A discourse delivered in the New Dutch Church, Nassau Street, on Tuesday, the 21st of October 1794

A discourse delivered in the New Dutch Church, Nassau Street, on Tuesday, the 21st of October 1794

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A discourse delivered in the New Dutch Church, Nassau Street, on Tuesday, the 21st of October 1794
Dunn, Thomas
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Irish literature ( LCSH )


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Speech before the New York Society for the Information and Assistance of Persons Emigrating from Foreign Countries. Missing half title and final leaf.

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University of South Florida
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i15.11 ( USFLDC Handle )

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>ID', D. D., mini ster in .New 1811, ag e d 83. Ile was born ss., Aug. 2, 1727. His parents \l to Philadelphia, he was educated try by Mr. Blair. It was by means 11ching of Mr. Whitefield that his mpressed by religious truth. He was March 16, 1749, at St. George's, Dela ere his labors were very useful until y 1765, when the synod sent him to New ork. Upon the death of Mr. Bostwick he be \ ame colleague pastor in the church in Wall treet, then the only Pres byterian church in the i ty. He di e d in the triumph of the b e li e ver. ilia widow di e d March 15, 1812, ag e d 87. He the intimate friend of Pres. Davi es after death the mother of Pres. D. resided in cis family. As a preacher he was energetic, tealous, and faithful. For his excellent character e was highly respected. Se-yeral of his sermons ltre found in the American preacher. His life kas written by Samuel Miller. ------J. KE.Ui..-."EY, M. D., died afNew rk Nov. 9, 1851, aged 58; surgeon in the hos al, one of the founders of the eye and ear infir mary. He was the son of Dr. J. R. B. ltodgers, and grandson of Rev. Dr. R. Ile was an emi-nent surgeon, and was once successful in tying tne subclavian vein. He was not a writer, but a skil ful and honest practitioner. -N. Y. Observer, Nov. 27.


11'fi 'I! //I 1 /.1 ,,./rl /'" ( / DIS C 0 UR SE, DELIVERED IN THE / _,/'' / New Dutch Church, Naffim Street, On Tuefday, the 2. I fi of October, 1794, llEFORE THE NE'W YORK SOCIETY FOR THE Information and Affifiance of Perfons Emigrating from Foreign Countries. BY THOMAS DUNN, AN EMIGRANT. Non, mihi fi Engure centum lint, oraque centum Ferre:>. vox, omnes fcelerum compendre formas. Had l an hundred Mouths, an hundred Tongues, A voice of brafs, and adamantine lungs; Not half th eir monflrot1s deeds could I difclofe, Repeat their Crimes, or count my country'> Woes-'.' Virg. Thd Stranger that dwelleth with you, ihall be 'lnto yon as one born among you, and thou ihalt love him as thyfeif. Levit. xix. 34 NEW Y 0 R K; PRINTED F 0 R L, WAYLAND; WITH TH H PRIVE LEGE Or' COPY -:-I '194 (Price, One and Sixpence.]


NEW YORK SOCIETY, FO!t THE INFORMATION AND ASSISTANCE OF Perfons Emigrating from Foreign Countries. (Extract from the Minutes, Oetober 23, 1794.) RESOLVED, THAT the Thanh of this Society be prefentecl to the Rev. THOMAS DtrNN, for his excellent Difcourle, delivered before them, on Tuefday, the 21ll: October, WM. Srno, Prefident. L. WAYLAND, Secretary.


THE FOLLOWING 0 D E IV 11s performed after the Eermon. J. Beho1d a glorious theme, Awakes the tuneful voice! Triumphant freedom [wells the ftrain, And bids the world rejoice. 2 She fpeaks, and light divine, Refififefs wings its way, \Vhile defp'rate kings in concert join, To bl:ifi the fpreading day. 3. But all their rage mufi die, For freedom's reign's begun; And lords and defpots, trembling, fly Before this glorious fun. { In radiant pomp fhe comes, To blefs the wretch that mourns! The captive le;ips and fings, The fla ve adores and burns. S And may her empire rife Till Chrifi, the Lord {hall reign! With Halleluj ; 1h's to the Ik.ics, In one celefiial fir ain


t A D i S C 0 U R S E; &c. EX 0 D. xxiii. 9. ).'E KNOW THE HEART OF A STRANGER, SEEING YE WERE STRANGERS IN THE LAND OF EGYPT, RELIGION is a great fyfiern of benevolence; it difpofes ns to confult and promote the interefl: and llappinefs of the whole family of mankind.-So far Religion and Politics are connetl:ed together. The occafton, the_ perfons addrelfed, and lny own feelings, perhaps, may .lead me to a wider and warmer defcant on the corruptions of European efiablifhments, than to many may appear neceffary.-But I prefume the candour of this very numerous and refpectable B audience,


