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A magazine of Florida
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3 v. ill.


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Periodicals -- Florida ( lcsh )
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University of South Florida
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University of South Florida
Suniland [Magazine]

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The Mos t Beautiful Newspaper Plant in the South The Livest Up-to-the-minute Newspaper in Southern Florida I ----------, i 1 1 I News I Be ure to g e t a cop o f the iarni Daily N e ws Home Edi tion F u ll and c o m pi te r e ume o f the History o f Sou thea stern Coa t of l orida Pub ish edJul 26 of the DAILY NEWS The Miami Daily News invites you to Miami the week of July 26th, commemorating Miami's 29th anniversary and the official opening of the Miami Daily News Tower, finest newspaper plant in the South, publishing Miami's oldest newspaper Just as Miami is prideful of its miraculous growth in 2 9 years, so is the Miami Daily News proud of its ne'N honi..e-and invi tes you to see both. i i f i J I I r i i I t II V i s t Miami a n d t h Miami D a ily News the Week of July 26th --------------------------------------


%terSJUSt made for pleasure ALLURI G, romanceful pools and streams so ft white-capped waves from Tampa Bay-canal's that speak of moonlit nights and gondoliers-eleven and one-half miles of water frontage just made for pleasure on Davis Islands. This $30,000,000 dev e lopment on the broad expanse of Tampa Bay is indeed an ideal home place for those who love the water. And every facility is being provided for the enjoyment of outdoor life. -The Tarpon, silvery king of this sportsman's paradi se, hold s sway here in the she ltered waters of the bay. And golf tennis, bathing and motoring are in season all year round. Davis Islands is only one-half mile from the City Hall of the largest co mmunity in Florida. More than $5,000,000 is being spent this year in buildin g operations alone, presenting investment pos sibilities unsurpassed in all the South. And nowhere else in all the world is there s u c h a rich setting for distinguished out-door homes. Home Office In Tampa Branches Throughout Florida 1


2 .----Ahoy!---. The reaction of the entire state after a busy winter season seems to show a sudden interest in yachting and power boating Busy men seeking to relax are turning to the restfulness of aquatic sports. Boats ol QuaUtyLlttle or Bll cannot be built in a day. Their staunch and de tailed construction takes time. It makes it im perative therefore that you act immediately when 1 that first impulse hits you if you would have your boat when you are ready for it. Coastal and lake communities who contemplate the organization of yaclilt or power boat clubs are in vited to avail themselves of our experienced assist ance in their organization work. We Specialize in Every Detail That Will Tend to Put theM anly Sport of Boa ting in the Highest Place in Florida Life R. Stuart Murray POWER BOATS AND WATER-CRAFT F. E. Demarest, Representative St. Petersburg, Fla., Phone 530 Main Office, Mezzanine, Hillsboro Hotel, Tampa, Fla.


'llie MAGA'Zl N E of FLORIDA VOLUME 11 NUMBER 4 '""'_,.... Trademark Registered in U. S Patent Oftlce Contents for July, r925 Frontispieces: An Example of Florida Home Beautification 13 Fort Myers -The City of Palms 14 Editorial 15 The City of Palms-A Cinderella Among Florida Cities by ERIC COLLINS 17 The Amateur Pirates A Short Story by JAMES OLIVER CURWOOD 22 America s Champion Volunteer Life Savers by GEORGE H DACY 24 A Florida Golconda-A Story }?f Diatomite by JUSTIN JARVIS 26 Building a Highway Over the Sea by SHELTON S. MATLACK 29 Acres of Diamonds in the Everglades by JoSEPH FAUS 32 Which Tampa?-Five Ships Are Named for Florida's Metropolis by P. E. BARNEY 34 Florida-A Training Ground for the Dogs of War by ENSIGN B. F. BORCHARDT 35 Bee Keeping for Pleasure and Profit by C. P HUNTINGTON 3 7 The Greatest Men of Florida-William D Bloxham by W. M WALKER 38 Tropical Fruits-How They Add Variety to Your Diet by CLARISSA GREENE 40 A Talented Teacher of Student Soldiers by JoH SON DAVIS 42 A Clutch You Love to Skin-A Kitty Page Story by 0. FOERSTER SCHULLY 4 3 The Saga of the Sea Vampyre by NORMAN BORCHARDT 46 A Few Florida Facts for "Bubble Bursters" by FRANK G HEATON 50 Announcement of Prize Winners in Suniland s Poetry Contest 56 The Florida Home A Department Conducted by JANE WAY 58 Try the Florida Song-hit, "In Sunilan

lnterbay Peninsula TAMP A'S NEWEST REALIZATION FLORIDA'S MOST PICTURESQUE LOCATION POINT The Last Limited Residential Area In the Natural Growth of Tampa, the Metropolis of Florida Undoubtedly the Most Beau tifully Located Spot In Florida .Just Emerging Into Big Development Three ,of the Best Buys In This Desirable Section Are Listed Below 5 Acres Near Car Line Tract of 240 Lob Several Fine Comers 5 acres near car line and boulevard. su itable for subdividing Two houses Price $10,000. Terms. % cash balance one. two and three years COUPON An unsubdivided tract of 2 lots ( o acres) two blocks from car line, five com municating paved streets. Price $100.000. % cash, balance I. 2, 3 years. Several fine corners on Baysbore Boulevard and car line at $2,500 to $6,000 on reaton able terms A.M. WADE. Bay Shore and Interbay Blvds., 1 Tampa, Florida: 1 Please send me particulars regard i ng investments in lnterbay Peninsula and describe what property._ you 1 have suitable for investment to the amount of about 1 I A.M. REALTOR $ ____________ ------------.------Name ____________________________ _______ ------------------------------------I I Bayshore f1 Interbay Blvds. Tampa, Florida Address _________ ..... ------------------------------------.--------------------1 4


Offers You A Farm on the Richest Soil" and a Climate Second to None Where Your Land Will Produce Twelve Months Every Year Moore Haven is the County seat of Glades County which re cently carried by a three-to-one majority an election to build A $150,000.00 Court House Transportation of crops is p-eatly assisted by a syatem o1 Excellent Hard Surfaced Marl Roads. There is an abundance of fine (soft) drinking water. Good stores. Seven churches. Highly rated schools. Two railroads. Electric lights and other municipal improvements. An active Luncheon Club and a Chamber of Commerct Lake Okeechobee, Lake Hicpochee, Fisheating Creek and milt upon mile of cana1s, are literally alive with black bass, calico bau. rock bass, pike, perch, bream, eatfiah and robalo. The countryside abounds in game such as bear, deer, panther, wild hoJ, wild turkey, rabbita, quail, mallard duck, canvassback duck, pm-tail duck, teal, blue-bill, snipe and others, permitting the finest of hunting and fishing to be found anywhere. You can boat, bathe or swim to your heart's content. Use the Coupon or Write Sto-.e Developmeat Co. Moore Haven, Florida 0 Fifth Street North, St. Petersburg, Florida COUPON Stone DevelopmeDt Com pall)', Moore HaveD, Fla., Gentlemen: Kindly send me tlle story of, tile development of tho EnrJladea, the IIW1'7 of Moore Haven and also tell me of the wonderful crops raiaed there, and how I can share in the money that ia being made there. ,9iJicerely yours, Name ----------------------:-------------------------------------------------.-----------------------------------Address --------------------------------------------------,--------------------------------------------------------------------County and .State ........ --------------------------------------------------------------------------.. 5


6 Our Facilities Are C G HALL Secretary-T rea au rer at Your Service MISS LAURA SKINNER Director of Personnel A. J TURNER President Four Departments Under Supervision of Experts Business Properties B. H. BLIXT Acreage RALPH F. CHESBROUGH Miami Beach Properties H. J. RIED Subdivisions ROBERT WERSBA Miami Realty Sales Incorporated 400 N. E. Second Avenue Coolidge Building -Phone 8053-


WHERE BIG THINGS ARE HAPPENING! ON INTERBA Y PENINSULA The Site of Tampa's Highest Class Suburban De\Jelopments In the Natural Path of Tampa's and Progress QAOSOEN POINT On the 1 Gandy Boulevard, construction of which has already been started. Traversed by Gadsden Boulevard. Within two blocks of car line. Bayshore Boulevard, Tampa's most beautiful driveway, is the chief avenue of approach to Tropical Terrace. $150,000 school building under construction on 1 2-acre tract adjoining Tropical Terrace. This will be the most beautiful school building in Hillsborough County. "Thousand Foot Fishing Pier," already completed-just three blocks from Tropical Terrace. TROPICAL TERRACE IMPROVEMENTS Sidewalks under construction, electric, gas, and water connections now bei-ng made. A number of high class homes under construction. Purchasers of Lots In TROPICAL TERRACE Ha\Je Alread)l Refused Double the Price Paid For Them Six Months Ago MARTIN MIENER Sales Manager PRICES WILL BE ADVANCED AT LEAST 33 1 PER CENT ABOUT JULY 15TH. REUBEN JONES Sales Manager N. E. JONES PHONE 3464 TAMPA, FLORIDA 113 LAFAYETTE ST.


8 West Florida s City of Greatest Growth Marianna has never had a boom. It is 100 years old and 100 % new. It experienced a growth of 25% in population from 1920 to 1925 by official census It is the highest elevated city in Florida. It is the largest, best paved and best lighted city between Tallahassee and Pensacola. It has hydro-electric lights and power and offers great opportunities for industrial development on account of the power plants already operating and in course of construction on the rapid Chipola and its tributaries It is served by the main line of the Louisville & Nashville Railroad and the two great national highways, the "Old Spanish Trail" from ocean to ocean and the "Bee Line Highway" from Great Lakes to Gulf, cross at this point. Jackson County Florida s Horn of Plenty Jackson County, of which Marianna is the county seat, is bordered by both Alabama and G e orgia. Its s oil is as fertile as the best in either state and it produces in abundance every staple crop of the south. It leads Florida in the production of cotton, corn, sugar cane, sweet potatoes, peanuts, hay, Satsuma oranges, peaches and plums. Its lands may still be purchased at prices ranging from ten to fifty dollars per acre and there are numerous instances of farms being paid for from their products the first year. Its ranges are "tick free" and it leads the state in live stock. It is also one of the greatest fish and game counties of the entire country. Historic Interest and Natural Wonders Named for Andrew Jackson, the county was on e of the four constituting the territory of Florida. As headquarters for "Ol d Hickory" in his Indian war campaigns and as the scene of the "Battle of Mari anna" during the Civil War, the city and county are rich in history and legend, while natural bridge, where the Chipola runs underground, Natural Bridge Cave, rivaling in size and subterranean grandeur the Mammoth Cave of Kentucky1 and Blue Springs, wh ere a great stream flows from under a rocky nill, are natural wonders near Marianna which are unequalled in Florida or the South. Booklet Upon Request. BETTER Come and See Illustr a t ions 1. Interior Natural Bridge Cave, bowing stalactite formation. 2. Miss Marianna, Miss Ursula Hendrix, winner Wes t Florida Bathing Beauty Revie w, Pensacola. 3. Victory bridge over Apala cbicola River, leading into Jackson County from east, largest vebicu Jar bridge in South. 4. Grain elevator of Brandon Mill and Elevator Company, Marianna. CHAMBER of COMMERCE Marianna Florida


---------------.. I I I I 1 I i i i i I i 1 f I I i Wallner-Haynes Realty Co. Presents + OKEECHOBEE TRUCK FARMS DEVELOPMENT Consisting of splendid five-acre farms in one of the most fertile regions in the state, five miles from Moore Haven, county seat of Glades County, close to Lake Okeechobee and Atlantic Coast Line Railroad. The introductory price of these farms for a short period will be $490.00 per farm, with splendid terms. (Use the coupon for more detailed information) ST. CLOUD-OSCEOLA FARMS These five-acre farms need hardly any introduction as they are well and are in a very active section and adjacent to a well established city of merit-St. Cloud. These five-acre farms are priced at $512.50 per farm on very easy terms. (For more detailed information use coupon) For your information we wish to state that we own, control and have for sale for our clients, acres and acres of land throughout every portion of the state. We can meet your every requirement, whether you need 5 ACRES OR soo,ooo ACRES Just state your wants and we will fulfill them WALLNER-HAYNES REALTY CO. Siegfried Wallner R. Taylor Haynes Service Efficiency Reliability 66 North East Second Street Phone 4697 COUPON Wallner-Haynes Realty Co., 66 N. E. 2nd Street, Miami, Fla. Kindly give me more detailed information about the following: Okeechobee Truck Farm Development ( ________ ) .St. Cloud-Osceola Farms ( ________ ) Large Acreage Tracts -( ________ ) Small Acreage Tracts -( ________ ) Inclosed please find $------------------------------as d e posit on tracts indicated above. Signed -------------------------------------------------------------_ -----------------I i I f i r i I I l f j I I MIAMI FLORIDA Address ____ : ____________________________ _____________________ ______ _________________ 1 .... ------------------I -11-MI-II--11-I-II------II--I-II-II---9


10 Hard Working Dollars Cavendish B ana nas are planted 4 0 0 to the acre. Cavendish Bana nas mature within a year from date of planting. Each plant one bunch of fruit the first year, and three bunches or more thereafter Bunches of Cav endish B a n a n a s weigh from 30 to 100 pounds. Cavendi s h Bana nas mature e;:ch month of the year. LARGE PROFITS--QUICK RETURNS SMALL INVESTMENTS Dollars are multiplying and growing in Florida today as in no other section of the country. Fortunes are being made in Florida. Here is an opportunity for conservative investment in what promises to be one of the state's greatest future industries -BANANA CULTURE. After years of experimentation it has been conclusively proven that the Cavendish, or Canary Island Banana, is perfectly at home in the semi-tropical climate of Peace Valley, Winter Haven. AMAZING PROFITS are being made from growing bananas. You, too, can share the largest profits and quick return8 of banana culture. Five-acre plantations are on an extended payment plan, afld this company will care for your plantation and market your crops for 15 per cent commis sion of the net crop receipts OWN A BANANA PLANTATION FOR A MONTHLY INCOME Write for Interesting Literature on Banana Culture Florida Original Banana Plantation De ve lop ers TAYLOR ALEXANDER PROPERTIES, lac. Department C WINTER HAYEN FLORIDA


Follow the Wisdom of Henry Ford Henry Ford Bought 8200 Acres in and around I..,aBelle With the intention of developing here the greatest rubber plantations in the world. Other foresighted business men and concerns who have invested in this territory include Thomas A. Edison, Harvey Firestone, Barron Collier, Cornelius Vanderbilt, Jr., and Sears, Roebuck & Co. ''Service Without Obligation .. Act Quick-NOW If all those who have written us fo r information about Royal Palm Estates as advertised in May SUNl LAND, were to buy within the next thirty days we would be COM PLETELY SOLD OUT. You have no time to lose if you want this bargain. SEND YOUR MONEY to Exchange National Bank of Tampa, Fla., and we will deliver deed or agreement. You can't lose .;> -Invest Your Money in La Belle, Florida Where increase in property values is assured by natural strategic location at the hub of the Highway System of South Florida, improvements and developments already in progress and others planned. IMPROVEMENTS-Electric lights, paved streets, water and sewerage, bank, ice plant, high school, newspaper, good churches, hotels, drug stores, garages, movie theater, as well as palm park, tourist camp, and tennis courts. LOCATION-County seat of Hendry 33 miles from Ft. Myers, on the beautiful Caloosahatchee River, and the East and West Coast Highway System connecting Ft. Myers and Palm Beach. ROYAL PALM ESTATES are the cream of La Belle property, in the path of the city' s growth, on high land, near hard-surfaced roads. Beautiful palms and pines can be found on most of these lots. Lots $100 to $150 $10 DOWN-$5 MONTHLY Full Warranty Deed to be given immediately if payment is in full-or agreement for deed to be mailed immediately upon receipt of down payment. A policy will he issued by a Title Insurance Company insuring the validity of title after deed is issued. Terms--Cash I 0 o/o discount-Half cash 5 % discount-Time $1 0 down, $5 per month-6% interest on all unpaid balance-beginning 90 days from date. --------------I F L GREENFIELD PROPERTIES 1314 Franklin St., Tampa, Florida. Ple a se send m e a t onc e WITHOUT OBLIGATION full p articulars about I 1 your ROYAL PALM ESTATES s ubdi vis ion of La B e ll e 1 I N ame .... ..... .. ...... .... ... ... .... ........... .. .. : ... .... .. .. .... .. .... ...... .......... ..... ...... ...... ........ I I I 1 Strl!et a,nd ... : ...... ...... ..... ............ .. ................ ...... ........... ......... .. .......... 1 1 City ..... .... : .. ...... .. .. .... .............. .. ...... ... .. .. .... .. ...... ...... .... State ... .. .. ........ ...... ...... 1 ll


12 Lavishlg Enddwedbg At Miami Shores Nature's Settings Surpass .. If there were no other assets than these, Miami Shores property would be an ex cellent buy today. But the Shoreland Company is adding to Miami Shores still another highly important source of value by carrying out an unusual and distinctive type of development-transferring from the Old World the spirit of the Mediterranean by engineering plan and architectural design. Nature And Strategically situated in the path of Miami's TREMENDOUS NORTHWARD EXPANSION MIAMI SHORES was from its beginning destined for supremacy And at Miami Shores, superbly adapted by Nature for this type of development, with its 1 0 miles of waterfront proper ties, is being created an ''American Medi terranean," adding to the Greater Miami area a new city with wider streets, with parks, lakes and boulevards, and-above all-with charm and distinction hitherto unapproached. MlAMn SHORlES America's Mediterranean MIAMI 125 East Flagler Street FLORIDA


Photo by Burge!t Bros. A Typical Example of Florida Home Beautification 13


FORT MYERS-THE CITY of PALMS 1-Royal Palm Hotel gardens. 2-A modern Spanish-type home on First Street. 3--Royal Palms alonr McGregor Boulevard. 4-Looking South in First Street from Deane Park. 5--A home along the beautiful Caloosahatchie River. 6-A typical Fort Myers home in a settin:of palms. 7-Swim ming pool at the Royal Palm Hotel. 1 4


Thos. W Hewlett R. S. Hanford Editor Managing Editor CAPTURING T H E SIMPLE L IFE; OR, THE BOOM I N F LORIDA===B y W I LL PAYNE THIS tract of flat sandy land, wooded with tall Southern pines and bor dering the sea, sold three years ago at $125 an acre. It is now cut up into lots that will run about four to the acre, al lowing for streets and alleys. The lots sold last winter at $5000 apiece. That looks like a fair profit. In order to sell lots it is not even necessary, at the begin ning, to have land. People used to say the supply of real estate was strictly limited; God EDITORIAL NOTE: Will Payne is well-known to magazine readers as a writer who ha-S a keen insight, and whose articles are authoritative being based on facts gathered at first hand Mr. Payne spends his winters in Florida, along with Cyrus H. K. Curtis Edward Bok and many others equally promi nent, and this article, "Capturing the Simple Life; or, The Boom in Florida," published in the Saturday Evening Post two weeks ago is especially interesting coming shortly after the publication in another weekly of an article on Florida by one of California's newly acquired "nati v e sons" evide_ntly inspired by the owners of the publication who have con sistently knocked Florida-a State which is thriving on the knocks of the jealous Californians and those whom they are able to subsidize. It is with regret that w e are unable to pub lish Mr. Payne s article in full For example, there is Dioge nes For more than two thou sand years he has been an object of universa l admira t ion because he lived in a tubwhich is all anybody really knows about him. Living in a dry-goods box would involve elements of complication. One might lose the lid or tear one's trousers on a nail. A round, lidless, nailless tub seems to be the last word in simplicity. Because Diogenes lived in one, seventy generations of school made just so much and retired from the business. They know better than that in Florida. A big dredge will pump sand from the bottom of the shallow coastal water and make land at the rate of five acres a month. By the time the thick gritty soup begins to pour from the dredge pipe you may have sold enou g h lots to cover the cost of pumping up the whole tract. Here is a marshy coast, seven miles from the nearest post office. Two years ago it was at least half that distance from any human habitat i on, with the possible exception of a stray shack. There is hardly a human habitation within long rifle shot of it now. Low tide uncovers irregular sand flats beyond the last line of dwarf brush. Herons, sand-pipers and fiddler crabs--the only inhabit a nts so far--contemplate some huge black and yellow signs, s tanding in two feet of water at high tide, that read, The Casino, The Merry-Go-Round, The Roman Plunge, The Dancing Pavilion, and so on. The dredge hasn't started to pump sand, but many lots have been sold. It all sounds quite extravagant, even quite foolish. But it has been happening in many spots along both coasts of Florida and inland The man who bought a lot three years ago for $10 000 and leased it this year at a net rental of $ 10,000 per annum is really there, with real rent money in a real bank; also the woman who paid $100 for a lot in the fall and sold it for $500 in the spring. These facts have been well advertised, not only locally but nationally newspapers in cooler regions devoting much space to Florida's r e al estate boom and generally treating it humorously as an amusing instan c e of insanity. Of course there is a reason for the boom, and a very good one. It means that capturing the simple life is becoming a major industry. I have never known anyone who did not, theoretically, admire the simple life and wish to a c hieve it. Dip into the literature of any period in the past and you will find the people of that period deploring the complexity of their lives-looking backward with a sigh to a lost state of simplicity. No doubt wanting to live simply, as their ancestors used to, has been a c hronic state of mankind since the stone age. children speaking seventy dif ferent tongues, have been taught to honor him. .. Life doesn't get more complicated. It gets simpler and better. But especially in Florida I first visited that state twenty-odd years ago Fishing was then the chief recreation. They said Sugar Bowl bayou was full of fish that were l ooking for trouble. The only tolerable means of reaching them was by water, for between the town and the bayou lay two miles of dense woods, undergrown with tou g h-leaved palmetto that made the path of the foot passenger resemble an ang l eworm with colic. We engaged a skiff and a skiffer. On a still day any sort of craft could navigate the shallow water along the shore. Pres ently my companion nodded to the wedge of wooded land between bay and bayou, observing that that would be a bully place for a house. A house stands there n<;>w-nothing extraordinary in the house line; probably twelve rooms. But to get it there took several corporations and an investment of a million dollars for each room. Twenty years ago the pathless woods about the bayou could have been bought for five dollars an acre. Four years ago it could probably have been bought around $150 an acre. Now, near the water, a lot seventy-five feet wide will cost as much as eight acres would have cost then. But nobody wanted to live there wh e n the land was cheap. It was too complicated. Na t u rally they would wait until a corporation came along, bought the land, improved it and simplifi e d matters for them. Two hundred years ago pioneers might have attacked the sandy virgin land around Sugar Bowl bayou. But nowhere in the United States today, I beli e ve are pioneers attacking such a problem. Possibly instances may be discovered of men and wom e n going into a wildern e ss s tri c tly on their own initiative with only such resources as they can carry on horseback, to make a settlement. But such instances must be rare. Not because there i s no more cheap land In Florida this winter literally millions of acres of wild land were bought by companies and syndicates at five dollar s an acre or some such figure. And there are other millions still to be bou g ht. But subduing a wilderness with the resources one can carry on horseback or in a wagon is 15


as much out of-vogue as traveling by stagecoach. It is far t oo complicated. Three of us this last winter almost decided to pioneer-not really into a wilderness but ten miles out of town, under our own virgin pines, water oaks and cabbage palms, with our own seashore unmarred by paved roads and bathhouses. We very nearly reached the point of quoting Wordsworth about it. But we should have to build some sort of road to our bowery and we knew nothin g about building roads. We should have to engage so m ebody who knew how to clear the house sites, drive an artesian well and put in a water system, and so on. Upon a calm review we could see how very complicated it was going to be. Three wives agreed that, for only one item, no coo k coul d be indu ce d t o s tay off there in the wilderness, mil es from the n ea rest movie except with c hloroform. Prese ntl y a syndicate will buy the tract we had in mind with a few hundre d additional a cres, and call it by some altitudinous name because it is only twen ty feet above sea level. They will clear the house sites, earthly things as brick and plaster. It is a historical fact, attested by numberle ss instances, that a man will buy a house, furnished in Florida in much less time and with much less bother than he expends up North in d eci din g just what kind of mantel to have in the living room. One par ticular builder, thi s winter sold thirty furnished hou ses in one particular subdivision, at prices ranging from $20,000 to $40,000. Usually only a few days elapsed from first sight of the pre mises to the signing of the deed. Everybody succumbs to the idea that, being in Florida he is not going to bother. To get a packag e of cooked breakfast food on a grocer's shelf requires cap ital and organization. Gettin g a co lle c tion of ready made and furnished houses on paved electri c-lig hted, palm planted streets where there was only raw land or water two years ago also requires cap ital and organization A corpo ration does it. In the se simpler days individual s would never have undertaken it any more than they would undertake to make their own shoes. Individuals m a k e the roads, lay the side walk s, plant the s hrubbery, put in water and li g hts, build the houses and furnish them. The purchaser will have noth ing to do except pick out a hou se he like s, sign a chec k -and a mortgage--and move in. For him the operation will be as simple as select ing a hat in a city shop and tellin g the salesman to c harge and deliver it. CAN YOU TAKE IT? now d emand the finished productmade, of course, by a cor poration. Consider all the motions our pioneers had to g o through in order to get themselv es a habitation-heaving ro c k s, felling trees, lu gging mortar driving nails, and so on They were very compli cated people, applying with their own hands many dif f eren t tools to many different mat eria l s Their simple des cendan t s, in Florida at least, just drive about in an auto mobil e aw hile and say, "I'll take the pink one with the green fountain in the patio We'll move in tomorrow." That's all there is to it. In Connecticut people mo s tly stick to the old-fash ioned idea of building their own hou ses, or rebuilding them. But no matter how long you plan, the house B y KEN CLOUD THE bu i lding was filled to overflowing. Ever y phase of humanity was present Under the flaring arc-lights, and through the dense gray-blue clouds of cigaret smoke, men and women from all walks of life could be seen. An air of good natured expectancy filled the huge, barn l ike building. As the two half-naked figures crawled through the ropes into the ring, th e crowd's tension broke. The cheering was long and loud The honors for such favor seemed equally divided between the two contestants for a short time. Then it bec ame apparent that the smaller lad was rece ivi ng the greater ovation. "Is he clever? Is he a champion?" we asked our neigh bor, wondering just why this boy should receive such gen erous plaudits from so knowing a crowd. "He can take it," was the short terse answer of the ring fan who sat next to us. He could take all manner of punishment and stay on his feet. For several years none of the fighters in his class has been able to get rid of him. He could "take it." All they could give him had no effect on him except to spur him on to greater action. Battered blood y, sick at heart sore in leg wobbly in mind, seeing through a seeming fog he s tood there "taking it." Nothing mattered. None of them could give him enough punishment to knock him for a goal. He won a champion ship not because he was clever, fast nor even a remarkably good boxer, but simply because he could "take it." Has the crowd put you in the "he-can-take-it" class? The cost of the raw land was low-say $ 100 an acre as a rough-and-ready average. But the cost of manufact urin g it into a ready-to-use state was much more The invest m en t in a subdivision or de velopment of any consider able extent and pretensions will soon run into six figures. If it is an aspiring develop ment it will have its own golf course, country club, yacht harbor, a ready-to-use street of s hops and perhaps a hotel in more or l ess Spanish style. Still, the price of lots and the readine ss with which they have been selling make the industry look attractive. At this writing, no doubt, the books of many subdivisions and developments will show a gorgeous profit. But it is an old axiom that a very profitable line of business, unhedged by a patent or a corner, will tend to attract capital and enterpri se until the influx brings the rate of profit down. This last year never comes out quite as you thought it was going to ; after livin g in it six months you p er ce ive that you should have put the stairway on the other side. So why bother? In Florida, with a few rich and ne gl i gible exceptions, winter resident s buy their hous es ready-made a nd ready furnished, moving in n ex t day. Comin g into town shopping around a few days, and buy ing a furnished home, ready for occupancy, is an everyday o cc ur ence. A simpler method of ge ttin g a habitation could hardly be devised. the lot busine ss in Florida has enjoyed an influx of capital and enterprise that seemed likely to attain the sweep and propor tions of Niagara. Certainly the present supply of lots is ample for all the population that the most optimisti c booster can fore see in a decade. Some of the lots, of course, will be a lonotime in finding the ultimate consumer. 0 If the house or the furniture doesn't quite suit, it's no matter; the buyer will sell it again n ex t winter and pick out another more to his taste. There i s a fine philosophy in that. It is obvious! y symbolical of the transitory nature of man's residence on earth. It is in conformity with many more injun c tions not to take mu c h thought of material things. Diogenes in his tub, and George W. Smith purchasing his Florida home ready-made and furnished on sight, agree p erfec tl y in refusing to bother about suc h merely 16 Lot making is no new business in Florida. I have in mind three developments of the pre-boom past all very prettily situated and well improved by the more modest standards of ten years ago. One developer went into bankruptcy and the two others tottered on the edge for quite a parlous while. It is not, by any means, all profit. In fact, it is a hazardous business, and at present in an inflated state. Some will win and some will lose. But the power o f the United States to produce wealth is prac tically a bottomless well. In pursu it of the simplest, pleasantest mode of living, more people will go to Florida. The Florida idea may spread.


Beautiful estates face the river and bay around Fort Myers THE CITY OF PALMS How Fort Myers, a Cinderella Among Florida Cities, Has Been Awakened From Her Dreams by l\tlillionaire Princes UNTIL two years ago Fort Myersa veritable Cindere lla among cities -sat forlornly alone on the banks of the Caloosahatchee River, quite unconscious of her glorious future, watching her sisters to the north and the east being courted and f eted, and showered with gifts by the millionaire princes from distant lands. An old resident frankly asserts that, a few years ago, if a stranger got off the train at the depot, people began to wond e r if he had not made a mistake. Tragically neglected in her iso lation, Fort Myers remained for forty-five years, almost totally unknown. Cut off on the south by the seemingly impenetrable Ever glade s, and on the north by almost impa ssable sand roads, it i s a miracle how the city managed to grow, even in forty-five years, from a few wooden shacks of 1878 to the beautiful palm canopied city of 1923. In that year it was a lovely, tropical city, with a r e markable climate differing mater ially from other Florida climates, but it was a city devoid of enterpris e, lacking that spirit of ag gressiveness which is so typically American and so traditionally Floridian. Then, almost overnight, civiliza tion was blown in on a hurricane. By E R I C C 0 L L I N methods of transportation, substantial business blocks, skyscraper hotels, up-todate stores, res id ences with modern con veniences, but above all, good roads. Good roads and development in Florida seem to be synonymous. Backward, sleepy towns spring forth with renewed life and activity when s mooth, broad highways link the m with other cities of the state. Well, Fort Myers woke up one day to find it had a fairly good road to the north, with a bridge across the river that cut the distance between the city and Punta Gorda from a round-about trip of forty-fiv e miles to l ess than twenty-eight. The n e w road brought the tourists, the tourists bought the homes, the homes increased the wealth, the wealth built more roads, the roads brought more tourists, the tourists bought more homes, and s o on, ad infinitum. The boom was on. L ethargy was forgotten, The Sleeping Princess was awake-and madly in love with the wealthy, good-looking prince. Prices b egan that sky-rocketing process s o typical of live Florida towns. Oldtimers shook their heads, and wondered where it was going to stop. Subdivisions sprang up in all directions. The ubiquitous real estate agent, with his golf togs and loud stockings, became an accepted part of the city life, scoffed at by the natives but filling his pockets with golden shekels. Hotels built new additions and added more and more stories, and still the harried proprietors could not find sleeping quarters for their in s i s t ent guests. Rumors of new railroads and gigantic developments were whispered about on street corners and in hotel corridors Everybody one m e t had some "inside information." A druggist traded an old Ford for an old lot, and sold the old lot for ten thousand dollars. Fort Myers had com e into her own. After a short period of hectic excitemen t the city returned to It should not be n ecessary to apologize for calling this remarkable energizing process by the somewhat sweeping term "civiliza tion." Undoubtedly Fort Myers was civilized in 1923, and it would not be at all hard to find people who will say that it was far more delightful to live there then than it is now. This may be granted. By civilization is meant rapi d Italian cardens and Roman poola are features of aome of the estates. 17


Stately Royal Palma line McGregor Boulevard normalcy and settled down to enjoy an era of substantial prosperity. But by this time the mode s t villag e had be en trans formed into a sophisticated town. It knew it had unrivalled opportunities for devel opment, and it made plans to develop soberly and sanely. The same wise old pioneers who had recognized the city's possibilities forty years before were still in control of the reins, and they did not intend to be stampeded. When you have been waiting forty years for the unex pected to happe n you are liable to have attained a certain degree of tranquility. The land made the old pioneers wealthy, but the same land made the new-comers equally wealthy-and in forty hours in stead of forty years. Some of the "old-timers" couldn't quite adjust themselves to the new conditions. One old lady who had sold flowers and fruit on the streets for more than twenty years, and fully expected to die as poor as when she was born, sold her home for $50,000. She gave up her work, and tried to live a life of ease in keeping with her wealth. But it wouldn't work and. after a few days, she was back again at the old stand with her little basket of posies. Though Fort Myers is an old town com pared with many of the other cities of South Florida, its history extends back only about eighty years. The existence of L ee county, as a separate district, dates 18 only from 1887, when it was divided from Monroe County. When the question of the boundaries of Monroe and Lee Counties were decided, the citizens of the new coun ty were called together unde r the spreading oaks of the old schoolyard-on the site where the Andrew D. Gwynn e Institute now stands-and several names for the new territory were suggested and dis cussed. Captain F. A. Hendry proposed that the new county s h ould be honored by bearing the name of the beloved Southern general, Robert E Lee. The applause that greeted this suggestion proved the unanimity of the ass e mblage, and Lee County forthwith came into existence. The first historical account that we have of this section bears the date of November 4, 1841, when Fort Myers was occupied by the United States military. The post was abandoned a few months later, on March 18, 1842. At that time it was known as Fort Harvie, in honor of Lieutenant John M. Harvie, a young office r who had di e d two months before the occupancy of the fort. The fort was established b ecause of disturbances with the Seminoles, but the t ermination of the Seminole war, and the removal of the greater part of the tribe beyond the Mississippi, was expected to secure entire peace. The expected peace, however, did not materialize, and frequent raids were made by the bitterly incensed remnant of the Indians. This necessitated another mili tary expedition, and Major-General Twiggs, in command of the h eadquarters at Tampa Bay, addresse d an official order to Brevet-Major Ridgeley, Fourth Artillery, to take command of two companies of ar tillery, proceed up the Caloosahatchee, and "select a suitable place for the establish ment of a military post, and immediately throw up such light earthworks as may secure h i s stores, and r e move from the Indians the temptation to which his isola tion might give rise. The post will be called Fort Myers." This name was in compliment to Brevet General Colonel Abraham C. Myers, an officer who had been prominent in the war with M e xico, and who was then holding the po sition of Chief Quartermaster of the Department of Florida. Twenty years later, Colonel Myers, then an officer in the Northern army, resigned his commission, and returned to his native state of North Carolina, to fight for h e r rights in the war between the North and the South. Major Ridgeley. sailing up the Caloosa hatchee se lected the site of the former Fort Harvie as the most desirable location for the establishment of a military post. He cleared away the forest timber, forti fied the settlement, and for eight years Fort Myers was garris on e d by from two to four companies of artillery, supplemented, at times, with several companies of in fantry. In December, 1856, no less than twelve companies seem to have b ee n stationed at the post, though when first organized it was only intended as a temporary settle ment. The commanding general antici pated he could easily penetrate the back country, and surround and capture the few remaining Seminole warriors. But for eight long years the Indians continued to harass the outposts, and the advanced set tlements. Stationed in Fort My ers at that time was a soldier who afterwards attained great d istinction in the Civil War-General Win fie ld Scott Hancock. His little daughter planted a seed near the Royal Palm hotel, which grew into the largest date palm in Florida. The tree was destroyed by light ning several years ago. After eight years of incessant warfare, Colonel Elias Rector, Superintendent of Indian Affairs, assiste d by a delegation of friendl y Indians, induced the heroic S em inole Chieftain, Billie Bowlegs, to consent to the peaceful r e moval of himself and his few remaining followers to the far West, never again to see their beloved Everglade homes. It should be remembered that, al though Billie Bowlegs consented to leave Florida, he never acknowledged himself conquered. He recognized, however, the melancholy fact that the inevitable had come, and wisely submitted, though with a breaking heart, to a lifetime of exile from his native haunts. The scene of the surrender of Billie Bowlegs was the stream north of Fort Myers, which still bears the name of Billie's Creek. The Seminole war was now proclaimed ended, and in the latter' part of May, 1858, the troops were removed from Fort Myers, the name and a few stone relics being all that remain as mementoes of its former military importance. No military reserve was ever declared by the government, and the greater part of Fort Myers was taken up under the Homestead Act by the late James Evans, of Virginia, who later donated many tracts to the cattle men who had already settled on them. Mr. Evans lived in an old log house, which had formerly been the fort, and which was demolished when the Royal Palm hotel was built on the site of the old Hendry house. Among the earl y settlers who located on


the Evans homestead w e r e F. A. Hendry, Marian Hendry, John Blount and wife, Dennis Hickey, Major Frierson, William Clay, George R. Schultz, A. J. Allen, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Vivas, Dr. James Kellum and _Manue l Gonzalez. Of these only two surv1ve-Mrs. John Blount and Mrs. Vivas. Mrs. Julia Hanson, who with h e r hus band, Dr. William Hanson, came to Fort Myers forty-two years ago, has many interesting anecdotes of the settlement at that time She is a woman of keen perception and charming personality, and has been largely instrumental, as president of the Woman's Club, and organizer of the Protestant Episcopal church, in moulding the spiritual life of the city of her adop tion. H e r vivid descriptions of the Fort Myers as she remembers it, is highly entertaining. "In 1884," says Mrs. Hans on, "we received our provisions once a month from Mobile, and when the sc hoon e r was delayed we nearly starved. The stock of goods in our two stores was always so small it was impossible to lay in much provisions in advance. Often we were without sugar, flour, bacon, lard and matches. Though we lived in a cattle country we had to use canned milk-when we could get it. Bread, cake, crackers, all had to be made by the individual housewife. "A Spaniard used to come around about twice a week, crying, 'You want a beefy?' And, upon an affirmative answer, would chop off a chunk with his axe. "We had no ice in those days, and could keep provisions only a short time. There were plenty of fish in the river, but they objected to furnishing a dinne r when most needed. "Our saloonkeeper was also justic e of the peace; so he used to make his cus tom ers drunk overnight, and try them in the morning. "The schoolhous e being the only assem bly place-except the Methodist churcht h e children had a vacation wheneve r court was held. "At the Methodist church the wom e n came in slatted sun-bonnets; the right aisl e was reserved for the men, so that they could spit their tobacco juice without in conveniencing the ladies, and the wall and tloor of that aisle had turne d black with the accumulations of y ears. "We were told that nothing would grow here except corn, sweet potatoes and cow peas. And, so firmly did we b e lieve this was a barren country, no one ever attempted to grow anything else. "The saloon was the only reception place for the cowboys when they visite d the town, and the two principal cattle owners k ept up an alternate shooting of members of the other gang. "There was only one sm all wagon in the town which. was used to bring in the slaughtere d beef, carry provisions from the shore to the stores, and occasionally to carry a corpse to the graveyard. "Ther e were two small general stores and a drug store. As the owner of the drug store would sometimes be ill for months at a time, we would go down and search the shelves for whatever we neede d. "Our first mayor was Colonel Peter 0. Knight, now of Tampa, who held that office b efore attaining hi s majority. "Our first newspaper, The Fort Myers Press was started by Stafford C. Cleveland, a cousin of President Cleveland, in 1885, the same year that Thomas A. Edison built his hom e for hims elf and hi s bride. "Our mail facilities w ere naturally very poor; a steamer once a week ran from Tampa to Key W es t, and a small boat would go out four miles from Punta Rassa to get our mail bag. But if the weather was at all rough, the steamer ignored us and continued its course. "In 1886 occurred the heaviest frost ever known here, wh e n the river was cov-Many varieties of palms form arbors over the sidewa:ks. ered with a thin sheet of ice as far out as the end of the docks. The cold killed thousands of tarpon which, strande d b.Y the r eceding waters, lined the banks of the river for mil es Numbers were buried for fertilizer, but the stench became so unbearable the town authorities were obliged to hire barges to carry the decaying bodies to the rive r channel. "Ducks were formerly here in great quantitie s, and I have se e n a raft of them in the river two miles in length. Flamingoes and Carolina paroque t s, roseate spoonbills and egrets were here in thousands; but the 'sportsmen' and plume hunters have virtually exterminated them. There are no r epresentatives of the two former species left in North Am e rica. "About 1890 we had a steamer running from here to Punta Gorda twice a week, and the trip among the beautiful islands for seven hours was so mething to r e membe r. "The railroad was extended to Fort Myers in 1906, but t he schedule then given us by the Atlantic Coast Line-two trains in and out a day-was not increased until January, 1925." This little incident of the railroad sched ule, which r emained the same for nineteen years, is symptomatic of the city during that period. Though the population co n tinued to grow it was a s low process, and the city did not awake to its po s sibilities until the roads began to pour in a horde of inquisitive and inquiring tourists. Jus t one more little incident of the d i f ficulti es experienced by the earl y settlers, and we will jump into the thriving, bustling city of today. This incident is take n from a little book publi s h e d by Mrs. Hanson, on the history of St. Luke's Epi s copal church. "We had no funds," Mrs. Hanso n "and no rich people among us; but four earnest women, Mrs. Mary Parker, Mrs. Olive E. Stout, Mrs. Sam Summerlin, and the writer, 'having decided that a church shou ld be build ed,' collected donations from near and distant friends and, with the loyal help of the townspeople, raised $450, which with a loan from the bishop of $300, at six per cent interest for a term of three years, made us fee l in a position to erect St. Luke's church in 1889." The church was built though "at first w e had only rough planks suy;ported o n drygoods boxes by way of seats, and our altar was a drygoods box draped with a s h ee t. We carried lamps and lanterns from our homes for the evening services; but we were all very devoted and rejoiced greatly when we could purchase three benches-then three more-and so c :1, un til we had sufficient for the congre gation." But these difficultie s of the early days are now a thin!!" of the past. The Episcopalians have a fine church-the Methodists are building a n e w $100,000 edifice-and the Baptists are planning an equally mag-19


be removed to make way for business blocks. The business section of Fort Myers has an indescribable charm. It is in the transitory period between Main street and Broadway. Across the way from an oldfashioned grocery store, where the pioneers still gather to discuss the topics of the day, will be an ultra-fashionable modiste's establishment, showing the latest Fifth avenue and Parisian creations. And both will be doing a good business. A foreign touch is given the city by the adoption of Spanish architecture in the newer business section. The stores occupy both sides of a hollow square, and are admirably adapted for this semi-tropical climate. The Patio de Leon, a fine example of this type of architecture, has proved eminently successful, and plans for other buildings of this type are being planned. A magnificent home on First street, Fort Myers. Contrasting with this Spanish motif are the modern American business blocks, which are rapidly changing the city's sky line. A ten-story office building is under construction, a ten-story hotel is planned for next winter, and one of the churches is contemplating the erection of a combination skyscraper and church building. The great need of the city at the present time is for additional hotels and apartments, and unless these are built, thousands of visitors will have to be turne d away next season. nificent building to cost $150,000. And all the other denominations are represented by imposing structures. The awakening of Fort Myers came with the building of the temporary bridge across the Caloosahatchee river, giving the city direct communication with the North. This bridge reduced the distance between Fort Myer s and Punta Gorda from forty-five miles to twenty-eight, and took the City of Palms out of the cul-de-sac that had bottled it up for nearly half a century. The new bridge, more than a mile long, was completed about two years ago at a cost of approximately $100,000, spanning the river at East Fort Myers-a separate township--a mile east of the city. Another bridge is planned, leading directly into the city, which will shorten the distance several miles, and will be the connecting link between the two ends of the Tamiami Trail. Immediately it was learned that the roads were opened an increased business activity was apparent. Tourists and residents from other parts of the state became curious, and a great deluge of buyers and sight-seers commenced. Everyone who came was impressed. Here was a city that was different. Mellowed and matured by fifty years growth, the city possessed an old -world charm that was delightful, and visitors were captivated from the first glimpse. The entrance into the city was superb. It so often happens that the first impression of a really delightful town is cruelly disappointing. While Florida has escaped the squalor and depression of the northern slums, we still have straggling, unkempt streets, and mile after mile of uninteresting, deserted-looking subdivisions. But not so Fort Myers. The first entrancing glimpse of the city is a delight to the soul. Approaching from the north, through a jungle of palmetto palms, a wide, smooth river of turquoise blue suddenly bursts into view. From then on your enthralment will be complete. Across the river you can view the city, alrr. st completely submerged by the dense tropical vegetation, stretching for several miles along the southern bank. As you drive slowly over the mile-long bridge you are greeted with a cool, refreshing breeze, redolent with the tang of the brine. On leaving the bridge the road winds 20 along the south shore of the river, the avenue arched over with majestic specimens of the Royal Palm. Truly a regal entrance. Gliding silently between these rows of stately trees you may imagine a guard of honor, white and immaculate, with caps of waving plumes, has been drawn up to greet you. This unique avenue of palms, which has been called "the most beautiful street in the world," extends almost into the heart of the city, but it gradually is being dia placed by the inexorable march of business progress. Residence sites, which a few years ago were worth only a few hundred dollars are now quoted conservatively at half a million. Under such circumstances the fate of the Royal Palm is admittedly precarious, but the fore-sighted element in the city is doing everything to preserve the trees to the city, even if they have to This summer Fort Myers is experiencing the biggest boom in its history, and hundreds are getting rich over-night through speculations in real estate. There are as many visitors in the city as during the height of the tourist season, and all the hotels and apartment houses are filled to overflowing. It is freely predicted that the boom will extend into next season, and will follow the new railroad developments down the coast to Bonita Springs and Naples. It is reported that Naples, with the finest tropical bathing beach in Florida, will be opened up next winter, and it is expected that a city rivaling Miami will be born there. Three railroads are building into this city-the Atlantic Coast Line, the Seaboard Air Line, and a private road now being surveyed by John F. Jones, of Co lumbus, Ohio, the owner of Naples. The Atlantic Coast Lin e has its rails laid to within twelve miles of Naples, and it is The Lee County Courthouse Ia alao aurrounded with palma


