First Regiment, Connecticut National Guard, 1898-1899 : outline history of the regiment during the Spanish-American War

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First Regiment, Connecticut National Guard, 1898-1899 : outline history of the regiment during the Spanish-American War
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FIRST REGIMENT, OFFICIAL HISTORY. . I American War. l st Conn. Infantry, lJ. S. Volunteers. 1898=1899.


Has a Capital of One and One-quarter Million Dollars. Has Total Over Eleven Million Dollars. GEORGE L. GHASE, PRESIDENT, Has a net Surplus of Over Three Million Eight Hundred Thous and Dollars. Has Paid over SixtyThree Mmon Dol lars in Losses. P. C. ROYCE, SECRETARY. THOS. TURNBULL, AH' Secretary. CHASE. CHASf'., AH't Secretary. Western Dedartment, Chicago, Ill. CROAN & BISSELL, General Agents. Pacific Department, San Francisco, Cal., H. K. BELDEN, Manager, WHITNEY PALACHE, Ass' t Manager. Metropolitan Department, 50 Wall Street, New York, THOS. J. LASHER, Manager, CHARLES A. VI LADE, Ass' t Manager. ,,.,,.,,.Acnda in all the Prominent Localities thtou2hout the United State. and Canada. D. W. C. SKILTON, President. EDW. MILLIGAN, Secretary. J H. MITCHELL, Vice-President. JOHN B. KNOX, Assistant Secretary. Di.ckinson, Beardsley Beardsley, LOCAL AGENTS, HARTFORD, CONN.






--PREF?IeE. This brief account o f a few of the most salient facts in the hi s t o r y o f a militi a r egiment erYing as volunteers in a foreign war may be of interes t to the members and it i s offered with apo lo g i es for its incompleteness. On behalf of the command the many courtesies received at the hands o f friends i s ackn o wledged. To the several military commands a t Hartford, the m embers o f the G A. R., the Second Division Naval Battalion, the First Comp a n y, Governor's Foot Guard; to the Third Regiment, C. V. I., and the Artillery commands at iantic the Regiment was indeb t ed for courteous attention as escort, and on its behalf thanks a r e hereby extend ed. To Mrs. Sarah T Kinney as regent of the Conn ecticut D. A R espec ial thanks a re due for contributions o f money, of wearing apparel, of ho spita l suppli es and for a prompt and eager r espo nse to every requi sition and r eq u es t m ade by the Chapl ain in b e h a lf of the sick in the command. The regiment i s a l so indebted to the vVar Committee of the D A. R., frs. Frank L. Howard, chairman, to Colonel and Mrs. Ch e n ey, to M i ss McCook, to the l a di es of H a rtford East Hartford, Ni antic and Washington, who gave aid in various forms and abundant good wishes and kindly serv ic es. The greater part of the cuts in the book are fr o m photographs taken by Mr. Waite, who h as kindly permitted their reproduction. The duties of a n active military serv ic e required of the officers, hard a nd untiring work, parti cu larl y in the administrative departments, and the regiment was fortunate in h av in g the se rvic es of Adjutant Wainwright, Quartermaster-Commissary Bronson, Commi ssa r y -Sergeant Prescott, Surgeon R ockwe ll and Assistant Surgeo n s and Gris wold.


PREFACE. The Chaplain was untiring in the work of his own department and in looking after the physical as well as the spiritual welfare of the men. He was constant in his efforts to aid, interest and improve the men and to cheer them in sickness. Two companies in the command were especially fortunate in being under the direct command and guidance of Lieutenant-Colonel Hammond (Captain Eighth U. S. Cavalry), who joined the Regiment just in time to proceed to Plum Island with two companies, and who remained with them until the rendezvous at Niantic, July 18th. The Regiment was fortunate in no cause for complaint in the matter of maintainence, subsistence, transportation or medical care


JOHN B M cCOOK, First Lieutenant and Assistant Surgeo n THOMAS F ROCKWELL, Major and Surgeon.


FIRST REGI MENr C. N G 1898-1899 CHAPTER I. PRIOR TO THE CALL. TI" ARLY in the year 1898 the First Regiment, Connecticut National U Guard, was in effective condition, standing high among the organizations which made up the active militia of the state. With the rest it was liable to military duty under the orders of His Excellency, the Governor, as Commander-in-Chief of the military forces of the state. On requisition by the President of the United States it was liable for service for duty without the state for a time not exceeding three months many one year. The troubles in Cuba and the public interest that had been excited, both in and out of Congress, caused many of the more conservative thinkers to fear that the United States would become embroiled in a war with Spain. This fear grew to be a practical certainty when news was received of the blowing up of the Maine in Havana harbor. Very soon after this the regiment was thoroughly canvassed, a list prepared of all the officers and men showing age, occupation, and whether married or single ; also a list of the house and business address of each man .A copy of the list with addresses was furnished to the Southern New England Teiephone Company, in answer to their offer to assist in notifying the men in case of a sudden call. answer to an inquiry from the Adjutant General's Department, the following report was made, and it is here set out in full to show the condition of affairs : BrigadierGeneral George Haven, At:?futant General Connecticut : HARTFORD, MARC0H 21 1898. SrR:-I have the honor to submit the following report regarding the First Regiment, C. N. G., based on answers to inquiries made:


6 HIS'rORY OF 'I'HE F'.rRS'r REGlMEN'I' 1. The condition is that which existed on March 15, 1898, and at that time there were 608 officers and men in the line, non-combatants excepted. 2. Of the total membership in the line 28 per cent. are married. 3 The average age as based upon one city and one country company is 24 years. Jn Company C 55 per cent. are in the 20's and 20 per cent. are under 20 years of age. The oldest is 38 and the youngest is 18. In Company B 90 per cent. of the membership are in)he 20's and only 12 per cent. are married. 4 The percentage of men to be relied upon for duty in case of call was 93 per cent. This, however, in my opinion, is too high. Under present conditions 80 per cent. would be nearer the facts for reasons which will be hereinafter stated. 5. The average time reported as required to mobilize the several companies at their armories was one hour and thirty minutes, except as to Company F, Captain Newton stating that he did not know how long it would take and that he conld make no estimate. In my opinion, except as to Company G, in which the men are scattered over quite a large territory, the command could be mobilized within two hours and placed on the train at Hartford within three hours of receipt of the call at these Headquarters. This I regard as a safe estimate. 6. I find that only a small percentage of the command are engaged in clerical occupations;. that far the larger percentage are artizans and mechanics, but that only a small percentage have out-of-door employment. The physical condition of the command from a hygienic point o( view I should rate as excellent. The factor of weakness, in my opinion, if the command should be called upon for a tour of duty extending beyond ten days, would be the large percentage of married men. Although all would want to serve it is doubtful whether they should be permitted to, as they are in most instances the sole support of the family. In the case of the officers this criticism may not apply, but in the case of the enlisted men who are married I have the following request to make. First, that you will approve the discharge promptly at the request of the commanding ()fficer of those married men whom inquiry has shown to be so circumstanced as to make their leaving a hardship, ancl to fill their places with competent and desirable men who are ex-members of the C. N. G, or other military Second, that a list of those who will volunteer for such special duty and can be depended upon to enlist at once may be quietly prepared by the commander of each organization for use, and enlistment papers for such men made out, signed and the men held on the waiting list. My reasons for asking this are, that if occasion demands I want to take the field with the Regiment at its maximum strength; that I want in sucp command, men who can leave with the least possible loss or hardship to those dependent on them, and for the reason that there are more than enough men comparatively free from any and all such obligations who will be only too ready to fill the ranks.


DURING SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR. 7 My request applies whether the duty which the Regiment may be called upon to perform shall lie local or in a distant section. Very respectfully, Your obedient servant, CHARLES L BURDETT, Colonel. Many meetings of the Board of Officers of the Regiment were held and the condition of affairs fully discussed. The officers were advised that the President, in all probability, would not call the militia, as such, into service ; that there was a constitutional limit to the powers of the President regarding the territory in which the militia could be used ; that the experience of the national government .with the militia in past wars rendered it almos t certain that the former mistake would not be repeated. They were given to understand that the utmost they could expect would be an opportunity to secure the enrollment of the regiment as a whole, in which case the officers would probably retain their commissions and the whole command be accepted as a volunteer regiment. No effort was made to induce them to volunteer by any appeal to patriotism or duty, but they were told by the colonel that if the regiment was chosen and he could get it into action, as he hoped to do, the chances were ten to one they would not come back. All, however, would have to volunteer, as they would not be ordered out. With this in view the officers in the several companies promptly took steps to recruit the co.mmands to the maximum, and on April 23, 1898, a report as follows was submitted to General Haven: HARTFORD, APRIL 23, 1808. BrigadierGeneral G eorge Haven, Adjutant G eneral .Stat e ef Conn ecticut: Sri{ :-I have the honor to report that within twenty-four hours' notice and promptly on call, ten companies in the First Regiment, C N. G., will report for duty at the designa ted rendezvous with sixty-eight officers and men .for volunteer service for two years in the war with Spain. That 80 per cent. of this command will be drilled and disciplined soldiera.


8 HISTORY OF 'l'HE FIRST REGIMEN'l' That active steps are being taken to recruit for the full term of two years in the volunteer army 84 members in each company; That within 48 hours after receipt of a call this command will be fully recruited to the maximum strength; Of these 840 officers and men of the line. however, about 260 will be more or less raw recruits who will require constant drilling for several weeks to be made effective. The only thing now required is a positive call from the Commander-in-Chief for a specific duty, an

DURING SPA ISH-AMERICAN WAR. 9 All that could be learned was that if a regiment was ready when the call was received, its claim would receive consideration by the Governor. The First Regiment was ready when the call came on April 26th, and early on Tuesday, April 27th, the final report showing the condition of the command and its readiness was submitted to the AdjutantGeneral. Two before, or in May, 1896, the commanding officer of the regiment, Colonel Burdett, had obtained from Governor Coffin the privi lege of using the amount of money that it would cost for a regimental field day in the purchase of supplies. On this the regiment had been outfitted with canvas leggins, haversacks, containing meat can, knife, fork and spoon, with revolvers for the officers, and a little later campaign hats were obtained. By orders of the Colonel, the mess outfits had been kept packed in the original boxes, and as a result in April, 1898, the regiment was the only one in the state equipped in this most essential regard. The small supply of these articles which the government had on hand were exhausted in supplying the regular troops, and it was months before the needed suppli es for the two hundred and fifty thousand volunteers, or even a small part of them, could be obtained.


IO HISTORY O F THE FIRST REGIMENT FIRST REGIMENT CHOSEN. G EVERAL meetings of the of Officers of First Regiment; @) C. N. G., had been held m the officers' room m the annory at H artford, where the situation from time to time had been discussed. In General Orders No. 6, A G 0., dated Hartford, April 22, 1898, the several commandin g officers of the infantry companies of the C. N. G. had been ordered t o recruit their companies to the maximum strength of eighty-four officers and men. On Monday evening, April 25, 1898, the final reports from the commanding officers of the several organizati ons were received, and these reports s h owed that all the officers for whom the War Department would find places in the regiment required and ten companie s of a maximum strength of e ighty-four men per company had vo lunteered. A report to this effect was filed in the office of the AdjutantGeneral of the state at 8 : 45 o'clock A. M. on Tuesday, April 26, 1898. On this later date AdjutantGeneral Haven received from ,the War Department the Connecticut quota and the details as to the total number of infantry, heavy artillery, and li ght artillery required, this under the official call. On Wednesday morning, April 27, 1898, Governor Cooke, in a per sonal interview, notified Colonel Burdett that h e then se lected the First Regiment to fill the infantry quota, and later in the day an official notice as follows, was received, and answer made: ST ATE OF CONNECTICUT, ADJ UTANT-GENERAL' S OFFICE, HARTFORD, CONN., APRii. 2 7, 1891'. C olonel Charles L. Burde tt, C ommanding First Regime nt, C. N G Hariford, Conn : SIR:-The selection of the Firs t Regiment, C N G as of the quota of infantry required b y the President of the United States for a n enlistment of two years, given


DURI G SPA !SH-AMERICAN WAR. II orally to you His Excellency, the Governor and Commander-in-Chief, is hereby confirmed. It is understood that the selection o f the First Regiment i s based on the fact that the regiment will report for duty with numbers, as per your report of yesterday to the Adjutant-General. Very respectfully, WM. E. F. LANDERS, Assistant Adjutant-General.'' "HEADQUARTERS FIRST REGIMENT, CONNECTICUT NATIONAL GUARD, To His Excellency Lorrin A Cooke, Gover nor ef Conn ect icut. : HARTFORD, APRIL 2 7 1898. SrR:-I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your oral notice given to me this morning, in the absence from the city of the Adjutant-General and As sistant Adjutant-General, to the effect that you will call for the First Regiment C. N G under my command and. as officered and organized, to enter the Volunteer Army of the United States of America in the War with Spain, for a term of two year s. I herewith extend to you m y thanks on behalf of my command and myself for the honor and confidence shown in this selection for this duty. I understand that your selection is based on the fact that the regiment will report for duty with members as per m y report of yesterday to the Adjutant-General. I further understand that it is your wish that this notice shoul d be at once communicated to commandants of companies and to the men in order to r e lieve the anxiety and nervous strain under which they have been held for so long. Your wishes in this direction will be promptly complied with . Very respectfully Your obedient serYant, CHARGES L BURDETT, Colonel ''. The commanding officers of a ll organi zat i ons in the First Regiment were at once notified of this se l ectio n a nd acti ve s t eps were a t once taken to put the command into shape for immediate service During April, and particularly the latter part, Lieutenant J.M. Wainwright, Regimental Paymaster, and Doctor R. J. Griswold, Assistant Surgeon, had been. active in recruiting and drilling a provi s ional com pany, although this work was sad l y hampered by the public sentiment. Just what this was is shown b y the following extract from a letter dated April 28, 1898, to Senator Hawley from C o l one l Burdett:


12 HISTORY OF THE FIRST REGIMENT "Of the command 100 per cent. field and line officers have volunteered for two years. 85 per cent. of the whole command have volunteered. They have doue this in the face of a public sentiment which has been pronounced and violent. Press, business men and the whole public have been out of sympathy not only with the war, or the idea of war, but with the officers and men whose sense of duty has caused them to stand by their country when actual war and peril are facts." Whether or not the instructions given to the regiment in years past, the sentiment aroused and the feeling engendered had been truly mili tary in character can be well judged by this record made by the First Regiment, C. N. G. In fact, loo per cent. of the whole command as it existed on April 26, 1898, volunteered, the band (who are non-comba tants) excepted. Not only did every officer volunteer for whom the schedule of organizations outlined by the War Department made a place, but many others were eager to go. No paymaster could be taken, but Lieutenant Wainwright would not be denied. No Inspector of Small Arms Prac tice could go, but Captain William H. Stratton went down to camp with the regiment as acting quartermaster, and after that as aide, and for several days did all he could to help it. Captain C. W. Burpee, Ex. I. S. A. P., went down with the regiment as special aide on the Colonel's staff and worked for weeks in the tedious routine of instruction and mustering, until it was clear that no vacancy for him would occur. General Orders No. 8, A. G. 0., Hartford, April 30, 1898, directed the troops making up the quota for Connecticut to rendezvous at iantic, Conn., Wednesday, May 4, l8

DURING SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR. 13 and the examining officers. On Monday, May 2, 1898, Lieutenant Hamilton Rowan, U. S. Army, reported at Hartford as mustering officer and went with the command to Niantic on May 4th. Now when the actual reality of war overcame the adverse sentiment the good will of the people and their intense interest in the command was shown. The Court of Common Council, City of Hartford, passed the following : "CITY CLERK'S OFFICE, HARTFORD, CvNN., MAY 3, 1898. By concurrrrnt action in Court of Common Council, tlte following we re received and unanimously passed: WmtREAS, Our country is at with Spain for the prevention of further atrocities in Cuba and the guaranteeing to that unhappy island of a stable government by and for the people, and WHEREAS, In response to President McKinley's call for volunteers the First RegL ment, Connecticut National Guards, Colonel Charles L Burdett commanding, is to leave Hartford, Wednesday, May 4th, for the state rendezvous at Niantic to be mustered into the federal service as the first part of the quota of this state, and WHEREAS, The commandant and several staff officers (one of them a member of this court) of this regiment and five companies are our fellow citizens of Hartford, therefore be it Ri!SOLVED, That we, the Court of Common Council of the City of Hartford, hereby place on record our commendation of the patriotic spirit shown by the First in its quick response to the call to arms, a response worthy the example of their predecessors in 1776, 1812, 1846 and 1861. RESOLVED, That the City Hall be appropriately decorate:l. That a half holiday be given to the school children. That places of business be closed. That escorts be tendered the regiment by Grand Army Veterans, the First Company Governor's Foot Guards, the Putnam Phalanx, and any other home companies desiring to participate, and that the column be reviewed in front of the City Hall by his Honor, the Mayor, and the Court Of Common Council ; RESOLVED, That a joint special committee, to consist of his Honor, the Mayor, exofficio chairman, the acting president of the Board of Aldermen and three Aldermen ; the president of the Board of Common Council and five Councilmen; be and hereby are appointed to act in conjunction with Colonel Burdett, the commandants of Grand Army Posts and of the Foot Guard and Putnam Phalanx, to carry these resolutions illto effect. RESOLVED. That these resolntions be spread upon the minutes and that a <;opy be sent to Colonel Burdett, commanding the First Regiment, C. N. G. Approved May 3rd, 1898. Attest: (Signed.) HENRY F. SMITH, City Clerk."


HISTORY OF THE FIRST REGIMENT May 4th came, and the regiment as it moved with full ranks and with most soldierly array from the armory to the railroad station, was most heartily applauded a long the whole line of march b y an immense crowd of people. In even greater enthusiasm Co. Cat Rockville, Co. G at South Manchester, and Cos. D, E and I at New Britain were escorted by the Grand Army Posts and other o rgani zations and were cheered and applauded. The spec i al escort to the regiment tendered by the First Comp a n y Governor's Foot G u ard, under Major E Henry H y de, Jr., was a courtesy highly apprec iated by the regiment. His Excellency, Governor Cooke and members of his staff, his Honor, Mayor Preston, and members of the Common Council, reviewed the re giment and gave it their best wishes At about five o'clock P. M., May 4, 1898, the regiment encamped at Camp Haven, Niantic, Conn. Every one of those present, except the band (which could not be recognized as a separa te organization under the call ) had volunteered for two years or the war. Not a man was taken to camp who had not volunteered to go before leaving the hom e s tation Nothing could exceed the good wi ll shown by the people of the First Di strict toward the First Regiment as soon as it was d es i gnated to rep resent the state in the war. Cheney Brothers, of South Manchester, bought a life insurance policy of $2,ooo for each volunteer of Company G who left their employ to go to war, and assu red the m of work on their return. Colonel Albert A. Pope, of the Pope Manufacturing Company, paid for a like policy of $1,000 on the life of each employee and held plac es open for many. The Hartford City C o uncil, in addition to re solutions of approval, appropriated $soo for band instruments for the re giment, and no sum was put to better use. Only those who hav e experienced it can appreciate the encouragement of band music in a lonely camp or on the march in the field. The citiz e ns of Hartford contributed t oward and bought a stand of col o r s, which the regiment carried during their war service and on their return placed in the cus tod y of the state.


