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UIS Bulletin

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Title:
UIS Bulletin
Series Title:
UIS Bulletin
Creator:
Mercado, EfraÍn ( Editor )
Colzato, Nivaldo ( Editor )
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Union Internationale de Spéléologie
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2016
Language:
English

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Karst ( lcsh )
Speleology -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
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serial ( sobekcm )

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Original Version:
Vol. 58-1 (2016)

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University of South Florida
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University of South Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
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K26-05283 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.5283 ( USFLDC Handle )

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Karst Information Portal

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BULLETINUnion Internationale de SplologieVolume 58-1 May 2016 13th International Symposium on Pseudokarst Cave Rescue Training in Russia UIS, Wikicaves and Grottocenter Reports of Commissions Important update regarding the 17th ICS UIS France Habe Prize 2016and more... IN THIS ISSUE:

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Page 2/ 48 Union Internationale de SplologieWEBSITE: http://www.uis-speleo.org/BULLETINOfficial publication of the UIS for publicizing the activities of the UIS and the state of the art of international speleology 2016 EDITOR IN CHIEF Efran MERCADO (Puerto Rico) DISCLAIMER The views and opinions expressed in this bulletin are Union of Speleology or its Bureau members unless GRAPHIC EDITION Nivaldo COLZATO (Brazil) Founded in Postojna, Slovenia, 1965 worldwide speleological organization that promotes the development of interaction between academic and technical speleologists of a wide range of nationalities to develop and coordinate NON DISCRIMINATION POLICY or parental status or sexual orientation. Should you Dr. Fadi NADER UIS General Secretary fadi.nader@gmail.com Union Internationale de Splologie Titov trg 2 6230, Postojna SloveniaSCIENTIFIC MEMBER OF REMEMBERSAVE A TREE; DO NOT PRINT IF UNNECESARY COVERPhoto by Jan Urban Reproduction of articles contained herein depends on the permission of the authors and should be reported to the UIS. The UIS Bulletin as a complete issue can be distributed freely. http://www.icsu.org Table of ContentsEditorial: Expanding our ties with local cavers ................................................................................ 3 Report of Informatics Commission ........................................................................................................ 4 Publications Exchange Working Group of the Informatics Commission ................... 5 UIS, Wikicaves and Grottocenter .......................................................................................................... 7 World Caves Data Letter of invitation .................................................................................................. 9 Report of Pseudokarst Commission ................................................................................................... 10 13th International Symposium on Pseudokarst 2015 ................................................................ 13 Report of Commission on Cave Rescue ....................................................................................... 18 The 10th Balkan Cavers Camp ............................................................................................................... 33 UIS France Habe Prize 2016 ........................................................................................................................ 34 In memoriam Charlie Self ......................................................................................................................... 37 Books ............................................................................................................................................................................. 39 Calendar of Events 2016-2017 .................................................................................................................. 40 Important update regarding the 17th ICS, Australia 2017 ........................................... 41 UIS Bureau 2013/2017 ...................................................................................................................................... 43 Active Nation Members List ..................................................................................................................... 44 Annual Contributions and Bank Account .......................................................................................... 45 Guide for submitting and publishing articles in the UIS Bulletin ......................... 46 Editors Disclosure ................................................................................................................................................ 48Click here! Deadline for submissions for the next issue ( N 58-2)

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Page 3/ 48 EditorialNo one is an island itself. Working in speleology demands an assurance that our passions, our science and our strength works toward the accomplishment of common goals with the people who lead the ex panding knowledge: local cavers. As gregarious humans there is no more satisfaction than to see projects working, cavers engaged in protecting our natural underground wonders and the meticulous research, study and dissemination of the unfolded truth behind every discover. But this is not possible if we, as cavers, speleologist and scientists deny the opportunity to get together in this hard path. Karst areas need to be protected, something that is repeated every time to satiety. Knowledge that is not shared has little or should be our local cavers, through which it is possible to spread the word in communities, with people avid of learning and the best guardians of our underground wonders. Projects like the International Year of Speleology are just a hint of what we could accomplish as a group. Moreover, a solid team of cavers, speleologists and scientists is necessary to get the aims of a strong speof one but the efforts of many. The next UIS International Congress in Sydney, Australia, is another way to convey in a worldwide project to let our citizens know that karst areas exist, that they are strongly tied to our past, to our history, to our present and, why not, to our future. Knowledge is a challenge that has two path: alone, like an island or together, as a team. Each of us is responsible to extend our hands, our hearts, our strength and our knowledge in the benething to preserve for the future. Rethink: karst protection is about ex panding our ties to local cavers, to communities, to the real guardians of our caves; the people who live there. Not getting advantage of this simple ties with local cavers is a without taking into account those who work hard to keep the knowledge among our citizens. Lets be a team. Avoid being an island. Share and observe. Expanding our ties with local cavers is a priority, our speleology depend on it.EXPANDING OUR TIES WITH LOCAL CAVERS By Efran MERCADO (Puerto Rico) Editor in ChiefUIS Vice-President of Operationsemercado@caribe.net

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Page 4/ 48 Several of the Commissions working groups are making good progress as below, but other projects are languishing for lack of volunteers to help with the work. If you would like to contribute to the progress of cave and karst documentation techniques, parti cularly that related to data fields, data exchange and the semantic web, please contact the president at the email address above. And if you would like to contribute to any of the working groups below you would be very welcome please email their leader directly. We are also still looking for a Vice-President to help run the Commission and its work.MAPPING SYMBOLS FOR ARTIFICIAL CAVITIES praezis@speleo.ch The UISIC Working Group for Survey and Mapping was requested by the UIS Commission on Artificial Cavities to investigate whether an additional symbol set for artificial cavities could be created, as a complement to the existing symbol set. At the International Congress of Speleology in Artificial Cavities, HYPOGEA, in March 2015 in Rome (Italy), the different symbol sets were proposed and first discussions held. The next task will be a compilation of possi ble symbols on artificial cavities that could be part of an international symbol set, and discussion on these symbols within both commissions. This task is expected in 2016.T-LIDAR CAVE SCANNING This working group has been established to By Peter Matthews (Australia), President REPORT OF A CTIVITIESINFORM A TICS CO MMISSION examine the issues of T-LiDAR laser scanning/map ping of caves, and to produce recommended standar ds where needed. See the web page for more details. A meeting of the several members of the working group was held in Deinze, Belgium, in July 2015. Provisional agreements were made on file formats, specifically: Open Standard. Archiving will need three files for each project: 1. Point cloud file in generic format; x.y.z. binary. 2. Mesh in VRML format or STL format. Redundant scans should be removed. 3. Metadata file. To include tie-in to surface GPS location, or classic survey (which should be included in the metadata file). Summary data, e.g. number of scans, dates of scanning, team names. Angular resolution(s) used for the scans. Further discussion was conducted on the issue of non-arbitrary definitions of chambers versus pas sages. This is currently the subject of Doctoral research by Nico Schertler (Cave Research Group of the TU Dresden Institute for Cartography). There may be a 3D scanning session at the UIS 18th Congress in Sydney, July 2017, which would be an appropriate venue to present the work of the group.PUBLICATIONS EXCHANGE The Publications Exchange Working Group has been established to tackle the challenges and oppor tunities for the exchange, accessing, organisation, safe storage and archiving of world-wide published speleological and karstic information into the future. Trevors full report of the working groups aims and progress can be found on the next page in this Bulletin.

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Page 5/ 48 UIS-WIKICAVES dcborg@aol.com The UIS and WikiCaves are collaborating via this Working Group to encourage and help with the responsible collecting and sharing of data about the worlds caves and karst. The data is being stored in the publicly accessible GrottoCenter web-based database initiated by WikiCaves in 2008. Because cave information can be a sensitive issue, UIS is writing to all countries to ascertain what level of locational precision they can accept, and whether they would help the project by supplying information about their caves. The WG also plans to look into whether the data can be set up as Linked Data on the Semantic Web to make basic cave and karst information more accessible via the web. More details about WikiCaves and its GrottoCenter web database can be found in the separate report on page 7 in this Bulletin.CAVERS MULTI-LINGUAL DICTIONARY ; mgarasic@grad.hr The web-based Dictionary lists terms for over 300 speleological concepts in twenty-four languages, the latest being Russian and Ukrainian. The Group is currently working with our Turkish friends to have Turkish added also. New languages or improvements to existing languages are always welcome, and important technical information on how best to go about this is available on the Working Groups web pages. The Publications Exchange Working Group of the UIS Informatics Commission has been established to tackle the challenges and opportunities for the exchange, accessing, organisation, safe storage and archiving of world-wide published speleological and karstic information into the future; it is believed that this literature has enormous historical and research value. The information has been partly disseminated through journals and books published by internatio nal and national bodies and by local caving clubs. Since the 1950s, many of these organisations have made bilateral arrangements to exchange new publications amongst themselves, usually by post, in an ad hoc pattern that remained unknown internationally. The documents exchanged are commonly houBy Trevor FAULKNER (United Kingdom), Chairman REPORT OF A CTIVITIESPUBLICA TIONS EX CHANGE WORKING GROUP OF THE UIS INFORM A TICS CO MMISSION 340: en: cavernous fa: hu: reges

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Page 6/ 48 sed in speleological libraries of various sizes and physical accessibility. Many are thus stored in relative safety and are available for study, at least to local members. Three main issues now confront this beneficial exchange of information: the rising costs of postal delivery; the opportunities presented by electronic publication, electronic delivery and electronic storage; the intention of some Governments for all papers that report publicly-funded research to be freely available under an Open Access policy. The main aims of this Working Group are to: 1 Promote the exchanges of previous and new paper journals and books that will be housed in physical libraries internationally; 2 Publicise the extent of this international cooperation to help safeguard the preservation of impor tant speleological information into the distant future, as a widely distributed archive; 3 Examine the opportunities and problems related to the production, dissemination and long-term storage of information electronically, primarily to improve its international, searchable, access. The vision is that the Working Group will assist in the networking of over 100 existing speleological libraries internationally that will each hold and catalogue a good selection of published cave and karst literature. The Working Group was formally established within the UIS Informatics Commission, with close liaison with the UIS Bibliography Commission, at the 16th International Congress of Speleology (ICS) held in Brno, Czech Republic, from 21 July 2013. This action followed a meeting in Brno on 25 July about Journal Exchanges that was convened by the British Cave Research Association (BCRA) and attended by 19 Editors, Librarians and other interested people from 12 Countries. That meeting discussed the BCRA experience in re-creating a British Caving Library (BCL) and in trying to re-establish contact with many overseas organisations with whom exchange agreements had lapsed. This situation has now been corrected, with BCRA currently exchanging journals with about 45 overseas organisations. The Publications Exchange name of this Working Group indicates that books and other material can also be exchanged between speleological organisations. WORKING GROUP PARTICIPANTS AND COMMUNICATIONAll attendees at the 25 July 2013 meeting in Brno, Editors and Librarians of other international speleological organisations known to the Chairman, and other people who have expressed an interest, are asked to regard themselves as part of this Working Group. These people are also asked to forward the Working Groups Terms of Reference and its Appendices to their other Exchange Partners and invite them to join, by sending a short email to the Chairman. The Terms of Reference and the Appendices are held on the Working Groups web page at These will be publicly available, but will not necessarily be completely up to date. The latest working versions of the Appendices will be distributed to the Working Group by the Chair man, from time to time, and placed on the web page when appropriate. Formal meetings for the Working Group will be arranged at future international speleological meetings. These meetings will enable discussions about progress, the dissemination of exchange information, and the actual exchange of back issues of speleological journals and books. Suitable meetings identified at present are: The EuroSpeleo event to be held in Yorkshire, United Kingdom, from 13 August 2016. The 17th Internacional Congress of Speleology (ICS) to be held in Sydney, Australia, from 23 July 2017.ACHIEVEMENT OF THE AIMS OF THE WORKING GROUPThe aims will be achieved by the preparation and maintenance of various Recommendations and informational spreadsheets that are Appendices to the Terms of Reference. The Appendices currently identified are: Appendix 1: Speleological libraries. File PEWG Appendix 1 Appendix 2: Paper publications. File PEWG Appendix 2 Appendix 3: Postal exchanges. File PEWG Appendix 3 Appendix 4: Digital scanning. File PEWG Appendix 4 Appendix 5: Electronic publications exchanges. File PEWG Appendix 5 Appendix 6: Working Party Contacts spread-