Airplane view looklntr North alonlf Firat street and ahowintr the Caloosahatchee River on the left. probable a new city will be laid out by Barron G. Collier, on the Gulf north of Naples, which will be served by this railroad. A comprehensive plan for the develop ment of Fort Myers has been laid out by the Chamber of Commerce, under the most efficient direction of the secretary, Don W. Wilkie. These plans include the building of an auditorium, a natatorium, an amusement park for visitors, the development of Fort Myers beach, and the construction of sufficient new buildings to care for the tourist rush next season. The development of the port is considered of paramount importance, and plans for the dredging of the river to sufficient depth for large vessels to dock at the city wharves is being stressed. Already Fort Myers has progressed immeasurably from the days when Captain Peter Nelson, who settled the town of Alva, ran the first boat, the "Spitfire," on the river. The first passenger boat was operated by Captain Fred J. Menge, and was called the "City of Athens." When this boat burned Captain Menge named its successor "Thomas A. Edison," in honor of his friend, the inventor, who had recently built a home in the city. That was forty years ago. The Caloosahatchee river has always played an important role in the life of the city. It is more than a river. It is looked upon the ancient peoples of the earth looked upon their deities, as a venerable protector. The river is said to possess the remarkable attribute of tempering the cold winds from the north, so that the city on the south bank is almost entirely free from frost. Residents point to the riotous growth of tropical plants, and the marvelous height of the Royal Palms which will grow fifty feet in ten years or less, and ask you to find similar evidence on the north bank of the river. So deeply imbedded is this belief of the river's beneficent aspect that the citizens recently turned a deaf ear to a developer who wished to make an island in the river off the city, though he promised to spend several million dollars in his development. It was argued that it might change the incomparable climate, and that was sufficient to kill the project. There is considerable speculation as to which way the city will grow, the consensus of opinion being that the center of the town, in a few years, will move from its present location to a point a quarter of a mile east, where the Tamiami Trail meets McGregor boulevard, Second street and Anderson avenue-a five-way intersection. Another element believes that business will follow the hundred-foot boulevard to be constructed along the river, after a fill of one thousand feet has been made. This boulevard will be similar to Michigan avenue in Chicago, and it is predicted that the big hotels and apartment houses, as well as the main business establishments Will border this wide boulevard. Still others are guessing that the big increase in property values will be in the vicinity of the new railroad station, but this element is in the minority. All agree, however, that there will be a tremendous growth in the city in the next few years-greater by far than the increase for the last forty years. The roads into the city are still far from perfect, and the main highway along the Tan.iami Trail from Tampa will not be free from detcurs until next October. Then this highway will be one of the finest in the state, and the trip to Fort Myers will be made in absolute comfort. The Trail south to Miami will not be open for at least another year, but when this road is open the lid will be off in real earnest. Anyone can make prophecies. Every little hamlet in Florida thinks it is going to be a hustling metropolis hefore long. And it may be the truth. Who can say? But to prophesy a magnificent future for Fort Myers is merely to recount its undeniable advantages. It has a glorious climate, a strategic location, a good harbor, a rich back-country, a fertile soil, a wideawake citizenship, and a wealthy clientele. There is only one thing lacking, and that is sufficient hotels and apartments for the deluge of people who will want to make Fort Myers their home. And these will undoubtedly come. 21


A Captain Rusty stood on the sloop's cabin roof watchinc the schooner through an old, tw:sted eta ... F lorida Stor y B y James Oliver Cur wood THE AMATEUR PIRATES T HE sun was sinking like a blood-red ball in a field of fire-as the sun should set on the eve of a sanguinary struggle at sea. So thought Rusty, captain of the "Lady Gwendolyn" and her pirate crew. The pirate-ship rested heavily in an almost motionless waste of water off the little Florida city, but there was breeze enough partly to fill her sail and to flaunt, at the peak of the single mast, the half of a table-cloth, on which was painted bold and clear the skull and cros s-bo n es which proclaimed her calling. Edging up across the Gulf an eighth of a mile away was a small, full-rigged schoon er, looming picturesquely against the west ern sky under a dirt-gray cloud of canvas. The pirate-crew had watched her slow ap proach, and for a quarter of an hour Captain Rusty had stood on the s loop's cabin roof, a twisted glass, which distorted shapes amazingly, screwed to his right eye. About hi s s hock of bright-red hair he had tightly bour.j a red bandana, and from under this his thin, freckle-strewn face shone red and dirty. In the belt about his middle he carried a carving-knife, and in the leg of one of his boots, whiclt were b;g enough for two pirates of hi s size, were concealed a pistol, a box of cartridges, a case-knife, and other things which were prized. The others of the "Lady Gwendolyn," four in number, were the ragged est, dirtiest urchins that had ever sailed a 22 Illustration s by Kenneth Friedman ship, and for three minutes one of these had kept his eyes leveled along a piece of gas-pipe which had been fitted over the bow of the pirate-ship. At last the gunner turned about and called out in shrill disgust: "Ain't yer ever goin' t' tell me t' shoot?" "Fi-yer-r-r-r !" yelled the captain. With a spasmodic jerk the gunner lit a match and touched the flame to a short fuse in the end of the improvised cannon. Then the crew of the "Lady Gw endolyn" ducked. A moment later there came a deafening explosion, and half a pound of pebbles sang on their way to the schooner. "Load 'er up!" shrieked Rusty, coming from cover and swinging his arms joy ously. "Load 'er up!" Two or three men ran to the rail of the passing schooner, and the pirates he ard a warning voice. The gaspipe roared in response. Never in his life had Rusty be e n more in his element than at this moment. But suddenly, in the middle of a yell which se emed as though it would split his throat, he choked himself off with a gasp of aston ishment. There had come an unexpected tremble in the great white wings of the schooner, and while the pirate-crew stared in silent stupefaction the canvas crumbled down like melting banks of snow, and from the vessel's s ide a boat shot out, filled with four of the biggest, most determined looking men that the "Lady Gwendolyn's" crew had ever seen. "Holy Gee!" ejaculated the gunner. He looked up at the captain, but Rusty's face was blank. A few minutes later the four seamen towed the "Lady Gwendolyn" astern of the schooner, where they tied her as a prize, and one after another the captured pirates scrambled, in all of their war-like toggery, over the side of the ship. All of this had happened almost too quickly for Rusty's comprehension. Nipped in the bud was the bloody and picturesque career which he had mapped out for himself. He was stunned, ashamed and as he toppled over the schooner's rail, hoisted with good natured force by a seaman behind, he saw that he was being laughed at by half a dozen men and -women gathered on the after-deck. As he scrambled to his feet and the other pirates came pouring over, a girl ran out from the little group and leveled a camera at Rusty. "Oh, keep quiet, keep quiet--please do!" she cried, and Rusty, knowing that his pic ture was being taken, straightened proudly with his right hand on his hip, threw out his chest, and stood without a quiver. When the girl had done, she looked straight into his eyes, and laughed one of the prettiest laughs that Rusty had ever heard. "Thank you!" she said. Even in this moment of sore defeat Rusty's fertile mind reverted to his favor ite pirate-hero, who had met the beautiful


heroine in just this way, and he straightway fell in love with Miss Virginia Cloud, who, in company with her parents and a young man whom Rusty had not y e t s e e n, wa s making a cruise of the Gulf Coast in one of her brother's ships The pirate captain and his crew were given quarte. 8 under an awning back of the cook's hou s e and there they di s cussed their misfortune until the cook took them into his kitche n and filled them with a supper such as they had not seen in many days. The cook was a negro, and after the meal was over h e came in, grinning broadly, and carrying a basket heaped with oranges. "Miss Virgin'y s ent you these, an' s e d she'd lak t see you," he announced, nod ding at Rusty. The youthful p irate' s heart thumped wildly inside his jacket. He di stributed the oranges thrust his own in one of hi s pockets, and rose from the table. H e felt that something momentous was about t o happen. "Youse fellers go back an' lay low," h:! whispered as the cook turned to his work. "Don't say nothin', but be ready!" As he went on deck h e paused for a moment in the growing shadow of the caboose, fished out a cigarette from deep down in his boot-leg, lighted it and then walked forward, where he found the girl watching the rippling water under the bow of the slowly moving schooner. As she heard him thumping up in his heavy boots she turned, and once more laughed merrily in Rusty's face. "My goodness, how fierce you look!" she cried. She held out one of her pretty, white hands, and shak-ing as if with the ague, Rusty thrust one of his own dirty ones into it. He saw now that the girl was very pretty. But there was some thing about her eyes which troubled him. They were red, a s though she had been crying, and Rusty thought he saw a tear halfway down her cheek. "What's the matter?" he asked guile lessly. Something strange inside him seemed urging him to drop his c igarette, and he did. The girl saw the act, and almost hugged him up beside "Nothing," she re plied, yet Rusty knew that there was a trem ble in her voice. "I jus t wanted to talk with you. Will you tell me your name?" "I ain't got none." "What? No name?" The girl tilted up his freckled face, and gazed squarely down into it. "Nothin' but Rusty," he answered. He could not help looking into the girl's eyes, and he noticed that a sudden change came intto them. At times Rusty had dreamed that away back in the misty past he had known such eyes as those, filled with that same gentle Eoftness. ,. 1 No name!" repeated the girl. "And haven't you a home or-or-" Sh e did not finish. "Gues s I had one onc e, but I don t know where," informed Rus ty. "They had me in an orphin asyloom fer two weeks, though." H e grinned, as though this fact were unusually amusing; but the girl turned her face out the lake and slipped an arm around hi s s houlders. F'o r several minutes there was silence In Rusty's little soul things were happening which he had never experienced before. F'or the time he forgot that he was a pirate. He, could not r e m embe r eve r having had a woman's arm around him like this and un con s ciousl y b e snuggled closer to the girl. "Rusty," she said suddenly, "would you like to escape?" The question almost took the boy's breath away; it brought him back to the realization of being a captured pirate. In a flood his old ambitions returned to him, but they were almost immediately replaced by the desire to remain with the girl. He wanted to tell her this, and was just b e ginning when she interrupted him "Would you like to escape, tonight, and take me with you?" Filled with joy, Rusty replied that he would. Then, with her head b ent down \ tTv near to hi s Miss Virginia described her plans. When she had done, the pirate captain straightened, almost bursting with the great s e c:et s h e had confid e d t o him \.t that moment a man came and stood within a few feet of them. H e was a young man1 and he held his hat in his ha!ld rlut the g1rl had turned. Her chin was high in the air, her lips were clo se d very tightly, and Rusty wondered what wa s the matter. In a moment the young man turned and slowly walked away. "Who's dat guy?" asked Rusty. "He? Oh, just a man," replied the girl. Under a sudden impulse she faced Rusty and put both arms around him. "I want you to promise me on e thing, Rusty. You won't go near him, will you?" "You bet I won't, if you don't want me to!" sa i d the boy Miss Virginia bent down and pressed hel' warm lip s upon one of Rusty's dirty cheeks, and for an hour after that the pirate# captain could think of nothing much beyond this soft caress. He went back to his cre w under the canvas awning, but no t until the evening was well advanced did he tell them of the venturesome work in store for them that night. For a time the pirates amuse d themselve s by playing cards in the l ight of a deck-lantern. Then they doubled up back in the shadows, and still later Rusty crept out cautiously and to the girl's cabin knocked lightly on the door. In a moment it was partly opened, and the pirate-captain s lipped in. "You're a little early, Rusty." The g :rl had been writing, and held a pen in her ha n d. The boy's enthus iasm was subdued by the whiteness of her fac e "Sit down," she said, with a little smile that made Rusty fear she was lo sing courage. "I'll be ready in a minute." After a few moments she turned to him again. "Hadn't you better get your men in the boat?" she asked. "I'll be there by that time." A f t e r Rusty h a d gone she slowly read ov e r the pages s he had written: D ear Mama: Please don't b e frightened when you read this. Tonight I am helping t h e t>oys to escape, and I am going with them. You know why, but I want you to tell father and Captain Marks that I did it just for a little fun. Yon 'll no t h i s won't you? Mr. Brown is our gues t and it would embarrass him if the othe r s knew about the affair. It is almo s t unne cessary to say that he came to me again this afternoon. I was perfectly fair with him, but he was too stubborn for any thing. In other words, he said point blank that I would have to give up my idea of studying op eratic music, that he did not want a wife whose interests were divided between home and the stage. At that I slipped oft' my engagement ring, and then well, he took it and walked (Cont. on page 70) 23


Three surf boats of new design have been complimented by the American Red Cross (Right) Attention, Boat crews. INSTEAD of harnessing their athletic prowess to the cut and dried business of winning state championships, val uable trophies and medals as awards for superiority in various branches of popular sport, the amateurs of Jacksonville, Florida, are banded together for the con summation of incalculably greater honors -the saving of human lives. When the life of a fellow-being is the prize of victory, the individual athlete will struggle harder to win than he would for the finest gold trophy known to sport; he gains greater satisfaction in aiding in the salvage of a human life than in the po s session of Olympic Gam es honors. Leas t wise, that is the viewpoint of the forty-five hardy natators and boatme n who compose the Jacksonville volunteer life saving corps, one of the oldest and be s t organizations of its kind in the United States. In some sections of America where amateur life savers are legion, the stand ards for membership in the local organi zations are so low that most anyone who knows how to swim and is possessor of a comely physical makeup, can gain a place on the club roster. The all-around im portance of life saving activitie' s is reduced to a burlesque where such policie s are dom inant. The low efficiency of s om e life saving crews, their lack of proficiency in the fundamentals of their craft, their poor physical condition due to insufficient train ing, all these handicaps militate against 100 per cent rescue records. The Jacksonville organization i s outstanding because its weakest link is as strong as the strongest link in the ordinary beach guard club. It is a long, hard grind to master the training intricacies and to qualify for the "Jax" corps. It is even more difficult to retain your m e mbership, once you have made the grade, for the author ities of this Floridian association believe that what is worth doing well one week in the year is wor thy of duplication the succeeding fifty-on e weeks. Brie fly, every athlete in the three life saving crews has to k eep in the pink of condition constantly. Physical fit nes s is a year-around attribute of 2 4 America's Volunteer Champion Life Savers Amateur Athletes of Jacksonville Devote Their Strength and Skill to Remarkable Rescue Work By GEORGE H. DACY these amateur volunteers who work without financial rec-::m pense-merely for the love of pure sport and because of the spirit of service and efficiency which pervade their corps. When organized about a doz en years ago, the Jacksonville life savers affiliated with the Volunteer Life Savers of Amer ica. Later on, they shifted their allegiance to the American Red Cross. At present, the Jacksonville outfit, known a s Coast Guard Division Number One, is one of the aces of the American Red Cross. Per chance you have heard of Pablo and Atlantic beaches, popular bathing grounds for Northern Florida, which were justly famous during the hey days of initial automobile racing i n this country. When the tide is out, an ideal motor speedway more than forty mil es in length and several hundred feet wide is provided by the hard sandy beach. One American racing driver tuned his special make car up to a speed of 175 miles an hour on the shifting sands of Pablo Beach. The volunteer life guards conc entrate their patrols around the most popular bathing places at Pablo, Neptune and South Pablo beaches where from 3,000 to 5,000 bathers gather ev ery Sunday and Pablo Beach ia one of Florida's beat Walter's torpedo buoyi invented by one of the J acksonvil e boys, ia a rreat aid in the rescue work. holiday during the salt water swimming season in order to frolic on the sand and in the surf. When the scope of their first aid activities is also considered, it is fair to estimate that these beach guards police a b eat that is from ten to twelve miles long. By this, I do not want to convey the impression that the boys walk up and down certain stretches of beach for hours at a time waiting for someone in the water to holler "Help!" They do, how ever, act as guardians of life and well b eing over this amount of beachline from their central stations and headquarters. For first-aid cases, automobiles are requi-sitioned so that the arms of the Life Guard Service are wide spread. The hub of the extraordinaey seaside athletics is the Life Saving Station, a commodious building which provides dormitory and lock e r accommodations for the beach guards in addition to pro viding storage space for five surf boats, surf buoys and other equip m ent of the life guards. The corps is divided into three crews of fifteen men each. Every third Sunday during the season from late April until the forepart oi October, the same crew is on duty. The service day begins a half hour before sunris e and continues until sunset during which period the life guards assigne d to the station for that day are responsible for


the lives of the thousands of bathers and picnicers who throng to the beaches. The boys are paid for their actual carfare and meal expenses which amount to approximately $2 a day. Many of the guards .put in extra service during the year by domg beach patrol duty on holidays and during special picnics and festivals. During the last eleven years the organized athletes of Jacksonville have saved twenty-nine people from drowning who, otherwise, would have sunk permanently to Davy Jones' locker place. They also assisted 156 other swimmers from places of danger and peril to upshore points of safety. They have provided first aid assistance to 940 other persons who had suffered accidents at the beaches. These young beach guards have been on duty a The crew members are all expert at resuscitation. Thia picture ahowa the correct position of a peraon'a head. total of 13,566 hours during that period looking after your safety and mine as we enjoye d the salt bathing at Jacksonville's leading seashore reforts Last year a,lone, 417 cases of distress of one kind or another were succored and treated. Six drowning swimmers were rescue d, while forty-six others were assi sted in time of need. Many of the bathers in the Atlantic Ocean are stung by jelly fish, Portuguese men-of-war and sea urchins-115 such cases were treated at the Jacksonville life guard station last summer. Thirty p e ople injured in automobile accidents on the beach were also given first aid. The piling of the pier at Pablo Beach is encrusted with barnacles. The currents and un-dertow in that vicinity are such that many swimmers are carried against these barb-edged barnacles. Two hundred cases of such injuries were doctored by the beach guards during the last bathing season. Many dislocations and bruises resulting from beach play were also treated. sional strong winds with heavy drags and summer "northeasters" which are often conducive to seashore accidents. The ancient mariner himself knew no more about the fickleness of salt sea currents than do these youthful rescuers of waterlogged humanity. Here is a typical illustration of the dangerous duties which are included in the ordinary assignments of the volunteer life guards. One evening last summer when a heavy surf was rolling due to a "northeast" storm, Surfman Edward Vriese answered the calls for help of three men and two women. Two of the party were some distance beyond the outer line of breakers. They were completely exhausted. The man had gone down once while the woman was just barely able to support herself in the water. The surfman swam out to the endangered pair carrying a life buoy and assisted them to shore. The man died of heart trouble due to his exertions. Another surfman rescued the three other bathers who were not nearly so far out at sea. On another occasion, a man and woman got caught in a depression runout and called for help. One of the surfmen swam to them immediately and kept them afloat until one of his mates could come to their aid with a life buoy. The surf boats are used for parties of bathers that are far out at sea. Last summer, one of the boats was used to rescue three men who would have surely drowned as they were wholly exhausted when the life boat reached them. Where groups of bathers are caught unexpectedly in current runouts, the surf boats are of vital assistance as in such instances the persons in the party are often too numerous to render rescue by life buoys possible. One of the life guards named Walters, AU lined up for an exhibi tlon drill. (Left) Their official title la, Coaat Guard Division No. 1, American Red Cross Life Savini! Corps. has invented an e fficient torpedo buoy which is now in u s e at the Jacksonville, Miami and Pens acola beaches in Florida and which p:>tentially will probably be adopted as a regulati on equipment by the American Red Cross. It consis t s of a portable cigar-.shape d float of extraordinary buoyancy. It is provide d with a sm all towline-a 3/16-inch sash cord which trails on shore while the surfman swimmer carries the buoy out to the bathers in dis tress. He can then assist the party ashore and in time of dire necessity can call upon his comrades to aid in towing the rescued swimmers back to the beach. An outstanding feature of the Walters torpedo buoy is that the ordinary life guard can readily s wim through the surf carrying one of these rescue devices. It is practically im possible to do this with the ordinary type of life buoy which is heavy and awkward. Three new surf boats suitable alike for either oars or sails have latterly been built in Jacksonville at a cost of $325 apiece, according to special designs worked out by members of the famous Floridian coast guard organization. Commodore W. E. Longfellow of the American Red Cross during a recent visit to Jacksonville, complimented the new surf boat type as the best he had ever seen. He predicted that the new model would unquestionably be accepted by the American Red Cross as a standard. A training class in first aid for the candidates for the Jackson ville coast guards is under the direction of several leading phy-sicians during the four months period from January to the last of April, the class meeting two or three times a week. At the end of that time, technical examinations are held. Usually the beginners' class consists of forty to forty-five candidates, but not more than a dozen of them finally qualify for the life saving corps. The members get their friends to enter the work. Thus the ones that qualify are congenial with those already in the corps. These bon d s of friendship perpetuate sociability, congeniality and good fellowship. The beach guards have to be expert not only in the rudiments of seamanship and the fine points of swimming but they also have to be intimately familiar with the depression runouts, tidal currents, local undertows, the light trade winds which habitually blow in the Pablo Beach latitude and the occaAutomobiles by the thouaands line the Florida beachea on Sundays. Continued on page 66) 25


A auction dredge pumps the mucky slush to the settling tanka. A Florida Golconda Diatomite A Matchless Buried Treasure May Center the Eyes of the Industrial World On Lake County By JUSTIN JARVIS Precipitation occurs In the settlinr tanka after which the material passes throurh larre filters. CAPTAIN KIDD'S buried t reasure in new and novel form has been dis cov e r e d latterly in Lake County, Florida, and an infant -industry is coming into being in our southernmost state-an industry which promises markedly to aid in lending to the former land of the flam i ngo the e conomic background which now is lacking south of freezing temperatures Gold seekers during the last half c entury have scoured the Florida keys s earching for the piratical booty which freebooters of the Spanish M ain are reputed to have interred amidst the shifting sands during the days when silken knee breeches and substantial coats of mail were still in s tyle. Innumerabl e expeditions have be e n equipped to seek and find that subterranean wealth. Thousands of acres of shifting sands have b een explore d. Mil lions of dollars have been expended fruitlessly. For, in the main, the rewards of the modern shovelers have b een nil. Old man Ponce d e Leon overlooked Florida's inimitable climate as the qualifying key to perpetual youth. He sought mysti cal waters and spurned all e l s e. Finally, he turned hi s back on Florida and sailed away-to his death. Florida with her equable climate her bright sunshine, her soothing salt-scented breezes offered venera! De Leon rejuvenation in a subtle form. His microscope, howev er, was evidently befogge d. The ancient explorer could not discern the treasures i n health and happiness which lay behind the glorious sunshine. And he sailed away to die. The treasure hunters likewise searched in vain. Finally they abandoned extensive quest. Yet all the time, a vast fortune as 26 great a s the mythical wealth of Cro esus lay conc eale d beneath the dazzling sands. Not along the sea coa s t nor buried in the keys but far inland close to the heart of Lake County many million dollars in idle capital were interred awaiting s cientifi c discovery. And praise be the r e sourc e s of fate, it has finally come to pass that this fortune in skeletal remains has been found. Add a n e w chapte r to Floridian hi story. Introducing another industry which will fo ster new enterprises and extraordinary succe ss e s in the land of our last frontier. Tell over your stories of the romance of commerce and industry. Reviv e their high lights. Recall their thrills For Florida, the state which is best known a s that land of delight where summe r spends the winter, now offer s a story-and a story a s true as the tale of George W ashington's cherry tree-which is garbed i n all the romance and glamour of one of fiction's greatest myths. For Florida i s now prepare d to reclaim from the bowels of the earth a fortune which dim inutive diatomes which ranks among the tinies t forms of life, began to store there more than 1,000 centuries ago. You probably have never heard o f diatomite unless you are actively engaged in some branch of industry which utilizes this mate rial. The million and one of our citizenry know nothing about this byproduct of mother earth's manufacture. Your writer knew no more about diatomite than about the mill enium when he motored the length of the state to secure data for this article. The following facts are the outstanding siftings which he s ieved through a thorough inves t igation of Florida's newest reclamation p r o je ct. Clos e to the core of that notable belt of fresh water lake s lies Clermont, a city that borders rolling countryside where citrus fruits prosper, where agriculture has progressed, where tourists love to spend the winte r months and where nature u sed the be s t quality material when she moulded and fashioned an attractive sec t ion in which to live. Thirteen mile s from Clermont on a spacious tract of s e mitropical jungles, has be e n found the finest d eposit of diatomaceous earth ever dis covered anywhere. If you d oubt what I say, there is irrefutable reports in numbe r to endorse my statement. Three of the leading testing laboratories of the United States and two of the bes t in Great Britain have made exhaustive analyses of the Floridian diatomite and say it is the purest and best ever found underneath this glob e s surface. The material of one hundred u ses--it i s an appropriate manner of de scribing diatomite, for like casein, this wonderful product from terra firma's storehouse is a sort of che mical jack-of-all-trades and master-of-as-many. Visit America's greatest libraries and you will find that there are more than a half hundre d r e f erence books which mention some of the mysteries and important uses of. this remarkable substance. There is no other material known to man which possesses similar power to resist the trans mission of heat and cold. Peculiarly enough, diatomite is t he be s t known distributor of heat and yet is also the b est barrier to heat transmission now recorded on modern industry's cal endar. Diatomite can be used efficaciously to keep the h eat in and the cold out. It is absolutely indestructible by fire and is ex-


Diatomaceous earth runs by aravity tbrouah the baffles of this drier like milk throuah a cooler. tremely light in weight, for one cubic foot of diatomite weighs only seven pounds. It is equally as valuable for sound insulati on as for protection against heat or cold. For fireproofing modern buildings it is matchless. Florida d iatomite is the lightest of all known forms of this material, is highest in silica content and has nearly twice the bulk of any other. As a fireproof wall plaster, Floridian diatomite will render the rooms so treated absolutely safe, as a thickness of one and. one-half inches is sufficient to prevent a bright red heat from penetrating to the wooden lath on the other side of the CO:l struction. A proportion of seven parts of diatomite to one of c ement gives about the same strength as ordinary lime plaster, and in this form diatomite finds its highe s t degree of usefulness in cov ering iron columns and girders. Other of the manifold uses of this miracle material are: For the covering of steam boilers, pipe s and steamheated surfaces; for the isolation of warm compartments such as the rooms of ships; for isolation in submarmes and similar underwater craft; as an isolation material for fireproof safes and storage rooms; for coating and filling in the walls of ice houses and other cold storage; for the manufacture of annaline and ultramarine; lor the manufacture of rubber goods, tires, matting, gutta percha, phonograph records, explosive s dynamite, fuses, insulating felt, fireproof paint, common glass, porcelain, pottery, statuary, insulators, cement, mortar, papier mache, imi tation stone, filtering material, grinding and pumice stone, tooth powders and dental cream, face powd e rs, artificial meer-A temperature of 2 ,500 degrees ia maintained in this kiln to burn the orl'anic matter present and evaporate the remnant moisture. schaum, and fireproof brick. Diatomite is als o use d as a filling material in the manufacture of soap, safety matche s, fireworks, blotting paper, calico printing, for refining sugar and syrup, for polishing glass and lenses and artificial eyes and teeth, for cl eaning clothes and cotton and for the absorption of acids disinfectants, as well D iat omit e and I t s Uses DlATOMITE is formed by the deco m p o sition of the skeletons, shells or b ony ove r c oat s o f minute o rganism s whi ch s c i enti sts c all diatoms. The minuteness of the diatom i s p o r tray e d by th e fact that a 1200 m u lt i ple gla s s i s r e quir e d to make them v isible t o man To f orm a on e i nch cube m o r e than 2 ,000,000 diat oms would have t o be h e ap e d t o g e ther S c i e ntist s say th a t the Lake County d e po sits date bac k in to antiquity more than 100,000 y ears be fore the dawn o f mode rn times. Fl o rida diatomite i s 99 3 o/o pure ; That from Cal i f o rnia and Algeria i s only 92 o/o pure Diatomite i s a material with a hundred us es. It i s a chemical Ja c k -ofall trades. There is n o mat e rial known to man whic h p ossesses a s imil a r power t o resist th e tr ansmissio n o f h e at and col d It will either keep th e m in or keep th e m out. It is e q ually v aluabl e for s o und in sulat i on Fo r fire pr oofi ng i t i s un equall e d It is absolutel y indestru c t i bl e by fire. A powerful blow torch wa s k ept on a br i ck o f i t f o r f o rty -ei ght h o urs and th e back o f th e brick did n o t e v e n b e come warm. Among other use s are in th e m a nu f actur e of rubber goo ds, t i r e s gutta percha, pho nograph reco rds expl o s i v e s dynamite, insulating felt firepr oo f paint, common glass, porcela i n, potte ry stat uary insulat o rs, filtering mat e rial grind ing and pumice stone t ooth powders, dental cre am face powde r safety matches, fireworks calico print, fo r polishing glass and lenses, f o r r efini ng sugar and syrup and many others. This wide range o f us e s may be in tr o ductory to potential industries which may in the course of time be established in C e ntral Florida. as in the manufacture of fireproof wall board. The wide range of uses to which this unusual substance can be put may be introductory to potential industries which in the course of time may be establis hed in c entral Florida close to the scene where the diatomite will be mined and converted into a marketable product. As matters stand at present, an efficient plant has been built adJoining the deposit. This plant which has a capacity of fifteen tons of merchantable diatomite daily, is an interesting example of the efficiency of standardized industrial practices. Arrangements have been made with a logging railroad which is now under construction to transport the commercial material from the isolated scene of its recovery to the common carriers which will haul it to the northern cities. A number of the largest concerns in the United States which use diatomite have attempted to contract for the e xclusive use of all the Floridian diatomite reclaimed near Clermont. However, the policy of the company which is now mining the material is to distribute it among the trade in g eneral where on account of its unrivaled purity, it will work the most good. The Clermont diatomite discovery is really an offspring of the world war. By a queer quirk of fortune the Britsh Admiralty learned that diatomaceous earth of rare purity had been found in small amounts in the southern extremity of the United States. A certain settler who had purchased agricultural land in Lake County near Tavares noticed the curious white colored, powdery material which remained afte r he had burned over certain of his land where the vegetation was dense. From personal inquisitiveness to ascertain accurately the name of the unusual ash which emanated from this land clearing enterprise, this settler submitted samples of the material to the experts of the U S. Geolog ical Survey at Washington. Government tests proclaimed the material to be diatomite of extraordinary purity. It so happened that two brothers were employed respectively by American and English laboratories that handled diatomite. The brother who lived in this country happened to mention in one of hi s letters to hi s relative in England that remarkably fine diatomite had recently been di s covered in Lake County, Florida. It was during the hectic war days when submarine construction was maximum in 27


Johnny Bull's seacoast towns. Diatomite on account of its light weight and un excelled fire resistive properties was of outstanding importance in the building of these subsurface "dogs of the salt sea." The chief source of England's diatomite supply were deposits on the Isle of Sky of the western coast of Scotland. In time, due to wartime exigencies, these deposits were exhausted. It was then that the British Admiralty learned of the Florida discovery. A certain English officer and engineer, C. Lindley-W ood by name, had had charge of the diatomite salvage op er ations on the Isle of Sky. He was sent to the United States by the English war lords to inve stigate Florida's diatomite depo sits and, if possible, to purchase the land where the valuable material had been found. This man Lindley-Wood is the son of one of England's pre-eminent engineers and in ventors. Charles Lindley-Wood is the dis coverer and patentor of steel wool. He is also the sole owner of many basic patents which pertain to gas production equip ment. His machinery is designed to extract gas from paper, peat, oil and other inflam mable materials. The apparatus convert the major constituents into marketable substances so that the by-product gas e le ments could also be directed into com mercial channels. This man Lindl eyWood, senior, ranks high among England's leading engineers. His son is a chip off the par ental block, equipped and inspired with the outstanding ability, education, experience and initiative which have made the father famous. Young Charles Lindley-Wood came to Lake County, Florida, during those epoc hal days of 1918 when the murmurs of Allied victory were first beginning to swell. Mr. Wood found the Florida diatomite even better than represented. The tract which he inspected was located near Tavares. Finally he purchased the land for certain English interests. And just about the time the extraction plant which Wood built was ready for active work, the armistice was signed. It so happened that a certain English lord who advanced most of the money for the purchase and development of the Floridian diatomite deposits was killed during the latte r days of the World War. His death involved the Tavares dia tomite deposits in chancery proceedings. As a consequence, nothing could be done from that day to this in reclaiming the diatomite. The plant has been closed until all the affairs connected with the estate co uld be settled. Charles LindleyWood, junior, was so interested in the pos s ibilities of finding more diatomite deposits in Florida that he remained in the state and for the follow ing two years scoured the back country and hinterlands of Lake County and adjacent regions, searching for other diatomaceous earth deposits. Finally his persistency and patience were rewarded. About a dozen mile s from Clermont he found a deposit which excelled the Tavares mine in the purity of its buried product. Mr. H C. Brown and a Miss E. L. O'Hara, two of the leading business citizens of Clermont, owned the seventy-five-acre tract where Mr. Wood found the industrial earth. After painstaking investigation they formed a company, built an excellent plant, and are now engaged in Florida's most unique mining venture. You can gain an idea of the potential wealth which these far-sighted people will win from their extraordinary enterprise by the fact that diatomite such as they are marketing now sells for from $200 to $300 a ton. This Florida diato mite is 99.3 per cent pure. No othe r de posit in the world even begins to approach the purity record of the Lake County product. The best deposits in California where the material is also salvage d from its soil-bordered birthplace yield a product that is only about 92 per cent pure. There 28 will be no future competition between the California and Florida products. Each will be used for essential purposes for which the other is not adapted. With the trade that uses it, diatomaceous earth is exactly as important as gold. The material has many aliases among the vari ous industrial firms which rely on it to perform important work. It is called Kieselguhr, Fossil-meal and Infusorial Earth. The Florida product is practically pure silica, the silght amount of impurities which occur consist of organic matter such as peat or lime. Indeed, the strangest part of this strange history of how fossils one million years old are invaluable i n modern manufacture evolves around the formation of the diatomite. It is formed by the de romposition of the skeletons, shells or bony overcoats of minute double-celled or ganisms which the scientists call diatoms. Under certain favorable conditions, these in describably minute organisms grow in :'"resh spring water and multiply in an amazing rapid fashion. Ultimately the diatoms die. The shells or skeletons which remain decompose. Pure deposits of sili ceous s k e l etons obtain from the decompo-The Whippoorwill By LUCIA CLARK MARKHAM TWILIGHT darkening the billows, In the west a sheer new moon, With the great star of the light-house Scattering its golden boon. Fantasies of shadow flitting Up and down the ghostly sands Where the dying waves come drifting Spent and white from distant lands. All the earth is hushed and listening To t he sea's immortal boom And the wind whose whispering pinions Waft mysterious perfume. Then a song comes wildly breaking Through the solemn purple peace, Like a banished god bewailing By the shattered fanes of Greece. Song of pity, song of sorrow, Song of infinite despair, The futility of longing And the impotence of prayer. Merge your hymn of vain regretting In the calm of sky and sea, As my frozen heart grows tender With th e night's benignity. sition of this organic matter. This novel mode of formation ensures the deposition of silica of remarkable purity. The pecu liar hollow form of the shells of the skele tons gives to the mineral a high degree of porosity, great non-conductive power and lightness. The minuteness of the diatom is por trayed by the fact that a 1,200 multiple glass is required to make this primary variety of two-celled life visible to man. The structural formation of the colony of diatoms is marvelously beautiful, more picturesque than the most wonderful col lection of snowflakes. To form a one-inch cube more than two billion of the diatoms are heaped together. Under Floridian con ditions, science reports that it requires about 100,000 years for the diatoms to reach their highest stage of perfection. Hence the d eposits in Lake County date back into antiquity hundreds of thousands of years before the dawn days of modern time. Could these fossils only talk, they would be able to tell tales which would surpass all the imaginings of Jules Verne and his contemporary writers. The Clermont diatomite deposits cover one-half of the seventy-five-acre tract where Charles Lindley-Wood first found traces of the fossil life. The strata of diatomaceous earth run from five to twe ny-five feet deep. This mine-if mine it may be called--constitutes Florida's twentieth century Golconda -a storage place of incomparable wealth. The scien tific evidence is to the effect that diatom formation ceased in that particular region untold centuries ago. Today there are no indications whatsoever of activity in the d e posits. The deposit occurs in marsh-life form ation. A large suction dredge is used in the reclamation enterprise. It pumps the mucky slush from the deposition beds and d elivers it in huge settling tanks about 500 feet away. The chief goal of the salvage work is to remove the surplus moisture and convert the valuable diatomite into a commercial form. After thorough precip itation has occurred in the s ettling tanks, the chemical material i s drawn mechan ically into large surface vacuum filters. This process eliminates a considerable amount of the moisture The material passes in time from the filters to the dry ing and calcining kiln. This particular kiln is fifteen feet in diameter and thirtytwo feet high. By gravity the diatoma ceous earth runs through the baffles of this effica cious drier somewhat in the way that milk flows through a milk cooler. A tremendously high temperature which approximates 2,500 degrees Fahrenheit is maintained in this kiln which effectualizes the burning of the organic matter present and the evaporation of the remnant mois ture. The residue is pulverized and sieved through a 200-mesh screen. Diatomite, a whitish powder which contains 99.3 per cent pure silica, is the ultimate product of commerce which results. An experimental fire brick made of this material has the same insulating properties as twenty-nine of the best fire brick now on the American market. Such a fire brick can be produced at a cost of $.095. It requires $2.61 worth of ordinary fire brick to provide the same amount of insulation as this single diato maceous brick. Another simple little experiment is worthy of note as illustrative of the excep tional fire resistive qualities of diatomite. Another experimental brick made of this material was e xposed to the maximum h eat of a powerful blow torch for forty-eight hours. At the termination of that period the back side of the brick was not even warm. This remarkable condition obtained because this brick was nothing more or less than a mass of dry air cells-the b est insulation known to heating and engineering science. These are but two of the minor tests which have been made in diatomite research in Lake County. Such comprehensive tests would not produce such flattering results if Algerian and Cali fornia diatomaceous earth samples consti tuted the subject matter, for the impurities of lime, peat, iron, calcium and magnesium which lower the values of these materials, would intervene to complicate such drastic experimentation. It took more than twelve months to build the diatomite plant near Clermont. It b egan active operations the middle of June and now is producing the highest grade of product of its kind in the world. The logging railroad, which now is in use has been extended to Loughlin, Florida, where the merchantable diatomite is re load e d and consigned to the northern mar kets. Silica acid is reclaimed as a by product of the diatomite manufacture. The by-product gases from the drie r and cal cining furnace are trapped so that their ammonia and silica acid contents may be e lectrifiE!d and saved to serve other needs of our stupendous manufacturing indus tries.


