudokarst Symp osium is organized by Clube Espeleolxico Maxo and Instituto Universitario de Xeoloxa "Isidro Parga Pondal", University of A Corua. The organizing Committee is l ed by Marcos Vaqueiro Rodrguez, chairman on speleology, and Juan Ramn Vidal Roman, chairman on geology. T he main aims and How old is pseudokarst: d aell as the state of survey and protection of the granite landforms, as caves and tors in Galicia. The Symposium was attended by 27 participants from 8 countries (Argentina, Austria, Brazil, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, and Spain). Unfortunately t he Italian and Russian partic ipants needed to cancel. Lecture Abstracts and E xcursion Guidebook was published. The Commission has expressed its gratitude and thanks to the orga nizers for this excellent event. Ad 4. Activities and works of the UIS Bureau. Due to the activity of the Vice President of the Inte rnational Union of Speleology, George Veni, the B ureau and whole management of this organization has acted much more vigorously than before. The webpage of the UIS was also reconstructed and u pdated. T he Pseudokarst Commission head (persona lly J. Urban) has received many messages which have been then distributed among members and co operators of the Commission. One of the last me ssages from the UIS Bureau, signed by George Veni, reported: proposed ch anges in the UIS Internal Regulations for better communication between Commissions and the Bureau, Karst Information Portal as a project of the UIS, financial support of the Departments, Commissions, and Working Groups for specific projects or needs. We, members of the Pseudokarst Commission, hope that the Commission is sufficiently active, so we can expect to get some help from the UIS Bureau in our activities. This statement was confirmed by Jan Paul van der Pas, the President of the Volcanic Caves Commission. He stated that the Pseudokarst and Volcanic Caves Commissions are considered as the most active commissions of the UIS. Ad 5. Expected events and future activeness of the Commission a) 16th International Congress of Speleology, held in Brno, Czech Republic, 21 28.07. 2013. Since the Congress will be held just in central E urope, close to the countries (living places) of many of members of the Pseudokarst Commission, and most of them will be able to attend it, this Congress gives a unique oppo rtunity to promote pseudokarst problems achievements. During this Congress, Session no. 5 will be dedicated to Karst, pseudokarst in other rocks (other than carbonate rocks, salt and gypsum) and conveyed by mem bers of our Commission: J. The President of the Pseudokarst Commission, J. Urban asked for the active participation of the Co mkarst caves in this event. During the meeting at least 10 members expressed their intention to participate in the Congress and to prepare lectures for the se ction no. 5. Hopefully, the number of the participants will significantly increase. Also two pre and post Congress excursions will co ncern non karst objects karst caves in the siliciclastic clayey flysch of the Outer 20.07.2013), is proposed by Polish members of the Pseudokarst Commission. The se cdstone caves and rock cities of B ( b) The next, 13 th International Symposium on Pse udokarst is planned in 2015 (not in two years, due to the date of the 16 UIS Congress which, hopefully, will be attended by numerous members of the Commi ssion). The location of the next symposium was not settled, because no representatives of the nations have offered to organize the event. Therefore the location of the 13 th Symposium will be decided in the Commission Meeting during the 16 th UIS Congress. There was a suggestion to or ganize it in South Mor avia, Czech Republic, as a cooperative project of Au strian and Czech members of the Commission, with excursions in both countries. keep the tradition to publish the Newsletter in two languages: English and German expressed Mr.


