Late Pleistocene palaeoclimatic and palaeoenvironmental reconstruction of the Dead Sea area (Israel), based on speleothems and cave stromatolites


Material Information

Late Pleistocene palaeoclimatic and palaeoenvironmental reconstruction of the Dead Sea area (Israel), based on speleothems and cave stromatolites
Series Title:
Quaternary Science Reviews
Lisker, Sorin
Vaks, Anton
Bar-Matthews, Miryam
Porat, Roi
Frumkin, Amos
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Calcite Speleothems ( local )
Dead Sea ( local )
Israel ( local )
Late Pleistocene ( local )
Lake Lisan ( local )
Dead Sea Fault Escarpment ( local )
serial ( sobekcm )


Calcite speleothems are a hitherto hardly documented occurrence in the nowadays arid to hyper-arid rain-shadow Dead Sea area of eastern Israel. Speleothem ages (U–Th) from two caves on the Dead Sea Fault Escarpment and two caves from arid rain-shadow areas surrounding the Dead Sea, span the last three glacial cycles from ca 354 to 12 ka and suggest episodic moist local palaeoclimate mainly during glacial periods of Marine Isotopic Stages (MIS) 6 and 4 to 2. Previously reported U–Th ages of stromatolites deposited in the Late Pleistocene Lake Lisan and preserved in caves of the Dead Sea Fault Escarpment, suggest that regional relatively moist climate affected the lake catchment area during the late part of (relatively warm) MIS-3 lasting until middle (cold) MIS-2, as well as at the MIS-5 to 4 (interglacial–glacial) transition. Speleothem deposition periods spanning the 38.4 ± 0.5 to 16.4 ± 0.3 ka time interval, i.e. late MIS-3 to early MIS-2, representing moist periods in the lake area, are coeval to regional moist conditions inferred by the stromatolite record. A direct connection is thus implied between local and regional climate at the latest Pleistocene based on correlation between two independent data sets. This connection implies that glacial climate has generally been moister than interglacial climate during the last glacial–interglacial cycle at both local and regional scales around the Dead Sea and its predecessors.
Original Version:
Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol. 29, no. 9-10 (2010-05-01).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
This object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the bounds of Fair Use or other exemptions to copyright law must be obtained from the copyright holder.

USFLDC Membership

University of South Florida
Karst Information Portal

Postcard Information



Download Options


No images or PDF downloads are available for this resource.

Cite this item close


Cras ut cursus ante, a fringilla nunc. Mauris lorem nunc, cursus sit amet enim ac, vehicula vestibulum mi. Mauris viverra nisl vel enim faucibus porta. Praesent sit amet ornare diam, non finibus nulla.


Cras efficitur magna et sapien varius, luctus ullamcorper dolor convallis. Orci varius natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Fusce sit amet justo ut erat laoreet congue sed a ante.


Phasellus ornare in augue eu imperdiet. Donec malesuada sapien ante, at vehicula orci tempor molestie. Proin vitae urna elit. Pellentesque vitae nisi et diam euismod malesuada aliquet non erat.


Nunc fringilla dolor ut dictum placerat. Proin ac neque rutrum, consectetur ligula id, laoreet ligula. Nulla lorem massa, consectetur vitae consequat in, lobortis at dolor. Nunc sed leo odio.