The cavernicolous fauna of Hawaiianlava tubes, 1. Introduction

Citation

Material Information

Title:
The cavernicolous fauna of Hawaiianlava tubes, 1. Introduction
Series Title:
Pacific Insects
Creator:
Howarth, Francis G.
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Hawaii ( local )
Cavernicolous Fauna ( local )
Cave Slimes ( local )
Lava Tubes ( local )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )

Notes

Abstract:
The Hawaiian Islands offer great potential for evolutionary research. The discovery of specialized cavernicoles among the adaptively radiating fauna adds to that potential. About 50 lava tubes and a few other types of caves on 4 islands have been investigated. Tree roots, both living and dead, are the main energy source in the caves. Some organic material percolates into the cave through cracks associated with the roots. Cave slimes and accidentals also supply some nutrients. Lava tubes form almost exclusively in pahoehoe basalt, usually by the crusting over of lava rivers. However, the formation can be quite complex. Young basalt has numerous avenues such as vesicles, fissures, layers, and smaller tubes which allow some intercave and interlava flow dispersal of cavernicoles. In older flows these avenues are plugged by siltation or blocked or cut by erosion.
Original Version:
Pacific Insects, Vol. 15, no. 1 (1973-05-20).

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Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
This object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the bounds of Fair Use or other exemptions to copyright law must be obtained from the copyright holder.

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