Karst Aquifers in the Arid World of Africa and the Middle East: Sustainability or Humanity?

Citation

Material Information

Title:
Karst Aquifers in the Arid World of Africa and the Middle East: Sustainability or Humanity?
Series Title:
The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry
Creator:
Stevanovic, Zoran
Publisher:
Springer
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Arid Environment ( local )
Conflicts ( local )
Karst Aquifer ( local )
Recharge ( local )
Solutions ( local )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )

Notes

Abstract:
Karst aquifers are widely utilized water sources and in many countries represent the sole resource for potable water supply and irrigation of arable land. Tapping of karstic waters from springs and diverting them by gravity channels and then aqueducts has a long history and has been significant for the development of many karstic regions. Many cities were established in the vicinity of major springs. But karst water users in many places are facing problems caused mainly by unstable discharge regimes of dynamic karst aquifers or rapid contamination that takes place when pollutants are present in catchment areas. The situation is especially problematic in the regions with arid climates where, besides having limited aquifer recharge, there has been increased pressure on karst aquifers due to population growth, fast urbanization, or industrialization. There are many locations where aquifer systems are already over-exploited and where local, regional, or transboundary conflicts may further disturb water supply for humanitarian purposes. This chapter discusses some examples from northern and eastern Africa and the Middle East, presents possible technical solutions that could mitigate such a situation, and provides recommendations concerning research methodology and management solutions.
Original Version:
The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry, Vol. 68 (2018-05-27).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
This object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the bounds of Fair Use or other exemptions to copyright law must be obtained from the copyright holder.

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University of South Florida
Karst Information Portal

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