Craniosynostosis in the Middle Pleistocene human Cranium 14 from the Sima de los Huesos, Atapuerca, Spain

Citation

Material Information

Title:
Craniosynostosis in the Middle Pleistocene human Cranium 14 from the Sima de los Huesos, Atapuerca, Spain
Series Title:
PNAS
Creator:
Garcia, Ana
Arsuaga, Juan Luis
Martínez, Ignacio
Lorenzo, Carlos
Carretero, José Miguel
Bermúdez de Castro, José María
Carbonell, Eudald
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Human Evolution ( local )
Paleopathology ( local )
Sociobiology ( local )
Congenital Skull Deformation ( local )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )

Notes

Abstract:
We report here a previously undescribed human Middle Pleistocene immature specimen, Cranium 14, recovered at the Sima de los Huesos (SH) site (Atapuerca, Spain), that constitutes the oldest evidence in human evolution of a very rare pathology in our own species, lambdoid single suture craniosynostosis (SSC). Both the ecto- and endo-cranial deformities observed in this specimen are severe. All of the evidence points out that this severity implies that the SSC occurred before birth, and that facial asymmetries, as well as motor/cognitive disorders, were likely to be associated with this condition. The analysis of the present etiological data of this specimen lead us to consider that Cranium 14 is a case of isolated SSC, probably of traumatic origin. The existence of this pathological individual among the SH sample represents also a fact to take into account when referring to sociobiological behavior in Middle Pleistocene humans.
Original Version:
PNAS, Vol. 106, no. 16 (2009-04-21).

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University of South Florida Library
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University of South Florida
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This object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the bounds of Fair Use or other exemptions to copyright law must be obtained from the copyright holder.

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