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Page 7/ 48 As announced at the UIS General Assembly in Brno, Czech Republic, July 2013, the UIS and WikiCaves are collaborating via a new Working Group within the UIS Informatics Commission to help with the responsible sharing of data about the worlds caves and karst. Because cave information can be a sensitive issue, UIS is writing to all countries to ascertain what level of locational precision they can accept, and whether they would help the project by supplying information about their caves. The Working Group will also be looking into whether the data can be set up as Linked Data on the Semantic Web.THE WIKICAVES & GROTTOCENTER PHILOSOPHYAs Europeans cavers realized they all faced the same difficulties when it came to finding and sharing cave related information and data, they knew there had to be a common tool in order to avoid the multiplication of numerous projects which required each team to invest so much time and efforts. Yet, the context could be quite different depending on the countries. This is why working together seemed the obvious solution. That is how Wikicaves was created with Grottocenter, as its website and data base. UIS, WIKICAVES AND GRO TT OCENTERsheet. File PEWG: Appendix 6 Contacts (Pages 1-5) Appendix 7: Journal Titles Published spreadsheet. File PEWG: Appendix 7 Titles (Pages 1-5) Appendix 8: Publications Exchanges Status spreadsheet. File PEWG: Appendix 8 Status (Pages 1-9) Appendix 9: Action Review: previous and outstanding actions for the Working Group. File PEWG Appendix 9PROGRESS TO DATEThe ToR and Appendices 1, 2, and 3 are now fairly stable, so that editors and librarians can consider the recommendations. Appendices 4 and 5 go beyond the recommendations for postal exchanges, and are being worked on by an expert team to address the issues regarding the electronic exchange of published information. These draft Appendices record their various inputs, in advance of a more formal set of recommen dations. Everyone is asked to provide new informa tion and updates for Appendices 6, 7 and 8. Peter Mattthews, the Chairman of the UIS Informatics Commission, is thanked for providing advice and guidance on the placing of the ToR and its Appendices on to the UISIC web page.NEXT MEETINGA Publications Exchange Workshop will be convened within the EuroSpeleo event to be held in Yorkshire, UK, from 13 August 2016: http://eu rospeleo.uk/. The workshop is for all Caving Libra rians, Caving Editors and others interested in the exchange and safe archiving of speleological literature. The aims of the Workshop are: 1. To review the ToR; 2. To review progress in achieving the aims of the Working Group; 3. To provide an opportunity for networking and the physical exchange of publications amongst the attendees. Prior registration via EuroSpeleo 2016, nearer the time, is requested, so that a suitable agenda can be proposed, but is not essential for attendance.Trevor Faulkner20 February 2016 WFW 672 By Didier Borg (France)UIS-WikiCaves Working Group Leaderdcborg@aol.com

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Page 8/ 48 Sharing almost everything cavers might need rigging sheets, topographies, contacts, cave dataWORLD COVERAGEWikicaves and Grottocenter have since 2008, through a number of partnerships, collected and made data available for over 50,500 caves covering more than 86 countries with over 2,100 contributors around the world. Data is entered either directly or by the Grottocenter team who then takes care of the digitalization and integration in the database. Grottocenter partners are regularly kept infor med about additions and updates made in the database on caves in their countries Including about additional data that might have been added by cavers from other areas of the world.SHARINGThe website also provides links and gives credit to the various partners and contributors and allows cavers to communicate in order to facilitate contacts.LANGUAGETo make access easier, the website is now available in 8 languages (the Arabic version is underway). Being a community-based project every caver may take part by adding data as well as in the decision making process. Wikicaves also is funded and supported by the FSE (European Speleological Federation).

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Page 9/ 48 President of the Secretary General Founded in 1965 Titov trg 2 6230, Postojna Slovenia www.uis-speleo.org

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Page 10/ 48 REPORT OF A CTIVITIES BET WEEN 2013 AND 2015PSEUDOKARS T CO MMISSIONFUNCTIONARIES OF THE COMMISSIONJi(Honorary President) (Honorary President) (President) (Secretary) ASSEMBLY OF THE COMMISSIONThe assembly took place during the 16th International Congress of Speleology in Brno, 25th July 2013; in this meeting the report of the Commission activity in 2009-2013 was presented. By Jan Urban (Poland), President Rudolf Pavuza (Austria), Vice-President Ludovt Gal (Slovakia), Secretary gaal@ssj.sk EVENTS (MEETINGS)The assembly taking place during the 16th International Congress of Speleology in Brno, 25th July 2013 and gathered 17 persons from 11th countries (3 continents), among which 11 persons were formal members of the Commission. During the 16th International Congress of Speleology in Brno three half-day scientific sessions were dedicated to the Karst and caves in other rocks i.e. widely understood pseudokarst. These sessions were They included 21 presentations on non-karst, probably-karst, possibly-karst, partly-karst, more-or-less-karst as well as karst-like caves and cavities. PUBLICATIONSComprehensive abstracts, practically papers of the presentations given during the pseudokarst sessions of the Congress in Brno, 2013, were published in printed volume of the Congress materials. MA GY AROR SZ G NEM KARS ZT OS BARLANG JA IN AK KA TA SZTE RE ar lm va n h au s s ov o rs gha r el r le A LI ST O F TH E NONK AR ST IC C AV ES I N HUNGAR Y (i nclu di ng s om e bo rder r eg io ns i n Au stri a and Sl ovaki a) L T rkpes k zel ts M ap a ppro ac h T bl zatos k zel ts Ta bu la r ap pr oach

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Page 11/ 48 Pseudokarst Commission Newsletter has been issued one a year in two languages: English and German. Editors of the issues were: Jan Urban, Rudolf Pavuza and Christa Pfarr. The following numbers were published: no. 24 (February 2014) and no. 25 (February 2015). The Newsletter is distributed both in digital version by internet and in printed copies by mail among people preferring this form. The printed version was financially granted by UIS Bureau. Both issues, 24 and 25, include 12 scientific or popular -scientific papers as well as several short notices, event announcements and reports. Closely related to the Commission activity and prepared by its members, I. Eszterhs and G. Szentes, is List of non-karst caves of Hungary digital database accessible via internet since December 2014. The database presents short descriptions (in two languages: Hungarian and English), selected literature, maps and photographs of caves. Partly related to the Commission activity and partly prepared by its members are also papers published in the Zeitschrift fr Geomorphologie, vol. 59 (2015), suppl. 1, containing the materials of the International Conference Sandstone Landscapes III, Kudowa Zdrj, Poland 25-28.04.2012. Minutes of the Pseudokarst Commission assembly in Brno were published in the UIS Bulletin, no. 56, 1 (2014). The report on the pseudokarst sessions during the Congress in Brno, 2013, was published in the Pseudokarst Newsletter no. 24. WEBPAGEThe webpage of the Pseudokarst Commission (edited by Hartmut Simmert) is permanently acti ve. It presents all documents produced by the Commission assembly and executive group, issues of the Pseudokarst Newsletters as well as reports and announcements concerning meetings and other events. It also presents the members and functionaries of the Commission, history of the Commission as well as European clubs and scientific institutions exploring and/or studying non-karst caves. All activity providing new data and improving the informational level of the webpage is welcome. CURRENT ACTIVENESS The most important event recently prepared and currently taking place is the 13th International Silesian-Moravian Beskydy, Czech Republic. The place of this Symposium was not set definitely during the last Commission assembly in Brno (2013), and the trials of its location were continued by the Commission executive. Therefore, we are the more grateful for our Hosts who have invited us to the Silesian-Moravian Beskydy. The institutional organizers of the 13th Symposium on

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Page 12/ 48 Pseudokarst are: Speleological Group Orcus, Department of Physical Geography and Geoecology of the University of Ostrava and Founded Management of the Beskydy Protected Landscape Area. Personally, the main organisers of this Symposium are Jan Lenart and Josef Wagner. Observing their hard work and its results we all want to express our thanks to them and all other co-organisers. According to the decision made during the last assembly of the Commission, the Working Group on the Classification of Non-Karst Caves was to be organised and should preceed works on this problem. Unfortunately, the Working Group have not presented any results of its work, yet. During the Congress in Brno (2013) the Commission executive got contacts with members and executives of the Volcanic Cave Commission and the Artificial Cavites Commission. These contacts have been still kept. Owing to good work of the UIS Vice-Presi dent, George Veni, the information on events related to cave and karst exploration, study and management (meeting annoucements, publications atc.) has been efficiently distributed to the Commission executives and then redistributed to its members and friends. FUTURE EVENTS AND PROSPECTSThe most important aim of the Pseudokarst Commission activity is the organization of interna tional pseudokarst symposia. Therefore, the crucial problem which should be solved during this assembly is the location of the 14th International Symposium on Pseudokarst. So far, the Commission executive has got no suggestion in this issue, therefore all proposals are welcome. We should also discuss the term of this event in the context of the 17th International Congress of Speleology which will be held in Australia in 2017. The Commission executive proposes to prolong the activity of the Working Group on the Classification of Non-Karst Caves under the leadership of P. Bella and L. Gal. We hope that the conclusions of this group work will be presented during the 14th International Symposium on Pseudokarst and, consequently, the final version of such classification will be consequently published in the most important speleological and geological journals. The persistent work of the Pseudokarst Commission executive will be continued. So the webpage will be updated and next issues of the Pseudokarst Newsletter are expected. The UIS Bureau is no longer providing finan cial support to the commissions for the printing and distribution of newsletters in order to encourage greater digital distribution, which reaches more people and for less money. The Pseudokarst Commission appreciates the past financial sup port by the Bureau. The Commission will provide support for the printed version of the Newsletter until 2017 to meet the requirements of libraries still keeping printed records as well as some members of the Commis sion. President

