A macroecological perspective on strategic bat conservation in the U.S. National Park Service

Citation
A macroecological perspective on strategic bat conservation in the U.S. National Park Service

Material Information

Title:
A macroecological perspective on strategic bat conservation in the U.S. National Park Service
Series Title:
Ecosphere
Creator:
Rodhouse, Thomas J.
Philippi, Thomas E.
Monahan, William B.
Castle, Kevin T.
Publisher:
Wiley
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
1 online resource

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Subjects / Keywords:
Bats -- Conservation ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )

Notes

Abstract:
North American bat populations face unprecedented threats from disease and rapid environmental change, requiring a commensurate strategic conservation response. Protected-area networks have tremendous potential to support coordinated resource protection, disease surveillance, and population monitoring that could become a cornerstone of 21st-century bat conservation. To motivate this idea, we develop a macroecological perspective about bat diversity and associated conservation challenges and opportunities on U.S. National Park Service (NPS) lands. We compared occurrence records from parks against published range maps. Only 55 (19%) of parks reported as present ≥90% of the bat species expected based on range maps, highlighting the information-gap challenge. Discrepancies suggest substantial under-reporting and under-sampling of bats on NPS lands; inadequate range maps and habitat specificity are implicated for some species. Despite these discrepancies, 50 species, including several range-restricted and endangered taxa, were reported in at least one park unit, including those in the Caribbean and tropical Pacific. Species richness increased with park area at a rate (z) of ~0.1, a pattern confounded by covariation with latitude, elevation, and habitat. When accounting for these factors, richness decreased predictably at higher latitudes and increased at mid-elevations and with greater numbers of keystone underground habitat structures (caves and mines), reflecting a strong species–energy relationship. The inclusion of covariates that represented percentage of natural vs. human-modified (converted) landscapes and elevation range—a proxy for environmental heterogeneity—was uninformative. White-nose syndrome (WNS) presents a tremendous challenge to the NPS: All 12 species currently known to be affected by the disease or to host the causal fungus are represented in the NPS system. One hundred and twenty-seven NPS parks are in counties currently or likely to become WNS-positive by 2026. All parks are expected to experience increasing temperatures in coming decades; forecasted climate change velocity is particularly high (>1 SD) for 50 parks. Seventeen parks are in the vicinity of high (>1 SD) wind turbine density. Based on these biogeographic patterns, we suggest ways to prioritize NPS parks for additional inventories, monitoring, and resource protection. Our results demonstrate how macroecology and bioinformatics together can guide strategic conservation capacity-building among protected areas.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
K26-05269 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.5269 ( USFLDC handle )

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Article e015761 SPECIAL FEATURE: SCIENCE FOR OUR NATIONAL PARKS SECOND CENTURY 231National Park Service, Upper Columbia Basin Network, 650 SW Columbia Street, Bend, Oregon 97702 USA2Inventory and Monitoring Division, National Park Service, 1800 Cabrillo Memorial Drive, San Diego, California 92106 USA3Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team, USDA Forest Service, 2150A Centre Avenue, Suite 331, Fort Collins, Colorado 80526 USA4Biological Resources Division, National Park Service, 1201 Oak Ridge Drive, Fort Collins, Colorado 80525 USA Citation: Abstract. z Key words: Received Copyright: 5 E-mail:

