UIS Bulletin

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UIS Bulletin

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Title:
UIS Bulletin
Series Title:
UIS Bulletin
Creator:
Mercado, EfraÍn ( Editor )
Colzato, Nivaldo ( Editor )
Publisher:
Union Internationale de Spéléologie
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Copyright Date:
2017
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English
French

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Karst ( lcsh )
Speleology -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
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serial ( sobekcm )

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Original Version:
Vol.59-1 (2017)

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University of South Florida Library
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University of South Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
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K26-05285 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.5285 ( USFLDC Handle )

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BULLETINUnion Internationale de SplologieVolume 59-1 June 2017 and more... IN THIS ISSUE:

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Page 2/ 60 Union Internationale de SplologieWEBSITE: http://www.uis-speleo.org/BULLETINOfficial publication of the UIS for publicizing the activities of the UIS and the state of the art of international speleology 2017 EDITOR IN CHIEF Efran MERCADO (Puerto Rico) DISCLAIMER The views and opinions expressed in this bulletin are Union of Speleology or its Bureau members unless GRAPHIC EDITION Nivaldo COLZATO (Brazil) Founded in Postojna, Slovenia, 1965 worldwide speleological organization that promotes the development of interaction between academic and technical speleologists of a wide range of nationalities to develop and coordinate NON DISCRIMINATION POLICY or parental status or sexual orientation. Should you Dr. Fadi NADER UIS General Secretary fadi.nader@gmail.com Union Internationale de Splologie Titov trg 2 6230, Postojna SloveniaSCIENTIFIC MEMBER OF REMEMBERSAVE A TREE; DO NOT PRINT IF UNNECESARY COVERCappadocia, Turkey 2017 (see on page 25) Font:The UIS Bulletin as a complete issue can be distributed freely. http://www.icsu.org Table of ContentsEditorial Looking Forward ......................................................................................................................... 3 Report of History of Speleology Commission .................................................................................. 4 Report of Cave Rescue Commission..................................................................................................... 10 Report of Cave Diving Commission ...................................................................................................... 23 Congress HYPOGEA 2017 Report of Artificial Cavities Commission ................... 25 Report of Speleotherapy Commission ............................................................................................... 28 Report of Informatics Commission / Working group Publications Exchange .... 42 France Habe Prize 2016 ................................................................................................................................. 44 In Memoriam Sami Karkabi .................................................................................................................... 52 Calendar of Events 2017-2018 .................................................................................................................. 53 17th ICS, Australia 2017 .................................................................................................................................... 54 UIS Bureau 2013/2017 ...................................................................................................................................... 55 Active Nations Members List ..................................................................................................................... 56 Annual Contributions and Bank Account .......................................................................................... 57 Guide for submitting and publishing articles in the UIS Bulletin ......................... 58 Editors Disclosure ................................................................................................................................................ 60 Click here! Deadline for submissions for the next issue ( N 59-2)November 30, 2017

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Page 3/ 60 EditorialFor the last four years UIS Bulletin has been transformed from a basic information issue to a powerful enhanced instrument to ser ve the cavers all around the world with easy to read, updated information regarding the organization and its members. This means a lot of ordinary help of very talented people with the desire to bring their best for the speleology. Nowadays the bulletin became an easy to reach information and very useful in order to gical needs. We continue to work hard to give the best. The easier a reader can became in control of the information the fast it will spread Meanwhile important events are happening in the worldwide speleology. As we get serves as a connection point to them. This is able chance to get in touch with the marvels of the country and its speleology. to foresee our future. Is to encourage thru participation of all UIS members the recognition and strength and hard work toward it with the help of worldwide recognized organizations and mise to keep the efforts and to help train new UIS and its countries in the summit. When we look forward we encourage toward our community and countries in the best interest of science, technology and knowledge. and motivate newcomers, cavers and scientists new ways to do things, to enhance, to test, to implement and to advance speleology. Whilst, not necessarily everybody is taking advantage of this easy to reach technology, we change of mind. This is a time to share with all countries. Missing this chance of information UIS belongs to all of us. We are part of it, we all are the UIS. Do not wait four years more to let a stronger UIS. Share it now! This bulletin represents the clear image that together we should, we must look forward. is closer to each one that looks for a better speleology no matter where they live. ming on. Be part of it! Knowledge that is not shared is useless or have little or no value .LOOKING FORWARD By Efran MERCADO (Puerto Rico) Editor in ChiefUIS Vice-President of Operationsmercado.efrain@gmail.com

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Page 4/ 60 ABSTRACT year by your servant bearchirol@orange.fr By Bernard Chirol (France), Presidentbearchirol@orange.frREPORT OF ACTIVITIES 2016HIS TOR Y OF SPELEOLOG Y CO MMISSIONCO MMISSION POUR L HIS TOIRE DE LA SPLOLOGIE Une anne riche pour moi, grce au rseau de contacts travers le monde, intresss par lhistoire de la splologie et de la karstologie.Histoire mondiale de la contribution des femmes la splologie: ce travail entam fin 2015 avance. Je remercie en outre tous les spcialistes qui mont donn les statistiques de leurs pays. Une confrence est ne de cette recherche en cours, ne montrant que quelques aspects de cette longue qute des femmes pour lgalit de considration, pour accomplir librement leurs rves. Elle a t donne lEurosplo du Yorkshire puis aux Rencontres doctobre du splo-club de Paris en Ardche, enfin Villefranche-sur-Sane, prs de Lyon. Voyage en Hongrie en fvrier: visite libre de grottes grce la gentillesse de la famille Hegedus prsente sur le site amnag de Szeml-Hegy et rcupration de donnes historiques. Reconnaissance de lemplacement du rseau noy de Molnar galement. En mars, visite sportive payante avec Roland Plissier de lAven Noir qui est une vritable merveille souterraine la limite Gard/Aveyron (France). Un nouveau mode luxueux de splologie Poursuite de la surveillance de deux sites du Jura sud (France), dans lAin, Jujurieux et Glandieu o jai guid 35 villageois locaux en septembre avant une confrence sur lhistoire des dcouvertes dans la grotte des Cascades de Glandieu et une autre sur le gouffre perdu de la Perte du Rhne. Une confrence en avril Bourg-en-Bresse sur lhistoire du canyon de la Cluse des Hpitaux (France) dans le sud Jura avec approche en tant que voie de passage (daprs le livre Cluse, toujours tu mintresses de 2007).

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Page 5/ 60 Le gomorphosite cach de la Perte du Rhne Bellegarde/Valserine entre Lyon et Genve. Pour varier un peu et suite rception dun article de presse, jai ressorti mon dossier Perte du Rhne pour construire une nouvelle confrence qui pourrait bien donner un nouveau livre sur ce gouffre en fond de canyon, creus par une disparition courte du plus puissant fleuve de France: vraisemblablement lors des fusions glaciaires, les calcaires urgoniens ont laiss senfoncer le fleuve qui disparaissait entirement lors des tiages hivernaux. Les eaux du barrage de Gnissiat lont submerg en 1948! Ce site dfendu par Martel vers 1911 disparaissait ainsi. Des hommes ont tent de lexplorer avant la Rvolution franaise puis un pionnier y est descendu lors dune catastrophe qui avait barr le Rhne en amont en 1883. Cette confrence est prvue parmi les 4 de Sydney (ICS). Jai particip au reprage et linspection dune grotte aux ours, perdue sur les versants des Monts Jura Divonnes-les-Bains prs de Genve avec une quipe qui stoffe et tudie le site dans une Rserve Naturelle (Bertrand Valton, Grald Favre, ). En mai, jai pu dcouvrir (il tait temps) les karsts de Han-sur-Lesse en Belgique grce laccueil des collgues belges qui ont vid des siphons pour nous. Un autre a rassembl des anciennes tenues ayant appartenu De Joly ou encore toutes sortes de vieux matriels splos auxquels jai rajout un descendeur Dad. Mr Quinif nous a accueillis sur ses sites o sexerce une surveillance pointue de la tectonique. Merci J.-M. Mattlet. Au printemps, jeus la chance de pouvoir rencontrer Dominique Saint Pierre qui travailla avec moi pour amliorer ma confrence Pertes du Rhne grce une masse de documents accumuls lors de son ouvrage exemplaire pour Les gorges perdues du Haut-Rhne paru en 2013. Jai donn plusieurs heures de mon temps pour prsenter le patrimoine gologique de lAin (Massif du Jura sud) deux journalistes travaillant pour lmission de France 3 Des racines et des ailes en pure perte, la Production ayant opt pour loption chteaux. Cette mission va tre diffuse prochainement. Jai donc pu tester auprs des splologues locaux ma nouvelle confrence (double en octets) sur la perte du Rhne en Juin Bellegarde et faire un plerinage prs du site englouti sous 40 m deau. Un petit voyage Rome en juillet ne ma pas vraiment apport grand-chose en splo, si ce ne sont les anctres de tenues de plonge imagines

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Page 6/ 60 par Lonardo Da Vinci (Muse). En aot, le Congrs de lEUROSPELEO dans le Yorkshire fut magnifique comme le temps. Des orchestres, des confrences o jai pris plaisir rencontrer le Doctorant Pearson qui travaille sur danciens textes traitant des grottes dont il nous donne la signification pour lvolution de la pense des hommes. Finalement, grce aux collgues quipeurs, David Saint-Pierre, jai eu la chance daller sous terre chaque jour et de parcourir ces landes couvertes de bruyre et parcourues par les moutons. Visite en prime du muse Wordworth, amateur des grottes, dans le Lake District. Que du bonheur! Confrences donnes: Histoire splologique de Chypre; Femmes splologues (histoire); Les plus vieux plans de grotte (voir Bulletin UIS et Splo Magazine). Tout au long de lanne et ce depuis Brno (2013) o nous avions voqu avec Laurence Tanguille la possibilit dun congrs UIS Lyon en 2021, celle-ci, avec OnlyLyon et les splos de Rhne-Alpes a uvr pour lacceptation du dossier qui sera entrine, je lespre Sydney (ICS 2017). A lautomne, lAssociation pour lEducation Populaire de Villefranche-sur-Sane ma donn loccasion dans un cycle Sciences de la Terre de proposer 6 confrences dont certaines ont t dj mentionnes dans ce rapport et auxquelles on rajoutera une prsentation gnrale de lHistoire de la splologie, partir du travail prsent Brno en 2013 ainsi que la biographie du karstologue Jean Corbel. Josiane et Bernard Lips ont prsent lactivit grce au Massif de Samons, o se trouve le gouffre Jean Bernard. Le cycle se termine en mars. Ces confrences sur lhistoire (gnrale et fminine) ont galement t donnes lors du stage international fminin (une aubaine pour mon travail) dans le Doubs (massif du Jura nord en France). Ce stage que jai finalement contribu encadrer aussi techniquement du 26 septembre au 1er octobre ma remis le pied ltrier et permis une enqute auprs des 12 stagiaires de 6 nationalits. La direction fut assure par Nathalie Witt et Cline Barrre de la ligue Lorraine. Mon travail reste en cours. Jai particip lencadrement dun autre stage, de dcouverte, intitul stage famille o mres

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Page 7/ 60 et enfants taient prsents parmi les 17 participants en dcembre Hauteville-Lompnes (Massif sud Jura de lAin, France). Une approche intressante En prvision de Sydney (ICS 2017), jai mis une requte que le Bureau de lUIS ma demand de prsenter en AG en Australie: faire passer la Commission Histoire dans le dpartement Recherche au lieu dtre dans lactuel dpartement Documentation. Je vais maintenant vous parler des rapports tablis par mes collgues, sachant que jai eu de nombreux changes avec F. Knolle (Vice-Prsident), J. Mattes, F. Pearson, A. Cigna, S. Craven, S. Gotto, G. Hegedus, D. Saint-Pierre, P. Strinati, T. Shaw, M. Laumanns, J. Mulaomerovic, V. Bozic, G. Badino, C. Benedetto et beaucoup dautres actifs dans le monde. Je remercie encore une fois celles et ceux qui ont contribu ma splologie fminine en cours. Friedhart Knolle a travaill sur lactivit des services secrets est-allemands concernant les splos, confrence dj donne lors de la karst-school du 50me anniversaire de lUIS. Brbel Vogel sest jointe lui pour montrer comment notre activit tait suspecte mais galement intressante sur le plan militair pour le rgime de lancienne DDR. Friedhart fut lui-mme fich. Avec ses collgues de la VDHK et dans les pages de leur Mitteilungen 2 (2016), ils nous apportent des informations sur Hermannshhle daprs des documents de 1888, ainsi que sur Baumannshhle dans le Harz. Johannes Mattes, de Vienne (Autriche) nous fait part des ses recherches : Lectures at conferences: (Unter)welten des Wissens: Raum-, Krperund Geschlechterkonzepte bei der Erforschung von Hhlen (1500-1800) Ringvorlesung Wissenschaftsgeschichte Themenfelder, Probleme und Perspektiven, Univ. Wien (Wien 11/2016) Zirkulation von Menschen und Wissensdingen in Wien und zwischen den Metropolen Workshop der Kommission fr Philosophie und Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Austrian Academy of Sciences (Wien 10/2016) Zeigen und Verschweigen: Wissensund Raumkonzepte in historischen Hhlenkarten Kartographiehistorisches Kolloquium D-A-CH (Wien 9/2016) Disciplining InterdisciplinarityThe development of speleology as a handbook science (1870 1920) International Congress of the European Society for the History of Science (Prague 9/2016). Between Occultism and Guided Science Cave Excavations of the SS Research Community Das Ahnenerbe (1935). International Geological Congress, Session of the International Commission for the History of Geosciences (Capetown 8/2016). Between Nature and Culture: Concepts of Knowledge and Space in Historical Cave Maps (15001800). Scientiae International Congress on the Disciplines of Knowing in the Early Modern Age (Oxford 7/2016). Publications: Gnter Stummer, Lukas Plan, Johannes Mattes: Hhlenkundliche Organisationen. In: Christoph Sptl / Lukas Plan / Erhard Christian (Hg.): Karst und Hhlen in sterreich. Linz: Obersterr. Landesmuseen 2016. S. 391-398. Johannes Mattes: Geschichte der Hhlenforschung. Von den Anfngen bis zum Ende des 20. Jahrhunderts. In: Christoph Sptl / Lukas Plan / Erhard Christian (Hg.): Karst und Hhlen in sterreich. Linz: Obersterr. Landesmuseen 2016. S. 377-390. Johannes Mattes: Hhlennutzung seit der Antike. In: Christoph Sptl / Lukas Plan / Erhard Christian (Hg.): Karst und Hhlen in sterreich. Linz: Obersterr. Landesmuseen 2016. S. 287-296. Dietmar Kuffner, Barbara Wielander, Johannes Mattes: Trauntaler Voralpen. In: Christoph Sptl / Lukas Plan / Erhard Christian (Hg.): Karst und Hhlen in sterreich. Linz: Obersterr. Landesmuseen 2016. S. 589-598. Johannes Mattes: Early Efforts in the Musealization of Cave Research. Exemplified by the Speleological Museum in Linz (1912). Le recenti realizzazioni museali delle scoperte e delle ricerche nel campo della speleologia mondiale viste analizzando lo storico esempio del Museo Speleologico di Linz (1912). In: Atti e Memorie della Commissione Grotte E. Boegan, Trieste, 47. Jg. 2016 S. 71.

