Пещеры Межвузовский сборник научных трудов

Citation
Пещеры Межвузовский сборник научных трудов

Material Information

Title:
Пещеры Межвузовский сборник научных трудов
Series Title:
ПЕЩЕРЫ
Alternate Title:
PESHCHERY (CAVES) INTERUNIVERSITY COLLECTION OF SCIENTIFIC TRANSACTIONS
Creator:
George Veni ( suggested by )
Publication Date:
Language:
Russian
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Geology ( local )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )
Location:
Russia

Notes

General Note:
Сборник (Вып. 29-30) посвящен 100-летию со дня рождения Г. А. Максимовича. Ð’ нем приводятся результаты новых спелеологических исследований; рецензируются новейшие публикации по спелеологии; представлена библиография по карсту и пещерам. Каждый из разделов открывается цитатой из работ Г. А. Максимовича, раскрывающей его вклад в развитие данного научного направления. Издание предназначено для преподавателей и студентов вузов, инженеров-геологов и гидрогеологов, ведущих изыскания в карстовых районах, а также спелеологов. СОДЕРЖАНИЕ Предисловие.. 5 Георгий Алексеевич Максимович и современная спелеология 7 Геология и генезис пещер... 15 Климчук А. Б. Основные особенности и проблемы гидрогеологии карста: спелеогенетический 15 подход (Сообщение 2) Дублянский Ð’. Н., Кадебский Ю. Ð’., Кетова Е. Ð’. Морфология Кунгурской Ледяной пещеры... 30 Некрасова Л. Ð’., Суяргулова Р. Н., Дублянский Ð’. Н. Условия формирования капели в Кунгурской Ледяной пещере... 36 Ляхницкий Ю. С., Громов А. Ð’. Воронцовская система пещер как полигон радоновых исследований.... 42 Таташидзе З. К., Джишкариани Ð’. Ðœ. и др. Новая карстовая пещера в окрестностях Цхалтубо.. 48 Липченко С. Ю., Цой О. Б., Шелепин А. Л. Трассирование подземного водотока Загеданской системы.. 53 Липченко С. Ю., Яшкин Ð’. Ð’. Пещера Горло Барлога.. 60 Комаров Ð’. А. Пещера Хабю (Абхазия)... 63 Вишневский А. С., Мальцев Ð’. А., Дублянский Ð’. Н., Дублянский Ю. Ð’. Крупнейшие пещеры Средней Азии... 74 Смирнов Ð’. А., Разумова Н. Н. О взаимодействии магмы с карбонатными породами.. 94 Носкова Т. А., Дублянская Г. Н. Пещеры в магматических породах... 110 Искусственные подземные пространства... 116 Полканов Ю. А., Шутов Ю. И. Подземные гидротехнические сооружения городища Чуфут- Кале.... 116 Отложения пещер... 124 Семиколенных А. А. Особенности выветривания пород в пещерах хребта Кугитангтау... 124 Биоспелеология.... 133 Паньков Н. Н., Крайнев Е. Ю. Беспозвоночные животные - обитатели Кунгурской пещеры..... 133 Паньков Н. Н., Панькова Н. Ð’. К биологии троглобионтного бокоплава crangonyx chlebnikoui borutzky, 1928 с описанием нового подвида из Кунгурской Ледяной пещеры... 141 Коваль А. Г. К изучению фауны Ахунской пещеры.... 150 Археология... 156 Филиппов А. Г. Некоторые результаты Российско-Монгольско-Американской экспедиции в Гобийском Алтае.... 156 Киселев Ð’. Э.Охрана пещер... 159 Пещеры Пермской области как охраняемые объекты... 159 История изучения пещер.. 161 Погудин И. Ð’. Сборнику «ÐŸÐµÑ‰ÐµÑ€Ñ‹» - 40 лет... 161 Вахрушев Ð’, А., Амеличев Г. Н. Лаборатории карста и спелеологии Таврического национального университета 30 лет... 165 Шкурыгин Д. История Приморского краевого клуба спелеологов... 172 Обучение... 176 Ефремов А. П. Программа подготовки в школе спелеологов РУДН... 176 Новости спелеологии... 182 Потери спелеологии... 190 Альфред Бегли... 190 И. К. Кудряшов... 191 Ð’. Ðœ. Литвин... 192 Ð’. Ð’. Давыдов... 194 К. А. Татаринов... 195 Владимир Панош... 196 Ласло Якуч... 198 Фернанд Петцль... 199 Памятные даты... 200 По страничкам календаря... 200 К 100-летию О. Н. Бадера... 204 К 90-летию Н. А. Гвоздецкого... 205 К 70-летию Владимира Илюхина... 207 Памяти Владимира Киселева.. 209 Рецензии... 213 Пещеры Фрасасси... 213 Проблемы палеоэкологии, геологии и археологии палеолита Алтая... 214 Структура и динамика природных компонентов Пинежского заповедника... 214 Спелестологический ежегодник РОСИ 2000... 215 Проблемы классификации, использования и охраны подземных пространств... 215 Северный спелеоальманах... 216 Сокровища северных пещер... 216 Карст и пещеры Пинежья.... 217 Карст Бзыбского массива... 217 Проблемы экологии и охраны пещер.... 218 Мир пещерных приключений... 218 40 лет красноярской спелеологии... 219 Большая Орешная... 219 Туризм в Пермской области.... 220 Красная пещера... 220 1000 чудес света... 220 Спелеогенез Дивачского карста.... 221 Хроника... 222 Международная выставка, посвященная пещерам. Ю. Ð’. Кадебский... 222 Итоги экспедиции «ÐÐ»Ð°Ð´Ð°Ð³Ð»Ð°Ñ€-2002». А. Б. Климчук... 224 Конференция «ÐšÑƒÐ½Ð³ÑƒÑ€-300». Ю. Ð’. Кадебский... 226 14-й съезд Ассоциации спелеологов Урала. И. А. Лавров... 227 Справочный раздел... 228 Крупнейшие пещеры Мира... 222 Крупнейшие пещеры Азиатской части России... 231 Важнейшие посещаемые пещеры Мира... 232 Библиография по карсту и пещерам... 238 Peshchery (Caves): Interuniversity collection of scientific transactions / Perm, 2004. 268 p. The «Caves» - collection of the scientific transactions (issue 29-30) is dedicated the 100-th anniversary of G.A Maximovich's birthday. In the issue are cited data about new Speleological researches; the newest publications on Speleology are reviewed; the bibliography on Karst and Caves is submitted. Each of the sections opens by the link opening of the G. A. Maximovich's contribution in the given direction. The issuing is intended for the lecturers and students of high schools, engineers - geologists and hydrogeologists carrying on survey in the karst regions, and also cave explorers. CONTENTS The foreword... 5 Georgey Alekseevich Maximovich and modem Speleology.... 7 Geology and genesis of the caves... 15 Klimchouk A. B. Principal features and problems of Karst Hydrogeology: Speleogenetic approach (Communication 2)... 15 Dubljansky V. N., KadebskyJ. V., Ketova E. V. Morphology of the Kungur Ice Cave... 30 Nekrasova L. V., Sujrgulova R. N., Dubljansky V. N. Conditionsof the drips formation in Kungur Ice Cave... 36 Liahnitsky Yu. S., Gromov A. V. Voroncovskaia system of the caves as a polygon of the radon researches.... 42 Tatashidze Z. K., Dzishkariani V. Ðœ., eds. New karst cave in neighborhoods of Schaltubo... 48 Lipchenko S. Yu., Tsoy О. B., She1epin A. L. Tracing of Zagedancave system karst stream... 53 Lipchenko S. Yu., Jashkin V. V., eds. Gorlo Barloga cave.... 60 Komarov V. A. Cave Habu (Abkhazia)... 63 Vishnevsky A. S., Maltcev V. A., Dubljansky V. N., Dubljansky Yu. V. The largest caves of Central Asia.... 74 Noskova T. A., Dubljanskaya G. N. Caves in the magm atic rocks... 94 Smirnov V. A., Razumova N. N. About interplay of magma with thecarbonate rocks.. 110 The mam-made underground spaces... 116 Polkanov Yu. A., Shutоv Yu. I. Underground hydrotechnical engineering facilities of ancient city Chufut-Kale... 116 Deposits of caves.. 124 Semikolennih A. A. The features of weathering of the rocks in the caves of the Kugitangtau Mountains...124 Biospeleology... 133 Pan'kov N. N., Krainev E. Yu. The invertebrate animals - the inhabitans of the Kungur Ice Cave... 133 Pan'kov N. N.. Pan'kova N. V. The biology of the cave amphipod, crangonyx clebnikovi borutzky, 1928 (gammaridae), with the describtionof new subspecies from Kungur Ice Cave... 141 Koval A. G. To the knowledge of the Akhunskaya cave fauna of the North-West Caucasus... 150 Archeology..156 Filippov A. G. Some results of the Russian-Mongolian-American expedition in Gobian Altai... 156 Kiselev V. E. Protection of the caves...159 Caves of the Perm area as the protecting objects...159 History of the cave investigations... 161 Pоgudin I. V. To the collection of the scientific transactions "CAVES" - 40 years 161 Vahrushev B. A., Amelichev G. N. Laboratory of Karst and Speleology of Tavrichesky National University - 30 years.. 165 Shkurigin D. The history of the cave explorers's club of Primorski krai... 172 Education... 176 Efremov A. P. Training program at school of the cave explorers of RUFP... 176 News of Speleology... 182 Losses of Speleology... 190 Alfred Bogly... 190 K. Kudriashov.... 191 V. M. Litvin... 192 V. V. Davidov... 194 K. A. Tatarinov... 195 Vladimir Panosh.... 196 Laslo Yakuch... 198 Fernand Petzl.... 199 Memorials... 200 On pages of a calendar.. 200 To the 100-anniversary of O. N. Bader.. 204 To the 90-anniversary of N. A. Gvozdetsky... 205 To the 70-anniversary of Vladimir Huhin... 207 In memory of Vladimir Kiselev.. 209 Reviews... 213 Frassachi cave.. 213 Problems of Palaeoecology, Geology and Archaeology of Palaeolith of Altai. 214 Structure and dynamics of the natural components of Pinega reserve.. 214 Spelestological year-book of ROSI 2000... 215 Problems of classification, usage and protection of the underground spaces... 215 Northern speleoalmanac... 216 Treasures of the northern caves.... 216 Karst and caves of Pinega region... 217 Karst of Bzibski massif.... 217 Problems of ecology and protection of the caves...218 World of the cave adventures...218 40 years of Krasnoyarsk's Speleology.... 219 Large Oreshnaya.. 219 Tourism in the Perm area... 220 Krasnaya Cave... 220 1000 Wonder of nature.... 220 Speleogenesis of the Divachski's karst... 221 The chronicle... 222 The International exhibition dedicated caves. Yu.V. Kadebsky... 222 "Aladaglar-2002". The results of expedition. A. B. Klimchouk... 224 Conference "Kungur-300". Yu.V. Kadebsky... 226 14-th plenums of the ASU. I. A. Lavrov... 227 Reference section... 228 The largest caves of World... 228 The largest caves of the Asian part of Russia... 231 Major man-tended caves of a World... 232 The bibliography on Karst and Caves... 238
Restriction:
Open Access - Permission by Publisher
Original Version:
No. 29-30 (2004)
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

