The Oracle


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The Oracle

Material Information

Title:
The Oracle
Uniform Title:
The Oracle (Tampa, Fla)
Creator:
Wright, Sandra ( Editor )
Kaszuba, Mike ( Managing editor )
Fant, Alice ( Advertising manager )
Place of Publication:
Tampa, FL
Publisher:
University of South Florida
Creation Date:
January 4, 1973
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
1 online resource (12 pages)

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
University of South Florida -- Newspapers ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )

Notes

General Note:
The Oracle continues Tampa times (USF Campus edition) and is continued by USF oracle.
General Note:
Published history is Vol. 1, no. 1 (Sept. 6, 1966) -- Vol. 23, no. 144 (Oct. 22, 1987)

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
This object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the bounds of Fair Use or other exemptions to copyright law must be obtained from the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
029781466 ( ALEPH )
08750603 ( OCLC )
O12-00211 ( USFLDC DOI )
o12.211 ( USFLDC Handle )

USFLDC Membership

Aggregations:
University of South Florida
The Oracle

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newspaper

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PAGE 1

f riday's ORACLE EXTRA! Aug. 9, 1974 Vol. 9 No. 54 12 pages 111 pledge to you tonight my best efforts in cooperation_ and leadership and dedication -Gerald Ford Background on new President page 2 Story on page 3 111 have never been a quitter but as President I must put the interests of America first. America needs a full-time President and a full-time Congress. 11 -Richard M. Nixon

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2 -THE ORACLE August 9, 1974 Ford to take office oath in ceremony set today BY ROGER O. GITTINES WASHINGTON (UPI) Vice President Gerald R. Ford will be sworn in as the 38th president of the United States today, a White House source said yesterday. Ford met for seven minutes with President Nixon in the Oval Office yesterday, during which a White Hou&e aide who did not want to be identified said Nixon told his Vice president of his plans to resign HouseDemoora tic Leader Thomas P. O'Neill, D Mass v said he;,had learned tihat Nixon would nourtce last night that Furd would be sworn in as the ne\\bPresident :fo: a ceremony in the East Room o'f theWhit'e : House tietween 4 p.m and 6 p.m. Friday. A source in the White House said it would be 6 p.m. Ford cancelled an 11-day western political trip and remained at his office yesterday. Ford's office announced that he would meet at mid-afternoon with Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger. The State Department said Ford telephoned Kissinger after the vice president's meeting with Nixon and in the course of a one minute conversation invited Kissinger to meet with him. Ford has indicated in the past that if he became president, he would make a special effort to get Kissinger to remain in the Cabinet. Kissinger has indicated he would. Mrs. Betty Ford ... country's new First Lady. A look at parts of new President's past BY UNITED PRESS INTERNATIONAL Gerald Ford, who is to become the 38th President of the United States today, has had a history of hard work and success Ford was liorn in Omaha, Neb., on July 14, 1913, as Leslie King. When his parents divorced, his mother took her infant son lo Grand Rapids, Mich There she married a small business man, Gerald Rudolph Ford Sr., who adopted the boy and gave him his name. Ford was a worker from the start. He helped his stepfather in the family's new paint and varnish factory, became an Eagle Scout and captain of the high school football team, and was ins:;>ired.'by famed courtroom lawyer Clarence Darrow to dream of a political career. Later, :he was star center for the University of Michigan's undefeated national champion football teams in 1932 and 1933, and was voted most valuable player as a senior in Ford turned down professional offers from the Green Bay ers and the Detroit Lions and entered Yale Law School, where he says he was a B-minu s student. From Yale he returned to Grand Rapids to practice Jaw briefly before serving aboard the aircraft carrier Monterey in the Pacific during World War II. Released as a lieutenant com-mander after four years, he went back to his home town Jaw practice. At the urging of Michigan's Republican Sen. Arthur H. Vandenburg, also from Grand Rapids, Ford in 1948 challenged and defeated his district's isolationist congressman, Republican Bartel Jonkman. He ran as an internationalist sup porting Truman's postwar Marshall Aid plan for European recovery In 1965, after Barry M Gold water's disastrous defeat had left House Republicans in shattered disarray, Ford toppled Charles A. Halleck of Indiana as House GOP leader with the help of a band of young party activists. Throughout his House leadership years under Nixon Ford sought to strike a balance between demands of Republican congressmen, the White House and his Middle America con stituents in Grand Rapids. Although steadfastly Nixon policies, he parted com pany on a few issues, probably to underscore his frequent assertion This public document was promulgated at an annual cost of $143,514.76 or Sc per copy. to disseminate news to the students. staff and faculty of the University of South Florida. LiON pu13 Great Deli Sandwiches (served ti II 1 a.m.) Fine Wines & Cheeses Draft & Imported Beer Open Mon. Sat. 11 am to l am Sunday l pm to 12 midnight Old English Atmosphere gourmet wine shoppe 4970 BUSCH BLVD. CARRY OUT SERVICE f:Jelisandwiches II 4254 S. DALE MABRY Next to A&P 985 CA TERI NG & PARTY TRAYS Next to Woolco 839-1497