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Article e015762 INTRODUCTION \020\230\233\235\221\003\226\216\233\222\214\212\227\213\212\235\231\230\231\236\225\212\235\222\230\227\234\217\212\214\216\227\230\237\216\225 \212\227\215\220\233\230\240\222\227\220\235\221\233\216\212\235\234\234\216\216\021\025\221\216\212\216\235 \212\225XVW\\217\230\233 \212\233\216\237\222\216\240\217\233\230\226\240\221\222\235\216, \227\230\234\216\234\242\227\215\233\230\226\216\031\020\025 \004\225\216\221\216\233\235\216\235 \212\225XVV_\017\212\221\216\233\216\235 \212\225XVWX\031\212\233\227\216\214\224\216 \216\235 \212\225XVWX\021\024\216\220\212\227\216\235 \212\225XVW[\212\214\214\216\225\216\233\212\235\216\215 \233\212\235\216\234\230\217\240\222\227\215\216\227\216\233\220\242\215\216\237\216\225\230\231\226\216\227\235\003\233\227\216 \216\235 \212\225XVV^\003\233\227\216\212\227\215\004\212\216\233\240\212\225\215XVWY\225\212\227\215\236\234\216 \214\221\212\227\220\216\024\236\234\234\230\212\227\215\003\227\214\222\225\225\230\230XVW[\f\236\227\220\212\227\215 \026\221\233\216\225\217\212\225\225XVW\\212\227\215\212\214\214\216\225\216\233\212\235\216\215\214\225\222\226\212\235\216\214\221\212\227\220\216 \n\236\226\231\221\233\222\216\234\216\235 \212\225XVVX\f\230\227\216\234\216\235 \212\225XVV_\003\215\212\226\234 XVWV\025\221\216\233\240\222\227\216\235 \212\225XVWY\006\216\234\231\222\235\216\212\215\237\212\227\214\216\234\222\227 \212\214\230\236\234\235\222\214\215\216\235\216\214\235\222\230\227\226\216\235\221\230\215\234\212\227\215\230\235\221\216\233\235\216\214\221\227\230\225\230, \220\222\216\234\236\227\215\216\233\234\235\212\227\215\222\227\220\235\221\216\222\226\231\212\214\235\234\230\217\235\221\216\234\216\235\221\233\216\212\235\234 \230\227\231\230\231\236\225\212\235\222\230\227\234\212\227\215\212\214\233\230\234\234\216\227\235\222\233\216\234\231\216\214\222\216\234\233\212\227\220\216\234 \214\230\227\235\222\227\236\216\234\235\230\213\216\225\222\226\222\235\216\215\213\242\235\221\216\214\221\212\225\225\216\227\220\216\234\212\234\234\230\214\222 \212\235\216\215\240\222\235\221\234\235\236\215\242\222\227\220\235\221\216\214\233\242\231\235\222\214\212\227\215\230\237\216\233\215\222\234\231\216\233\234\216\215 \221\212\213\222\235\234\230\217\213\212\235\234\021\025\221\216\212\216\235 \212\225XVVY \n\212\242\216\234\216\235 \212\225XVV_ \031\216\225\225\216\233\216\235 \212\225XVV_\017\216\242\216\233XVW[\026\221\222\234\222\227\217\230\233\226\212\235\222\230\227 \220\212\231\221\212\226\231\216\233\234\216\216\214\235\222\237\216\214\230\227\234\216\233\237\212\235\222\230\227\212\227\215\213\212\235\214\230\227, \234\216\233\237\212\235\222\230\227\216\230\233\235\234\220\216\227\216\233\212\225\225\242\225\212\220\213\216\221\222\227\215\235\221\230\234\216\213\216\222\227\220 \226\212\215\216\217\230\233\230\235\221\216\233\212\235, \233\222\234\224\235\212\241\212\222\227\214\225\236\215\222\227\220\213\222\233\215\234 \212\226\231\221\222\213\222\212\227\234\212\227\215\234\230\226\216\230\217\235\221\216\225\212\233\220\216\233\226\212\233\222\227\216\212\227\215 \235\216\233\233\216\234\235\233\222\212\225\226\212\226\226\212\225\234 \n\230\240\216\237\216\233\031\020\025\221\212\234\213\216\216\227\212 \214\212\235\212\225\242\234\235\217\230\233\213\212\235\214\230\227\234\216\233\237\212\235\222\230\227\222\227\235\221\216\027\227\222\235\216\215\025\235\212\235\216\234 \212\227\215\005\212\227\212\215\212\005\021\025\007\031\013\005XVWY\b\216\215\216\233\212\225\024\216\220\222\234\235\216\233 XVW[\213\216\214\212\236\234\216\217\230\233\226\216\233\225\242\214\230\226\226\230\227\213\212\235\234\231\216\214\222\216\234\212\233\216 \227\230\240\217\212\214\216\215\240\222\235\221\233\216\220\222\230\227\212\225\216\241\235\222\233\231\212\235\222\230\227\b\233\222\214\224\216\235 \212\225 2010a a

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Article e015763

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Article e015764 MATERIALS AND METHODS Bat occurrence and distribution data Results Taxonomy

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Article e015765 Eptesicus fuscus 252 Lasiurus cinereus 127 Myotis lucifugus 123 200 Lasionycteris noctivagans Lasiurus borealis 137 Tadarida brasiliensis 75 126 Myotis californicus 74 Corynorhinus townsendii 73 123 Myotis volans Myotis ciliolabrum 67 105 Myotis melanorhinus Myotis leibii Myotis yumanensis 66 Myotis thysanodes 65 Antrozous pallidus 61 102 Myotis evotis 56 Myotis septentrionalis 56 Parastrellus hesperus 53 67 Nycticeius humeralis 37 102 Nyctinomops macrotis 31 61 Euderma maculatum 30 70 Lasiurus blossevillii 21 106 L. borealis Myotis leibii 16 77 Eumops perotis 14 26 Idionycteris phyllotis 13 Myotis grisescens 13 26 Myotis velifer 12 24 Lasiurus seminolus 11 46 Myotis sodalis 11 10 Myotis auriculus 7 Nyctinomops femorosaccus 15 Choeronycteris mexicana 6 L. cinereus semotus 6 7 Lasiurus intermedius 6 30 Myotis austroriparius 6 27 Lasiurus xanthinus 5 16 Lasiurus ega Macrotus californicus 5 15 Leptonycteris yerbabuenae 4 7 Leptonycteris curasoae Mormoops megalophylla 2 13 Artibeus jamaicensis 1 4 Brachyphylla cavernarum 1 2 Corynorhinus townsendii ingens 1 2 Corynorhinus townsendii virginianus 1 5 Diphylla ecaudata 1 2 1 2 to occur there