Thla Miami Beach cauaeway civea an idea of what the overaeaa hichway will be like. Phot o (C) Fishbaugh Building a Highway Over the Sea Motor ists Can Then D r i v e T hei r Cars From M aine t o Key West By S H E L T 0 N S M A T L A C K ONCE upon a time the state of Florida consist ed of a strip of land just south of the Georgia-Alabama border extending from Jacksonville to Tallahassee. Tourists who penetrated as far south as the gateway to the St. Johns river believed they had accomplished something worth boasting ov e r. They hurried back North with baby alligators as souvenirs and with marvelous tales of the farthest South. The remainder of the state was largely traditional. Many thought it was all swamp. Gradually time has worked a marvelous change, and while Jacksonville may remain the Gateway City, it is now regarded as merely the beginning of the land of wonders and not the end. Pioneer orange growers who pushed through the fastnesses of the state in the seventies and eighties in advance of the railroads and established homesteads 150 miles south of Jacksonville were regarded almos t in the same light as the daring spirits who crossed the plains to look for gold in California in '49. Or lando was once consid ered "South Florida," but n ow we call it Central Florida. Likewise Tampa was once the farthest south on the West Coast, but now we have Sara sota, Fort Myers and many other substantial and growing cities much farther south, and each one of these we know will develop beyond the present wildest dreams. were founded on e by one, new hotels and pleasure resorts establish e d and an empire was founded, the southern terminus of which was Miami. Key West was still isolated. In 1915 the railroad extension from Miami to Key West of the magnificent chain of k eys was completed largely as a through route between New York and Cuba. Key West had been connected with the principal business centers by railroad. To all intents and purposes it became a part of the mainland. Railroad development has meant much to Florida and will continue to b e exceedingly important, but in the year 1925 the great horde of visitors which throng to the state are coming in their own motor cars. The tremendous momentum which the rush to Florida has achieved is taking these cars farther and farther south. A splendid little empire all its own has been d eveloped south of Miami and a separate government for it has been sought of the state l egislature. But between the mainland and Key West lie the Florida keys, 10 000 in number, still almost as nature made them, and now only beginning to experience the transformation which has been going on in Miami for the last several years and which has made it the fastest growing city in the nation. Within the last few months tremendous d evelopments have be e n begun on the i slands which were for many years regarded as merely so much waste land, and' the prospect at this writing i s that an entirely new vista of Florida development is at hand, with achievements in the offing which will add new laurels to this state and which mean the establishment of a new summer and winter playground for all the world. The keys, once the refuge of pirates and shipwrecked mariners, with only a few fishin g camps to distinguish them from ab solute d esolatio n, and more recently the favorite place for the production of limes, pineapples and tomatoes, are attracting the attention of some of the most figures in finance in the nation. Long a favorite haunt for wealthy yachtsmen on a day's outing, they are to be transformed into a suitable environment for permanent hom es and hote ls. Likewise on the East Coast, after Jacksonville ceased to be known as the "farthest south," there came St. Augustine, but there was nothing whatever between that city and Key West. Gradually railroad construction proceeded, new cities Splendid paved r o a d s alread y extend the lencth of many keys and only need t o b e connected by causeways. The beginning of devel opments aggregating $10,000 000 on Key Largo, the sale of the entire island of Matacumbe and the transfer of half of the island on which Key West is situated, within a short period, indicate that tremendous things are expected in that section. 29


The questi on arises as to why this sudden boom, and the answer is that the islands are to be made accessible to motor cars which will bring thousands of tourists daily between the mainland and Key West, and will result in the formation of towns and cities where now there is only the beauty and charm that Nature put there. Within two years, it is estimated, it will be possible for the visitor from Maine to get all the way to Key W est on his own wheels, and within a few months Key Largo, the nearest to the mainland, will be reached by a bridge and causeway. Plans for this road have been talked for years, but talk has ceased and action has taken its place. Dade county, under a bond issue of $100,000, has under construction a link or road from Florida City to Card Sound, the beginning of the Monroe county line. At this point the Monroe authorities take up the work, installing a bridge and causeway, now under construction, which will connect with the main road running north and south the distance of the island, some thirty miles. This main road is being widened at the present time to make it sufficient to bear the demands of the big developments which are under way on the key. Meanwhile Monroe coun-ty, from the Key West end, is building northward from key to key, under a bond issue of $2,000,000 voted March 12. Monroe county's population has been centered largely in Key West, the principal city, as the other keys had not been settled and as the portion of Monroe county on the mainland is located largely in a portion of the Everglades which is just being reclaimed. The time has been foreseen, however, when the unsettled portions would be in demand, hence Monroe has been carefully planning for years for this automobile road which, besidell bringing development and settlement for its entire distance, will be one of the wonders of the world from an engineering standpoint. It will also be one of the most beautiful drives in the entire world, if it will not in fact surpass every other. The possibility of such a road has been doubted by some persons, just as it was claimed a few years ago that no railroad would ever be built across the keys to Key West. The railroad was built and is in daily successful operation. The doubters have been forced from that perch, and with the construction of the automobile road in actual progress, they are steadily being converted and are becoming boosters instead. Capable engineers will supervise the construction of the highway, and they see no reason why it should not be as successful as the railroad, which met and Completed portion of road base between Florida overcame all the difficulties which con-City and Key Largo. Clo":J.d effects and sunsets viewed from the F!orida are beaut:ful !.o po.:ls and painters. 30 Typ:cal lime erove located on one of the Florida keys. fronted it. The automobile road will practically parallel the railroad for its entire distance, and the engineering problems of both will be the same. Consult an ordinary wall map of Florida and you will find that the long chain of keys extends almost end to end for the entire distance from the mainland to Key West. Get a government map such as is used by mariners and you will .see the soundings and learn, to your surprise, that with only a few exceptions there is a shoal or bank between each key which is barely covered by water. A little dredgi!lg and bulkheading will produce a substantial embankment for a causeway, and each of the causeways will be short. Monroe county has for several years been steadily building roads from end to end of all of its keys, and now only the between the islands need to be supplied before the highway will be continuous, with the possible exception of about twenty-five miles where the deepness of the water probably will make a ferry either by boat or train a necessity. If the $2 ,000,000 voted by Monroe county March 12 is insufficient to complete these connecting causeways, it is the general understanding that the county is prepared to vote other bond issues as needed until the road is an established fact. Every link that is supplied will add that much to the value of taxable property and will increase the revenue which may be used for that purpose. Meanwhile the road is attracting such national many believe the government Will step m and finish the job should there be any delay realizing the importance of such a for the movement of military supplies in time of war. The turnover in real estate since actual construction was begun has been amazing, and dealers in key property believe that it has only begun. The Florida kers are not as yet widely known to the pubhc and with more knowledge available and greater publicity, they believe that investors in Florida property from all parts of the United States will next winter concentrate on this particular section in their buying. -The keys are declared by most persons who visit them to be the most beautiful islands to be found anywhere, on account of the natural growth of tropical trees an? and beautiful ocean scenery. Mans handiwork, added to God's, will make them a paradise, they declare. The fact that the road and causeway to Key Largo, the world's most fa! fishing ground will be completed wtthm a few months: and that work is in progress on the remaining links in the road to West, will be advertised to all motonsts


_ ................. the e stablishment of a golf cours e and club, a fishing pier, a hotel and a sub division for the exclusive use of million aires. Dredges are now at work constructing a system of canals from the bay side, which will make n early every lot a water front lot and which will furnish anchorage for a large number of yachts. Other developments are under way at Rock Harbor, Plaza and Tavernier. Ice and electric plants have b ee n started, an abundant supply of fres h water is piped from the mainland and a weekly newspaper has been established. Large crews of workmen are engaged in transforming the island and in erecting the many bus iness and residence structures that will be required. Shoreline of one of the keys with coconut palms in the background, Persons r esiding at Key Largo or interested in its developm ent predict that it will be a repetition of Miami Beach. A few years ago lots at Miami B each were offered almost free to any white family which would reside there, but the people of Miami held up their hands declaring they did not want to be bitten to death by mosquito e s. The d e velop ers of Miami Beach filled the mosquito-breeding low plac es dug out the scrub growth, planted palms, established hotels, and now Miami Beach is the world's winter playground. Lots which were g iven away at the start are now bringing $25,000 c ash. through the Miami Motor club and other organizations, and it is believed that drivers looking for new worlds to conquer wilt b e interested in this one. Heretofore many persons have left Miami daily for Key Largo and other points by charter boat, and while this always will be popular for those looking for a day's fishing, it is believed by W. S. Maxwell, manage r of the Miami Motor club, that a majority of persons will prefer to go to Key Largo by automobile, as more convenient and pleasanter for those not accustomed to boat trips. The Florida keys are naturally a land of enchantment because they are protected from breakers by a chain of reefs between the islands and the ocean, while to the westward there is a natural inside deep channe l for good sized yachts. Along the keys are many splendid natural harbors, most of them on the Gulf side, but several on the Atlantic side as well. A great white fleet of millionaire yachts is expected to anchor along this inside channe l and in the many beautiful bays and inlets after this, for the combination of railroad, automobile and boat transportation will make the keys exceedingly accessible to anyone, and consequently the more popular. Meanwhile the rumor persists that the Illinois Central, in combination with the S eaboard Air Line and Southern railways is shortly to establish a new short line route to Tampa from the North and West by connecting up several links of road, and that a continuous railway will be constructed southward to Cape Sable and thence to Key West, giving the Island City a second railroad, and also affording the keys another artery of transportation. To build straight south from Cape Sable to Key West was the original idea of the late Henry M. Flagler, who noted that the distance from the mainland to K e y Wes t i s shorter by that route than by any other. Preliminary plans are said to have been actually drawn for this work, when a reconsideration on the part of Mr. Flagler Jed to the construction of the road along its present route. The water straight south from Cape Sable is said to be just as shallow as it is along the route followed by the Florida East Coast railway, although there are not as many islands which could be linked together. Interest at present centers largely on Key Largo, the closest key to the mainland and the first to b e made accessible by automobile from the Divie highway. This island, a favorite fishing and camping ground, is exceedingly beautiful and cap able of producing magnificent crops of tropical fruits and vegetables. It is thirty miles long and varies in width from half a mile at its narrowest point to three mil e s at the widest. The entire length of the island is traversed by the Florida Eas t Coast railway, which has three stations at different points. The automobile h ighway the length of the island parallels the railroad and will link up with the bridge and causeway from the mainland as soon as that i s finished. Giant fish are caught among the keys. This Rhynodon was over 47 feet long, and the opening of his mouth was 6 feet 2 inches. W. M. Butler, a close political associate of President Calvin Coolidge, became interested in a $2,000,000 development near the northern end of the island, where comprehensive. plans are being carried out for Purchase of Matacumbe key, an i sland of 873 acres, located s eventy miles south of Miami, for $750,000, was reported a few days ago, the purchasers being D. J. McGowan, president, and Joseph Milne, secretary of the Miami Beach Casino Co. The y announced immediate d evelopment will be begun and that the island will be made into a winter rendezvous for tourists. Plans of great magnitude are said to be contemplated, but the exact nature of these has not yet been given out. In making this purchase Mr. Milne and Mr. Palmer, who are interested in a large ca s ino at Newport, R. I., announced that their action was based upon their beli e f that Miami will be a city of 1,000,000 persons within ten years, and that n e w playgrounds will have to be furnished the public. Another transfer of great importance is the purchase by Malcolm Meacher and associates, of Palm Beach and New York, of virtually half of the i sland on which is built the city of Key West. The figure s brought in this sale have not been announced officially, but have set long-headed residents of the Farthest South city thinking. Not only will this property be immediately developed in a manner suitable to the location, the purchasers say, but they are anticipating the time when Key W.est will need more ground for the expansiOn of its business and other interests. The added land needed will have to be obtaine d (Continued on page 66) Millions of dollars are being spent in the developmnt of Key Largo, the largest and nearest key to Miami. 31


ACRES of .DIAMONDS IN T H E EVERGLADES Huge Deposits of Peat Represent lv!illions of Dollars In Potential Wealth Giant diteber peat eaat of Lake Okeechobee By JOSEPH FAUS GOVERNOR Pinchot of Pennsylvania, at a recent meeting of many industrial captains and financiers in Philadelphia, raised a question that has already been voiced by a far-visioned, cautious few. He wanted to know what the United States is going to do when a score or so years hence its forests and coal sup plies will be exhausted, and it will have perforce no fuel to produce oil, steam, electricity, gas, and a hundred valuable by-products. He earnestly deplored the evident fact that citizens gave no heed to such a precarious morrow; said that too late we will rise up, in our dire straits, and cry for fuel-when there is no fuel! What will this nation do then? reiterates Governor Pinchot-for we have prodigally used up our forests and our coal beds, and have devoted no time or thought to finding substitutes for them when such evil day comes to pass. On the heels of this wise alarmist's assertion came a startling report from J. A. Phelon, oil e xp ert for the U. S .Shipping Board. Mr. Phelon said: "Before this country realizes it, it will be face to face with a calamity; it will be without adequate resources to generate electricity, produce steam, oil and gas! "In October, 1923, 2,200,000 barrels of oil were produced daily in the Union-in October, 1924, 1,960,000 were turned out. A daily loss of 224,000 barrels! "Furthermore, my thorough investigations show that this alarming decrease will continue. Now mark this: Unless new fields are discovered in the United States within twelve months (and none are now in sight), the next year will bring such a great drain on crude and refined oil stocks that their prices are certain to advance to an almost prohibitive plane. "More serious than that, -not very far distant is the time when we will have no coal, no oil, no gas at all-unless, as before stated, we disco ver new fields within our borders." New fields! Mr. Phelon speaks authoritatively on the subject. Consider, I ask, the one loop-hole he rather pessimistically mentions, but which possibility he evidently wots little of-new fields! Now comprehend this amazing fact, towit: In the state of Florida is a section whose organic product could empower with light, power and fuel every railroad, every steamship, every factory, every street and residence within its boundaries, for hundreds of years! More, it has enough to furnish, if necessary, a half-dozen other states! Read that over: Florida possesses a natural fuel that can supply commercial, 32 industrial, municipal and domestic light and power to a vast area for an incalculable period of years! The layman (I can hear him) snorts with sarcastic incredibility, "Florida has a ,f_uel that can generate such a .. proqig:ious amount of power? Tell tha 'to' Sweeney! You've been imbibing too ''much of the fabled Ponce de Leon water, .niy addlepated prognosticator! Go sleep it off!" Very well, scoffers. Gather close, you and your doubting Thomases and Sween eys, and I'Jl rub this Aladdin's-lamp tale of mine-l'm going to show and prove conclusively to you some sensational, but indubitably authentic, facts. Let me circumlocute a bit: Electric power is produced either by a fast-moving stream of water, often termed "white coal," or by the burning of some mineral or organic fuel. In case of the latter, minus the fuel, power can be wired from stations miles away. Millionaire Duke, of North Carolina, does this from his famous power-houses located on rivers and lakes on mountain sides. He transmits it through insulated wires to scores of villages and cities in his state. Edison, before him, did and does yet this same thing in California. Thus Florida, provided it has the means to produce such power, could wire it economically to any limit yet reached in the transmission of electricity. Now to the main story: The Everglades of this state for years was a standing joke-that is, to the majority of people. It was cliqued with the much abused mother-in-law and the Pat-and-Mike ones. A swampy, wild reptile-and-mosquito infested region without an iota of value it was-according to various bombastic, numbskull politicians. However, with the years the dull perspicacity of Congress and the Senate, sharpened by valiant and intelligent Floridians, was gradually brightened. Consequently the National and State governments finally succumbed to sound arguments and passed legislation by which a golden bucket was bought to bail these same "nefarious" Everglades. Agriculture! Corn! Sugar-cane! Squash and tomatoes! Beans and celery and potatoes! A fortune's there for the having! A new El Dorado is discovered! No fertilizer needed! Two and three crops a year! Where? Where? Why, the Everglades! That erstwhile bon mot of the nit-wit politicians! Forsooth, and true. Very, very true as time went on thoroughly to prove. Witness, I ask, the elated grins and the fat pocket-books of practically all agriculturists of these selfsame 'Glades. But in certain parts, above the farming value of this vast stretch of land, is another one. In some sec tions, quite true, it can be used more advantageously and profitably for farming and stock-raising. But about one-eighth (or approximately a half-million acres) of the Everglades contain the aforesaid valuable organic matter. What organic matter? you impatiently ask. Peat! Dr. Robert Ranaon, noted soil ebemiat, a sample of peat in bia band. "Peat"? You relax back with a quasi-puzzled,


quasi-disappointed expression. What in the world, you counter, is peat? Peat is coal "ten thousand years young." That is, let peat lie undisturbed for ten thousand years longer and it will graduate into coal-thus successfully lo sing its gas and increasing in fixed carbon. Peat is in cipient coal--coal in its immature stage; but withal its juvenility it is exceedingly hardy, strong and virile. It can, in truth, be used in some cases more advantageously than the anthracite and bituminous fuels, for though its thermal value is low its gas proportion is very high. At this point I, the speaker, due to brain minus geological and scientific tutor ing, find myself in "deep waters," beyond my depth, as it were-and technical phrases and terms tend to confuse and stage-frighten me. So let another, ex pertly and gracefully versed in such im portant and heterogeneous knowledge, take the stage. Doctor Robert Ranson, a r enowned soil chemist and engineer, now accommodat ingly elaborates on and analyzes my pre ceeding sketchy statements. If any per son is competent to speak on this subject, it is Mr. Ranson. He has lived for many years in Florida; he has spent eighteen years in indefatigible study, observation and experimenting in the midst of the Everglades themselves. Beyond peradven ture of a doubt h e knows this subject more thoroughly than any individual living; and such is this man's interest in the possibili ties and future of Florida peat, that it is the reigning passionate ambition of his life. to see its wonderful value recognize d "There i s peat undoubtedly in the Everglades,'' says Doctor Ranson; "there are a half-million acres of peat in the Ever glade s The Literary Digest said some thing about it the other day; the Manufac turers' Record remarked on it recently. The State government knows it's there, but it seems to wonder what to do about it! The people themselves are lazily wak ing up, cocking vague, almost incurious, ears and saying, 'For Pete's sake, what's peat!' "Well, peat is power-and power is riches and comfort! "Five hundred thousand acres there are, and they average t e n feet in depth, Every s uch acre of deposits contains the equivalent heat of six thousand barrels of fuel oil. Each ton of Everglade peat, ex cavated and dried by my processes, would cost one dollar to produce and deliver to power-plants within a radius of five miles; and it will give six times more he a t than the present dollar's worth of fuel oil. Tho se are conservative figures, the r esu l t of my personal experiments. Furthermore, the by-products that can be obtained from peat will more than pay for the cost of production! "These by-products, inci dentally, num ber about forty or fifty -the more im portant and valuable of which are sulphate of ammonia, methyl alcohol, oil, tar, gas and asphalt. I have a laboratory here in Miami; in it and elsewhere I have exhaust ively worked out many proble ms r elative to peat and its subsidiary products. M y m ethods are copied from plants operating s uccessfully in many sections of Europe Let m e t e ll of the great valu e of but on e of these by-products-ammonium in sulphate form. At the expense of approxi mately twenty-two dollars. I r ecove r e d from peat an amount of that that now f e t c he s on the market sixty-five dollars That alone speak s e loquently of the by products. "But back to the peat its elf: France Holland, Germany and Italy save mcreas ingly stupendous sums b y usin g peat for imported coal (and they are all, except Italy, n eare r to coal mine s tha n Florida), and thus can sell unde r market prices many Making a soil test of a peat deposit in the 'gladea. articl es i n which the cost of coal figur es so prominently. And Florida can do this, too-for Florida has the p eat! Plus that, too, an climate to produce it, unhampere d by disagreeabl e frost and snow. "In my laboratory, to many p e rson s l have clearly demonstrated the generation of peat gas for cooking and heating, for the op eratio n of internal combu s t io n en gi n es to generate el ectric current, and combinations of dust and gas flame s w1th which to raise steam i n boil e rs. The peat cok e from the r etort, from which the gas had b ee n extracted, I have burned on a blacksmith's forge and soon engendere d a h eat of welding proclivitie s. "My investigations in the 'Glad es," goes on Mr. Ranson "have convinc ed me that the utmost demand made on this source for fue l, to electrify every transportation lin e factory and hom e in the state, co ul d make no more than a slight impression on it! Nature ha.s truly provide d a v a s t store for us. And yet, seemingly, w e take no ad -vantage of it. It burns these natural deposits, out in the Everglades, acre after acre-and we don't seem to care! Why, not lon g ago the r e was a d ev astating fire out the r e that burned up enough e n e rgy to run the railroads of Florida for thirty years! We saw the dense smoke, smiled careless ly and said, 'Well, the 'Glades are burning a bit, I see.' "It is hard to understand why, with this hug e d eposit of fuel at our very doors, we s hould be sending away yearly for millions of dollars worth of coal, oil and asphaltand paying big transportation charges on them, too! "Consider for a minute H enry Ford and what hi s shrewd mind has done. Coal from hi s own mines, haule d to his factories over hi s own railroads, cost him five dollars a ton-thus saving fifty per c ent, as ten dol lars is the average price But his e fficiency does not stop there. He u ses a new pro c ess for making coke, power gas and other by-products from the coal cons e r ving all the smo k e And all this s tuff, hitherto slightingly r eferred to as 'waste,' returns to his treasury seven thousand dollars a day! He gets his coke for almost nothing and is given, under h is processes, more t han double the pow e r than any one unit has ever g e n erate d before! "Now, I know that what Ford is doing, this state c a n do eithe r by hi s or simila r processes M y figures and experimenh with peat have bee n substantiated b y many engineers. It all come s dow n to this on e terse fact: Peat. properly e xcavated and dri e d, and with all the va luabl e by-products extracted, s till r etains enough heat from its r emaining gas content. s o that this gas for fuel can truthfully b e claimed to co s t nothing-the financial returns from the by products paying all costs of production. "Think of anoth e r asp ec t t o t h e cas e for a while-namel y, the add ed population and other great industries it would brinl!' to Florida. Why, thousands of men would b e mining p eat i n the Eve rglades, would h ave thei r famili e s and hom es h e r e. W e coulrl with the cheaper tra n sportation, market vegetabl es and fruits that are now wasted, s o that these growers would doubl e their income s. We would be paying one-sixth a s much for electri cal powers at hom es, cities and factories. We could, if we care d, wire and sell pow e r to all the railroads and pre sent power-plants The po ssi biliti es see m unli mited. A fantastic dream all that may a ppear-but wai t and see And, lastl y. (Continued on page 68) A long line of upturned deposit of muck or peat. 33


Norweclan freighter Tampa taking on a cargo of phosphate WHICH TAMPA? Five Large Ships Bear the Name of Florida's Largest City By PHILIP TAMP A must be the most popular city in the world, at least among those who pick names for steamships. This conclusion is reached after long acquaintance with of ships and incidental research m sh1ppmg regis ters, which have failed to rev:eal city that can boast of havmg gtven .1ts name in recent years to more ocean-gomg vessels, American and foreign, than Tampa. Now the definite reason for at least five steamship builders or owners tearing their shirts in their haste to paint the name of Tampa across the stern plates of their new ships, not to mention emblazening it on both bows, the pilot house, the life buoys and the lifeboats of said ships, is a subject for further discussion. It can not possibly be because Tampa is the world's greatest seaport. There are only two American steamships, a tanker and a freighter, named New York, and one British freighter known as the New York City. The battleship New York, of course, is named for the state. It can hardly be because the word Tampa is the most euphonin11s. Los An geles and San Francisco and Miami and Rangoon and Barcelona claim equally pleasant designations, though some of them are harder to pronounce. E BARNEY States Navy, Tampa is widely known as an exceptionally hospitable port in which to enjoy shore leave. Officers and seamen of merchant vessels also are apt to express a preference for this city over most other seaports, on account of fair treatment, de lightful climate and semi-tropical scenery. South Florida is not exactly moun tainous, but the skipper of a four-masted schooner here a few weeks ago preferrred this landscape to Port Arthur, Texas, his last port of call. "Port Arthur is so flat that if you spill a bucket of water on the main street, it will run all over town," said he, with a se rious expr essio n on his face. Then he added, as an after thought, "So they have to be careful." One good reason for naming ships Tampa is that it is a short name, easy to speak, to write, to telegraph, to radio. It is nearly as brief as Cork, Ireland; Aden, Arabia; Kobe, Japan, or Riga, Latvia. It is much simpler than Banjoewangie, Java; Chingwangtao, China; Zamboanga, Philip pine Islands; or Itacoatiara, Brazil. Unfortunately, simplicity has not been the guiding star of most namers of ships, numerous smaller craft. First of the fleet was the old U. S. S Tampa, coast guard cutter built in 1912, which w o n undying fame in naval service during the World War. Just at sunset on September 26, 1918, she was sunk in Bris tol Channel, off the English coast, by an explosion of unknown origin, doubtless either a G erman U-boat or a mine, and every one of the 115 souls aboard went down with the ship. Nineteen men from Tampa, more than thirty from Florida, were among those heroes. The loss of the Tampa was the largest loss of life incurred by any United States naval unit during the world war, with the exception of the U. S. S. Cyclops, naval fuel ship, whose fate has never been ascer tained. Just a few weeks ago, headquarters of the United States Coast Guard received a brass boat plate marked "U. S Coast Guard Boat No. 718." It had been found on the beach at Porthcawl, Wales, and turned over to the American consul at Cardiff, who forwarded it to the Secretary of State. Upon reference to the records, it was found that this plate was used as an identification mark on one of the Tampa's whaleboats, and is the only known part of the Tampa ever recovered. It will be suitably preserved by the Coast Guard as a hallowed memento of the Great War. This ill-fated ship was succeeded by the U S. S Tampa, new coast guard cutter commissioned in 1921. Despite her south ern name, she has been regularly in the ice patrol service off the North Atlantir coast. The new Tampa was built in Oak land, California. She is a modern vessel, 240 feet long, with electric drive, an ef ficient battery of guns, and the newest life saving equipment. Incidentally, there are two posts of the American Legion named U. S. S. Tampa Post. One is the post at Tampa, named for the vessel lost in the war. The second is the post organized by war veterans in the crew of the new cutter. The next steamship Tampa is the 10,000ton steel freighter built at Tampa by the Oscar Daniels Company and launched on June 12, 1919, one of a fleet of ten sister ships built here for the United States Shipping Board. She was operated in foreign trade for some years, and at pres ent is laid up at Norfolk. Another Tampa is the passenger steam ship of the Gulf & Southern S. S. Co. now in service making weekly round trips between Tampa and New Orleans. She is an iron-hulled vessel built at Philadelphia. She bas been in the present service on the Gulf of M e xico for two years. The latest Tampa, to date, is a Norwegian motorship, of 6,200 tons deadweight, built by the Deutsche Werft, of Hamburg, G er many, and launched on July 14, L923 for the account of Wilhe lm Wilhelmsen, of Tonsberg, Norway, the world's greatest individual shipowne r who died last year. This Tampa has made several to American ports in the service of the Wilhelmse n Line, and made her first visit to Tampa in March to take on a cargo of phosphate. San Francisco and Norfolk, two world-famous seaports, are popular in the business of naming. There are three steamships Norfolk, and one Japanese vessel Norfolk Maru. There was a British steamship Nor folk Range until a year or two ago, when it was change d to the Swedi s h steamer Sveadrott. The n there are now two steamships San Francisco, one motorship ,san Francis co, one steamer San Fran cisco Maru and on e motor vessel, City of San Francisco. S.S. Tampa carryinc passengers and freight between Tampa and New Orleans So, if you happen to speak casually of the Tampa to a ship ping man, he may ask you, "Which Tampa?" But no other city, except Tampa, is so prevalent. There are two steamships Paris one Paris Maru and one Paris City. Los Angeles is the name of a tanker, and City of Los Angeles, a passenger ship. Tampa's vogue on vessels is perhaps be cause the port of Tampa is as popular with the thousands of seafaring men who call here, as it is with thousands of inland tourists. Among sailors of the United 11 any more than it has been the beacon of designators of Pullman cars. Vessels which have visited this port have sailed under the name of Niceto de Larrinaga or Oxelo sund or Tsuyama Maru or Saguache or Shickshinny or worse, to the dismay of pilots and shipping agents. Whatever the reason, there have been at least five large vessels named Tampa, four of which are still afloat, not to mention Because at the same moment that the Tampa is moored at Norfolk, perhaps the Tampa is shadowing icebergs in the mid dle of the North Atlantic Ocean, while the Tampa is arriving in Oslo, Norway, from Tampa, and the Tampa is sailing down the Mississippi river from New Orleans, bound for Tampa. But all serve to advertise the city of Tampa-Florida's metropolis


Three o f Uncle Sam's largest destroyers were manned by Florida's naval reserve FLORIDA-A TRAINING GROUND FOR the DOGS of WAR Its Far-Flung Coast Line is Adapted for All M a nner of M a neuvers B y O u r N a val Forces By ENSIGN B F BORCHARDT. RECENTLY the Navy w e lcom e d back many of its ex-service men, con ducting reserve cruises in divers parts of the country. Florida re serv e s w ere give n the opportunity of re gaining their sea-legs, of learning to dis tinguish "port" from "starboard" without too long an interval of thought, and gen erally to become seagoing again. More over the magnetism of Florida drew to its waters many warships having aboard re serves for training, not only from this but other states as well. So well pleased were all the visitors with the reception accorded them that the com manding officers departe d, highly resolving that if the itineraries of the summer cruises be left to their choice they will become regular visitors to the ports and watering place s of Suniland and will pass the word to their colleagues so that its waters will become a perennial rendezvous for the greyhounds of the deep. Florida is under consideration for so many new ventures by private enterprises, that one loses sight of the fact that official dom is also attracte d, and word comes from competent authority that its waters may become the future drill grounds of the Navy for all seasons. At present, Guantanamo Bay is the only winter rendezvous for the Atlanti c fleet It offers no advantages that Florida cannot abundantly supply. In fact the only argu m ent advanced against F lorida is that its attractiveness is a detriment to men being whipped into battle condition and the de mand for shore-leave is too insistent and frequent, whereas Guantanamo Bay offers no such distractions. The Navy D epartment goes on record as looking to Florida for the citizenry that will lead in and stimulate interest in future naval progress. Sober-thinking experts see the coast-line of the nation's playground as equivalent to that fro m Maine to north ern Florida and say that a citizen force shou l d be on hand to augment the national forces in case of a n emerge ncy. Section bases could then be formed manned by reserve personnel. "The type of men in Florida interested in the Naval Reserve," says a department bulletin, "have means to advance and pro mote the organization and a r e not neces sarily dependent upon the department for financial support. The large coast-line of the state induce s men of this type to spend their l eisure time on the water, and many who are to be affiliated with the reserve force have yachts and other small craft at their disposal." Miami and Jacksonville already have active reserve units, which participated in the recent cruises, and a third unit is being organized for the West Coast and inter ior. But mo s t important is the opportunity to lead in the great task before the Navy, that of taking to the air. The stamp of official approval of Florida as having with in its confines locations par excellence for aerial bases has a l r eady been made: The larges t naval air station in the country is located at Pensacola, and during the war one was located at Miami. In its aviation program, the Navy is now dead in earnest and o n e hundred per cent for it as a vital part of the fleet. But the problem is a more gigantic one than appears to the layman at fir s t blush for your naval aviator must be both sea man and airman, and to create the com bination is a man-sized job. Congres s is b eing be s ieged for appropriations for this U S N R. F purpose. More officers and men are needed right away and the floating Navy cannot b e reduced in men or money to permit this extra development. The Navy opposes a solid front against the movement for a single a i r force, in si sting that aircraft squadrons must be manned by naval personnel, trained and indoctrined in t h e Navy, part of the Navy and absolutely unde r naval control and discipline. A digest of opinions and au thorities of high government officials on the subject of a united air servic e shows that the use of aircraft with the fleets i so clo sely related with naval strategy and tactics that it would be impossible t o succes sfully direct their employm ent were they part of another organization. The Navy must retain its own air service, and likewi s e, the Army, if efficient work is t o be expecte d from either of these two important military services. Suited as it i s by Nature in every way for the development of thi s arm of de fense, Floridians shoul d and will bac k up with the fullest co-operation the efforts of the Navy to establish new naval air stations. II. To revert to the orthodox Navy that floats on green sea, Florida reserves have been unusually favored in the summer cruises offered them. D estroyers have in other years taken them far northward into the Atlantic, to New York, Bo ston and Norfolk. In 1920 the author of this ar ticle officered a fleet of t e n eagle boats carrying a large group of F lorida r eserves from Key West to Mare Island Navy Yard, San Francisco, stopping en route in Guan tanamo Bay, Kingston, Colon and Balboa, Canal Zone ; La Union, S a n Salvador; Sa35


lina Cruz, Mexico, and finally San Diego and San Francisco. At the termination of the cruise the entire complement of reserves were sent overland to their homes. Men from all parts of the state participated and were accommodated as far as possible in this cruise, receiving while in active service the pay of their rank or rating. The benefits, considered from all angles, were inestimable. The good seaman is not made in a day, and the Navy realizes the necessity of keeping fit the material that much effort and expense of the past has produced. In fact the good sailor is born, not made, one of the first e ssentials being an inherent and unquenchable lov e of the s e a and its wide margins. To such a man the hum of rigging when the last seabuoy is passed, is swaying music; he gazes at the whitened wake with the ecstacy of accomplishment. Dawn com e s as the denouement of a wonderful dream. 'l'o him the striking of bells and the routine of the ship spell order and decency, and he glows with the satisfaction that most of his comrades about him respond to the same emotions. For most sailors are cut from the same piece of cloth. III. For the purpose of outlining a typical summer cruise aboard a warship, let us follow the destroyer Bruce, the home of the Miami Naval Reserves for two weeks last May. On t he morning that the ship was due, all hands ashore kept a bright lookout from points of vantage until she was sighted up the coast. The night before they had celebrated in true sailor fashion the expiration of their long leave and now, their adieux made, ihey are eager to feel the exhilaration of being again in the armed service. To the smart officer on the bridge of the ship the skin of the sea has a satiny sheen of bewitched Maxfield Parrish blue and he dreams of marine gardens and coral growths beneath it that capture and hold the daintiest confections of colors, of many-hued fish and crustaceans. He relaxes his vigil to admire the flying-fish springing up in shoals before the slicing of the sharp forefoot and wonders, as he singles out a specially long flight, if they do not move their wings rather than glide airplane-like, as the dictionary in the wardroom weakly asserts. While thus speculating a nacreous spot )n the clouds takes graceful shape, grows into a silvery bulk magnificent in the morning light--a leviathan of the air flashing in the sun. It is the Navy dirigible Los Angeles on one of its demonstratio n flights. en from Porto Rico to Lakehurst, New Jersey, its home port. It moves on and become s merged in the clouds, leaving the young officer thrilled with the thought that he may some day be aloft, navigating the skies. On h is port hand are a procession of steamers, six or eight in sight at all times, travelling with the Gulf Streams or its counter-current, bound for all the ports of the Seven Seas. To starboard is Florida the enchanted. The domes and pyramided tops of lordly beach hotels are dwarfed models rising above a fringe of diminutive palm trees. The course of the destroyer is altered and soon it is passing c lo se at hand the causeway from Miami to Miami Beach, automobilists waving their welcome to the trim craft as they hasten past. The d estroyer docks and the reserves come aboard with their dunnage, and soon after the Bruce is underway bound for Key West. The newcomers are assigned to their battle stations and for those of the various maneouvers such as "abandon ship," "man overboard," or for coming to anchor and getting underway. They fall 36 Look:nc aft from the lookout tower of a destroyer to their duties with enthusiasm. Night finds the ship on its way, picking up one by one the lights of the Florida keys and making cross-bearings so that its exact location is known every instant. The regular complement of the ship have wholeheartedly welcomed the Reserves as their guests, looking forward to new faces and new viewpoints. Gradually the word of Florida's meteoric progress, which is on the tongues of all the short-timers, spreads in the crew's quarters forward and aft and through the officer's "country," and Com mander Thibault at table that evening des pairingly inquires: "How many millionaire second-class seamen have we with us, per haps?" At Key West the Bruce receives a pressing and most cordial invitation from the St. Petersburg Chamber of Commerce to visit that port and rendezvous with the Case, the Breck and the Lardner, other destroyers having Reserves aboard for training. The Case (Captain Poole) has Louisiana reserves of two officers and between thirty-five and forty men in addi tion to its regular personnel, the Beck (Captain Magruder) has 120 reserves from Charleston and Atlanta, the Lardner (Cap tain Peterson) has the Jacksonville Reserves aboard of four officers and one hundred twenty-five men. The Eagle boat Nine, manned entirely by Reserve s of Richmond and Norfolk was met at Key West, but continued its way to Havana to attend the Presidential Inauguration. St. Petersburg did itself proud in passing out a royal welcome to the fleet which swings at anchor within its harbor. The ships were greeted by seaplanes circling overhead and speedboats with throttle wide open, executing their fanciest hairpin turns. A committee boat with Acting Mayor E. C. Reed, Dr. E. S. Simmonds, fleet captain of the St. Petersburg Power Boat Association, J. P. O'Conner of the Chamber of Commerce, F. E. Demarest, President of the Florida Power Boat Association, AI Strum, Commodore of the St. Petersburg Power Boat Association and George M. Coslick, Chief of Police, met the destroyers and escorted them to their berths, delivering in appropriate addresses the keys to the city. All facilities for enjoyment were open to the sailors. Officers broke out golf bags and regained their land legs on the fine courses of the Sunshine City, Bellair and Tampa. Liberty parties of men came ashore in the motor craft of the destroyers to give St. Petersburg the jaunty atmosphere of a naval harbor. The citizenry w ere a unit in providing automobile rides through the surrounding country, to the mutual enjoyment of hosts and guests. It was truly a "naval holiday" for all concerned. From St. P etersburg the four destroyers proceed in formation to Dry Tortugas, the most westward group of the Florida keys, anchoring off the fortifications of Garden Key, a tremendous stronghold of the Federals in Civil War days and used by the United States both in the Spanish-American and the World War. Abandoned now and in a state of dilapidation and ruin, it has furnished shelter for small vessels in distress. Written on the walls are names of crews that have visited it at times and messages that quicken one's imagination, as the following: (ConUnued on page 58)


Bee Keeping F OR PLEASURE AND PROFIT The Story of a Michigan Man's Success In Florida By C. P HUNTINGTON PERHAPS it was the sight of thousands of bees, contentedly humming as they buzzed about the .fragrant orange blossoms that inspired E J. Blaine to become a bee-keeper in St. Petersburg, but whatever it was, the thought was a brilliant inspiration that for E. J Blaine and his family has turned drudgery of daily life into healthy, happy pastime in the open air, and has built for them a business and the foundation of a fortune that will make them independent. attracted the attention of storekeepers and wholesalers. "We want Orange Blend," said customers "You shall have it," said the store-Examining a comb tray to make sure it i& being properly stored with h oney by tbe bees. "Bee-keeping, an odd hobby," many would say. "Not a business at all." But two busy bee farms housing five hundred colonies of productive bees producing 24,000 pounds of honey annually refute the thought. E. J. Blaine was a furniture maker in the employ of a large Grand Rapids furniture factory. Doing things well and steadily was a Blaine attribute, but the life of a worker in a modern furniture factory has limitations. Gone are days of the old-tim e cabinet maker, and here are the times of the machine worker, who has one prescribed operation to perform on a machine and goes through it hundreds of times daily, the same thing over and over. It was irksome to Blaine, who had vision, and a desire to be master of his own domain. An injured finger, smashed in the machine on which he labored, pointed the way to progress. It might have been an arm, instead of a finger, and Mrs. Blaine joined him in the belief that he should seek a new calling, and in a far country, where opportunity beckoned and every man was his own master. And so, a decade ago, the Blaines moved to the Pinellas Peninsula, on the Gulf Coast of Florida, and chose St. Petersburg as their home. Invigorating breezes fan the air. Piney woods give of their fragrance, and lofty palm trees lend shade. It is never winter there, but it is not tropical, and the northerners from frigid Michigan found it ideal. keepers The Blaine Orange Blend Bee Colonies increased in number to one hundred, two hundred and finally, with the establishment of a second and auxiliary farm, to five hundred. Modern distilling equipment refined and purified the product. And has this business outgrown the efforts of Mr. Blaine and be come a company, with numerous employes? Indeed it has not. Mr. Blaine emphatically states that his wife has been full partner in his suc cess, doing a big share of the work and reaping her share of benefit. There has been auxiliary help called upon in busy s easons, but Blaine and Blaine continue to be not only the proprietors but the "hired help" of the Orange Blend Bee Farms. The visitor finds both Mr. and Mrs. Blaine during the workday dressed in neat overalls, going from hive to hive, known by their b e es and unmolested. Their home is not luxurious. It is comfortable and homelike, and there is no landlord to pay, for Blaine owns both of his farms and the buildings thereon. In the boiling kitchens, we find great boilers full of honey, and are almost overcome by the sweetness of its odor, and the penetration of its flavor, that may be tasted from the vapor in the air. "Yes," says Blaine, "We've made a go of it in Florida, been happy here and successful in our small way. Bee keeping isn't a hobby. It's a fascinating business and a profitable one if handled right. We k ee p in touch with folks in Michigan, but I guess our affection for the city that has seen our struggles and rewarded them will hold us in Florida." Modern in every r espect are these Blaine Bee Farms, with neat, white painted hives, sturdy buildings, well kept gardens and orange groves. Modern and sanitary packing methods are used and motor trucks transport the product to shipping points. Think of the price per pound of honey, multiply it by twenty-four thousand and see for yourself if the bee-k eeping industry is a real business of a hobby. As I drove downtown from the original Blaine Bee Farm, I ruminated upon the absence of technical talk from my interview with Mr. Blaine. Just a matter-offact business man, who talked in terms of common sense and left the scientific terms and Greek cognomens to hobbyists who never would approach his success. Not even the word "Apiary" had been used, and yet because it is a substantial business, the culture of bees amid the brilliant tinted Florida flowers and orange and grapefruit trees lost nothing of its attraction. Suppose you take sixty cents as the average price per pound of liquid honey. In some places it is higher and others lower. You find that the gross income of such an establishment as the Blaine's may be about fifteen thousand dollars a year. Then consider that they make their own beehives and the majority of their equipment and do their own work. The upkeep is not large. Even in years when the pro-duction is much low er, as sometimes occurs, a good living in c ome may be derived. In addition to this, bear in mind that though the properties owned by the Blaines are now within city limits and passed by street cars, and surrounded by an excellent residential district, a few years ago when pur chased, the y were ordinary Florida farm lands, such as are available to anyone in outlying districts. They started with a tiny shack and a wheelbarrow for equipment. The cabinet maker's skill was turned to the b11ilding of modern hives that would protect the health and comfort of his bees. He dis that, whereas the colo nies were subject to the same "starvation p eriods as north em bees, their yi e ld was more plentiful and more delicious. "Orange Blend," was an inspiration as a name for Blaine's Honey, the very name assuring the flavor of the product. Early production was in small quantities, for nearby consumption. Then winter visitors, who had tried the product, began sending for it after their return to Northern homes. Soon it The Blainea are &o intere&ted and busy that they have not taken the time t o build a large modern h ome. Instead of being a furniture laborer, Blaine is independent, his own boss and employer, with an interesting and profit able business, and owns land that has greatly increase d in value during the years of his tenure. In addition to the bee colonies mentioned, he operates others at nearby points, such as Largo, Dunedin and Amona. Thus business grows and grows. 37


