Femoral diaphyseal histomorphometric age determinations for the Shanidar 3, 4, 5, and 6 Neandertals and Neandertal longevity


Material Information

Femoral diaphyseal histomorphometric age determinations for the Shanidar 3, 4, 5, and 6 Neandertals and Neandertal longevity
Series Title:
American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Trinkaus, Erik
Thompson, David D.
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Neandertals ( local )
Paleodemography ( local )
Osteon Aging ( local )
Shanidar Cave ( local )
serial ( sobekcm )


Histomorphometric analysis of femoral diaphyseal fragments from the Shanidar 3, 4, 5, and 6 Neandertals provide age at death estimates of 41 (± 6.7), 36 (± 6.7), 40 (± 6.7), and 24(± 6.7) years. These determinations are in agreement with previous macroscopic age assessments. Since the Shanidar 3, 4, and 5 (and slightly younger Shanidar 1) individuals are among the oldest known Neandertals, these age determinations suggest that significant postre‐productive survival was rare among the Neandertals and a phenomenon primarily of anatomically modern humans.
Original Version:
American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Vol. 72, no. 1 (1987-01-01).

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