The earliest modern humans outside Africa


Material Information

The earliest modern humans outside Africa
Series Title:
Hershkovitz, Israel
Weber, Gerhard W.
Quam, Rolf
Duval, Mathieu
Grün, Rainer
Kinsley, Leslie
Ayalon, Avner
Bar-Matthews, Miryam
Valladas, Helene
Mercier, Norbert
Arsuaga, Juan Luis
Martinón-Torres, María
Bermúdez de Castro, José María
Fornai, Cinzia
Martín-Francés, Laura
Sarig, Rachel
May, Hila
A. Krenn, Viktoria
Slon, Viviane
Rodríguez, Laura
García, Rebeca
Lorenzo, Carlos
Carretero, Jose Miguel
Frumkin, Amos
Shahack-Gross, Ruth
E. Bar-Yosef Mayer, Daniella
Cui, Yaming
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Human Fossils, Homo Saoiens, Africa ( local )
serial ( sobekcm )


To date, the earliest modern human fossils found outside of Africa are dated to around 90,000 to 120,000 years ago at the Levantine sites of Skhul and Qafzeh. A maxilla and associated dentition recently discovered at Misliya Cave, Israel, was dated to 177,000 to 194,000 years ago, suggesting that members of the Homo sapiens clade left Africa earlier than previously thought. This finding changes our view on modern human dispersal and is consistent with recent genetic studies, which have posited the possibility of an earlier dispersal of Homo sapiens around 220,000 years ago. The Misliya maxilla is associated with full-fledged Levallois technology in the Levant, suggesting that the emergence of this technology is linked to the appearance of Homo sapiens in the region, as has been documented in Africa.
Original Version:
Science, Vol. 359, no. 6374 (2018-01-26).

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