Shamanism and Rock Art in Far Western North America

Citation

Material Information

Title:
Shamanism and Rock Art in Far Western North America
Series Title:
Cambridge Archaeological Journal
Creator:
Whitley, David S.
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Shamanism ( local )
Rock Art ( local )
Western North America ( local )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )

Notes

Abstract:
Ethnographic data on the production of rock art in far western North America - the historic hunter-gatherer cultures of California and the Great Basin - are reviewed and analyzed to identify widespread patterns in the origin and, in certain cases, symbolism of the late prehistoric/historical parietal art of this region. These data, collected in the first few decades of this century by a variety of ethnographers, suggest two origins for the art: production by shamans; and production by initiates in ritual cults. In both instances, the artists were apparently depicting the culturally-conditioned visions or hallucinations they experienced during altered states of consciousness. The symbolism of two sites, Tulare-19 and Ventura-195, is considered in more detail to demonstrate how beliefs about the supernatural world, and the shaman's relationship to this realm, were graphically portrayed.
Original Version:
Cambridge Archaeological Journal, Vol. 2, no. 1 (1992-04-01).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
This object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the bounds of Fair Use or other exemptions to copyright law must be obtained from the copyright holder.

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University of South Florida
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