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_T_H_E __ O_R_A __ C_L_E_-___ ______ Nixon resigns office; Ford steps up today Gerald Ford to take oath of office today Capital reaction is mostly relief WASHINGTON CUPil Of ficial Washington reacted with more relief than sorrow yesterday at Richard M. Nixon's resignation and expressed hopes Gerald R. Ford would restore Jaworski says his office made no deal WASHINGTON (UPI) -Watergate Prosecutor Leon Jaworski, who presumably would have a say in whether criminal charges are brought against President Nixon, said yesterday he had "no agreement or understanding of any sort" that led to Nixon's resignation In a statement telephoned to the news media immediately following Nixon s resignation speech, Jaworski said he knew ahead of time Nixon would step down-but added he had no role in that decision. "There has been no agreement or understanding of any sort between the President or his representatives and the special prosecutor relating in any way to the President's resignation Jaworski said. "Although I was informed of the President's decision fforts of the president and t ht Congress for too long. "As we look to tht fulun. the first essential is to begin hPaling the wounds of the nation." Nixon said, as well as lo nston the strength and high ideals of America as a "great and frel' people." "By taking this action. I hope I will speed this process." he said Nixon said he had regrets for some of the things he had done He thanked the friPnds and supporters who had stuck with him and said he would be "eternally grateful." .. And to t hos<.' who have not felt abll' lo gi\'e nw lhtir s1,.1pport, let nw say I leave without bitterness to thosl' who oppose .. ine.,, ,,, .. of us .have been ccmcerned with,. till' ,go had always "fought for what I believe In" and lril'd lo tnl'l'I his responsibilities. "Sonll'linws I have succeeded. Soml'limts I have failed," he said, "hut I-have always taken hParl from Theodore l{oospvpJt's famous tribute to thosl' who fought hard for what thPy thought right. Nixon said he took an oath five and one-half years ago to help bring peace to the world, and "f have done my very best to be true to that pledge. This, more than anything, I hoped to achieve. "May God's grace be with you in all your days," Nixon said, his voice calm in the moments of high drama. President Richard Milhous Nixon ... will leave White House office today

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4 -THE ORACLE August 9, 1974 Agnew fall dealt heavy blow By MIKE FEINSILBER WASHINGTON
PAGE 5