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Page 8/ 60 Johannes Mattes: Coming from Abroad. The (Hg.): 150th RAPORT ABOUT HISTORY OF SPELEOLOGY IN CROATIA Jasminko Mulaomerovic, de Serbie nous a offert un prcieux cahier de la correspondance entre E. A. Martel et J. Cvijic. Ces deux membres de la Socit de Splologie ont entretenu des relations de coopration et damiti entre 1896-97 et 192425. Cette coopration entre splologues europens (et outre-Atlantique !) montre le rle de fdrateur de Martel au tournant du sicle. Frank Pearson (United Kingdom) que jai eu la chance de rencontrer et dcouter durant lEurosplo 2016 nous fournit son rapport:

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Page 9/ 60 Arrigo Cigna nous signale deux tudes sorties rcemment: Grotte meteorologica di Murisengo (una revisitazione) sur une cavit creuse comme cave vin vers 1700 puis considre comme un indicateur mto, dcrite en 1795 et nouveau tudie de nos jours pour ses qualits climatiques Dautre part, un article sur la grotte de Cunardo Varese en Lombardie (Italie) nous fait part des premires mentions historiques vers 1490 et des explorations dterminantes des annes 1940-1950. Contacter Arrigo pour plus de dtails. Gyula Hegedus rsume lhistoire des rapports entre lUIS et sa Commission secours, travers des noms comme Bernard Urbain, de Martinoff, Dodelin, etc ainsi que des grands rassemblements et colloques sur ce thme. Gyula est actuellement responsable de ce Dpartement Secours en Hongrie et fera une communication Sydney. Stephen Craven (Afrique du Sud) continue dexhumer dintressants documents sur Cango cave: Yorkshire visitors in 1920-1938; Mapping; William Guybon Atherstone in dec. 1852. Un article Simpson support in Descent 2016 et la carrire himalayenne de Robert Dove Leakey. Enfin, je salue mon jeune collgue Lionel Barriquand qui a permis de mettre la main Cluny sur des documents du 18me sicle mettant en avant la qualit de pionnier rgional de la splologie en Bourgogne (Sane-et-Loire) du Docteur Benot Dumolin qui savre finalement tre un jalon ignor mais significatif de la karstologie nationale et mondiale. Son exploration en 1739 des grottes de Blanot montre ses thories scientifiques cohrentes et prcoces! Merci S. Jaillet, C. Gauchon et J.-C. Nobecourt, D. Andr pour leurs travaux historiques, galement. Pour toutes prcisions et rfrences sur ces informations, me contacter: bearchirol@orange.fr Merci tous ces collgues et pardon pour ceux que jai oublis.

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Page 10/ 60 Massif de la Shuanghe 28 octobre au 4 novembre 2015 SHUANGHE GUIZHOU CHINA 28 October 4 November 2015 REPORT OF ACTIVITIESCA VE RESCUE CO MMISSION Stage Splo-Secours en ChinePhotos Splo Secours Franais Participants: 31 splos dont 25 stagiaires, 5 cadres et 1 personne pour la logistique. Les splos Chinois viennent de 9 provinces diffrentes. Le projet initial est dincorporer un stage splo secours en camp pr-congrs de la deuxime rencontre internationale de la Fdration asiatique de splologie. Le projet navait que sept stagiaires inscrits une semaine avant le stage. Jean Bottazzi a ouvert le projet aux splologues chinois et propos le site de la Shanghe. Dans les quatre jours qui ont suivi vingt trois candidats se manifestaient alors que par ailleurs quatre Malaisiens pressentis navaient pu obtenir leur visa. Finalement, le stage se fait avec des splolo gues chinois venus de diffrentes rgions. By Christian Dodelin (France),UIS Adjunct Secretary / President of the UIS Cave Rescue Commission

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Page 11/ 60 Les stagiaires ont un hbergement quelques centaines de mtres des cavits. Dans lautre direction, ils sont gale distance dune grotte touristique o nous prenons le repas du soir et disposons dune salle de cours. Les cadres sont logs au bout de la valle quatre kilomtres plus loin. Les travaux pour faire la route compliquent quelque peu les trajets qui se feront souvent pied.JOURNE DU MERCREDI 28 OCTOBREBernard et Christian arrivent de France et sont pris en voiture Chongqing en rcuprant au passage deux sacs de matriel envoys par Erin de luniversit de Guillin. En fin daprs-midi, nous sommes au complet dans la valle de la Shuanghe o nous trouvons la route en pleine construction, uniquement accessi ble en 4X4. Lentre en matire est instantane. En effet, peine le pied pos terre, le repas du soir est engloutit et la premire runion de prsentation du programme droule.JEUDI 29 OCTOBREEntre de la grotte Hejiaodong (grotte des adeptes de He) Le matin, rendez-vous est donn au porche dune grotte que Jean a pr-quip la semaine prcdente au cours dun autre stage. Plus de seize cordes sont en place sur les parois et une terrasse a t confectionne au pied des voies. Cela servira de support pour commencer. Le principe de lapprentissage se fait sur une dmonstration technique suivie immdiatement dune application par les stagiaires. Les argumentaires sont donns pour chaque point sur lusage de la technique, ses limites afin de faire de tous des cadres potentiels. Pour la mise en oeuvre, les stagiaires se mettent par quipe de trois. Les amarrages sont abords en donnant les arguments qui conduisent prfrer le SPIT mme si les goujons sont souvent utiliss par ce que davantage disponibles dans le commerce. Le premier noeud incontournable est le rparti teur sur trois points dancrage distincts.

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Page 12/ 60 Rappel sur la scurit avec la ralisation du noeud en bout de corde ds quon lutilise ; le noeud de huit est privilgier car en plus de rpondre bon nombre de situations, il est connu de tous. Il est aussi important davoir un enseignement simple et contrlable par tous. Premier atelier: descente dune victime par contrle sur descendeur; ce dernier est positionn dans le mousqueton sur le rpartiteur; idem avec descendeur stop; enfin avec noeud italien et pour chaque matriel la technique de blocage qui lui est propre. Passage de noeud sur la corde dans um dispositif de descente sachant que a ne peut tre quaccidentel. Deuxime atelier: Systme de traction dune civire au moyen de la corde par poulie bloqueur puis par un palan; la technique de restitution de mou de corde est vue pour chaque situation. On aborde la monte par la technique du contrepoids en fin daprs-midi. Cette technique est la plus utilise: elle offre plus de confort pour la victi me en vitant les -coups dus lusage du palan; elle conomise lnergie des sauveteurs; elle est rapide mettre en place. Mais elle demande um apprentissa ge srieux et une bonne comprhension des places et missions de chaque oprateur. Le bilan du soir commence par une question relative aux tests et la raison pour laquelle nous avons opt pour une corde au lieu de 2 sur des tyroliennes? Concernant la longueur des rpartiteurs, elle varie de trois six mtres. Ces lments de corde sont conservs pour un usage unique sans frottement et ne doivent pas tre employs dautres usages comme, par exemple, un point dattache autour damarrage naturel avec frottement. Le matriel personnel: les longes manu factures ne correspondent pas souvent la morpho logie des personnes en termes de longueurs. Deuxime inconvnient: ce sont des longes donnant moins damplitude pour la progression. Dernier inconvnient: ce sont des longes hyperstatiques. Lidal est dopter pour des longes en corde dynamique de neuf millimtres de diamtre, quelles soient dum point central daccrochages ou spares en deux parties. Le choix se portera sur une corde dynamique termine par des noeuds qui servent galement damortisseur de la force choc en cas de chute. Les mousquetons de longes prconiss sont asymtriques, simples, en veillant ce que le doigt naccroche pas. Eliminer les mousquetons aux doigts incurvs qui sont prvus pour un usage spcifique en escalade et inappropris pour la splo. Comment dterminer la longueur des longes? La petite longe doit rester en main en ayant le coude pli au niveau du MAVC. La grande longe doit permettre datteindre le bloqueur lorsque lon est em tension sur une corde de progression. Le choix du baudrier est important pour laspect confort (largeur des sangles et surface corporelle soutenue par une sous-cutale). Penser au confort du sauveteur. Le choix du descendeur (stop ou simple) est fonction de la culture dapprentissage. La pdale de pied doit devenir un outil de scurit. Faite en dyneema, elle est rgle la taille du splo. Il faut viter les pdales rglables. En dyneema, cela ouvre des perspectives pour de lauto se

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Page 13/ 60 cours. La pdale ne comporte pas de noeud. Le baudrier de poitrine doit pouvoir sadapter facilement et tre tendu lors de la monte pour gagner en efficacit. Quand on remonte, charg dun kit, lindpendance du baudrier de poitrine par rapport au cuissard, vite des pertes de rendement. Le matriel individuel de progression, cest un choix personnel regarder de prs pour augmenter lefficacit et le confort. Le bloqueur de pied est important. On le retrouve en secours comme aide pour le rgulateur et pour laccompagnant dune civire. Lclairage doit tre bon et suffisant pour un sauveteur, que ce soit pour la progression ou pour lquipement. Le matriel personnel de survie est indispensa ble: couverture de survie et matriel de chauffe. En soire, rvision des techniques abordes aujourdhui en falaise partir des dessins publis dans le manuel du sauveteur. Loccasion de rappeler les usages pour chaque technique et les limites.VENDREDI 30 OCTOBREJourne falaise: techniques verticales avec enchanements de monte par contrepoids et retour par tension latrale sur palan; parcours dune victime sur civire dans un itinraire avec plusieurs reprises par contrepoids; mise en place de tyroliennes avec les diffrents systmes de tension puis blocage de la tyrolienne. Le mode de blocage dtermine la tension rsiduelle dans la tyrolienne et permet ou non le largage de la tyrolienne sous charge. Plusieurs mises en civire permettent de se familiariser avec la civire Nest, don des tablissements PETZL au stage pour la circonstance. Soire bilan: Nous avons eu un goujon de dtrior en plus des deux autres le premier jour, ce qui confirme la ncessit de rpartir la charge sur trois points au moyen du rpartiteur. La rupture dun ancrage montre la ncessit de vigilance sur tous les points de dtails contribuant la pose de ces accessoires. Les rponses aux questions restent dans le domaine technique. Les paramtres non matriss tels que la roche, le vieillissement des ancrages SPIT et goujon. Etc. dmontre la ncessit de rpartir les ancrages dans des emplacements distincts. Nous avons eu larrachement dun SPIT qui navait pas t expans. Il y a aussi le risque de lerreur du fait de loubli des quipeurs: SPIT sans cne, goujon avec vis non serre Le contrle est un devoir pour chacun. Il doit sappliquer pour soi et entre nous. Nous avons abord la ralisation des tyroliennes en prcisant les tensions obtenues selon le type dattache: 120 DaN avec le noeud italien verrouill par noeud de mule. 200 avec descendeur simple (avec une mise en tension au moyen dun palan dport) et 240 avec descendeur Stop (la corde positionne autour de la premire poulie). En matire defforts appliqus dans les ateliers de transfert de la victime sur un retour avec palan pour la maintenir en parcours arien dport, on arrive un maximum de 400 DaN. Lessentiel, cest davoir les charges et tensions en mouvement et en quilibre. Au sol, Il faut limiter le contrepoids par les personnes en charge deux pour le contrle de la trajectoire de la civire. Idem pour le nombre dquipiers pour un palan en fonction des poulies utilises. Les techniques employes aujourdhui rpondent au transfert latral dune victime qui peut se faire par une tyrolienne ou par une traverse avec la mme corde tracte par um palan. Lemploi de lune ou lautre des techniques est cider sur le terrain. Au contrepoids sur la corde, on peut aider pour la tension depuis le bas par des quipiers qui tiennent la corde la main. Les contrepoids partent toujours de lancrage pour fournir une force de tension sans saccade. Le contrepoids se dlonge quand la civire a dcoll. Si nous disposons de systmes dbrayables sur une tyrolienne, ils doivent avoir suffisamment de corde libre pour raliser la libration et le suivi de la corde. Il est possible de navoir quun ct dbrayable.

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Page 14/ 60 Sur une tyrolienne, la tension sur le rpartiteur est celle de la tension initiale de la corde laquelle sajoute le poids de la charge quon y met. Fin de la soire par la projection dun film sur les tests faits en Croatie puis par celle du film sur la tyrolienne de Millau, record du monde de tyrolienne sur corde uni que de dix millimtres cinq de diamtre sur une longueur de deux mille cent quatre vingt mtres pour quatre cent mtres de dnivel.SAMEDI 31 OCTOBREParcours et succession dateliers dans le mme porche dentre qui permet dappliquer toutes les techniques apprises. Un contrepoids, deuxime contrepoids, troisime, poursuite par tyroliennes Mise en oeuvre avec les deux civires. Questions du soir: Concernant les tyroliennes, il nest pas ncessaire de les tendre au maximum. Dans un rpartiteur on peut mettre plusieurs mousquetons selon les besoins. Pourquoi doit-il y avoir des chefs dquipe? Pour lorganisation et la bonne ralisation des missions. A partir des suggestions des uns et des autres nous tablissons ce quest un quipier puis un chef dquipe. Un stagiaire note au tableau les diffrentes propositions. Rles et comptences de lquipier: tre technique, soit autonome sous terre. Etre sur une liste rpertorie, connatre le matriel et savoir lutiliser, avoir une bonne connaissance des grottes, savoir sintgrer dans une quipe, se rendre dispo nible, se former, tre attentif sa propre scurit, connatre les dangers du milieu souterrain, avoir le feu vert de son environnement familial, savoir faire preuve de rigueur et discipline, tre apte se plier une dcision, avoir de bonnes capacits physiques et endurance, savoir accepter la critique et faire preuve dautocritique, participer des entranements rguliers, connatre le plan et les membres de lquipe, tre consciencieux, avoir anticip la logistique en cas dappel, bien se connatre sur le plan motionnel. Rles et comptences du chef dquipe: connatre les capacits de ses quipiers, savoir connatre et estimer les risques, savoir utiliser les comptences particulires des quipiers, possder une grande exprience, tre habile en communication et obtenir la confiance de son quipe, tre clair, savoir prendre des dcisions, savoir couter et entendre ce que lautre

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Page 15/ 60 dit, en tenir compte, savoir rendre compte et expliquer une situation. Il est le garant de lquipe. Il en est le responsable et doit veiller lintgrit physique de son quipe. Toute personne signale la surface toute situa tion grave ou anormale au cours dune opration de secours. Peut on prciser lusage de poulie de renvoi pour carter ponctuellement la corde lors dune remonte? Cest possible, mais pas plus de deux poulies de renvoi sinon il est prfrable de faire une reprise de contrepoids. Selon langle de la corde et la paroi, la poulie de renvoi sera fixe un, deux ou trois points dancrage. En cas de points courts, un cabestan peut savrer utile. Cest toujours un dispositif dbrayable. Lintrt des poulies humaines dans un grand puits permet avec un contrepoids en haut de remonter une civire avec laide ajoute des poulies humaines. Dans de grandes verticales, un contrepoids peut sarrter sur un ancrage sil nest pas possible ou opportun pour lui daller jusqu sa base. Rsultats des tests sur les techniques secours et commentaires partir du tableau de synthse du SSF.