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Page 13/ 48 13th International Symposium on P seudokarstT h e history of the International Pseudokarst Symposia reaches back to 1982 and includes thirteen meetings, mainly in Central Europe, therefore the regions in which they were held have started to repeat. The place of the last, 13th International Symposium on Pseudokarst in September 2015, is situated in the Silesian-Moravian Beskydy Mts., about ten kilometres from the Podolanky resort, where 25 years ago, in 1990, the 4th Symposium on Pseudokarst was held (Wagner 1990). For a few par ticipants of both these Symposia (like the authors of this report) such context was an excellent opportuni ty for the comparison of what has changed during this quarter of a century. We could discuss the progress of research, development of study methods, enlargement of our knowledge. We also observed whether there was a change in the group of people attending the meetings as always not only professionals: geologists, geomorphologists, biologists, climatologists, archaeologists conducting their studies in caves, but also hobbyists: cavers discovering, exploring and carefully documenting caves. The results of such comparison are not unequi vocal (just equivocal). We still have not formulated a strict definition of the term pseudokarst and the spectrum of problems included in this term as well as the boundary to karst sensu stricto. Nevertheless the term pseudokarst is still the symbol that connects scientists and cavers who examine and explore caves of non-karst genesis in general or such that origina J. Urban By Jan Urban (Poland), President Rudolf Pavuza (Austria), Vice-President UIS Pseudokarst Commission DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY AND GEOECOLOGYUNIVERSITASOSTRAVIENSISFacultas Rerum Naturalium

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Page 14/ 48 ted at least partly owing to other than karst processes. Compared to the meeting held 25 years ago, this term lost its feature of novelty. Sometimes the term has been criticised but nevertheless no better term was proposed, so far (e.g. Eberhard, Sharples 2013; Urban 2014). Since that time thousands of such caves have been discovered and described in various places of the Earth and even on Mars. Several fields/ directions of scientific studies of such caves can be distinguished. New classifications of non-karst caves have been proposed (e.g. Halliday 2007; Bella, Gal 2011, 2013; Urban, Margielewski 2013). New tools and methods of investigation of such caves (elaborated and developed within frames of other scientific disciplines as geophysics, mechanics or mineralogy-petrography) have been presented and research focusses more in processes involved than on a satis fying terminology. During the scientific sessions of the 13th International Symposium on Pseudokarst the presentations concerning two fields of research predomina ted. The first was obviously related to the geological region where the Symposium was organised the Outer Flysch Carpathians. In this region caves originated owing to the gravitational slope failures are very common and some of them are of considerable extent. Therefore, the lecture presenting the genesis and categorisation of these caves based on morpho genetic and geomechanic criteria was an introduction to this matter (authors: W. Margielewski, J Urban). Further, the genesis, shape, exploration and scienti fic features/values of these caves in the Silesian-Moravian Beskydy Mts. were shown in several lectures by our Czech hosts. They started their presentations from the general description of the geological and biological heritage of this region (presentations and movie by F. Jaskula, D. Kvita, J. Lenart, J. Wagner) and concluded with the characterisation of problems of cave exploration and examination (several presentations and posters by J. Kupka, J. Lenart, L. estk, P. Taboik, J. Wagner). The important result of the study of caves in the Silesian-Moravian Beskydy Mts. is a genetic-morphological classification of cave passages published recently in Geomorphology (Lenart et al. 2014) and presented during the Symposium sessions (J. Lenart, J. Wagner). Apart from the geologic-geomorphologic problems, a very modern method of a microclimatic study in the caves in this region (M. Kaing) as well as the analysis of the occurrence of bats in these caves (V. karpich, J. Wagner) were presented. The results of cave exploration and studies in the Polish segments of the Outer Carpathians were introduced during these sessions by Polish authors. The following topics should be mentioned in this group: progress in exploration of caves in the Polish part of the Beskidy Mts. (in Polish: Beskidy or Beskid, not Beskydy), water in caves of the Beskidy Mts., genetic differentiation of caves in the Homole Gorge, Pieniny Mts. and morphogenesis of the Mroczna Cave, Beskid Niski Mts. (several presentations and posters by P. Mlyn (Devil Mill); above the trench the leader of the J. Urban J. Urban

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Page 15/ 48 T.,. Mleczek, J. Pukowski, C. Szura, J. Urban and M. Zatorski). A comparatively large number of lectures given during the scientific sessions and concerning the second predominating scientific problem, was also induced by the high number of representatives of the country hosting the meeting. This scientific field was the study of morphogenesis of sandstone rock forms in the Bohemian Cretaceous Basin, carried out also in a context of the cave occurrence in these rocks. In contrast to the caves in the Outer Carpathians, the caves in sandstones of this Basin represent usually erosional-weathering or boulder caves. To this thematic group belong the conception of the development of Coubal) as well as the lectures and posters providing analyses of effects of loading stress (compaction) and lichen cover on spatial distribution and rate of erosion and in consequence stability of sandstone cliffs and cave ceilings (team: J. Schweigstillov, J. Bruthans, J. ihoek, M. Slavk). The study of the influence of various factors, not sufficiently apprecia ted up to recent, on the stability of sandstone massifs, comparing field observations with results of uncon ventional laboratory analyses, conducted recently by the team of Czech scientists, has brought about very interesting conclusions, just published in international journals (Bruthans et al. 2014). A new field of research seems to be also the usage of geophysical methods (e.g. ERT) for the analysis of tectonic-structural constraints of the morphology of mesas in the Broumov Upland, Bohemian Cretaceous Basin (P. Taboik, F. Hartwich, J. Stemberk, J. Kopeck, O. Jenka). Among the other topics of the session lectures, the following should be mentioned: tectonic evidences in pseudokarst-caves of the Eastern Alps, some of them formerly regarded as karst ones (I. Baro Winkler), exploration of pseudokarst caves in calca reous spring tufa in Austria (R. Pavuza), reviews of volcanic caves and speleothems in non-karst caves of Hungary (G. Szentes, I. Eszterhs) as well as the history of exploration of the Ledove Sluje cave system in metamorphic schist of the Podyji National Park, Czech Republic (F. Kuda, J. Diviek). During the field sessions we visited mountain massifs of the Silesian-Moravian Beskydy, situated close to the Symposium place (Fig. 1). Among the sites shown to us were caves and surface landforms, which were the results of gravitational mass movements, as well as cultural-ethnographic objects. The most spectacular surface landforms we saw were v Mln (1206 m a.s.l.), and the crags of a specific, pictures que shape, which were associated with these trenches (Figs. 2, 3) The cave tours included the largest, deepest and most interesting ones. The first was a maze system of passages of the longest cave, Cyrilka (535 m long and 16 m deep), in the light of a new classi fication (Urban, Margielewski 2013) representing most probably a dilatancy cave. The second was the deepest cave of the region, Knhyska Cave (280 m long and 57.5 m deep) representing, in turn, most probably the initial, dilational cave system. It is composed of a spacious and several dozen meters deep chasm (well), surrounded by a set of narrower (sub) vertical fissures cave passages (Figs. 4-6). Both these caves are located in the Mt. Radhot (1106 m a.s.l.) and Mt. Smrk (1276 m a.s.l.) massif. However, cave in the region J. Urban J. Urban J. Urban

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Page 16/ 48 the most interesting from the scientific point of view was the Velk Ondrova Cave (217 m long and 35 m deep) in the Mt. Lysa Hora (1323 m a.s.l.) massif, the highest summit of the Silesian-Moravian Beskydy. The entrance of this cave is situated in the highest part of the gravitational ridge trench, while its passa ge system is very complex and comprises a maze set of crevices intersecting in various levels (Figs. 7-10). However, the crevices-passages are clustered in two branches of orientation supplementing the system of surface trenches. In this cave the typical (induced by gravitation) movements of rock massif fragments producing cave passages were described (Lenart et al. 2014). An important event during the Symposium was the assembly of the UIS Pseudokarst Commission, held on Thursday, 17th Sept. 2015, and gathering 11 members of this Commission. During this meeting the activity of the Commission between 2013 and 2015 was recapitulated. Among significant measures of the activity of the Commission and its members the following affairs were mentioned: the sessions dedicated to non-karst caves during the 16th International Congress of Speleology in Brno (Czech Rep. 2013), the publication of the Pseudokarst Newsletter nos. 24 and 25, the permanently active Commission webpage, as well as the digital database of non-karst caves in Hun gary prepared by the members of the Commission (I. Eszterhas and G. Szentes). The most important problem discussed during the meeting was the location of the next symposium, presumably in 2018 (as the 17th International Congress of Speleology in Australia makes another event in 2017 not reasonable). Several possibilities were considered, such as: Climani and Gurghiu Mountains in central Romania, where numerous tree mould caves have been recently discovered, Leningrad Province in Russia with its caves in granites and Devonian sandstones, Austria with some pseudokarst caves in karst areas, abrasion and tectonic caves of Sweden; however, no final decision was made. New members were welcomed to the Commission. The main institutional organisers of the 13th International Symposium on Pseudokarst, initiated as usual by the UIS Pseudokarst Commission, were: Department of Physical Geography and Geoecology of the University in Ostrava and Speleological Club Orcus in Bohumin. The Organisational Committee was led by J. Lenart and J. Wagner. All participants appreciated the good organisation of both the scien tific and field sessions of the conference and all admired the scenic mountainous surroundings of the Symposium place (Fig. 1). About 45 people from 9 countries (Austria, Czech Rep., Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, New Zealand, Poland, Slovakia and Sweden) attended the Symposium (Fig. 11). One optimistic outlook might be the observation that apart from some older participants veterans of the early days of the pseudokarst symposia many young people attended the 13th Symposium, similar to the 4th Symposium held nearby a quarter of a century ago. The symposium proceedings well prepared by the organizers (Lenart 2015) were published and are available for download from the Commissions homepage disintegrated part of the massif J. Urban J. Urban J. Urban

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Page 17/ 48 REFERENCES th J. Urban J. Urban

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Page 18/ 48 REPORT OF A CTIVITIESCAVE RESCUE CO MMISSION Formation Splo-Secours International By Bernard Tourte (France) SMINAIRES:Equipier Chef Dquipe Assistance Victime Plonge Secours Photos Splo Secours Franais