DUR! G SPANISH-AMERICA WAR. CHAPTER Ill. CAMP HAVEN. 10) ROMPTL Y on the arrival of the command at Niantic on the after G noon of May 4th, 1898, Commissary G e n era l A. P. Day turned over to Colonel Burdett the keys of the storehouses where ample sub sistence stores for the regiment were stored, and Col o nel Morgan Assistant Quartermaster-General, turned over the Buzzcott ovens, which were to be the only apparatus u sab l e by the troops for serv ice in the field for cookmg. Several yea rs before this, and on this same camp ground, a company of the Fourth Regiment, C. N. G (then under Colonel, n ow Brigadier General, Frost) had set up and used this same kind of a c ooking outfit during the week's encampment, and it would h ave been an excellent thing if this le sson had been thoroughly learned and practiced in s ubsequent years at each encampment by every company in the C. G. Under the personal direction of C o l onel Burdett the ove n of each command was established, rations for one day were i ss u ed, and the company cooks, who were trained cook s specially enlisted for the work, were busy getting supper. The trench for the grate of the cooking outfit was dug, cord wood brought from a pil e and cut to proper size and length, and fir es started b y the company deta ils, and it was full y seven o'clock, and in some instances late r, before supper was r eady B y direction of the Colon el commanding, one whole day's rations were served at this fir s t The next two days' rations were consumed in one day, and on the next two days three days' rations were consumed, and it was nearly two weeks before the cooks and men learned how to properl y divide and serve the very ampl e ration issued by the government and to re strict each man to his share. Within a few days, and in fact b y Friday evening, May 6 th, seve re cold rains set in, and for the ne x t two weeks cold rai n s or wind and heavy fogs were frequent. An urgency is s ue of rubber ponchos, heavy underclothing, and s tockings and s hoe s was made to the regi m ent b y


16 HISTORY OF THE FIRST REGIMENT the state. The care taken of the men enabled them to remam 111 excellent health in spite of the adverse weather. It was not until Saturday, May 7th, that the medical officers began the official examination of the men of the First Regiment, although the command was ready on the 5th, and on that day about eighty men of Company A were examined. The rate of examination was noted as well as the number thrown out, and judging from the result in this com pany, it appeared that ten days would be required for the physical examination, and that fifteen per cent. of loss would be incurred. This total appeared to be too much, and the need of prompt recruiting was also evident. This was called to the attention of General George Hav en, AdjutantGeneral of the State, and Post. Commandant, and an effort made to have the work expedited, but without success Early on Monday, May 9th, Colonel Burdett obtained from Governor Cooke in Hartford, permission to recruit in advance to fill organizations, but by oral instructions from Assistant-Adjutant General Landers, based on a complaint from the Second Regiment, the recruiting ground was limited to the First Congressional District, the order coming from the Governor At this time there were at Camp Haven ten companies of infantry (First Regiment, C N. G.), two companies of heavy artillery (Companies B and C, First C A.), and one company of light artillery. The Connecticut National Guard had never inc1uded any heavy artillery conh panies in its organizaton and the drill in lieavy artillery tactics had been extremely limited and desultory. Nor was the light artillery of the C. N G armed, equipped or drilled under modern requirements. And yet Connecticut was called upon to supply troops of this class. On this point the following extract from a letter dated Niantic, May 14, 1898, to Senator Hawley from Colonel Burdett is pertinent: "As the situation now presents itself the horrible manner in which Connecticut's quota has been chowdered promises fair to make her position in this war a cause for contemptuous criticism. Our quota is about fourteen hundred men. They called on us for a light battery of one hundred and twenty-five men, two heavy batteries of one hundred and fifty men, and then not being able to organize a proper three battalion regiment of four companies


DURING SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR. I7 each, limited u s to ten companies. This was all wrong. After working many years to sec ure to the regular establishment the three battalion idea, we are forced to organize with two battalions of five companies. I told the Adjutant-General long ago if he permitted any mongrel assortment to be foisted off on Connecticut, that we would be chucked into the waste basket. We seem to have gone there." On the physical examination of the men Company C, of Rockville, stood at a high rate; other companies lost as high as twenty-six per cent. Recruiting kept pace with the losses, and although many of the recruits sent to camp were not accepted the quota was finally completed without any delay, and on May 18, 1898, the Field, Staff, and nine companies of the regiment were mustered into the United States service by Lieutenant Rowan, the tenth company being mustered in on the 19th. A regular routine of drill was established and the officers and nor:. commissioned officers were working hard instructing recruits, as well as the older men, in drill and camp duties. Particular attention was paid to individual instruction, so that in the extended order drill the men could intelligently take the part required by the new tactics where so much is left to the smaller sub-divisions of a regiment, or even of a company. During the winter of 1897 and 1898 a persistent effort had been made in the First Regiment, largely by hard work on the part of Captain Stratton, I. S A P., to interest the command in annory target practice, and ammunition with reduced charges of powder had been obtained in quite a large quantity for use on the fifty-yard range. This ammunition was utilized in camp in instructing recruits, until the use of the rifle range at Niantic was forbidden by the QuartermasterGeneral of the State, a lthough no accident had occurred nor the chance of any shown. There was no other place nor opportunity at this time to teach the men this most essential part of their duties, and it had to be dropped for the time. Particular attention was paid to training the regiment in marching and a line some five hundred yards long was staked out on the camp ground in such manner as to enable the rate and cadence of the march to be accurately gauged in the daily drills of the companies. Practice


18 HISTORY OF THE FIRST REGIMENT marches on the roads through the country surrounding the camp were begun, the first march being only about three and a half miles. The officers and men on their return from the march were obliged, under the super vision of Surgeon Rockwell and Assistant Surgeons Gris w old and McCook to take proper care of the feet. The next march covered a distance of five miles, the time of departure and return being pre-arranged and the same oversight as tO' care of the feet of officers and men was maintained. A school for the officers in logistics and the art of map reading was begun and each one instructed how to take off from the map a distance along an irregular line of roads, as well as other important details in the art, a map of Cuba being used in the lesson. The whole command was full of interest, active, eager to learn, and most impatient to be assigned to duty, but not at all prepared for the fate which befell, except in readiness to obey orders when received and execute them promptly, completely, as was done.


DURING SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR. CHAPTER IV. ASSIGNED TO SPECIFIC DUTY. N Sunday afternoon, May 22, I898, a message was received from U Captain Crawford, A A. Q. M.,.at Fort Trumbull, New London, Conn., asking about the transportation of the First Regiment to the several positions to which the companies had been ass i gned, and this was the first notice received of the assignment. At 8:20 o'clock the next morning an official copy of the order, as follows, was received: "HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE EAST, GOVERNOR'S !SI.AND, NEW YORK CITY, SPECIAL ORDERS NO. 110. MAY 20, 1898 (EXTRACT.) "3 The First Regiment of Connecticut Volunteer Infantry having reported for "duty will proceed to and take stations as follows, taking tents, necessary camp equip "page and ten days' rations. "The Colonel will designate the companies to go to the stations indicated. "The Lieutenant-Colonel and two companies to Plum Island, N. Y "Two companies to Fbrt Preble, Maine. "One company to Gull Island, N. Y. "One company to Fort Constitution, N. H. "The Colonel with Headquarters, unassigned field officers and six companies will "remain for the present in camp at Niantic, Conn. "The Chief Quartermaster of the Department will arrange for the necessary trans "portation. 1 "By command of Brigadier General Frank: "M. BARBER, Assistant Adjutant-General. "Official: M. BARBER, A. A.G." Companies were at oi1ce designated for the several positions, as fol-lows: Fort Preble, Portland, Me Companies K and F. Fort Constitution, Portsmouth, N. H., Company C. Gull Island, N. Y., Company B. Plum Island, N Y., Companies E and I.


20 HIS'I'ORY OF 'I'HE FIRS'!' REGIMEN'!' To secure the needed transportation, arrangements had to be made with the Passenger Department of the N. Y., N. H. & H R. R. Co., and they had to arrange with three other railroad companies before a time schedule for the train could be issued. The Commissary Department, under the immediate charge of CommissarJ 1 -Sergeant A. N. Pre srott, had to issue the needed rations and make arrangements also for travel rations, and the Quartermaster's Department, under Quartermaster A. H. Bronson, had to make the necessary arrangements for the trans portation of the commands and all baggage to the railroad station, and for the train to transport the whole. All these details were so promptly arranged and completed that at six o'clock Monday evening of the day the order was received Company C reported at Fort Constitution, N H and at eight o'clock that same evening Companies F and K reported at Fort Preble, Portland, Me., the several companies being armed, uniformed and equipped and provided with camp equippage, such as it was. The regular army officers at the posts to which these companies were assigned were much surprised at the prompt arrival of the companies, and Companies K and F were obliged to sleep in the cars the first night, as no arrangements had been made to locate their camp. An urgent effort was made to have the Quartermaster General's Department of the State of Connecticut permit the troops to take only such tents as were fit for use, but the effort was unsuccessful, and many companies were sent away from Niantic (Camp Haven) with canvas that was as porous as a sieve and did not at all protect the men from the weather. There was ample tentage of good quality at the camp, but that could not be taken. As but very little was kno.wn regarding Plum Island and Gull Island, Surgeon Griswold was sent on the 9:06 train Monday morning to New London, to Major Leach, of t the U. S Engineer Department, with request that he be permitted to examine the two islands and report on available camp sites and general condition of the places, ascertaining from the condition of the workmen who were employed there what the conditions were from a sanitary point of view, and also to bring back sterilized samples of the water available at each place. At six o'clock Tuesday morning Lieutenant Griswold reported back to Camp Haven with a sample of the water from Plum Island, and further reported that


' LIEUT. COL. A G. HAMMOND, ( Capt 8th Cavalry U S A .) 1 j


DURING SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR. 21 there was no adequate water supply at Gull Island. The condition of the workmen at Plumb Island, the diseases which had been prevalent there during the past year, and all details needed for a correct understanding of the sanitary questions had been obtained and were reported on by Lieutenant Griswold, a camp site being also recommended. Beginning with Saturday, May 7, 1898, the weather was most inclement, cold rains and snow squalls severely taxing the he111th and patience of the officers and men. More than half the tents leaked so badly that the only way the men could obtain protection was by using the rubber ponchos to form a sort of inner roof to the tents extending from the ridge pole to the walls on either side. Tents were blown down during the rain storms and the occupants drenched. This, however, was a matter of experience that did not disturb the command very much, as they were buoyed up with the idea that they were soon to see active service, and very little illness resulted. Lieutenant-Colonel Retiji,eld, however, who had not fully recovered from the effects of a serious illness of a few years previous, took a severe cold, but attended to his duties until Surgeon Rockwell directed that he be sent away from camp as his only chance of recovery. The case proved so serious that on the advice of Dr. Howe, Dr. Morgan and Sur geon Rockwell, the Colonel commanding the regiment requested the resignation of the Lieutenant-Colonel, which resignation was handed in. As soon as the certainty of a vacancy was learned, the Colonel commanding the regiment obtained from Governor Cooke permission to nominate a successor to Lieutenant-Colonel Redfield. Before making this request he had telegraphed to Captain A. G. Hammond, Eighth Cavalry, U. S A., then stationed at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, asking him if he would accept the position if it could be obtained. Captain Hammond was a Hartford man, a West Point graduate, and well known to many of the officers in the C. N. G. In reply to this telegram Captain Hammond at once replied "Yes, with thanks." He was at once nominated for the position by the Colonel, and leave of absence from his regular command was obtained, this through the assistance of General Hawley, but it was not until May 24, 1898, that Captain Hammond could get to Niantic.


22 HISTORY OF THE FIRST REGIMENT The appointment of the regular army officer in the regiment was wholly at the instance of Colonel Burdett, and was not requested because there was any doubt about the ability of the officers to take care of the men, or any doubt about their knowledge of tactics or their main duties, but it was in order that the regiment might have the benefit of that intimate knowledge with paper work, the customs of the service, and the rules _and regulations that can be learned only from actual experience in the regular army, and even then not by all. The suggestion that Lieutenant-Colonel Hammond, was appointed by the Governor on account of the inability of the officers to properly care for themselves and their men is wholly unfounded. Lieutenant-Colonel Hammond received his commission from the governor and was mustered into the service on May 26, 1898, in time to proceed at a later date with Companies E and I to Plum Island. The heavy weather, fogs and rain stonns had prevented the companies from going to the island, as the owners of the tug-boat and barge repeated l y reported from New London that they did not dare undertake the trip. Finally, on May 27th, the two companies under command of Lieutenant Colonel Hammond, were loaded on to a barge with arms, uniforms, camp equippage and rations, and taken in tow by a tug. They had hardly cleared Niantic Bay before a heavy fog shut in, and the captain of the tug-boat shut off steam and allowed the tow to drift. In this emergency Lieutenant Griswold, at his own request, was taken on board of the tug-boat and soon persuaded the pilot that he could help him out. Lieutenant Griswold was born in Lyme, near the shore, and from a boy had been familiar with the Sound and with the sailing of vessels; in fact, he held a pilot's license along the Sound and Massachusetts Bay. The tug-boat was again soon under steam and with the help of Lieutenant Griswold the correct land fall was made on the eastern side of Plum Island and the troops disembarked without any loss. In answer to the telegraphic report, sent to Headquarters of the Department on May 21st, stating the lack 0f water on Gull Island, orders were received not to send the company to that place until further orders Provision having been made for a proper water supply, Company B, under Captain Moran, left Camp Haven on June 8, 1898, by the


DURING SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR. 23 steamer Manhansett, and at 12:30 o'clock arrived at the island and pitched camp. An order from the Headquarter's Department of the East, under date of June 6, 1898, contained the following extract from S. 0. No. 122: "1. The following changes of and assignments to stations are ordered:"The Colonel, Headquarters, unassigned field officers and six companies of the "First Connecticut Volunteer Infantry, now at Niantic, Conn. will proceed to and take station at Fort Knox, near Bucksport, Me.'' This order was received at Camp Haven a day or two after its date, and inquiry at once made as to the whereabouts of Fort Knox. None of the officers or men of the United States artillery, stationed at Fort Trumbull, New London, Conn., knew where the place was, and neither Mr. Hempstead of the Passenger Departnient of the N. Y., N. H. & H. R. R. Co., nor any of the force in that office in New Haven, could tell anything about it, and, in fact, the best the transportation agent could do was to get the command to Bucksport, Me. Finally, some one in New London was discovered who reported that Fort Knox was down the river from Bucksport, and could only be reached by about a half day's transportation on barges or river steamers As a matter of fact, .. Fort Knox is on the west bank of the Penobscot River, directly opposite Bucksport, eighteen miles from Bangor and forty-five miles from the coast of Maine. On June roth all transportation arrangements having been completed by Quartermaster Bronson, the headquarters and four companies of the regiment proceeded to Fort Knox. From the first it had been understood that the regimental band would not volunteer for service with the regiment, but it had been ordered into camp for ten days. The orders from the War Department provided for the raising of a band from the strength of a regiment, and knowing the great delay and the practical impossibility of getting musical instruments in any sort of time from the general government, Captain John K "Williams, of Hartford, ex-Adjutant of the regiment, had been active in getting the City of Hartford to purchase the needed instruments and present them to the regiment. On May 17th, Captain


HISTORY OF THE FIRST REGIMENT Williams visited camp at Niantic and conferred with the officers about the matter, and soon after that the instruments were received and a band organized In a very short time, owing to the hard work done by Bandmaster Kennedy and the members of the band, they could perform a few marches and other pieces in a manner fairly satisfactory, and they became in time a credit to the regiment and were a most efficient fact or in keeping up the spirits and health of the men in camp. On May 30, 1898, all the troops remaining in Camp Haven, including the four companies of the regiment, the heavy artillery and the light artillery companies, at the invitation of the members of the Grand Army Post located at Niantic, took part in the parade and in the services at the decoration of the graves of departed comrades, Chaplai11, Kelsey delivering the oration. It was a memorable occasion. Thirty-three years elapsed since the last war in which the United States had been involved had ended, and now 'at the outset of another war troops new in the service were taking part in honors paid to those soldiers of the nation who had served in the last war, but who had passed away, and in doing so stood shoulder to shoulder with the small remnant of living veterans.




s \kksPORT Presenf;/,tion of C I ME.'. JULY 4 1898 o o rs t o F i rst R . :11 eg1ment C V.


DURING SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR. 27 CHAPTER V. AS COAST RF.SERVE. D VER since war had been declared on April 21, 1898, the people along LJ the coast had been hearing guns of Spanish cruisers and seeing ghosts of hostile battle ships. The good people of Boston had been sending valuables and securities to Worcester and to Springfield until the safe deposit vaults in those places were taxed to their utmost. The people of Bangor, Me., had petitioned Congress for protection and the War Department was, by the middle of May, almost filled with petitions for protection and reqttests of like import. The First Regiment, C. V. I., consisting of ten companies of a maxi-mum strength of eighty-four members per company, armed, uniformed and equipped and provided with camp equippage, such as it was, were avai l able for an important duty and were assigned to that duty. This was perhaps done as much, however, to quiet the fears and stop the annoyance, as for anything else, because by this time the fate of Montojo's fleet at Manilla had been fully known, and as early as May 19th the War Department had been fully advi sed of the presence of Cervera's squadron in Santiago harbor. General Greely, of the Signal Corps, had advised the War Department of an authentic report to that effect received from a member of the U. S. Signal Corps in the empl oy of the cable company at Havana. This was, of course, not generally known, but is of interest taken in connection with the failure of the War Department to supply the regi ment thus assigned to coast reserve duty with any ammunition. In the latter part of April, after the regiment had been designated for duty, special care had been taken in the organization of the several departments. The hospital corps, then under the immediate command of Lieutenant Griswold, Assistant Surgeon, was outfitted with medical supplies and an efficient force of hospital stewards and assistants were enrolled.


HISTORY OF 'I'HE FIRST REGIMENT The captains of the several companies were directed to take all the ball cartridges that they had on hand for target practice and all they could get hold of, as it was uncertain when or how soon supplies of this kind could be issued by the general government. Many of the rifles furnished to the command by the state were defective and practically useless, but the bayonet s were all in first-class shape. On May 19 1898 as soon as the regiment had been mustered into the United States service, a requisition was made for the needed supply of ball cartridges, but the answer from the Ordinance Department was that none be issued until the regiment reached its designated post or camp. When Lieutenant-Colonel Redfield resigned he used all the pay coming to him for the purchase of ball cartridges, which he presented to the regiment. The cartridges brought by the severa l commands in the regiment, except in case of one company, were all put into a common stock and then distributed equally among the several companies as they left for their different posts. Companies K, F and C each received five rounds per man. Companies E and I at Plum Island each receiv e d seven rounds per man, and Company B at Gull Island seven rounds per man. There was about the same number of rounds per man left for each of the remaining companies. The four thousand rounds given by Lieutenant-Colonel Redfield were distributed pro rata among the companies, but except for the ten rounds per man neither of the companies at Fort Knox, Gull Island or at Plum Island during the whole term of their occupancy received another round from any source. The assignment of the different companies of the regiment to the several widely separated posts took them practically out from under the command of the Colonel, except as to the companies at the post where headquarters were located. Lieutenant-Colonel Hammond at Plum Island had full control and care of Companies E and I; Captain Moran at Gull Island had full control and was responsible alone for the conc;li tion and instruction of Company B, and the same was true of Captain Laubscher with Compan y C at Fort Constitution, and Captain Saun ders, senior in command, at Camp Burdett, Fort Preble, of Companies F and K.




FORT KNOX, ME. He a dquarter s and Camp First Regiment, C V. I


DURING SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR 31 jf ort lk_nor. At an early hour on the morning of June, 1 898, the first sect i o n o f the train with the head-quarter command arri ved at Bucksport, Me., and the troops were quickly disembarked. B y this time the exact location of Fort Knox had been learned and C ompany H was soo n m arche d on board the ferry bo a t H. G Totten and crossed the river to Prospect, where the command l a nded. The fort is built o n hig h ground, just a t the h ead of the narrows in th e river at this point, a nd with surroundings that rendered it difficult t o find even an acre of l eve l ground. COMPANY H. The First Boat L oad Over-Bucksport to Fort Kn o x The Colonel decid ed quickly not t o quarter_ the troop s in the o ld fort, although there was ample room, but se l ec ted a spot to the south and west of the fort, just below a n o ld rail road embankment and on a small clearing in the birch woods. The grass was quickly mowed the camp laid out, and b y noon the company kitchens were located a nd the company cook s busy preparing the dinner. No attempt was made a t any tactical layout of the camp, but places wery chosen for the headquarter and staff tents and for the officers' stree t and the tents of the men where the r e would be the best c h a n ce to preserve the health of the men.