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University of South Florida Library
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K26-05031 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.5031 ( USFLDC Handle )
21033 ( karstportal - original NodeID )
5–7944–0234–2 ( ISBN )

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Description
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Peshchery (Caves): Interuniversity collection of
scientific transactions / Perm, 2004. 268 p.
The Caves collection of the scientific
transactions (issue 29-30) is dedicated the 100-th
anniversary of G.A Maximovich's birthday. In the issue
are cited data about new Speleological researches; the
newest publications on Speleology are reviewed; the
bibliography on Karst and Caves is submitted. Each of the
sections opens by the link opening of the G. A.
Maximovich's contribution in the given direction. The
issuing is intended for the lecturers and students of
high schools, engineers geologists and hydrogeologists
carrying on survey in the karst regions, and also cave
explorers.
CONTENTS
The foreword... 5
Georgey Alekseevich Maximovich and modem
Speleology.... 7
Geology and genesis of the caves... 15
Klimchouk A. B. Principal features and problems of
Karst Hydrogeology: Speleogenetic
approach (Communication 2)... 15
Dubljansky V. N., KadebskyJ. V., Ketova E. V.
Morphology of the Kungur Ice Cave... 30
Nekrasova L. V., Sujrgulova R. N., Dubljansky V. N.
Conditionsof the drips formation in Kungur
Ice Cave... 36
Liahnitsky Yu. S., Gromov A. V. Voroncovskaia system
of the caves as a polygon of the radon researches....
42
Tatashidze Z. K., Dzishkariani V. ., eds. New karst
cave in neighborhoods of Schaltubo... 48
Lipchenko S. Yu., Tsoy . B., She1epin A. L. Tracing
of Zagedancave system karst stream... 53
Lipchenko S. Yu., Jashkin V. V., eds. Gorlo Barloga
cave.... 60
Komarov V. A. Cave Habu (Abkhazia)... 63
Vishnevsky A. S., Maltcev V. A., Dubljansky V. N.,
Dubljansky Yu. V. The largest caves of
Central Asia.... 74
Noskova T. A., Dubljanskaya G. N. Caves in the magm
atic rocks... 94
Smirnov V. A., Razumova N. N. About interplay of
magma with thecarbonate rocks.. 110
The mam-made underground spaces... 116
Polkanov Yu. A., Shutv Yu. I. Underground
hydrotechnical engineering facilities of ancient city
Chufut-Kale... 116
Deposits of caves.. 124
Semikolennih A. A. The features of weathering of the
rocks in the caves of the Kugitangtau
Mountains...124
Biospeleology... 133
Pan'kov N. N., Krainev E. Yu. The invertebrate
animals the inhabitans of the Kungur Ice Cave...
133
Pan'kov N. N.. Pan'kova N. V. The biology of the
cave amphipod, crangonyx clebnikovi
borutzky, 1928 (gammaridae), with the
describtionof new subspecies from Kungur Ice Cave...
141
Koval A. G. To the knowledge of the Akhunskaya cave
fauna of the North-West Caucasus... 150
Archeology..156
Filippov A. G. Some results of the
Russian-Mongolian-American expedition in Gobian
Altai... 156
Kiselev V. E. Protection of the caves...159
Caves of the Perm area as the protecting
objects...159
History of the cave investigations... 161
Pgudin I. V. To the collection of the scientific
transactions "CAVES" 40 years 161
Vahrushev B. A., Amelichev G. N. Laboratory of Karst
and Speleology of Tavrichesky National University 30
years.. 165
Shkurigin D. The history of the cave explorers's
club of Primorski krai... 172
Education... 176
Efremov A. P. Training program at school of the cave
explorers of RUFP... 176
News of Speleology... 182
Losses of Speleology... 190
Alfred Bogly... 190
K. Kudriashov.... 191
V. M. Litvin... 192
V. V. Davidov... 194
K. A. Tatarinov... 195
Vladimir Panosh.... 196
Laslo Yakuch... 198
Fernand Petzl.... 199
Memorials... 200
On pages of a calendar.. 200
To the 100-anniversary of O. N. Bader.. 204
To the 90-anniversary of N. A. Gvozdetsky... 205
To the 70-anniversary of Vladimir Huhin... 207
In memory of Vladimir Kiselev.. 209
Reviews... 213
Frassachi cave.. 213
Problems of Palaeoecology, Geology and Archaeology
of Palaeolith of Altai. 214
Structure and dynamics of the natural components of
Pinega reserve.. 214
Spelestological year-book of ROSI 2000... 215
Problems of classification, usage and protection of
the underground spaces... 215
Northern speleoalmanac... 216
Treasures of the northern caves.... 216
Karst and caves of Pinega region... 217
Karst of Bzibski massif.... 217
Problems of ecology and protection of the
caves...218
World of the cave adventures...218
40 years of Krasnoyarsk's Speleology.... 219
Large Oreshnaya.. 219
Tourism in the Perm area... 220
Krasnaya Cave... 220
1000 Wonder of nature.... 220
Speleogenesis of the Divachski's karst... 221
The chronicle... 222
The International exhibition dedicated caves. Yu.V.
Kadebsky... 222
"Aladaglar-2002". The results of expedition. A. B.
Klimchouk... 224
Conference "Kungur-300". Yu.V. Kadebsky... 226
14-th plenums of the ASU. I. A. Lavrov... 227
Reference section... 228
The largest caves of World... 228
The largest caves of the Asian part of Russia...
231
Major man-tended caves of a World... 232
The bibliography on Karst and Caves... 238



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1

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1 Founded in 1947

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2 MINISTRY ON EDUCATION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Perm State University Karstology and Speleology Institute Is devot ed to 100 th anniversary Prof. G. A. Maximoyitch PESHCHERY (CAVES) INTERUNIVERSITY COLLECTION OF SCIENTIFIC TRANSACTIONS Perm 2004

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3

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4 4. ISBN 5 7944 0234 2 Peshchery (Caves): Interuniversity collection of scientific transactions / Perm, 2004. 268 p. collection of the scientific transactions (issue 29 30) is dedicated the 100 th anniversary of G.A Max researches; the newest publications on Speleology are reviewed; the bibliography on Karst and Caves is submitted. Each of the sections opens by the link opening of the G. A. Maximovich contribution in the given direction. The issuing is intended for the lecturers and students of high schools, engineers geologists and hydrogeologists carrying on survey in the karst regions, and also cave explorers. , ISBN 5 7944 0234 2

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5 FOREWORD 1998 26 27 28 29 30 28

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6

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7 (1904 2004) GEORGEY ALEKSEEVICH MAXIMOVICH AND MODERN SPELEOLOGY Scientific heritage of G. A. Maximovich make 535 works of total amount 380 printed sheets, from which one 208 works (39%) is dedicated to problems of Speleology [3]. The early article about Kungur Ice Cave Georgey Alekseevich has published in 1937. From that time his concern to a underground world continuously increased: in his early 5 year terms of the scientific activity he issued 2 15 works on Speleology, in further their qua ntity has increased till 38 47. The publications of G.A. Maximovich on Speleology concern to 8 directions: caves of former USSR and World (25,9%); usage of caves (12,0%), depositions in caves (10,6%), microclimate of caves (10,2%), the problems of Speleoge nesis (8,7%), hydrogeology and hydrochemistry (8,2%) review, bibliography, chronicle (till 6,2%), the methods of cave analysis (5,8%). G. A. Maximovich has organized 11 conferences on karst speleological subjects, acted as the chief or opponent the candida te and doctoral thesises dedicated these problems. He has created school of the karstologists and cave explorers, which one distinguish a comprehensive approach to a problem, originality of thinking, practical and nature protection directivity of researche s. The merits of Georgey Alekseevich are highly estimated by scientific community. society of the USSR has aworded him with golden medal and premium by A. F. Litke (the premi 1998 the Administration of the Perm area has founded the premiums in the name of outstanding scientists of Perm region. With the premium of G. A. Maximovich in the field of geolo V. N. Dubljansky, B. S. Lunev, A. I. Kudrjshov, Y. M. Matarsin, V. M. Novoselitski, A. A. Oborin have been aworded in 1998 2003.

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8 47. [10,

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9 XX XX

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10 70 1710 95 [11].

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11 14 3

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12 1960 2003 B C

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13 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. JL : 8. 9. 10. 11. 2001. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 87. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. , 24. 25. 26.

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14 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 1985. 34. Hill ., P. Cave minerals of the World, eii.2, Huntsville: NSS. 1997. 35. F rd D., Wi11iams P. Karst Geomorphology and Hydrology. London: Unwin Hyman, 1989. 36. G rbun va K. A., eds. Karst map of former USSR // Geol., hydrol., and Karstformation. Newsletter. Guilin.China. 1993. 37. 38. Speleogenesis: Evolution of Karst Aquifers / Klimchouk A., Ford D., eds. Huntsville: Nat. Speleol. Soc. 2000. 39. Paleokarst a systematic and regional review / A. Bosak. Praha, Academia, 1989.

