БЕЗОПАСНОСТЬ ПЛОТИН НА РАСТВОРИМЫХ ПОРОДАХ (на примере Камской ГЭС)

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БЕЗОПАСНОСТЬ ПЛОТИН НА РАСТВОРИМЫХ ПОРОДАХ (на примере Камской ГЭС)

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Title:
БЕЗОПАСНОСТЬ ПЛОТИН НА РАСТВОРИМЫХ ПОРОДАХ (на примере Камской ГЭС)
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Safety of dams on soluble rock (The Kama hydroelectric power station as an example).
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George Veni ( suggested by )
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Russian

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serial ( sobekcm )

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В монографии дается представление об особенностях строительства плотин, в основании которых залегают растворимые породы. Опыт строительства плотин в России, Австрии, Германии, Китае, США, Франции и других странах показывает, что отсутствие надежных мероприятий по защите таких пород от растворения может привести к трагическим последствиям. Проблема безопасности плотин рассмотрена на примере действующей Камской ГЭС. Здесь в связи с начавшимся растворением гипса основания плотины производилось доуплотнение цементационной завесы щелочным щавелевоалюмосиликатным раствором. Анализируется влияние изменившихся фильтрационных параметров и геохимической обстановки на растворимость гипса и устойчивость плотины. Издание предназначено геологам, геохимикам, студентам геологических и технических специальностей, а также широкому кругу специалистов в области гидротехнического строительства.
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University of South Florida Library
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University of South Florida
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K26-04999 ( USFLDC DOI )
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!" # #$% !!"#&' %!%!! THE RUSSIAN FEDERAL AGENCY FOR SCIENCE AND INNOVATIONS Federal state scientific institution Institute of Natural Science

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The selected worksN.G.MaximovichSAFETY OF DAMS ON SOLUBLE ROCK(The Kama hydroelectric power station as an example)Perm 2006

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..*%+"%#,/1 1( 3%+ +*' )+ 2006

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624.138:627.43(470.53) 26.3(24) 17 .. 17 ( ). / ..!. Â… : """ #, 2006. Â… 212. $%. 15, &. 60, %. 196 ISBN 5881873092 *+ # % %# *. ;, , <;, => ?* ? @ # A # @ *! #. % % ?-A B # !C# # ? >> A! A. ;?# # C# +> *! % ?! & **, *, ? **! >, @ C? ?*? > % *!* > &% ? ?! D?!* ?: '..*C (* ), "..?#C, ..;%C. " : *?* ? ..'.EF .. *.. ?, ?! ? ";" ?! ? @ # F .. . ?, ?! ? ";"?! ? G*! ?@ ;" D Maximovich N.G. 17 Safety of dams on soluble rock (The Kama hydroelectric power station as an example) / N.H.Maximovich. Â… Perm: PS Iarmony , 2006. Â… 212p. Table 15, Jl. 60, References 196. This work details the technical aspects and problems of constructing hydraulic structures where soluble rocks are present in the foundations. Lxperience gained from dam construction in Russia, Oustria, Hermany, Qhine, USO, Vrance and other countries has shown that the lack of dissolution prevention in soluble rock foundations can lead to failure and tragic consequences. The problem of dam safety has been carefully studied at the operating Kama hydroelectric power station. Wecause of gypsum dissolution in the dam foundations, additional grouting and solidification of the bedrock was undertaken using an oxaloaluminosilicate solution. The impact of these remediation techniques on the seepage properties and geochemical conditions for the dissolution of gypsum and dam stability are analyzed and presented. This book is aimed at professionals employed in the field of hydrotechnical construction including geologists, geochemists and students of geology, engineering geology and civil engineering. 624.138:627.43(470.53) 26.3(24) ISBN 5881873092 ..!, 2006 """ #, 2006

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!! 134 >#, @ # *. > # Â… X> !# ? G # ?!# ?* %X +, .. 5. *# ++? ># *# ># %># G *# *% ># @. @ *# @ ? # ? A, # % % >>. > ? ?*#, C* !??!. !# # > +# % >? *%?-A # # A ? ?! @ % #, ? +?-A >#?@, % % ? # 6.= >+! **! % # +> #. G++> +> ? !* # X> ?! > > ?# G++ > +> # 2,5 CC 100 *. B 4 !# X > % *, # @ *, G++> +> A 5 # 2. $ ?C > # A X> >. 7.>, -A > %!* G++ %-# ># ?!G++ C @ A # ?! ; # X>* # *!?% ? ?, *? ## # # *! ?@ ?A % .

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135 %& ,,9: G 0.0., ) #.. '# !* G++ > // 2 ?!. + > ?!. **. .: & 1975. .101107. '&&$& 29 #. 1976, † 24776 G! G.&. B *? +> *G*! .: *#, 1980. 320 G (.-. Y# .: 1982. 1127 G .G., G.R. A. .: Y #, 1977. 272 G #.., #.., T.-. # *? *? // B *? 1974. .117119. G #.., = T.., G.#. Y! ?* // "# +?, *? /, 1979. .101106. G #.., = T.., 0 ).#. ? # *!* *? ?! # % > // **# @. **#. !, 1978. .117121. G #.#. ># *?. .: C 1949. 40 $ .. > *?. : C# C, 1972. … 272. $ #.-., H ).. & # +> A % # X> +? // 7* '. A# ?*? E.: *#, 1971. .296298. $ &.'., ( &.. &?! > % ?% // ƒ?. . … 1979. $.52, † 9. 19451947. $ T.R. D# // *# . 2. $.1. .F E.: G*, 1959. .3034. $ T.., & G.#. (! .. A # // A. *? .F E.: & ; 1941. .160167. $ &.G., % $.). ?% *? .: 1980. 148 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14.

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%& 136$ .#., .&. 0 '.G. .: ?, 1967. 112 $ .-., $ ).., R #.G. '# ? *# ??? *# // ƒ?. . 1948. $.12, † 5. .603616. $ %.., .., U V.L. & G?> ?@ // 1970. † 1. 59. $!B .#., Q '.#., T.G., ) #.., #> !).R. +> !* @* // … 1976. † 4. .46. $ '.T., & .$. '# @ # A [@ \? // #. 1966. † 10. .12581261. $E W., Q R., ). =! + > .: 1971. 452 # .. + !* // ; … 1954. $.99, † 4. .581584. # .. &?* +, .: ?,1975. 124 #! ).R. **! X>* # : +. ˆ *. ?. .: & 1976. 44 #! ).R. **! @ ** // &@# **#. … 1980. †5. .313. #! ).R., ).)., ) '.. % > *? // #? A. ?*?. %, 1966. .96107. #! ).R., $! /.G., G 0.0., % #.. @ # # ?@. .: & 1971. 70 #! ).R., T.G. # ># .: & 1974. … 148. #! ).R., T.G., K '.&. # +# > @# // @. *.?!. .: & 1975. .110122. #! ).R., ) #.. & +! *% ?-A X> // 1975. † 4. .2628. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29.

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137 %& #! ).R., T.G., ) #.. $! ? # % !* # ? // '. @ ** *? #: .4. .: & 1976. .199209. #! ).R., #.., ) #.., = 0.. '# %> ? *? // B ? *? .: 1978. .7881. #! ).R., T.G., Q! (.. $!# ># .: & 1981. 342 #! ).R., ).&., &.. Y! ? +> : "!. .: & 1982. Z.2. 123 #! ).R., T.G., T &.G. # X>* G # ? # *? // 1981. † 10. .1115. #! ).R., T.G., T &.G. % A* // '. @ ** *?#. .: & 1983. '. 5. .370382. G.G. + ?C# *! ? @. .F E.: "$&, 1936. 320 . 'A *#. .: 1973. 113 *# .: 1962. 356. .., ( .G. # .:, 1955. 716 V.L. *! >. ., 1981. 208. T.# ?* ??!C# *?. .: & 1973. 376 T.#., Q P.). # + > G ? % // '. ?a. *. 1965. †6. .6574. -.G. 1977. 84 -.G. ? .Z? // !. . ?. … 1956. $.10, .2. .5970. V.L., 0 #.#., ) #.. +! #@?A A. .: 'C# C,1981. 335 R #.#., $ U.. Y! % ?# .: 1977. 228 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46.

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%& 138R &.G. & # @? -, ?? // $. ; ;. … 1954. $.8. 3848. R#.%.,U.R.,G/./. # + > % // &. '&& .D.' … 1978. $.122. .8185. R /.-. ( *) // * %. .: 1971. .92120. R W., .)., T.G., ( %. &@* *! # *! .: 1981. 352 R .'., T.. A! % # # // ƒ?. 1971. $.44, † 2. .23812386. R '.#., T #.. % !* A# // +! ?%?-A >. ., 1978. .5668. R #.., .. 20* G?> // … 1975. † 4. .3033. R ).G. *. /, 1961. 248 RE /. // # *. .: & ., 1963. 234258. ).&. &@**!# > !* X>* ?# *?: ˆ *.. ?. .: & 1981. 197 G.., $ .#. *! E.: Y#, 1983. 392 Y ).., '.&. Y# >. E.: ?, 1968. 160. Y ).., H ).), )! &.&. >. .: Y#, 1981. 264 YA ., $ (. *# *! ?@. .: 1961. 256 Q #.%., T K.., '.-. ? %# %# # // 7* '. A# ?*?. E.: *#, 1971. .174177. QB T.. *? # // ƒ?. *! … 1964. $.9, 10. .23752380. Q > .F E.: & ; 1944. Q V. # .: ?, 1967. 100 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64.

