White-Nose Syndrome fungus introduced from Europe to North America

Citation

Material Information

Title:
White-Nose Syndrome fungus introduced from Europe to North America
Series Title:
Current Biology
Creator:
Leopardi, Stefania
Blake, Damer
Puechmaille, Sebastien J.
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Batrachochytrium Dendrobatidis ( local )
B. Dendrobatidis ( local )
Wns ( local )
Pseudogymnoascus Destructans ( local )
P. Destructans ( local )
Biodiversity ( local )
Fungal Diseases ( local )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )

Notes

Abstract:
The investigation of factors underlying the emergence of fungal diseases in wildlife has gained significance as a consequence of drastic declines in amphibians, where the fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis has caused the greatest disease-driven loss of biodiversity ever documented. Identification of the causative agent and its origin (native versus introduced) is a crucial step in understanding and controlling a disease. Whereas genetic studies on the origin of B. dendrobatidis have illuminated the mechanisms behind the global emergence of amphibian chytridiomycosis, the origin of another recently-emerged fungal disease, White-Nose Syndrome (WNS) and its causative agent, Pseudogymnoascus destructans, remains unresolved. WNS is decimating multiple North American bat species with an estimated death toll reaching 5–6 million. Here, we present the first informative molecular comparison between isolates from North America and Europe and provide strong evidence for the long-term presence of the fungus in Europe and a recent introduction into North America. Our results further demonstrate great genetic similarity between the North American and some European fungal populations, indicating the likely source population for this introduction from Europe.
Original Version:
Current Biology, Vol. 25, no. 6 (2015-03-16).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
This object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the bounds of Fair Use or other exemptions to copyright law must be obtained from the copyright holder.

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University of South Florida
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