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Page 19/ 48 PreambuleLa session de formation qui sest droule tait envisage depuis prs de deux ans. Cest Jean-Michel Vallon qui a jou le rle de coordinateur SSF pour sa mise en place, soit un important travail prparatoire, dont une reconnaissance sur le terrain en juillet 2014 afin de bien sassurer de la faisabilit du projet.CE SONT AU TOTAL TROIS STAGES QUI ONT T RALISS:Un stage E/CE coordonn par Bernard Tourte et Cherednichenko Filippe (responsable Russie des for mations techniques secours). Cette session rassemblait trente-cinq participants. Un stage ASV, comprenant vingt-deux splologues, coordonn par Wim Cuivers et Rychagov Sergey (responsable Russie des formations ASV qui, en septembre 2014, a particip une formation ASV la chapelle en Vercors avec huit splologues russes. Un stage plonge secours qui a regroup treize splo-plongeurs, encadr par Cdric Lacharmoise, Jean-Michel Vallon et Akimov Vladimir pour sa gestion organisationnelle russe. Pour ces sessions, la quasi-totalit du matriel secours splo a t fournie pas les Russes, bouteilles de plonge comprises.Le seul matriel amen de France a t: Trois TPS. Deux ensembles de recherche en siphon (flasheurs, ardoise, cookies). Vingt mtres de fil dAriane avec lme lectrique pour la communication. Comme chaque fois, des interprtes ont t mobiliss pour ce sminaire dont Aleksey Tereschenko, qui tait une nouvelle fois de la partie vu quil tait dj prsent lors du stage en Crime qui sest droul il y a deux ans. Au total, cinq interprtes sont venus pauler lquipe dencadrement. Certains dentre eux, non splologues, ont clairement t mis rude preuve, du matin au soir, pour que linformation transmise puisse tre comprise par tous.Le Deroule GeneralMERCREDI 1 JUILLETDpart de France de quatre formateurs du SSF. Wim CUYVERS (SSF39), Cdric Lacharmoise (SSF69) et Jean-Michel Vallon (SSF01) senvolent de Lyon Saint-Exupry 13h30 pour laroport de Char les de Gaule. Au mme moment, Bernard Tourte (Prsident du SSF), dcolle de Toulouse pour la mme destina tion. Dpart pour Moscou 16h00 et arrive 20h40 heure locale. Nous rejoignons Ekaterina Medvedeva, traductrice et splologue du club de Kiev. Nous redcollons ensemble 22h25 pour arriver Ufa le 2 Juillet 2h30 heure locale.JEUDI 2 JUILLETAmina Chanysheva et Vladimir AKIMOV nous rcuprent laroport. Quelques heures de repos nous permettront dinhiber la fatigue du dcalage horaire. Laprs-midi, nous profitons davoir un peu de temps pour faire du tourisme. Nous visitons lincontournable monument de Yulaev de Salvat (1752-1800). Hros national bachkir et pote, il est lun des leaders de la guerre paysanne de 1773-1775 en Russie et un compagnon de chasse dEmelian Pougatchev. En 1774, il est arrt, puni et envoy aux travaux forcs en Estonie, o il meurt en 1880. Sans oublier la station de ski dUfa La ville est en pleine effervescence: la Russie accueille les chefs dEtat des Brics (Brsil, Russie, Inde, Chine, Afri que du Sud), les membres du groupe de Shanghai, ainsi que lInde et le Pakistan, Oufa, du 8 au 10 juillet. Leur objectif est de crer une vritable puissance conomique et diplomatique rgionale eurasiatique.VENDREDI 3 JUILLETDpart pour le plateau de Koutouk. Au petit matin, dans la banlieue dUFA, nous faisons une halte dans un hypermarch, ouvert de manire continue, pour acheter de quoi survivre pendant le trajet. Quatre heures de route nous permettent de rejoindre la ville de Meleuz qui se trouve deux cent cinquante kilomtres au sud de la ville dUfa. De l, nous prenons une piste pour rejoindre le petit village de Nugush. Nous dposons nos bagages dans une clairire, lieu de rassemblement pour lensemble des splo convis au sminaire. De l, part en fort un chemin de terre sur trente-deux kilomtres pour le plateau de Koutouk. Depuis plusieurs mois, la mto est trs pluvieuse. Ce chemin est quasiment impraticable. La d-

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Page 20/ 48 cision est prise: Les bagages partiront par le chemin, transports par un tracteur et un ex camion militaire. La quasi-totalit des splologues se rendra pied au site de formation (soit trente-deux kilomtres de marche!). Lencadrement, les interprtes et nous, les Franais, repartons par la route pour rejoindre le barrage de la rivire de Belaya. De ce point, nous naviguons alors quarante minutes pour rejoindre les rives du plateau de Koutok. Il ne nous reste alors plus que cinq kilomtres dans les hautes herbes et les forts denses de lOural pour rejoindre le lieu dimplantation du sminaire. Nous arrivons au camp en fin de journe. Une quipe dj sur site depuis plusieurs jours a mont les installations (tente matriel, tente cuisine, tentes formation). Nous mangeons notre premire soupe et profitons de scher quelques heures au coin du feu dans lattente de nos bagages. 21h00 a lieu la premire runion avec les organisateurs. Jean-Michel reprend les points voqus lors des changes de courriel pour la prparation de ce sminaire. Cette runion sera toutefois trs vite courte, Jean-Michel se retrouvant bloqu par une violente crise de coliques nphrtiques. Il souffrira durant trois heures pour parvenir vacuer un malheureux calcul de quatre millimtres de diamtre. La nuit est enfin tombe. Peu peu, les stagiaires arrivent au compte goutte aprs une fort longue marche sous une pluie battante et les pieds dans la boue. Mais toujours pas les bagages Ils narriveront finalement que le lendemain. Faute de duvets et de tentes, la nuit pour les autres cadres mis part pour Jean Michel tout particulirement bichonn, fut donc particulirement spartiate et glaciale!Les CavitesPlusieurs cavits, plus ou moins proches du camp (de quarante minutes deux heures de mar che), on t dsignes exploitables pour les divers besoins des stages, il sagit de: SOUMGA Qui, la cration du barrage de la rivire de Belaya, a subi une importante remonte des eaux du karst, ennoyant par la mme une grande partie de son rseau. Cette magnifique cavit, lhistoire charge, commence par un large puits de soixante-dix mtres de profondeur. A la base de ce puits, plusieurs galeries partent. Pour la suite, il faut continuer sur un norme nv et descendre un puits de trente mtres. De l, une plage de galets donne accs au dbut des parties noyes. KOUTOUK-2 Une grosse doline dentre permet daccder au rseau. Cent mtres environs de progression et deux branches amnent deux rseaux noys sans aucune difficult particulire de progression. Derrire le siphon de droite, un joli rseau est compos de gours et de votes mouillantes ainsi quune belle galerie concrtionne. KOUTOUK-4 Il sagit dun superbe effondrement pour lequel il convient demprunter une chelle de bois daprs guerre pour descendre dans la doline. Au fond, un nv qui sengouffre dans un immense mandre de vingt trente mtres de hauteur descend en pente douce. Aprs une heure de progression sans aucune difficult et un petit ressaut dsescalader la russe, le plafond sabaisse. Le rseau se spare en deux pour terminer devant deux siphons. ZIG-ZAG Cest une belle cavit compose dune succes sion de petits puits, de passages mandriformes bien techniques et de portions de mandre ample tout

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Page 21/ 48 particulirement adapts de la mise en situation pour de lvacuation technique. Des vhicules 4X4 auraient d tre prsents sur place pour faciliter les transferts de matriel vers certaines de ces cavits accessibles par pistes. Mais malheureusement la mauvaise mto et le trs mauvais tat des pistes les a empchs de venir.SAMEDI 4 JUILLETLes stagiaires sont arrivs dans la nuit. Nous apprenons alors que tracteur et camion sont embourbs et que les bagages ont t dbarqus pour allger les vhicules. Ca dmarre fort! Malgr cela, la formation sorganise. Enfin du positif En fin de matine, les bagages commencent arriver Peu peu, chacun organise alors son petit campement.LE STAGE QUIPIER/CHEF DQUIPESur lensemble de sa session de Formation, le stage quipier / Chef dquipe a pass trois journes en cavits et quatre journes en extrieur. En extrieur, le site de pratique partiellement pr-quip se prsentait sous la forme dune grande doline offrant plusieurs pans de falaises, aussi bien accessibles du haut que du bas. Ctait sans aucun doute un lieu idal pour travailler les techniques de secours, dautant quil se trouvait localis cinq mi nutes du lieu de restauration et de campement du stage. Ces conditions optimales ont permis de rduire zro les pertes de temps lies linstallation des cordes, aux prises de repas ou au dsquipement des cordes qui ntaient pas ncessaires dun jour sur lautre. Le niveau des stagiaires tait majoritairement homogne, tant par les techniques employes par chacun que par les niveaux individuels de connais sances ou de pratique. Cest un bon point qui a permis de gagner du temps sur les mises en places ou les mises en pratiques techniques, tout au cours du stage. Chaque jour, aprs la phase de mise en pratique technique, que celle-ci se droule en falaise ou en cavit, un temps consquent tait pris afin de dbriefer en commun les situations et les problmatiques vues dans la journe. En supplment, un apport thorique journalier a pu permettre chacun de complter ses connaissance sur: les mises en pratique techniques, lorganisation des secours, le rle de lquipier et du chef dquipe, les systmes de communication. Cette formation technique sest droule en accord et suivant les standards tablis par le Splo secours franais. Techniques et savoir faire ports la connais sance des stagiaires : Lintgralit des techniques dveloppes dans le manuel du sauveteur de 2005, Lapplication souterraine des techniques vues et travailles en extrieur.

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Page 22/ 48 Ont galement t revus au fil du stage diverses techniques lies lautonomie individuelle ou lquipement de progression. Des techniques par fois mal comprises ou mal pratiques des stagiaires, comme : les passages de nuds, les conversions, les mises en place et passages de fractionnements, lquipement de voies, la progression sur main courantes, sur tyroliennes horizontales et obliques. Une demi-journe galement t consacre la mise en pratique de techniques dauto-secours. En matire de cavits, trois vacuations prati ques ont t ralises en cavits durant la formation. La premire sest droule dans Zig-Zag (une cavit particulirement bien adapte au regard de sa confi guration trs technique). La seconde a eu lieu dans Soumga. Il sagissait l galement dune cavit gran diose notamment par son puits dentre de soixante-dix mtres particulirement arien et bien adapt notre attente. Enfin la troisime vacuation sest fai te dans Koutoug-2, une cavit moindre sur laspect technique, mais intressante toutefois pour son ct aquatique et ses longues portions de portage.STAGE ASSISTANCE VICTIME (ASV)Coordinateurs: Wim Cuyvers et Sergey Rychagov. SAMEDI 4 JUILLETPendant toute la journe, des stagiaires arri vent, sinscrivent et sinstallent. Olga Baurshina, la jeune traductrice qui va tre pendant toute la semai ne avec lquipe ASV, vient de nous joindre (elle aussi a fait la marche dapproche de trente-deux kilomtres pied). Elle dcouvrira la splo au cours de la formation et finalement tombera fascine par cette acti vit au point de sinscrire au club dUfa. Dans laprs-midi se droule la premire runion avec les cinq stagiaires qui veulent devenir formateur en ASV pour les quipes russes: Sergey Rychagov et Grigoriy Sanevych (ils ont suivi la formation ASV dans le Vercors en novembre 2014) et Aleksandr Osintsev, Anastasiya Venskaya et Yuriy Karavashkov. Nous discutons le programme de la formation et dcidons que les cinq futurs formateurs prendront un rle important dans la formation, au quotidien. Wim va alors les aider et corriger au maximum leurs erreurs au fur et mesure du droulement. Le soir, aprs le repas, les vingt-deux stagiai res sont runis. Nous faisons la connaissance: nous parlons de leurs expriences, de lendroit o ils habitent. Lun dentre eux a parcouru 8000 km pour venir participer cette formation! Dans lquipe, il y a un mdecin et un infirmier qui travaillent dans un dpartement de service durgence. Presque tous les participants ont dj suivi des formations quipier/ chef dquipe vacuation en Russie. Tous sont videmment autonomes sur corde.DIMANCHE 5 JUILLETLe matin, les cinq futurs formateurs montrent le matriel type dune quipe ASV. Plusieurs splolo gues russes avaient suivi le stage ASV dans le Vercors en novembre 2014. Cest partir de l quils ont dcid de constituer trois lots ASV complets. Les lots sont stocks Moscou, St Petersburg et Ufa. Les trois lots sont pratiquement complets: nourriture, mdicaments, matriel pour le point chaud, attelles, Ked, (le matelas de Dcathlon est un peu troit et pas trs confortable. Cest un sujet de rigolade parce quils avaient t surpris lorsquils avaient trouv un matelas de fabrication russe dans le lot ASV SSF pendant leur stage dans le Vercors. Ils ont donc voulu faire linverse et ont donc achet des matelas fabriqus en France). Les sacs et les combinaisons iso-thermiques sont fabriqus par Grigoriy Sanevych, un des participants au stage. Dans la mme journe, nous fabriquons trois points chauds prfabriqus base dun isolant mince