PAGE 139

139 %& Q #.. *> G. .: 1982. … 186. Q (.)., T.#. C > % // '. @ ** *? #. .: & 1963. '.1. .344351. Q (.)., K &.G., T &.G. & + # // & **! # # !. .: ?, 1982. .59. Q! (.., # %.'., #! ).R., R #.. B *? > A! // '. @ ** *?#. .: & 1983. '.5. .384397. Q .). &@# *. .: & 1983. 328 U.. *#. %: ?,1976. 271. U.., #.., ( &.. ? G A **! // =! > +>. .: ?. 1968. 7779. G. &X># *?. .: *#, 1971. 334 &.G. # % % > // $. ? ; 1978. $ 48. 5864. '.)., $ '.. !%%*+! ** .: *#, 1967. 124 '.)., T.G., & T.. &@**! # # *! ?@. .: *#, 1980. 344 #.., $! V.L. "> G++ >> *! ?@ ? %* *? // A# ?*?. $%, 1964. 404412. #.G. ?!# !. .: ?, 1973. 1. 448 F 2. 468 '.&., .T. @ **+! ?> ? @**! # *? // &@# **#, 1979. † 3. 4448. R.). $# > %#. .: & ; 1962. … 24. R.). $# .: ?, 1969. 111. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 73. 74. 75. 76. 77. 78. 79. 80.

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%& 140.., QB &.. +* + @**! // &@**! > .: & 1972. .2636. ).(., ( $.&., # .#. !* C* # +! // @ ?. *. *, 26 #: **. *#, @# *. . ., 1980. .104109. -.$. # %# // # *. ., & . 1983. 210233. -B Z.M. A! * // &. D.?!. *. ?. 1947. $.12, .4. 127134. -B Z.M. ?*? A ?# // &. D.?!. *. ?. 1952. $.13, 6. .503518. -B Z.M. ## // . … 1965. †10. .3337. -! #.., $ $.G. S„4… IQl … I2„ 25 // ƒ?. *! … 1976. $.21, †1. 281282. #.&. "% # A-* // *# **# .: & 1976. .153161. T %.%. ;* % %. .F E.: "$&, 1939. 104 T G.). ++? A A # @+ A // *# *+. … 1966. †12. .5666. T! #.. =!# *. .: =*, 1952. 699 T! #.. ?+ ># // 1950. $.17. .6973. T (., (. .: 1974. 540 T T., = #.. *+>. .: 1976. 407 TG.., T.G., !.G. ?@. .: 1992. 324 .G., -.G. %. 1958. 180 .G. #. 1983. $.1. 444 81. 82. 83. 84. 85. 86. 87. 88. 89. 90. 91. 92. 93. 94. 95. 96. 97.

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141 %& .-. # // *# .: *#, 1967. $.5. .939. .-. &?! *G>. … 1969. † 5. .1621. G.#., (B $.G. '@ !* # % ; // B ? *? .: 1983. .8889. &.&., & #.. # ?! ? @ // A! .: 1957. .7181. T.G., # T.G. '# *! -# % // #. .: ?, 1978. '.16. .212229. /.(., "E (. G # ? .: 1981. 216 BA $.. # !# ?# // #. 1972. † 9. 11331135. BA $.. ?#. : ? ?, 1974. 87 T.G. ?!# % # ?@ **! // &@# **#. … 1982. † 3. .1425. ).)., R! &.. B % # // #? A?*?. %, 1966. .616620. A /.. *? % // $. && C* … 1976. '. 17. .8292. R. +> ## ? = // @ … 1965. † 6. .1116. & .'. *, ?! #. … 1956. $.26, .6. .748769. "%X## ?+> #> *+! 1980. Z. JJ. 134 K G.G. @ # # // $.. A# ?. ., 1956. $.7. .913. K '.&. '# @ ?# % // 7* '. A# ?*?. E.: *#, 1971. .319321. 98. 99. 100. 101. 102. 103. 104. 105. 106. 107. 108. 109. 110. 111. 112. 113.

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%& 142K ., K 0., -. // # *. .: & ., 1963. 196209. K G.'. => A! * !* // A .: 1962. 2634. K G.'. *? + A # # // ?! %A# '" D". **#. .: 1962. 2634. K #.., ) #.&. %> # ?? // 2* '. A# ?!* .: ?, 1976. 211212. .$., ) &.). +> % # // 1976. †12. 2733. W.-. // ? *+ E.: 1958. $ 2, *. 12. 321343. -.'., G #.)., ).G. ? # +! > > // > ? : ? @? >> ***. .: 1979. $. 15. 212. G.)., < #.., & .#. ;%> A // @?. … 1966. $.32, 4. 315321. G.G., W.G. # Qa, Mg, Na, Ql, S„4I2„ 25 // ƒ?. *! … 1979. $. 24, † 1. 161167. .#. &@# **#. .: & 1959. 510 R.. % *! // ?!. A ?!. .: 1956. '.7. .1619. R.., T Z.M., & &.G. &@**! ?# ?@ // 15 E*. # : &+. %. E.: 1959. (B $.G. ># *?. .: C 1949. 143 (B $.G., ) #.., ) '.#. =!# ? +> ;? // 7* '. A# ?*?. E.: *#, 1971. .167171. 114. 115. 116. 117. 118. 119. 120. 121. 122. 123. 124. 125. 126. 127.

PAGE 143

143 %& ( &.#. &@**! # .: 1954. 184 ( G.W. >. .: Y#, 1974. 224 ( $.&., H &.. ? + // #. 1968. †8 .957961. ) #.#., = &.&. @ G !? +> *! ?@ // 1976. † 4. .810. ) #.#., ).$., = &.&. +> *! ?@ G // '. *? +?: $. &&. .: & &&, 1977. † 140. .150160. ) #.. &@**! % # +> @#: +. ˆ *.. ?. .: 1973. 23 ) #.., #! ).R., G 0.0. '# X>?* +! ? *? // '# + : ? ?, 1974. .263269. ) #.., R.G., #! ).R. ? # // !#: . '. ?!.. A#. 1980. .8788. ) #.., ).&. % # *? # // &@# **#. 1980. † 1. .113117. ) #.., 0 .. &# ++? *# A-* X> ? *? // &@# **# B. : . ?!. A#. 1982. .9192. ) '.. % ?!# *!* *? // A *?. *, 1959. .128130. ) '.. &@# **#. .: & 1978. 384. ) '.., -.. & '.&. '* + C @ ** // '. . *. 1963. † J. .4347. ) '.., .G., Q (.). .. ?. .: & 1983. 392 )! #.-. ;. 1963. 120 128. 129. 130. 131. 132. 133. 134. 135. 136. 137. 138. 139. 140. 141. 142.

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%& 144) .$., & .'. ?? %> *, ?! A! // @?. 1958. $.20, † 1. .8491. ) '.., T T.., # G.Q. = + ?+ # // $. *. 1956. '.3. 68 ) K.#., R>R #.#. >> // = ! *: B *. ** E., 1970. $.50, 3. .4347. )! #.'. > # *? > // A# ?*?. $%, 1964. .4451. )! #.'. ?! @ // 5? A? *?. %, 1966. .546549. )! #.'. > !* # *? // 6? '. A?*?. .: & 1968. .392394. )! #.'. Y! *?. .: 1980. 119 )! #.'., # .$. &+># > *? // 5? A?*?. %, 1966. .335337. ) '.#. B > *? // 6? '. A? *?. .: & 1968. .315318. ) &.. // # .: ?, 1966. .58. 0 ".H. % % .F E.: "$& $, 1936. 916 0B .&. ? ?++ ?! *? *! ?@# // A! .: 1957. .161174. 0B -. &@# **#. .F E.: %: "$& $, 1934. 444 0 &.. B@ *? *! // A. *? M.: & ; 1941. .8196. 143. 144. 145. 146. 147. 148. 149. 150. 151. 152. 153. 154. 155. 156.