( 2 ) '-Udience, when con!idering me as a perfecuted antl fuffering emigrant, banilhed from my family and all my relations, to avoid the confequences of two ma .. licious profecutiom, from one of thofe inqui!itorial affociations, now formed in every city and town in England ; will difpofe them to draw a mantle of love over every expreflion and idea which may not exaaly correfpond to the opinions and feelings of fome incli vi

1 ( 3 ) To thofe moral precepts which are of univerfal obligation, and which will continue in force as long as there is any connection between a creature and his Creator, a parent and his child, a fountain and its fire:ims, were added fome peculiar infiitutions, wifely adapted to fix deeper in their minds the memory of their pafl: miraculous deli \erances, or, perhaps, to prefigure a future and a far greater falvation yet to come. After inculcating many other moral duties; Mofes makes ufe of an argument to enforce the great law of Love, drawn from their p:ift and perfonal exper ience of bondage and fufferings ; which was highly cal. rnlated to produce h1 every heart the firongeft vibra tions of love and fympathy : Ye know the heart of '' a {hanger, fince ye were {hangers in the land of Egypt.''-Trained up in the fchool of afRiCl:ion, having been often galled by the yoke of oppreffion, iind often fmirten by the rod of the oppreifor-But being now emancipated from your former ftate of fubjetl:ion and flavery, your chains broken afunder, your enemies deHroyed by the vengeance of Heaven ; you will need no other prompter to every good and work, to every act of humanity, iufiice, and mercy, than a fympathetic remem\?rance of your pafr foffering, .ind a grateful recognition of the hand of God in your own miraculous deliverance. In


4 ) In proceeding with the fubjeCI: of our difcourfc, In the FI RS r place, we fhall confider that part of facred hifiory to which the allufiun in our text refe1s-ln the SECOND place, trace its correfpondence with our own experience-Tu the THIRD place, fhew how our ob ligations to fympathize with and affift our fuffering brethren, yet in affiietion, are to be inferred therefrom._ The facred hi!tofrrn, i n the palfage under our confid eration refers to the fla very and fufferings of the children of Ifrael, while [marting under the iron rod of King Pharaoh. By a mofi remarkable train of evenrs, were they firfi ltd down into Egypt. Their departure from theit native foil was brought about Gy the infirumentality of poor Joleph. The whole hiftory is connected with circumflances too extenlive for our prefent confideration. Diflit1guifhed by peculiar talents and high vir mes, as well as by the affeEtions of a fond parent ; he became ro his brethren the butt of ridicule, and the wider mark for their envy.-From the murder of righteous Abel, dowu to Dr. Priefile y, the firfi philofopher of the prefent age, fuperior integrity and fuperior talents have. aiways been perfecuteJ by n;irrow-minded, malignant, and wit:ked men. the i11terpoilcion of Reuben and Jud:ih, the cruel determination of the refl of their brethren was pre vented, his life preferved, and poor Jofeph fold to the Ilhmaelires. Little did they think, that the pre fervation of their brother's life was included as a part of


e s > of the divine plan for the prefervation of their own lives-their father's houfe-the houfe of Pharaoh an

( 6 ) give full. play to the dark and malignant difpofition of Pharaoh's hea.rt, to fignalize a divine arm in their emaucipation,and to read an encouraging leffon to all oppreffed nations, and to teach all fucceeding ty rants-that there is One in the Heavens, higher than the highefi on earth, who can at his pleafore counteralt all their defigns-turn their paffions into the infiruments of their own ruin-order their fin to, prove their punifhment, and their Qwn (word to. enter their own hearts! The moft 1,mreafona.ble exactions were laid upol\ the poor lfraelites. Their tafk was beyond their abi. lities. With a heavy and oppreffive hand were they drove to thofe exertj.ons which nature could not long fofl:ain. In vain were the petitions of Mofes prefemetl at the footfiool of haughty PharaohThe interceliions of the proph e t in their behalf, only made the arm of defpotifm fall heavier upon them.--That if poffible every fource of confolation might be exhaufieJ, that there might be nothing to fweeten the bitternefs of oppreffi o n, they were prohibited from wodhipping their Father's God, To fo high a tone were this d-efpot'"s paffions raifed, that nothing but extermination would filence his favage rage :-To accomplilh which rivers of blood J.JlUfi flow.--But, 0 God! what blood ?-My heart chills within me, to mention-the blood of new born