UIS Bulletin v ol 55, Nr 1 & 2 (2012 ) 38 members of editorial board: English German translator and technical editor, are necessary. He, personally, has no spare time to prepare more than one edition a y ear and there are no more materials to publish. However, there is no obstacle to organize another editorial board and publish more issues a year. The members of the assembly accepted the acting editorial board and its proposal to publish one edition a year The members of the Commission support the idea to ask the UIS Bureau for financial support also in (colour) paper version. They asked Rudolf Pavuza, the Vice President of the Commission, to keep contac ts with the UIS Bureau in this a ffair. The members and friends of the Commission are requested for more active participation and to contribute materials for the Newsletters. Ad 6. Election of the executive committee of the Co mmission: president, vice p resident, secretary There was no new candidate for the executive committee of the Commission. It was suggested to keep in position the current office holders. The participants of the Commission assembly voted concordantly for this suggestion. The presiden t and the vice president accepted the vote, wher eas the absent Ludovt Gal had expressed his allowance to be a candidate for the secretary by e mail. It means that Jan Urban is the President, Rudolf Pavuza is the Vice President and Ludovt Gal is the Sec retary, forming the E xecutive Committee of the Pseudokarst Commission for the next period. Functionaries and Members of the Commission are the following persons: (Honorary President), Jan Urban (President), Rudolf Pavuza (Vice President), Ludovt Gal (Secretary). Members: Margielewski, Hartmut Simmert, Rabbe Sjberg, Herman de Swart, George Szentes, Maurizio Tava gnutti, Jan Paul van der Pas, Tiberiu Tulucan, Marcos Vaqueiro Rodriguez, Marina Vdovets, Juan Ramon The president ask s the friends of the Commission to join formally the Commission and to work within its body. Recorded by J. URBAN and G. S ZENTES


39 UIS Bulletin vol. 55 Nr 1 & 2 (201 2 ) Invented slightly more than 100 years ago (W. Knebel 190 6, see Bella 1995) the term Pseudokarst related to processes and landforms, mainly caves, and was pro pagated in Europe especially strongly in the seventies and eighties of the 20 th century It ultimately has not been everywhere fully and unequivocally acce pted in the scientific language It is because this term has not been precisely defined and, moreover, in some cases it does not fit reality. For example, in the case of numerous caves formed due to the gravitational movements of flysch (silicicla stic cl ayey) rocks in the Outer Carpathians (Central E urope), neither their genesis nor their shape corresponds to karst process and forms. However, the term Pseud okarst has become the motto gathering cavers and sc ientists and cavers, who study and explore unusua l and genetically unique caves (also these in the mentioned above Carpathians). These s cientists and cavers have met during the Inte rnational Symposia on Pseudokarst organised under the inspiration of the UIS Pseudokarst Commission. Since 1982 twelve suc h symposia were organised in many countries of Europe. And the last, 12 th Symposium on term Pseudokarst It is, because the Symposium was held in western Galicia in northwest Spain and in Po rtugal, in the area formed of granitic rocks, which unde rgo very specific morphogenic processes co n trolled by a humid and relatively warm climate, influenced by the Atlantic Ocean. D uring the field sessions of this Symp osium and pre and post Symposium excursions we s a w numerous granitic landforms quite differ ent from those of granite in the Alps or the Carpath i ans and resembling karst forms. View o f the Medieval cathedral fortress in Tui from the ga r den surrounding the place where the Symposium was held (photo J. Urban). The field sessions and excursion were organised o n both sides of the Minho R iver, the boundary b e tween Spain and Portugal, in the Aloia Galieiro Mou n tains as well as the Atlantic coastland. Parti c ipants of the s (five days!) visited three large (several hundred meters long) cave sy s tems: O Foln, A Trapa and A Furna These caves are genetically connected by tectonic gravitational pr ocesses, but large parts were remodelled by weathe ring and fluvial erosion. In the two first caves, repr esenting boulder type (definition see Bella, Gaal 2011), and formed within the large bou l der fields filling valleys, the process of fluvial erosion of unde rground water streams have produced po t holes, half tubes and even tubular con rock surfaces covered with runnels or other concav ities. Participants and organisers of the Symposium in the Furna das Fighosas Cave. In turn, in the A Furna C ave, which developed along bunch of strongly dipping (60 70) widened crevices, and in its proximity, the granitic rock walls were rounded and devoid of sharp edges. In these caves the relatively dry surfaces are in many places co vered with secondary, mainly siliceous (opal) incrust ations and small corraloids, wherea s in the wet parts of the caves flowstones of pigotite (organic mi neraloid) frequently occur. Among several small caves visited in the Aloia Galieiro Mountains, apart from typical gravitational (boulder and crevice type) caves, were lenticular and sphe rical caverns developed due to selective weathering of granites (Mina de Brin cave). 12 th International Symposium on Pseudokarst Event Report 11 14 Septembre, 2012 (Tui, Galicia SPAIN)