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Page 16/ 60 Situation de secours: en cas dalerte, la premire quipe envoye est lASV (quipe dassistance la victime). Ce sont cinq ou six bons splos qui ne sont pas mdecins. Ils vont aller rapidement au contact de la victime. Avec un bilan de la victime, ils noteront un certain nombre dobservations. Dans le mme temps, dautres installeront un point chaud o la victime sera introduite. Un deuxime bilan plus complet sera alors fait. Nous disposons dune fiche conue par des mdecins pour porter leur connaissance des lments qui leur feront apprcier la gravit des blessures de la victime et son tat de dgradation. Ces fiches sont remplies par lquipe ASV et la transmission des infos est facilite par le fait quen surface, la rception de la transmission et au PC, ils disposent de la mme fiche vierge. Dans le mme temps la communication sera tablie avec la surface par TPS ou par tlphone (SPL). Prsentation des TPS Nicola Lintrt et limportance de la communication en secours est explicite, que celle-ci sopre par TPS ou par tlphonie au moyen du SPL fabriqu par le SSF. Le systme est prsent avec ses principes et tapes de mise em oeuvre.DIMANCHE 1ER NOVEMBREEntre suprieure Shanwangdong (grotte du roi de la montagne) entre infrieure Yinhedong (grotte de la rivire de lombre). Exercice en grotte. Le choix se porte sur une traverse souterraine dans le lit dune rivire, vritable canyon souterrain. Une succession de puits et marmites profondes constituent lessentiel des obstacles. Cinq quipes sont rparties avec leurs missions, tel quen secours. Au printemps 2015, cette cavit a t le thtre dun drame puisquun jeune splologue, lors de lencadrement dun groupe, a voulu rcuprer du matriel dans lune des vasques et y est dcd, des suites dune hydrocution. Lautopsie a rvle quil navait pas deau dans les poumons. Si lvacuation dure un peu plus de deux heures, la mise en place aura pris beaucoup de temps, plus de quatre heures. Ceci est d en partie aux difficults rencontres par les stagiaires pour transposer les techniques rcemment apprises lenvironnement en trois dimensions dune cavit. Nous laissons les stagiaires sorganiser par eux-mmes mais cet exercice, sans exprience pralable, est difficile. La soire est consacre au bilan de lexercice. Chaque chef dquipe prsente sa partie dvacuation et indique ce qui a bien fonctionn, les problmes rencontrs et des pistes damlioration. Pour tous, les points dancrage ont t placs trop bas, ce qui gnre une dpense dnergie pour compenser cet incon vnient.

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Page 18/ 60 LUNDI 2 NOVEMBREGrotte Hejiaodong Retour en falaise dans le porche dentre pour les techniques dauto-secours et de secours personne. Au-del des acquisitions techniques, tout cet enseignement sert pour lautonomie personnelle et la scurit des quipes dexploration. Les techniques de rchappe sont importantes pour notre propre scuri t ou la mise en scurit dune victime en attendant les secours. Cest une des missions de prvention des quipes de splo secours. Ces techniques se font avec le matriel normal de progression ou celui emport pour les quipements classiques. Que peut-on faire avec ce que lon a sous la main? Prsentation du diaporama de lASV. Aujourdhui, on compte deux mille sauveteurs en France. Il y a une moyenne de quatorze accidents par an et cela touche un tiers de splologues, les autres victimes tant extrieur la FFS. Souvent les dcs sont en plonge. Il y a un dcs par an dans la pratique splologique classique. Le rle de cette quipe ASV est daller au contact de la victime, faire un premier bilan, assurer um dplacement en cas de danger avr, tablir un point chaud pour mettre la victime en lieu sr. Le point chaud se construit et sadapte en tout lieu. Un deuxime et troisime bilan est transmis par communication au PC. Il sagit dorganiser lattente soit du mdecin soit du dbut de lvacuation. Le point chaud est maintenu propre au mieux et permet de stopper les mauvaises conditions de temprature et humidit. Lobjectif de cette quipe est que ltat de la victime cesse de se dgrader puis samliore. On nentre ni en botte ni en combinaison dans un point chaud. Aprs bilan transmis au PC, laction mdicale est dcide. Pendant lattente, le bless est aliment car il ne sera pas transfr lhpital avant plusieurs heures voire plusieurs jours. Prsentation de la fiche bilan mdical. Elle se dcompose en identit de la victime, circons tance de laccident, lments de conscience, respira tion, circulation sanguine. Les points dobservation sont nots sans interprtation. On sen tient ce qui est visible. Informations concernant la situation du point chaud. Lobjectif est de voir la progression, lvolution de ltat de sant de la victime. Une quipe ASV dispose en gnral de trois quatre sacs. Ce matriel est prt et il faut penser remplir les gourdes deau et prendre la doudoune ou le vtement spcifique pour la victime. Cette quipe risque de rester longtemps

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Page 19/ 60 sous terre, do la ncessit pour ses membres de sconomiser et davoir de quoi tenir en nourriture Il faut toujours garder en mmoire que la victi me entend tout en permanence. Cela demande donc de la part de cette quipe la plus grande discrtion. Cette logistique est propre au secours et nest pas emmene pour une cession dexploration. Prsentation de la gestion dune opration. Cas dun accident dans une cavit. Une alerte arrive par un tmoin. Le CT va prendre contact avec les autorits et va dcider denvoyer une quipe ASV. Equipe 1 est ASV dans le cas dune alerte pour un bless. Elle se rend directement dans la cavit pour aller au contact de la victime. Elle a pris le matriel au local avec un TPS. A ce stade de lopration, le CT est encore son domicile. On va dcider avec les autorits de lemplacement du PC pas trop loin de la cavit mais dans des conditions de logistique confortable (salle, lectricit, tlphone, nourriture, couchage). Un CTDA va se rendre sur site pour laccueil des sauveteurs et lorganisation sur place. Cest l que tous les sauveteurs se rendent quand ils sont convis. Il y aura le secrtariat, le matriel, des espaces daccueil des sauveteurs pour se prparer, se restaurer, se reposer, tre en attente. Chaque personne qui arrive est inscrite au secrtariat et rempli une fiche de renseignements. Cette fiche va servir pour composer les quipes et connatre le personnel disponible puis engag. On dispose un poste radio et Nicola lentre de la cavit avec une personne qui filtre les entres et sorties et rend compte au PC. Anticipation sur les quipes qui seront ncessaires. Le planning est un document qui permet de grer le personnel. Cest loutil du CT qui lui permet de savoir o sont les splologues. Le PC peut sui vre par les moyens de communication les diffrentes quipes en cours de mission et dtecter sil y a un problme ou pas. Une quipe tlphone est envoye dans les plus brefs dlais. Organisation de lvacuation de la victi me par une dcoupe de la cavit comme nous lavons fait sur notre exercice. Le nombre de personnes sera dcid pour chaque quipe puis la mission de chaque quipe sera dfinie et rdige. La fiche de mission est faite en double avec un exemplaire pour le chef dquipe, lautre au PC. Toute modification pendant le droulement est transmise au PC. Quand des quipes sont engages sous terre un diagramme est mis en place. Il permet de suivre les quipes dans la cavit dans le temps qui scoule. Chaque quipe a une couleur. Cela nous donne le temps mis par les quipes pour se rendre dun point un autre. Ces outils, avec la main courante, sont les moyens de gestion dune opration qui permet de garder une trace de tout ce qui se fait mais aussi qui permet danticiper.MARDI 3 NOVEMBRERetour en falaise pour la dernire journe. Suite au dpart prvu de Bernard en milieu de matine, nous retrouvons les stagiaires leur hbergement, prenons le petit djeuner avec eux puis faisons la photo de groupe lentre de la cavit. Plusieurs ateliers sont dfinis: la mise en stef pour maintenir la civire horizontalement en vacuation, passage dun noeud dans un systme de contrepoids, le passage dune tyrolienne une autre tyrolienne dans une direction diffrente, linstallation dun systme de contrepoids sur tyrolienne. Une fois acheve la mise en place des cordes, nous donnons les lments pour rsoudre les donnes techniques pour tous avec des prsentations fai tes par ric, Carlos puis Christian. Jean reste son poste de traducteur. Quatre quipes avec leurs chefs dquipe mettent en oeuvre les ateliers. Nous aurons le temps de faire circuler une civire de latelier tyrolienne celui de remonte dune verticale par le contrepoids sur tyrolienne. Ce dernier atelier ayant fait lobjet dun essai avec un splo comme victime la place de la civire. Ceci permet de tester et vrifier que la mise en tension noccasionne pas de frottement de la corde porteuse. Par manque de temps, certaines quipes ne pourront tourner quune fois sur les ateliers. Nous avons entirement dsquip les cordes en parois. En soire, nous reprenons quelques points techniques sur les ateliers. Pour le passage dun noeud dans un contrepoids, il est rendu difficile si on na pas diffrenci le point daccroche des deux descendeurs qui servent la manoeuvre. La situation dun contrepoids sur tyrolienne, sil est spectaculaire, est aussi intressant matri ser dans le cas des puits dentre dont les parois sont

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Page 20/ 60 souvent instables et prsentent des risques de chutes de pierres. Elle demande une ide claire de la situ ation pour que chaque intervenant soit prcis dans lexcution de sa mission. Prsentation du SSF laide dun PowerPoint. Cela permet de donner une ide concernant lorganisation dune structure secours, avec ses objectifs et ses moyens. Les stagiaires sont invits imaginer comment ici, en Chine, ils peuvent engager un dispositif secours splo. Ils reprendront cette discussion leur gte, entre eux.MERCREDI 4 NOVEMBRELes stagiaires se sont levs plus tt pour achever le nettoyage des cordes dans la rivire. Nous pouvons consacrer la matine un bilan et rpondre leurs questions concernant lorganisation quils envisagent en Chine. Le constat est quen peu de jours, ils ont abord un grand nombre de techniques. Cela a t rendu possible parce quils avaient un minimum de connais sances en progression sur corde sous terre. Ils envisagent de poursuivre ces entranements mais craignent que des applications et divergences de mthodes ne viennent compliquer les choses. La solution est de maintenir une rencontre annuelle entre eux pour valuer les nouveauts, que ce soit dans les concepts ou dans lintgration de nouveaux matriaux. Nous sommes dans des pratiques diffrentes et le type de cavits dans lesquelles nous pratiquons nous orientent dans le choix de notre quipement et de nos pratiques. Ces diffrences sont une richesse et doivent tre partages pour bnficier des avantages quelles prsentent tout en constatant leurs limites. Dans la mesure o ils se prennent en main avec une rpercussion dans leurs provinces qui sont lchelle de lorganisation des secours, nous pourrons apporter une aide par notre venue pour dautres formations.

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Page 21/ 60 A lchelon de lUIS (Union Internationale de Splologie), nous pourrons collecter les adresses des responsables qui se manifesteront dans les diff rentes provinces pour les circulariser comme les responsables secours des autres pays du monde. Cest eux de trouver larticulation administra tive qui leur convient et sera propre leur pays. Longue vie au SSC, le Splo Secours Chinois. Limpossibilit de crer une structure nationale sans laval de lEtat obligera pour le point de dpart garder les contacts entre eux sans appellation officielle. Nous terminons par un diaporama rcapitulatif de quelques moments du stage puis par la remise des attestations. Une attestation a t faite au nom du jeune Chinois dcd dans la cavit o nous avons fait lexercice sous terre. Ce fut intense en motion dautant que beaucoup le connaissaient et plusieurs taient dans un tat de crainte quil narrive un autre accident. (maldiction lie des croyances). Une dernire photo sur le perron des btiments daccueil de la grotte touristique avant le dernier repas pris en commun et la dispersion des stagiaires. Cadres du Splo secours franais: Ber nard Tourte, Christian Dodelin, Jean Bottazzi, Carlos Placido, ric Sanson. Logistique: Xue Lian Sponsor: Etablissement PETZL qui a fait don dune civire et de matriel mcanique. Liste des participants: (certain signe en chinois ne sont pas passs!)

