QUARTZ BIFACIAL POINTS IN THE HOWIESONS POORT OF SIBUDU

Citation

Material Information

Title:
QUARTZ BIFACIAL POINTS IN THE HOWIESONS POORT OF SIBUDU
Series Title:
The South African Archaeological Bulletin
Creator:
de la Pena, Paloma
Wadley, Lyn
Lombard, Marlize
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Quartz ( local )
Stone Tools ( local )
Mesolithic Period ( local )
Archaeological Science ( local )
History Of Technology ( local )
Weapons ( local )
Waste Byproducts ( local )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )

Notes

Abstract:
The Howiesons Poort Industry is known for its precocious production of backed stone tools, engraved ostrich eggshell containers and diverse bone tools. We discovered another novelty at Sibudu: small quartz bifacial points that were made on site. In this paper we present a detailed technological study (supported by an experimental programme) and use-wear and residue analyses. Technological analysis has demonstrated a short reduction sequence, in four hypothetical stages, from flakes mainly obtained by a discoidal knapping method. This reconstruction was based on a chaîne opératoire approach of completed points, incomplete points or broken ones that were discarded at various stages of the knapping process, together with manufacturing by-products and two refittings. The experimental programme allowed us to recognise the knapping techniques involved in the manufacture of these points. Functional analyses suggest that these were hafted hunting weapons of a type not previously recognised. They add to the Industry's known repertoire of hunting weaponry and meat-getting strategies, which seemingly included spears, arrows, and possibly snares. Either a short-lived, regional tradition occurred at Sibudu or small quartz bifacial points remain undiscovered elsewhere.
Original Version:
The South African Archaeological Bulletin, Vol. 68, no. 198 (2013-12-01).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
This object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the bounds of Fair Use or other exemptions to copyright law must be obtained from the copyright holder.

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