Technological successions in the Middle Stone Age sequence of Diepkloof Rock Shelter, Western Cape, South Africa
- Permanent Link:
- Technological successions in the Middle Stone Age sequence of Diepkloof Rock Shelter, Western Cape, South Africa
- Series Title:
- Journal of Archaeological Science
- Porraz, Guillaume
- Publication Date:
- Subjects / Keywords:
- Middle Stone Age ( local )
Anatomically Modern Humans ( local )
Upper Pleistocene ( local )
Lithic Technology ( local )
Still Bay ( local )
Howiesons Poort ( local )
- serial ( sobekcm )
- The southern African MSA comprises a series of phases of unique technological innovations that fuel current models on the evolutionary processes of Anatomically Modern Humans. However, the nature and variability of these technological phases remain poorly documented. This study reports on the previously unpublished sequence of Diepkloof Rock Shelter (South Africa) and investigates the main technological changes therein, particularly emphasizing the emergence, succession and disappearance of the Still Bay (SB) and the Howiesons Poort (HP). We argue for technological change that occurred at different rates and under the influence of variable driving factors. Our model implies that the SB and the HP are not related to the influx of new populations but have regionally specific origins. Unlike the other techno-complexes, the HP at Diepkloof is subdivided into different phases (Early, Intermediate and Late) but only the upper phases resemble the so-called â€œclassicâ€ HP. Finally, the technological sequence of Diepkloof questions the homogeneous picture which has been so far assumed for the southern African MSA and places emphasis on the importance of exploring long regional sequences.
- Original Version:
- Journal of Archaeological Science, Vol. 40, no. 9 (2019-09-01).
- Source Institution:
- University of South Florida Library
- Holding Location:
- University of South Florida
- Rights Management:
- This object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the bounds of Fair Use or other exemptions to copyright law must be obtained from the copyright holder.
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