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Article e015766 Myotis melanorhinus Myotis ciliolabrum nus Speciesarea and speciesenergy models S = cAz >> z Eumops underwoodi 1 2 Molossus molossus 1 2 Myotis occultus 1 35 Noctilio leporinus 1 1 Stenoderma rufum 1 1 Leptonycteris nivalis 1 1 L. yerbabuenae Pteropus samoensis 1 1 Pteropus tonganus 1 1 Myotis keenii 0 1 Pteropus tokudae 0 1 Pteropus mariannus 0 1 Emballonura semicaudata 0 1 Mormoops blainvillii 0 0 Pteronotus parnellii 0 0 0 0 Erophylla bombifrons 0 0 Natalus mexicanus 0 7 Lasiurus ega 0 2 Lasiurus minor 0 0 Pseudogymnoascus destructans.

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Article e015767 Keystone roost structures and bat conservation risk factors in parks Myotis septentrionalis

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Article e01576 2 2 RESULTS Discrepancies between observed and expected species Bat diversity in parks

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Article e01576 Speciesarea and speciesenergy patterns P z z = z P e P 2

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Article e0157610 Distribution of atrisk bat species Pseudogymnoascus destructans Eptesicus fuscus Lasionycteris noctivagans Myotis lucifugus [ Lasiurus cinereusLasiurus borealis Myotis septentrionalis Myotis keenii ( L. cinereus semotus Corynorhinus Current and predicted distribution of WNS in parks z P P

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Article e0157611 Patterns of wind energy development and climate change in parks DISCUSSION \031\216\231\233\230\237\222\215\216\235\221\216\233\234\235\214\230\226\231\233\216\221\216\227\234\222\237\216\233\216\237\222\216\240\230\217 \235\221\216\213\212\235\234\231\216\214\222\216\234\230\214\214\236\233\233\222\227\220\240\222\235\221\222\227\235\221\216\020\022\025\234\242\234\235\216\226 \212\227\215\235\221\216\212\234\234\230\214\222\212\235\216\215\231\230\235\216\227\235\222\212\225\230\217\020\022\025\235\230\214\230\227\235\233\222\213\236\235\216 \235\230\020\230\233\235\221\003\226\216\233\222\214\212\227\213\212\235\214\230\227\234\216\233\237\212\235\222\230\227\020\230\230\235\221\216\233 \216\241\212\226\222\227\212\235\222\230\227\230\217\213\212\235\234\221\212\234\213\216\216\227\226\212\215\216\217\230\233\230\235\221\216\233 \231\233\230\235\216\214\235\216\215, \212\233\216\212\227\216\235\240\230\233\224\234\216\241\214\216\231\235\217\230\233\235\221\216\220\212\231 \b\222\220 [\022\216\233\214\216\227\235\212\220\216\230\217\227\212\235\236\233\212\225\237\234\214\230\227\237\216\233\235\216\215\225\212\227\215\214\230\237\216\233\233\216\217\216\233\233\216\215\235\230\212\234\231\216\233\214\216\227\235\212\220\216\230\217\227\212\235\236\233\212\225\222\227\235\221\216\235\216\241\235\222\227 \231\212\233\224\234\212\227\215YV, \224\226\213\236\216\233\212\233\216\212\234\230\217\212\227\212\225\242\234\222\234\026\221\222\234\226\216\235\233\222\214\240\212\234\214\212\225\214\236\225\212\235\216\215\217\233\230\226XVWW\020\212\235\222\230\227\212\225\016\212\227\215\005\230\237\216\233\006\212\235\212\234\216\235 \n\230\226\216\233\216\235\212\225XVW[\213\\235\221\216\020\212\235\222\\227\212\225\022\212\233\224\\216\233\237\222\214\216\020\022\025\214\212\231\216\231\233\230\\233\212\226\017\230\227\212\221\212\227\216\235\212\225XVWX

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Article e0157612 personal communication

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Article e0157613 Speciesenergy patterns z z

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Article e0157614

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Article e0157615 Bats and parks at risk