( ) born babes iThe cruel ediCl: commands: every lli:h'\"' child to be deftroyed :-hard doom, indeed! their birth-bed is to be their death-bed.-Alas; poor' lambs! over your little mangled bodies, and over the agonies and convuHions of your difiraCl:ed I mufl: draw a veil, for here my power of defcription fails, and my tears mufi flow.--At fuch a fcene a poor untutored Indian would blufh, and hide his head to think that he is a rr.an.''-My brother, my fifier-if any thing could llagger my faith in Divine Revelation -if there be any thing myfietious in government of.. God, jt is; that after fudi a hloody fieed a KlNG has been permitted to live on the earth! The hifiory of !his defpot prefents to our view but too true a of moft of his fucceff ors, Eqttally unaccountable with the exifience of kings ls the folly and infatuation of mankind, in fuffering them to dwell on the earth ; when they ought, Jong ago, to have fiarted up .altogether from their flumbers and flavery, and to have hunted fuch being' (1Ut of the world.--But in every age there have been Efaus, who have fold their birth-right for a mefs of pot tage. When attempting to reconcile the permiflion of Kings, with the righteous and merciful government <>-f J ehovah--I feel myfelf involved the fame per plexity as when accounting for the ex i fience of Satan -In tradng the hiftory of th;,it unhappy fpirit, I behold


( 8 ) hold a Griking refembiance between his conduct, tbe conduCl of Pharaoh, and of mofr fuc ceeding ..__They have all been fully bent on evil : but :ill have, in many infiances, counteracred their own deGgns.-They have built up what they meant to pull.down; ;ind, dev i l-like, when they have done good, it has bern to their forrow, and with an evil intent :-they have fiumbled upon it, wh i le they were purfuing nothing but mifchief and blood. The more the children of Ifrael were affiitled, the more they multiplied and grew. By a mofi wonder ful feries of miraculous judgm e nts, the obfiinacy of Pharaoh appeared to relent-his haughty fpirit to bow. --..After many refolve s and re-refo l ves, he confented to let the children of lfrael go out of Egypt, that .they might be free and do facrlfice unto t h e Lord. But no fooner were the judgments of God fuf p end ed, than Pharaoh was feen to repent. He determined to purfue them-to him and to his armed hofi th e y appeared an eafy prey.--:-Almofi worn out by the yoke of oppreffion, and having l o ng drank the dregs of the cup of furrow ; a n d now lifting up their eyes and I feeing Phara oh and the Egy ptians m a rching after them, the Red Sea before, the furrounding hillsenclofing them, they drank of the cup of trembling, and were fore afraid.--They reproach e d Mofes, I their great leader, in fuch t e rms as expreffed their firong fears and feelings-" Becaufe were no graves


( 9 ) graves in Egypt, haft 1 hou taken us to die in the wildernefs ?"--But this perplexing fcene was now drawing fall; to a clofe; the various purpofei of Helvr.n. were now moving forward ; that im portant perjod of time when the perfections of God .were to appear in their full glory, was now at hand 'Vhat before was myfterious, was now to be made plain: what before \Ya dark, was now to be illu mined.-The words of the Lord to l\!ofes were now to be fully verified, I will be honoured upon Pharaoh and all his holt."-Now was the Lord to arpear greater th:rn all gods : for the thing they dealt proudly, he was above them -That might fay, with the Magicians, unto Fharaoh, this is the finger of God; that his name might be declared throughout all the earth.'' Accordingly, the hour of their extreoity, was the hour of God's merciful interpo!ition. They were only to fiand frill and to fee the falvation of the Lord : He was to fi6ht for them. The children of Ifrael, purfued by their -for them a path was to be made in the midfl: of the fea.-Mcfes ftretches out his hand,-the fea returned in its firength, and Ifrael faw the Egyptians dead upon the fea-fhore..--How complicated, grand, and fi:upendous is the plan of Divine Wifdom Yet l1ow fimple are the exertions of 0:-;ni potent Power Is the world to be created? \Vith.out labour, without toil, without effort, without any materials to work with; without fcaffolds to rear, or c


