Material Information

White-Nose Syndrome Fungus in a 1918 Bat Specimen from France
Series Title:
Emerging Infectious Diseases
Campana, Michael G.
Kurata, Naoko P.
Foster, Jeffrey T.
Helgen, Lauren E.
Reeder, DeeAnn M.
Fleischer, Robert C.
Helgen, Kristofer M.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
1 online resource


Subjects / Keywords:
Bats -- Mortality ( lcsh )
White-nose syndrome ( lcsh )
serial ( sobekcm )
Time Period:
1918 - 1918


White-nose syndrome, first diagnosed in North America in 2006, causes mass deaths among bats in North America. We found the causative fungus, Pseudogymnoascus destructans, in a 1918 sample collected in Europe, where bats have now adapted to the fungus. These results are consistent with a Eurasian origin of the pathogen.

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University of South Florida
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University of South Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
K26-05344 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.5344 ( USFLDC Handle )

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White-Nose Syndrome Fungus in a 1918 Bat Specimen from France Michael G. Campana, Naoko P. Kurata, DeeAnn M. Reeder, Robert C. Fleischer, Kristofer M. Helgen Pseudogymnoascus de structans W Pseudogymnoascus Geo myces destructans Myotis bechsteinii 1 2 P. destructans 3,4 5 P. destruc tans P. destruc tans 8 8 P. destructans 9 2 3 > P. destructans P. destructans


1612 Emerging Infectious Diseases www Vol. 23, No. 9, September 2017RESEARCH LETTERSand JX415267.1). In addition, 2 samples (USNM 15513 and 154222) yielded positive products in a single PCR each, but we were unable to replicate these results. No usable sequence was obtained from the USNM 15513 amplicon; the USNM in GenBank (accession nos. MF370925). P. destructans infection among the museum samples we studied (USNM 231170, male, skin and skull) was in a Bechsteins bat (Myotis bechsteinii) collected on May 9, 1918, at Fort de Russy, Centre-Val de Loire, France. This sequence is unlikely to represent P. destructans because recently collected specimens have been purposefully stored with care in a separate room within the USNM mammal department, away from the historical bat collection. Furthermore, none of the historical samples of bats collected inated with potentially infected specimens compared with European specimens, tested positive for P. destructans. We provide evidence of the presence of P. destructans 100 years ago in Europe. In addition, we found no evidence of P. destructanslikely because of the age, preparation, and storage of these specimens, these results are consistent with a Eurasian origin of the current WNS epidemic and strong association of the fungus with Eurasian bats of the genus Myotis ( 3,6,10). Bats across Eurasia have adapted to P destructans over more than a century, but the fungus was initially detected on this continent have no immunity. This result extends the documented temporal occurrence of P. destructans as a batassociated fungus to the early 20th century and highlights the value of archived museum specimens for epidemiologic study of emerging fungal diseases, including WNS.Acknowledgments We thank Don Wilson and Nicole Edmison for assistance with specimens and sampling. The Smithsonian Institutions Grand Challenges Consortia funded this research. Dr. Campana is a computational genomics scientist at the Smithsonian Institution Conservation Biology Institutes Centers for Conservation Genomics. His research interests include analysis of animal and pathogen population genomics by using a References 1. Lorch JM, Meteyer CU, Behr MJ, Boyles JG, Cryan PM, Geomyces destructans causes white-nose syndrome. Nature. 2011;480:376. Foster JT, et al. Disease alters macroecological patterns syndrome fungus (Geomyces destructans) not associated with mass mortality. PLoS One. 2011;6:e19167. journal.pone.0019167 Widespread bat white-nose syndrome fungus, northeastern China. Emerg Infect Dis. 2016;22:140. eid2201.151314 Cryan PM, et al. Inoculation of bats with European Geomyces destructans supports the novel pathogen hypothesis for the 2012;109:6999. pnas.1200374109 6. Leopardi S, Blake D, Puechmaille SJ. White-nose syndrome Curr Biol. 2015;25:R217. j.cub.2015.01.047 Pseudogymnoascus destructans infection tolerated in Europe and Erratum in: Sci Rep. 2016;6:26049. srep19829 of the extinct Hawaiian eagle ( Haliaeetus 0004-8038(2000)117[1051:IOTEHE]2.0.CO;2 Blehert DS. Bat white-nose syndrome: a real-time TaqMan polymerase chain reaction test targeting the intergenic spacer region of Geomyces destructans. Mycologia. 2013;105:253. Veith M, et al. White-nose syndrome fungus (Geomyces destructans) in bats, Europe. Emerg Infect Dis. 2010; 16:1237.