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15 GEOLOGY AND GENESIS OF CAVES 1957, 1959, 1960, 1962, 1963, 1966, 1967, 1969, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1977 1 ( ) . Klimchouk PRINCIPIAL FEATURES AND PROBLEMS OF KA RST HYDROGEOLOGY: SPELEOGENETIC APPROACH. Communication 2: Development of conduit permeability (speleogenesis) The paper deals with principal theoretic regularities of speleogenesis. These regularities differ substantially between unconfined and confined hydrogeologic conditions, so that differ permeability structures created in the coarse of speleogenesis. In the unconfined conditions the competitive mechanism of speleogenesis operates, which results in the rapid growth of selected conduits, favorably po sitioned in the gradient field of the flow system. Hence, distinct hierarchic organization of conduit systems is common for unconfined settings. The resultant permeability is characterized by high heterogeneity and anisotropy. Speleogenesis under condition s of stratified . 2004 1 1 27 28

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16 the specific hydrodynamic mechanism of speleogenesis is operative that suppresses hydrodynamic competition to a degree and favors to relatively uniform development of all available paths. The resultant mazelike porosity is commonly order of magnitude higher than porosity of unconfined origin. In confined karstified aquifers, the model of continuous milieu can be app lied in certain conditions and for certain tasks. 90

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17 (1) q h s dh / ds (2) t t 1

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18

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19 16, (3) S C / C s n r 3 ). C / C s C / C s C / C s n C / C s )

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20 1 C / C s Q / L ( Q / L 1

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21 S Q 3 L

PAGE 23

22 1 4

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23 29]. 50 XX

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24 1. 2. 3.

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25 Q / L 4. 5.

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26

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27 2

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28 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. JI 8. 2001. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. : 1988.. 14. Dreybrodt W. The role of dissolution kinetics i n the development of karst aquifers in limestone: A model simulation of karst evolution // J. of Geology. 1990. Vol. 98. 15. Dreybrodt W. & Gabrovaek F. Dynamics of the evolution of single karst conduit // A. Klimchouk, D. Ford, A. Palmer & W. Dreybrodt, e ds., Speleogenesis: Evolution of Karst Aquifers. Huntsville: Nat. Speleol. Soc. 2000. 16. Dreybrodt W. & Siemers G. Cave evolution on two dimensional networks of primary fractures in limestone // A. Klimchouk, D. Ford, A. Palmer & W. Dreybrodt, eds. Speleo genesis: Evolution of Karst Aquifers. Huntsville: Nat. Speleol. 2000. 17. Ewers R. O. Cavern development in the dimensions of length and breadth. Ph. D., Me. Master University, Hamilton, Ontario, 1982. 18. F rd D., Lauritzen S. E. & Ewers R. O. Hardware an d software modeling of initial conduit development in karst rocks // A. Klimchouk, D. Ford, A. Palmer & W. Dreybrodt, eds. Speleogenesis: Evolution of Karst Aquifers. Huntsville. Nat. Speleol. Soc. 2000.

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29 19. F rd D. C. & Williams P. W. Karst geomorphology and hydrology. London: Unwin Hyman. 1989. 28 20. Groves G. & Howard A. D. Early development of karst systems. 1. Preferential flow path enlargement under laminar flow. Water Resources Research. 1994. Vol. 30. 21.Huntoon P. W. Is it appropriate to apply porous media groundwater circulation models to karstic aquifers? // El Kadi A.I., eds. Groundwater models for resources analysis and management: Boca Raton: Lewis Publishers. 1995. 22. Klimchouk A. B. Large gypsum caves in the Western Ukraine and their gen esis // Cave Science. 1992. Vol. 19. 23. 1im h u A. Speleogenesis under confined conditions, with recharge from adjacent formations // Publ. Serv. Geol. Luxembourg, 1994. Vol. XXVII. 24. 1im h u A. Speleogenesis in gypsum // Klimchouk A., Lowe D., Cooper A. & Sauro U., eds. Gypsum Karst of the World. International J. of Speleology. 1996. Vol. 25. 25. Klimchouk A. B. Speleogenetic effects of water density differences // Procedings of the 12 th Int. Congr. of Speleology. La Chaux de Fonds, Switzerland, 1997. Vol. 1. 26. lim h u A. Art esian speleogenetic setting // Procedings of the 12 th International Congress of Speleology. La Chaux de Fonds, Switzerland, 1997. Vol. 1. 27. K l imchouk A. Formation of epikarst and its role in vadose speleogenesis // A. Klimchouk, D. Ford, A. Palmer & W. Dreybrodt, eds. Speleogenesis: Evolution of Karst Aquifers. 2000. Huntsville: Nat. Speleol. Soc. 91 99. 28. K l imchouk A. B. Speleogenesis under deep seated and confined settings // A. Klimchouk, D. Ford, A. Palmer & W. Dreybrodt, eds. Speleogenesis: Evolut ion of Karst Aquifers. Huntsville: Nat. Speleol. Soc. 2000. 29. ilim h u A., F r d D., Palmer A. & Dreybrodt W., eds. Speleogenesis: Evolution of Karst Aquifers. Huntsville: Nat. Speleol. Soc. 2000. 30. Palmer A. N. Geomorphic interpretation of karst f eatures //La Fleur, R.G., eds. Ground water as a geomorphic agent. Allen & Unwin, Boston, 1984. 31. Palmer A. N. Origin and morphology of limestone caves. // Geological Society of America Bulletin, 103, 1991. 32. Palmer A. N. Geochemical models for the ori gin of macroscopic solution porosity in carbonate rock // Budd A.D., Sailer A.H. & Harris P.M., eds., Unconformities and porosity in carbonate strata. AAPG Memoir 63, 1995. Tulsa, Oklahoma. 33. Palmer A. Digital modeling of individual solution conduits // A. Klimchouk, D. Ford, A. Palmer & W. Dreybrodt, eds., Speleogenesis: Evolution of Karst Aquifers. 2000. Huntsville: Nat. Speleol. Soc. 34. Quinlan J. F., Davies G. J., Jones S. W., & Huntoon, P.W. 1996. The applicability of numerical models to adequately characterize ground water flow in karstic and other triple porosity aquifers // Ritchey J.D., & Rumbaugh J.O., eds. Subsurface fluid flow (ground water and vadose zone) modeling: American Society for Testing and Materials, Special Technical Publication. Vo l. 1288. 35. T th J. Hydraulic continuity in large sedimentary basins. Hydrogeology J. 1995. Vol. 3, 36. White W. B. Geomorphology and hydrology of karst terraines. Oxford : Oxford University Press 1988.

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30 3 1 2 1 1 2 V N Dubljansky Yu V Kadebsky E V Ketova MORPHOLOGY OF THE KUNGUR ICE CAVE As of 01.01.2003 the morphometrical parameters of the Kungur Ice cave make: length 5700m; mean width 11,4m; mean altitude 3,0m; amplitude 35m; the area 65,0 thousand m 2 ; volume 206 thou sand m 3 11,5 hundreds m; specific volume 36,1; coefficient of area karstification 0,28. The cave is maze, consists the 45 grottos and 70 lakes. The standard descriptions of the separate grottos testify to its location in the ph reatic and development in the vadose conditions; then there was its simulation by waters of Silva river and the gravitational processes. XVIII XIX 1934 1935

PAGE 32

31 2 3 S ./S L b h A m S V Q Q K s 10/20 1935 4600 19,3 1 3 0 1 88,7 266 >20 36 1965 5600 2,9 1 52,0 150 26,7 4 17,9 4 40 50 2001 5700 11,4 2 3,0 1 +27/ 5 65,0 195 45 50 2003 5700 11,4 2 3,2 2 2 8 1 3,5 2 +27/ 3 65,0 206 182 2 230 3 11,5 36,1 0,28 45 70 1 2 V / L S / L V / S 3 4 1950 2 3 ). 1964 1:500 [2]. 2 ( Q / L )

PAGE 33

32 1960 1990 Mapinfo Proffesional 2 (11,4 3 3 (1) (2) L S 1 S 3 a S 1 S 2 S 3 3 3 [4]. 3 ( Q = 7,1 5,1 s 000 2 2

PAGE 34

33 6 B C . 1960

PAGE 35

34 . B C B C ). B C B C

PAGE 36

35 1. LXV 2. 3. a 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. . 1985. 11. Ford D., Williams P. Karst geomorphology and Hydrology. London: Unwin Hyman, 1989.

PAGE 37

36 1 2 2 1 2 L. V. Nekrasova, R. N. Sujrgulova, V. N. Dubljansky CONDITIONS OF THE DRIPS FORMATION IN KUNGUR ICE CAVE Per 70 years in the cave the special installation on registration of drips frequency worked. The analysis has shown, that in the miscellaneous grottos a diurnal and monthly course of drips are various (coefficients of correlation 0,018 0,140). The calculation of Hyardstick for pairs a full moon new moon and the 1 4 quarters has shown their statistical identity (0,58 < 1,96) and absence of conne ction between intensity of drips and the solar lunar rhythms. Is rotined, that the separation of drips on three kinds is statistically authentic only: from the ceilings, from 5,4 1998

PAGE 38

37 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1977 + 1975 + + + + + 1976 + 1 1976 + + + + + 1977 + + 1978 + + + + 2 1976 + + + + + 1977 + + 1978 + + + + + + + + 3 1976 + + + 1978 + + + + 4 1976 + + + 1977 + + 1978 + + + + + + 2 S 2 N 2 ) 1 K 1 )

PAGE 39

38 1 4 1 131 159 128 122 2 128 132 132 138 3 14 0 141 107 138 4 137 140 140 141 5 143 143 143 144 6 146 171 144 141 7 143 150 146 144 8 150 146 147 152 9 10 11 152 141 147 149 12 153 143 153 152 142 147 139 142 Cv 0,06 0,07 0,10 0,06 0 ,66 1,33 0,58 1. 0,140). 0,080 2.

PAGE 40

39 3 C v 18 638 20.0 0,03 669 616 1 24 634 19,2 0,03 659 610 1978 4 (1 B C = 3 3 3 1989

PAGE 41

40 0,15 O 3 SO 4 l Mg

PAGE 42

41 3 1. 2. 3. 40. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 2003. 9. 10.

