Case Study: KlÃ¤ffer Springâ€”the major spring of the Vienna water supply (Austria)
- Permanent Link:
- Case Study: Kläffer Springâ€”the major spring of the Vienna water supply (Austria)
- Series Title:
- Groundwater Hydrology of Springs: Engineering, Theory, Management, and Sustainability
- Plan, Lukas
- Publication Date:
- Subjects / Keywords:
- Austria ( local )
Kläffer Spring ( local )
Karstic Rocks ( local )
Hydrological Parameters ( local )
Karstic Carbonate Rocks ( local )
Karstic Waters ( local )
- serial ( sobekcm )
- For the country of Austria, water from karstic catchment areas is a very important drinking water resource. About 22 percent of the nation's surface consists of karstic rocks. Most of the large cities like Vienna, Salzburg, Graz, Linz, and Innsbruck are significantly supplied by karst waters. In total, about 4 million inhabitants or about 50 percent of the population is served from areas with karstic carbonate rocks. This chapter presents the biggest spring of the eastern Alps, the so-called Kläffer Spring, or Kläfferquelle in German. It is also the most important spring that supplies the city of Vienna, where a water supply from developed karst springs dates back to the 19th century, when the venturesome plans of the geologist Eduard Suess to construct a 120 km long pipeline were accepted by the city council. This chapter focuses on the geological and morphological settings of the catchment areaand the complex arrangement of the Kläffer Spring itself, which actually consists of several outlets. Further, quantitative and qualitative hydrological parameters are given and interpreted and measurement techniques are explained and the historic development of the Viennese Water Main and actual data on the consumption and distribution are presented.
- Source Institution:
- University of South Florida Library
- Holding Location:
- University of South Florida
- Rights Management:
- This object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the bounds of Fair Use or other exemptions to copyright law must be obtained from the copyright holder.
No images or PDF downloads are available for this resource.
Cras ut cursus ante, a fringilla nunc. Mauris lorem nunc, cursus sit amet enim ac, vehicula vestibulum mi. Mauris viverra nisl vel enim faucibus porta. Praesent sit amet ornare diam, non finibus nulla.
Cras efficitur magna et sapien varius, luctus ullamcorper dolor convallis. Orci varius natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Fusce sit amet justo ut erat laoreet congue sed a ante.
Phasellus ornare in augue eu imperdiet. Donec malesuada sapien ante, at vehicula orci tempor molestie. Proin vitae urna elit. Pellentesque vitae nisi et diam euismod malesuada aliquet non erat.
Nunc fringilla dolor ut dictum placerat. Proin ac neque rutrum, consectetur ligula id, laoreet ligula. Nulla lorem massa, consectetur vitae consequat in, lobortis at dolor. Nunc sed leo odio.