THE GREATEST MEN of FLORIDA William D. Bloxham-Savior of His State FINANCIER, :soldier, statesman, sch?lar and savior of his state-thus might one briefly summarize the career of Governor William Dunnington Blox ham seventh in SUNILAND'S series of The' Ten Greatest Men of Florida. In a word Governor Bloxham was the Alexandef Hamilton of Florida, an analogy which immediately presents itself to the student of the brilliant Floridian's life. Fortunately for h i s state, the career of Governor Bloxham was not cut short as was that of Hamilton one bleak morning at dawn on the Palisades back to New York when a vice-president did murde r. No citizen of Florida has ever served his state for so long a p e riod of years in such a distinguish e d as did J? Bloxham. His pubhc career-begn.mmg m 1860 and continuing until the openmg of a new century-embraced 26 years in position s eight of which were sp ent m the governor' s chair. His is the only instance on record in which a man has been se lected twice as Florida's chief executive. Beside serving two terms as governor, Mr. Blox ham was also a member of the state legis lature, lieutenant-governor, minister to Bolivia, secretary of state, surveyor-gen eral, comptroller and of the state Democratic committee beside mmor offices which were often tendered him. Governor Bloxham was born July 9, 1835 near what is now Chaires, Leon county, Florida. His family is one old in the genealogical records of England, em bracing many distingui.'lhed soldiers and authors. The Immigrant founder of the family in America, Governor Bloxham's grandfather, made his settle ment in Virginia, was a large ship owner and lost heavily in the War of 1812. The next in line, Governor Bloxham's father, emigrated to the then new Territory of Florida and became a planter on a large scale. He was married shortly after his arrival to Miss Williams, of Georgia. After compl eting such courses as were offered in the rural schools of Leon county, the r;overnor-to-be was sent to William and Mary college, Virginia, where he graduated in 1856. The following year he married Mi.'ls Mary C. Davis of Lynchburg, Va., to whom two children were born, both dying after almost reaching maturity. Mrs. Bloxham died in 1902 and after five years a widower, the governor was wed to Mra. G. Moss Norvell, of Henderson, Texas. As soon as Governor Bloxham had com pleted his college course he returned to h i s native hills of Leon with his young bride. He engaged in planting on his father's estate which he augmented by later pur chasing the adjoining plantation of Princess Achille Murat, widow of the French exile, whose residence in Leon county added so much romantic interest to the capital region. Mr. Bloxham early manifested an interest in public affairs and in 1860 was chosen a member of the state legi;;lature which adopted resolutions calling for a state con vention to consider (and ratify) secession articles. When war came betimes he or32 By W M WALKER EDITORIAL NOTE This is the seventh of a series of life stories of the men selected by the readers of SUN/LAND Magazine as the "Ten Greatest Men of Florida"-men who have done the mosD toward the progress and development of the state. The life story of Stephen M. Sparkman, who, while in Congress, succeeded in ob taining a deep water channel through Tampa Bay, will appear in SUN/ LAND for August. ganized and during a portion of the con flict command e d a company of Florida in fantry. It was at the close of the Civil War that Governor Bloxham's magnificent career really began. Anyone familiar with the history of the period knows in what a des perate condition the Southern states found themselves. The task of upholding white supremacy lay in the hands of a pitiful remnant of war-scarred veterans, feeble old men and callow youths. It was, presum ably, a peaceful, bloodles.s battle; perhaps so, perhaps not. At any rate, the battle centered around the polls and in politics Governor Bloxham proved a conspicuous figure. His forceful, pleasing eloquence and personal magnetism marked him as a leader in the Democratic fold. The three memorable campaigns of 1870, 1872 and 1876 were notable examples of the persi.'lt ency and thoroughness of Mr. Bloxham and his allies to overthrow by the ballot box the reign of Republican misrule in Florida. In 1870 Mr. Bloxham was nominated for lieutenant-governor to fill the vacancy in that office during a Republican administra tion. He made a thorough canvass of the state which was so effective that when the returns were made public he had been nominated lieutenant-governor and S. L. Niblack was elevated to the Congress. But the Republicans were not to be so easily whipped. They calmly counted out the Democratic victors. Mr. Bloxham took his case to the supreme court where he was vindicated after a prolonged legal battle. Subsequently, both he and Niblack took their rightful offices. This victory of the Democrats was hailed as a harbinge r of better day.s and its encouraging effect on the party cannot be overestimated. It was the first vit'!tory for a Democrat in Florida since the Civil War. In 1872 Mr. Bloxham was unanimously nominated for the office of governor, with the result that another of his vigorous campaigns was waged and an honest triumph won. Fate, however, conspired with the scalawags. On election day a ter rific storm swept over the state. The shrewd Republicans had placed only one ballot box in each county, many white voters, particularly in the peninsular end of the state, were unable to reach the polls. But the etfort. wa.s not wasted for the next campaign, in 1876, resulted in a sweeping victory for Governor George F. Drew and marked the erasure from power forever of the alien hosts that had fattened on the unfortunate state. Mr. Bloxham went into office as lieutenant-governor under Gov ernor Drew. It was four years before Mr. Bloxham ascended to the gubernacy, but during those intervening years he made an in tensive study of his state, its county and central governments. He made an un wearied investigation into Florida's condi tions and the needs of her people. When at last the time came, in 1880, for him to take the governor's chair he was indeed well qualified. When Governor Bloxham took office he found the state's finances still in a chaotic condition despite the best efforts of Gover nor Drew and his cabinet. The bonded debt had been slightly increased, additional bonds having been issued in the hope of putting the state on a cash basis. There was in addition a floating debt, including deficiences of over $100,000. Sinking funds and several educational funds had absorbed some of the outstanding bonds, but there was nearly $667,000 yet in the hands of individuals. To meet the interest on the bonds money had been borrowed on individual responsibility of the governor and his cabinet. Total valuation of tax able property was only $31,457,000. The population was 269,493. The total railroad mileage did not exceed 400 miles. Only 1,131 public schools were in operation. The situation is graphically described by a historian of Florida as follow.s: "Florida's Internal Improvement Fund, consisting at that time of something over 10,000,000 acres of land, mostly designated as swamp and overflow, was granted by the legislature to encourage the building of railroads, canaLs and other means of transportation. Prior to the Civil War, the public lands had been pledged to guarantee the 7 per cent interest on $3,957,000 worth of bonds issued for the buildin ... of railroads and canals. That war rendered it impos sible for the railroads to pay the interest due and they were seized and sold, but not bringing enough money in the sales to liquidate the debt, there was a large and increasing interest account left as a per manent charge against the Internal Im provement Fund. The recognized misman agement of the fund immediately after the war added to the embarrassment, and the creditors, during Governor Reed's administration,_ appealed to the United States court. 'fbe fund seemed hopelessly involv ed in litigation, in the expenses of which all the proceeds of the sale of lands were C(>nsumed, so that nothing was left to pay on the steadily increasing debt. This now amounted to about $1,000,000, and the entire fund wa.s responsible for it. The management of the fund was taken from the state officials and was controlled by the United States court. "Florida stood stagnant. For many years her taxable property was assessed at about


1'ht:: "tatt:: wa, hdple.;s, and growth had ceased. While the legislature granted lands to aid in building railroads, the judgment, which stood in the United States court against these lands, prevented a good title being given and capital would not invest. The state could not develop without transportation facilities and pro gress seemed at an end." The desperate plight of Florida's finances received Governor Bloxham's early and de voted attention. During the first two years of his administration the tax rate was re duced from seven to four mills, exclusive of the constitutional one-mill tax for school purposes. Governor Bloxham soon realized that two factors stood in the way of state progress. One was the encumberment of the Internal [mprovement Fund and the other was lack of transportation facilities. And each horn of the dilemna was joined to the other. It was the governor's intent to negotiate suf ficient sales of lands belonging to the fund to effect its disencumberment and relieve it of all obligations, thus leaving the publi c lands free. This plan led to one of Governor Blox ham's greatest achievements, a Hamiltonian coup in less than six months after his in auguration. In June, 1881, the governor called together the board of trustees of the fund and completed the sale to Hamilton Disston, of Philadelphia, of 4,000,000 acres of lands belonging to the fund for the sum of $1,000,000. The sale was negotiated under the authority of the United States court in which were pending suits against the fund. No event in the history of the state retlected such immediate benefaction as did the Disston sale which accomplished the d is encumb erment of the fund. Lands imme diately became available since the $1,000,000 received from Disston was used to ex tinguish claims of the plaintiffs in court and with the litigation ended the public lands reverted to the state. Thus lands previously pledged as aid to projecte d rail road and canal construction were released clear of all claim to the grantees and rail road development began its amazing course in Florida. Railroad mileage increased dur ing Governor Bloxham's term from 400 to more than 1,300 miles, with Flagler and Plant leading the way toward a new state prosperity. Immigration was stimulated so remarkably that the state's population in creased 25 p e r cent during Bloxham's in cumbency. Today when one thinks of 4,000,000 acres of rich lands selling for a quarter an acre it seems incredible that such a condition could have existed. So gtringent was the state's emerg e ncy, however, that the Disston $1,000,000 was a god-send to the staggering state's treas ury. That million has since been worth $100,000,000 to Florida for it marked the inauguration of what has been termed "The Railroad Era of Florida." Governor Bloxham was also deeply interested in the state's waterways and fostered the opening of the inland water route be tween Jacksonville and Miami which is now so popular. In 1882 he took and Canal Comany began its career. At the end of his first term as governor, Mr. Bloxham urged the creation of a State Board of Health, which step was taken under Governor Fleming's adminis tration in 1889. Governor Bloxham also encouraged the formation of a trained and organized state militia. He retrieved the lost allegiance of West Florida, which wanted to become a portion of Alabama by annexation, when he and Col. W. D. Chip ley cooperated in the construction of the Pensacola and Atlantic Railroad, reaching from River Junction to Pensacola. This was the first direct means of communica tion b etween West Florida and the penin sular portion of the state. During the ten year interval between Governor Bloxham's first and second terms as governor of Florida, he continued to serve his state in the capacity he was best fitted -that of financial director. In 1890 he was named to fill the unexpired term of W. D. Barnes, an office which he held until 1896 when he was re-elected governor. In the capacity of comptroller, Mr. Blox ham made a thorough study of the state's finances as is evidenced by the following excerpt from his report, a remarkable docu ment packe d with facts and figures con cerning Florida's development: "When we consider that on January 1, 1877, with an assessed valuation of $30,000,000, we had a bonded and floating in debtedness of $1,656,564.65; and that to day with our taxable values increased to $98,368,014.64, our entire indebtedness is but $1,232,500-a reduction of $424,064.64it insures confidence in our finan cial standing. When it is further considpart in projecting an in land route of 275 miles from the mouth of the St. Johns river to Biscayne Bay. A charter was grant-William D. Bloxham, the only man who has aerved as Florida'a Chief Executive for two terms. ed to John Westcott and the Florida Coast Line ered that of the $1,232,600, representing every possible description of our indebted ness, there are only $507,700 in the hands of individuals, the remainder being in funds under the State's control, our finan cial condition is a source of great gratit'l cation." The immediate result of Mr. Bloxham'5 sane and wisely planned policies was re flected in the increase of the treasury balance between 1890 and 1894 from $8,123 to $161,043. Mr. Bloxham also was instrumental in reducing the costs of state and county government, equalizing tax as sessments, securing interest on state money deposited in banks, and inaugurated a strict examination of the accounts of all county officers. One of the final acts of Comptroller Bloxham's long service in that office was to address a communication to Governor Mitchell, January 2, 1896, declaring that: "The .state's finances are in such a satis factory condition that I am more than gratified in being able to recommend a re duction of the tax rate for 1896." He urged the governor to order the rate reduc ed to two and one-half mills, a request with which the governor promptly and gladly complied. Thus it will be se e n that beginning in 1890, with a state tax rate of seven mills, Comptroller Bloxham had the satisfaction of seeing the rate reduced to two and one-half mills before the close ol his long term of service in that office. The splendid records made by William D. Bloxham as governor and comptroller were fittingly recognized by his Democratic fellow-citiz ens when, in 1896, he was for the second time unanimously nominated for the governorship, and elected by a of nearly 14,020 votes over his two Re publican and Populist opponents. Florida's progress and prosperity, under the powerful impulse of the events and policies of Democratic rule and of Comp troller Bloxham's long period of service, had continued to increase with almost marvelous rapidity. The most perplexing problems had been successfully solved. The state's finances were on a firm and enduring foundation, requiring only skillful guidance to preserve their excellent condition. The phenomenal multiplication of transporta tion facilities, penetrating almost every locality in the state had stimulated land sales, both public and private, increasing the population and the value of all property. Notwithstanding this happy condition, Governor Bloxham, in hi.s second term, found ample opportunity for urging still greater improvement of existing conditions. Among the many subject! ably presented in his first message, to the Legisla ture of 1897, he discussed that of lynching. Numer ous other recommenda tions were made in the document, some of which were made the subjects of favorable legislative ac tion. Among them, he recommended the levying of a tax on collateral in heritances, a change in the mode of assessing bank stock, the frequent and rigid examination of state banks, and the ac counts of all state and county officers, additional and better security on de posits on public moneys in designated depositories, improvement in the sys tem of leasing convicts, the protecting of Flor( Continued on page 64) 39


Deliciosa Mon!stera and blossom. with leaf in the (center) The Surinam cherry is about an inch in diameter, bricht red and shaped like a pumpkin, TO EAT or not to eat has never been the question. What to eat to satisfy the natural craving for variety in daily diet has occupied more time and more effort and has commanded the attention of more people than has any other question since the world began to revolve. Mankind in his native element, roaming in the woods and tilling the soil, ate according to his instinct, which was a safe rule for food selection. Today, man is such a highly civilized creature, that there is but little of the natural instinct left in him, and the civilizing process has so changed him that a few established principles must be considered. Not all of these principles run counter to his tastes, however, and the craving for variety is one instinct which time has not destroyed nor conditions changed, in the least. Nature demands certain elements with which to maintain life, and certain others to promote growth and development. She has implanted, therefore, a craving for a diversity of foods, that man may find here one element and there another, thus securing .all the necessary types of fuel with which to run this powerful dynamo which heats the house he calls his body, supplies light to his eye, force to his blow, power to his brain and a residence for his so ul. The systemic demand for vari ety in his 40 TROPICAL FRUITS HOW T HEY WILL AID IN ADDING VARIETY TO YOUR DAILY DIET By CLARISSA GREENE daily menu may, then, be accepted as a natural craving, which man, in order to attain his best development would do well to heed. Nature, wise mother that she is, has implanted a natural craving of fruits in every normal human which manifests itself in infancy and never deserts him as long as he lives. There is no thirst and no food-demand for which she has not created a fruit to gratify the thirst and to appease the hunger. Her most lavish planting has been in the tropics. Here are found greater variety of types and also, here abound many flavors unknown to the balance of the world. How the jaded appetite responds to the zest of an entirely new taste or combination of taste and delicious odor, when one is afforded for the first time the exquisite pleasure of eating some one of the many wonderful tropical fruits! Through the efforts of the Plant Introduction Section of the Department of Agriculture, many fruits have been introduced into the daily diet of the peoples of all sections of the United States, and it is the purpose of this series of articles to deal not only with those fruits which are much used in Florida, and which, because of their perishable nature, cannot be distribute d beyond the borders of the region of their production, but it is intended also to acquaint the people of the United States with those fruits which more and more are being shipped, and are available during the greater part of the year in all markets. Vast sums are spent annually for melons from Africa, hot house grapes from Belgium, yet fruits equally as delicious are grown in South Florida, which is a tropical country. These fruits are used in many, many ways as a common article of every day diet in the tropical section where they are grown, but unfortunately, even the grapefruit and orange and pineapple which are so well known universally are used elsewhere in but few forms. The knowledge of their use in many guises is a matter of everyday habit with all housewives who have lived for many years in Miami or vicinity. One fruit introduced during recent year& Carissa, whose cloasy Jreen leaves form a beautiful back for the waxenwhite biossoma and rich, red fruit.


There are several varieties of uavas which are deli.-htful when .eaten with suear and cream, or made into jelly or marmalade. from Trinidad is the monistera deliciosa, which looks like a glorified ear of corn and tastes like a combination of rich, ripe strawberries, pineapple and bananas. The sweet and tender sections of the fruit are like great, plump grains of corn arranged round a central inedible stem, not unlike the cob of the corn. The taste cannot be adequately described, but must be experienced to be realized. It grows on a huge vine, whose leaves are twentyfour inches long and twelve wide, and are cut, between the veins in round and oval holes, no .twoleav;es ever approaching uni formity. So greatly prized is the fruit that no monestera ever sells for less than $1.00, and orders are sometimes booked with growers before the blossom appears. Imagine, if you can, the joy of serving to your friends even a few "grains," tender "and dripping with sweetness, of a flavor so elusive that they first exclaim "How delicious," then "Ittastes like strawberries. like pineapple." "And liKe bananas." "But no, it has a distinct flavor 'like nothing I have ever eaten before: '; 'Whiie this fruit is too perishable to be shipped to distant markets, a day :-, will soon come when scientific minds will invent refrigeration methods of shipping which will make it possible for you 'to' have the pleasure of serving this .and many other hitherto unknown tropical fruits, and there are literally hundreds of them. Not all of these fruits re semble well known ones in taste or smell or form. Chil dren go into ec stacies over the sugar apple tree! The tree exudes a sap which makes a natural sherbet when frozen. The fruit is composed of separ ate, overlapping, plump lobe like sections, an inch in length, whose pear-shape d ends are so closely drawn together that the whole fruit is almost round, though there is a small stem to which they are attached, run ning half way through the cen ter. The fruit i s light green in color, showing a tinge of creamy pink, down between the segements. Next to the skin each section is a granulated fibreless section, not unlike the graininess of the Northern grown pear. The balance of the section is sweet and juicy and inclosed in a sac as deli cate and tender as that of an orange. The taste is distinctive and most people are im mediately fond of it. The cocoa plum which abounds in the jungle, grows on : a bush It has a purple-black tender skin and a fibre less, snow white meat. When chilled it is like eating an ex ceedingly fine grained sherbet. Its delicate flavor and contrasting meat and skin, make it a thing of beauty as well as de licious morsel when eaten from the tree. The loquat, which resembles a pale yellow plum, has a pleasant acidity to prevent it being too sweet. It is much used for preserves, jellies and marmalades. The guava is one of the most popular of fruits and the better varieties attain a size and sweetness which makes this a much used fruit. To those who are not foolishly prejudiced by the characteristic, rather strong odor, they are a real standby. The fruit grows on a bush which attains tree-like proportions and bears successive crops. It is obtainable almost the year round. It resembles a round yellow tomato, with seed cavity and meaty wall, some what more firm than that of the tomato, jWit}l a more tender skin and lacking the cross sec-tions of that well known garden fruit. The whole of the seed and pulp, which in some varieties is quite pink, may be re moved leaving a perfect cup, which will hold its shape even when preserved, if carefully handled, and supplies an amber hued container for the serving of many fruit combinations. When crystallized and filled with other confections it is a tid bit fit for a king. It is much used, by remov ing the seed and pulp and sliced with sugar and cream, or sugar and lime juice. But its most extensive use is in the form of marmalade, which is made by removing the seeds and running the shells through the food chopper, adding a third the weight of sugar, a dash of lime juice and cooking to the desired consistency. Most delicious jelly is made by cooking the whole guava, sliced, in water till soft, straining the juice, adding the required sugar and cooking. Lime juice may be added, which gives to the beautiful spark ling jelly a piquancy most people like. Guava paste is equally popular and is made by cooking the marmalade till it is stiff and can be sliced. It is also called guava cheese. Guavas are used in com binations with other fruits of less pro nounced flavor and is frequently referred to as the quince of the tropics. This ubi quitous fruit is also use<). in pies. The surinam cherry is a pretty red fruit an inch in diameter, shaped like a deep (Continued on page 48) Satsuma oranges are raJaed largely in West Florida, which is popularly known as "Satsumaland." (below) The Cavendish banana ia being planted commercially in Central Florida. 41


A Talented Teacher of Student Soldiers Major Tipton l s Chief of the Military D e partment of the University of Florida By JOHNSON DAVIS FLORIDA has 800 and in the making at the State University where Major A C Tipton, an officer of the regular U. S. army, is stationed as director of military science. Being a state university under the special land grant act, the University of Florida lists military tactics and drill as compulsory subjects on its curriculum. During the first two years each undergraduate is obliged to drill and study the science of warfare four hours a w ee k unless h e is incapacitated for such activities on ac count of physical disability. Major T ipton, a graduate of West Point in the class of 1905, gained fame during his college days as one of the best football players developed at Uncle Sam's epoc hal military academy. Cadet Tipton was se lected one season as center on Walter Camp's mythical all-American football eleven. Tipton, originally a native of New M e xico, moved to New Jersey as a boy and was appointed to West Point from that state. After graduation he was appointe d a second lieutenant of the Fifth Infantry and several years late r returned to West Point to serve as football coach. In 1909, Lieutenant Tipton resigned from the army and embarked in dairying and fruit raising in New York state. When the United States entered the world war, Mr. Tipton volunteered his services and was appointed a major in the AdjutantG e n eral's section. Subsequently, he worked up to the rank of lieutenant-colonel. He also was awarded t h e distinguished service medal for faithful service in France. Major A. C T ipton w o n the D. S. medal in France. A special factor in the military training of the Florida students at the state uni versity is their exceptional s kill in marks manship. Because wild game is abundant in our southernmost state, the majority of the young men who attend the university are fairly proficient with firearms before the y begin their military training. There is no other state which can boast m ore expert riflemen among its students than Florida. After completing the compulsory mili tary work during his first two years at Gainesville, a student can if h e desires continue the training for two more yeays as a candidate for a second lieutenancy in the Ofticers Reserve Corps. The boys who enroll in this work are paid by the government $21 a month during their training and are also supplied with com mutation offic e r s uniforms if they success fully pass the final examinations and win the coveted shoulder straps. The boys spend six weeks each summer in the Offi cers' Training Camp at Camp McClellan, Alabama, wh ere they are trained in short maneuvers, field exer cises and other prac-tical warfare sc ience. At this camp, spe cial attention is also devoted to athletic sports including baseball, track and swimming. At the university, the R. 0. T. C. candi dates study military Jaw, fie ld engineering and tactics, infantry weapons, the manual of arms and other technical subjects asso ciated with the modern warfare. There was a time when college students belittled military drill and resorte d to every known excuse in order to be excused from such activities. Since the late war, however, the boys in the southern schools and par ticularly those at the University of Florida, have considered it their duty to gain pro ficiency in the manual of arms. The inter-FLORIDA IS FIRST IN AUTOS The Babson chart of motor vehicle r egis tration from 1912 to 1924, which has just been issued, makes a remarkable showing for Florida and shows that this state has made a greater percentage of gain i n motor vehicles in the period r.tamed tha n any other state in the Union. The chart shows that there were in Florida, in 1912, less than 2,000 automo oiles. I n 1924, there were 200,000 auto mobiles in Florida. I n other words, in that time, the motor vehicle registration of this state increased one hundred foldthat i s Florida had, in 1924, 100 times as many automobiles as in 1912. No other state in the Union approaches this rate of increase. New York increased from 10 0,000 to collegiate attitude toward military science has been revolutionized. Nowadays the undergraduate body is keenly interested in their soldier studies and the manual drills. There are now six companies of student soldiers banded together in one battalion at the University of Florida. An excellent military band of seventy pieces-one of the best in the South-is an outstanding feature of the collegian battalion. Under the skillful tutelage of Major Tipton and his aides, the scholastic soldiers at Gaines ville work like yeomen and drill with the expertness of regulars. The University of Florida is the only educational institution in the state which includes military drill as a valuable part of its scho lastic program. 1,500,000. At the sam e rate of increase as Florida, New York should have 10,000, 000. California increased from 60,000 to 1,400, 000. If California's increase had been as rapid as Florida's, that state should have 6,000,000. Ohio and Penn sylvania had practically the same percent age of gain as California. Oklahoma, which is second to Florida in gain, in creased from 7,000 to 350,000; but to rival Florida's gain, Oklahoma should have 700,000 automobiles. Arkansas also shows remarkable gains, but falls below the F lor ida figures. Total automobile registration, i n itself, in dicates merely population and volume of industry, but increase in automobile regi s tration indicates the degree of growth and development and conti n uous prosperity.


A Clutch You Love To Skin KITTY PAGE Matches Wits with Prescott and Goes Through with Colors Flying By 0. FOERSTER SCHULLY SPEAKING of plants-or weren' t we? Not that it makes much difference, one way or the other, to be brutally frank with you, beautiful one. The point is: I have a yarn about a particular plant that has to get off my chest-not the plant, the yarn. And you're the victim! And when I mention "plant," my mindif any-isn't hovering around botany, al though the word was used in connection with mud, or, as it happened to be in this case, downright dirt. But there are two ways to d eal with dirt. One of them is to get all messy from it. Another is to catch it on the fly and give it a return trip to its sender. I chose the latter. When I, Hart and Blas decided to corral 'steen thousand smackers for a satisfactory development of oul' Marchmont Heights holding and corral them by hook or crook I hadn't the slightest idea what stunt to pull for my share. The fact that I was last on the list and that Bias and Hart preceded me didn't give me any consolation. Blas did his trick as nice as could be expected. [ don't argue that it was honest. As a matter of fact, it was anything but that. However, Blas pleads patriotism and if he can salve his conscience with that flimsy excuse, well, I should b ec ome perturbed. The next number on the program was Hart's little monologue. In a way, i was glad of that, because it gave me a little pause before my act. And in another way [ wasn't. I knew Hart didn't have a plan in the world and it wouldn't do for my dream of love to flop in his great undertaking. If it came down to a fine point I'd rather have done the flop ping, myself. As I remarked, Hart was scheduled to deliver the goods before I. It was an unforseen happen ing that threw me ahead of him on the program. And that unforseen happen ing was a plant of a variety that Bur bank never did hear of. Moreover, it was our old friend Prescott of Pres cott, Tupper and P r e s c o t t, legal sharks supreme, who did the plant ing for me. Photographic Illustrations By 8/akes/ee KlintUJorth but it never did occur to me that he would try to frame I and Hart for a come-down. Of course, all the while he had a reason be hind his actions and-but let's handle this scenario in scene order. Although the three of us-I, Hart and Blas Glinky-are holding equal shares in the Marchmont H eights property the two boys are sticking to their jobs with Howard C. Morgan, r ealtor, until the property starts paying off. When we get hold of the land it's so far under water that we would have had to get a professional diver if we had wanted to see the color of the mud that decorates it. In reclaiming it, w e sink all our available funds, but still find the place prepared to gobble up every penny we can scrape together. So far, we've f e d it nearly thirty-five thousand smackers and the end not in sight. There fore, the boys aren't in a position to get a revenue from the property and so, they continue to sign Morgan's payroll for thei r bread and butter. One morning, as I'm chewing off yawns and plugging in early-bird calls on my switchboard in the Royal Palm, I reac h for the morning paper and right away, get some news to interest me. According t(l the paper, Morgan's office was tapped the night before to the tune of five grand. The bookkeeper failed to make the bank before three and a cas h deposit on a later sal e increased Morgan's cash on hand. All the crook had to do was s tep in and get the gravy. But the fact -that he knew just when to step in raised another question. The account suggested that it might be an inside job. As soon as I got this far J plugged up and gav e Hart a call. He wae not down yet, but was expected any min ute. Bias was the next in order. l asked for him. "Yeah, they dynami t e d us," he telb me -and I can hear by the sound of hie voice that he is feeling about as cheerful as a dyspeptic at a Thanksgiving feast. "The firm won't suffer; Morgan's covered by insurance. There's something else that I'm terribly worried about, sister." "Anything to do with Hart?" I ask quickly. "Just so," he confess es d espondently. "Hart was in the office late last handling some correspondence and shap1ng up his prospect list." "Boloney !" I go back at him. "He was sparking me until about eleven o'clock last night. He couldn't have been at his office-" "He was!" re;oms Bias posi tively. "He told me he was slated for a seance with you but he also told meand Morgan, also, by the way-that he intended to put in a little time, later, down here. We haven't seen or heard from him this morning. Usually he's down by this time. That's what look s so bad. "Bad me eye!" I say. "If you had been ribbing a desk until half past mid night or later, I guess you'd feel like tearing off a few extra hours of snooze stuff the morning after." "Understand me, Kit," Bias replies quickly, "I'm not trying to accuse him of anything dirty. But it looks a whole lot like other people are. God knows I hope he ll be able to clear himself. You probably re member that I and the boys slipped a trick over that baby when we prevented him from claiming a reward of twenty five grand that was rightfully coming to as. I might have known that he would nurse a grudge against me, The "baa-been" atanda at the office door awaitinc Preac:ott'a next move. "Bet a million simoleens he'll be a b 1 e t o," I a n-


"We're coinc to teach Prescott a lesson," I said to Hart with the check in my band. nounce. Tell him to give me a ring wh e n he arrives." "Sister, he'll be so busy answering ques tions and naming alibis that he won't have time to give anybody a ring. If you want to speak to him real bad, though, you might catch him at his apartment," suggests Blas. "Noble bean, boy," I remark. No sooner said than done. As soon as I tune out of Blas' circuit I proceed to tune in to Hart's. Sure enough, the lad's still in his diggings and answers my call almost immediately. "Cheerie-o, Kit," h e greets me. "What's on your mind?" "Enough," I reply. "And it's a Iotta grief, Hart. The safe tappers knocked Morgan for a row of log cabins." "The what?" Hart demands. "Yeggs, lad," I explain patiently. "En tered Morgan's sanctum sanitorium and ankled off with a collection of happy greenies numbering something higher than four grand and something lower than six." "Simpering salamanders!" Hart ex claims. "And I was down there afte r I left you." "I know the whole sad story, big boy," I tell him. "Just got finished gassing Bia s and, so he said, Morgan has a sneaking suspicion the most charitable view h e can give the situation is that you and the yeggs were, at least, f e llow lodge members." J4 "The unclean canine!" shout!> Hart. "I'll make him prove--" "Just a moment, buddy," I break in. "He didn't say exactly that but I suppose his suspicions are just about as uncom plimentary. However, before you figure on making him prove anything you'd bet ter get ready to prove that you are an innocent bystander in this affair." "That's easy, Kit," Hart remarks con fidently. "You know our office occupies the ground floor of the Bass building. For tunately when I got there, last night, the rest of the building was empty and the old fellow -Copper is hi s name-who runs the elevator and acts as general handy man after six o'clock, found himself with loads of time on his hands. Mebbe the old bim was lonesome and, anyway, he parks him self in Morgan's office from the moment I arrive until I leave, chinning the arm offa me. I didn't get much work done and men tally cursed him out for it. Now, I bless him. He's the sweetest li'l alibi anyone could want-ready to take the stand when called." "Great stuff!" I exclaim. "Now, the thing for you to do is beat it down to Mor gan's office as soon as you can before they find more guilt in your absence." "Never f ear, beautiful," he replies. "While I was talking to you I was finishing brushing my hair and slipping into my coat. Two seco nds after you hang up I'll be racing for my car." "Tactful, ain't you?" I go back at him. He starts to protest but I crash his line. "I knew my cue long before you reminded me of it. Go ahead, now, and pop your dogs But don't forget to give me a ring as soon as some new development turns up. I'll be waiting for it." Hart promises and I break the connec tion. Between then and eleven o'clock I give a start whenever the buzzer on my switchboard does its stuff. But, at last, I hear Hart's voic e and strain to attention. "Can't give you details, now, Kit," he says "Vari us reasons. Eat lunch with me and you'll have the whole story." "Then, I've as good as got the yarn," I reply. "Check in here about twelve and I'll be waiting for you." "Right-o. Bias will be with me." The time between eleven o'clock and noon ought to have passed quickly but it didn't. According to our foremost experts an hour has sixty minutes. That par ticular hour had something like six hun dred and sixty-and I don't mean mebbe. However, regardless of its actual length, it was long enough for a new twist to ap pear in the affair. In doing my stuff at the switchboard I hear my name being used by a strange voice. Now get me straight on that sub ject; when I say "strange" I probably mean it different than you would. Let me


hear a voice over the wire once and it registers with me for all time-over the wire. Later on, perhaps, I might hear that same voice used directly to me and not be able to place it-unless it carries some dead weight like a twang or a lisp orwell, something that makes it stand out from ordinary voices. On the other hand, even though I might know a party personally for weeks, the first time he exercises his larynx through my head set his voice i s "strange." Follow me? Good. As I was saying, this strange voice breaks in with a call for me. Between the time I get the call and the time I answer it-a matter of a few seconds! grope blindly for some clue that will wise me up to the bimbo who is putting it in. This is all that the voice itself tells me: It's masculine; there is something unpleasant about it; and I'll probably detest its owner. But more than that-well, as Ethel would say, that's all there is, there isn't any more. "Miss Page speaking," I tell him in answer to his question. "Very good," says the voice-and right away I place it. The next words wouldn't have had to be spoken. Moreover, my grading of the voice fits in snuggly with the man. "This is Mr. Prescott, Miss Page, of Prescott, Tupper and Prescott. Perhaps you don't remember me-" "Oh, I remember you all right, I announce. "You're that him who tried to tie knots in the law when Mr. Witherbee turned over Marchmount Heights to I and my two friends." "You've place me, I see, he replies. "But your description is anything but complimentary to me." "Brother, I let you off light when I put it so mildly," I say. "Got any more tricks up your sleeve?" "No tricks, Miss Page. Merely favors. Or, I might say, a favora very big favor." "Now, let me tell one," I remark. "Did you ever hear the one about Pat and Mike? You have about as many favors in your system as a catfish has song notes in his." "I can prove it," he snaps back at me. "Don't be timid," I reply. "I bet this is going to be funny." "Be careful that the laughs aren't all on one side," he warns. "Meaning how?" I inquire, beginning to suspect that he has got something under his French cuff. "Suppose we get to the point." "Impossible-over the telephone," he says. "If you could drop around to my office at two this afternoon I might be in a position to let \you know exactly what I mean." / "I don't know that I want to waste my time like that," I tell him. "Take my word for it, Miss Page, you won't be wasting your time-that is, if you consider preserving the freedom of your most intimate friend worth the trouble of a short business call." "Let's get this straight," I answer. "Whose freedom?" "Don't you know?" Prescott a s ks. "Per haps it's I who am under a false impression As I understood it, Mr. Hart Nelson is practically accused of riffing Mr. Morgan's safe, last night. Is that correct?" "Mebbe it is and mebbe it isn't," I go back at him, getting on my guard. "What has that got to do with the price of Christmas cards in Judea?" "Nothing much-only, I might have means of clearing his name. And on the other hand, there may be ways of damning his name beyond hope." "Is that a threat?" I demand quickly. "How absurd!" he replies. "Certainly not a threat. Merely a suggestion. The courts of our land operate on such fine technicalities that who can tell but that simply by the production or the withholding of an apparently inconsequential piece of evidence one may change the entire future of a man? Do I make myself clear, Miss Page?" In the tone of his voice I can hear the hiss of a snake. But I know Prescott's reputation well enough to realize that he wouldn't have gone so far if he didn't hold all the picture cards in his hand. There was some kind of explosive behind his chatter and if it wasn't T.N.T. it surely was nitro glycerine. Therefore, a still, small voice whispered in my head set: "Ste p softly, sister, there's a red light ahead." "Frankly, I think you're a boloney," I can't resist spiking him. I'm willing to give you a chance to your stuff." Iotta "But strut "Then, I may expect you at two?" he purrs. "Oh thereabouts," I go back at him. "Of course, I'll have a friend along." "I'm afraid that I must disappoint you on that score," he says in return. "This will be a rather confidential interview and really I couldn't permit you to bring in a third party, you know." "Sure your name isn't Coolidge?" I in quire. "You needn't be afraid of this 'third party.' From all indications he's going to more interested in the inte r view than I will be.'' "You mean, probably, Mr. Nels o n him self," he suggests. "Than which I meant nobody else but," I reply. "That's one time when the law was right, buddy.'' "In perfect honesty, Miss Page, I don't want to annoy you, he remarks, "but I couldn't permit e ven Mr. Nelson to be present.'' "Say, what am I being let into-a new secret society with only I and you as mem b ers?" I demand. "Miss Page and Mr. Nelson or nobody. Sabe?" This news dispatch didn't seem to even ruffle Prescott. "As I was saying a few moments ago," he continues smoothly. "The decisions of our courts are based on such fine technicalities. It's not so much the quantity as it is the quality of evidence that the defendant produces. This also applies to the prosecutor. Who can tell but that I possess a little interesting data which Mr. Morgan would like very much to have? It all remains with you whether or not this evidence is turned over to him.'' It hurt my pride to give in but a good retreat is always better than a busted collar bone. Also, if Prescott did have the good s and Hart's freedom was at stake, then my pride didn't enter into the d e al a-tall, a-tall. "I'll be there-alone," I say finally. "Very good! I knew you were a sensi ble girl. The n, au revoir until two.'' Of course, you can realize that the conversation I had with Prescott put me in a very cheerful mood-yeah, it did! I was feeling so jocund and all, that when I ankled out with Hart and Bias at no on every step I took I almost stumbled over my heart. It was that weighty. And the news Hart delivers in pe rson when we're ribbing the table in the hash foundry adds greatly to my already buoyant spirits to say the least, as it were, broadly speaking. That was one time the bean dispen sary didn't make enough to retire on from our orders. If you'd told me there was such a thing in the world as an appetite, at that moment, I'd have called you a short ugly word of four letters beginning with an "1" and ending with an "r" and meaning one who fibs. And from the looks on their mugs, Hart and Bias are about in the same ship shape condition. Any undertaker entering the dump at that moment would have taken one glance at us and called us: "Fellow morticians.'' "Anyhow," I break out, "we have one thing to be thankful for-Hart's still free and kicking. And that's something.'' "That certainly is something," Hart agrees. "But how long will I be like that, Kitty? That"s something, too.'' "Morgan wouldn't dare to put you in the. boose gow" "Ho, ho," interrupts Bias mirthlessly. "The funniest story of the year.'' "Well, anyway, you have the night janito to back you up," I insist. "Try and find him," Hart replies. "That's the whole trouble. He's disappeared as completely as if he never existed.'' "Suffering sardines! Then that chance is gone flooey?" "Not exactly. They're out looking for him and, since Morgan knows he's my main and only alibi, he's determined to find the old him. I don't think he's doing it to prove my innocence but to prove my guilt.'' "Is this feller-Conner I think you called him-square?" "I think so," Hart r eplies. "Mebbe I'm wrong, though. You never can tell what a man will do .in a pinch.'' "Morgan ought to tack the charge on him "Not when I'm around to dog, sister," Hart tells me. "And honestly I don't think the old feller's guilty. If you knew him at all you'd think the same. Why, to accuse him of having enough ability to rip open a safe is to pay him a compliment. That. however, doesn't prove that he wasn't in on the deal and acted as ground man for the yeggs.'' "HE' must have been," I agree, "if he was on the premises when the job was bE' ing pulled.'' "Wrong again," Hart says. "That baby love s to talk. All the yeggs had to d o was to get him in another part of thE' building and engage him in serio-comic conflab and they could have cleaned out Morgan's office-furniture, safe and everything else-without his knowing anything about it. And if you ask me, I think that's exactly what happened.'' "In other words," I put in, "finding him won't hel p any in the discovery of the crooks. "Not in my honest opinion," Hart rE' plies. "But it will serve mightily in helping me to establish an alibi. Sizzling martyrs, Kit, do you realize he's the chancE' I've got! Eliminate him and you can reserve a room arid bath at the hoose gow for me without waiting to find out what Morgan's going to do. It's that bad!" I'm thoughtful for a moment as an idea jumps at my head. It's only a shot in the dark but. things are so serious that I'm willing to take it. "Scamper to the phone booth and get the Royal Palm on the wire," I command Bias. "Tell 'em I won't be on the job this afternoon." "What reason should I give them?" he demands. R eason? Anything you can think of, stupe, I reply. "Say that I'm laid up with a severe attack of blutfitis. Make it sound heavy, though. I don't want to be using the Help Wanted columns for breakfast literature tomorrow morning_ Snap into it, Bias, and beat it back here; big things are on foot.'' As per schedule, I check in at Prescott's office on the dot. It's one of those doggy places with a knock-'em-dead anteroom and private conference cribs for each member of the firm. What strikes me as odd is that there's an air of deadness about the joint as if the force has signed off and gone fishing for the afternoon. The girl (Continued on page 82) 45