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Page 23/ 60 By Maxime de GIANPIETRO (Switzerland), President The highlights of the Cave Diving Commission activities since the UIS meeting in Brno until June 2017 can be summarized as follows: In autumn 2013 we successfully launched a website fully dedicated to the activities of the Cave Diving Commission of the UIS with the aim to make it easier for people all around the world to access crucial information about the commissions ressources and activities as well as to get in touch with its key people easily. The President of the commission was invited to attend, as a guest, the 2014 annual meeting of the French Cave Diving Commission (Commission Plonge de la FFS Fdration Franaise de Splologie) which was held during the annual congress of the French Speleological Society (FFS) in the French Jura. During this meeting the two commissions agreed on how France would in the future run its cave diving seminars and workshops, this decision was important since the commission has to respond to requests from countries which do not have suitable knowledge to offer cave diving seminars and courses to their members. At the request of the local speleologists, our Vice-President, Mr Philippe Brunet, organised in 20132014-2015 and 2016 Cave Diving Workshops abroad and more will certainly come. The Commission members were invited to attend the 13th International Cave Rescue Conference, RISS 2015, as speaking guests, held in Vaumarcus from April 16th-19th. At this occasion we showed the movie Rescue in the Bouclans Spring, a documentary produced by our commission. The aim was to show to the ACTIVIT Y REPORTCA VE DIVING CO MMISSION conference participants how a multisumps cave diving rescue operation works. We highlighted the challenges that such an intervention means to traditional rescue teams, letting them better understand the needs and the severe constraints that cave diving rescue specialists encounter when planning a joint rescue multisumps operation. This event, which gathered more than one hundred participants from around the world, was also rich in exchanges thanks to various presentations, exercices and brainstorming sessions.It was a unique opportunity to meet and to talk to Rescue Speleologists and to Rescue Divers coming from a dozen of countries and to present them the peculiarities, constraints and procedures of Cave Diving Rescue in a multisump environment. In return we could gather and exchange informations about the organisation of Cave Diving Rescue in some countries and the lack of such organisations in others. During this Conference we were pleased to tie with the representantive of the Rescue Commission of the UIS who had also attended. Our commission was able to present another documentary on a multisump exploration in several Speleological conventions in Europe with the aim to demonstrate to classical speleologists the wherabouts of joinedt operations with Cave Divers when exploring new caves. These documentaries can be viewed on the website of the commission. The Cave Diving Commission gave its patronage to the Cave Diving Conference in Dorgali, Sardinia organised in May 2015. The organizing Committee was made of the Sardinian Spelological Federation (FSS) and the Cave Diving Commission (CNS) of the Italian

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Page 24/ 60 Speleological Society (SSI). This congress highighted the main outcomes in the exploration of the karst underwater system along the Orosei gulf during the last 50 years. Several explorers were invited and presented the outcomes of exploration dives and new perspectives. Part of the session was devoted to reports on other exploration areas and new cave diving equipment. Another patronage was granted to the International Namibia expedition led by Dr. Alessio Fileccia. The President of the Cave Diving Commission was invited to attend personally to the February, 2016 Conference in Teheran, invitation that he unfortunally had to decline shortly before its begin due to an unexpected change of his professional agenda. We take the opportunity to reiterate our thanks To the Iranian Organising Commitee for their appreciated invitation and we hope to be able to come to Iran to talk about the wherabouts of surveing and mapping Underwater Caves in the near future. The Commission was also asked to give its expertise on Cave Diving Exploration matters to local territorial autorities of a country that had to grant special permits for a major cave exploration, involving speleologists, cave divers and heavy surface support. We also assisted a National Cave Diving Commission in the setup of its new Chart and the definition of the new terms of reference and specifications of the Cave Diving Commission within its national Speleological Organisation. Several national Cave Diving Commissions approached us regarding the procedures for issuance of Cave Diving Accreditations for their members and we responded to their requests in issuing new Cave Diving Accreditions as Underwater Speleologists. We were also involved in the successfull testing of a new subterranean positioning device that could be defined as something like an underground GPS. We do hope that this device will help the future explorers to map new galeries discovered with a greater accuracy. I take the opportunity of this brief to thank the two Vice-Presidents of the commission, Mr Manuel Pinto-Soares (P) and Mr. Philippe Brunet (F), for their most appreciated contributions to it as well as for their overall constructive collaboration and their strong dedication towards our commission. Unfortunately, its was not possible to get the same support from the Secretary of the Commission, Mr Arjan van Waardenburg (NL). Fact is that after having collected all the data from the Cave Diving Commission meeting in Brno (July, 2013) and after having committed himself to protocol the essence of the meeting, incl. Gathering the names of the participants, he unexpectedly broke the contact and never reacted to the various attempts we undertook for months to contact him. This had a negative impact in the briefing of the participants of the meeting. We reacted to this unfortunate situation in appointing Mr. German Yanez from Mexico as a new Acting Secretary of the Commission. Furthermore, and in view of his deep knowledge of the region, Mr Yanez was put in charge to promote the activities of the Commission in Central and South America, as he already did in Central America. Plans are that he will organise new events in South America. Thanks go to Mr Yanez for his initiatives! The Commission Members for the years to come anticipate to continue their work in helping national Speleological Organisations in cave diving matters as a Competence Center and to help them in setting-up Cave Diving courses, to provide Subaquatic Speleologist Accreditations (see ) when asked and to act as patrons and as mediators between Federations. Last but not least to develop the interactive Web presence in order to increase the Commissions visibilty towards the scientific world and the international authorities. We hope to see you all during the next Cave Diving Commission meeting that will take place during the 17th UIS Congress, next July, in Sydney, Australia.

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Page 25/ 60 By Mario Parise (Italy), PresidentREPORT OF ACTIVITIESARTIFICIAL CA VITIES CO MMISSION After rennovating the composition of the UIS Commission on Artificial Cavities, dating back to 2009, the main efforts of the new Commis sion have been dedicated since the very first years of its activity to organization of international meetings, workshops and congresses about the issue of artificial cavities, their importance from multiple disciplines (history, archeology, anthropology, sociology, geology, engineering geology, etc.), and the need to define occasions in which interested scholars could meet to share experiences and improve the overall understanding about knowledge, management and correct valorization of underground sites built by man in past epochs. Among the organized meetings, we recall here the 2012 Workshop in Turin (Italy), dedicated to Classification of the typologies of artifi cial cavities in the world, and the successful session on the theme Speleological research and activities in artificial underground, within the framework of the 16th International Congress of Speleology, held at Brno (Czech Republic), in 2013. On this latter occasion, it was presented the updated version of the classification of artificial cavities, as approved by the UIS Commission, which derived from that developed by Italian scholars (Galeazzi, 2013; Parise et al., 2013). After such activities, the idea of organizing an international congress was born. Together with this idea, a new brand was established, namely Hypogea, which marked the birth of the first edition of the congress. The name HYPOGEA was originally born in Italy from the will to share the experiences and expertise of three different caving organizations in Latium: Asso, Egeria Underground Research Center, and Roma Sotterranea. It has now become a brand for designing and identifying the International Congresses of Speleology in Artificial Cavities, and is now inextricably linked to international caving appoint ments in artificial cavities (Galeazzi & Parise, 2017). Following the first edition (HYPOGEA 2015, held in Rome, Italy, in March 11-17, 2015; Parise et al., 2015), the 2nd International Congress of Spele ology in Artificial Cavities has been organized last March (from March 6 to March 10, 2017) in Turkey, in the magnificent scenario of Cappadocia (Fig. 1) HYPOGEA 2017 was again held under the auspices of the International Union of Speleology, and with the following patronages from different associations and institutions: Turkish Federation of Speleology, Societ Speleologica Italiana, Balkan Speleological Union, Institute of Research for the Geo-Hydrological Protection of the National Research Council of Italy, Universit Paris 8, EURASIA Institute of Earth Sciences of the Istanbul Technical University, Obruk Cave Research Group, Hypogea Ricerca e Valorizzazione M. Parise M. Parise

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Page 26/ 60 Cavit Artificiali, Municipality of Nevsehir, Directora te of Nevsehir Museums, and CEKUL Foundation for Protection and Promotion of the Environment and Cultural Heritage. The congress had definitely a not simple phase of organization, due to the political turnmoils registered in the last months in many areas of the world, including the eastern Mediterranean and the midd le East. Nevertheless, it was attended by more than 50 scholars from 11 countries (Bulgary, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Italy, Israel, Russia, Spain, Turkey, and Ukraine). A variety of different themes about artificial cavities were explored, analyzed, and discussed during the week of the congress: from the inventory, to exploration methods and techniques, from mapping, to the use of new technologies for exploration and topographic survey, to research and re-explorations in mines, up to hazards related to instability processes within artificial cavities. After the historical scenario which hosted HY POGEA 2015, represented by the magnificence and richness of the town of Rome, the 2017 event took place within the spectacular natural scenarios of Cappadocia, a regione worldwide-known (De Jerpha nion, 1925, 1936; Bixio et al., 2002; Jolivet-Levy, 2002, 2015; Bixio, 2012) for the richness and variety of artificial cavities (Fig. 2) within one of the most beautiful natural landscapes in the world. The book proceedings (Fig. 3) edited by Mario Parise, Carla Galeazzi, Roberto Bixio and Ali Yamac (Parise et al., 2017), are a ponderous volume of about 560 pages, which reflects the huge amount of work done in the months preceeding the congress. They are organized in different sections, covering all the themes discussed during the congress: The field trip program has been particularly rich, with great participation and appreciation by the attendees. The most magic and significant sites of Cappadocia have been visited, started from the Open Air Museum at Goreme, which host, among many other wonders, the most famous example of Cappadocian red painting, that is, the pictorial decoration of the Church of Saint Barbara (Andaloro et al., 2017), including an enigmatic representation with a cock and a fantastic creature (a turtle, accor ding to Jolivet-Levy, 2015); to the underground city of Kaymakli, which together with Derinkuyu is one of the most famous subterranean sites of Turkey; the beautiful valley of Soganli, one of the most important centers of monastic life in Cappadocia (Crescenzi et al.,

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Page 27/ 60 2017), with byzantine churches and monasteries dating back to 9th and 12th centuries; to Gelveri; to the canyon in the Ilhara valley, hosting, beside many im portant temples, a number of large rock-cut residential complexes (Leontev & Ianovskaia, 2017); to the magnificent underground system of the village of Sivasa, nearby Avanos. Overall, a variety and richness in artificial cavities which rarely is observed in other parts of the world (Fig. 4) The congress once more has confirmed the need and the importance of having a periodic oppor tunity to meet, in order to share the research experiences, and the international studies on artificial cavities. This also to further strengthen the activities of the Commission on Artificial Cavities of the International Union of Speleology. The great interest by interested scholars is further testified by the proposal, recently accepted by the Commission, about the 3rd edition of the International Congress of Speleology in Artificial Cavities HYPOGEA 2019, which will be held in north-east Bulgaria, in the city of Dobrich, on May 20-25, 2019. Mario Parise REFERENCES

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Page 28/ 60 The Permanent Commission on Speleotherapy / Commission Permanente de Splothrapie (PCS/CPS-UIS) and its role in development of speleotherapy and descendants methodsSpeleotherapy (ST) is a relatively new method of complementary medicine, although, as is well known ancient tribes appreciated isolation in underwater caves, salt or karst caves, or possessing various ores and was officially recognized in the years 1950-1960 in Germany (Yang B., G. Schubert 1962) and Poland (M. Skulimowski, 1968). In 1949, Dr. Karl H.Spannagel after 5-6 years of climatological and microclimate observations, and also after medical investigations on patients with respiratory disease that was applied treatment in the Klutert Cave (Ennepetal, Germany), confirmed its therapeutic efficacy. Due to excellent curative effects Kluterthhle in November 4, 1954, was recognized for use in medical purposes and balneary resort received the title Ennepetal with air cavity, included in Baths German Calendar. After similar preliminary studies within 4-5 years by the Prof. Mieczyslaw Skulimowski, in 1964, in Wieliczka Salt Mine (Poland) has been opened the first section of the underground therapy (Under ground Sanatorium for Allergology), by proposing the name of subteraneotherapy for new method of treatment with underground physical factors and mentioning the therapeutic effect in brochial asthma patients; the name of subterraneotherapy, soon to be also called the Skulimowski method. In 2014, 50 years of Speleotherapy were marked. Number of speleotherapeutic centers has incre ased considerably. Speleotherapy in the underground now is an effective therapeutic method for the treatment of obstructive respiratory tract diseases, especially of patients with bronchial asthma (BA), the upward and effective practice in Central and Eastern Europe, but also in the West: Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Ukraine, Belarus, Hungary etc. Today speleotherapy is known as the therapy of patients with various diseases in the underground salt mines and caves possessing natural therapeutic factors (INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM OF SPELEOTHE RAPY, 1998). ST occupies an important place in salt mines mines and carst caves with different parameters: Wieliczka, Poland; Solotvino / Slatina, Ukraine; Bad Bleiberg, Austria; Klutert Hohl, Germany; Zlate Hory and Cisarska Cave, Czech Republic; Bystrianska Jaskyna, Slovakia; Tapolca Seehohle, Hungary, Uni rea Salt Mine Slnic Prahova, Romania and will occupy a significant place the Turda Salt Mine, Praid and Cacica salt mines from Romania (Iu.Simionca et al., 2005, 2008). Since 1969 year were achieved 15 editions of The International Symposium of Speleotherapy and other editions of conferences in the field, organized by Speleotherapy Commission [Permanent Commission on Speleotherapy (PCS) / Commission permanente de splothrapie (CPS) Department of Research / Dpartement de la recherch scienti fique of Union Internationale de Splologie (UIS) / International Union of Speleology (UIS)] in Austria, Germany, Czech Republic, Hungary Russia, Romania, Poland and other countries, including the XIV International Symposium of Speleotherapy (XIV ISS) in the town of Turda, Cluj County, Transylvania, Romania, in 2012 and the XV ISS in Wieliczka, Poland in 2014 ( com ). In accordance with the Decision of the Permanent Commission on Speleotherapy (PCS) / Commission permanente de splothrapie (CPS) Department of Research / Dpartement de la recherch scientifique of Union Internationale de Splologie (UIS) / International Union of Speleology (UIS) at Working Committee Meeting, 27 March 2012, Ostrov u Macochy, Brno, Czech Republic and Wieliczka, Krakow, Poland (2013), and also Calendar of By Iuri Simionca, MSR-II, Biol. Dr. Ph.Dr. (Romania), President A CTIVIT Y REPORT JUL Y 2013 MA Y 2017CO MMISSION PERM ANENTE DE SPLOTHRAPIE (CPS) PERM ANENT CO MMISSION ON SPELEOTHERAPY (PCS)

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Page 29/ 60 scientific events of UIS, in 4 to 6 October 2012 took place the XIVth International Symposium of Speleotherapy (XIVth ISS) in the town of Turda, Cluj County, Transylvania, Romania (; ) under the aegis of the Union Internationale de Splologie / International Union of Speleology (UIS) affiliated to UNESCO and Romanian Academy of Medical Sciences. Symposium Organisators: the Permanent Commission on Speleotherapy (PCS) / Commission permanente de splothrapie (CPS) of UIS and S.C. Turda Salina Durgau S.A., Romania. Coorganisators / Partners: the National Salt Company A.S.SALROM, Romania; National Authority for Scientific Research from Ministry of Education, Research, Youth and Sports, Romania; National Institute of Rehabilitation, Physical Medicine and Balneoclimatology, Romania; Joint venturePalsir, Solotvino, Transcarpation Region, Ukraine. Organisations that have provided support: Academy of Romanian Scientists, Romanian Association of Balneology, Romanian Show Caves Association, Balkan Speleological Union, Fdration Splologique Europenne (FSE), European Cave Protection Commission (ECPC) from Fdration Splologique Europenne (FSE). The following six sessions were of the XIVth International Symposium of Speleotherapy (2012) is dedicated to various studies, perspectives and cur rent issues, including: Session 1. The speleotherapy in mines and caves, history, presence and quality of therapeutic factors (microclimate, physical, chemical, microbio logical and other studies in various mines and caves to assess the presence and quality of therapeutic fac tors) for used in health and balneoclimatic tourism. Session 2. The structure of underground sections in mines and caves with speleotherapeutic fac tors. Structure of the medical institutions used speleotherapy methods. Session 3. Organization of speleotherapeutic treatment in mines and caves. Management, protection, engineering problems, exploitation of various mines and caves for speleotherapy. Climatic characte ristics of the geographic zones with speleotherapeutic potential. Session 4. Exploitation of various mines and caves for speleotherapy. Mecanisms of speleotherapy in mines and caves, experimental results on laboratory animals with induced pathologies. The clinical, biochemical, immunological and other effect of speleotherapy in mines and caves for patients with various diseases. Indications and contraindications. Methods of speleotherapy. The use of speleotherapy in mines and caves in prophylaxis, treatment and rehabilita tion of patients with different pathologies. Session 5. The use of speleotherapy and speleotherapy with other complementary and alternative methods (CAM) in prophylaxis, treatment and rehabilitation of patients with different pathologies. Speleotherapy perspectives in health. Shifting to Praid and visiting the Praid Salt Mine the balneoclimatic and tourism route. Session 6. Mechanism of halotherapy. Microclimate, physical, chemical, microbiological and other studies in various halochambers. Methods and equipment of halotherapy. Experimental results of the haloterapy effects on systems and mechanisms involved in different diseases. The clinical, biochemi cal, immunological and other effect of halotherapy. The use of halotherapy and halotherapy with other complementary and alterntive methods (CAM) for prophylaxis, treatment and rehabilitation of patients with different pathologies. Session 7. Halochambers, equipment of halotherapy. During the scientific event The XIVth International Simposium of Speleotherapy, 2012 were presented scientific achievements in the field of speleotherapy and halotherapy from various countries (Romania, Czech Republic, Ukraine, Poland, Slovakia, Belarus, Russia, Netherland, Estonia, Canada). At the XIVth International Symposium of Speleotherapy, 2012 have been organized: tute of Prophylaxis Medicine (Russia) products Halochambers and products for Halotherapy. Halotherapy of Company Indium Top LLC, Estonia and Company Halosense Inc. Canada. 2005, entitled Improved tourist attraction of potential spa area with salt lakes, Durgau-Valea Sarata Area and Turda Salt Mine. neoclimatic and tourism route) and also evening dinner in underground tavern / gallery in the Praid Salt Mine.