UIS Bulletin v ol 55, Nr 1 & 2 (2012 ) 40 Apart from the large caves described above, the most interesting cavities in the area of the excursions are large tafon i forms in granite boulders. We explored s uch la ndforms near the Aloia Galieiro Mountains (Coto da Moura C ave) and in the Silleiro Cape. The boulders with such tafoni eggs bein g hollows of very irregular shapes. The walls of such inner holes are covered with many irregular or hemispherical cavities rese m bling karst cupolas. Tafon i type cave in the Silleiro Cape more or less regular concavities resembling karst cupolas are common on the cave walls (photo J. Urban). A Trapa Cave potholes and vertical tubular cavities in the cave floor were eroded in granite by a stream (photo J. U rban). On the coast of the Atlantic island Ons (being a part as well as on the continental coast we also visited abr asional caves produced by selective m a rine abrasion e.g. abrasion developed along the tectonic fault zones (Buraco do Inferno Cave and Furna das Fighosas Cave ). A Trapa Cav e the most spectacular and one of the largest pigotite speleothem s in the caves of Galicia (photo J. Urban). So, recapitulating our experiences in Galicia, we should conclude that in the specific landscape of this region, the term Pseudokarst i s but has real meaning because the shapes of some gra n ite landforms are similar to karst relief, although the pr ocess of typical dissolution has played little or no role in their formation. In such case the problem of pse udokarst is not the lan d form s existence but rather the problem of the boundary between Karst and Pseud okarst S peleogenesis and its effects are very strictly co nnected with history of man in Galicia. In the large caves, as e.g. O Foln and A Trapa and smaller cav ities (also of tafon i type) pottery, engraved mills and petroglyphs of prehistoric and Early Medi e val age were found. They are accompanied by n u merous engraved superficial rock surfaces. The other phenomenon unusual for people coming f r om regions of lithological diversity w as common and from prehistoric time was the usage of the granite in Galicia. This rock is used not only for road and buil ding construction (which is no r mal practice) but it has been used for production of fences, exte r nal tables and seats as well as even very subtle sculptures, as well. The most spectacular granite building, Medieval cathedral fortress in the town of Tui, was situated just at the hill slope opp o site to the slope where we lived and Symposium scientific se s sion was held, so we admired its st ony, austere beauty each day.