PAGE 43

42 Yu. S. Liahnitsky, A. V. Gromov V ORONCOVSKAIA SYSTEM OF THE CAVES AS A POLYGON OF THE RADON RESEARCHES In 1999 2001 in Voroncovskaia cave the observations of the contents of radon in air were conducted. It i s important in seismically dangerous regions of Russia and in those caves which are planned to use for tourism. The mean volumetric activity of radon was 113 (1999), 611 (2000), 1743 (2001) bk/m 3 and maximum was 610, 2900 and 5900 bk/m 3 (Tufa hall). The au thors guess, that the r s n of increase of the radon contents probably is incraese of seismic hazard in region. Detecting of the contents of radon is necessary for planning caves for touring. 720 70 [4]. 7, 4].

PAGE 44

43 ). 1 3 1

PAGE 45

44 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 610, 3

PAGE 46

45 2001 1999 2000 2001 20 200 875 20 150 675 20 320 300 880 81 800 66 690 20 150 1375 140 220 1325 525 1285 20 1180 610 2900 5900 92 1490 3650 100 300 3000 170 1030 3000 130 400 73 240 2500 130 680 2470 230 870 160 1400 2680 110 130 380 350 44 340 110 840 2150 53 380 120 250 1575 340 1930 50 540 74 790 74 710 78 390 160 140 3200 1 190 640 530 2145 68 980 113 611 1743 1999 29

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46 3 0 200 600 2000

PAGE 48

47 3 ). 3 3 3 3

PAGE 49

48 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Z. K. Tatashidze, V. M. Dzishkariani, K. D. Scikarishvili, A. P. Djamrishvili, V. M. Kapanadze, T. G. Kobulashvili, G. V. Geladze NEW KARST CAVE IN NEIGHBORHOODS OF TSHALTUBO From the speleoobjects, opened and investigated in the end XX Century in Georgia, the considerable conce separate segments were investigated earlier by employees of Institute of Geography name Vahushti. In 1985 was resolved to equip the cave for the purposes of tourism. In cave are made concreted tourist trac in length more than 1 km, the observation desks are built, the access road is expanded, the building of an administrative body is built. A P

PAGE 50

49 1 3 3 1 Cl (15/ (15/ Cl (50/ Cl (10/ 1),

PAGE 51

50 6 7 5,5 2 40 3 3 250

PAGE 52

51 1 3 1 147 2900 7 10 22,0 03,0 2 125 1220 3 6 22,0 3 155 4 159 3800 4 6 21,0 68,8 5 150 50 3 5 0,3 0,8 6 270 125 8 10 1 9 8,1 7 373 210 9 16 3 3 27,6 8 380 9 395 250 8 3 0,8 6,0 10 405 1700 11 9 14,0 148,6 11 424 5300 11 4 21,0 200,0 15555 91,6 684,9 1 11 90

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52 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. VIII 6.

PAGE 54

53 1 2 3 1 2 3 S. Yu. Lipchenko, . Tsoy, A. L. Shelepin TRACING OF ZAGEDAN CAVE SYSTEM KARST STREAM The paper is devoted to the speleological investigations in the earlier unexplored area of Zagedan Urup karst massif o f Abishira Akhuba mountain ridge (Western Caucasus). There was founded and explored rather large cave system named allowed us to discover the cave discharge spot (Atsgara vauclusi an spring). We suppose the discovered karst system joins all the largest massif caves. XX

PAGE 55

54 ( D 3 C 1 )

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55 1 (2) (6) 4 Y 18 ( Y 14, (4

PAGE 57

56 1,5 3 4,5 3 2001

PAGE 58

57 2000 2 23.08; 12 13 1900 3 23.08; 12 13 1500 4 1922 6 24.08; 14 15 2000 3 NaO H 3 23 24.08.

PAGE 59

58 1 0 1 2 1,0 3 10,0 4 0,1 5 1.0 6 10,0 7 0,1 8 1,0 9 10,0 3 0,1 CARY 2415 record

PAGE 60

59 68 1. 2. A . 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

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60 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 S Yu Lipchenko, V. V. JashkLn, S. I. Belousov, E. A. Pavlov GORLO BARLOGA CAVE The description of the most steep cave of the massif ( 900 M ) is adduced. 2001 ( D 3 C 1 )

PAGE 62

61 1,0 50 3 30

PAGE 63

62 SRT 700 720 87 711 ( 1. 2. 7.

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63 1 Kisseljov V. E., Komarov V. A. CAVE KHABU (ABKHAZIA) Khabu cave is the only on the territory of ex USSR where 11 km of passages w ere explored by cave divers. During 15 years speleoclubs of Moscow, Leningrad, Ryazan, Krasnoyarsk, Rostov on Don, Novokuznetsk, Khmelnitsky, Kirov, and Sukhumi took part in the exploration. The resuming of materials have been taken by V. N. Dublyansky in 2003. Hydrosystem of Khabu is a water collestor for SW slope of Bzybky ridge (Abkhazia, Gumishkha massif). Probably, catastrofic floods in Novoafonskaya show cave are linked with inundations in that system (Absta river). Morfology and hydrology of cave, st ratigraphy, lithology, and hydrogeology of the region are described in details. 1

PAGE 65

64 1. 2001 ): 1 2 3 4 1 2 2 3 1 2 3 4 1 3 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6. 2 (10/ 3 4 5 (1/ 0,3) 6 (1,5/ 0,5)

PAGE 66

65 2001 B. C. 2003 1 (8/ 0 3 5 1

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66 2 (10/ 1 3), 3 30 1 y

PAGE 68

67 20 30 20 20 1 1) 3. 1 2. 1 4). 1

PAGE 69

68 2), 5 (1/ 6 (1,5/ 30 80 170

PAGE 70

69 27 2 [11]. 1

PAGE 71

70 2).

PAGE 72

71 2 V 15

PAGE 73

72 1987 ) pH 3 SO 4 2+ Cl Ca 2+ Mg 2+ 5 12, 5 7,8 800 2,13 0,46 0,14 1,47 0,74 192,8 3 8,2 8,5 13 2,59 0,76 0,07 2,37 0,50 264,4 2 10,3 8,5 300 1,95 0,31 0,09 1,25 0,56 177,2 3 10,5 8,5 2000 2,59 0,20 0,12 1,89 0,53 205,3 2 21,5 8 ,5 3,49 0,47 0,13 1,44 1,92 328,6 4 14,2 8,1 400 3,15 0,24 0,07 2,59 0,52 265,8 5 12,7 8,3 400 3,18 0,26 0,22 2,60 0,26 288,0 2 11,6 8,5 4000 2,35 0,26 0,07 1,55 0,74 215,0

PAGE 74

73 3 3 3 (328,6 ( pp 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 3 2. 7. 8.

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74 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 A S Vishnevsky V A Maltcev V N Dubljansky Yu. V. Dubljansky THE LARGEST CAVES OF MIDLLE ASIA Last data about the most interesting caves of Midlle Asia (Bakhardenskaya, Kap Koutan, Boy Bulok, Tuya Muiyun) are resulted. XX

PAGE 76

75 14 15); 1500 1 1

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76 1 1,2 2,5 65

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77 69 55 2 3 2 1050 2 3 1976 127 MW ( Na u Mg Sr Si Ti Zr N P V S Cr C l Mn Br Fe Co Ni ). 2 3 [12].

PAGE 79

78 1 1 15, 26

PAGE 80

79 7 0 25 S Na Sr C l F 26].

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80

PAGE 82

81 1 3 Tiobacillus Fe n H 2 SO 4 HF Zn 3 [ Si 4 O 10 ][ OH ] 2 nH 2 O ( ZnA l ) 3 [ SiAl ] 2 O 5 [ OH ] 4 1

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82 1 1972 1981 70 80 2 1 2

PAGE 84

83 1800 5 10 200 520 560 / 560). 21 26 83), (1940/ / (115/+21) [22].

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84 1988 600 1415 ( 1158... +257) [7]. 5. 10

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85 70

PAGE 87

86

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87 250 600 (4580/ 1 ( ( 1

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88 1

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89 39,0 50 20 200 70,5 100 125,0 110 70 150,0 130 164,0 130 202,0 60 219,0 180 150 2200 3400 135 125 139 220 39 164 202

PAGE 91

90 174 45,5 160 1910 (114/ 56

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91 45 (60/ ( popcorn ), (220/

PAGE 93

92 1. 2. 3. 4. II 5. 6. 7. 8. .; M ., 1940.

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93 9. 1970 10. .: 11. 2 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 1 8. 19. 20. .: 1968. 21. Dub l ans Y., Hevesi A., Hromas J., Kraus S., Mahanykova V., Mikhailov V., Mucke D., Sanykova V., Szekely K., Bolner T. Tyuya Muyun (USSR, Kirghizia preliminary results of the speleological researches carried out by the Inter national Expedition in 1989) // 10 th Int. Congr. Speleol. 1990, Budapest. Vol. 3. 22. 23. Hill C., F rti P. Cave minerals of the World, ed.2, Huntsville: NSS. 1997. 24. Korshunov V., Semikolennykh A. The model of speleogenetical processes, connected with bacterial RedOx of sulfuric cycles in the caves of Kugitangtow ridge // Break throughs in Karst Geomicrobiology and RedOx Geochemistry. NY.: Karst Water Institute, 1994. 25. Maltse v A., Korshunov V. Geochemistry of fluorite and related features of the Kugitangtou Ridge Caves // 26. Ma11sev A., Korshunov V., Semikolennykh A. The model of soil like system formation in caves of Kougitangtou ridge // Proc. of 12 th Int. Cong, of Speleology. La Chaux de Fonds, Switzerland, 10 17.08.199 7. Vol. 1. 27. Ma11sev V. A., Self C. A. Cupp Coutan Cave System. Turkmenistan. Central Asia // Proc. of Bristol Speleol. Soc ., 1992. Vol 19 (2).