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Page 30/ 60 dolf Mine, Theresia Mine and underground sections of speleotherapy. The analysis of the current status in the field (Iu. Simionca, 2007, 2010, J.Chonka, Iu. Simionca, P. Slavik, 2012) showed the existence of a series of fundamental issues potential development priorities in the field of speleotherapy in caves or mi nes and of halotherapy, which were discussed at the Symposium: persons in different countries (preponderant in Europe) for medical and touristic services in original and specific locations with therapeutic natural fac tors, such as those from some caves or salt mines and chambers with artificial underground salt mine environment or microclimate (halotherapy method descending from speleotherapy in salt mines); use in medical / speleotherapeutic and of balneoclimatic tourism some caves and mines (mainly salt mines, and other mines) and for halotherapy the surface rooms with salt mine underground artificial environment or underground salt mine microclimate; nical stability of the underground spaces in caves and mines which possesses speleotherapeutic factors and used for medical purposes. Balneoclimatic tourism or speleoand salt mine tourism; ve properties of some caves and mines (including salt mines), assessing their stability and therapeutic effectiveness, particularly after using for cave or salt mine tourism and medical balneoclimatic tourism or speleotherapy (after human impact); underground environmental factors; national level of researches on methodologies regarding speleotherapy, related to the presence and the quality of underground therapeutic factors and to the medical history of the patients (age, disease status, previous medication). These issues could build up a development program of speleotherapy in salt mines, carst and other caves and descending methods used in medical purposes, for balneoclimatic or speleotherapeutic tourismover a period of several years, which would involve increasing the quality of human life. In order to realization of the mentioned objectives Iuri Simionca proposed a series of activities for the following years (needed to be discussed and developed in the years 2012 -2015), which would constitute a scientific development program in the field of speleotherapy. Among these proposals need to be mentioned: leotherapy activities in different countries. commissions of speleotherapy in those countries where there are opportunities for developing of speleotherapy. working groups for different activities in speleotherapy. standarts specific to speleotherapy domain and descending methods. and sustaining the development of them. centers. cation of the specialists from speleotherapy centers. of the countries with members of the Permanent Commission on Speleotherapy. nal Society of Speleotherapy Centers, realization of statute, financial account and registration. descending methods. Preparation of justification for proposal to publish a yearly supplement in The Jour nal of Speleology-UIS in speleotherapy domain. mentation in domain of Speleotherapy. ements with various national and international professional societies for the development of speleotherapy and descending methods. Mentioned activities proposed at the PCS/CPS-UIS Meeting of October 4, 2012 and at the closing session of the XIVth International Symposium of Speleotherapy (Turda, 2012). The XIVth International Symposium of Spele otherapy was finalized with information to partici pants at Simposium about the decision of the Permanent Commission of Speleotherapy / Commission Permanente de splothrapie of UIS (PCS / CPS UIS) Meeting from October 4, 2012 (Turda, Romania) dedicated to election of new board, proposed for the Dr., MUDr. Pavel Slavik (Czech Republic) President of Permanent Commission on Speleotherapy (PCS/ CPS) and Ph.D., M.D. Jaroslav Chonka (Ucrai ne) Vice President PCS / CPS (members in period 2008 2012), and then MUDr. Pavel Slavic read the

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Page 31/ 60 new voted board of Permanent Commission on Speleotherapy: Dr. Beata Sandri ; At the symposium closing session the partici pants expressed their support for the new Board of PCS/CPS-UIS and the Vice Chairman of Program Committee, New President of the Permanent Commission of Speleotherapy of UIS M.S.R.II, Dr.b., Ph.D, Iuri Simionca (from National Institute of Rehabilitation, Physical Medicine and Balneoclimatology, Bucharest, Romania) read the Closing Document of the XIVth International Symposium of Speleotherapy, signed for representatives of Organizing Commit tee and participants representatives from different countries; the were awarded diplomas for participa tion on the XIVth International Symposium of Spele otherapy. On the XIVth International Symposium of Speleotherapy registered 143 participants from several countries: Belarus 2, Belgium 1, Canada 1, Czech Republik 4, Estonia 1, Netherlands 2, Poland 3, Romania 101, Russian Federation 1, Ukraine 27; including the participants with scientific titles and various specialties: Correspondent Member of Academy 1; University Professor, Associate Professor, Main Scientific Researcher II 10; Scientific Researcher III, Scientific Researcher 4; Lecturer Ph.D 2; Dr. of sciencies, Ph.D 26 (Dr. med, Dr. biol., Dr. Eng., Dr. psih.); Ph.D. Student 3; M.Sc. 3, MSc. Stud. 2; M.D., B.D. 60 (primary doctor, specialist doctor, bacteriology doctor); Principal biologist 3; Biologist -1, Chemist 2; Engineer 10 (in fields: geology, caves, salt mines, environment, equipments); Economist 8; Public Administration Specialist / Referent 3; Student 5. Number of representative institutions / including Romania 57/35: Institutes for research and development 14/4; universities 9/7; NGO 6/2; economic operators 28/22. Number of presentations: lessons 4, oral presentations 52, posters 1, exhibits 3, specialized exhibition -2 ( ; UIS BULLETIN VOLUME 56 N 1 of 2, 2013 )

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Page 32/ 60 Other activities on the XIVth Internatio nal Symposium of Speleotherapy: continuous translation of scientific communications from Romanian, Ukrainian and Czech into English language. tific event. SIUM OF SPELEOTHERAPY. International Symposium (14; 2012; Turda, Romania) The XIVth International Symposium of Speleoterapy: Abstracts : ed. a XIV-a, Turda, 2012. Cluj-Napoca : Casa Crii 2012 (ISBN 978-606-17-0241-1), 74 pp. (Edit. categoria B, CNCSIS). Commission perma nente de splothrapie (CPS)Dpartement de la recherch scientifique The Permanent Commission of Speleotherapy (PCS) Department of Research Union Internationale de Splology (UIS)International Union of Speleology; Romanian Academy of Medical Sciences. Under the redaction: Iuri Simionca, Jaroslav Chonka, Pavel Slavic, Ovidiu Mera, Mihail Hoteteu, Liviu Enache, Gheorghe Stoian ( ; ) carst caves (organized by PCS / CPS UIS, Balkan Speleological Union, SC Turda Salt Mine Durgau SA: Visiting Cristal Cave of the Farcu Mine (Rosia Commone, Bihor County) and Meziad Cave (Meziad Village, Remetea Commone, Bihor County) possible perspectives for Speleotherapy ( ). In the letter from 24.02.2013 of the Iuri Simionca President Permanent Commission of Speleo therapy/ Commission permanente de splothrapie (PCS/CPS-UIS) to Commission memers, in according with Decision PCS / CPS Meeting from October 4, 2012 and the XIVth International Symposium of Speleotherapy, 2012, Turda Romania Clossing Document ( den.com) in order to popularize the scientific results of the speleotherapy in the caves and salt mines (or other origin) as well as descending methodologies (halotherapy / galoterapia / salinoterapie etc) was proposed the realization of Bibliographic Bulletin of Speleotherapy and descending methods (BBST). The deadlines of the bibliographic bulletin as well as other activities were discussed at the PCS / CPS -UIS working meeting on 14-15 March 2013 in Wieliczka, Poland. By the Resolution of the PCS/ CPS from 14-15 mars 2013 (Wieliczka Health Resort, Poland) it was proposed activities to assess the state of speleotherapy, including: 1. Will be made the list with the necessary studies to evaluation of the speleotherapy centers. 2. The PCS/CPS-UIS recommend that the speleotherapy and halotherapy centers to organize the making of necessary studies for establish methodological recomandations, indications and contraindi cations 3. Enlarging website for information of the PCS / CPS activity, and e-mail: At the 16th International Congress of Speleology (Brno, 21-28 July, 2013) the members of the Permanent Commission of Speleotherapy/ Commission permanente de splothrapie (PCS/ CPS-UIS) participated on working sessions with 5 communication papers and also published 1 article and 4 abstracts in the Proceedings of the Congress. Also at 16th International Congress of Speleo logy the PCS/CPS-UIS was organized Working Mee ting to which it has been discussed: 1. Commission Report to 16th ICS (Brno, 2013) prepared by the President PCS/CPS-UI Simionca (Romania) and Vice-Presidents Yaroslav Chonka (Ukrai ne) and also Pavel Slavic (Czech Republic). The Report of PCS/CPS-UIS to 16th International Congress of Speleology included the following activities: a. Excerpt from Report on XIIIth International Symposium on Speleotherapy in Blansko, Czech Republic, 23thth of October 2008. b. Clossing Document of the XIVth International Symposium of Speleotherapy PCS/CPS-UIS, 2012, Turda Romania; c. Synthesis Report of the Scientific Meeting The XIVth International Symposium of Speleotherapy, Turda, Romania, 2012, October 4-6, organized by the PCS/CPS-UIS and S.C. Turda Salina Durgau S.A. / C.S. Turda Salina Durgau A.S., Romania, with two component parts: i. evaluation of past activity of Board of the Permanent Commission of Speleotherapy / Commission Permanente de Splothrapie (PCS/CPS-UIS). ii. election the new Board of the Permanent Commission of Speleotherapy / Commission Permanente de Splothrapie (PCS/CPS-UIS). 2. For the XVI International Congress of Speleology (Brno, 2013) were discussed and prepared

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Page 33/ 60 the following requests, changes in the structure and composition of the Permanent Commission of Spele otherapy / Commission Permanente de Splothrapie by the adequate justifications (Iu.SimioncaRomania, Ja.Chonca-Ukraine, P.SlavikCzech Republic, R.Pavuza Austria, O.MeraRomania): a. For the evaluation (reglementation) of the underground structures (salt mines or others origins and caves with curative properties) utilisation status in medical purposes. For examole, in Czech Republic in the Law 164/2001 (Balneary Law), where is written in Hlava VI, P msta v 25 Podmnky pro stanoven prodnch cal conditions according to part 1 takes not a underground spaces. b. This situation implies that legislation on the use of salt mines, karst caves or other mines, caves an subterran cavities for the medical or tourist medical purposes is different in several countries. So there is a need a study for preparation of preliminary informa tion concerning the status of medical or tourisic use of caves and mines in different countries. 3. Completing the working groups: a. Working Group Speleotherapy in salt mines and salt chambers is completed with Nicholae Grud nicki (Romania, National Salt Company SALROM SA). b. On the basis of PCS / CPS Meeting decisions from October 4, 2012 and the XIVth ISS from 4 to 6 October 2012 (Glossing Document of the XIVth International Symposium of Speleothe rapy UIS, Turda, Romania, 2012) concerning of therapeutic methods descendant from speleotherapy in some salt mines, in the working group Speleotherapy in Salt Mines and Salt Chambers, whose president is the Vice-President of PPS / CPS Ia. Chonka, it creates the working subgroup in halotherapy, composed of Pavel P. Gorbenko Responsible (Russia), Ivan S. Lemko (Ukraine) and is proposed to discuss and include candidatures other specialists from different countries. 4. It has also been proposed to speleotherapy centers and committee members to transfer the existing bibliography into electronic format for integra tion into a unitary database. Contact: 5. In the position of Speleotherapy Repository/ Library it is named MUDr. Vladimir Svozil (Zlate Hory, Czech Republic). Commission Report to the XVIth International Congress of Speleology (Brno, 2013) discussed and approved at CS/CPS-UIS Working Meeting from 16th ICS (Brno, 2013) was submitted on 24.07.2013 to UIS GENERAL ASSEMBLY 2013, George VENI, Vice-President UIS of Administration and Fadi NADER General Secretary of UIS (Iu. Simionca. Activity Report Commission Permanente de Speleotherapie. In: UIS BULLETIN VOLUME, 2014, 56 N 1 of 2 ). General Assembly of the 16th Congress of Speleology of UIS from 26 July 2013 (Brno, Czech Republic) on the basis of the Report of the XIVth Symposium of 2012 (Turda, Romania) the decisions from 14-15 march 2013 of Wieliczka (Poland) PCS/CPS-UIS Working Meeting, as well as the respective decision of PCS/CPS-UIS Working Meeting from 16th International Congress of Speleology (23.07.2013) approved the Report, new structure and also the international final component of the Speleotherapy Commission (Permanent Commission on Speleotherapy / Commission permanente de splothrapie) (Annex 1). Permanent Commission on Speleotherapy / Commission Permanente de Splothrapie (PCS/ CPS-UIS) (Annex 1) for four years: Web:

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Page 34/ 60 Members Advisors Members Advisors Members Members Members Advisor Member In accordance with: 1) The proposal and the vote on the Meeting of the Permanent Commission of Speleotherapy / Commission Permanente de Splothrapie UIS (PCS/ CPS-UIS) at 4 October 2012, Turda, Romania, voted at The XIVth International Symposium of Speleothe rapy in October 6, 2012, Turda, Romania; 2) Additions comply with : of Speleotherapy/ Commission permanente de splothrapie (PCS/CPS-UIS) meeting, from 14-15 mar ch 2013, held in Wieliczka Health Resort, Poland; of Speleotherapy/ Commission permanente de splothrapie (PCS / CPS-UIS) meeting, from July 24, 2013 in Brno (at 16th International Congress of Speleology). In order to evaluate speleotherapy centers and the development of speleotherapy in Central and Eastern Europe, in the years 2010 2012 2016 the board members of international Permanent Commis sion on Speleotherapy (PCS) were vizited: Center, Childrens Sanatorium with Speleotherapy, Ostrov u Macochy, Czech Republic; Speleotherapy, Zlate Hory Czech Republic; section of speleotherapy in Salt Mine N8, Solotvino, Ukraine; tal, with underground section of speleotherapy in Salt Mine N8, Solotvino, Ukraine; bilitation (Halotherapy Centre) Health Ministry of Ukraine, Uzhgorod, Ukraine; Banska Bystrica, Slovakia; Ghizela, Rudolf, Terezia and underground sections destinated for speleotherapy and tourism, Cluj county, Romania; agrement / treatment and tourism, Harghita county, Romania; Solegorsk Salt mine Complex with two underground speleotherapeutic sections, Solegorsk, Belarus Republic. agrement and tourism, Romania. nia) with multidisciplinary studies of underground microclimate, aerosol particles and microbiological investigations (possible to use for recreation and tourism in order to improve the resistance of the body to negative urban environmental factors and to the action of pathogenic biological factors).