THE SAGA OF THE SEA VAMPYRE B y NO R M A N B 0 R C H A R D T IJlustrations by the Author IN THE clear water of the Florida lagoon, its calm now hardly disturbed by the ceasel e ss, rythmic swish of the surf so close at hand, moved a myriad of sea creatures, and on the hard, wide beach it so gently lapped were many more who Nature had generously endowed with the right to breathe both in the water and ashore. The tiny fiddler crabs in their large armies, brilliantly uniformed in vermillion, yellow, orange and purple, made sorties and retreats in a true military manner along the beach, seeking some careless marine denizen that had been left on the shore by the retreating tide. A clumsy horseshoe crab cruised lazily about in the warm water, near the strand, his shadow a dark purple on the white bottom, hoping to find a dainty scallop, sea-snail or some such tid-bit for his lunch. A star-fish, using all of its five arms, each equipped with a thousand little grasp ing tentacles, had come upon a fat mussel which it then proceeded to open and de vour with great dexterity, and so intent was she upon her delectable task that she only became aware of the blundering crab when that interloper, running into the starfish by accident rather than with intent, scraped away half of one of the latter's arms with the sharp, lower edge of his curved and rounded back which fitted over his many leg s and claws as an inverted frying pan, while his hard, round tail might well have served as a handle. Having inadvertently amputate d the arm, the crab 3eized the morsel and scuttled greedily on, carrying his prize to wh ere the surf, though well away from the land ap peared to grow suddenly into a small shoal, scarcely covered by the tide. Reaching its summit, he had settled himself to a quiet enjoyment of his food when it seemed that beneath him the lagoon floor had begun to move toward the sea. Within a radius of ten feet about him the sand appeared to slip through the water. Frightened, he dropped the star-fish arm and scrambled away, while the arm in its turn c rawle d off to seek solitude where it might grow for itself a new body, eyes and limbs. While the moving sand which had been the cause of the crab's fright and the arm's release slowly disclosed the great ray it had covered, a great bat-like, aquatic creature, that had two horns attached to its fiat head; horns, or bet ter, prehensile fins that were not of bone but a thick muscular cartilage. And because of these projections, the Gulf folk have given him the name of devil fish, though scientists know h i m as the Manta Biro stiri s, manta m eaning mantle in the Spanish language, for like a mantle does he cover hi s victims as he force s the m with thes e great horns into the jaws beneath. The manta, h i s pectoral fins flapp ing through the waves like outstretched wings as he glides along, would have measured a full twenty feet from the tip of one fin or wing to the tip of the other, while the thin tail, trailing behind J.O seemed inadequate for so great a creature. Yet, though he might appear formidable and the name devil-fi s h be terrible, he was quite peacefully inclined when unmolested, loving nothing so well as the sort of nap from which he had just been disturbed. However, let any adversary he should have cause in his own element beware, be it even man. H e nev e r sought a battle, but woe to those who crossed his path or attempted to corner or abuse him. Slowly he slipped through the richly colored wash, his black back, from which the sand had now all d isappeared, r esembling a dark, cloud shadow. His fins cleared the water's edge and the white underpart scintillated at each stroke, and he moved along with no appreciable effort until he became aware of a s chool of Spanish mackerel just ahead by the glint of reflected sun on their shining sides as they wheeled and flanked. The wings now increased their rythmic undulati ons, so much like the ripple of a soft cloth before a breeze, and with such enormous power that he whizzed in among the unsuspecting fish as though he had been fir e d from a gun, and the prehensile ap pendage at his head scoop e d his prey by the bushel into the huge, hungry, maw. His appetite now being whetted, he again hurled himself among the vast school where p erhaps ten thousand mackerel lay, fins and tails moving quietly, heads countertide, or wheeled and turned in a phalanx, at times leaping and shaking themselves under the bli stering sun This time the manta came at them, banking to on e side --He made a wild effort to free himself from the ancho r which had alid Into a place In his tensely curled feelers. In the clear water of the lqoon moved a myriad of sea creatures. as an airplane on the turn, one great flip per coming free of the water and cutting the surface as clean as a knife blade; coming down with a stinging slap as he turned about in his attack. Then he leisurely ate among the many stunned fish whose bodies floated about him. O nce more he turned to resume the sport, just as below him, plainly seen through the clear wate r, came a long, tan rival, fifteen feet over all, with a large, saw-like ap pendage of bone at its head, that carried great teeth on either edge, and as the newcomer rushed among the apparentlv undisturbed array of smaller fish, the long. fiat saw wrought even greater havoc as he thrashed about among them than had the devil-fish before him And, seeing in new slaughter an easy meal, the manta, following in the wake of the saw-fish, and with no malice in his heart, proceeded t(l gathe r in the harvest reaped by the prow ess of the saw. When the interloper, hav ing finished his kill, turned to devour, he found only a few scattered remains of dead or wounded mackerel about, and moved by the wolf spirit of his kin, the shark, he whirled upon the big sea-vampyre who only became aware of his danger when the wicked snout battered at an edge of one of his wings. Quickly he turned to meet his adversary in the fear that the assailant might strike at a more vulnerable part, and the muscular arms at his head wrapped about the weapon of his opponent and forcing it toward his mouth with a child like wish to taste what they might grasp, snapping off the heavy saw as though it were kindling wood, and the mortally wounded cousin of the shark swam away in a crazy, dazed fashion, while the manta went on his way, immediately spitting out the bits of bone as he did Mt find them to his taste Now he headed for the shoal so that he might doze again this time under the afternoon sun, and let the surf cover him with warm sand and caress him while he s lept. This time he settled himself on the bar of a sheltered coral r eef, an atoll of circular reef that had not yet become an island, though per haps framing the mouth of one of the extinct volcanoes in the mountain range at the sea bottom. A beautiful frame. of red, orange, purple and yellow a brilliant motl e y, with which Nature has made such harmony; it and the rich blue-green of the tropical seas and thE' dazzling white of its sands. About him once more, countles s small water-folk were following their actiYities. The sand was constantly astir with seashell I life. A conch hurried past, carrying upon its back the well-known large pink lined shell in wh i ch it liYed. Daintily shelled scallops of delicate pastel colors propelled themselves upward from the sand and away from the path of the conch, using as means of locomotion the expulsion of water backward by the opening and shutting of the exquisitely scalloped shell from which they gain their name. Because of the profusion of sea growths on which so many of thE'


ocean dwellers find sustenance there were far more shellfish and other aquatic life here than had been in the lagoon. All about the reef were purple lace-like dulses and beautiful mosses, a presage of the sea forests further down the rapidly sloping sides of the volcano. Weaving among these were also fish of different hues and sizes, while at some times would come one even more venturesome into the s hallows where lay the manta. Little, round angel fish of a perpendicular flatness, flipp e d about with their big, saintly eyes always holding a look of startled surprise and shock. Black-barred sheep shead als o w ent in and about the corals, following one another in such orderly procession that on e might be reminded of a gang of the old nme ''chain-gang" prisoners at their worl!. A small red-snapper, blue-edged fins and tail idly waving, had strayed from the snapper banks that lay b e low, and swam lazily into the neighborhood of the sea devil, just as, gliding on steady wings, their tips barely skimming the wave-tops, a brown pelican came a-hunting. On sighting the snapper he dropped into the water with such a splash that again the manta wa s awakened in time to see the bird, now S ll.omerged, catch the redfi s h in i t s beak and hold the struggling captive until '' was finally deftly maneuve r e d into th .. u:&rge pouch beneath its lower bill. Thet. with its food so safely stored, the pelican new to a perch on the reef until he be ready for another catch. During this time, now late afternoon, the air had been growing more heated and oppressive, whil e a coppery hue had appeared to blend with the wavering blue of the sky. Then, off near the horizon came a white streak across the s e a which was the roam at the head of a s quall, and as 1\. approached, the wind se emed caught in :... whirl, and the atmosphere, s a turated with moisture from the sun's rapid evaporation, aided the whirlwind to form a vacuum funnel from the low-hanging, turbulent clouds to the ocean-top. A water-s pout, s o quickly formed, came swaying, snakelike, swiftly toward the atoll; the darkness of the rapidly approaching storm taking the warmth of the sun in which the ray had been basking. The spout, now grown to great proportions, passed not far f r om where he lay, causing the water to churn about him and drawing many of his small neighbors into or toward its vortex., Awakened by the pelican and di sturbed by this tornado, the big fish fretfully moved away from the strand again, out toward where at the horizon the sun shone past the edge of the squall's brie f cloud area. It was now low in the West, a great red ball in a fiery sky, and the clouds of the retreating storm r e flect e d its vivid colo.r, blending with soft rose and purple. It looked as though the very sea surface was aflame, while everything about partook of its farewell splendor. Little flying fish rising before the manta's approach, took on a roseate hue, and frolicing porpoi ses, playing at the oceantop, slid into the light and down again like streaks of fire For a moment they w ere all Larce brown pelicans skimmed the wave-tops. whole surface there came a carnival spirit. Great tarpon leaped, their silver scales catching the vivid starlight, the luminous spray following the arc of their course and making a blaze of light where they reentered. Schools of fat mullet swam about with more than their usual vivacity because of the fear that they would be too readily disclosed to the watch(ul eyes of their bitterest enemy, the porpoise, by the glorious halo that encircled them. Through this orgy of light the sea-vampyre serenely s ailed, turning out for none nor harming any. Even the deadly leopard shark, his great bulk swaying gracefully in the phos phorescence, passed most amicably. There seemed a kindliness and high spirit of revelry among the water people and the sea was fairly in a glow from forms which leaped nnd splashed. At last, even the dignity of the old d e vil-fish was lowered by the night's magic and of a sudden he began revolving his huge body, left to right, in a series of crazy convolutions or somersaults, then hurled himself into the air as the enormous black bird he some how resembled, while the roar of the surge at his fall and the burs t of phosphorescent light, together with his own hoarse bellov.., might have been likened to some great explosive charge. Aain and again he leape d and whirled, reJoicing in the racket and the glare, while frightened sea revelers for the distance of a mile about scurried away or milled in a pandemonium. And when the pale edge of dawn came to shed an innoc ent, vacuous sort of light upon the s ea, now seemingly grown oily and without sparkle, the manta headed sadly and slowly to where he knew one could sleep in peace. He wended his way outward and downward to the floor of a towering coral forest where, on a rocky sea-bottom, numberless sponges stood in a mottled array of brilliant colors, breathing and alive and drawing their -sustenance at every inhalation through countless pores where sea-anom oni e s lay, their polyp s o like asters, open for the unsuspecting squ i d or embryonic fish of infinitesimal size; where sea-lili e s grazed about their long stalks from which they could never hope to escape, as cattle forever tethered, and where great trunk!: ? quiet and the sea-folk seeme d to hesitate for a benediction as purple darkness swept in, drawing her star-studded mantle across the heav e n s and in the bil low s below came a wierd phosphorescence which marked every mov e of the water den i z e n s a s though by s om e cold white fire Each curling wave: cre s t carrie d aloft this pale torch and upon the Smaller denizens of the deep also soucht dainty tid-bits. of coral stood about in a profusion of gnarled branches and tree-like shapes. Into this garden, now fairly disclosed through a soft blue-green haze, came the black monster, and settled in a snug, shadowed hollow, where the sponges and seaweed had left an open space of flat stone, with a soft covering from the slime of decayed vegetation and dead s e a life. He had b e en asleep for a long time. The sun s ent a light slantwi s e down through the lacy growths and coral branches, mak ing a lovely, waving pattern of many shades in a heavy v e il of green with sha dows of a lmost a blue-black. Groping and stumbling through this splendid maze came a strange creature from whom the timid inhabitants of the jungle fled in terror, a terrible stranger with a polished, round head that had one huge eye in its center. At the side of the thing's body were two small weak tentacles, one of which carried a long, sharp weapon, and with which it hacked and pulled at the sponges that writhed and turned at its assault or at its approach to their vicinity. Great bubbles rose constantly from the visitor's head and from it streamed one long, white antennae, while another went from its back and both of such length that they appeared to go to the water's surface and b eyond, where it seemed they entered a queer yet grace. ful, man-made craft that was painted in colors which attempted to rival those of the s e a on wh i ch it floated. This intruder, whose profane hand so rudely desecrated the lovely ocean floor-covering, was a Greek sponge diver, and in the vessel (one of a fleet) were his comrades who turned a machine amidship, sending down the air he breathed. He blundered along, one hundred feet below sea-level, gathering these sponge creatures who were now so beautiful, but who were so soon to be taken ashore, dried and withered under the sun and afterward to have thei r skele tons washed and bleached for sal e a s the sponge known to mankind. He had hewn his way until within only a few feet of the sleeping manta now in visible in the dark s hadows, who awakened, however, by a s udd e n sense of the man's proximity, came out of his sleep and lair and grappled with his visitor in a sheer instinct of self-preservation, enfolding him with his huge headfins in an attempt to draw the other'S' quee r body into his open mouth. In the boat above, the crew, feeling the sudden tension upon the rope and the air-tube, turned

released and he fairly flew to the surface. The captain of the lit tle ship, a strong, swarthy man, sea-tanned and har dened, stood leaning over the side of his graceful vessel, so like the boats of his home folk in the Mediterranean, watching the fight below, directing operations of the men and balancing a heavy harpoon in his upraised hand. He saw that the diver in this las t struggle had utterly given up the conflict, weakened by the odds against which he contended and from the loss of blood from one lacerated leg, and the devil fish came on in one last attack at his escap ing victim. The captain's broJized arm became on an instant rigid w ith muscle s taut and -the harpoon whizzed toward its mark. It entered the leathery hide near the center of Photol'r&ph of & two-ton Manta caul'ht off Ft. Lauderclale thia aummer. turned his course down ward, fleeing toward a deep valley of the ocean mountains, where the light had never entered and where he might, perchance, shake off this vicious pur suit. D own, down he fled, as a great specter, leav ing a trail of blood in his wake and drawing the sponge b oat after him as though it were a toy. At one hundred fathoms the two were lost in the utter darkness. ,strange lights moved stealthily away from his savage approach. Lantern-fish, with a row of lights along each side a s though the creatures were a tiny liner, sailing with lighted cabin win dows; so'rne who carried over their heads a search light or long, lighted an tennae, but all with heavy, odd-shaped hands and bulging eyes, or long skeleton teeth and thin emaciated bodies. It was the manta's back and he leaped a full eight feet from the water in a wild effort to free himself from this new antagonist; while the little ship rocked from the wave that arose as he again struck the calm surface and turned as though to grapple with the craft itself. Running upon the anchor rope with outstretched, groping horns, he immediately seized it and made off at great speed, raising the anchor which slid to a place in his tensely curled feelers, and retained it as though utterly regardless of the thirty-foot boat to which it was attached. It seemed to others of the sponge fleet that this sh i p was suddenly imbued with life or s ome equally strange motive power, as it turned and went fairly racing through the waves, now to one side and now to another, at times dipping almost to the gunwales, and again dancing merrily along and only saved from capsizing by the helmsman's skillful maneuvers. Then, rap idly she seemed drawn down at the bow, the stern stood out high in the air for a fraction of time and the vessel disappeared, leaving the crew struggling in the surf until picked up by the others. The harpoon wound in the sea-devil's back had been a vital one and after a mad den e d rus h near the surface, still holding the anchor in a grip of desperation, he TROPICAL FRUITS (Continued from page 41) ribbed, tiny pumpkin. A taste for them must be acquired by most persons, but to those who like this rather strongly flavored cherry the large seed is no deterrent. The skin is too perishable to permit the tree ripened fruit to be shipped for any great distance. The sapodilla grows on a large shade tree, whose long evergreen leaves are deeply veined with creases that run al most at right angles to the central vein. The apple-like fruit looks like a very ordi nal'y, plain Irish potato growing on a tree! It is eaten direct from the tree and is generally considered too sweet to be entirel y palatable, till familiarity makes it an adopted favorite. The milky sap from the tree furnishes the chicle for the chew ing gum industry of the world and is ex tensivel y grown for that purpose in Mexico and Central America, while in Florida its use is confined to fruit produc tion. Sapodilla trees and children are as inseparable as are appl e trees and small boys the world over. Banana melons, whose long banana shaped form, and banana-colored, smooth skin, rather than any similarity of taste, give to it its name, tastes like a highly improved musk-melon to which family it belongs. The meaty walls are thick and tender, but have a richer color than does the ordinary muskmelon. The seeds re semble the ordinary melon and the con necting fibre is identical. Thes e melons are so in demand in Miami that they are shipped in from the keys along the coast and even from Cuba, though their culture locally i s somewhat extensiv e 48 A carissa is the fruit of a popular hedge plant introduced from Natal. The intense deep green of its glossy leaves furnishes a striking background for the waxen whiteness of its fragrant blossoms and beautiful fruit which is a rich American Beauty red. It is about the size of a plum, and its white flesh is shot with delicate shades of pink, and is much used as an ornament both for baskets of fruit, and when cut in thin slices and u sed as a garnis h for fruit salads or ices A paper thin slice is as dainty as a tiny wild rose when used on iced slices of honey dew melon or on a salad of pale diced pine apple and melon. The fruit is used in jellies and marmalades and its juice adds a tang to tropical fruit punch which defies description. The pink circus lemonade of the days of our childhood was no more delicious nor more beautifully tinted, than is any fruit punch to which has been added a measure of cariss a juice. Pomegranites and Persimmons are us ually eaten from the tree and are ex cellent when fully ripe. The Rose apple is chilled to make it cris p and is good as a fruit and in s alads. It tastes just as a fragrant rose smells A fruit enthusiast writes, "Ah the tamarind! Perhaps you do not know the tamarind. It is a marvelous fruit; poems have been written about it. Did you ever stop to think that when you form a dislike for a fruit which is new to you, and proceed to spend your time and thought in inventing new terms of scorn f o r it, that you are not having half a s mu c h fun a s i s t he fell o w who proceeds like having entered a veritable place of the damned, these depths where there was no light. Octopuses, with lambent, telescopic eyes, put on their long tentacles and puffed their baglike bodies as the manta yet went on, and so deep was he that now there was less and less aquatic life around him and the few things that he met were even strange r and more ghoulish. The enormous weight of the deep water, slowly crushing the life from him seemed to deter him not from his course and he p lunged yet downward, drawing this thing he hated with him, into the chaos of dismal black where there was no life. to form a liking for that perfectly de licious and wholesome fruit? It is rather childish to say that a mango "tastes like a piece of rope soaked in turpentine," and forever thereafter refuse to eat a mango, when it is a fact that the fibre and the turpentine taste have both been eliminated from the better varieties of that delicious fruit. You may get a lot of pleasure out of your comparison but it is nothing to the pleasure to be derived from an enjoy ment of the bountiful feast which nature has prepared for her children to eat. To assume that your personal taste is so superior that it is a safe guide to follow for yourself and others is too narrowminded to be worthy an intelligent person. A restricted menu effects the essential function of eating ahd so effects the adaptability of the species and hinders its evolution. The purpose of this series is to interest people of other sections in the addition of at least a few of the many Florida fruits which are needed, especially by the youth of America, for it is perhaps a fact that the fruit-eating people, at least thos e p e ople whose varied diet i s a matter of habit, are greater in many ways, and at l e a s t are more progressive. In tropical South Florida, through the work of the plant introduction station at Miami, there is a greater variety of fruits being pro duced than in any section of the United States. The use of such as are new is becom ing more and more popular, and when added to their already long list of regularly u sed fruits, served in the many ways which is a matter of common knowl edge with the homemakers, it will be a joy to be a housekeeper and cook -if her family isn't too witty to be wise


. .. )_ : ." .;_; : _-., University of Miami at Coral Gables JN almost everything that relates to Florida in years to come the University of Miami at Coral Gables will maintain a dominant note In educational and cultural matters it will naturally and concededly estab lish leadership. In sports it will be always representative of the highest standards. Even in civic betterment and economics it will exercise an in fluence of power and right. It will be a potent factor in professional life in the splendid array of university trained men and women given to the city. And what the University will mean as a new power and leader in the life of this community, we believe that it also will mean in distinctive architecture and landscaping. The University buildings themselves will express the power to create and achieve newer and more distinctive de signs in Mediterranean styles. Adjoining the University in the Riviera section of Coral Gables will be the Mahi Temple University High School, Railroad Station and Sanitarium, together with the score of University buildings, affording new opportunities for distinctive archi tecture which the best architects will take advantage of with joy and pride. Atlanti c City Office : 1729 Boardwalk u 'RjpieraA 40Miles of Water Front A Ceorie E Merri a New York Off ice: 140 W. 42nd St. E xe cut i ve Offices : Administration Building, Coral Gables Branch Offices In All Strategic Cities 49


A FEW FLORIDA FACTS FOR BURSTERS" By FRANK G. HEATON ACCORDING to mail, telegraphic, radio and word of mouth advices from outside of Florida, the great Middle West and all points North and East are at pres en t populate d by two classes. On e class is composed of those armor-plated pessimists who say com miseratingly, "Of cours e, we all know this Florida business is just a huge bubble that is bound to burst pretty soon." The other cla ss, from all reports by far the larger, i s made up of di s c erning persons who are selling everything they own, preparatory to moving to Florida. But on one thing the bubble-bur s t ers and the movers are uniteu; they are all talking Florida-talking it and asking questions about it and seekin g in formation of every kind relating to it. With the bubble-bursters the trouble i s that it is so b ig and new and s udden that they can't grasp it. They can't realize the fundamental difference betw ee n an oil boom, or one of the old Kansas land boom s, or a Klondike boom, and the coming into its own of a state the immensity of which they can not visualize; a state the lik e of which exists nowhere else on top of the earth; a state wh ere b e neficent Provid e nc e has lavish ed every gift, every good thing, and has left out most of the drawbacks that are listed on the debit side of the ledger in other localities. A correspondent sweltering in a Middle West center to which one of America' s great writers applied St. Paul the Apostle's phrase, "No Mean City," wrote, during the recent torrid spell from which the North and East has not yet fully recovered, "If it is as hot as this up here, what must it be down there in Florida!" He referred to temperatures in the mature nineties and over the hundred mark; temperatures that caused brick paved streets to bulge up and explode; temperatures that made' strong men swear big, round cuss words and caused weak women to r esort to kimonos (and little else) in the way of raiment, with hysterics on the side. Just at that time, according to the United States weather bureau in Tampa, the metropolis of Florida was enjoying daily temperatures of betwee n 84 and 88, with the nights so cool that folks had to sleep under cover ings. And Tampa wasn't alone in the en joyment of really delightful weather, with showers during the day to cool the air, and balmy breezes at night to induce refreshing slumber; every other city in the whole state shared and is still sharing in the climatic blessings denied to regions farther north. The fact is, Northern people are in the grip of a geography complex. In the little old red schoo lhous e they l earne d that the equator is the hottest part of old Mother Earth, or is supposed to be. Their more or less hazy recollections of Florida as it appears on the map is that it is away down south .somewhere-the equator also lyin.f! in that general direction-and they r ead somewhere that Tampa is something like five hundred miles farther south than San Di ego, California. Ergo, Florida must be hot. Now Death Valley, California, is on 50 about the same parallel of latitude as Savannah, Georgia. Yet Savannah has a really delightful summer climat e, while eve n a salamander in Death Valley must wear asbestos moccasins or lie up during the day, wh e n the mercury usually asc ends to 120 degrees or so in whatever shade there may be. According to newspaper reports, more than five hundred deaths occurred Ih the North and East during the incumb e ncy of the late unlamented torrid wave. The newspap ers came to the point where they w ouldn't waste space on a beat pro.stration list of less than thirty or forty for a 24-hour period. It is a fact provable by reference to the Florida State Board of Health and the health departments of Florida cities, that a genuine ca se of heat prostra tion has never been known in Flor ida. It is furthe r capable of proof that no death from sunstroke ever has oc curred in the state of Florida. In Tampa, during the summer of 1924, a visitor from the North became ill on Franklin street on e day around noon, and when an ambulance picked him up he informed the intern who administered first aid that he had been "overcome by the heat." The occurrence was wholly without precedent; the intern, knowing what to do in any ordinary case, was stump ed. He did the he could, and the sufferer left the hospital that same evening, fully recovered. Doctors, pursu ing the investigation farther, soon solved the mystery. It wasn't Florida sunshine that had caused the attack of vertigo, the tlusbed countenance, the irregular pulse and all the other "symptoms"; it was another Kind of "shine." And that is Tampa's one and only report ed case of heat prostration in the city's his tory-"since they poured the water in the bay," as the real old timers express it. Year.s and years ago the idea originated that Florida was a winter resort. That idea was evolved by hotel men, innkeepers and boarding house proprietors who main tained places in New England, Michigan, Canada and other places during the summer and managed identical resorts in Florida during the winter. It was fostered by the railroads, and even Florida people began to believe it after awhile. But it was a myth that has been exploded; it worked all right when the whole state of Florida had a population of fewer than half a million s ouls1 and those mostly Florida Crackers born and bred. Now that the state is climb ing higher and higher in the population column; now that means of transportation are vastly improved and tremendously am plified, the ancient myth has been relegated to the discard. Today we Floridians--and that include.s everybody who has summered and wintered (once each) anywhere be tween Pensacola, Jacksonville and Key West-know that Florida has the finest climate that ever was spread around out doors, twelve months in the year. And all proprietors of northern summer resorts who spend their winters in Florida are hereby placed on notice that we don't mean maybe. Recently an ex-newspaper person named Condon wrote for a Chicago weekly Thla Bayahore aection of Tamp& waa a low marah not many yean aco.


DAVENPORT Polk County "In the Hills of Orangeland Where Beauty Is Unsurpassed A HOME' in one of the beautiful residential parks of Davenport amid surroundings of Florida s natural beauty orange groves modern comforts ideal all year 'round climate wholesome outdoor sports combine the most that can be demanded for everlasting contentment A City Being Built On a Definite Plan With Full Zoning Rights Home ol the Famous HOLLY HILL GROVES We would appreciate the opportunity to tell you more about Davenport and its Two Million Dollar plan of improvements HOLLY HILL GROVE A.ND FRUIT COMPANY FRANK W CRISP, DAVENPORT FLORIDA 51


magazine a presumably humorous article on the Coast side of the California-Florida argument. We used to know Frank Con don when he was a bureau man in New York. We knew him when he used to visit Washington and play around with the boys of the National Press Club. When he be gan breaking into the "big time," as rep resented by the Satevepost and other publications that pay real money for the output of the writing craft, we were almost as tickled as if we had done it ourselves. There is a saying among National Press Club members, to the effect that when a reporter begins wearing one glove and car rying the other, and gets careless of his facts, he is a journalist. Therefore we note with regret that Mr. Condon is now a journalist. There are several things that seem to make a Californian, Native Son or transplantetd, see red when Florida is mentioned. One is the fact that more people are traveling Florida-ward these days than are using the transcontinental trains toward the more or less golden West. Another is that the Sunshine State, America's sun porch, has swiped the spot light from California-that this thumb of Uncle Sam's map, sticking down into the amethyst waters of the Gulf and the Carib bean, is "hogging the act," a,s the theater folk put it. Still another sore spot is the fact that large numbers of persons of dis cr}mination are learning that Florida's chmate, summer and winter has it over that of California like a tent. Of course a dyed in the wool Californian will say that the cold, c.lammy, sticky fogs that envelop San FrancLSco are tine for the complexion or something. At the recent conclave of Nobles of the Mystic Shrine in Los Angeles something gummed up the weather works and Angels were kept busy for a week: explammg that the dismal downpour of ram that turned the streets into rivers was "most .unsual." That is a favorite phrase of Na.bve Sons; "most unsual" ought to be sl!perimposed on the state seal of Califor ma. The regular daily earthauake shakes down a few chimneys in San Franscisco or Oakland, and the resid ents solemnly explain to that it i s "most unusual." A fev;: national conventions have to abandon their stree t pageant features because of a two or three days' rain and it is called "mo t I S s unusua omethmg happens to the thermometer and the California citrus crop gets chilblains-"most unusual." More "m?st u_nusual" things happen in and to Cahforma than any other part of the well known United States; any member of the will verify this statement. LS shy on two things that Cali forma One is the mountains. We have no Sierras, no Coast Range; we can't look out of our peeping through the screenmg bougamvillea and the snow-clad crests apparently few miles away. But somehow we don't seem to care a great deal; we turn our eyes toward the ever changing blues of our wonderful Gulf and are .satisfied. The other California commodity of Florida is. short is the wonderful, amazmg, perplexmg array of "most un?sual" occurrences with which California ts all cluttered up. In these two respects every Floridian will cheerfully grant California the fur lined bathtub, the poison ivy bathing suit and the deed to the twelve foot residence site at S.andhur st-by-the -de.sert, saying "Great of the gold e n west, you win; take 'em all. But further we shall not yield an inch. Whe_n we want an orange, we choose the Flonda type, rather than that California product has to soaked ov e r night in order to yteld any Jutce. We are foolish eno?gh to prefer to have our r ainy season durmg the summer, when we need it. We 52 confess a weakness for winter temperatures that make out of door .sports and amuse ments delightful from November-when summer comes to a reluctant end-on through March, when summer starts over again. We don't apologize for the sand of which Florida has large quantities; we regard it as an asset, pointing to the an nual citrus crop of around twenty million boxes, grown in that same sand. We refer with what we trust is pardonable pridel to the fact that when the yearn for a touch of big city life strikes us, we can travel to New York in thirty hours; and when a Floridian does journey to the metropolis, as very many of them do now and again, he does not squander his wealth in the pur chase of the Brooklyn bridge or the Wool worth building from temporarily embar rassed owners of the properties; no, he leav es such vagaries of tinanciering to the sophisticated denizen of Chicago or to pil grims from the Golden State, where wisdom has its Alpha and Om ega. Florida, as may have been mentioned before, is an empire in itself. Talk about your magnificent distances; the man who Tampa's City Hall. travels by the most direct rail route from Key West to P ens acola covers more ground than lies between New York and St. Louis. Before the state legislature carved Lee County into a handful of principalities a couple of years ago, the resident of that county who lived in the southeast corner and who was call ed to Boca Grande in the extr eme northwest corner, must travel nearly 150 miles by motor route to reach his destination, and must run up consider ably more mileage if he went by automobile and rail. Other parts of the country are fond of stressing the point that plenty of big game remains to fall prey to the rifle of the sportsman. Well, panthers measuring eleven feet and more from snout to tail tip must be considered as fairly large game, and such beasts are relatively common throughout the Everglades and the unde veloped regions of Florida. The Florida black bear, by no means extinct, weighs up to 450 or 500 pounds, and is to be found by any hunting expedition that seeks him in the right places and under the auspices of competent guides. Florida deer and wild turke ys, bobcats and a whole list of game animals and birds, inhabit the whole .state, from the western arm across to Nas sau County and down the length and breath of the peninsula. And the fur of the Florida otter brings the highest price of any pelt in the whole list except the silver for and the Russian sable. We Floridians do not capitalize these "resources" as per haps we .should; nevertheless, we have 'em. As for game fishes, ask anyone who has battled the lordly tarpon, .Silver King of tropic waters; interview the disciple of who has "hung" a 175-pound tarpon on the other end of 200 feet of 18thread cuttyhunk, and learn whether or not he got a thrill' out of the experience. To say nothing whatever of the big mouth black bass weighing up to fifteen pounds and more, that lord it over the lesse r f..:;hes in the myriad fresh water lakes of the state, or the score or more of other game and vicious fighters inhabiting salt and fresh waters that lave Florida soil. The real "big game" of Florida nowa days, however, is the real estate game; and here, again, Florida declines to take the dust of any other part of Uncle Sam's domain. A Tampa man, associating three or four friends with him, recently heard of a little tract of acreage a dozen miles from the city, that could be bought at a fair price, and snapped the bargain up. A representative of the syndicate, with certified check, motored out to the tract, saw the owner and closed the deal. It was only a little patch of about twenty-five acres, so the transaction didn't take much time to com plete. One the way back to Tampa the syndicate representative met a couple of men in a big car, speeding toward the loca tion. The cars stopped at side of the road; the outbound party learned that the tract had changed hands; a dicker startetd, and in ten minutes the syndicate represent8tive was on his way toward the city with a check representing a profit to the syndicate of $.:37,500. And the entire deal, from the organization of the little syndicate to the depositing of the last purchase check, didn't take quite twelve hours. Two years ago the man who is now the general manager of one of the big subur ban residential developments near Tampa was down and out-no, not out, but certainly down. He was broke, flat, and badly in debt, with a wife and family and a little home plastered all over with mortgages and liens. Today that man is rated at close to a million dollars, and he and his family occupy one of the hand somes t homes in the new subdivision, which he could sell any day upwards of $50,000 cash, if he wanted to. Again: Another Tampa man, smashed first by the World War, again by the only severe tropical storm that has visited Tampa in more than forty years, and a third time by an invasion of malaria bear ing mosquitoes from Cuba, traced to a schooner-load of fruit from an infested sec tion of the island, was so badly broke that two years ago he had to borrow the money with which to buy his family's Christmas dinner. That was at Christmas time in 1923. Recognizing the psychological mo ment when it came along, and never having lost faith in himself, in Tampa and in all of the Gulf Coast section of South Florida, he seized opportunity by the forelock, hung on and today is worth more than a million dollars in cash, besides immense holdings of city, suburban and country properties. A Tampa newspaper woman, deserting the typewriter for the real estate game, with a good deal of trepidation let go of her $50 a week job and went to work selling lots. Her commisRions for the first two months on the new job were well over $3,000. R e-investing and turning her


A Beautiful Driveway on the Top of Florida BABSON PARK Situated Over 300 Feet Above Sea Level Among hills. lakes and orange groves-in Polk County, Florida the richest per capita county in the United States in the exact center of the state, East West, North, South-in the heart of the richest citrus fruit section of Florida-surrounded by vast estates and munities of America's leading millionaires and business men High Ground Pure Air Pure Water Wonderful Scenery Babson Park Has Every Natural Advantage For Home Building For Business For Investment On a Main Line Railway On the Main Scenic Highway Stephenson Realty Company Princess Martha Comer Tampa, 109 Madison St. Teapot Dome Telephone 900 ST. PETERSBURG, FLORIDA BRANCH OFFICES Orlando 221 South Orange St. Opposite Poat Office Lakeland, Lemon Street Opposite Post Office 53


The new Municipal Docks at Tampa are already o vercrowded. capital as rapidly as a cook in the window of a Childs restaurant ever turned his flap jacks, this former newspaper woman isn't worrying about anything but where she will svend her midsummer and midwintetr vacat10ns-that and working out her annual income tax returns. The proprietor of a music store in a small northern city, becoming enamored of Tampa a few years ago, bought a small grove on the shore of one of the lakes not far from the city. Opportunity afforded at one time and another for him to buy up other properties. A year ago he began plunging in a c o nservative sort of way. Today he is at the head of a corporation that is developing and marketing a tract of more than 2,000 acres, and edging into the millionaire class himself, making Florida "sand," which seems to provoke the risibil ities of Californians, sprout crops of dol Iars, and driving one of those big cars that will pass anything on the road except a filling station. These are just a few examples of what is going on in Tampa today-Tampa, the best, biggest and busiest city in Florida, bar none; Tampa, the city whose banks showed an increase of 100 per cent, approximately, in combined resources and combined depo sits in a single year; Tampa, where every body who isn't selling real estate is buying it; Tampa, where makers of blueprints and the officials who record deeds are two months behind with their work and have abandoned hope of catching up Last winter Thomas Meighan brought his company to Ocala, three or four hours by auto from Tampa. There he made a picture that is to be released during the summer. And he became so infatuated with Florida, its scenery, atmosphere, general loveliness and its proximity to the big centers of population, that he bought a big tract on which he is establishing a motion picture studio. A few weeks ago Carl Laemmle, head of Universal Films, through a personal representative, bought a tract on the shore of Old Tampa Bay, four miles from Tampa. The tract includes a bold, rocky point of Iand-in fact, it is known as Rocky Pointand as this is written, Mr. Laemmle's representatives are in Tampa to plan the layout of a movie studio and laboratory for the production of made-in-Tampa pictures. It has become trite to say that Tampa produces more clear Havana cigars than any other city in the world, including Havana. Everybody that smokes cigars knows that. But everybody doesn't know that Tampa is the hub and center of a system of wonderful paved roads totaling more than 2,500 miles and covering only a little group of six counties Most folk like strawberries; but not all of them know that Plant City, twenty mile.s east of Tampa and in the same county, is the greatest producing and shipping center in the world. Floridians no longer fuss with Califor nians over the relative merits and advantages of the two states. We haven't time or inclination. We welcome the peo ple of the North, East and Middle West whose feet have wandered far from transcontinental paths and are turned Floridaward. We have the goods and we are only too glad and proud to show them. Cali fornians read the tables of dwindling across-the-continent travel and weep Here in Florida we feel sorry for the Native .Sons. A long while ago Thomas Alva Edison remarked "There is only one Florida, and ninety million people are going to find it out." The ninety million has grown to 120,000,000 or so, and apparently every mother's son and daughter of 'em is learning the truth of Mr Edison's remark, which was a real mouthful. It is a case of the best state winning; therefore, while, as has been said, we no longer quarrel with California, we are truly sorry for her in the days of her decline. But we are not letting our pity keep us from spreading the wonders and the beauties and the opportunities of Florida, the marvels of Tampa and Miami, and Sarasota, of the whole great state, from the keys to the Escambia, before the world .and saying "Come on in; the water's fine!" Miami, the Mqic City, has shown a rrowth unparalleled in the history of American cities. 54


r ,,-r--..... ( :,-' The Florida Keys (-' ( ( Stand Out Supreme as the One Great Opportunity for Quick Sure Profit able Inves tment in the Southern most Part of Florida These important facta must be weighed and accepted in their favor: -Their geographic location. Other features, too, make the Florida Keys of first importance to those on pleasure bent: -The Yachtsman's and Fisherman's Paradise. -Their unparalleled natural beauty. -Most delightful bathing the year round. -Their strategic position in the path of -Marvelous climate and sunshine. development. THE FLORIDA KEYS ARE FACING THEIR GREATEST DEVELOPMENT -The new giant causeway connecting with the mainland. -Dixie Highway extension to Key Largo and beyond. -Proposed development program greatest in their history. LET -US TELL YOU MORE ABOUT THE FLORIDA KEYS We know THE KEYS better than any other part of Florida, and their appeal to the investor and the homeseeker. Our knowledge is at your disposal. Write us, phone, or call. "Investment NOW means profit SOON" Emerson Realty Co. 21 N. E. First Avenue Miami Florida MAIL THIS COUPON TODAY N ame ------------------------------------Address ... .. : ... ...... .. ... .... ....... .. Witho u t obligation, pl e a se :>en d literatu r e o n Flo r i da Keys 55