Nixon praised for peace efforts HY RICHARD C. L01\GWORTH BRUSSELS WPil -Whatever his troubles at home, President Nixon gets generally favorable marks abroad for his diplomatic contributions to world peace. always smooth but they are more open and better defined now better able to handle problems than they were when he took office in 1969." Few Europeans praised Nixon as strongly as Alfonso Paso, editorial-writer for the Madrid newspaper Alcazar, who said : "He was the first president in the history of the United States who was neither a braggard nor excessive, the only one who gave his people a lesson in humility which it needed 1929 ... He was much better than Kennedy, than Truman or Johnson." FEW CONI>El\INEI> him as roundly as Mohammed Hassanein Heikal, former editor of Cairo's Al Ahram and a onetime friend: "Nixon is a godfather ... When you find that the sole preoccupation of the American President is to conspire against justice, offer bribes lie to people and violate the constitution. you can easily foretell his future The Austrian newspaper Kurier called Nixon "a highly gifted but morally disrupted" President. In Brussels, one official predicted that Nixon's departure would rriake little difference because "his policy was con ceived by Secretary of State Henry A Kissinger." BllT MICHEL Tatu, political .commentator for the Paris newspaper Le Monde, disagreed, saying Kissinger was "not the principal architect'" of U S. foreign policy, whose "ideas just as much of Nixon as of Kissin;t(er ... Time will probably show that Nixon, while doing great things for the whole world, was called to order by American public opinion," said Gideon Hausner, Israeli minister without portfolio and the man who prosecuted Nazi mass murderer Adolf Eichmann. His remark was typical of a survey of opinion on Nixon's role in history French hail Nixon 'great President' NON-AMERICANS pay relatively little attention to U S. domestic policy. Many still find it hard to understand what Watergate is all about. But they pay close heed to American foreign policy and its impact abroad and so judge Nixon's presidency in the light of its greatest successes-detente with the Soviet Union, new relations with China, moves toward peace in the Middle East. "He opened the door to China and the Soviet Union," a Belgian diplomat said. "In Europe, our relations with Nixon were not By ALINE MOSBY PARIS < UPO While the American people were con sidering impeachment or the resignation of their President, the French applauded Richard M. Nixon as one of the greatest leaders in U.S. history "Why are you impeaching him? His foreign policy has brought peace in Vietnam and the Middle East, friendship with Peking and Moscow," asked businessman Pierre Guermont. HIS INDIGNANT defense of President Nixon appears typical of reaction in Paris to the expected departure of Nixon from the White House From the man-on-the-street to government leaders and in tellectuals the French think a politician should be judged only by what he did for his country, not on1 his morals. Charles de Gaulle and Georges Pompidou were among Nixon 's admirers. Author Thierry Maulnier, a member of the prestigious French academy to which belong some of the top minds of France, wrote an article concluding, "America will discover afterwards it has sacrificed one of Old World handling of politics is shorter, if no less sweeter BRUSSELS (UPI) The Old World metes out its political death in shorter if no sweeter fashion than the United States How some Old World nations changed to their current leaders: RUSSIA: IN October, 1964 the Politburo of the Communist party's central committee turned on its chairman, Nikita S Khrushchev tossed him out and named Leonid I. Brezhnev the ne w general secretary. Khrush chev went and Brezhnev came in a two-hour Politburo meeting and the public was told of it only when it was all over. BRITAIN: The Conservative party' s Edward Heath lost a general election Feb. 28 a mid ec onomic and labor woes and six days late r Labor party leader Harold Wilson succeeded him as prime minister WEST GERMANY: Willy Brandt resigned as chancellor May 6 after his aide, Guenter Guillaume, admitted being an East German spy. Ten days later H elmut Schmidt became chancellor in a parliamentary vote. LUTZ PAINT & BODY SHOP The place to have your car repaired correctly. 907 129th Ave. Phone 971-1115 FRANCE: ON April 2, President Georges Pompidou died. In May, Frenchmen elected Valery Giscard d 'Estaing to succeed him SPAIN: Ailing Generalissimo Francisco Franco t urned over supreme power temporarily to Prince Juan Carlos de Borbon last month with a hospital bed stroke of a pen. POLAND : Faced by bloody economic rioting in three Baltic ports, Wladyslaw Gomulka resigned Dec. 2, 1970 as first secretary of the Polish United Workers Communist Party. At the same meeting of the party s central committee the comrades e lected Edward Gierek as his s uccessor. EGYP T : PHESJOENT Gama! Abdel Nasser died Sept. 28, 1970 of a heart attack. A wee k later t he eight-man exe c utive committee of the Arab Socialist Union, Egypt's only political party, nominated Vice President Anwar Sadat to succeed him. ISRAEL: Golda Meir quit as premier April 11. Ten days later her Labor party named Yitzhak Ra bin as her successor PORTUGAL : A military coup ousted the government of President Americo Tomas and Prime Minister Marcello Caetano April 25. Gen. Antonio Sebastiao Ribeiro de Spinola formed a new government May 15. GREECE: The Greek military junta gave way to the first civilian government in Greece July 24 nine da ys :i fter the Greek army officers h e lped overthrow Archbishop Makarios as President of Cyprus and four days after the Turkish inv asio n of the island which followed. WEEKEND COFFEEHOUSE Featuring Talent Winners FREE Friday Louis Telzer Henry Sellenthin Bruce Shatkun Nelly Zamora Dante Pansa 0. V. Hanger and Larry Feldon Saturday Alicia Olmo Ron McGinnis and Butch Darby Steve Carlin Phil Monroe and Tom Walker the greatest presidents in history. The state television network's Washington correspondent, in a spirited defense of Nixon said, "President Nixon, despite Watergate, has restored America and its currency to the center of the planet. In history he probably will be noted as a great president because of his achievements." TO THE French, political skullduggery is a mere nothing compared with restoring the United States as a powerful, respected nati.on after what the French regard as its shame in Vietnam -. Henry's Complete Foreign and Domestic Car and serv_lce -FAST. 28Yee1rs .Experience Au Makes, All Models Phone 13614 Tampa jfraternitp l!)ousr jarbrrsbop (Sebring Certified) (Unisex Shop) SHAGS STYLING LAYER CUTS RAZOR CUTS PH 971-3633 Appointments Available Hours daily 9-6 13520 UNIVERSITY PLAZA GREAT BIG SOUND AT A GREAT UTILE PRICE. 1 LEAR JET STEREO 8 "' Model A-45. Auto 8-Track.Tlw rl!ill Stcrum!. F:\pt'rience watb of f\' 1 llsic l\i\l l'r (')\\I HMS!. Full w n i !Pill' C1ln lrnl. Ful l \'t.lric:lblt: \'Oillnw nmtrnl. Full vilriilbl e stt?rl?o ba la11cc co nlr ol. Not 1 ust uld fosh i o ned kn obs i rnd ,;11i1ches but Lear Jlccll>r l r,>gr,1rn$ 5 9 9 5 i n d i ct\ I o r Viviano Stereo Shops S. Dale lvfohry n 158 N. :ioth Street