41 UIS Bulletin vol. 55 Nr 1 & 2 (201 2 ) The scientific session of the 12 th Symposium on Pseudokarst was partly devoted to the local problems the exploration as well as geomorphological, bi olo g ical, mineralogical and archaeological studies of the caves in Galicia The following topics were pr esented in this part of the session: Granite pseudokarst: a three dimensional an aglyph perspective. A trip from the visible world to the nanoscale, by De Prado Vsquez A and Vaqueiro Rodriguez M.; Geomorphological mapping o f granite caves (in the region), by Costas Vsquez R., Surez Prez R. M. and Vaqueiro Rodriguez M.; Development trends of tafoni forms (incipient Biospeleothems of natural cavities in magmatic rocks, by Vidal Romani J.R., Sanjurjo Snchez J. Vaqueiro Rodriguez M., Lpez Gonzlez L. and Lpez Galindo M.J.; Testate amoebae of granite caves, by Gonzlez Lpez L., Vidal Romani J.R. and Lpez Galindo M.J.; Intangible and archaeological heritage of A Trapa cave, preliminary note, by Otero Dacosta T., Mndez Quintas E and Groba Gonzlez X.; TL estimation of ages of pottery from granite caves in the NW of th e Iberian Peninsula, by Sanjurjo Snchez J. Vidal Romani J.R., Vaqueiro The other presented subjects are as follow: Loess caves of Austria, by Pavuza R. and Plan L.; Geological sketch and the nonkarstic caves of the Bak ony mountains in Hungary, by Eszterhs I. and Szentes G.; Dated speleothems of the crevice type caves in sandstones of the Polish Outer Carpathians, by V. Mineralogical and isotopic (O and C) composition o f selected secondary formations in the non karst caves in sandstones of the Polish Outer Carpath ians, by Urban J., Schejbal Chwastek M, Ma rJust after the scientific session, the assembly of the UIS Pseudokarst Commission was held (the Minutes of this meeting are presented in the same issue of the UIS Bulletin). The 12 th Symposium on Pseudokarst was organised by the Clube Espeleolxico Mauxo and the Instituto iversity of A Personally, the chairman of sp eleology was Marcos Vaqueiro Rodriguez, while the chairman on geology was Juan Ramn Vidal Rom ani. Both of the leaders were supported by group of collaborators. The excellent work of this team provi ded perfect organisation of the Symposium and, esp ecially, its field sessions. Everybody admired the pi cturesque landscape shown us during the excursion, enjoyed the calm atmosphere in a garden full of fruits surrounding the place of the Symposium and are very grateful for efforts and hospitality of all organi sers! The guidebook and book of abstracts were published for participants of the meeting and are probably still accessible for people interested in such materials. Chairmen of the Organising Committee: Juan Ramn Vidal R omani (left side) and Marcos Vaqueiro Rodriguez (right side) during the opening ceremony of the Symposium. In between them: Francisco Martnez Garca, President of the Galician Speleological Society (FGE) (left) and Jan Urban (right) (photo R. Pavuza). Th e 12 th Symposium on Pseudokarst was attended by 27 participants representing eight following cou ntries: Argentina, Austria, Brasilia, Germany, Hungary, Netherland, Poland and Spain. It was a much smaller number of people than the number of people who annou nced the y would participat e in this mee t ing. Such a low number could have been caused by the global economic crisis which gene r ated financial restrictions and limits in institutional or private bud gets, which appeared crucial for high costs of travels to the Galicia situated in the ge o graphical margins of Europe ( otherwise the fee and other costs of the Symposium were pretty low). Nevertheless, we hope that the location of Brno, the place of the 16 th Intern ational Congress of Spel e ology in central Europe will contribute to a higher number of participants explo ring and studying non karst caves, which will be a subject of a Co n gress session. Bella P. 1995 Karst and Pseudokarst fundamental terminological problems (English summary). In: Gal L. (ed.) Pro c. of Intern. Working Meet ing Sobota 76. Bella P., Gal L. 2011 Terminology and genetic types of boulder caves. Pseudokarst Commission Newsle tter 22: 1 4. http://wwwpub.zih.tu dre sden.de/~simmert/pkarst/08_newsletter/newsletter_ 022.pdf Jan U RBAN Rudolf P AVUZA


UIS Bulletin v ol 55, Nr 1 & 2 (2012 ) 42 Commission Permanente de Sp l otherapie Permanent Commission of Speleotherapy 13 Septembre, 2012


