The longest limestone caves of Israel

Citation

Material Information

Title:
The longest limestone caves of Israel
Series Title:
Proceedings of the 16th International Congress of Speleology, At Brno
Creator:
Langford, Boaz
Amos, Frumkin
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Israel ( local )
Limestone, Hypogenic Karst ( local )
Karst ( local )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )

Notes

Abstract:
Despite Israel's small size and relative aridity, the country has thousands of caves in several rock types, spread out from Mt. Hermon in the north to Eilat in the south. The most common ones are hypogenic karst caves in limestone. Here we update the list of Israel longest limestone caves, originally published in 1983. The main changes since then result from the discovery of new long caves, as well as the development in caving and survey techniques. For example, the 150 m long southern part of the Abud Cave (western Shomron) was discovered by enlarging a tight squeeze. The newly discovered passages and chambers contained important archeological finds dated to the Chalcolithic and Bronze age. A new survey (by Boaz Langford and Mika Ulman in 2010) extended A'rak Na'sane Cave (eastern Shomron) from 310 to 1,150 m. Such developments led the Cave Research Center to re-survey the long limestone caves of Israel. After two years of intensive survey, it is now possible to present the updated list. Eight of the ten presently listed caves were unknown to us on 1983. The Judean and Samarian Desert continues to be the leading area in the number of caves. On 1983 one limestone cave was known to be longer than half a kilometre, while today all 10 caves are longer than half a kilometer.
Original Version:
Proceedings of the 16th International Congress of Speleology, At Brno, Vol. 2 (2013-01-01).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
This object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the bounds of Fair Use or other exemptions to copyright law must be obtained from the copyright holder.

USFLDC Membership

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University of South Florida
Karst Information Portal

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serial

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