PAGE 145

145 %& 0B G.G. $A @ ?! *> // $. *+. 1938. '.12. .173202. 0B G.G. $. *+. 1938. '.12. .175196. % G.'. \ ++? // 1913. † 78. .818826. % $.G. ;># G ?. .: Y#, 1980. 368 < '.). *! % // 6? '. A?*?. .: & 1968. .407410. < '.). *! } // B ? *? : ?, 1974. .160163. < '.)., ) '.#. *! @ // B ? *? ?, 1974. .163165. < U.). Y# *! #@?A A. E.: Y#, 1967. 224 < U.)., .). > % * // ; … 1973. $.212, † 3. .647648. < ).&. @ # A. .: 1979. 144 < #.-. *# % # // 6? '. A?*?. .: & 1968. 404405. < P.P. E., *, 1982. 672 < %.#. .: & ; 1955. 672 = #.. .: & 1979. 367 = 0.. '# ?? *? X > > >: +. ˆ *. ?. .: & 1982. 21 = /.$. // &. +.. %A *. ; … 1949. $. 17. / ).. **# @# **# &. .: 1973. 349 / #. =!# # .: & ., 1962. 1056 157. 158. 159. 160. 161. 162. 163. 164. 165. 166. 167. 168. 169. 170. 171. 172. 173. 174.

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%& 146Vandyopadhyay 0. Hrowth of calcite in gels // Jndian ‰. Larth Scinces. … 1977. vol.4, † 1. .9599. Vreish \.^., Meador _.`. The Wrantley dam proŠect // NSS News. 1973. ~ol.31, † 9. P.169172. Vrune b. Onhydrite and gypsum problems in engineering geology // Oss. Lng. Heol. 1965. † 2 P.2633. Lalvino N., Lostantino N., Mirri N. €esign criteria for a dam, reservoir and irrigation system on a middle east evaporate formation // Wull. Jnt. Ossoc. Lng. Heol. … 1981 † 24. P.5355. Lhristoffersen _., Lhristoffersen M.\. The kinetics of dissolution of calcium sulphate dihydrate in water // ‰. Qryst. Hrowth. 1976. ~ol.35, † 1. P.7988. Lole c.N., ^anjujki L._. O refinement of the crystal structure of gypsum QaS„42I2" // Octa crystallogr. b.30, † 4. P.921929. Nrohlijh N. Neoformation de silicates ferrifres amorphes dans la sedimentation pelagique recente. Wull. Miner. 1980. ~ol.103, † 6. P.798. bardner b.^., manjollas b.q. Kinetics of dissolution of calcium oxalate monohydrate // ‰. Phys. Qhem. 1975. ~ol.79, † 24. P.25972600. borwunova x.Z., Mazi{ovijh m.b. Types of karst water discharge in gypsum anhydrite karst regions // Lurop. conf. of speleology. Sofia, 1980. P.34. _a{es Z.m., ^upton Z.\.\. Hypsum and anhydrite in foundations of hydraulic structures // Heotechnique. 1978. ~ol.28, † 3, P.249272. _a{es Z.m., xirkpatrij J.M. €esign of foundations of dams containing soluble rocks and soils // ‹uart. ‰. Lng. Heol. 1980. ~ol.13, † 3. P.189198. xirsjh x., Sa{ol q. JnŠektionsverfahren zur Waugrundverbsserung // Tiefbau Jngcnieurbau … Strassenbau. 1978. ~ol.20, † 12. P.919925. ^iu _iajai et al. Polyurethane grouting in hydraulic engineering // Hrouting in Heotechnical Lngineering. N.‰., 1982. P.403417. MjLavley _.c., \oy \. Qontrolled nucleation and crystal growth of various QaQ„3 phases by the silica gel technique //Omer. Miner. 1974. ~ol.59. P.947967. Molokov ^.Z., Parawoutjhev J.Z. Lxperience detudes geologiques en URSS pour la construction des ouvrages hydrauliques sur les roches solubles // Wull. Jnt. Ossoc. Lng. Heol. 1981. † 24. P.6973. Mul|uko} ~.J. Uber den Stand und die Lntwicklungsaussichten der chemischen bodenverfestigung // „sterr. Jng. Œ. 1979. ~ol.22, † 2. P.4145. mowukau J. 'A * // G G 1978. † 153. Q.7580 (#.). Osende _., €e Porjellinis P. €eux problemes dans le traitement de sols avec inŠections de gel de silice // 6th Lur. Qonf. Soil Mech. and Vound. Lng., Proc. ien, 1976. ~ol.11, P.257260. 175. 176. 177. 178. 179. 180. 181. 182. 183. 184. 185. 186. 187. 188. 189. 190. 191. 192.

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147 %& Poupello #., `oule{ont M. Stabilisation des terrains karstiques par inŠections. e cas du lutetien Hypseux de le region de Paris // Wull. Jnt. Ossoc. Lng. Heol. 1981. † 24. P.111123. \ijketts V.€. Lxperimental investigation of carbonate precipitation in hydrated silica gel // ‰.Sidement. Petrol. 1980. ~ol.50, † 3. P.963970. \os{alen b.M. van, Marjhee c.b._., Venne{a P.Z. O comparison of gypsum crystals grown in silica gel agar in the presence of additives // ‰.Qryst. Hrowth. 1976. ~ol.35, † 2. P.169176. `ornaghi \. Qonsolidamento di terreni e rosse in posto. Jniezioni : campi di applicabilita e indagini pre liminari sui mezzida tratare // Strade e Traffico. 1978. ~ol.25, † 266. P.4258. 193. 194. 195. 196.

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# 170 // &@# **# B* : $. ?!. A. 1982. .9495. .., .. "% + ?! // =**+! # A# !* / ?. … 1982. .8487. .., '.&. & ? # # X> ? # // &@# **# B* : $. ?!.. A. 1982. .9091.1983'! .., D E.;., D# .., .., '.&. +> % # // #: $. '-. A. ., 1983. .123125. D# .., .., '.&. "> G++ % +> G // *: $. 3? %. ?.!, 1983. .7273. .., '! .. * @**! // '. ?.1983. .4. *#. †4. .7887. .., '.&. '# !* X>* # ?! *! ?@ // 1983. †7. .3032. Maksimovich N.H., Sergeev ~.J. Lffect of chemical inŠection stabilization on gypsum stability in the foundation of hydraulic structures // Power Technology and Lngineering, 1983. ~ol. 17, †7. P. 380384.1984 &.., .. &?! ? # // ># A # % # ??!CG *! ? *-A #: $. ?!.. +. 1984. .4445. '! .., .. '# X> > G++ # *? // **! : $. ?!.. A., 1984. .78. D# .., .., $C &.. "> # +> 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45.

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171 # G // % *** : $. ?!.. 1984. Z.1. .7273. .., '.&., $C &.. '# !* X>* # % // ># A # % # ??!CG*! ? *-A #: $. ?!.. +. 1984. .3133. '.&., '! .., .., D# .. # @# > A // % @ * # C*@ % @ : $. 5 '-. +. 1984. $.1. .272275. '.&., < $.., .. % X> * // +?: $. %. ?. 1984. .8283.1985'! .., D# .., .., .'. # !* # # > ** # # // ?!# : $. '-. ?!.. A. 1985. .143144. '! .., D# .., .., .'. X> **!?? *? ?!# // G-># +. .: ?, 1985. $.2. .459462. '! .., .., D# .. $** > X> % // # *: $. 1 '-. A. &?, 1985. $.2. .4044. '! .., .., D.., * # // &@# **#. 1985. †2. .4254. .;., .., '.. '# + A // ?* A G* G. ??, ?, ?* A. > #: 6* '-. A. & ?, 1985. '.1. .7677. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53.

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# 172 .;., .., '.., $ '.. '# # C ?# A // =**+! # A# !* : @?. %. ?!. / ?. 1985 .7986. ? $.&., !# $.E., $ '.., .. = % %A A, @ C? *#+ // ?! % G*!* C# 24 X : $. 1985. .2425. .., '.. *! ***! # ? ?% // % **+: ? C# # **+ % **+: $. +. 1985. .126.1986;% .&., .., $ '.. "% # ?* C % ># // *!# > ? %: $. ?!.. A. 1986. .60. &.., '! .., .. @ %*! # > // '. ?. 1986. .4. *#. †4. .4953. &.., .. + // G > : &+. : j ; 1986. .21. '! .., D# .., .. G ## X> > G++ +> // @ ! *: @?. %. ?!. &&. .,1986. .9099. %? .;., + D.., .., &.&. & > # ** ?# ? *? A // A. 1986. '.20. .3947. %? .;., .. *!* # // *+ # : $. 4 -. A#. ', 1986. .2930. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62.

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173 # .. & # A! # ? # // *# **# .: & 1986. '.7. .7683. .. *+# *** // A. 1986.'.20..118. .., ;% .&. & C ># // : $. 2* ?!. A. 1986. Z.1. .41. .., $ '.. = % +? ?* C // ++ @**! : $. . 1986. .4748. .., $ '.. = !* ? *?, @A ?* C // C G++ % ?* C: $. '-. ?!.. +. 1986. .1718. $ '.., .. ?# ?C @ ## A // ># #: $. 7 '-. +. **+: % > # > # ? # !# D E., 1986. .8384. Horbunova K.O., Maximovich N.H. Typological zonation of karst in the USSR // Qommunication 9.Qongress Jnt. de Lspeleologic. Warselona, 1986. ~ol.1. P.191193.1987# '.., .. % *## # ?* C // *# % ? : 1 ># % *## : $. '-. ?!. +. $%, 1987. .78. '! .., D# .., .'., .. > # +> *? // *! 1987. †7. .1518. '! .., .., D# .. ?!# X> > 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72.