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6 -THE ORACLE August 9, 1974 Sirica played big role in Watergate BY WESLEY(;. l'IPl'EHT WASHINGTON CUPIJ -To the public Richard N ixon said U. S. District Judge John J. Sirica was "a courageous judge. Priv a t e ly, h e called him "a hardliner. Nixon \Vas right both limes. Sirica was 68 years old when h e presided over lhe original Wate rgate trial, nearing the end of a l ong career which started as a boy helping his Italian immigrant father in a downtown Washin gton barber shop THERE IS no doubt Sirica played a central rol e in exposing the worst scandal in American political history I happen to be a RepubliCan but any decent American Republican or Democrat-de plor es this kind of conduct, S irica said from the bench during the Jar.uar y, l!l73, trial. D espite criticism, he often scolded la wyers for not being thorough enough sometimes took over questioning of witnesses himself, and when five of the original seven defendants so ught to plead gui lt y, he grilled them about how and why th ey got into the plot. SIR I CA READ aloud a letter from defendant James W. McCord Jr., alleging there had been perjury a t th e trial and that defendants had been pressured to plead guilty and ke e p quiet. As it turned out. Watergate did go higher, much higher Sirica imposed provisional maximum sentences on the defend a nts and told them he would postpone final sentences until he saw how they cooperated with investigators It was a clear device to make them talk Some considered it legally questionable pressure. It worked Inside the White House Nixon and then White House Couns e l John W. Dean III were talking According to edited White House transcripts made public much later, this took place : MXOI\:: People break and enter, etc., and get two years. No weapons! No results! What the hell are they talking about? Dean: The individuals who are charged with shooting John Stennis are on the street. They were given, you know, one was pllt out on his personal recognizance rather than bond They've got these fellows all stuck with $100,000 bonds It's the same judge, Sirica, let one guy who is charged with shooting a United States senator out on the street. Nixon: Sirica. Dean : Yes, it is phenomenal. Nixon: What is the matter with him. I thought he was a hard liner Dean He is ... A!\D SIX weeks later, in announcing Dean was fired and Attorney Genera: Richard G. Kleindienst and former White House aides H R. Haldeman and John D. Ehrlichman had resigned, Nixon praised the American system: "It was the system that has brought the facts to light and that still bring those guilty to justice-a system that in this case has included a determined grand jilry, honest prosecutors a courageous judge, John Sirica and a vigorous free press." SIRICA RETIRED as chief judge on his 70th birthday in March, 1974, but he continues active on the bench, handiing the controversies over the White House tapes and assigning himself to the Watergate cover-up trial scheduled to start in September. He recalls how proud his father was when he began to make headlines in the 1930s as an agressive young prosecutor. He also recalls as a 7-year-old, early in the century, stepping on a stool to help his father lather his customers. He also recalls his father's vigorous sense of right and wrong. ''May be that's where I get it, he says. Oelcnaft 1S & 17 Ft. Aluminum NOW RENTING: Canoes & Backpacks "Quality" Easy \ Camping Equipment Trailsj 8711 N. 40th St. I 988-0045 nc._ 'Thur., Fri. 9-9 r:r Mon., Tues., Wed., & Sat., 9-6 OUTFITTERS FOR CAMPING, BACKPACKING, CANOEING (The iargest selection ol Freeze Div Food in the area) EVERYBODY LOVES A GOOD LISTEN ER I '"" .. '-; Come in and talk to the over-the-hill gang at "Straight-Arrow Hi Fi" and get some straight answers and straight deals on stereo components. While you are there ask about our third annual display & demonstrator sale and receive a free copy of Stereo Review Magazine or Audio Magazine. Up to 20 per cent off on most components on display and thats the "Straight Scoop." SUNCOAST TERE CENTER INC. 1539 S. DALE MABRY -TAMPA, FLA. PH. 253 .. 0319 J What's New in Jeans & Tops is at the Better Half for guys & gals Tank Tops Belts Knit Tops Halters Jeans Walking Suits Shorts Blouses Overalls Factory Pants/The Better Half 119 Bullard Pkwy. (56th St & Busch Blvd.) Mon. Sat. l 0 a.m. 7 p.m. 985-2336

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President changes mood THE ORACLE August 9, 1974 7 Bull: 1Nixon unbelievably serene' WASHINGTON (UPI) Stephen Bull White House ap pointments secretary and the man who helped review the Watergate tapes, said last night that President Nixon's demeanor changed once he decided to resign. First family poses for last pictures WASHINGTON (UPI) The White House yesterday issued a set of the last official photographs taken of the First Family--0ne of them showing President Nixon grabbing his daughter Julie Eisenhower as she is overcome with sobs on the eve of his resignation from the Presidency. THE PICTURES were taken by Nixon's ace top photographer Ollie Atkins in the highly emotional waning moments and hours of the Nixon family's stay in the White House. Atkins, wiping tears from his eyes, spoke with awe of the Presient's "stoic strength" in giving his family the comfort to lean on him during the greatest ordeal of his own life. "Here he is holding the entire family together in this terrible dilemma," said Atkins, holding up a photograph to wire service reporters. ATKINS BURST in on the First Family shortly before 7 p.m. EDT last night just as they were about to have their dinners on trays on the informal setting of the solarium of the third floor of the White House. The photographer said that the gathering, which included only one outsider, Nixon's personal secretary Rose Mary Woods who is con sidered almost a member of the family, greeted him with tears and shrieks "as if I were a hero." He told them "I've come over to make a picture," and they were delighted. Mrs. Nixon told Atkins that it would be good to have a picture of "the whole gang now." NIXON CHIMED in, "Yes, Ollie, make it." Then Tricia suggested a pose that they had all taken before to "have all our elbows linked together." Atkins said that David Eisenhower and Edward Cox were in their shirt sleeves and very collected. Photo by John Gellman PEACE ... AT LAST. 11150 N 30th St. Tampa, Fla. Ph. 971-3606 Bull said Nixon was "un believeably serene" yesterday, in considerable contrast to the strain he showed the previous day as he was deciding his course of action Bull, himself visibly distressed, said no one actually knew how the President felt, but "the exterior is very placid." "Yesterday, I saw that he has been going through a tough decision-making process by his Tampa$ ;:;,--, Chinefe Cuifine l Take Out Orders facial expressions, his man nerisms Bull said. "Now he is accepting it. He has no second thoughts Bull said he w.as sorry to see the President step aside. "I wish he would not resign, but he's Corner of Bearss & Nebraska a better judge than I of what's best for the country," Bull said. He said he would be one of the presidential aides accompanying Nixon to California today and "I will stay with him as long as he needs me Music Family s-;;:Dinners I Select from -1. h W k d complete Chinese Appearing T is ee en i: FAT CH AN CE I Cocktails Served I Lounge Now Open Open 4-12 Daily Sunday 1-10 2807 E. Busch Blvd. 935-7651 Wed-Sat Ye5fer eo..r \I ;_,... 172-90/tvron"fti Stvv-5v""l""le.< 'lei ..-esl!V'Vti<>>\S ., ..fo..-..fal\ ave..,.,_, b? q,c:cep-lec(.