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Page 35/ 60 Significant experience in treating patients, especially children, is obtained in karst caves accu mulated in Czech Republic (Moravia Childrens Specialized Health Care Center, Childrens Sanatorium with Speleotherapy, Ostrov u Macochy) and Slovakia (Speleotherapy Center in Bistra cave near Banska Bystrica), in salt mines from Wieliczka (Poland) and Solotvino (Ucraine), Solegorsk (Belarus Republic). Significant perspectives for the development of speleotherapy for health and for speleotherapeutic tourism possess the salt mines from Turda, Slanic Prahova, Cacica and Ocna Dej (Romania). These have benefited from multidisciplinary saline environmental studies, complex bio-medical studies specific to patients with various respiratory pathologies and have underground areas with galleries arranged for this purposes. The results were presented at the XIVth International Symposium of Speleotherapy (Turda, Romania, 2012) at the Meeting of Permanent Commis sion of Speleotherapy/ Commission permanente de splothrapie (PCS / CPS-UIS) from Brno (Czech Republic, 2013) at 16th International Congress of Speleology, to the XVth International Symposium of Speleotherapy (Poland), 2014) to UIS BULLETIN-VOLUME (2014 56 -N 2 of 1 and 2 of 2) and To mention the following results of speleothe rapy state in Solotvino Slatina (Ukraine): Underground speleotherapy sections of Zakar patie Regional Allergology Hospital and Ukrainian Republican Allergy Hospital in Solotvino Slatina (Ukraine) with underground Speleotherapy cections in Solotvino Salt Mines No. 8 and No. 9 would have had 45 and 38 years of functioning. But these superb speleotherapeutic sections no longer exist because were flooded. The calamity in salt mines from Solotvino, Tyachiv district, Transcarpathian region, Ukraine, parti cularly flooding of mines Nr. 8 and 9, blocked salt extraction and activity of salt mines complex SE of Solotvino Salt Mine but also it slowed activity of these hospitals and stopped the speleotherapy underground sections, where or treated patients with bronchial asthma, other chronic allergic and infec tious-inflammatory respiratory diseases since 1968 yar, therefore almost half a century, and also skin and airway burns after the catastrophe at Chernobyl. The problem of reconstruction speleotherapy sections in the salt massif from Solotvino, Tyachiv district, Transcarpathian region, was discussed at the First Kiev International Scientific Conference Scientific and methodological Foundations of medical geology, 17-18 April 2013 (Ukraine), were invited MSRII, Dr., Ph.D. Iuri Simionca the President of Permanent Commission on Speleotherapy (PCS) / Commission permanente de splothrapie (CPS) of the UIS, Pr. Imunologist at National Institute of Rehabilitation, Physical Medicine and Balneoclimatology, Bucharest, Romania and Ph.D., M.D. Jaroslav Chonka Vice President of PCS/CPS-UIS, Director of Ukrainian Allergic Hospital Ministry of Health of Ukraine, Solotvino, Tyachiv district, Transcarpathian region. The First Kiev International Scientific Conference Scientific and Methodological Foundations of Medical Geology, 2013 (Ukraine), through the decision (p.16, from 18 April 2013), has recommended: In connection with high value and high effi ciency of speleotherapy treatment of patients with bronchial asthma in the conditions of Solotvino Salt mines microclimate considering the presence of large of explored reserves of high quality rock salt and based on the conclusions of leading specialists about the possibilities of usage; appeal to President of Ukraine and Prime Minister of Ukraine with the proposal to consider question of restoring institutions for speleotherapy on Solotvino salt deposit. In October 22-23, 2013, was organized the International Scientific-Practical Conference Perspective of Speleotherapy Recovery and Salt Extraction Based on Rock Salt Deposits in the village Solotvino, Tyachiv district, Transcarpathian region under the auspicies of Permanent Commission on Speleotherapy / Commission permanente de splothrapie (PCS / CPS UIS) and the Association of Ukraine allergists. Resolution of the International Scientific-Prac tical Conference Perspective of Speleotherapy Recovery and Salt Extraction Based on Rock Salt Deposits in the village of Solotvino, Ucraine included the following main decisions: The programme on solving environmental, social and industrial problems of the village is worked out by the National Technical Commission (Institute of Geology, National Academy of Sciences; Ukrainian Scientific-Research Institute of Salt, etc.). The programme contains sections on creating a new underground branch of Alergologic Hospital and limited production of salt. The conference was attended by 94 experts from scientific-research, design and production organizations of Ukraine, Russia, Poland and Romania (9 professors, and 8 PhDs), representati-ves of national communities of Hungarians and Romanians in the village of Solotvino. As a result of discussions it is observed that in the world practice the treatment of allergic diseases in underground spaces of salt environment is the most

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Page 36/ 60 effective tool that has also proven cost-effectiveness. The experience of underground deparments of allergic hospitals in the village of Solotvino prove that here are the most favorable conditions that lead to high efficiency treatment of asthma, allergic diseases and rehabilita tion after burn injuries and more. Based on the results of synthesis of ecological and geological studies (Institute of Geology, National Academy of Sciences; Ukrainian Scientific-Research Institute of Salt, etc.) within salt deposits the areas that are marked by undisturbed geological structure, absence of hazardous geological processes and satisfactory protection of salt massif are found. These areas are suitable for underground use, in particular, to create a health center underground spaces and limited use of salt resources. This creates preconditions for solving social, industrial and urban environmental problems in Solotvino. Working Meeting of Board of the Permanent Commission on Speleotherapy / Commission permanente de splothrapie UIS (PCS/ CPS-UIS) and PCS /CPS Working Group Speleotherapy in Salt Mines and Salt Chamber at the Scientific-Practical Conference with International Participation Perspective of Speleotherapy Recovery and Salt Extraction Based on Rock Salt Deposits in the village of Solotvino, Tyachiv district, Transcarpathian region (Solotvino, October 23, 15.00 16.00, 2013) and the Board of PCS / CPS UIS) noted the following: 1. Scientific studies conducted in the years 1973 2011 on the salt environment from underground (speleotherapy) sections of allergy hospitals in Solotvino (Ukrainian Allergic Hospital Ministry of Health of Ukraine and Zakarpatya Regional Allergy Hospital), located in salt mines No.8 and No.9 from SE Solotvino Salt Mine; clinical medical studies; hematological, biochemical, microbiological, immu nological humoral or cellular studies on laboratory animals with experimentally induced pathology, as well as ..of patients with bronchial asthma and various chronic inflammatory and allergic respiratory diseases or on patients post burns of the airways and skin, indicate the presence and outstanding quality of medical therapeutic factors in the underground galleries of both salt mines and presence marked therapeutic effect... 2. In both mentioned Solotvino allergology hospitals and especially in SI Ukrainian Allergic Hospital Ministry of Health of Ukraine were formed well known countrywide and worldwide specialists in the fields of speleotherapy, pneumology, allergology, immunology and other, and also scientists professors, PhD, candidates in science, lecturers and assistants in institutes and universities. Based on previous experience, the training of healthcare professionals and scientific researchers in the above mentioned fields is in progress. 3. SI Ukrainian Allergic Hospital Ministry of Health of Ukraine and Zakarpatya Regional Allergy Hospital have necessary buildings, utilities and communications systems, water, heating, electricity to the surface and are equipped with specific medical equip ment, mostly modern. Based on the results presented in the sessions of the respective scientific event Program, taking into account the discussions and the evaluation of these results, the Board of Permanent Commission of Speleotherapy / Commission permanente de splothrapie UIS and Working Group Speleotherapy in salt mines and salt chambers of PCS/CPS-UIS sustain the Decision of the Scientific-Practical Conference with International Participation Perspective of Speleotherapy Recovery and Salt Extraction Based on Rock Salt Deposits in the village of Solotvino, Tyachiv district, Zakarpatya (Transcarpathian) region, which took place in Solotvino, October 22-23, 2013, alongside with the relaunching and development of speleotherapy into underground salt massif in the town of Solotvino, District Tyachiv, Zakarpatya (Transcarpa thian) region, Ukraine. In order to relaunch speleotherapy in salt mas sifs / Rock Salt Deposits of Solotvino town, District Tyachiv, Zakarpatya (Transcarpathian) region there are specialists in medical and related fields, two operational hospitals (Ukrainian Allergic Hospital Ministry of Health of Ukraine and Zakarpatya Regional Allergy Hospital) with utilities, and medical experts in related fields and also specific equipment. Details of Siolotvino salt mines calamity and the activities of finding technical solutions for extraction of salt from respective salt massif, as well as for the construction of the new under-ground section of Speleotherapy are published (UIS BULLETINVOLUME 56 N 2 of 2) See on the link Contents: SYNTHESIS REPORT OF THE XVth INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM OF SPELEOTHERAPY (THE XVth ISS), 2014, WIELICZKA, POLAND. (Iuri Simionca, President of PCS/CPS-UIS)

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Page 37/ 60 In October 23-25, 2014 in Wieliczka Salt Mine (Poland) vas held The XVth International Symposium of Speleotherapy (The XVth ISS) of The Permanent Commission on Speleotherapy (PCS) / Commission permanente de splothrapie (CPS) of Union Internationale de Splologie (UIS). The XVth International Symposium of Speleo therapy, according to the proposal of PCS/CPS-UIS and Wieliczka Salt Mine Board, was dedicated to those 50 years since the official opening of the first salt mine underground sanatorium Allergological Sanatorium Kinga in Wieliczka Salt Mine, Poland. Topics of XVth ISS, 2014, Wieliczka, Poland: 1. The history of speleotherapy / subterraneotherapy in Wieliczka Salt Mine, Poland for threatment of pacients with bronchial asthma and other chronic respiratory diseases. 2. The hystory of speleotherapy and halotherapy. 3. Microclimate, physical, chemical, microbio logical and other studies in various mines and caves to assess the presence and quality of therapeutic fac tors for used in health and balneo-climate (spa) tourism. 4. Management, protection, engineering problems, exploitation of various mines and caves for speleotherapy. 5. The structure of underground sections in mines and caves with speleotherapeutic factors. Methods of speleotherapy. 6. Halotherapy, halotherapeutic chambers and methods; salt aerosol generating systems and similar equipments. 7. Experimental results of the speleotherapy and haloterapy effects on systems and mechanisms involved in different diseases. 8. The clinical effect of speleotherapy and halotherapy for patients with various diseases. 9. Mechanisms of the speleotherapy and halotherapy 10. The use of speleotherapy in prophylaxis, treatment and rehabilitation of patients with different pathologies. 11. The use of speleotherapy with other complementary and alterntive methods (CAM) for prophylaxis, treatment and rehabilitation of patients with different pathologies. 12. Standards of geomechanical stability of the underground spaces in caves and mines which possesses speleotherapeutic factors and used for medical purposes. balneoclimatic tourism or speleoand salt mine tourism; 13. Standarts specific to speleotherapy domain and descending methods. 14. Structure of the medical institutions with speleotherapy methods. 15. Climatical characteristics of the geographyc zones with speleotherapeutic potential. Organisers of The XVth ISS were The Permanent Commission on Speleotherapy (PCS)/Commission permanente de splothrapie (CPS)-UIS and the main organizers institutions from Poland (Wieliczka Salt Mine, Wieliczka Salt Mine Tourist Route, Wieliczka Salt Mine Health Resort, Department of Clinical and Environmental Allergology Jagiellonian University Collegium Medicum from Krakow, SP ZOZ MSW Hospital in Krakow, Krakw Saltworks Museum). Opening ceremony (in the Conference Hall from underground of Wieliczka Salt Mine Drozdowice IV Chamber) Special guest Mrs Halina Skulimowska wife of Prof. Dr. Mieczyslaw Skulimowski. Participants: I. Total participants 80, inclusively from: Ukraine 25, Poland22, Romania10, Italy 6, Uni ted Kingdom3, United States of America 3, Canada -2, Czech Republic -2, Hungary 2, Republic of Moldova 2, Russia 1, Belgium 1, Germany 1. II. Institutions from different countries represented by participants 51: 1. Permanent Commission on Speleotherapy (PCS) / Commission permanente de splothrapie (CPS) of the World Organization Union Internationale de Splologie (UIS) / International Union of Speleology (member ICSU & UNESCO). 2. Wieliczka Salt Mine, Wieliczka, Poland with Wieliczka Salt Mine Tourist Route Sp. Z o.o and Wieliczka Salt Mine Health Resort. 3. Institute for Water Supply and Environmental Protection, Cracow University of Technology, Cra cow, Poland. 4. Malopolska Voivodship, Krakow, Poland. 5. Polish Association of Balneology and Physical Medicine. Warsaw, Poland 6. Department of Balneology and Physical Medicine. Medical College in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Poland. 7. Department of Clinical and Environmental Allergology of Jagiellonian University Collegium Medicum, Krakow, Poland 8. Polish Society of Allergology in Malopolska, Krakow, Poland. SP ZOZ MSW Hospital in Krakow,