( IO ) engines to polifh, the goodly frame of nature from nothing, into exifl:ence, and is launched at once by the hand of God, into the vafl: expanfe of fpace Did darkners cover the face of the deep? God only fai

( I I ) land. They were alarmed by a cruel acr, which was to punilh Nonconformity, in fome cafes with per petual banifhment, and in others with death : and they were too confcientious to couform to the Efiab lifhed Epifcopal Church, by adoptin g ceremonies which appeared to them fuperl'citious, unfuiptur;il, and finful. They, therefore, refolved to elude their perfecuiors, by a flight to Holland Not finding here the fiate of religion altogether agreeable to their wifl1es, and fee l ing an increafing diOike to all the old governments of Europe, they turned a wiiliful eye towards this country, a s the only afy !um for liberty and reiigion left in the world.-About the year 1 620, with every difcouragement before them, they preferred ihe then inhofpbble wildernefs of America to the gardens pleafure grounds of Europe ; and Jina lly formed a fettlernent at New Plymouth : withouta friend to welcome their arrival, or a hut ro fhelter them from the inclement Jky They were then in a firange land, and nothing but a fevere and dreary winter before them: But we find, in the col deft clime the flame of Devotion may burn bright and clear; and the heart of a Chrifiian glow with love to Jefus, though all nature be frozen around him. The prefence of God enabled them to endure bardrnips and fnrmount difficulties, the mofi diftant profpecr of which were fofficient to the fiontefi heart to tremble. They felt rhe power and t afied the fweetnefs of r eligion -They drank inlo the fame fpirit which difpofed '' .., ?--


( 12 ) l\fofes to dlcem the rrproach ef Chrifi ;is greatef riches than all the treafures of Egypt-They were _

( 13 ) children-Preferring, at the fame time, godlinefa before gain, and trembling at the idea of treading the Son of Go

( 14 ) the various evils of this i:nperfell: fhte. 'Tis more a badge of lofi inno1;ence, than any pofitive advantage. -Soc IE TY is, indeed, a bleffing; as it promotes our happinefs, unites our affeltions, and makes the coun tenance of a man a refrehment to his friend.Government is only a negative advantage; a mere curb upon our vices: the necefiity for government; therefore, :irifes from our wickednefs--Society is produced by our reciprocal wants. Thefe ideas, though often confondec.l, are very difiinfr, and Jhould not be foffered to run together. vVere the diCl:ates of confci ence always clear, and always obeyed -were every man to do to others, as he would they fhou ld do unto him-were every promife to carry with it the force of a bond, and every affertion the confirm;;tion of an affidavit ; the advantages of govern. ment would be in a great meafure fuper[eded, and there would no neceffi7 for its exiftence. Viewed in this light, indentures and atl:s of legiilation only appear as fo many duplicates to prove that our virtue and honefiy have often been font out to pawn But alfuming man, a fallen and imperfect being ; a wife and well founded Confiitution is the highefl: blefiing which the compaeted firength of hun1an wifdom, vir tue, and genius can produce. Unmeani1ig or :ibfurd is that common place remark on that whatever is befi adminiftered is befI."-That conffotion which is wrong ilf prin. ciple,


( 15 ) ciple, i n praftice cannot be right.-He who inherits his fubjefrs, as a herd of cJttle; '\vho has been taught from his fac"her, or predeceifoi;, to confider them in no higher view than as fublervient to his caprice, profit, or plcafure, may, by a firange and unac_ countable accident, happen to be a merciful and mane king-may treat his people as children, inftead of flogging them as flaves : who would call that government a wife and good one, which fubjetl:s to the will of one man, the liberty, the property, and the lives of tho1efand;; and who can enfure that his ceffor may uot deluge the country wi rh blood ? Crowns have a moll malignant influence upon the hearts and heads of thofe that wear them. They feem to taint their very n:itures; to harden their hearts; to fl:eal a way their brain ; to make them alike infenfible to the reproaches of confcience, the admonitions of wifdom, and the contempt of every honefl: man. From what other principle can we account for fuch formidable attempts to this happy country, made by the king of England, whofe natural difpofi. tion is reprefented by fame to be fo mild and humane ? And how ill did it accord with the wifo policy of that government, whofe confiitution is declared to be the envy and admiration of the world, the mafierpiece of human ingenuity, that needs no reformation, and to which