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# 174 // &@# **#. 1987. †1. .3749. %? .;., .. & *! ? > // &@**! **! # >* # **! : $. . 1987. .3536. %? .;., .. &# # A // % ?!# : $. @?. *. $%, 1987. .5253. %? .;., .. # // **# ?! # : @?. %. ?!. / ?. 1987. .8186. %? .;., .. # # // % ?!#, G* A: $. 5* '-. A. -. 1987. .46. %? .;., .. # A // A ** # #: $. A. 1987. .810. .. '@ > C // C G+ + % ?* C: '-. ?!.. +. 1987. .114118. .. "% C %X ? *? // ? *! C# ? +? # ? : $. %. ?!.. +. 1987. .2526. .. "> ## // ** G A %: @?. %. ?!. 1987. .114121. .. % ?# **! C // % @ * *** * *>. .: ?, 1987. .268270. .., ;% .&. = ** % ?* @ ># // > **! : @?. %. ?!. ./ . 1987. .7681. 73. 74. 75. 76. 77. 78. 79. 80. 81. 82.

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175 # .., $ '.. & @**! ? ?* C // +! >: $. 9 '-. ?!. +. ., 1987. .161. .., $ '.. @ %-# > C %X // % @ *+ (&@*+*! @**! ): $. '-. +. ., 1987. .238239.1988%? .;., + D.., &.&., .. & > # * A // *! #, A B* : $. 2* **!* A. !, 1988. .1617. %? .;., "@*% '.., .'., .. ?# ?!% **! # ? 1* ?. 1988.44 %? .;., .. $ % %# // &@# **#. 1988. †4. .9397. > '.&., ;.&., .. '@ # *! %# ?!# @ ? C // &@**! ***! # *+! : $. . 1988. .1112. .. ;># %% // % ?!# ** : $. *. A. … ?*?, 1988. .5960. .., %? .;. & ?@-A > // > ?@-A# : #: $. 19* ? +. ; 1988. .93. .., ƒ? '.D., $.., ƒ? D.'., $ + .&. % % > % ? ?+ // D ? ? #?: $. 1988. .13. $.'., .. "% *+ ?%* % 750, >?!# G! // 83. 84. 85. 86. 87. 88. 89. 90. 91. 92.

PAGE 176

# 176 B* ? ?* # # *: $. ?!.. A. 1988. .86. Horbunova K.O., Maksimovich N. H. Types of conditions for karst formation in the USSR // Soviet Lngineering Heology (Jnzhenernaya Heologiya), 1988. †4. P.7581.1989# '.., .. # A# ?*%-A C // *+# ?. 1989. †2. .4245. '! .., .., D# .. ?!**! > +> G // % @ **, *** ** @ *? **! : $. 1 '-. X @**, *** *. : ? ?, 1989.Z.4..2729. %? .;., .. &# # A // % ?!# : @?. ? *. $% : >%, 1989. .269271. %? .;., .. %X# : @?. # // ? 1989. … 7, †47. .3. %? .;., .. # %# # // *+ B: $. '-. E., 1989. .8082. %? .;., .. G-># // Jnternational Qong. of Speleology. Wudapest, 1989.T. JJ.P.386387. ;.&., > '.&., .. &?! @ // ?!# #: $. 3* '?* ?!.. A. >? 1989. Z.2. .8384. ;.., .. ?!* *? // % ?!# ? ?* # #: $. ?!.. A. 1989. .88. .., # '.., ? ;.[. '@ @# >* ## ?* **! ?? // > **! #* # -* =: @. : $. 1989. .7677. 93. 94. 95. 96. 97. 98. 99. 100. 101. 102.

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177 # .., %? .;. & ***! ? > ?* *C* // &@# **#. 1989. … †5. .6165. .., %? .;. ? '* // *: $. +. 1989. .5153. Maksimovich N.H., Horbunova K.O. Qhange in hydrogeological conditions during construction of a large agroindustrial complex // Soviet Lngineering Heology (Jnzhenernaya Heologiya), 1989. †5. P.5256.1990%? .;., .. 10 @? * // A: % ?!#: @?. %. ?!. 1990. '.22. .119120. %? .;., .., ;!? '.. $* **!?? %. 1990. 44 %? .;., .., &.&., ;!? '.. ?%# ( 60# @#) // A: % ?!#: @?. %. ?!. 1990. '.22. .111112. & ;.;., .., '.&., < $.. # A *! ?@ // # A %X : '-. A. ?%C, 1990. .141143. '.., ? .<., .. *? ? JJ ?! # *? # // E *? # ?@ (. 3. &@**! %. $! ##): $. '-. ?!.. +. ?, 1990. .5255. .. # **! ?** % // *G! % ?*%-A* % %! ?*#: $. '-. ?!.. A. ., 1990. .1516. .., %? .;. '* @? A // A: % ?!#: @?. %. ?!. 1990. '. 22. .144. .., %? .;. = ?* C // &@# **#. 1990.†6. .9099. .., ;.. % *! ?*%-A // **! 103. 104. 105. 106. 107. 108. 109. 110. 111. 112. 113. 114.

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# 178 # # #: $. ?!.. A. 1990. .1011. .., ;.., < '.., ? ;.[. % ?* C % // *# @ : $. *. A. 1990. $.2. .188189. Hainanow Sh.Qh., Maximowitsch N.H. Wildungsbedingungen und mineralogische Wesonderheiten der berpermer Rotsediment // Mitteilungen der „sterreichischen Mineralogischen Hesellschaft.1990. †135. P.26. Horbunova K.O., Maximovich N.H., Kostarev ~.P., Ondreichuk ~.N. Technogenic impact on the karst in Perm region // Studia carstologica. 1990. †2. P.37 43. Maksimovich N.H., Horbunova K.O. Vormation of aggressivity of groundwaters when rocks from coalmine dumps are used in construction // Soviet Lngineering Heology (Jnzhenernaya Heologiya), 1990. † 6. P.7582. aximovich N.H., Horbunova K.O. Heochemical aspects of the geological medium changes in coal fields // Proceeding of 6 Jnt. Qongress Jnt. Oss. of Lngineering Heology. O.O.Walkema. Rotterdam, 1990. P.14571461.1991# '.., .. *! # ># Y%@* ?** // '-. A. (YJJJ A. % '): $. &?F $, 1991. .115. %? .;., .. A. … : & $. ?, 1991. … 120. %? .;., .. $* % // *+# ?. 1991. †3. .4246. .., %? .;. # *! % ?* @ // &. ? *# 1991. †5. .137140. .., %? .;. > ## ** % // % *> * #: +. Y%, 1991. Z.3. .8081. Horbunova K.O., Maximovich N.H. Karst breccia as a genetic variety of quaternery deposits // Obstracts Jnt. union for ‹uaternary research ^JJJ Jnt. congress. WeiŠing, Qhina, 1991. P.117. Horbunova K.O., Maximovich N.H., Kostarev ~.P., Ondreichuk ~.N. Technogenic impact on the karst in Perm region // Heology, Qlimate, 115. 116. 117. 118. 119. 120. 121. 122. 123. 124. 125. 126.

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179 # Iydrology and Karst Vormation: ProŠect JHQP 299, Newsletter. Huilin, Qhina, 1991. P.8590. Maximovich N.H., Horbunova K.O. Heological conditions of Kizel coal basin mining // ^JJ Jnternational Qongress on Qarboniferous and Permian Heology and Stratigraphy: Obstracts. Wuenos Oires, Sept. 1991. Wuenos Oires, 1991. P. 6061 Maximovich N.H., Horbunova K.O. Manmade deposits of coal fields. Obstracts Jnt. union for ‹uaternary research ^JJJ Jnt. congress. WeiŠing, Qhina, 1991.P.235.1992%? .;., ;!? '.., '.., .. A %. 1992. 200 .;., .., B '.D. % G*! G // Z! %: $. @?. %@, 1992. Z.2. .131133. '.., $.D., '.D., .. "% *G*!* @* *! // % *G* C: $. %A. ?!.. +. +, 1992. .7475. .., .. % A ?> // % *G* C : $. %A. ?!.. +. +, 1992. .9091.1993 .., %? .;., .., .D. E *+># %? **! ?** % // *# ? B* : $. ?!. +.,1993..46. %? .;., + D.., .. ?*?# A %X ?! // A. &* : @?. %. ?!. 1993. '.2324. .113120. %? .;., .. B # % // &@# **# : @?. 1993. $.2. .108111. %? .;., .. & ?!# G // .: **!* >. 1993. †1 … 2(78). .32. %? .;., .. $!# // Proceeding of the ^J Jnt. congress of Speleology. WeiŠing, Qhina, 1993. P.10. .;., .. > ? # // Z 127. 128. 129. 130. 131. 132. 133. 134. 135. 136. 137. 138.