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94 1 V. A. Smirno v, N. N. Razumova ABOUT INTERPLAY OF MAGMA WITH THE CARBONATE ROCKS The analysis of conditions of formation of the tuffizits has allowed the authors to put forward a hypothesis, according to which one a magma with a temperature higher with carbonate rocks in nearsurface conditions, causes thermal dissociation of calcite with formation of lava gas mixture and reshapes in adjacent strata of the chambers. The products of the reaction are transformed by exogenic processes to clay enriched with iron. 1

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95 1 4 7 1

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96

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97 II

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98 5 II 8 9

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99 10

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100 6 1 72,2 57 1 p 0,1 88,6 29 II 95,0 58 II 0,1 p 2.7 1,6 1,3 20,8 60 II 1,7 9,4 2,1 34,4 37 98,0 44 98,0 47 0,1 65,2 45 93,5 35 3,6 64,3 36 19,1 66,1 3,7 54 8,4 0,3 0,2 1,5 22,1 0,3 1,3 37,3 55 0,6 59,2 38,1 56 96,4 40 3,1 78,8 2.8 52 42 3 4,6 1,3 66,4 62 0,6 75,0 51 2 18 25,0 55,0 53 85.0 43 94,6 x x x x x x x x x

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101 Fe 1,4 11,5 0,6 0,1 12,0 1,8 1,2 53,4 0,8 2,0 1,8 2,4 3,5 2,3 5,1 1,4 0,1 38,2 0,1 0,3 0,2 1,3 0,2 4,1 27,1 3,6 9,3 0,8 0,6 1.2 1,1 4,2 10,7 11,3 1,2 0,2 3,0 0,4 11 1 97,0 0,5 5,6 0,1 1,5 2,6 9,5 0 1 4,5 16,7 1,3 6,4 2,7 1.8 x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x

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102

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103 5. 1 3 (50

PAGE 105

104 100%). ). II 3

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105 II 95

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106 25 1.

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107 II 1, 2 2. 3. 4. 5.

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108 II 1,5 3 167 2 3 2

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109 15 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. LTD 2000. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.

PAGE 111

110 . Noskova G N Dubljanskaia CAV ES IN MAGMATIC ROCKS The caves in magmatic rocks (intrusive, effusive, lava, piroclasts) concern to magmatogenetic (crystallizational type), volcanicgenetic (extrusion, explosion, fluviosion types), tectonogenetic (disjanction, contraction types), hiperge netic (dilatansion, gravitational, denudation types), eologenetic (korrazion, deflationary types), fluviogenetic (erosion, abrasion types), suffosiogenetic (suffosion type) subclasses. In total in World more than 660 similar caves are described (Europe 1 11; Islands of the Atlantic Ocean 34; Asia 281; Africa 52; Islands of the Indian Ocean 7; Australia and Oceania 94; Northern America 54; Central and Southern America 25; Antarctic Continent 1). The caves in lavas (50 %) and in intrusive roc ks (22%) are dominating. Their most typical feature is convergence of the destructive forms and deposits. 10].

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111

PAGE 113

112

PAGE 114

113 % 111 19,0 36 28 36 34 5,0 100 279 40,8 13 33 26 26 53 8,0 16 16 52 16 6 1,0 100 94 13,6 50 50 55 8,0 67 33 25 4,0 100 4 0,6 100 661 100,0 22 19 50 9 1 53 1

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114 ? ? ? 4. 2 1. 2. 3. 4.

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115 5. 6. 7. 15. 8. 9. 10. 1974. 14 15. 12. Anderson R. S. Observation in a cavity Beneath Grinnel Glacier // Earth 13. wden D. Sub laterite cave systems and other pseudokarst phenomena in the humid tropics // Z. 14. habert Cl. Lescavites Francaisesen roches non calcaires // 40. 15. habert Cl. Les grandes cavites en roches psevdokarstiques on non karstiques // 16. habert Cl. Les grandes cavites mon diales en roches non calcaires. Budapest, 1989. 17. Courbon P. Atlas des grands gouffres du monde. Marseille: Laffitte, 1979. 18.Courbon P., Chabert Cl. Atlas des grandes cavites mondiales. Paris, 1986. 19. Curl R. Caves as a measure of karst // J. Geol. 1 20. Trimmel H. Hohlenkunde. Braunschweig: Fieweg and Sohn, 1968. 21. UIS

PAGE 117

116 THE MAN MADE UNDERGROUND SPACES Yu. A. Polkanov, Yu. I. Shutov UNDERGROUND HYDROTECHNICAL ENGINEERING FACILITIES OF ANCIENT CITY CHUFUT KALE In ancient city Chufut Kale the authors dig out ancient hydraulic engineering facility consisting of the vertical wells, inclined courses with steps and capacitances for collecting of water.

PAGE 118

117 Crania 1,84 3 21,6 2

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118 1989). 03.2 001 1 1

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119 2001

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120 1,8 2,2 7,0 2,2 3 ).

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121 3

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122 XIV XV

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123 XIV XVII XVIII 1. 2. 3. 4. 5 6.

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124 DRPOSITS OF CAVES 1956, 1960, 1963, 1966, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1974, 1975, 1981 Semikolenni h THE FEATURES OF WEATHERING OF THE ROCK IN THE CAVES OF THE KUGITANGTAU MOUNTAINS Red coloured clay lake or ganic mineral formations from Kap Koutan cave were investigated. Mineral and microbiological compositions are described. 1 3 50 300 . 2 [9]. 1

PAGE 126

125 in situ 0,50 3 5,0

PAGE 127

126 Fe l SiO 2 2 O 3 Fe 2 O 3 l 8,5/8,3, SO 3

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127

PAGE 129

128 3. Thiobacillus sp ., 000 ) Arthrobacter

PAGE 130

129 500) Desulfotomaculum 7 3 10 5 3 Penicillium Aspergillus Chaetomium Trichoderma Cladosporium Aspergillus fumigatus Aspergillus terreus Aspergillus niger Thiobacillus sp

PAGE 131

130 d 3 4 S C D T .) Botrell et a l., 2001 + 16,0 + 16,0 + 10,8 3,0 + 11,7 + 12,0 + 6,9 27,1 + 8,9 Kep + 16, 4 + 28,0 + 12,1 + 12,6 + 13,3 + 8,2 + 9,8 + 9,0 + 7,6 + 9,7 + 7,7 + 9,9 + 9,4 + 15,5 + 15,6 + 14,7 d 34 S CDT d 34 S C D T Botrell

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131 + + + + Botrella +9 d 34 S CDT

PAGE 133

132 H 2 S 14 1. 2. 2 3. 2). 4. 5. : 1968. 6. Botrell S., Crowley S., Self Invasion of a karst aquif er by hydrotermal fluids: evidence from stable isotopic composition of cave mineralisation // 7. Korshunov V., Semikolennykh A. The model of speleogenetical processes, connected with bacterial RedOx of sulfuric cycles in the caves of Kugitangtow ridge // Breakthroughs in Karst Geomicrobiology and RedOx Geochemistry. NY.: Karst Water Institute, 1994. 8. Maltsev A., Korshunov V., Semikolennykh A. The model of soillike system formation in caves of Kougitangtou ridge // Proc. of 12 th Int. Cong, of Speleology. La Chaux de Fonds, Switzerland, 10 17.08.1997. Vol. 1. 9. Ma11sev V. A. & Self C. A. Cupp Coutan Cave System. Turkmenistan. Central Asia // Proc. of Bristol Speleol. Soc., 1992. Vol. 19 (2). 10. T ran H. P., Harri R. F. Interpretation of sulfur and oxygen isotopes in biological and abiological sulfide oxidation // Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 1989. Vol 8.

PAGE 134

133 BYOSPELEOLOGY N. N. Yu. Krainev THE INVERTEBRATE ANIMALS THE INHABITANTS OF THE KUNGUR ICE CAVE The inverte brate fauna of the Kungur Ice Cave includes 10 taxa now. Six invertebrates the inhabitants of the cave are recorded in this work for the first time. 2 2

PAGE 135

134 2 I. Nemathebninthes Nematoda 1 Nematoda indet 1 II Arthro poda Crustacea Ostracoda Ostracoda Cyprididae 2. Candona sp. 3. Cypridopsis sp Cytheridae 4. Limnocythere sp Malacostraca Amphipoda Gammaridae 5. Crangonyx chlebnikovi Borutzky 1928. Insecta Entognatha Collembola 6. Collembola inde 1 indet

PAGE 136

135 Ectognatha 7. Insecta indet Coleoptera Elmidae 8. Riolus cupreus ( Muller 1806). Diptera Lim oniidae 9. Limoniidae indet Chironomidae 10. Chironomidae indet Anguillula aceti [4]. 5,0

PAGE 137

136 Cypridopsis subterranea ( Wolf Candonopsis kingsleii ( Brady et Robertson 1870), Candona l jovuschkini Rudiakov Ca ndona taurica Schornikov 1969 [6]. Limnocythere Candona Cypridopsis Limnocythere inopinata ( Baird 1850), Cypridopsis vidua ( O F Mueller 1776) Candona Cypridopsis Candona chlebnikovi 7

PAGE 138

137 Entognatha ), ( Insecta indet .). 4,5

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138 Riolus c upreus ( Muller Limoniidae

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139 1 Limoniidae chlebnikovi Limoniidae

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140 2 1. 2. 3. 2001. 4. 5. 6. Ostracoda 7. 8. 9. ( Collembola ) 1940. 10. Borutzky W. Materialen uber die Fauna der untererdischen Gewasser, Crangonyx clebnikovi sp. nov. (Amphipoda) aus den Hohlen des mittleren Urals // Zool. Anz., 1928. Bd. 77.

PAGE 142

141 1 2 1 2 CRANGONYX CHLEBNIKOVI BORUTZKY 1928 ( GAMMARIDAE ) N. N. V. THE BIOLOGY OF THE CAVE AMPHIPOD, CRANGON YX CHLEBNIKOVI BORUTZKY, 1928 (GAMMARIDAE), WITH THE DESCRIBTION OF NEW SUBSPECIES FROM KUNGUR ICE CAVE The biology of cave amphipod, Crangonyx chlebnikovi Borutzky, 1928, is discussed. The new subspecies from the Kungur Ice cave, C.chlebnikovi maximovits hi ssp. nov., is described. Crangonyx Bate Crangonyx chlebnikovi Borutzky 1928 [14]. chlebnikovi chlebnikovi Fundort : Unterirdischer See und Flu in der Hehle am Ufer des Flusses Metschka ( nebenflu der Sylva ), Ural Kungurbezirk [14, P 254]. chlebnikovi

PAGE 143

142 chlebnikovi Crangonyx chlebnikovi chlebnikovi Borutzky 1928. 1).