32 HISTORY OF THE FIRST REGIMENT Assistant Surgeon McCook had obtained samples of the water available and at once analyzed them, guards being put over the wells nntil the result of the examination could be learned. He was also charged with the selection of proper places for the sinks, while Surgeon Rockwell looked out for the establishment of the hospital and attended to his general duties as surgeon of the regiment. FORT KNOX. Pitching Tents for C ompanies A. D. C. and H. Details were a t once made for the Quartermaster, Commissary and other departments and proper places found in the fort for the storage of a ll supplies and stores. A pioneer company of some thirty-two men was organized and the work of nuder-draining the camp, building cordnroy roads over.moist places and of properly flooring the tents was carried on. A signal corps was organized under command of Lieutenant Cosgrove of the First Battalion, and in a short time became extremely proficient. Soon after the command arrived at Fort Knox recruits were received under the orders, which increased the membership of the companies to one hundred and nine men, and the work of drilling these men was divided among the several officers and non-commissioned officers. Lumber was ob t a in ed, the tents were floored and good storehouses were built. The ground all about the camp for a distance of about sixty feet was cleared of all trees and undergrowth and a perfect system of sani ta ti on adopted and enforced. /


DURING SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR. 33 FORT KNOX. The Camp from rear of Officers Quarters. Orders being issued from the War Department that all troops stationed at forts or fortified places should be instructed in heavy artillery practice, this work was begun at Fort Knox under the supervision of Major Hickey, details from each of the companies being drilled daily o n the guns. Bakers were detailed from the command and they had the charge of baking some four hundred loaves of bread per day to s upply the troops. A detail of three carpenters was made and tools provided and with these one of the old rooms at the fort intended for officers was fitted up with writing desks, and this served as a reading room for the men. Wood was cut and fires built in the large open fire places, providing a pleasant resort in stormy weather and in the even in gs. Owing to the close supervision of Major Rockwell and his assistants the health of the com mand was remarkably good, no diseases of an infectious natnre breaking out, nor any filth diseases occuring ; in fact, there was no serious illness during the occupancy of the camp. After an extended reconnoisance of the surrounding country a place was found where a two hundred yard rifle range could be establi heel through the woods after some heavy cutting of timber. The pioneer company took this in charge, and by the early part of July had the ground cleared and ready for the construction of butts .and targets. When notice was received early in July that C ornrany L liad been or-


34 HISTORY OF THE FIRS't REGIMENT FORT KNOX. Guard Quarters. C han g i n g Guard . dered to report at Camp Knox without arms, uniforms, equipment or camp equipage, prompt steps were taken to fit up the two rooms at the fort that had been u sed as a library and as barracks. Lumber was obtained and a fram e work erected, so that the men when they arrived were made comfortable indoors . This protection was needed, for while the weather wa s warm during the day it was extremely cold at night and the men s uffer ed unl ess well protected with clothing and blankets. FORT KNOX. The C o lors Bucksport across the River. A limited number of passes were i ss u e d eac h day, allowing the men to 150 to Bucks port, and the pri v il ege was not abused, The men gained


DURING SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR. 35 an excellent record for good conduct on the whole and were frequently commended by the town officials. A stand of colors for the regiment were to be presented by the citi zens of Hartford, and the Fourth of July was se lected as the proper time and Fort Knox as the proper place, to make the presentation. Early in July the Colonel Commanding was surprised to receive an order from the Department of the East ordering the troops at Fort Knox to parade at Bangor on the Fou.rth of July, provided that the government should be put to no expense thereby It was learned that this order had been obtained at the instance of the Congressman from that district, and although other plans had been made for the celebra_ tion of the national holiday, the command got read y for the parade as ordered. On July 4th Companies A, D, G and H, and all of the officers, except those detailed for special duty, embarked on a steamer for Ban gor, where they arrived in goo d time to take 'part in the parade. The command was given a hearty reception and treated in a most hospitable manner by the citizens of Bangor, and the men were highly pleased with the reception. Early in the afternoon they returned to Bucksport, where a parade was held and Alderman Hansling and Councilman Countryman, of the Hartford City Council, presented the handsome stand of color s of silk to the regiment, the Colonel accepting in a brief speech. FORT KNOX. Recruits at Drill.


HISTORY OF THE FIRST REGIME 1'1' Officers and men were kept extremely busy during the whole time they were at Camp Knox, learning the many duties and anxiously waiting the time when they might receive orders to go to the front. Jnst below the fort, in the channel oi1 the west side of Verona Island, submarine mines had been placed in position as part of the defense of the Penobscot River, and the troop s were stationed at the fort for the purpose of guarding these mines, as well as for the purpose of providing a garrison for the fort and the batteries. The wires con nected to these mines were lead into a casement in the lower part of the fort, where an electric battery was established, b y means of which the mines could be exploded. There were strict regulations regarding the use of this channel where the mines were placed, and patrol boats were stationed both above and below the defense. The officer commanding the post had charge of this mine field, although it was under the direct s upervision of Major Hoxie, United States Engineer Corp s, in charge of the district. The instructions to the commanding officer of Fort Knox on this point were as follows : "The ordinance Sergeant at Fort Knox i s in charge of the mining casemate and i s "instructed iri respect to turning on the batteries when the mines are to be made ready for the approach of a n enemy. He is instructed to report to you for orders in such ''emergency and t o permit no one except yourself to have access to the mining casemates. R HOXIE, Chief of Mining Engineers." BUCKSPORT. C o l o nel Burdett A d jut a nt Wainwright.




() 3 'O "(J ooO a. -I r ::: )> 3: 9 g: 3: -I fll 3 !'




42 HISTOR Y OF THE FIRST REGIMENT 1rsiano. The credit o f es t ablishing the fir s t United States army p os t o n G r ea t Gull I sland, N Y., b e l o ngs to C ompa n y B, Firs t C onnecticut V oluntee r Infantry. The o r de r to occupy this place w a s r e c e ived fiv e d ays a ft e r the mus t e r in o f the regiment into the voluntee r se r v ic e The ins p ectio n o f the l and and o f the w a t e r supply b y Assistant-Surgeon Gris w old, and the r e p ort the r eo n h a d re sulte d in s p e ci a l arrangem ents b eing m a d e for a prope r supply o f wate r, and whe n tha t was c omple t e d C ompa n y B, o n June 8, 1898 was transporte d b y t h e Stea m e r Manha n sett fro m Crescent B eac h t o Gull Isl a nd, b eing about three h ours o n the wat e r. The c ompany arrived b e for e noon and the t ents w e r e promptly pitche d trenches dug and blind drains m a d e by fillin g the tre n c h es with c obble s t o n es a fter which a li ght covering o f l oo m was provid ed. The r e w as but o ne s p o t avail a bl e for the camp, and tha t was a b out o ne hundred and seventy -five f ee t l o n g b y forty f ee t wide o n the south end o f the i s l and, and but little above the hi g h tide l eve l. The r e mainde r o f the i s l a n d was excavat e d as t o its entire l e n gth for the forti ficati o n s which w e r e b eing built the re. The r e was n o roo m for a n y extende d orde r drill but wha t the r e was, was u t ili zed in co mpan y and squad drill. As soo n as the camp w as pitc h ed d e t a il s we r e at work build ing and putting in t ent floors, and this p art o f the work w as soo n fini s h ed. On the i s l a nd and emplqye d o n the fortificati o ns, we r e about two hundred and fift y m e n co m posed o f Ita li a ns, Swedes, n egroes, and a small numbe r o f Irishme n a n d A m e ricans; in fac t a ve r y c o n g l o m erate clas s of labore rs. The g u ard lines w e r e es t ablis h e d and ri g i d order s i ss u e d tha t n o o n e s h ould b e a ll o wed t o pass the lines within the limits of the c amp unless acc ompanie d b y a n officer. These orde r s wer e ca r ri e d out to the l ette r and n o o n e but the contractor o r for e m a n e mploye d on the fortific a ti o n s p asse d the g u a r d line The workme n a n d others on the i sland would gather a l o n g the g u a r d line and wat c h the tro ops a t drill a t g u a r d 111011nt, in spec ti o n a nd cv-::n a t p l ay, with g reat


t:HJ'll1NG SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR. 4J curiosity, bnt at no time was there any difficulty whatever between the troops and any of the inhabitants of the island This speaks well for the discipline of command. The most serious breach of discipline was the escapade of a number of the men who took French leave one night on a sail boat and made a trip to New London. All except one or two of these men returned to camp within ten days, so as to avoid any chanc'r of charge of technical desertion. They were all punished for the offense. The rather hard conditions of life at the island, the limited room, and the rough surface available for drill were thought to be something of a hardship by the men of the command, but after the experience at Camp Alger they were heard to express longings for a return to Gull Island.


44 HISTORY OF THE FIRST REGIMENT PLUM ISLAND. Companies E and !. Lieutenant-C o l o nel Hammond C o mmanding.


btJRING SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR. 45 lf slanb. The camp at Plum Island, under com mand of LieutenantColonel Hammond, was an ideal spot for an encampment. Promptly on the arrival of the troops on May 27, 1898, the government teams then employed at the work of building fortifications on the. island, were impressed into the service and the camp equippage was hauled about a mile from the landing and camp was pitched at a spot about a hundred and fifty feet from a fine bathing beach, and on high ground sloping toward the beach. Tents were pitched, drains provided, and, as at Gull Island, the sinks were so located that all refuse matter was disposed of by the action of the tide. A regular camp routine was taken up promptly, company drills only, however, being had. In the extended order drill by bugle commands, Companies E and I gained great proficiency, as well as in guard duty. Nothing of importance occurred until the latter part of June, when twenty-five men were added to each of the companies and the work in creased in breaking in and instructing the recruits. The officers in charge of the post were LieirtenantColonel A G. Hammond, Post Commandant; Lieutenant Samuel E Mason, Co I, Adjutant and Quartermaster; Lieutenant R. S. Griswold, Surgeon ; Sergeant B. C. Morey, Co. E, Sergeant Major. On June 24th Lieutenant Magson was relieved as Post Adjutant at his own request and Lieutenant G. Arthur Hadsell, Co. E, was appointed to fill his place. The need of a storehouse at this point was soon apparent, and lumber being sent to the island on a sailboat, one was soon completed by details from the companies. Plans were drawn, cellar dug, foundation walls laid, and the building constructed entirely by the enlisted .men of the post. An old well was found within a hundred yards of the camp, however, filled with rubbish and probably unused for years. This was cleaned out thoroughly, samples of the water analyzed and found to be all right. A requisition was made for a chain pump, and on its arrival


HISTORY OF THE FIRS'!' REGIMEN'!' it was put in place and adjusted by a man from Company I who worked at that business when at home. From that time to the time of leaving of the command they had an abundance of pure water from this well, all pollution of the well being avoided by the system of drainage and the location of the sinks, in such manner as to prevent any bad effects. About July Ist a canteen was started with Lieutenant Mycroft, of Company E, as Canteen Officer, and it proved a great success, the profits all going to the company funds and being used to vary and increase the ration for the companies. PLUM ISLAND CAMP. Arrival o f Paymaster.


DURING S PANI SH-AMERICAN WAR. 47 CHAPT E R V I. THE REGIMENT MOBILIZED. @. 0. No. 6I, Headquarte r s of the Arm y, d a t ed June r, 1898, r e ce i ve d a t Fort Knox o n J u n e 7, 1 898, provi ded for the expan s i c n o f the o rgan izatio n s co m posing the regim e n t a n d already ac cepte d and mus t e r ed into the serv i ce unde r the Pres ident's procla mati o n o f April 23, 1898, b y r ecruiting the co mpani es t o the maximum e nli s t ed stre n g th. It was a l so provided for the o rgani za tion of additional co m p a ni es n e c essa r y for the completio n o f the regim ent t o twe l ve co mpan i es R ecruiting p arties, co n s i sting of o n e office r a n d four enlisted m e n w e r e orde r e d A t this time the r e w e r e t e n co mpani es in the Firs t C V. I., w i t h a m aximum m embe r ship o f e i ghty -four office r s a n d men per compan y U nd e r the n e w o r de rs, the maximum m embe r ship was rai se d t o o n e hundre d and nine offi c e r s and m e n per co mpany. Orde r s o 1 l Headquarte r s, C. V. I. dat ed June 8, 1898, des ignat ed Captain Willia m E. Maho n ey a nd Lieute n ant G. W Ripley as the offic e r s t o p rocee d t o H artfor d a n d op e n a r ecruiting s t a ti o n. The t wo additio n a l c o mpani es we r e to be ra i sed by i ncreasi n g t he m em b ership of Company G, Fourth Regime nt, unde r c ommand o f V M King, o f D a nbury a nd rai sing a new co mpan y in Me rid e n u nder com m a n d of Capt ain Cha rle s B Bo w e n The wo r k o f r ecruiting was soo n begun a n d recruits we r e sent t o the vari o u s p os ts, fillin g the t e n co mpani es t o the maximum b y June 2 lst. C aptain Ma h o n ey, as recruiting office r as k ed instructi o n s by te l e gram a s t o the mus t e r in C o mpan y L of Me ri den, a n d C o mpany M, o f D anbury, thro u g h Gen e r a l F r a n k; comma n ding D epartme 1 i t of th e East. The a n swe r r ece i ve d fr o m AdjutantGe neral C o r b in was th a t n o instructio n s h ad b ee n given t o the Governor of C onnec ti c u t autho ri z in g the o rgani za ti o n of two a d ditio n a l co mpanies. A n urgen t te legraphic r eques t o n June 27th t o the W a r Dep artment a t washington for p ermiss i o n t o a dd the co mpani es was m e t wit h t h e follow in g a n sw e r :


HISTORY OF THE FIRST REGIMENT vv AsH1NGToN, n. c JuNE 28, 1898, "Colonel Charles L. Burdett, Bucksport: "Message June 27th received. Replying thereto the Secretary of War bids me say "he has nothing to add beyond what was stated in message to you of June 26, 1898. "The excess granted to the State of Connecticut under the President's second call is al "ready eight hundred and twenty-one. "H. C. CORBIN, Assistant Adjutant-General." General Haven, Adjutant General of Connecticut, reported that he had received full authority from the War Department to raise these two companies, and on June 28th the Secretary of War authorized the ac ceptance and muster in of the two companies. Lieutenant Hamilton Rowan, U. S. A., who had mustered in the regiment, was detailed as mustering officer and proceeded to Meriden, and afterwards to Danbury, and mustered in these organizations Company L reported at Fort Knox on Sunday afternoon, July lo, 1898, without arms, uniforms or equipments. From the time that the order assigning the regiment to coast reserve duty and spreading it along the coast of England was issued, persistent efforts had been made by the Colonel Commanding to secure the mobil ization of the command and its assignmenttoactive duty. Officers and men had enl i sted for the purpose of performing active duty and were most eager to go to the front. General Hawley, Congressman Henry and other prominent men, had been urged to use their best endeavors to have the State of Connecticut recognized in a fitting manner. About the middle of June General Hawley had secured from the Secretary of War and Adjutant General of the Army, a promise that this request would be soon granted and the regiment given active service At Niantic, commands from other states had passed through Connecticut going to the larger camps and toward the front, with the larger number of men of the commands without arms, uniforms or equipment. In Maine they saw regiments without arms, uniforms or equipment, pass them to go to the front. July came, and so far as Connecticut had any place in any brigade, division or army corps, it looked as if the history of the war would find the state unrecognized in either.


DURING SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR. 49 Early in July the Colonel commanding obtained leave of absence for the purpose of going to Washington to try to get the regiment to the front, at the same time making a strenuous effort to obtain the desired result through the influence of General Hawley. In answer to a letter to General Hawley a reply was received from the General by telegraph, asking what was wanted. The following answer was sent: "General Josep!z R. Hawley i-Vaslzingto11, D. C : "BIJCKSPOR'l', JULY 9, 1898 "Astonished. llave repeatedly asked to he relieved from reserve duty and assigned "to active duty in the field. I want this command mobilized, outfitted and sent to Porto "Rico or elsewhere for field service. Having been waiting since June 20th the carry "ing out of your promise to this effect. "BURDETT, Colonel," In answer to this telegram the following answer was received by telegram from General Hawley on Sunday evening, July ro, 1898, and immediately communicated to the command at the camp at Fort Knox: "WASHlNGlON, D. c., ]Ul.Y !J, 1 808. ''To Colonel Cliarles L Burdett, First Co1111ecticut Volunteer Infantry, Fort Knox, Me.: "You totally misunderstood m y telegram. \Vanted to know the status of the mus "ter in, the character of supplies, whether clothing, canteens, muskets or ammunition ''lacking. I did not wish to know that you desired to go to the front. I knew t _hat "already. I did not care to be informed that you wanted your command mobilized and "ordered out for field service and sent to Porto Rico or elsewhere. You say "have "been waiting since June 1st the carrying out of your promise" to this effect. You sur "prise me. I call your attention to the fact that I am neither President nor Secretary of "War. I told you just what the \Nar Department told me. I quote the following from "the President's own hand writing just given me. 'General Alger. I think if you can 'supply their place the First Connecticut should be ordered here or Keiffer's division. '_This is General Hawley wants and I want. '''JULY 9, 1898.' "'W. McK. JOS. R. HAWLEY." In less than five minutes after the delivery of this m essage, the men broke out with loud cheering, yells, routed out _the band and paraded en masse about the camp. The temporary bnilclings of brush a11cl


50 HISTORY OF THE FIRST REGIMENT lings that had been built were set on fire, and water had to be thrown on the tents about the edge of the camp to keep them from catching fire. For a short time pandimonium however, no breach of discipline. The news was received throughout the regiment with the same satisfaction, and the following order was promptly complied with: "HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE EAST, "GOVKRNOK'S ISLAND, NEW YORK CITY, ''SPECIAL ORDER NO 152 JULY 11, 1898 "5. Pursuaht to telegraphic orders from the War Department, of the 9th instant, "the companies of the First Connecticut U. S. Volunteer Infantry, will proceed from "their present stations in this department, to Camp Haven, Niantic, Conn., reporting "upon arrival to the regimental commander. "When the regiment shall be assembled at Camp Haven, it will proceed to Camp "Russell A. Alger, Virginia, and report to the Commanding General, Second Army Corps, for duty. "The troops will take their entire equipments and be provided with not less than ''five days' rations on leaving their present stations. Property pertaining to the posts of "Fort Knox, Me., Great Gull Island and Plum Island, N Y., 'from which the entire gar''risons are to be withdrawn, will be disposed of under the direction of the Chief "Quartermaster and Chief Commissary of Subsistence of the department, previous to "the departure of the responsible officers. "The Quartermaster' s Department will furnish the transportation; the Subsistence "Department will arrange for the necessary subsistence. "The travel enjoined is necessary for the public service. "By command of Brigadier-General Gillespie : "GEORGE ANDREWS, Assistant Adjutant-General. "Official : HERMAN C SCHUMM, 1st. Lieutenant 2d Artillery. ''Aide-de-Camp.'' It came out afterwards that in the commands at Portland, where they were supposed to be having such a picnic, a petition had been circulated among the men and signed by the greater number, that an effort be made to have the regiment see active service. Nothing of this, however, was known at the time, except, of course, among the signers. In behalf of the regiment, it must be said they fully understood tpat in the work to which they had assigned, they were


DURING SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR. fully performing their duties as soldiers They had obeyeq orders, and that promptly, and all of the time consumed in waiting, had been util ized in the best manner in learning and practicing the duties which to a great extent were new to all of them. The mere matter of drill is a small part of the work which must be done by a field or line officer in service By Saturday, July 16, 1898, the l ast company arrived at Niantic and the whole command was for the first time assembled. That part of the command which was at Fort Knox left there at 4:50 o'clock A M July 14th, and arrived at Niantic about 9 o'clock that evening. The greater part of the needed equipment and supplies was provided there from the government or from the state, the latter taking receipts from the regimental quartermaster. On Monda y July 18th, regiment left camp for Camp Alger, arriving at Dunn Loring statiqp, about one mile from camp, on Tuesday noon. The following extract from the N E W YORK SuN of July 19, 1898, shows what the SuN reporter thought of the command which he in spected as they filed past him onto the ferry boat at Harlem River: YANKEES OFF TO THE FRONT. THE FIRST CONNECTICU T REGIMENT PASSES THROUGH THIS CITY. "The First Connecticut Volunteers, as fine a regiment of men as has been seen in "New York since the war began, came down from Niantic last night on the New York, "'New Haven & Hartford Railroad on the way to Camp Alger, Falls Church, Va., where "the regiment will join Butler' s brigade. "The 48 offi cers and 1,279 men arrived at the Harlem River Station at 8 o'clock on a "four-section train. A Central New Jersey ferry boat was waiting for them there to "take them to the railroad station in Jersey City. The regimental band played "The Star Spangled Banner,' 'Dixie' and 'The Stars and Stripes Forever', while the men were "embarking and the thousand or more New Yorkers who had turned out to give the Con "necticut boys a welcome sw arned on the nearby bridge across the Harlem and cheered "themselves hoarse. The Yankees did some cheering, too. They were bubl:J'ling' over "with enthusiam because they were at last bound for the South. Charles L Burdett was as happy as anybody in the regiment. His head_ "quarters for the past few weeks have been away up in Maine, at old Fort Knox, on the "Penobscot, eighteen miles below Bangor. Four companies were stationed there, "garrisoning a fort of old smooth-bore guns. Two companies were at Fort Preble, Port-


52 HISTORY OF THE FIRST REGIMENT "land, one at Fort Constitution, Portsm0uth, two at Plum Island and one at Gull Island. 'Our right was at Gull Island', said the Colonel last night, 'and our left was up in "the Maine woods, in the suburbs of Bucksport. I tell you we are mighty glad to get "'somewhere near the front, and if we don' t see some fighting before long we'll be as 'dissapointed a lot of men as can be found in the country. We were mustered in on 'May 18, the first Connecticut volunteers to enter the service, and I tell you I've kept 'the wires warm ever since asking for marching orders. Did you ever see a finer body 'of men? You ought to have seen them on the parade ground. And if we ever do 'get to the front, jus t watch the battle reports for the doings of the First Connecticut. "'A week ago Sunday I got a telegram from General Hawley saying the we were 'to go south. The moment the boys heard it there was a hubbub at Fort Knox. The 'band turned out and se:enaded headquarters, and about the first thing the men did 'was to set fire to the tempora r y huts we had built there out of saplings. 'The boys had no more use for the huts. General Hawley's telegram told us that 'the regiment was to be ordered south at the personal request of the President, and the "'President' s note to the War Department was a part of the telegram.' "The regiment has for its nucleus the First Connecticut National Guard Regiment. 'Five companies come from Hartford, three from New Britain, and one each from "South Manchester, Rockille, Meriden and Danbury. "The Meriden and Danbury companies were added to the regiment to make the full "quota. The Meriden men are without rifles. Their rifles were shipped direct to Falls "Church and will be there when the regiment arrives. "'The field and staff officers are: Colonel, Charles L. Burdett; Lieutenant-Colonel, "Andrew G. Hammond; Senior Major, John Hickey; Junior Major, Edward Schulze; "Regimental Adjutant, Jonathan M Wainwright; Quartermaster, Arthur H Bronson; "Battalion Adjutants, Patrick J Cosgrove and Frank E. Johnson; Surgeon, Major "Thomas F. Rockwell; Assistant Sergeons, Lieutenant Richard S. G.riswold and John D. "McCook; Chaplain, Henry H. Kelsey. "Lieutenant-Colonel Hammond was a Captain in the Eighth Cavalry when the war "broke out. Colonel Burdett telegraphed him asking him if he would like to be Lieu "tenant Colonel of the First Connecticut. 'You can guess I didn't take time consider 'ing the matter', said the Lieutenant Colonel last night, 'for my regiment was left in 'the west to look out for the Sioux I'ndians, and there was no chance of seeing any 'fighting out there.' "The Connecticnt boys left Jersey City at 11 :30 o'clock. One train carried baggage "and horses. Three trains carried the troops-and the mascots, a bull pup and a goat. "Senator Hawley arrived at Niantic a few hours before the regiment left. He "was enthusiastically received. He made a speech giving the men words of encourage ment. The Third Connecticut escorted the First to the Niantic station."