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Page 23/ 48 multicouche. Le matriau quils ont trouv en Russie est un peu plus lourd et plus encombrant que ce quutilise le SSF, mais prouvera toutefois, dans les journes suivantes, quil est parfaitement opration nel. Dans laprs-midi, nous nous dpchons Kutuk 2. Nous y installons deux points chauds classiques (avec des couvertures de survie) et deux points chau ds prfabriqus. Dans le mme temps, nous revoyons les techniques et les diffrentes manires disoler une victime du froid et de lhumidit ds larrive de lquipe ASV. Les couvertures de survies que les Russes ont prvues pour les lots ASV sont trop petites.LUNDI 6 JUILLETLe matin, nous travaillons sur les diffrentes techniques dimmobilisation : Ked et attelles (splints) et des techniques alternatives, de fortune, pour les diffrents cas de fracture (fracture dun membre, frac ture dune articulation). Yuriy apporte les expriences de son travail dans les services durgence. Enfin, nous parlons du transport dune victime vers le point chaud. Dans laprs-midi, nous nous dirigeons vers Koutouk 4 pour travailler dans la premire partie de la grotte. Les deux quipes descendent dans la grotte sans utiliser lchelle en bois qui est trs, trs vieille et pourrie. En sortant, Grigoriy casse un des barreaux et chappe de justesse la chute. Les immobilisations sont bien matrises, les points chauds facilement et rapidement installs, mais lattention pour la victi me est trop faible. Une fois tout le monde sorti du trou, nous discutons longuement sur limprudence dutiliser lchelle dentre pourrie ; nous tombons tous daccord pour dire que le pire sauveteur est un sauveteur qui devient victime. Nous dcidons de revenir dans la semaine pour enlever dfinitivement cette chelle devenue dangereuse. Le soir, nous par lons du droulement dune opration de secours en France et nous essayons de nous imaginer les possibi lits pour en adapter les techniques la situation trs atypique de la Russie.MARDI 7 JUILLETDans la matine, nous travaillons sur les bilans mdicaux (les Russes ont dj traduit et copi les fiches SSF) et les techniques de transmission. Les diffrentes techniques sont abordes: les messagers qui remontent, les Nicola, les combins tlphoniques

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Page 24/ 48 (de rcupration), fonctionnant sur une ligne alimente depuis lextrieur en douze volts et les SPL05. Les SPL05 sont bien connus par les Russes qui utilisent un modle trs similaire au modle utilis par le SSF. Cet quipement possde un interrupteur bien cach dans lappareil, et beaucoup des sauveteurs ne le savaient pas! Les Russes sont trs intresss par les trois Nicola que nous avons apports. Ils en prennent des dizaines de photos et posent beaucoup de questions sur les Pimprenelles que les Russes aimeraient bien acheter. Dans laprs-midi, nous retournons au Koutouk 2 pour tester les diffrentes techniques de communication. Nous tablissons un contact par Nicola et SPL05 entre le siphon le Kremlin et lentre. Les deux systmes fonction nent parfaitement et les protocoles de communica tion sont bien matriss. En soire, un des futurs formateurs en ASV prsente aux stagiaires de la formation secours plonge et du stage quipiers/chef dquipe secours, les techniques et le matriel de lquipe ASV. MERCREDI 8 JUILLETAujourdhui en Russie, tout le monde utilise la civire NEST de Petzl. Nous travaillons sur la mise en civire dune victime avec et sans KED, sur la mise en civire et sur les principes de portage dune civire. Nous travaillons galement sur le STEF avec la mise en position horizontale et verticale de la civire. Laprs-midi, nous travaillons dans la petite grotte tout prs du camp sous les falaises, l o sentranent les stagiaires quipiers/chefs dquipe vacuation. Nous avons mis en place trois points chauds, dont un point chaud suspendu. Divers petits entra nements au portage sont galement au programme. Les Russes organisent mme une petite comptition (tradition oblige !) de portage dune victime dans la petite grotte. Le soir, nous prparons le matriel ASV. Il servira aux autres quipes qui en auront besoin les jours suivants. JEUDI 9 JUILLETNous passons une journe entire sous terre. Scnario: Il y a une victime au fond de Koutouk 4 (chute de trois mtres). Deux co-quipiers veulent sortir pour alerter mais le bois pourri de lchelle cas se sous le poids de lun des deux : il y a donc une deuxime victime qui se trouve au fond du puits dentre. Au programme: le rquipement du puits dentre, aller la recherche de la premire victime qui se trouve aprs le laminoir mouill, peu avant le siphon, installer un point chaud et conditionner la victime dans le point chaud, installer un point chaud dans le puits dentre, conditionner la victime dans le point chaud et aller prter main forte ceux du fond afin de sortir la premire victime. Lquipement du puits dentre prends beaucoup trop de temps. Finalement, l o nous navions besoin de rien deux jours avant, nous plantons main tenant un alignement de Spits en haut du puits. Linstallation des deux points chauds est parfaite, comme linstallation de la ligne de tlphone pour les SPL05. Les bilans mdicaux sont remplis sans aucun problme, mais les conversations au tlphone sont trop longues et fatiguent les victimes. Pendant les actions, Semyon Novozhilov reoit un caillou dans le visage,. Il est bless autour de lil. Il y a de la confu sion. La plus part des stagiaires pensent que cest un jeu, mais Semyon a mal et le sang coule. Tout coup, il y a une vraie victime et la tension monte mais la situation est rapidement contrle. La nouvelle victime est finalement prise en charge et soigne. Peu aprs, elle peut de nouveau participer lexercice. La remonte de la victime depuis le fond se passe trs bien, mais lvacuation dans le puits dentre nest pas du tout fluide et rendue complique par le doublage avec une corde dassurance inutile.

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Page 25/ 48 VENDREDI 10 JUILLETLe dbut de la journe est consacr au nettoyage du matriel. Puis nous nous lanons dans une journe entire de dbriefing et de thorie. Analyse les diffrentes actions, critique et suggestions sont de mise : des matriels qui manqueraient dans les sacs, que faire dans certains cas spcifique? PPourquoi pas prvoir plus de matriel? Que faire sil y a plusieurs victimes? etc Trs souvent, la rponse se trouve dans la question Nous parlons longuement sur le fonctionne ment du PC et le comportement des sauveteurs en gnral et de lquipe ASV en particulier : nous parlons de la main courante, de linscription des sauveteurs ds larrive sur site, des missions et des fiches de mis sions, du dpt de matriel sur le site de laccident, des diffrentes taches du personnel : le conseiller technique, les gestionnaires, du diagramme et du planning, de lobligation de rapporter la sortie de la grotte et le dpart du site et on parle de lattente sur site. Puis sont abords quelques points dattention pour le comportement sous terre (par exemple : passages aux points tlphone, vrification de lquipement etc.). Dans laprs-midi, nous parlons de la mdica lisation. Evgeniy Scherba, le mdecin de lquipe, contribue largement. Nous parlons des antidouleurs prvoir dans le lot ASV, des dsinfectants, des antibiotiques, des ferments. Nous voquons galement les luxations. Le soir, nous discutons sur les perspectives de dveloppement du splo secours en Russie, avec beaucoup dattention pour lquipe ASV qui pourrait devenir une quipe cl. En effet, comme les quipes dvacuation risquent dtre trs loin de la grotte. En effet, comme la plupart des splologues habitent dans les grandes villes, trs loin des massifs, on peut imaginer des quipes ASV constitues de gens qui sont comptents et qui habitent prs des massifs. On peut aussi trs bien imaginer lengagement dquipes ASV dans les grandes expditions. Assez tard dans la soire, un nouveau scnario est jou: une quipe ASV est avertie quil y a un double accident dans Sumga, la plus longue grotte de lOural: ils doivent prparer les sacs et le matriel et nous nous donnons rendez-vous pour le lendemain 9h00 lentre de la grotte (qui est vingt minutes du camp). SAMEDI 11 JUILLETNous travaillons sur le scnario dun double accident : un plongeur est en grave hypothermie la sortie du siphon moins cent dix mtres. Un autre splologue a fait une chute dans la galerie deux cents mtres du puits dentre de soixante-dix mtres. Il a le dos cass. Il se trouve la base dun petit ressaut de trois mtres. Deux grandes quipes sont engages : Une quipe va installer le matriel dans le puits de soixante-dix mtres, le tlphone dans le PC et entrer en contact avec la victime moins soixante-dix mtres. Cette mme quipe va ensuite immobi liser la victime dans le KED, installer un point chaud et assurer le portage de la victime vers le point chaud dans le KED. Enfin, cette mme quipe va nourrir et donner boire la victime. Elle assurera galement la mdicalisation et le dsquipement du puits de soixante-dix mtres. Lquipe numro 2 a comme mission dquiper le puits de quarante mtres, dinstaller le tlphone vers la deuxime victime, dinstaller un point chaud, de la nourrir et de lui donner boire. Elle doit enfin installer le tlphone filaire (SPL 05) et, la fin de lexercice, dsquiper le puits de quarante mtres. Lentre de la grotte est impressionnante : un puits de soixante-dix mtres, avec de la neige en bas. En surface, des panneaux rappellent deux accidents tragiques: deux jeunes scientifiques, dcds en 1967 par hypothermie dans leau de fonte et un plongeur dcd en 1988. Les quipes sont informes que la gestion du froid et des longues attentes sera essentielle pour cet exercice (et pour la pratique dune quipe ASV en gnral). Le PC est tenu par Sergey, Wim et Inessa, la femme de Sergey qui est venu nous rejoindre et Olga pour les traductions. Wim descend sous terre dans laprs-midi pour vrifier les actions. Le dbut de lexercice se droule dune manire exemplaire: tout le monde vient sinscrire au PC, les chefs dquipes sont nomms, les fiches de mission sont faites. Les choses sorganisent. Salavat commence quiper le puits de soixante-dix mtres. Tout se droule dans le calme jusquau moment o Evgeniy, qui est dans la deuxime quipe, veut dpasser la premire quipe et commencer quiper une deuxime corde dans le puits dentre. Cette action met en danger la premi-