' ( 16 ) which no addi! ion al perfeltion can he added ?" The faCl: was, the KirJg and the Jlritifh Parliament were both unfound : they had CORRUPTED and POI SONED each other ; and now they are fafl: mouldering together. That Kings can do no wrmg, is a political paradox from this Sublime Confi it ution, whicq can never be reconciled to common fenfe-a mere fophi f m and flm:ffle, invented to enable the King and the minifl:ry to go partners in Oppreffing the people ; in fwindling them out of their liberty and property, without allowing the culpability eafily to be fixed on either. And .a government irrefponGble may purfue every defl:ruc tive and diabolical meafure with impunity-Hence the atrempts to enflave this country prefent to our view fcenes at which Jufiice trembles and Freedom turns pale. There is one way, indeed, of accounting for the irrefponfibility of Kings ; but cne not very flattering to crowned heads, for it fnppofes they are either fools or madmen ; and therefore being no longer moral agents, they are no longer accountable for their conduet. That nature has not been very liberal to George the Third, in the beHowment ,of her endowments, I believe is generally allowed; and that he has acted like a madman, we have indubitable evidence. He ltas played the part well, ber;aufe it was his qwn.-The


( 17 ) The flames of difcord and defolation which poured into this country, when his over-boiling rage, like an eruption of Vefuvius, threatened defirutl:ion and depopulation to all the Colonies; and his d e fi1erare efforts to exterminate the FRENCH REPUBLI<.', have buil t up the brazen and_ laf!:ing monuments of his folly and his madnefs. The pride, fiubbornnefs and lufi of domination in the Britifl1 government, continued to turn a Jeaf ear to every warning voice In the fury of their fierrn paffions, they trample9 under foot every petitioothe prayers of which, not to be taxed by a d illant, and foreign, and venal parliament, were fo reafonable and jufl:. On this occafion, the venerable FRANKLIN, like / Mofes and Aaron, at the court of Pharaoh, fpent his !l:rength and eloquence in vain. On no condition would they make ;i covenant with you, unl<:f s l i ke the Ammonite of antiquity, they might thrufi out all r igh t eyes. The refult was l i ke the mad fool fo jul11y defcribed by Solomon, they fcattered fire-brands, ;irrows, and dea t h and themfel\'es with fa vage fpon. As the obfiinacy and tyranny of Pharaoh proved hi$ ruin-fo the obfijnacy and tyranny of the Kipg of England di(membered his empire, and cut off the -. largefl:, and now the moil flo urifliing pan of his do minions At this period it was, that the immortal D \VAsHlNOTON,


. ( I g ) Vl A>HIKGToN, anJ an illuftrious band of and warriors, came forward to public view, and drew after 'them every eye. The multitude of hireling and mercenary troops employed to enflave this councry, were foon defiroyed, or fled before them. Leaving this eventful era, and, for a few moments, Ye, the happy natives of thi s h ighly-favoured land, I :!11all addrefs you, my countrymen an d my fellow Emi grants.-Some of us have but narrowly efcaped the fangs of the moll: cruel and relentleis defpotifmW ere we now in England, 'tis probable a loathfome jail would be our habitation. But here, bleffcd be God! \ e can eall ourfelves what we never could b efore-FREFMEN. We can now frnile at the tyrant's rage ; oint at him and tal k to him with the fame co:npofore as we w ould to a tyger or lion in chains; and perhaps confine him-to his own little defpoth: iflar:d-the BASTJLEof EUROPE Thofe of my countrymen, who have not been profcribeJ or profecmed, have yet, no doubt, left England with d i fgufi and horror. You too well know encroachments the power of the Crown has lung been making on the l i berties of the people-That the Parliamentary Reprefcntation of England is all a juggle; only adding infult to injufiice : Old Sarum and Manchefler, you will never forget-Nor are you ignorant of the banefui i::ifluence of f euet jervice money, and of 1he