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8 -THE ORACLE August 9, 1974 World's papers look at President BY l':\ITED PRESS President Nixon's dilemma yesterday brought rare Arab Israeli agreement that his resignation would be a blow to Middle East peace mo\'es Hut European newspapers pictured him as lonely and deserted with no choice but to quit. TIIEHE \\'.\S little mention of Nixon s personal predicament in the Communist press. Soviet cit:izehs did not 'learn of :\ixon's possible resignation:. -until Mosco\v .nadio'.s,, p.m. newscast'! 1 ... ii I .: 'i. ; Soviet newspapers confined themse lves to events or two agoNixon s statement he would not resign and Kissinger's that U.S. foreign policy would remain unchanged. The Hungarian Communist party newspaper Nepszabadsag in Budapest. however. said Nixon s case proved the real issue was "the reduction of the power that has accumulated in the hands of the President." I:\ PAHIS. Finance Minster Jean-Pierre Fourcade said Nixon's resignation might unleash speculative upheavals on the world money markets and France has taken steps to protect the franc in anticipation of such attacks. But he refused to comment directl y on what he said was ";m internal l'. S. prolJll'P1. Thl' 11orld press. llCJ\H'\cr. was less rl'str;1i1wd. Thl' London Sun s front page lwadline said: ":\ixon: The Last Agony ... The Daily Express. in its \\ashington dispatch. said. "Outside the White House a political hurrica1w was blowing and indoors Hii.'hard :\ixon was left alone. desPrted by all but his family. to face tht final decision of his presidt'ncy ... TllE l>l'T('ll ,\lgt'mcen Dagblad said. "The burning question is. whv does this Prl'sident go on fighting''" In the l\liddle East. former Israeli Foreign l\linister Abba Eban said in a telephone in ten-iew. In terms of international policies. we reach tht: tragic conclusion that a brilliant period in international relations has ended in a domestic collapse. "Tlw Jpwish people never forget those who stood by it in hours of need and I tlwrl'fore think all of us in Israel wil continUl' to have an appreciative sentinwnt toward l\lr. Nixon even in this hard tinw for him." l\IICllEL Abou Jawdeh. political columnist and co-editor of the Beirut 1wwspaper An N;1har said. "Nixon created some possibility of success" in Middle East peace efforts and "his demise would ml'an this possibility is once more in doubt.'' "In West G<'rmany, The Sueddt>utsclw Zeitung, a liberal national daily published in l\lunich. said. Nixon always said he was telling the simple truth. But we know now that it was not truth ... because Nix on after all was discovered with the smoking Colt in his hand." In South Vietnam government officials refused to comment, but a front page editorial of the opposition paper, "Dien Tin Telegraph in commenting Nixon had no choice but to quit, added, ... Let's hope that his departure will open a nt'W horizon for the U S .. that the period of treachery and violence will pass and will leave place to peace and con. fidence Newsmen shut in as Nixon walks WASHINGTON
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_T_H_E_O_R_A_C_L_E_-_A_u_..g_u_st---:9,_1_9_74 ____ 9 National power changes hands B\' EDW.\HJ) K. DELO:"\G WASHINGTON !UPI I The first official document of the end of Richard Nixon's presidency would come in a resignation letter to the office of Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger. It does not have to say muchonly that he quits. Kissinger already has one such letter on White House stationery-from Spiro T. Agnew. datC'd Oct. I. 19/:l It said: "I hereby nsign tlw officC' of vice president of the United States. effecti\'e imnwdiatlly." The law. as enacted 182 yC'ars ago as the Presidential Suc cession Act of !\larch I. 1792. precisely s'pells out the procedure: "The only evidence of a refusal to accept. or of a resignation of the office of pnsident or ,in president. shall be an instrunll'nt in \\Tiling. dtelaring tlw samP. and subsnilwd by the pt>r son refusing to accept or resigning. as tlw cast' may be. and delivered into the office of the secretary of state.'' With that letter. Vice President Gerald R. Ford imnwdiately assumes the presidency. quickly to be sworn into office by a Supnml' Court just icP or any magistratl'. Om of Ford's first official acts most would lw an addnss to a joint of Congnss a call for national Otlwr nitical hl'hind-thPscenes moves would IH' set in motion as was doiw following tlw assassination of I 'nsident .John F. Kemwdy. Ford would bl' joi1wd by "thl' bag man... He is the officer bearing thl' "black box" of U.S. nuclear warfare codes who must stay only a few steps from the President. day and night, in case the nuclear button ever has to be pressed in war. A vastly reinforced team of SttTet Service men would move in to protect Ford and his family. A look at the men behind bars l<'ord 's staff. until now mostly faceless men and women in his offkes at the Capitol and the EXl'cutive Office