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Page 26/ 48 re quipe (risque de chute de pierres et de glace) et se trouve en totale contradiction avec ce qui tait demand dans les fiches de missions. Une discussion se dveloppe entre les stagiaires et cest eux qui vont au final montrer Evgeniy que son initiative est malheureuse. Le reste de lexercice se droule avec grande fluidit (tous les automatismes dvelopps pendant la semaine y sont pour beaucoup). Vers 18h00, tout le monde est sorti du trou et nous sommes tous ensemble de retour au camp vers 19h00. La plus grande partie du matriel est nettoye avant le repas. Aprs le repas, il y a le dbriefing sur lexercice de la journe. Il devient alors vident que nous aurions d installer le deuxime point chaud labri de la glace qui aurait pu tomber dans le puits. Il y a galement une sangle mal place pour lquipement du puits de soixante-dix mtres, linitiative malheureuse dEvgeniy et un portage pas assez scuris pour la victime dans la galerie vers moins soixante-dix mtres qui font partie des remarques ngatives. Pour le reste, laction a t exemplaire. Les points chauds ont prouv une fois de plus quils fonctionnent trs bien : les victimes taient trs confortablement installes malgr le froid dans la grotte. Nous avons tous limpression que le stage a t plus quutile et que nous avons tous appris. Il reste maintenant continuer les exercices pour ne pas perdre lhabitude et pour dvelopper des nouvelles techniques. STAGE PLONGE SECOURSUne fois les bagages rcuprs et les tentes montes, lquipe se runit. Cela permet Jean-Michel de retrouver sept ttes dj connues lors de la formation de Sudak-Crime du 14 au 21 septembre 2013 et du congrs international de plonge souterraine en 2008. Nous leurs prsentons le planning de la semai ne avec les diffrents cours thoriques et pratiques. En fin daprs-midi, il leur est demand denkiter leurs quipements de splo plonge pour le lendemain. Vladimir fait part Jean-Michel des avances de la civire plonge. Les travaux nont gure avanc depuis septembre 2014, date laquelle la civire avait t montre en France chez Jean-Michel. Seule une prmisse de vtement avait t faite. Compte tenu de cela, aucun essai en milieu naturel nest envisageable. Assez du, il accepte cette dcision sans rien dire La premire plonge se fera dans la rivire de Belaya. Malgr les cinq kilomtres qui nous sparent du camp, cest un endroit idal pour le secteur. Cela permet un contrle des matriels et des techniques employes. Sur quatorze plongeurs, lensemble des techniques taient reprsentes (Dir, EFPS, Simnonte...). Ce premier exercice permet aussi de se connatre: certains plongeurs russes habitent plus de six mille kilomtres les uns des autres. Un rappel des fondamentaux de la plonge souterraine est dispens, comme la pose de fil dAriane, la gestion des gaz, des quipements, les redondances, le portage de charges Kit et/ou bouteilles etc. Deux jours de plonges seront programms Soumgan. Une matine est prvue pour amener le matriel au fond de la cavit. Pour gagner du temps, sur la deuxime journe, uniquement les bouteilles seront remontes pour le gonflage. Cette cavit a permis de mettre en pratique des cours thoriques. Le cours thorique sur la recherche navait pas vraiment suscit un grand engouement. Des siphons sans visibilit et avec un objectif de recherche ont converti les plus septiques du groupe. Un ensemble ASV a t mis au fond de Soumgan. Il a servi rchauffer les plongeurs et notre pauvre interprte Aliya transie de froid. Leau 4 C. et lair 6 a bien mis en vidence lintrt dun point chaud. Le transport des kits ASV a suscit pas mal de questions. La ncessaire cration de sacs et bidons tanches a t mise en vidence. Deux SPL05 et vingt mtres de fil ont permis de crer une communication. Le deuxime jour Songa, Cdric a jou la victime. Le scnario est le suivant: Un plongeur a des problmes sur son matriel. Il se rfugie dans un inter siphon pour attendre les secours. Les moyens: Deux quipes de recherche sont mises en place pour le localiser. Un binme se prpare pour amener lASV et crer un point chaud. Cdric sera alors bichonn par Kioseva Liliya

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Page 27/ 48 Deux autres plongeurs prparent leur matriel pour crer une communication entre lentre du siphon et Cdric. Deux SPL05 et vingt mtres de fil suffiront pour crer la communication. La gestion de lopration a t mene par Sitnikov Gleb et Snetkov Evgeniy. Depuis pas mal dannes, Snetkov Evgeniy est un rfrant plonge secours de Russie. Ds le deuxime jour, Snetkov Evgeniy et dAkimov Vladimir sollicitent Jean-Michel pour connatre son avis sur un futur rfrent plongeur. Le nom de Sitnikov Gleb vient aussitt lesprit. Connu depuis 2008 par JM, Gleb est une personne pose et trs rflchie. Il est lcoute des autres et reconnu par lensemble des plongeurs prsents. Entre cours et exercices, et sous limpulsion de Samokhin Sergey, nos amis plongeurs russes sactivent autour de leur civire plonge. Sur le camp, Dina, fabricante des Hydrocostumes, saffaire avec eux. Le quatrime soir, alors que la journe tait termine, Jean-Michel est sollicit pour faire un tour dans la tente plongeur. Sur la table, un plongeur dans une civire, entirement quip et prt pour franchir des siphons. Masque facial sur la figure, le vtement est entirement fini. Purge, inflateur et fermeture clair poss. Le dialogue sengage pour argumenter les choix de tel ou tel matriel, de tel ou tel position nement. Seuls, des points de dtails amliorer dans le futur doivent tre apports. Une fois le contrle fait avec admiration et tonnement, la question est pose: On plonge quand pour lessayer?. La proposition sera la suivante: Les futures deux journes Koutouk-2 seront condenses en une seule. Et le seul lieu pour faire ce premier test devra tre la rivire Belaya. Jean Michel fait un tour de table pour connatre les avis. Il en rsultera un oui unanime avec lespoir du oui du Franais. Ensuite, une journe de formation vacuation sur corde a t programme ainsi quune formation ASV. Ces deux cours sont dispenss par les chefs dquipe russes de ces deux disciplines. Pendant ce mme temps, Jean-Michel amne Cdric Koutouk-2 pour lui montrer la cavit et imaginer un nouveau scnario. Comme promis, les tests de la civire plonge sont mens. Une nouvelle translation camp/rivire sorganise pour cela avec tout le matriel ncessai re. Lensemble de lquipement civire/plonge est achemin et nous optons pour une mutualisation des quipements plongeurs. Une premire victime est dsigne avec quatre premiers plongeurs pour la manipuler. Pour la premire mise leau, le contrle et lquilibrage de la civire est fait avec Jean-Michel. Pour les autres quipes, seul le chef dquipe prcdent restera en aide. Pas mal de travail reste faire pour loptimiser, mais les bases dune civire plonge de qualit sont dornavant poses. Cette phase de test est pour lquipe un lment trs fdrateur. Toute la journe, quipes et victimes permu tent. Trs rapidement, lencadrement franais prend du recul afin de laisser les Russes eux mme faire leurs propres apprentissages. Koutouk-2 est la cavit pour un mini barnum. Celle-ci permet de mettre en application toutes les techniques vues lors de la session de formation plonge secours. Le scnario de ce nouvel exercice est le sui vant: un splologue est parti en exploration dans Koutouk-2. Depuis, plus de nouvelles. Toutes les par ties exondes de lentre de la cavit sont minutieu sement fouilles sans succs. Reste plus qu passer le siphon et visiter la suite du rseau. Cdric fait la victime. Il attend dtre retrouv car une fracture de

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Page 28/ 48 la cheville lempche de sortir. Entre lui et la sortie, pas mal dobstacles sont franchir comme un boulis, un petit puits, une vote mouillante et une laisse deau, un siphon de deux mtres de longueur, etc. Sitnikov Gleb, coordinateur de cet exercice, est rest en surface avec Jean-Michel. Une fois la victime localise et prise en charge par lASV et les commu nications en place, Gleb et Jean-Michel rejoignent lensemble les quipes pour valuation. Lvacuation de la victime se fait sans difficul t. Les ateliers sur corde permettent une vacuation scurise. Le brancardage ne pose pas de grandes difficults, nous avons faire des personnes trs physiques. Pour les zones aquatiques, une bouteille de 4 litres est fixe sur la civire. En bouche un dtendeur scurise la victime. Zaitsev Mikhail et Jean-Michel prennent en char ge le passage de la civire dans le siphon. Une fois dehors, une grande satisfaction se lit sur les visages de lensemble de lquipe. Au fil de la formation, lquipe se soude, les comptentes grandissent. Malgr cela, Il savre que anne des splologues. Les emplacements, les chemins dans le camp etc., tout cela avait t dfini avec les autorits locales. Le lieu de vie est install sur une petite bute. Il sagit dune grande toile qui protge de la pluie les moments de repas. Le feu de bois est le seul moyen de cuisson. La fort de bouleaux, avec ses bois morts, alimente en combustible les grosses gamelles de fonte. Le petit cours deau en contrebas permet une alimentation permanente en eau. Il sert aussi de salle de bain. Mais attention, il faut faire vite, les petites mouches et moustiques ne laissent pas de rpit pendant le lavage. Les repas sont labors et raliss par Elena Mukhutdinova, une pro de lalimentation tradition nelle russe base de soupes Matin, midi et soir, la soupe tait au rendez-vous! Deux emplacements ont t dlimits pour limplantation des campements. Les organisateurs, les interprtes et le SSF se trouvent dans la mme zone. Le reste des splologues, dans un lieu plus vaste en contrebas. certains fondamentaux de la plonge souterraine ne sont pas vraiment acquis voir incompris.Le CampLe camp, point commun aux trois sessions de formations, se trouve sur le plateau de Koutouk qui fait partie dun parc naturel. Son lieu dimplantation est un endroit qui accueille chaque

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Page 29/ 48 tat statistique des participants et formateurs provenant de Russie, Sminaire de Bashkortostan, Koutouck-Sumgan. 3-12 Juillet 2015 russes Perm Samara 5 TOTAL Le premier stage secours organis sous lgide du SSF dans ces contres de lex-URSS tait organis par lassociation ukrainienne de splologie en mai 2004. Organis par Yura Kasian, il rassemblait une trentaine de techniciens essentiellement ukrainiens. Son programme, tabli sur neuf jours suivant les valeurs promulgues par le Splo secours franais, a combl les participants. En vue de poursuivre sur la lance et afin de rpondre une demande ressentie comme grandis sante, un nouveau stage technique, coordonn par Denis Provalow, qui rassemblait vingt-sept stagiaires aux origines des plus diverses, Krasnoarsk (Centre gographique de la Russie) eut lieu en 2006. galement encadr sous lgide du SSF, celui-ci tait alors une copie quasi conforme de la session dispense en 2004 et adapte au sol russe. Combl par lintrt port ce nouveau stage, le SSF sest trs rapidement vu de nouveau sollicit pour une nouvelle rdition de mme type. Une opration qui na finalement pas tard puisquelle a vu le jour en 2008 dans lOural. Une nouvelle formation, organise par Yuriy Bazilevskiy, a permis la participa tion de trente sauveteurs supplmentaires. Aprs un rpit de quelques annes, une nouvelle quipe plus fdratrice se constitue, elle initie son tour des formations (ces dirigeants sont des stagiaires issus des formations passes). Son but vise plus clairement encore quauparavant une organisa tion nationale des secours souterrains sur le territoire russe (quinze fois la France !). Une tache complexe qui ne dmotive pas cette quipe qui sollicite de nouveau le SSF pour son appui. Une premire session de formation secours techniques dvacuation et de plonge secours rassemble en 2013 en Crime prs vingt-et-un sauveteurs venus de toute la Russie. Un bel lan duquel va finalement natre cette nouvelle dition 2015, la plus importante de toute cette collaboration qui aura rassembl soixante-dix stagiaires. A ce jour, ce sont prs de cent quatre-vingt sauveteurs russes ou ukrainiens qui ont pu suivre des formations dispenses par un encadrement SSF. Nous pouvons commencer envisager sereinement, lintroduction de sessions de formation de cadres avec notamment la perspective dun stage de gestionnaire doprations et de conseillers techniques secours prvisible sur le cours terme. Limportant travail collaboratif entrepris par lquipe russe actuellement la direction de cette organisation secours bnvole doit cependant redoubler de vivacit. Cela en vue de trs rapidement permettre douvrir des perspectives collaboratives offi cielles avec les services de secours tatiques russes afin que tout le travail men jusqu ce jour donne rapidement lieu une vritable reconnaissance et structuration impliquant alors tous les sauveteurs encore oprationnels, forms depuis 2004.