( 19 ) the an nual expenditure of eighteen million s fl:erling, which ffow into t he treafury, and from then ce again it rolls back in quick fucceffion, by a thoufand different channels ; leaving wherever it run<, a poifonous fe_ diment; and cauying corrupt ion wherever i t flows Wfrh indig{1ation, you have feen barracks erecled un der your o wn eyes ; and troops, paid by the fweat of your own indu!try, ftarioned arouml your d wellings, ro dragoon you into fnbmiffion and fla 1ery Y ou have read over the long Mnller of penfioners, and placemen, and contraClors, who are enlified to betray their country. Yon know what Burke, THE GRAND APoST A TE, faid, fince he fald himfe!f to work ini quity, that his Royal Mafi:er has a right to rule, in contempt of the people"-That Britons, who once gloried in the name, have now no higher title to boaft than that of the jwinijh multitude, and, like a herd of fwine, every elet1ion are fold to the higheH bidderThat the befl: friends to their country, men of genius, frience, and virme, are Joa deJ with calumny are torn from cheir friends and families, thrown into prifon, or fent, wi t h thieves and robbers, into exile-That the nation is burdened with a loaJ of taxes, unde r which it cannot long totter ; and oppreifod by an accumulated debt that mufi produce its ruin-That the bankrupt lifi is increaiing with more than a geome trical progreff1on-That nothing bnt flattery and treachery are rewarded, while truth and honefiy are hunted out of the land, or w eeping in prifons or foliD 2 tude,


( 20 ) tude, over the fate of their unhappy countryThet the holy Religion of J efus is drawn in as an aux iliary force, to brace the tighter :md rivet the firmer the chains of flaveryThat the glorious Gofpel of the blelfed God, in the hands of nn.godly Priefis, is converted into an eugine of oppreffion, which, like the battering machine of the is always on the fwing, to firike down every appearance of real piety and freedom; and wqich, at the fame time, draws from the farmer a tenth of all his hard-earnings, and paves the way for the introduaion, by gigantic firides, of infidelity and profanity of every defcription-That in oppofition to the apparent interefr of the people, the King and hill infatuated Mini!h y have engaged in one of the mofi fooli lh, expenfive, and iniquitous wars that ever difgraced the annals of hifiory : A war againft the deareft Rights of Man, and which is obliq11t/y directed againft the Liberty of every free counrry. Hence we behold the allies of Britain, and fome even in her a[/ual pay, employed in forging heavier chains for the poor, unfortunate PoLANDERS, than they ever yet have worn; and that heroic General, who once fought fo bravely in this country, is, 'tis probable, now abom to die a martyr to his philanthropy and patrioti fm-That the fame fi rce a;id ungovernable rage which the Briti fh court betrayed in their attempts to enfla\e thefe cokin i es, has been let loofe againfi France,

( 21 ) after Pharaoh, I will purfue, I will overtake, I will divide the fpoil; my lufl:s fhall be fatlsfied"-they are turning a deaf ear to rbofe ten thoufand groans, which daily and hourly proceed from the widow and the orphan's breafl:, whofe fathers and hufbands have been murdered in the prime of life, in this u'nj u ft and ambitious war-That though Wifdom hath lifted up her voice in the fl:reets, and cri ed alouJ her falutary infiruaions h ave been difreg.ardcd, and drowned by the clamours of Courtiers, who tremble at the approach of the torch of Truth, and :ire afraid the craft by which they live is about to be defiroyed. Vihen Pharaoh was infenfible of danger, and uttering the ha ugh words we h:i ve before repeated, he and all his hofl: w ere on the very eve of ruin.--How far off the defirutli on of the tyrants of Europe may be, 'tis not for us to determine : we h:i ve every reafon to conclu d e it is near at hand-This we affuredly know, that the jnHice of Heaven, though flow, is certain in its operatious-:The meafure of their iniquity may not yet be full-Sometimes wickednefs is fuff.;red to reach. a mofl: rank and overgrown height, that its defl:ruction may be moi;e fl:riking and exemplary. The long ap parent ilumb e r and inactivity of Divine J uftice, is omi nous of the apprnaching frorm-'tis like that awful fi llnefs wh:Ch nature feels while collecting the ele menrs together, when in the midft of the vaft ocean not a br0eath is to be felt, not a wa 1 r e tci be feen ; but which