Building, would lwlp him tak;e ; oy.er, the :r.eins : of govl'r111nw1t. ... : i r" I<:ord probably would keep the presl'nt cabinet unchanged -at first but soml' White House aides, partil'ularly pnss secretary llonald Ziegler. would likely go. WASHINGTON CUPI>-The 14 former White House, ad ministration or l'!'ixon campaign aides convicted for Watergate related crimes: -James W. McCord Jr., conspiracy, burglary, bugging and wiretapping in Watergate. Sentenced to one to five years: free on appeal. -Herbert L. "Bart.. Porter Jr.. perjury in the cover-up. Served one-month term: now on year's probation. -Donald II. Segretti. cam paign dirty trieks. Served six month term. Ford. rt>garded as a com passionatl' man with past -Dwight L. Chapin, perjury about campaign tricks. Sentenced to one to three months in prison; free on appeal. Position of vice president -deditation to Nixon as -his pnsidly lt>ave the fornwr First l<'amily undisturbed with dcct>nt tinw to rltar up their' affairs at till' Whitl' House. -CHARLES W. Colson, ob struction of Daniel Ellsberg's trial. Serving one to three years. -John W. Dean III, conspiracy to obstruct justice in the Watergate cover-up. Sentenced to one to four years to begin Sept. 3. may open for Rockefeller He would stay at his own home at Alexandria, Va., which already has all the com munication equipment and in stant relays a president must have. -John D. Ehrlichman, con spiracy and perjury in the "Plum be rs" burglary of Ellsberg's psychiatrist's office. Sentenced to two months to five years: free on appeal. -E. HOWARD Hurit Jr., conspiracy, burglary, bugging and wiretapping for the Watergate break-in. Sentenced to three months to eight years and served one year; free on appeal. -Herbert W. Kalmbach, corrupt practices in campaign finance. Serving six to eighteen months. -Richard G. Kleindienst, lying about ITT at his Senate con firmation hearings. Suspended of one month and $100. -EGIL KROGH Jr., con spiracy in Plumbers case. Served six-month term. -Frederick C. LaRue, i;on spiracy to obstruct justice in the cover-up. Awaiting .sentence. -G. Gordon Liddy, conspiracy, burglary, bugging, wiretapping and contempt in Watergate and conspiracy in Plumbers case. Serving eight months to 2 years. -JEB STUART Magruder, conspiracy to obstruct justice in the cover-up. Serving one month to four years. BY ELIZABETH WllAHTOl\ WASHINGTON CUPII The selection of Nelson Rockefeller as vice president would solve a Jot of problems for Gerald Ford. But it also would anger a segment of his own Republican Party. Rockefeller is the early front runner in vice presidential speculation which began days before Nixon scheduled a national address to announce his resignation A SOL'HCE close to Rockefeller told United Press International the former New York governor "would accept." but there was no indication he has been ap proached. The same might also be said of the score or more of other men being mentioned. Indeed, it would be hard to conceive of any Republican refusing Ford's call in the crisis atmosphere en veloping the capitol. Ford is regarded as a conservative good friends in the liberal wing of the party. Rockefeller is his opposite number a liberal who has mended his fences with most conservatives. ms APPOIJ\TMENT would thus help unify the Republicans and would be more acceptable than many to Democrats who control Congress, where the new WOODGRBST 1 STORY VILLAS 2 BEDROOMS FROM $'145-MO. Ideal for Roommates On 50 Landscaped Acres Over 900 SQ. FT. Living Area Individual Outside Storage Area Recreational Building 2 Oversized Pools Pets Welcome Fletcher Avenue, Just l Block East of 56th Street 988-0037 988-0021 viice president firmed. must -IJp con-Hockdl'lll'rs otlHr assl'ts include tmlJlt>mished integrity: Ill' is ngardld as fully qualify to assunw thl pnsickncy if necessary: lw is of an agl' when his own prl'sidlntial ambitions at least for I when he will hen ---can be discoun tl'd: hl' has an international position which would help mai-ntain foreign policy stability during thP transition. and he has the kind of ties which a new President will badly need to the financial co!Tlmunity. Not all Republicans would cheer the choice, however. Thl' segment of the party which was the most enthusiastic for Barry Goldwater in 1964 and backed Richard Nixon wholeheartedly could be embittered by the elevation of a ma!1' who fought their favorites all the way until the Republican regained the White House in 19!i8. Bl'T IWCKEFELl.EH has been a Nixon loyalist for tht past five and a half years. and tw lw s made particular efforts at le;1st partly suc(pssful to rqiair his imagl' with tlw lkpulJlicaH right jb hickey co. furniture rental For LOVE of beautiful things-II: ANNOUNCING A NEW LOCATION K AT HERALD SQUARE I 5110 FOWLER AVE. 985-4451 OUR DOWNTOWN OFFICE AT II 130 S. FRANKLIN 223-2548 u As low as $24.50 a month PROGRESSIVE JAZZ presented by Student Government Production Thursday Aug. 15th 8 pm FREE-in the Empty Keg