.. CAMP ALGER. VA. Camp of First Connecticut Volunteer Infantry July and August 1898.


DURING SPANISH-AMF.RICAN WAR. 55 The train was made up of three se ctions, the first arriving in Was hington at nine o'clock and the others following at twenty minute inter v al s The regiment m arc h ed from the B. & 0. depot, near the Capitol, across the city to a station of the S outhern Railroad on Maryland Ave. and 12th Street. The r egi m ent had over r,362 officers and men at this time on duty, without a sick man in the hospital and the promptness with which the transfer was made and the regiment embarked and dis embarked, was greatly to the credit o f Quartermaster Bronson and t q the command. Superintendent Ryder, of the Southern Railroad, sa id it was the only regiment o f the thirty thousand troops that had been handled b y the Southern R a il road, that had s ucceeded in getting Washington and out t o Camp A lger in le ss than a da y, a nd h e was greatly at the system with which everything was done. The regiment.had m a rch ed through Washington in heav y marching order, and in hot weather, which was extreme l y trying to men acc u s tomed to cool breezes of the New England coast They disembarked frotn the train at Dunn L or in g and formed on roads that were heav y with dust and under the h ea t o f a sun that was almost tropical in the intensity of its h eat. The com mand had been assigned to the First Division, Second Army Corps, whi c h was under command of MajorGeneral M. C Butler, and Majo r Wright, Divis ion Quartermaster, and Captain Brooks Di v i sion Commissary, were at the station when the command arrived. As soon as the horses we re detrained, Colonel commanding and Captain Brooks, at the request o f the former, rode over to the camping ground assign ed to the regiment, which was about a mile from the station, the regiment to proceed under command of Lieuten ant-Colonel Hammond, as soon as the three battalions had arrived. The camp ground was found to be a n o ld corn field overgrown with rag weed, and located o n the main road from Falls Church to Fairfax Court House, a short distance from the Merrifield pike. This was sa id b y some old settlers to be the very ground on which the fir s t Conn ec ticut regiment had encamped in the war of the R e bellion Be tha t as it may, the whole section near Fall s Church, which i s about three mile s east from Dunn Loring s tati o n was a m os t familiar se ction to many of the C onnecticut men during that war, whether the prec i se loc ality had be e n occupied by any Connecticut regiment before or n ot.


HISTORY OF THE FIRST REGIMEN'!' It was found that the Division Engineer had not yet established the lines or laid out the camp, and after a careful survey of the ground the Colonel rode back along the road to see what had become of the regi ment, which by that time should have arrived. They were found about a half mile back resting in a large field, next to the camp of Eighth Pennsylvania, it appearing that the other staff officer, Major Wright, had been unable to guide them any further. A large number of the men had fallen out owing to the heat, but the regiment was called to attention, and in the pouring rain continued its march to the camp ground. An effort was made to get some shelter along a line of bushes at one side of the ground, but the only thing to do appeared to be to take things as they came, and in fact the cold rain proved to be a great bene in cooling the air and in reviving the men, who were exhausted by the heat. The Division Engineer, Major Pierce, was soon on the ground, and assisted by details from the companies of the regiment, pro ceeded to lay out the camp. The Colonel, Lieutenant-Colonel, and Adjutant, at once rode over to the main camp at Falls Church, about two miles and a half to the east, to report to the Corps Commander, General Graham, and also to the Division Headquarters to General Butler. On their return to the new camp it was found that nearly all the tents had been pitched, the kitchens established, and the men rapidly' settling down. The storm having cleared away, after about two hours of heavy rain, the-spirits of the men quickly revived. No attempt was made at a tactical arrangement of tents, but the headquarter tents were established where the best results could be secured and the best uses made of the ground. The color line extended very nearly east and west, the tent of the Lieutenant-Colonel, Senior and Junior Majors being established opposite the center of the respective commands or battalions, the first being on the right. Two large hospital tents with the dispensary were located near the east end of the the line, opposite the third battalion. The headquarter tent was pitched on the south side of the ground nearly opposite the center, leaving a broad parade between it and the camp. The Colonel and the Staff were located near the southeast quarter of the ground, and the stables established in the southwest corner. The ground was rolling from the


DURING SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR. 57 CAMP ALGER. T he C olo rs at Co. A Stree t. east and south, toward th e west and north, the camp l y in g a l o n g a sor t of spur or ridge that provided for drain age both ways from the center of the camp in each street Within twenty-four h ours everything was in running order, and the dail y routine had been taken up. It was expected that the regiment would proceed within a few days t o Newport ews, en route for Porto Rico with the first exped iti o n to that point, but through some influence this was prevented, and they rnw Squadron A lea v e camp on the 23d o f July o n its way to Porto Rico, while the regiment remained at A lger for about ten days before a n y dis position was made as to its assignment.


HISTORY OF THE FIRST REGIME T CHAPTER VII. CAMP ALGER. GAMP ALGER, Va., was located about sixteen miles southwest of Washington, on the line of the Southern R a ilroad and in the vil lage of Falls Church. The soil i s the well -known Virginia clay tha t a fter a rain storm, produces roads almost impassab le and in dry weathe r furnish cloud s of dust. There was no natural wate r supply at the place, or in the vicinity, nor were there a n y facilities for bathing. CAMP ALGER. P itchi ng Camp in the rain This was the camp of the S e cond Army Corps, under the command of Majo r-General W M. Graham, U. S. A., and the corps numbered 2 5,000 m en. At the time the First C. V. I. .}Vas ordered to this camp a large part h ad been condemned as unfit for use on account of its unsa nitary conditio n a nd the lack of the n eeded water suppl y T ypho id fever, which i s e nd e mic in this v illage of Falls Church, h ad broken out


DURING SPANlSH-AMERICAN WAR. 59 and prevailed to an alarming extent among the troops. It had been found necessary to move to new grounds on the old Chittenden farm near the Dunn Loring station, this having been chosen for the nevv camp. The Eighth Pennsylvania had been moved to this new ground, and the First Connecticut was the second organization to camp on the farm. There was no river or large stream near the camp of the First, and a driven well about two hundred yards from the north line and on a road running along the eastern boundary of the camp was the so le source of supply for the regiment. Within a few days after the regiment arrived, another driven well was started near the western end of the camp CAMP ALGER. Dr. McCook at Hartford Tent. ground, and within the limits of the camp. It took about ten days to get this in shape, but in the meantime the Third Virginia had been moved over from the old camp and was established on the field directly north of the First Connecticut. The single pump was then used by the some 2,600 men of these two commands. A small stream of water that ran along the north side of the camp, between the ground occupied by the First Connecticut and the Third Virginia, and along the west side of the ground through some thick


60 HISTORY OF THE FIRST REGlMEN'l' bushes, supplied the only water available for bathing, and only a few could use this at one time. It was not long before the men discovered that the most efficient way to take a bath was to wait for a heavy rain storm, and then turn out with not enough clothing on to interfere with the ceremony. This usually occurred in the evening, but was a common occurrence, and no attention was paid to it by the commanding officers, who recognized the need of the bath, and the absolute lack of any other means of supplying the need. CAMP ALGER. Quartermaster Bronson busy-as usual. There was a rumor prevalent that in the early history of Camp Alger brigades had marched over to the river, about seven miles away, for the purpose of bathing, and then marched back again to Camp Alger, arriving at the camp in fit condition to repeat the bath that they had taken at the other end of the route. No such custom as this was ever observed during the time that the First Connecticut was at the camp. By the rst of August the Thirteenth Pennsylvania, the First New Jersey, the Seventh Ohio and the Sixty-Fifth New York, making up the whole of the First Division, and the Division Headquarters, had moved over to the new camp. The First Division Hospital was estab lished on a lot just east of that occupied by the Third Virginia, and but a short distance from the ground occupied by the First Connecticut, and at a later date a section of Signal Corps, attached to the Second Army Corps, was established in camp near the Division Headquarters.


DURING SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR. 61 CAMP ALGER. Gua r d M o unt. Inspecti o n The camp of the First Connec ti cut was so arrange d that a space behind the kitchens on the north side of the ground, about two hundred yards wide b y twelve hundred feet long, provided a place where the companies could manceuvre in clo se order drill eac h moving toward the west line of the camp and the n around the right flank on to a field over three hundred f ee t wide by twe lv e hundred feet long; irregular and broken as to its surface, and affording a good ground for the drilling of companies in extended order. The drill prescribed, in fact required each company to move down the rear of the camp in cl ose order, and execute the extended order drill, mo v in g up the ground toward the east. The Colonel 's tent b eing es tabli s h ed a t the southeas t corner of the ground, n ea r the hig h es t part, e nabl ed hini t o readily see from his headquarters the drills and mancevres on the ground. CAMP ALGER. Gua rd Mount. M arch P ast


HlS'I'ORV OF THE FIR. ST llEGIMENT Shortly after the regiment arrived at this camp, a practice march was undertaken under command of the Lieutenant-Colonel, but when they were about four miles from camp the flanking parties and advance guards were threatened with arrest by the Provost Guard of the Corps, on the ground that they were off the main road. The flankers and advance guard were drawn in and the regiment returned to camp to undertake no more practice marches or other mancevres of the kind while they remained in camp. The tents occupied by the men were what are known as A wall tents, about eight feet square, and in each of these tents six men had been obliged to sleep, with all their uniforms and equipments. When it is noted that eight feet means ninety-six inches, and that a sixth of that means sixteen inches, the crowded condition pf the tent, in which neither one of the men could move or turn over without disturbing his tent mate, can be appreciated. CAMP ALGER. Regiment at Drill. The need of more tents had been forcibly called to the attention of the War Department, and requisitions had been put in repeatedly. This crowded condition of the .tents could be borne by the men while they were in a cold climate, but at Camp Alger, where the temperature was often over a hundred degrees in the shade during the day, and not much lower during the night, the extreme danger to health from this condi tion could not but be apparent.


DURING SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR. As a matter of fact, within a few days after the First arrived at camp, a large number of the men preferred to sleep in the furrows of the open field, rather than to sleep in a tent, and in fact the latter was practically impossible with any comfort. So long as there was a pro s pect that the regiment would be s 'ent to the front, no complaints were made by the men and no grumbling, but they took what came simply as a part of what might expect; but as the days went by and the typhoid fever which prevailed in the camp began to take hold of the men of the regiment, discontent appeared in.some quarters, but it was by no means general throughout the companies. CAMP ALGER. Third Battalion at Drill Majo r Schulze. Quartermaster-Bronson and Commissary-Sergeant Prescott were untiring in their efforts to administer the affairs of their departments so that the men should have every comfort possible, and their efforts were crowned with success. About forty-seven dollars per month was made by each company during this whole term of service, and this amount went into the company fund to be used in extending and varying the army ration. The regular army ration provides for the issue of specified quantities of different component meat, potatoes1 bread, vinegar, etc., and if a company does not use up its allowance of several of these articles, they are allowed the value in money of the part not cons.urned.


HISTORY OF THE FIRST REGIMENT CAMP ALGER. Aids t o Qu arterm aste r and C ommi ssary Earl y in A u g ust an order was i ssued from C orps H eadq uarters, brigading the First Regim ent, and in compliance with that order the following wa s i ss u e d : "BRIGADE HEADQUARTERS, SECOND BRIGADE, THIRD DIVISION, SECOND ARMY CORPS, CAMP ALGER, VA., Aur.usT 2, 1898 "GENERAL ORDER, NO. 1. "In complia nce with G. O. No. 59, Second Army Co rps, Camp Al ger, V _irginia, A u g ust 2d, 1 898, the unders i g ned assumes command of the Second "Brigade, Third Division, Second Army Corps. CHARLES L BURDETT, Colonel First Conn. Volunteer Infantry, Commanding Brigade." CAMP ALGER. Re g i m e n tal Headquarte rs M a j or Hic k ey, C omma ndi n g Regiment.


DURING SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR. CAMP ALGER Brigade H eadquarters. R e ceivi n g or ders from Division H eadquarters The Third Virginia and the S econd South Carolina re giments were assigned to this brigade bnt the latter had not ye t left its state, s o that the brigade was made up o f the First Connecticut and the Third Virgmia. As soon as the Third Virginia had established itself on the ground next to the First Connecticut, a concert was tendere d to Colonel Nolle and the officers of the Third Virginia b y Colonel Burdett, and the tender being accepted, the band of the First reported early in the evening at the h eadquarters of Colon e l Nolle. The band had been practicing on well -known southern airs, and very early in the concert played "Dixie" in a that caused the Virginians to raise the whol e CAMP ALGER. R egime nt at Drill.


66 HISTORY OF THE FIRST REGIMENT camp with the peculiar southern yell. The two regiments soon estab lished friendly relations, and it got to be a regular custom for the First Regiment Band, after its evening concert in one or the other of the company streets, to march down along the regimental line playing "Dixie,'' an occurrence which was always received by the Virginians with loud yells of approval. On August 2, 1898, the following order was issued from the War Department, and the men again rejoiced in a renewed prospect of service at the front: CAMP ALGER. Company Drill. E x tend e d Orde r "WAR DEPARTMENT, ADJUTANT-GENERAL' S OFFIC E, GENERAL ORDERS NO. 111. '\VASHINGTON, D. C., A UGUST 2 1898. "The commanding officers of the following U S Volunteer Infantry, will report to Major-General J F. Wade, U. S Volunteers, War Department, Wash .. ington, District of Columbia, by telegraph, for instructions and orde rs : "First Rhode Island, First North Carolina, First New Hampshire, First New Jersey, "Second Texas, First Maine, Fourth Missouri, First Al abama, First Vermont, First West "Virginia, First Connecticut, Third Tennessee, Twenty-Second New York, First Arkan sas, Fifty-Second Iowa, Third Virginia, First Delaware, and Firs t Maryland. "These regiments will be organized into brigades, a s follows: "First Brigade-First Rhode Fourth Mis souri, Twenty-Second New York. "Second Brigade-First North C arolina, First Alaba m a First Arkansas. "Third Brigade-First New Hampshire, First Vermont, Fifty-Second Iowa. "Fourth Brigade-First New Jersey, First West Virginia Third Virginia. "Fifth Brigade-Second Texas, First Connecticut, Firs t Del a w are. "Sixth Brigade-First Maine, Third Tennessee, Firs t M aryland.


bURING SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR. Major-General \Vade, U S. Volnnteers, is, by direction of the Secretary of War, "'assigned to command of these brigades, and will conduct "them to Porto Rico. On his "arrival there he will report to Major-General John R. Brooke, U. S. Army, for duly '' with the forces under the immediate direction of the Major General commanding the "army. "The commanding generals of the several Army Corps in which the. se regiments "are now serving are enjoined to give General Wade every possible assistance in the movements herein ordered. "These regiments are detached from the corps "\\ ith which they are now serving "for this campaign only, and at the termination of which they will be returned to their "respective corps. They will be accounted for on all returns as on detached service. "On completion of this service, General Wade will resume command of the Third "Army Corps. By order of the Secretary of War, CAMP ALGER. "H. C. CORBIN, Adjutant-General." C ompany Drill-The Charge. A renewed interest was shown in the drills and the men began to get rid of a ll surplu s parts of uniform and equipment, so as to be ready to move in the lightest possible marching order. August 12th, how ever, came without any order having been received for the regiment to proceeq to any seaboard for transportation, and on that day the Protocol was s igned which practically ended the war. The effect upon the troops was most disheartening. Several of the men had come down with what was termed by the surgeon, typhoid m alaria, owing to the peculiar nature of the temperature curves and other symptoms shown b y the patient. This soon proved to be the


68 1-IISTORV OF THE FIRST R EG I ME r 1' c amp or t yp h o i d f ever, as i t was ca ll ed, a n d the m e n were moved from the Regimental H o spital t o a spec i a l w ard iri the Firs t Division Hos pital, w h e r e they could receive extra and c ontinuo u s care. This remova l of the t ypho id pati ents was c a u se d b y the greatly increased numbe r of cases, r equiring treatment in the regimental hospital which so on b eca m e ove r crowded. As soo n as it b e c a m e evident that the cases o f a se ri o u s n ature we r e rap i d l y i ncrea sing in number arrangements we r e m ade for se ndin g the s ick men to the Ha'rtford H os pital. In a ve r y s h ort tim e the r e we r e a d oze n or more of these se ri o u s case s not ye t so far a dvanc e d as t o m a k e the journey a fata l one, and they w e r e sent in p arlo r c a r s fr o m Dunn L oring throug h to Hart ford In on e o r two ins t a nc es the c ases we r e so se ri o u s tha t the patients w e r e r e m ove d fr o m the ca r s a n d l e ft in New Have n CAMP ALGER. H os pital C o r p s Busy. From this tim e o n the m en be ing fu ll y co n vince d tha t the war was o v e r and tha t they wo ul d h ave n o o pportunity t o see acti ve s ervice, and in v i e w of the autho rized publicatio n s in the p a p e r s tha t one hundred tho u sand of the volun t eers would b e d i sc h a rged and that the wishes of the men in this regard w ould b e co n s id e r e d b y the War Department in selectin g the r eg im ents, n ea rl y a ll o f the regim ents in the vicinity of the Firs t C onnecticut evi nc e d a w i s h t o be mus t e r ed out. Camp rumors spre ad like wild fire, but it w as soo n l earne d as a m atter of fact, that, throug h the efforts o f the Governo r o f ew York, the Six t y-Fifth New


DURING SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR. York was to be mustered out, and then the First New Jersey; after that the Seventh Ohio, and the feeling soon spread through the First Connecticut that if the government had no further need of their services for active work, and if they could have the privilege of deciding the ques tion, they would like to be mustered out. CAMP ALGER. Max w it h meat ration for N o n-C om m is si o n ed Staff. The monotony of life at Camp Alger was varied by many incidents, and one of a serious nature was the shooting of one of the guard. On Saturday, August 13th, Private Wilbur F. Charter, of Company C, while on post near the guard tent on the south side of the camp ground, was struck in the leg by a bullet, which came from the north, where the camp of the Third Virginia was located. During the evening the camps of the different regiments had been illuminated by candles being stuck into the socket of a bayonet, which was fastened to the ridge pole at the front of each tent. The effect was fine, and in the enthusiasm the men began to fire blank cartridges in some of the camps . It was found that after a while ball cartridges were being fired, and many bul lets whistled across tlie lines of the First Connecticut, all coming from


HISTORV OF TlIE FIRST REGIMENT th e north. Private Charter, while facing toward the north, was struck by a ball fired from a Colt's army revolver, and dropped to the grouI,ld. He was taken up, carried to the hospital, and the ball, which was found to have splintered the bones of the leg about four inches above the ankle, was extracted by Surgeon Rockwell. For several days after this, pieces of bone were extracted from the wound, but through it all Private Charter showed great pluck and endurance. He was the only man of the First who was injured by a shot wound during the service, but did not have the satisfaction of receiving it from the enemy. CAMP ALGER. Ordi n ance officer; reports progress.


CAMP ALGER. DIVISION AND BRIGADE COMMANDERS. Majo r Gen eral M C. Butl e r C om manding I st Divisio n 2d Army C o rps Brigadier-Genera l Plum e, Brig. I st Div., 2d A C Brigadier-G eneraJ Gobin Brig, 1st Div., 2d A. C C o l onel Burdett 2d Br i ga de, 2d A C.