ANNOUNCEMENT of PRIZE WINNERS IN SUNILAND'S POETRY CONTEST SOMEWHERE in the small but exquis collecti?n of Edna St; Vinc':nt M1llay's lyrtc works there Js a bnef poem, the burden of which is this: "How shall I know unless I go to Cairo and Cathay, whether or not this blessed spot is blessed in every way?" Floridians, or at least those dozens and dozens who submitted contributions to SUNILAND'S poetry contest, seem to have not been burdened with any such doubts as Miss Millay has felt. Unanimously they sang the praises of Suniland, and not without a deal of poetic skill. Of the several hundred poems entered in the Florida poets' contest, it was dif ficult indeed to choose the winners of the first three prizes. However, after a care :ful reading of every poem submitted, the judges awarded first prize to W. C. Baugh, 2201 Lydia street, Jacksonville, for his poem entitled "Tampa Fancies." In this short poem Mr. Baugh exhibits a genuine facility for versification, a keen sense of word rhythms and patterns and a sure touch in dealing with the most difficult of captures, that of the color of a city at dawn and at twilight. Second prize was presented to Oliver F. Washburn, General Delivery, Miami, Fla. for his poem "Nocturne' Floridien," wh i ch the judges cons i dered a splend i d piece of work. Mr. Washburn bas adapted his rhythm to that of the surf, a gentle, ever 'recurrent rumble suggestive of the music of the sea. Vernon L. Smith, West Palm Beach, was awarded third prize for his poem "The Artist," which is a very reverently drawn picture of a typical Florida landscape. The mood of the artist is strongly reminiscent, though not in any sense imitative, of Joyce Kilmer when he wrote the famous poem "Trees." Honorable mention was also made of the eontribution. s of Florence Kelly Armstrong, M iami; Isabelle S. Way, Lake Wales; Janette Brown, Tampa, and Mildred Farmer, Atlanta. A list of the other prize-winners appears rlsewhere on this page. Following is Mr. Baugh's poem "Tampa Fancies" which was awarded first prize: TAMPA FANCIES IF MORN adorn With glowing skies, 'Neath gleam and beam The city lies; If evening leave But fading dyes, O'er dim dark rim Its towers arise. Adown the vista of the trees. When rifted by the morning breeze, Come glimpses of a western strand, A many towered wonderland; When glows the light of early hours Upon i ts palaces and towers, The domes of mosque and minaret. Against the far-off blue are set; And Arab boast and Moorish Spain Are lighted into life again. Adown the vista of the trees, A foreign land the Fancy sees When magic morn has grown to noon And breezes sink in torrid swoon. The river bathes in sheen and gold, The dark palms lift from sanded wold, \nd silent 'neath the brassy skies .5() 'I be Contest Wtnners FIRST PRIZE--$15.00 W. C. Baugh 2201 Lydia Street, Jacksonville, Fla. SECOND PRIZE--$10.00 Oliver P. Washburn General Delivery, Miami, Fla. THIRD PRIZE--$5.00 Vernon L. Smith West Palm Beach, Fla. TWELVE PRIZE5-$1.00 EACH Vivian Yeiser Laramore, 225 N E. 35th Street, Miami, Fla. Florence Kelly Armstrong, 507 N. W. Miami Court, c/ Jarrett Coffee Co., Miami Fla. Isabelle S. Way, Lake Wales, Fla. Janette Brown, 705 East Lafayette Street, Tampa, Fla. Mildred Farmer, Federal Reserve Bank. Atlanta, Ga. Bert Morehouse, 1006 Penn Avenue, Lakeland, Fla. Mrs. John G. Bailey, Olmstead, Ky. E. H. Pitcher, Lake City, Fla. M. F. Bragunier, 508 Consolidated Bldg. JacksonviUe, Fla. H. E. Harman, c/o Southern Architect & Building News, Atlanta, Ga. Mary J. Galbraith, 640 1st Street N., St. Peters burg, Fla. Mrs. Jessie Munns, Lake Parker Ave., Lakeland, Fla. An oasis of the desert lies; Far Egypt wakes from mystic yore And rules in dreams a New World shore. Adown the vista of the trees, When evening wakes the sleeping breeze, The spires lift high o'er daylight's rim; The rtver lies all still and dim, And dark against the glowing West The fronded palms in splendor rest. ... he morning lands of dreams and e .arth Have flitted with their hours of mirth, And Cloudland lends its borrowed dyes To tint the walls of Paradise. Like gleams of dreams The city lies 'Neath brightening li1ht Of morning skies; Like dreams of gleams Of fairy skies, O'er dim dark rim Its towers arise. Mr. Washburn's contribution follows: Nocturne Floridien DID you ever lie at night In the water, creaming white In phosphorescent arabesques around you, While the stars above your head Gem-white points of brilliance shed 'Till the beauties of the Southern n ight confound you? Just to lie upon your back, Breathing in the salty wrack; Just to float there for innumerable ag es. In the rumble and the roar Of the waves against the shore Find the sum of all the wisdom of the sages! From afar the Mayport light Sends its white shaft through the night, Leads a line of laughing light across the sea Limns a palm against its glow, As it turns on pivot slow, Makes an evanescent, mystic, magic tree. Lie one magic summer night On the beach till Dawn's soft light Sends the darkness up the beach and o'er the bay Till the darkling waters fiing Joys nocturnal to the wing, And we rise and, facing eastward, greet the day! Vernon L. Smith's poem, winning third prize, follows: The Arti1t TODAY I saw a picture where the paint Was fresh and pure, and new, and old, and quaint, Whose colorings ran strong and bold; now feeble and now quaint. It was a woodland lake that Nature laid With so deft hand that bending palm trees made A verdant frame of fronds that feigned to dark it marge with shad e In quiet hour the blue of skies serene Cast down upon its bosom azure sheen; In the still eve it dressed itself in purest argenti ne. Sunrise and sunset stud with liquid gems More dazzling jewels than found in diademsSplashed roots of mangrove trees and last year's dard reeds stems. The artificial lakes that daubers make, Or poets sing, trespass the lowest law That Nature setJ about this humble lake; For none but can sing, And none but God can draw. Vivian Yeiser .,Laramore Miami, F lorida Ia Suniland Laughter will al lure you, Beauty take your hand, Here among bright blossoms, In Suniland! Youth will wal k beside you, Joy clear your way, Where the t ies are cloudless And ll:mds sway. Incense will be rising From the jeweled sand When the jasmine blossoms In Suniland Mocking birds will marvel, Dawn will paint the sea, Hibiscus bells will open Wide and wistfully. H eed the call of Beauty, Heed the heart's commandHappiness awaits you In Sunil and! (Continued on page 92)


A Great Strike at Sanibel Sanibel Gardens On Sanibel I stand Between San Carlos Bay and the Gulf of Mexico Offers to Investors The Best Bargain m High-Class Island Lots In All Florida Located near a wonderful bathing beach and bordered with hard roads, in the midst of palms a nd Australian pines, it appeals to anyone who desires lots for homesites or business property on a large tropical island, in the path of big development, and in the midst of intense activity, where values are mounting to new levels every day. My first subdivision of more than 700 lots adjacent to Sanibel Gardens was completely sold out in 60 days. TAMPA Buy NOW wher e terms are reasonable values sound and profits sure Lots $250 and up. Write, Wire or Phone for Information H. E. OPBE 307 Twiggs St. FLORIDA 57


7/ze 7/ori da 7lbme eA conducted IN July, besid es the Ori ental eggplant and the equally Oriental fig-as to ongin-we have a unique little fruit given us by one of the Cocos palms; not coconut, you understand, but cocos, which is quite a different matter, even though both are palms. The palm closely resembles the date palm in appearance. This little berry is not merely edible but most delicious, having a flavor which blends pineapple and banana in delightful com binatiOn, and its color is equally attractive, being a vivid orange hue when ripe. In form and size it r esembl es a loquat more than anything else p e rhaps, but it is smoother and in color richer. Away back in April this palm begins sending out long delicate sheaths which are green-gray and cream above and underneath have even more exquisite coloring. These form long, graceful hoods over creamy stalks of miniature ivory berries in sprays, which presently develop into jade-green and gold brown, acornlike berries, late r becoming orange-gold. When mature there is an aroma and flavor about them which wild creatures and birds love. The large smooth, central seeds are heavily covered, so that the thick, d e licate pulp is well worth while as a delicious breakfast or luncheon berry. It also makes a very unusual jelly of amber delicacy but for this must b e used before it is ripe. This is a rare and dainty sweet from a wholesomEl! fruit. In America we speak of the egg-plant when we really mean the vegetable itself. In France the name for it, "aubergine," means the fruit of the plant. But whether we say "aubergine" or "eggplant" or the East lndidan "Brinjal," we mean the same thing and our taste should be further cultivated for this harmless, delicious member of the Nightshade family. Americans know too little about eggplant exc ept in the fried sliced form which, though so appetizing, is not the most healthful food in which to indulge continuously (eve n when cook ed in the deep hot fat in which it should be fried) and even where most conscientious ly, delicately prepared. East Indians think that nobody knows the real flavor of the eggplant until he eats it baked. The practice of soaking sliced eggplant (before cooking) in salted wate r began when people imagined it necessary because it might contain some of its family's poi sonous properties, and believed that the brownish liquor which resulted was proof of this theory. East Indians decry this as destroying "the very soul of the eggplant." The East Indian recipes which follow are by Saint Nihal Singh in Good Housek eep ing. Boiled Eggplant (South Carolina Recipe) Remove the stem ; wash the fruit and drop into boiling, slightly salted water, cooking until tender. It may be boiled peeled or unpeeled. In either case serve the pulp mashed with butter. Plain Baked Eggplant (E. Indian) Bake the. whole, unpeeled fruit in the oven until a fork pierces right through the soft pulp, then remove the skin as with a potato. Serve as it is or mash the pulp or run it through a food-chopper. This will form the foundation of a number of dishes. Melt one tablespoonful of butter in a frying-pan and put the mashed pulp in this. with pepper and salt and let cook 58 cJ ..A N .E "W" ..A_ -ytill all moisture has evaporated and the eggplant shows a tendency to stick to the bottom of the pan and brown. Arrange in a mound and garnish with eggs, first boiled, then fried. Boil hard, then remove shells, cut them in slices about a quarter of an inch thick and fry in butter a golden brown. Or you may substitute boiled rice for eggs. Eggplant with Onions (E. Endian) Run a good sized onion through the food chopper and fry it a delicate brown in one tablespoon of butter. Then add mashed eggplant, stir thoroughly, season with cayenne pepper, black p epper and salt. Cook until the mass sticks to the bottom of the pan. Eggplant Fritters (E. Indian) Sift one cupful of flour, one teaspoonful of salt and one-fourth teaspoonful of p epper. Add enough milk to make a stiff batter, and one egg well beaten. Then stir into it mashed eggplant pulp. Drop this, a spoonful at a time, in deep, hot fat and fry a golden brown. American Eggplant Griddle Cakes Us e one cup of eggplant pulp, one cup of flour, one egg, one-half teaspoon of salt, three teaspoons of baking-powder and enough milk to make of proper consistency. Bake on hot griddle. Baked Sliced Eggplant (American Recipe) Cut peeled eggplant into slices one-eighth inch thick; butter each slice, sprinkle with salt, pepper and whole-wheat flour; plac e on greased baking-sheet and bake in very hot oven fifteen minutes or till browned. Escalloped Eggplant (E. Indian) Cut an uncooked peeled eggplant in thin slices. Put a layer of cracker-crumbs in a buttered backing-dish; sprinkle with salt, pepper and bits of butter and moisten with milk; add a layer of the eggplant, seasoning this also. Alternate layers of eggplant and crackers until the dish is filled, with the top layer of crumbs. Pour milk over until the liquid shows on top. Bake till thoroughly cooked and well browned. Eggplant Souffle (E. Indian) Mash the pulp of a baked eggplant and pass it through a sieve. Work into it pepper, salt, a pinch of nutmeg, a tablespoon ful of fine-chopped parsley, four tablespoons of cream and three e ggs, yolks and whites beate n separately, the latter to the stiffest froth. Beat mixture till very light, then pour into a buttered bakingdish, sprinkle the top with breadcrumbs and a dash of grated che ese and bake in a very hot oven. Stuffed Eggplant (E. Indian) Cut off a thin slice from the round end of an eggplant so it will stand erect. ,slice off the stem and far enough down to permit inserting a spoon. Scoop out seeds, leaving a cavity in the center. Run through a food -chopper the part that has been scoop ed out, one small onion, one stem of celery, one small tomato and one half cup of crumbs Mix and bind with an egg, adding tomato juice if not moist enough. Season with cayenne and black pepper, ground ginger, mustard, cinnamon, nutmeg, salt and two tablespoonfuls of melted butter. Fill cavity with mixture, cover top with the end sliced off, skewering it shut with tooth picks. Serve in the skin, removing cap and taking out contents with a spoon. American Stuffed Eggplant Cut in half lenghtwise or crosswise. Make a filling of minced ham, veal or chicken or onions and crumbs with grated cheese; stuff ; put bits of butter on top and bake till done. American Baked Eggplant Peel and boil tender an eggplant and pick apart carefully with a fork and place in buttered pan. Have a strip of bacon fried with an onion; place on top of the eggplant then stir in lightly two beaten eggs; sprinkle cracker crumbs on top with a little butter and bake brown in medium oven. Italian Baked Eggplant (Janet Ron) Boil the unpeeled fruits till tender. Then cut in two lengthwise and take out the pulp, being careful not to break the skin. Mash the pulp with some butter, salt and pepper and replace in the skins. Sprinkle with breadcrumbs and bits of butter and put into oven to brown. Eggplant Straws (Linda Hull Larned) Cut an unpeeled eggplant in one-fourth inch slices; salt each; put them together again and press under a heavy weight an hour or more. Cut them into equal lengths one fourth inch wide, rejecting Ekin; dry them in a napkin and roll them in flour with salt, pepper and dash of nutmeg. Drop a few at a time into hot oil and fry until they are a delicate brown. Dry on soft paper and serve at once. They should be crisp and tender. In the central and lower parts of our state figs ripen as early as June, continuing through July, while in the northern part of the p eninsula they last through August. In their mild sweetness with their laxative quality they are very wholesome to eat fresh and they make incomparable preserves and other sweets. The following recipes are from Fla. State Home Dm. Bul. 34: Fig Jam Select very ripe figs, wash and drain, stem and p eel. To every gallon of peeled figs add 2 qts. of water, mash and cook to the proper consistency. When nearing finishing point be careful not to scorch. If using a thermometer cook until 222o F. is reached. Fig Sweet Pickle Prepare the figs as for preserves No. 2. Drop them into a boiling spiced vinegar prepar e d as follows: For 1 qt. figs: 1h pt. cider vinegar; 1h tsp. whole allspice; %. lb. sugar; 1 good stick cinnamon; few piec es mace; % tsp. whole cloves; 2 pieces ginger root. .Stick the cloves in the fruit, tie cinna mon and allspice in a bag. To the vinegar add the sugar; drop in the spice bag; bring to boil and boil 3 minutes. Add figs and boil 10 to 15 minutes. Remove spice bag, pack and seal. Ginger Watermelon Rind Preserves 1 lb. watermelon rind; 1 pt. ginger tea; 1% lbs. sugar; 1 qt. water. To each pound of rind cut in 1 inch squares, add 2 qts. of water and 1 oz. of lime, and allow to soak over night. Next morning drain and soak 1 to 2 hours in fresh cold water. Drain well and boil rapidly 10 minutes i n strong ginger tea, made by boiling 1 oz. of broken ginger and 1 qt. of water and 1 % lbs. of sugar. Cook until tende r and transparent (about 2 hours). After boiling syrup half an hour, add half a l emon sliced thin.




60 Perfect! -this is, indeed, the land of your imagining I A LAND where it is always May! A land where you may easily forget your troubles! A land that is yet in its infancy-just starting its growth-where the far-sighted investor and the man seeking the ideal homesite will find the utmost in satisfaction. Values here are increasing daily as the vast hordes of people find out what a wonderful country is Florida. Syndicates A SYNDICATE enables the smaller investor to associate himself with big movements, and profit ac cordingly. If you are interested in a proposition of this sort we will be glad to furnLsh you with further details, and with names of capitalists and business men who have been investors in our other syndicates. This information will in no way obligate you, and if there is any other .service we may render, relative to Florida Real Estate (Broward County in particular)"We'll be glad to help!" Syndicate Department and Affiliated Land Companies FT. LAUDERDALE, FLA. The S uniland Song IF you have not heard the SUNILAND prize-winning song hit, "In Suniland With You," you have missed hearing one of the outstanding song hits of the year. This .song which is giving Florida a great amount of worth while publicity is stepping out and making a decided hit in all parts of the country where it is being playe d. Nearly one hundred orchestras are featur ing it, not only in Florida but up North where everyone is talking Florida. The first edition was sold out in less than four weeks and the publLshers say that the second edition will be gone in a few weeks more. Floridians are buying copies by the dozen and s.ending them to friends and relatives in the North as part of their personal campaigns to bring those friends and relatives to Florida. Mu.sic stores and newsstands in Florida handling "In Suni land With You," report that it is the best seller they have ever handled as it makes an instantaneous hit as soon as it is heard. Some of the larger orchestras featuring the number are: Isham Jones, The Com manders, Oriole Terrace, and Bob Miller's, all of New York City. It is also being broadcast over the radio by well known artists such as Joseph M. White, America's favorite radio tenor, and Ford and Glenn from Station WLS, Chicago. Among the bands featuring the song are Harold Bach man'.s Million Dollar Band, on a summer tour over the Redpath Chautauqua circuit, and the Royal Scotch Highlander's Band. Here are the words of the chorus: In Suniland dear-There hand in hand, dear, I know that you and I will find a paradise. It's always June-time, Sweet Honey moontime, For there's romance underneath those sunny skies. There'll be no sadness, just nights of gladness, For that's the place where all our Jove dreams will come true, So come back my empty arms are waiting It's honeyland, in Suniland, with you. If you play the piano or ukelele try the few bars of the chorus, and then ask your nearest music store or newsstand for a copy of "In Suniland With You." If the y cannot supply you send us 30c in stamps and we will send you a copy by return mail. Address orders: Suniland Song Department Box 2711 Tampa, Florida


Ct6 C Al>7 D7 D7 5 I I I I I lHf-t-M I !fiji I' I I ... f f) I tJ 1 I For that's the sad -ness Just nights of glad -ness fl I \vrurt '[1 .. ''-4 rtU T ..... -111 -111 I =4 ..... p..t 111 111 ll G7 Gdim G7 irr. G7 B7 E7 G7 (} f!Il-= ---fHl ----llfl!l --41'----4--l l!& I I I I t) pface where all our love dteams will come true So fl tJ '11 111 ..... l'l -1 utt IIJ t r I I r r c;... -6 -6 ll I Fm C F Fm C C+6 (} I I -#-/-/.#--+--1 ., I I f:1!l I I I t) fl t) fl t) (} b;ck t'y .. 4 it's come emp-ty arms are wait-ing hon-ey -land in I r-.. .,. -111 -6 --(P) .I' A A A A A l I. :I I I -6 I D7 G7 i C C 7 F Fm G7 C G7 Cd1 m 2 C F Fro C G+ C ml f I T Sun-i -land with you In Sun-i-you. I I A A A A I -r qt -......... .. .r I J-r.-, J l ba L "2: I 1 :::ii 61


62 ELECTRIC REFRIGERATION A wonderfully complete refrigerator and refrigerating plant in one unit. Operated by small electric motor. Con n e cts to ordinary light socket. Produces a cold, dry, crisp atmosph ere all the time. Requires no attention except an occasional oiling. It is FULLY AUTOMATIC You can go away on a trip for a w ee k or more and Serv-e! will continue to operate just the same as though you w ere at home to watch it. No need to clean up and give away all perishables b efore you go-leave the m right in the refrigerator and they will be sweet and crisp when you get back, for Serv-e! maintains 40 to 50 degrees all the time -it's the cold storage and meat packers' temperature and foods will keep indefinitely at this point. MAKES FROZEN DAINTIES FOR DESSERTS. FREEZES YOUR OWN ICE FOR TABLE USE. SERV-EL In Your Own Ice Box You have your choice of complete SERV-EL refrigeration or unit to be installed in your own ice box as illustrated above. The cooling tank occupy ing the ice compartment and mechanism may be placed in basement or other coovenil!nt location See both styles on our dis play floor and c:hooee the one that best suits your needs. In the upper compartment of the refrigerator is a regular ice making plant. In this compartment are eight aluminum trays, each one of which will freeze twelve cubes about 1 !;lx 1 !;lx 1 inch in size, just fine for desserts, ice teas, ice water, etc. This feature will often simplify your dessert problem when you entertain. Your Present Ice Box Can Be Used If your present ice box is too good to throw away you can install the refrigerating plant in your present box and put the motor and pump in some convenient out of the way place. This will save you quite a little, and be almost as satisfactory. These are only a few of the many advantages of electric refrigeration. There are many others, then WHY BOTHER WITH ICE Costs more--not as good as Write for booklet "The Home Convenient." It tell s more about Serv-el and other home conveniences, Skinner Gas Makers, Kl een Heet Oil Burners, Marvel Water Softeners, Electric Light Plants, etc. Write today to SKINNER MACHINERY CO. Specialists in Appliances for the Modern Home 200 Broadway DUNEDIN, FLORIDA Florida for the Dogs of War (Continue d from page 3 6) "Schooner Cheroke e Captain G. Hamos, shipwrecked with sails. all torn away. Put in t o harbor for repairs Crew all w e ll. Will continue voyage when weathe r permits." The waters about these keys tee m With fis h the del ectable lango sta, or Key West as it is known in l ocal markets, and at all availabe spare hours the destroyer crews fis hed, trolling for the abundant barracuda, or content ing t.o wde about examining t h e exotic sea-ammals and growths deli vered up by the ocean for their amazement, since in all the world probably the coral and at,olls of Florida are mo s t prohfic m offermgs of marine specimen s A wond erful laboratory for the study o f _Pr?tective and s ince there is no hmit to the vanegations of coral and gulf stream growths, the tints and designs of the denizen s would be the d espair of a Paris costumer. Gunnery and formation drills were held aboard the ships between Dry Tortugas and Key West, for both crews and craft must keep in fighting trim, ready for an emergency ev e n in p iping times of peace. The fiftee'n days training cruis e passe d both pleasantly and profitably and before one realized it the time was up and the reserve s w ere bidding their shipmates fare-well. h At p resent there are under t. e .Junsdiction of the Se venth Naval Di strict at Key West the organized and reserve units at Jacksonville and Miami. For communication purpos es an organization of more than forty men, all expert radio operators, has been formed, he!lded by Lieutenant William J Lee of Wmter Park. Further units are to be forme d under the regulations of the Florida State Militia which will be r e cognized by the Navy Department. More especially is this de sirable for the West Coast where the majority of Florida's sailormen reside. The new Naval Reserve Bill, which went into effect at the beginning of this month, comprises in the Fleet Naval R eserve all qualified personnel in Class One < lar officers who have held commiS Sions m the regular navy) Class Two: (all p e rs':m nel qualified for sea-duty) and Cla s s Five (the Navy Flying Corps ) The Naval Auxiliary Reserve will comprise all qualifi e d merchant marine per sonnel the Volunteer Naval Reserve will take hold of the beginners and qualify them for entry into the more advanced status. The Fleet Naval R eserve are subject to drills of varied natures, not to exceed sixty days per annum. A has been assigned to the Miami umt for this purpose. A day's outing on the little craft, a few hours meeting and discu s sion, or study in navigation and seamanship will probably count as a "drill." For each of these drill s the reserves will receive a day's pay in their rank or rating. The fift een-day summer cruises will be continued. The usual uniform gratuity of one hundre d dollars to officers and fifty dollars thereafter for each four year's service will obtain. The enlisted personnel will receive a gratuity of from eighty to one hundred dollars according to rating. Officers are to be placed on a precedence list with regular naval officers. Florida has in its Riviera a colorful setting for the spectacle of great fleets riding at anchor with ships and tenders stret ching away' to the horizon, nimble craft plying to and fro, and navy aerial craft droning overhead. For such an ensemble its coast cities afford not one, but at least five potential Newports.


requirements Seek our ad vice on investments. List your properties with us. Sell your properties through us Right now we have some extra good values in city prope rties. ocean beach propert ies, business sites homesites large acreage. Write. Wire, Phone or Call Make use of our Service With Value Knowledge It' s your assurance of Investment without Di's appointment. COME. AND TO T,HE AND WILL COME TO MIAMI. FLORIDA 63


64 Big Acreage Tracts 1. 41,000 acrea Manatee County at $35.00 per acre. cash, balance four years at 6o/o. Binder $25,000. All of Township 33, Ranges 20 and 21. 2. 20,000 acrea Manatee County at $30.00 per acre. cash, balance four years at 6%. Binder $15,000. All Township 33, Range 21. 3. 10,000 acre& Manatee County at $27.50 per acre. cash, balance four years at 6%. Binder $15,000. El,fa Township 33, Range 21. 4. 13,500 acrea Manatee and Hillsboro at $100.00 per acre. cash, balance four years at 6% Binder $25,000. All land north of Seaboard in Ranges 19 and 20, Twp. 33, in Manatee County, and all land south of Little Manatee River in Twp. 32 and Ranges 19 and 20, Hill s bo:o County. Tamiami Trail through property and near Sun City. About aeven milea river front. 5 12,000 acrea Polk County at $75.00 J=er acre. %. cash balance three years at 7%. $15,000 binder. SIAl of Twp. 26, Range 24. 6. 10 ,000 acrea Polk County at $50.00 per acre. cash, balance three years at 7%. $15,000 binder. Nlh Twp. 26, Range 24. 7. 37,000 acrea Citrua County at $30.00 per acre. $200,000 cash, balance four years at 6%. Twps. 18 and 19 Ranges 18 and 19. Two railroads and bard road. 8 17,345 acrea Paaco County at $50.00 per acre. $17 5,000 cash balance 7%. 9. 22,000 acrea Putnam and Marion. Countiea at $16 00 per acre. cash, balance three years at 6%. $15,000 binder. Twps. 9, 10, 11 S. and Ranges 23, 24, 25, 26 and 27 East. 10. 6,070 acrea Pinellas County at $125.00 per acre. $225,000 cash, balance arranged. Binder $25,000. Write, Phone or Wire FOGARTY BROTHERS ST. PETERSBURG Trade Mark Rec. U. S Pat. Office 689 Central A .. enue FLORIDA Have YOU Tried Them? Delicious, appetizing jellies and marmalades from Suniland. Nine varieties in beautiful box postpaid anywhere for $1.50. Hornbrook & Gist TAMPA Warner Building FLORIDA Great Men of Florida (Continued from page 39) ida's large fishing resources, and game laws suitable to the preservation of the game of the state, and reapportionment of the state as required by the Constitution. During Governor Bloxham's second term, the State Reform School, recommended by both Governors Bloxham and Fleming, was permanently established; extensive improvements in the "plant" of the State Insane Asylum were effected; the second (and now existing) Railroad Com mission war additional efforts to effect the drainage an::l reclamation of the peninsular swamp lands were inaugurated through the organization of the "The Florida East Coast Drainage and Sugar Company." War between the United States and Spain was declared April 21, 1897, but already, on April 4, Governor Bloxham had issued orders for the several commands of state troops to be recruited to their full complement. The corps comprised five battalions. Under the President's call for 125,000 troops, Florida's quota was one regiment of infantry. The entire corps was ordered into encampment at Tampa, and a full regiment of twelve companies was selected therefrom and promptly organized and reported for duty. No better description exists of the con ditions exi$ting when Governor Dloxham closed his second term of service as Florida's chief magistrate than that which appears in his message to the legislature of 1899: "Florida holds under her soil great storehouses filled with phosphate deposits, showing chemical constituents that render them more valuable than all the gold of the continent, to restore the world's worn land and thus enrich the earth1 that the labor of the intelligent agriculturist may be suitably rewarded. Florida's health record is unsur passed in the entire Uni on and the climatic conditions afforded by h e r geographical position will always attract the tourist, and furnish the most inviting fields for sanitariums, for the business-worn and afflictetd." A brief review of Florida's progress dur ing the period of Go vern o r Bloxham's poli tical career will be both interesting and instructive. The amount of State bonds in the hands of individuals was reduced more than ninety-six per cent; the number of public schools increased nearly seven hundred and eighty per cent; and the rate of taxation for state purposes decreased from twelve and one-half to two and one-half mills. To every item of this array of progressive growth, Governor Bloxham was fortunate enough to contribute more largely, perhaps, than any other single individual. After his retirement from office, Governor Bloxham eschewed active political life and spent the evening of hi$ days as a private citizen, esteemed, honored and beloved by the whole people of his native state. Looking back over the rich and varied career of this brilliant native son of Florida, one is impressed with the clear, logical thinking of the man and by his penetrating foresight. An eminent Victorian, retiring from the office of Governor of Florida, at the dawn of a new century, addressed his legislature with thMe words: "Immigration and Capital-those two great and unrivalled motive powers of development--have given Florida marvelous progress, and should be welcomed as necessary factors to the further growth of the State The harvest is growing: let our people be ready to reap." That man was William D. B loxham.


.A. Fort Myers--You Are My Home Flowering Florida; ocean edged. lake-dotted and sunshine soaked; breezed and fanned with water-cooled winds, fresh from their playground o'er Gulf and ocean; with no mountain range to h01lt and hold rain-laden clouds, hu midity is gone-banished, it seems, by the foresight of Nature's in tention Eons ago was a dirge chanted at the funeral of chill and cheerless weather. Four hundred miles farther south than San Diego and yet no farther east than Cleveland, snuggling next the edge of Caloosahatchee's rippling waters; a short ride from the opalescence of the Gulf, is my home-Fort Myers. Near by lie the beaches that are your setting, sloping borders of a shell-sand fringepounded to powder by the ceaseless waves of centuries of Time. 0 erhead a deep blue Heaven, speckled with fluffy clouds driven by the never-failing winds of the semi-tropic trades; an ethereal arch, as a roof for my home. dipping to the west to sink into the myriad colored waters of the Gulf-to the east ending in the vast Beyond of the great Atlantic. A gem city, rich in a thousand ways fascinating to the eye; peopled with men and women, home builders and home keepers, by the manner of their' birth; clean, well planned and managed, graced with Nature's greatest gifts of soil. air, water and vegetation. A thriving, bustling place wrapt in the healthy fever of rapidly acquired wealth, yet ever awake to the needs of a safe and sane future. Surrounded by marvelous back country-in places. muck-the rotted fall of vegetable growth of centuries; muck equal to that of the fertile valley of the Nile Road barred, you have been for years. to the eager, pleasure seeking pilgrim of America but now within reach; now shall the northern hordes, worn by weary winters and battles of big business, seek out the glories of which they've heard-to revel in them. Rumor of your worth and beauty spreads fast among people of wealth and leisure. Thousands have come, hundreds have stayed and other thousands left but to return again God hid you within what once was an impassable terrain that the achievement of your finding might be the greater. But Man came-sturdy, leather-handed pioneers with purpose; they came and saw a future, built homes and reared families; hewing and filling, grading the long, smooth ribbons of road that have opened the treasure trove to the eager eyes of a waiting world. And the world has come in throngs-and will continue coming-settling here to delight in your glories-to grow still further with you. Some will spend the fortunes won in the stress and battle of busi ness in other parts. Still others, farming the rich loamy lands shall take from out the soft soil-pad that tops your base of rock and coral the wealth of thriving crops. Your future is assured, your value known. And by the manner of your building you shall be judged. And, soundly built and sanely planned, you shall rise ever higher into your own place in the sun. Fort Myers. where Nature's work is finished, but where Man's has just begun-you are My Home. DON W. WILKIE. Secretary Fort Myers Challlber of Collllllerce Fort Myers, Florida 65


-"And for Chilly Mornings and Evenings I Urge the Installation of a Weir Oil-Burning Furnace." It is only occasionally, to be sure but there are times when heat is desired in your rooms and then You want ju, st the right amount You want it at once-without waiting. You want it without work or bother and You want cleanliness-without odors. That Is Why the Weir All-Steel Furnace Is Recommended for Oil Burners. This warm-air heater puts odorless, healthful warm air into your rooms in the shortest possible time-and when the desired temperature is reached. it shuts off automatically It is the ONE PROVEN furnace f or oil burners-" KLEEN HEAT" or any other oil-burning device is at its best when installed in the WEIR. The steef construction means quick heat and lasting service and the arc-welded seams give assurance that there will NEVER be any odors in your home. Ask Us for Further Information SKINNER MACHINERY COMPANY DUNEDIN FLORIDA The Weir ts Made in Peoria, Ill., by The Meyer Furnace Co. ACREAGECITY PROPERTY-FARMS "We Have What You Want" Several special offerings, the sound investment value of which will meet the requirements of the most conservative banker-and at the s ame time offer a practically assured LARGE AND QUICK PROFIT Call, Write or Wire BARNARD-BLOUNT CO. 107 MADISON ST. TAMPA, FLORIDA Building a Highway (Continued from page 31) by dredging. Besides these larger transactions, a host of smaller deals in key property is being reported daily, and old residents of Monroe county foresee the time when their once valueless islands will be solidly built up all the way to the mainland. The dozen or more fishing camps now scattered over the keys will be developed into an even larger industry, the growing of winter fruits and vegetables will be encouraged, new towns will be founded and many pleas ure resorts constructed. The rapid increase in land values near Miami and at other points along the East Coast, some persons predict, will drive the tomato growing in dustry that section to the keys, and also proBably induce many p ersons to plant groves of citrus and other fruits. The rocky nature of the keys is ing in appearance, but once the sotl IS broken up it is found extremely rich. Located: well below the frost line, the keys enjoy a temperature that never rises above 90, according to residents, who de clare that the breezes are constant and that there is never any feeling of discomfort i!l mid-August, such as overcomes many resi dents of large northern cities. From this they predict that the keys will become pop ular the entire year, and will become the home of many persons of wealth and h;arn ing. The quiet and beautiful surroundmgsl it is declared, are ideal for the work 01 authors, poets and painters. Those who have noted the beauty of the Miami Beach causeway or have admired the waters of Old Tampa Bay from the Gandy bridge will form a faint idea of what a long series of causeways from key to key would be like, and what a wonderful drive it would make across the length of all the keys and over the waters between them in reaching Key West. When the road is established as a fact there will be no need to draw on the imagination, for it wi ll then speak for itself, in language more eloquent than that of man. Meanwhile every effort is being bent to hasten it and everything is being done that can be done with money, machinery and men. Another modern miracle is apparently well on its way towards fulfillment. Champion Life Savers (Continued from page 25) In addition to mastering the first aid first aid complexities, the new tandidates complexities, the new candidates have to pass two severe pool tests and final ly have to undergo a whole day's test at the beach in swimming skill, seamanshi p, en durance, strength and other factors which are earmarks of an A 1 life guard. The Jacksonville boys, at present, are urging the American Red Cross officials to adopt standardized tests such as the ones they use for all life saving organizations in their province. There now exists a wide dis parity in the severity of the tests at dif ferent stations. Men that come to Jackson ville from other corps are often unable to pass the severe tests which the Florida boys advocate. Twice a year, the members of the Jacksonville corps have to pass ad vanced tests that are even more difficult than the initiation trials. This operates to keep the men in splendid physical condi tion. They keep m training the year around so that most any time they are in shape for the examinations. In a word, there is no opportunity for loafing and self-satisfaction as regards physical condi tion in this organization of amateur life savers. The boys want none but the very bes-t men in their corps. Because they have liv e d up to such a policy, their unit


''TO THE SWIFT THE SPOILS" Cooke 8 cordray Summer Headquarters 25 7 Central Avenue, St. Petersburg, Florida To Our Swift Clients We were able to deliver because we were in touch with the owners and you knew conditions and were swift with your binder. To Our Slow Clients You lost millions and we thousands because the cheap tracts we offered you and could deliver you were too slow with your binder. "TO THE SWIFT THE SPOILS" We Can Deliver FroDI $8.50 UpLarge Tracts in Calhoun, Madison, Orange, Flagler, Okeechobee, Osceola, Hardee, Taylar, Suwannee, Manatee and other counties. Florida land is changing'hanc6 over night. We are in the midst of the biggest land boom in the history of the nation. Pick your tract. Have your binder ready. 67


Florida Needs Farmers-Dairymen-Paul try men This season Florida imported over $12,000,000 worth of meats and dairy products and over $2,500,000 worth of eggs and poultry. Demand always exceeds supply with consequent HIGH PRICES. We have lands admirably adapted for dairy purposes and poultry raising. We are exclusive selling agents for Famous Boyette Lands in Hillsborough County. These lands will grow all kinds of vegetables, berries and citrus fruits. Farms may be purchased in units of 10 acres up. Boyette townsite business and residence properties, at present low prices, offer a wonderful opportunity for t:he investor. Write Us For Information INTER-CITY REALTY CO. 314. Franklin St. TAMPA P.O. Box 2697 FLORIDA FLORIDA LANDS It's West Florida Now! Write Us For Information Regarding Your Wants McCASKILL INVESTMENT CO. -Offices-De Funiak Springs, Florida 4 N. Palafox St., Pensacola, Florida Room 1546, Union Trust Bldg., Chicago, Ill. SAN CARLOS HOTEL Fireproof PENSACOLA, FLORIDA SARASOTA Tile Wonder City of Florida Make your money grow. Here's how to do it I Invest in a Lot in OAK PARK SARASOTA $500 up 2 5 % cash-Balance monthly Title Insurance First National Company, trustee DR. C. PRUYN STRINGFIELD Owner Realtor General Brokerage Lord's Arcade Sarasota, Fla. is one of the most efficient and bestconditioned of any in America. During the winter months the boys keep in trim by giving frequent public demonstrations in the various private and public pools. Altogether, there are seven excellent natatoriums in Jacksonville, a city of 94,000 inhabitants. In addition there are four swimming beaches on the St. Johns River and McGirt's Creek proximate to the city. These bathing places are all as well patronized as are the seashore beaches on the Atlantic Ocean eighteen miles from Jacksonville. In a land where aquatic sports and bathing are as popular as they are in Florida, it is small wonder that public interest in the life saving crews is maximum. This inspirational interest of the city residents is one factor which operates to hold the morale of the life guard corps at a peak point. Competition is not neglected. The corps' sports program is replete with sensational contests. lntercrew surf boat races are held. The life guards vie against each other in swimming races, candle races, torpedo buoy races, towing contests, underwater swimming, retrieving objects from the water and plunging for distance. Merit medals and national awards are made to the boys who make the best records in the athletic events, in the rescue operations and in faithfulness in the performance of duties. Every swimming club and life saving organization in the United States may well pattern their standards after those of the Jacksonville beach guard corps. Acres of Diamonds (Continued from page 33) we would be developing our God-given natural resources, that are now lying idle, to the immediate benefit of our private and public wealth." Do I hear any salvos of appreciative ap p!ause as Doctor Ranson walks off the stage? I wonder. He tells me that people, from his rare articles in newspapers and lectures in college and high-school class rooms, exhibit a deep interest in the subject, but that most of them frankly seem unable to grasp the enormous significance of the idea. "Acres of diamonds" truly. A halfmillion of them! Absurd, these declarations? Well, remember this is a fast age! We are living in days of such rapid increases in all kinds of knowledge and with such definite and wonderful applications of exact sciences, that it all constitutes great changes in our entire surroundings greater, mind you, in one decade than the world formerly witnessed in milleniums! And nowadays no claims in advanced ideas dare be ridiculed or disputed, for the dream of Today is the accomplished fact of Tomorrow! And Peat, I happen to know, is a dream that several very wise men of Florida are now dreaming. As for Doctor Ranson, his life-long studies and experiments, his passionate beliefs, are soon going to bear fruit--and "golden apples" I'm sure they will be. For a syndicate of capitalists is now being formed, and shortly this shrewd man's ambitious plans are going to be put into execution. Hard-headed business men, awed and thrilled by the magnitude, yet feasibility, 'of his dreams, are co-operating with him to make Florida peat a power and iJ:1dustry here! Yes, I wonder if the doubting Thomases and Sweeneys went to sleep during that discourse! Ten years hence, I warrantand mark well the prophe cy !-these slumbering Rip Van Winkles will roll over, rub bewildered eye s and gape in amazement.


r The West Florida Development and Investment Company, Inc. 1 I I Our Plans, ANNOUNCES Principles and What We As Outlined Below Stand For The development of large tracts of undeveloped corn, cow peas, beans, tomatoes, asparagus, and for acreage into small diversified farms of from 20 to 40 the pickling of small onions, cucumbers, cauliflower, acres each for intensive cultivation, and to be sold to and manufacture of sauer kraut in barrel lots; in fact, farmers on a 20-year payment plan at 8 per cent per for the pickling and canning of all farm produce suit-year, which takes care of interest and principal, retir-ed to that purpose and raised on the soil of Western ing the complete amount of principal plus interest in .Florida. twenty years. The establishment and operation of packing and All lands under development to be cleared, cold storage plants for the purpose of curing, preparing stumped, fenced with woven wire hog-type fencing, for market and storing of hams, bacon, salt pork, and the entire territory to be made accessible and open sausage, pickled pig's feet, weiners, and for the proper through a complete system of hard surfaced roads cold storage of butter, eggs, poultry and all similar built so that each farm will face a good road. produce. To set out portions of each twenty-acre tract to fruit, pecans, and different varieties of berries. young fryers, squabs and all similar poultry produce. To build an agricultural college and laboratories, The establishment and handling of large ware-such as will be necessary for the education of farmers houses for the purpose of storing all farm produce. and their families in the value of small, well-kept di-The plotting and development of a town site; the versified farms, intensively cultivated, and to guide building of schools and churches; the scheduling and each farmer in the planting of such crops as are best operation of bus lines. In short, the introduction of suited to his soil and to the climate of Western Florida, all those ideal features of community life necessary andi as to the type and use of fertilizers best adapted to make life worth while to the farmer. The estab-to this soil. lishment and operation of lumber yards and handling Establishment of pure-bred farms for the raising of fertilizers and farm implements sufficient to pro-of dairy stock, registered hogs, blooded sheep, and vide for needs of the farmer. poultry. The establishment and running of sales offices The establishment and operation of a large and the maintenance of a trained and capable sales creamery to take care of all dairy produce. The estabforce sufficient 'to place these 20-acre farms in the lishnient of a truck route to collect cream and dairy hands of capable farmers. produce from the various farms anc! deliver same to The establishment and operation of one of the creamery. most unique marketing systems ever undertaken, To build and operate a plant for the purpose of which will net the farmer a larger income than any canning fruits and for the manufacture of varied jams other marketing system today in operation, and which and preserves from fruits and berries, and for the will enable him to become one of the real business men manufacture of peanut butter, and the canning of sweet of the world. I The West Florida Development L: soOTH FLORIDA 69


70 Section 27, Township 24-S. 18-E. PASCO COUNTY-$250 PER ACRE (Brokers protected) 5 Large Lakes 2 Islands Beautiful shady camp s on sa nd beach es No. 5 highway and railroad diagonally through property from corner to corner. Fine development proposition. Adjoin s the Florida Land and Grape Co. Vineyards. The psychological point between Brook s ville and Tampa for a town! High and rolling I 614 Tampa Street Phone 3057 TAMPA, FLA. SARASOTA City Park Subdivision Located within one mile of New Court House site. All lots very high and dry. Location Ideal. Lowest Priced Property Within Two Miles of City Offering a few lots while they last at $600 each $200 cash; balance payable in one and two years, or $1 00 cash and $2S per month. Write or Wire WARREN WOOD, REAL TORS SARASOTA For Information Sarasota Theafer Building FLORIDA lEo lPo ROSS & COMJP> ANY REALTORS WE SPECIALIZE IN Acreage, Ocean-to-River Tracts and Subdivisions Acreage from $6.00 Up 15 Years in Florida Wire or Write Us DAYTONA BEACH FLORIDA The Amateur Pirates (Continue d from page 23) away. I never want to see him again, and I want you to please tell him so. The boys will put me ashore, and I will take a train for Tampa, where I will rejoin you. HE, of course, will have sense enough to leave the boat at The Springs. Now please don't worry, mama. In Haste, VIRGINIA. P. S. Of course you know I in tended to do as Dick wished. But when he said I must I said I wouldn't, and now I never will! The girl sealed the letter, addressed it to her mother, and placed it on h e r dresser where it would be seen in the morning. Then she put on a hat and a light coat, and with a dress ing-bag in her hand slipped quietly out of her cab i n into-the g loom y stern of the ship. By their united strength Rusty and his pirates had worked the "Lady Gwendolyn" in until her stub of a bow-sprit rubbed against the schooner's rudder, but even then the passage down seemed a perilou s one to the girl. Rusty was waiting for her with a length of rope in his hands. "We'll git y' down in a jiffy!" be said encouragingly. "I'll tie this rope under yer arms and ease y' down that way. See?" He showed her how the trick was to be done, and was so eager in his work that he did not notice a dark form stealing toward him in the shadow of the bulwark. As Mi s s Virginia was lowered into the sloop this figure paused, as if undecided whether to approach nearer or to retreat. "Ahoy, down there!" hissed Rusty, when he kne w that his pa.ssenger was safely aboard. "Lay to 'n' be ready! I'll be back in a 'minit !" Into his bead had come a daring thought. The piratical blood was surging through his veins again, and now, as he turned and crept stealthily back, his eyes were open wide for plunder. Rusty was not a thie f. If a boy ashore had accused him of being such he would have fought, and fought hard. But he was a pirate, and to a pirate all things of value are legitimate plunder. Near the cook's cabin was a big coil of rope, and very cautiously Rusty dragged this across the deck. Suddenly he heard a noi s e behind him, and, turning, he saw a figure between him and the stern. The spirit of a man came into Rusty. He saw that the situation demanded action, and reaching down into his boot-leg he pulled out his revolv er, sneaked up as quietly as a cat, and shoved the weapon close up under the nose of the young man against whom the girl had warned him that evening. "Hands up mister!" The man obeyed. In the darkness Rusty could not se e that he was laughing silently, despite the fact that the revolver was with in a few inches of his face. "Don't shoot!" he begged. "Don't s hoot! I'll go with you." Rusty's heart throbbed with deligat. Here was a prisoner, perhaps a valuable one, instead of a coil of rope. Visions of a ransom fill e d h i s brain. In a shrill voice that trembl ed with excitement he com manded his p risoner to walk into the stern and climb down into the sloop. He was e ven more delighted with the alacrity with which the man obeyed. It was so dark that the pirates below could not see who was coming down, and Rusty did not inform them until he was among them himself. After he had cut the towline he whispered the story of his capture. Without a word the prisoner had seated himself. The girl was in the bow, a doz e n feet. away, con cealed in darkness ani! unconsci us of what had occurred. "Is that you, Rusty?" she called in a low voice.