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# 180! : $. @?. %@, 1993. Z.2. .5760. '.., ? .<., .. # *?% G > ** *! ? // &@# **+#: & @*+*! : $. @*. +.Â… '*, 1993. Z.1. .3940. ".'., .., .. G*! % ?** % // *# : $. 1993. Z.2..2022. .. %X C // $! G*! + ?!? G!, > > : $. +, 1993. 9496. .., .. ?!# # // *!# % *C *> B : $. . 1993. .4648. .., .. $+># !* *+ ?** % // *> **! # # : $. '. A.$, 1993. .8485. .., .D. G*!# ? %* % // G*! ##, # : $. @*. ?!. +. 1993. Z.1. .7781. .., .D. $**! > % // *!# % C *> B* : $. . 1993. .4849. .., .D., .. '@ # ? *! % # %% > ?* % // *! % * : $. ?!.. +. ., 1993. .3334.1994! .., .. & *! # > ? ># // # # ?!!* > [@* *: $. @*. ?!.. +. **, 1994. Â… 111112. 139. 140. 141. 142. 143. 144. 145. 146. 147.

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181 # .., .. ># *! ?># // *#. .: & 1994. Z.2. .124133. (* ). .., .., '.. # % C ?** % // J~ %X. % *, #A # E.'.$?: $. &?, 1994. $.2. .6768. .., .., .D. $* # **! // +! **+ *G* : @?. %. ?!. 1994. 3239. .., ".'. '# % % .'C // '? A. #A 90# @# + .;. !: 4 ?!. !#: $. 1994. .4648. .., ".'. $**! > % @ % .'C ( ) // J~ %X. % #A # E.'.$?: $. &?, 1994. $.2. .6869. ? '.;., .., ".'. # +# # ( 'C* ) // ** *+! @ B : $. ?!. +. 1994. .2223. Horbunova K.O., Maximovich N.H. Vormation of sulfatecalcic waters in Kungur Qave massif // Qave and Karst Science: Obstract. 1994. ~ol. 21, †1. P.12. Horbunova K.O., Maximovich N.H. The Program of Jnvestigation in Kungur Jce Qave // Newsletter. Heology, Qlimate, Iydrology and Karst Vormation. ProŠect JHQP 299. … Huilin, Qhina, 1994. P.36. Horbunova K.O., Maximovich N.H., Kostarev ~.P. Technogenic activation of karst sinks in Perm region // Proceeding of 7 Jnt. Qongress Oss. of Lngineering Heology. … isboa, Portugal, 1994. ~l.3. P.19291931. aximovich N.H., Wlinov S.M. The use of geochemical methods for neutralization of surroundings aggressive to underground structures // Proceeding of 7 Jnt. Qongress Oss. of Lngineering Heology. … isboa, Portugal, 1994. ~l.5. P.31593164. 148. 149. 150. 151. 152. 153. 154. 155. 156. 157.

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# 1821995%? .;., .., < '.. +# ?*? A // % ** B : $. ?!. +. 1995. .139. %? .;., C .D., .., \> &.&. ! % # ?*? A // ?*?# ## A. 1995. .2658. '.., .., .. B*# ?** % // *+# ?. … 1995. †1. .5760. .., .. BA ?> *! // *? +?: $. +. *? +? -. %., 1995. $.3. .414419. .., .. & *? + # ! @ % .'C // &@**! %! # ?@-A : @?. ?!. +. / ?. 1995. .214217. .., .. @ ?+ *! // *!# % # *C *> : $. *. ?!.. +. 1995. .105107. .., '.., .. "% * # ?** % // ?@-A > ?: ?!.. +. ?, 1995. .124127. .., C D.;., .. '# ?** % *. // % ** B* : $. ?!. +. 1995. .121. .., C D.;., .. G*! % * ?** % // **+#: $. @?. ?!.. +. 1995. Z.2. .250252. .., C D.;., .. $* @ ## ?** % // # ## *!# C95: @?. ?!. +. D%?*, 1995. .9495. 158. 159. 160. 161. 162. 163. 164. 165. 166. 167.

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183 # C .D., < '.., .. % > # A // ?*?# ## A. 1995. .5962. aximovich N.H., Wlinov S.M., Menshikova L.O. The influence of Kizel coal basin on the river ecology conditions // Obstracts of ^JJJ international Qongress on carboniferouspermian. Krakow, Poland, 1995. P.99. aximovich N.H., Kataev ~.N., Wlinov S.M. Qonsequence of the Kizel oalfield acid mine water disposal into karst cavities // Proceeding of the 8th Jnt. Symposium on aterrock JnteractionRJ8. Russia. ~ladivostok,1995.P.885888.1996%? .;., C .D., .. % ?*? A // **! >: *. +. 1996. .263265. .., .. "> % C ?** % // # ? B : $. @? ?!. +. 1996. $.2. *#. .106. C .D., < '.., .. % # > ?*? # A // * %: $. . A. D%?*, 1996. .148150 aximovich N.H., Wlinov S.M. Lffect of diamond mining on the surface and subsurface waters in the ~ishera river basin (Northern Urals) and measures to be taken to protect the environment // 30th Jnt. Heological Qongress. WeiŠing, Qhina, 1996. P.318. Maximovich N.H., Kataev ~.N., Wlinov S.M. Qonsequence of the Kizel coalfield acid mine water disposal into karst cavities // Jnternational ‰ournal of Rock mechanics and mining Sciences and geomechanics Obstracts (HWR). 1996. ~ol. 33, † 4. P. 188O188O(1). Sergeev ~.J., Shimko T.H., Kuleshova M.., Maximovich N.H. Hround water protection against pollution by heavy metals at waste disposal sites // 18th JO‹ Wiennial Jnt. Qonference ’ Lxhibition. Singapore, 1996. P.4445. Sergeev ~.J., Shimko T.H., Kuleshova M.., Maximovich N.H. Hround water protection against pollution by heavy metals at waste disposal sites// at.Sci.Tech. 1996 ~ol.34, †78.P.383387.1997%? .;. .. .. + D.. = +# @ ?*? A// ?. 1997. '.4. *#. .148162. 168. 169. 170. 171. 172. 173. 174. 175. 176. 177. 178.

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# 184! .. # ?* @ ?@-A# // ?. 1997. '.4. *#. .171185. .., .. & ? # # % C ?** % // **# : @?. %. ?!. / ?. 1997.'.12. .184186. .., .. & *? + # ! @ % .' C // &@ **! %! # ?@-A : @?. ?!.. +. 1997. .214217. Horbunova K.O, Maximovich N.H., Wlinov S.M., Kraev ~.H. Vactors determining underground water regime of Kungur Qave (the Urals)// The Proceedings of Karst ater Lnvironment Symposium. Wlacksburg, 1997. … P. 150 epikhin O.P., Sadokhina L.., Miroshnichenko S.O., Maximovich N.H., Menschikova L.O. Wottomset beds influence on formation of water quality in rivers of est Ural // The Proceedings of Jnt. Qonference on Qontaminated Sediments. Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 1997. P.325331. Maximovich N.H., Wlinov S.M. Iydrosphere transformation in the diamond placers mining area in the ~ishera river basin, the Urals // Lngineering Heology and the Lnvironment. … RotterdamF Wrookfield,1997. ~l.3. P.24672469.1998E ;.'., E .'., .., .., ***! ? %? @# + (# %) // C# G *#: C.. … /, 1998. … '.1. .7982. .., .. *! % # A *+ *## // *# *: *. ?!.. +. 1998. .103105. .., .., C D.;. Z?* ?*!* # .Z? // % ** ?#: *. ?!. +. / ?. 1998. .152154. .., C D.;., .. B*# ? (% .) G*! # // *# *: $. ?!.. +. ., 1998. .1517. C D.;., .. $* # // *# : 3* *. A. 1998. $.2. .2628. 179. 180. 181. 182. 183. 184. 185. 186. 187. 188. 189.

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185 # Horbunova K.O., Maximovich N.H., Wlinov S.M., Sychkina H.O. Karst water level regime of Kungur cave // Kras i speleologia. Â… Poland, 1998. Â… T.9(Y~JJJ). P.118124.1999'! D.;., .;., '.'., B D.;., A '.&., .., "A ;.B., % '.;., <+ .D., < ;.&., <# E.., <# '.;. !# ?># {?! ?* %. ! %#. .F ?*: & ?*. +.. > % %. ?!@# !* ?@#, 1999. Â… 60. '! D.;., .., .'., .. Y *> > C+ ?% // # %+: 2 @?. A., #A. # +. ;.&. : $. 1999. .1012. E ;.., .., D.E., C! .;., C D.;. @ + B* // ?. Â… 1999. Â… '.3. *#. .299309. E ;.'., E .'., .., .. "* ># * Z?# @ // **! %X *%-A C: $. 1* A., *. .%. ., 1999. .5960. .., .., .'. *! % G*! % ?* % // *# B* ^^J : *. ?!. +. 1999. .321322. .., .., .'. % **! ?* % // *#, G, +: % >* #: $. YY~JJ C.. /, 1999. .116118. .., C D.;., .. '# ?*!* # .Z? // *G*#: @?. +. ;*, 1999. .227229. .., C D.;., .. G*! # # ?* @ // *# ? D* : ? : ^JJJ X ?% 1999. .156159. 190. 191. 192. 193. 194. 195. 196. 197. 198.