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10 -THE ORACLE August 9, 1974 McCord, Dean: TwQ who blew the first whistles BY JANE DENISON WASHINGTON The two men could hardly be less alike-one a retired, balding spy, the other a blond young lawyer in a hurry. Yet; together they delivered the one-two punch that ultimately brought down Richard M. Nixon. They are James Walter McCord Jr. and John Wesley Dean III, both men made famous and ruined by Watt!rgate, men who refused to go down alone when they fell. McCord pulled the trigger. "OTHERS involved in the Watergate operation riot identified durirlg trial when they could haye been by those testifying," McCord said in the spring of;1973.' } l "Sbme inay hope; br think that I will become a scapegoat in the Watergate case," Dean said when the heat shifted to him at the White House. "Anyone who believes this does not know me, nor the true facts nor understand our system of government." Though poles apart in age, background and life style, McCord and Dean shared two things in common-<:onviction of Watergate crimes and a dogged determinatior: not to take the rap alone for crimes that were approved, endorsed and covered up by others much higher than they were. LIFE history is misty. Born somewhere in Texas, either 49 or 55 years ago depend Ori which version you believe, he apparently attended the University of Texas and George Washington University. He is known to have been an FBI agent for a few years in the 1940s. He subsequently spent some 20 years with the Central Intelligence Agency. After retiring in 1970, McCord first did volunteer work with exceptional children-his youngest child, Nancy, is retarded-for his local Methodist church and then opened his own security firm, McCord Associates. THE REST is Watergate He was hired as security chief for the Committee for the Re-election of the President in 1972 and was arrested at the Watergate that June 17. He was convicted Jan. 3, 1973, on eight counts of conspiracy, burglary, bugging and wiretapping, and three months later dropped the bomb that broke the case wide open. In a letter to U. S. District Judge John J. Sirica that was read from the bench on March 23, McCord alleged that perjury had been committed at his trial, that higher-ups were involved and that "political pressure" had been brought on conspirators to plead guilty and keep quiet. MCCORD'S subsequent testimony before the Senate Watergate Committee and the special grand jury was largely hearsay. He said he "understood" or "believed" or "was told" of the involvement of such administration officials as Dean, John N. Mitchell and Jeb Stuart Magruder. Watergate guard eyes situatiOn WASHINGTON (UPI) Frank Wills, the security guard who discovered the Watergate said yesterday that no one-no matter his station in life is exempt from being honest and forthright. Wills was the security guard at the Watergate complex on the night of June 17, 1972, when he discovered a door with the lock taped. He called police who a short time later arrested five men inside the offices of the Democratic National Committee. Asked for his reaction to repercussions from the Watergate break-in that developed this week, Wills told UPI through an intermediary: "No position is too high if you are wrong, you are wrong, especially if you are elected by a majority of the U.S. citizens and especially when they elect you to be sincere, honest and forthright." Wills had several other jobs as a security guard since Watergate, but currently is unemployed. He has been earning some money through speaking engagements and interviews. ORACLE ANPA Pacemaker Award 1967, 1969 SDX Mark of Excellence 1972 Editor_., .............. '., ..... Sandra Wright Advertising Manager ...... ..... Alice Fant Managing Editor ..... ; ....... Mike Kaszuba Photo Editor ............. : .. Richard Urban Illustration Editor ...... Terry Kirkpatric!< Copy Editor ...... '........ Susan Demko Sports Editor ... .. ,. ........ Dave Moormann ACP All-American smce 1967 Entertainment Editor .... Diane Hubbard Wire Editor ............ ... Harry Straight Adviser ................... Leo Stalnaker Advertising Coordinator ..... Harry Daniels Production Manager ......... Joe McKenzie compositor. . .. Kim Hackbarth News Phones. ... 974-2619, 2842, 2398 DEADLINES: General news 2 p.m. daily for following day issue. Advertising (with proof) ,Thursday noon for Tuesday, Monday noon for Thursday. Deadlines extended one day without proof. Classified ads taken 8 a.m -12 noon two days before publication in person or by mail with payment enclosed. Advertising rates on request, 974-2620, Monday through Friday, 8 a.m. p.m. Stories and pictures of interest to students may be submitted to the Oracle in LAN 469 or through the suggestion boxes in the Library and UC. UNIVERSITY BICYCLE CENTER SALES and REP AIRS On All Makes ,Franchised. Dealer You'll save time and money later Open8 a.m.-6 p.m. 1220 E. Fletcher Ave. Phone 971-2277 ADAM formerly of Head Hunter, Miami Beach and Ophies of Tampa plus 14 years of experience in Europe-Paris-ItalyYugoslavia-Lebanon INVITES { lol.J l you to his new haircutting sa:lon PHOENECIA 3612 Henderson Blvd., Phone: 870-0077 Mon. thru Fri. 10 to 8, Sat. 10 to 6 SLIK CHIK Super Sale Tops $2 Slax $8 Bags $3 off and more! Cool off! Punch and Munchies 10024 N. 30th St. Hours: 10-7 Friday 10-8 A SIGHT FOR SORE EARS. LEAR JET STEREO 8 WITH BURLED ELM FINISH. Model A-25. Auto 8-Track. This little giant fits comfortably in any car. even sports cars and com pacts. Burled elm grain finish makes it look great. The rich tones of 30 big watts of Peak Music Power ( lOW RMS) make it sound great. Built-in headphone jack Lear. Jet slide controls. Full tone control. Full volume control. Full stereo balance. Push-button program selector. and program indicator system. Plus a negative positive ground selection switch. so it's easy to install in your boat. truck, plane or camper. as well asyourcar.$69 9 5 Viviano Stereo Shops 1536 S. Dale Mabry -i-iss N. 30th Street