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Article e0157616 (Myotis evotis Conclusion: an energetics framework for strategic bat conservation in the NPS 2010b

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Article e0157617 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS \031\216\235\221\212\227\224\003\016\230\212\233\217\230\233\212\234\234\222\234\235\212\227\214\216\240\222\235\221\020\022\025\231\216\214\222\216\234 \006 \022\212\235\216\231\233\230\237\222\215\216\215\231\212\233\224\214\230\236\227\235\234\230\217\214\212\237\216\212\227\215\224\212\233\234\235\217\216\212, \235\236\233\216\234\f\004\236\233\220\221\212\233\215\235\231\233\230\237\222\215\216\215\231\212\233\224\214\230\236\227\235\234\230\217\212\213\212\227\215\230\227\216\215 \226\222\227\216\217\216\212\235\236\233\216\234\025\017\212\221\216\233\231\233\230\237\222\215\216\215\t\013\025\215\212\235\212\230\227\231\233\230, \223\216\214\235\216\215\234\231\233\216\212\215\230\217\031\020\025\212\214\233\230\234\234\235\221\216\214\230\227\235\222\227\216\227\235\212\225\027\227\222\235\216\215 \025\235\212\235\216\234\022\005\233\242\212\227\212\227\215\017\030\216\233\212\227\235\231\233\230\237\222\215\216\215\221\216\225\231\217\236\225\214\230\226, \226\216\227\235\234\215\236\233\222\227\220\231\233\216\231\212\233\212\235\222\230\227\230\217\235\221\216\226\212\227\236\234\214\233\222\231\235\031\216\235\221\212\227\224 \235\221\216\235\240\230\212\227\230\227\242\226\230\236\234\233\216\237\222\216\240\216\233\234\217\230\233\221\216\225\231\217\236\225\217\216\216\215\213\212\214\224 \212\227\215\234\236\220\220\216\234\235\222\230\227\234\b\236\227\215\222\227\220\217\230\233\235\221\222\234\231\233\230\223\216\214\235\240\212\234\231\233\230, \237\222\215\216\215\213\242\235\221\216\020\022\025\004\222\230\225\230\220\222\214\212\225\024\216\234\230\236\233\214\216\234\006\222\237\222\234\222\230\227\212\227\215 \013\227\237\216\227\235\230\233\242\\227\215\017\230\227\222\235\230\233\222\227\220\006\222\237\222\\222\230\227 LITERATURE CITED \003\215\212\226\234\024\003XVWV\004\212\235\233\216\231\233\230\215\236\214\235\222\230\227\215\216\214\225\222\227\216\234\240\221\216\227 \214\230\227\215\222\235\222\230\227\234\226\222\226\222\214\214\225\222\226\212\235\216\214\221\212\227\220\216\231\233\230\223\216\214\235\222\230\227\234\217\230\233 \240\216\234\235\216\233\227\020\230\\235\221\003\226\216\233\222\214\212\\214\230\225\230\220\242_WXZY].XZZ[ \003\227\215\216\225\226\212\227\025\f\212\227\215\017\024\031\222\225\225\222\220XVVY\022\233\216\234\216\227\235\231\212\235, \235\216\233\227\234\212\227\215\217\236\235\236\233\216\231\233\230\234\231\216\214\235\234\217\230\233\213\222\230\215\222\237\216\233\234\222\235\242\222\227\235\221\216 \240\216\234\235\216\233\227\221\216\\222\234\231\221\216\233\2161\007\214\230\225\230\220\242\016\\216\233\234\^W^.^XZ \003\233\227\216\007\004\212\227\215\007\b\004\212\216\233\240\212\225\215XVWY \013\226\231\212\214\235\234\230\217 \240\222\227\215\216\227\216\233\220\242\215\216\237\216\225\230\231\226\216\227\235\230\227\213\212\235\234\222\226\231\225\222\214\212\235\222\230\227\234 \217\230\233\214\230\227\234\216\233\237\212\235\222\230\227\022\212\220\216\234ZY[.Z[\ in in

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Article e01576 Myotis lucifugusMyotis septentrionalis) b Myotis luci fugus a in Myotis cili olabrum in

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Article e0157620 in in in Geomyces destructans

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Article e0157621 SUPPORTING INFORMATION \003\215\215\222\235\222\230\227\212\225\025\236\231\231\230\233\235\222\227\220 \013\227\217\230\233\226\212\235\222\230\227\226\212\242\213\216\217\230\236\227\215\230\227\225\222\227\216\212\235\221\231&&\230\227\225\222\\216\225\222\213\233\212\233\242\240\222\225\216\242\214\230\&\215\230\222&WVWVVX& \216\214\234XW[]\&\217\\225\225


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