Determinants of Pseudogymnoascus destructans within bat hibernacula: Implications for surveillance and management of white‐nose syndrome

Citation

Material Information

Title:
Determinants of Pseudogymnoascus destructans within bat hibernacula: Implications for surveillance and management of white‐nose syndrome
Series Title:
Journal of applied ecology
Creator:
Verant, Michelle L.
Bohuski, Elizabeth A.
Richgels, Katherine L. D.
Olival, Kevin
Epstein, Jonathan H.
Blehert, David S.
Publisher:
British Ecological Society
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
1 online resource

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Bats -- Pathogens ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )

Notes

Abstract:
Fungal diseases are an emerging global problem affecting human health, food security and biodiversity. Ability of many fungal pathogens to persist within environmental reservoirs can increase extinction risks for host species and presents challenges for disease control. Understanding factors that regulate pathogen spread and persistence in these reservoirs is critical for effective disease management. White‐nose syndrome (WNS) is a disease of hibernating bats caused by Pseudogymnoascus destructans (Pd), a fungus that establishes persistent environmental reservoirs within bat hibernacula, which contribute to seasonal disease transmission dynamics in bats. However, host and environmental factors influencing distribution of Pd within these reservoirs are unknown. We used model selection on longitudinally collected field data to test multiple hypotheses describing presence–absence and abundance of Pd in environmental substrates and on bats within hibernacula at different stages of WNS. First detection of Pd in the environment lagged up to 1 year after first detection on bats within that hibernaculum. Once detected, the probability of detecting Pd within environmental samples from a hibernaculum increased over time and was higher in sediment compared to wall surfaces. Temperature had marginal effects on the distribution of Pd. For bats, prevalence and abundance of Pd were highest on Myotis lucifugus and on bats with visible signs of WNS. Synthesis and applications. Our results indicate that distribution of Pseudogymnoascus destructans (Pd) within a hibernaculum is driven primarily by bats with delayed establishment of environmental reservoirs. Thus, collection of samples from Myotis lucifugus, or from sediment if bats cannot be sampled, should be prioritized to improve detection probabilities for Pd surveillance. Long‐term persistence of Pd in sediment suggests that disease management for white‐nose syndrome should address risks of sustained transmission from environmental reservoirs.
Original Version:
Volume 55, Issue 2

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
K26-05398 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.5398 ( USFLDC Handle )

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