43 UIS Bulletin vol. 55 Nr 1 & 2 (201 2 )


UIS Bulletin v ol 55, Nr 1 & 2 (2012 ) 44


45 UIS Bulletin vol. 55 Nr 1 & 2 (201 2 ) I am very sad to report that Viktor Dublyansky, 82, passed away on Saturday, September 22, 2012 in Sankt P etersburg, Russia. He was seriously ill during the last few years. Professor, Dr. Victor Dublyansky is regarded as a founder of Speleology in the ex Soviet Union as he had played one of the key roles (together with Dr. Boris Ivanov and Dr. Vladimir Ilyukhin) in the formation of organized spele ological activity during the end of 19 50s into the beginning of 19 60s. He made an immense contribution to the deve lopment and promotio n of speleology, both as a science and as a specific social movement, and also to the deve lopment of karst science, particularly karst hydrogeology. Victor Dublyansky worked as a researcher and senior researcher in the Institute of Mineral Resources at Si mfer opol, Crimea (Ukraine) in 1957 1978 and then as a professor at the Simferopol State University (1978 1997). In 1997 he moved to Perm, Russia, where he was a Professor and the Engineering Geology Department chair at the Perm University. He retired in 20 08 and moved to Sankt Petersburg in 2009. Viktor Dublyansky studied caves and karst in many regions of the former Soviet Union and led numerous research expeditions. He visited karst regions in many Eastern European countries, Canada and USA. He authored and co authored more than 500 scientific papers and 18 books. His numerous honors and awards include: 6th International Speleological Congress Award (1974), Honorary Me mber of the Ukrainian Speleological Association (1992), Emeritus Scientist of Ukraine ( (2001), Honorary Member of the Russian Geographical Society, awards of the B ulga r ian Speleological Society, the Crimean government, government of the Perm region, etc. Prof. Viktor Dublyansky was a dedicated cave explorer, an ou tstanding cave and karst scientist, a great mentor and a great person. He is survived by his wife Galina Dublyanskaya and two sons, Andrey Dublyansky of Simferopol and Yuri Dublyansky of Innsbruck, Austria. His family and many people around the world will miss him. Alexander KLIMCHOUK Ukrainian Speleological Association Ukrainian Institute of Speleology and Karstology TRIBUT E TO VIKTOR DUBLYANSKY (1930 2012) By Alexander Klimchouk ( UIS, Adjunct Secretary / Ukrainian Speleological Association)


UIS Bulletin v ol 55, Nr 1 & 2 (2012 ) 46 President Andrew James EAVIS (United Kingdom ) Vice President of Operation s Christian DODELIN (France) Vice President of A dministration George VENI (United States of America) Secretary General Fadi NADER (Lebanon) Adjunct Secretaries Giovanni BADINO (Italy) Jean Pierre BARTHOLEYNS (Belgium) Alexander KLIMCHOUK (Ukraine) Stein Erik LAURITZEN (Norway) Efrain MERCADO (Puerto Rico) Paul WILLIAMS (New Zealand) Kyung Sik WOO (Korea) Nadja ZUPAN HAJNA (Slovenia) UIS Past Presidents Arrigo A. CIGNA (Italy) Derek C. FORD (Canada) Paolo FORTI (Italy) Julia Mary JAMES (Australia) Jose Ayrton LABEGALINI (Brazil) Adolfo ERASO ROMERO (S pain) Hubert TRIMMEL (Austria) UIS Honorary Members Maurice AUDTAT (Switzerland) Reno BERNASCONI (Switzerland) Pavel BOSK (Czech Republic) Arrigo A. CIGNA (Italy) Paolo FORTI (Italy) Julia Mary JAMES (Australia) Adolfo ERASO ROMERO (Spain) Hubert TRIMMEL (Austria) Refer to the UIS official website ( www.uis speleo.org ) For any inconsistencies, mistake or information change of National Delegates, contact the webmaster UIS Bureau 2009 2013 National Delegates and Subsitutes