( 22 ) which makes the experienc ed mariner tremble, while waiting for the difcharge of the gathered tempdl. Non tumultus, non quies, Jed quale m a gni me/tis ct magnll! ira: Jilentium efl. FIN.ALLY, A perfonal experience of foffe rings and op preffion, obliges us to fympathize with and to affifc our brethren who are yet in afiliEtion or bonds. The great Objects which this refpe8abl e Society have in view, is to mulriply its own numbers and to afford Information and AIBfiance to all perfons emigrating from foreign countries; and that by every method in our power-By our pen, by our purfe, by our tongue-to fome affording information, to others pecuniary alfifi. ance, to others advice-as Heaven hath bellowed upon every man his feveral ability. The Lord loveth a '' chearful giver.'' Mofes fnpplies us with a very powerful argnment, which I 0hope w!ll affect each of us in the mofi feelipg and tender part-'' Ye know the heart of a firanger." The application is eatily made; in leveral in fiances we Have been tracing its correfpondence with our own experience, and while fo doing, our hearts have burned within us, by the way, with ind ign ation againft Pharaoh and all foe ceeding defpots, an

( 23 ) mankind, and the faviours of their country. Ha\iing bought that liberty which we enjoy, at fo high a price, not being redeemed with corruptible things, as lilver and gold; bur having feen many of our Fathers, Brethren, and Hufbands pour forth their blood in a caufe fo gloriou s and having behel d that d t fo!ation which has palfed throug h this bnd, we cannot be in feolible of the value of that Repofe and Profperity which we now enjoy. Thofe of us who ha,;e efcaped the chains and fiavery of diftant iilands and kingdoms, and have fafely paffed, fo to f p eak, the troubled fea of European politics, cannot be totally unconcerned about the peace and fafety of thofe whom we have left behind. While reviewing the rocks and peril we have efcaped, let us re:i F h out a brother's hand to draw to this peaceful fhore thofe of our friends who are frill buffeting the waves, and ftruggling w.ith the fiorm. The general hifiory of man, as well as our own fenfibility, informs us, that nothiJ;Jg has fo great a tendency to foften and humanize the heart as a perfonal experience of fufferings and farrow. The proud and pampered wretch, whofe heart is waxed fat with wickednefs, who never h'ld virtue fufficient to fiem the torrent of corruption, but who would fell his deareft friend, his confcience, his country, and his God, we do not now addrefs-we confider him as a hanger


( 24 ) firanger to .our feeliogs, and ignorant of tlrnfe virtues which are the brightefi ornament of the hum.m cha ratler...:_But we cannot review the former parts of this difcourfe or turn our eyes back upon this -country when the feat of war and blood, or behold the wretched fpectacle which Europe now prefents to our view, or Jook at the poor, Gck, and friendlefs Emigrant, without feeling the firongefi emotions of fympathetic affection. To the unfortunate, it affords fome relief to have merely the fympathy of a friend ; and doubtlefs fome coofo \ ation will it yield our Trans-Atlantic fufferers, wbofe lives are made bitter by hard bondage," and v:ho have long been galled by the yoke l of oppreffion, to be informed, rhat there are in this city who feel for them in all their difire!fes, ;ind whofe heart& bleed th theirs. But it mufr afford additional relief and en.; coura gement, when informed that the great object!> which the Society have in view are to promote the profperity and h a ppinefs of all that migrate to this country. Some of you, my hearers, know how many Ggbs, and ftruggle 's, and heart-aches it cofis to brea k away from all our old and long-fianding conneCtions-conneetlons formed in early life, when the heart was young and tender, and when the fyrnr.athetic tear often flowed. 'I NN oniy is the difficul t y of leaving old friends a bar to emigration, but, alas! the difficulty of finding, with. out


( 'l.5 ) cut much expence or lofs of time, in a new country -new friends, a new and an advanrageous fauation. -Of all nations, and kindred, and people, and tongues; thofe who emigrate to this country, to find what they cannot in their native land, an afylum for peace, for liberty, a11d for religion; may recognize, in every Member of this Society, a Friend and a Bro ther. You, my feitow Citizens, whofe feeling and bene volent hearts have difpofed you to join together in friendly Union, to promote the happiuefs of the great family of mankind-and you, Sirs, who have the laud a ble ambition of becoming members of a Society fo ufefol and praife-worthy; will now have an oppor tunity of b enefiting, in the greatefr degree, your afflicted or perfecuted brethren, and of doing your felves the highefl: honor, at a low and finall expence. Many, indeed, will want pecuniary affifiance; but the greatefl: number of emigrants require only inform at ion and advice: they will1 no more than to be di reeled, without delay, to fuch Gtuations where they may have an opportunity of improving their feveral talents, their indufiry, and their various me chanic arts, with fuccefs. It mufi be therefore evi.