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Page 38/ 60 Poland. 9. Microbiology Unit, University Hospital, Krakow, Poland. 10. Krakow Saltworks Museum, Poland. 11. Department of Health Resort Materials of the National Institute of Public Health, Poznan, Poland. 12. Department of Geology and Mining reservoir of AGH University of Science and Technology, Krakw, Poland. 13. Narodowy Instytut Zdrowia PublicznegoPa 14. Salsano Haloterapia Polska, Sulejwek, Poland. 15. SE Ukrainian Allergic Hospital, Health Ministry of Ukraine, Transcarpathian region, Tyachiv district, Solotvino, Ukraine. 16. Regional Alergologic Hospital, Transcarpa thian region, Tyachiv district, Solotvino, Ukraine. 17. Scientific-practical Medical Centre Rehabilitation Health Ministry of Ukraine, Uzhgorod, Ukraine. 18. University, Uzhgorod, Ukraine. 19. Hospital in Stebnik, Lviv, Ukraine. 20. Socialtechnopark Transcarpation section, Tiachiv, Transcarpatia, Ukraine. 21. Danylo Halytsky Lviv National Medical University, Ukraine. 22. Novovolynsk central hospital, Ukraine. 23. National Institute of Rehabilitation, Physical Medicine and Balneoclimatology, Bucharest, Romania. 24. National Salt Society-SALROM SA, Bucha rest, Romania. 25. University Stefan cel Mare, Suceava, Romania. 26. Emergency County Hospital, Pneumology Department, Suceava, Romania. 27. University of Bucharest, Dept of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Bucharest, Romania. 28. S.C. TURDA SALINA DURG U S.A., Turda, Romania. 29. Turda Municipal Hospital, Cluj County, Romania 30. Romanian Association of Balneology, Bucharest, Romania. 31. Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering IFIN HH, Magurele, Romania. 32. University of Medicine and pharmacy Gri 33. The Academy of Scientists, Bucharest, Suceava Department, Romania. 34. Italkali Spa, Contrada Raffo, Petralia Soprana Sicilia and Torino, Piemonte, Italy. 35. Municipality Petralia Soprana, Italy 36. SANATORIUM EDEL s.r.o., ZLAT HORY, Czech Republic. 37. Institute of Public Health, st nad labem, Czech Republic. 38. Halomed North America, Inc., Vienna, Virginia (VA 22180), United States of America. 39. Salt Chamber, LLC Salt Therapy Association, Boca Raton, FL 33432, United States of America. 40. Department of Pathology, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, United States of America. 41. National Institute of Health, Sankt Petersburg, Russia. 42. Social Technopark, Sankt Petersburg, Russia. 43. Saint Petersburg Institute of Prophylactic Medicine, Sankt Petersburg, Russia. 44. Beton tool ltd, London, United Kingdom. 45. Salisburyvillas.freeserve.co.uk, Royston, Hertfordshire SG8 5PU, United Kingdom. 46. Salzheilstollen Berchtesgaden, Berchtesgaden, Germany. 47. The Salt Room, Nova Scotia, Canada. 48. Institute of Respiratory Hygiene and Halotherapy, Budapest, Hungary. 49. Saltchamber Belgium, Geetbets, Belgium. 50. Salt Chamber in Sanatoria & Preventoria, Academy of Sciences, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova. 51. Republican Center of Speleotherapy, Institute of Naturotherapy, Erevan, Republic of Armenia III. Professors, scientific researches I-II, doctors of sciences, master of sciences 36, inclusively: Professors / scientific researches I II and Doctor of sciences 7, Doctors of sciences 24, Master of sciences 5. IV. Participants of different professions and functions in workplaces: 80 (among which 23 heads of departments and laboratories, directors and managers of institutions and also leaders of associations and societies), inclusively: 1). With medical and biological specialties 54: medical doctors pulmonologists 3; medical doctors allergists 3; doctors of children 2; medical doctors specialists in balneotherapy or climatotherapy 3; medical doctors (pulmonologists, allergists, of internal diseases, paediatricians, specialists in medical rehabilitation, balneotherapy or climatothera py) who practice speleotherapy /subteraneotherapy cure in carst or salt caves and salt or of another origin galleries from mines for patients with bronchial asthma, chronic bronchitis and other chronic respiratory or skin diseases 19; medical doctors (pulmonolo-

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Page 39/ 60 gists, allergists, of internal diseases, paediatricians, specialists in medical rehabilitation, balneotherapy or climatotherapy) who practice halotherapy cure in patients with bronchial asthma, chronic bronchitis and other chronic respiratory or skin diseases 15; medical doctors of other medical specializations 1; kinetotherapists 2; microbiologists 2; immunolo gists, cell biologists 4. 2). Engineers, economists and marketing specialists 26: engineers geologists 3; engineers geophysicists 3; mining engineers 7; speleologists 2; engineers chemists 2; computer science and electronics engineers 3; economists 2; marketing specialists 4. V. Lectures, scientific reports and communica tions and also posters presented in symposium sessions The works presented in the XVth ISS (Wieliczka, Poland) referred to many aspects from the study of issues related to microclimate study of underground galleries from salt and other origin mines and carst caves, to assessment of the speleotherapy / subterraneotherapy impact on the patients health with different chronic respiratory pathologies. VI. Abstracts and article published in the journal Acta Balneologica, 2014, v.3. pp131-164 [(ISSN 2082 1867), indexed by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education (4 points), Index Copernicus, Polish Bibliography of Medicine, and is a patron of the Committee of Physical Culture and Social Integration of the Polish Academy of Sciences; Citation Index Thomson Reuters, Web of Science]. VII. Scientific reports, lectures, communications and posters discussed and remarked in the scientific sessions: Session I The history of speleotherapy / subteraneotherapy treatment in the world. Perspectives of development, management and protection of mi nes and caves used for speleotherapeutic purposes. Session II. The current status and prospects of speleotherapy in salt mines and other mining cavi ties, in the karst caves and of other origin. The underground speleotherapeutic factors, quality and mechanisms of curative effect. Experimental results: Session III Alergology and pulmonary rehabilitation in speleotherapeutic centers; using the speleotherapeutic, physical, balneary and climatic factors for medical rehabilitation and prevention on patients with chronic infection-inflammatory and allergic respiratory and cutaneous diseases and also for increase the quality of life. Session IV. The developement of halotherapy therapy on the surface spaces with salt mine artifi cial environment and other descending methods of speleotherapy in salt mines. Session V. The developement of halotherapy therapy on the surface spaces with salt mine artifi cial environment and other descending methods of speleotherapy in salt mines. Session VI. Closing of the XVth International Symposium of Speleotherapy. Proposals and discus sion on the Closing Document of the XVth International Symposium of Speleotherapy, 2014, Wieliczka, Poland (XVth ISS). Closing Document of the XVth International Symposium of Speleotherapy composed by Committees of The XVth International Symposium of Speleotherapy (XVth ISS) and representatives of Organi zers; The Permanent Commission on Speleotherapy (PCS)/Commission permanente de splothrapie (CPS)-UIS, Wieliczka Salt Mine Inc., Wieliczka Salt Mine Tourist Route, Wieliczka Salt Mine Health Resort, Department of Clinical and Environmental Allergology of Jagiellonian University Collegium Medicum, SP ZOZ MSW Hospital in Krakow, Krakow Saltworks Museum. There followed the discussion of document, proposals and decision: Proposals and discussion on the Clossing Document of the XVth International Symposium of Speleotherapy, 2014, Wieliczka, Poland (XVth ISS). The decision on the Clossing Document of the XVth International Symposium of Speleotherapy (XVth ISS), 2014, 23-25 October, Wieliczka, Poland, was perfor med. After the scientific sessions has been Working meeting of Permanent Commission on Speleotherapy / Commission permanente de splothrapie (PCS/ CPS-UIS) to which were discussed: Concerning of standards necessity for speleotherapy and halotherapy and also of specialists education. Perspectives of the PCS/CPS-UIS Bibliographic Bulletin. Regarding the content of the Statutes and the seat of the International Association of Speleotherapy. Wieliczka Salt Mine (Poland) Organizing Committee offered tours to the participants: Visiting the Tourist Route of the Wieliczka Salt Mine and Health Resort Chambers and also Krakow center. Information on the XVth International Sympo-

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Page 40/ 60 sium of Speleotherapy and concerning on proposals, discussions and decisions (Closing Document) presented on UIS BULLETIN (2015, 57-1): and the websites: / /IN THE YEARS 2013 (AND NOVEMBER, DECEMBER 2012) 2015 2017 WERE ALSO CARRIED OUT: mission on Speleotherapy / Commission permanente de splothrapie (PCS/CPS-UIS); (XIV, Turda, Romania and XV, Weliczka, Poland); graphic data in the sphere of speleotherapy and halotherapy for printing the Bibliography Bulletin and publishing later on the PCS/CPS-UIS website and the website of UIS. The Bibliography Bulletin its working; vated on the decisions of two symposia (XIVth in Turda, Romania; XVth from Wieliczka, Poland) and the working meetings. Such a structure of the Commis sion appears to be more efficient and involves specialists personalities from different countries. Thus, during the years 2015-2016 May 2017 for the first time started the activity for making proposals for technical documents regarding the structure and security of the speleotherapy sections in the galleries of functional and nonfunctional salt mines and in the karst or other caves, as well as and the artificial spaces for halotherapy at the surface (the work is underway); the media were discussed the parameters of the underground factors with therapeutic / curative properties for the realization of the underground speleoterapeutical sections in salt mines and for the karstic or other caves, as well as the artificial spaces of halotherapy (the work is underway); Programme Central Europe, 2016. Second Call for proposed, 2016 (Italia, Poland, Slovenia, Austria) dedicated speleotherapy development, medical tourism, tourist rute in mines and caves with benefic properties on organism; evaluate the status of Project Public Call for Applica tions for Development Innovative Products and Services within Tourism Economy (2016 2018). The Company Postojnska Jama d.d. Torism Product VIP EXPERIENCE SPELEO-WELLNESS, Slovenia. In various scientific studies on salt mines and karst caves or galleries of other origins, as well as experimental and clinical biomedical studies with batches of sick patients, data were obtained indicating that not all salt mines and caves of different origins or spaces built on the surface for halotherapy benefit from the same natural therapeutic factors or the same beneficial effect on the human body. Not all saline mines and caves of different origins or surface spaces for halotherapy have specialists (physicians, nurses or other medical staff) to provide specialized help in case of medical emergencies (asthmatic, cardiac, etc.). The sections of speleotherapy (often these are just galleries for tourism or relaxation) are not in specialized hospitals at the surface or in other state or private medical institutions and have no contracts with medical institutions for medical services. Simi larly, it is interesting to note that, in some countries, salt mines, the karstic or other caves, although having underground therapeutic factors, are not covered by national legislation on the use of environmental cura tive factors for medical purposes, such as mineral waters, therapeutic mud and others. All these facts require the launching of specific activities in the field of speleotherapy in salt mines, karst or other caves and halotherapy on surface spa cies (their classification for speleotherapy prevention, treatment, medical recovery / rehabilitation, for speleotherapeutic tourism, relaxation and leisure, tourism to view the charm of the underground gallery) by carrying out specific multidisciplinary studies with methodological recommendations and other specific documents for their use in the intended purposes, including medical indications and medical contraindications. These activities can be conducted in collaboration with research institutions, institutions and beneficiaries willing to use these spaces with benefic properties for human organism and for the improvement of the quality of life, as well as in collaboration with some UIS commission (a series of studies in these directions were launched by the members of PCS / CPS UIS in Romania, Poland, Czech Republic, Germany, Russia, Ukraine and it unfolds in these years with perspective in the future). For this purpose it is useful to have a working meeting of the Commission together with those interested in different countries for the scientific development of speleotherapy and halotherapy, speleotherapeutic tourism and other forms of use the underground spaces with curative and beneficial properties for improving the health of human body.

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Page 41/ 60 THE XVITH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM OF SPELEOTHERAPY (PLANNING ACTIVITY)In 50-60 years of the twentieth century, there were some publications, eand ncounters or scientific events in different countries at which mentioned the interest in the results of improvement health on the sick with various diseases (especially respiratory) af ter cure of presence in the some karst caves and salt mines. In May 22-24, 1968 the East-Slovakian Museum at Kosice has organized the International Symposium about Speleo-climate, Speleo-therapeutics and Speleochemistry, to which it has been discussed motion for its foundation of an international commission. UIS Assembly approved in 1969 the Speleotherapy commission, subsequently called the Permanent Commission on Speleotherapy / Commission permanente de splothrapie (PCS/CPS) of UIS. Since 1969, have been organized 15 internatio nal symposiums of speleotherapy (ISS) at an interval of 2-4-5 years. To mention International Symposiums of Speleotherapy from 1989 (Prague, Czechoslovakia during the Joint Meeting INTERASMA 89), in 1992 (Bad Bleiberg, Austria), in 1993 (Solotvino, Ukraine); the 11th XIIIth ISS that occurred in 2008 (Blansko, Czech Republic); the XIVth ISS in 2012 (Turda, Romania); the XVth ISS in 2014 (Salt Mine Wieliczka, Poland). Similarly there have been a significant number of national conferences and other scientific events in different countries (Uzhgorod Solotvino, Ukraine, 1971); among which international participation the First Conference of Speleotherapy from Romania (Turda Salt Mine, Romania, 2011); Working Meeting of Speleotherapy at the 16th International Congress UIS of Speleology (Brno, Czech Republic, 2013); Conference of Speleotherapy from Solotvino (Ukraine, 2013). At the XVth International Symposium of Spele otherapy (Wieliczka, Poland, October 23-25, 2014) and at the PCS/CPS-UIS meeting at the end of this scientific manifestation on the proposal of Dr. Vladimir SVOZIL, Member of Extended board of Permanent Commission on Speleotherapy; Responsible Speleotherapy Repository/Library (Sanatorium EDEL s.r.o. Childrens Hospital of Respiratory Diseases with Speleotherapy (in the underground galleries from mountains Zlat Hory, Czech Republic) was discus sed organization of the XVIth International Symposium of Speleotherapy in Zlat Hory Czech Republic in 2016/2017 in accordance with the 16th Internatonal Congress of Speleology (Brno, 2013) and PCS/ CPS UIS Meeting from this Congress that approved the new extended structure of the Permanent Commission on Speleotherapy / Commission Permanente de Splothrapie over the next four years. At the request of representatives of the receiving party and local organization of the respective planed scienti fic manifestation and after the consultation with the members of PCS/CPS-UIS Board it redesigned the organization of this symposium in 2017/2018 in Zlate Hory (Czech Republic) or in another country with speleotherapy centers. INFO: Symposium of Speleotherapy in Potash Mines at the IIIth International Congress Sanatorium Treatment in 42 World Congress International Society of a Medical Hydrology and Climatology (ISMH), 2017, iune, 5-7. Moskow, Russia (). Title of Simposium Speleotherapy: scientific bases, achievements and actual problems. The Commission will be represented by Professor Gorbanko Pavel (Russia) member of the working group, who will also present a communication in the field of speleotherapy and halotherapy.REFERENCES: PY th th