DURING SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR. 73 CHAPTER VIII: MUSTER OUT. IN the latter part of August the First Connecticut Volunteer Infantry was designated as one of the regiments to be mustered out from the United States serv ice and about two weeks would be taken in the preparation of books, papers, and descriptive lists under an extremely elaborate order. A physical examination of each man was included in the program, so as to reduce as largely as possible any future pension list. By the last of August nearly all the regiments had left the camp ground, and the sickness in the First increased to such an extent that authority to have it sent to iantic, Conn., there to prepare for the muster out was obtained. A thirty days' furlogh was ordered, the plan being, that as soon as the papers were completed, the men would be given the furlough, and then return to camp for the final muster out. It was thought desirable to send the regiment to Niantic to change the climate, and the reports of the State Board of Health. as to the excellent sanitary condition of the camp ground, apparently rendered the movement safe. On September 7th the First C. V I. left Camp Alger for Camp Haven, Connecticut, in three sections, the baggage train leaving early in the morning, and each battalion following in its proper order. The trip was made on time and without accident, the first battalion arriving in Niantic about 9 A M., on September 8th, and going into camp on the south side of the ground near the gate. The second battalion ar rived within an hour, and wen,t into camp on the south side of the ground about one hundred yards east of the first, and the third, when it arrived, also camped on the south side of the ground, and about one hundred yards east of the second. An encampment of the C. N G. had been ordered at Niantic for six days beginning Monday, September 1:zth1 but O\VingtQ the s ickness


74 HISTORY OF THE FIRST REGIMENT prevalent m the camp, the order was revoked. It was stated t hat typhoid fever had been brought to the camp ground by the First C V. I., and this was given as the reason for revoking the order for encampment. The following report shows the true condition of affairs: "HEADQUARTERS FIRST C. V. I., Hon. Lorrin A. Cooke, Governor of Connecticut, Hariford, Conn. : HARTFORD, CONN., SEPlEMBER 26, 1898. "SIR :-I have the honor to submit the following in c!onnection with the questi on as to the sanitary condition of the state military rendezvous at Niantic, Conn., and t h e possibility of its further use as the camping place for troops: A few days before the First Regiment reported at Camp Haven early in May, 18()8. a sample of the water from the wells on the camp ground was obtained, and by my direction a careful analysis made. The analysis and tests were made by Dr. A. I. Wolff, of Hartford, and Assistant Surgeon Dr. J.B. McCook. Regarding the water, the r eport says: "I take this opportunity to embody here the findings made in regard to a sample sent to me in Hartford, May 3d, in pursuance of orders from this camp. The sample showed less than one-eighth of a grain per gallon (of chlorides). The bacteri o logical analysis by the Kashida petri plate method, showed of typhoid or co lon bacilli. These analyses were made May 3d and 4th. I take pleasure in stating that Dr vVolff reported this water as the finest he had ever examined." I would state that it has been my fixed rule while in the field to have a C"-reful pre liminary analysis made of the water at each new camping gronnd or new well before allowing it to be used by the troops. If the report from the analysis was unfavorable, the use of the well was forbidden, and it was filled up or placed under guard to prevent the use of the water. On May 4th the regiment reached camp about !JOO strong. On May 27th a report on the general health of the camp was submitted by Dr. McCook by my orders. The report states : "The general health of the men bas been excellent. Colds generally complicated by malaria, that is the major number of cases treated in quarters and at the hospital. * None of the patients in the hospital were seriously sick, and taking into account that the water was exceedingly trying, the health of the camp has been phenom enal." "The above report will also apply to the as a fair statement of the health during the whole tour of duty at Camp Haven until the regiment left there in June. When the command reached Camp Haven on September 8th, it went into camp on the south side of the ground. Dr. McCook in his report, assisted by Dr. Rockwell, said: "Since typhoid has been for some time present, to a disquieting extent in 'The Third,' and the Battery located to its left, I strongly recommend that the First Connec-


DURING SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR. 75 ticut Volunteer Infantry be not moved to that side of the field, and that new sinks be soon established for its use. Lieutenant Griswold, Assistant Surgeon, reported to tlle same effect. The reports submitted by the surgeons are full and give in detail the reasons for the conclusions. A telegram from Captain Beach, Battery C, to tlle Chief Surgeon, Department of tlle East, sent on September 11th, at his own instance, reads as follows: .Serious outbreak of sickness at Camp HaYen, Niantic. Post Surgeon recommends instant abandonment of camp and transfer of eleven ascertained and four suspected cases of typhoid in Battery C, First C. V. A to state hospitals or homes. Condition of camp discovered to be such that continuance of o.::cupancy menaces health of entire command and certainly will result in many more typhoid Morni11g report, Battery C shows eight absent in hospitals, five in camp hospitals, thirteen on sick leav. e, ten sick in quar-ters, aggregate strength 194 * *" That typhoid existed in camp prior to the coming of Lbe Regiment is shown by the above, and the report of Dr. Griswold dated September 13, 1898, and giving the result of his visit to the Memorial Hospital at New London on that day. He reports that he found ten soldiers there sick with typhoid fever. Of these, six were from Battery C, and four from the Third Connecticut; One-third of the cases were very serious, and tne others in fair condition. With regard to tqese cases the report says: "From the temperature curves and bedside history, the diagnosis i s without doubt_ typhoi d. These men have been ill with the fever for periods of from fourteen to thirtytwo days" I caused an analysis to be made of samples of water taken from five wells, three on the south side of the ground, and two on the north side. The three wells are located as follows: No. 1, near the hospital; No. 2, near the headquarter stable on the sollth side of the ground; No. 3, near the empiacement at the southeast corner of the ground. The other wells were at about the center of the line opposite the second and third mess houses. These wells are located far enough apart to furnish a thorough test of the condition of the whole water supply underlying the camp ground. The analysis and report were made by Dr. A. J. Wolff, Bacteriologist of the Hartford Board oF Health. Dr. 'Volff says of this water, that "its use should be prohibited," and also "my opinion is that the water I examined is dangerously polluted with animal excreta A copy of his report in full is submitted h erewith. I have the honor to report that there is no doubt but what the facts regarding the unsanitary condition of the camp ground and the water supply thoroughly support and show the wisdom of your decision in revoking the order for any further occupancy of the ground this year by state troops. I would also respectfully call your attention to the fact that radical measures will have to be taken before any troops can with safety be permitted to occupy the state military rendezvous at Niantic again. Very respectfully, Your obedient senant, CHARLES L. BURDETT. Commanding First Regiment, C. V. l."'


HISTORY OF THE FIRST REGIMENT Officers designated by the Adjutant General U.S. A. to muster out the Regiment were: Captain Walter Howe, Fourth Artillery, Captain Wisser, Sixth. Artillery, and when the books and papers had been prepared to their satisfaction, the regiment, on September 20th, left camp on thirty days' leave, with order to report back for muster out on October 21st. The place of muster out was afterwards changed from Niantic camp ground, to Hartford and New Britain. Companies A, B, C, F, G, H, K, Land M were mustered out at Hartford, and Companies D, E and I in New Britain. On October 21st, when the commands reported, it was found that a large amount of the work of preparation of muster-out rolls had to be done over, and it was October 31st before the final muster out was ac complished. A large number of the men were sick at the time of muster out, many being taken down ofter leaving on furlough. There were over eighty at one time sick with typhoid at the Hartford Hospital alone, where, however, the men received most excellent care and treatment, and the percentage of loss was extremely small. A hospital was started in New Britain, where the best of care and attendance was given to men of the regiment who were sick. The volunteer regiment that on May 4th, 1898, had left the city with highest hopes and eager to take part in the contest at the call of the nation, had served for many months at various posts, preparing, waiting for and expecting the opportunity for active service at the front, but through no fault of the command, had been doomed to disappoint ment. At a later date, in the command, His Excellency, Governor Lounsbury, said: "A year ago you enlisted at the call of your country, and to its cause, without hesitation and without condition, you offered your hopes, your energies and your lives. There can be no higher devotion than this. If this had fought on a score of battlefields and had mingled its blood with every soil, it could not have shown a deeper co11secration, nor merited from the state and the nation a profounder gratitude." Although the First Connecticut Infantry, U. S. Volunteers, had ceased to exist as an organization, its nucleus, the First C. N. G., re mained. The companies were gradually reduced in strength from 84


DURING SPANlSH-AMERIC'AN WAR. 77 (and in some instances over 100), to 68, and so far as the o:(ificers and men were concerned, stood ready to perform the regular routine duties incident to the service. The state authorities, however, were unable to provide either arms, uniforms, or equipment, and when the orders to resume drill were issued in November, the First Regiment was excused until such time as it could be properly armed, uniformed and equipped Months passed without this desired result, and not until May, 1899, could the needed equipment be obtained. At that date two companies were without uniforms and could not get the outfit until late in June.


HISTORY OF THE FIRST REGIMENT THEY. M. C. A . HE_ story of the experience of the First Connecticut Volunteers v l would not be complete without mention of the work of the Young Men's Christian Association. When the regiment reached Niantic, May 4th, we found a Young Men's Christian Associa.tion tent already up and provided with papers, books and writing materials, with a representative of the Association in charge. The library in the tent was soon much increased by a generous contribution sent from the Hartford Public Library, which was repeated later, and by gifts from \ individuals. When the regiment was broken up and scattered along the coast, the Young Men's Christian Association could not follow us Each section, however, took with them a number of books, and looked out for itself as best it could. In some cases generous gifts of reading matter were forwarded to the men by the friends at home. When we had been assembled and sent to Camp Alger, we were scarcely settled in the corn field of Crittenden Farm before the alert Field Secretary of the Young Men's Christian Association found us out and offered us a tent. Good fortune favored us. In the movement of regiments a large tent 40 x 60 feet was just then out of commission. Would we like it? Indeed, we did both like and want it. In a few hours the tent was discovered, abo .ut supper time, dumped near the road. The fact was scarcely known by Colonel Burdett when, with character istic energy we fell to, with a score of willing helpers, and in a few minutes the tent was up. The place at first selected was at the left of the line near the road, but Virginia dust was too much to endure. Neither the tent or the men could stand it. The next day it was moved to the right of the line to a place quiet and equally convenient. In most instances a Young Men's Christian Association tent was maintained in each regiment, and each was in charge of a secretary, who in some cases, had an assistant The Young Men's Christian As-


DURI G SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR. 79 sociation workers of each division lived together. Their headquarters in the First Division were in the pasture adjacent to our field and near the big tent. We were thus sure of knowing of any good thing avail able for the entertainment or profit of our men and several advantages thus accrued to us. The Secretaries who had charge of the work in the First Regiment were Mr. L. D Young, a student from Princeton Theological and Mr. W. A. Davenport, Assistant __ Secretary of the Young Men.,s Christian Association, of Grand Rapids, Michigan. They were capital fellows, whom the men all liked. They not only cared for the tent,. and made it attractive for the men, but they were always on the alert to serve the men in any way possible. Their kindness and manly Christian courtesy were thoroughly appreciated. The tent was the genera. I rendezvous of the men when off duty. It was usually well filled most of the day and every evening. There the men wrote their letters; stationery, pens and ink being furnished free. A number of games, checkers, chess and the like, were provided, and were always in use. A considerable library, from which books might be taken to quarters, was liberally used, as were also the good supply of magazines and papers. This tent was the assembly hall for the regiment. [Iere the Chav hin held two services on Sunday, often conducting a song service during the week, at which he would give a brief address. Entertainments were frequently given. One lecturer we shall never forget. only four miles from the home of Robert Fortunately for us, we were Nourse, a lecturer of national reputation. Through Mr. Young he was introduced to us, and first gave us his lecture on "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde." Th tent was crowded, and all were so delighted with the eloquence, and the humor and genial spirit of the lecturer, that afterwards it was only necessary to announce Robert ourse, to fill not only the tent, but hearing room on the outside. Mr. Nourse liked the soldiers, particularly the Connecticut men, and very kindly he came to us a number of times, always bringing good cheer and inspiration to manliness, a help which was thoroughly appreciated and which we gratefnlly remembered.


80 HISTORY OF THE FIRST REGIMENT It would be difficult to estimate the amount of good accomplished through these Young Men's Christian Association tents. They contributed very greatly to the comfort of the men. Such a place for free assembly and diversion was most needed. Letter writing was made easy, and fo,r all inclined to read, a good book or magazine could always be had. There a wholesome tonic for body and mind was provJ#.ed, and a moral and religious influence was present in the camp, which would otherwise have been impossible. The Young Men's Christian Association tent afforded a great lift in the depression which inevitably came with the excessive heat, inactivity and disappointed hope, to which the fever was added


DURING SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR. 81 FINAL CEREMONIES. The council of officers of the regiment decided to recognize m an appropriate manner the sacrifice made by the soldiers who had died as a result of their war service and fixed upon a memorial tablet to be erectt:d in the armory as a proper expression of their feelings. The 18th of May was selected as the day on which the tablet should be unveiled, as that would be the anniversary of the muster in of the command into U S. service, and arrangements were made to hold the ceremony in the armory on the evening of that day : The attendance of His Excellency, Governor Lounsbury, was assured, and he also con sented to receive the war flags of the regiment on behalf of the state on the same evening. In view of an express wish on the part of Adjutant-General"Van Keuren and other officers, a regimental parade was ordered, and that of the First fixed for May 18th. On tbat day the Field, Staff, Band, Hospital Corps and A, B, C, F, G, H and paraded, Companies E and I being without arms or equipment. The regiment had a membership oi ninety-two per cent. of the maximum and of these sixty-fiv e per cent. were veterans of the war. Eighty-six per cent. of the command paraded. The regiment assembled at the armory early in the morning, marched to Colt's Meadows, and put in several hours of battalion and regimental drill with Brig.-General Russell Frost, commanding brigade as Inspector. Early in the afternoon the regiment returned to the Elm Street annory and an eighth company of veterans of the C. V. I., was formed under Captain M. Laubscher (ex-Captain of C Company) Lieutentant Sparks (Lieutenant of H Company) and Second Lieutenant Raymond G Keeney (ex-Second Lieutenant of L Company), and this was designated as the color company. Sergeants Neddo and Leslie, who had carried the colors during the war, carried the colors. After a street parade the regiment at 3:30 P. M. passed in review before Governor Lounsbury and his staff at the Capitol and in a shower of rfii!! turned over the


82 HISTORY OF THE FIRST REGIMENT colors, which were received by His Excellency with a felicitous speech. The command then returned. to the armory and in the presence of the Governor, his staff and invited guests, the memorial tablet was un veiled with appropriate ceremonies Chaplain Kelsey was assisted by ex-Chaplain Voorhes of the Third-C. v. I. The regiment received high commendation from Governor Lounsbury and from General Frost for its excellent soldierly work and ar pearance during the day. On May 18th the resignation of Colonel Burdett was accepted and he was discharged from the military service of the state. The First Regiment Connecticut National Guard, one of the militia regiments of the state, as organized on April 27, 1898, did not cease to exist by becoming th. e nucleus of the First Connecticut Infantry, United Slates Volunteers. The officers were given leaves of absence, and the enlisted men furloughs 'during the whole term of their s ervice in the war, and cin their return they reported for duty, so that no break what ever in the existence of the First C. N. G. was created The result is that the First C. G. has a war record which cannot be taken away from it, but will be prized by its future members in years to come as something beyond price


.. DURlNG SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR. Jlppendix. GOVERNOR LOUNSBUR Y'S SPEECH. "Colonel Burdett and Soldier's of the First Regiment:-As the r

CIRCULAR: HISTORY 011' THE FIRST REGIMENT HEADQUARTERS FIRST REGIMENT, CONNECTICUT NATIONAi,, GUARD, HARTFORD, CONN, MAY 19, ( A M.) 1899. After a service in the Connecticut National Guard of nearly 20 years, of which over ten years have been spent with this regiment, the commanding officer takes this occa-sion to thank the many officers and men who have served with him for their faithful w ork. in the performance of military duty during the years the regiment was building a reputation for excellence, to its honor and that of the State. It was the privilege of this militia regiment, the 1st C. N. G., to answer the first call of the Nation for volunteers for service in the Spanish-American war; and of those who were enrolled when tht regiment was designated all responded, except the band. One hundred per cent .. of the officers who were in the service in March, 1898, and all men, as stated, on the rolls on April 25th, put aside all civil occupations and ex their to do their full duty in taking up arms for liberty and humanity at the Nation's call. l There were no appeals to patriotism, no hysterical shouting and waving of flags, but the simple statement of a duty, and, in the face of a local public opinion as chilling as death, the regiment prepared for a soldier's work and fate. Every step in its career in service in the field has upheld the honor of the regiment and the State, All orders were promptly obeyed, and the commendation of superior officers gained on every occasion which presented. Where the responsibility lies for the stinging disgrace put upon' the regiment by its dismemberment, assignment to summer resorts, and exclusion from service in action time may disclose, but you do not need the assurance of your commanding officer that 1t is not with the officers or men of the command, which after weeks of camp service went iq the later part of July, 1 8 9 8 with not one of its 1,362 men sick in hospital or quarters, and all eager for duty at the front. It may be some consolation to reflect that the same disma 1 fate befell all the organizations from the State, and that a greatful country has bestowed the name Connecticut" upon a coast defense monitor. To you, however, belongs a record for war service which cannot be taken away and should be kept in view while the command exists, and preserved as tenderly as you have the memory of your dead comrades of the C. V I. In spite of the extreme resentment at the treatment received, the lack of arms, 1.miforms and equipments until the past few weeks, the command has 65 per cent. of


DURING SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR. the 1st Connecticut Volunteer Infantry in its ranks and is in sound condition. By long hours of continued work on field day, yesterday, performed in a most soldierlj manner, officers and men showed their sterling military qualities and ability and for it have my heartiest congratulations and thanks. The service flags of the war command, hallowed by the fate, if not the blood, of your dead comrades, rest now iu the care of the State, and they have a deeper significance even than as relics of a war, for in that war all sectional lines were erased and with a common purpose and under the old flag our country has been established as a Nation among the Nations. They commemorate this reunion. In this event, in this result, you had an active .part. Keep in mind the soldier's first duty, obedience to orders, the record you have made in years past, and the duty you owe to State and Nation and the future holds for you a yet larger share of public opinion and esteen than you have gained; but look to your own knowledge of the conscientious discharge of your soldierly duties for your only reward. By command of OFFICIAL: ARTHUR H. BRONSON, Captain and Adjutant. COLONEL, CHAS. L. BURDETT.


(COPIED FROM MEMORIAL TABLET.) first onnecticut Tnfantry, U. S. Uolunteers, ('first l{egiment, e. n 6 .) In memory of those soldiers of this command who died as a resull of service in the SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR. 1 8 98-1 8 9!>. COMPANY A Musician John W. Lehnemann, September 24, I898. COMPANY B. John P. Flynn, May 5, I898. COMPANY c. Sergeant Jaines W. Milne, September 26, I898. Felix Gross, September 25, I89_8. COMPANY D Sergeant Walter S. Belden, October 28, I898. COMPANY E. Corporal Frederick H. Westover, October I7, I898. Cornelius F. Kane, October I2, I898. David Carlson, October I5, I898. Andrew Prior, October 2, I898. John J. Donahue, October 22, I898. COMPANY F Charles C. Cloyes, May I2, I898. Louis A. Norris, October II, I898. COMPANY G Frank P. Donnellan, October 20, I898. COMPA y I. William F. Chute, Jr., September 3, I898. Oliver Orton, October 28, I898. C h ristie Larsen,.November I4, I898. Alfred K. Peterson, ovember I6, I898. COMPANY K Irving Dimock, September 2I, I898. Merlin A Pierce, September 27, I898. Charles D. Gale, October 7, I898. Arthur W. Zoller, October I8, I898. COMPANY L Arthur C. Lucchini, October 20, I898. ttbe 'Ratio n calleO ; t b e'!? a n swe reo wtt b t betr lt"es.