47 UIS Bulletin vol. 52, Nr 2 (2010 ) The Commissions and Working Groups are where the actual speleological work is done. Anyone who wants to contribute is invited to collaborate in the work of a commission under the co ordination of its President(s) UIS domain: http://www.uis speleo.org Departments: Karst and Cave Protection* Research Documentation Exploration Education Advisory Committee Department of Protection and Management. Dpartement de la Protection. To be renamed: Dep artment of Karst and Cave Protection Dpartement Protection du Karst et des Grottes President: Jean Pierre BARTHOLEYNS, Be lgium COMMISSION ON PROTECTION, MANAGEMENT AND TOURISM IN CAVES AND KARST REGIONS COMMISSION POUR LA PROTECTION, LEXPLOITATION ET LE TOURISME DES CAVITS ET DES R GIONS KARSTIQUES President: Jean Pierre BARTHOLEYNS, Be lgium Department of Research Dpartement de la Recherche Scientifique COMMISSION ON ARCHEOLOGY AND PALEONTOLOGY IN CAVES COMMISSION POUR L'ARCHOLOGIE ET LA PALONTO LOGIE DANS LES GROTTES Currently being reorganized and has no office r s COMMISSION ON ARTIFICIAL CAVITIES COMMISSION DES CAVITS ARTIFICIELLES President: Mario PARISE, Italy Vice President: Joep ORBONS, the Netherlands Secretary: Carla GALEAZZI, Italy CO MMISSION ON BIOLOGY COMMISSION DE BIOLOGIE President: John HOLSINGER USA Secretary: Jill YAGER, USA Treasurer: Oana MOLDOVAN, Romania COMMISSION ON CAVE MINERALOGY COMMISSION POUR LA MINRALOGIE DANS LES GROTTES President: Bogdan Onac, USA/Romania COMM ISSION ON GLACIER, FIRN, & ICE CAVES COMMISSION DES GROTTES EN GLACIRS, GLACIRS, ET NV. President: Valter MAGGI Italy COMMISSION ON KARST HYDROGEOLOGY AND SPELEOGENESIS KARST ET LA SPLEOGENESE President : Alexander KLIMCHOUK, Ukraine COMMISSION ON MICROBIOLOGY AND GEOMICROBIOLOGY COMMISSION DE MICROBIOLOGIE ET GEOMICROBIOLOGIE Presidents: Hazel BARTON, USA; Juan GONZALEZ, Spain Secretar y : Juan GIARRIZO, Spain COMMISSION ON PALEOKARST AND SPELEOCHRONOLOG Y COMMISSION DU PALOKARST ET DE LA SPLOCHRONOLOGIE. President: Stein Erik LAURITZEN, Norway COMMISSION ON PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY AND HYDROGEOLOGY OF KARST COMMISSION DE LA PHYSICO CHIMIE ET DE L'HYDROGOLOGIE DU KARST President: Yavor Y. SHOPOV, Bulgaria epublic President: Jan URBAN, Poland Secretary: Ludovit GAAL, Slovakia PERMANENT COMMISSION ON SPELEOTHERAPY COMMISSION PERMANENTE DE SPLOTHERAPIE Honorary President s : Svetozar DLUHOLUCKY, Slovakia, and Beata S ANDRI, Austria President: Iuri SIMIONCA, Rom a nia Vice Presidents: Jaroslav CHONKA, Ukraine;; Rudolf PAVUZA, Austria ; Pavel SLAVIK, Czeck Republic Secretary: Ovidiu MERA Romania Librarian e public COMMISSION ON VOLCANIC CAVES C OM MISSION DES GROTTES VOLCANIQUES President: Jan Paul van der PAS, Netherlands UIS Departments, Commissions, and Working Groups


