New data on the avifauna from the Middle Stone Age layers of Sibudu Cave, South Africa: Taphonomic and palaeoenvironmental implications

Citation

Material Information

Title:
New data on the avifauna from the Middle Stone Age layers of Sibudu Cave, South Africa: Taphonomic and palaeoenvironmental implications
Series Title:
Quaternary International
Creator:
Val, Aurore
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Avifauna ( local )
Palaeoenvironments ( local )
Taphonomy ( local )
Middle Stone Age ( local )
Sibudu Cave ( local )
South Africa ( local )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )

Notes

Abstract:
The results of a detailed taxonomic and taphonomic study of the bird assemblage from all excavated Middle Stone Age (MSA) layers from Sibudu Cave (Wadley's excavations), a rock shelter in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, are presented here. Throughout the sequence, the assemblage is characterised by the richest taxonomic diversity observed in MSA deposits from southern Africa. While pigeons and doves clearly dominate the bird assemblage, the presence of several previously unidentified taxa associated with evergreen and deciduous forest such as woodpeckers, turacos, hornbills and parrots (Picidae, Musophagidae, Bucerotidae, and Psittacidae) in the pre-Still Bay, Still Bay and Howiesons Poort layers are useful to document the habitats surrounding Sibudu Cave from >75,000 to 60,000 years (ka) ago. Birds associated with fresh water, namely waders (Charadriidae and Scolopacidae) and kingfishers (Alcedinidae) are present throughout the layers and are consistent with the proximity of the uThongathi River. A study of the general bone preservation implies a shift in the modes of introduction of the birds into the archaeological sediments, from a predominantly natural origin (accumulation by a bird of prey, most likely a falcon) in the pre-Still Bay layers to a greater anthropogenic contribution in the Still Bay and Howiesons Poort layers.
Original Version:
Quaternary International, Vol. 421, no. 9 (2016-11-09).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
This object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the bounds of Fair Use or other exemptions to copyright law must be obtained from the copyright holder.

USFLDC Membership

Aggregations:
University of South Florida
Karst Information Portal

Postcard Information

Format:
serial

printinsert_linkshareget_appmore_horiz

Download Options

close

No images or PDF downloads are available for this resource.


Cite this item close

APA

Cras ut cursus ante, a fringilla nunc. Mauris lorem nunc, cursus sit amet enim ac, vehicula vestibulum mi. Mauris viverra nisl vel enim faucibus porta. Praesent sit amet ornare diam, non finibus nulla.

MLA

Cras efficitur magna et sapien varius, luctus ullamcorper dolor convallis. Orci varius natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Fusce sit amet justo ut erat laoreet congue sed a ante.

CHICAGO

Phasellus ornare in augue eu imperdiet. Donec malesuada sapien ante, at vehicula orci tempor molestie. Proin vitae urna elit. Pellentesque vitae nisi et diam euismod malesuada aliquet non erat.

WIKIPEDIA

Nunc fringilla dolor ut dictum placerat. Proin ac neque rutrum, consectetur ligula id, laoreet ligula. Nulla lorem massa, consectetur vitae consequat in, lobortis at dolor. Nunc sed leo odio.