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Page 30/ 48 Fdration Franaise de Splologie S T AGE SPELEO SECOURS INTERNA TIONAL 2016 Agree par UIS et FSE Organisateur: Responsable de stage: Dates:thth Spanish, English, French thCONTENTS OF THE COURSE: _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Address__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________

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Page 31/ 48 Organisateur: Responsable: Dates: Lieu: Espagnol, Anglais, Franais Prix: CONTENU DE LA FORMATION: DEMANDE DE DOSSIERS: ____________________________________________ _______________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ _____________________________________________Fdration Franaise de Splologie S T AGE DE FORM A TION INTERNA TIONAL ASSIS T ANCE VICTIME 2016 Agree par lUIS et la FSE

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Page 32/ 48 Organiser: Leader: Dates, thth : Spanish, English, French Avant, antesthINSCRIPTION : _________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ Date de naissance, birthday, __________ /_________ /___________Adresse, ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Pas ____________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________RESPONSABLE DU SPELEO-SECOURS ________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________CANDIDAT_____________________________________________Fdration Franaise de Splologie INTERNA TIONAL CAVE RESCUE TRAINING COURSE 2016 Agree by UIS and FSE

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Page 33/ 48 By Efran MERCADO (Puerto Rico)UIS Vice-President of Operationsmercado.efrain@gmail.com THE 10th BALKAN CAVERS CAMP Vratsa, Bulgaria With more than 190 cavers from 14 countries, the 10th edition of the Balkan cavers camp was a complete success. Surroun ded by a unique splendor of karst lands, in the top of the mountain, where lush green covered forests absorbs everything, cavers from the Balkan area and others coming from far away discovers the unique ness of this camp. The site contains more than 500 caves, horizontal, vertical, with water, spacious or very tight, with enchanted views, fulfilling every cavers demand, thus making this an unforgettable experience. The organizing committee, composed of highly experienced cavers from Bulgaria and other countries of the Balkans, make this a unique experience. The Vratsa city major, Mr. Kalin Kamenov was present, also the Natural Parks director, Mr. Nikolay Nenchev, the President of the Bulgarian Caving Society, Mr. Dr. Kamen Bonev and representatives from the Bulgarian Cave Rescue among the people and organizations attending the event. Such a great experience could not be possible without the wisdom and kindness of Mr. Alexey Zhalov, President of the Balkan Speleology Union and the expertise of the friendly staff. Vratsa city lays down in a fresh valley surroun ded by rivers and mountains. Full of history and totally walkable, the city offers everything for the visitor. Climbing walls, camping area, stunning scenic areas for photography, shopping, a great variety of restaurants and cafs, banks, ATMs, museums, historic monasteries, friendly people and moreover, im pressive karst, full of everything a caver could ask for. Just a cavers paradise of comradeship. Vratsa is just 2 hours away from Sofia, Bulgarias capitol city. In Vratsa culture is mingling in every street, every building and every breath. Spacious parks, avenues, and full of public spaces, Vratsa is a city of obliged stop for any tourist. In these terms the 10th Jubilee Balkan Cavers Camp was the perfect reason to visit and to see again old friends and share with them including getting new ones. The BSU cavers camp is an event for sharing experiences, equipment, techniques, and stories about their caving expeditions. Within the program, cavers are able to do whatever they want more: do caving every day, at different levels of expertise. There is enough space for presentations, movies of explorations, workshops and everything a caver needs for its personal development. With a full arrange of events and opportunities it was great to share with outstanding cavers like Ale xey Zhalov, Petar Delchev, Stanimira Deleva, Heliana Dundarova, Teodora Georgieva, Biljana Rimcheska, Zhorzh Vlaykov, Victoria Galbur, Trifon Daaliev, Sophia Nikolakaki, Lampros Makrostergios, Mara, Aleksandar Stojanovski, Vanyo Gyorev, Ilias Lampro poulos, Jordan Jordanov, Stela Kyuchukova, Vladimir Georgiev and so many others. Next BSU cavers camp will be in September 2017 in Greece!

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Page 34/ 48 INTRODUCTION acREGULATIONS OF THE FRANCE HABE PRIZE OF THE DEPARTMENT OF KARST AND CAVE PROTECTION OF THE INTERNATIONAL UNION OF SPELEOLOGY 1. HISTORY 2. SUBJECT 3. AWARD France HABE Prize 2016 By Jean-Pierre Bartholeyns (Belgium)UIS Adjunct Secretary/President of the Department of Karst and Cave Protection of the UISjp.bartholeyns@gmail.com

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Page 35/ 48 4. PARTICIPATION AND REGISTRATION CONDITIONS jp.bartholeyns@gmail.com 5. SUBMISSION OF WORKS nominator; 6. COMPOSITION AND FUNCTIONING OF THE JURY 7. PROCLAMATION 8. INCOMPATIBILITY 9. EXPOSURE 10. FINAL PROVISIONS-

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Page 36/ 48 FORM TO BE RETURNED BY EMAIL TO Jean-Pierre Bartholeynsjp.bartholeyns@gmail.com ADDRESS POSTAL CODE CITY COUNTRY EMAIL ADDRESS POSTAL CODE CITY COUNTRY EMAIL ____________________________ Date: ______/_______/_______ France HABE Prize 2016 UIS Website at:

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Page 37/ 48 CHARLIE SELFEngland, 1951-2016 Charles Anthony Self was born in West Hartlepool. He was always proud of his roots in the northeast of England, and never forgot his early years there. Later, the family moved south and he earned a scholarship to Brentwood School in Essex. He hated it there, and that was perhaps the origin of his profound mistrust of, and antipathy towards, any kind of authority. He was nevertheless an able student and did well enough to gain a place at Bristol University to read Chemistry and Geology. Caving became the defining activity of Charlies life. Actually, speleology is the more precise and accurate term. Whereas most cavers regard exploring caves as a sport, for Charlie it was a vocation and one that extended to the science associated with caves, their formation and the minerals found within them. In 1978, the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society (UBSS) decided that it was time to produce a new edition of Caves of County Clare, a guidebook to Irelands best-known caving area. Charlie took on the role of Editor, a task he achieved with great pride, with publication of the volume in 1981. As well as writing significant parts of the book, he cajoled members of the Society and many other people into producing descriptions and surveys of the caves. With characteristic modesty he did not refer to himself as the Editor but as the compiler. Even so, his clear and lucid prose is to be found on every page. He also contributed new work, including a wholly new account of caves on the Aran Islands to the third edition of this book, which was published in 2003. In 1989 Charlie met Vladimir Maltsev during the UIS Symposium in Budapest. Maltsev suggested that Charlie should join one of the expeditions that his group organised to KapKutan, an invitation that Charlie, of course, accepted. He didnt bother thinking that a trip into a military zone on the border of Afghanistan, as well as to the country, where the Iron Curtain was just beginning to lift, might be dangerous. Everything went well. Charlie spent 15 days in an underground camp, a new experience for him. He found new friends and fell in love with a very beautiful cave. Most importantly, Charlie became acquainted with the ontogeny of minerals from work by Maltsev, V I Stepanov and other Russian scientists. Maltsev and Charlie became close collaborators as Charlie tried to acquaint Western scientists with Russian developments in this field. Published results from this include a paper on the KapKutan cave system, co-authored with Maltsev, which appeared in the UBSS Proceedings in 1992, two papers by Maltsev on crystal IN MEM ORIAM by Graham MULLAN (England) growth in caves, published by UBSS in 1996 and 1999, a translation of work by V I Stepanov published by UBSS in 1998 and Charlies own work on How speleothems grow: introduction to ontogeny of cave minerals co-authored with Carol Hill and published in the National Speleological Societys Journal of Cave and Karst Studies. Charlies other caving expeditions in the former USSR were to Promezhutochnaya in the summer of 1990, when the team found a long-searched-for connection between Kap-Kutan and Promezhutochnaya, and to Pinega near Ar changel in the winter of 1991. A particular challenge of Pinega is that the caves are flooded all summer and can only be entered when the ground freezes in winter. To get there, he Galina Self

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Page 38/ 48 had to don skis and walk many miles. Charlie had a deep interest in caves. As well as cave mineralogy he studied pseudo-karst. It is testament to his enquiring mind that he sought to look at something a bit different, something out of the ordinary. This he did with aplomb in the Cotswold Hills of southern England, by studying landslip caves. Most cavers probably never understood his fascination with one particular small, insignificant, muddy hole in the Avon valley near Bath. But he knew that Sallys Rift was unusual and he became fascinated with the place and other similar gull-caves in the Cotwolds. The study of these landslip caves has provided some fascinating insights into the geological history of the Bath area, and revealed the capture of former River Thames headwaters by the River Avon. This work was written up in a series of publications in UBSS Proceedings and led on to broader works including the intriguingly titled Redefining the Boundary Between Karst and Pseudokarst, co-authored with Graham Mullan and published in Cave and Karst Science in 1996. More recently some of the stalagmites preserved in gull caves along the Cotswold escarpment have been dated isotopically. Much to Charlies delight, some of these proved to be really old, older than 350,000 years in fact. The implications of this on the landscape history of the region were published, co-authored with Andrew Farrant, in the Journal of the Geological Society of London. Charlie continued to study these unusual but fascinating caves, and in autumn 2015 was mapping-out gull caves in Wiltshires Box Mine. In all, Charlie authored well over 50 scientific papers, including two papers at the 16th International Congress of Speleology in Brno during 2013. He was well known and respected in the international scientific community, and often received requests to peer review articles. It was not just cave scientists who appreciated his work, however. John Cordingley has written: I never knowingly met Charlie but I had cause to be extremely grateful to him two years ago. I had become very unwell and knew this was more than just a routine illness. In 1987 he co-authored a paper on Leptospirosis, in BCRA Cave Science (Volume 14, no.3). Hed wanted to raise awareness among British cavers of the seriousness of this condition, also known as Weils disease. Id read this paper and always remembered it. It was largely because of this that I realised Id caught the disease whilst caving in 2014 and also persuaded my doctor that my self-diagnosis was right. As a result I was treated with the right antibiotics soon enough to prevent more serious complications and made a full recovery. I always hoped that one day Id have the chance to meet him, tell him my story and thank him for helping me understand the seriousness of the disease and the impor tance of getting treatment soon enough. He has passed away and now I have missed that chance. But its something I will always be immensely grateful for.Charlie Self was inspirational, and a genuine enthusiast. He has given us all many memorable moments, both underground and over-ground. He stayed true to his interests, and in this respect, he achieved much. We have lost a great character, a true friend, and a passionate scientist. A wonderful and loyal friend, he was completely honest and was the person who would quite literally go the extra mile. He will be missed enormously. This all-too-brief appreciation of the life and work of Charlie Self has been lightly edited for inclusion in Cave and Karst Science, from an original valediction compiled and partially written by Graham Mullan, which includes material contributed by Galina Self, Andy Farrant, Clive Owen and John Cordingley. All these contributions are acknowledged with thanks, and are greatly appreciated. By David Lowe and John Gunn Those who knew Charlie will, of course, have their own reasons to remember him, but specifically we must record our own indebtedness to him for having volunteered to produce his well-known series of laymans summaries of Cave and Karst Science papers and reports (Cave and Karst Science Explained), which were first trialled early in 2010. Since the ideas rather tentative beginnings we have worked closely with Charlie to ensure that his syntheses were, to mimic the mantra of the UK Advertising Standards Authority, legal, decent, honest and truthful. It speaks volumes that during the five years of this liaison we needed to discuss only one draft comment about one Cave and Karst Science feature and that tur ned out to be due to a simple misunderstanding. No doubt Charlie enjoyed the challenge of getting to grips with the full spectrum of (commonly obscure or specialized) speleological aspects that he encountered. His dedication to the task was enormous, the width of his knowledge and understanding seemed limitless, and his altruism and integrity in translating pages of esoteric and jargon-rich results and ideas into lighter but still informative text was at once astonishing and admirable. Like many others in Britain and around the world, we will miss Charlie, but remain happy to have known him and to have had the undeniable pleasure of working with him.