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143 Crangonyx chlebnikovi chlebnikovi Borutzky 1928 Crangonyx chlebnikovi maximovitshi Pan kov Pan kova ssp n Crangonyx chlebnikovi maximovitshi Pan kov Pan kova ssp n 2002

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144 chlebni kovi 2,4 3 67 2 2

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145 2 chlebnikovi 32,0 2 2 Stygobromus Crangonyx [2, 13, Stygobromus Crangonyx Metacrangonyx Chevreux ), Bogdiella Birstein et Levuschkin Tadzhocrangonyx Karaman et Barnard ), S tygobromus ), Crangonyx Pseudocrangonyx Akatsuka et Komai ), Crangonyx Eucrangonyx Stygobromus ), Crangonyx robertsi ), ( Aust roniphargus bryophilus Monod ), Paracrangonyx compactus Chilton )

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146 Chappius Stygobromus Stygobromus Crangonyx Stygobromus Crangonyx Gammaridae

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147 Stygobr o mus Crangonux Stygobromus Crangonyx Stygobromus Crangonyx chlebnikovi Crangonyx Crangonyx robertsi Crangonyx

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148 Crangonyx gracilis Smith C forbesi Hubricht et Mackin C mucronatus Forbes C packardii Smith C serratus Embody ) C arsenjevi Derzhavin Crangonyx

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149 Crangonyx subterraneus paxi chlebnikovi 1. 2. Amphipoda 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 1 0. 11.

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150 12. 13. Amphipoda ., 1995. 2 ( ). 14. Borutzky W. Materialen uber die Fauna der untererdischen Gewasser, Crangonyx clebnikovi sp. nov. (Amphipoda) aus den Hehlen des mittleren Urals // Zool. Anz. 1928. Bd. 77. A. G. Koval THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE AKHUNSKAYA CAVE FAUNA OF THE NORTH WEST CAUCASUS Results of 15 year investigations of the Akhunskaya Cave fauna in the North West Caucasus are presented. A unique fauna is shown to be establ ished in the cave. 48 animal species of 4 types are recorded from the cave, including two new troglobitic species of the family Carabidae. One species is named in memory of the famous karst investigator, Prof. Georgy A. Maximovich. The cave needs to be pro tected by the state. ( 300 ). 20

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151

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152 ARTHROPODA Insecta Coleoptera I Carabidae 1. Jeannelius birsteini Ljov. 2. Cauc asorites victori Belousov 3. Cimmerites sp. n. (Belousov et Koval in litt.) ( ) II Staphylinidae 1. Aloconota subgrandis (Brund.) 2. Leptusa venusta (Hochh.) 3. L. sto rkani Roubal 4. Aleochara funebris Woll. 5. Atheta sodalis Erich. 6. Ocalea sp. 7. Mycetoporus sp. III Cryptophagidae ( . .) 1. Cryptophagus dilatipennis Rtt. 2. C. oseticola Liub. IV. Monotomidae ( . .) Rhizophagus perforatus Erich. V. Anobiidae ( . .) Xestobium caucasicum Logvin. VI Curculionidae Otiorhynchus granulatissimus Rtt. V II. Cantharidae ( C.B. .) 1. Luciola mingrelica ( ) 2. Cantharis sp. ( ) Orthoptera Rhaphidophoridae ( . .) Dolichopoda euxina Sem. ( ) Hymenoptera Formicidae ( .: . ; . ) Formica fusca L Trichoptera Limnephilidae 1. Stenophylax permistus McL. 2. S. claoatus Mart. Diptera I Heleomyzidae 1. Heteromyza atricornis (Mg.) 2. Tephrochlamys rufiventris (Mg.) II Phoridae 1. Triphleba antricola (Schmitz) 2. Megaselia sp III Limoniidae ( , ) Limonia nubeculosa Mg. Siphonaptera Hystrichopsyllidae ( . ) Ctenophthalmus proximus (Wagner) Arachnida Parasitifo rmes I. Haemogamasidae ( . .; . .) 1. Haemogamasus nidi Mich.

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153 2. Haemogamasus s 3. Eulaelaps stabularis (C. L. Koch) II Parasitidae ( . .; O. .) 1. Parasitus kraepi lini Berl. 2. P. microtis Tichom. 3. Parasitus sp. 4. Poecilochirus necrophori Vitzth. 5. Pergamasus crassipes (L.) 6. Pergamasus sp. 7. Vulgarogamasus cf. oudemansi (Berl.) III. Veigaidae ( . .) Veigaia sp. IV. Laelapidae ( . .) Hypoaspis aculeifer (Canestr.) V. Ixodidae ( . .) Ixodes uespertilionis Koch Aranei Nesticidae (C. B. , ) Carpathonesticus birsteini (Charit.) Opiliones Nemastomatidae ( . ) Nemaspela sp. Myriapoda, Chilopoda Lithobiomorpha Lithobiidae (H. T. .) Harpolithobius sp. MOLLUSC Gastropoda Daudebardiidae 1. Inguria wagneri (Rosen) 2. Sieuersia lederi (O.Boettger) ANNELIDES Oligochaeta Lumbricidae Dendrobaena veneta Mich. VERTEBRATA Mammalia Chiroptera Rhinolophidae ( . .) Rhinolophus hipposideros Bechst. Rodent ia Muridae Apodemus silvaticus ciscaucasicus Ognev ( Collembola ), ( Diplopoda ), ( Pseudoscorpiones ), ( Isopoda ),

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154 ( Coleoptera Carabidae ), Jeannelius birsteini Caucasorites victori Cimmerites 2 Jeannelius birsteini Nesticus birsteini Carpathonesticus

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155 1. 5. 2. ( Coleoptera Carabidae ) 3. 1991. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Trechini 11. ( Arachnida Aranei ) 12. 13. ( Lepidoptera : Papilionoide a Hesperioidea ) 2001. 80. 4. 14. r b r S. Traps for cave inhabiting insects // J. Elista Mitchell Sci. Soc. 1931. Vol. 46. 15. Belousov I. A. Le complexe generique de Nannotrechus Winkler du Caucase et de la Crimee (Coleoptera, Carabidae, Trechini). Sofia; Moscow; St.Petersburg: Pensoft, 1998. 16. e1 us v I. A. A new genus and species of cave dwelling trechine beetles from the West Caucasus (Coleoptera, Carabidae, Trechini) // Advances in Carabidolog y: Papers Dedicated to the Memory of Prof. Dr. Oleg L. Kryzhanovskij. Krasnodar: Muiso, 1999. 17. Casale A., Vigna Taglianti A., Juberthie Ch. // Encyclopaedia biospeologica. 1998. Moulis: Bucarest: Soc. de Biospeologie. T. 2. 18. R vitza E. G. Essai sur les problmnes biospeologiques. Biospeologica 1 // Arch. zool. exp. gen. Ser 4, 1907. T 6. Fasc 7.

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156 ARCHEOLOGY 1947 G Filippov SOME RESULTS OF THE RUSSIAN MONGOLIAN AMERICAN EXPEDITION IN GOBIAN ALTAI In Gobian Altay 5 caves and gr ottos were excavated. Some tens of thousands of artefacts were found. Their dating by radiocarbon, radio thermoluminescense, and EPR methods reconstructs the climat and natural environment of Siberian holocene and pleystocene. 1996 1998

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157 ( Cuon alpinus ), 3 13

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158 1. 2. 3.

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1 59 PROTECTION OF THE CAVES 1961 CAVES OF PERM REGION AS PROTECTED OBJECTS In 2002 Official Register of Specially Protected Natural Territorie s of Perm Region was published. It included 39 caves, grottos, riverbank cliffs, and karst briges. For all these objects some human activities are restricted. 39 (19%)

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160 16 6 4 3 3) 13 4 3 2 18 2 21 1 24 5 19 5 19 2 2 1 9 1 58 5 20 2 226 39 XX XXI

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161 HISTORY OF CAVE INVESTIGATION 1 V Pogudin THE COLLECTION OF THE SCIENTIFIC 40 YEARS The outcomes of the analysis of the scientific publications of are set up. 2001 40 1 2 3* >3** 12 5 3 1 21 % 57 24 14 5 100 *1966 1969, 1978 1981, 1981 1984 ; **1993 1999 1962, 1965 1978 ), 2 B C (1963 1964 ), 3 1986 ), 1

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162 3 1993 ), 3 2001, 2004 ). (1961 1964 1974 1978 1973 2004 ). 2001 B C

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163

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164 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 33 35 20 335 8 101 14 2 168 43 28 800 % 1,6 4,1 4,4 2,5 41,8 1,0 12,6 1,8 0,3 21,0 5,4 3,5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 0,6 5,5 1 ,9 1,4 19,2 0,8 5,5 0,6 0,1 6,6 2,0 44,2 1,0 7,0 1,0 9,6 0,4 1,5 20,5 0,6 0,7 1,4 0,5 3,0 3,5 0,2 1,9 2,4 2,3 16,5 4,2 2,1 0,4 0,7 0,7 8,1 0,5 0,8 0,1 2,8 0,1 1,4 0,2 0, 1 0,9 6,9 2,0 0,1 0,5 0,3 2,9 0,5 0,5 0,4 0,4 1,2 7,7 8,3 2,0 37,0 1,0 12,3 1,7 0,2 20,0 4,8 3,8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 1 0 3,5 3.4 2,9 25,9 1,3 10,7 0,8 0,3 14,1 1,1 65,0 8,3 0,3 1,1 3,5 0,8 0,5 2,9 17,4 4,4 0,3 0,5 0,3 5,5 0,3 0,5 0,3 2,9 0,2 0,5 0,1 4,8 2,6 0,3 2,9 0,3 2,2 0,4 2,9 1,5 1,5 13 12,3 4,3 4,0 43,0 1,6 12 ,5 1,3 0,3 15,0 4,4

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165 (8) 9 10 11 13 15 24 26 28 2001. Vahrushev G N Amelichev LABORATORY O F KARST AND SPELEOLOGY OF TAVRICHESKY NATIONAL UNIVERSITY 30 YEARS The history of creation and activity of the lab of karst and speleology of Tavrichesky National University (Simferopol) is described. 1 1

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166 1949 1964

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167 2002) . 1972 1975 4 3/30 1 35 12,3 5 2 1976 1980 10 5/48 12 87 86,5 6 14 12 1981 1985 5 5/24 19 3 74 93,0 5 7 6 1986 1990 5 4/46 26 111 109,0 8 6 9 1991 199 4 5 6/34 11 2 142 124,0 10 1 12 1995 2002 8 11/44 33 156 65,0 7 3 10 37 34/226 101 6 605 489,8 36 36 51

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168 5 6]: 10

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169 1999 TACIS CD 5;

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170 1 2 4 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 5 1 2 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 19 1 1 1 1 2 3 1 1 1 1 90 Speleogenesis of regions karstic

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171 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 1975 6.

