Hermannâ€™s Cave (Germany) â€“ A Late Pleistocene Cave Bear Den
- Permanent Link:
- Hermannâ€™s Cave (Germany) â€“ A Late Pleistocene Cave Bear Den
- Series Title:
- Famous Planet Earth Caves
- Diedrich, Cajus G.
- Publication Date:
- Subjects / Keywords:
- Hermannâ€™S Cave ( local )
Harz Mountain ( local )
Northern Germany ( local )
Large Show Cave ( local )
Discover And Excavation History ( local )
Kloos And Blasius ( local )
Cave Bear Den ( local )
Late Pleistocene ( local )
Lions And Late Palaeolithic Hunters ( local )
- serial ( sobekcm )
- The northern German Hermannâ€™s Cave below the 1.141 a.s.l meters high Brocken peak in the centre of the Harz Mountains (Saxony-Anhalt) was discovered by chance during road construction work at the village Rübeland in the year 1866. It was explored and a first map was presented with first cave descriptions 1889 by the geologists Prof. Dr. J.H. Kloos and Prof. Dr. M. Müller from the Brunswick University. In 1890 the cave became one of the historically opened European show caves and is one of the largest tourist caves in Germany counting about 75.000 visitors per year. Palaeontological and archaeological pioneering research was made by the biologist Prof. Dr. W. Blasius from the Brunswick Natural History Museum, who was active from 1892 to 1901 with opening a small museum in front of the cave. The Hermannâ€™s Cave bear den belongs to one of the three bone-rich important and most northern European cave bear den sites being situated opposite the Baumannâ€™s Cave and not far from the Unicorn Cave in the Harz Mountain. In contrast to the other two mentioned caves, which were used by cave bears and carnivores such as Neanderthals in the Middle Pleistocene, the Hermannâ€™s Cave was accessible for cave bears, carnivores and even humans due to the starting pre-LGM glaciations of the Brocken peak and cave entrance collapse processes only in the Late Pleistocene. At this time, Ice Age steppe lions and Late Palaeolithic Cromagnon humans hunted different cave bear species deep in the cave.
- Original Version:
- Famous Planet Earth Caves, Vol. 2 (2017).
- Source Institution:
- University of South Florida Library
- Holding Location:
- University of South Florida
- Rights Management:
- This object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the bounds of Fair Use or other exemptions to copyright law must be obtained from the copyright holder.
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