Migration and dispersal patterns of bats and their influence on genetic structure

Citation

Material Information

Title:
Migration and dispersal patterns of bats and their influence on genetic structure
Series Title:
Mammal Review
Creator:
Moussy, Caroline
Hosken, D.J.
Mathews, F.
Smith, G.C.
Aegerter, J.N.
Bearhop, S.
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Chiroptera ( local )
Ecology ( local )
Gene Flow ( local )
Mating Systems ( local )
Philopatry ( local )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )

Notes

Abstract:
Bats are important ecosystems service providers, make a significant contribution to biodiversity and can be important pests and disease vectors. In spite of this, information on their migration and dispersal patterns is limited. In temperate bats, migration is most evident in females. This reflects seasonal differences in their habitat requirements, and the fact that seasonally suitable sites can be geographically distant. Tropical bats mainly migrate to track variation in food availability. Little direct information is available on the patterns and drivers of bat dispersal, although drivers may include mate competition and inbreeding avoidance. In many temperate species, differential energy requirements and local resource competition among the sexes drive sexual segregation in the summer: females remain philopatric to their natal region, and frequently to their natal colony, while males disperse. In contrast, many tropical Pteropodidae form single‐male/multi‐female groups in which local resource defence contributes to female‐biased or all‐offspring dispersal from the natal site. Population genetic studies are the most common source of evidence used to infer the spatial dynamics of bats. As expected, migratory species tend to have less genetically structured populations over large geographical scales due to mating outside of breeding areas, weak migratory connectivity and long‐distance movements. In contrast and as expected, populations of sedentary species tend to be more differentiated at smaller geographical scales. Despite this general pattern, a range of factors, including historical events, dispersal capabilities, and behavioural, ecological and geographical barriers, are implicated in the genetic partitioning of bat populations, irrespective of movement patterns. These factors limit the study of bat movements using only genetic methods. Combining population genetics with other methods, such as mark–recapture, tracking or stable isotope analysis, should provide more insight into the movements of these ecolo
Original Version:
Mammal Review, Vol. 43, no. 3 (2012-10-11).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
This object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the bounds of Fair Use or other exemptions to copyright law must be obtained from the copyright holder.

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