Connectivity in a Karst System Using Electrical Resistivity Tomography and Network Theory

Citation

Material Information

Title:
Connectivity in a Karst System Using Electrical Resistivity Tomography and Network Theory
Series Title:
Groundwater
Creator:
Gómez‐Nicolás, Mariana
Rebolledo‐Vieyra, Mario
Canto‐Lugo, Efrain
Huerta‐Quintanilla, Rodrigo
Ochoa‐Sandoval, Pablo
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Ring Of Cenotes ( local )
Sinkholes ( local )
Yucatán, México ( local )
Eight Electrical Resistivity Tomography ( local )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )

Notes

Abstract:
The Ring of Cenotes (RC) is an alignment of numerous cenotes (sinkholes) in a semicircular form (with a radius of 100 km) located in northwestern Yucatán, México. The formation roughly coincides with a concentric ring that corresponds to a buried structure, which has been identified as the product of a meteor impact, known as the Chicxulub crater. Secondary permeability generated by the fracturing and faulting of the sedimentary sequence in the Chicxulub crater has favored the karstification process and therefore the development of underground rivers that transport water from the mainland to the sea. This study implements the network theory to study the hydrological connectivity between a group of 11 cenotes within the RC. Eight electrical resistivity tomography transects were used as an empirical basis. Each transect was acquired directly in the field using the SuperSting R1/IP equipment with a dipole‐dipole configuration. An adapted version of the reliability algorithm for communication networks was used as a theoretical model. We found evidence of the existence of water cavities in the study area. We made a network from the data and assigned connection probabilities among cenotes as a function of the separation length and the number of water cavities, as well as their size.
Original Version:
Groundwater, Vol. 56, no. 5 (2017-11-29).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
This object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the bounds of Fair Use or other exemptions to copyright law must be obtained from the copyright holder.

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University of South Florida
Karst Information Portal

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