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_T_H_E __ O_R_A_C_L __ __ ________ _:11 Clemency for Nixon discussed B)I MIKE FEINSILBER WASHINGTON
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12 -THE ORACLE August 9, 1974 Watergate: tracing the of an administration WASHINGTON .:_ The dates and highlights of the controversi' over President Nixon s Watergate tapes: 1973 July 16, 1973-Former presidential aide Alexander Butterfield reveals betore Senate Wateroate Committee that Nixon's con versati0ns and tl'l ephone calls In the White House anti at camp David have been recordect.:....On N ixon's orders-for Nixon's own use later in writings and establishing his presidential I lbrary. JULY 17-FCC says Nixon's actions in recording conversati ons are Illegal-but there is no penalty tor II. Press Secretary Ronald Ziegler says tapes considered "presidential documents," and Nixon refuses to turn them over io the committee. Ousted presidential counsel John W Dean 111 says he was not aware he was being taped, but said they w ill substantiate h i s con tenti ons that Nixon knew of a White House Watergate cover -up. July .19-Watergate Committee Chairman Sam Ervin announces on national television that Nixon will make tapes available, then minutes later embarrassedly discloses the information came through a hoax telephone call. July 21-Sen. Edward R Gurney, R -Fla. Nixon's strongest defender on the Watergate committee, says if Nixon refuses to release tapes, It w ill "hurt him politically. July 23-Nixon informs committee and special prosecutor Archibald Cox he will not relinquish Watergate tapes, says he has listened to number Of tapes and they are "entirely consistent with what I know. to be the truth and what I have stated Is the truth," but says not every listener would necessarily agree. Cox says he will go to court to get the tapes and N ixon's stand was "without legal foundation;" committee says It will subpoena the recordings, setting up a h lstoric constitutional confrontation. JULY 24-Attorney General Elliot L. Richardson says Nixon on firm ground In refusing to relinquish tapes suggests some compromise might be worked out wllh Cox. July 26-Nixon says he will ignore sub poenas for the tapes. Committee votes 7-0 to take the matter to court. Cox obtains show cause order from Chief U S. District Judge John J Sirlca to indicate why Nixon should withhold the tapes. Nixon says he believes his position will be upheld In lower courts, but said he wl!I abide by any "definitive" decision Of the Supreme Court-without defining "definitive." July 30 -H. R Haldeman, President Nixon's former righthand man, tells Watergate committee he took home two White House tapes, listened to them and returned them the next da y Two other White House aides, J, Fred Buzhardt and Steve Bull, also heard some tapes, it was disclosed AUG. 8-Declarlng he is answerable to the nation but not the courts, Nixon said at tempts to get the tapes would severely damage the presidency. In court, his lawyers argued "a holding that the Is personally sub(ect to the orders of a court would effectively destroy the status Of the executive branch as an equal and coordinate element of government. Aug. 1<>-Watergate committee sues Nixon in District Court for tapes Aug. 14-ln c0urt memorandum, Cox says Nixon has "no constitutional power to withhold the evidence" contained In the nine tape recordings. i'Unlike a monarch, Cox .says, "The President Is not the sovereign." Aug. 15---Nixon says in his news con ferencehe will continue to flghtto deny tapes because it Is more Important to safeguard the President' s ability to get frank counsel from his advisers. AUG. 20-Sen. George McGovern says that if Nixon defies court order to release tapes, Congress will "have no other recourse" but Impeachment. Aug. 22-White House lawyers argue in District Court impeachment by Congress is sole legal remedy to the abuse of presidential power. Cox tells court he needs tapes to determine "extent Of the rot" in the White House Aug. 29-Sirica orders Nixon to produce tapes for private inspection to decide whether they can go before the grand jury; While House says it will not comply. Aug. 3<>-Nixon announces he will appeal Sirica's order. Sirica refuses to consolidate committee and Cox suits. SEPT. 6-Terming the case one of "grave importance," Wh i te House asks Court of Appeals for immediate review of S irica' s order to yield tapes Sept. 13-Court of Appeals suggests N ixon and Cox listen to tapes together and try to agree "as to the material needed for the gr5nd fury's functioning, Sept. 2<>-Attempled. compromise with Cox over tapes collapses Appeals Court notified. Sept. 24-Nixon lawyers ask Sirica to throw out committee request for tapes, on grounds court has no over what essentially Is political dispute. SEPT. 28-Committee argues in court Nixon has destroyed own claim of con fidentiality in the tapes matter by telling news conferences of his discussions of the tapes with Dean, Haldeman and Ehrlich. man. Oct. 4-Senate investigators suggest in court Nixon may be keeping tapes secret lo hid his own "possible criminality" in Watergate. White House lawyers decline a chance to respond J --1::/i('J(p/f T.C / c r:::.----Oct. 12-Appeals Court by 5 2 vote reje cts Nix on s bid to keep t apes secret and says they must be submitted to grand jury after editing for relevance by S irica. Oct. 17-Sirica dismisses Senate com. mittet" suit; says court la cks jurisdiction. OCT 19-Richardson and C o x reporte d working in secre t all week to seek com promise before deadline. Nixon announces "compromis e had been reac hed with Ervin and Baker to permit Sen. John Stennis to listen to the tapes and approve a presidential summary .. Nixon tells Cox to "cease and desist" efforts to get tapes through court action. Oct. 2<>-Cox holds conference, defies N ixon's orders and says he will go to court next week to get the tapes In rapid-fire succession in what has become known as the "Saturday Night Massacre," Richardson resigns saying he did not-as Nixon an nounced-approve the compromise; Deputy Ally, Gen William Ruckelshaus refuses to dismiss Cox and i s tired; and Nixon names Robert Bork acting Attorney General, gets Bork to fire Cox. The dizzying activity touches off calls for Nixon' s resignati on or impeachment; White House orders F Bl to Cox's office to impound the special prosecutor's files. Oct. 21-Telegrams pour into Washington decrying Nixon' s action, calls fo r h i s impe_achment intensify, some members of Congress call Siri.ca to appoint special .:!!:. -'iiiiiii prosecutor independent o f Jus t i c e Depar t ment, Nixon predicts Con g (ess will not liste n to calls for impeachment. OCT 23Face d w i th f irestorm of c on troversy," Ni>

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