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# 186! .., C D.;., .. *# Z?* ?*!* // % *, *+ *. ?!. !# # ..Z*: ?!. +. / ?. 1999. … .4748. .., C D.;., "> .. $ -# %X G*! * // $! % @ **: $. @? ?!. +. .: & 1999. .142143. .., C .D., .'., < '.. %# % ?*? # A // % *, *+ *. ?!. !# # ..Z*: ?!. +. / ?. 1999. … .2426. C .D., .., < '.. $+># @# ?*? A // ?. 1999.'.3. *#. .232237. "> .., .., '.., .. *! % B?* // ? : : $. 1…* ?!. .: & 1999. .5962. E.. @ ? %% # +? // *#, %, %? G?># +# @ #: %. ?!. … 1999.…'.2. .240249. Maksimovich N.H., Kulesheva M.., Shimko T.H. Qomplex screens to protect groundwater at sludge sites. // Protection of groundwater from pollution and seawater intrusion. Wari, 1999. P.14. Maximovich N.H., Sergeev ~.J., Savenko ~.S., Shimko T.H., Wlinov S.M. €evelopment of combined screen for groundwater protection in the area of sludge settler // Protection of Hroundwater from Pollution and Seawater Jntrusion : 2nd Symposium. Wari, 1999. September 27 „ctober 1. 87 95. „sovetskiŠ W.M., Maksimovitch N.H., Kataev ~.N, Wlinov S.M. Problemi ecologici della regione occidentale degli Urali // Risorse idriche: monitoraggio e tutela. Qasa Lditrice dellUniversita Statale omonosov. Moscow, 1999. … P.5861. Sergeev ~.J., Shimko T.H., apitsky S.O., Maximovich N.H., Hatto Hround layer as a geochemical barrier for propagation of ground water pollutants // Hround ayer as a Heochemical Warrier for Propagation of Hroundwater Pollutants: Obstracts. Moskow, 1999. P.4445. 199. 200. 201. 202. 203. 204. 205. 206. 207. 208.

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187 # 2000 .., '! D.;., B D.;., .'., .. # %% # G D* ( “'C ”) // >* ?%@ : G*#, G ??: @?. +. ;*: & G. % ;, 2000. .3132. .., '! D.;., .'., .. # ( “'C”) // **+! #: 2# @*. ?!.. +.: %A. / .?. 2000. .56. .., .'., .. # % # ( “'C”) // # % # : $. ?!.. +. 2000. .2022. .., .. *! # *! % # A *+ *## // +? #: **+#: '. ?!. +. .F 2000. .4142. .., .. & *! % # A *## // !#. '.2: *! ?!. ; % *G*, @ ** ** *. … .: D", 2000. .224231. .., .. # *! % # C# G*! % // *! % C *. D%?*, 2000. .67 68. .., .. # ?!@# ?@# *. // *# ? ?%@ : '. ?!. +., #A. # '.'.$C / ?. : & j “@”, 2000. .113114. .., .. $* %> ?@A *! % / % ># ?@-A : 2 @?. : $, 2000. .245246. .., .., '.&., '.., < $.. % G # A C A / **! @?. 2000. †2(14). .153166. 209. 210. 211. 212. 213. 214. 215. 216. 217.

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# 188! .., .'., .. B +# G*! % ?* % // $. '. A. %: & ;, 2000. 109 111. .., C D.;., .. * // *# 2000. : & ;, 2000. .6267. .., C D.;., .'. & *! # G*!# % // '. @?. G* % @# 2000. †6. .4246. .., C D.;., .'. ** + + G*! ? > // *!# **# > : ?!. !# .=.[.EE*: @?. +. … %., 2000. .111113. .., C D.;., .'., < '.. *# !* @**! // % *, *+ *. ?! !# # ..Z*: %. ?!.., 2000. .4043. .., .'., '! D.;. % # "*? // *# B* : *. ?!.. +. /.?. 2000. .307309. MaximovichN.H., Menshikova L.O., „sovetskiy W.M. Iard technogenic components in alluvium and environment // 31 st Jnternational Heological Qongress : Obstracts ~olume _Llectronic resource`. Rio de ‰aneiro, Wrazil,Ougust 6172000. Rio de ‰aneiro, 2000. Llectronic optical disks (Q€ R„M). Maximovich N.H., Menshikova L.O., „sovetskiy W.M. Iard technogenic components in alluvium and environment // 31 st Jnternational Heological Qongress : Obstracts ~olume, Rio de ‰aneiro Wrazil, Ougust 6172000. Rio de ‰aneiro, 2000. P.4355. MaximovichN.H., MenshikovaL.O., „sovetskiyW.M. Iard technogenic components in alluvium and environment // Proceedings of the 8thJnternational Qongress. Jnternational Ossociation of Lngineering Heology, ~anconver, 2125Sept. 1998. RotterdamF Wrookfield, 2000. P.45794582. Maximovich N.H., „sovetskiy W.M., Wlinov S.M. Heochemical Warriers and Lnvironment Protection // HeoLng 2000: Qonference Proceedings _Llectronic resource`. 1924 November 2000. Melbourne, Oustralia. … Llectronic optical disks (Q€ … R„M). 218. 219. 220. 221. 222. 223. 224. 225. 226. 227.

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189 # 2001 .., .. *! % # %* # // ?!! > B* % C* : $. @?. 2001. .2324. .., .. *! % # %* # // ?! > B* % C* : @?. 2001. 57 62. '.., .., .'., .. ? ?@-A : !%. % / ?. 2001. Â… 108 E ;.'., .., .. ?* %X ?!@!* ? @# ? // *!, *+! # -* ? : @. +., 24 # 2001 *. 2001. .97. .. C*G*! % // ** : (< YYYJ @?. *. *.: $. .). ., 2001. .54. .. CG*! % // % ** : . ?! ?! 31* (C & ; &++, *? 2000*.) / . ?. **, *, *+ ? (" ;) .F . '.&. !, [.'. *: 2001. .262 267. .. CG*! % // # ? C C: $? @?. ?!. + / ?F D& ?. 2001. $.3. *#. ?! +. .4650. .. "% G-> # ?-A# % // E*# +* % @ : '* '. A. '* '. +, 57 -# 2001 *., 2001. .4445. .., .. '# Y%@* ?* (?##) *G*!?%? // ? B%# % #: ?!. +. 1015 #%# 2001*. Â… Z, 2001. Â… 138140. 228. 229. 230. 231. 232. 233. 234. 235. 236.

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# 190! .., .. BA *# # CA ?*!>* // *# B* : *. ?!. +. / ?. 2001. .314 316. .., .. A ?> // 2001: @?. ?!. +. / . ?. /, 2001. .111112 .., .., .. "% ? *! % // *# *. 2001. : & ;, 2001..242245. .., .'., .. **! ?# ?* % // ?. 2001. '.3. *#. .159178. .., C D.;., .'. & @ C# @A *? // &@ *! % ?% : @?. ., D%?*, # 30 -# 2 *? 2001. D%?* : ; 2001. $.2. .545 551. .., .'. _>#` // A. 2001. '. 27/28. .222 224. >. .: *# !? €iscovering the wonders of our world : c *. … EF … F F : B;" &. @, 2000. C .D., .., .'. @ ?*? # A // A: @?. %. ?!. / ?. 2001. '.27/28. .116 128. "A ;.B., <+ .D., .., '.;. "> # ?@-A?? %X ?!@!* ?@# ?! // % *## ?@-A : $. @?. +. … '** F 2001. .39. Wlinov S.M., Maksimovitch N.H. Opplication of geochemical barriers for safe waste burial // Scientific technical potential of the estern Urals for conversion of military industrial complex : Jnternational Seminar : Obstracts. Perm, 2001. P.2122. Maximovich N.H., Menshikova L.O., Kazakevich S.~. Reseach of the possibility of increase of ground waters agressiveness during the construction on pyritiferous clay // Jnternational Symposium Lngineering geological problems of urban areas: Proceedings _Llectronic resource`. Lkaterinburg, Russia 30 ‰uly 2 Ougust 2001. Lkaterinburg, 2001. Llectronic optical disks (Q€ R„M). 237. 238. 239. 240. 241. 242. 243. 244. 245. 246.

