Haematophagous Bats in Brazil, Their Role in Rabies Transmission, Impact on Public Health, Livestock Industry and Alternatives to an Indiscriminate Reduction of Bat Population

Citation

Material Information

Title:
Haematophagous Bats in Brazil, Their Role in Rabies Transmission, Impact on Public Health, Livestock Industry and Alternatives to an Indiscriminate Reduction of Bat Population
Series Title:
Journal of Veterinary Medicine
Creator:
Mayen, F.
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Haematophageous Bats ( local )
Bats ( local )
Brazil ( local )
Bats In Brazil ( local )
Rabies ( local )
Rabies Transmission ( local )
Bat Population ( local )
Reduction Of Bat Population ( local )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )

Notes

Abstract:
Haematophagous bats exist only in Latin America, from México to the Northern provinces of Argentina. They are represented by three species, Desmodus rotundus, Diphylla ecaudata and Diaemus youngii. While two species feed only on blood of wild birds, one species, D. rotundus, causes losses feeding on livestock and could be a vector for rabies virus. The cases in which humans were bitten by the bat have increased in Brazil. Bats became a target of control activities by farming communities and local governments. Indiscriminate actions such as poisoning bats and destroying their roosts put the lives of other bat species, which are extremely important for the ecologic balance, at risk. The vaccination of exposed livestock against rabies, which would protect the endangered livestock, is not regularly carried out. The importance and current status of D. rotundus in the transmission of rabies in Brazil, the Public Health aspects, the importance for the livestock industry are shown and the consequences of reducing bat population are discussed. Alternatives to an indiscriminate bat‐population reduction in the control of rabies are proposed.
Original Version:
Journal of Veterinary Medicine, Vol. 50, no. 10 (2003-12-12).

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University of South Florida Library
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University of South Florida
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This object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the bounds of Fair Use or other exemptions to copyright law must be obtained from the copyright holder.

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