88 HISTORY OF THE FIRST REGIMENT COMPANY A, OF HARTFORD Int o Sta t e s S er\?t ce, .man 1 7, l 898. CAPTAIN JAMES C BAILEY. First Lieutenant EDWIN E. LAMB. Second Lieutenant CHARLES F WOLF. 1st S ergeant Frank J Williams. Quartermaster -S ergeant George. M Rohrmayer. Sergeant Joseph R. Neddo. Sergeant George A. Roe m e r S ergeant Wm. H. Lesli e Sergeant C h arles Olschefskie. Corporal John G. Libutzke. Corporal Edward N Flood. Corporal C harles S. Riley. Corporal Eugene J. Sullivan. Corporal Nic k Frederickson. Corporal Charles W. Fritzon. Musician Clinton L. Steele. Artificer Howard Leslie Wagoner Clinto n H. Myers. Mus ician J ohn W L ehnemann. (Died of typhoid fever, Septembe r 24th.) '"1 '"1 '"1 PRIVATES. '"1 '"1 '"1 Blake, Frank Bennett, Tho mas A. Brant, Fred Brennan, Wm. J. J. Bride, Edward, East Hampton. Bush, Simon J. Becker, Frederi c k B leasius, Wm. P Buell, John A. Can a l es, Fre d Campoe ll, Wm. A. Cashma n J a mes, M erijen. Carlson, Otto C r a n e, Frank C laffy, Frank Coffey, J a mes J. Daly, J ohn J. Dolbear e, Wm. B. Dooley, Timothy D aniels, Frank D. D'Arche, Raoul. Promoted to Corporal. F argo, Theod o r e C. Fulle r, Jas. J. Freund, Simon Fogg, Wade H. G a ffey, Wm. F. Gallivan, Murty J. Gates, Benjamin Gropp, Franlc Guckin, Thomas Green S amue l W. Promoted to Cor-poral. Garland, Frank H anson, Harry J H arkins. Fred B. H erter, L ouis A H e ffern a n James H indle y, George A. Holt, Rodney A.. Disc harged August 16, 1898, disability. Hoban Edward A. H olde n J ohn F. Holmes, Marion S. Iffland,. A lexancle r Kalbe r Conrad C. Promoted to Corporal. K ennedy, P atric k D. Promoted to Corporal. Kilmartin, Edward J. Kilmartin, John Promoted to Corporal. Kostembader, Fre d. K o ll enz, Christian K e nefick. Tho mas Lotze, Frederic k McAd ams, Thomas J. Mille r Richard Munsell, Wm. F. Muhleib, Wm. H. Mullaney, John J. Mills, Frank Mitchell, Wm. H M cQuillen, J ohn J O'Brien, Joseph F. O'Brien, D anie l J Parke r, Howard Payne, H erbert R Pai;co, Arthur J Transferred t o Band. Palmer, J ohn, Worcester, Mass. Patton B enj. S. So. G lastonbury, Conn Preisne r, Arnold, Jr. Roi;s, Fred H. Roulston, Archibald W. Ryan, James B. Rivers, Albert Roehm, Emil W. Rose, C harles E. Roth, H enry Smith, Edmund S Stedman, John E. Stephan, Maurice Shapiro, Samuel. Transferred to band. Stee l e, H enry W S c hiess! Max Seym our, Edward S. Transferred to band. Schwerdtfeger, H enry. Transferre d to band. Sullivan, John E. Tripp, Harold W. Turne r vVm. A. Vinton, Wm. 0 W e lles. Ral p h G Westcott, Al exande r T Promo ted to Corpor al. Wal d o, Leon J Woodal J ohn F Youn g Wm, H.


DURING SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR. COMPANY B, OF HARTFORD. into States Ser\?fce, .ma)2 17 l 898. CAPTAIN JOHN F. MORAN. First Lieutenant FRANK E SHEA. Second Lieutenant PATRICK A. FARRELL. 1st S ergeant John J. M cMaho n. Quartermaster-Se rgeant J ohn F. D ahill S ergeant John A. B arlo w S ergeant George W Covey. S ergeant Thomas I. Crill y . S ergeant Frank H. L ee. Corporal Thomas F. Gibbons. C orporal George R Krull. Corp o r a l Tho mas F. Hogan. Corporal J ohn T. B l a k e Corporal E dwar d J Cosgro v e. Mus ician Wm. E M issel. M t1si c i a n J ohn Sullivan F a ll Rive r, Mass. A r tificer Wm. A D oyle \Vagon e r C has. H. W elto n (I) (I) (I) PRIVATES. (I) (I) (I) An!nger, B enj. C. Abbott, Wm. H., Poquo nock. Bernard, Isadore Burby, John A. B urke, Patric k J. Brust, Frank Blake, Charle s L. Bogue Phillip L., New L ondo n. Barrow s, Mi c hael Brooks, Willia m Brennan, Michae l B elisle, Tanc r ede B eanne Edward P. B ennett, L ewis J., P oquo n ock. Coyle Frank P. Collins, Frank W. C orrigan, John F. Tra n s f erre d t o Hospi ta! Corps, U. S A Clarkin, Peter A Cole, H enry J Camp, G eorge W C leary, Thoma s Duffy, Jame s A. Darrow, N elson E Guilford. Tra n s f erred to b and. Enliste d Co. E 3 d C V. I., J anuary 6 1 899. Tra n s f erre d to ban d, 3d C. V I. Dougherty, John J. Devoy, Mic hael F W a t erbury. D egnan, J a m e s F. E agan, John Finigan, Patric k Promo t e d t o Cor -poral. F erguson, Owe n J Fox, Martin.J. Fole y Danie l Flint, Housto n East Hampto n Trans-ferred to b and. Fox, Oscar, H a z ardv ill e. Frost, Lannie A W a t ertown. Gorman, John J. Geary, P atric k J. Gallagher, Patric k Gasse r Flo r ent, Jr. T orrington H efferman, Charle s C. H enson, Stephe n F. Promo t d t o Cor-poral. Hurley, Wm. K e ll y Jame s K ersha w Wm. K e ll e y Jame s J K ennedy, J a mes Kuhn, Albert Kie l y Abra.ham Lewi s, G eorge Little, H a rry R. Lutz, Frank G. Livingst o n Wm. F L a u ghlin, R o b ert L y n c h J a mes Liebert, George S. Promo t e d to Cor-por al. Leona.rd, M artin C D e s erte d. M aynard. Anson H. M c L a u ghlin, J ohn J M c L aughlin, Ric h ard F W a terbury. McCarthy, Tho mas A McAuliff, J a mes. Pro m o t e d t o Cor-por al. Missel Jacob J Meara, Wm. F Murra y B ernard W. Murray Luke '.!'. Murphy, Mic hael F Moon e y, M atthew M urphy, Patri c k J. M a lley, Tho mas P N o l a n Wm. F. O"l'ool e Ric h ard Payn e, Fre d eric k E Quirk, P atri c k H Quinn, Edward W R i c hard. D o n C. Rio rdon, J a m e s I. Promo t e d to Cor-poral. Rie d e l Rudolph C. R i orda n Michael F. Ryan '.l.'ho mas C ., M eride n. Rosheck J o seph Scanla n, Tho mas J Promote d t o Cor-p o r al. S h anno n Owen S mith, George H Stanna rd.Cl a r e nce H., Guilford. Transf erre d t o b and. :'Hanley, Joseph T. Tho mpson, W alte r Promote d to Cor-p o r a!. Fre d eric k E. Willia m s J ohn H 'Va l s h John J Wadswor t h N.


HISTORY OF THE FIRST REGIMENT COMPANY C, OF ROCKVILLE .musteret'I Into 'Ulnltetl States Ser\?ice, Mal? 17 1898. CAPTAIN MARTIN LAUBSCHER. Fir s t Lieutenant JOHN PAUL HA U N. Second Lieutenant FREDERICK W. CHAPMAN. 1st S ergeant James H B arnett. Quartermaste r S ergeant Franc i s Mur-ray. S ergeant C harles B. Milne. S ergeant Arthur W. Gyngell. S e rgeant J a me& vV. Milne (Die d Sept embe r 26th. ) S e rgeant A l b ert E. Usher. Co.rporal Willia m F S chillinge r. Corporal W e bster Kaye Corpora l Arthur R. Gerick. Corpora l 'Willia m M. H efferon, Elling t on. Corpora l Wllliam J. Breen. Corporal Albert E. M Profe. Musician Willi a m J. Finley. ferred to band. Mus i cian vValter F. McCray. Artificer H enry M S e ipt. wagon e r George B. McClellan, Elling ton. '"1 Q Q PRIVATES. Q Q Q Arnold, Sylvest e r E. Austin, Ernest E. Aborn, George N., Ellington. Anderson, Charles R. Beaumont, J a mes A. Brac h e, Richard Breen, Frank S Broll Hugo Brown, Harry J. Bartlett, Albert C. Einck, Charles E., New Britain. Cahoon, Elme r W N orth Coventry. C h adwick, Frank D. Champion, Richard G. Charter, P erlin L., Elli gton. Charter, Wilbur F. Clift, Jesse Connors, John, 2d Cullumn. Jewett Connolly, vVilliam J Die d ering, Philip, Jr. Donova n John, H artford. Dowd, Frank P Broadbrook. Einsiedel, Francis F. Farre ll, James B. Fitzpatrick, Francis P. Flynn, Joseph H. Franz, H erman P. Flossback, Otto Fox, David E., Essex. Gorham, George F Gawtrey, J ohn E. Gross, Felix. !Died S eptembe r 25th.) Grumback M anville Golde n Thomas F., H artford. Haun, John F., Tolland. Heck e r Jolln J H e w ett, George A. Hewett, John A. (Disc. Augus t 11th, disability. Hopf, Andrew J:)-ckson. Squire .Tones, JameR S. Promote d to Corporal. J ennings, Elijah W H artford. Jeps o n John, Hartford. L ehmann, Robert H., Lowe ll Jason D Ludwig, C h arles F Lutto n J a mes H Lutz, Joseph H Leaney, M artin T., Lyons, William E., Lync h Thomas P Macnamara, M athe w M ahr, Philip J. Matth ewson, Ferdinand A. Meyer, George Mi I e r, George H. Moore Thomas F. Murphy, John C. M cLagan, Donald K. Millott, Tho mas L M anion, Frank L Murphy, John L., Murphy, J ohn W ., Murphy, Willia m C., McCullough, Patric k J., N ahigis, Matthew N Norton, Fra n cis M Newbury, Thomas F. O N eil, John J Phillips, William Profe, Frederi c k J. A. H. Quinn, J a mes J. Rau, Robert H Ellington. Hartford. H artford. H artford. Essex. Hartford. Windsor. Hartford. Rush enback, C harles H., Broadbrook. Regan, .Tohn Roche, John J., S c h erwit ?.ky Emil R. Schmeiske, Carl C. S chmeiske, Emil W. H artford. Sharp, Ernest A Transferre d to b and. Simms, Isaac Smith.John H. Stengel, Fre d eric k W. Tracy. H enry H., VVag n e r H e rm a n C. \Vardner. C h arles J., W annenge r Anthony Willis, W alte r J. vVinc ll e ll Howard V ernon Center. Ellington.


btJRlNG SPANISH-AMER1CAN WA!{, COMPANY D OF NEW BRITIAN .mu s t e r e b tnto 'Ulnt teb States Ser\?tce, .Ma}.? 17 1 898. CAPTAIN SIDNEY M. LEONARD. First Lieutenant LOUIS V. SCHUTZ, Res. ac., to d a te, Sept. 28. Second Lieutenant GEORGE B GIFFORD. 1st Sergeant Eugene F. Barnes. Quartermaster-Se rgeant George W. Barnes. Sergeant Carl E. Thorngran. Sergeant James P. Conne ll y. Sergeant Walter S. Belde n, Plainville. (Died October 28t h ) Sergeant George B. Pickop. Corporal Frederick G. Beh. Corporal Harry A. Norton. Corporal Samuel C. Davis. Corporal Arthur F Mitchell. Corporal Edward J Sheehy. Musician J ohn J. Laverty. Musician William R. Banks, New London. Artificer Hinma n L. Smith, Plainville. Wagoner Perry Strong. <.il <.il <.il PRIVATES. <.il <.il <.il Abrahamson, John W Abetz, vVilliam Adolfson, C harles D Anderson, C has. F. Barnes, Wm. H. B irmingham, Austin A Promote d to Corporal. B loom, Emil G. Burns, J ohn F. Promoted to Corporal. Carlson, Victor. Promoted to Cor-poral. Canne ll Richard. Promoted t o Cor-poral. Conlin, Mar ti n E. Curti s, Edwin S. Chichester, Burton J Canfield, C harles V. J Carlson, Jacob Chapman, Lorenzo B. Cosgrove, James J Coleman, Mic hael Corn e ll Cornelius H., Casey, Thomas E., Corbett, Edward J Carlson, John E. Cragan C h arles A., Degnan, Patric k J. Degnan, Char.Jes Daly, Michael, Devitt, Patrick New London. Burnside. Hartford. Southington. Donnellan, Frank P., Buckland. Trans-ferred to G June 1, 1898. Dunbar, Eugene A., Egan, Edward F. Finochietti, Nicholas Fritz, George J. Fritz, Jacob F. Freese, Ernest W. Fox., Ernest Frawley, J a mes Grady, James J., Graham, John F., Grant, John R., Hesse, Albert W. Higgins, P eter J. H eiderich, Ernest Hardy, Ernest F ., J ohnson C harles G., J ohnson, Edward T., Jubb, James Jones, C harl e s J. H artford. Hartford. Plainville. Brockton, Mass. Bristol. Plainville. P lainvill e. K ennedy, George P. Krebser, Frederick, Cambridge, Vt. Keegan Allan l\L Promoted to Cor-poral. Lawton, Albert E. L a rson Laurin Lyman, Mortimer. Promoted to Cor-por al. McMahon, Peter H. McMahon C harles W., Middletown, . McCarth y, John F. McManus, Thomas A., New London . May, William Mulhearn, Patrick J., Burnside. McClell a n William A., East H artford. McElrath, James B. Martin, James F McDermott, J ohn Newton, Ralph J O'Connell, J ohn O'Brien, Simon, South G lastonb, ury. O'Brien, William P. O'Conne ll William A., Hartford. O lson, Albert O'Conner, Thomas F., Jr. Potter, Arch e r I., Plain vii l e. Parsons, Lester Palme'r, Lewis B. Post, Samue l Prentise, George H. Quinn, John J.. Bristol. Reed William W. Transferred to band. R ehm. William F. Ryan,' Tho mas J., Berlin. Russe ll Frank E., Plai n v ill e. Spindler, Philip S chmidt. William J Strickland, George N. Promote d to Corporal. Shea, J ohn J S t iles, John F., Meriden. Staubly, George L ., Norwic h Stanton Danie l H. Smith, Fre d B. Shine, Cornelius M Urban, Rudolph Williams, Elme r H W etherill, Joseph A. Wondruska, Franlc Tra nsferred to band. Wood, Arthur, H artford.


lilSTORY OF THE FIRST REGIMENT COMPANY E, OF NEW BRITIAN .mu stereb into 'Ulniteb States Ser\?fce, .ma)! 18 1898. CAPTAIN ABRAHAM L. HAUERWAS. First Lieutenant GBORGE ARTHUR HADSELL, Plainville. Second Lieutenant GEORGE M. MYCROFT. lst S ergeant John E. Lync h M eriden. Quartermaster-Sergeant Willia m W Bull e n Plainville S ergeant Charles A Anderson. Sergeant Fre deri c k Gustafson. S ergeant Louis J Brague S ergeant Burton C. M o rey. Corporal William J Rice. Corporal Thomas J. Boyle. Corporal Ira B Leon ard. Corporal William '.lj'. Young. Corporal Willia m G. H a ll. Corporal Frank L Smith. liOl liOl liOl PRIVATES. liOl (i) liOl Artificer George H offman. Wagone r Patric k J. Wha l e n Bristol. Musician Louis A. Kumm. Relieved as musician June 25, 1898. Musician Axe l E. S amuelson. Anderson, C harl e s Anderson, Charles A. Beckett, William H. Bresn ehan, Thomas Bacon, William, Balf, Edward, Jr., Blakesley, C ha.rles P., Brown, George H., Bronkie, Fre d eric k, Callllhan, Daniel Call ende r Edward T., C lark, Alpha A Cowl e s John H., Coons, Charles, Conner, Norman G., Connahan, Danie l J Crowe, Luke Cro;\ve, Luke J. H ortford. Hartford. Mus i c i a n. H a rtford. Manchester. Plainville. East H artford. Bristol. M arsha ll ton, P a CarJson, David. (Died O c tober 1 5th.) Cro:we, Matthew Casey, Mi c hael J. D enn, William Douahue John J. (Died October 22d.) Doughty, Alonzo Dupre y, Frank E E a d e s, John A. Promoted to Corporal. English, C harles R. Evans, Frederick, Faga n, Thomas F. Lawre n c e Mass. Franklin R. Transferred to I. Finley, George L. Foley, Thomas Frech ette, Edmund, Griffin, Maurice E. Gillis. James Flore nce, Mass. Higgins, Michae l J Hulte n Emil Hoskins, Wm. V. Transferre d t o band. Hills, Ike T. Promote d t o Corporal. Hiltbrand, Fre deri c k W. Hotchkiss. Charles R. Holde n, Benedict M., Hubbell, Euge n e B., Kagei, Albert Bristol. Bristol. K ane, Cornelius F. (Died O c t. 1 2th.) K eith, Jame s L. K e ll erma.n, Emil K ennedy, John F K ellihe r Simon J. Promote d to Cor-poral. Kinderlin, Edward Kilmurray, Mi c hael J., King, Charles F. King, J ohn T. Hartford. K ennedy, Thomas, Gloversville N. Y. Transferre d to band. L arson, Gustaf Lavine, Jacob A. Lgor, Adolph Lindquist, Albert Magner, John J. Promote d to Corpor a l. M anning, Edward J Transferre d to band. M artin, Robert M., Markham, Patric k J. McCarthy, James J M cAvay, John M e rget, Richard V M cinerny, M atthew Messenger, Charles Moody William N e lson, Julius N eurath Frank A. O'Mara, Michae l Osterman, Charles A Corpo r a l. Packard Joseph, Phelps, Wilbur B. Pre ll e, C harles G. Prevost, Charles F Hartford. Promoted to H artford. Prio r, Andrew. (Die d Oct. 2d.) Quinn, Frank W. Rope r, Thomas J. R ourke, Thomas. S c hofi eld. Willia m T. Smith, Charl e s H. Sperl Adolph A. St. Jacques, Lafayette Sulliva n, John Stayna, Mi chae l Shea, John F Sakelsky, Mike T obin, Thomas P. vVadsworth Arthur Hartford. W a lsh, Mic hael, Southington. Promo ted to Corporal. Westover, Frederic k H (Died Oct. 17th.) Young, Myron


DURlNG SPANISll-AMERICAN WAR. 93 COMPANY F, OF HARTFORD .mu s t ereo Into illntteo States Ser\?tce, .ma)2 17, 1898. CAPTAIN CHARLES W. NEWTON. First Lieutenant GEORGE W. RIPLEY, East Hartford. Second Lieute u ant FRANK H SMITH. 1st S e rgeant William H. Talcott. Quartermaster-Sergeant Fre d erick A. Seidler. S ergeant H erbe r t G. Bailey. Sergeant William C Simmons. S ergeant Andrew B. Marshall. Sergeant Herbert A. Wiley. Corpor a l Frank M. Jones. Corporal F,ank E. C lark. Corporal John E. Piddoc k Corporal George D. Robbins. Corpor a l Sidney W A ckerman. Corporal Benjamin C. McKenney. ..Musician Thomas W Foley. Musician Philip B. Hawk, Middletown. A rtificer Charles H Finne y Wagone r Eugen e D. Miller. P R I VATES. Arnold, Alfred C. Barton, Jason H., Beckwith Julius H., Billings, Fred H. East Hampton. Niantic. Bel c her, Gregory, New L ondon. Bonfrey, Bayard C Promoted to Cor-poral. Campbell, John H., C hapman Morton L. Carroll, Frank G. C hase, Nelson L. Colvocoresses, George Cook, Louis A., Cand ee, Albert, Candee, Ralph, Campbell C harles L. Clintsman, Wi.lliam D. Corn e ll, Arthur M. New Have n. M., Litchfie ld. New Haven. Harwinton. Harwinton. Davidson, Earl E., New Have n Pro-moted to Corporal. Davis, Charles E Darling, George 0., Dixon, Frederick W., Douthwaite, Harry W. Dowen, George J., Dresse r Wilfred H. Doherty, C h arles, Jr. Embler, Ralph H. Bloomfie l d. Waterbury. Burnside. Fisher, Irving L Promoted to Corporal. Fletcher. Emerson C Flagg, Howard A ., West Hartford. Promoted to Corporal. G reen, Harry D. G reen e, Edward C., Gooding, .. Earl W. Hale, Art1ilir H., Hall, George R Hawkins, C l a ude B., H ollingsworth, Harry E. New Haven. Rocky Hill. Columbia. H olmes, Fred G ., East Hartford. Horton Thomas Hutchins, N e lson Hastings, Walte r S. Howard, Fred G., Hayes, Robert C., Joy, Harry E., Kay, George H., L a n e Robert Florence, Mass. St. Johnsbury, Vt. Deep River. Union C ity. Lacey, Herbert V. (Discharged May 28t h .) Lins ley, Ray K., Suffi eld. Lowenhaupt, Ral p h Lincoln, Robert M. Lyman, Frank W. Marsh, Frank T. Martin, Fred M. Montgomery, Edward L., South Manc hester. Montgomery, 'l'homas H South Man-chester. Mountain, J ohn S. Miller, John Mille r Robert G., West Hartford. MacEwen Hugh C., Jr., Flore nce Mass. McCook, George S. McVan, John J. Newman, James F. Norris, Louis A (Die d Oct. 11t h ) Obryon, Tompkins H Owen, Ernest L. Owen, H ans C. Pettys, George J. Pearson, William T. Parker, Arthur V. Pickard, Ward W. Promoted to Cor-poral. !Discharged Sept. 8th ) Powers, Almond D. Rich. A lfred T. Richardson. Ral p h R. Promote d to Corporal. Ross, H erbert A. Promoted to Cor -poral. R ice, San fo r d A., Flo r e n ce, Mass. Reynolds. Forest H., West ttirrtford. Schuler, Louis A. ,.; Sedgwick, Benjamin, Brooklyn, N. Y S chuster. Anthony F., Rocky Hill. Shields, Thomas H Watertown. Shortall, Thomas F., Milford, Mass. Stevens, George T., Guilford. Trans-ferred to Hospital Corps U.S. A July 18th. Tabor. M a llery W. Thomas, Noel D. Travers, Edward S., Middletown Vinton, Loui s E.. South Windsor. Walsh, Eugen e T. Wilcox, Harry E. Woods, J a mes C. Wilkes, Thomas, Jr. Wrench, George E. Yarrow, Ernest A., Middletown.