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172 D. Shkurigin CLUB OF PRIMORSKY KRAI The history of creation and o peration Vladivostok (contemporary Primorsky) club of the cave explorers is described. 1966 1967 1968 1980

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173 III 2. 1977 1980 1992 1981

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174 1988 127 123 1990 1987 1989 540 1992 1998

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175 1998 2001

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176 EDUCATION . Efremov TRAINING PROGRAM AT SCHOOL OF THE CAVE EXPLORERS OFRUFP RUFP Russian University of Friendship of the peoples. The contents of the s). The forms of the certificates are resulted

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177 [2 60 300

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178 1 (252 (24 ). (332 (200 1 3 XX XXI

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179 (220 3

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180 (8 1. LTD 2000. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

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181 _____________________________________ ___ ___________________________________ CERTIFICATE This is to certify that Mr. (s) _____________________________________ has completed in _______the full course of the special educational program ______________________________________ By the res olution of the Examination Board of he/she is aualified as ______________________________________ Chairman of the Examination Board Vice Rector Moscow Registration __________________ ___________ _______________________________ __________________________ ____ _______ ______ 1 2 1 2 SRT 3 SRT _____________________ ________ . _________________

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182 NEWS OF SPELEOLOGY 250 150 280 13.08 09.09 246 25

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183 150 5 18.03. 2002 2002 1 1 248 110 160 (6 130 700

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184 2002 05 08.09.2002 1040 e mail : bfs @ nat bg 1 Disto Pro 1 47 www leica geosystems com ~ (20 Cavex ANOGIA 2002. 1

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185 300 CML [3476] 09.2002 1. 1 Fontaine de Vaucluse 315,0 2 Busman sgat 283,9 3 Zacaton 278,9 4 Crveno Jezero 270,0 5 Hranicka Propast 267,0 6 Rio Mante 264,0 7 LagoAzul 260,0 8 Mysterious Lagoon 220,0 9 Bluehole 202,0 10 Chimney cave Hurghada 190,5 11 Agua Milagrosa 182,0 12 Goui de la tannerie 170, 0 13 Divje Jezero 160,0 14 Foux du Mas de Banal 163,0 15 Nascente da Ceita Coure 155,0

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186 16 Le Bouiilant Dormant 148,0 17 Abyss Lighthousereef 147,5 18 Cenote Sabak Ha 147,2 19 Hed Snapper sink 146,9 20 Emerqence de Port Miou 145,0 21 Font de Lussac 144,0 22 Source de la Chaudanne 140,0 23 Goul du pont 140,0 24 Fontaine des Char treux 138,0 25 Exsurqence du Diable 137,0 26 Gouffre du Soucv 133,0 27 Lake Guinas 132,0 28 Trou des Fees 130,0 29 Green Banana Sink 128,3 30 Source de Mar nade 128,0 31 Liqhthousereefbluehole 125,0 32 Sorqente Eiefante Bianco 122,0 33 Incirli 122,0 34 Cenote Xkolak 121,0 35 Luca's Breath 119,0 36 The Pit 119,0 37 Mystery sink 118,9 38 Sorqente del Molino 118,0 39 Cenote Ucil 117,9 40 Gok Cave 117,0 41 Sorgente del Gorgazzo 117,0 42 Gouffre du Raqas 117,0 43 Source de Saint Antoi ne 112,0 44 Source de la Bueqes 111,0 45 Die Polder 2 111,0 46 Ambehackhole 110,9 47 Izvor Glavas 110,0 48 Vouliaqmeni 110,0 49 Izvir Mrzlek 108,0 50 Source du Durzon 105,0 51 Resurqence de Mili 105,0 52 Boiling Hole 104,0 53 Su Coloqone 104,0 54 Izvor Siniac 103,0 55 Source de Saint Sauveur 103,0 56 Sinoia Cave 102,1 57 Resurq ence de Gourneyras 102,0 58 Grotte de Motiers 102,0 59 Source du Lez 101,0 60 Fuentona de Muriel 100,0 61 Great North Road 100,0 62 Grotte de Notre Dame des Anqes 100,0

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187 220 14 003 27.04 07.05 2004 B

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188 643 541 (520 ?) 451 450 424 417 3) 410 407 333 347 246

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189 17, CML [4947] 07.2003 1710 1733 1610 i www speleolog ru www cavex team org CML [6214] 07.2004 CML [6294] 09.2004

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190 LOSSES OF SPELEOLOGY (1912 1998) UIS

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191 (1923 1998) (1910 1999) (1925 2000) II 1991

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192 1985 (1941 2001) 6.12.2001

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193 Alma mater

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194 (1945 2001) 1968 1990

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195 (1924 2001) Philippe Renault (1925 2001) (1921 2002)

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196 (1922 2002) 50 1962

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197 000 65 UIS UIS UIS

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198 (1926 2002)

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199 ( 1912 2003 )

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200 MEMORIALS 2004 24 II

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201 93 4 1 (1903 1

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202 1923 (1934 (1932 933 1982), (1934 1 1989 1

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203 91,5 1535 (1983

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204 80 11 100 (1903 1979) 1922 1926

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205 IV (1913 1994) 1954, 1981

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206 1973 1974 1982

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207 12 (1934 1982) = +

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208

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209 (1954 1995)

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210 260), 470), 970). 55). 1) 11 1 1

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211 1995 90 Speleo logical Abstracts ; );

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212 52, 500 87

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213 1 REVIEWS [ G Crinella Li Grotte Di Prasaasi. Consorzio Frasassi. Genga Ancona Italia 1997]. 1

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214 14 . B . 44),

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215

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216 7 70 4

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217

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218

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219 ) B C 500 40 1958 2001

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220 60 84 0 180 A. B. 189 1000 WONDER OF NATURE : . Copyright

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221 Mihevc Andrei. Speleogeneza Divackega Krasa Ljubljana: Zalo ba ZRC, ZRC SAZU, 2001. 180 p

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222 THE CHRONICLE Samcheok International Cave Expo, Korea, 2002 10.07 10.08.2002 ( UIS ) ( ISCA ). Down Town 10 ( International Cave Pavilion ) Bunxi Water Cave Skocjanske jame Congo Caves Frasassile Grotte Gaint caves of North Borneo

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223 3 windows 3

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224 1 27.06 2500

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225 7 3 700 3 2900 2000 2002 3

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226 29.05 VIII VIII 29 Jean Pierre Bartholeyns

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227 14 12

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228 REFERENCE SECTION 1965, 1966, 1970, 1971,1974, 1978, 1981 ) 50 1 563,5 2 218,0 3 204,6 4 184,0 5 179,7 6 162,6 7 160,9 8 145,0 9 117,0 10 109,0 11 101,0 12 99,3 13 90,5 14 92,0 15 87,0 16 86,6 17 83,3 18 81,9 19 78,6 20 72,3 21 70,5 22 66,1 23 65,5

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229 24 64, 0 25 63,6 26 60,2 27 60,0 28 58,0 29 57,8 30 57,6 31 57,3 32 57,0 33 56,7 34 55,0 35 55,0 36 54,8 37 54,0 38 53,4 39 52,3 40 51,9 41 50,1 42 50,0 43 50,0 1 1823 2 1733 3 1632 4 1602 5 1589 6 1530 7 1508 8 1475 9 1441 10 1440 11 1429 12 1415 ( 1158;+257) 13 81156 1408 14 1400 15 1392 16 1386 17 1370 18 1342 19 1340 20 1301 21 1291 22 1271 23 1258 24 1255 25 1255 26 1249

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230 27 1240 28 1219 29 1215 30 1209 31 1208 32 1200 33 1199 34 1198 35 1190 36 1190 37 1182 38 1179 39 1173 40 1170 41 1170 42 1170 43 1169 44 1167 45 15 1150 46 1143 ( 1090; +53) 47 1140 48 1135 49 1130 50 1120 51 1110 52 1102 53 1101 (+132; 969) 54 G. E.S. 1098 55 1080 56 1078 57 1070 58 1064 59 1060 60 1050 61 1042 62 1041 63 1028 64 1026 65 1022 (+5; 1017) 66 1019 67 1019 68 1018 69 1015 70 1014 71 1011 A. Spelun ca 80; Intern. Caver i 2002

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231 1 57,3 (6) 2 47 ,0 3 >10,1 182 4 8,3 56 5 6,3 272 6 6,2 125 7 6,0 170 8 6,0 130 9 5,1 125 10 5,1 171 11 4,2 248 12 3,2 39(73) 13 3,0 12 14 3,0 274 15 2,5 55 16 2,3 350 17 2,2 16 18 2,1 19 1,7 (8) 20 1,6 73 21 1,6 176 22 1,4 218 23 1,4 16(17) 24 1,3 139 25 1,3 85 26 1,2 20 27 1.1 (80) 28 1,1 76 29 1,1 60 30 1,1 29 31 1,1 35 32 1,0 140 33 1,1 70 34 1,0 45 35 1 1,0 83

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232 1 350 2,3 2 274 >3,0 3 272 6,3 4 248 4,2 5 47,0 6 218 1,4 7 215 0.9 8 188 0,6 9 171 5,1 12 170 6,0 13 145 0,3 14 140 1.1 15 139 1,3 16 127 0,2 17 127 0,6 18 2 127 0,3 19 125 0,4 20 12 5 5,1 21 125 6.2 22 115 0,8 2 (22 12 150 120 1 0 240 3 42 10 35 18 40 54

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233 10 60 20 10 38 60 65 500 50 50 40 40 40 50 >10 80 47 36 30 24 27 12 5 7 3 20 7 44 5 5 4 47 20 9 260 80 115 120 390 82 66 70 20 180 50 60 100 40 10 100

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234 200 200 70 200 260 30 120 200 100 10 700 20 100 490 400 >20 500 50 70 80 250 10 350 85 10 40 180 30 40 60 20 3 100 10 200 60 50 280 150 300 300 920 300 200 170 300 400 380 250

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235 200 200 350 250 370 300 200 150 500 200 10 400 12 12 5 700 200 25 90 30 135 50 75 25 40 15 20 22 28 30 800 50 >100 >100 >100 >100 >100 >100 >100 >100 >100 >100 >100 200 100 >100 140 >100 >100

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236 40 1800 50 70 25 220 50 60 180 100 60 40 40 150 150 100 75 125 40 50 60 20 60 15 195 40 60 45 80 250 1 94 14591 1800 2 29 8430 920 3 25 1539 240 400 4 20 464 18 100

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237 6 1 250 250 187 27194 1800 2003. Cigna ., urr i Development, Management and Economy of Show Caves // Intern. Joum. of Spel. 2000. Vol. 29.