( 26 ) The tyrants of Europe have preffed RELIGION inti> the fervice of flavery and cruelty; let us folicit its facred aid as an auxiliary to FREEDOM and MERCY It will then aCl: in i t s own element, and its effeCl:s will be glorious-It will heighten and improve all our feelings and faculties-It w ill infufe into them frefl1 force, and fire, and vigour-It will raife us abo v e ourfelves, and make us m ore heroic, and perform ing, and God-like, than we are in our calmel mo ments-It will draw us into a clofer union to that Great Being who is the avenger of the oppreifed, the Father of the fatherlefs, the Patron and Proteltor of the whole human race. Religion will then difpofe us to guard with a holy jealouf'Y, our dear bought Liberties, and while under its fac red impulfe, every arm will be ready raifrd in their defence, and every l1eart difpofed to relieve the poor, fick, or friend J efs emig rant. Can you believe that Jefos the Son of God, who, though he w as rich, yet for our fak e s be came poor, that we, through his poverty, mig hr be made rich-who expofed himfelf to the mofi painful fufferings-to the mofi powerful temptation s-the mofl: agonizing death-anc who poured forth his blood on the Hill of Calvary for the falvat1on of finner s that this great High Priefl: is entered into the H o l y Place not made with hands, there to appear in the prefe nce of God for us-that he now confider s us a s his brethren, travelling the fame thorny road thro u g h w hich he has paffed before us to glory-th:it we a re frill d ear in hi s affection s-that he fiill has the hear:


( 27 ) cf a brother-that he is frill mingling his prayers and his tears with ours, before his Fathers throne in hea ven-that he ever liveth to make interceffion for us; and indulgi;e at the fame time a hard and unfeeling heart towards our foffering Brethren, who may yet be in afHiCtion or bonds ? Had I the power of Incantation I would call up the Sh

( } 1"he firfl: Emigration Society was formed in heavenW e trace its principles in the Covenant of Grace; and we fee its operation in the great work of Redemption; in refruing man kind, from the of fin, the ufurpation of their paffions, and the chains of Satan; :md then in con d uCling them from earth, to the hea venly Paradife above. My fellow Chrifiians Glorious before which ;ill human titles, and difiincrions, fade, and die away! Hitherto, you have always been celebrated for your GeneroGty-Many difireffing cafes, have lately been prefented to the Society, who have anticipated your l3enevolence. Their finances are exhaufied, and they have advanced fupplies for the relief of Cevera) fick and indigent Emigrants, on their own individual account. We prefume, therefore, your generous Contributions en this occafion, will forpafs every thing which you have done before. Whatever Cervices you render o your Gck or needy brethren, your bleffed Saviour will C0nGder, as done unto himfelf. And while employed in this great Labour of Love you are fellow workers together with God-you will the fweer ap proba tion of your own confciences :ind of all good menyou w ll have the fmiles of approving Heaven :rnd the lfallelujah 's of angels to animate you. You are treading in the very fieps of your Divine Saviour, who is gone before to prepare for all his benevolent and faith. fol Followers-The ManGons of Bl ifs-the Robes of Righteoufnefs-the Palms of Viaory-the Crowns of Immortali1y. F I N I S.


Dunn, Thomas: DELIVERED IN THE NEW DUTCH CHURCH, NASSAU STREET, ON TUESDAY, THE 21ST OF OCTOBER, 1794, BEFORE THE NEW YORK SOCIETY FOR THE INFORMATION AND ASSISTANCE OF PERSONS EMIGRATING FROM FOREIGN COUNTRIES. BY ... AN EMIGRANT. New York: 1794. (2), 28pp, bound in later plain tissue wrappers. Moderate fox. Without the half title or the final leaf, which has a bookseller advertisement. Title leaf inscribed in contemporary hand, 'To Miss Mary Ellis from her friend, S.R. Rodger [?].'Good+. An Irish emigrant, Dunn takes his text from Exodus: "Ye know the heart of a stranger, seeing ye were strangers in the land of Egypt." Dunn's themes became increasingly familiar in the country's history: "the corruptions of European establishments," and America "as the only asylum for liberty and religion left in the world." With vivid expressions of loathing for the British pharaoh -"the pride, stubbornness, and lust of domination in the British government"--this is an early and significant expression of the virtues of the American immigrant nation. FIRST EDITION. Evans 26921. III Jenkins 562. $250 (#2728)


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