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191 # 2002* .;. %? (1925 1996): ?!. .` / ;. D.. !, .. !. : ?, 2002. 240. (! ?). .. = + @ ** D& // *# B* : *. ?!. +. 2002. .185187. .., .. % % A ?> // ?, >, 20012002 **.: ?!. +. ? > 2002 *. 56 %# 2002 *. @. ?! %# = > # =: $.. ., 2002. .3134. .., .., Y .., '.. "! C ?** % ";" // *! % # '#: ?!. … +., 79 #%# *. 2002. .9497. .., .'. '# **! + + G*! % ?** B?# // *# B* : ?!. +. 2002. .239242. .., .'. & *!* # > G*! ?> // *# %, ? >, ? #, C#: @?. +. / & G. %. ;. ;*, 2002. $.1. .340345. .., C .'., .. % # @* ** #* # (# %) // % *, *+ *. ?! !# # ..Z*: %. ?!. 2002. '. 4..69 78. Maximovich N. H., Menshikova L. O., „sovetsky W. M. Technogenic Ossociations of River Sediments in a QityJndustrial Lnvironment // Lngineering geology for €eveloping Qountries : 9 th Qongress of the Jnternational Ossociation for Lngineering geology and the Lnvironment: Keynote ectures and Lxtended Obstracts, 1620 Sept. 2002, €urban, South Ofrica. SaiegF Pretoria, 2002. P. 263. Maximovich N. H., Menshikova L. O., „sovetsky W. M. Technogenic Ossociations of River Sediments in a QityJndustrial Lnvironment // Lngineering geology for €eveloping Qountries: 9 th Qongress of the 247. 248. 249. 250. 251. 252. 253. 254. 255.

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# 192Jnternational Ossociation for Lngineering geology and the Lnvironment _Llectronic resource`. 1620 Sept. 2002, €urban, South Ofrica. Llectronic optical disks (Q€R„M). P.12161221.2003;@ ;.[., .., E &.;., .. & ?*? # A // A : J~ ** *!* A. !, 2003. … .3437. ;@ ;.[., .., E &.;., .. ?*? # A // ?*?# ## A. 300 ?! ? # : @ ?. ?!. … +. … ?*?, 2003. … 168171. .., .. *! # *! % # ?@-A // *+# ?@-A# … %., 2003. … .294304. .., .., C D.;. % ?* % // *# *. … 2003. … 2003. … .2038. .., .., .=. "> @ # # > C // *# B* : *. ?!.. +. … 2003. … 301303. .., .., .=., < '.., .. *! ?> ";" // *# … 2003. … 2003. … .5155. .;. %?: _?!. .` / ;. D.. !, .. !. … : ?, 2002. … 240 … (! ?)F *# … 2003. … 2003. … .262. % .;. %? // **! @?. 2003. † 1 (31). .137140. _>. .: … .;. %? / .D.. !, .. !`. D.., .. % // E?! … "#%. 2003. †10(165). .. ? C# *! ?> ?+ // % J~ @?. ?!. … +. ;? % ? (2426 -# 2003*.). … $?, 2003. .3839. 256. 257. 258. 259. 260. 261. 262. 263. 264. 265.

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193 # ., .'. G-> + + G*! % // @ ?. C G**! > ## ?@-A (1520 #%# 2003 *.). … 2003. .110124. .., .'., @> ;.'. "% @G*! # %X ?!@# !* ?@# // *!# **# > : @?. +. … %., 2003. … .208210. .., .'., ;.'. &** !# %? *G*! % ?** B ?# // % @ # *: ?!.. +. 3 -# 2003 *. … D %?*, 2003. … 4245. $ .'., < .&., .., E &.;. ?*?# ## A // # ;. 2003. † 1 (3): ?. "%A. Z. … 4954. Maximovich N.H., Maximovich L.H. Role of K.O. Horbunova in studying of karst hydrogeology and ecosystems // Proceedings from the international Qonference on Karst Iydrogeology and Lcosystems, Wowling Hreen. … Kentucky, USO, 2003. ‰une 36. P.25.2004* ;! !: _?! ` / ;.…. D..!, ..!, '... … : ?, 2004. … 512. … (! ?). . BA *+ *## > ?* C % // G*! % *## ?@-A #@ : 2# @ ?. *G*. +.: +. $?, 2004. … .135141. .. C*! ?> ?# # // % ? : %. ^^JJ *. ?!.…. +. #, 2004. … .147148. .. ? C# G*! % # ?*%-A // … ^^J : ! !: @?. 2530 # 2004, (#). 2004. … .307312. .., .'. G*! % @# + // *# B* : *. ?!.. +. 2004. … .277280. 266. 267. 268. 269. 270. 271. 272. 273. 274. 275.

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# 194Maximovich N.H. Jmpacts of Kizel coal mining on environment (Obstract) // Newsletter. Huilin, Qhina, 2004. P.93. Maximovich N.H., Maximovich L.H. Jn memory of K.O. Horbunova (19251996), distinguished Russian Karst Researcher // Newsletter. Huilin, Qhina, 2004. P.114.2005?*?# E## A: @ %/ '..?%#*. … D%?*: ;, 2005. … 376. … _. 13. "@# / .D.C, ..!, '.. ?%#, .. -, .'.`. . & *! % # C # % ?* C // *!# % ># C : [% %. 2005. 267281. .. ? % # ! @ // @# #: +, %, C#: $. ^JJJ @?. A# ** @ # ('2005). 2005. 149152. .., .'. *! # > +> + **! ? ? // ? ==& … ? ?! ?! 2004 *.: ;> !. … F D%?*: ;, 2005. … .242245. ., '., + '. '. + +#* *## *+ // *# B* : *. ?!. +. / ?. 2005. .290295. ?50218 # +># 7 02 V 1/66. # > C / .., '.., Y ..F # % = D?! ?. †2005106661F #. 14.03.05F ?%. 27.12.05, -. †36 (JJ!.) &%# . 350:. .., ., & ;. ;* # ?># A (C ?, <;) // *# *. … 2005. 2005. … .4047. ., C '., ., ? '. ;. $ // *# … 2005. … 2005. … .1222. .., C .'., .., ? '.;., ;.;. %# ( 276. 277. 278. 279. 280. 281. 282. 283. 284. 285 286.

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195 # ) // % *, *+ *. ?! !# # ..Z*: %. ?!. 2005. '. 8. .237250. ? '.., .., & '.., <# '.;.. ?@-A?? % %C A: !%. % / ?. … 2005. … 126 ? '.., .., .'., B ;.[., ƒ ;.'. # % # %! % @A* # // *G! % # ?: $ @?. ?!. +./ = D& … 2005. … .209211. Y".., !.. "> @ # % C # C ?** % // *G! % # ?: $. @?. ?!. +./ = D& … 2005 … .102103. Imurchik ~.T., Kazakevich S.~., Maximovich N.H., Nikiforov ~.~. €evelopment for methods of protection of the Kama reservoir against oil pollution. 3rd Simposium “‹uality and Management of ater Resources”. JtalianRussian Jnstitute of Lducation and Lcological Research and St. Petersburg State University. St. Petersburg, 2005. … .7778. avrov J., Maximovich L., Maximovich N. „rdinskaya cave … the longest underwater cave in Russia//ater Resources and Lnvironmental Problems in Karst: Proceedings of the Jnternational conference and free seminars, Serbia and Montenegro, 1319 september 2005: Welgrade, 2005. P. 771776. Maximovich N.H. €ams on gypsiferous … a possible source of disaster // Jnternational Symposium on atest Natural €isasters … New Qhallenges for Lngineering Heology, Heotechnics and Qivil Protection: Obstract Wook, September 58, 2005. Sofia, Wulgaria. Sofia, 2005. P. 65. Maximovich N.H. €ams on gypsiferous … a possible source of disaster // Jnternational Symposium on atest Natural €isasters … New Qhallenges for Lngineering Heology, Heotechnics and Qivil Protection: September 5 8, 2005. Sofia, Wulgaria _Llectronic resource`. Sofia, 2005. … Llectronic optical disks (Q€R„M). Maximovich N.H. Making of artificial geochemical mechanical barriers for purification of water of placer deposits // Placers and eathered Rock €eposits: facts, problems, decisions: Obstracts: ^JJJ Jnternational Symposium on geology of Placers and eathered Rock €eposits. Perm, 2005. P. 77. 287. 288. 289. 290. 291. 292. 293. 294.

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# 196Maximovich N. H., Kazakevich S. ~., Imurchik ~. T. €evelopment of methods protection of the Kama reservoir from oil pollution // ‹uality and management of water resources: 3rd Symposium : book of proceedings. St. Petersburg, 2005. P. 362369. Maximovich N.H., Kazakevitch S.~., Khmurchik ~.T., Nikiforov ~.~. „il pollution of the hydrosphere of karst areas // ;? % G*: ~@?. %*. C (811 2005 *.). 2005. 374375.2006! .. & % ?*# # %% + // BA ?@-A + 2006. † 10. .1921. . @?# ?!# +># * G! % # ? // G. 2006. … †1 (23). … .1820. . % G* G % // C# G*# % 2006. †3. .2729. . *! % # // *. 2006. †9. .64. .., .'., + '.'. *! # *> +> + **! ? ? // ? ==&. ? ?! ,?! 2005*.: ;> / ;. … F D%?*, 2006. .249251. .., Z .'., Y? D.;. "! ?** % // *! % C *: '. ?!.. +. D%?*, 2006. … .120121. .., Z .'., Y? D.;. *! # > ?** % // +! 2006. †2 (4). .128134. .., <+ .D., "A ;.B., Y? D.;. # @G*! %X ?!@!* ?@# // #. '.8: *! ?!. ; % *G*, @ ** ***. .: D", 2006. .4044. 295. 296. 297. 298. 299. 300. 301. 302. 303. 304.