94 B:l:S'rORY OF' THE FlRST REG-IMEJ\TT COMPANY G, OF MANCHESTER. Mu s t e r et> into 'Ulnitet> States Ser\?tce, Mal? 17, l 898. CAPTAIN JOEL M NICHOLS. First Lieutenant J. DAVENPORT CHENEY. Second Lieutenant LEWIS J. DOOLITTLE, Hartford. 1st S ergeant Charles 0. Lord. Q11artermaste 1 < S ergeant Alfred House. S ergeant Phillips Frahe r. S ergeant Edmund M. Ogden. Sergeant Gustave H L eidholdt. Sergeant Charles B. Warner. Corporal James E. Sherma n Corporal Thomas J Scott. c. Corporal Harry Nelson. Corporal S eth L. Cheney. Corporal John Connelly, Jr. Corporal William F. Nladde n Musician William Crawford, Jr. Musician Michael Spillane. Artificer Gordon W Dunn. Wagoner John J. O N e il, H artford. '"1 '"1 '"1 PRIVATES. '"1 '"1 A veson, Alfred Anderson, Albert Aitken, James C. Barry, Michael F. Birath, Gustaf Berggian, Alexande r, So. M a n c hest e r B ehreud, Joseph J., South Manc hest e r Carlson, Charle s J. C l ark, Louis E. Connor, Patrick. Promoted to Corporal. C h e ney, Ward. (Discharged to accept Lieut. 4th Inf. U. S. A., July 25th.) Cu ff Ed ward C., Hartford. Carne y, John F Chamberlain, Austin H. Colton Archie W. Crant c k, Charles A., Hartford. D onne ll a n, Frank P., Buc kl and. (Died October 20th.) Dux, Fred D ougan, ,Robert B Doola n, John J. Dougherty, Charles C., Donahue, Patric k F. Ethridge, John B. Frahe r Danie l F o x, Andrew J. Flint, Fre d C., Finlay, John H artford. Hartford . Flo r y Willia m A., F alknor, Clark T ., Grabofski, Charles South Manchester. Corporal. Grabbe, Conrad H. Garland, banie 1 L. Grogan, Edward, H arrison, Thomas Holmquist, Edwa rc' H artford. H Promoted to South Manchester. Hultman, Charles J. Hall, Wm. J Johnson, George. Promo t e d to Cor-poral. Keeney, Newt o n C Kerrigan, John J .. Keating, Arthur E. L a h e y, John V. L ee, S amue l F., Linde ll, Uno Lombard, George, McCrea, Mark C., Hartford. Bolton. Bolton Notch. Hartford. Minke, Charles M M ccann, J ohn J. M alkin, Richard L. Mullonette, Julius Moynihan, Cornelius Maxwell, Frank E. Y. McVeigh Patrick F., S o. Manc hest e r. M allon, Wm. J., S outh Manc hest e r. M cDona ld, John E., Hartford. Mulliga n John, H artford H enry G., Buckland. (Disc h arge d Aug. 20th, disability.) Nichols, Wm.J. Promote d to Corporal. N orquist, P eter L. Promote d .to Cor-poral. N elson, Carl F. O lcott, Harry E. Promote d to Corporal. Pohl, Fritz Popple. Thomas W. Park, Willia m Suffi e l d. Prentice, Wm. J., South Manc hest e r. H.obinso n William Ritchie, David Raineault, L eon, Smith, George J Sinnamon, Edwin Collinsville. Sullivan. D a ni e l J. Sullivan, J a mes, Buckl and. Shields, S amue l S c h e r witzs lty, Frederi c k W Seastrand. Ernest Shields, Hugh, Shields, David, Smith, Ric h ard, Silo, Walfrid, Sweeney, Frank, Sullivan. Timothy, Taylor, Fred B. South M a n c hest e r. South Manc hester Quarryvile Hartf ord. SouthMa n c h ester. Poquo nock. T ennent, H arry F., H ebron. Trans-ferred to b and July Thompson, Joseph 'l'ripp, Adelbert 'L'warz Richard Rockville. V eitc h', James R. Tra n s ferr e d to b and May 28th. W a d'dl e. J ohn Wolski, 'L'ho mas, H artford. Westland, Alfred, S outh Manchester.


DURING SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR. 95 COMPANY H, OF HARTFORD. into 'Ulntteii States S er\?tce, 17 1 898. CAPTAIN WILLIAM E. MAHONEY. Fi;st Lieutenant WILLIAM A. SPARKS. Second Lieutenan t JAMES SMITH. 1st Sergeant Patrick J. White. S ergeant John F. Landrigan Promoted to Quartermaster Sergeant. to Quartermaster-Sergeant. Sergeant Thomas J. Coyle. Sergeant Maurice C. Foley. Sergeant Patrick Callaghan. Corporai William M. Clark. Corporal John B. Stevens. Corporal Joseph F. Healey. Promoted to Sergeant. Corporal John F. White. Corporal Phil Ensling, Jr. Musician C harles H. Wittig. ferred to band. Musician Elith N. C. Madsen. Artificer Archibald J Roulston. Wagoner Frank A. Linsoth. Tnins-
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HISTORY OF THE FIRST REGIMENT COMPANY I, OF NEW BRITIAN .mustereo into i!lntteo Sta t e s S e r v i ce, Mal? 17 t 8 98 CAPTAIN CHARLES H. MOORE., First Lieutenant WILLIAM J. RAWLINGS. Second Lieutenant SAMUELE. MAGSON. 1st Sergeant Jesse J. Broadbent. Quartermaster-Sergeant Ventre s A. C lark. Sergeant Frank D. Clark. Sergeant Alfre d H. Griswold. Sergeant Claude D Clark. Sergeant Patric k Crowe. Corporal Harry E. Smith. Corporal Edward J. McBriarty. Corporal James P. McNeil. Corporal R einhold Sche ll. Corporal Willard J. Dyson. Corporal C hester L. Wyman, Water-bury. Musician John H. Mills, Hartford. Musician Walte r J. Hawthorne. Artificer Albert E. Lane, Hartford. Promote d to Corporal. Wagone r L ewis T Bacon. PRIVATES. A nderson, August Boquist, Martin Brown, Frank Burn s, James J. Carlson, Guslaf A Carroll, D ennis A. C heney, George Y. C. P.romoted to Corporal. Chute, Wm. F., Jr.
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DURING SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR. 97 COMPANY K, OF HARTFORD into ill States Ser\?tce, .Mal? 17 1898. CAPTAIN HENRY H SAUNDERS. First Lieutenant EDWARD H. WATERMAN. Second Lieutenant NATHANIEL G. VALENTINE 1st S ergeant Samue l G. Huntington. Quartermaster-Sergeant Robert L. Beebe. S ergeant Richard W. D eLamate r S ergeant H enry L. Huntington. S ergeant Henry T. Holt. S ergeant J ohn D. Bonaface. Corporal Charl e s A. Carroll. Corpo r a l Franci s M. J ohnson. Corporal Louis Silverna il. Corporal Cyrus E Wheel e r. Corporal G eorge K Dwye r. 'orporal Ralph B Pie rce. M u s i c i a n Robert R. Ashwe ll. Musicia n H enry P. C amp. Wagone r Edward F Ahern. Artificer Guy F. Rowland. '"1 '"1 '"1 PRIVATES. '"1 Q "1 Appleton, Fre d eric k L. Promote d to corporal. Barbe r, Wm. R Barke r Alfred B assett, M erton W. Barrows, Charle s D Bryant, H any E. Brigham, "Willia m E. Brown, William H. Burwe ll F rancis C. Borl and, Henry L. Beau c hamp, G e o r g e G. B rown, Dwi ght E., Simsbury. Burwe ll Joseph cannon Archi e L. Cadwe ll l<'ra nl{ J. Case Robert A. Campbe ll Wm. F. P r o mote d to Cor-por al. Case William 0. Chambe r lain, H enry H Converse Law1e nce A. lapp, Howard S. D enison, Fran]{ E. D enison, Fre d eric ] { R. D nniston, Minott C. Dickinson, Howard L. Dimock, Irving. (Di e d Sept. 21st.) Driscoll, C l a r ence J E nQ, J ohn E. Fishe r A lfre d M. Fulton, A l b e r t C. Fulle r, Frank E. Fowler, Edward C., Bloomfield. Gale C h a r l e s D., N e w York city. (Di e d O c t. 7th.) G ill ette H enry C. Grue n er, 'l'heodore Promoted to Cor-poral. Hall H enry H. Hatton, William H Hynes, Jame s P. Hayde n Edgar G. H ende rson, .Jame s D. Hollis, Ebe n C. Humphrey, Robe r t M Judson, Edward W. J ohnson, William C. Kirkl ey, Robert Knox, J ohn B., Jr. Kober, Edward G. Low, William W. Promote d to Corporal. Landerma n Mye r M arion, Oti s D. M a rv e l Eugen e '"!". Malloy, P e t e r J. M cGrath, Mi c hael E. M cKone J "ohn J. M c Kee, Robert A Morl e y, R eube n H. Tra n s f erre d w 320 M i c h. V. I., .June 1 3th.) Morgan, Joseph Morgan, J e r emiah Mora n J a mes L. M c L a u ghlin JamP.s N uman, Edward P. Oviatt, Edward M P attison, G eorge E. P erry, John B ., West H a \en Pie rce, C h arle s W. Transferre d tu band. Pie rce, Martin A., Rainbow. (Di e d S ept 27t h .) Potte r Jame s H. Pre s cott, Albert N. Mus t e r e d with N C Staff as Commissary-Sergeant. Pimm, A lfre d B. Rathbun, Edward H. Roberts William A. R oot, Herbert E. R i p l e y H erbert J. Roge r s William H. Sanderson, Edwa r d F. Promote d to Corporal. Sandn e r, Anthony J., W est Have n S arvan, Fra n!{ H. R charper, Ernest A S chults, Carl H. Shea, M a urice B. Sobieralski, John A. Sherman, Fre d eric k L., W est Have n Thayer, George B. Tinkham, Charle s A. Thompson, Mi c hael J. Vibe r t, Robert K. Ward. Edward M Promote d to Corporal. Walsh, Thoma s H. W ebster, Roy C. Wheel o ck, Paul L. Wolcott. C harl e s B. Wile y Royal H. Zolle r Arthur W., W est Haven. (Died Oct. 1 8th. )

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HISTORY OF THE FIRST REGIMENT COMPANY L, OF MERIDEN. Recruit e d after Regime nt was Mustered .Must e r eti into l!lnlt eli States S e rnlc e ;tnlR 9, 1 8 9 8 CAPTAIN CHARLES B BOWEN. First Lieutenan t DELBERT R JONES. Secon d Lieutena n t RAYMOND G KEENEY. Somerville. 1st S e rgeant Philip T. Vibert. Q u artermaster-Sergeant Arthur A Abel. S e r g eant W i lli a m H. Rees. S ergeant Ho\\'a rcl H. Bar t r am. Sergeant W alter L. Bevins. Sergeant William H. Banner. Corporal Cliffo r d A. H auschild. Corpor a l C harles E. Wachtelha user. Corpo r a l Freel H. Relyea. Corporal Frederic k C. B enzige 1 Y a l esville R educed to the ranks Sept. 1 1 898. Corporal Thomas P. Timothy, W all-ingfor d. Corporal Othnie l Ive s Music ian Joseph G. A i c h l e r. Mus i c i a n Edwin F Bolto n W allingford. Artificer Euge n e W. Early. \Vagon e r Louis E. Coutermash.
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DURING SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR. COMPANY M, OF DANBURY. ( Formerly Co. G 4th Regiment, C. N. G.) into 'Ulnit e b States S et'\?ice, ;Jul}? 1 4, l 898. CAPTAIN V I NCE.'.'IT M. KING. First Lieutenan t C HARLES LORD. Secoucl Lieutenant CYRUS E. RYDJ:<'.R. 1st Sergeant Emil W. Ericson. Quartermaster-Sergeant Emil A. Jhloff. Sergeant George Nelson. Sergeant Benjamin H Turne r. Sergeant Orlando C. K ent. S ergeant Wilbur L. P i k e. Corporal John C. vVool a r d Corporal Charles L. w aile r s Corporal Oscar E. Parks. Corporal George vV. H i t chcoclc Corpornl A lfre d Heim. Corporal Walte r F Nichols. Corporal Charles I-1. Miller. CQ.!pora l Robert W. M enzies. Corporal Leonard E. Smith. "Corpor a l C h arles Avery. Corpora l Frank W. Stone. Corpor a l Martin C Braum. Musician john L. Quinn. Music i a n Fred A. Claus. Artiticer J "ames Donovan. \Va.goner John Kroha. PRIVATES. 99 Abbott, Charles Barrett Richard M. Howard S. Barber, Edward McNamara, John McLaughl in Mi chae l J. Mille r David A. Mo1a h an, "William, Montgom ery, Wm. H. Murphy, Frank H artford. B loom, Emil Brotherton, Bennett L. Brownell, C h a r les H. Butler, Guy H. Carson, Samu e l Bethel. C l a1k, Daniel J. C l emons, John H Cosgrove, John J. Col e, Frank S N e w York city. u1Tid, Lawrence Davis, George E. Dorgan, Dennis F. Durbi n Charles B. Erwin, Gay Ferguson, Ernest F itzpatric k James H. Finnegan. Christopher B. Ginty, James Gilmartin, C h a rles, Rimpl e, Samue l Hunt, Domini c W Horton, Edward D. Hornig, August G. Hopkins, Aba J., Horton, W e s ley D. Hull, Charles Hueston, Charles W. Joyce, Howard B., K ernicl{, Albert, K enny, Michae l, Kroha. Edward C Lal'Son, C harles J., Lync h Jame s L. Lyons, Herbert C. Magersuppe. H enry M cMahon, Martin J. M cFarland, Frank P. McNamara, Michael J McManu s, .Matthew L., Bethe!. Redding. N e w Milford. Bethel. Bethel. Bethel. Bethel. Bethel. Bethel. Bethel. Bethel. Bethel. Bethe l. Morgan, William Nevins, William Norman, \Villiam, N orman, Fran!' J Oakley, Charles H. Oakl e y G e orge E. Odell, Odie Ode ll Lest e r Osborne, Wm. H. O'Sullivan T homas F Pardee, F1'.ea C. Pawlowski, Antone Peavey, 'l'homas Pell etie r, Loui s Prout, Willi a m L. Purdy, Albert J. Purdy, Hart A. Purdy, vVi lliam A. B ethel. Southbury. ::>oulhbury. Quinn, 'l'homas. Transfer r e d Quinn, Martin to band. Reagan, Michael, Reagan, Peter, Rosso, John R. Ryan, M ichael, Ryan, Frank X., Sullivan, J a mes J Taylor, Howard J. T e ll e r Stephen, T orrance William M Irving, Wakem, Paul S Wheel e r, Frank F Wood, Robert E. Woodin, N elso n I-I. Young, Charles R. Bethel. Bethel. Bethel. Bethel. Bethel. Bethel.

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IOO HIS TORY OF T H E FIRS T REGIMENT HEADQUART ERS FIRST DIVISION, S ECOND ARMY C ORPS, T o lit e C ommandi n g Office r, Firs t Connect i cut V. .!. S1R.:-CAMP RussEt.L A ALGER, V A., AUGUST 9th, 1 98. The M a jor General Comma ndin g desires to convey t o the office r s a n d m e n o f the F irst Connectic u t, U. S Volunteer s, h i s gratifica ti o n and pleasure a t the pro m ptness a n d good o rder with w hich t hey turned o n t o n the ni ght o f Au g u s t 8th in o bedience to his orders. Their sol d ierl y con d u c t a n d prompt obed i e nce t o ord e r s was m os t highly com111enda bl e and praiseworthy (Si g ned) Very Respectfully F. S STRON G Ass i s t ant A djutant General. PROVOST MARSHAL'S OFFI C E FIRS T DIV I SION, SECOND A C Majo r F S. Str ong, Adju laul Gene ral. Srn: SEP tEMH ER ] 1898. I have the h o nor to report tha t i n making the rounds o f the P rovost G u a rd latel y I h a v e heard m a u y wo rds of praise for t h e provos t ser vice as n o w r e ndered. Mayor H i n e o f V i enna was p a rticularl y e m p hati c o n this p oint, sayin g a decide d cha nge was n otic eabl e for the good o f t h e servi ce. This result was o btained by the inte lligen t e n e r getic w ork of the Firs t Connecti c u t V. I. Provost G u a rd, under comma n d of Major Edward Schulze, T hird Batta li o n I respectfull y recomm e n d t hat h e recei ve a notice o f comme ndatio n fo r his unceasin g h a r d work s ince bein g assi g ned t o thi s service. (S i g n ed) Ver y respectfully J O S EPH H M cMAHON, Captain Fir s t N. J., Aeling Provost Mar s h a l. HEADQUARTER S FIRST DIVISION, S E C OND A. C, SF.P CEMBER 1s t 1898 Respect fully referred t o Major F S. Stron g recomme n d in g offic i a l recognitio n o f provost serv ice per formed by F irst C onnecti cut V. I. J OSEP H H. M c M AHON C aptain Firs t N J Acting Provost M a r s h a l.

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DURING SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR. IOI HEADQUARTERS FIRST DIVISION, SECOND ARMY CORPS, CAMP ALGER, VA. SEPTEMBl!R 1st, 1898 Respectfully transmitted to Major Schulze, First Conn. V. I., commanding Provost Guard. The Division Commander is pleased to add his commendation of the efficient manner in which the provost duty has been performed by this battalion. By command of Brigadier General Graham, F. S. STRONG, Assistant Adjutant-General. HEADQUARTERS FIRST DIVISION, SECOND ARMY CORPS, Special O ders, No. 8 I. Cn"JP RUSSl!Ll A. Al.GKR, VA., SEPTb.MBE K 6th, 1898. IL In view of the departure of the First Connecticut Volunteer Infantry from this camp, the two companies of that regiment now on provost duty are hereby relieved and the battalion commander will repor't to bis regimental commander for instructions The division commander desires to express his approval of the manner in which this battalion has performed its work while on this duty. It has been noticeable that good order has been preserved upon the trains between vVasbington and Dunn-Loring to an extent not previously secured. By command of Brigadier Genernl Plume, (Signed) F. S. STRONG, Assistant Adjutant General. HEADQUARTERS THIRD BATTALION, FIRST CONNECTICUT V. I. CAMP ALGER, VA., SEPTEMBER 7th, 189 8. Colonel Charles L Burde tt, Commanding First Conn e cticut V. l .STR:-In compliance with Special Orders, No 81, Headquarters First Division, Second A. C dated September 6th, 1 9 8 I have the honor to report with the Third Battalion, First Connecticut V. I for instructions. The Guards have all been relieved. Com .Panies A Hand Kare encamped near station Dunn-Loring, and Company l\1 at old ground in the camp of the First Connecticut V. I. Regarding the manner in which the Bat.talion has performed the duties of Guard, I take great pleasure in calling your attention to official letter of commenda .tion, dated September 1st, aud Special Orders, No. 81, dated September 6 1898, Headquarters First Division, Second A C., of which copies have been furnished you. Very respectfurly, Your obedient servant, EDWARD SCHULZE, Major First Connecticut V. L

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102 HISTOlZY OF THE FIRST REGIMENT From the time the First Regiment, C. V. I., was enrolled and re ceived orders, every one was promptly and fully obeyed. Companies were outfitted and sent from Niantic to distant posts so promptly as to surprise the regular army officers. The Regiment was ready and eager for active service and is not to blame for the impression made by tl:e whines of a few scribblers in its ranks. While the Regiment was being examined at Niantic and before the muster in a notice in the public press attracted the attention of its officers. A telegram as follows was sent: General J R Hawley, Washington, D. C. NIANTIC, CONN., MAY, 1 898. "Reported. that First .Conn. is tu be assigned to coast reserve duty. I protest against this as an insult to the State. If you \rnnt a coast reserve take the Putna m Phalanx. BURDETT, COLONEL. The report was only too true and the Regiment assigned to a duty which, while it was fully performed, prevented any chance for it to form part of the first expedition to a foreign shore STATE OF CONNECTILUT, EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT, HAR'!FORD, MAY 31, 1898. Senators 0 H Platt and J R. Haw l,y, Washington, D. C. GENTLEMliN : -Do you a
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DURING SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR. IOJ (Extract from letter to Gt:neral Hawley, June 18, 1898.) "Will you kindly let me know what the situation actually is at the present time and whether the First Conn. Inf., U. S. V., is still charged at the W:ar Department with the fault of the Medical Department and ministering officer of the U. S regula r army, who was in charge o f the work examining the command at Niantic. Also w ill you kindly let me know what our actual chances are for service at P orto Rico, and whether we can or not be included in that a s si gnment." (Extract from letter, General Hawley to C o l onel Burdett, Jnne 19, 1 898.) "I was told that in a comparatively short time the First Regiment is t o be relieved; certain troops to be se.nt in your plac e have been enlisted nearly their full number l:hey come from another State. The precise details were not given me (Extract from lette r General Hawley t o Colonel Burdett, June 23, 1898.) "You asked me whether the First is still c h arged at the Department with the fault of the Medica l Department and mustering officer o f the U S. army? I determined to m ake a strong effort for you and I went to the War Department last Sunday evening a n d found that the Adjutant General was not to be in until 9: 3 0 or 10 o 'clock. I went in at 10 o'clock and not long after General Corbin came in. Before be got through he authorized me to telegraph, and I did, to the Courant, that you would soo n be relieved and ordered to an army corps.'' (Copy telegram, June 1 9, 1 898.) Hon. E. Stevf'11s H en r y M C., Waslzington D. C. "Is there not God in Israel for the First Conn. Must we be eternally punished for blunders of others? Have us mobolized and sent to Porto Rico. C L BURDETT." HEADQUARTERS GRAND ARMY OF THE REBTTBLIC, J P S. GOBIN, TH03. J. STEWART, Adjutant-Genea rl. Colonel C. L. Burdett, Office of Junior Vice Commander-in-Chief, HARTFORD, CONN, DEC8MBB.R 12, 1 898. Comma11ding First Regiment, C. V, 2 6 Pratt Strret, Ctty. I M Y DRAR COLONEL :-Noting in the newspapers of this city so m e discussion conc erning the service of the First Regiment, I beg to say that during the National Encampment o f .the Grand Army of the Republic held in Cincinnati, Ohio, in September last, Brigadier-Geqeral J P S. Gobin, U S V. (Lieutenant Governor-elect of Pennsylvania), then Commander-in Chief of the G. A. R ., also commanding a d i vision of which your regiment was a p art, spoke to me in the highest terms of the discipline and effic iency of the First, and pro nounced it tbt: finest regiment in bis command.