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Page 42/ 60 th th in By Trevor FAULKNER (United Kingdom), Chairman REPORT OF ACTIVITIESPUBLICATIONS EXCHANGE WORKING GROUP OF THE UIS INFORM ATICS CO MMISSION This is the second report of the Publications Exchange Working Group (PEWG) to the UIS Informatics Commission. It builds on the first report, which was published in UIS Bulletin 58, pp. 5, May 2016, to which readers are referred. The PEWG has been established to tackle the challenges and opportunities for the exchange, accessing, organisation, safe storage and archiving of world-wide published speleological and karstic information into the distant future.THE MAIN AIMS OF THE PEWG ARE TO:1 Promote the exchanges of previous and new paper journals and books that will be housed in physical libraries internationally; 2Publicise the extent of this international cooth Regards,

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Page 43/ 60 peration to help safeguard the preservation of impor tant speleological information into the distant future, as a widely distributed archive; 3Examine the opportunities and problems related to the production, dissemination and long-term storage of information electronically, primarily to improve its international, searchable, access. The vision is that the Working Group will assist in the networking of over 100 existing speleological libraries internatio nally that will each hold and catalogue a good selection of published cave and karst literature. The Working Group was formally established within the UIS Informatics Commission, with close liaison with the UIS Bibliography Commission, at the 16th International Congress of Speleology (ICS) held in Brno, Czech Republic, from 21 July 2013. WORKING GROUP PARTICIPANTS AND COMMUNICATIONEditors and Librarians of international speleological organisations and other interested people are asked to regard themselves as part of this Working Group. Please forward the PEWG Terms of Reference (ToR) and its Appendices to your Exchange Partners and invite them to join, by sending a short email to the Chairman (trevor[at]marblecaves.org.uk). The ToR and the Appendices are held on the PEWG web page at These are publicly available, but are not necessarily completely up to date. The latest working versions of the Appendices are distributed to the Working Group by the Chairman, from time to time, and placed on the web page when appropriate. Meetings for the Working Group are arranged at international speleological events, to discuss progress and to facilitate the actual exchange of back issues of speleological journals and books. Since the first report, a formal meeting was held at the EuroSpeleo 2016 event in Yorkshire, UK, on 16 August 2016. Minutes are available on the website. ACHIEVEMENT OF THE AIMS OF THE WORKING GROUPThe aims are achieved by the preparation and maintenance of various Recommendations and informational spreadsheets that are Appendices to the Terms of Reference. The Appendices currently identified are: Appendix 1: Speleological libraries. Appendix 2: Paper publications. Appendix 3: Postal exchanges. Appendix 4: Digital scanning. Appendix 5: Electronic publications exchanges. Appendix 6: Working Party Contacts spreadsheet. Appendix 7: Journal Titles Published spreadsheet. Appendix 8: Publications Exchanges Status spreadsheet. Appendix 9: Action Review: previous and outstan ding actions for the Working Group. File PEWG Appendix 9PROGRESS TO DATEThe ToR and its Appendices were re-issued at Issue 2 on 9 November 2016, following discussion at the Workshop held on 16 August 2016, and are available on the website. Appendices 1 to 5 are probably now stable, so that editors and librarians can consi der the recommendations. Appendices 4 and 5 have been written by an expert team to address the issues regarding the electronic exchange of published infor mation. At Issue 2, Appendix 4 still needs to make recommendations about the use of Optical Character Recognition (OCR). Everyone is asked to provide new information and updates for Appendices 6, 7 and 8. Peter Matthews, the Chairman of the UIS Informatics Commission, is thanked for continuing support in placing PEWG information on to the UISIC web page.NEXT MEETINGA Publications Exchange Workshop will be convened within the 17th ICS to be held in Sydney, Australia, from 23 July 2017: The workshop is for all Caving Librarians, Caving Editors and others interested in the exchange and safe archiving of speleological literature. The aims of the Workshop are: 1 To review the ToR and the Appendices at draft issue 3, following a possible restructuring, before publishing Issue 3. 2 To review progress in achieving the aims of the Working Group. 3 To provide an opportunity for networking and the physical exchange of publications amongst the attendees. Prior registration, by sending a short email to the Chairman before end June 2017 is requested, so that a suitable agenda can be proposed, but is not essential for attendance.

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Page 44/ 60 INTRODUCTION THE 2016 PRIZEth the e Bassin Versants. France HABE Prize 2016 By Jean-Pierre Bartholeyns (Belgium)UIS Adjunct Secretary/President of the Department of Karst and Cave Protection of the UIS

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Page 46/ 60 INTRODUCTION 1. PROTECTION NEEDS AND CONSTRAINTS IN BELGIUM 2. LONG-TERM INTEGRATED ECOLOGICAL SUSTAINABILITY A TLAS DU BASSIN DU HO Y OUX

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Page 47/ 60 3. SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL FOUNDATIONS 1 4. IN A PRACTICAL WAYNAME AND SITE It is the name most commonLa large galerie principale du trou Al Wesse (Modave), faisant lobjet de fouilles archologiques. The main width gallery Al Wesse hole (Modave), subject to archaeological excavations.

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Page 48/ 60 si 5. EXPECTED RESULTS OF THE PROJECT For For For the -

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Page 49/ 60 around the For the For For For 6. PROJECT STUDY OF IMPACT RESULTS OF THE ATLAS Vaste galerie drainante dont le rseau total dpasse les 4 km et qui sert de captage alimentant notam ment la Ville de Bruxelles. Extensive drainage gallery whose total network exceeds the 4 km and is the catchment including supplying the City of Brussels.

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Page 50/ 60 7. CHRONOLOGICAL IMPLEMENTATION PROGRAM 8. INVOLVEMENT OF THE LOCAL CAVERS 9. INVOLVEMENT OF EXTERNAL PARTNERS 10. COMMUNICATION TO THE SPELEOLOGICAL COMMUNITY 11. COMMUNICATION WITH MEDIA AND PUBLIC

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Page 51/ 60 12. MAIN PAST REFERENCES / EXPERIENCE OF THE ORGANIZATION IN THE FIELD OF CAVE PROTECTION 1st

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Page 52/ 60 S AMI KARKABI Sami Karkabi, co-founder of the Speleo Club du Liban (SCL), passed away on the 24th of March, 2017, at the age of 86 years. His name is mostly associated with the Jeita Cave. Born in Haifa, Palestine, in 1931, Sami Karkabi obtained in 1952 a MPC general mathematics from the Graduate School of Mathematics of Beirut. That same year, he taught hotel accounting at the Ecole Htelire before working in the Lebanese Petroleum Company from 1952 to 1953. He started caving in 1949, and since 1951(founding of SCL) he led many expeditions first, inside the Jeita cave where he pushed the explorations from 2800 m till 6400 m (Terminal Siphon) from the entrance. Numerous obstacles had to be over come, especially the famous Falaise Karkabi, named after him. In 1954, he travelled to France and met Robert de Joly (president of Speleo-Club de Paris at that time) and learned further about touristic development of caves. One year later, he became in charge of the design of the touristic part of the lower level of Jeita cave, while at the same time he was the director of the project on behalf of the Commissariat Gnral du Tourisme. Passionate about speleology, he explored numerous cavities and underground karstic systems in Lebanon, as well as abroad. Thus, in 1956, he took part in the French expedition of the Gouffre Berger in the Vercors in France, 1st -1000 m deep cave in the XXth Century. Together with Speleo Club du Liban members, they discovered the Upper Galleries in Jeita Cave in 1958 which led to the touristic development of the caves new galleries in collaboration with the Ministry of Public Works and Dar el-Handassa in 1965. Sami Karkabi, editor of the SCLs speleological journal Al-OuatOuate from 1954 till 1999, was also an anthropologist, and carried out numerous studies in this field. As a universi-IN MEM ORIAM by Johnny Tawk (Lebanon)ty professor, he had organized numerous seminars on vernacular habitats in countries such as Iraq, Morocco, Algeria, Iran, Ethiopia, Turkey, Sudan, Yemen and Kenya. He also took charge of two anthropo-architectural research workshops in Lebanon, Wadi Kannoubine (the Holy Valley) and Wadi Nahr es-Salib. The first is a world heritage site recognized by UNESCO. Sami participated in different International Speleological Congresses and Symposia from 1958 till 1999. In addition, he took part of the organizing committee of the 1st and 2nd Middle East Speleology Symposia in 2001 and 2006. He was appointed honorary member of the Speleo Club of Paris in 2004. He also had numerous scientific and other publications (books, articles). In particular, he has more than 25,000 cave photographs and more than 250,000 photos from his anthropological studies. Sami Karkabi was a great building block for the Lebanese speleology. He always believed in team spirit. For many years he has been the mentor and support of many cavers and speleologists. He spared no efforts to keep sustainable bridges between the Lebanese speleologists and the international community of speleologists (UIS), even during the difficult times of the Lebanese civil war. He never compromised perfection, ethics and efficiency. He has been a true friend and appreciate comradeship and the lit tle things that make up a good life. His memory and legacy will be safeguarded by the present and future generations of the Speleo-Club du Liban, who would have never been the same without him.

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Page 53/ 60 Calendar of Events Calendar of Events Calendar of Events 2017 2018 17th International Congress of Speleology (ICS) Caves in an Ancient Land (Panthers Event Centre, suburb of Penrith, western Sydney, Australia) International Clean-up of Gouffre Berger(Vercors, France) 11th Balkan Caving Camp 20th Hellenic Speleological Meeting(Leonidio, Peloponnesus, Greece) V Biospeleology Conference (V Encuentro Ibrico de Biologa Subterrnea)(Seville, Spain) 44th International Association of Hydrogeologists Congress(Dubrovnik, Croatia) 22nd National Cave and Karst Management Symposium(Eureka Springs, Arkansas, USA) British Cave Research Association 28th Cave Science Symposium(Leeds, UK) Geological Society of America (GSA) Annual Meeting & Exhibition(Seattle, Washington, USA) 9th International Conference on Geomorphology (9th ICG)(Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi, India) Karst Session: Workshop: Grotte de Han, New Dramatic Effect of Lighting(Han-sur-Lesse, Belgium) 15th Sinkhole Conference, joint with the 3rd Appalachian Karst Symposium(Shepherdstown, West Virginia, USA) 18th International Vulcanospeleology Symposium(Lava Beds National Monument, California, USA)

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Page 54/ 60 Sydney, Australia, 23-30 July 2017CA VES IN AN ANCIENT L AND The world premier speleological event for 2017 is almost here. Over 400 speleologists from some 45 countries around the world will shortly be heading Downunder to Australia for the 17th International Congress of Speleology (17th ICS), convened by the UIS and hosted by the Austra lian Speleological Federation. SPELEO 2017, 23 29 July 2017, to be held in Sydney, Australia, promises to be a truly unforgettable experience. With around 257 papers and over 60 posters to be presented, the packed program will hold an interest for everyone attending. You can view the exciting list of accepted abstract titles on the ICS website at or simply following this link For details on the ICS program, check out the draft program on our website More details will be posted as they become available. Why not keep up to date with information by subscribing for email updates and announcements? To subscribe just visit our Mail List page on the website at Alternatively follow us on Facebook Circular 3 is now available and contains much of the important information to help with organising your trip and finding the latest infor mation on the Congress planning. Read or download a copy here We are still accepting Late Registrations and also Day Registrations so no need to miss out if you have not registered yet. Visit the Congress registration facility now and join us in Sydney, Australia. The organising committee for the 17th ICS is excited and looking forward to welcoming registrants to the Congress and will be making every effort to create a friendly and relaxed atmosphere for all our friends in speleology from around the globe. by Denis Marsh President, Speleo 2017 ICS Organising Commission (a commission of the Australian Speleological Federation)

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Page 55/ 60 Photo by Jos Ayrton LABEGALINI (UIS Past President) UIS BUREAU 2013/2017

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Page 56/ 60 Cuba Norway Serbia Turkey USA UPDATE your status now!UNION INTERNATIONALE DE SPLOLOGIETitov trg 2, 6230 Postona, Sloveniawww.uis-speleo.org CONTACT UIS *) PAYMENT VIA UIS WEBSITENow the payment of the annual fees can be done directly via UIS Web Page through PayPal service.

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Page 57/ 60 ANNUAL CONTRIBUTIONS The UIS General Assembly at the 15th ICS decided to change the annual contributions of the UIS member-countries to Euro currency, while keeping the same rates as those since 1994. The annual contributions will be as follows, starting from January 2010:Category A 300 Euros Category B 200 Euros Category C 50 Euros By: Nadja ZUPAN HAJNA, UIS Treasurer/UIS Adjunct Secretary (Slovenia) FINANCEANNUAL CONTRIBUTIONS Each UIS member country has the free choice of the category in accordance with its own financial possibilities and with the number of speleologists or speleological societies/ associations/ federations/ clubs/ institutions. The UIS Bureau authorized to reduce or to remit the contributions, if the UIS member-country makes a respectively written demand. If the UIS Bureau requires, the UIS member country has to give reasons for the difficulties of a payment. The authorization of the UIS Bureau to reduce or remit the contributions confirms that the impossibility of a payment by actual political problems or difficulties will not be an argument to exclude any member country from the international collaboration within the structure of the UIS. Account name Titov trg 2 Bank (name and address) Banka Koper d.d. Traka 2 Account No. SWIFT Code: Accepted Currencies: USD (United States Dollars) EUR (Euros)UIS BANK ACCOUNT STATE OF UIS BANK ACCOUNT ON MAY 31, 2017

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Page 58/ 60 Page 1 of 2GUIDE FOR SUBMITTING AND PUBLISHING ARTICLES IN THE UIS BULLETIN 1 INTRODUCTION2 ARTICLE PRODUCTION2.a 2.b German 2.d 2.e 2.f 2.g 2.h 3 FORMAT3.a 3.b 3.d

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Page 59/ 60 3.e 3.f .4 IMAGES4.a 4.b 4.d 4.e 5 SUBMISSION5.a mercado.efrain@gmail.com 6 PUBLICATION POLICIES6.a 6.b 7 NON-DISCRIMINATION POLICY OF THE UIS BULLETIN Page 2 of 2

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Page 60/ 60 UIS Bulletin, nor its editors are responsible for: Every effort possible has been made to keep all articles as close to the original version. In some cases, the editors review the structure in order to present the article in a clear and consistent manner and obvious errors are corrected if found. We appreciate your understanding. Should you have any comments, please send them to:Efran MERCADO(Puerto Rico)Editor in ChiefNivaldo COLZATO(Brazil)Graphic Edition BULLETIN EDITORS DISCL OSURE Union Internationale de Splologie


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