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Page 39/ 48 Books Books Odyssey. thth to the Kyrenian Range. theo.savoi@gmail.com these areas responsibly, considering not only economic and social development

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Page 40/ 48 Calendar of Events Calendar of Events Calendar of Events 2016 2017 2016 National Speleological Society (NSS) Convention16-23 July 2016 (Ely, Nevada, USA) More information: EuroSpeleo 2016: the 5th European Speleological Congress13-20 August 2016 (Dalesbridge Centre in the Yorkshire Dales, England) Organized by the British Caving Association (BCA) and the European Speleological Federation (FSE) Contact: 4th EuroSpeleo Protection Symposium (as part of the 5th European Speleological Congress) 15-16 August 2016 (Yorkshire Dales, Great Britain) Organized by the European Cave Protection Commission of the European Speleological Federation More information: EuroKarst 2016 The European bi-annual conference on the Hydrogeology of Karst and Carbonate Reservoirs5-7 September 2016 (Neuchtel, Switzerland) Organized by the Universities of Neuchtel (Switzerland), Besanon (France), and Malaga (Spain) More information: 35th International Geological CongressSymposium The Quaternary System: Precision and Reliability in Global Correlation27 August 4 September 2016 (Cape Town, South Africa) More information: International Cave Rescue Trainings Cave Rescue Techniques, and Victim Assistance1-9 October 2016 (Jura, Doubs, France)Organized by Speleo Secours Francais (French Cave Rescue Organization) Contact: Christian Dodelin More information: see pages 30, 31 and 32 in this BulletinJournes Nationales de Splologie01-02 October 2016 (all Belgium)Organized by Union Belge de Splologie 2nd International Congress of Speleology in Artificial Cavities HYPOGEA 2017 6-8 March 2017 (Cappadocia, Turkey) Organized by HYPOGEA (Italy) and OBRUK Cave Research Group (Turkey), under the patronage of UIS, Balkan Speleological Union, Turkish Federation of Speleology, among other s. More information: 17th International Congress of Speleology (ICS) Caves in an Ancient Land 23-30 July 2017 (Panthers Event Centre, suburb of Penrith, western Sydney, Australia) Organized and hosted by the Australian Speleological Federation (ASF) Contact Executive Board: More information: or Facebook page

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Page 41/ 48 Sydney, Australia, 23-30 July 2017CAVES IN AN ANCIENT L AND With the next world congress of the UIS just over twelve months away it is time to update cavers, cave managers, academics and speleologists around the globe about the 17th ICS, Speleo 2017, being organised and hosted in Australia in July 2017. By the end of this June the ICS Organising Committee expects to have released the Second Circular containing many of the details about the Congress. Importantly the release of this Circular will include the call for submission of abstracts and papers, together with posters and contributions to the various salons being planned. Proposed presentations should relate to speleology but can be on scientific, technical, cultural or educational aspects. Session topics will be determined by the papers submitted. If you are submitting a paper, full registration must be received at or before the 7 April 2017. Papers, and revised papers submitted after the deadline and/or not in the required format, will not be accep ted. Details of the submission process and timing will be published shortly on the Congress website The organising commission invites the various UIS Departments, Commissions and Working Groups, as well as national speleological associations planning to hold meetings or workshops, to contact them about their requirements to assist in the scheduling of these into the program. Other aspects of the program are currently being planned. Competitions related to the program will be provided shortly on the ICS website. A large indoor vendor and exhibition area is being arranged. Vendors selling goods related to caving are invited to sell at the Congress. Contact the organisers soon to reserve your sales or exhibit space. Booths can be sized according to needs with sites sold on a first-pay system. UIS member organisations bidding to host the 2021 ICS will be provided with a free exhibit space. An exciting program of field excursions, both pre and post conference, is being offered along with mid-week excursions and a partners program. A range of field excursions have been organised to visit a number of varied karst and cave localities around Australia and New Zealand. We have endeavoured to by Denis Marsh President, Speleo 2017 ICS Organising Commission (a commission of the Australian Speleological Federation)denis.marsh@hotmail.comIMPORTANT UPDATE REGARDING THE 17th INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF SPELEOLOGY (17th ICS)

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Page 42/ 48 th provide a range of experiences to cater for the varied interests, budgets and styles of the people who we anticipate will be coming to the 17th ICS. Check the conference website for details. Bookings for the field trips must be received by 15 January 2017; after this date, participation cannot be guaranteed. Excursions and field camps may be cancelled for lack of parti cipation and confirmation of ICS registration is not confirmation of excursion or field trip registration. Travel insurance: The cost of medical treatment in Australia, including medical evacuation, is expensive. Anyone travelling to Australia from overseas is strongly advised to obtain travel insurance. Everyone registering for a pre or post-congress field excursion will need to show evidence of an Australian Medicare Card and ambulance cover or, for overseas registrants, travel insurance which includes ambulance cover. White Nose Syndrome: Australia is free of this disease. There are guidelines in the Second Cir cular for the management of White Nose Syndrome in association with the 17th ICS. Excursion leaders will be given instructions for managing the risk of WNS and all people registering for excursions will be provided with details. Please ensure that you mini mise this risk by being diligent in rigorously cleaning and decontaminating all caving clothing, boots and equipment before coming to Australia and complying with the specific WNS guidelines. Finally and most importantly, on-line registra tions are scheduled to open on 1 August, 2016 and close on 1 June 2017. Please note, all registrations will be on-line via the ICS website at Mark your diaries now and start planning your trip to Australia for the 17th International Congress of Speleology, 23-29 July, 2017. Why not stay informed about the Congress and get alerts when new information becomes available and is posted to the website. Go to the ICS website and subscribe for email updates and alerts at Help us to promote this world premier speleological event, convened on behalf of the UIS by the Australian Speleological Federation Inc., to all your contacts. Like and share us on Facebook at If you have any questions or require more information the organising committee can be contacted at Hope to see you all in Sydney, Australia at the 17th ICS, July 2017.

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Page 43/ 48 (Vice Inset photo: Photo by Jos Ayrton LABEGALINI (UIS Past President) June 2015 (Rep. of Korea) (USA) (France) (Italy) (Slovenia) (Brasil) UIS BUREAU 2013/2017 (France) (Italy) (Spain) (Italy) (Brazil) (United Kingdom) (Spain) (Italy) (Italy) fOTO 4092

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Page 44/ 48 ACTIVE NATION MEMBERS LIST UPDATE your status now!UNION INTERNATIONALE DE SPLOLOGIETitov trg 2, 6230 Postona, Sloveniawww.uis-speleo.org CONTACT UIS -mail address on address. PAYMENT VIA UIS WEBSITEWe are working to provide the payment of the annual fees directly via UIS Web Page through PayPal service. This service will be available soon and will be announced in the UIS Website.

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Page 45/ 48 ANNUAL CONTRIBUTIONS The UIS General Assembly at the 15th ICS decided to change the annual contributions of the UIS member-coun tries to Euro currency, while keeping the same rates as those since 1994. The annual contributions will be as follows, starting from January 2010: Category A 300 Euros Category B 200 Euros Category C 50 Euros United Arab Emirates By: Nadja ZUPAN HAJNA, UIS Treasurer/UIS Adjunct Secretary (Slovenia) FINANCEANNUAL CONTRIBUTIONS Each UIS member country has the free choice of the category in accordance with its own financial possibilities and with the num ber of speleologists or speleological societies/ associations/ federations/ clubs/ institutions. The UIS Bureau authorized to reduce or to remit the contributions, if the UIS member-country makes a respectively written demand. If the UIS Bureau requires, the UIS member country has to give reasons for the difficulties of a payment. The authorization of the UIS Bureau to reduce or remit the contributions confirms that the impossibility of a payment by actual political problems or difficulties will not be an argument to exclude any member country from the international collaboration within the structure of the UIS. Account name Titov trg 2 Bank (name and address) Banka Koper d.d. Traka 2 Account No. SWIFT Code: Accepted Currencies: USD (United States Dollars) EUR (Euros)UIS BANK ACCOUNT Andrej MihevcSTATE OF UIS BANK ACCOUNT ON JUNE 1ST, 2016

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Page 46/ 48 GUIDE FOR SUBMITTING AND PUBLISHING ARTICLES IN THE UIS BULLETIN 1 INTRODUCTION 2 ARTICLE PRODUCTION2.a Who? What? When? Where? Why? 2.b case by case). French German Spanish Italian 2.d Editors are not responsible for misspellings or incorrect 2.e 2.g 2.h commended.3 FORMAT3.a 3.b 3.d

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Page 47/ 48 3.e it is recommended an appropriate and consistent form or (MS Word) or 4 IMAGES4.a graphics, maps, logos, etc.) 4.b ges or graphic, in .JPG, .JPEG, or .TIFF format. 300 dpi or RGB color standard. 4.d 4.e 5 SUBMISSION5.a eks provided. emercado@caribe.net mercado.efrain@gmail.com ncolzato@gmail.com6 PUBLICATION POLICIES6.a 6.b criteria of the UIS.7 NON-DISCRIMINATION POLICY OF THE UIS BULLETIN7.a 7.b fadi.nader@gmail.com

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Page 48/ 48 UIS Bulletin, nor its editors are responsible for: Every effort possible has been made to keep all articles as close to the original version. In some cases, the editors review the structure in order to present the article in a clear and consistent manner and obvious errors are corrected if found. We appreciate your understanding. Should you have any comments, please send them to:Efran MERCADO Editor in Chiefemercado@caribe.netNivaldo COLZATO Graphic Edition BULLETIN EDITORS DISCLOSURE Union Internationale de Splologie