Circadian rhythms in Mexican blind cavefish Astyanax mexicanus in the lab and in the field

Citation

Material Information

Title:
Circadian rhythms in Mexican blind cavefish Astyanax mexicanus in the lab and in the field
Series Title:
Nature
Creator:
Beale, Andrew
Guibal, Christophe
T. Tamai, Katherine
Klotz, Linda
Cowen, Sophie
Peyric, Elodie
Reynoso, Víctor H.
Yamamoto, Yoshiyuki
Whitmore, David
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Circadian Rhythms ( local )
Blind Cavefish ( local )
Astyanax ( local )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )

Notes

Abstract:
Biological clocks have evolved as an adaptation to life on a rhythmic planet, synchronising physiological processes to the environmental light–dark cycle. Here we examine circadian clock function in Mexican blind cavefish Astyanax mexicanus and its surface counterpart. In the lab, adult surface fish show robust circadian rhythms in per1, which are retained in cave populations, but with substantial alterations. These changes may be due to increased levels of light-inducible genes in cavefish, including clock repressor per2. From a molecular standpoint, cavefish appear as if they experience ‘constant light’ rather than perpetual darkness. Micos River samples show similar per1 oscillations to those in the lab. However, data from Chica Cave shows complete repression of clock function, while expression of several light-responsive genes is raised, including DNA repair genes. We propose that altered expression of light-inducible genes provides a selective advantage to cavefish at the expense of a damped circadian oscillator.
Original Version:
Nature, Vol. 4 (2013-11-14).

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University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
This object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the bounds of Fair Use or other exemptions to copyright law must be obtained from the copyright holder.

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