Florida Acreage In the balmiest days of California nothing was ever like our Florida Acreage demand and experiences. There seems to be an unlimited demand for what they term "Cheap Acreage," meaning from $7.00 the acre up to $50 00. Big Florida A.ereqe Is Our Business We keep listings day by day covering some two million acres. We have represent atives all over Florida. Everybody and their cousin are Florida bound. It's history that the last purchaser of this wonderfully fertile big acreage generally makes more money on the deal than the former owner. These Lands Properly Tilled Will Feed the U.S. A. Florida Land Owners: 4 List Your Big Acreage With Us Turn it over to us and aee results. We certainly have the clients with money. "/7' CAN BE DONE" w. T. Rowland S TAMPA TAMPA REALTORS P. S.-We operate a general brokerage business and are fully pre pared to represent y _ou in any realty capacity. References gladly fur nished. W. T. R. f1 Co. FLORIDA 71


72 Watch This Space For Important Announcement BOB WORTHINGTON Real (Cracker) Estate 511 Y2 Franklin St. Tampa, Florida IF YOU KNEW as WE KNOW THAT more Ft. Myers property is actually being bought up now than at any time in its history and that thousands of dollars are being made by in vestors and speculators daily, you would make it your business to buy some thing here quickly. IF YOU KNEW as I KNOW WHO have been in business here for nine years, why Ft. Myers is in line for BIG THINGS-How the new railroad, the extended city limits, the new inland drainage, the water transportation and the highway projects have stimulated the entire country side, you would come quickly to inspect some special offerings I have that will not last long at their present prices. BUSINESS PROPERTIES-HOMESJTES CLOSE-IN ACREAGE Suitable for Occupancy Development, Investment ACT NOW! Wire or write the latest best bu ys that I can conscientiously recommend A. GORTON REALTOR 400 Firat Street Lincolns Fordaona "Perfect Service" THE UNIVERSAL CAR AUTHORIZED FORD DEALER FRED FARISS PhGnea 4245-3294 1701-3 Franklin St. Tampa, Florida Fort Myera, Florida FLOROSA INN American Plan On Santa Rosa Sound and Gulf of Mexico EXCELLENT CUISINE Rates $4.50 to $6.00 BOATING -HUNTING BATHING FISHING, DANCING, etc. FLOROSA FLORIDA "Yes," replied the captain. "Don't any body make a move until the schooner's out of hearin'," he added warningly, and for a few minutes there was a deep silence aboard the sloop. Slowly the schooner's lights grew more and more distant, and at last Rusty ordered the "Lady Gwndolyn's" sail hoisted, and a lantern brought from the little cabin. He was eager for the girl and his prisoner to see him as a captain in active command. While still enveloped in darkness he transferred his weapons from his boot-leg to the belt about his waist. Then he stood up square and stiff on the cabin roof just above his prisoner's head, and as one of the pirates came up behind him with the light he placed a hand over his eyes and started tragically out into the blackness of the night. In a moment the sloop was dimly illuminated. Rusty heard a sharp, sudden litlte scream, then a man's voice calling a name-just once. After that there was silence. Still the pirate captain stared out over the Gulf. It de lightd him to think that his attitude had startled the girl and the prisoner; he tilted himself perilously over the edge of the boat, one hand surreptitiously sought his revolver as if he detected approaching danger, then-"Brute!" Surely that name had not been applied to him! He regained his proper equili brium with a jerk. The man had partly risen, with his hands stretched out toward the bow. Up there sat the girl. Rusty wondered what she was looking at. She seemed staring at least six feet above his head, her lips set tightly, her hands clenched in her lap. He looked up, but saw nothing of interest. Then he looked at the man again. It occurred to him now that the girl had warned him against this man. She feared him; possibly he had done her some great wrong, or was plan ning to hurt her. Determinedly he drew a bead on the back of the prisoner's head. "Set down or I'll blow yer 'ead off!" he yelled. The man turned, smiled up at Rusty, and sat down. Still holding his cocked re volver menacingly, Rusty approached the She looked at him sternly, with a peculiar gleam in her eyes that Rusty had not seen before. "Didn't I ask you not to tell him?" "I didn't," replied the pirate-captain in a whisper. 'E was goin' to squeal on us, an' I bagged 'im! 'E's a prisoner!" He pronounced the last words with a tragic emphasis. Despite herself, the girl smiled. But Rusty was a barrier between herself and the man. "I wish you could get rid of him in some way, Rusty," she murmured. There was an appealing look in her eyes, and the boy's face became very sober. He walked back and whispered among his men. After a little they approached the prisoner and coolly proceeded to tie his hands and feet. The man looked at the girl and laughed, but this time she had turned her back toward him. Soon she heard a noise which grew suspiciously louder until out of curi osity she glanced over her shoulder. The five pirates had dragged their helplessly bound prisoner to the edge of the sloop, and he was already halfway over when she shrieked out Rusty's name. "What are you doing?" she cried. "Gettin' rid of 'im !" shouted Rusty. "Now, men, one, two--" "Stop!" she screamed. "Rusty you're -a-you're-a-" She stopped, but Rusty knew that he was in disgrace. "A clever joke!" growled the man, "a blamed clever joke!" Rusty knew that there was some good reason why he should free his prisoner, and he did so. For a long time after that he kept very quiet. Two or three times the man spoke to the girl, but she deigned no reply. At last she


1 II -------------------' I 1 I THE RECORD OF A WONDERFUL CLIMATE 1918 1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 EIGHT YEARS OF COMFORTABLE HEALTHFUL WEATHER Fort Myers Temperatures for 8 Years EXTREME HIGH EXTREME LOW ---95 32 ---97 36 --96 33 ----96 41 --94 37 -----94 40 1924 ----97 41 1925 to June 11 -91 42 ALBERT G. COLCORD, U. S. Weather Observer. Study the Location of Fort Myers Realize what these figures mean. Fort Myers needs builders and investors. The are quick and sure. If you can build or invest in Fort Myers, we can prove to you what the future will bring. 1 Barnwell Realty Company 1 FORT MYERS FLORIDA .I 73


++- ---------------- ----- ----n----..... Consultants on Florida Investments ---Specialty--LARGE ACREAGE ...... -------"--.-..---------------------..... 74 Acreage lnvestDients Anywhere in Florida are sure to prove both pleasant and profitable but it is not wise to invest before investigating. My 15 years' residence and association with the land in the State enables me to render you correct information and advice. I make personal appraisals and complete reports on property anywhere in the State for persons interested. Prompt Service With a Reasonable Charge. Geo. Le Fevre Phone 1925-MM St. Petersburg, Fla. 503 Sumner Bldg. Formerly. Appraiser With the Federal Land Bank FIVE CITY BLOCKS in St Petersburg, Fla. At Acreage Prices Located between 37th and 39th Streets and 12th and 15th Avenues North. Joins Floral Villa on the East and Francella Park on the West. Price $50,000-$1 0,000 Cash-Balance 1-2-3-4 Years at 6 %. Also 21 Lots in Gulfport on Tangerine A venue, Near Pasadena $20,000-0ne-third Cash-Balance 1-2-3 Years at 6% The Two Best Buys in the State-Act Now! FoR PARTICULARS ADDRESS OWNER MRS. E. R. CORSON 700 Beach Drive North ST. PETERSBURG FLORIDA called to Rusty, and the boy crept up to her, feeling that he had lost all favor in her eyes; but she reached out and put an arm around him, and the pirate-captain felt as though he would burst with joy. "Rusty, where are we going?" she asked. "I dunno," he replied. "We're just sailin'. We might hit land any time." "I know, but what land may we hit?" Rusty became nervous. He clawed at the rotten rail of the sloop, and wondered if he had better guess something at random. "1-1 ain't sure," he said truthfully. "Mebby we're goin' t'ward Mexico, mebby we're goin' t'ward-what's that United States state off there?" He pointed, and the girl told him that it might be Texas. "Well, mebby we'll hit that!" he con cluded hopefully. For a long time after that Miss Virginia sat very still, her face turned out to the darkness of the water ahead, and Rusty tried hard to picture in his mind the things she might be thinking about. Her arm was still around him, and that gave him some comfort. "You-you're mad?" he dared to whis per at last. "Just a little, Rusty," she replied. "But not at you," she quickly added, with a reassuring pressure of her arm. Rusty felt that she was going to say something more to him soon, and he waited patiently, peering up into her face now and then. "You wouldn't shoot, ever, would you, Rusty?" she asked. "No-oo-oo-oo," replied Ru.sty doubt fully. Miss Virginia gave a relieved sigh. "I'm so glad," she said. "I wouldn't have you hurt him, but---" "But what?" urged Rusty, after waiting for a moment. "When we reach land I want you to get him away from me. I don't want him to be near me or know where I go. Will you?" Rusty that he would, and during the next hour he invented a scheme so big that he could hardly hold it. Once, filled with a knowledge of his power, he came up close to his prisoner and grinned sardonic ally in his face. The night passed tedi ously after this-at least to the girl and the man. The girl especially was becoming more and more miserable. She begged Rusty to find out from the man what time it was, and inwardly prayed that something would happen soon to relieve the situation. A little before dawn her prayer was an swered. Warning first came in a slight jar and a scraping under the "Lady Gwendolyn" as though she were passing over drifting brush. Then came a jolt which flung the girl to the bottom of the sloop, and above her cry .of alarm there sounded a shrill yell of terror from one of the pirates as he was hurled head foremost into the water. The man had half gathered the girl in h is arms when the boy who had been flung overboard stuck his head over the edge of the boat. "Land ho !" he yelled lustily. "Wh::re 'way?" cried Rusty. "We're on it!" informed the partly sub merged pirate. "I'm standin' on bottom now." Rusty saw the girl struggiing with his prisoner, but before he could lend her assistance she had freed herself. The man said something which he could not under stand, then turned and jumped into the water. The pirate captain could hear him splashing on his way to the shore. "He's gone!" he said. There was a note of disappointment in his voice as he saw the end of the great achievement which he had planned. "I'm glad, Rusty," replied the girl. "Now, how am I going to get ashore?" "Wade," advised Rusty promptly. "It ain't over yer head!"


SAFE Investment SPECULATIVE Profits You'll Find It In PoDiello City and Pom-Uo Park The safety of investment in Pomdlo City and Park is assured by its location in prosperous Manatee County, Florida famous for its winter truck and citrus crops which reach a total of more than 8 ,000 carloads annually. Manatee County's tomato crop alone this spring brought net returns to the growers of more than.$2,000, 000. Building permits in Bradenton the county seat. were more than $600,000 for the month of May Jlone. ON THE EAST AND WEST COAST RAILROAD (Owned by the Seaboard Air Line) between Bradel}ton and Arcadia. RAPID INCREASE IN VALUES IS ASSURED because hard-surfaced county highways now under construction will reach Pamella City and Park from five different sources The East to West Coast Highway connecting Bradenton with Arcadia, Con nors Highway, and Miami, will be the most traveled road in the state. POMELLO PARK ALREADY HAS NEARLY 1,000 PURCHASERS SOLD IN tO-ACRE UNITS IO% Down Balance SIS Per Month SIOO to SI7S Per Acre _With the large number of Pomello Park investors surrounding Pomello City, lo cated in such a strategic position--on railroad and two county highways its success and development is assured. Officials High in Moose Lodge Have Taken Over Almost 2,000 Acres in Park and 1,000 Lots in the City. At Present, Lots Sell From $100 to $500 Each ACT NOW! Before Prices Begin to Reflect Improvements Under Way For Literature and Information Write to BOUlt REALTY COMPANY ST. PETERSBURG OWNERS AND DEVELOPERS 689 Central Avenue FLORIDA Ill .... lllt'&"" .... ilf 15


You will have less trouble selling from Bird' s-eye Pictorial Paintings We specialize in this work Send for price list on all sizes You will be surprised at our moderate charges STERLING SIGNS, Inc. STUART FLORIDA You Are Invited to Inspect Our -New Home Corner Seventh Avenue and Eleventh Street A .. TMeltiZii STRfCKLAN D 9'iJ1il(;t W I S D 0 M TAMPA FLORIDA !i$"1..., AN ANNOUNCEMENT OF IMPORTANCE TO 76 BUYERS OF DISTINCTIVE PRINTING Advertising Typographers J ';;;ish to announce the opening of their new Tampa office at 1115 Tribune Bldg. and the appointment of Norman C. Moyse to take charge. When the need for high-class printing arises-phone 2872 and let this office serve you. TOURIST NEWS PUBLISHING COMPANY St. Petersburg "Florida's Printing Headquarters" Florida To prove his assertion he dropped over the side, and found the water only up to his armpits. "You afraid?" he asked. "Noo-o-o-o-," said the girl hesitatingly, "but--" "You needn't undress," comforted the pirate-captain. Miss Virginia laughed, and the man ashore, hearing her merriment, swore to himself as he strode up from the beach. "I'll have to change my clothes after ward, Rusty. If you'll be very careful, and will carry this bag without getting it wet, I'll follow you." Rusty reached up for the bag and waded ashore with it. Immediately after him came the girl, and after her trailed all of the pirates but one, who remained behind to car of the "Lady Gwendolyn." Then Rusty and his men went a dozen rods up the beach and built a big fire out of drift wood. By the time it was burning well the girl rejoined them, wearing a smart little suit that made Rusty stare in open mouthed admiration. She went straight up to him and gave him a hug. "Dear Rusty," she cried, "you're ayou're a brick! And every one of your men is a-brick!" She knew that word expressed worlds to Rusty. Then she went from pirate to pirate and kissed each of them, and thanked them so beautifully for all that they had done for her that they were ready to get down and eat sand for her if she requested it. After a little, one of the pirates went out into the dim dawn and returned not many minutes af terward with the information that they were wrecked "on a island no bigger'n the Pa!'k back home," which meant that there were about half a dozen acres on it. In the firelight the girl's face showed her alarm. "I know! It must be Palmetto Key!" she exclaimed. "Oh, Rusty!" There was a sob in her voice. "There isn't a soul on it, and nobody ever comes here! Oh, dear-dear-dear!" Rusty knew that she was really crying now, with her face buried in her arms, and he gulped hard two or three times and silently beckoned his men away. He knew what was the matter, too. She was afraid of the man. He told his men this, and he revealed other things to them. Then he signaled the other pirate from the "Lady Gwendolyn," and all of them went out as silently as shadows in a search for the escaped prisoner. In Rusty's great scheme force was not to play a large part, for he had reasoned that the man would be more than their equal, unless he shot him, and that he had promised the girl-not to do. He would tell him that the girl wished to talk with him, but that he and his men would allow him to go near the girl only as a prisoner, with his hands securely tied behind his back. After the man's arms were helpless Rusty was sure that he would be an easy prey. Then he would inform him that the girl never wanted to see him again, and that he and his crew were therefore doing their duty. The girl had raised her tear-stained face just in time to see Captain Rusty and his men disappear. She knew that they were not deserting her, so she sat beside the fire and cried and shivered and laughed by turns, until the day came in a ribbon of red over the water. Then the pirates re turned. One of them was limping griev ously, and his dirty face had been cleansed .. in streaks by many t ears. Shamefacedly Rusty showed one closed and swollen eye and an upper lip that bulged. But there was something in his manner which spoke of triumph. "We bed a scrap," he explained, his ar ticulation a1 little thick because of the condition of his lip. He did not know that the girl misunderstood him. She looked from the limping, tear-stained pirate to Rusty's battered countenance, and men tally concluded that the two had engaged in a combat.


Miami Buyers' Guide BONDS AND MORTGAGES 8% GOLD BONDS Double security for every dollar invested Free booklet Southern Bond & Mortgage Co. Incorporated ELECTRICAL SUPPLIES Ranges Appliances Fixtures 28 N. Miami Ave. Suppliea Phone 3024 HOTEL For Your Comfort W R Bevier, Mgr. HOTEL T A-MIAMI MIAMI, FLORIDA Miami's Commercial Hotel. Open aH Year Clean, Comfortable Accommodations at Moderate Rates. MAPS New Location, Subdivis:on and Road Map of Dade County and Broward County, including Key Largo. Seale: 1 inch, 1 mile. New Edition City of Miami Map Ready. New Map Broward County. Scale 2 inc hes, 1 mile. Phone 8633 KARL SQUIRES 207 B edford Bldr. REALTORS REALTORS EDWIN W. FISKE REALTOR 0 300 South Miami Avenue Telephone 6571 MIAMI, FLORIDA New York Office s 13 Depot Place MOUNT VERNON, N. Y. EUGENE PATTERSON AGENCY REALTORS We Buy, SeU or Act As Your Arent in Any Kind of Realty Transaction CaU, Write or Wire 207 Hahn Bldg. CAUSEWAY REALTY CORP. 19-21 N. E. Second Avenue Miami Florida Member of M iami Chamber of Commerce and Miami Realty Bd. REAL ESTATE EMERSON REALTY CO. 21 N. E First Avenue Complete Real Estate Service In All Florida See Our Page Ad. in This WE HAVE OR CAN GET For You Any Kind of Property in Any Part of Florida Write Us Today M.D. MORSE 101 S E. First Street M iami, Florida Owners, Subdividers, Developers Local and Foreirn Properties We Handle Every Phase of Real Estate. Large Acreage Tracts a Specialty. Look for Our Full-Page Ad. this Issue Phone, Write or Wire Wallner-Haynes Realty Co. SERVICE-EFFICIENCY-RELIABILITY 66 N. E Second St. Phone 4697 MIAMI, FLORIDA REAL ESTATE ON GP.ATIGNY BOULEVARD a Beautiful Place for YOUR HOME We Will Gladly Send Information Northern Development Co. 59 N. E. Second Street P. B. BECHARD & CO. General Real E s t ate Mortgages Bought and Sold 812 Professional Bldg. MIAMI, FLORIDA ROCK HARBOR-BYTHE-SEA Thompson's Subdivision KEY LARGO Will Rival Miami Beach Lots as Low as $50Q--10% Cash, $15 Monthly Specialists in Acreage on Florida's Keys C J. HUELSENKAMP, P. 0. Box 8022 Strand Arcade, Miami, Florida. Without any obligation on my part send me par ticulars NAME ..... ... .......... ADDRESS ........ ... ________ ........................ .. ............ .. .... .. .. .. TENTS AND AWNINGS Thomas Awning & Tent Co., Inc. Awnings That Fit and Satisfy 265-267 W St. Phone 7428 Branches-Ft. Lauderdale, West Palm Beach, Cocoa TRANSFERS MOVING TO MIAMI? Consign Shipments to Us Expert Movers, Packers, Craters "If It's Movable, We Move It., H. & S. TRANSFER CO. N W First Avenue Corner Th:rd St. 77


78 IF YOU EXPECT To Invest in Florida Real Estate See or write us. We have everything from 5-acre farms to 5,000-acre farms. Thousands of town lots in various incorporated towns. Cut over acreage from 40 acres up to 97,00()1 acre.s in body; 17 Miles of Water Front Gulf and Bay Beach Property Prices here are advancing so rapidly and, sales so fast impossible to send complete listings and guarantee delivery, so write or wire us what you .want and how located and we will make you close price. Discount to any former Naval associate. I invite you. Come all. We are Florida "Crackers." We have always lived here and sell n o land we cannot recommend F. McMILLAN MARIANNA FLORIDA VALUES SUPREME for INVESTORS-HOMESEEKERS m WEST FLORIDA Land of Incomparable Opportunity Large Acreage Small Farms L. N. SMITH MARIANNA FLORIDA FOR SALE LIVE OAKS PARK On the Most Beautiful Lake in Polk County, Florida Three hundred feet above sea l evel; surrounded by rich estates of America's best known millionaires and business men; adjacent to the state paved road No. 8, known as "Scenic Highway" from Jacksonville to Miami, through the Ridge Country, America's "Eden." The community of wealth and culture. Forty-five estates consisting of large building plots heavily verdured with large live oaks, pines and hickories. On lake. Each building plot respectively accom panied by six-year-old, bearing citrus grove of approximately sixty trees each, select oranges and grapefruit. $100,000 Profit for purchaser, between price at which offered and re-sale prices as scheduled. Owner negotiating for large property and offers above, if sold in sixty days, on liberal terms. Can be sold out at big profit in sixty ctays next winter. Write for details L. EVERETT, Owner P. 0. Box 2063 SARASOTA FLORIDA "You shouldn't fight," she reproved, trying to keep a sober face. But the humor of the situation overcame her, and she smiled. Rusty was delighted. He could see that she was already greatly re lieved at being freed of the man. "We done 'im good an' plenty this time!" he further elucidated, edging up to her confidentially. "We I" exclaimed the girl1 looking pity ingly at the other injured pirate, who was standing almost entirely upon one leg and grinning cheerfully. "We, did you say? How many of you attacked him?" "The hull of us!" said Rusty. He could not account for the girl's silence. He ex pected some words of appreciation, and not receiving them soon turned his attention to the stranded sloop. Some weeks previously the pirates had resurrected the "Lady Gwendolyn" from a sand-bar where for several years she had been allowed to rot and warp. There was not a sound board in her, and in the collision with the shore she had crushedd in half of her bot tom. Undismayed by the of their craft, the pirates whistled and shouted in the joy of their adventure as they brought their stores ashore and piled them near the dying fire. Captain Rusty's provisions began with a pack of potatoes and ended with an emaciated strip of bacon. For a time the girl watched the pirates' operations with interest. Then she strolled slowly along the beach, looking sharply to guard against an encounter with the man, whom she still desired to evade. She won dered where he had gone. From a point which she soon gained she could see down both sides of th eisland, but he was not in sight. Her curiosity became acute. She continued her walk until she had entirely encompassed the island. Rusty had roasted a few potatoes and fried some bacon, and the choicest of the fare he had placed on a tin plate for the girl. "We're goin' to build a raft," he in formed her soon after. "When we get it built we'll go out there 'n' be picked up." He pointed out over the water where, two or three miles away, a trail of smoke marked the ships' highway. All that morn ing the pirates worked like beavers. By noon the raft was completed. With ropes and wire taken from the sloop, pieces of wreckage and driftwood had been fastened together, and in the center of the crude craft had been erected a short mast bear ing a part of the "Lady Gwendolyn's" sail. All of this Rusty proudly pointed out to Miss Virginia. "And do you expect me to ride on that, Rusty?" she asked. "Sure not!" replied the pirate-captain. We're going out there 'n' stop a ship. Then we'll come back 'n' you." He spoke with confidence, and in watching their embarkation the girl forgot that she was being left alone with the man. Not until the pirates were well out did she think of the man, and then she screamed to Rusty and waved frantically for him to return. Rusty seemed to comprehend, for his voice came back in a faint but cheerful shout: "He won't hurty', Miss Virginy. We've settled fer him!" The girl wondered what he meant. She was not alarme d at first because sh e knew that the man was big enough to care for h imse lf. But as the afternoon passed and the raft became only a speck out in the waters of the Gulf, a fear that something had really happened to h e r lover began to possess her. If the man had suddenly appeared and had held out his arms to her, she would have g one into them prampt ly. Her pique had partly disappeared at breakfast that morning. It was entirely gone now. She longed for her adventure to come to an end, and with only the lone s omeness of the waters about her and that silen t, mysterious bit of jungle b e hind h e r


Skinner's. Complete Packing Plant Washes, Dries, Polishes, Grades and Sizes Skinner has worked out in this combination an ingenious outfit that washes, drys. polishes, sizes and provides for handling two grades, all in one unit, with one drive, economizing in space labor and power and turning out a wonderfully fine looking pack. All of this equipment moves in unison at correlated speed, handling to full capacity without crowding at any point. Will not injure even the thinnest skinned, most tender varieties BIG MONEY MAKER FOR THE FANCY BOX TRADE OR MAIL ORDER SHIPPER This complete outfit will make big money for the man who has a good location for the tourist box trade or has a mail order business in view. It does the entire job in a very thorough way. be cause all parts are standard Skinner packing house equipment modified to fit into the needs of this complete plant. In addition to this. there is the show feature in this outfit It gives a clearer idea of the citrus packing process than visitors can get from a large house Put one in and draw the tourists; they are looking for entertainment and instruction and it is these visitors that will make your business The picture tells the story but additional information furnished upon request Skinner Machinery Company World's Largest M'f'ra Packin g House Equipment Dunedin, Florida M f 'ra Skinner' Home G a1 Maker-Wri t e for C a t 79


80 We Offer You Investments m South Florida City Property Acreage and Groves In any amount from $1.000 to $500,000 or more Ten Years Experience m Handling Florida Properties Courteous and Conscientious Service R. C. Ricker 403 E. Lafayette St. TAMPA FLORIDA fear came quickly where before there had been anger and defiance. And soon after the sky darkened until it was almost as gloomy as at evening. An occasional light ning flash streaked the sky. Up out of the south came the distant rumbling of thun der. The girl wanted to cry aloud, but something seemed to command her not to break the heavy silence that preceded the storm, so she only sobbed as she hurried around the island again. She thought of the pirates, and prayed that some ship would pick them up before the wind came. Then she look e d up fearfully at the black growth of trees in the center of the island, in which handfuls of wind flung out by the approaching tempest made mournful, thrill ing sounds. Up there was her lover. Perhaps he was dead. She drew nearer until she stared wild-eyed into a thickness that was fast growing black. "Dick!" she called softly. "Dick! Dick!" She parted a mass of b\lshes. One step, two, three, and she was enveloped in the gloom. Almost above her head the sky opened in a panel of fire, and there came after it a rumble of thunder that seeme d to jar the earth under her feet. For a time there was silence so absolute that she could hear her heart beat. "Dick! Dick! Where are you?" She went in deeper. Foot by foot she penetrated, trembling, listening, until she could not tell from which direction she had come. She stumbled over roots, she scratched her face and hands on thorn covered vines, and then she came to an open spot. In the edge of that opening was the man. He was sitting with his back agains t a scrub palmetto, behind which his ha. nds were tied. In front of him was a swaying bush and s u spen ded from the bush by means of a string was a chunk of bacon, at which the man was pecking like a bird. He was maneuvering for a nibble when the girl saw h im. She stood for an instant as silent as the gloom about her. Then she ran to him. "Dick! I've found you! Thank God, I've found you!" And her arms were around h im The next afternoon the girl and the man came close down to where the remnants of the "Lady Gw endolyn" lay scattered upon the beach. A quarter of a mile out a sail was bearing down upon the island. It was a trim little yacht, with canvas as white as snow; brass glittering along her gunwale, a long pennant fluttering at her peak, and suddenly, as she luffed under a gust of wind, a large square flat filled out below it. Boldly designed upon this was the s kull and cross-bones. I told you we could depend upon Rusty," said the girl. The pirate-captain was first ashore. He was very sober when he saw the man, but the girl met him with oven arms. "It's all right. Rusty," she said, hugging him to h er. "There's been an awful big mis take, dear, and when you take us ashore I'm going to marry him! And, Rusty"-she hugged the a stonished little fellow tighter-"you're going to be our boy now, forever and forever!" "And we'll get you a bigger and better sh ip than any you ever had, Rusty," the man added. "But. tell me, boy, where did you get that boat?" The last spark of piracy in Rusty rose for a moment triumphant. He straight ened with a bit of his old pride. "We cut 'er ou t!" he said briefly. The Old, Old Story A Tampa automobile salesman said to a woman prospect, "Madam, if you take this car, we will put your initials on it abso lutely free of cost." "Thanks, awfully," she murmured. "It's not the initial cost, it's the upkee p. Atlantic Shores .. from the Dixie to the sea LOCATION strikes the domi nant note in its bearing upon property values in ATLANTIC SHORES -yet, improvements here will be of such character as to contribute much to the desir ability of property and the per manent enhancement of property values in this superb north shore development. Destined to be the Southland's foremost RECREATIONAL CEN TER. ATLANTIC SHORES, to day represents, beyond a doubt, the Southland's FOREMOST INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY I WE WANT YOU TO VISIT ATLANTIC SHORES OUR YACHT "A! N T 0 I N E T T E" makes scheduled trips to the property-or you may prefer the motor trip over beautiful Ocean Drive. Reservation may be made at any of our offices. Atlantic Shores, Inc. MIAMI 229 S. E. Firat Avenue Entrance Dallaa Park Miss Margaret McCann '301 East Flagler St. MIAMI BEACH Baker, Geib & Schaub 630 Collins Ave HOLLYWOOD Hooaier Hollywood Co. Jelks Building


Fortunes From The Soil Would a yearly net income of $1,200 or more, for each $100, safely invested and returned within a few months, interest you? Study the following carefully, analyzing every statement, but reserving final judgment until you have finished. Upon examination of the latest U. S. Agricultural Bureau Census Statistics for Florida, we find the following products showing averages, gross returns, per acre, as follows: Strawberries, $488; potatoes, $302; cucumbers, $305; peppers, $400; lettuce, $533; eggplant, $362; cabbage, $262, etc. The average production cost of these crops, as a whole, under intensive cultivation, w:Il probably run about $1 00 to $1 50 per acre, therefore, the profit making possibilities are quite evident, especially when it is remembered that two or three crops a year can be produced upon these lands of perpetual Summer, {lndthat the actual market value of the land required will average probably only about $50 per acre. Land Producta Company Pre-Organization Syndicate red,em this lot of preferred stoke and still have $375,000 assets left. is, the final lot, and still have $1,865,000 assets lt>ft The Land Products Company, to be incorpo rated and organized under the laws of the State of Delaware, for the purpose of buying, improv ing and operating truck or vege-The next year we would issue the remaining $715,000 pret2rred stock, thereby giving the company, with the $375,000 a >sets already owned, total assets of $1,090,000. This wil Jb e s uffiSo, at the end of the third year, after the pre-organization subscriber has received all his money back, all preferred stock should have been issued and redeemed, at which time all table and strawberry farms in Florida, will have an authorized capital stock of $1,000,000 pre-ferred, divided into 100,000 shares of the par value of $10 each, and 200,000 shares of common stock of no par value. The preferred stock shall, in event of liquidation, have prefer ence as t o assets to the extent of its par value, and be redeemable a s a whole or in part on any date, upon 30 days' notice, at par, and the holder thereof shall be en titled to the entire net earnings of the company until the stock, as issued and outstanding, Is paid off and redeemed in full. Subscribers for the preferred stock will be alloted a bonus of the voting, no par common or profit stock, to which, after the preferred is redeemed, all earnings and as sets revert. Plan At first, only about $10,000 to $25,000 preferred stock will .be. issued-just enough to give the enterprise a start. This money will be used in purchasing and operating about 100 acres of good farmland, clsoe to shipping facili ties, in a good South Central Florida trucking district, probably along the A C. L between Bartow and Arcadia, the property and operat ing capital standing as approxi mately 100% security for the pre ferred stock then outstanding un til it i redeemed in full. After the holders of this stock have received their entire invest ment back in cash, from the earnings, which should be from the first crop, or within a year any way, the additional preferred stock will be offered for subscription and the proceeds used in purchas-ing and operating additional and possibly adjoining lands a s follows. ESTIMATED PROFITS Aa the preferred atock entitles the subscriber there for to bia money back, only, it is quite obvious that his profit depends upon the number of no par common or profit shares which be receives as bonus. The average ratio, representinl[ total ownership, be tween the no par common aharea and preferred shares, ia 2 to 1, ao the man who receives 2 sharea of no par com mon with each ahare of preferred, is upon a dollar for 'dollar basia; that is, be is upon exactly the aame basis that he would be if he used hia own money as an indi vidual. The folka who put the firat money into any enter priae are juatly entitled to a far greater profit, per dollar invested, than tboae who come in later, ao the preorgan ization aubacribera, who the enterpriae ita start, will be alloted a bonua of 20 abarea of the no par common atock with each ahare of preferred, or for each $100 originally inveated, the aubacriber will receive 10 abarea of preferred and 200 aharea of the no par common, there by giving him, aa the additional preferred atock ia iaaued and redeemed, an eatimated net income of $1,360 per year, and making hia holdings worth, estimated upon a 20% baaia, $6,800, and after having already returned the entire inveatment, probably within a few montba, and having aec:ured him to preciaely the aame extent aa if he bad uaed bia own money aa an individual. The additional preferred atockbolderar that ia, those who come in after the company ia an eatabliabed, going concern, will receive a bonua of 1 abare of no par com mon with each ahare of preferred, which will make the atock more than auffic:ientlY' attractive to be readily sold and iaaued juat aa outlined when the record for earnings and retirement ia eatabliahed. earnings and asseto revert to the no par common or profit stock, thereby giving the 200,000 shares a net tangibl'e value of about $6.80 per share-total $1,366,000. How ever, based upon estimated earn-ings of $150 per acre, annually, the earnings applicable thereto would be about $6.80 per share, each year, making the stock worth, estimated upon a 20% basis, about $34 per share. Manaaement A representative management, composed of the pre-organization subscribers, will be selected at the Stockholders' Organization Meet ing. However, &$ the originator of the enterprise and its Trustee in Organization, I naturally expect to have general charge of its af fairs. Am 35 years old. My ex periences cover farming, merchan 'dising, mining, financing nad pro motion work. There(ore, I feel definitely capable of carrying the project to a very successful con The following Jetter of reference, together with others. now in my possession, may be exam ine:l upon application, and I shall also be glad to submit full details as to former connections upon requet: "TO WHOM IT MAY CON CERN: I have known Mr. Guy Vinson during his entire life, and I have als o known his father, J. T. V inson, at Beaver Dam, Ky., and I have also known his brother, Clay Vinson, who is now Treasurer of tlie Ross Tobacco Co. Owens boro, Ky. Guy Vinson Is a very successful young busine&s man. I have had occasion to know him well and can recommend him as being dependable in all Jtespects. "M. M. LOGAN "Former Attorney General for Kentucky." LET US HAVE ACTION NOW Assuming that we issue only $1 5,000 pre organization preferred stock, which, put into the purchas e and operation of abqut 100 acres, shows a net profit of only $150 per acre within a year. This will be sufficient to enable the company to redeem this Jot of preferred stock and still hav e $15,000 assets left. cient to enable the company to buy and operate about 7,267 acres, various crops, upon which the net earnings should be at leas t $150 per acre, within a year, and which will enable the company to redeem this lot of prefered stock; that Not more than 2,500 sharea of preferred stock are offered in this pre-or.anization proposition, so is reserved to reject any application or reduce number of shares applied for. The next year we would issue an additional $45,000 preferred stock, thereby giving the com pany, with the $15,000 assets already owned, total assets of $60,000. This will be sufficient 400 acres, various crops, upon which the net to enable the company to buy and operate about earnin,;s should be at least $150 per acre, within a year, and which will. enable the company to redeem this lot of preferred stock and still have $7 5,000 assets left. The next year we would issue an additional $225,000 preferred stock, thereby giving the company, with th $75,000 a!Mets already owned, total assets of $300,000. This will be sufficient to enable the company to buy and operate about 2,000 acres, various crops, upon which the net earnings should be at least $150 per acre, within a year, and which will enabl'e the company to SUBSCRIPTION AGREEMENT Guy Vinson, Trustee, 216 Tribune Bldg., Tampa, Fla. Phone 4340. Enclosed herewith you will find $ .............. ........ ; ......... ....... as 20% down payment upon a sub-scription for .... .. ............................... hares of preferred stock, par value $10 per share, of the Land Products Company, presently to be organized. I hereby agree to pay the remaining 80% upon call by the Board of Directors when the company 'is organized and the officers selected. It Ia undl!rstood that I am to receive a bonus of 20 shares of the no par common or profit stock with each share of preferred herein subscribed, and that all stocks are to be issued to me fully paid and non-assessable. Name .... ..... .................. ............ ..... ........ ..... .. ... ........ ...... ........ ... .. .......... ... .. ... ................. Address ............. .. ... 81'


82 Bg The Sea Glorious isles of the where life is worth living. tang of pure salt air. We offer almost An entire Townsite With Good Harbor Gulf, in the Approximately one thousand acres land surrounding city of Cedar Keys. Average elevation 5 to 50 feet. Fine shade, water and fishing Health best in the state. Price $525,000-Binder $10,000 Y4 Cash, balance I to 3 years. Positive Delivery Subject Prior Sale. Wire .Graham Securities Co., Inc. Tampa, Florida Cedar Keys, Florida Gainesville Florida WANTED ACREAGE Have buyers for large and small tracts of acreage in the state of Florida. Send descriptions. M. D. M 0 R S E 101 S. E. Firat St. Miami, Florida ------------.. --r FLORIDA-The Land o( Flowers; no S tate income or inheritance taxes ever. I TAMPA-Florida's Larges t City, 1925 State Census. Send today for Booklet and List of Investments Homes, Groves and Farms. TAMPA-WEST COAST REALTY CO. (Inc.) Opp. Post Office "Since Before the W---Lar" Tampa, Florida ---------A Clutch You Love to Skin (Continued from page4 5) who receives me gets my name and enters one of the private cribs. I hear her speak softly and a man's voice answer-the only sounds in the place. After she re turns and tells me that Prescott will see me in a few moments, she covers up her typewriter, gets under her lid and slides out of the office. "Lovely setting for a murder," I remark to myself j ust as the door to Prescott's private crib opens and his royal slyness, himself, appears. Now, Prescott had claimed that he was going to slip me a favor. Of course, I believe that--like fun I do. If anybody i n the whole wide world is getting ready to hand out favors it isn't Prescott. Sly, cunning and unscrupulous, that baby's line lies in an altogether different direction. I have one consolation: I didn't enter into the thing blindfolded. Whatever is com ing to me in the way of medicine I'm ready to take. As far as legal practice is concerned, Prescott knows his stuff. He's not a shy ster who has to fall back on crookedness for an indecent living. As a matter of fact, he's such a wise bimbo that it's no trick at all for him to make the law jump through the hoop, turn over and play dead. And for that reason he's got an army of clients who can afford to give juicy re tainers to a legal advise r who is able to let them play pranks on the law instead of having the law get flossy with them. But Prescott is ambitious. That, in itself, is no crime. Even Napoleon and Kaiser Bill flirted with destiny for their private interests. The rotten part of their act was the way they handled their stage business. And that's where Prescott fell down. This was not the first experience I had with the bozo-and the former one was anything but successful for him. How ever, it proved that he was getting tired of putting over shady propositions to further the financial holdings of his clients. What his big aim, now, amounted to was a de sire to gather in the gelt for himself. I couldn't figure out exactly why he had insisted on my going to his office. But whatever it was I knew it had something to do with green goods. The most puzzling thing about the affair was how Prescott could complimene me in believing I had enough grits to interest him. True, I had an interest in the Marchmount Heights property but from the looks of that propo sition I'm not in line for as much grayy as I would like to believe I am. And Pres cott is not fool enough to give it a higher value than it deserves. H e comes out of his private crib and bows low to me. "Welcome to ou r humble quarters," he says smoothly. I hope I didn't incon venience you very much." "Regardless," I r eply, "let's get down to business. Suppose you begin by ex plaining your lay-out and wising me up to the real reason for getting me here. What dope have you got -on Hart and what must I put out to shush you?" Prescott frowns as if I've injured his delicate feelings by stripping the situation to the bone. When you're Prescott's kind, plain words hurt. "Perhaps we'd better go into my private office," he suggests. I nod and h e leads the way. No sooner are we seated than he continues: I suppose if Mr.Nelson were threatened with imprisonment you would like to save him from it." "Don't be too sure of that," I tell him. "I'm not putting out anything too much for anybody. Before I go down on record I'd like to hear what your proposition is. Then, we can decide if it's worth the expense." "Very good!" he says. "Here is the 8% GUARANTEED FIRST MORTGAGES AND MORTGAGE BONDS Secured By improved, well locate}, income producing property, bearing our special endorsement guaranteeing payment of interest and principal. Miami Mortgage Guaranty Co. Cash Capital and Surplus Over $500,000.00 Operated in conjunction with The Miami Bank and Trust Company Resources of Bank over $16,000,000 00 Write for Literature Miami Mortgage and Guaranty Company Dept. A MIAMI FLORIDA Seleet Acreage We specialize in acreage in the Redlands district of Dade County, Florida, between Miami and Homestead. Fines t Soil and Fastest Developing Section in the State Write, wire or phone JACKSON & WEBB Room 207, Ritz Hotel Miami Florida


