A stable isotope study of organic cycling and the ecology of an anchialine cave ecosystem

Citation

Material Information

Title:
A stable isotope study of organic cycling and the ecology of an anchialine cave ecosystem
Series Title:
Marine Ecology
Creator:
Pohlman J. W.
Iliffe, T.M.
Cifuentes, L.A.
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Anchialine ( local )
Organic Cycling ( local )
Nitrification ( local )
Niche Partitioning ( local )
Yucatan Peninsula ( local )
Cave ( local )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )

Notes

Abstract:
Stable carbon and nitrogen isotope data, complemented with other geochemical parameters, were used to identify the sources of organic matter that support the food web of an anchialine cave ecosystem in the northeastern Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. Anchialine caves, common along tropical karstic and volcanic coastlines, are completely or partially inundated by highly stratified layers of fresh and marine waters. Stable isotope data from the cave fauna, the particulate organic matter (POM) from the cenote pool and from the cave, the forest soil and the cave sediments indicated that at least 3 sources of nutritive organics could support the anchialine food web. These sources were: (1) soil from the overlying forest; (2) freshwater algae from adjoining open water pools; and (3) chemoautotrophic nitrifying bacteria living in the cave. Production of nitrate and a decrease inO2 along the halocline provided geochemical evidence of nitrification. Stable nitrogen isotope data defined 2 to 2.5 trophic levels in the food web. Furthermore, it was found that troglobitic (cave-limited) species residing in the water column are capable of preferentially feeding on specific organic reservoirs. This study presents the first extensive description of the ecological and biogeochemical relationships of the anchialine cave ecosystem.
Original Version:
Marine Ecology, Vol. 155 (1997-08-28).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
This object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the bounds of Fair Use or other exemptions to copyright law must be obtained from the copyright holder.

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University of South Florida
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