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HISTORY OF THE FIRST REGIMENT Unsolicited commendation of this kind will be more appreciated by those who understand that General Gobin attained the rank of Brigadier-General in the Civil War through meril; tha t he commanded a divisio1;1 of the Pennsylvania National Guards an
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lHf HARlfORD WIRf 618 CAPITOL AVENUE, 'If' HARTFORD, CONN ., U S MANU F A CTURERS OF B r ass a nd W h i t e E name l e d Ir o n Bed steads a nd C ri bs, Woven Wire Mat tresses, F o l di ng C ots. Railroad Car S e at s, Wire D oo r M ats. Iron and Brass Gr i lle work for Offi c e s TROUT BROOK ICE AND FEED CO. E. H. ARNOLD & SON, Proprietors. OFFICE: 4 8 ANN ST. F ar mi ngton A v e J& E. H. BETTS, J& W H O LESALE DEALER IH Salt and Salt fish, Chees e Lard P ickles Brooms and B ru s he s AGE N TFOR1 H E "GENESEE SALT." 116 State St, Hartford, onn. Stedman & R e dfi eld Commer c i al Pape r H ; B St e dman, H s. R e dfi e ld. H artford. Conn. W H OLESA L E G R O C E R S ....... 399 AND 401 ALLYN STREET, HARTFO R D CONN. AGENTS F O R ....... .... .. WHITE AND GOL D FLOU R Housewives Friend Glisten Polish. Cleans Everything. BILL BROTHERS, General Tra n sfer an d F orwa rd in g Agen ts. S p ecial F a ciliti e s for t he M o v i ng o f M achinery, Safes. Furn iture Pi a n o s E t c H o use h o l d Effe c t s o f every des cripti o n p r operly p a c ke d for sto r ag e o r shipment. STORAGE WAREHOUSE . . . W ith s e p a rat e apa.rlments fo r h c useho ld goods 46 48 ANN ST., HARTFORD, CONN.

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Insure OF HARTFORD, CONN., Life, Endowment and Accident Insurance, OF ALL FORMS. Oldest1 ..Cargest1 and !ilest. HEAL TH POLICIES. Indemnity for Disability caused by Sickness. LIABILITY INSURANCE. Manufacturers and Mechanics, Contractors and owners of Buildings Horses and Vehicles, can be protected by policies in THE TRAV ELERS INSURANCE COMPANY. ASSETS, $ 2 7, 760.511.56. Liabilities, $23,739,827.6J. E xcess (3 f 2 per cent. basis ) $4,020,683.95 Life Insurance in force, $100,334,554.00, Returned to Policy holder s $39, 734,920.89 J AMES G. BA'I'TERSON, PRESIDENT. S. C DUNHAM, Vic e JOHN E MORRIS Secr etary. HARTFORO INCANDESCENT GAS LIGHT AGENCY. \VELSBACH and A P OLLO Gas Light s for H ou-.e, Office or S t ore. Portable Gas S tand s, Ga!Hi g ht Tubing, Imported S hades, G l o bes, l\l anlles, Chimneys and G lassware. Age ncy for L INDNER&: RE:\T IG'S GAS F 1XTL'IU::S. l\LFRED W. GREEN, Proprieto r 82 l'emrl Street, Har t ford, Conn. TELEPHONE CONNECTION. To Clean Your Bicycle USE GLISTEN POLISH. Watches Diamonds, JWLRY, Bicycles Guns, &c. COLLATERAL LOAN CO., 71 Asylum St, Room 10, HARTFORD, CONN. H.J. M ESSENGER, Actuary. E V P RESTON Sup' t of Age n c it:s SIMONS & Fox, Manufacturers and Dealers In Campaign Flags, Buntin g o r Silk Flags, Flag P o les. Flag P o le H a ider s Decorations for B a lls Recept:on s, etc. a speci.alty. 7 Hayne s Sl eet. Hartford. Conn J. B. Burr & Co., Pul)lisl1e r s cmd Print e r s Hartr ord, Conn. H. S K ING, l' l a n age r ./_._ COMPLIM EN T S .;1i CAFE 33 Pearl S t ree t HARTFORD, CONN.

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Ttto s J BoA D M A N Pres ident ARTHUR H BRO N SON, Secretary YORK TRANSPORTATION CO. H F. B OARDMAN, Trea:!:iurer. "HARTFORD LINE." .:1THE Jt. Steamers .. ... .. .. MIDDLETOWN .. and "HARTFORD ., WM. BOARDMAN & SONS CO Daily passenger an d freight l i ne between New York and H artford and intermediate landings o n C o nnecticut R ive r duri n g open navigation o n C o nnecticut River. Passenger A cco mmodations first-class. Low rates and quick dispatch. Shipment s recei ve d o n pier in N e w Y ork until 6 P M and furward."!d t o all p o int s mentioned o n Connecticut river, and points North, E:ast and \Vest fro m H artford. \ Ve a ls o have throug h traffic arrangement s with li nes out o f New Y ork for points So1uh a n d \ Vest and ship m ents csn be forwarded on thro u g h r a tes, and Hills o f Lading obtained fro m offices of the Company, See regular 'Ad in daily papers. TOWING .:1.:1.:1in and round New York harbor, Lon g Island aound and C onnec ticut River. BY TUG BOA TS ... .. MABEL LUTHER C WARD, ADMIRAL FARRAGUT. A M SMITH, RAYMOND J. WARREN COULSTO N 0 L D W HOLESALE: GROCERS. P roprie tors o f CREST BRAND AND T A R Also cargo freighting of any descripti on. by barges ca rrying from 300 to 1200 tons at l ow rates o f freight. C C. GOODRICH General Manager E B W ILLIA MS Superintendent Spices and Nutmeg Oolong Teas. Offi ces a nd Warehouse General Offices, HARTF O RD C O N N 302 304 A sy lum St., H a rtford Con n HIGHLAND BREWING CO., .... S PR I N GFIELD, MASS BREWERS OF LAGER BEER .:1-.:1-.,-THICK MASH LAGER A SPECIAL TY. STOCK ALE, STOCK PORTER, GOLDEN ALE, CREAM ALE P 0 Box 6 7 5 SPR I NGF IELD, MASS. +

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SOLD EVERYWHERE. Williams' Shaving Stick, '.25 cts. Genuine Yankee Shaving Soap, IO cts. luKury Shaving Tablet, '.25 cts. Swiss Violet Shaving Cream, 50 cts. Jersey Cream ( Toilet ) Soap, 15 cts. Williams' Shoving Soop (Barbers'), 6 Round Cakes, l lb. 40 cts. Exquisite a lso for toilet. Trial cake for 2c stamp. THE. .J.B.\NILLIAMS' CO., CLASTONEIURV, CONN. f,ONOON, 64 GREAT RUSS!l.L ST.,W C SYDNCY,161 c:LARtNCE ST

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With a little car e it'll last A LIFETIME. o4> ROGERS, S.I L VER WARE. Rec ogniz ed throu g hout the country as the "BEST." W .M. M:fe?i. ao. Interna t io n a l Si l v e r C o., S u ccesso r s Retail Salesrooms, Market Street. Hartford Conn. men t s of ... r d.nance CS:ompan1:J, Bridgeport, G:-onn.

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J. A. TRAUT. Prest G. W. TRAUT, T r eas. G. E ADAMS, Vice-Pres t. H C HINE, Sec y THE TRAUl& HINE MFG. CO./'i New Britain, Conn., U S A MANUFACTURERS O F METAL TRIMMINGS ... FOR . . SUSPENDERS AND GARTERS ....... -ANDADAMS' PATENT FASTENERS. manufacturing ., LATHE and DRILL CHUCKS. Iron, Brass and Copper Pumps, Galvanized Pump Chain Hardware. BRITAIN, CONN. W AREHOUSE: 103 CAHMBERS ST. NEW YORK. H. A HALL, THE CASH GROCER AND MARKETMAN. E STABLISHED 1853. INCORPORATED 1863 N e w Y ork Offic e : 8 0 Chambe r s St. Humason BtckltY eo., M ANUFACTURERS OF L 2"'---7'iND FINE POCKEr C UTLl:'.:RY. NEW BRITAIN, CONN.,.,C ,;!. Andrews, Wholes ale Commission Dealers in fi5 w J .fCT'fiS IDresseb J3eet LAMB, MUTTON, VEAL, PORK AND PROVISIONS. 35 COMMERCIAL STREET, .L:;;;:-.,,,_--New Britain, Conn RELIABLE .JI. .JI. DENTISTRY, .JI. C. B. & C. F. ERICHSON, t 83 .atn Street, 2I2 MAIN ST., NEW BRITAIN. 1Rew :rsrttaln, cronn.

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L. C D a n i el s L D F i sk. Members of Bos ton TELEPHONE 10134 ..... Chamber of Commerce JI. HILLS & MARCHANT, .JI. ESTABLISHED 1835 fl/ant6d cfl1or ti, 0f(;/I' cf7eecl:J ctnd !/lfay.
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Cbt eonntttitut mutual 1846. [if Tnsurant Company. CONNECTICUT MUTUAL takes for its singl e aim the o n e peculiar service which life alone can r ender and which no other institution can rival: The p erfect p rotect i on of dependent families, at the lowest possi b l e cost -the ch eapes t, simplest, most thorough fami l y pro tection By dint of incessant care and economy at every p0int it h as s uc ceeded and does succeed in this purpose as none other has don e or is doing. It secures the best and highest obtainable results from the prudent and unselfish policy-h o lder's point of view ; and to make sure of and to maintain these, it steadily foregoes those things for which others strive at such fearful to wit: rapid growth and e normous size, things very impressive, even startling to the general eye, but which do not benefit the policy -holder in the slightest, and whic h can be b ad only at an enormous cost which h e mus t pay. JA C OB L G R EENE, Pre st. JOHN M. TAYLO R V.Prest. HERBERT H. WHITE, Sec. DANIEL H WELLS, Actuary. A T RI CHARDS General Agent. James H. Jarman, Special Agent eompany' s Build i n g : Hartford, eonn.

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Cbomas Oakts Son, 1beattng anb
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THE STANLEY WORKS FACTORIES: NEW BRITAIN, CONN. WAREHOUSE: 79 CHAMBERS ST, N Y. STANLEY'S UNIVERSAL PLANE. INCJ,UDING : Moulding Plane Match, S a sh, Chamfer, Beading, Reeding, Fluting, H ollow, Round, Plow, Dado, Rabbet, Fille t ster Slitting Pla n e No. 55, Universal Plane, $16.00 WITH 52 CUTTERS. P lane is N i c ke l Plated; the 52 Cutters are arranged in four separat e cases; and the entire outfit is packeJ in a neat \VooJen Box. SOLD BY Al L HARDWARE DEALERS. JOHN HANNA'S SON, W.W. HANNA. monumtnts. MAUSOLEUMS, VAULTS, STATUARY, Contracto r and Builder Cran!te, Marbl e, Freestone, Bluestone, Office and Show Room, 209 E main Strftt, New Britain Conn. Representative, George Crabtree. MAKERS OF !lJutts, Jtinges, 'boor !lJo/t:J !JJ/ind Orimmings, Ctc. J.B. T alcott. Pres. W E Attwood, Cashier. H B B oa rdman Asst. Cashier. Began Butlness Jlprll n 1887. mtcbanics national Hank, OF NEW BRITAIN, CO NN Cap ital, $ I 00,000. Surplus, $ 40,000. SAFE DEPOSIT VAULTS. Open fro m 9 A. M t o 3 P. M. ). B. Talcott, M. C. Swift. L H Pease, Except Saturdays, 9 A. M. t o 12 M. DIRECTORS: J. A. Pickett. F. N. Stanley. L. A. Vibberts. F. L. Wilcox, P hilip C orbin, W. E Attwood. C. W. LINES, Flour, : Grain, : Feed, BAILED HAY, POTATOES, Etc. Office and Mill cor. Chestnut & Biglow Sts. New Britain Conn.

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The First i\lational B ank of Hartford. & BANKING HOUSE, 50 S T A TE STREET. Orga n ized as a State Bank in 1857. Ueorganize d as a Natio n a l Bank F ebruary, 1864. CAPITAL, $65 0 ,000. SURPLUS AND PROFITS, $200, 000. DEPOSITS, $2, 6 0 0 ,000. J H K NIGHT, Pres't C. D. RILEY, Cashier WARD W J A C O BS, V ice Pres't W. S DWYER, Asst Cash ie r. ACCOUNTS INVITED. Every facility gra ted to dep o s itors consistent with soun d a n d conse rvative Banking. SAFE DEPOSIT VAULTS. Unsur pa s s e d for strength. secu r ity a n d convenience JOX E S TO RENT $5. 00 UPWARDS. INSPECTION l t lVITED ASSETS JANUARY 10 1 900. i OVER $1,500,000.00 I I T H SAVINGS SOCI ETV OF CONNECTICUT. HARTFORD, CONN. 41-2 PER CENT. PER ANNU M PAID ON DEPOSITS IN CASH. DIVIDEND DATES, JANUARY AND JULY. THE ;ETNA N A T IONAL BANK OF HA.RT FORD. 644.,6-t6.,6-:t8 .Main Street '.Elctna '.JLife :f.Sui!M n g. C apital, $ 525,000.00 Surpl us and Profits $430,000.00 O FFICERS A SPENCER, Jr. Presi
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MANUrACTURED ONLY BY .7fngelus Orchestra will play any Piano. r lt plays perfectly anything that any Pianist can play, and anyone can operate it. lt can be rolled up to the Piano and rolled away again I in a few seconds. and fur thermore 1s a self-playi n g Organ also. Organ and Piano together --think what this means. I The ANGELUS brings to your home a ve r itab l e I Orchestra 1 '{t:be 'Ulllilcor & 'Ultlbite. s CANADA MALT ALE fl! EXTRA PORTER \,f '" PALE EXTRA "i LAGER ,.tt-.,. jLager 16eer ALL BOTTLED AT BREWERY AND SOLD AT MODERATE PRICES. TO THE TRADE. MERIDEN, CONN.

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E. A. MALLORY & SONS, C. A. MALI.ORY. W E MALLORY. MANUFACTURERS O F Stiff ano ... jfletible jfur lfJats. Corne r RIV E R a nd BE:AVE:R STRE:E:TS. DANBURY, CONN. D. E. LOEWE & CO., MANUFACTURERS O F ,lf o r . :!Domestic ant> lEJ;port \rra be. Factory and M a in Offic e : CONN. THE LEE HAT CO., M a nufa c tur e r s of STIFF a nd .. DANBURY, CONN. SOFT HITTS.---.. Complim e nt s o f E<{)WI.N
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lngraham,Swift&Co. Stoddard & Caulkins, SWIFT'S ___ .._ DRESSED BEEF, Mutto n Veal Provisi ons and P oultry, Butte r Cheese and Eggs. Swift's Wool Soap for Toilet, B ath, Laundry Swift's Washing Powder. 126 burcb St., Hartford, eonn. HARTFORD BOX CO. M ANUFACTURERS O F R 223 STATE ST., ES. HARTFORD, CONN. --....--......-E w SM ITH, PROP. FAMOUS .. ... . .... 1Rarragansett jLager--. EXCELS ALL OTHERS. Hartford Wholesale Branch. CONTRACTORS AND BUILDERS. CABINET WORK, INTERIOR FINISH, and GENERAL JOBBING. l CHARTER OAK AND JUNCTION ) VREDENDALE AVENUES .. T e l ephone, 401 -5 HARTFORD, CONN. E STABLIS HED, 1859.WILLIAM WESTPHAL, PACKER ANO DEALER IN ANO IMPORTER OF HAVANAN o 221 STATE STREET, P 0. B o x 1 066. HARTFORD, CONN. FIRE INSURANCE H. W. ... No. 9 CENTRAL ROW HARTFORD, C()NN. REAL ESTATE AGENCY.

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COMPLIMENTS OF ..... rrie n c l o r tl1e "I'\." C. ]. DILLON, _ __ The on l y member o f the old firm of Kenney & Dillon i n the UNDERTAKING BUSINESS. 563 MAIN STREET. TELE.PHONE. 443-4 and Wm. H. Wiley & Son, i (TWO MEDALS RECEIVED AT WORLD0S FAIR.f LAMBS' W OO L AND BOUN D CORK INSOLES, AND HEEL PROTECTORS. MILITARY LEGGINS A SPECA ILTY, 59,Yz Trumbull St., HARTFORD, CONN ........ P. O. BOX 1023COMPLIMENTS OF 7-J. Fr iend of' Hie R e gime nt "\V." E S TABLISHED 186 4 P. GARVAN, J:} and Paper ... stock. MI LL S AT VERS AILLES. CONN. 2 0 5 and 2 0 7 State Street, Hartford ALBERT C. BILL. JOSEPH P TUTTLE. w. L. WAKEFIELD, _..i> BILL & TUTTLE ATTORN EY S AND COUNSE:LOl
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Co. of WM. B. CLARK, Pres dent. F. 0. WEEKS Ylce-Presidrnt WM H. KING, A. C. ADAMS, H. E REES, Asst. STATEMENT OF THE CONDITI O N ON THE 31st DAY OF DECEMBER 1899. Cash Capital Reserve, Re-Insurance ( F i re ) Rest rve ReInsurance (Inland), Reserv e, Unpaid Los ses (Fire), Rest rve Un1 a id lnl
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Uittory THE F1scHER BEERS have won the battle of com petition, and to-day their reputation stands AT THE FRONT. A Cl-Xl:{EFLIL selection of Pure Malt and Hops, combined with the Cleanest and most Wodern Method of Brewing tells the story. . T H REE B RANDS: jfischcr' e J8J:tra, A superior Draught Beer, -and so its to the masses Is every drop what it is claimed to a real German Beer: s Steamed Bott/rd Beer An ideal t able B eer. N o home should be without it. \Bottled at the Brewery.1 I 1 The Hubert Fischer Brewery. ljartford, Conn.

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ube Retna ... :Jl3rewina
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CQL T'S REVOLVERS. & COLT'S NEW ARMY as C,ALI ' {UNITED STATES ARMY AND NAVY, ADOPTED T BY THE STATE NA IONAL GUARDS, NEwYoRK CITY, HARTFORD AND OTHER POLICE DEPARTMENTS. Colt's Patent Fire Arms Mfg. Co., HARTFORD, CONN. THOROUGH INSPECTIONS .& .,. Against Loss or Damage to Property and Loss of Life and Injury to Persons caused by STE/IM EXPLOSIONS. J M ALLEN, Pres i dent F B ALLEN Second Vic e-President. L. B BRAINARD, Asst. Treasurer. WM. B FRANKLIN Vice-Pres j dent J B. PIERCE Secret ary and Treasurer. L. F. MIDDLE,!3ROOK, Asst. Secretary.

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