Fifty miles from Miami by the Inside Waterway, and but three hours by road when the New Causeway is completed. Key Largo is 30 miles long and is ...... --........ surrounded by varied waters, unsurpassed for boating and fishing. And in the very center of the Key, is KEY LARGO, the town, destined to become the next great resort south of Miami. AND THE HEART OF KEY LARGO IS THE PLAZA, for which is planned the moat beautiful business section in any American city. THE PLAZA is a rigidly restricted development of the highest order. Business lots face upon a perpetual park, with yacht landing and! basins close upon the west, with postoffice, station and the Dixie Highway to the east. HERE LIE GREAT PROFITS IN LAND, SUCH AS THE MIAMI PIONEERS HAVE REAPED, with the added advantage of guided growtH and much quicker returns. Of The Florida K YI>, KEY LARGO is the MASTER KEY, and the HEART of Key Largo is THE PLAZA. Lots $10,000 Up-IMPROVEMENTS GUARANTEED-. Write C. E. SEXTON, Owner, Key Largo, Florida r-----------------------------------"--+ I I I r I ORLANDO---The City Beautiful Reflects the Spirit of Florida Orange County-Richest Agricultural Section of State I Center of the Citrus Industry I 1 HOAtfES, ACREAGE, GROVES and BUSINESS PROPERTY t ; 11 Orlando has in five years increased 140 per cent in population, and Orange County in 1 the same period shows a gain of 92 per cent. I You will assume no obligation in writing us about your wants in Florida. We'll be glad to be of service. We can supply your needs or give you counsel and advice in your investments. 1 I C. A. Roberts Real Estate Company, Orlando, Florida _j 1..------------, _,_, ___ ,_,_, _____ ,_, ___ ,_, __ ,_ 83


HOTEL MEN! THE NEW SERVIDOR "The Servant at Your Door" has slatte d panels which improve ventilation without sacrific ing privacy -winte r or s ummer. It give s your gues t a refined s e r vic e that satisfi es and brings him back to you. It offer s your hote l distinc tion and increase s the incom e on your investment. Call or write for literature. EFFICIENCY EQUIPMENT COMPANY Distributors for Florida 106 Hyde Park Ave. TAMPA Phone 4872 FLORIDA Alwalfs a saJS inveslintnllidu OFFERS 8%BONDS Secured bl/ income pa1Ji1UJ real estak Interest collected and for warded semi-annually, and all services rendered without charge to client. References: AU Miami Banks. Write today for our illustrated book, "8% and Safety," descriptive of Miami and our current offerinl' "f!!E [!LERCLEVELAND CoMPANY New York 1107 Bedford Bldg. Miami, Fla. Chicago 84 situation: I suppose you know of Mr. Mor gan's lo ss by theft either late last night or early this morning. Excellent! Then, we needn't repeat the details of that sorry affair. However, Mr. Morgan is still un certain who is the guilty party. That is where I have the advantage over him. I know positively who the thief is." "His name isn't Prescott?" I ask in nocently. "Hardly, Miss Page," he replies with a self-satisfied smirk. "In perfect honesty, if it were you would be the last person on earth I'd tell." "Then, why are you so sure that you know the man?" I demand. "By stepping to that window," he ex plains, indicating a window about five feet from where I am sitting, "you will notice that the Bass Building is directly across the street. You will also notice that any one standing at this window has an un obstructed view of Mr. Morgan's office on the ground floor. I was down here until the early hours of this morning. I came for the purpose of working-and, as a matter of fact, did some work in the be ginning. Purely by chance I happened to glance out the window. After that I be came much too interested in what was occurring in Mr. Morgan's office to attend to my own work." "Naughty, naughty," I reprove him. Remember what happened to Peeping Tom when he tried to lamp the first bare back rider." "Ah, but I didn't go blind," he an nounces triumphantly. "Instead, I saw a very interesting happening from start to finish-a thief at work. And, what is more. I recognized him beyond doubt." "Why haven't you told the police? Or, at least, Morgan?" I ask him. "Because I wanted to interview you, first," Prescott replies. "I knew you'd be interested. The man was Mr. Nelson, your dear friend." Boloney!" "Perhaps you think so. It so happens, nevertheless, that I hold enough evidence to send him to the penn for a stretch of years." "One man's word against another's," I tell him easily. "Besides Hart has a tam per proof alibi." "I think I know to what you are re ferring. But wait!" Prescott gets up, goes to the door and opens it. "Conner!" he calls. There is a shuffling of feet in the re ception room and the kind o f bimbo whom the Salvation Army doesn't consider when it tells us: "A man may be down but he's never out," shows up in the doorway. "Come in," Prescott orders, returning to his chair. The has-been eases himself into the of fice and stands waiting for Prescott's next move. I notice he's holding some papers in his hand. "This is Mr. Conner," Prescott explains to me, "the night janitor in the Bass Build ing. I propose that we be frank with each other, Miss Page. Does he happen to be Mr. Nelson's alibi?" 1'Go on with the story," I tell him curtly. "Very good! Pursuing my course of frankness, I'm prepared to tell you Mr. Conner is a very genial man-willing to swear for or against Mr. Nelson, just as I instruct him. At this moment, he hold s two statements in his hand-one testifying to Mr. Nelson's innocence and another testifying to Mr. Nelson's guilt. It re mains with you to say which statement shall be destroyed." "A nice stick-up game you're putting over," I tell him. "I'll bet a million plugged plunks there's not a grain of truth in any of it." Prescott smirks in a superior way and spreads out hi s hands. f. .. _,,_,_,_,_,_,,_,,__,,_.. I l MICHELIN I i i j BALLOON i l COMFORT CORDS i l i I THE CHEAPEST I REAL LUXURY I I IN THE WORLD CAN BE HAD NOW AT A I i GREATLY REDUCED i PRICE-i i : i I! I See Your Michelin Dealer i I I i r HERMAN D. i I BORNSTEIN I i I Cor. Tampa & Zack Sts. i fl II Opposite Victory Theatre f TAMPA, FLORIDA l I .f..-.-----.. -.. _,-,_,-1 This space reserved for J. F. STEBBINS "The Acreage Man" If you want anything in LARGE ACREAGE Write me J. F. STEBBINS P. 0. Box 2945 Tampa Florida


t Proposed Newi Club House at Neilburat A wonderful location, high and dry, with miles of fine waterfront easy of access from Jacksonville by land or water A lot in Neilhurst will be an ideal place for your Florida home. Now is the time to secure it. Let us tell you about it G. R. WILSON SALES COMPANY 206-208 Laura Street G. R. Wilson, President Jacksonville, Florida 1Jt in irraunr Advertisers realize that an ad on the small tabloid page has greater visibility, that the tabloid has the greater circulation /(:_adz "Rush .jo nOt only our middle name but our first last and all other names \Ve realize the value o time to the advertiser We plan. design and engrave all kinds of pictorial advertising. A Contact Man will call at your r

86 Five ReasoDS for 8% eStr{eDoridallllle THE five reasons which make 8% the dominating rate in Florida are clearly stated in our pamphlet, "Why Florida First Mortgage Investments Pay up to 13% ." These reasons are worthy of investigation. Write today f:Jr copy of this pamphlet-sent free and without obligation. F/orU/4 at 8 $100, ,500 and $1, 000 Bondi PartraiPaymmu Arranged TRUST CoMPANY OF FLORIDA Paiclin Capital and. Surplus MIAMI \ FLORIDA I want to know Florida's five reaaone for 8 and aafety. Name----Street .... .. ... .. ..... ..... .. ...... ... ..................... City "Admitting that there isn't," he replies, "you can't deny that I hold the whip. Perhaps I didn't even see Nelson at the safe. Going one step further, I'll confess that I did not. Does that bit of con fidential information satisfy you? And as it is confidential, I shall withhold it from the court. As far as others are concerned, I have the necessary evidence to .convict Nelson." "All right, go ahead and convict him. Why drag me up here to tell me about the sorry mess?" I demand. "We're coming to that," he says. "You still own, as I understand it, a third in terest in the Marchmount Heights. Am I correct?" At that, I lean back in my chair and give him a s lice of merry mirth. To think that he's gone to all this trouble in build ing up evidence against Hart with the prime object of getting in on a worthless property deal. "Correct-in a way," I admit. "But you've got a terrible shock coming to you if you think there's great for it. Honest, I'm gettmg plum disgusted w ith it-if you ask me." "Very good! I'm willing to take the chance," he assures me. "In return for my silence in the Morgan affair I want you to sell me your share of the property. I said 'sell, mind you, not 'give.' That's fair isn't it?" "Depends upon the price you're willing to give," I reply. "Ten thousand, he replies calmly. "Mighty mean to yourself-aren't you?" I demand. "Aside from the original value of the land, we've already sunk thirty-five grand in it for reclaimation pur poses. Not a chance, brother.'' "Let's stop b l uffing Miss Page," Pres cott replies opening the drawer of hi s de s k I have h ere a document which expresses your agreement to part w ith a third of the property and a certi fied ch eck for ten thousand dollars i ssued in your name. You can simplify matters considerably by sign ing the document and accepting the check in payment.'' "A cert ifi e d ch eck for ten grand!" I gas p, s eizing i t running to the window and examining it closely in the better light. It's the real article however, which proves that Prescott had planned the deal down to the fine s t d e t a il. "You've got to give me a little time to con sider this," I t e ll him, returning to my chair. "Why waste valuable time?" Prescott urges. You will con sent finally. Although you have trieq to creat e a false impres sion w ith m e that you don t care what happens to Mr. Nel so n you aren't a very competent little actres s I could see right through your rus e, Miss Page. I spring up from my chair again and s tart walking up and down Presscott's cubby-hole excitedly. He watches me with narrowed lamps that send out flashes of self-assurance. Finally, I hear a sound in the reception room and stop right before Prescott. "Let me get you straight in this," I announce. "You're wi s e to the fact that Hart' s innocent of the yegg job but you've cooked up some fake e vidence with Con ner and off e r to sell it to me for my share i n the Marchmount Heights holdings. Check me up if I'm wrong.'' "You're absolutely correct," he assures m e "Then, why are you so interested in the property?" "In view of the fact that you have only one course open to you I'll tel you my real reason," he says smoothly. "At present, Marchmount Heights is removed from the Dixie Highway. This condition won't exist very long. A direct connection with the Highway will place Marchmount Heights in line for an immediate advance in values. 40,000 ACRES m MANATEE COUNTY in one solid piece $50.00 PER ACRE On account of the great f ertility of the soil, this land offers the safes t kind of an investment for the mo s t con servative buyer. Its location and price give i t a speculative f eature not to b e duplicated in all Florida. We say this advisedly, and with seven years experience behind us. The titles are clear, as the r e have been but two transfers from the lumber company who own e d it for several years On the marke t today only through d e lay in the colon i zat io n plans of a larg e syndi cate for w h o m it has b e en held The soil is particularly a dapte d to truck farming for wh ich Manate e County has long b ee n note d. Part of original tract, and adjoin ing this property sold s e v eral w eeks ago for $150 per acre. W e sugges t that you wire to any Tampa Bank your binde r for $10,000 a s the property will not b e on the marke t long. 10 days will b e allow e d for in spection. Reasonable t erms KLEIN REALTY CO. Franklin St., Tampa, Florida We accept for listing, and offer, no property except what WE.CAN DELIVER r---....--------------1' I l Florida I I Acreage J i j Will make you big money j i i i We have any size tract Any part of the State Write f o r Informat io n i i i 901 F'IAST IIAI\.IIANIC 8LK. MIAMI, FLA. I +----------.-.--------4 SEE ME FIRST For Fourth Street North Lots (Th Rood t o F or t u n t ) I N CIT Y GARDE N S W. J. WARRINGTON RE A L T O R--NOTARY Groves. Exchange&. Lou. A creagt P 0 &x I 5 1 S r P

"We Are Proud of Dunedin" Natural Setting Unsurpassed Unlimited "The Best Water in Florida We Offer Our Services and Invite Your Inquiries Acreage Business and Waterfront Estates and Residence Property Skinner Realty Co. Phone 6177 DUNEDIN I FOLLOW FLORIDA the growth of FORT MYERS and Southwest Florida through THE FORT MYERS TROPICAL NEWS The Home Newspap e r of Southwes t Florida Realty transfers of Lee County and Fort Mye rs published d aily In fact, to know what is going on in Fort Myers you must read The Fort Myers Tropical News Published Daily In Florida s City of Royal Palms Mr. Investor! "THE ST. JOHN'S RIVER BEAUTY SPOT" It has 858 feet of the Prettiest River Frontage overlooking four miles or more of water, a natural sand beach. 11,4 Miles of Creek Frontage With 30 to 50-foot bluff. This creek is fed by natural springs. The hammock is too lovely to describe here, such as magnolias, moss-hung oaks, hickory, palms and other varieties of mighty massive trees. Only 3% Miles from Jacksonville and contains 300 Acres 3,000-foot boulevard splits the property. In other words, it's the cream of river front-high rolling land from line to line. It means A Fortune--Then Some -To The Investor Wire or phone for inspection Price $250,000; $100,000 Cash; Balance at 6 % SEWELL NEWLON OWNERS 316-318 Dyal-Upchurch Bldg. JACKSONVILLE Phone 6128 FLORIDA Invest in Tampa Real Estate pROFIT with the largest and the fastest growing city in Florida. WHATEVER your need in the real estate field -the Mabry-Hall Com pany is efficiently equip ped to serve you. Mabrg-Hall Realtg Co. Realtors 201 Twiggs St. Tampa, Fla. 87


88 See-Saw Outfit. EVER WEAR COMBINATION GYMNASIUM OUTFITS to aec ommodate all ages and any number of children. STRAIGHT SLIDES in all sizes, with either wood or metal bedways. GIANT STRIDES SWINGS of all types, sizes, combina tions and number of seats. Space does not permit even a brief description of these outfits; please secure and refer to a copy of our catalog. CYCLONE FENCE Circle A Portable Bleachers KING FENCE CO. P. 0. Box 2903 TAMPA FLORJDA AereageFarms lavestmeats 5,000 to 250,000 Acres $7 to $10 6,600 acres for development near thrivinr city, $20. 150,000 acres virgin timber; best body of timber in the state, fertile soil; railroad and river through prop erty, $40. Farms: 5 to 500 acres-Strawberry and truck land; prices range from $100 for general farming and truck land to $600 an acre for strawberry land. Many farmers made $11600 an acre profit on strawberries tb1s year. City property and investments: Lots, houses and developments. Tell us what you want to invest. You can make money on Florida land if you have much money or little. Invest ments accepted for pool purchases from $100 up. We place an equal amount in the purchase as you do and keep you advised of the values. Refereace: Baak of Plant City. We are arrangi'lg for representation throughout the North and East. Durden Realty Co. 108 E .. t Reyaolde Street Pboae 272 PLANT CITY FLORIDA Notbiq but real ellate Next week work will commence on that very connection." I give a squeel of delight and turn to the door. "All right, Hart," I shout. "Make a pretty bow to the gentlemen." The next moment my dream of love enters Prescott's private crib. "Got every word you broaqcasted, fair one," he tells me. "But we went to a Iotta trouble for nothing. This isn't Con ner any more than I am. Just before I left the office the real bim showed up and alibied me pretty. the yegg has been captured by the police and has 'fessed up." Prescott drums angrily on hi!J knee, then turns a fi,ushed mug to me. "I wondered why you sprang to the win dow under the pretense of examining the check," he says. "Now I know. You had a confederate across the street--probably Mr. Glinky who relayed the signal to Mr. Nelson in this building. Clever, indeed. Allow me to compliment you Miss Page. Of course, I'm sorry our negotiations fell through." He starts to reach for the certified cheek but I get my hand on it first. "Did you bring that gat, Hart?" I ask quickly. "Surest thing you know," he replies pro ducing the mentioned article. "Well, poke it at these babies. We're going to teach Prescott a lesson he'll never forget. You heard him admit he tried to frame I and you? 'Very good!' That'll prevent him from getting nasty with us about the check. Here's where we skin Prescott and that clutch he has on his jack. Incidentally, it's a clutch you love to skin. See you later, ole dear." Prescott springs up just as I reach the door. "Here! Where are you going with that check?" he demands. "To the bank," I tell him. "It's issued to me, isn't it? 'Very good!' We need some extl'a gelt for the property and this ten grand will come in handy. Now, don't get excited; my boy friend has a nervous finger. Toodle-oo, pip, pip." Prescott looks as if he's ready to make a pass at me but reconsiders it when he sees the business end of Hart's gat shifting in his direction. I go out of the office whistling "Everybody's Doing It" which is groggy with age but fits the occasion real snuggly. WHEN I RODE DOWN FROM ORLANDO By Clinton Scollard When I rode down from Orlando On a golden afternoon, 0 th e winds before and after Sang with little bursts of laughter, And the orange s were amber As the amber of the moon, When I rode down from Orlando On a golden afternoon. When I rode down from Orlando In the youth-time of the year, There were tremors, there were tosses In the drooping Spanish mosses, And the Natal grass was dawn-pink In the dreamy atmosphere, When I rode down from Orlando In the youth-time of the year. When I rode down from Orlando With the mockingbirds in song, Who was it, with eyes confiding, That gave rapture to the riding? It was Jove who sat beside me, It was Love who went along, When I rode down from Orlando With the mocking-birds in song. DUNEDIN "Brightest jewel in Florida's Diadem" Still Offers a Few REAL BARGAINS to Some QuickWitte9 Buyers of REAL ESTATE Try to Think of MOORE In Dunedin Real Estate and Be a Sure Winner "Moore For Your Money" Is Our Policy Our Specialty The best at the lowest possible price. Finest equipped office in Dunedin, and a staff of competent and cour teous sales-people are anxious to serve you. May we have that pleasure? M.W.MOORE DUNEDIN FLORIDA 37 Years Experieace 50 Yean Resideuce We Have For Sale Large and Small Tracts of Low Priced Acreage All Along The West Coast of Florida, and Eapecially Fine Bargain. in Taylor, Levy Citrus and Pinellu Counties T HE G E 0. T. P I N D E R ORGANIZATION 511 Cleveland St. Phone 2380 Oearwater, Florida


COOK WITH GAS And Live Out in the COUNTRY Gas in the country! It doesn t seem possible Gas generally is for city folks-it's a city convenience but to have it out in the country-five miles, ten miles-any distance from the city gas main-is a wonderful blessing for women who live in the country. The biggest trial of the country woman bas always been her out-of-date, obsolete cooking equipment-wood stoves coal stoves, oil stoves etc. But that has all been changed. The country woman can now have her Clark Jewel or Tappan gas range for cooking and baking: the Pittsburgh Lion Automatic Water Heater for the bath; Radiantfire heat ers for heating the home. All supplied with a gas that is hotter, cleaner cheaper and more satisfactory in every way than city gas. This gas is a gasolene gas made by THE SKINNER GAS MAKER Here is a fuel that is ready always The Skinner Made Gas is a hot -turn the gas valve and you start gas-several times hotter than coal cooking at once. Shut it off and gas. and the minute you light the your expense stops. The flame never flame you begin to cook. It isn't like smokes up your pans. there is no coal or wood or kerosene have to odor, will always light, a wind through the kitchen has very little wait until your fire is built. or your effect upon the flame. does not heat wicks get the flame spread all around up your kitchen like coal or wood, -Skinner Made Gas starts at scratch will save you a world of time and a and finishes laps ahead of any other 1ot of hard work. type of fuel. GREATEST BLESSING TO WOMEN SINCE THE SEWING MACHINE A woman wrote us the other day. "It would be a great bl essing to us women if we could find something besides the old oil stove for use in the country." It has been the hope of thousands that some day. in some way, the cooking and baking question for country women would be solved. The Skinner Gas Maker meets that great need in a wonderfully satisfactory way. It constitutes the greatest blessing since the Sewing Machine Write For Catalog Today We have a very nicely illustrated catalog showing photographs and illustrations of the Skinner Gas Maker and other equipment. Your copy will be sent upon request Write today. Ready for You Now Send for It S"INNE.A. MACHINU. Y COHrANY SEND FOR YOUR CATALOG NOW SKINNER V' SKINNER MACHINERY COMPANY 200 Broad Street Dunedin, Florida 89


90,000 ACRES Finest Land In Florida Located in Washington and Holme s Counties Crow to Perfection: Peaches, pears, grapes, Satsuma oranges, berries, vegetables, sugar cane, and tobacco Tracts from One Section Up Three Railroad and two Highways Cross thi Property It is adjacent to several g ood towns. A r('markable buv in rvery sense o f th e word. Prices Ridiculously Low Write, wire or phone for information. PIERCE & STEVENSON Wholeale Land Excluively 307 Fiut National Bank Building Phone 6855 MIAMI FLORIDA BEST BUY IN CENTRAL FLORIDA W e own and can deliver 37 acres adjo ining City Limits o f Bartow, $1,500 p e r acre 1-3 cash, 1 -2-3 year This has to b e see n to b e app reciated. All clear e d and ready to s ubd ivide. R. K. BRANDON REALTY CO. CLEA'RW A TER. FLORIDA Famous P l ayboy Boosts America' s Playground Edward S. Jordan, President of the Jor dan Motor Car Co., and originator of the "Playboy" spo.rt roadster became "sold" to 1'' 1orida this win ter and now is s elling his friends in the automobile game on Suni land. He has sent to every automobile dealer in the Un ited States a circular l etter in which he talks not of automobil es but of Florida. Th e l ette r b eg ins: Good morning-May I se ll you on !''lorida?" and continues : "We il l just got back from Florida. Wh e r e the bungalow is runnin g n ec k and n e ck with the grapefruit in volum e produc tion. "And you can buy a pi e ce of r e al estate this morning, sell it for more than you paid for it this afternoon, and b e sorry tomor row that you sold i t for so little "Any real estate development company will give you a ride in a bus to their new allotment, put a red feath r in your hat and feed yo u a barbecue sand wi ch for nothing. "But it's a great country, and on any day that the sun d o es not shine they giv e the newspaper aw a y "Ford was down ther e, but I didn't see him. H e was out fish ing that day. "Thomas E dis on was there, too--and Rog e r B abson and Arthur Bris bane-four stupid p eop l e all o f whom have invested mon e y i n Florid a real estate. "Sarasota grow s s o fast that they have a barometer on the main street corner which go es up about a foot every hour. B elle air, St. Peter sburg and Tampa are filled with well-to-do northerners who are v ictim s of the t errible bu s in ess d ep r essi o n w hich ha aff ected the country during the past two years. "They apparently have mon e y." The whole circular of four pages is de voted to Florida, and what this state ha b ee n and is doing. It was mailed no t to Jordan deal e r s only, but to al l automobil e dealers in every city and town i n every state. T h ese c i rcul ars r eache d thousands of people all over the country and mean:. fine ad vertising fo r the whole of Florida. SPECULATION I VALUES LAND Sp eculation in F lorid a land dates bac k at l eas t one hundred years. This is disclosed in r ecords disclosed in a search of old files in Leon county for information r elating to land own ed by Marquis de Lafayette who e name i s closely asso ciated wi t h Tallahass ee o f on e hundre d years ago. It was adjo i n ing this city that the French ge n eral was given a township b y Congress during hi s visit to the Uni t ed States in 1824. Old r ecords of Leon county, unearthed by a h isto rical committ ee, di scl os e d that a warm friend shi p e x isted b etween Lafayett e and Gov ernor Du v al, Colonel McK ee G en eral Call, Mr. B idd l e and other lead ing c i ti z e n s of a c entury ago General Lafayette wrote a t length t o Governor Duval in 1 8 33 regarding the sale of a portion of the tract given him b y con gress. His lett er, a copy of which has been found here, r eveals the fact that he disp o sed o f twen ty-six and three quarte r s sections to William B. Nutfall, N ector W. Brade n and William P. Craig, all of Flor ida, for the sum of $46,250. H e expresse d his de e p regret, at finding it nec essary to sell, but assured the gov ernor that for sen timental r e a s on s h e was r etaining suffi c ien t land to will 300 acres to each o f his c hildren. Wonderful Opportunity for Developers 13 0 acres south of Cleveland H eights, divided by 80-Foot Boulevard $ 2,000 per acre Attractive Terms Bu in ess Property and Acreage our Sp e cialty SUNNILAND REALTY CO. Thelma Hotel Bldg. P 0 Box 853 LAKELAND FLORIDA J J. G illiam Willard V. H a llam T. H. S covell, Jr. D. 0. Sloan Sales Agents for ARIANA HILLS Palfrey & Gillispie AUBURNDALE FLORIDA HOTEL MASON, JACKSONVILLE, FLA. 300 Rooms, all with Ba.t h Florida's Year-round Hotel. H. Mason, Mgr. IDEAL COUNTRY HOME 23 acres, short drive !rom Tampa over pavt"d road. 5 acres o ranges, balance stl'O.Wberries and Two deep w lls (or irri hot and cold running water. supply. ing bath. set tub, etc. Price $7.500. Rea onable cash payment, balance $1000 yearly. Other acreage. one to one hundred thousand acres. SMITH & HANSON 28 Southern Tampa, Fla. ACREAGE BUYERS in touch with us, we have acreage all over Florida. Also t h e bet invetmento in and around Miami. Give us a trial. Thirty years in W e know what's what. CARROLL & WEBB 241 N W 3 r d St. Miami, Fl.&.


Lisbon Avenue Certain IS to be one of Tampa's Main Thoroughfares T RA VERSING the city from the new industrial section in the Northern part, to and through Memorial Highway, Parkland Estates, Palma Ceia, Belmar, on through the heart of the Inter Bay Peninsula and terminating at Gadsden Point where the causeway to Sarasota will be built Lisbon Avenue is destined to become the best known and most traveled street in all Florida. Con sider for a moment the fact that EVERY street running from Bay to Bay must cross Lisbon-that tributary to Lisbon is practically 85% of ALL the exclusive residential sections. And the MORE IMPORT ANT fact that the unrestricted property available for business locations is comparatively limited. Take Our Advice, Buy On Lisbon Avenue We offer subject to prior sale the following described properties which we know are priced under current valuations. S. E Corner o! Lisbon and San Isidro N. E. Corner of Lisbon and Swann Avenue, one and a half blocks 100x100 feet. 41x116 feet. west of Lisbon, 200x192. $200 per $15,000-1-3 cash; bal. 1-2-3 yeara. $13,000-1-3 cash; bal. 1-2-3 yeara. front foot. 1-3 cash; bal. 1-2-3 yean. McMaster 8 McMaster Warner Bldg. TAMPA FLORIDA 91


$}50 $22.50 Cub $6.25 Monthly buys a 25x100 ft. building lot in + SEFFNER HEIGHTS Tampa's favored suburb and the highest spot in Hillsboro County. Heart of East Broadway's Industrial Developments where pric es have increased $200 per foot in two weeks. Every Lot Has from 4 to 6 Bearing Orange Trees Seffn e r Heights is on beautiful Lake We e ks and paved highway; only 3 blocks from school and church. Prices Will Advance Rapidly Every lot guaranteed to be high and dry. J. B. Woodridge, Real Estate 400 W. Lafayette St. Tampa, Fla. Enclose $------------------a s first pay-ment on ....................... .lots in Seffner Heights. The balance $ .................. .. I agree to pay in monthly installments of $6.25 per lot. I understand that you are to select the best lots left for me. Signed ...... .. ........ ...... ... ... ................ .... .. Address .... ..................... ..... ................ .. 8 o/o by Legis-lature enables Tampa Mutual to issue both participating and nonparticipating shares, placing it in the same class as bank stock. The non-participating, or certificates of deposit shares, rec-eive 8% interest compounded semi-annually while the participating shares in addition to receiving an equal amount, participate in all the earnings of the Association. The allot m ent of the participating shares is limited. Write for all the facts today. DIRECTORS Mrs. Ill C. Fowler W W. Trice Philip Licata Hatton Rogers J 0 Perry J. B. K Pettingill W. T. McGowin W. E. Lee J. Ill. Rey Collins Gillett W. T. Williams Tamp a C. C Dickson W E. Hamner W C. Greening Mutual Building & Loan Association W C. GREENING, Sec.-Mer. 50-4 Florida Ave. Tampa, Fla. 10-ACRE TRACTS Close to City of Fort Myers $200 per acre. Extra Good Terms SEE MR. COSGROVE 526 Central Ave. St. Petersburc, Fla. STEAMSHIP TICKETS Europe-Californ.ia-Weat Indies A. L ERICKSON, Agent No. 2 Florida Arcade St. Peteraburc, Fla. POETRY CONTEST (Continued from page 56) Florence Kelly Armstrong Miami, Florida The Australian Pines of Florida The Australian pine trees are to me Fingers beckoning mysteriously; Or the surge and sway and upward prance Of wild wind-horses racing by, with outflung Trappings, green and h igh. Or in the double co lumns, one by one, Cathedral arched with glints of sun. A croon, a swish, and murmurings dim Of frighted waifs rocked near; and low Soft cryings sweet and clear. But at midnight's glamourous hour, They don their robes of spectral power, And sally forth with streaming hair And creaking joints; disheveled witches riding high, To sweep the star-dust from the sky. Isabelle S. Way Lake Wal es, Florida Florida Dawn The tall gaunt pines stood dark along the shore, With clinging moss that hung like windtorn sail To spars of ghostly s hips, that in some gale Had been o'erpowered, to ride the seas no more; The sky in somber darkness bent to glower Upon the silent world beneath its pall; All life seemed over, like an ended tale, And death with power to reign forever-more. Then through the East there broke a ray of light-A promise-and so potent was its gleam That every tree sprang into life and song, For day had come, and driven out the night. 'Twas thus my sou l lay dull beneath its dream Until you came and smiled, then it was dawn. Janette Brown Tampa, Florida Florida! The Jewel of the World! Held like a prize within the Master's hand, Her beauty was unseen until men planned, And poli shed every facet in the gem, To give the world a shining diade m Whose wonders would be sung in every land. Her cruder stone has all been carved away, The hidden brilliance polished, day by day, Until the world begins to watch hr shine With beauty that approaches the divine Reflecting Heaven in an undimmed ray. Within the Master's hand our gem has whirled, Until her pristine treasures have unfurled To make of h e r the rarest glow on earth, Each surface fla shing sunshine, love and mirthOur Florida! The J ewe! of the World! Miss Mildred Farmer Atlanta, Ga. Lake Worth The lake wore on her sleeping breast A spray of silve r lent her by the moon, A light wind stirred the gloom And frond touched frond in whispering caress. June was a girl with starlit hair, And Night, her lover, bent in worship there. zz,ooo Acres in Hamilton County in the heart of the tobacco section on main highway. For quick sale Famous Blue Springs Marion County On the Ocklawaha River, surrounded by government forests. 400 acres of beautiful rolling land, 160-foot el evation. Blue Springs water is noted for its mineral properties and is one of the best known in Florida. A Give Away at $150 per Ac:re T. R. SPILLANE 218 Hartsell B ldg. LAKELAND FLORIDA FORT MYERS, FLA. Who's Your Broker? I have some moneymakers in acreage, business lots, building lots, residences Now is the time to buy. Let's Go! Write Now! "Right Now." HENRY C. COOPER Realtor FRED A. LONG Contractors and Developers Equipment and Machinery 223 Graham Bldg. JACKSONVILLE, FLA. Dear Folks: You may think when you' r e reading this ad it's not intended for you, but it is. You'd like to come to Florida, but you're scared. No need of it while I a m here. If you're broke I take good care of you. Nuf Sed .... Lots, Homes in St. Petersburg, Fla. DAN MORRIS. ACREAGE I have exclusive control of large and small acreag-e tracts in Pinellas County and elsewhere in Florida and I can deliver property at once. Acreace Ia My Specialty F. DREW LEWIS, Clearwater, Fla.


ADVERTISING ART AUTOMOBILES CARY-CRANE MOTORS, Inc. Tampa St. Petersburg "WE SELL PACKARDS" Service Departments that Packard owners appreciate Tampa Show Room and Service Phone 3547 BANK Bank of Commerce Member Federal Reserve System Tampa CAFE Ideal Cafe and Restaurant "Typical Spanish Place" S. Serra, Prop. 1223 Franklin St. Phone 2182 FERTILIZER -------FERTILIZER for Citrus, Truck, Lawns, Flowers The GULF FERTILIZER CO. Tampa, Florida FURNITURE Tarr Furniture Co., Inc. "Interior Decorators and Furnishers" Tampa St. at Phones 3643-4986 in Furniture-Floor Coverings-Draperies China....:....Awninga and Linoleum HOTEL ARLINGTON HOTEL MRS, ; J. D. RUSHING Weekly Rates Made-Family Hotel Large, Modern V erandaa 1219 Franklin St. Phone 2264 INTERIOR FURNISHINGS &: DRAPERIES Interior Furnishings and Draperies BARBOUR-WARD & CO. Tyler St. near Franklin INVESTMENTS Real Estate Loans Cunningham Investment Co. 504 Franklin St. Phone 2083 Tampa, Florida LAUNDRY White 0 Laundry 1110-16 Tampa St. Tampa, Florida Phone 4567 2343 "We Strive to Do the lmpouiblePLEASE EVERYONE" PHARMACY COOK'S PHARMACY 702 Grand Central Ave. Phone 3646 Prescriptiol)s Filled Promptly Curb lt'ountain Service Op en till Midnight REAL ESTATE 207 E. Lafayette Street Phone 4504 Specialists in Acreage M.G.KOHLY Real Estate-Rentals-Insurance Phone 3746 210 Cass Street REAL ESTATE N. E. JONES REALTY CO. 113 E. Lafayette St. We have Beat Located Subdivision on the new 100-foot Gandy Bridge Boulevard. 500 Feet from Tampa Bay, all lmprovemen.ta. St. Petersburg Office: 620 Central Avenue BRIDGE CITY REALTY CO.,Inc. At Tampa, Florida-'The City of Bridges"Real Estate and Invest ments. Investments upon investigation will always prove profitable. Test us and write for information. INVEST A GET LITTLE LOT 205 Twins St. Tampa, Fla. HOOPER & PAYNE Real Estate Acreage, large and small tracts, groves, busin ess and residential property, city and suburban Millions are being made in Tampa real estate. Let us tell you about it Phone 4311 Arlington Hotel PARSLOW REALTY CO. City and Suburban Property, Acreage and Timb erlands-Farms and Orange Groves Parslow Bldg., 1002 Florida Ave. TAMPA, FLORIDA PHONE 4957 WHOLESALE TAMPA DRUG COMPANY WHOLESALE Tampa, Fla. Orlando, Fla. TAILOR WILLIAM KRUSE High Clan Tailoring Only All Garments Made on Premises Under My Personal Supervision 203 Madison St. Phone 2754 93


94 TAMPA Bayshore Acreage for a Master Subdivision Fine Bayshore Tract With Full Riparian Rights Naturally adapted to master residential and winter home sub division, with winding shore lines, islands and yacht basins. Has heavy growth virgin timber. Close to Tampa and directly in line with Tampa's principal residential growth. Some of State's finest developments near by. Now has Three-Quarters of a Mile Bay Frontage which, according to detailed plans prepared by prominent engineers, can be increased to more than three miles. Four Miles Frontage on Main Traffic Arteries One leading directly out from city crosses tract (frontage I !;2 miles counting both sides), and another, also leading directly out from city ordered paved (frontage 1 miles). 321 Acres in Tract But if filled between high and low water lines, 11 0 acres additional would be made; still further fill is easily possible at low cost, if desir ed. This Is the Logical Location for Florida s Next Master Development Jones-"lank Realty Co. Incorporated REALTORS Phones 3892 and 3872 202 Madison Street Tampa, Florida Chivalry Itself There is, in Sarasota, a lad who has a brand new roadster. One evening he took on e of Sarasota's fair daughters out for a rid e and parked in a beautiful spot that was not in the heaviest traffic he could find. After a short, snappy argument, the moon peeping from under a cloud, saw the lonely figure of a girl trudging down the road alone. The boy stood it until chivalry got the better of him and he climbed out of the car andwalked home with her. Our Weakly Limmerick A girl named Minn e ola, Who hales from Pensacola, Is such a gink that she thinks O f nothing but lapping up drinks. What Did You Expect? Down at the Marine Ways in St. Petersburg two cronie s, one English and the other Iris h, had been busy for w ee ks each building a boat. At last they were finished and the Englishman proudly pointed out the name on the prow of hi s "Henry VIII." The son of Erin pondered a minute, and grabbing a can of green paint and a brush went to work. After about 10 minutes he stepped back and this i s what t h e Limey saw: "MARCH XVII." He Did During the training period preceeding the World war a drill sergeant in a southern cantonment had among his charges a black boy who actually could not t ell right from left and was forever stepping off with the wrong foot. One day the sergeant lost all patience and, after assuring himself that no officers w ere watching, walked over and planted a sound kick on the darkey's shin. Stepping back he said: No w, you son of a gun, when I say march, step off with the one that hurts." Every One A motorist driving through the central part of the state stopped one evening at a tumble-down farm house for water. Just as he was com ing around the corner of the barn h e heard the farmer call to one of his s ons, "Jim, did you drive up the cows?" "Sure did, Pop." "Get e m all?" "Yep." "Did you count 'em?" "Yep." "How many were there?" "One." "That's right." Usually Fatal An up-state pape r last week carried this notice: "Jim Smith died at 6 o'clock this evening from the effect of drowning suffered this afternoon." BUSINESS CORNER Well Located In TAMPA for ONLY $425 per Front Foot EASY TERMS All property offered or controlled


600 ACRES OF LAND Fronting on Both Buffalo and Hillsborough Avenues Just three-fourths of a mile from the present city limits m a northwesterly direction we have a 600-acre tract of land with a frontage of three quarters of a mile on Buffalo Avenue and one mile on Hillsborough Avenue, both of which will probably be opened at an early date. We have an exclusive list ing on this property and can deliver same at $750.00 per acre, with $150,000.00 cash and the balance in one, two, three and four years with 7 per cent interest. If you are interested m a large tract for subdivision purposes, at the right pnce, See us at once ... Beckwith Warren Company "Established 1887" REALTORS 501-506 Tribune Bldl'. TAMPA FLORIDA And Da""ed Glad of It A "cheap car of popular make" wheezed up to the toll gate at Gandy bridge and the driver tendered a 25-cent piece. "Seventy-five cents for the car, brother," said the official. "Sold," replied the driver wearily. Money Well Spent A Florida girl who was returning from the Pacific coast had met a very affable young man who was explaining different points of interest along the route. "This tunnel we are approaching," said he, "cost over a million dollars." As they emerged from the opposite end she gave a happy little sig)t of satisfaction and said, "It was worth every cent of it." Class DistiDCtion Irate Palm Beach Diner: "Look here waiter! There'.s a fly in my butter." Waiter: "That isn't a fly-it's a moth and that isn't butter that's margerine' otherwise your assertion is correct." Everybody's Doina It Jack Sprat could not drink Scotch, His wife could not drink gin. So twixt them both They brewed a broth That tastes like gasoline. If You Don't Believe It-Life says that 10 minutes of California sunshine will turn an unbeliever into a booster. Huh! That's nothing. Ten minutes of Florida sunshine will turn a bather into a blister, and-When they make better sunshine Florida will have it. The Shibboleth An irritable diner entered Howell and Jenks" white-tiled beanery in Jacksonville the other day and drummed nervously on the counter while a waiter busied himself serving customers who had already ordered. "How about a little service," the new comer grunted unamiably. "What d'ye think this is, the Rotary Club?" countered the busy youth as he dealt a hand of "ink" and "sinkers." Or What Have You? C. A. Burdette, city councilman, and un til recently engaged in business, has just opened a new enterprise at 822 South Col lins .Street. At his establishment Mr. Burdette will handle groceries, meats, automo bile tires and tubes, and will serve as local agent for the International Tailoring Com pany. A demonstration of toilet articles will be given at the Burdette store Satu day afternoon.-Plant City Courier. The Lonl' Way Round "Hallo, Cauliflower!" shouted a face tious youth to a farmer who was driving along a country lane. "Give a fellow a lift to Madison?" Without waiting for a reply, he leaped on the cart and settled himself comfortably on an old sack. After two or three miles had been cov ered the young man paused for a moment in his chatter. "It's farther to Madison than I supposed," he remarked. "It's a good distance," answered the farmer. Another twenty minutes passed, and then the young man inquired: "About how far is it to Madison?" "Well," replied the farmer, "keepin' straight on the way we're goin' now, I should say it's about a thousan' miles or so; but if you were to get out and walk back the way we've come it isn't much more than eight miles." Orange Season Closing With Good Prices Aphis gone for the season -forever, we hope-Splendid new crop of fruit setting Prices on orange groves firm Fruit of good quality and fine texture will bring good returns next ORANGE BELT BRANDS \Vill Produce the Highest Quality Fruit ({Quality Fertilizer" for 'Quality Fruit'' Lyons Fertilizer Company Eighth Floor Citrus Exchange Building TAMPA, FLORIDA 95


(I 96 rztlhy cling to a Superstition'? -it's old fashioned There is no more truth 1n the thought of Florida as a blazing furnace in the summertime or that business suspends during the season, than there is in these old-fashioned superstitions. The leaders in Florida business today are those who class the traditional "summer slump" with the ignorance of old-fash ioned superstitions which cannot endure under the light of FACTS. The wide-awake and intelligent business man : onsults the mathematical certainty of figures to determine the truth or falsity of a superstition. Advertising volume is an excellent barometer to gauge the business demand as well as the efficiency of a publication. SUNILAND Magazine carries a larger volume of advertis i ng with a greater number of "live wires represented in the June and July issues than any number at the height of the season FRI K BEMENT Sentitt ORI DA


A Group of C harm ing Ho mes R e c ently Completed at Daytona Highlands 0 M E s EFORE Daytona Highlands had been on the market a month people were asking "How many homes are there at the Highlands?" Now, in its eighth month of development, Daytona Highlands boasts a goodly number of beautiful homes, all privately owned. Many more are under construction and others scheduled for early building. You cannot go wrong in buying property m a section of homes DAYTONA FJoJida.'s S\.tbtub of Hills a.lld 214 South Beach St., Daytona, Florida BRANCHES: Jackaonville, Orlando, St. Auguatine, DeLand, Palatka, New Smyrna, San ford, Eustis, Tallahassee, St. Cloud, Ocala, Hastings. W ri t e u s f o r general information concerni n g Florida.

PAGE 100

e clmate of St. ndr s in the ummer time is as glorious as the w inter climate Verily This Spot Is ((Nature's Masterpiece for Summer and Winter" ay Th all year climate adds to the attrac iveness of thi part of Florida from an investment standpoint 'and from the tandpoint of th home eeker. Come and Live Here. Cl Panama City FLORIDA


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