A two-region nonequilibrium model for solute transport in solution conduits in karstic aquifers


Material Information

A two-region nonequilibrium model for solute transport in solution conduits in karstic aquifers
Series Title:
Journal of Contaminant Hydrology
S Fielda, Malcolm
F Pinsky, Paul
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Karstic Aquifers ( local )
Solution Conduits ( local )
Nonequilibrium Modeling ( local )
Velocity ( local )
Longitudinal Dispersion ( local )
serial ( sobekcm )


A two-region nonequilibrium model was used to calibrate initial solute-transport parameter estimates generated from tracer-breakthrough curves (TBCs) developed from tracer tests conducted in uni-axial solution conduits in karstic aquifers. Two-region nonequilibrium models account for partitioning of solute into mobile- and immobile-fluid regions to produce a more representative model fit to the strong tails associated with TBCs than do equilibrium models. The nonequilibrium model resulted in an increase in average flow velocities and a decrease in longitudinal dispersion coefficients over comparable estimates using an equilibrium model. Increases in velocity and decreases in dispersion were obtained at the expense of including parameters that describe solute partitioning and mass transfer rate for the mobile- and immobile-fluid regions. In addition, nonidentifiable sorption and mass transfer parameters for the immobile-fluid regions could only be described in terms of upper and lower bounds using readily determined identifiable ratios representing solute partitioning and system constraints based on known physical properties. The identifiable ratios and system constraints serve to minimize model nonuniqueness and renders the nonidentification problem trivial.
Original Version:
Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, Vol. 44, no. 3-4 (2000-08-01).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
This object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the bounds of Fair Use or other exemptions to copyright law must be obtained from the copyright holder.

USFLDC Membership

University of South Florida
Karst Information Portal

Postcard Information



Download Options


No images or PDF downloads are available for this resource.

Cite this item close


Cras ut cursus ante, a fringilla nunc. Mauris lorem nunc, cursus sit amet enim ac, vehicula vestibulum mi. Mauris viverra nisl vel enim faucibus porta. Praesent sit amet ornare diam, non finibus nulla.


Cras efficitur magna et sapien varius, luctus ullamcorper dolor convallis. Orci varius natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Fusce sit amet justo ut erat laoreet congue sed a ante.


Phasellus ornare in augue eu imperdiet. Donec malesuada sapien ante, at vehicula orci tempor molestie. Proin vitae urna elit. Pellentesque vitae nisi et diam euismod malesuada aliquet non erat.


Nunc fringilla dolor ut dictum placerat. Proin ac neque rutrum, consectetur ligula id, laoreet ligula. Nulla lorem massa, consectetur vitae consequat in, lobortis at dolor. Nunc sed leo odio.