UIS Bulletin v ol 55, Nr 1 & 2 (2012 ) 48 Department of Documentation Departement de la documentation COMMISSION ON ARTS AND LETTERS COMMISSION DES ARTS ET LETTRES President: Ian CHANDLER, USA Secretary: Lois MANNO Spain Treasurer: Asa LINNMAN, Sweden COMMISSION ATLAS OF KARST REGIONS COMMISSION POUR L'ATLAS DES RGIONS KARSTIQUES President: Dr. Karl Heinz PFEFFER, Germany COMMISSION OF BIBLIOGRAPHY COMMISSION DE BIBLIOGRAPHIE President: Patrick DERIAZ, Switzerl and COMMISSION ON HISTORY OF SPELEOLOGY COMMISSION POUR L'HISTOIRE DE LA SPLOLOGIE Currently being reorganized and has no officers; for information : Hubert TRIMMEL Austria INFORMATICS COMMISSION COMMISSION POUR L'INFORMATIQUE Presi dent: Peter MATTHEWS, Australia WORKING GROUP: SURVEY AND MAPPING GROUPE DE TRAVAIL: TOPOGRAPHIE ET DESSIN President: Philipp HUSELMANN, Swi tzerland WORKING GROUP: CAVE DATA EXCHANGE STANDARDS GROUPE DE TRAVAIL: PRESENTATION DES DONN ES SP L OLOGIQUE S President: Peter MATTHEWS Australia LINGUAL DICTIONARY GROUPE DE TRAVAIL: DICTIONNAIRE POLYGLOTTE DU SPLOLOGUE President: Mladen GARASIC, Croatia COMMISSION ON LONGEST AND DEEPEST CAVES COMMISSION DES GRANDES CAVITS Preside nt : Aitana TAMAYO Spain Secretary: Pat KAMBESIS, USA Department of Exploration Departement de l'exploration CAVE DIVING COMMISSION COMMISSION DE LA PLONGE SOUTERRAINE President: Phillippe BRUNET, France CAVE RESCUE COMMISSION COMMISS ION DE SPLO SECOUR President: Christian DODELIN, France MATERIALS AND TECHNIQUES COMMISSION COMMISSION D U MATRIEL ET TECHNIQUES Currently being reorganized and has no officers; for information: Aaron BIRD, USA Department of Educati on and Teaching Departement de l'Enseignement splologique President: Marcel MEYSSONIER, France COMMISSION OF SPELEOLOGICAL EDUCATION COMMISSION DE L'ENSEIGNEMENT SPLOLOGIQUE President: Marcel MEYSSONNIER, France ADVISORY COMMITTEE COMIT CONSULTATI F Members (alphabetic al order): Dr. Pavel BOSAK, Czech Republic Dr. Arrigo A. CIGNA, Italy Dr. Julia JAMES, Australia Friedrich OEDL, Austria Dr. Hubert TRIMMEL, Austria UIS Addresses Addresses of members and honorary members of the UIS Bureau and Pre sidents of the UIS Commissions and Working Groups. Refer to the UIS official website ( www.uis speleo.org ) For any inconsistencies, mistake s or information change s of National Delegates, contact the webmaster.


49 UIS Bulletin vol. 52, Nr 2 (2010 ) ANNUAL CONTRIBUTIONS The UIS General Assembly at the 15 th ICS decided to change the annual contributions of the UIS member countries to Euro currency, while keeping the same rates as those since 1994. T he annual contributions will be as fo llows starting from January 2010 : Category A 300 Euros Category B 200 Euros Category C 50 Euros Each UIS member country has the free choice of the category in accordance with its own financial possibilities and with the number of speleologists or speleological societies/ associations/ federations/ clubs/ institutions The UIS Bureau is authorized to reduce or to remit the contributions, if the UIS member country makes a respectivel y written demand. If the UIS Bureau requires, the UIS member country has to give reasons for the difficulties of a payment. The authorization of the UIS Bureau to reduce or remit the contributions confirms that the impossibility of a payment by actual pol itical problems or difficulties will not be an argument to exclude any member country from the international collaboration within the structure of the UIS. UIS Bank Account Account name UIS Titov trg 2 6230 Postojna Sloven ia Bank (name and address) Banka Koper d.d. 6230 Postojna Slovenia Account No. IBAN SI56 1010 0003 7861 520 SWIFT Code: BAKOSI2X Accepted Currencies: USD (United States Dollars) EUR (Euros) SIT (Slovenian tollars) Contributions and Bank Account s


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