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PAGE 198

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PAGE 206

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PAGE 207

207 &" #E%166 E6 166 7, 166 97 170, 172 143, 168, 173 *#35, 155 %7 166 *166 -97, 209 "*?188 @ +184 97, 209 "# A 195 "97, 209 165, 187 # % 5 4, 5, 97, 140, 163 165, 172, 177181, 184, 191 177, 186 ? 11, 184 11, 163, 165, 166 ?97, 209 A **2 168 194 ?! 170 @ +193 187 178, 187 96, 209 97, 135 *7 ƒ166 #4, 6, 7, 33, 164, 166, 181, 187, 191 ?7 =176 !166 # % 5 181, 183 96, 209 *?166 >#97 +#166 ## ;#167 5, 7, 35, 96, 137, 140, 155, 164, 166, 168, 172175, 178, 209 <;46, 35, 97, 154, 155, 164, 166, 167, 194, 209 $@ 6, 8, 9, 163, 165, 209 $C7 $%7 $97 $?167 $-# % 5, 165 ?#5, 165, 189 137, 141, 172174, 178, 181, 184, 187, 194, 196 *174, 188, 193 176 C168 =>#4, 96, 97, 101 Y% 5, 165 Y ?*5 Y%@ ?* 178, 189 Z#%# % 5 Z#6 Z?# @ 185 Z?#11, 12, 137, 185 Z? 11 {?! 185 {?!165 [;166 [@# #6, 166 [@ 180 \#6

PAGE 208

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PAGE 209

209 SummarySUMMARY The presence of soluble rocks, such as gypsum and rocksalt, in the foundations of hydraulic structures cause engineering geological conditions that are difficult and unfavorable for safe construction. Jn the former USSR, the total area of gypsumbearing rock extends to about 5 million km2 _43`. Iydrotechnical construction in such soluble rock regions can create conditions of enhanced dissolution and karst development that can threaten the structures. Throughout the world there are examples where the dissolution of gypsum in dam foundations have resulted in tragic consequences. The failure of the St. Vrancis dam in Qalifornia, USO, is one catastrophic example where 400 people perished as a result. Numerous problems are associated with dams on gypsum, these include settlement, cracking and seepage with the constant threat of failure or expensive remediation. Vor example, in the vicinity of Wasel, on the Wirs River, the dissolution of gypsum beds in the dam foundation caused settlement and cracking. Settlement was also observed on the San Vernando, „live Iills, and Rattlesnake dams in Qalifornia. oss of water from reservoirs on gypsiferous rocks is common and seepages through the dam foundations were recorded on the „sa River (Ongara basin), in „klahoma and New Mexico (USO). Seepage and gypsum dissolution causes cavities to form and these features have been found in the foundations of the Iondo, Maximilian, and Red Rock dams, along with a dam in the Qaverly valley, „klahoma. Hypsum also occurs in the foundations of the San oran dam in Qatalonia, Poecos dam in Peru, and a number of dams in Jraq _184, 185`. Jn a number of cases, the presence of gypsiferous rocks resulted in the reŠection of the dam site for construction, an example being the Saint Waume dam in Provence, which was found to be on gypsiferous marls. Surveys for the Rian dam in the vicinity of Olter Stolberg, south of Iarz, stopped after gypsum was discovered in the foundation zone. Hypsum has been proved in the foundations of more than 50 dams and rock salt, which is more soluble, has been found in the foundations of others including the Rogunskaya and Nurekskaya dams on the ~ahsh River in TaŠikistan. The rate at which the rock dissolves is dependent on the amount of seepage through the rock. „ne way to reduce this water movement is to create a grout curtain. Jn Šointed rocks the grout curtains are created by inŠecting a cement or cementclay grout that makes it possible to reduce the specific water seepage to 0.10.05 liter/min. ower values cannot be obtained because cement suspension grouts cannot penetrate into cracks which are less than 0.1 mm wide. The operation of the Kama hydroelectric power station showed, that these residual cracks allowed water seepage and leaching of the gypsum to occur. This dissolution and increasing Šoint size caused a drop in the percentage reduction of head on the grout curtain in some zones to as little as 24] compared with a design value of 33].

PAGE 210

Summary 210To increase the density of grout curtains made in finely Šointed gypsiferous rocks, chemical gelforming solutions with a penetration capability close to that of water have been recently introduced. „ne such solution, an oxaloaluminosilicate, was developed by the group at the ProblemSolving aboratory, Heology €epartment, MSU. Jt was used for additional solidification of the grout curtain in the Šointed gypsiferous rocks in the foundations of the Kama hydroenergetic power station. The solution comprises two components • sodium silicate with a density of 1.19 g/cm3 and a hardener. The complex hardener is an aqueous solution of aluminum sulfate and oxalic acid _18`. Os a result of using the oxaloaluminosilicate solution the specific seepage through the curtain does not exceed 0.005 liter/min. This improved the head reduction at the grout curtain and increased the dam stability to a safe level. The use of chemical reagents for grouting raised the question of their effect on the stability of gypsum. Such an effect, in addition to the direct contact of the gel with the rock, occurs beyond the limits of the stabilization zone. This is because during inŠection the peripheral parts of the chemical gelforming solutions are diluted with water to the extent that they cannot form a gel. The seepage carries these diluted chemicals beyond the limits of the curtain where during the movement they undergo further dilution. Qonsequently, solutions of variable dilutions are brought into contact with a large surface area of the gypsum rock. Qomponents of the inŠection solution also pass from the gel grout into the seepage flow by diffusion and these can impact on the gypsum. Jt was established that solutions containing components of the oxaloaluminosilicate formulation have a beneficial effect on interacting with gypsum. Not only do the chemicals not dissolve the gypsum, but they also form a protective surface film of calcium oxalate and calcium hydrosilicates that are difficult to dissolveF these films protect the gypsum from dissolution. The use of the oxaloaluminosilicate solution for the additional solidification of the rocks in the foundations of the Kama hydroelectric power station has been beneficial. This experience allows the recommendation of this solution for widespread use for making grout curtains in finely Šointed rocks containing gypsum. O further study of the neoformations being formed by seepage of the oxaloaluminosilicate and silicate solutions (especially at large dilutions), suggests that these solutions could be used as prospective additives to clay, claycement, and cement grouts when stabilizing gypsiferous rocks.

PAGE 211

211 '$&$DE‘"D E "'"....................................................................................5 "$ ;'$";...............................................................................................................7 ''DD&D...............................................................................................................9 1. &ƒDD"D"E"&ZD&D ""D"$& ;"; $'"; ;" 1.1. *!# .............................................................11 1.2. % # # A # .............................................................................23 1.2.1. ++ % +> ?......................23 1.2.2. & ***! ? # ............25 1.3. ? >> A># X> ? ..........................27 2. Y;;$D&$&; "$&–Dj&"—Y "jD"' 2.1. *? X> ............33 2.2. =, #-A X> >.....42 3. &ED"';&D 'B;&"D$'&\ &E&;$—Y ;$'""' & DED &D;E&B"';—& "BD—& '";& 3.1. ? ................................................................................51 3.2. ?? ..........................................................56 3.3. &# # A* # ........................................................................60 3.4. & # A* *# G ........................................................72 3.5. = ?! ........................................90 4. &ED"';&D 'B;&"D$'&\ "$&–D j&"—Y ;$'""' &" 4.1. # ..... .............................................96 4.2. "% # G ..................98 4.3. @A .........................101 5. 'E&\&D "$&–Dj&"—Y "jD"' ; ;ZD$'" "$&'"=&E‘$;j&"" B;'D— &""—Y "";Y 5.1. B +# **! ..........118 5.2. & +> G # **! .........................120 5.3. '# # ?! ..........130 '—'"—...............................................................................................................133 &E&";=&ZD& &" ................................................................135 E&;j&& ;B'&$&D "ED— ....................................................148 'DD&\ ;'$ "D.....................................................................................163 Y""E"&ZD& ;B; $DE‘ $"' .................................................167 &D" ;B; $DE‘ .....................................................................................198 DD$— ;B; $DE‘ .............................................................................200 &" D";=&ZD&Y ;B';& ...................................................206 &" &"$DY&ZD&Y ""ƒD& ......................................208 SUMMORŽ............................................................................................................209

PAGE 212

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