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238 2001 200 3 THE BIBLIOGRAPHY ON KARST AND CAVES from 2001 2003 2001 H ., 2001. 262 23 27 22. 206

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239 222. 116. 228. 153. 267. ( XVni XIX 180. Hohlenmalerei Em Handbuch / Lorblanchet S igmaringen: J. Thorbeke Verlag, 1997. 340 p // . 225 226. . .: Hohlenmalerei in Ural Kapova und Ignatievska. Die altsteinzeitlichen Bilderhohlen im Sudlichen Ural / V. E. Scelinskij, V. N. Sirokov. Deutchland Sigmaringen : Jan Thorbecke Verlag 1999. 172 p 226 228. 202. 210. 150 154. 161. 300. 11. 283.

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240 239. 14. 25. 30.07 33. 281. 247. 11. 110. 23. 41. 10. 14. 28. 13 4. 27 96.

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241 211. Kra s i speleologia (XVIII). Katowice: Wid wo univ. Slaskiego 1998. 240 p 217 218. 273. 27 201. 204. 208. 220. 207. 195. 72. 174. 189. 205. 20. LTD 217. 289. 185. 215.

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242 232. 140. 289 290. 51. 111. 27 134. 120. 82. 49. 142. JI 149. 60. 12 230. 79. 75. 209. 273 276. 155 156. 161.

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243 142. 22. 39. 28. 108. 199. 101. 05 45. A M 150. 02.08.2001. 308. 7. 199. Wielka Encyklopedia Geografii Swiata XV II M Pulina W Andrejczuk Poznan : Wydwo Kurpisc 2000. 357 p 222. 25. 2 128. 202. B C ., 113. 30.07 324.

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24 4 142. 96. 39. 60. 129. 161. 28] 229. I III 86. 41. 219. 224 225. .: Landform Analysis Vol. 1. Katowice, Poland, 1997. 82 p. // 22 0 222. 31. Discovering the wonders of our world: . Copyright. 224. 29 36. (1969

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245 212 371. 25. 52 267. 270. 112 114. 267. 30.07 50. 60 62. 218. UIS Bulletin 1999. Vol 45; 2000 Vol 46. AVO 11 231 63. 86. 10. 119. 103. 28] / 81.

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246 278. 75. 187. 197. 182. 4 57. 28] 237. 250. 137. 195. 2001. 2002 Bic i i Bic i i Bic i i

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247 10.12.2001. P 57. p 313. 201. 46. 165. 16 18. 144.

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248 251. 142. 149. 168. 325. 29. 108. 237. 219. 43. 107. 228. 203. 20. 85. 156.

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249 38. 134. 23. 374. 153. 46. 90. 332. 209. 120. 2 69. 181. 90. 158.

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250 91. 9. 244. 379.

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251 II II 89. 303. 278. 163. 130. 101. 168. 138. 126. 5. 11. 266. 151. 95. 218. 320.

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252 18. 231. 145. 81. 275. 216. 225. 222. 145. .

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253 40. 41. 209. 279 284. 290. 295. 310. 106. 105. Managing caves for nature conservation 172. 103. 56. 24. 97. 161. 213.

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254 111. 312. 295. i i i i i i i i i 2002. 2003 i i i Magyarorszag fokozottan vedett barlangjai / Szekely Budapest 2003. 422 p H ., 120. 168 171. Bartholeyns I. P. Sustainable development of show caves and protection of a common heritage // 41 49. 240. 9. 270 278. 11.

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255 58. 244. 124. 211. 54. 4 0. 193. 163. 76. 193. 292. 333. 321 323. 250 256. 80. 97. 148. 155. 78. 132. 304. 167. 329.

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256 92. 246. 2003. 99 132 140. 70. 183 186. Pashenko S., Dublyansky Yu., Andrejchuk V., Pashenko E. Aerosol study of the Kungur Ice cave // 176 180. 100 104. 83. 344. 65. 201. 303. 85. 75. 250. 282. 308. 222. 335. 229. 236 256 263. 269.

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257 196. 1998 12. 227.

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258 24. 1998. 250 00 0 10 264. 237. 23 7 239. 241. 20. 35. 49. 16. 198. 154. 1999 57.

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259 115. 86. 244 246. 46. 101. III 1999. 239. 140. 2000 233. 242.

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260 171. 161. 61. 52. 150. 261. 382. 218 219. 2000. 71. 149. 221. 226.

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261 457. 19.

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262 5 7 15 15 ... 30 36 42 .. 48 53 60 63 74 94 110 116 116 124 124 133 133 oui 141 150 156 156

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263 159 159 161 161 165 172 176 176 182 190 190 191 192 194 195 196 198 199 200 200 204 205 207 209 213 213 214 214 215 215 216 216 217 217 218 218 219 219 220 220

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264 220 221 222 222 224 226 14 227 228 222 231 232 238

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265 CONTENTS The foreword 5 Georgey Alekseevich Maximovich and modem Speleology 7 Geology and genesis of the caves 15 Klimchouk A. B. Principal features and prob lems of Karst Hydrogeology: Speleogenetic approach (Communication 2) 15 Dubljansky V. N., KadebskyJ. V., Ketova E. V. Morphology of the Kungur Ice Cave 30 Nekrasova L. V., Sujrgulova R. N., Dubljansky V. N. Conditionsof the drips formation in Kungur Ice Cave .. 36 Liahnitsky Yu. S., Gromov A. V. Voroncovskaia system of the caves as a polygon of the radon researches 42 Tatashidze Z. K., Dzishkariani V ., eds. New karst cave in neighborhoods of Schaltubo 48 Lipchenko S. Yu., Tsoy B., She1epin A. L. Tracing of Zagedancave system karst stream 53 Lipchenko S. Yu., Jashkin V. V., eds. Gorlo Barloga cave 60 Kiselev V. E. Komar ov V. A. Cave Habu (Abkhazia) 63 Vishnevsky A. S., Maltcev V. A., Dubljansky V. N., Dubljansky Yu. V. The largest caves of Central Asia 74 Noskova T. A., Dubljanskaya G. N. Caves in the magm atic rocks 94 Smirnov V. A., Razumova N. N. About interplay of magma with thecarbonate rocks 110 The mam made underground spaces 116 Polkanov Yu. A., Shut v Yu. I. Underground hydrotechnical engineering facilities of ancient city Chufut Kale 116 Deposits of caves 124 Semikolennih A. A. The features of weathering of the rocks in the caves of the Kugitangtau Mountains 124 Biospeleology 133 Pan'kov N. N., Krainev E. Yu. The invertebrate animals the inhabitans of the Kungur Ice Cave ... 133 Pan'kov N. N.. Pan'kova N. V. The biology of the cave amphipod, crangonyx clebnikovi borutzk y, 1928 (gammaridae), with the describtionof new subspecies from Kungur Ice Cave 141 Koval A. G. To the knowledge of the Akhunskaya cave fauna of the North West Caucasus 150 Archeology 156 Filippov A. G. Some re sults of the Russian Mongolian American expedition in Gobian Altai 156

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266 Protection of the caves 159 Caves of the Perm area as the protecting objects 159 History of the cave investigations 161 P 40 years 161 Vahrushev B. A., Amelichev G. N. Laboratory of Karst and Speleology of Tavrichesky National University 30 years 165 172 Education 176 Efremov A. P. Training program at school of the cave explorers of RUFP 176 News of Speleology 182 Losses of Speleology 190 Alfred Bogly 190 K. Kudriashov 191 V. M. Litvin 192 V. V. Davidov 194 K. A. Tatarinov 195 Vladimir Panosh 196 Laslo Yakuch 198 Fernand Petzl ... 199 Memorials 200 On pages of a calendar 200 To the 100 anniversary of O. N. Bader 204 To the 90 anniversary of N. A. Gvozdetsky 205 To the 70 anniversary of Vladimir Huhin 207 In memory of Vladimir Kiselev 209 Reviews 213 Frassachi cave 213 Problems of Palaeo ecology, Geology and Archaeology of Palaeolith of Altai 214 Structure and dynamics of the natural components of Pinega reserve 214 Spelestological year book of ROSI 2000 215 Problems of classification, usage and protection of the underground spaces 215 Northern speleoalmanac 216 Treasures of the northern caves 216 Karst and caves of Pinega region 217 Karst of Bzib ski massif 217 Problems of ecology and protection of the caves 218 World of the cave adventures 218 219 Large Oreshnaya 219 Tourism in the Perm area 220 Krasnaya Cave 220

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267 1000 Wonder of nature 220 rst 221 The chronicle 222 The International exhibition dedicated caves. Yu.V. Kadebsky 222 A. B. Klimchouk 224 Conferenc 226 14 th plenums of the ASU. I. A. Lavrov 227 Reference section ................................................................................................................... ........... 228 The largest caves of World 228 The largest caves of the Asian part of Russia 231 Major man tended caves of a World .. 232 The bibliography on Karst and Caves 238

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268 60 84 1/16.


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